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SUMMER TRAINING REPORT

KIIT College of Engineering ,Gurgaon

SUBMITTED BY:-

ADITYA KUMAR
ELECTONICS AND COMMUNICATION 5th Semester

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Absentee Statement

ADITYA KUMAR, student of Bachelor of Technology (ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION) from KIIT College of Engineering, Gurgaon has successfully completed his summer internship for a period of six weeks at Signal & Telecommunication, DMRC from 15th JUNE 2012 to 30th JULY 2012. He has attended her training regularly during this period.

Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

To whomsoever it may concern

ADITYA KUMAR, student of Bachelor of Technology (ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION) from KIIT College of Engineering, Gurgaon has successfully completed his summer internship for a period of six weeks at Telecommunication, DMRC from 15th JUNE 2012 to 30th JULY 2012. His work mainly comprised of reviewing the suggestions received in Telecommunication of DMRC (Telecom Department), by making its summary and putting it for its respective Signal &Telecom (S & T). He also coordinated with review unit on the Station/Depot received by preparing their Training session along with maintenance of the sequencing according to their composition. He has been enthusiastic and proactive in the work assigned to him and has made an outstanding comprehensive report. He performed exceedingly well during the internship tenure.

Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I express my sincere gratitude to DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION, to participate and provide us with the technical knowledge in the Signal & Telecommunication Department of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation(BRKR) I acknowledge, my thanks Mr Madan Pal,( )for the training in this exercise which is being done for the first time. I am thankful to Mr. Mukesh Kumar, and his staff, for their active technical and administrative support. I would also like to thank, Mr, Safal , Mr. Fahim khan, Mr. Ajay kumar & Mr. Tarun for helping me to clarify technical doubts and queries, and being patient with me and my overly inquisitive behaviour.

Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

ABOUT DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION


Planning for the metro started in 1984, when the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system for the city. The Government of India and the Government of Delhi jointly set up the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) in 1995.Construction started in 1998, and The first section, on the Red Line, opened in 2002, Followed by the Yellow Line in 2004, The Blue Line in 2005, its branch line in 2009, The Green and Violet Lines in 2010 and The Delhi Airport Metro Express in 2011.

A company under the name DMRC was registered on 30.05.1995 under the companies act for construction and operation of the metro project.The Government of

India and the Government of Delhi jointly set up a company called the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) on March 5, 1995 with E. Sreedharan as the managing director. It started functioning in November, 1997. It appointed General consultant in
August, 1998 to assist them for implementation of the project. It is having 142 stations in the Rail corridor and 35 stations in the Metro corridor (underground). It has a combination

of elevated, at-grade and underground lines and uses both broad gauge and standard gauge rolling stock. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation has been certified by the United Nations as the first metro rail and rail-based system in the world to get carbon credits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Delhi Metro brought a revolutionary change in the city transport. It has also reduced the travel time. Also the pollution level is reduced to about 50%. A large number of commuters are having a lot of convenience in reaching their desired destination in the required time.

Dr. E. Sreedharan handed over charge as MD, DMRC to Shri Mangu Singh on 31 December 2011.

Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Current routes
As of August 27, 2011, the whole of Phase-I and Phase-II are complete, with the network comprising six lines with 142 metro stations and a total length of 189.7 km.

First operational Red Line December 24, 2002 Yellow December Line 20, 2004 Blue Line December 31, 2005 January 7, 2010 Green April 3, 2010 Line August 27, 2011 Violet October 3, Line 2010 Airport February 23, Express 2011

Line

Last Station Length Extension (km) June 4, 21 25.15 2008 September 34 44.65 3, 2010 October 30, 44 49.93 2010 July 14, 8 8.75 2011 15 18.46 2 3.32 January 14, 2011 15 6 20.04 22.70

Terminals Dilshad Garden Jahangirpuri Noida City Centre Yamuna Bank Inderlok Kirti Nagar Central Secretariat New Delhi

Rolling stock Rithala 23 trains HUDA City 45 Centre trains Dwarka 59 Sector 21 trains Vaishali Mundka Ashok Park Main Badarpur Dwarka Sector 21 15 trains 29 trains 8 trains

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

DELHI METRO MASTERPLAN-2021

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

TELECOMMUNICATION DEPARTMANT
It is the department of DMRC, which deals with the protection, supervision and operation of the train. In short it the department that manages the metro traffic on the rails. Transmission of information is possible through co-axial cables, wireless media, fibre optics. Communication at a distance by electronics transmission of impulses, as by telegraph, cable, telephone, radio, or television constitutes telecommunication.

Telecommunication department consists of following systems

Telecom system

Fiber Optics Transmission system[FOTS]

Telephone exchange/EPABX

PIDS/PAS

AFC

RADIO

CCTV

Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Fiber Optics Transmission system(FOTS)


It is the transmission system that uses optical fiber as communication media. Thus optical fiber communication is the method of transmitting information through optical fibers. FOTS can be termed as the backbone of DMRC telecommunication network. Fiber optics eases up the data and voice communication or access to various systems at different stations. This network is based on fiber optical cables on both sides of the track. The number of fibers is determined in order to comply with redundancy. The fiber is redundant for security and protection. In case of fiber optic failure, communication can take place via spare fiber while the fiber that is down may be fixed. FOTS is further differently prescribed in following ways.

SDH

MUX NETWORKS
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy(SDH)
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) are standardized multiplexing protocols that transfer multiple digital bit streams over optical fiber using lasers or highly coherent light from lightemitting diodes (LEDs). At low transmission rates data can also be transferred via an electrical interface. The method was developed to replace the Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH) system for transporting large amounts of telephone calls and data traffic over the same fiber without synchronization problems The STM-1 (Synchronous Transport Module, level 1) frame is the basic transmission format for SDHthe first level of the synchronous digital hierarchy. The STM-1 frame is transmitted in exactly 125 s, therefore, there are 8,000 frames per second on a 155.52 Mbit/s OC-3 fiber-optic circuit. The section overhead (SOH) of a STM-1 signal is divided into two parts: the regenerator section overhead (RSOH) and the multiplex section overhead (MSOH).

Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

The overheads contain information from the transmission system itself, which is used for a wide range of management functions, such as monitoring transmission quality, detecting failures, managing alarms, data communication channels, service channels, etc.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

In SDH, information is transferred through optical fiber. Through this technology we are able to transmit data in terabytes using wavelength 1310 nm. There is no need to demultiplex whole information coming from side by stations. Information to side by stations is passed using STM-4 (Synchronized Transport Module) at 622.08 Mbps. 4 STM1 multiplexed in TDM (Time Division Multiplexing) forms STM-4. In this technology repeaters are required at comparatively larger distances Formation of E1 channel
0 1 : : 7 1 2 3 4 5 16 31

E1 is the tributary signal for SDH to work. 256 such data packets give 65536 bps, approx. 64 kbps. 32 time slots of 64 kbps give E1 signal transmitting @ 2.048Mbps. E1 is bi-directional signal Out of these 32 channels 30 are used as voice channel while 2 are used for control and signaling information.

