Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 25

. ..

4-

, 2008 .


1.
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.4.
1.5.
1.6.
0=0
1.7.
1.8.
1.9.
1.10

1.11
2.
3.

3.1
3.2.
3.3



()
. ,
,
. -
, ,
, ,
-
, .
:
- - , , ();
- - (), ,
. ;
- - (
0 = 0) ( 0 0) - . 2;
- (
)
- . ,
, ,
, ( ) .3;
- - , ,
. ,
= 90;
- -
( ) - .1-3 - ,
. 4 - ;
3

- , ,
: (); ,
, ; .

1.
1.1. .

2:1,
.
:
1) ,
,
,
.
.
:
l2=7 ;
l3=11.5 ;
l4=15.7 ;
l5=21.4 ;
l6=27 ;
l7=32 ;
l8=35 ;

:
r1=35 ;
r2=38 ;
r3=37.5 ;
r4=37.6 ;
r5=38.7 ;
r6=41 ;
r7=41 ;
5

r8=43 ;
1.2.
, ..
, .
.
, ..
.
, ,

.

,
.
; .
, ,
.
1.3.

() .
: 5, 8, 10, 15, 20, 25. =20 .
: =8 15
. =10 . ,
, ,
,


:
tg n = tg T sin ,

- ;

.
1.4.


tmax L, ..
.
:
R = 0.7 Rmax ,
Rmax - .
R
= 0.7 43 = 30

D = 2 R = 60
663660. D=60 .

. L=35 .
1.5.
.

, ,
.
h = R sin = 30 sin10 = 5.2 , h=5,5 ;
7

h
5, 5
= arcsin = arcsin
= 10,56
R
30
:
;

H = R sin ( + ) = 30 sin ( 10 + 20 ) = 15

H
+ = arcsin
R
:

15
= arcsin = 30

30
;

=30-=30-10,56=19.44;
1. m = r1 sin = 35 sin19.44 = 11, 6 ;
A1 = r1 cos = 35 cos19, 44 = 33 ;

2. m2 = m1 = 11.6 ;
A2 = A1 = 33 ;
m
11.6
3 = arcsin = arcsin
= 17.77
r3
38

3.
;
A3 = r3 cos 3 = 38 cos17.42 = 36.1 ;
C3 = A3 A1 = 36.1 33 = 3.1 ;
m
11.6
4 = arcsin = arcsin
= 18.02
r4
37.5

4.
;
A4 = r4 cos 4 = 37.5 cos18.02 = 35.6 ;
C4 = A4 A1 = 35.6 33 = 2.6 ;
m
11.6
5 = arcsin = arcsin
= 17.96
r
37.6

5
5.
;
A5 = r5 cos 5 = 37, 6 cos17,96 = 35, 77 ;
C5 = A5 A1 = 35.77 33 = 2, 77 ;
m
11.6
6 = arcsin = arcsin
= 17.44
r6
38.7

6.
;
A6 = r6 cos 6 = 38.7 cos17.44 = 36.9 ;
C6 = A6 A1 = 36.9 33 = 3.9 ;

m
11.6
7 = arcsin = arcsin
= 16.43
r7
41

7.
;
A7 = r7 cos 7 = 41 cos16.43 = 39.33 ;
C7 = A7 A1 = 39.33 33 = 6.33 ;

8. 8=7=16.43;
A8=A7=39.33 ;
C8=C7=6.33 ,
m
11.6
9 = arcsin = arcsin
= 15.65
r9
43

9.
;
A7 = r7 cos 7 = 43 cos15.65 = 41.4 ;
C7 = A7 A1 = 41.4 33 = 8.4 ;

r1 ; r2=r9
.2-9; ; i
i- ; i i- .
1.6.
0 = 0

,
2,3,,i , .
i
Pi = CI cos( + )


