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1

17.10.2012

, ,
, .

( )
,
. [1]
, [1],
. :
,
,
, ,
.

[1]: (q);
(v) = v/c, = 1/(1 2);
E = El + En , El En
; , Wl() Wn(),
; B() Wm()
; Wem() ;
, (Pu) (Pp).
,
[1].
(El)
. [2], , ,
, Wl(1)
, (Wl() = Wl(1)). ,
.
.
() ()
( ) .
, ,
. ,
, - , ().
() , .
,
, ,
. .
() .
. , (El),
, (El) ,
. , (El)
, .
,
,

2
. ,
(El) , , , , ,
.

(), .
.
[1] (14),
Wem() = Wl() + Wn() + Wm() = Wl() + (1 + 2) Wn().

(1)

(1 + 2) (1) ,
B() = v E()/c2 = v (En() + El())/c2 = v En()/c2; B() = v En()/c2.

(2)

, v El() = 0,
v El(). ,
([1], (13)),
Wm() = (B2/20)dV = (0c2v2(En())2/2c4)dV = 2Wn().

(3)

( )
r0,
, . [1]
() :
Wem(1) = Wl(1) + Wn(1) = (q2/80r0) (1/3 + 2/3).

(4)

, Wem(1)
r0, (q). , [1]
,
. [1] r0
. , ()
. ()
() , .
, .

, . [1]
. - Wl() ,
, . ,
[1]
. ,
:
Wem() = Wl() + Wn() + Wm() = Wl() + (1 + 2)Wn() =
= (q2/80r0)(1/3 + 2 (1 + 2)/3).

(5)


. , ,
, v/c2,
:

3
Pu ()= Wem() v/c2.

(6)

,
Pu () = Wem(1) (1/3 + 2 (2 1/ 2) / 3) (1 1/ 2) -1/2 c-1,
(1 + 2) = 2 (1/ 2); = (1 1/ 2) -1/2, c .

(7)
(8)


:
Pp = 0 (E () B ()) dV.

(9)

(9) ,
[1], :
Pp = 2c2 Wn() v = Wem(1) (0 + 2 (2 0) / 3) (1 1/2) -1/2 c-1.

(10)

(7) (10) , (10)


, Wl() = Wl(1) = Wem(1)/3, (1 + 2) 2.
(10)
( >> 1). (2 (2 1/ 2) / 3) 1/ 2
, ((4 / 3) >> 1/3) (7)
(10). ,
, .
.

[3].
5,11
(7) (10).

0,511 .
, .
r0 , Wem(1).
: r0 = 1,4110 -15 . ,
,
= Wem(10) / Wem(1) = 5,11 / 0,511 = 10.

(11)

(7), :
Pu (10) = 0,511(1/3 + 20 (2 1/100) / 3) (1 1/100) -1/2 c -1 =
= 0,511 (0,3333 + 13,265) 1,005 c-1 =
(6,818 + 0,171) c-1 =
= 6,989 /.
(12)
. (0,171)
(6,818) .
(10):
= 2c2 Wn() v = 0,511 ((2/3)20) (1 1/100) -1/2c -1 = 6,853 /
.

(13)

4
= 10 Pu .
, .
. [1].

:
1. .. . /
/ , 2010.
2. ., ., . . . 6.
, .26. , . 26.4.
. . : , 1966.
3. .., .., ..
, .3, . 27-40. /
/ , 2008.