Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 170

11 J.

vl Ji d
f!HCTHTYT R
~ <-S
~)

A.IiAAE 11.

~~

. . I'i
/

I1 H.z\tl I1
\

(I5
-

----

F.

~~
..
J~
~

,.

~J

--

!959

.~

COC'l' :

. . . . ~

. . 11.

. .
.
(..
8
r)if ~fi. . .
,
.

....,..,,"_
GQC\o)

1,1. luo

. .

,
. .
. .
,
n
. :
. .
> > > >
, , {)
XIX ., > ,

1>11:\1

~-2.3

=.

, .
> , n >
. >
,

>
. . 1834 ., , -
.

<<
,
, <<0 "
" "" .
>I-

. :
,
. ,

n
<\,

,.

. ~
\\
, , ,
.r .
.
""


Ii.
~1
30- ,
. :

n
. . ('
, << . .
>>, 0
. . , 0
-
-
_. , 1917 .
.
, r



.
,
,


.
. . .
,

.r

<<
r rr
' ,

eL:.Ie

.1

,
-..r .

. .

(Premcand)

.
:
( Premasram), >> ( Sevsadan>>),
( Sangram)
- >> ( <<Prempacfsf),

( Premp0,lim3),
( <<5aptasaroj) .
.
.
z: ,


~
,

, ! ,
, , -
.

. -

-r

', .

~i

.i'I

,,

:
- t: ,
r
.
n

,

,

. . ~1r
,
n .
( :.!
;
.

n n .: . . .

73-81.

f,-d!'"

1882-1932-.

.,

1934,

cofl: ',. ~

n , -
n .

: ( gha ki be!i>>), << (Saut>>),



( Sajjanata ka
dat;J),
( PaficpaameSvar),
>> ( N amak kii diioga>>), >> ( U pades>>),
>> ( <<Paik~ii>>).

_1:

..

. -
. ,
.

, . ,

. :

,
, : ,

,1

, - . ,

, .

n n

,
-

. .
, 1<

.
, ,

~ ~.
.

,
,
. ,
, , :~

. -

, .

: !,

, ,

, .
r

,l

(dhama). ,
,
, n .
~
. -

, .
,

, . ,
, ;
.

.
, n

', ,
. ,

- , "


-.
, rt .d ,
n,

.
.

1 ,
lttJ > aa.Jlhoro -

, <<&
.

,
n ,
, ' ,.
,
,

, t- , '

.
R ..

.
_?"
.

;J: ,
,
r .
: n :
,

, ,
:

'J'[> ,
. u

, u
.

, , , ,
, .

>>

"
. ~
. , ~
, ,

.. , r , ~
.

,
.

r ~
.
, ~

n, ~
" . ~
'1 ,

~1 :

1934

, .

-rr ' ,

, 1\-t.:, ~
~ ,
.

, ,
f'

- , r -

io

.rr

, ,n~.

. ,

, , ,
. ! ~


:-..1

,.

rr ,
( Aitaeya biihmaoa, 1, 1),
.

. -
:v~- , ypa
'l:Iax ,

(
)

, ,
,
Illr , .

, ..

~!

, .
,

v:v~

,
(Premaand Bhiiatl) 1 ,
, (
) , .


(Bhadarka) n
2 ,

.
, ,
v

1\

~. . . (. . Macdonell)
Vedic mythology , (1,
VII. 99') . ,
:
, '
,
3 .
,

.:

1935

.,

20 1935 r.., -., 1936, . 81-100.


Babu Premanand Bharati, Sree Krtshna, the Lord of Love, London,New York, 1905, . 29.
.
..
2 R. G. Bhandarkar, Vairnavism, ratvaism and minor rel1gtous systems, Strassburg, 1913, . 9.
. . Macdonell, Vedic mythology, Strassburg, 1897, . 37.
1

12

\1
.
> n
.r
, 1
~o!Lax, ~
. ( Bhagavadgi!a),

IV . . .,
l(.
1 . . . :
- ( Kr~oa Gopala).

. ,
- ,
: ,

(Saiikhya);
.

,
.
-

l\I.
,

,
, .
~
,
.
- (HarivariSa)
..
d

fl

j)q ,

13

r ~ -,
1\
reDo, ,
n ~, . . .:_

{:I , ,

1 , ,
.

n,1
, . . ,

n ,

n

. .
(Giasenapp)
: {. . "
" "") .

... . ~

. .
, XIV XIX ..
. ~ ~
, 6 .

. .. 7 -.
. - \
~

, , ~

, ~1

, , .
~.

]{

~
~. , , .

200 . ,
-
, ~ ,
. ~

lila)

. .

(R.ama!i), 1\

{1\rsna

, , .

( Bhagavata pural)a>>).

'
n. . (. Burnouf), ~ . (. Besnault) ',
, ' , ..,
. (. R.oussel) Io.

. ~ : <<I_Joce . ""' "

4 .

"
,
, n
n ,

, r ] ~
, ,

. n
.
5 .

- :

'

"-

.. 11 .

, .

..
, .

n .
1'
, X-XII .,~ . , ,

.
7

. . Glasenapp, Der Hinduismus, Miinchen, I92Z'. S. 201.


Padrna puriil)a, Vi~l)U purat;~, B\1-agayata puriiQa, Brahma vaivart31
purar;ta, V8.riil1a puriitJa,~anda puri:il)a (), V::tmana puraf.la, Kaur~
puriQa, Garuda pur:Qa, Bra1Jm3oda purf).a.
4

14

.: F. . , history of hindi Ziterature, Mysore, 19~0.


.
~41414,~<~1'9

1(?_.. "1.1

m ~1"< ~

5f11f 1 ~ t;\.

~Le Bhagavata purilna, ou Histoire poetique de Krichna traduit et


publie par . Eugene Burnouf, vo\. 1-111, vol. IV-V, Hauvetts
Besnault, Paris, 1874-1898.

10
. Roussel, Legendes morales de 1'/nde, Paris, 1900.
1t Le Bhngavata purQ.na ... , vol. 1, . CII.
9

.: Dinesh Chandra Sen, History of bengali langUage and litera~

ture, Cakutta, 1911.

15

r
, , ,
. ; JJ
'1, "1
(Vopadeva) 12 , XIII .
(Colebrooke), .
(Wilson) . .
, . . (J. N. Farquhar)"

,, Carap"

~
' ,
, ~

~
1
~1 2
~ . r,
,

, f~
~ .
8

.
~v ~, . "
(. \Vinlernilz)

London, 1920, . 231.


14 .: Le Bhilgavata puriil)a ... , vol. I, . CXII.
15 .: . v. G\asenapp, Der Hinduismus, S. 210.
16 .: J. N. Farquhar, An outline of the religious literature of lndia,
. 297.
. \Vinternitz, Geschichte der indischen Litteratur, . Ill, Leipzig;
1920, S. 590-591.
L8 George . Grierson, The modern vernacular literature of Hindustan,.
Calcutta, 1889.

ne


; ~
~
. ,

,
, XIX .

,

-
. 17

, r ,
. ,
,

.

(G. Grierson) 18 , ,

,
,

literature of lndia,

.).

n ,

. , " '"
., ,

, 1-1..

- ,

LII.
1
J. N. Farquhar, An outline of the religious

, JJ

, n

12 Iid., .

- ~ (Caturbhuj J;;:;\vi

~ ,

, . ,
Jlaa, :
...


"",

. , r ,

,

~,

r . . .

'9.

2i.


..
..
n .
(Gacin de Tassy) ::~

:t2.

"

.!! :~~~~ ~ a
Wick) 23 (Pincott) " . . (. . st

~ XIX .

. (. 'Lmif[),~)- ,

n
.
, ,



"'~ '

. Jlpyrx ;-

~ Lai!U .La:J, The Prem Sagar or the

. Eastw1ck, Hertford, D
ean
20 .: ~~ 1.

( .~~.

258-270 ).

.. ,
,
1933, . 85.

of love, new edition

>>, . 11, . 2, 1927, . 379

.i

i,

22

t.

Ga.rcin de Tassy, Hisfoire d l


. .
.
,
II, s. MDCCCXLVII
76-2 terature htndoui et hindoustant,
''LII_L_I
..
14
. u
~ , The Prem Siigar..

24
<~.Prem Sagar transJ :
25 Le Prem Sag'ar: tradu!'t
coEtt,LWes~minster.
1897.
1
'
par ama1resse, Paris, 1893.
. .

17

<< .
:I, .

. 3. .~.
, , Carap,

,

. ,
, ~


~. ~<
~. , .
. l . TQ, t
, ,

. T'PY.la
' , , , <>'

n. , rr,.
n ,
r..
- n
,

\1

,
,
, , -
50 ,_
,


26.

n>> << >> . r

. .
ero
, .
.
,

. : ,
. .
,

- ,
~:, . ,

'



, ,
r.I.
- ,_
~ .

. , , ,
n ,

. ~

,
. - ,
16 108

16 108 .

,
-
. ,.

-. lflOe
ax , '
,
. - -

, n .
- -,1

Krichna et sa doctrine, Bhagavata dasarnaskand. dixieme Jivre dl.J'


Bhagavata purana, traduit par Th. Pavie. Paris, MDCCCLII, . 6.

n
.

':

~, (\Veber),

26

18

. . (J. Ken-

19

nedy) ", . . ~ (J. N. Bhattachaya) " . . (. . h)

.
(N. Macnical)

r ,

30 .

r' . Carapa,
, , ;:v

.1

,
: \) - <<
~, , ,
i
, 2)
-.
:- ;..J ).1.

, XVII . n,
, ., :

n, ,

-:
n << -
. u,
. vi.

!>:

l(I-

- ;
:" -

-\1V,

! Carapa
!]] r .

I3

,,
<<i

<<f Larnpa>>, . . -', 111'

, .
, ,
:?.

,
n
<<

. .
()~ Carapa

).1 ~
r .
Carapa ~r
Ji , : - ne-

z7 .: J. Kenedy, 11 child Krishna, christianity and tfre~ gujars


{Journa! of Roya! Asiatic SocietY .. .l!. ~ !DS, lq07), . Sul-922~
J. Kenedy, The chi!d Krishna and hts crtilcs (JRAS, 1908), . 505-521.
~~~ .: J. N. l1attacharya, Hindu castes and sects, Calcutta, 1894,
. 423.

. 14f>---J51.

20

, : ,

'> r.

r
, w .
,
r n.

r -
( ), ,
' Carapc. R xaraBCJTQ
n
.


.ri,

Carape

f('"", J-.

.
, ,
r;!ll :r.

f'

() n 'i1

, n . ,
, n :.
Carapa, .
.J .::
r Carape.

170

" . . Keith, 11 chi'd Krislma (JRAS. I<J08). . 161- "


Q .: N. Macnical, The origin of the Krishna cult (JRAS, 1913).

fR- r .
, ,

-
, r~1
.
~

Carapa

~ '

3l

~~

"!f

qf~

W'\'f

ii~\11<1(,

~,

z.~'<',

'1"

(- , J.

21

1f,
' ( V <<
VI ).
..t:

XI << ~ 0 ,
,
.

. :
, , n

, :

n : "J .

- n .

-
.. , 32

Jl

~1 -

. , .

:. :

<< ,
~ ,
.

, . << ~
, , ,
, ,

NI .
. ,
, ,
, , . ,

.
, ~.

,
, ... 33 .

n
.
32 , . .
, . 28.

22

,
,

IJ, ".
: ". :i: n
.~~' ,
: .. ,
, ".

51 n ,

, : "
. ,
. "

J< ,

34.

~. .

;<
:

n : "!
.
,
". ,

. , Ji ,
u , n>.

: ,,,
,

. " , ~ ,
. , :
r ,

. .

35 .

., <<

n . 11,
nn ,
.


n. , . v
, ,

22.

34

, . 41.
.. -,. 75.

.:85 -:r.l

23

, .

:r,

.
, ,
. , ,
-6rf11 .
<< >> ,
,

, ,
- .
!I

<<

( XXIX)

:vt,
HJI.-t , .

( )
:

...
? .. . u.
: " , ,
, , , ,
, , - '
, .
. , ,

,-

t". ,
,
,

. v"

36

. .
~, , << ,
, '
, ,
<~ , ,

...

'

.
: << ,
r D,


: << \!..->> <<
,


(
XXIV) , , :
, ,

24

71.

o:'viOB,

i , , ...
,


... 37.
<< >>

, ::::
, " "~
. ,
, ,
. -
n . ,
' ,
: , . v
,
. . ua 38 .
:
, :
1. Carapc

- .

r~

,
.
2. ,
~..

<< .

3.
r .
4. <<

.

5. <<\1 ,

37

36 , .

Le Bhiigavata pur7lfJ, par . HauYette Besnault,

$.1

, . , .

60.

t. IV,

242.

r.

. r

'! <<r r,


(Goloka).

, ,

nr

, , r ~
, :-.t , n,
<<: Carape,

11 ,

- ;

,
n.
7, 1 ~
,

- ,

.
8.

0 ... ', .
- ,
., ,
.
:.
?
n
39
n
:


, ~

r,
, n.
, ~

, , !
!
pexll,

n
-,

.
,
() ,
.

r.

,
- , R.,
~1 XlX ,

<<
-.
, ,
n ,
' .
. , n,

- .

<<Heliande,
Ji.

'25

, , :
l! . )

-
:
- -
' - << ,
, .
.Ji

, ,
, .

,j

'

: " ,
n ~" 40
, ,
() r- ,
. ,
.
, - n,
11ropoii r >> " ,
.1 -:
. -
G

r.t

-.


- , "
m , -n
. , , -
( abhi),
g , .

82.

27

41




,

VI

- .

XVI

., . .

,
, , ,.
,

- -.

,.
- ,
, , J
XVIII XIX . , -,
,
, XVI .; -.
-
--

f'C


(Sii
Diis) . , ,

.-t ,
f' (Sylv'ain ,Ll>v'i)
,

;

:,
42
, , :
'

,
,
,

-, , ,
>>. -
, n-
?
,
.
,

<:

Jl .
, . ,
, \II . . . :
~ ,
- ,
('<:).1, . . r r
, ,

28

, ~ - (), - ',

41

.:

42

.:

R. G. Bhandarkar, Vaifnavism ... , . 38.


Sy!Yain U~vi, Le thedtre indien, Paris, 1890,

: .
, XVI ,
, << -
, ,
<:, ,

, 43_
,
, :-
n:!, ,

, , ,
XVI
,

rn
', :

t
-, .

,
, ,
44.
,
-

:
1) ,
. ;

2) , ,
, . .
, :.

,

XV .
(1400-

1470),
, <: .

, -
,

". : ~ <mr , "~"" f<a ~ '.," , ifl'liJ ~~ , ""'"! , ~ t :z :z .


.

316.

44

J. N. Farquhar, An outline

of ihe religious literature of lndia.

29

.
VII-X .
n :
)

, )

, n

n-.

,.

1937

>

, .

(Muni Bhaata),
(Bhaatiya Natyasasta),
:
,

.
, ,
,

.
, ~

, .
(Bhiimal1a),

(Dal)<)in,
VII . . .), (Vamana, . 800 . . .)
, ,
, ,

.

.

, n n

n:
, .

.

, , :

(alari-

kaa), (rasa) (dhvani). -

:.

1943

., 1.

31

.
.::r (
) .

r~

'

~.
0 -

;
. ~

- ,

(Canakyasataka)-
r,

(Anandavadhaa)
~~~~ d >> ( DhvanyA!oka, . 850 .

. .), , !r .


(Bhatrhai), VII . . .

? _
(nataka) (kavya).

i , :

( S rngaasataka) - ">,
>> ( Nlti.Sataka) ,;
(Yair&gyaSataka)-

'

;J, ,

" .
..
, ,


( <<Bhallatasataka),
n IX . ,l (Bhallata),

,
,

(Santisataka>>)- n
, (Cilhana), ,

-, . , .
,

,-

.
( <<subha~ita), . . ().

_ .
, ( Aitaeyabrahma\]a),
( SunahSepa)

.
,

(). :-. ~ r:

- ,

. ~

,
~

. 1\\ v-.n!->,
n

32

11

. .

(Hala).

(Bihai
. .
[]
La\ Caube) (,. 1603-\663).

satsai),
(Bihari

, , . . ~
,
, .

~ ,

, ,

nro~Bf'}lf'H, t:Jl:
, ,
.

.
:
. n

( Satasai) - ,

!11-.

(Maurya).

(Candragupta)

,
, .

(0. Bohtlingk) '

. .
( n 1

fndische Sprc!te, Sanskrit und Deutscll

SPb .. Erster Theil, 1863, Zweiter Thei1. 1867.

hrsg. von Otto

B6htligk,

'

33

). , , n

, . ,

,
,

, .

, ,
,
,

, ,
,f .

, , ,

ri

~t ~~~: f ~~~~~~~

. -

~
u ~~ _.

ui

,
6

.
..

.

,

. .

, . .
~

,

-
.

)' ~- ,

- n .

16 ; ~~e~tr:- .

1. s~dl c~rita subha sarisa kapasU

~s. b1sada gunam_aya phala jasii


Jo sal_ dukha parach1dra durava
bandaya jchi jaga jasu pava

,
.

( .

, ~ , ~ ~:~~~~~~,

. , anucitakayaamIJa1; svajanavirodhobaliyasa
spadbli pramadajanavisvaso mrtyo dvar&l)i catvari.

II. sa~l sudhar~_hiii satasaligati .'i


parasa paaSI kudhatu soha'i
idl1~basa_ sujona kusaligati paahlli
pl1amasama nija guna anusarahiil

'J,
2.

{.


- .

(Tu1si
Das, . 1532-1624). .
,

. ,
Ji

), .

34

lndische Sprche, Sanskrit und Deutsch, Erster Theil, S. 19.

7. 5)

~ .1
4 - ~
5
:-:
~ J.i ~PYI\
----
, .

~ . .); ~ :~ (- :.,
.

, -
-

4 ~

-)

~ ~s - ;! ,

(J. (R3macaritamanasa-

' g~~=~:~~~.

!f.

3")

(s1oka) -
,

1!

('dh')
1

, .

~t ::' u

~~g:~
R . '
0
.

'-

35

I!l. Batida'uti sati.ta asajjana carana


Dukhapada ubhaya i kachu
#3ichurata eka prlina hari le\11~.
Milata eka dauna dukha deln

r- , -- ypott,
, 12 , .

(.

\rii. D!1lima kusaigati ka'rikha ho'l


I~ikhiya purana manju masi so'i
So'i jala analaaila-saiighata
\ jalada jaga-jlyana-data

10, 2)

: , u.

.i:

(.

IV. Upajahit\ eka satiga jaga mahli1


Jalaja joka jimi f;uni1 ilaglihi1i.
Sudlisurasarna sdhu asadhi.t
Janaka eka jaga jaladl1i ag<idllli

VIII. Jai balaka kaha totari bata

10, 3)

(.

, ,

Sun_al1ir1 muditamana pitu aru rnata


Hasihahiii kra kutila kuici:iri
Je paladUSoa bhblana dl1ai

IX. Nija kabltta kehi laga nika


Serasa ho'u athava ati phika
Je parabhaniti sunata haraSahii:t
bara puruSa bahuta jaga n1ihiii

10, 4)

, .

.-

(ll. 16, )

, ,

, ru , 9 , .

NI.

, ?
, , , n ,
?

il kubeS:a sadhu sanar;Jnll


Jirni jaga Jamavanta hanurani.i
Hani kusati.ga, susagati lahu
Hani kusar1ga susaligati liihU
(.

12,

. Jaga bahu n sura sarisama bha.'i

4)

Je .!1-ija bHrhi bar.hahin jala pa'l


SaJJana sukrta-sidhu sama ko'i
Dekhi r bidhu barha'i jo'i"

, , t r.

1

(sudl1a) -

to,

' 1

(kamanaSa)- ,
n . ,
. .

1 :

11
,
,

(hanuman)

~;

(jarnbavan)- , u
- .
J{
. 1

.
() , . ,

36

(.

16, 7)

15 n , , :
, r,

(), .

{, 16, 5)

!-!. , n , 1
. '
, .
.

V. Bhala anabhala nija nija karatU:ti


Lahata sujasa apoloka i11Uti
Sudha sudhakara surasari siidl1
Gaala anala kalirnalasari byiidllil
(,

12,

8 q
n 1.
.,
, '1.

, , ,

12

n , u ,
1 (), JJ .
r
14

Ji
15

'

:;. -
~. 1 .
16

Kor .

37

17 , ,

, 6.

, , 15

XV. SurasajjaJkrta baruni jana


Kabahi. na satita karuhiri tehi
Surasari rnile so pi'ivaa jaise
Isa anisahi a~1taru taise

XI. Bhaniti vicitra sukablkrta j'


R.ma-nama-blnu soha so'G
BidhubadanT saba I.Ii.ti savaliri
Soha na basana bina bara n:ri
(.

(.

18, 2)

93,

1)

: , ,
20 .
, .
.

,-

.
.
: .

XVI. Tata anaJa kara sahaja subhB'Li


Hima tehi nikata ja'i nahi ka'U
Gaye samipa so avasi nas:'i"
Asi Manaatf Mahesa kai na'l

XII. Ri:ima suklrati bhaniti bhadesa


Asamalijasa asa mohili. aiidesa
Tumharl k'pii su\abha so'u more
Si'ani sohavani tata patore
(.

..

23,

(.

113,

4)

5-)

- ,

n .

n.

21

22 ,

XVII. Harj-Hara-jasa riikesa rahu se


Para akaja bhata sahasabahu se
Je paradoSa lakhal1iii. sa1Jas3khl
Parahita-ghrta jinake mana makhi

Xlll. Jo prabaii.dha budha nahiii adarahlii


So srama biidi bblla-kabl karahiii
rati bhaniti bhliti bhali so'I
Surasarisama saba kahai1 hita ho'i
(.

(.

23, 4-5)

- , ,

, , !

17

19

n.

20

21

!9

38

. . (, . .}

22

23
24

, .).

:.

. - n
18

140, 1-2)

.'l ,
,

(.

93, 3--4)

, - .

XVIII. Nija bhrama nahiii samujhahili ajnan\


Prabhu para moha dharahili jara prani
Jatha gagana ghanapata!a nih3ri
Jhalipe'u hanu kahal1iri kuicari
Citava jo locana anguli laye
Pragata jugula sasi teblke bhaYe

XIV Bhanu krsanu sarba rasa khiihT


Tinha kahan malida kJtiata ko'u niih'ili.
Subha aru asubha salila saba baha'i
Surasari ko'u apunita na kaha'i
Samaratlta kahaii. nal1i doSa gosa.'T
Rabl pabaka surasari ki na'I

2)

, ,

, ,

9,

- - 2 3 - 2~.
- v 25.

, u ,
! - .

(.


nra

(manrnatha), ,-

- r.
- - .
. . !

25

r ,

, (Sahasrabahu),o r

1 . -

39

,-

',

n.


, , . :
IJarikatli

XIX. Jin!1a

Srayaaa!Jdhra

2)

!0,1}

, ,
, ?

, ,

(doha).
:

XXII. Jara t gunad;amaya


bisba kTn1a katara
Santa ha!1sa guna galhiii
parihari bariblki:i.ra
(.

12)


26

, ,
, , 27

27
f!

U11is)

TeJI

, , . n

40

r...r.

, .

<< xo ~f - n

:t,
26 .

n - , ,
11:
.r, l\I ,

11)

4. ,
,
.
; ;
.
,
.
r
,
~1,
.

.1,

5. <l .

XXIII. Bhalo bha\'ihi pailaha'i


laha'i niciJ'ihi lcu
Sudha sar3:11iya amarata
garala sar.l1iya mlcu
(.

- ,
- .
. .
- . . -

ki kaga
(.


,
. , (. . ), , ,
\I'., , , ,
, . .
3.
, . ,

atiauaga

kabalii

2.

, ..,
. .

Hoiii1 nirml~a

1 ~
w, ,
.1 ,

:t';Jayananhi sailtadarasa nahiii. dekha


Locana morapankha kara Iekha

XXI. Bayasa pali'ahi

136, !)

l.,

(.

1.

sunl na!Ji k
a[Iibhavana samana
(.

1943

41

rocy~rs~~- J.t
i

"

. . . ne:lill

--~:-=

2. ,
I:I , .

.-!

m -. ,
r , ,

i>

. , ,

,
, :-.-t ,


XVIII . .
XIX .
:~
,t>~

,:::
,.'! ,,~ . {
l{:

' ...

