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Mickey Finn Aphrodite Urban Takeover, Ganja Kru True
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Bad Company Konflict. ,
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, drum and bass.

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2000-
2000 , - -
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2000 Fabio (.) , - (. liquid funk)[4],
Creative Source[5].
, .
, 20032004 , 2005
-- Hospital
Records Soul:R, High Contrast, Calibre, Nu:Tone, Marcus Intalex[6] Logistics
.
-. Nu Jump Up,
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Twisted Individual, Generation Dub DJ Hazard (.).
(. dubwise).
Digital
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Tactile, The Fix).
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Inperspective, 13 Music Bassbin, Fanu, Breakage
Fracture and Neptune. , Alaska
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Amen, Brother, The Winstons ( [9] [10])
Cold Sweat, Tighten Up[10] Funky Drummer[11],
Think,
Apache, Incredible Bongo Band[11]
Assembly Line, The Commodores

-- 170180 BPM,
, , , 130140 BPM.
, --
-- 155165 BPM,
170 BPM[1][12] 200 BPM .

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(Drumstep) ( Dubstep Drum & Bass;


, (BPM 170))
(Liquid funk)
(Soulful)
, (Atmospheric/Intelligent)
(Neurofunk)
- (Ragga-Jungle)
- (Jump Up):
--, (New Jump Up/Clownstep)[16]
- (Oldschool Jungle)
--- (Technoid)
(Darkstep)
( --) (Jazzstep/JazznBass)
(Drumfunk)
(Techstep)
(Hardstep)
(Techmospheric)
(Mainstream) ( ; ,
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(Sambass)
(Electrostep)
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.

Drill and bass, Intelligent Dance Music (IDM), Aphex Twin,


, --,
. Squarepusher, Amon Tobin,
Animals on Wheels, Venetian Snares, Hrvatski, With Prison Cell Was Embraced*
.
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Bong-Ra, Enduser, Shitmat, Belladonnakillz,Oxygen, Venetian Snares, Teknoist .

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. Goldie Timeless 1995- ,
New Forms Reprazent 1997 . , Shake Your Body
(Shy FX T-Power) UK Top 40[17]. Hive Ultrasonic
Sound . Goa

Electrosoul System, BBC Radio One 2005 .


-- .
, 3D-.
-- MSX FM
3D- Grand Theft Auto III. , ,
--- Moving Shadow (
, MS
X).
- --,
. Puretone Girls Aloud. .


-- 12- ,
, -. -- ,
, . ,
(Kinematic320, .shadybrain music, Deformed Soundz records,
Tamp3cords).
-- ,
- ( , , ,
). 2006
Step2Zero, 2008 , 4- .
.
-, .

--: Knowledge Magazine ATM Magazine.


--- Fabio Grooverider BBC
Radio One. 1Xtra Bailey Crissy
Criss. ,
(- 106,3 FM) DJ Gvozd,
, , DFM (
101,2 FM) DJ ( ) . 2006 -
Blazin Megapolis FM, DJ Profit ( 89,5 FM).

, ,
[1][2]. , [3].
, , , -, -
. .

(, Mind Of Karma Yellow Submarine Beatles, Autobahn Kraftwerk).
, - Billboard Hot 100
[4][5]:

Theme from A Summer Place (1960)


Telstar Tornados (1962)
LAmour Est Bleu (Love Is Blue) (1968)
Grazing in the Grass Hugh Masekela (1968)
Frankenstein Edgar Winter Group (1973)
Love's Theme Love Unlimited Orchestra (1974)
The Hustle (1975)
Theme from 'S.W.A.T.' Rhythm Heritage (1976)
A Fifth of Beethoven (1976)
Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band Meco (1977)
Rise (1979)
Chariots of Fire (1981)
Miami Vice Theme (1985)

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.


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, - 80-,
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.
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-.

, (-), 1974-
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, , ,
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.
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-
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-
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, , ,
. , --
, ,
.
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-. - The Clash.
,
; 1979 ,
.