16

31

0 Control data 16 - Signalling data: Carries information about the path E1 goes through. E2=4 E1 E3=4 E2=16 E1 E4=4 E3=16 E2= 64E1 STM1=63 E1

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

MULTIPLEXER(MUX)
In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (also known as muxing) is a method by which multiple analog message signals or digital data streams are combined into one signal over a shared medium. The multiplexed signal is transmitted over a communication channel, which may be a physical transmission medium. The multiplexing divides the capacity of the high-level communication channel into several low-level logical channels, one for each message signal or data stream to be transferred. A device that performs the multiplexing is called a multiplexer (MUX). In DMRC, the Time Division Multiplexing is used. The Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is a digital technology. TDM involves sequencing groups of a few bits or bytes from each individual input stream, one after the other, and in such a way that they can be associated with the appropriate receive. Consider an application requiring four terminals at an airport to reach a central computer. Each terminal communicated at 2400 bit/s, so rather than acquire four individual circuits to carry such a low-speed transmission; the airline has installed a pair of multiplexers. A pair of 9600 bit/s modems and one dedicated analog communications circuit from the airport ticket desk back to the airline data center are also installed . If done sufficiently quickly, the receiving devices will not detect that some of the circuit time was used to serve another logical communication path.

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If data rate is less than 64 Mbps then, it is termed as sub-rate. If data rate is more than 64 Mbps then it is termed as super rate. Access-MUX is used for systems requiring transfer rate below 2.048 Mbps. It multiplex the data from the systems operating at the data rates lower than 2 Mbps into E1 lines. Since no single node will be able to use all the bandwidth therefore, all the data i.e. audio and video signals are multiplexed in order to make maximum use of available bandwidth.

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Optical Distribution Frame (ODF)


GSS and FPS together forms ODF (Optical Distribution Frame). At each node (or station), optical fiber cables are terminated in the GSS (Generic Splicing Self) and are distributed to the system through FPS (Fiber Patching Shelf). From the FPS patch cords, both ends have connectors for connection, are sent to the SDH where apart from being converted to electrical signal, the signals required at the particular node dropped (or extracted) and multiplexed into E1 lines at 2.048 Mbps which are terminated at DDF (Digital Distribution Frame). The DDF basically provides a flexible way of connecting equipment side to cable side. From the DDF the system working at 2 Mbps rate is directly provided the connections with required number of E1 lines. The systems working with lower rates than 2 Mbps access the network through FMX. The FMX demultiplexes the E1 lines coming from DDF to the lines at the lower rates for use of various systems. There are two GSS, one for up (in Depot direction) and other for down (opposite to Depot). There are 48 trays in each GSS. All fibers coming from and going to adjacent stations are passing through GSS. Fibers needed at particular station are connected to FPS in zero dB connector (0.3dB loss) through pigtail cords, connector at one end only. These fibers are then passed to SDH. And fibers not needed at particular station are spliced through. Splicing is a technique for joining together individual fiber or optical cable sections to forms continuous lines for these long distant links. Splicing can be done in two ways: Mechanical Splices: This aligns the axis of the two fibers to be joint and physically hold them together. Fusion Splices: This is accomplished by applying localized heating (i.e. by electric arc or flame) at the interface between two butted, pre-aligned fiber ends, causing them to soften and fuse together.

In DMRC fusion splicing is used. Splicing loss is around 0.1dB.

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NETWORKING
It consists of two or more computers that communicates and share their resources. Three types of network are:

1. LAN (Local Area Network): A LAN connects network devices over a relatively short distance. A networked office building, school, or home usually contains a single LAN. LAN are typically owned, controlled and managed by a single person or organization. They also use certain specific connectivity technologies, primarily Ethernet and Token ring.

2. WAN: As the term implies Wide Area Network spans a large physical distance. WAN is geographically dispersed collection of LANs. A network device is called a router connects LAN and WAN. In IP networking, router maintains both a LAN address and a WAN address. WAN differs from LAN in most of the ways. Like the Internet, most WAN are not owned by one organization but rather exist under collective or distributed ownership and management. WANs use technology like ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode), frame relay X.25 for connectivity.

3. MAN: It implies Metropolitan Area Network. It is used to encompass larger areas, usually that of entire city.

OSI Layers (Open System Interconnection):


OSI is the name for the set of standards for communicating among computers. The primary purpose of OSI standards is to serve the structural guideline for exchanging information between computers, workstations and networks.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

TELEPHONE EXCHANGE/EPABX
EPABX is stands for Electronics Private Automatic Branch Exchange. For purpose of planting communication link between different stations, DMRC has its self-sustained telephone exchange. This system works on -48 V DC from SMPS. Data is processed at a rate of 64k bps. EPABX System at OCC: Telephone system shall interface to the radio system to enable radio users to initiate and receive calls to/ from EPABX extension or to MTNL or TATA INDICOM telephones. Centralized Digital Recording System: The telephone system is equipped with a CDRS for recording of designed lines, emergency PAS announcements and designated conversion system. Network Management System: The telephone network including EPABX and DLTC system is monitored, supervised and controlled by a NMS. EPABX rack is divided in two shelves: Shelf 0 Shelf 1

These shelves can be extended according to requirements. Shelf 0 has CPU, which is comprised of following cards: 2 Power cards: This card distributes power to whole rack. One is active and another is redundant. SF2X8 card: This card provides LAN ports for monitoring of EPABX at other stations. 2 DXCXL cards: These are CPU cards used for networking purposes. One card is active and other is not in use. ADP: Administrative Data Processor. This is also a CPU card performs controlling information. HDMO card: Hard Disk Magneto Optical card used for all software information backup.

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Shelf 1 comprises of following cards: 2 SLMAC cards: This card is for analog phones. Maximum 24 phones can be connected to each card. 2 SLM02 cards: This card supports digital phones. Maximum 24 phones can be connected to each card. LTUCA card: This card connects shelf 1 and 0 in EPABX rack. 2 DIUN2 cards: This card takes E1 signal from DDF. Links one station to other stations. There are 2 ports in each card, one for analog and another for digital. 2 cards for linking to both sides. Connection of Phones at a Station:

EXCHANGE

MDF

IDF PHONE

MDF-Main Distribution Frame IDF-Intermediate Distribution Frame 24 ports from each SLMAC and SLM02 cards are passed to MDF through cables. From MDF to IDF through jumper wires and then to field, i.e., phones at different rooms. KRONES are arranged in array form in both MDF and IDF. Connector RJ11 connects handsets to field lines from IDF. KRONEs are connected in MDF and IDF in array form, connection to phones are supported through them.1 KRONE can support 10 phones. KRONEs in MDF are covered with IPM, a protecting module. 2 pair of wires are connecting to single phone for redundancy.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Stations Connectivity:
Station 1 Station 2

EPA BX

DDF

SDH

ODF

ODF

SDH

DDF

EPAB X

DDF-Digital Distribution Frame SDH-Synchronous Digital Hierarchy ODF-Optical distribution Frame DDF takes 4 E1 tributary signals from SDH, 2 from stations at both sides, 1 for analog phone and 1 for digital phone and passes to EPABX. E1 consists of 32 time slots each of 64k bps. Slot 1 has control data and slot 16 has signalling information, rest 30 slots are used as voice channels. So, maximum 60 calls can be done at a time. EPABX network is connected in 8 ring topologies so that communication link between stations retain.