~~ ~ ~:~

. ,;

~~:~ ~~

xj ~~ n

,: :
,

~~h~:~

...

.
, I

~~ ;
, : ~~~~ fr,
,

~~:~~.~~:,:::~~~~~ ~:~~~ .

::

ony
G ~ 213-232.
;,' , 1945, . 4, . ' .


,
(kavya) . XVI .

3.

-
{)

G . ,

4.

, ,

r
.

<:

,
, :.

_..

5. , ,
11 ,
.
6.
{) . ,

.

XIX
. .
1. .

~

1.


;J. '
! "1;J. n
, Jl_ '

XIX

2. ,
, .
--

vr

' ,
r .
,
.

3.

43
.42

XVI!l . !'

~1 .

, ,

, XIX . ,
~ .

4.

, .

).

(,


d
t

.
:
-,

s .

.,.1

. ,
:-

'tf.,

, ;
:: ;: . ~-1

. .

::vt,

.
5.

.:I..

1!

<:

. .

,

), ,
.

-
,
, , ,
,

6.

:'1--t.

..

.1
(XIX .)

,

.
~
,
\t

. , , 1 ".

3 -

n,

, ,
-

t?

_ ,


,
l\I .
. ,
,

, ,

, . .\1 .
, , , ,
,
.

.
n n

n
,
n n

XIX .
.

n.

n~

n ,

r ,1 Xll XVIII .
. ~

44

, n

'

~.

,
,

, -

45

~1
,

.
.

,
'I, , ;J., (pantha),
.

, , : (:aipanthl),
: (:i, 1440-1518), ,
(Nanak, 1469-1538)

~,

"-,

" (P;thviiij
Raso) (Cand Badai, X1I .)
>> (Hamml Raso) (Sarang Dha,
XIV .),

, .
'

, !\I,

,)

.
,

n,

, .
r" ,
,

(1534-1624),
1575 .
,
,
, .
,
. , ,

.
. ' -

46

.
. , ,

, , ,

, . 0

,
.


. Pa:vt
. :
,


XV- .,

i, , j;,

()
,,

(g:ta),

, , ~

'

, , ,
.

,
VIII . . . ,

, .

.
, ,

_r...r,

.. .. .
( pantha),

>.

, ~
. ,
_
,
,
,

(Ramanand, 1400-1470),
(Valab,Jacarya, 1479-1531), >> -

r~_,_. . ,

47

, . . ~ , (Dadii,
1544-1603), t, . .
, .
,
i , :
011 ,
.

,
. ,
, I , ...
(.

,
, :

:.! r

,
,
.

.)

...

, , , u,
:

, .

ero


, , . .
, .


(bhii~;J)


(grami
bha 0a), .

, , .


, ,
. . .

, ,
:

~ , .

, ' ,

, .

.
, .1, :
.

, ,

(kha1a)

).I , ~1 ,

(.

, , ,
.

(,

, ,

). .
,

(piirJ)

48

. .'I !

ero

! n!
! , !
, ,
, , : !

17)

u; !

r ,

, ,

(.

(brai).

11

16, 4-5)

, !

n.

~v11

49

. - .

,
. :

n . ~

, n ,
, : .
11 , ,

,-

r, -, , ,
J1 .

..

, .

,
!

n,

-J1 .

, ,

, , !

n,

, :

_ .

,
.
- G
-, -
, ,

. , ,
,

-,

* ""

'

,
.
- n
.

50

<<
~
, ,
, uv
(Gi de Tassy) 3 , {)
.
<< >>
, _ .

correspondiiig classes in England*.


. .
(F. S. Gowse) , Hindi poem
is tl1e best d nst tutii\vothy goide to the popula livig
faith of the Hidu race at the st day 1
. . (G. . Gis)
the geatest star in the
fimamet of mediaeval Idia t 2 .

, . . (. S. Giffitl]) : <<The imayan


of Tulsi Das is m popula and more honoured

the
people of the Noth-Western Provinces than the i! is the

, ,
. ,

,
,.
-_
. ,

,
, :r-.1 .
,
, ~1
_

r,

( SI ).

1 Tu\si Das. Ramayana, trans!ated F. S. Gowse, book 1, Childhood:.. A1lahabad, 1877, . 1 (Introd.). r -

'

n .]

Georl=!e . Grierson, The modern vernacular literature of Hindusta.~ ..


Calcutta, 1889, . 42. [
2

: .}

3 Gacin de Tassy, Histnire de la


Vol. 11, Paris, 1847, . ~15-272.

lJrature

hindoui et

hindoustanL'~

51

r , ~'

Th
h the subject is the same as \hat of the great epic of Val 'k~ft is in no sense tanslation of the earl1er \VOrk; the ge-

n:J ~
JJ!,

. . ,

~ ,,. .

~ ,
. ~
8

. . (L. . Tcssitori), ~
i <<11 Rmacaritamanasa 1l Ramayana,
~ Giornale della Societa Asiatica Italiana 1~ 1
(v. XXIV).
,
. . ,
'
~ . ~

r! ,
. ?
>> (nfacmento),
. .

:-.1 , ,

:.

~-t, ,
.:r
;-...t .
:-.I, ,
,
,

r .: . .:J
, .
,
..-t ,

TOtiiiO.

: ,
, ~t
_"1 ~


. , , ,
1 .1
. , ,

.:.
( , .1
)

..

. :r.

0 10w. .

<:

'
,
nu
,

, , . .
, .1 .J "

an and the management of tle !CJ(len\s are necesmJ


1
neral mp.uc!J the same but t!Jere is difference in tlJe touch
saI
'
d .
,
ail and the
\\vo ooems vary as
as any
f eve det
'

1
t t
t
d'ffe
two dramas on the same mythologca su JCC ) \>
rent Greek tragedians'.

(guru),

~. ~

Ji

. 1.

:>.6- ?.

.
.

6 ,

~:-

.'

1..

n , ~.
_
,

, , :

:, . n')
r

,::t;~

book l Ch;[dRamayana, translated F . S . G rowse,


,
hood, . 11. [ , u~~~
'>f v ~ n r f!~J'x(}:
u ~, .1~ r , _

- - 4 - ~Das,

'

'

, ]
11 , J1
JJr , n

v, , , n
, .

, r

n ,
lix , .
: - , ,

53.

52

. .-0 ,
.

,1

~
~ n- , , ,
. .
.n. , :-.r ,

:\11
:-, 12

,
, .

:.
.

<<" .
:-..-t -:

1. .

:...1. ..._,~,
,
. , :I.

~ , ,
.,.

, ,

)i .

1'"1 ,
, , ,
,
.

,
.

5 ,
,

, !-! .
,
,

" (d!Jyiilmari\m}yaJ;!a),
"VI
( BhSundir3m3yary.a),
'
>>
( Vasis\hasamhila), ( RaghuvanSa). -
_,
,
,
, :v: l'l
, 11 nr .
: , ,
, ,

, ua " ; , n

-u.

" ,

.v~ .
:...1 -"'"
.
.

f{
>> ,

, n ~1
.
6 .

,

2. '

, . .

J! u

, , ,
.

, n.

, , :-..I

s G. . Grierson, !l Ramacariiamanasa il Riimayana L. . Tessitori


{JRAS, 1912), . 794-798.

S4

~~

" , 1j'

mo:wff,
.~~

~ m+r- ~ ii 'U'f
'llf ~ ~ , <i; ~ ) , 'r

\[

55

r' .

, ."

, r :\1
.

n.

-- ,

no

--,

:1

.r, ,.

, ,
.
, ,

n ,

lI

err\o

:r

:r .

, -
, , ~1
r

. ..
u
, ,
, n
.

,
,
.
:r,, n i :
\, J
.1

I-1 . n

.
n
~
'

fTO i-Jf'
~.

,f
. ,
, ~'I n ,
. ,
,
, ,
n , . ~
r. r, . n
: .
rt>
-. f r r
.
n
~.
(Yuddha), >>- >> (Li

ka). . . ,

56

. r-., , ,
: ,
, ,
:, u :-<;
~ np:-.tcp.
n: n .1.


r. . .

, , (

. ('
,
2, .
. .?. 61 n,
n . ; .
J
n .
r AxaJP-.e ::~ ru: v v

:-.1 . Tv.rrc
, - '\1 , ~
:::-,(', n
,l,, .
r( .~. PF!rrorr'Hf' r ,
k .
, ,
'! n:-..1 .
'r, n~., , ,
l

.1

'

I)

n . . , , "

li'

' .

" n
::. .
. ,
,

r,

..: - ...

57

'(Candradhar Sarma Gilleri) 7 , (Syam


Sundar Das) . ()
, :-"1
, .
,
,

, ,t >
( Hanuan Natak),
>> ( Prasanna Raghava>>), r
. , ,
u
- r.
: ,
- :, <<
.11

. ,
.
, <<
-, - J-'

.
, ~.
, ,
.

, .\lr
. ).1 ,
. .
,.\1

,
- n fJio ...
, l\-t ~1
.

t. ,
' ~i

-i< -roro .
~
.

rpex : sabdulat'lkara, arlll;tlatikara, ubhayalan.

kUra,

.J.,

'

.r'f

m>if .r r..~r><r
58

, 'f'l"!lmrit '!;
< " ;rr 5[

:~

(dhvani)-

,,

). 11

: .

.

v
, , ,.,1
. ,
. r- u .

1! .

r JJCHi?

''"'

n.

, '
(: (),

,

. .
, t

.
n .J: ;
!t , n .
,

r.
;

,
~,I (srngara, hasya, karuna,
v. ralldra, bhayanak, !ts, adbhuta, s;mta, vatsa!va).

-, . .

.
(,

2130)

, , r rr.
~;> fi .

1 ::,. .
.'l .

;'!, :, .

, .

59

Ero

xrll.

f'i

, ,
) n .

.
, . 'i: ..

n,

n f'f.
'!., .
,- .

11

!
(

.1 ru.

r,: :

u,

.,

.:

\.

n ,

n n:

:J': 1\['t:'- .11.'1 t: -..


1 ()tl ,
.

- .
(.

264)

: , , .
f!J )'.

? .

: J .
, . n.

.~ ,

,:.~,

,~

i'~ , MOJIB.'I : ryr~


Ml-fe , .;
n , .

, , t :
\I .

- .
,

JJ

.1.'1.

, .

. 1t' ,
u

n,

, 1

; .

i!

.1,

;.

(.

. , ,

() : - .

, ,

eQ.

. .
n .
? ?>
: (1,

1r!

, .

, : .

, : ,

'

ve.:-r

r , _.

.1

(. 202~.

, ,

Ky:.ta

, .
:. ,
.:-r .'1 .

265)

r '.

nJ',

n.

11:

, ,

, ~ .

60

, n .
, , .
.r .

, . !:.

n , n .

~!)l)

, . ?'
tu, '

.1, , ,
Parxy, , :

, ,

~(i"\)

n .

r.

Ta!II

.,v

\' .
, .

.: , , .

61

w
.
:
\'1

~

:

. ~

(J

n-; ;
, ; -.
. . .
-
.

..
(.

.1

, u~

.
:

,

66)

1.

! , .
! !
-:
Parxy ,
, ,

!}> - , .
, ,

, :

~1,

.'J;,

.
.

'J'R:.

(<;\g s:). <:

n n ~l

, ;

.

. ,
, -

62

-.

- () -:

n, ,

267)

.- , !
, , ,
, ,

- : : ,
(,

- : : , ,


, !
,

- : . ,_

, .

, n .

:f

n
, ,

, ,

. : ,.

, i-J !
, ,

,"t-. , ,
Il.:-r11 \1f'l'IU'I, N\. . -- ;1""D I .

, : , "1
, .::I
.

. , (), , , ,
(n), , , , :, ]1,

; - -: ,
, ;- . - ,
,
:
.,

- , ,

- . ,
,

- .

'

ti :

t:I\a , -u>.
- <<

~ >, :
1 , >.

63:

:r

- .

: -

_ :

)__J, ,

. - , .
,

~ ~ J.
'
'
..~
"
.. u

.
-~ .

~ , , .

i1 u : 0

~~1~ , , :-.1.
"

- -
:
, ,
!

!'r

. ,
.

n ,
nr, , .

, ~J,

, v
t:,

- >;,

- ,

~1 .

,

.

t-

n ,

JJ,

. . ,
n.
, . , t::
,

,
, -r

, , - n -

2 ,

>.

? ?

<<

XVI

.,

:
n ,
.1
.
,
, .
, ,

.

. ,
.
- ;


.
- ,

. .

-
.

, , )
, ,

, ,
l< ~1

. .

65

r~~

Jt.

;" ~

6il n

. .
. .
. . :
8
~ (Ray K:~IJa) ;
0 .
~

,
.

0Ir

- advaita.

advaita . .

. (~):
, , , ~

,
.
. - , .

.N\
( ), , - ,

. , .
--- ' .
(loka, veda). ~ , ,
,
, ,
8

,
:7J, ( Saccid.nand), . . ,
. ~ .
.
, 8

q-

"

1893).

<Jlf
'i("

~. ~ '!"' ~ '"' ;;~t

'. ; ">'

, ij; ~ ),

~ f<Rm: ( if
'! '"~- ~'~
XXVl,

ij;

G. . Grierson, Notes Tulsi Das (lnd1an anttqu~ry, vo1.

(manasa)


. . -
- ,

, ,
~. -
- , ,

,
.
,

.

. , ;
~
, R
Jl . -
. vr
. ( )
, , . .
, :-.1 , .'l -
rr .

.
(vanasama),
. , .
-

,
, , Jr, :\1, n
, .

~1

,.

::r.
, :-.1 :vt
, ,.
.

, ,
, :\t :-.1 ~

n ,
.
Tycit

,
.
I . ,
:, {) .
i< . -

5*

t I\, , - .vr
. :

t.

r.

1: , :
, ,

:LU8J

- , .

)'

;"

.
,

-
n

155)

; ,
, . ...
,

, .

r,

v.

1 .
. ,
. t.
, ,
; ;. .

. , n:
: r, 1r, .

n , !

k!

.1;, , .
(.

68

15S)

.
(.

15S)'

, t

ff' - ,
r .
:-.1.
il .
, , ..
, .
, : norpyeR:
1 - . , ?
, , ,
, ! t-~ !
- . !
n, .
:-- :
J>ce , .
r , .Q,

, :
, , ?

, .

1( - .
1 51" : J1
,

(.

. - ,
, !

, ,

,
orHJJa v _

- .


, ,
. :

.- , "i!TOM !
,

,
,

(.

..r , , .
, .
,

1\
, J\To

..

, .
; .
,

, !-! .

.- V~

, 1 !
_
,
, .

...

,t rf.

.1,

, , , ,
- , , !
.1 '< , !

, , ,
,~'~

1.1.
(.

155)

(.

161)

~t - rr. .
:rn . .

, . .

t,

, n, .
-, , ,
r , , .

r , .1 .
n, .

, n , r .
'- . .

.:. .
, .rr .
, t ;
, r v n'~.
, , ,
v. .r .
- <'f!, v - .
...

, ,
.
.r - . vvr. ~I

.
rr. JIOKV\>IC'HT, onni:'r D. r'l.

n XVI -
XVII .
~f.
,

~ .
,
'

JIV

BBO!lbl

V.

1.
,
, -

, ,
' , , , .
,

II

n,

I\

3.

, , ,
4: - ...

vo

4. -
.
n n
, ,
. 6.1
.

n, .

5.
,
Pal\~e.

, , ,
, ~1 .
,

. . ,

.
6.

~. 3
.
.

r.

. ,
, . . XVII-XVIII .
7.

,
XV-XVI .

2. ,

, , ,
1"
: . - n

, XIX .

, VI>> .
8. ii \1
<< [.{.

: , J1
,

, :, .

71

9.

XVI

. :

, ,
,

,
.
10. i
, ,

<>
,

~

~.: f'. rur

1945

u r rq .
-1 ,
' ,
.

.
\1
rr ~,
.

w
' .
VIII VII . . . IV . . .

, , r

,

- ,

<R

- .,
'

r,

,t> ,

IV

XVIII

. . .,


no . ,
\1
r r.
~ ,
~
r r

lf .

1947 r.

J .

73

XIX .
,

XIX

,
(, , .).
XIX .

JlI-

-,

, .

.,'I .

, n,
.0 Ni.

'.

, ~
~,

- , , . .
, :'11,
, ji :
,

<<,

n,
'

, n

v'I

~.

r-. .
?.
.


,
:

nr.: .

,
- ,
, . .

XIX

,
- :J.
.1

.!1
~
,"(.

, , ,

!\t

, n ,
, -

74

n1
, ,
n XIX .

:v~i

: . .1
J-I
n .> .
).1
, .,l
,-
,
t

v.
r ~1 ;:- .r .
u, XlX .
.r . .v
ti

?.


. XIX .
, , n
. ,
(itih3sa) ~~

(puriiJ;Ja)

. .,

r-.1 , , ,
,

75

'~
,


\1 .
..

. , , .

-.

Hf'f"\f'CI.rr.r-

n.

:v1
7;:

~1

.1 .

. Jl
. U ,
n, . '.
, ,

:,

- .1 . .
,

& , "1:

, _
<:
, :-r :

. - -
. l
, ,
(A<;vaghosa), ll . . .,
.



. ,

( Bhilatlya Nii[yasastra),

IV . . .

. ,
.,1 ,
, ,
,

76

:
n _ (Bhamaha), Ku
( :avyal;kara>>)
! . . .;
(Dandin), VII . . .
, <<>> ( <<:avyadasa), ", (Vaman),
IX . . ., <<: ( <<:avyalaiJkaavrtti>>).
"
G
(Udiala), . _IX .
". <<>> ( <<Dhvanyaloka>>),
(Anadavardhana)
>> (<<Dhvaikarika>>).

".

(}'v\.amma(a),

XI

<<:>>
~).

.,_

(<<:vk-

n nn-

XVIII

, ~ n

i<-

"

~1 .

.
, ,

11
,

XVI

~1,

.. . ~ ..
n.

q :,

XV .),
XVI .), _
>>
( <<Alankaracandka);


(Mo~an _La\
MiSra), -;: (srngararasa);
. (Kavipri8.)

n (R.asikapiya) : (:esav Diis, 1556-!618).

(Gopkavi,

(:rpaiima,


(Cintamal)i Tipa(hi, . 1660 .).
: <<:
(<<:avyaviveka), <<
'".!l>>
(<<:avikulakalpalau)

<<:
(:avyaprakasa).


(Bihai Lbl, 1604-!664) -
. -

77

-
(Matiam) (Bhu~al)). :; .
(Dev),

XVI/1

XVII-


, XVII-XIX .
r .
,

d .i

. . .

IX

n .

-.
, - . . .

> .
,

- (rasa), . .

. ,

IX

.,

,
,

r ,

, .
.~ , ,
,

r,

(] .

VII . , i
, .
,
-.

1r1,

..

: (sabdillatikara) -
(arthalailkara) - .

~ -

(ubhayalailkilra),

.1 (
, : kaka kahatiiti
ka!akitha kathora) ,.
, (yamaka) .
.

78

.,

(upama),

(rupaka),
(dipaka).

:t:

rF .

' , , . .

.
, VII . 32

, .

, .
(rupaka) :

(tadrupaka), . .

: . .
,
,
. h (ak~epa)-
, (Sie~a) -
,

(yukti)- , (vakro~
ti)- , (atiSayokti) -

,
-
.
.

- ~
.


. ~ ~

>>

. :1

,
(mad-

hura), (amla), (lava!)a), , (katu), (tikta) , (ka~aya).

36 .


.
.

(rasa) -

~ ,

- - bh3va

stl 11


"
vyabhic3.ri bh3.va-

~
~.
~.,

.1

satvika,

n.

. .

(ati), , (hasya), n, (<;oka), (kodha), , (utsaha), (bhaya), (jugupsa) , ;J:. (v1smaya).

:
,

(s).

, , ~

(spigaa), , _ (hasya),

n (kaurya), <: (v1),


~
(ud),

(bhayanaka),

(vibhatsa)

" ( adbhu(a). : ~

J!

(santa) -

11.rr

, ,

(viodha),

(amasa), (ugrata), ,
(vyadhi),
?. s: (unmada), , (marana),

I! ',
(vitarka).

(bhasa),

80

,
.
n

n
,

- ,

- - .

,
-
,

.rr;.

!~


.
, , n

(vd),

(g~ani), n (sanka), (asuya),


(mada), (bhama), 11 (a\asya),
(dainya), n (t), n_ _ (moha),
( dhrti), ,
(vmja),
(capalata), (har~a), n (avega), n (ja<jata), _(garva), n,_
(visada), n (utsukata), (r.1da),
n", (apasmaa), (svapna), ,

,
n
t ,

. ~
.

,_ __

(svaabhaliga), (vepatl), n (vaiva


(asu) n (pralaya).

l)ya),

32, 33, 42.

(satvika), : (sveda), (stambha), n (omarica), n

(vatsa-

, ' ~ ;,

.
: , n
n n


. -
. n

- _

Jya).

, ,
- ,

(dhvani).

~<,

'"'"'n''"'' ~l .
. ><JJ, .
nhl n ,
. , - .
n , ,
.

n, r .
, , ,

, ;::,

, , n: :
, \
, , .
.

81


1.:--r,
n,

1)

.:

)/

"


.
!,

::: .1

, . .
;
3) ,

jjd
,
-,
, ~

.
,
1, :-.1
.
.

:
. , (J,okila), (koyal) ,-

2)

, ,
.
: , ~ ,

~ .

n,

, .

,.

" .
:., - ,
. ~ .
!l .
II n

, ,
, ~
-
.
) .
,

. ,
'.
, ,
.

~
.

-,

, ,

13

t-.

, .1
, ,

(~).
, ,
, ,
:-.r .

r- .
(kamala, padma . .), (las
tin), (hansa), .(carJd, canda)
.

,
. -

. "l
~
XIX .

, ;r ,

, ,.
.

.
~
- :-. -
, , , , .
. -


(, ,
, . .), ,.
. .

r,
, '

82

, ,

, , , ,

, ,

83

.1
, , , , , , , , ,
, , , , .

: ,
,

~,

.,

: ~1, , ,
, , , , . .

. :
,
,

':

, , , ,

, ,

.,

-,


-, , ,
,

,.-

.:

, . .;
- ,

, , . .


, ,

.
,
,
, . . , ;
,

.

, ,
.
, .

, -, , ~

, .

'


Ui

.1

. (RV. 2. 12. 2).


(Nlait. Samh. 1. 10. 13)


::r . fr,..., .
.
, f'~l. ..r>.fi~

-.
: , .
r.

r
,
.


.
.
- .
.
-. , . '
, - , ,

-, -,
.
n

. :..
n

> , ,
.

; - ,
?. ,

.
I"1,

. .,

.
~.

.,

.10
0/J:HO

r .

() ,
, , .

84

.

r , !li

Jiac . : .

, , ~, , . . . '

,
,
n . ,

85

, ,

<<

.

r.

n
..:
[J- , .1
XVIII XIX .

"1

,
, : ,
, (gaj agiiwini -- ):

.:

n,

II

, :.t,
: ,

:'\.1,
XIV-XVII .,

:r,
(.

:~

187,

- .
1:

R ,
, .

:- .

:.:J,?. ~ . .
Ji J. 1

8.

: , :- :-:

(.

.1 n n
n .

(.

9. 2)

, PVR.
(. 174, 41

, , '2, . . ;

, .

- ,

rr


(hastin). ~
~ :

v .

.1.

\'"ll.

(.

nru.

332, 1)

r,

(. 82, 5).

, Q . .,
(1532-1624).

~ , , ,
.

, ,

u
1-I.

, ,-

:
. ,

~ .

r<1.
(.

52)

- :
, , .
(.

, ~ ,- ,

5'),

4)

t :

87

'/ !',

1\31(

Parxy

22,

.)

.
(.

(.

(, j:

40)

' , m
:

, :

, , .
, , , n .
(. 188, 1)

- :

- :

.,

326. 4)

q:.

29. 4)

(hai1sa) .
.
., , .

:
,

, ,- , .

(.

?
- - n .
(. 106. 1~

(.

287)

(.

12)

, , ,

.l!.

:~.

- :

(.

, .
, , .
(.

- : -

232, 3-4).

: ~

...

...
(. . 1)

.: :

, , , .
, .
(. 160. 2).

n :
,

88

, .
(.
129)

v.

(.12)


, , . . _
:

r.t ...
U\. 325)

- n:

.
(.

nu

168)

n ~

- ~:

.
{. 17J)

..J>:

- :
,

18.