- Damned,
-, Vibrators, 1977
- -
. - 70- Crass.
-, -
-- The Who The Kinks.
Jam.
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-. The Dead Boys
.
Misfits. - Bad
Brains, . -
, , The Saints.

, ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
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. The Police
-. ,
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- ,
-, - .
Talking Heads, , -
. Talking Heads
, , Roxy Music, King Crimson.
Pere Ubu, Devo.
- Suicide,
- .
, The Rockets, Telex, .
-
, -, - ( Velvet Underground), -,

-. - -
-, , , ,
.

Public Image Ltd. ( - Sex


Pistols ). The Fall,
, . - - Wire,
, - (
- -) , , - .
Buzzcocks, Damned, Clash -; ,
-- Buzzcocks Magazine.
- The Stranglers
- , -.
Swell Maps.
- 1970- Joy Division.
,
. , 80-.
, ,
.
Joy Division - New
Order.

1976 Throbbing Gristle Industrial Records,
.

,
(Throbbing Gristle, Skinny Puppy), ( ),
(Coil). -,
- - 80- . (
-) -,
80- . aggro-industrial (Nine Inch Nails, Ministry).
martial industrial Laibach.
- 80-
-
- -,
- -. ,
-, - ( , ). --
, 60-70- . 1977
-, 80- .
- 1980-
-
, , The Kinks; 80-
Travelling Willburys . ,

(world music)
(-Genesis) (-Simon & Garfunkel). aboriginal rock (Us Mob, No
Fixed Address).
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- - -.
80- .
(Genesis, Pink Floyd), (Marillion, Porcupine Tree, IQ)
. 80- Dream Theater
-.
, --
: , , .
-
NWOBHM
-, -, 80-
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-). - Black Sabbath, AC/DC, Judas
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, , Judas Priest 80-
NWOBHM (, , ),
.
NWOBHM Iron Maiden, ,
, - . Iron Maiden
, , .
Iron Maiden ;
NWOBHM . ,
- 80-, Def Leppard, Angel Witch, Saxon, Blitzkrieg. ,
Motorhead, NWOBHM,
-.
: Accept
( -), Manowar.
NWOBHM -, ,
- : Helloween, Gamma
Ray, Iron Savior, Blind Guardian . NWOBHM,
- .
, ,
-.
- -
- 70-, , Aerosmith, Sweet, Kiss,
80- , -.
70- ( ), Mtley

Cre, W.A.S.P., Ratt. .


Guns N' Roses, 1987 -
- --.
, - ,
- - -,
arena rock , .
- Bon Jovi, Europe, Cinderella, Poison; , - - (Def Leppard, Van Halen).
-
- -.
- , - ,
.
Metallica, ,
. 1980- .
-, Slayer, Megadeth Anthrax,
Exodus, Overkill, Testament. , , -
, (Kreator, Sodom, Destruction) ,
Metallica Slayer.
1981 Venom - ,
, Black Sabbath
. Venom, Bathory
Darkthrone Mayhem. [ 472 ]
- , (), ,
, , .
Hellhammer ( Celtic Frost), Posessed Death, Entombed, Morbid
Angel, Cannibal Corpse.
- -
- .
( 600 - ), , ,
, .
Napalm Death, Nasum, Gut, Disrupt,
Regurgitate.
- 80-
, 80- -, , ( ,
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1980 - ,
19771979 . -
70- (Crass Oi!). ,
, The

Exploited. - Anti-Nowhere League


G.B.H., .
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3-4 .
- 80- The Toy Dolls, -- -
The Dickies. ,
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.
: oi!
- , -
1970-
. , , ;
- .
, - 80- Black
Flag. Black Flag , , -.
( 15 )
Group Sex Circle Jerks Black Flag.
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.
- G. G. Allin.
, , .
1979 Minutemen, -- 80-,