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

In DMRC, the two types of Phones are used: Digital: (work on 48-54V DC) a) Digital phone b) Direct line console Analog: (work on 38-40V DC) Priority of digital phones is kept higher than that of analog phones, that is, digital phone can take channel from analog port if all digital ports are busy.

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

RADIO/ EBTS
EBTS stands for enhanced base transceiver system. EBTS is another important equipment of DMRC. This system enables the access to the radio services while roaming within the radio coverage. EBTS provides all the remote site functionality. EBTS has all features of mobile communication and broadcasting of any information which are not available with the telephone system. The radio communications system is designed for providing system-wide voice and data communication to support the operation and maintenance for Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System (DMRTS). It provides two-way voice and data radio communication throughout the operational areas of DMRTS, to provide efficient and effective train radio dispatching operation for Barakhambha OCC. One more plus point of this system is that it adds to the level of redundancy to the communication network of DMRC if FOTS (Fiber Optical Transmission system) breaks down as whole communication between the source and destination does not takes place through FOTS. This system transfers data at a rate of 128 kbps. DMRC uses MOTOROLA DIMETRA (Digital Motorola European Trunk Radio) which is sophisticated digital radio equipment having full benefit of TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio) standards and range is 380-400MHz. Receiving range is 380-390 MHz and transmitting range is 390-400MHz. This system works on -48 V DC supply from SMPS. Dimetra IP is Motorolas TETRA-compliant digital radio system. The system provides services to three groups of users:

Radio Users the mobile users in the system that can roam throughout the radio
coverage area provided by the system. The radio users access the system services using Mobile Stations that communicate with the Base Stations in the infrastructure using the TETRA air-interface protocol.

Controllers users at fixed locations that have access to advanced features and
facilities provided by the system. These features enable Controllers to efficiently communicate with and manage fleets of mobile users.

Network Managers responsible for managing and maintaining the Dimetra IP


system. The system provides numerous applications that allow the network managers to efficiently manage the system.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

The system architecture of Dimetra-IP

Radio Coverage Area

Base Station

Control Site Components Radio Control Workstation (RCW)

Mobile Station

Base Station Site

Mobile Station

Base Station

Zone Components F O T S MSO Components System Level Components

RemoteBase BaseStation StationSite Site

Mobile Station Base Station

Mobile Station

RemoteBase BaseStation Station Site Site

Mobile Switching Office (MSO)

System Interfaces

Base Station

Other Systems

Remote Base Base Station Station Site Site

Wireless transmission has the advantage of not having to install physical connections at every point, but is limited to Line of Sight (LOS). EBTS sites are place 25 to 75 miles apart. Thus, DMRC has total 15 EBTS sites out of which 9 EBTS sites are at line3. EBTS sites are similar to an antenna except for one thing i.e., it requires GPS synchronization signal through the GPS. Underground areas can not have EBTS sites hence, Leaky Co-axial Cables (LCX) are used, with Bidirectional Antenna (BDA). TETRA Trunking: A method of traffic channel organization where a traffic channel is allocated for each call transaction. Trunking facility provides a pooling of all radio channels which are then allocated on demand to individual users.

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

The radio users access the systems services via the Mobile Stations. The Base Stations (BSs) provide the radio interface that allows the Mobile Stations to communicate with the system infrastructure when moving within the systems radio coverage area. The TETRA radio system is a single zone system. All the BTS are controlled by two Zone Controllers in redundant configuration. During operation, only one Zone Controller is active. The other Zone Controller is in standby mode and not taking any load. There is also additional equipment associated with the Zone Controllers. Each BTS is connected to a Mobile Switching Office (MSO) and two Zone Controllers on a redundant configuration and associated equipment are located at the MSO. The Controllers access the system services via Communication Consoles that are located at the OCC and the Control Rooms in Stations and Depots, or at a remote control sites such as the Stations and Depots. Each remote control site also has some further equipment in addition to the Dispatch Consoles. Each base station consists of base radios. Each base radios are assigned a frequency which is the physical channel. This physical channel is divided into four logical channels using TDMA. The first BR would normally contain the control channel, a packet data channel and two traffic channels. The next BRs are normally assigned with four traffic channels each. The base station is linked to the MSO using E1 via FOTS. This E1 link transports all information coming from and going to the base station including alarm information, audio, data and control information

SUN Netra 240 Server

HP Proliant DL360 G5 Server

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

MSO Component The diagram below shows the various groups of components located at a Mobile Switching Office (MSO)
Base Stations and Control Rooms ZDS/FV/ZSS CWR Panel Term Server 2 Core Routers Gateway Router Zone Controller Secondary DC Cluster DC Printer
Core LAN Switch 2 Core LAN Switch 1

ATR UCS Term Server 1 Gateway Router MTIGs GGSN PDR RNG SDR Primary DC Cluster DC NM Client Echo Canceller

Zone Controller Fan Out Switch Collocated Control Site

Core Elements Cluster Level Elements Console Elements Telephone Interconnect Data Elements

Mobile Switching Office Component

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Types of Modes of Communication:


There are two types of modes of communication in DMRC network: Trunked mode operation:

This operation consists of four operation modes: a) Group mode- It is a half duplex communication mode in which many user can communicate with each other by selecting a common talk group. The operation is as follows: i) Select a talk group to communicate. ii) Press PTT (Press to Talk) to speak. iii) Release PTT to listen. b) Private mode- It is a half duplex communication mode in which two users can communicate with each other privately without interfering a talk group. The operation is as follows: Select a private mode by using mode key. Dial private ID. Press PTT and release. A ring will be heard. Press PTT to speak. Release PTT to listen. c) Phone mode- It is a full duplex communication in which radio user can talk to phone number used within DMRC or external network connected to DMRC. It can also communicate in reverse direction, i.e., from phone to radio. The operation is as follows: Select the phone mode by using mode key. Dial phone number. Press call/cancel key. Talk when call established. Press call/cancel key to end call. d) Emergency mode-In emergency mode, TETRA in emergency mode has the highest priority and every TETRA belonging to that group can listen the information.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Base Station
The base station equipment is often known as a Base Transceiver System (BTS). Each base station provides radio coverage in a specific geographic area known as a cell and as the radio users roam around the systems coverage area, they move from one cell to another. The radio users use MSs that communicate with the BTSs using the TETRA air-interface protocol. This protocol contains mechanisms to allow the MSs to select the most appropriate BS for communication at any location without any intervention from the radio user. MTS4 has two E1 interfaces for easy ring configuration to promote high redundancy. With ring configuration failure on one side of the ring will not affect the working of any base station. MTS4 will be link to MSO using ring configuration. Ring 1 Ring 2 Azadpur Jor Bagh Haus Khas Chhatarpur Arjan Garh IFFCO Chowk Yamuna Bank Depot New Ashok Nagar Botanical Garden Karkarduma Punjabi Bagh Paschim Vihar Nangloi Mundka JLN Stadium Mool Chand Kalkaji Sarita Vihar Tughlakabad MTS Ring Configuration L2e L2e L2e L2e L2e L2e L3e L3e L3e L4 L5 L5 L5 L5 L6 L6 L6 L6 L6