, ,
1, 2..i ,

,
i.
9


.
H = R
1 sin( + ) = 29 sin 30 = 14,5
B1 = R
1 cos( + ) = 29 cos 30 = 27, 01
B2 = B3 = B1 C
2 = 27.01 3.027 = 19.986
B4 = B5 = B9 = B10 = B1 C 4 = 23.013 1.162 = 21.851
B6 = B8 = B1 C 6 = 23.013 3.29 = 19.723
B7 = B1 C 7 = 23.013 4.035 = 18.977

R2 = R3 = H 2 + B22 = 9.768 2 + 19.986 2 = 22.245


R4 = R5 = R9 = R10 = H 2 + B42 = 9.768 2 + 21.8512 = 23.934
R6 = R8 = H 2 + B62 = 9.768 2 + 21.8512 = 22.009
R7 = H 2 + B72 = 9.768 2 + 18.977 2 = 21.344
P2 = P3 = R1 R2 = 25 22.245 = 2.755
P4 = P5 = P9 = P10 = R1 R4 = 25 23.934 = 1.066
P6 = P8 = R1 R6 = 25 22.009 = 2.991
P7 = R1 R7 = 25 21.344 = 3.656

1.7.
,
.

.


.
. ,
,
;
10

, (
).
,
, ,
:

( ),
, . .
,

() .
,
, ( )
.
,
.

. .
1.8.
, ( = + , , ,
) ,
, .
76.


= 76'
h = R sin

R cos 30 cos1076 '


h = R
cos
=
=
= 0.434
60 57.3
3440
3440
11


(H )
H = R sin( + ) = R sin
R cos 30 cos 20 76 '
H
= k =
=
= 0.408
3440
3440

1.9.


, , , .
, .

.
.
5 7 .
, - + 0
- .

, ,

, .
.

12

1.10


,
.
.
,
, 1,5...2
, .
, -.
,
1,5...2 , .
-
3 .

56...64

R.

.
(0,5 .)
.
1.11

. :
, , , ,
, .
: 2 ,
5, 4,
3,
1,
13

,
, 8,
7 6.
:
1. 6.
2. 50

8.

14

2.
88
307 65
t 3.3H12 .
45 -207. 655;
.
-
751 .


h=t-D+ fQ =33.05-30+0,55=3,6;
3,6 ; fQ =0,55 .

+(2..6)=8+(2..6)=10..14
=12..
n = - = 8,027- 0=8,027 .
s: =0,06 (. 10). t=12 (. 10).
zt = 6 (. 8).
(. 9):
h0 = 5 , r = 2,5 , F=19.6

=

Fa
19.6
=
= 5.02 f K = 3.5
s2 L 0.06 65

. 12 13:
= 15 ; = 4.
(4) h'o = 1.25 h0 = 1.25 5 = 6,25 ;
9 . 4.
t - D = 33.05 -30 =3.05.

15

P = C p S z b zt K r K cK

C p = 250
S z = 0, 0915

K r = 0,93
K c = 1,34
K = 1,15
P
= 250 0, 0915 8 6 0,93 1, 34 1,15 = 1575

, [] = 20 2

hmin =

P
1575
+ h
+ 9 = 15,5
0 =
B[ ]
12 20

4 h =18

h0 = H 0 = h1 = h
= 18 + 3, 6 = 21, 6


z
p =

h
3, 6
+2=
+ 2 = 62
sz
0, 06

62 .
.
l5 = t z
p = 12 62 = 744
0,045

. 6 : , = h1 = 180,105

=

P 1575
=
= 10,9 / 2
Fx 144

: 5 = h, =

21, 6 0,015

(. 15) zk = 4; tK = t = 12;
l=t(z +0.5) =12(4+0.5)=54~50; ,
; fK =0,2;
,
,
l = l,-l3+lc+la+l6+l.+l'4 , 13 = 0;
16

1 = 70( 1); 1 =20; 14=L + 10 = 65 +10 = 75 ~ 75;

1= 70 + 20 + 8 + 75 =183; 185.

Lm = I+15+16 = 185 +744+0 = 929 ;
950 ; 2 .

H = h,+fo=18 + 0.59 = 18.59 .
:
H 0.5( D + 0.5 D 2 B 2 )
18.55 0.5(30 + 0.5 30 2 12 2 ) = 23.76

17

3.