(,

.
(. 246, 3)

,t i<,

"1!!

f' . ..
n?
(.

_,

. , ,
, .
(. 324, 4)

283, 2)

-
,
:
- , ,
- .
(.

- , :
; u ; .
, , .
(.

76,

2)

253, 2)

-:
~ n , ,
, - ().
(. 2~7, 4)

- :

-.
(.

291, 1)

- :


ri, ,

n:

, :

- ,

.
(.

.
20, )

(.

112)


J\:

(madhukara)- .
n
_ 1 1

- :

n.

.
( . 175, 3)

..1 n~. ~

: ,

. ~1
n . Q
, , ,
:

- , , I
- n,

, n.
(. 124, 4)

(90

.
:

- .
(. 243. .)

ero

:-u.
l. 264.)

91

..


. .,

n-,

n-

n.1,


n:

'

,,

.
: n !
D , .
(.

v.

(.

i.. ,: .
'

123, .)

J)

, n ,

r:

-n:

., , ,
r.

(.

(.

116,

4)

, ,

174)

.
(.

15, 3)

fl. :

, .
Parxy

ona.

(.

159)

, , h rn.


(kama
la, padma), r.

- . ~
. .
- &

- :
u . ~
-r
.

, , n
, . , . , .

(.

,
- , , :
, - .
, .
.

'

;:r. ,
, .
(.

(.

J.

365, 1)

{.

317, 4}

, ,

. ,
, .1 :

154.,

301,

(.

92

1)

:.5.

...

122, 1)

1)

-:

:. . ; !
~

(.

71,

, , - .

4)

(.

4)

-:

297,

.r1

, .
(. 38, 4)

..

-
(.

;,.

175, 4)

: - :

-:

, .
(. \16, 4)

33
,

(.

.
n

- _

293, 1)..

rypy

...
(.

1)

12)

- .r;
(.

-
-:

F
,
,
...

n v

(.

._

-,

" 1 , .

....

.)

40,

-:

266,

2)

'

(.

176,

.
.)

-
-. :
,

.
(. 125)

-:
: ,
.1. .
(. 264, 1)

94

-:

3'J

. . .

(.

-:

tJa . , ,-
l1a l' .

- n ,

Hn

-:
- ,
- .
(.

360,

-r, , t': n . .
); ~ .1 .

Ilreraco .1, . , ,
- , n .
Parxy, - .
(. 73, 1-8)

-:
- .
(. 277,
1)
n.
(. 40, .)

95:

- :

, ,

, .
(. 75, 3)

(.

.
(.

26;), 2)

...

265)


.
,

.rr
(.

285, 4)

.
, , , , .1.
(. 269, 4)

, , .
(.
121, 1)

(canda,

: , ,
(. 129, 3}

canda, candamii . .)

.
.

- ,
. : >~
(-),
(-u),

(-).
() n.
. -

, ,

- ,

(.

.
29, 2)

:
.
(.
174, 1)

:
- '
(. 143. 1)

, ~.
(. 134, 3)

!!)

ii

Parxy.
(.

.
. 129,4)

'

.
.
.
1 , ..1
~1.

-
,
Ji ...
(.

:vt :

.
(.

52, 2)

. ., , .
.

97


"" .

n:..

(.

(.

.
273. 2)

(.

326, 4)

- , . .

'5,

(.

(,

, , .

n:

4)

), .
, :

(..
266 , )

, ,
,
. ,

(.

- :
' 1

15)

\:

J. , ,
8 , 1\'.
'
(. 15, 1)

h:

148, 2)

.
(. I. 3)

, , ::

n
, :

, , , , u.
n:

, :
, .
(. 313. 3)J

,
r .

n ?
-

011 .1, ,
, u.

~.

u,

n, , .

1 ,

cnr~erm.rr
. 269, 4,

270, 1-2)

" :
-

98


(.. 295, 3)

, , , ,
n

, .
2r>> .1 .
:

(.

?
(. 290.
8)

57, 4)

99

n ,


, ,

, ,:

(."1. !41, 8)

, , n
.

, , - . .

!;

n , .
, .
(.

182, 1)

. , ,
- , t: ?.
(.

324,

4)


. :
,

, ,

.
(.

125,

4)

': , :

. , .
- .
.
-
, .

(surasarita), . ,
Jl ,
, .1 .
(Bhagiratha)
.
ero
. ,
(Jahnu),
, . .
,
l ..

, ., .

'

'

(.

: .1

244,

3)

, .
(.

1,

. .
~ , n : ...
(.

248,

, ,
, ? n n.
l.

'

. ~
,

21, 6)

~, .

n.

(.

(Kamana

, :-t

Sa)
.

100

. , . :

6.

3)

1)

( )
,

. - ,.
.
.1 .

. , ,
, ,

; .1
.
, .
. -

101

.


: , , (apsara),
~, : , ,
, 1\, .
-
,
, , , n .1
n <. XIX
.,

.1

66, 2)

.
(.

.:

64, 1)

n.

(.

29,

2)

..
(. 79)

, , n

n . , n,
,

-
, . ~1,
, .: -

(.

...


w ,

. - !
(.

185,

1)

{) - . , ,

n,
~, ,

, n

,
. .

,
- . -
-, .
, .
gajagamini, . . ,-

r, ,

.
, n,
( Sviiti). :
,

n11.1.
(.

295. 8)


n. ,

- ,
n :

:
- - :
, .
(.

102

187)

, ,
, , ,
.

, , ,

.
(. 128, 3-4)

!03

! !

.
. .
. ,
.
. :
, ,
n , .
(.

(.

, , ,

(.

!15,

n,

53,9)

, .
~1, .

.
, ...1

,
,

295.

4)

, , -

,
r


. -

.
354)

(.


, ,

, .
:
!

59, 3)

, ,

, .
: :
.
. , ,
:

...


n -
.
,
. (I R

(.

104

, , :
, - .
(. 252, 2)

, t

8 . ,

r ? :
, .

- , ,

, 1.
t , .

, , , ,
, , .
, .
(. 39, )

9)

.
25, 21

(.

, , ,
, , CFGr .

., , , , ,
, ,


. , , , , , ,
; - , ,

n.

, [I
, n:
, , , . R
, , , , , , , , ,
-, ;

, , r, ~ .

105

, .
r ,

.,- , , , ,
,

.
,

,
.
.
.

, .
,
, , ,

,
,
, ,
: ,
.

n ,
: - , - , - .

.
,

.
;Laca :


.
or
, ,
, , ,
gajagamii ( ) -
.
.

. <<, . .

r , , ,

1 , , .

106

, , .
.0,,Ji .

't
!! . , ,
,
c.DJ)e>Cp<tca :
, .
1\. , , ~" 11n.
(.

36,

4)

-,

,
, ,
, , ? rii -nJ
(.
148, 2)

' . .1 :
, 11 ,
f>.:-r<J.
(. 35, 3)

'

' -.
, . ,.

.
, .
(. 5<, 1)

, , n .
, , n .
, h, .
- .
- , ...
, , .
(.

369, 3-1}

. , ero
, , rr:

1\ , .
, .

.1

, r,

, , .

107

,
. ~

v.


(.

14,

.)

., , :
.

.: i .,

~,

~1,

. .

.

. . ,

, ,
<> n
vatsa1ya, vatsa (). .
vatsalya- .

,
, -
n, ,
.
, ,

, .1 .
, :
r,

(.

8)

: .
: , . -
, . , n :
.

, , .
(.
207, 9)

.
", , J.
:
.

<<
. n,
:

207,

-.
(. 264)

::-<~.r?
14-2, 2)

(.

,
,
. :

(.

.
R

179,

8)

,
{) ,
. - ,
, .
.
n
. - , ,
, , , ,.
.

108

' -
- , . n-


-
,
, . .

. '

J1 ,
.

,
!! , ,
n .:1 r r,

. . .

109

:\I ,

10

. .

(', .
, ~1

r, ,

~~

, .

, , v1,

., ,

10,

, ~
, ,

. .
:
, , , , .
, .

, .,

oCJie, , ~
. ,

, :\f
. , ,
,
, .

,
, ,
, . ,
, , i

, , -, . . ~

~
. ,
,

, .
~, , << .
,

:. f ,

...

, ,
~.:.
JI . , ,
, .

, , .

.
, lie

110

;;

Jl
"'

-.
, ,

, .,


,
, ,

, '

.

, . ., ,

. '

01

(",,
: <<0 ,
>) (
, ).

!f

,
,

. -

,

Bt'CVIa ?.
.

, .
v r
n. "
,

, , '
n

111

,.

.

, -,
.

, n


J.

,

~
,

,
,

:-.I .


.1- : ,

, , ~

1947

...

~ ~

(Mahabharata) 0
~

. :
.~, .
~

!\I ,
.
~
.

~
.


. .

: ,
, , ,

v
, ,

, . , ,
>> n .
n-
- !-r
r ,- ,
~
().
n fi:
!>.


, n -

: ,
1950 .

j i3

r rr

. .

,
. ,

1'

.
, <<,
,
1' , '

VI-V

. . .,

r:-.1

n n

f'
. ()
:r-.-t

..:, . . -
. . ;;
n

~, .
. ~
.

'

:
.

~ ' ~

.
, ,

. ,
, , ' ,

, , .

-

\1.
,
,
.
<< -

(Vyasa).

.
.

-, .
~

114

'

-.
<<
,

.
,.,, ,
'I
. 6 n

1 .

, \f .

":I!

<<

, , ,

,
, -,

. .

, , ,

. . .

-

8*

115

, r., ,

., . . ~1.

r I<

r :

(V

. . .)

, ,

, .
, , XVI-X\ill . ,
ii ,
)),

, , . . 1\'\

, ,

, ,

. XIX
.

~1, - , .

'. J9, )>

)>,


, . . /,
onrpa
, . .

...

. .
.
)>.
( 1898-1899).


~\.

" , Nl

J)> 1 ~ u

~ .

~1 lv\- ,
- .1 ,
~ -
L:t '
, .

1951

q n r()
, "1
;~

. .
-,

?. t'
.\-t 1 .
,
.?.

r
..1 :, -:! . :v~:
~

-,
, ?

, . .

. .1 ,
-1 t-.1('

~"

..

, .
, ~I
"1v ,

un

~.

. ~1 , r
, r :I.
n -
J ,

'

n.

1"FI r .. f' nn
1949, N'2 6, . 7-23.

117

~ i<

, ,

(!;!asan

, ~ . - ,
r

Sahid Sahrwardi) , 1
, : ...

(. . .- . .)
1

, ,

XIX . .

~1 , ~ .
. ,

(Sri Ilamcandra Sarma) ,


1939

., : ,

n ,

. ...
, : "


, " 2 .

, -
. , .
'13 .

- ,

, .

,
, '
-..
n, ,
., n: ,
.

,
:


, , ,
,

. , . . .
(. 1890 .),
,
, ..

..

. ,

~
~. ,

..
, , ,
XIX . .

n ,
,

-..:...

'1'1'. !""
,

r...f'

J.>~l - <.1"~)

1 '\ "1

!).

.:.4 u~>l- <.PJ.'

.lt'"' ;.,.t.::

.:,..-

-,..t:.,.