Ring 3 Ring 4

Ring 5 Ring 6

Ring 7 Ring 8

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The standard BTS will equip with 2 carriers (TX) Base station serving OCC and also for two (2) of the underground station will be 4 carrier (TX) The BTS will be installed in the TER room at the station to provide the area coverage throughout the DMRTS network. The basic configuration will consist of the following components: Tetra Site Controller (TSC) Base Radios (BR) Radio Frequency Distribution System (RFDS) Power Supply Unit Base Radio (BR) The Base Radio (BR) provides a high powered RF interface. It can provide up to 25 watts of RF power to the antenna system after RFDS losses. Each BR utilizes TDMA technology to provide 4 channels on a 25 kHz carrier. A single MTS 4 cabinet may hold up to four BRs. The BR also incorporates diversity reception for increased talk-back range, performance and reliability. A combined three-receiver board is provided with each BR to allow for 2 or 3 branch antenna diversity. Site Controller (SC) The Site Controller (SC) is a PowerPC based computer. It communicates with the MSO components over the E1 interface and controls the operation of the Base Radios. The SC also contains a time and frequency reference module. The module includes a high stability oscillator to provide the frequency reference and GPS receiver to provide the timing reference. Radio Frequency Distribution System (RFDS) The Radio Frequency Distribution System (RFDS) uses hybrid combiner to combine the outputs of the Base Radios into a one transmits antenna connection. The RFDS also uses a receiver multicoupler to distribute the signal from each of the receive antenna connections to each of the Base Radios. Power Supply Unit (PSU) The Power Supply Unit provides power to all of the units within the MTS 4. The PSU accepts 220 V AC or -48V DC inputs. In addition the PSU also provides the facility to charge an external battery supply and to revert to this power source in the event of input power failure.

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Overall System Configuration


BRKR OCC (Active MSO)
FVS ZDS ZSS

DMRC Phase II - Option A Configuration


SHPK OCC (Standby MSO)
TS TS GGSN PDR RNG SDR FVS ZDS ZSS ATR UCS ZC ZC MTIG EC

PABX

EC

MTIG

ZC ZC

UCS

ATR

SDR

RNG

PDR GGSN

Dimetra LAN Switch (4 x HP2610) Dimetra LAN Switch (4 x HP2610) NMT BR


HP2626
8E1 MTS4 main 8E1 MTS4 redn

PABX

Main Printer CR

Redn CR

Main CR

Redn CR

GR

Clstr DC

Zone DC Zone DC Clstr DC GR Main CR Redn CR Main CR Redn CR Printer NMT BR


HP2626
AVL

6E1 Vortex

7E1 Vortex

2E1 EBTS

2E1 EBTS

CWR mode
MTS4 Vortex MTS4 EBTS

CWR mode
Vortex EBTS

SDTS, ATIA, CADI API

SDTS, ATIA, CADI API

Master Clock

SDTS, ATIA, CADI API

SDTS, ATIA, CADI API

AVL

CWR mode

CWR mode

Master Clock

Pro Switching

Pro Switching

17 E1 2 LAN
4 E1 3 E1 LAN

A/B Switch # 1 (9 E1 + 1 LAN) A/B Switch # 2 (8 E1 + 1 LAN)


8 E1 LAN
Main Link

RAD MP

F O T S
Total 19 MTS4 in 8 Rings Line 1e/2e/3e/4/5/6

A/B Switch # 3 (8 E1) A/B Switch # 4 (8 E1 + 1 LAN)


Redn Link

16 E1 1 LAN
3 E1 3 E1

2 E1

8 E1

LAN

2 E1

RAD MP

X.21 Groomer
X.21 X.21

X.21 Groomer
X.21 X.21

MTS4
RCW Proxy (hot)

MTS4
RCW Proxy (cold)

HP2626

AVL Server
AVL Client

HP2626

FOTS

FOTS

HP2626

Main CDRS
DLC 2E1 Line 3/3e/4/5/6 ST6000
Remote Border Router

Playback & Admin DLC 11-Ch Line 1e/2e

EBTS

x9

EBTS

EBTS

x6

EBTS

Playback & Admin DLC 2E1 Line 3/3e/4/5/6

Line 3

Line 1/2

Main CDRS
DLC 11-Ch Line 1e/2e

L3/3e/4/5 L3/3e/4/5 FMC L3 TC1 CC


Vortex Client PC Vortex Client PC Vortex Client PC Vortex PC Vortex PC Vortex PC

BRKR OCC Theatre L3 TC2


Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

Main RCW Server #1 (hot)

ATS Gateway 4

ATS Gateway 1

Redn RCW Server #1 (cold)

L1/L2 CC
Vortex PC Vortex Client PC

L1/L2 FMC
Vortex PC Vortex Client PC

SHPK OCC Theatre L1 TC1


Vortex PC Vortex Client PC

L1 TC2
Vortex PC Vortex Client PC

Remote Border Router

CSR L4 TC3
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

CCGW L4 TC4
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

L5 TC5
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

L5 TC6

L2 TC3
Vortex PC

L2e TC4 L1e TC5


Vortex PC Vortex PC Vortex Client PC Vortex Client PC

CER
Vortex PC Vortex Client PC

CCGW

Main RCW Server #2 (hot)

ATS Server 4
Line 3/3e/4

ATS Server 1
Line 1/2e/2/2e

Redn RCW Server #2 (cold)

Vortex Client PC

Vortex Client PC

Vortex PC

CCGW
HP2610

CCGW CER
Vortex PC Vortex Client PC

CSR

CCGW
HP2610

L6 CC
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

L6 TC1
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

L6 TC2
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

L6 TC3
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

L6 FMC
Vortex Client PC Vortex PC

ATS Gateway 5
3 LAN

AIS

AIS

AIS

AIS

FOTS
CSR / CCGW
HP2610
Vortex PC

CCGW

ATS Server 5

Remote Border Router

CSR / CCGW
HP2610

Remote Border Router

CSR / CCGW
HP2610

Remote Border Router

FOTS
CSR / CCGW
HP2610 Remote Border Router

4 LAN

Line 5/6

Vortex PC

Vortex Client PC

Vortex PC

Vortex Client PC

Vortex Client PC

CSR / CCGW
HP2610

Remote Border Router

CSR / CCGW
HP2610

Remote Border Router

CSR / CCGW
HP2610

Remote Border Router

HP2610

HP2610

Shastri Park Depot

Khyber Pass Depot

Ghitorni Depot

Vortex PC

Vortex Client PC

Vortex PC

Vortex PC

Vortex Client PC

Vortex PC

Vortex Client PC

Yamuna Bank Depot

Sub-systems to be provided by other contractor

Vortex Client PC

Mundka Depot

Sarita Vihar Depot

NajafGarh Depot

FOTS

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POWER SUPPLY
The two redundant power supplies provide DC voltage power to the chassis. They are front-loaded and come with a 6-foot (1.8-m) power cord. When both LEDs are lit, the unit is functioning correctly.