3.1
(m) 7,0 ; (w) 20;
(f) 1,0;
() 0,25; (z) 18; 10;
; 0;
7 - ; 40; 900 /;
.
3.2
, .



. ,
, ,


,
. ,
:
1.

18

2.


, .


.
3.3

3.3.1. (Z.)
,
.

( ). ,
, . Z.=1.
3.3.2.
(mo)

, ,

.

.

6 30 . mo=4,45 .

19

3.3.3. .

. .
.
3.3.4. (Dao)

:
1

Dao = m
+ 2 ( f + c ) = 7
+ 2 (1,0 + 0,25) = 123.6
sin 4,45

sin mo

9324-80 Dao=124 .
3.3.5.

).

, :
1. ()

.

.
)
. )

8- .
3.3.6. (Zo)
,
.

20


.


:
Zo =

200
200
+ (6...7) =
+ 7 = 8,61
Dao
124
;

Zo=9.
3.3.7. 1

:
K=

K=

Dao
tg
Zo
; (10-12 ).

3,14 124
tg10 = 7,62
9
. =8,0;


:
K1 = K , .

=1,21,5.
K1 = 1,2 8,0 = 9,6 . 1=9;

3.3.8. (ho)

:
ho = 2m ( f + c ) = 2 7 (1,0 + 0,25) = 17,5 ;

3.3.9. (Hk)

.
21

):
Hk = ho +

K + K1
8,0 + 9,0
+ (1...1,5) = 17,5 +
+ 1 = 27
2
2
;

3.3.10.

:
r=

( Dao 2 Hk ) 3,14 (124 2 27 )


=
= 2,44
10Zo
10 9
;

3.3.11. ()

:
Zo=9, =22.
3.3.12. (d)

.
:
d 0,625 ( Dao 2 Hk ) = 0,625 (124 2 27 ) = 43 ;


:
Dao
d
Hk t1 + 0,3d
2
2
; t1 ,

.
t1=4 .
124
43
27 4 +
0,3 43
2
2
.

22

3.3.13. (Lo)

:
L = 2 hao ctg w + m + 2l1 = 2 7,5 ctg 20 + 3 3,14 6 + 2 4 = 115

L=115;
:
l1 , l1=4 ;
, =3;
3.3.14. (d1)

. :
d1 = Dao 2 Hk 4 = 124 2 27 4 = 66 ;

3.3.15. (D.)

( ,
.)
.

,
(0,15-0,25) .

:
D = Dao 2m ( f + c ) 0,4 K = 124 2 7 (1,0 + 0,25) 0,4 8 = 103,3 ;

D.= 103.3 .

23

3.3.16.
(mo)

:
sin mo =

m Z 7 1
=
= 0,0677
D
103,3
;

mo=3,59 , 335
3.3.17. ()


.

, ..
=mo=3,59 .
3.3.18. ()

:
Tk =

D 3,14 103,3
=
= 5170
tg k
tg 3,59
;

3.3.19. ()
:
To =

m
3,14 7
=
= 22,03
cos mo cos 3,59
.

3.3.20. (n)
:
Tn = m = 3,14 7 = 21,98 .
24

3.3.21.

) :
Sno =

m
3,14 * 7
S =
= 11
2
2
;

S -
. 0, .. .
) : h1 = m ( f + c ) = 7 (1,0 + 0,25) = 8,75
) :

h2 = m ( f + c )


. .
h2=h1=8.75 .
) : rao = 0,25 m = 0,25 7 = 1,75 .
) : r2 = 0,17 m = 0,17 7 = 1,19


:
Zo
9

ctg = ctg + K
= 2,75513
= 2,742 + 7,0
Tk
4794,6

:
;

=20,11
Zo
9

ctg = ctg K
= 2,72886
= 2,742 7,0
Tk
4794,6

:
;

=19,95

ctg = ctg w cos mo = ctg 20 cos 3,59 = 2,742

25