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Tabla1.Longitudesequivalentesparadistintosaccesorios.

Tipo
(L/D)eq
Vlvuladegloboabiertaporcompleto
340
Vlvuladenguloabiertaporcompleto
150
Vlvuladecompuertaabiertaporcompleto
8
abierta
35
abierta
160
abierta
900
Vlvuladeverificacintipogiratoria
100
Vlvuladeverificacintipobola
150
Vlvulademariposaabierta,porcompleto(2a8pulg)
45
10a14pulg
35
16a24pulg
25
Vlvuladepietipodiscodevstago
420
Vlvuladepietipodiscodebisagra
75
Codoestndarde90
30
Codode90deradiolargo
20
Codoroscadoa90
50
Codoestndara45
16
Codoroscadoa45
26
Vueltacerradaenretorno
50
Teestndarconflujodirecto
20
Conflujoenelramal
60

Tabla2.Rugosidaddedistintosmateriales.
Material
Rugosidade(m) Rugosidade(pie)
Vidrio
Liso
Liso
Plstico
3,0x107
1,0x106
TuboExtruido;cobrelatnyacero
1,5x106
5,0x106
Acerocomercialsoldado
4,6x105
1,5x104
4
Hierrogalvanizado
1,5x10
5,0x104
4,0x104
Hierrodctil,recubierto
1,2x104
4
Hierrodctil,norecubierto
2,4x10
8,0x104
4
Concretobienfabricado
1,2x10
4,0x104
Aceroremachado
1,8x103
6,0x103

Tabla2.DimensionesnormalizadasdetuberasdeAcero(IPS)

DNOM

CAT

DEXT(cm)

DINT(cm)

DINT(pie)

AINT(m2)

AINT(pie2)

1/8

40

1.029

0.683

0.022

0.0000366

0.0003944

1/8

80

1.029

0.546

0.018

0.0000234

0.000252

40

1.372

0.925

0.03

0.0000672

0.0007233

80

1.372

0.767

0.025

0.0000462

0.0004973

3/8

40

1.715

1.252

0.041

0.0001231

0.0013252

3/8

80

1.715

1.074

0.035

0.0000906

0.0009751

40

2.134

1.58

0.052

0.0001961

0.0021104

80

2.134

1.387

0.046

0.0001511

0.0016263

40

2.667

2.093

0.069

0.0003441

0.0037034

80

2.667

1.885

0.062

0.0002791

0.0030039

40

3.34

2.664

0.087

0.0005574

0.0059997

80

3.34

2.431

0.08

0.0004642

0.0049961

40

4.216

3.505

0.115

0.0009649

0.0103857

80

4.216

3.246

0.106

0.0008275

0.0089075

40

4.826

4.089

0.134

0.0013132

0.0141349

80

4.826

3.81

0.125

0.0011401

0.0122718

40

6.033

5.25

0.172

0.0021648

0.0233012

80

6.033

4.925

0.162

0.001905

0.0205056

40

7.303

6.271

0.206

0.0030886

0.0332456

80

7.303

5.9

0.194

0.002734

0.0294282

40

8.89

7.793

0.256

0.0047698

0.0513416

80

8.89

7.366

0.242

0.0042614

0.0458694

40

10.16

9.012

0.296

0.0063787

0.0686598

80

10.16

8.545

0.28

0.0057347

0.0617283

40

11.43

10.226

0.335

0.008213

0.0884039

80

11.43

9.718

0.319

0.0074173

0.0798388

40

14.13

12.819

0.421

0.0129062

0.1389211

80

14.13

12.225

0.401

0.0117378

0.1263449

40

16.83

15.405

0.505

0.0186386

0.2006242

80

16.83

14.633

0.48

0.0168173

0.1810201

40

21.91

20.272

0.665

0.0322763

0.3474187

80

21.91

19.368

0.635

0.0294618

0.3171243

10

40

27.31

25.451

0.835

0.0508744

0.5476078

10

80

27.31

24.287

0.797

0.0463274

0.4986636

12

40

32.29

30.323

0.995

0.0722161

0.777328

12

80

32.29

28.89

0.948

0.0655519

0.7055943

Figura3.DiagramadeMoody.

Codoestandarde90

Codoestandarde45

Curvasde180deradio
corto

Conexionesestandearent

K=30fT

K=16fT

K=50fT

ENTRADASDETUBERA

SALIDASDETUBERIAS
Conresalte

Decantosvivos

FlujodirectoK=60fT
T
Flujodesviado90.K=60f

Redondeada

Conresaltehaciaelinterior

K=1
VLVULASDEMACHOYLLAVES
Pasodirecto
Tresentradas

K=0.78
ENTRADASDETUBERA
Atope

r/d
0.00
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.10
0.15ymas

K
0.5
0.28
0.24
0.15
0.09
0.04

Si=1
Si=1
Si=1
K1=18fT
K1=30fT
K1=90fT

Si<1K2formula6 Si<1K2formula6 Si<1K2formula6


Curvasycodosde90conbridas0conextremospara
Curvasenescuadraofalsaescuadra
soldaratope

K
r/d
K
r/d
K
0
2fT
1
20fT
8
24fT
15
4fT
1.5
14fT
10
30fT
30
8fT
2
12fT
12
34fT
45
15fT
3
12fT
14
38fT
60
25fT

4
14fT
16
42fT
75
40fT

6
17fT
20
50fT
90
60fT

VALVULASDECOMPUERTA

VALVULASDERETENCIONDEDISCOOSCILANTE

Si=1,=0K1=8fT
Si<1,<45,K2=Formula5
K=100fT
Si<1,45<<180,K2=Formula6
VLVULASDEGLOBOYANGULARES

K=50fT

Si=1K1=340fT
VALVULASDERETENCIONYCIERRE
Tiporecto
Tiporectangular

Si=1K1=55fT
Si=1K1=150fT
VALVULASDEPIECONFILTRO
Obturadorascendente
Obturadoroscilante

Si=1K1=400fT
Si<1K2formula7

Si=1K1=200fT
Si<1K2formula7

K=420fT

K=75fT

VALVULASDEGLOBO

Si=1K1=300fT
Si<1K2formula7

Si=1K1=350fT
Si<1K2formula7

Si=1K1=55fT
Si<1K2formula7

Si=1K1=55fT
Si<1K2formula7

Si=1,=0K1=3fT
Si<1,<45,K2=Formula5
Si<1,45<<180,K2=Formula6
VALVULASDEMARIPOSA

Dimetro50mma200mmK=45fT
Dimetro250mma350mmK=35fT
Dimetro400mma600mmK=25fT