Main and Standby MSO Switching Configuration


BRKR OCC (Supports Line 1 to 6) SHPK OCC (Supports Line 1 to 6 When Main MSO Fails)

Dimetra MSO (Main)

Dimetra MSO (Standby)

Interface Switches

Interface Switches

AVL/APL

Main CDRS

EBTS

MTS

MTS

EBTS

Redundant CDRS

Main RCW Server

ATS Radio Gateway Server 4 (Line 3/3e/4)

ATS Radio Gateway Server 5 (Line 5/6)

Redundant RCW Server

ATS Radio Gateway Server 1 (Line 1/2e/2/2e)

CER

BRKR OCC Theatre 1

Depot

SHPK OCC Depot

RCW

RCW

RCW

RAU

RAU

RCW

RAU

RCW

RCW

RCW

RAU

Depot

Depot

Depot

Depot

Depot

RAU

RCW

RAU

RCW

RAU

RCW

RAU

RCW

RAU

RCW

Option A: Option A:

New Dimetra IP MSO supports the entire DMRTS Phase I and Phase II network (Line 1 to 6) New Dimetra IP MSO supports the entire DMRTS Phase I and Phase II network (Line 1 to 6) Main/Standby MSO configuration for all lines Main/Standby MSO configuration for all lines One homogenous system for all lines - Full voice and data roaming for all radio users One homogenous system for all lines - Full voice and data roaming for all radio users

Redundancy The operation of a Megaplex system depends on three critical modules: the power supply, the main link module, and the CL module. A failure in any one of these modules could disable the whole system, whereas a failure in an I/O module affects only a small part of the system, and can be generally overcome by using alternate routes, putting unused capacity into service, etc. The Megaplex system is designed to automatically put a redundant module in service in case the corresponding module fails, thereby ensuring continuous system operation in the event of any single module failure.

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Main Design Parameter


Description Proposed System Frequency Transmit (Downlink) Range I Range II Frequency Receive (Uplink) Range I Range II MTS4 RF output power Downlink Acceptance level Train Radio maximum RF output power Handportable maximum RF output power Train Body Loss TETRA Carrier spacing DMO frequency band Channel Spacing Channel Bandwidth Modulation Modulation rate Transmitter-Receiver separation Transmitter-Transmitter separation Voice Decoder Multiple Access Channels (time slots) per carrier Parameter TETRA 390 -394.999 MHz 395 -399.999 MHz 380 -384.999 MHz 385 -389.999 MHz 25W (44dBm) 94dBm 3 W (34.8 dBm) 1 W (30 dBm) 10 dB Minimum 25 KHz 380.5 MHz 25 KHz 25 KHz /4-DQPSK 36 Kbit/s 10 MHz 150 KHz(min) ACELP TDMA 4

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AUTOMATIC FARE COLLECTOR (AFC)


AFC Department of DMRC deals with the fare collection system. DMRC uses automatic fare collecting machines. The AFC machines are installed at the entry of the station.

DMRC classified AFC in various things. such as:-

Ticket Office Machine

GATES

TOKENS Emergency Switch EFO

Ticket Office Machine (TOM)


The Ticket Office Machine (TOM) is a ticket transport semiautomatic vending and consulting machine, handling Contactless Smart Cards and Tokens. The Ticket Office Machine is operated by an authorised operator to sell, add value, refund, replace, analyse cards and eventually make adjustment in case of surcharge detection. At the same time, passengers can follow the operations with help of the patron display. This sale terminal is a semiautomatic machine manually operated by employees of DMRC. The machine is a standard personal computer, connected to different appropriate peripherals. The operation is basically done through a screen and a keyboard connected with the PC.

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Ticket Office Machine

TOM also divided in various items: PASSENGER DISPLAY CSC READER/WRITER RECEIPT PRINTER TOKEN AUTO-FEEDER MECHANISM

TOM PASSENGER DISPLAY The Passenger Display is a pedestal mounted vacuum fluorescent graphic display capable of displaying messages in English and in Hindi characters. It can be moved and oriented towards the passenger in the best direction to indicate the relevant information concerning the transaction or the processing taking place. (Passenger display) It is linked to the TOM CPU via a serial link and it exists only on TOM. The language displayed depends on the language selected on vending operation (Hindi by default).

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TOM CSC READER/WRITER


The CSC module is constituted by a modem and an antenna included in a plastic housing. This set is linked to the TOM CPU via a serial link. The CSC reader is powered up with a 12 V DC. The antenna is set under the top side of the box. This allows to put and leave the card on the box during the transaction. The CSC module reads and writes CSC data with secure access using diversified keys mechanism for authentication and selection of CSC. CSC reader/writer

TOM RECEIPT PRINTER


The receipt printer is a standard desktop dot matrix receipt printer. It is linked to the TOM CPU via a serial link.

Receipt printer

TOM TOKEN AUTO-FEEDER MECHANISM


The token Auto-feeder is composed with 2 containers, 2 hoppers, one mechanical housing including the bowl and an electronic board: power and communication to the TOM. It is linked to the TOM CPU via a serial link and it exists only on TOM.

Auto-feeder mechanism

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GATES
Equipment which controls the access of patrons from free area to paid area & vice versa according to business rules that device, which demarcates the paid & unpaid area, is known as a Gate. There are two types of gates: ENTRY ONLY EXIT ONLY BIDIRECTIONAL/ HYBRID ENTRY ONLY This gate is only used for the entry. From this gate passenger cant exit or leave the concourse EXIT ONLY This gate is only used for the Exit. From this gate passenger cant take entry. HYBRID/BIDIRECTINAL This type of gate is used for physically challenged people. It is wider than the simple gate and is appropriate for any standard wheel chair to pass through.

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TOKENS
These are the advanced tickets used in DMRC. It is used for Travelling or Entry in the Metro Stations. There are two types of tickets by which we can do our journey: Contact less smart card Contact less smart token Contact less smart token: It is a coin like device, which has a chip in which read & write operation can be performed. It also consists of a coil, which is charged through electromagnetic induction on interaction with the gate. A special machine known as R/W module is used for the R/W operation in token.

