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ENGLISH FOR TOTS T11

CECILIA GARFIAS

IRREGULAR VERBS

A
Infinitive abide alight arise awake Simple Past abided / abode alighted / alit arose awakened / awoke backbit backslid was, were bore beat became befell begat / begot began beheld bent bereaved / bereft besought / beseeched beset bestrewed bet / betted [?] betook bethought bid / bade Past Participle abided alighted / alit arisen awakened / awoken backbitten backslidden / backslid been born / borne beaten / beat become befallen begotten begun beheld bent bereaved / bereft besought / beseeched beset bestrewn / bestrewed bet / betted [?] betaken bethought bidden

B
backbite backslide be [ am, is, are] bear beat become befall beget begin behold bend bereave beseech beset bestrew bet betake bethink bid (farewell)

bid (offer amount) bind bite bleed blow break breed bring broadcast browbeat build burn burst bust buy

bid bound bit bled blew broke bred brought broadcast / broadcasted browbeat built burned / burnt [?] burst busted / bust bought cast caught chided / chid chose clapped / clapt [?] clung clothed / clad [?] colorbred came cost crept crossbred cut dared / durst daydreamed / daydreamt [?] dealt dug dighted / dight disproved

bid bound bitten bled blown broken bred brought broadcast / broadcasted browbeaten / browbeat built burned / burnt [?] burst busted / bust bought cast caught chided / chidden chosen clapped / clapt [?] clung clothed / clad [?] colorbred come cost crept crossbred cut dared / durst daydreamed / daydreamt [?] dealt dug dighted / dight disproved / disproven

C
cast catch chide choose clap cling clothe colorbreed come cost creep crossbreed cut

D
dare daydream deal dig dight disprove

dive (jump head-first) dive (scuba diving) do draw dream drink drive dwell

dove / dived dived / dove did drew dreamed / dreamt [?] drank drove dwelt / dwelled [?] ate enwound fell fed felt fought found fitted / fit [?] fit / fitted [?] fled flung flew forbore forbade fordid forecast forewent foreknew foreran foresaw foreshowed forespoke foretold forgot forgave forsook

dived dived done drawn dreamed / dreamt [?] drunk driven dwelt / dwelled [?] eaten enwound fallen fed felt fought found fitted / fit [?] fit / fitted [?] fled flung flown forborne forbidden fordone forecast foregone foreknown forerun foreseen foreshown / foreshowed forespoken foretold forgotten / forgot [?] forgiven forsaken

E
eat enwind

F
fall feed feel fight find fit (tailor, change size) fit (be right size) flee fling fly forbear forbid fordo forecast forego (also forgo) foreknow forerun foresee foreshow forespeak foretell forget forgive forsake

forswear fraught freeze frostbite

forswore fraught froze frostbit gainsaid got gilded / gilt gave went ground grew hagrode halterbroke hamstrung hand-fed handwrote hung hanged / hung had heard heaved / hove hewed hid hit held hurt inbred inlaid input / inputted inset interbred intercut interlaid

forsworn fraught frozen frostbitten gainsaid gotten / got [?] gilded / gilt given gone ground grown hagridden halterbroken hamstrung hand-fed handwritten hung hanged / hung had heard heaved / hove hewn / hewed hidden hit held hurt inbred inlaid input / inputted inset interbred intercut interlaid

G
gainsay get gild give go grind grow

H
hagride halterbreak hamstring hand-feed handwrite hang hang (kill by hanging) have hear heave hew hide hit hold hurt

I
inbreed inlay input inset interbreed intercut interlay

interset interweave interwind inweave

interset interwove / interweaved interwound inwove / inweaved kept knelt / kneeled knitted / knit knew laded landslid laid led leaned / leant [?] leaped / leapt [?] learned / learnt [?] left lent let lay lit / lighted lip-read lost made meant met misbecame miscast miscut misdealt misdid misheard mishit mislaid

interset interwoven / interweaved interwound inwoven / inweaved kept knelt / kneeled knitted / knit known laden / laded landslid laid led leaned / leant [?] leaped / leapt [?] learned / learnt [?] left lent let lain lit / lighted lip-read lost made meant met misbecome miscast miscut misdealt misdone misheard mishit mislaid