, . 1980 Bad
Religion ,
Black Flag - 90-. The Replacements,
,
, -, .
-, , .
new school hardcore (Earth Crisis, All Out War, Strife) (D.R.I., Suicidal
Tendencies, Cryptic Slaughter).
, , -
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Cockney Rejects,
-. - 80- oi!
.
.
70-- 80- .
, -

- - Stray Cats.
, -, - -
. ,
, c
, . The
Meteors, Mad Sin, The Cramps, King Curt, Quakes, Mental Hospital.
. -
, 70- .
Madness The Specials
,
-. -
,
-.
-.
Serious Drinking 1984 ,
Operation Ivy 1987 . ,
90- ,
Mighty Mighty Bosstones - Voodoo Glow Skulls. -
- 1990-.
-
- , 1980- - .
, . ,
80- .
80-
1980-
(Kraftwerk) - (Depeche Mode,
Duran Duran, Eurythmics, The Buggles, A-Ha), .
, , INXS.
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, , , , , .
.
-
1980- - -
. , -,
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- ,
, - 90- (

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- : ,
(Depeche Mode), , (Fad Gadget, Chrome, Clock
DVA, D.A.F.).
-
80- - -, ,
.
.
-, Joy Division Virgin
Prunes. - The Cure.
, 80- , .
.
,
--.
Siouxsie And The Banshees.
.
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, , , - .
Bauhaus , , , ,
- (Specimen,
Alien Sex Fiend). , The Sisters Of Mercy,
Bauhaus , .
The Sisters Of Mercy (
) The Mission.
- The Cult , -,
The Doors.
-- (Fields Of The Nephilim, Balaam And The Angel) .
No Wave
- -
no wave, , -
, ,
. no wave . no wave
, .

1980- - ,

60- Velvet Underground. 80-


, ,
, . , ,
.
- -; - 80-
,
.

80- .
-, -, -
.
R.E.M., 19821983 .
-
. R.E.M.
-. Violent Femmes,
- . -
The Feelies.
.
, , The Replacements, No Means No.
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80-. 80-
, , (
)
. , Hsker D -,
- .
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.
-
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,
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- 80-. , ,
. .
--: Swans
; Big Black , .
Big Black -.
- Butthole Surfers ( Pink Floyd -)
- - .
- (. . ):

Boredoms KK Null.
-
19841985 The Jesus and Mary Chain
-. -
, - , , 60- .
The Jesus and Mary Chain
; ,
. - Dinosaur Jr,
-.
1988 My Bloody Valentine . -
, . 1990- ,
(Lush, Ride), .
80-
80- , , ,
.
, .
80- - -
U2. Hsker D, R.E.M.,
Meat Puppets. - Lemonheads.
Sonic Youth, Hsker D -
Meat Puppets ( Mother Love
Bone, Green River, Mudhoney). - Camper Van
Beethoven, They Might Be Giants. - Fugazi.
- 80- Pixies.
-, -, -, - Hsker D,
-, - ,
, -. Pixies 80-,
Nirvana Radiohead.

The Jesus and Mary Chain, - Orange Juice, Aztec
Camera. -, bIG fLAME, A Witness.
1980-
The Smiths, .
The Smiths ,
, .
The Smiths - 80- (The Housemartins,
The Wedding Present), - 1990-.
-,
-, Cocteau Twins,
90-. - The Primitives, The Vaselines.

-.
80- -
. , ,
60- - .
The Stone Roses, .
Happy Mondays,
90 . -.

80- ,
60-70- .
70- , 80- ,
, - The Residents,
.
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, .
1981 . ,
, -
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90- . , , -, . , , , .
1990- . ,
. , ,
, , ,
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.


1991 .
90- Nevermind -
Nirvana. - -
, Nirvana . Nirvana
, , ,
-.
Nirvana, , ( Hsker D The
Pixies).
Nirvana -.

, , Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains


Soundgarden. Pearl Jam, 90-,
, Alice in Chains
Soundgarden ,
, ( , Black Sabbath).
: Stone Temple Pilots, Bush, Silverchair.
1994 ,
. - 1990- .
-
-,
, .
( Melvins), 70-. -- Third
Eye Blind, The Goo Goo Dolls, Matchbox Twenty. --
: Nirvana Foo Fighters, Soundgarden
Audioslave. - - Smashing Pumpkins,
, -.
-
90- - ,
.
-, The Stone Roses The
Smiths. 60-, - 90-
, , .
- Blur Oasis.
- - The Kinks The Small Faces;
(The Beatles).
1995 . The Battle Of Britpop.
Blur.
Pulp, , The Beatles The Kinks,
- , .
Suede, Supergrass, The Verve, Gene. -
-,
. , - 1990- 2000-
, .
-
- 90- - ,
, 80-. ,

.
-
- Radiohead. -, -

, - IDM , ,
. Radiohead - 90-.
- Manic Street Preachers -,
- - 80-, -,
. , Tindersticks
-. -- Muse,
, Travis, Coldplay, Placebo.
90- : 80- Throwing
Muses, - Pixies The Breeders, PJ Harvey, Garbage.
- 1990- Pavement.
-.
Morphine, .
, - Primus,
-. Beck
- - -,
, , -.
90- Red Hot Chili Peppers ,

.
,
, ,
, ,
, . - Tortoise, Sigur Ros, Mogwai.
-, -,
, (Battles, Don Caballero, Faraquet). , , Beck, Pavement.

New Order 1991
Primal Scream Screamadelica, -
.
, . 90-
(Prodigy, Chemical Brothers).
90-
IDM (The Postal Service, Hot Chip).

, - - 90-
. 90- , , ( , ).
- -
Chumbawamba.
- 90- . -

-. --
Weezer.
, --
. (-The Birthday Party),
(-Bauhaus), (-Virgin Prunes).
-
90- , , oi! .
- NOFX, ,
, , . 1994
Green Day Offspring
. - . -
-; 70-
Ramones Buzzcocks, , - Green Day Offspring
Descendents.
- (Blink 182, Sum 41, New
Found Glory, , , !).
The Toy Dolls, (The Presidents
of the United States of America, The Me First And The Gimme Gimmes,
). -
.
1990-
1990- .
- 90- , 80-.
, ,
- .
.

,
( - - ),
. 80-
: , Nine Inch Nails Ministry,
. - 1990-
Faith No More, , , ,
. , - ,
Faith No More, 1990-. -
: Rage Against The Machine
(. . ), Incubus , Tool -.
, ,
( )
Arcturus, Diablo Swing Orchestra, Ulver.

-
90- (-),
( , Black Sabbath),
LSD-
. 1992 Kyuss,
, . Fu
Manchu, Nebula, Queens Of The Stone Age ( Kyuss).
-
1990- , -, -,
-. Korn.
, Faith No More
Red Hot Chili Peppers. Korn -,
: Deftones SlipKnot
, System Of A Down
-, -, ,
-, . Disturbed Deftones - , Coal Chamber -, Manhole .
- ( ), Linkin Park Limp
Bizkit.
-
90-
, (
) , . -, - -.
Therion 90-.
Nightwish, Within Temptation, Rhapsody, Apocalyptica.

-, - ,
90-. Pantera,
-- -.
, 90- - -. (Dimmu Borgir, Cradle of Filth)
.
-
,
- , .
1990--2000-
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Fantmas, Peeping Tom, Tomahawk, The Dillinger Escape Plan)
, ,
.

- 90- Atari Teenage


Riot. 60- 90- 2000-
, -, , , .
Jon Spencer Blues Explosion , -, -
; , . -
( Current 93). 90-, , , The
Legendary Pink Dots ,
Pink Floyd, -, -, , -, . ,
, Einstrzende Neubauten .
90- ,
.
- 2000-
-
, 2000 2009 - .
-
, - -.
90-
-, - Jon Spencer Blues Explosion.
, , The White Stripes ,
70-, --,
, -. The White Stripes,
The Strokes, The Vines The Hives. ( The White Stripes), Von Bondies, The Dirtbombs, The Detroit
Cobras, The Go. Yeah Yeah Yeahs, -
- .
- -.
- Kasabian, Franz Ferdinand Arctic Monkeys, -
Hot Hot Heat, The Libertines, The
Killers, The Bravery. -,
Joy Division Interpol Editors. - LCD
Soundsystem, She Wants Revenge.
-
- 90- , 21-
70- , , . ,
Porcupine Tree, , -, ,
,