Contact less smart card: The external structure of CSC is like an ATM card or a credit card, in which R/W & processing operation take place. It has an electromagnetic coil at its edges, which is used for taking power through radio waves, which is in micro volts. Before using it, it is initialized i.e. password is encoded by DMRC through bulk initialization machine during manufacturing. TOKEN TYPES Contact less Smart Token Single Journey Token Return Journey Token Free Exit Token Paid Exit Token Contact less Smart Card Stored Value Type Tourist Type Agent Type

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EMERGENCY SWITCH.
First Step for emergency is to use the GRCU in emergency mode. In case of problem use the emergency switch in the EFO. But because gatesll be powered off youll lose the control of Gates. The Emergency switch located in the EFO in front of the gate array is used to power off all the gate machines so that all the flap are automatically open to facilitate the escape of patrons through the passages

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Station Architecture

To Central System

Station Control Room


LMT

SC : Station Computer DMRC WAN Report & Log Printer

PTD for Ticket Inspector

PTD Communication Unit

1 Switch Lan/Wan Router LMT 1 switch

LMT (Laptop Maintenance Tool)

AGE Legend
PID

Printer Receip t

Token Capture Module CSC Coupler & Antenna Passenger Display TR (Ticket Reader) E:Enter

X: Exit

CSC Module

TOM 1

TOM n

Automatic Gate Equipments Barrier

1 switch

Ticket Office Room

X
Printer Receip t

PID

Fencing SE(b)

SM(a)

SM(c)

SM(b)

SE(a)

SW
CSC Module

SE(b)

SM(a)

SM(c)

SM(b)

SE(c) Fencing

TOM for EFO

Excess Fare Office Room

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Passenger Information Display System (PIDS)


The aim of the system is to display and announce traffic information and other convenient information along the station and various platform areas .The PIDS allows the data input, transmission and diffusion of information concerning the movements of trains in real time to all station users and the same for the application in main center using Ultra Bright LED Display Panels .The system has capability to control virtually unlimited no. of stations which can be done by the configuration of the network design . The PIDS designed for the DMRCs network has several functions such as displaying train scheduling information and data related to train circulation like arrival and departure time. The system is divided into two main parts: The Operational Control Center: this refers to all the equipments installed in the OCC. the details are : Server Assistant to Chief Controller PIDS /PAS workstation PIDS Backup Control Panel The Station System: this refers to all the equipments installed in the terminal stations. the details are : WorkStation

Ultra Bright LED Panels

Central Passenger Information System: it is located at OCC and includes the system server and the Assistant Chief Controller Workstation. The Remote Passenger Information System: It is located at each station and includes the station server, the station MMI (Man Machine Interface) position and Ultra Bright LED Panels. The station server located in each station receives periodic data at location information from the OCC server. In this manner it manages and controls the local Ultra Bright LED Panels.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Passenger Address System (PAS)


It is one of the systems that create a user friendly ambience in the DMRC computer services and it plays a very important role as well. As of date this system receives information from the TIMS (management software) which is something similar to train timetable as per the present time it sends information to this system and the address is made. This is one of the reasons that a universal clock is required and that is the reason the network is incorporated with a master clock server. The scheme is such that the train driver has information about the timings and he has to see that the train reaches a particular station as per the time frame it has been allotted, which is similar to normal railways. The thing that is making it a little bit different from the railway is that this timetable is a static one and so fixed and is totally computerized while that in the railways is a dynamic one and it is user controlled.

Screen layout (Station PAS/PIDS)

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

PASSENGER INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM/ PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM(PIDS/PAS)

The main purpose of the PAS and PIDS is to transfer information to the passengers at concourses and platforms for notification of scheduled train arrivals and departures and some special messages such as emergency or evacuation messages. This system takes 3 phase AC power supply from ACDB (AC Distribution Box). Each station has two PIDS at each platform and 2 PIDS in concourse zone, so a total of 6 PIDS used.

UIM UIM MSU RMU DOM 1 AMPLIFIER 1 & 2 DOM 2 AMPLIFIER 1 & 2 DOM 3 AMPLIFIER 1 & 2

SERVER 1

SERVER 2

SYSTEM RACK

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SYSTEM RACK
Public announcement system consists of several modules which can be joined individually and provide the opportunity to integrate external sources. It is expandable and upgradeable. It consists of: DOM (Digital Output Module) MSU (MAIN SWITCHING UNIT) UIM (UNIVERSAL INTERFACE MODULE) PA (POWER AMPLIFIER) RMU (Remote Monitoring Unit)

DOM (Digital Output Module)


This system converts digital to analog signals. The VARIODYN D1 modules DOM4-8 and DOM4-24 are equipped with four independent audio channels, each one able to drive one 100V power amplifier and to provide two (DOM4-8) or six (DOM4-24) switched 100V loudspeaker lines. So PIDS/PAS has a total of 12 channels, four from every DOM. All power amplifiers are permanently supervised. In case of an error one or more backup amplifier (optional) can replace defective power amplifier units. Used loudspeaker lines are permanently supervised for short circuits, ground leakage, or circuit interruption. Faulty lines are disconnected if necessary. The built-in automatic volume control (AVC) feature permits permanent automatic volume adaptation of broadcasted sound to environmental sound levels for each of the four audio channels in real-time.

DOM4-24 Front

DOM4-24 Back

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

MSU (MAIN SWITCHING UNIT)


It converts 3-phase AC supply to 110V DC. MSU unit distributes the mains power to all the components mounted in the rack. In addition the unit offers a socket for the connection of a laptop for local/network wide maintenance purposes. Each of the 3 phases can be loaded with up to 18A. The operating state is indicated with a green indicator. A front side 230V standard equipment socket and a RJ45 socket are available for the connection of a laptop PC to the VARIODYN D1-Network; this connection enables the possibility to check PIDS/PAS system at other stations.

MSU Front

MSU Back

UIM (UNIVERSAL INTERFACE MODULE)


MSU can provide interface to components outside of the VARIODYN D1 system. An UIM can be connected to a VARIODYN D1 DOM. The UIM digitizes two analogue audio inputs for instance from a CD-Player and an emergency or alarm message system. Furthermore two analogue audio outputs are available for instance for recording to tape.

UIM Front

UIM Back

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

PA (POWER AMPLIFIER)
Power Amplifier modules are equipped with two separate channels and 100V output transformers and are controlled and monitored by VARIODYN D1 System modules DOM4-8 or DOM4-24. Features like electronic protection against thermal overload and short circuit as far as temperature controlled fans are integrated. Three types of amplifiers with different output power are available (2x200W, 2x300W or 2x500W).

2x500W Front

2x500W Back

RMU (Remote Monitoring Unit)


This unit is used to monitor 10 channels remotely whether they are working properly or not. It also shows dB level of announcement. Servers: Each station has two servers, one in HOT mode (perform normal operation) and other in STANDBY mode. Both servers send status signal via RS-232 to watchdog/relay switch. If trigger signal is missing, the Switchover unit will switch to the other server within 15 seconds. STANDBY mode is more reliable than HOT mode because there is a high risk that both Servers may crash in some environmental conditions as both are performing the same task. There is a manual switch at the unit, watchdog changeover, so the Relays can be switched either to position 1 (normal closed contacts) or position 2 (normal open contacts) or to AUTO (Watchdog controlled). Switchover unit is USB powered from servers and the Display boards are controlled via RS485/RS422 serial lines, in case of failure it switches to other workstation. Whenever changeover occurs an alarm indication (alarm pop-up window and audio signal) is shown on the active MMI. Server 1 is provided with PAS card but in server 2 it has PAS card only in underground stations not at elevated stations.