K
keep kneel knit know

L
lade landslide lay lead lean leap learn leave lend let lie light lip-read lose

M
make mean meet misbecome miscast miscut misdeal misdo mishear mishit mislay

mislead mislearn misread missay missend misset misspeak misspell misspend misswear mistake misteach mistell misthink misunderstand miswear miswed miswrite mow

misled mislearned / mislearnt [?] misread missaid missent misset misspoke misspelled / misspelt [?] misspent misswore mistook mistaught mistold misthought misunderstood miswore miswed / miswedded miswrote mowed offset outbid outbred outdid outdrew outdrank outdrove outfought outflew outgrew outlaid outleaped / outleapt [?] output / outputted outrode outran outsaw outsold

misled mislearned / mislearnt [?] misread missaid missent misset misspoken misspelled / misspelt [?] misspent missworn mistaken mistaught mistold misthought misunderstood misworn miswed / miswedded miswritten mowed / mown offset outbid outbred outdone outdrawn outdrunk outdriven outfought outflown outgrown outlaid outleaped / outleapt [?] output / outputted outridden outrun outseen outsold

O
offset outbid outbreed outdo outdraw outdrink outdrive outfight outfly outgrow outlay outleap output outride outrun outsee outsell

outshine outshoot outsing outsit outsleep outsmell outspeak outspeed outspend outspin outspring outstand outswear outswim outtell outthink outthrow outwear outwind outwrite overbear overbid overbreed overbuild overbuy overcast overcome overcut overdo overdraw overdrink overeat overfeed overhang overhear overlay overleap

outshined / outshone [?] outshot outsang outsat outslept outsmelled / outsmelt [?] outspoke outsped outspent outspun outsprang / outsprung outstood outswore outswam outtold outthought outthrew outwore outwound outwrote overbore overbid overbred overbuilt overbought overcast overcame overcut overdid overdrew overdrank overate overfed overhung overheard overlaid overleaped / overleapt [?]

outshined / outshone [?] outshot outsung outsat outslept outsmelled / outsmelt [?] outspoken outsped outspent outspun outsprung outstood outsworn outswum outtold outthought outthrown outworn outwound outwritten overborne / overborn overbid overbred overbuilt overbought overcast overcome overcut overdone overdrawn overdrunk overeaten overfed overhung overheard overlaid overleaped / overleapt [?]

overlie overpay override overrun oversee oversell overset oversew overshoot oversleep oversow overspeak overspend overspill overspin overspread overspring overstand overstrew overstride overstrike overtake overthink overthrow overwear overwind overwrite

overlay overpaid overrode overran oversaw oversold overset oversewed overshot overslept oversowed overspoke overspent overspilled / overspilt [?] overspun overspread oversprang / oversprung / overstood overstrewed overstrode overstruck overtook overthought overthrew overwore overwound overwrote partook paid pleaded / pled prebuilt predid premade prepaid presold preset

overlain overpaid overridden overrun overseen oversold overset oversewn / oversewed overshot overslept oversown / oversowed overspoken overspent overspilled / overspilt [?] overspun overspread oversprung overstood overstrewn / overstrewed overstridden overstruck overtaken overthought overthrown overworn overwound overwritten partaken paid pleaded / pled prebuilt predone premade prepaid presold preset

P
partake pay plead prebuild predo premake prepay presell preset

preshrink presplit proofread prove put

preshrank presplit proofread proved put quick-froze quit / quitted [?] read (sounds like "red") reawoke rebid rebound rebroadcast / rebroadcasted rebuilt recast recut redealt redid redrew reeved / rove refit / refitted [?] refitted / refit [?] reground regrew rehung reheard reknitted / reknit relaid relearned / relearnt [?] relit / relighted remade rent / rended repaid reread reran

preshrunk presplit proofread proven / proved put quick-frozen quit / quitted [?] read (sounds like "red") reawaken rebid rebound rebroadcast / rebroadcasted rebuilt recast recut redealt redone redrawn reeved / rove refit / refitted [?] refitted / refit [?] reground regrown rehung reheard reknitted / reknit relaid relearned / relearnt [?] relit / relighted remade rent / rended repaid reread rerun

Q
quick-freeze quit

R
read reawake rebid rebind rebroadcast rebuild recast recut redeal redo redraw reeve refit (replace parts) refit (retailor) regrind regrow rehang rehear reknit relay (for example tiles) relearn relight remake rend repay reread rerun

resell resend reset resew retake reteach retear retell rethink retread retrofit rewake rewear reweave rewed rewet rewin rewind rewrite rid ride ring rise rive roughcast run

resold resent reset resewed retook retaught retore retold rethought retread retrofitted / retrofit [?] rewoke / rewaked rewore rewove / reweaved rewed / rewedded rewet / rewetted [?] rewon rewound rewrote rid rode rang rose rived roughcast ran sand-cast sawed said saw sought self-fed self-sowed sold sent set

resold resent reset resewn / resewed retaken retaught retorn retold rethought retread retrofitted / retrofit [?] rewaken / rewaked reworn rewoven / reweaved rewed / rewedded rewet / rewetted [?] rewon rewound rewritten rid ridden rung risen riven / rived roughcast run sand-cast sawed / sawn said seen sought self-fed self-sown / self-sowed sold sent set

