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Physics Practical Assessment 2 (Form 4) 1.

Problem statement: - It is more difficult to move and to stop a swing with an adult as compare to a swing with a child.

Question: - What happens to the period of oscillation of an object when its mass is increased? Hypothesis: - An object with a larger mass has a longer period of oscillation. Variables:a). Manipulated: - Mass of plasticine, m b). Responding: - Period of oscillation, T c). Constant: - The stiffness of a jigsaw blade and the distance of the centre of the plasticine from the clamp. Operational definition:The period of oscillation, T, represents the inertia of the load. A longer period of oscillation indicates a larger inertia. Apparatus/Materials: Jigsaw blade, G-clamp, stopwatch, and plasticine spheres of mass 20 g, 40 g, 60 g, 80 g, and 100g Procedure: 1. One end of a jigsaw blade is clamped to the leg of a table with a G-clamp as shown in figure above 2. A 20 g plasticine ball is fixed at the free end of the blade. 3. The free end of the blade is displaced horizontally and released so that it oscillates. The time for 20 complete oscillations is measured using a stopwatch. This step is repeated. The average of 20 complete oscillations is calculated. Then the period of oscillation is determined. 4. Steps 2 and 3 are repeated using plasticine ball with masses 40 g, 60 g, 80g, and 100 g 5. A graph of T2 versus mass of load, m is drawn. Results:1. Experimental data: Mass of load, Time of 20 oscillations, t (s ) Period of T2 m (g ) oscillation, ( s2 ) 1 2 3 Average T=t/20 ( s ) 20 40 60 80 100 2. Graph of T2 versus m T2 /s2

m /g

m /g