(- ,

>.ft ~ .r'1\. q
~ 'Jf~ ofrur , 'll"f t t ~ t ,
~~~), '! ~;- ~c:;V" (..- ,
).

118

"

, .

, . . ,

( n)
,


,
,

- ,
, , ,,
.- , .
, -

119

-:-.r

~t.

.- - ,
~; ".
"
"

,\ "r. n . . .

n r

h :l
, , .1

"'" 1905 .
f> v u

~
:-.t

u. .r1u .
, 1905 .,

11 ~ r



~ .
,
() l)

Ji ::>., -



1 .

.r, , '

, . ~

- - ,

,1.
1--1 r-
..
n
.
.
: , , ,
n
.n~ ~. r
'n. n .

' r

VI

;
,
, .
, ~

~ 3 .

e~IY
,

,
Jl:
3

[20

, ,

1,

404-405.

r ., r
-,

.'lr

'I,
3 : _ \1 ,
f1 . -.
.rJ r
. ,

-.

:- ,.'J R

ur ,
\1 -
-.~ ('.rr

. r
\' , : -

. ;...t ..
, ~
n 1905 .. ~f .
(?.'afar Ali :h)
(Janr;-c-rs jiipiin).
. "1.
r. ,
. (J<)
1905 r. 1911 .
yn.v. . . :--.('. i'1 J-..?V'
\1;
150 .
, , n, n

ru\1

I<, .
~ .:-

.
.

121

. "

- , , ,
, :, .
, ' -
, .
-
. -

- .
, 1

,,

. n -
- .

,
, n
.
I-la n
,
, ,
.
,

n ,

. !
cefi
. -., n

',

, . ~
, -
1914 . ,
n.1

. -

, , .1
.

, , ,
~

1~ .

,
,
,
,

.
n

, , ~, .

f'

n'

, -

. " ,
, ,
~1 >.
.
, -

::

, , :.1
, ,

~1

. ,

.
, ,
.


r
.-?.

122

,

. , ,

, , ,
, ,
.
,

,
. n "

123

._,.;_,;..,.-l5 (Dastaveiski )- ~;
..;,;'-':-) (Tarjinif)Jlh..JlJ. Jl:...Jl\' (i!lstiiy)- .

.
,
~1 ,
::v
~t -
r
.
: 4,

. , .
1918 .
- ,
..:: - ,


, ,
. "1 n :
.

.

, ~
. :
r

,
.


-

Q , . ;
1918 1925 . .
~ ,
.

u , ~ u
20- , ~
..
1:1 ,
;.

,
, ~1
, -4

124

. , .

w
. ( rs), ,
<(n ( savyat s)

. , :\
.

u "
, 1936 .
11
, ~
.
-

:
. , ,
- . ,
.. ~1,
.
( ). ,
., .
.
, ,
,

. .
. s.
,
n

~1

-.



~.

Yp.Jy, .

(Nakhuda) :

.
.

(). :".

. ;

: .
u
-

...

, 1

303-304.

1~

f.

, ! ]


, ~ , w

~
- .
, ,
6

,


: -


.
~

.'I ,

. ,
: (Hai1s :umar Tivari)
( Sarvas3.dhararyaka sii!Jitya>>),
~""~J-_,1 .,
l\1 :
,

? 7.
.. ,


. ~
:.
,

, -


, ,
-
, :
,

,
,
<<, :

J':lY:- -~>JI -v-~J -,..J\;;1-I;.;..U


' i;<f ~ fu<!rU ' ~ '1>1 ~ (<f\vrr . . 'll'f
''

l'"r- ". d'

~)' '!
126

~\~.

~,.,

"-'-

[. . 1925-1926

rr.]


.
. ,

,,

8 ,
,
.
, ,
n , ,

, .
.

, ,

.,
.

XIX ., . . v

, . . , . . . . .
-
. , :

. , , .
, :
.1 ,

. .



. . 9

-~
~ >> >>.
. -
. ,
>> (_,5:;,JI).
(, ),
;-. - ,

8
9

, u

-'~JI- V"-~J -

f'l'o,-~Lrr

, /, . 303.
~::;-- 4 1.9~1- ~~J-'J"t-' '-:-"~L,e. ~ l.Z

i f - ! 'tT"\

, //)'.

u-a.

\.:

~ J'..""(- :
127

::. ti ~

~. ~ ~~

. :
J if; .>_,- J'<fl- .S.,Ji
(Aleg-sec)ar Sargaivac Puskin), -_,.1 .:__,) u-;lj
(Zars-koe se lo), -.sj~'-~J (Sero-snit-zi);
~ ,) (Nigin).
. . v
.

o:>vt,
, .

..:.1

..:t

rr.,

, :::. v~
,

- ,

Lr , ,

.
,

14 .

~ , ,
:>vt,

:-.I

,
.

, n n ~

.1 ~

,-

. :

15

(L>-~.:.-~ ..:.:..~.-_tJaglqat ~

, . . .

13 ,
(.s0 ,.f rH<-' a:amgiri), . . , , . .

1 .

11

_,,J 1- u-.;

474.
~

..

.::.4 u',l- ._,....(."

\S,)._- '""'L; .:,~ 4-

r../ 1 ' .:- Ll_,~l


12_y,l !j ..,-~; ..!,..,__,.. _ ;i;::JI ~ L .S;>i ,dl; ._,....(." <f.- _,:;;..1 y4-

"" - r 0

r...f' -

. , .

' , r1
~11 \. -
.

,
, :

1 '9 '\"'

J.,;."..;

fi_,;.;.)l -

, ~
, .

.J~J 1 (-

14
15

, ).
1 .; , . 654.

128

1 tl.

'rT""- r'\"'o

. .

;r << 1935 . 12
t:

sandi),

, tr:o

(Akhtar llusain Sa]]ab


Ra' epri) ,

.rr


>> ' 1
, .r . . ,


.
30- ,
.

(,

, 1 ~1

10_

), .


, .), :

, .

639,

'l , r. ()54.
, . 67.3.
,

.t

129

Hamiiyuti> ( u>-J L. , 1935),


.

.
.
>>. "1Jt

-,.

.1

, ,

.
' ,
.1
, r

"1
. ,

!50

17

, , >
>
"
.
,

11,
,
- .
, ,

cf-

tt '

"1'1' '\"- ,,. t'l"


18
J,.>il-~>;1

-t!'l'l"', .:-

130

, :

..;.:.$";;;

(Trgeaf) -;

...;_,;_,,_,r

1.)"1J>!

(Borl_s Godof) - ; JI::..Jt; ,.} "-....s:JI (Aleksey


Tals!ay) - . ,
, ~
, , .

.
20

. .
, ,
;.,t .

, 19
-

..S::,

)\;;1 = S:.._,;:...~l- L.~), 1.5"'~)--,.-l,.


'1'1"'.:::.

tt-_19<- if_-(:t9,.,

.:..

- )~,~- L.l)> 1.5"'~3 -

""---J~-~>;1- ,r...i y>l 1.5"'~) 15' u>-Jt....-:l~ll


v (Muhammad Muj!b).
' \936-]937 .

, , , XVII .
18

"

. .J.

,
. ,
, .;
t, ,

19.
, ~
\
,

noc.,le , , ~1 1889 .,
, -_ ,.
>>.

v .

.
r
r .

..,.-[,.~ """"'" yl.:;-

'1'- crrr"'

"

...:1'-

- J,.>il- ..!>) -

-ll"j..::-

):~ ~_,...- r$)_jj

...,._",...

-jl.)jl

Ll)

..,_[,. ,j.:-o-

yl:;.

~~ .1"-

131

, .
0

~l .

(S!yut


.
v
11 .

ii ,

.1 .
~. n,

, ,

, - nval.
.
21 . ,
, . .li
.

S!vas(av) ,

D!n Davalu

(Jivan sm;tl) . , n _
> (Saasvati>>) 2.
r
~
J, , ,
1937 .
.
.
,
, .
1\n <<
, .
. n 24

, n !936 .
! 22 ,

,- . .

,

.:. .'l

. , . . . !l

.'J

. n .

H:'I1CH<IM BC'e\t ,
\~,
.

,
. . .

ero

,
. :t ,


,
, .
.

t-
- >J.

,

}\ , 13

.. ,

22

t \ , ,.., "-'- <S~

-,

u"

- J>;l- JJl; <.S"'J)

J...."'-'

.,...,'J.Ji

...,......~". ~ -4> .,..t~

r-I

7- , , , .
:.1:r
, , 1\ <<
, I !939 . 2 ' ,
r,1 ,
, ,

, .

n. :
2

.,_ .)L;:..Jli - ;.::;-, - JJl; <.S"'JJ - ...,......~". ~


- 'l"'r r ...., - f t q r- '1. "".:.....

~ ~f.:r ~ ~,

!~'"~~), 'J'o '!~%-!%~-

\l~IHfd,

Glf!\'fGI

(~,.

<

t'

(J:JI) l"~r -,..~.,. u",,..9 "-'- Jo;l -.>;I-<Jo,>


~~ ~ fu<!rn , ~"-"" ifl mf~ ( " >ft"! ", r<f ,
!t~t)' '!' ~\9~- ~\9/1. .
"

"

133

i
) ,

: ,
. .
[n].
n, .
, .
. ~I
, ,
?
- .
: n - !
'f: , i! Z
, . \I

,
.
,
n
, , .
.


~
. , , "1, .
,
J\1. 13
, ~
, .
n

n',

,
.
,
, ,

n ,
,
,

r
v,

n
,'l
,
. ,


~r

26

134

, .

377.

,\1

\ : ,
n ha ...
n
-

--r
J{

...

-
~ ~.
,

, . .
.

. , , ,
no ,
.

n ~

, ~

.rr : ,
;~,r
!
.

:::

.J, , :vt

!'..t

:vJ! 'l7

n
< ,

~J. ;-..1
;:: : .I ,
_ .9" ,
,
!
27

, , . 383~~384~

1948

l

<:' 1

r 2 , r.

. .

,- ,

,

i.

-
.

-

XIX . .1 .1

. ,
:, ,

li it!i
.
, ~1 ~1
.

:w,
,:, ,
, .

('

.1

, , r' .\'.
;-.~ n
.
, v
- ,
. "1
,
: 1) (~aqlqatpasandl); 2)
('iilam
glri), . . ,
_., . .; 3) (hi),
; 4)
, , .
>< . , , (Sahid
Sahwadi) :
,

136

1951, N!? 8,


f' . . , :::Jr
(Akhta .J:!usain
Sa~ab 'ri) n.r-. ~
, .

-,


-.,

I-: . ,
. , . -;
. t.r ,
r:r
n,
~

? 3 .

r ,

:- J<

,
r .
n ,
., .
...

r , r r

. 20
,

J-"1 -.>) -v--'J - - ..; u4 cJ->1- <..PJ-'.>r- -"'l.J. ,:,--- ~

,.,.,. '-"'

''"'-

z _ _,,)-y>l
'"1\"'<i -

'"\I

4if

-t
15'

i.Y-'J .!..._J"_-<SJY, ,diJ ..,_,..~., ,:,--- ,;;..1 ~

tl <!\"'

d..:.....

.-..7:)1

(- r

, R pvr ).

104-110.

, .

639.
l

1. r:> ,
t : , -

...


n~
. :r-.-t 1 ~1 n
; . ,.::
,

13

-,
<<.~
. ., ~

.
- , , :v~,
, .- ~1
, : .
, JJ. , . , . , . , .
, :. , . , . , .
, . , . , . , .

, . , . .
rt: .1

t
>r,
~1 . ,
: ,
.

Ri
G - \' <:'

ocfl

. Jl, .,1
.

1
n

.

n~1 v
-. . , J1~

.
. AJi - 5 1951 r. , ,
,

.
~ ,

. ."
~1 .
.ri .1

. ,
__:. .
J -
r

vr.

.:r

pyrdx, .
t\ , t
.
20- ' ~1
(
, , , .),
(>, .).


:
}.-t
.1 . , 17
n 1937 . n . .
.

~1, ,
:r-.-t ,
, .

I\. .
,

.
n 1
JJ, ,
,
(the apost1e of

frccdom)

Ji.
, .

, , ~I
1.

;;.Ju.:

J ..1
.
~38

-1

.:

The story of Russia (The

India

: .

N., 1939, v. 11).

"'{>. 5(),

139

()
,
.
,
Jjf,

~ 1936 .
- ' ..:-i't :~. R ;
: ~ ,

. .:>. n1.

... ~

.- . .) .
,
n ! 5
F
l . ),1
\'
,
, 1936 .
r.

- ,

10

:,

, .

.m:r

'J:
140

;:;:.

.rn.1 ""

( "~ " ,

~ t ~"' ,

. u ; ,
. ,
: " ! .. ". {"~.
,

~. ,
,
, ,
, ,
: ,
~1...

. ,
,
, ~ . ,
Ji . :v
, , , r
~ ...
. ,

-: .
tr , r

r r , . ,

' 16 . ~
f'J! .1. ..
~ ,
,- , , ,
v .

~,

. ,
:, 11 ,-
. !


. nn
' ~
.

,
, ,

r.1

, ' !

,
. , ,
,

'J ~~~ .
, ,
,

. ,
,
:

.'I

<<

1939 . " ~
,

Wffif ) ,

Maxim Gorky meeting (The Indian

), .

57.

. .

N., 1936, J October,

141

' -

Ra


n, ~
.

,
,

}:{

<: .

- ,
. . .
.


Fi:' - -,

- .
t: , :
~ :,
.

,
.

: ~ .m

...


~. , 1934 . '
n- :
-

, ' -
!<.f

...

, : ,
7

~ '!m"' rn'f' 'Rff''l"' ;frifij; m><

'~'I.< " , .~ ~ , Wffir ) .

142

ero ,

nv

11~ - .

.
: ()
:""' ,. , (Sa(ya
Nrayar; Smgh) n n
, 1,

, ~
, ... 8
, ,

'R'

<:fo '.f.

t-I

, -

. u
.

.
,


. 1912 . :
, -

u .
: 0 ,

u n ,~
- - ~- .
-
, ~
, ... 9_

Ji .
:
, ~ ?
, ... to.

, , .

. :

... , :,

u
"", , , ,
, ? 11_

, 8 .

r.,

1 !-I nuca

(:. . 11 ii>, 3- ., ., 1937), .


9
. , .
(,

N, 10), . 379-380.
10

11

. , , .,

1933,

485.
1912,

147.

. . R, ~r ? (. ,

.,

1933),

345.

143'

. ,


n .

JJ

,
n , v
.

.1,

~1:-.1,

. . .

1~1,

, . . l' Ji...: 1
, .

1951

n :-.1.
, -I~)
.

- ~ n .
, ~Ji 110, Lv
n n

,
.

,
: . ~
, , ,
( 1925-1938) .1
.
( lV\.),
1929 .,
, f) -
:I ,

...


Ji, r,
n 1928 .,
1 ,
n
-

<< > . ( <<Sarasvali>>) ,

1940

itfimi:f m.;t, ~, """ '"'" ffi ~m ~ ( "~'f(fr",

~, ;, ~)' '! ~-~-\<.;.


10

"

145

. n
~r .

r.
. \'

!{- ~~' . ).1

T'f<1','if(VeSIII), -

'f,'l''f (ik1. ,<<>>

, lk
.,
1~
,

r..

~
: ,
, , ,
. <<
(,<<Des kl balivedJ r>>) 2 . ,
, (Ramiiva-

tar Sarma), .r1 ,


- .

Ole gire, .11; -

3 . ~
..
"Storm" [.].

:-vr

.r

. ,
. .
.
<<>
(<<Pratiip), ,
, 1939 .

<<>>

( "'Larka).

' ,

n , ..

, !l
:.

, ;

, ,
, - .
( <<IO]si nagari praciirini Sabhii),
:

1<
.: :
<<
kii hrdaya>>
( ), <<V \Inotl (<<), <<Abh&ge ( <;
r), <<Celkas ( <<), Tanya>> ( <<>).
., ,

' "~'""'< "~",


~, ~ "' <rf<1ffi <: (mr "' "'""
~,, "R'f'U, 'fo~-~~3

~ <'fiff~ ~

" """ "

Z.H., 11l"f), '! '~\9- '~.


146

'!!9'

f'\1:

, 1 '
,

('
.
. , >>) <<
" ".
4, <<
1939 .,
.
, {): !f
- , , ~,
.
. .
.
s
<< "
.rJ"
ll 6.

..!I r , 5\.

- 'r~-

(''~ " ,

~ i~;:

~ <:),

,J,

n. .
, , n,

1 "'"'

<f -

(. - ~).

.,

2 , .

246.

~,.~

<.5)_,:.>. _ _,,JI

-S.;_,f

jl ...;_,~

u
The Indian P.I:.N., 1939, . 3-5
.

IO*

147

n 1938 . "
u ", . . ~

,
.n :::..'J."i " ".


r . r7.
, ::-.1, , ).f
1939 . ;J.

;t , J:
2. .

.

, ,

n

.1

('Abdul l;laqq),

. ;\ 11
n

8 .

,
,
, , ~
,

, n
-, ,

'

~r .

n~, n" , 1

20

, 9
'f .. , 24 n

, 31 n
~, 14 .

19

. .

n , , :

. , .
. , , .

. . . .

. v~

. , , .
. , .

. ,

. , .

. , .
. , , , , .
. , .
. , n

' .


. . .

n
150 . ;,
r " , ,

. ,
: .

. r11
vr ,
. .1
- ,

:r.

.: , .

&!...

244-248.
~..,. .J ~'"'

'-"'">; L ._;,;!.,.,_; '-",,


,.,~-,..V-o.f,t 1,,.~ '-';IJ.,.-J>;I-

S '-'Y'!j .r-<- -J>dl.,~

: <<

, 1928 . . Haa
Htrr~ ;:- . .
.l\ :

148

149

w:-i!;'f"<n:

i[d'r"

.
!11'\<:
"'~

>fil

'!'!'
,.

- \1

"'=
"-,,,,

"!~:

~'1<'1' "' .,

n [t

, - ~
-

_ .

'!!'1'fi

-.:@ >fl'

ij; 5!'1i'ro jJ


"'l'r ij;
..."","!1'11;;- .
Cfi1i44irt

'fj

~"


1'

,;.

rG -

f~'I ~ ~
>ft 1 ~
!11'\<: .
- ~
ij; <i'r"f 1il"':r .

,._, ,. 'li1'i'i '!Cr ".;.,..


=="" """

, ~.,
Cfi(qqJ{11

.

{)

....,'Q'<..I
fii .

til'i ..~('II ~ ~ ,
.

"! 1
if 'll!f
;- 'Mii'l woiiq ij; r
;ftm ~ <n: !('!'

a-m

- ~ 'li1

-.:@

1flm

>fl' 1
!11'\<:

;:


fi"'1-: .

fi

- ;;
~
,
n \jj j>Jq~J"j 1., "SI"Cfi'Rf ~~~
.

<:'

-r ~
,

W:fl1

m""'

f'""];

"'' ~ "! 1

'I

?!

~~

ir

'if!11'"!'fll' "! 1 ~
!11'\<: """"' 'li1 i(m
W1'f <~f<4<1~ "''""'

~ ;; ~1 ~
""""' 'I <mi !11'\<:
5!'liW
<i;m ~ ii'
!!fu:~;:mfuo
>;[!>f 'fio <'fT~ \ffi'i!

~
9

1933.

150

"!I


'.

.: . , , . 11, .

!( n , -

130 J1 .
~q

.. .

(
. ... << ,
, ... )
n, , , ~

I.

!('!'

. - if
. , - "!
, -

'fl'f

itfum

oor

'11!

!f

\'
[

gm

Vesili.
ij;

;;f!
,. ~
, . Vsi ~
'f'li?'f li
- 'li1 ~ "! 1 itfum
r
.
.
~
;'f
'li1 Vesili,

<J

f.li't'ff'l>

q-z

,,

"!

orn

ij;

itfum

\'

;r

~ ~ 00
. ' ~ ~ "! 1
:

- ~

<n:

, , '1<'f!

f~

,
~
-

<ii?

!('!'
'1i"1
.


'fi"RRl'

'3i1
f<:<rr
<n:

~.

~m

1
~

gm

'lif

'{ , 'f'i'if't;

..

~1,

, '
: 1.

n,

~1 . 2.
: n .r

3. .
Vcsili,
r , .
'.

~1

'11'fi 'lif

""""

<

~
'I ;:m;
'!!'1'f\ W@' ~ <ft
"ff 1 "!\?: m """"'

151

~ i:r <fu:1 ri'. .1


, , ~ <>mf 1
'fii'ff .
- <:@ ~ 1 fiAif
, - ii ,f\,
".". =t

-~

lz'

;;i

i:r

<i"

<

3.

-,<::?..

'-'!R

'

~i:rm

g11;

fu'i'[

._

:-r

ru

.'I,

~:
.- .

~.

...

;o;rR

ii

m<'f

___,.__.._

'
v

~" 'f'f "!""" "'''" ... 11 Vc:


('[...
;;m,m if sili . \1
~

'"!"f

i<:

;;!if

f'l><: 'IQ <!'ft

f~

'"'

if ~ ~ 1
Q <iR\ m>rr '!i ,

"'"' -

.r

".",-iii[
;ritl

'-'!R
o:floR:

~ 'f'f '!
'fi'{if 1 ;;m,m '!i

..mr

'!I1'R"

~ ;:r "" "' ~)


- '/ " ii
~<'ft

Bech

i<:

-, , - c:p:ff ,
, - 'f~
- ,..;;

- ,
,

- v.

~-'Q.

i:r

ece

Vesili
.

, Vesi
1 ~
::

,.

, - f<:rr

1 !!1'1 <it ?
<r'f "!:f @ 'f? ;;

.
""' 'IQ furq fum
" ;i o;i\<: 'W!i'i 'f''f .r
-

r.1,

-,

<


. Aikab'a
1 . -

~,,-,.,

'!'!'Ff

'!!W!if"f 'f'f m>ii' "!l!'F


... 1 ;mif 'f'i;H;t ,
:

,
!

;~

'ffof ~

ii .,_,:r ".".,_

'f'f'ff'fr

152

, ,

"-

~ 1

~ '>'IU

"f'f

~
\'f

>1

::

l( ,

:
<'. ...

Wf;R 1'

;;<fr
.

r :~
.

~
""ffl'f'
m<m:
'!IR;p-'!i~

'>fr>:

~ ~ .; "1'1m
~ 1 ~ '!i <f."m
mfr'1 f'.mm: ~ !

Aikab'a
:

-,
. :



- Aikab,
, . ,
3 , , ,
(
- ), -
:

r~l

:
Aikab'a :-. .

- '1'1"'!

oio.1

~ <- '!<r

- ij; G:lif "!'! -.:@ ';[


,

:,

- ;;'!i'f

'!!W!if"f

'f'f

"''!

m-.: 'iT/

153

<: , -

- -

'lit

'fRI'

'3'I>f

, <'1' <

, !

"1'11 '

""' ~~

tf

m-.r

qgcr @"11~<\'i
~ ~

'ffii'1

..r.r

'lit

<ftii

;:r

~!

;r

'I<f

-.

m,

=1

~ ~

'1'RJ .".

ii'

'11?:

Ai-

f.pft , -v.
r ! .

i'R 'f@ 1 ~ f~
~ ~ ~tm:fim
;;ftm~~'f@
'ffii'1 @it 1 ~
~ wm: '!; .,.,

Aikab

~, kab.

o;iR

< >ft ~ '11?: ".,


\ft ".,
f''m:
ii' wrr ~~ ~
~
;f ~-'
;;ftq.r

.'i..

.'!:
- "

~
<mil .
n

- - 'fli'i ~ ;; f.r i!r


-,
n ? ~? 'lfif ~

- i!R

-
! - .
- ... -

"'R' ?
<'1'

'm

'!> ?

ii ~ ;
;; "11 ,

~ ~ ~~ mm
ij' ~ ~ >ft , ! :
. :
? ~ '!> 1 _'f' -
~.' 'ffi ~ j! ''!' ?

... .

;s<:

;-(f ?

-!
@ if.,;r >~; :
... ~ 'R ~~
. , .,
~ -ro ! : -

.
;~;;
- (!! -

! - o;mrr
154

<'f'ff 1 <i;."' 1

;; !

, ?
?-
,

!
-

n "
.

;f ~

itfu;;r!

, ~

!- ~- '~@_

, .,.,.;".

<

Vesili

'!> '!mi,

,..,.,..

f<;-;it -

. . ~~

,~

.- , - <'!'li'

~ - ~ :

~ ~ -

'1'1

- . - <t
~ ! 1 ~ .
!
~
1!; wm:
(f
!
n ~
m ~ ~ n . :

...

... 't< ~ R re wm: ,

itu

'qi;f

- ;; ~

-! ,

<mt

i\'t

ffi

;;ror

1 ._". ~

'16'.

m-r

~ ;

~ ,

f.pft

omfr

~
''1' .
ork ~ 1 "'!"' '!"!
~ @ if"f Of111'
~ ffi 'f@ 'f'f

~1


,
~

.
<fr.if
m.,

, .
1
.
,

,
~~ 1 <i-11 "f'1
0

'1;

"'1"'1I{tt
~~
. Aikab n

~
't<
1
.

,
< ~ .

.
,
~oq

,
,

~

~ 1

ij' 11Wf

'!ii

'11

15

, R
, ~ ~'!>"(
,

'!11' 1

,. '""

...;+

'11 >ft;;r;r .

""'! "'if

~ ~ ~ '!i! i\lsc '!>"( ~~ 1


~
if
<;f!;'

;r ;

.:~

'!fto;fR

136-140 .


n, n ,

0 ,

!!!<,51 n. , n

.;l...

'

m.n'1'f

- ft

;rr

, - ~

5!,

<1

<'!1ft

~~

~-

il

fl"r

if'{

il;

;'[

...

m ~

Aikab

~1:

n.
1

'~

...

156

...

'!'fffj;
! ~

'!

\[1

~
-
'1f~

!
1

ftrcrr ~ 'I'f

_,.

~' ~""'"

'!'f

.- , o;rF fu'I'R "1 -.

! .. - itm, i'\1: ~ ~ , n, "4' ~~


~

... .
.
!( , n~1 "

.


n.

<111

-, !- ~

Vesilf :

-, ,

~~

-u

- ~

'Qi'
;m;[ ;f\;f.

'I''!:'f'l'f

...

,
,

:-

Aikab'a.

~l

>!r.

if

[]

nlllr . :

'I

~ ~ . .
'!ii 1
,
~~
'"it 1

"1

'!ii

="'
il

~
, f;

1 "<'1"'1

I!.

:" '.
,

}Jo
'
,

. r ~
... m.?

'(1'4$1I:Z

f'l> ".

2
~

, , , ~-

'"'

i'r1: '!1~ ' '!it


1

.1
~

oi't"f

m<:

if

~~ il; Vesili.

'!'@'

''

--

i[im

:
. :_ .?
.
:\1
. .,

.
, , '\
' ,
v1
,

.

, .
Jl\r , ~r1-:!: Il ( -
) J1> (Lark.) 10 ,
- , 11 .
.

~ '~
~
'f['f ~

- .."

,-

"
iW'fi ~ "- -Q
- - .
". 1 =~..."__m
,
~ ~ " 101
-

1:.1

<1J"'!' il> mi1 ~ '!i! 1:('li"'l" "" f"f'


'li"':m "< fq;;: - . 5!

~~

.,

if i;r

'J:'f
~

.m
~

f.!iq

158

( "m",

,J

~.

'~~" if'!T

;; 'li"':m 1

m~

rn

m~

~ ~~=~~~~:~ ~~~~~

1Z<fi' , ,

~ < ~'~'~"

~tH), '!
:.>, ., 1915,

t-'1~.. 59-67.

;;;; 'I"<fl1t ..-, ij;

61<-
> 1

;oi'fi!> itif ii
'!mft

m r""'l'!ii[i

~ )

ii

..,. !('li"

'l1m1

~ !('li"

~fu!: "'"

.
n

, .1

(,

'"'"'

.
,
n,

1 it '1l1ii

~ f",

\ffu

~:~

"fif

f~"'"" ~~~

'

00

1 li.

f.rorrffi"l

51"!'-

ij;

f<'I ~ ""il'!re!
~ - "" ;

~
,
'f"il'f
;;r;;r

<4

: '1'
\'I.

'!'ffiR 'l1i\"

12

mru~ ~ ), ,
i'r+r;;"f ' WJ:'I'A"

"'T '!<~~ ~
"< '!" lfi'J,1d <rfu;;

,,

;;;

"<
.m
f~'ti<ii<f, ( " ~ -.rt
i['f-m ii ~

1t

.-

'!it o.:rrif

'1fwff ;r mfu '"'"


mr ,~ q 1 .~
'f'R: ..,. 'J:'!'!"" fur "f"11'f'fUr iff<'IT '!it
~ ~- 51"<1>1" ~"fct
ql


, 1

""<
"( ~ i!; ~ ,

-
o;rnr '1"m -

~ iirm < 'l'ffif


<R'r
g;\
( "'Ff

if ffilf l!'fa
if \<,.

:-. ,
.

ij;

. '

!59

;;r

m>r
<i<

;;it ~- ~
'!:'~" if; ii"I01

\\'1: ""
\

,
,

rode

rri:

r11,

or~'if

;;m

<;;or'i


. ~~,

..:

'il<: '!'<:

rn

, -

JI

5!

~ \ " o-

'f'<:i'I f';ffi\t iir ,


'1~ \ 1 o;fp: ;;;Rt .
,
if;
wrU'f

orffi

W'f

~
'~>Q
.

'1<: ;;r[o:r
5ll<:"f
'!'<:
'1<: 'l"fr 'fi"'ff

'IR

if;

i!; 'I'f~ 'i~ ~.


q: ; i
'ffm qf~j if;

'< im

'i""'

>'f ,

<i"R

o;m;rr
~

'll'f'f

'IR .

\fti

- ~ ;<: 'j;-f~
...

- 'I<Rr
o;rm;r ;m

, - ~ 1
mlf.i '1'! i!;

"

160

'"'>!>!

, mf.a

<'- ~~r.r

"
'''f
'11"1''
i!;o ~ if
;~-

.,_ 1 'f1'!

no

'1' 0 .

rw.

>i'f'f'

=
"".,;-

i'f'f

'!'!'

f;;-

"."rn,.

""

,~,

acy-

"

qf~ :

'~> m1 .
~ =~~
r:.f. '~

<rf , ;1111

mm

, v

'];'fR

;;;Rt

. , ,

.1

o;fp:

'1"1<)'1"

"
;-;;-(1

<P"f1

'fi

"'lif

'i~

if ~ ;;<:
'11 "fiit -

i<: s:if \

-. 6~1.1 'I'

'1<:

, ..

'f'

\ft

;;g

~
~

vJeno,

= <~'~"
>iier \ "~ it't <itf<f
ii['f if; "'" f'f"'l't Q.'fi"!
\fia- 1 ,.."'!; ~ ~

f.R;q

<R

'f'l<:
<\"1

~ if "f<r ~
< ffi <:fiwri ii~

'1'

, n

.

n
. , -

r .

,

(IV-VIII .)
,
. ,

.
, ,
, ~1,

,

.
, .

~,

i'f'f

~it it,

n
. , , Jiec,
n'

u,

"11 Wa~ ~ oiP: '!'ffif'!'!J 'if<:''f 'ffi1'! f'f.'i


,
Ji , ~
, :
.

11

. .

16\

, -

- , ,

.,-

,
.
, -.
- -
- n

1939 . <<

13


. .

'"''

.:::::.j'-'-'~ u-~

Lf""""

; - ,)IJJ ...s:;J.d.
:

!.&'

n
- ~J
,

J~;
~ ;JI ....;kJ .d. ., 4j :

, .

, ,

f.f:"

..,..-.r1

4 _, _,)

. ~ -!
" '"'-

"

;JI_,.o~J,<. .,S , -"j '4

-..

..f,!>

;JI

ul;-
.JL.JI

_,...s-

)_,._.,~ .cJ
....._, -

.?

..f,!>
._,.._J . .:L/1 .1; L.iJ 1

.s

,_

.J~;

. . u-<"

:.~.

.t_S::..

>~
.

,:}.?

Lf""""-'J

J ~,;

\)... ~!; <Sfl' )J!


.:;.,!;
._;~ .6i.i

.
,

',

,
,

'<::.ii u-1 ~

<.1"-;. ._;~

._,.-1 - . ~ ._.-J;
J,l

~-.
'''~
;

..,.."

\-~

._,.

~ U"J_jJ ~ J_j.)
<S>:> tJ,>...:. J!J!
..,:> .'.-' jJ; - ~
-"j .)IJ c.>l:S-1


Ji

,. .~

rn

. ~l-

,..

. ~
,
'-~
..::-1; IJ -1 .

JJ;

l .:.:)

J-''

._;,-;Ju ../
v-_.....
li.-;-

ljG "-! ;JI -._,l..


..s;; _,.:;- ~' ;J ti"..

-~' 1..\-1 ~' ._,.-1

v-' _,sJ 1_, ':" ..,:> u-1


.- ..,..!- ~ 1
..,...;_,..

.::...;-:1'-

.J 1
J-'' t"J

~u-1 "---.S"" "


._;,~
u-1 >~JII
'.

- os-""'J Jll ._,..JI.l..


~'I

. , <>

~
.

~
.

...__s- ~, ~u-1


os-:) .Jt.:"..J.I :;JI ,:rl
,
, 1f
.

>

J -"j r" '


..,...S

_,,..~

.J> .::. - '

J__,.. J>&:'-J-1 .!} J u-1 .d.


u_,_J4

- v-:1' ..r-t" ,J _.... cl;

'-' ;_,.. .r. .::.. wIJ

or

' -..\1

<5> Jl5 ;>L;- ....--

"!1"~-.,. .. -<.J"-ti~I"~-<SJJ~-J>ji-JY.~-.SJ.f"

, . ,
. , . , , , .-., 1928.

53

162

J ~1 ' ;_11 (}
.!..__;. cl" 1 _,) .J;J_,...

._.-.__,;