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Operation of PIDS/PAS
Information about the train arrival is passed to OCC from interlocking station through track circuits having sync loop. Every information from OCC server is sent with address bit, so that, particular station for which information is sent, picks it up. Information sent will be in code form, about announcement or display should take place in zone specified. Display information goes directly to PIDS through bus-bar, but announcements from server goes to universal interface module (UIM) through DVA (Digital Voice Announcements) channel. UIM converts analog information to digital for use in amplifiers. DOM converts the analog signal back to digital. After amplification information goes through defined channels.

SCR (Station Control Room): DMRC has one SCR at each station. Two MMI workstations
with digital call stations placed in SCR and controller in SCR manages the local PIDS/PAS system of that station.

MMI Application:
MMI have remote access to the servers in TER. The Operator at SCR can initiate prerecorded messages or make live announcements from these MMI. The Operator at each platform can also make announcements from a digital call station provided per each PSB. The MMI is running on MMI PC workstation. First line contains DMRC name, Station name, Username, name of the function, time and date. The second line contains pull down menus for File, View and Help. The rest of the screen can be divided into 5 parts: Function selection line: Selection of display and functions. Station display: Different forms of station display with PIDS Display Board Content. Function window: Different windows for different PAS/PIDS system function. PA Input Status: Shows the in use status of PA sources. Error Status: Shows the most recent Error/Alarm of PA/PIDS system / allows LIVE PA messages to selected PA zones.

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Screen layout (OCC PAS/PIDS)

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Closed-Circuit Television ( CCTV)


The main purpose of the CCTV surveillance system is to provide the real time surveillance and recording system by using IP CCTV system Equipment .The CCTV monitoring is done locally at every station as well as remotely at respective OCC. Facility for the Failover mode of central management server (BOSCH VMS & VRM) at each OCC and failover recording at each station is also provided. The system will cover platform area, concourse area as well as certain area in car park at each station. The CCTV system is based on the latest network video technology, making use of sophisticated computer controlled systems, and high sensitivity colour CCD cameras both Fixed and PTZ.
Camera Storage Encoder Server Workstation

The video management systems combine both latest IP CCTV technology and redundancy features (failover concept) to provide powerful performance without compromising on the stability of the system. Every station has two numbers of NAS system, one of these NAS systems is being used for Failover mode. The video from cameras are also viewed remotely at respective OCC. The station surveillance CCTV system consists of pan/tilt/zoom cameras and fixed cameras at all elevated & underground station of DMRC Phase-II . The video from the analog cameras is fed into multi channel encoders at each station. The central video management server is at OCC, the client workstations will be placed in each station for local monitoring. There are two NAS Box at each station - one is for Local recording of station, other is used for Failover Mode. The station surveillance CCTV system will be accessed for monitoring important areas by using the station surveillance CCTV control equipment located in the TER at the each stations and the OCC for the following locations Key areas of the concourse such as the ticketing area, AFC etc. Monitoring entraining and detraining of passengers at the platform. Monitoring the car parking area. The CCTV system will be synchronised with the master clock system. In case of failure of one OCC, the backup servers at other OCC will take over the complete control thus allowing all the operators/station to continue working with full control of the system. There is one video wall in each OCC. There are workstations (MMIs) with the Chief controller, traffic controller. A work station in the security control room for Security Controller. A Nortel core switch is provided & configured at each OCC by FOTS contractor.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Basic Block Schematic for CCTV System for DMRC

CCTV System

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

MMI for Operators on Elevated Stations


For local monitoring at station, MMI will be provided at: Station Control Room ( SCR) Police Control Booth (PB) The MMI Comprises of: Workstation with Dual 22 LCD monitors PC Keyboard & Mouse CCTV Keyboard with Joystick. Using the configuration client software the MMI can be customized for each type of operators. 5.3.2 The Client MMI on LCD monitor will have a tree like structure giving the list of cameras for which the operator currently logged-in is authorized to see as well as the maps of the platform with cameras seeded on the actual locations. The video can be dragged and viewed in any of the video windows available within the GUI. The Second LCD can be used as spot monitor where normally a set of important cameras is always viewed and in case of alarm the alarm cameras can be popped up in full screen mode

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Man Machine Interface (MMI)


In operations control room, the MMIs with PC workstation & one LCD monitor with keyboard are provided for each operator such as the Traffic Controller (TC 1 to TC6), Chief Controller & two no. of MMI each having dual LCD monitors for Security controller to view & control any camera from any station of Phase II & Phase-I. Video Wall for OCC-Barakhamba Road A 4x2 Overview Display Wall consisting of 50 SXGA+ Rear Projection Modules. The overall screen size in the matrix will be 4000 (w) x 1500 (h) mm with an overall resolution of 5600 x 2100 pixels. The transform A controller to drive these 8 rear projection modules is kept below the mechanical structure of the Graphics Wall and the connecting cables between the Transform A & the Rear projection Modules run internally. In the solution, the 4x2 matrix of 8 rear projection modules will behave as a single logical screen using the Display Controller, Transform A, which will be running on WINDOWS XP professional operating system and is connected to the Operator Workstations in the Control Room through the Ethernet (10/100/1000 Mbps). One can always load / install various WIN based applications on the Display Controller and can run them from there to show the display of the same on the 4x2 Display Wall. Display Controller can also take various Analog inputs e.g. RGB, s-video, composite video or streaming input from IP Camera by putting in separate input cards in the controller. The solution enables the users to show any 87 IP video sources simultaneously in separate windows freely scalable and moveable on the display wall. Each window represents one station. Different cameras of that station are shown sequentially in this window. In the solution, 1 no. of Dual Multi standard Input card has been considered which enables the user to show 2 sources like analog video source (composite or s-video), RGB input source, DVI input etc. in separate windows freely scalable and moveable on the display wall. One can also show the mirror images of the monitors of the WIN XP based OS / PC connected with Display Controller over LAN. Using the Wall Management Software, operator can pre configure various display layouts to be displayed any time with a simple mouse click. The applications defined in a particular layout are automatically opened, sized and positioned accordingly on the Display Wall as soon as that particular layout is launched. Using the Remote Pointer functionality, the control of the keyboard and mouse of the Display Controller, can be taken over by any WINDOWS XP OSs keyboard and mouse if the same is connected with Display Controller over the LAN.