S
sand-cast saw say see seek self-feed self-sow sell send set

sew shake shave shear shed shine shit shoe shoot show shrink shrive shut sight-read sing sink sit skywrite slay (kill) sleep slide sling slink slit smell smite sneak sow speak speed spell spend spill spin spit split spoil

sewed shook shaved sheared shed shined / shone [?] shit / shat / shitted shoed / shod shot showed shrank / shrunk shrived / shrove shut sight-read sang sank / sunk sat skywrote slew / slayed slept slid slung slinked / slunk slit smelled / smelt [?] smote sneaked / snuck sowed spoke sped / speeded spelled / spelt [?] spent spilled / spilt [?] spun spit / spat split spoiled / spoilt [?]

sewn / sewed shaken shaved / shaven sheared / shorn shed shined / shone [?] shit / shat / shitted shoed / shod shot shown / showed shrunk shriven shut sight-read sung sunk sat skywritten slain / slayed slept slid slung slinked / slunk slit smelled / smelt [?] smitten / smote sneaked / snuck sown / sowed spoken sped / speeded spelled / spelt [?] spent spilled / spilt [?] spun spit / spat split spoiled / spoilt [?]

spoon-feed spread spring stall-feed stand stave steal stick sting stink strew stride strike (delete) strike (hit) string strip strive sublet sunburn swear sweat sweep swell swim swing

spoon-fed spread sprang / sprung stall-fed stood staved / stove stole stuck stung stunk / stank strewed strode struck struck strung stripped / stript [?] strove / strived sublet sunburned / sunburnt [?] swore sweat / sweated swept swelled swam swung took taught tore telecast told test-drove test-flew thought thrived / throve threw thrust

spoon-fed spread sprung stall-fed stood staved / stove stolen stuck stung stunk strewn / strewed stridden stricken struck / stricken strung stripped / stript [?] striven / strived sublet sunburned / sunburnt [?] sworn sweat / sweated swept swollen / swelled swum swung taken taught torn telecast told test-driven test-flown thought thrived / thriven thrown thrust

T
take teach tear telecast tell test-drive test-fly think thrive throw thrust

tread troubleshoot typecast typeset typewrite

trod troubleshot typecast typeset typewrote unbore unbent unbound unbuilt unclothed / unclad [?] underbid underbought undercut underfed underwent underlaid underlet underlay underran undersold undershot underspent understood undertook underthrust underwrote undid undrew unfroze unhung unhid unheld unknitted / unknit unladed unlaid unlearned / unlearnt [?]

trodden / trod troubleshot typecast typeset typewritten unborn / unborne unbent unbound unbuilt unclothed / unclad [?] underbid underbought undercut underfed undergone underlaid underlet underlain underrun undersold undershot underspent understood undertaken underthrust underwritten undone undrawn unfrozen unhung unhidden unheld unknitted / unknit unladen / unladed unlaid unlearned / unlearnt [?]

U
unbear unbend unbind unbuild unclothe underbid underbuy undercut underfeed undergo underlay underlet underlie underrun undersell undershoot underspend understand undertake underthrust underwrite undo undraw unfreeze unhang unhide unhold unknit unlade unlay unlearn

unmake unreeve unsay unsew unsling unspin unstick unstring unswear unteach unthink unweave unwind unwrite uphold upset

unmade unreeved / unrove unsaid unsewed unslung unspun unstuck unstrung unswore untaught unthought unwove / unweaved unwound unwrote upheld upset vexed / vext [?] woke / waked waylaid wore wove / weaved wed / wedded wept wet / wetted [?] won wound withdrew withheld withstood wrung wrote

unmade unreeved / unrove unsaid unsewn / unsewed unslung unspun unstuck unstrung unsworn untaught unthought unwoven / unweaved unwound unwritten upheld upset vexed / vext [?] woken / waked waylaid worn woven / weaved wed / wedded wept wet / wetted [?] won wound withdrawn withheld withstood wrung written

V
vex

W
wake waylay wear weave wed weep wet win wind withdraw withhold withstand wring write