. . :

.::.wiJ ! 1- ..,rJ

..,> .d.;IJ

.r. ..:;
163

.::.JJ ..,., '

;SJ

J ~

..,.....s- t"l
,

~
. . . -~
. :

... J...

>ljT ..s::;...~,.

J"

! ~

"''*' ....,. ....,.J_,.)


_.,

"j.....

, r . , -~

._;, L~

~! $

5I

.:;.,.}

: ,
t . !-
, ,

J tt .) j '-..., ~~ ..'- ,

- J" 1~ _,.>.,~.! ..,.t ,1
,
,- . ..
l.. JS"
. . u - cs"' <..J-'-' .t......, ~


.!..:! - ~. ~ .)\~
~
;;
~

u" JJj 15' 1' 1 ~..l;o .J, ~

~1


- ..,.....J_,__~ L_) .
r<J )1) . .".. .v.i!_,
1_,...~ . u- 1...

"
,
, '-'" 1 1 ~,
~ ~ U"" - -r'.J'
1 ..,,~- . -
1 -1 1.-J

- ;. 1 --~~
, ~
"}~.,..
\' !,)L.JI ,

. , ~-

",

, -

. -

... _ --
.. - .........,..-

s_,....t ..,.,
L.-1 -

'

ero

c" ...i

..,,;4 ...,......
,
u----<1' ..>_., ..z

; L- "'", L..'
).' ~_ uri' ..::..lH ".... ~~\~

~ o,;->=-l-Z
.{) , -'i 1

<L-J

."

S ..::.......:..
4; l"-)

2 ..,.t

<.r-'

"

.
-

J ,

1)

t."1

""'J'

\j)""

n .

, ~~
, .

<J~ jl, ,

164

, .~
,
.

, ,
.

. ,
, ~1,
n ,

. , ,

,

\ . , ~

,
.
.
,
n . m

1940 .

~,
,

- 'r'

, .1
.
1V1. ,

,

.

~.).J-t~ ;"" ."_;..

1 S.JI~ ,dlSJ
.
...,_,..... .,. ,_, _,.)

0
0


,

.. ,

, .
1' .
n ~
XVIII .,

(Kete1aer) v
1743 ., 1715 1

,
(Garcin de Tas~y) 2 ,
,

.

,
, .

, .

_.
- .
,
n n
~ ,
, ~

.
,

wf\fu

, ,

1939 ., .

~ '.:
~ ~'11"'1, f~'i}ci'ff '<! 'i\"i" ~ \!R "'!~'
[ , ~. <ro~.'<>'-'\o~.
2 Garcin d~ Tassy, Histoire de la litterature hindoui et hindoustani._

t. I,

Biographie et iiographie, Paris, MDCCCXXXIX;

analyses, MDCCCXLV!l.

t. ll, Extraits et

169

-v . (J. B!och) rr,


' ,

, .

. .1 , n

. -

-~: .
. ,f
v'Ir - , .J
r ~

1.10 ,
,
. L
.

"

- .

,
-v

, .

J.{, .J ,
oet-T<'OLf.t) ,
.

"

, , .

n .

;-...1

.- ,

, J
, .

J;

~1.

;,

, u, ,
, ,

.n r-. ,
.-r; .

~ v_,

- n .
'

:vi

. .,

.
- ~

170

(\V.

),

.
n

"

, ~~ '
4
,


, ,
.

- ,
, ,
,

."1.
'~ ,

10 n


:'I:\ .

J , ;

i.\.1:

, . :\1.
", , -
,

' ,
,
-

: ,
r .

"

!:

r::'

{: .
.,

11,
, ;

: .
-
-~1 .

n-

171

::

',

-r
,- .. ,

- .

, ,
", .~
~ ,1
,
~ .

, ~
,

. :v~
. . (F. S. Growse),

,..

3 .

"1

),

<< , ~ ;;.

,
; . . ),f

. ,
- -
. ,

.
, , no
, ,

XIX .,

,
,

, , '
,

.'

nr


.1
~

~rv

ii -.r
l\-1 ,
. ,

. n
:':1
,

,
,
, v,

3f.


, ,

, XVIII .
.
r .

n
i,

. n

" - n!-i

-
'!-
, XIX .

. , :
, .

n .
,
, , , n :~
.

, X-XI ., tie

r
,
, n:: .
<

n,


, -

n.

172

3
.: . ., . 1, .-., 1937, . 7
(r ).

173

.rr,

r-

coeJI..t ,

:1~
, XIX .).
.f

,
n '
,

JJ

, -
. ,
,

. , . ~1~

, , , 1\

(Tulsi Das)

(i).

(Tukariim),


, ~ , w

,
, , ..
. , ~
n (Sii Diis)
, ...
.
>> "
,

. 1\, n
~ n.

1\,

, , ,
, ,

, 1\i

- ,

. , !'"

174

:v~


,.

.:

n,v"~"
;:

, , ,

. . , .

.
.

,
, ,

'.


,
, .
.

, ,

)', :

iiil: :
,


.
,
,
]J,"" XIX . , -


.:v
.


.
.

, ..
, : ~ ( <<Satsai), <<
( Riimaganii v li>>) , <<> ( <<Gitii va 1I ) , <<
( <<Viayapatika), ( <<Riimajiia>>), <<
!U ( <<Riimasaliikii).
,

,
,

. ,

175

,
4


n
-

u
- (). ,,.

~ ,

.~

7.

. :

>

:
... , ,
,
,

, ~

\1

. ~

,
,

, n,
. .

.

,
, ~

,
.

.
,
I,

, , , .
,
,

.-

. . ,
.
, ,
, ,
.
, . .
,

.
.
1887 . ,1 . .
> 9 .
,

. , . .

, .
s. ( Bhakta-

mii \). << ( <<lktacaita>>), <<


( Ragka 1padruma),

( Sujanacaritra),
( Kavicaritra), , .
_

.
l( . 1

r.t

, .

r n
. . ,

1876 . indian antiquary


. . .
6

~I : .," ,
Jid . vol. II. . 511.

.
. >

, , <<

:.> ,

-,
, ,
( ), -

lbld.,
' Iid.

176

Garcin de Tassy, Les auteurs hindoustanis et leurs ouvrages d apres


Ies iographies originales, ser-and edition. Paris, 1868.
6 F. S. Growse, Translation { an episode of the Ist book of the Ra~
[ Tulsi Das (lndian antiquary, 1876, vol. V), . 213-221.

213.

Tulsi Da<;, Ranzayana, translated

F. S, Growse, book I, Childhood:.,

A.liahabad, 1877.
12

. .

177

, . ,
, il


~ ,
.rr , , :

: ...

homo uius Jibri 10, Jr ..?


-. , 4

, , , n n,
.

r , , ..::: JI~

, ,

. , n
, , ,

~1

,
,

'

I. ,

11

' ,
- i

: ,

.
,

, , ,
,

;
, , 1
~ ,
t.: - . ,

, , , 14
.1

, ,
,

, , ,

.
,

, ,

, ,

n,
~ 12.
,
, p'-':rtrt

,
,
r.
'.
: p-

(Niibha

Das)

-,

, -

(i Das). ,
, , , ,
. .
~ ~ , .
, : ~ ( Riimsaliiko
~ 15,

< ~ ( <<Haumiin

bahuka>),

(Jaakimanr!;ala),

:-

>

(:k

chad),

<<~

, oco

(<<Pavatlmangala\, , . n

chad~). ~
( Jhulua chad>).

(Ror i. ,

" !id., . Xll.

!id,, . XIV.
Homo unius !ibri (.)- . -. .
1$ Tu!si Das,
Ramayana, translated
tt Tulsi Das. Ramayana, book I. . 11.
Allahabad, 1878.
" Iid., . LV.
ID

178

F. S. Growse,

book 11,

179

16 ,

. ,
.

, ?

2.

""

11 ,
.: , J
: . . (J. . Macfie) 17
18

,
- ;
.

n .11:-I 19 .


: , ,
... ::"
, n . ,


\1

.
,

. , . . , n

,
-

'

..:J. .

, ~ ,
::r ,
.
, , .

,
~~ , .
.
~-I )''
,

:r

,
:

... ,

Tulsi Das, R.amayana, trans1ated F. S. Growse, Allai.Jbad, 1~\4.


11 J. . Macfie, 11 Ramayan of Tulsi Das, or tlre i! of northerrt

Jndia, Edinburgh, 1930.


13 Book of Ram, the i! of lndia Mahatma Tu!si Das:P, rendered
into Englisil Hari Prasad Sl1astri, London, 1935.
.
Jg 1. The Life an.d deeds of Rma, II. The Iesser Gods, ll~. Br,tll
ma, thc Crcator, IV. \, Karma, Viddhi--Time, tl1e _fruit of actns a.nd
the Creatoi, V. Shiva, 1 Destroyer God, Vl. VJshnu, tln~ Preser\ied

J< .

2 1_

,
,
, ,
,

180

.1

:~:;;:~:~::~:::~:~

.-


, .
-
.
, ' .

r~ve~

, ~
,
. . (G. . Grierson),

'nn" u11 ''


ls

God VII. The Hindu Triad--Bral1ma, V"ishnu and Sl1iva, VIII. Braltma t~ Suprem~ Spirit, IX. Rama, the incarnation of Vishnu and Brahma: the Supreme God, . The Crow's phi\osophy, Xl. The mora.l _t
ching- of ihe Poern, XII. t poem's contributio to tl1e re!Jgus
thought and of lndia:..

...
,

,
rr n20

J. . Macfie, The R.amayan of Tulsi Das

lndia. . Vlll.

or the ! of northern

lbid., . XV.
,
George . Grierson, The modern vernacular literature of Hindusta.n
Cal'cutt.a, 1889.
'
21
22

181

n -- .
, 23 .

(~ iv Sigh S.

gar, XIX .) (Siv Sigh


Saroj),

. .:

, .
_

, r-.-t

.J.-

:: , - ~ r

; .
. .

, ,'J.n.
[()r ',
, n,

, .
. - :..1
24 . '
,
,
,
,
.
Q

r;


: (GItava!I), : (<<:avi tava!I ), << ( <<Doha\'aii), << > ( <<Caupai Riimayat;I>>), <<
>
( <<Ramacaritamanasa), >
(<<Satsai>>).
( atan>>), . .
: r.I (J anaklmangala), ( <<Pavatimangala), <<

( <<V aiagyasandipani),
<<

( <<Ramla \ nahach), << >> ( <<Barvai RamayaQa>>), (<<Sri Ram Agya>>),

h), >>

( <<Vinayapatrika>>),

<<

( Hanuman Bahuk>>).
,
,
, << :
( RamasaJaka), : > ( <<:uri<ja
liya RamayaQ), : ( :arka Riimayat;I),

(Rola Riimayal)), << ">>


(Jlilna
RamayaQ) : ( :rsnava!I) _

!id .. . !.
" !id .. . 42.

'

) , , 25 .

, ", ~
.
, .

~.:

,
r.

.r,

1 ,

( <<Sarikat

, ,

- , .1.

,
' , ,
7

1 ,

XIX

,
r.

11

:
(Cintamat;~i Tripa(hi); (Man Das);

_ (Bh;'want Ray); ,1
( Rambtlas)

(Sambhunath);

(Gulab Sigh);
(Gaj'raj Upadhya); (Sahaj Ram);
1-' (Sanka Tipa(hi); n
<< 1,

(Isvari Prasad Tripa!hi);

23

182

" !id., . 49.

183

(Candra Jhii), __ ; - "


( <<Riim-mbar Ramaya]))

Janakl
Prasad); << ; << :.
( <<R.am Rahasya RamayaJ)>>).
r~1- XIX .,

:.

(<<Riim :athii) (Chotu Riim Tiviirl).


, ,
,

u .
.

Indjan
antiquary,
26_
, ., ,
,
, .
(21) , ' ,

. .
r

;'\

(Bandak Pathak, XIX .),

,
.1 ,
- '
t::: ,
, ,
,

, , - ,
', 1\, : ,

'

, .
,
, .
, ,
. . ,
,

. . (L. . Tessitnri) 27 ,
D:\1

.
- 28
,

, :
, ..'I
r,

-, , '
-

.
,
.
).1 .

, ,
, - ,
.

, ~t, :,
, , ,

:-


.
~1 ,
,
,
~1 ,

<< ( AdhyatmaramiiyaQa), , -

( Sankaracarya), ,

(Ramananda) (Riimii-

nuja)
,
, .
. :
. , n ,
25 G. . Grierson, Notes Tulsi Das
vol. XXV!).

184

(Indian antiquary:., 1897~

11:

, "'l

.
r

. , :

~ , [. .
.

Tessitori, The Ramacaritamanasa and the Ramayana (lndian


1913, vol. XLII).
Ramacaritamanasa il Ramayana (c:Giorna1a
delfa Societa Asfatica rtaliana, vol. XXCV, 191 l)
27

L.

atiquary, 1912, vol. XLI,


28 L. . Tessitori, ll

185

.J . ""
,

. _ ,. ~n,
kvactd anyato pt ,
,

.r:~


... ,
, J 29
,
,

, v

,
: ,
, ,
.
.i
n;

, ; ,

n ,
,

30
, ,
:vt
.

.
_

1r

"' , ,
, ,

.
,
,
,.,, ,.,

<:

""

n-

31
.J, -

* KYacid anyato'pi

''

Iid.

31

186

1bld.,

275.

, ',

n , .
,
- , , (likakiietr)a),
(yudchakiiet<Jii) - , :
-

. , .

32

, , "
.1 (B8lakar;Qa)
r . ( Uttaraki1ry(la)

: ... ~?
, " ...
"",
, ,r : ,
.
, "
" , ,
- ,

, ; ,

, "

'I

"''
Ht.:BOJ-.HO 34 .

r
,

. , , , n,
- ,

n 35
, , , -

(.) -. . - :'r?

L Tessitori The Ramacaritamanasa and the Ramayana {lndran


an!iquary>, .1912 vo1. 'xLI), . 274.
29

)v .
.-
,

32 Iid.

1id
. 275-276.
"' 1d:: . 277-278.
" 1bld., . 278.

187


<< neDe
,
, ,
,


>> ( ):

''Ramayana" Va!miki
(, !, 18, 8")

...

, .
:
"", ~
, 1 .
,
.

~ ,
, n
, ~
. ...

, ,

'

; <:

.,

, ,

. , :-. ~,
,
,

-
,
!, , ..

Ibid.,

7 !id., .

88

: :v~, ,
. .
, . .

,
,
~

279-280
280.
.

..

,,

!1.,-

..

I , ,
,

'~
.

'


, ,
37 .
, ,


, ,

,.avamf tithi Madhumasa ptmita" (RCM 1,


191, 1") 3'

"1. tatas dvada~e


milse Caitre
v mike titl"

""

"Ramacaritamanasa"


, :

:-.f
- ~
,

.1 r

, r-..1

. , , (!)
38 Iid., .

"1.

281.

[""

... ".

...

189

.
f'J-.'<
,


: << , ,
r , , ~

,
. ?., .

.
, -
(19121913), " ,

~ ,

,
6 ~

: "", " "

,, " 41 >

. , r:
" . ,
"" ,

,
42

, . . :

~1-

.
.1 .

, ,



, . .
39 ,
,
.

,
.
, ,
, !l,

. : [. . ]
, ,.
",

...

-
.,

. -,
,
- ,t


43
,

<<.
>> . . (F. . ).
,
:

-- ,
, , "" ,
, ,

44 . - 1' ~
.

, ,
.
, :1

...

. : "" ... ~

, ""

, ~

, , ' 1
.
, .

. :~:.
,
-

,
40
39

190

G. . Grierson, /! Ramacaritamanasa il Rlimayana L. . Tes-

sitori (JRAS, !912), . 794-798.


40 !id., . 796-797.

!id., .

797.

42 Iid

" !d:, . 797-798.


F. . , history of hindi literature, Calcutta, 1920,

44

51.

19t

45

~ ~

~~ <<

( Winternitz) " .

..
1 !;
~ '

'
'

'

; ~;

. . . )? I~: : <<

' .

. i

.
. (k).: ~
:
. ~ '

" -

] n . -
, ,
,

, ,
. 1 ,

13

.
i<.-I<J. -;::-r,
i{ ..-I
:-: ,

: caugana, piroja, kagaja;


: phauja, kotala; ,

: haviile, bandikhaa. sajii!; 1' : sahiba, garibanewaja; ,


- --: kra, ki-Jri, -1~:;
, .\t ~1
.: -: ida, jamata, baga 5'.

:.

-

. ~

, n
. ~ :

> ~, ~~I >> . .,


.


, Jn

, =~~:~~~; 47_
,

~ ~ "
' ~- ~
. .

, ; rC~~:~fo v

; -.

.
_ -


'

}.t, ; -~~
,
11

'

.
-

-.

'

.J
'
, ,

~~ :~ ~~~~;~~, -

5
.

Ibld.,\Vinternitz,
. 52.
Gesch[chte der indischen Litteratur,
zig, 1920.
45
46 .

48

. ',

, . . ,

;-.t .
:-.t .:

.
,

. ,
52
, , ,
,

III, Leip-

lbld.,
592.
J. N. S.
Farquhar,
An outline of tlze religious literature of lndia. Lon-

don, 491920.
R. G. Bhan d ar k ar, Vairnavism , raivaism and minor religious sys"

tems, Strassburg, 1913.


rsian
loan-words in the Ramu.yan of Tui'si
so Babu Ram Saksena,
925)
Das (Allahab<~d university studies, vol. 1, l
.

192

, '

:\1

. <<
- .
J1,


. - , " Iid .. . 63-64.
2
5 Babram Saksena, Declensiort of the noun in the Ramayan of Tulsi
Das (Indian antiquary::., 1923, vol. LII).
13 . .

193


i . ~

..
_ r..

0 3 '

I, . ,

_:, .

.
3 : -
.

Q _,

.?..

, ... "l

. r..

.r -: puta ()
putrah, putram . putriih- putrn.
i , l, , ~
~ - -. , zka, uka
. . ~~ : k .

.
-

, -,
r-r, putu-puta, nehu-neha ,
-
-, ,
- . , -
,
.
,

, ~ () -
, : ham ek n pha! khayen (

n)

cari phalo khaye

:~).
:r ~-

-hi -hi Ins(rumelalis Pluralis


-bhis .

54 ,
; ,

raya), (g, bhayo, , m&ryo, bhedyo), :~


(pavabuge karalllgc),

(marayala, ghiiyla)
(.
). - , n.
, ,
. 55 .
;
j ~1 r - .

r ,
.
no .
, '

. :-.I
. ..
, .

.
,
, .r u PaVIafiHe.

.
,
, z: ,

. ,
.

"'l

11

~: ~ ~

:
s !id., .

(paripalaya, vibhanjaya, du-

74.
Tulsi Das (A1la-
54 Babu Ram Saksena, The uerh in the Ramayan of
habad university studies::., vol. Il, 1926)

!94

XVI-XVII

:..t.

, , I

-;

- 56 ,

'

66J .

( .)
. -
, .

" lr;d .. . 210.


Babu R:arn Saksena, Lakhimpuri, dialect of modern awadhi (Journar
~)(nd proceedings of the Asiatic society of Bengal, New series, 1'922, vul~
VIII, N:1 5).
56

13

195


- 1'

. 12
:,
. - r~
. ~
, ..

-,

..:r

. v. ,
VI

J-I!I , ~
,
'? .

"

J! , S Sundar Ds) r

J-I .

. ,r ,

, , ~
;
n"1, ,

.:

.

. ,

)~ : .q

f' "" , ~1'


, ~

.
.
~

, . ,

t ,

n, -

cy.'vle



, . .
, <Jr
, -

, :
,
.

. , ,
6 , .
, ,
,
.
, ,
_.:. . . .,

r\1,

.
, ,
r .
,

. ;

R ,
, ,

"

-1., , , -

193

. ~


. ,

58
.

>>

, ,
, ,

n:-
r~,
:

Fro - r ,
. , , , ,

, - ..
. , 1
59

~"

, .
~ (Gosain carita),
,

r
. u ,

, . "

~ .
,

,,

ror

., ~Tif,
58
59

.'

~,

~"''+tiHt,

~.~~.

5.

197


' . ,
,- ,
,
. 1585 1623 . -
, 1712 .

,- ::-.-t
(<<Bhaktakalpadua) (Pratap Sinha)

<<>>

(Visvanath

Sinh, 1789-1854).
'~ . rw

'

.
, .%
'.:: i, n.

-- ,
, , , , ,
. .

. ,

- , :
, . ,

>

. -
( >. <<
,
, ,
<<,
-<<n) ( ,
r , ,
, , ).
.
, , -r,
, :

- car-,too .
_ . -
.

, ,
-
>>.

, ,
, -

~98

' :--

. ~ a

'fDP

~1('

:'..:I . , :

""

'- 90

. , -
"", -,

] 'J.

6I.
<< (<<Rabhak

ti Sako)' .
,


, . ;

,

:\f 1
n ,
. . ,
. : ,


- . , .

n:e

, .
~ u 1554 (.)

- 1680 (.);
. . , rn , '
r" : 1589 (.) *.

, ,
fiG

61

, .

~1"'

<t ~t~I, <ro

63.

<111,

ftR >'

m<:

mf~. \1"!1'. ll'llf ~.

~\3~-Ht* 1554 . "' . 1497 . . ., 1680 .


.- 1623 . . ., 1589 . . -1532 . . .

199

n ,- .

:, ,
:

{'

,

.

~I

) ~

n,

<<

3
( Yoga
Vasi 0 tha Sam!JiUi>>) (Adbhut RamayaJ)a); ( Bhus;di Ramayal)a) ( Hanuman nil\ak).
, -

~1;

:-.1

r~

(Ram Narayn Lal)

, ,

62

'

200

~ <mr, Joqft~It:i, ~~;

o;JR

'.'R,

. .s..

tr;' '11 64

<rfoq'f, ~<i41~ ,.,~

Dvrx

, :'!~

, ,
~ ,1,
,
- ,

- (doha), v ('orafha) (chand).

v,

<<>.

)..t .-t
, !056 (catLpaT) ,

(i+t=ttf<ct+tiH

- (Arambhik vaktavya)

( <<Kavisarvabham
mahblma TlsT Das jT ka sanksipta aldcanatmak carila).

, :-


".

'g, <<

, , n
. n

,.


. ~\'

,
11 ' . r.
. , 10,.

:-.It

.
, ,1
u, ,
,
.
,
, , ,
.
.
. ::

. ~

. ,
,

( ~

6 '-

, ,
' :

.,

0 \~

nll

, , :

"'
, , ,
. . .
.


., v r ru.1r
, , 63
64

, .

, .

J.
3 - " 41 }.

20l

t
.
-

1"
.
, .

:'I . ~ '
, .
, :vf}, ,
11 11. .1 8
<<>> (<<Sundakii;ja), 1"
<<> ( <<~k~;j).
~I
.
, 1~,

138
. 1i r ~
JI

, ,1 -
q

g , .
,
n . .

, ;..,:
n

n,

, , , -

.,

1.1 ~~1I

v
, ,

. ero , . .\1
,
.

. , . ,

m.I

. ~

ncex (), , v
- , /.1~
, (~
), . .: (<::), (
), ( ),
(), (), 1

, - ; <<
11 ~r "s"
, >> 65 . ,
'

( ), (
) ().
<<

() r> ,
- :,
,
(. .
,I ). ,

.r1 n,;1. ,

:....,

- Jla~

1589 (.).
, 1 (l<.amgulam), ~

(l{aghuva Das) r .

. , , ,
. . ::-
. , r-.-t~

.
n ~1 ~

.~

. ,

: ,
, , ..,1

ero

r
.

.JJ . ,

.J,

,
,
,
, .

.
~,

"
, , ~
Jtar, , , . .

. llu ~02

65 , .

41.

203

n\ .
, r!'-.1 ,
. . \1 , n
fi
<< >>.
n~t ,.

\fl , ~f~
{anglrri) ~ :_ (pair). '1l<f (pova), """"', anvanh) ~r~ inetara),
:f,'1'H \amesa), ""!: (kabu) ~~(;aklr) . .,

r.t ,

m'""

~r ,

, :
<'f\sab), '''i'f(sakal),'l"! (atha) ,'R (tab).

(akhil) '

n
~.1
.
n . n

;..I, no

,
, n u.
.1 <<

, ,
3
r1 : lSik::;a aur vyka-

, ~IJr
, .
~



(Rilm Das Gaur)

66 .

( <<J anma u caila), << vr I


( G()svam!ji ki raca1cr'J), "''"
>> (Nabha' Das ki satik Bhaktamiila se uddha;).
. ~ ,
.

l
, ~, .

:'11 :\1 :-..J


17 . .
"
('.

, .

, , --

. ,
,
'

}. n. :

" ~ <mr,

<1'1.,f<d'1H, ')f>i'!i( ori<Rr ) , ~. ,


~"'" mm '11< , ~, ~ '11<: 'I'WT, W1; ' ~._

204

"}-J"

67

1925 .

1t), ( M3nasaSatik<1valf), ~
r , ":vt11"
( Manasakatha-kauudi),
dasarovar), <<
rika).

<<
( <<Miinasasab
( <<Tuls!caitacand

~1
.
r.:
()

1)

n ,

; 2) n,


, . .
1 .1
r ; 3) ; 4)
; 5)
r . .
~1,
, . . , .
: -...
,
:vtC'CT'J 68 . n

r


., . . ~, -
:-.1.
:-...t

, ,
,

"

'"';

rri<: , "f~f\(!l'[A<r <tt "i~'~<m' ,

' , .

l,

'P'I'fi<!T , ~ t ;~.

12.

205

. ,
, ,

~ , .
1JI.

: ""
"'I ?
?"' 69.
<< : ">~ .1 ,
,

?" 10.

<< : " ,
.
?" 71

:
, ,
. ,
. ,

' ,

~"1 ,

. .
,
, .

,
>> 7 Z.
<<1t
.,-, , 1
.
.
,

.

, 1.-~

- :v~. , ~

.i'!:
~ -, ,
, , -.
,

-
69
10

, .

11,

, .

, .
72 , .

71

206

6.
23.
24.

5.

. .,
t-. . .

(116 ). ,

~ . , ~


, .

. .

n:

~I,

-.

J: , ,
.: , ,
>~

, ,

,
-

.
,
.

, ,

, -,
. ,

- ,

. ~

>~. ,

t
, ,
,

~.
0"1 -

, ,
:

73

: ~ ,

:.::------:...U\;,1
73

, . V, . 42.

207 .

rt
-

r,

, 1

L ,
, ,
, ,
,

.
, -
' . .
r.,
~I , . .

. h .
"ni'' ,
. J1 ,

[
-

pn~-tepa,

] 14 ,

. , ;~, ,
, ~
, .
. ,
, . .
, , .::J.,
, -

. ,
,
:v~: ~I.

. ~
>

_ ,.

.:

- .
, ,
~ r
,

, ~

.
n ,

..::r.


(Riimacadra Sukia),

<J

" >> ( iSi Ntgari

PracariJ;JI Sabha>>) 1s_

.
, .

fl.

, ;,

, . , ,
., ,
.,
,
, r, .

, .. v1

.
, r

r-.J ,
JiI .

U .

, i
.
1

r. ii('
(181 ),

'

~, .'I .
. ,

, 1 ,


, "

:-.1 ,1.
,

76.
75

74

'UI!"R

!~~~-

'\\'R' f~ ~~~"''' (' ~~ ~ '!' ~' !ffiir.

... ~ '\\'R ~ ~ '!' ~, Ill{, ~tto.

203
4

209

1 "1 77 .

. .

<< ( <<J\van kiiJ)<))


17 .

:'l-,

. .
.
. ' rr
;
0 . '
n

:r-.-t.
,
, n ,
.
14- .

'-

.
,
,

.1

,
<<
,

<<:

. !V
<:! v .

<<

(<<1 kiiJ)Q>>)

rtJ ,
.1 , , ,
v .
:-I

,
XV--XVI ., ,
, , u v 1
~ .:
n

ri

.
, ,
.?!I

' - ,

nt: J\Oitfi!. ,
,
, , ~ ,

. .

, - r ,
(, . 117 .), ,

;:;, vu
, u.: .
,

.,
"-

: . n

, ,

: .

n ,
:v~ ,
:

: ,

.
,

, n ~.

~ , << 78
( <<Gosvam\ TulsJ Das),

. ,


), , .

r-
, ,

.
.~, ,1, :
( <<::<ava1 :1s s~) :
, , , ,

- .

" , ~PHj.-t;< (ffif, ~ ~ <rnf


"'< "' 'li'li' "),'!Hz--.-.~.
78

210

. :~
~1 .

14*

11

i q- " ~ _r:;'(
1

211

~ .
l::

, ,
.

.
-

. '
.
, .

(Mohan Vallabha Pal)!) 80

.
,

l, .

, -

<< (<<Naga
Paeilini Patika) " ,

, .

(aprastuta), . .

. ,

.~ , ~

. )
'-1 ,

. n
, ,



. : ,

:
1)

'

, "
.


v. , :
(! Sanka 1n! Ojha), ,


n, ; 2)
, .
, ,

t , ,

127

.

, N
.
. ,
,
, .

'-! -<< >> ( <<kamal),

. .. , ',

(Sukdev

Bihari

MiSa), , '
:~ , . , ,
.' ,

,
, " ~

' .

80

74


, . ,

. -,

,
~
'

"'

(nila kamala, nila

kalija), - '
(kaj ilur;a). ,
. ,

. , n ,
.

;_~ r, ~ fi :~;fc1"11<zt11'1

~ ~t"", ~ ~, ~'li" ~), '!

(rrro

sro tro

11
,

~..-\9- ~t\9.

213

212

,
, . .
,

prasad Pat;jeya) ",


. I( ,
.~

~
- .

:i

. ,

, , ' ~

, r , ~1

' ,

.:J.

.I . ).
',

~1

, . ,

- : !
! 82
repoj.l
>) . . t r-.. r-I ~1

. n

~ , ,
,

n, .
,
,

I-.


, , , -

.
::: ,

. : ,
rr >~
, ,
. ,
~ ,
.

nce

.
: ,
, , ,

. (Ram-

(Laksrni Niirayail Sir"I11) 83

coei"I

~ .
,
, : ,
, : .,

. ~
.
.
1r ,
.
:: , ,
.
.
r-.-t
(Padrnakanta Miil\Iya) 84 .
- \-t ,
,

'<141511~ '1]"1$;r, ~ ~ fi
Zt'\I, '-'l""'mf), '! zy_'6'- zy_~.
~? 1 Jf\e, r. 956~
81

<{

13
,

214

"

<'~"~m

"'~~

z, >Wr

z.-,

fti;r , 'ffim
!>

wfu"-~,

' ~q,f

'<), '[

z-y_y_.

( " "'