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CAMERAS
Fixed Indoor CCTV Camera The BOSCH LTC 0455/11 provided at the underground and elevated stations are compact rugged, 1/3-inch image format digital color CCD cameras. Their superior sensitivity, resolution and picture quality provide optimal performance in virtually all situations. This fully automatic camera is ready to work for you, and is easy to install in even the most demanding applications. On-screen Displays (OSD) provide quick and easy access to all camera features.

The LTC 0455/11 cameras also comes with a lens wizard that automatically detects the type of lens installed and provides an OSD guide that allows the installer to easily adjust the lens level and focus without special tools or filters. The automatic black level feature, now introduced in color cameras, enhances contrast by removing veiling glare from the picture. Night Sense is used to further extend the excellent sensitivity by a factor 3 in monochrome operation. This mode can be automatically activated under low light situations. Automatic sensing for tracking white balance provides true to life color images in indoor and outdoor applications. The ability to operate on AC or DC provides added flexibility to system designs and reduces the amount of training and support items to keep on-hand. Easy Installation, digital signal processing, on screen displays, superior picture quality and reliability brings the video performance of high resolution colour cameras to a level never reached before and makes the LTC 0455 series the best choice for first time and professional users.

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PTZ/ Dome CCTV Camera


The VG4-313-ECS0P Day/Night Auto Dome camera with housing mounting provided at the underground and elevated stations offers all of the features needed for any surveillance application. Auto Dome lets you focus on details missed by other cameras.

Image control and quality are integral aspects of any indoor surveillance system. The VG4-313-ECS0P Day/Night Auto Dome camera offers 26X optical zoom lenses and a full 12x digital zoom once the end of the optical zoom is reached. In addition, the patented scaling feature ensures that you have optimal control for viewing at all zoom settings. Effective surveillance cameras must also perform well under a range of lighting conditions. To enhance sensitivity when night falls, the VG4-313-ECS0P Day/Night Auto Dome camera automatically switches from color to monochrome by removing the infrared filter. Whether you program the camera to switch automatically, or use the manual switch, the result is optimal camera function, day or night. For operation in the darkest conditions, the slow shutter control feature automatically reduces the shutter speed to as little as 1 second. This increases sensitivity by more than 50 times. In answer to concerns about personal privacy, the VG4-313-ECS0P Day/Night Auto Dome camera provides sector blanking and privacy masking. These features allow customization to ensure privacy for diverse needs.

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iSCSI NAS Box/STORAGE


Designed as a scale-out system, the DSAN2B40 allows connecting up to six disk shelf expansion units to one base unit. The base unit provides a maximum of 12 x 1 TB SATAII hard disk drives and each disk shelf expansion unit will provide a maximum of 14 x 1 TB hard disk drives. The DSA-N2B40 is a fully featured RAID protected disk array which provides RAID 4 protection for capacity-oriented environments and RAIDDP protection for availability oriented environments. RAID-DP (Double Parity) is a form of RAID-6 without any performance penalty. RAID-DP is strongly recommended if the system will be used with disk shelf expansion units.

With redundant hot-swap power and cooling, four Gigabit Ethernet ports, NVRAM, and protection from double-disk failure and single bit errors during RAID rebuilds with RAIDDP, the DSA-N2B40 keeps your data safe and available.

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Encoder
The Bosch VIP X1600 XF is a modular, high-performance CCTV video encoder and decoder system. Each VIP X1600 XF is a 4 x 4 unit that accommodates up to four hotswappable modules, allowing modules to be added or exchanged at any time without interrupting transmission to the existing channels.

The VIP-X1600-XFB base system provides two nos of 1 Gbps Ethernet ports. This provides a greater choice of network connectivity and allows for easier inside-rack cabling like, for example, direct connection to an iSCSI storage array. View the video on a PC using Boschs comprehensive video management system, with or without Boschs IntuiKey keyboard. Alternatively, use a Web browser. These high performances, multi-channel devices with iSCSI Recording at- the-Edge, offer top-of-the-line Video-over-IP performance for CCTV today. Designed for reliability, the VIP X1600 XF features hot-swappable video modules, dual redundant power supply inputs, and redundant network ports.

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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Server
The HP ProLiant DL380 G6 Server is a versatile 2U rack server that is designed to meet a wide range of deployment needs. It combines increased performance, durability, availability and energy efficiency. The HP ProLiant DL380 G6 delivers engineering excellence, increased flexibility, enterprise-class uptime, advanced management features making it well-suited for a variety of rack deployments and applications. Key features and benefits Proven performance: - A powerful and versatile server, the HP ProLiant DL380 G6 delivers outstanding performance. Manageability: - The HP ProLiant DL380 G6 comes with powerful management tools to program and control all aspects of your dynamic environment.

Greater versatility: - The DL380 G6 is designed to provide deployment flexibility.

The CS provides management, monitoring, and control of the entire system. The Central Server software is installed on central server where in each server can take care of 500 cameras. For CCTV contract there is total 17 server installed in OCC BRKR for phase 2 stations, RSS, Depots & OCC BRKR, there shall be 6 servers installed at OCC SHPK for existing stations of Phase 1 (Line 1, Line 2 & Line 3).The BOSCH VMS CS is responsible for following functions in the BOSCH VMS architecture: Management, monitoring, and control of the entire system. The central server shall also maintain data stream management, alarm management, priority management, central logbook and user management. The BOSCH VMS CS is installed on a Server grade machine.

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

Work Station
Workstation is designed and engineered to give you and your business a professional edge. With outstanding price/performance, the HP xw4600 is an affordable workstation solution based on the new Intel X38 Express performance chipset and the latest workstation-class Dual and Quad-Core Intel processors.

Figure No. 35 The computing horsepower of the HP xw4600 allows you to meet the increasingly demanding requirements of graphics and other data-intensive professional applications. With more ports and expandability than before, it is easy to add memory, peripherals and storage as your future requirements change. Like all HP Workstations, the HP xw4600 offers a toolless chassis design for simple serviceability as well as free remote management software and optional Remote Graphics Software to assist in making your work life easier.

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

OCC Barakhamba Road

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

CONCLUSION

Experience:
The period of 6 weeks of training in Delhi Metro Rail Corporation was a learning experience. It presented an opportunity of seeing how engineers work and co-ordinate in an organization. The study of various Hierarchies in a Delhi Metro Rail enriched the knowledge regarding the various levels of government organization. The review of the Signal & Telecommunication where the collection of Communication through respective Stations and track of Delhi Metro were compiled and summarised to prepare the Signal & Telecommunication and to know the process of working in an organization in co-ordination. It also helped to gain an opportunity to study the various community/stakeholders participations of various Signal & Communication units. This enhanced the report writing skills and presentation techniques for the future. It raised up the knowledge regarding Signal & Telecommunication and also the participation of Communication companys of different associations like BEL, BHEL, HCL etc are involved in Electronics and Communication field. Thus, the Signal & Telecommunication Department helped us to review the various techniques and inventions which are required to be implemented properly to make the vision of Electronics world of future successful.

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd Metro Bhawan Fire Brigade Lane,Barakhamba Road, New Delhi-110001

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Training Report- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation"