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WISCONSIN

MODEL

VG4D

FOREWORD

Goodoperation anda plannedmaintenanceprogramas outlined in this manualare vital

obtainingmaximumengineperformanceandlong enginelife.

pageshavebeenwritten with this in mind,to give the operatora better understandingof the variousproblemswhichmayarise, andthe mannerin whichtheseproblemscanbest be solved or avoided.

in

Theinstructions on the following

Theoperatoris cautionedagainstthe useof anyparts, other than genuineWis-ConTotal Power Corp.parts, for replacementor repair. Theseparts havebeenengineeredandtested fortheir

particular job, andthe useof anyother partsmayresult in unsatisfactoryperformanceandshort

Wis-ConTotal PowerCorp.distributors anddealers,becauseof their closefactory

relations, canrenderthe best andmostefficient service.

enginelife.

THE LIFE OF YOURENGINEDEPENDSON THE CAREIT

RECEIVES.

The MODEL,SPECIFICATIONand SERIALNUMBERof your engine must be given when ordering parts. TheMODELand SPECIFICATIONnumberare on the nameplate. TheSERIAL NUMBERis stampedeither on the crankcaseor the engine’sidentification tag.

Copythe MODEL,SPECIFICATIONand SERIALNUMBERin the spaces provided below so that it will beavailablewhenorderingparts.

MODEL

SPECIFICATION

SERIAL NUMBER

r

t

Toinsure promptandaccurateservice, the following informationmustalso be given:

1. State EXACTLYthe quantity of eachpart and part number.

2. Statedefinitely whetherpartsare to be shippedbyexpress,freight

or parcelpost.

IMPORTANT

READTHESE INSTRUCTIONSCAREFULLY

All points of operationandmaintenancehavebeencoveredascarefully aspossible,but if further informationis required,sendinquiries to thefactoryfor promptattention.

Whenwriting

to the factory,

NUMBERof the enginereferred to.

ALWAYSGIVETHEMODEL,SPECIFICATIONANDSERIAL

Starting andOperatingNewEngines

Carefulbreaking-inof a newenginewill greatlyincreaseits life andresultin troublefreeoperation.

A factorytest is not sufficient to establlishthepolishedbearingsurfaces,whicharesonecessary

to the properperformanceandlong life of anengine.Thesecanonly be obtainedby runninga newenginecarefully andunderreducedloadsfor a short time.

¯ Besurethe engineis filled to the properlevel witha goodquality engineoil.

¯ For properproceduresto follow whenbreaking-ina newengine,see’Testing Rebuilt Engine’.

Thevariousbearingsurfacesin a newenginehavenot beenglazed,asthey will bewith continued operation,andit is in this periodof "runningin" that specialcaremustbeexercised,otherwise the highly desired glaze will never be obtained. A newbearingsurface that hasoncebeen damagedby carelessnesswill be ruined forever.

IlVlPORTAN

SAFE"

N()TICE

Properrepair is importantto the safe andreliable operationof an engine.This RepairManual outlines basic recommendedprocedures,someof whichrequire special tools, devicesor work methods.

Improperrepair procedurescanbe dangerousandcouldresult in injury or death.

READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL

SAFETY

PRECAUTIONS

ON THIS

AND

WARNINGS BEFORE PERFORMING REPAIRS

ENGINE

Warninglabels havealso beenput on the enginesto provideinstructions andidentify specific

hazardswhich,if not heeded,couldcausebodily injury ordeathto youor

labels identify

potential hazardsfor an untrainedmechanicandthere is nowayto label the engineagainstall

suchhazards.Thesewarningsin the RepairManualandon the engineare indentified by this symbol:

other per_sons.These

hazardswhichmaynot be apparentto a trained mechanic.Thereare many

Operationsthat mayresult only in enginedamageare identified in the RepairManualby this symbol:

&CAUTION

Wis-ConTotal PowerCorp.cannotanticipate everypossible circumstancethat mightinvolve a potential hazard;therefore,the warningsin this manualarenot all inclusive. If a procedure, tool, deviceorworkmethodnot specifically recommendedby Wis-ConTotal PowerCorp.,Industrial ProductDivisionis used,youmustsatisfy yourselfthat it is safe foryouandothers.Youshould also ensurethat the enginewill not be damagedor madeunsafeby the proceduresyouchoose.

IMPORTANT:Theinformation, specifications and illustrations in this manualare based

on information that wasavailable at the time it

waspublished. Thespecifications,

torques, pressures of operation, measurements,adjustments, illustrations

and other

items can changeat any time. Thesechangescanaffect the service given to the product.

Getthe completeandmostcurrent information beforestarting anyjob. For parts, or information, contact Wis-ConTotal PowerCorp., Memphis,Tennessee.

service,

/ WARNING

Mostsub-systemsusedin conjunction with Wis-ConTotal PowerCorp. industrial engines including(but notlimited to) radiators,hoses,fans, fuel tanks,fuel lines or otherfuel system components,batteries, electrical connectionsor other electrical components,clutches,trans- missions, hydraulic pumpsandgenerators,are not supplied by Wis-ConTotal PowerCorp. Theseitemsare providedby the manufacturerof the enditem in whichthe engineis used.

Someof the dangersassociatedwith servicing suchitems are generally mentionedin this manual;however,the appropriatehandbooksandsafety instructionsprovidedbythe manufacturer of the enditem shouldalwaysbe consultedpriorto the undertakingof anyworkon sub-systems attachedto the engine,to avoidanyhazardsinherentto thesesub-systems.

/ WARNING

Readandobserveall individual safety warningsas youusethis manualto operate,serviceor repair yourengine.

Alwaysexercisecaution wheneverworkingwith an engineor anyassociatedsystem.

Injuries maybecausedbylack of ,care whenworkingwith, or near, movingparts, hot parts, pressurizedsystems,electrical equipment,or fuel systems.

Alwaysweareyeandhearing protection whenworkingon or nearengines.

Improperattire suchaslooseclothing,ties, rings, soft shoesor barefeet couldbehazardousand shouldbe avoidedwhenservicing engines.

Useor serviceof the engine(includingthe useof modifiedparts or materials)not in accordance with manufacturer’sspecifications coulddamageyour engineor causepersonalinjury.

Someequipmentand materials usedin the overhaulor maintenanceof an enginesuch as

machinetools, electrical equipment,compressedair, solvents,gasolineor other fuels maybe

dangerousandcancauseinjury.

Alwaysobservesafety precautions.

111

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

¯

 

Neverfill

fuel tankwhileengneis runningor hot;

avoidthepossibilityof spilledfuel causinga fire.

¯

Alwaysrefuel slowlyto avoidspillage.

¯

 

Whenstarting engine,maintaina safe distance frommovingparts of equipment.

¯

Donot start enginewith clutch engaged.

¯

 

Donot spin handcrankwhenstarting. Keep

crankingcomponentsdeanandfree fromconditions

whichmightcausethe crankjawto

bind andnot

releaseproperly.Oil periodicallyto preventrust.

¯

Neverrun enginewith governordisconnected,or operateat speedsin excessof 2400R.P.M.load.

Donot operateenginein a closedbuildingunless the exhaustis pipedoutside.Thisexhaustcontains carbonmonoxide,a poisonous,odorless and invisible gas,whichif breathedcausesserious illness andpossibledeath.

Nevermakeadjustmentson machinerywhile it

connectedto the engine,withoutfirst removingthe ignition cablefromthe sparkplug.Turningthe machineryover by handduring adjusting or cleaningmightstart the engineandmachinerywith

it,

is

causingseriousinjury to the operator.

Precautionis the best insuranceagainst accidents.

Keepthis bookhandyat all times, familiaHzeyourself with the operatinginstructions.

Model VG4D

3-1/2"

154 cu. in. Displacement

Bore- 4" Stroke

2

CONTENTS

Accessories-ServiceInstructions Fuel Pump,FlywheelAlternator,

Carburetor,

29

Magneto,Solid State Ignition Distributors AirCleanersandPre-Cleaner

10

BatteryIgnition -- Wiringand TimingDiagr=un

13

CarburetorAdjustment

11

CarburetorService

37

ZenithModel87A8

37

ChargingSystem

15

ClutchPowerTake-Off

25

ClutchAdjustment

25

ClutchReductionUnits

26

Compression-- Restoring

15

Cooling

7

DisassemblyandReassembly

! 8

AirShrouding

19

Camshaft

24

CamshaftGear

20

CarburetorandManifold

19

Crankshaft(EndPlay)

23

CylinderBlock

22

CylinderHead

20

Flywheel

19

FuelTank

19

GearCover

20

IdlerGearandShaft

20

OilPan

21

OilPump

21

Piston,RingandRodClearanceChart

23

PistonRings

22

PistonsandConnectingRods

21

ValvesandSeatInserts

23

Distributor-- BatteryIgnition

13

DistributorandGeneratorMaintenance

14

DistributorTiming

13

ElectricalWiringDiagram

13

EngineSectionalViews

5

FiringOrder

15

FlywheelAlternatorwith SolidState Regulation

31

Fuel

8

FuelPumpandPriming

8

FuelPumpService

30

GasolineStrainer

11

GeneralInformationandDesign

7

GovernorAdjustment

24

HotWeatherOperation

16

Horsepower

7

IgnitionSwitch

8

IgnitionSystem

7

Illustrationof EngineandPowerUnit

4

Lubrication

7

LubricationSystem

7

LubricationSystem-- Illustration

6

MagnetoBreakerPointAdjustment

11

MagnetoIgnitionSpark

11

MagnetoService

39

Fairbanks-MorsetypeFM-X4B7A

40

WicoModelXHG-4

39

MagnetoTimingDiagram

12

MagnetoTiming

12

NeonLampTiming

14

OilFilter

9

Oil-- Gradeof

8

OilPressure

8

Overheating,KeepEngineClean

15

ReductionGears

26

Rotation

7

SafetyNotice

ii-iii

SafetyPrecautions

2

SafetySwitch-- HighTemperature

15

SolidStateIgnition

13, 41

SparkPlugs

15

StartingandOperatingInstructions

7

StartingandOperatingNewEngine

i

StartingProcedure

9

StoppingEngine--

VaporLockandDieseling

9

StorageofEngine

26

TestingRebuiltEngine

]. 18

Troubles-- CausesandRemedies

16

BackfiringThroughCarburetor

18

Compression

17

EngineStops

18

Ignition

17

Knocking

18

Missing

17

Overheating

18

StartingDifficulties

17

SurgingorGalloping

18

Valves--GrindingandTolerances

23

ValveTappets

24

Warm-UpPeriod-- Overspeeding

9

3

O~L FILLER

AND

BREATHER CAP

FUEL PUMP

FUEL STRAINER

OIL FI

LTER

OPEN ENGINE -

OIL BATH AIR CLEANER

CONTROL PANEL

VARIABLE SPEED GOVERNORCONTROL

CYLINDER NUMBERS

OIL DIP STICK

- OPTIONAL -

BATTERYIGNITION

DISTRIBUTOR

FLYWHEEL SHROUD

OIL DRAIN PLUG

IGNITION COIL

TAKE-OFF VIEW

 

AIR VENT HOLE

MUFFLER

FUEL TANK CAP

FUEL TANK

OIL

FILLER AND

OIL

BATH

BREATHER CAP

 

AIR CLEANER

 

CHOKE BUTTON

CYLINDER NUMBERS

 
 

VARIABLE SPEED GOVERNORCONTROL

 

OIL SABER

~--IGNITIONSWITCH

 

FLYWHEEL SHROUD

 

OIL FILTER

 

MAGNETO

 

OIL DRAIN

~-~W

POWERUNIT

-

LEFT

HAND SIDE

VIEW

Fig. I

MODEL VG4D OPEN ENGINE

4

AND POWER UNIT

,m

SHROUD

THRUSTPLUNGER

rn

r- MAIN BEARING

OIL SLINGER

\\

\\

\-OIL

PUMP

~-

OIL STRAINER

~~

SPLIT-SKIRT

PISTON

SPLllrTO’WARDO~RECT~ON

OFCRANKSHAFTROTATEON

CAM-GROUND W~DETHRUSTFACEOPPOS ITE CRANKSHAFTROTATION PISTON

OIL F~LLER~

p~BREATHER

CAP

\OIL SABER

CWL FILTER

O~L SPRAYNOZZLE

OIL DRAINPLUG

TYPE "VG4D"3~x4

4-CYLINDERAIR COOLEDENGINE

NOTE: CYLINDERS, RINGS, PISTONS, PINS, TAPPETS, VALVES, CAMSHAFT, BEARINGS AND ETC. ARE LUBRICATED BY THE OIL SPRAY OR MIST THROWN OFF THE CONNECT- ING RODS AND CRANKSHAFT.

CRANKSHAFT OIL

SLINGER

TO OIL

FILTER

OIL

PRESSURE RELIEF

VALVE

SET FOR 15

POUNDS PRESSURE

WITH ENGINE

IN

PRESSURE GAUGE IS

AT

OPERATING

BE

TEMPERATURE,

5

OIL

HEADER WILL

APPROXIMATELY

NOT REQUIRED.

POUNDS.

PRESSURE

AN OIL

OIL

SPRAY

NOZZL E S

OPTIONAL

OF OIL

GAUGE SABER

OIL HEADER TUBE

FULL AND LOW MARKS

GAUGE SABER

ON OIL

OIL

STRAINER

SCREEN

OIL

STRAINER

STANDARD

LOCATION

OF OIL

GAUGE SABER

OIL

FILLER

AND

BREATHER

CAP

OIL

DRAIN

 

OIL

FILTER

OIL

LINE

TO

PLUG

GOVERNOR

OIL

RETURN FROM

 

FILTER

INTO

CRANKCASE

GENERALINFORMATIONand DESIGN

Wisconsinengines are of the four cycle type, in which each

the

end of the engine is designated the front end, and the

power take-off

end of

the

crankshaft.

The flywheel

power take-off

end,

the

rear

end of the

engine.

of

the

four

operations

of intake,

compression,

expansion

R.P.M.

andexhaustrequiresacompletestroke.

This

gives

onepower

1400

stroke per cylinder for each two revolutions of the crankshaft.

1600

1800

COOLING

 

2000

Cooling is accomplished

by

a

flow

of

air,

circulated

2200

over

combination fan-flywheel

shroud.

baffle

the

cylinders

The air

to

plates

is

and

divided

heads

of

the

in

engine,

a

sheet

of all

by

metal

a

and

encased

and

directed

by ducts

parts.

insure

uniform cooling

Never operate an engine with any part of the shroudingremoved- this will retard air cooling.

Keepthe cylinder and head fins free from dirt and

chaff.

cause engine to overheat.

Improper circulation

of

cooling

air

will

2400

HORSEPOWER

Horsepower specified

an atmospheric

level

and at

mercury.

For

there

each

will

VG4DHORSEPOWER

the

25

29

32

34

36

37

accompanying chart of 60 o Fahrenheit

pressure

of

29.92

pressure

in

is

at

for

sea

of

temperature

a Barometric

lower

loss

the

in

inches

inch

be a

Barometric

horsepower of

drops,

CARBURETOR

The proper

combustible

mixture

of

gasoline

and

air

is furnished

by a balanced

carburetor,

giving

correct

fuel

to

air

ratios

for

IGNITION SYSTEM

The spark for ignition

all

speeds and loads.

of the

fuel

mixture

is

furnished

by a high tension magneto driven off the ~:iming gears

at crankshaft speed. The magneto distributor

rotor

turns at half-engine an impulse coupling,

ful spark for easy starting. Also, the impulse coupling

elim-

inating possible kick back from engine while cranking.

Battery ignition

place

speed.

which

the

volt)

The magneto is makes possible

fitted

with

a power-

thus

flywheel

automatically retards

of

alternator

magneto

or belt

(12

spark for starting,

distributor

equipped

generator.

is

furnished

with

on engines

driven

See Page 13.

For each 10° temperature

rise

there

will

be a reduc-

tion

in

horsepower of 1%.

 

For each 1000 ft.

altitude

above sea

level

there

will

be a reduction

in

horsepower of 3~/~%.

 

The friction

in

new engines

cannot

be reduced

to

the

ultimate

minimum during

the

regular

block

test,

but

engines are guaranteed to develop at least

of maximumpower when shipped from the factory. The

power will increase as friction first few days of operation.

the

85 per cent

during

will

develop

is

reduced

The engine

at

reduced to a minimum.

For continuous operation, shown as a safety factor.

least

95% of maximumhorsepower

allow

when friction

is

20% of

horsepower

STARTINGand OPERATINGINSTRUCTIONS

LUBRICATION SYSTEM(Fig.

 

3)

A

gear

type

pump supplies

oil

to

four

nozzles

which

direct

caps.

holes

oil

Part

streams

of

rods,

the

in

the

against

fins

on the

oil

enters

the

rod

and the

balance

of

connecting

rod

bearing

oil

the

through

forms

a

spray

of mist

which lubricates

the

cylinder

wails

and

other

internal

parts

of the

engine.

An external

oil

line

from the oil header tube in the crankcase lubricates the governor and gear train.

GOVERNOR

A

governor

of the

centrifugal

flyweight

type

maintains

the

engine

speed

by varying

the

throttle

opening

to

suit

the

load

imposed

upon the

engine.

These engines

are

equipped

with

either

a fixed

speed

governor,

a

variable speed control to regulate of the engine, or an idle control.

the

governed speed

Engines that

shown in

units.

in

are

bottom

enclosed

view

of

furnished

],

in

Fig.

a sheet

1.

metal

house,

as

are

called

power

as shown

are top view of Fig.

Others

without

called

a house,

and are

open engines.

On engines with a house, the side doors must always be removedwhenoperating.

circulating

This

is

necessary

for

sufficient

air

for

cooling

the

engine.

 

LUBRICATION

 

Before starting

a new engine,

fill

the

oil

base

with

good *gasoline

engine"

oil,

as specified

in

the

*Grade

of Oil"

chart.

Fill

through

the

breather

tube

shown in

Fig. 3,

with 5 quarts

of oil.

 

For run-in

of

new engines,

use

same oil

as

recom-

mended in

Grade of

Oil

Chart.

ROTATION

The

viewing

This

rotation

the

gives

 

After

the

engine

has been run for

a short

time,

the

oil

lines

and oil

filter

will

have been filled

with

oil.

Shut

of

the

crankshaft

is

clockwise

when

off

the

engine

and

check

the

oil

level

by means of

flywheel

or

cranking

end of

the

engine.

dip

stick

(oil

gauge saber).

If

necessary,

add enough

counter-clockwise

rotation

~hen viewing

oil

to bring

level

up to

the

full

mark. The standard

dip

GRADE OF OIL

SEASONOR TEMPERATURE

GRADEOF OIL

Spring, Summeror Fall

+ 120°F to + 40°F

Winter

+

40°F

15°F

to

+ 15°F

+

Below Zero

to 0°F

SAE 30

SAE 20-20W

SAE 10W

SAE5W-20

Use Oils classified as Service SE, SF, SGor CC

5 Qts.

5 Qts.

4~ Qts.

Newengine

Oil andfilter

change

Less- filter

or filter

change

Crankcase

Capacity

tube,

can be located on starting motor side upon request.

refined

in body to the S. A. E. (Society

stick location is below the oil filler-breather

but

Use only high-grade

gineers)

Viscosity

highly

oils,

of

corresponding

Automotive

Chart.

Oil

En-

Numbers in

Crade of

SERVICE CLASSIFICATION OF OIL

In addition to the S.A.E. Viscosity grades, oils are also classified according to severity of engine service. Use oils classified by the Americal Petroleum Institute as Serviae SE, SFor SG. These types ofoil are for engines performing under unfavorable or severe operating conditions such as:

high speeds, constant starting and stopping, operating in extreme high or low temperatures and excessive idling.

Follow

housed

summer recommendations

in

warm building.

in

winter

if

engine

is

Checkoil level every 8 hours of operation.

The old oil

should be drained and fresh

oil

added

after

every 50 hours of operation.

 

To drain oil, remove drain plug illustrated

in

Fig.

3.

Oil should be drained while engine is hot, as it then flow more freely.

will

OIL

PRESSURE

 

At engine operating temperature,

the

oil

pressure

will

be about

4

to

5 pounds

per

square

inch,

and

due

to

this

low pressure

system,

an

oil

pressure

gauge

is

not

required.

When the engine

is

cold

the

pressure

will

be higher,

and a

relief

valve

is

fitted

to

the

oil

pump so

that

under these

conditions

the

maximum

pressure

will

be limited

to

15 pounds.

 

FUEL

These engines

can be furnished

with

either

a gravity

feed

side

tank

mount

mounted above

tank,

or

tank

the

carburetor

mounted

below

fuel

the

level,

a

engine.

In the

latter

two cases,

a fuel

pumpis

furnished.

 

The fuel

tank

should

be filled

with

a

good quality

gasoline

free

from dirt

and water.

The capacity

of the

tank

is

approximately

9 gallons.

Some of

the

poorer

grades

of

gasoline

contain

gum which

will

deposit

on

valve

stems,

piston

tings,

and

in

the

various

small

passages

in

the

carburetor,

causing

serious

trouble

Use only reputable,

well knownbrands of

REGULARGRADEgasoline.

The gasoline

90.

tonate,

this

should

knock,

have an octane

will

cause

operation

will

score,

Low octane

or

condition,

gasoline

and if

cylinders

rating

of

at

the

is

engine

continued

will

valves

least

to

de-

under

burn,

pistons

and beatings

will

be damaged,

etc.

Be sure

that

air

vent

in

tank

cap

is

not

plugged,

as

this

would prevent

fuel

from flowing

to

the

carburetor.

FUEL PUMPand PRIMING (Fig.

4)

The diaghragm

type

fuel

pump, furnished

on engines

with side mount or underslung

fuel

tanks,

is actuated

 

on the

camshaft,

as

illustrated

in

by an eccentric cross section

of engine,

Fig.

2.

Hand Primer

for

hand crank

em2ine is

an

accessory

furnished

only

upon request,

and is

a necessary

func-

t.ion when starting

a new engine

for

the

first

time,

or

when engine

has

been out

of

operation

for

a period

of

time.

Gravity

feed

and electric

start

engines

do not

require

hand priming~

 

Whenpriming, a distinct resistance

of the

diaghragm

should

be felt

when moving the

fuel

pump

hand lever

up

and down. If

this

does not

occur,

the

engine

should

be turned

over

one

revolution

so

that

the

fuel

pump

drive

cam will

be rotated

from its

upper position

which

prevents

movement of

the

pump rocker

arm.

Assuming the gasoline strainer

 

is

empty,

approximate~

ly

25 strokes

of

the

primer

lever

are

required

to

fill

the

bowl.

See Fig.

4.

After

strainer

bowl is

full,

an

additional

5

to

10 strokes

are

required

to

fill

the

carburetor

bowl.

is

full

the

hand

primer

lever

will

When carburetor move more easily.

 

IGNITION

SWITCH

 

Magneto

ignition

is

standard

on this

engine,

with

a

lever

type

switch

on the

side

of the

magneto,

which is

always

in

the

on or

running

position,

except

when

pressed

for

stopping

engine.

See top view,

Fig.

1.

in

operating

and in

fact

might prevent the engine from

operating

at

all.

Fig. 4

On power unit

is

engines,

a push

of

mounted on the

outside

button

the

ignition

panel

house

switch

at

the

flywheel

end.

See bottom view of Fig.

I.

V.hen starting

engine,

the

ignition

switch

button

is

pulled

out.

To

stop,

push

in.

This

will

apply

to

both

magneto

and

battery ignition systems.

 
 

STARTING

 

Caution: Maintain a safe distance

from moving

parts

of equipment.

Knowhowto

stop

the

engine

quickly in case of emergency.

Caution: Do not operate engine in a closed build-

ing unless it

is properly ventilated.

STARTING

PROCEDURE

1. Check crankcase oil level and gasoline supply. Open fuel shut-off valve in fuel strainer or tank.

2.

3. Pull variable speed control ’T’ handle out about half- way and lock in place. With a two speed control, start in full load position--idle after engine starts.

furnished.

Disengage clutch,

if

4. Close choke by pulling position.

choke button

to

extreme

out

5. Pull

out ignition

switch

button,

tag

reads

’To Stop

 

PushIn ’.

6.

Depress starter

switch to start

engine.

IMPORTANT:

Do not crank engine for

at

minutes between cranking periods to prevent starter from over-heating.

more than 30 seconds

to start,

wait about 2

a time if

engine fails

7. After engine starts, push choke button in gradually as required for smooth running. Choke must be com- pletely open (button in) when engine is warmedup.

If flooding should occur, open choke fully by pushing choke button in and continue cranking. Less choking is necessary in warm weather or when engine is warm, than when cold.

WARM-UP PERIOD

The engine should be allowed to warm up to operating

temperature before load is applied. This :requires only

a few minutes

of

running

at

moderate

speed.

Racing

Racing an engine by disconnecting the governor, or by doinganything to interfere with the govemorcontrolled engine speed, is extremely dangerous. The governor

is

provided

as

a

means

for

controlling

the

engine

speed to suit the load applied, and also as a safety

measure to guard against excessive

speeds,

which

all

cause wrecking of the engine and possible bystanders.

All

stand

which

but

rotating

That

will

the

not only

parts

any

overstrain

of the

speeds

working parts,

are

designed

might

but which might

to

injury

to

safely

with-

be required,

set

up in

speed.

engine

normally

stresses

square

doubled

speeds

are

the

it

must be remembered that

the

l~arts,

increase

with the

means that

if

be quadrupled;

speed

and if

the

is

of the

trebled,

stresses

the

stresses

Strict adherenceto the above instructions cannot be

too strongly urged, and greatly increased engine life

will

recommendations.

applied

will

be nine

times as great.

these

r~sult

as a reward for

easily

STOPPING

Magneto ignition

type

to stop engine, depress lever gine stops.

ENGINE

switch

engines,

on the

side

less

house,

have

a

lever

On these,

en-

stop

of the

magneto.

and hold downuntil

Power units

and battery

ignition

engines,

are

furnished

with

an ignition

switch,

~To Stot~

P,sh

1~"

If

the

engine

has

stop

and allow

for

it

three

abruptly

engine

to five

been running

from full

to

hard

and is

but

hot,

do not

load

load,

at

This will

remove the

run

idle

1000 to

1200 R.P.M.

internal

minutes.

reduce the

temperature

of the

engine

much faster,

minimize

valve

warping,

and of

course

the

external

temperature,

in-

cluding

the

manifold

and carburetor

will

also

reduce

faster,

due to

air

circulation

from the

flywheel.

Two main troubles resulting

from abruptly

shutting

off

a

hot

engine

are

vapor

lock

and dieseling.

Vapor lock

will

prevent

the

flow

of

fuel

in

the

fuel

lines

and

carburetor

passages,

which will

result

in hard starting.

This

can

be

overcome

by

choking

the

engine

when

cranking,or

waiting

until

the

engine

has

cooled

off.

Dieseling,

is

caused

by the

carbon

and lead

deposits

in

the

cylinder

head

being

heated

up

to

such

an ex-

tent

that

they

continue

to

fire

the

engine

and keep it

running

after

the

ignition

has been shut

off.

By idling

the

engine

for

a few minutes

the

carbon

and lead

de-

posits

cool

off,

break

up,

and will

blow out

thru

the

exhaust.

If

engine

has

a tendency

to

diesel,

by sud-

denly

setting

the

throttle

wide open and at

the

same

time shutting

off

the ignition,

the

engine will

stop.

OIL FILTER

MAINTENANCE

an engine or gunningit, to hurry the wa~m-upperiod,

A by-pass type

oil

filter

is

furnished

on these

en-

is very destructive to the polished wearing surfaces

gines,

as

shown

in

Fig.

3.

except

in

a few

cases

on pistons,

rings,

cylinders,

bearings,

etc.,

as

the

where the use of other accessories prevents the

proper

oil

film

on these

various

surfaces

cannot

be

mounting of an oil

filter.

The oil

filtering

cartridge

established

until

the

oil

has

warmed up and

become

sufficiently

fluid.

This is

especially

important

on new

engines

and in

cool

weather.

 

9

should be replaced after every other oil change. If operating conditions are extremely dusty, replace

cartridge

after

every oil

change.

AIR

CLEANERS

 
 

OPTIONAL

COLLECTOR

 

The air

cleaner

is

an essential

accessory,

 

filtering

TYPE

P

RE-CLEANERS

the

air

entering

the

carburetor

and preventing

abrasive

 

dirt

from entering

the

engine

and wearing

out

valves

and piston

rings

in

a very

short

time.

 

The air cleaner

must be serviced

frequently,

depend-

 

ing on the dust conditions

where engine

 

is

operated.

Check hose

connections

for

leaks

or

breaks;

replace

 

all

b~ken

or

damaged hose

clamps.

 

AIR

CLEANER

 

Excessive smoke or loss of power are goodindications the air cleaner requires attention.

 

The oil

hath

type air

cleaner,

illustrated

 

in

Fig.

5

is

standard

equipment

on power units.

On open

engines,

the

oil

bath air

filter

furnished

 

is

illustrated

in Fig.

6.

A dry element

air

cleaner

is

optionally

available

for

 

Fig.

6

both

power unit

and open engine.

 
 

twice

a

day to

check

for

possible

obstruction.

If

en-

OIL BATH AIR CLEANER(Fig.

 

5)

gine

is

operating

in

very

dusty

conditions,

remove

Service daily or twice a day;

if

engine

is

operating

in

cartridge

and shake out

accumulated

dirt.

very dusty conditions. Once each week; in compara-

tively clean conditions.

Removeoil cup from bottom

of air

cleaner

and clean

thoroughly, Add fresh oil to

the

level

line

indicated

on cup, using

the

same grade

oil

as

used in

engine.

Operating the engine under dusty conditions with- out oil in the air cleaner or with dirty oil, may wear out cylinders, pistons, rings and bearings in a few days time, and result in costly repairs.

Oncea year; or oftener

in

very

dusty

conditions,

the

Once each week; the

filtering

cartridge

should

be

taken

out

and either

dry-cleaned

with

compressed

air

or

washed by repeated

dipping

for

several

minutes

in

a solution of lukewarm water and a mild non-sudsing detergent. Rinse in cold water from the inside out and allow to dry overnight before installing.

Do not use gasoline,

cleaning. - Do not oil element.

kerosene or solvent

for

After ten washings or one year of service, whichever

comes first,

replace

cart.ridge.

air cleaner

should

be removed from the

engine

and the

element,

which

is

not

removable,

should

be washed in

PRE-CLE.&NER(Fig.

6)

a solvent

to

clean

out

accumulated dust

and dirt.

 

DRY ELEMENT AIR CLEANER

Service doily; squeeze rubber duct unloader once or

AIR

CLEANER

BOWL

Fig.

5

The collector

type

pre-cleaner,

mounted to

the

top

of

the

air

cleaner,

removes

the

larger

dirt

and

dust

particles

before

the

air

reaches

the

main air

cleaner.

Daily; clean bowl of accumulated dust and dirt. Do not use oil or water in pre-cleaner. This mustbe kept dry.

~UEL VALVE.

10

Fig,

7

BAIL

GASOLINE STRAINER

The gasoline strainer

is

very

necessary

to

prevent

COIL

sediment,

dirt

and water

from entering

the

carburetor

and causing trouble

or even complete

stoppage

of the

CONDENSER

_

engine.

inspected frequently,

present.

then

the

screen,

in

This

strainer

has

a glass

bowl and should

dirt

or water

be

are

oil

bowl

cleaning

fuel

valve,

the

and

swing

bowl and

gasket

See

is

and cleaned

if

shut

To remove bowl,

the

knurled

first

nut

to

one side.

the

parts,

otherwise

loosen

wire

bail

below

After

reassemble

being sure

use

good condition;

a

new gasket.

Fig.

7,

which shows the

gasoline

strainer

mounted to

the

fuel

tank

of a power unit.

On open engines,

the

strainer

is

mounted to

the

inlet

of the

fuel

pump.

CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT

The main metering jet

type,

needle

tion,

more information,

tions

back of this

in the

requires

carburetor

is

of the

fixed

For

that

is,

it

no adjustment.

best

The idle

opera-

should

while

in

be adjusted

for

is

Carburetor

low speed

closed

carburetor

see

throttle

book.

by hand.

Instruc-

Service

MAGNETO BREAKER POINT

ADJUSTMENT

Magnetos

are

properly

adjusted

before

leaving

the

factory.

points

on the

Fairbanks-Morse

magneto

The breaker and on the