~~~",

sr

'~ "

~. ;:1fi <t;~r ("~", ztz~>, ~)

z~'.~- z~~~.

215

. :\f
, .

,

r .

'
.


. ,

, .

,1 (Cadradhar Sarma

Guleri) s;_

,
( Prasannaraghava)
.
, , .
,

, ::.

1"

n,

JIX . ,

..

, - n,

n ,

, .
! .
,
- <<>>. .
, "
.
,
,

1 . ,
11 : .
, ,
, ,
',

,
.
,

.
:
, 86.

, t

,
, ,
,
~ (Candraba!i Pa!)rj~ya) 87 .

.
,
. .
, ,

,
.

<J4'1f<41'1<:\ ..<: ~~iff,r<q

" '<ii:''f':
sr~ mq

<r

.. ,

! t~c '' ~' ~'"')' 'I ..

!-'('(.

"

~"~":

~ ~, ~ ~

m mrm

..<: oR'Rf
>'
87

~
!), 'I !,~~~

!'\,

215

''

iVr,

'<~.

<:I""'f<:a+ti"1*1

~'

<mRr

'+[i'f ( "'1

'<), 'I

i!; ~

ii;

S[o

<J4'1f<a '!'f<r

<r ", ~ ! .\9\'

("'!

!~~-'('(t.

Jl.r>:.}J:C'H(M

pa?..r'nr-J.f

..

1
, XVI .
,
, , ,
, , ,
XVI-XVII .,
.

.

,
:r, n , -
n , , -

217

, :

~ - . ~

, , : :

, .
, :v~

. , :; ,

n n .
"'
, ,
, !

, .
, .."1
J. ,
Re

, Jr .
,

.1

, .

1v , ,
ttTo ,
, 33 . , ,
.", ,
,

1'

,
--

n,

, -
<v, .

- ,

it. \

!\I

aropoi.l..t, .w , , ,
. , , ,

t'.,l.3 ,

, .
, ~1 ().

Ur

, (Ray
Kr.Sa) ss
~ .

(Caturvedi): ; ,
. u [. .

~:
] ti Ill .

, . (satya):
; .

:- , _ , ,
v

,~

. ' , .i

.
,

,
,
~o'ham asmi, . .: .
," (jiv) .

:\f1

, ~1 u, ~
,
88

w:r 'ftuf ' ~ ~ ~ ~ f'rm: ( " '1

~ ~<.~'
89

218

m'l' '(' 'li'!>


279.

, .

~)' '! ~"'~- ~'".

qo ",

~: ,
, . <l

- , ,
n (jiiana),
, - .

'

,
, .
,
-.:r
. -
J:-.1. ,
, r-.I ' ,
'. ,
, ,
.

0_1

, ' ,

90 , ,
,
,

, .
.
.
90

f:i[Ji~r({(

GRJ 1 ~ ~

~ '(,'li<f; '(-o;i'!>

~)'

<J:o

( ' 'SfO ~
,

"'

~'I-~'(~.

219


,
.
. ~ 10

, .

,
n.

, ~
, . . .
,

,
(prapal(l). ,
, ~.

. -

' .
~

: , , ~

.u.
~ ,
162
, , .
r ,

J<

r
, r .

.. _: . ,
r, :

.
.
,
, .

.
.


v
, \1
<< << (<<Uttereki!(l<)a).
u_'


. - <<>> ( ).
.

, . (. J acobt):

lf

<<

~arayary

Sinh)

91,

(H:daya-

r-.I,

n.

-.

~ , . n
ri . , ,

n .
;I. , .

, , ,
: ~ :ti

, <:
.


110 '.
- ( Balakar;Qa)

>> ( << Yudhak(!Qa>>). ;'\ -" <

, ,
.,

. ,
500 24 000 ,
535 24 000 .
, , 111 . ,
J< 646.

, ,

,
,

I
.

'

\:

, ~
.
.

, .
n . noL\I

,
, n
.
n 011,
Ji ; n ,

n ,
91

Sfo,

('[i'~ii'CIOi
"

11
1

v-

'!'! ;-mm ~1f'" - ,f<ro ~ ? ( "


,_~' m1f !1.9, ~'" ~), 'f '~.-,o;t.

220
221

: . :1-

, ,; .. .. ,

lfI

. 1

. _ -

.,1 , .,'I[!,

. ,

..

. ,
,,

";

Pa:v~:a

JlI, ,
r,1 ~
, ~
1' , .
: r~
(Bhagavadacarya) 92 , "
:
.1. , ,
,

.
,

, , . .
(,

.
, , ,

) ,
, ,
,-

;~-.

- , , . .
,
! ,

> ( Uttarakavya>>).


r

(Devendra SatyarthJ) 93 ,
,

.1

.1

~:

, u.
,

..

1,

:-

v.

, "

,

1 -
. . ''

~ , "
:'lr : r .

I!

, '
,'I,

. .rr

, .

222

-,

,. .

,
.
.rL, ,

~\~1"61 14 , \3'i1 (jOg ~ ~ ~Gfi '{ll'Q'f ( ;


Sfo '1", <f ZH.~. >r Z~. o;i'i> ..-), 'J: ..-"t-Y,oo.
93
~'f , 'f"?' 1 - ~ if <:"'f<:<' ( " '!
sro '1", ZttZ, >r ZX,o;i'!> ~). 'J: ~-~~.
92

22~

:\1

r ;

,
J. ,
. ,
, , .
, ~

,
. Q
, .

.I

,
~t,

.
.
.

,

.
. , , .
.
,

.

. ,
, ,
, . ,
i,

.
,

.
,

,
,

n r..

n ,

,
,

n .

" .

224

Jl] (Saj.prasad Sukla) 94


, '
,, . 1::$

., )-! ~ 8

. ,

"l ~

1-'tt

::. J., 1 ~"I , . . Yl ~


. ,

. , , .

u i-J& ~..:

i . !J,
}i,

~ !J . llo .J::s

< ~ JJ,
;
,
,

.i->,

:1 , ~

)I,

<<.

.
. I'Oilo-

p; ~

~, r

.:::

(),

1. .

'~ ~

~I! , 0

-
, ,\I


.
: .
,

. .

__~ (Seo\ Nihal Sinh) s ,. \(("1 "" 1~ ~ ' "'1(< ij; ~ -.:Jl'!11ft 'fi"' "" ==
'"''
( "..........,...,
""9al ,, , ~t'\19, .,,) , 'f ~~-~o'>f.
.. ~i ~
f".
' "'= i! ~ .
?.,",-F..+
"'"-'" .~.. ",., ., ".,,.,., "'' ,.,rct."r~,; ( "~".

"""

~. ~). 'j' ~~~-~"

15 .

225

.rr , ;:\1
, ~ :,
. , t:

.J ,
. . Pa:-.-re
r v
r .
,
ncct-,a

<

(Larika)

:-..r_.

. .) -.1 - ,
. . , ~

.1 -
. : ., ,


.

.

.
,
, t

. , -:
: , ~
, ~

, 1' ,,
, .

, J (Hiralal) 96 z, !i

.
~, , :
, - -

; ,
. ,
, <<
,
, << ( dvlp)
, ( HI3).
.

.
; r - , -
.
.1
. n
<<India
Orietal Confercncc. G>
,
.

,

::--.

.

, . . ., ,.
, , , , :
;r,,
.
, . <= :J.
, .
. . ,
, ,
, .
,
. , (Rajasekha) <<
(<<Biilaamaya!)aa(aka>>) ,
, . (Variimihir), <<->> ( <<Brhatsarilhita>>)
, ().

; ,
.

. ,
,- .

(s.gar) ,
,
, .
, }l
, ~ ,

- ; -

~I

"1, .~1 ~
,
.

ij'l <:1<1 1<1 wr>ft, ~

qo",
226

~tc;~,

l1l"'<f
~~,'~

if

'1 -. "<:<f" 'Ff ( "'1


~-~),'1 Z'.-~\.

"S[o

irr

IS

..

227

. U ,

"
"

t
~

, . . .
, , n;1~
"'. \1 .
!)}!

r.

; , ~ ,

.1

<? .1 .
J1 (Locan Prasad PaJ;<)rya)
r
!3 (d Bhagavati Prasad Varma),

( <<~rikamala>>) 97 .
~::> , .

, . . -

..

::. 1,

1 .

, . -
, " f'

,.

n ', , U. :.
n -:--

. )
r,

n,

, ,

,
, '1

UI repoen- . ,
,

, ,

U.

v.
: .

(Haricara~

: ,
, n
. ,

99

. r ,

.
\1


. :
.

Jioa.

Sinh c'auhan)

98

, ~

:1 ,

!-l .

. , , ,

(Candradhar

Guleri)

100

'
\1, ~1

1-J n r .

, ,

, -. ,
; :J.,
, ,

; v.
0'

~ rsrr.-

'!"~ , *'>

ff'1fu

( " ~ " , ~ . ~" ,

"!:'f) , 'f \~~ -I~~.


os 'ff<'<H'If4\! 'ifu;, *'>f ft"!fu <r<: f'r;;m: ( "'! sro
qo"., -.<f

228

.~~. >rllf

~. <{; ~)'

'f 0 ~~ ~ -~~~-

f'

Sarmit

(Leman), ,

(Asvagho~a) >>

(Buddhacarita) ,
(Syavan
Maharsi). {
~, .
,

~ <mr , >t"Wim ~ <mr ;;ff 'I'T f<A'!!'<'fl ( " 'IT ..


5f
"

q0

",

q- ", ~ ~ <.I~, ''!' ~ ) , 'f ~~- <_ '"(.


'i'f:;'!<: \ of.t-.J , ~f<f ~lfi"''I 'I'T <:u
<j !<_I~, -.:rr:i '(), 'I '(~\-'\..

( "'! sr ..
229

'I .

,
-

. ,
, ,

"

.
!i (Mahavir

Pra~ad

,
r

,
ii-, ::,
.
.
101

, '!

, coracrto

_ ., :-.1

<L. n J:{ ,
.?.

.1 '

- ,
.

,,> ( Ma!Jabhasya)
,

. . ,

,
Jt :r- . ,
,
, ..

t\

-.

< ~
,,
TCI{CTa , ,
., . -

Dv1ved1) 102

J\1 (Mahara~tiya),

( , ).

'N.

<..:

( -

~-:t .. , r

(Syamldl),
, , . '
,
, 11,
.:'-.1, .
, :-.

~ ,
", , ~ ,
'i\ ~ .
.~\.

~.

r-.~ n . , -~

J ~

,
, :v~.
, ~
,

t
.

LI

~f~~

tm:f 1

{_iffo'Sfo ", ~

:230

.('

"iSil(Vffih' flf 'f ~+{


'[ ~\9.- ~t;o,

J)

. ,

r,

.1

.,. ..,

, 1

r, ,

rQ

.JI n,

~, .J5 , , ~

.. .
::; :,

-~ ~ , . .
-tt :n .
'

~ ,

?~ : 11 : '.

J': ~

.1 Ji, .

102

~ t;,

!ffiR

'I"W!:),

n,

f;'Rr.

tCi

.. W!f'111r '!~

- ".

( "~1 ",
23\

F' .
r ?.
r:u , , r,

~

I<"R.

:
, "

,
'-' .

" .

,
n.

v '


. ~

Ji.

:.I

, 12"1

-l'

,
.

.:-.1,

::>

. iif'.

. ~
.

'l:'<.'.
r
?,
'='
~rr.1v. nJ '16J pa~VMf'E'TC, .
,

,(}":v-r ('l~ . .
rv v''v

;.

:r

fS

re

::

f'.r
o:"'.nnn.
!:r: , :: r:>

."' 7r.

::~.

RO-flf'f'IRrx.

1?

()Tt1~)1{,r.q

,
l , -'', r. ,
!-I'f' n, r ~
.rrr-rr. R Ep('lrrf'. ~:: Vf'f'
n~ ; -, n u
'~

-"

f'rr_ of\:~on ~Rr~. R vf>.


,
-r, n ,
. ~
. ,
,
~ h rv. h
,

r:.t

rVI -,

.,


,:r . r,
, . ; - ~
.
,

1\
, ~ ::-.
,
- ~ .
(
) , ,
: .
r.r

r
-

,n.,

.
,

,
,

.
, , ,
,

. r
.

, ';JX

.-.~'''- .

t-

n . .

232

233

. 1
.

, ,
8 .
, . .r

:v!,

,
, , .
,

"1 ,
.
ii: 6.1JJ :.1. Heoro!Joe 11

:-.t - ,
,
.

I1


..J,.
,
, .i !'-.

l :vr ,
.:'I .

n- :-.1, , , Jl.
- .
--
, .

:>

.
.

i t; ,

n.

..:.


~, ;.

- JJ

, .

" ,
'ill.

234

r. . \1

>

;. , .

).I .J.
. " : 7, (smarta)
.'I\1:

J..Ieco

, .

"1
.
,
:

;r i\t.
1r

:.

. ,
.
,

..~
-

.
~t

.,

'\

"

n.

'

.
>~
.
,
r

t: .

.
. n

.l :-.1 ~, Pa;...Ja
III, r

, -. , 11
:\1 n "!". .

'

:vt ,
5! ,
\1 n.
1

t,

,,

'()

235

u , ,

:
. ocut:io Ja:~~Hl.rtt1 Jl.

:\13

1939

:\1

'II,

.
n,
, R.'1
J-I

~ . wrnr

"~""'~l"" r IW'11'1 ~

1
<mr- '!"!'
i'l
~ i'f; '1i""'l" r. if ""' "'r mm q ~ 11T'fi1 ~fdfm; >rfu
~ ~'N<: 1f<: f'l'm ;<: f'""""r o-ffi ~'<mr i!f ; \1'<1'fu
'l'!'U I"fff(ur ""' , 'l'mr , if 'l'r 1 ~ fif-s< l! f"ff~ 11' 1

frrctf '11": , !
2. <frffi<ft

t''

');"fm<mr- <:f"'l'd' 'U'f"'l'f<:<!R( 1 '!f<Tij;, "ff'!'!f,


~'l''r~ efQ(! 1 \1'<(1'fi('/; 'U'f<mr [? 1 'R'''<'!<1!-' 1 ~'l'm"' f~r
<J;'i''Ii' '("f'(f 'li'C''Ii'ffi' i' ~ 1 ~<'! ~"(" 1 ~\1[- m
~ 1
3. '(ll1"Jf

'"' <1'1 '!'d

4. Ramayana in

5.

\1'm' i![i[;;[

iji'f ! ~ ~ '

Bhakha, Calcutta, 1810.

mi!!f q<iffi"R~ (l~"'lf(d~l'11il Of'li'

>:!'!'!ro'!U

~ ~,

'!'t<:

f"''f

1'i\&III,

~ t '{ 1

6. <frffi< <Jmff~'ilt>i'f m"'f<:<r!'R1 ~>~ ( or'li' ) ,


;~ ti ~ fr, forum-, wrnt'li' f'?' ');'d'li' ;if , -~
11'1'[ '11": , wr ~~
!
1

7.

<rf.<.ffi'{

t"

~ ~ 'ffift>i'! 'Uif"'l'f<d ~ 1'1\1


;<: ~ , ~" , z 1

\1'fir'! ,

<:'I<:U~

8. Selections from
liindi literatare, book 111, Tulsi Das,
Compiled Lala Sita Ram 13. . Sahityaatna, puiished
the Univesity of Ca1cutta, 1923.
<<, <<,

.'I

.1

n.

(Syam Sunda Das), ~

13 " ,
.

1939

., .

237

:...

.::~r. ,

, ,

, .

XYIII

(
)
. .,

xrx

~1

-,

"

n .
1

,
r,
-
, .
,

,

, . , i'!

.
'

, , "
n,
.
,

(Hrdayanarayari' SiJ1)
: -
,

cr-.-r

.
~ - .

,
2.

.-1

n('

~';..

m.1.
... :r .
XVI-XVIII ., "
- :-.1
. ,

"

>>

!\ >>, >!
, -
, -
-
PL'.

.
'
: .11 <: ,
,

.
,

(Ayodl-lyakar.ia),

~.

. ,
- >> ( <<J3iilakada>>)

1661 .

J., . . 1604 . . .. '

, .

, , 1704 .
., . . 1647 . . . ,
,
r, .


,
, ,

n
,

"

~ ,

, , ,
,
)..

, , ,
1

~~

'1 " '

238

<l+i"9f<:a+Ji<1'9

~lli+J').. lfl

<rnit' ~t~~. '1['1'1'1). 'f ~.

'~T'fU! ~.
Sfo ",

~tt~,

(";

>[]lf

239.1

r:ll~ , ~

, )L 1e ~
1
.)J 0 r .


faypa. :

" ,"n
"
-

11~~,

~,

) . -

-"' ::: << (Sur

-,"1~_

', [)3' '

,.,~,, \!
-~1 ~,

:;< .,

ro .~
:. 'r. J!
:ioro 8
~J
.1

,.r a-

-.t!CIIH

lll " ,
r,
~1
. :

~ ';[~ ' ~ ~ 1 ~ \''

'f;f'Q '!f'!<:f"fg ' 1! 'fQR 1 ~ \'' Wlf

~ -

~~

jii -

,
: .:. ,

, crlfxa; t-.

."<: ~ 1

, , ,

r~ 11~ 1'

\4

'1"J: f'l"f ~

w.-r

, .

.1~t~r i -
.;, ~ co'~acJ-f

'J: fu ~ i!ri' 1 ~fuQg

!V!
:, ,

" '' (svarabhakti)


11;,:~\f 1

,'1 ~ ',
1 .:~~

'f"r'f

:~~~~ '~ ;-r -

'1"J: f'l"f "'"R"I

Wlf

'fRf hf'<ii '1; 'f"f'f >~'f'fi' 1 i!T'fr ~~ 'itr<: 'll'ft 1


'"Q<r ""! r fu ~ 1 o.if~ '!f. ~ ~ 1

;,

' (~~ 093 sarva (),


\ \, <f'i sarba, -

gyanadhama

(. 58, !)

,~~ ~.

58, 1)

: 1 .)~ Jl1fer 3 [r ,
.;.~~~ n~

, '11 (1,~n.;;;, 0

jiianadhama

. ,
. ,

r:

~~ ~

_ ) ya
uaur ~-
, ,,
1

-~ sarabagya

if!,

~~

(.

gya

iffisarbajiia

" -

- ,

~\.

: . v

,, J

, .

l(

. r"r ,
, ,
,

241

, BO<i

'I2X ,

<:< :, -

n ~

,;~ ~ - .;- ,
1-

:\1

,
(' ~
..

:!

1664 ., l .
.

.~'i'J~~~~~ (Ram Niiiiyal) Lii1).


,

~ .-

'

, ,

:~~~i:. ~: ~ .R

<<
.

.

"

, .

J,


'

.. '
.

. ..

"

' -

L-

~ n~~~~::::~~~

~~

, :;r'~~=;~
. . ,

'

~ \1,

..
.

1664

, , 0

'

..

'

,
"

1664 ., n ,1
.

, ..
~

' ,

~~~::~ , F>~

., 'g~::: ~ ~
~1 ;~~=~ ~1 .

~~~~ ~ -. !( ,, v1!f s-

'if

242

.~, ,.

~, ~
, r.r, , ,
,
'11"-Ri<<, ~ ;
>mft-~, 't'fl',
,
'v'Ir

n. , ,

~'f- ~, ~<:; 'q'f'-"1<1,

fu<;-'1'[ ' 'J1j;'<'f ; '!1'1-<rif ' <'R'<'f<R:.


,

n ,

.
<< >>.


. ,

?
.

, ~ ,

~, 'f, , ,
, ,
, .

'~lz ,

, . . kh.

,
,.
,
<<> ( Bhaktamala>>)
(Niibhii Diis)
(i Diis).
~ 1<
~ - ( M3nasakosakaumudl).

~, f, ~.

243

"

~1

J(HIIY - , . .
J{ . ' ,.
~/.
.

, , , eJie
, .

. ;<

- -r

-:::

:-..1.
, ,

, . .
:v~:.,

;-

'_

13. r

'
, , 8

, .


\
,

I<:'II:vJ . ~'
:'I.t
, .
,

' :

., . ~

, ,
.
,
,

.rr , u,
,

..t ~,

.1

:;-...


. :'I.I-

(Lala Sita Riim)


( , ).

( <<~hadga Vilas Press). ,

r.

u.
, ,

( Uttarak31)Q ).

Seiections from Hindi literature

.1

.
636, :-
, ( Svayampra1a),

:-.1 ,

() , r-
.

, ~.I :
J.-i: , h .
,
1925 ., 12

npecc ( i'jeval Kisho Press), ~<


(Ram {! Dds) (Bai;na\h).
'
, , -,.
, :-.:;
. . ,

, n

, ,

\I

,
J?

.
,

, . ~<,
I-i ,
,

:.

.244

n,

n, : ,
, .

, .
, .
, , . .

(G. . Geson), . -

245

, Jt
.
, '

. ,


, > ( <<Giti!vali) :
( Kavit2.va1I), .
:., : , ..

n3 -

.ka) (Dohavali).

1939

(Viayaralri

t.

f~

f"f),

( 'm~ f"f, r~ !", ~


m%"< 9i 'Cifwo ~, J111', tt~>if.

f~

JVIliiPa , ,
. . (. . 1919 r.).
F. . :, history of Hindi literature, Mysore, 1920.
Sayyid Abdul Lalif, The influence of English literature
Uterature, Lodon, 1924.


."'"': Tl1e Hindu dialects v literature of tl1eir

(Wilson)
own and

\'ery great interest 1 .

. (Garsin de Tassy) 2

-,

.

.:,


.
-:r.


>> .
750 , 900 , , ,
, n

) -
;

,,

.1

n- ;, . .
(Abdu! Barr) (Zuhuri).
n

l927. . II, . 1, . 187-IYO.

1 Wilson, lntroduction. to Macenzie cal!ection, Cakutta, 1928, . 4..


'tCHa n
- }.
2 Garcin de Tassy, Histoire de la litterature hindoui et hindoustan(
t. !, Paris, MDCCXXXIX; t. 11, Paris, MDCC.CXLVl1.

247

- , ~

- ,

.
. ,
<:: - .
n ~
. . (G. . Grierson) "
- ,
, , ,

,J

, ,
-:: , -
' ~ (l\1 .~ !) :=!Q'R.

orr

'

.'1\~
. 1 ,

. ( <<Misrabandhuvinod).

3500 n .

<::

:. n, .

n: 1) ( VIJ XVI .): 2)


(1505-1623); 3) u (1624-1701);
4) : ( 1705-1830); 5) .'\ ( 18301869) ) ( 1870 . ,.).
Ji

,
(Winternitz) 4 :::.
,

~f.
:: ,

,
, - .
,
.
( 11).
, ,
, ,
1 6.1 ..

'

. ,
, .

, ,
,
<:: 5 , "1

(Siv Sii1h Seligar).
n ~ \1.
,, ; ,.,
'
.
, , . .

,

'

1 ,

~utta.
4

G.

Grierson, The modern vernacular liferature of Hindusfan, Cal-

1889.
.

\Vinternitz, Geschichfe der indischen Litteratur,

II, Leipzig,.

.1921.
. :

;1868.

248

Les auteurs flindoustanis et

les

ouvrages, Paris,

'

,
,
-1, , ~<r.
u. (Sital)

,
(Padmakar). n


,
~1 , .
~

r,

'f 'f~ J1
,

-1,

1. ,

-..J

, 11
(Su Das). .1 .
.1I'
, n ,.
,

, ,, ~
.

249


., 4
, , 4

. ,
.
.

,1 .

.ri. , , .
. ~1 n

~ .1

Xl

. .


n ~ .
,

, . :
1550 1800 ., . . ,
. n

'

_i~-.
' .
, :,

:n

xrx

, n

,,

. . :

( f'. . :) histoy of

. , , .

liteature>>
. -

:,

Hindi

t~, ,

n ,

l. Jl (Sayyidi AIJCllll
ece of Englisl1 lilerature Urdtt 1iterate>>

:vt, :;

, : 1) 14001550 rr.; 2) 1550-1800 .; 3) 1800 .- .


( 700
1150 .), : .
- (d Bardiii), r (Jagniiyak)
(Sarag Dl1ar) -
, n
n.
<<early bhakti poets>>
(1400-1550), . .
,:::. ,-
(Rumaa'!da) : (:ahlr), (Niiak),
(i Biii), (Malik Muham

. 1\

mad Jayasi)

( 1550-1800).
. -
'l! : (1550-1800), <<The
:ish cuit>>
(1500-1800), - <<Bardic and other

**

literature>>

* **( 1550-1800),

<<l Modern period ... ****

Latif) The influ

- .
: 1)
r ; 2) ; 3)
- .


, 25 , '

:1 :
.1 .
ttle outlook \\.s
;ogethe dark d g.oumy, d tl \\as
notl1ing in the

life of tl1e Muslims to c:ear and \Jighte it... lJrdu poetry,


Wl1icl1 look its rise i atmospl1ere s11 as this, v.'as uinspi
rig and lifeless>>'.
.1
, -

Sayyid Abdul Latif, The influence of English literature Urdu fite


. 18. tIlepcnera ,
u , ... ,
6

**
***

****
250

.
!J.

rature,

JJ

.l

251

!1t:

:::. : , r, . ,
, ,
rr , ,

,BI<II

. ,


,
, ~" .1 (Gha!ib), (Zauq) .,

~ .,

-.

: <<it has become the fashion wi!\1 the youngc schrol


of Muslim liteay citics to glorifv and exalt the leading Urdu
poets 1 of all popotion to thei intinsic \\'oth 8
, ,

. . 1 .
"1

. (Resl\s of English

influence>>'*')

, , ,

1
. , . .'.
(Gllchnst), nn
7 .: Garci dc Tassv, Rhetorique ef prosodie des langues de l'Orient
musulrnan, Pi1ris. 1873, ." 379.
.
.
8 Sayyid Abdul Lalif, The influence of EnglLsll ltterature, . 103.

:;.J

**

252

.
r .

u'''

, ,

t.l .

>.~


, ,
~

J'''" (. 87).
, , XVIII .
MIIOI'O'IC'CHlti:: :) \V 3l}- i- 'umrl_,ljayat $ l t., Tazktra h
ii~= 3.1

, .1 _. _
-->> (Ab-e-!1ayat).
(. 31-44) >>,
~1 - .:.
The atmosphertc
fluence,

!\I - .. ' 1858 ., . . ''


thec dawned new in the county>>*.

.

~.
, ,

,
>.~ 9 >> .1

. >.~,

~1 ~1 , , J..

~.

nopy. , ;>>
tJ:-..1

or-,.I

v11! .
:-.1 ..1
r:. : n :

~1
r
,

::n:
-Afsna, <<Qi:;~a, :.ah~ni . .,
- . :;.'i ,
- .
,
>.~ . , "
_
(<jrama), (ekt), (s) . .,

.
,
1J , .
r (ghazal), ( qasida)

(msaddas),

(masnawi),

Bagh Bahar, Consisting of entertaining tales in the Hindustani


language Mir of Dihli, fourth edition Duncan Forbes, Lon<Jon. 1873.
10 Lallu Cn!, The Prem Sagar, or thc Ocean of love, new edition
:. . Eastwick, Hertford, 1851.

253

(qi('a) .
,

. - , ., ,

-,

(Hiill),

1
.

3v1 .


: 1)
.; 2) (
)

. ~

. , ,
, - ,
.
-
. ,
, v.
, ,
,- _
, , ,

n .

1927

Z ~i'f ~\ 1 ~ ;;frt; \ '3"1" < 1

JI' , ,

~ Zt~'tl

aal<r om: lc
"

. , ~< r,
,

1924.
~ . ~~"~~"~~,.=i'f~l ~ 1 ~

~~~ ~'ffi'l

'1lf<1"1 ;o;ffi

Zt~'tl

'3"1"

;R '

1 ffiff!l'

"

, ,
, 1924.
-
-

. -

, v:
; ' - u
, ;u
,

. , :~
,
,

: ,
,
. ,

. ,
;, ~- . , ~
. Yadga-e-Gh&lib.

r:-.1,

v,

, 1786 . n

11,

2,

1927,

194-196.

25$

n.
:
.:
,
.

.:,

. >

, .1 ,

n ,

n -

OI

";,,

, ~
1 . .
,,
"1 . - ,
,
.
.:.'

ern. J1

.
, .

, ,
.

>~,

,
, ~

.. . . r-
.
.

1927

~ ,
~. . ,
' :vt 1857 .
( ~ 1854 .), ,
. .
r
, , >~ .

:-,
.

"11 '1''<'1' f<j; ;f 'f'f ;; ""' ;; ii<: <it ~ 1


"11 f"" f<j; ;; i[ <'! ""' """" "11" <it >;['ffi 1

fi>ffi o;rt- ii ~ iF m~ ~ .t "!6: '~'";); ..-1 WIR ~ o;r'R f~


>R'i! 'fT .- .,g "!6: <ii'f "11<1 <! o;r~ 11 . . <<,
~ , !! ., ,

256

- ,
(., 1924)

.:}

,-

17 . .


, ' - .
.

' ,
.

'

om'::W """

'!i1flf<i"t,

~- i"'~

. .

~ , ~ - ~<r

~. ~-~ ~ ~. >r ;:,.~i',

.
1'

' ,
n
- . ,

- ,

t.
8

- -
-

~~

27

~,

. n

, , ~

, :,
n - 4,
n - , '"
, ~ il

.
..
, ~
-

- ,

' --

" ~~

'

~ ~

~ , :

11,
1

n.

!907-1920.

258

2, . 379-~90.
\\Tinternitz, Gesch(cftte der indischen

Litteratu,

'

1927,.

1-111, Leipzig,

.: Sayyid AbduJ-Latif, The influence of Engl:sh erature Udw

liteature, London, 1924.


.

. , (

394.
<~ ,

f~ ~1 ~

, .


(. non-

~, ;~~~:~~g:~.

cooperetion) ~ .
3
( humie followe
of yours) .

~
('

.
, . .


. , n

~l ', , ~

(), .1 , ,

. >

zt~

. . 1'.
. , , 1-
1980 . (. . 1924 .).
8

n' n

1 tt t

1)

.
(m 1

1924, . 6).

~;;

it"

-, .

r ,


,, n : ".1
' " : , ,.

; ~ : r~
, , r,
(cho!e se) (. 154)~
n!

17

259"

., ;'.
!


5

. ,
n

: ,
.

(Premchad),

. ~1 , ,

Saptasorj>>
( > >>), Prempurima ( >),
Pempacisi>> ( >>),

Premasram

, .
:

, , 8 -
, ' -
; ~
~

; r

. " :", " "

. . , ~1 .~

- "' .
- -

~ . =

, , ,

. ) .

'

prem,

<< >

. . ,

, .
, cl
(Tals!ay),
,<II!I

(Tiilstiiy),

; ,
:- Eni Kare-

nina.

- :, -

).

, .
>>,
~.
,
' . ,
.
,

21 :

, '>> ( 1\samadiin _
).
(<<Riijpt kaidi- <<-

- ,. ,
, ,

( Dhruv niviisi rich ka <;ikar:o _

).

<< ( n; ka jivan iidhar kya hai _


).

. - >> (Ek chirig3i ghar ka


. h- ).
<< >> ( <<Do vrddh us- )
, (Prem men paramesvar>>.'__ <<R

).

<<kh >> ( Sumanf


mur -- <<>).
\ ( <<Dayiilu svami>> - <<

).

~ > ( <<Biil lllii>>- << )_


( Sukl1 tyag meli hai>>- >)
<< ( <<Bhiit u roti_:
).

hii t1oro >> ( <<Ek admi kitni bhiimi


~ h ve- - ).
<< >> ( Alicleke barabar danii
3 ).

::r~ ( <<Dharm putra- >>).


<1\ (<<Dayiimaya ki day&>>- <<

>>

>).

26f


r ).

<<

( Srat ka caykhiina-

<<

(Mahaligii saudii~- << ).


( Riij Drigpal aur Chandr-

<< >

. dev- r ).
, !J > ( Rog aur mritya-

[,1 ]
: . : " ?
:." . : ? ,
! ? , 1V1

"

.
_\t , ,
, ,

" . .

>>).

>> ( Tin prasn>> - >>).


- , ,
;

. ~

, ,
n, , ,
. m.1

-,

, .

'

"

, ".

' ,
u.
, , :--

, , ~1
, .

. , ,
~

'"l:'.,

: "
, ,

.rocnua".

.~r .

,
(Ek admi ko

l
klt

bhumi chiihiye):

, -, ,
.
,

, , r-.t,

,
.

r . 6 .
. , .

.
. , ,
: " ?
?" . ,
.
6
.

262

.
.(i ,

roc

.1,

'l-

13 .
~~ .
,

,
.
:

.rr,

, .
f'MJIIO, l'
. !v\, , ,
n . , ,

: .
11 , r , v

w., ,

263

'

(opiJo):
?

.- .

! .
,

, ,


,
,
.

: . :
,
.

.
. ~><
-
. ,

..

, 1
erl) '-'

vv 1 .

'\n. .:-r rf\.


r , ~

' 4rO >. : ,r


. , . 300 ,
nn .
- ;
v<>n.

'll-' 'I"\1 f'fJ ( ).


;
- ' ,
.
,.
.. ..;.:,_~ ;

64

, 0

, .

'

,
. I~MPHa
, .
~r (baniya), ,
, ; , ,

;.,1 ,
~ ,

n.

<< ,


.
.

:::\;
( " )
.
.
, , ,

<:,


. (),
, , , .

q~,
, ~

- ,

Q ~:~

( ghi).

.-1.


.]
9

1f4 .

26&

'

n ,

...

'.

... ,

n,

[ ,

.]
:

? ~
: ,
ro .
?
,
J-I, .

. ..
,

<1 .

( tithay

atii).

~l

.

, ,
,

, ,

(dha
ra, atl1a, kara, rok~a).

, VI.
,

' , .

-,

, ,

, , .
Jlay :

<<

- .

(o[Iviilii)
10 -

266

- .1,
,

[ -
,
.]
.

~ .

'


:; ,
.

,
~ .
, ,

,
, .

n.

, - ,
- . ,
sam,padak,

>.

:-.1 ...,

;
< ,

.
" ,
.

: ,

::v1 r .
Kpo~Ie n!), .
- ( Sumant murkh),
<< - , -
, (Vijay),

(u) (Sumant). -
,
. >

(-Likii), - n

- << ( <<K 0amiidiin>>) - <<!.3


, - - , ~
,- (Bhagiath),
.
<< ( <<Mahiga sauda) - <<
- 1, ~
, >,
. - .

<<-

267

>

( Rajpiit kaidi);

rrp

lf

( Do vrddh puru~)

<>- (Arjun),

- (Mohan). ,
, ,
"

(Badrinaayary); (
), , (pahari),
, (Devaprayag);
(Jagannath).
- >> ( Siirat
kacaykhana)- , ."
-, , .
,

' , ~

1' , -- ; ,
, ;
, r:-.1
~

. - , . -

( ).
_.
(karmaca);
, . .
1'. 3

,
, , -~


t R n ;
. , ,
::vt.

'

(, ). "
, 'I ~ ,

!IX
.

. .

:r-.-t
t_:

~, ,
. ll.
, r~

.
, ,
~

, , .
n~

<>, ,
--

:
12
1)
.., ,
.

, n
_ 13 , ~
, .
,
- .

,
. ,
{; , ,

.
, .
;

0 .

. .
.

.
.
.

, . .

r , ~

268

(svaaj).
,

~, "r!fll1', ~, ~.., 'f

12

.:

()rient, Ziirich -l.eipzig, 1925 (

~"'

Birukoff, ToCstot und der

. . ).

l "~ '!F'If' '!>fitff' 'l>"f'!'i'' ""

~ .\" '

'f ~

'

..,

259

, ,
.
,
ii

.rr-

I , .

1927

~ ~' ~ ~
tt~'t).

'!>[

f'rrnr ( ~ ......,,,., (' <rnft'

, (
), , 1929.

-.
n

". .
,
(Garcin de Tassy) 2 ,

, .
. , ..
n ,
',
. ~
oii (Misra) 3 ,
1912 ., - 1926-1927 .

,


, . .

( Siv Silih Sengar) ( Sivsaoj) ' . (G. Grierson) 4

, ., 1939, .
81-84.
1
. . 247-257 .
2 Garcin de Tassy, Histoire de la lJrature hindoui et hindoustani,
1. 1-11, Paris, 1839-1847.
3
f'-''I'~,jR o;r'!f<!: ~ ~ '!>f m~W<r m~
!!'

5-6,

\'io

!ti~.

,. G. . Grierson, The modern uernacular literature of Hindustan, Calcutta, 1889.

27l

. .

(F. . )

~~;~~~~:;~~~~; ; 2) rnpocoii :
<' ; 3) n
, 4) n

5,

, .

(. Geaves)

6,

: -.,

r
,

:
5
6

.2

<,

:-.1

-::-

:\1

'

JI

-::

- ,

. JlJ

1) -

F. . , history of Hindi lilerature, Calcutta, 19~0.


. Greaves, Hindi literature, Allahabad, 1928.

, . :- . .,

>> !1.1-
-


, , .
,

(puva madhyakal). _
~ ,

4) adhunikkal (gadyakal, sam. 1900-1984).

~ ~- ~< '

(v!gathakal, sam. 1050-1375);


2) pva-madhyakbl (11aktikal, sam. 1375-1700);
3) utta-madhyakbl (ltikal, sam. 1700-1900);

(~ ),

1) adikal

; '~~
. . ~ li
..
, , , , -

11
,
,

vJ

, ,
,
". ,
,
,

n .

, ' ~.
.. , r

(Ramcandra S11kla) ~. ,
.
.

:.

.
,

. .

Ji ,

~I .

~ ,

~
u: ..10
Ji, -
. ,

(. . )

~ (. 81), ~
. ~ u, t'~ ~t.

18 .

:t:~I~.

273

no

-,

'

lf

n n n, ,
,-

11

~t. , ,
.,

(. 103).
, -r-", ,
~1

~1

, -

(I<abir), .11

. !)"
(NJnak).
. .:

(Tulsi Diis), , ,
,

ii,

,.

, .
n ,

<<,., "' ,., .


, n

r(}
(utta-radhyakiil, rltikJI, 1700-1900).
-

r
.
,
,
,

.
.


,

~1. , <:
,
. ,
-

r ~~t
". "
,

- ,
< .

n ,

274

(adhunikkiil), . . ,n~, uli


1857 ; ( 1900-1908). "
n ~ ru
. , -

.. ~ - ,.


, . ,

. n

"- ,

. . .
",
, :
:\1.

< (2l2 ., in quar\o)



n .

-.

.. .
.
; . r,

', -,
r
. ,
n ero .

1939

S!

.
t:
-
(. 1-164) >> (. 165-539)

n ~ .r.;
,

, << (~. 156)


, ,

,;J .

. .

, ,

.: >, . 56,

.,

276

1939.,

84-87.

)-1,

u.

, '

,

.
l' ,..f

,
St!kla) , - VIgat!Ji\ ka y11g. Bhakti ka y11g,

,
, ,
.
- ,
, ,
.
,
,

u,
.


( ),

kii y11g

, _ .
~ - r:Ia:

, ,
:::. ,
, u .

.1

<<

.
,

0:'1"11i;:<? , fi)~ >~' >;;]<: fQ1'1" , !1"'1"JIT , oj Zi1." \9


" , u uu uu, .1,
1930.

vr

(Riimcanrir1
Rttigranthorl

Navi vikas kii yo11g.



~_ , :--r
(RaJnitik), (Samiijik) "
(Dhfimik) ,

par...Jax anorD'
!i: \t :

rr:>

:--,

VJ

<' , , n.n
?.I<"

:
.
"1 ..

rn r.
:- , -

,

f' .
,

277

n ( 14001700 . . *),
.. , u .
. :vt

'n

,
~
'

"

"


. - , .1,
. . , n n

, ,

44 ,

1 , , ,

.
, ,
"
,
.


--
, ,

n
- .

J-1643 .

1939

"
: ,
, ,
n?..

'

, v .

:-r,

. .
, , j),

)t(-

.,

,
.
, .'I
:-- ~

,
'?.
~. ~1 .
{)Hr>

u.

,'l.

:v.

~'l

::
,

'

' .
n
,

1933 .

Dvivedi Abhinandan Granth.


G
.

281

r. t,

1 VJ1

;, . ..1

<< :

'

- n

,
, ~1 .
,
... n-
,

. ~

\f, ~.:
r :
.n , ~'
, ,

. , ,

,
.

11
, v

; , ,

v .1
. , ,
() , .

"

n
-

. i-J, ,

,
n n , -

282

, -

..

- .

,
"' ,
.,

.' .
.. !,
:

-,

,
,

,::-
~
, . -
~
v, '='.
, "

" ,
'
"
'

J\I -,
-

' , ,
,
1 .
,
,

~r

, .

n r '. : ,

('

~ ~ .
~~ , n

'


n, ero -

J! .

, ,

, ~:~

. .

,:-<

'
,
, .
, ~

~1

. ,
.

- ,


,
-. , - , 1i ~-

283

-I,

. '

"'' , :

~ . ,
:,

, n r~;

, :.
- n

.. .

, , ~ ~

11 u.
.
, .
::. 1."1 . :1V

, n,
,
.11: v

. .

, r

, ,
.

~u~ - ]Jl

\1

n
n. n
n .
- , ,.
. u
, n
,

:v~

n.

n .
.: 1
- ~ n

-
. "
r.. n , 1, "', :
., , - 1
, . . , ,
:
, ,
. . . r.r'

- i

- , iiP
.1:
n. f'
,
~ n

" ,
nn

, ~
ll,

:,

.
.J?:, nr
, ~ n

r.

, .
', ~
, n
n :
,

".

, , .,
.1 , ,.

: , n :
. , . , n .
, . ,
G JI , n

.r1

.3

n
- .:1, .v
~
- ,
n,

" v
.:.r

. ,
JI.f r.
, ~I
n, ;\ 1 ,
, :\-t .

- :v1 n,
, " ' J1

, ,

284
285

-~
.

-
, , r
~1 - -
,
.
,
,
~. r

I(

?w ,

, ,
.

, . ,


II .

- , - ,
, ,

.. ,.
,

I( I( I(

u , , , ~

:
- ..

.

.

.
- , .~

- VII .

II ,
. ~ , ..

._

, ,
. .1 ~'I
, ,
.


? .
.

,
, ,!
: (, , ..
, . .)

, . .

, -
ll! < .

, , >> ,
-n

,
u

1932

286

: . ~_ :
, ii

,
1

, . '
..
' .

(
) (
).

' ~~~ ~

1 r !iOBOIHJJICx :.,

1933 . ,

287:

, II
,
~, ..

: ,

,
'f
. , .
,


:,
-,

,-

, .

, . .
, ,

, , .:
, . .
,

. ;

~.'.
, .r

n - .

!lt

~.,

, , , , . .

( XVI , XIX .).


--

-,

i
. :

>

Ji , .

~1

v .

.
,

,
r\1 ,'I. .

,
!
,
, ,'\
, , r


. ~::>.hr
" XV-XVI .,

.71

'

..r : '

XIX

.'

f!_

XIX ., !

~ *, v
v. ,~
,

- ,

: .
n .

n
.
, '

, -

., ,

288

19

289

n n n

. ., , , ~ 50

,

~
..-

, ~


.
. .r:r .\1:
: - -

80-90%

- , . .- n
. , .

-
, ,

- :v~
', ~.

l n

~ ~
-,

..


.

-

, '
,

.::.
,

, :

,
- .

n :

t!, :


, .:i
. , ;,

:J< ,

.

. n :.

, ~

, ' "!f

- . , . ~

, , , , d
' ,
--- , .~
.

, , .IJ
1 ..

.
n '-n , ,

ll.-t -1 ~

, <J;

. '
i , :
. .~
.:
.

, , -=

""
, . .

'

" , ,
XIX ., '

, - n
,- , .

<? .

,
, , -

, ,,.
-
, , , - rra~

290

19

29r

- (
, -
).

.- , XIX

, ,

. . (. Winternitz), ,

, <<
1.

.',

, -,

~ - r
, ,

.
n .

n n,
J .

XIV ., ,
n .

, 'll

n R

, - .

n,

,'J' - ,

.
.

XVII

, ' R

, .

' -

. ,

..
"'
. -
-

-
.

-

. n-

' ~;~
v, ' n

~ ~

!I .

XY!II
; ~

, XVIII .

. n

, . .

.
XIX .

v r
VIII . . .
XII .
-~

~.
.1

~ , ,
., , -
,

,
XII
.
'
XII. n
, ,
,

. Winternitz, Oeschichte der indischen Litteratur, . III, Leipzig,


1920, S. 578.
1

292

-_

291

VIII . . . ,
-_ , ~ 2

, -:
u. :u _
:, ~ n

, .

~1

~, . Ji .

,
-r..1.

.)

(XII

(kavya)

1.
:"~-1 -
n . - .
. .'I
~1 .

,

.
npou.ecca

, ,
_
~
.
,

. ,

J1,

I , , , ,
. ,

,
.. <'
() , . -
- }.1 , ,

..1
. u,
,
, ~
( n) - (kavi).

{'

l{ .

.
()

nr ,

B{~_e:ro

',
. J ~
n - .
,

':.',

().

~
.
-

n .
, ,

i.

, ,
,

f! , .,
nn
. " XIV .,

..

- ,
-, , . . .
Q , .r
-
JJ', , .
, : " ,

i1J-I ~ ~

r
r . ,
.
,
r .
,
~ .
.- ,

"

295

~ ~,
:
.. . - ?
,

.9~

,.

- .

. ,

n ,

XI 1

, ,

~. :.

, .

, : .

-
(Samyogita)
(Jay Cand). .
n~ ,

-- (Sahab-JJd-Di),
. --
. ,
,
n n --
:
,,. ,


. --
.
, .

3311

- , -

n.
. , ,

i ,

" . '
n


<>.

n- , , -,

, ().
. I

.

-,

,
.

(Pithv!aj Raso),
(Cand Barda!),
. XII . .

2500 . , ;

, ,
n .
<<, , -

296

. .

n,

. ,
-- ,

.
: : ,
n, , ,
,
..
.
: r - <<: (:hu
man Raso) (Dilpat Vijay),
. . ., >> ( <<Bisaldev Raso>>) (Nrpati Nalhii, XJI .),

<<

(<<Jaycand
Prakiis>>) : (Bhatta :edar), << ;>

(Hammrr Raso) (Saraodhar),


XIV ., u,
,
, ,


, ,
,
.

297

l'

, .

,

XVII

(Bhsao),

XVIII

- (Sivaji),
.i\1
. xy

'

,
,
<S.

: :1

'., , . ,
:11 XIX ,

. ;
.: . :\I
~1 n,

UiaH (Sivariij BhSary), . . .1 >>,

'.


. 1 ,
,
,
n

.
..1

Rd
, (Padmakar, 1844 .).

.

s>>

(Himmat

Bahadu Badaviili>>)

.
, ,
. ,,

, .

'

. .
,
n.
,
.

. ,, ,; . : .
(bhakti)
~ . _ w , .11r
,
,
.
- , \1
,
r> . .l\1\.

,
Jl,
J'.

.
, . .

, .1 .

, ,

, .

, ~~
-
. ,
.
-

.)

298

U1

~~I. ,

(XIV-XVI

_-

n
ri

29)

; -

, , . ..

..

.
(Sadna), ,
(Namdev) -. . XV .
I,

: , .
i'
l\.

.1

tto

' " ,

. ,
:,

: ...

v
XV .

(Ramal)ar\d), n
(1400-1470). ,

.
, , n,
~
, ,

.

~ .




(Karr, 1440-1518).
<,
~

. ,
<:

. .
, - , _.
. , ,

-,

. ,

, ,

, ,

300

. ,
.


)( (Nanak, 1470-1538)
,
, .ri.

- (sikh), ,
- (guru).
, .,

,
.
l
- , .
. .r
<< ( Adig.ith>>)

, .

, .,

,

,
, n ,
,

(bhakti). 1

,
.
n ,
.

(Ksl)a). .

, ", ,

-
. , >>
,
, -

r .
'

301

(l -

~ " , ; ,

. n . " "
..1 . .
" I .
, ~. _
. )! .,

<.:

'

ll! n,
, , ~.
J.'

, CKQTy

.\lf

. .
.,r ~.;t ..
: , . . ~

, , , ,
. ~

.'l

~ , ..,

, , .

. ,

.-

(Kansa)
, ..
.
, .

, :\f
, :\f. ~
~ " ,

. , ,
. , .
,
,
, . ,
1 ,

,
.
.
, 11.
. :

302

"t..": !
-. ,
, ; ,
. , Oit

.,
, , .
: ,
~
.

1!- .
.
.'I
. ,

. u

. ,

, ,
, , .

, . ,

-,

. ,
, , .
,


.
.
r.-t
. :\1

,
. _ __

(Radha),
.


J : .


, .

n-.1 .

nn.,
,
, r
JI ~.
n.
n .

: , -, ,
- :
303

n
.
,
,

, , ~~~ ~

. .

'. n

~~ ,

.

, ~ ~
n~ ~ "

~11
, -

, :~~~~ ~ ?
_

; :.
~ ~ ~
, . ..

, ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~

, I
..
~J .

:g:;:: .

,
,
,


.. , , . ,

- , I ~ ,
, ~, ~

0 -n,

- -

'
,

' (Va11abhacarya,

1479-1531).

. 0 , r,
n- ; ~

J1.
n (i Bai),
.

, , , ~

. ,
,

, ,

, ~1

'
- ,
.
, r,

r, . , ,
, ,
, r

(Vi~ ihal
Nath, !515-1585) n ,
.

(Sr
Das, 1483-1563).

, ,
,

.
-,
~J n , -
. :
, i
;

r~

n ;~~ (

t :-

govinda)' ~ ~~~~~



n .

(J ayadev).

': . ; n~~~ ,

(Nasmh

Mebl(.Jd. .

~ ' .

304

ti Thakur)

,
r ,
, ( Sr
Sagar) - [] .
20

30."


( ) .
,

, ,
.

-n , , ,

u n,
. (Canri DeYi), (Ganga
Devr), (Sitalii DevT), (Laksmi
Dcvi). (Saasvati DevT),

it
(Casthl Devi), (Daksin Ray) .

_,

, (J).
- n ;
.

, :

.1

. XVI

XVII

t:.


, .
,
.
n
. .
n

(Mukdaam KavikaiiJ,ary),
, XVI .

<'

. l' , .

n -

. ,

,

n ~

, .


-
,

:"~-1 .

(, , . .). XIII . _:

,
, .
,

~ .

, , ~ ~

!' , n ,
n , --
, r:t n
r- , .~


( - , .),
n {
>).
'

, ,

i
, ;

, ,1
.

, ,-

306

, n


. ~
tJr,g n , n

, h

,
.

20

307

- ,

.


.
!l.r , .


~r . )
, ,
.
,
1t , .
1

lll

- ,
-, -
- ,

"1r

. ,

. .

,
, ,

, .,
.
Xlll .
,
,

. ~

,
, .J,

n.

.
- .
. , n .

,
,
,
,

.qos

'

: . :
XIV-XV .
-

"
(Caitanya Dev, 1486-1534).
,

; .

,.

, lJ
-. , '
,
, .\t

, , ~

~.

~, ,

~I - ,f

. r

,
;

. :

51

(Govida Das), (Vir,davan


Das), _(Jay~nand), :
(:r;Qa Das),
(-L Das).

rvr

, ()!

: ~

.
200 , XVI-XVII .,
~. ,
1
\ . :vt

~ .
,:n ,

L ,
~ ::9 , 0
r, -

309

~ ,

.,

110

. ,

n n ,

r~ ;

~r,

"

xvr

(Govinda Das, 1537-1612).


'
18 i1'~\1 . :1

(Mahipa\i, 1715-1790),
,

n,

. , .

. 1 -

r Q

,:



(Balar?m Diis), (Anata Das),
13 (Vasu Gho~) (Narahari).

(XVII
-<:


XVIII .)

11 . ,

.,

r:vt

J.

: ~~ \".
(J11anesvaa, XV .) (Namdev).
, ~:< , J1 ,1,
q..Q n
, ,
n

n.

" - i!

(Tukaram, . 1608 r.)



. ,- ,

"

~1

k . , ,

, - -r

~",, ",

u XV .
. XVI . !"r
.1.

. n

xvr

xvrr

Ji.
. ,
.
n

n
.
, !l ;

n.

"1 n. ,

,
:

.L .

n",
) _Ji ,

...

.
;11

311

'

, ,
.1 .
~' ''
;:, ~

, .
.

' V!lrv -rnore-cv. i1-

.
n . J :
> ( Ramae-iva li), (Dohavali),
( Kavitavali) .
.



. ( R3macaritam3.nasa) - l), , , '
, ( Ramaya(la>>). :~

,
,
, ,
' ,

n .

?.

U .
.

"""?

.rf'.

,1.

, .
:-- '

- .
: ,

<<>> (Ram)
,
.
,
. ,
<(
.

- ,

, :

:.
, n
- ,

r.:':':

.
'.,


(Tulsi Das).
r ,

. ,
r.

'

(1532-1624)

-,

.
,

U , - .
n
, .
. .
, ,
. -

312

fJ.


, , ,

. ,

n, D

n,

, r.
, ;

(avadhi). ,

, .
\1 ~
n6 ,
. , .,
,

, ' -

313

,
u ~

'!l - (LaksmaJJ) (!1


rata), - .

.-t
:-., , ,
:. , :. ~
~r. r..-t ~
(Visvamitra) n
.
.

~.,

~!

Jl .1
,

v.

,;

:v~.
.

, ,

, . ,
' .,1 , , v
.

; ~

, - ~1 ..


r .
11 r.: ,

,

: 1)

. .

l\I,
,
,
.1

flt

,

.:r

; 2) -, .
,

3) , :

' , ~1 .

' ,
- (ViilmTki).
,
,r ,

:-t1'

, << ( <<Biil). , ,
(RiivaJ)).
(' , ,
v < . , '!]J

. , ~
<:
' . u
\1. . ,
J-f
.
,

.!l .
, , ;..1, ~

Pa:vJa,

(Kaikcy!), ,

,-

. ,
n

. ~

. ,
, ,
n .

I-~ .~J 0J1
l!. .

. n
, , n .
.

..

:".I ..
,

:, ".. ...
' (Dasarata), (Ayodhyii) - .

--, .
.

314

, 1

.1 . ;
.

315

,
-

,
.

. .

1'. .

u
: , ,

-
, r

t.

J-r

, _ .

, <<> ( Arallya- ),

~.

.~:\1

. v

.
,.,, "

. . :-..

, " ,
" ,
_
: (1skdha) , "
, ~
,, (SugrTva).
(Hanumii) r

, , .

n .

r
( Stidar>>)

(),

. ,
. r'
, .
,.,

"

, ' . ..
.
,

, 8 ~,

'rn , ':, . ~~
, ,
, ,

( 'Larika), n

.' .r.

. , . .

. ,
.

,
, .
_Ji
. r

( Uttar),

.
.
.

~'-I


, ,
, . .
,
n

~l
.

.

,
n

,
1 ,
"

, ,
, ,

, .

, ,

'I . , ,
.Ji

, , ,
,

~1

.
,

, ,

.

l\

'
)>

.1 .
,

317
316

0 f:, (Nabha Das),


(Malk Das), (Bcni Madhav DJs)
, XVII~XIX ,.
Pal\Ie li
.

. ,_ ,
(Sayad Alaol)
t.;),
(J ayaaraya(la)


(Bhiirat
,
(Ar,adiimayi),

labha).

XVII

'

"
i.

- . . ,

, ,

! -

- , n . .
,

-r.'2

>!

'
, >~ XVI XVII -,
' XVIII

XIX .
~t , n
.


, ,

318

, ~


.
, , , ,
-

. n
, , ,
' :
, .

.
. ~

.

.
. (IIIa)
,

(Rajaval-

XVII
..t . ,,

n, ~
.

XIX


.

XVIII .

XIX .
.

: ,
.

" ,


, .

," n 11

, n,
,
.

~ - 1
(1580~1611), - 11,
UJ 11 (1611~1625), - (1625~1672)

319<

(1672-1687).

,
n

~ c.m:o
.
,


JI (), .:
.rr , .
, , ,
- ( ),
., .-.. ,

. .

. , ~
,.
.

(Ttl~nama)

( h --
_ s
ud dln), <<
(Qi~~a-i m--1),

Jvloo ~ -~
(Nsatl), << >>
( <<Gu1sa-I-Isq>>)-

<< > (<<Gu1dasta-i-Isq>>) .

, , , , , , . . _.
( ).
', ,
, ~
.

~ , ,

,
1,r

(1659-1707),

20

(Vall, 1668-1744),
( <<baba-i-ekhta>>) _
,
. :-.
ffa , ,
<<

-. <<-
(<<Saif-u1-Mu1k>>),

:
, ( Ghava~I),

83

, , , ,
. .

, . .
,
.

XVIII . r

, .
r,
,

, . ,

~, ,
.IJ , .

XVIII .

, .

_
XIX .
XIX . '

',
, .

:. n ,
.


, , , 'flo

, , ~ L

,
, . :
, XVIII _
. -,

21

11,

S21

,.
,

. 1
. -:, ..

'.
;

:i

. ,

, ,

, XIX , . . ' .
1857 .,
, .,.

_;

,
, ~ 1\i
,

.. .

- . ;

' ,
.

r..r

,;

.
,
~

.
,
, ;
.
.
v

- ), ,

u 01:

322

,
, .

: ,

- .

:~

.
,

, :

,
'
. ,
, , . .
-
,
,
,
.
, ', ~

'

(musa"ia),
.
,
. XV!l! XIX .
.


),I . , ,

v i'I

" .

, , ' ,
,

- .


:
(Mir Dad), (Insa),

(Jura'at), (Ragin), (Momi), (Amir)

.; (),
: (G/]i;lib), (Mir Ijasa) .:
, :

(Mir Soz), (Sauda),

(Atis), (Anis),

.n -

- ,

(, ,

, );

2!*

323


.. r ,

- - (! Taqi i)
, I-Iacx (Nasikh).
, ~ . , (Zauq),
. , ,
,

,
(Dagh,

, ,

1857

.,

1857

1,

1857

,
, .
~
XVIII XIX .,
,
,
'.
,

.
I1

XIX .

(1755-1834).

;:..
-
,

.
( ),
- ( ).
Ro -
n

,
:r

, .

'

XVIII XIX ., -
().
,
,
,
, . ,

~ . r
t. . ,

, N
,
,


.,
. n


,
() ,

324

.)

1810

. ."

, v ,

,.

(Jan Saf1ab) ~;

!-'1,

, .

.:

(ekbtl).
,

,
,
,

r.-t . 11 ,
::
. r.

'

>>

: ( 1761-1806), - ( 1806<1837) - - ,


. ,

' .

1831-1905),

XIX

, , ,
,
. ,

325


~
r; , ,
-
(1713-1810), , ( ' 1846 .), (18021874), (1803-1875),
(
1830 .) (17891854) (1796-1869).

, ~

<": ,

~. -

.
~
. ~ ~

, .
-

<;i\ ::,
, ,

;
.
'

n ,
- -
. ,
.

(bu1-

bu1), (

, , ,

), ~
(samas>id), (sav), (nagis),

(sumbu1) .

'.

.1~I

, ;

. , , :

, -
- , . .,

- ,
! , , ,
? -

~ ,

,
... ,
, , ,
.

..

XIX

'. ~

1857 .

.
,

,
. ,
,
, ,

, , .

. ,

26

,
- - ,
~
,
, -

32(

1
'

, Jl f' ; ~
,
3 ~ na~
. .r

f ~ ~~; '~
r .

1933

247
- 319, 320
r 101
252. 255, 256

249. 256, 311

292

.2, 77, 78, 81


319
217
J . 149
323, 326

57,

222
76, 229

245

134

324

143

197, 198, 212,

213

15

33

. 139
()

.
. 170

206

223

183

77

r . .

r 184. 206
. . 3, 4

r .

309

. . 12, 16, 27,


28, 192
88, 90, 91, 99. 100,315,316
() 31, 76
319
r 33
230
r 297

249
22, 23
88

31,

101
33

102
. . I'l
323. 326
326

43, 65, 66. 92

228
. 13, 265
. 129
r 215
62

324
82
323

310
310
18, 19, 36,

143

21, 33, 34,77

102
78,
15,

20

298
16

- .

47, 48,
46, 51, 53,

57, 58, 63, 64,


177, 178, 181,
187, 188, 189,
201, 202, 208,
221, 222, 223,
229, 230, 231,
31, 77. 78
227

304, 305
54, 55, 56.
65, 67, 71. 174,
183, 185, 186,
190, 191, 200,
214, 215, 220,
224, 225, 227.
234, 235, 314

, -='11,

.~, .,
.

32~

19, !05

228

35

304, 309
16, 175, 247, 248
. 16, 192, 258, 292

44

30'5
19
202, 315
198

13, 14, 19, 24, 26, 39, 43,


65, 66, 101, 122, 229, 302, 305,
309, 310, 312, 314, 317

16

8'5

18, 114

183

257, 291, 323,

326, 327

204, 205, 207, 208,


209, 240, 241, 242, 243
59, 61, 62
. 57
25.2
14, 16
309,
. 128, 149

330

67

129, 134

326
324, 325
48
31, 77, 78, 79, 283
245
58, 197, 198,
199, 200, 204, 210, 217, 212,
219, 220, 229, 2'30, 237, 240,
241, 276, 277, 278
55, 80, 314
78
2'1
202
250
319

36

202

- .
184

325

101
20, 214, 216, 304

309
310

310, 318

149

297

307, 308

149, 285
. .

l'I 6

252, 255, 256, 324, 326


134
247

>

138
138

19, 25, 57, 85, 102


323, 325, 326

- . 138
. 1'38

93, 215, 234, 315


76, 82, 116, 173,

. .

191, 199,
202, 214, 216. 230, 283, 312

. .

117

143, 144

()

39, 62, 95, 102,

104
18, 19, 21, 302, 303

17

183
:- .

2'29


60

309

326

. . 12
.

13
. . 115
. 138
107
. . 191, 247, 250, 251, 272
192
. 19
169
77, 214
. . 20

20

. .

180, 181

, :1,

215, 216

318
183
39
101

78
():

33

. 257

311
.

16

. 138

231

.
77

132, 147

143, 144

169
. .

3, 12, 13,

14, !5, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,


23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 37,
43, 96, 102, 176, 201, 217, 219,
265, 266, 268, 301' 302, 303,
304, 305, 306, 309, 313, 319
309, 318
319
. 149
-

ll 319

230
2'22
129, 133
221
. 171

204

129-

119, 120
210, 250, 305
253
3<2"3
- 324, 325, 326

323

(
,

IJi
) "'12, 247, 249, 250, 251,271
17, 44, 282
323

294

77

307

319, 320

221

193,

200, 250

323

29, 46, 71, 174, 217, 250,


274, 301

()

. 123, 124, 127, 136,

4, 123, 126, 128, 129,


133, 134, 136, 137, 138,
140, 141, 142, 143, 144,
146, 147, 148, 149, !50,
155, 156, 158, 161, 162,
165, 285
. 130, 131
() 259
. 16, 51, 54, 58, 66,
71, 181, 182, 183, 181, 185,
190, 191, 192, 199, 245, 248,
249, 251, 271
131,
139,
145,
151,
163,

() 294

183

77

101
307, 308
143, 259, 269, 270
206
. 126, 132, 149

58,

320
.1,
252, 255, 256,

256

216, 229, 230

19

. . 51, 52, 57, 173, 176,


, 2'59
- .

51

177, 178, 179, 180, 185, !92

~ . 138
21
13

272
. .

165


. 173

II 319
130, 131, 132

326

53, 60, 63, 93, 96, 104,


202, 224, 234, 315, 316
( ) 307. 308
12, 16, 17, 24, 26,
28, 253

200, 242, 243,
244
245, 246
. 17
, .19
, 28
. . 137, 138

178, 198, 204, 210,

243, 318
, ,'! 140
32,6
29, 300, 310
46, 71, 250, 274, 301
18, 21, 22, 23, 257
318
60, 22:1
13
304
324

331

J-:

!04,
!8!,
207,
2!8,
225,
234,
3!!,
3!7

320

125, 126, 129, 130, 135

138

'60, 64
- 310
326

212

!08,
!85,
2!0,
22!,
227,
244,
3!3,

!!5,
201,
2!3,
222,
22s,
2'50
3!4:

!74,
202,
2!5,
223

179,
206,
2!6,
224,
zt', 232,
300, 30!
3!5, 316:

. .

126, 133, 134


.
.

138
131, 138
. 4, 7, 17, 123, 124, 127,

184, 203, 2'17, 220


203
323, 325
39, 97, 98, 99

326
300

. 319
,

19'2, 195

183
4-6, 250
307

...,

22'3, 224

183

!38
4, 7, 8, 9, !0, !!, !7,
!25, !4!, 258, 260, 262, 263,
264, 265, 266, 267, 26i3, 269,
270, 282, 285


!78, !82,

;J' ,

!82, 19'2, 203,

184

44

. .

12'

!98, 204, 243


127, !28, 133

36, 53, 56, 59, 92, 94, 97,


206, 207, 2!7, 2!9, 222, 226,
227, 314, 3!6, 3!7
6!, 62, 63, 138, 93, 94, 93, 96

203

- . Pa-"fa.
- ,
319
227

20, 303, 304, 303, 309, 318


,128,

129, 13!, 137


29

218
20, 303, 304,
!3, !4, 33, 36,

49,
60,
7!,
95,

305, 309, 318


37, 38, 43, 46,
50, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57,
!' 63, 64, 65, 66,
87, 88, 89, 9!, 92, 93
96, 98, 99, too, 102, 103:

8,

120, !24, !26, !27, !28, !36


()
325, 32&
29

8 W!"

39

142
215
22"5, 226
22'1, 22'3,
. 138, 249

55, 56, 59, 60, 6!, 62,


64, 90, 94, 97, 98, 103,
!05, 107, 20!, 202, 2!5,
22!, 222, 224, 226, 227,
3!5, 3!6, 3!7

- ,

!29,
!49,
263,
259,

22
.

238

63,
!04,
2!9,
234,

249

249
. . 137, 138

36, 55, 315

!!

28, !74, 200, 20!, 2!4,


210, 249, 305, 306, 318

!43, 170, 2'84, 285 304,


'
308, 3!0

17, 51, 169, 175,
!76, 247, 248, 252, 271

5-2, 5.3, 5'4, 55, 56,

57, 58, 115, !138, 189, !90, 191,


!96, !97, 203

29, 47, 71, !84, !92, 217,


220, 234, 250, 300

. 2.;'J, 298
22'8
. 214
21"6, 2'18
1 213
. 138
318
178, 202
177, 200
27
. 138
17

47,
59,
67,
94,

.". " ~

. 165
. .
310

!07,
184,
208,
2!9,
226,
235,
3!2,

.. 1.

!32, !34, !36, !38, !47,


258, 259, 260, 26!, 2&2,
264, 265, 266, 267, 268,
270, 282, 285
!5, 29, !74, 3!0, 3!!'
< 3, 4, 29, 3!, 34, 35, 37,
38, 40, 4!, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50,
5!, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58,
59, 62, 64, 63, 66, 67, 70, 7!,
72, 78, 86, 87, 89, 90, 9!, 92,
93, 96, 97, 98, 99, !04, !,
!07, !08, !09, !!, !33, !69,
174, !75, !76, !77, !78, 179,
!80, !8!, !82, !83, !84, 185,
!86, !87, 188, !89, !90, !91,
!92, 193, !94, 195, !96, !97,
198, !99, 200, 201, 202, 203,
204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209.
2!0, 21!, 2!2, 213, 2!4, 2!5,
2!6, 217, 2!8, 219, 220, 222,
223, 224, 225, 229, 230, 231,
232, 233, 2'34, 235, 236, 237,
238, 239, 242, 243, 244, 245,
246, 248, 249, 250, 268, 274,
284, 289, 3!2, 3!3, 3!4, 3!8
. . 123, !24, !27, !31,
!36, !49

77, 78
29, !92

326
. 138

130, 131

259, 282

226, 2n, 228, 229

33

45, 250, 296, 297


33
183

2!8, 2!9

. . 9, !23, 129,

,/64, 265
33

309

.
307
318

77, 183

()

184,

203, 2!8, 2!9, 234


n
62
Ul

183

297

255,

256,

257
\t 118, 135
146
180, 181
-
324

297

256

n .
62

249, 259

!9, 39, 43, 65, 66, 97, !01,


177, 265

307, 308
138

300

133
.1

27

209, 2!0, 2!!,


27!. 272, 273, 274, 275, 277

33
254, 255
36, 316, 317

. 220,

39, 97
29. 39, 40, 69, 93, 95, 96,
97, !07
326

228, 229

284

!31, !32,
J.34, !36, 147, 149, !62, !63,

325
!48, !49

16, 17,

298
326

19

. . !,

.1 224, 225

229, 230

230, 231
26.."i

228
19, 26i3
2!, 22, 23

332
333

....",.
1'

:.

.:r.

1(

. .r;.

"



. . .

. .

.
.

. \
.
. .

>>

237

247

194
210

'

19
5
14

~n

ek~ phal
kao<;l

1
17 18 i

ek" phal"
kh<;l
": 1

109

216

42
73
113
117
136

145

1
12

255
. .

n
, .

258
271

276

281
287
329

277

22

303
302
335

16
18
9

yug N vin vikas yug, Navin vl


kas ka yug.
ka youg.

.1.~

. .

HOBl

XyO'IIIK
. .
.

2554

1:1

V.

:d:.

.. .

AaeJtuu

----

1r ;.tr

/'.

. .

JJ.u

!<<

. .

tt.

IU.

..

. Klinua

28N-l%9 .
41XIl 1959 .
92 1 / 18 . . 21

-13512

. . 21

1600
U

.-. .
. .

14

19,97

1394

11n

, Ue~p.

g~

i\

uep., 2.

nSJ

.o>GI1CJ1D

Mt'l1

329

-45,

.,

Оценить