- The Mars Volta, 2000- At the Drive-in. , The Mars Volta


-,
10 .
- : , ,
- ( The Mars Volta,
At the Drive-In ).
, , ,
Muse,
-. ,
, , ,
( Opeth, -,
-), , , ( Coheed and
Cambria) , , 90- 80-
, Porcupine
Tree , , Dream Theater.
The Mars Volta
: -, -
- -,
, , , , -.
,
.
- ,
.
-
Porcupine Tree .
, - 70-, Pink
Floyd Genesis.
-
, -.

, - -, 2000- .
. , - ,
, 16 Horsepower, Iron & Wine, Devendra Banhart.
, , -- , ,
- .
- The Dresden Dolls, Casey Dienel, ;
(Man Man).
:
XXXI / . . ,, 2010.

ISBN 7-97823-905-6
/ . . . . .: +, 2002. ISBN 5-94623-025-5
. . - - // . . .
. .-., 2006, . 20-50
Jeremy Pascall The illustrated history of Rock music. New York: Galahad, 1978. ISBN 9-88-365399-0
. 19281997 .: . . / . . .
, . . , . . , . . : . . . . .
: , 1997. 462 .: ( ) ISBN
5-86174-010-0.
. . : / . .
. .: - -, 2004. 912 . (1824 ): . ISBN 5-98581-004-6.

(. Ska) , 1950- .
[ 315 ] (. sound
systems), .
, , ,
- , .
2/4, ,
- . ,
, , . .

60- [ 315 ]. 1964


-
.
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, - Planetone, Island, Blue Beat .
[ 315 ], .
.
, ,
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.
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,
. .

1970- . , ,
. ( 2-

Tone , [
315 ] -, ).
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, 2-Tone.

(. Third wave ska) , 80-90- . , -,
, . 1989 .
Ska Parade (Tazy Phyllipz)
(Albino Brown) [1].
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The Slackers, The Uptones, Fishbone, Operation Ivy, Let's Go Bowling, Bim Skala
Bim, Mighty Mighty Bosstones, Sublime, Reel Big Fish, Ska-p.
- , Moon Ska Records ( 1981
The Toasters ), Megalith Records ( 1996 ), Asian Man
Records, Hellcat Records, Stomp Records.
2-Tone
2-Tone
Records. -. - -
.
The Specials Two Tone.
:
it was Jerry who used the idea of black and white check (an old mod op-art motif - one of the simplest
decorative patterns in the world)
Horace Panter, "Ska'd For Life"

- . : ,
, .

80-
, 2008
. XXI
[ 315 ].
, . - :
Cabernet Deneuve, Chattanooga Ska Orchestra, Cumshot, Distemper, Male Factors, Necondition, Private
Radio, Shootki, Ska, Spitfire, St. Petersburg Ska-Jazz Review, , , .
--
-- ( --) (. Rhythm and blues, R&B, RnB)
, ,
, . 1949

Billboard (race
music), .
--
,
. -- , - ,
.
-- --.
RnB , ,
. --
. -- ,
-- RnB.
.
-- , .
, , . ,
, .

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-- , -, --,
-- --.

-- 1930- 1940-
,
(country blues). , - , ; -
-; ,
.

,
. ,
,
, . -,
, : , . 1939
.
, .
, . ,
, 1949 Billboard --,
.
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, . --
.
,
, . --
, , , , ,
.

1950- ( ,
) ( , ) - , ,
, .
- , , -. ,
, , , , --
,
().
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. :
- , In the Still of the Nite I Only Have Eyes for You, . --, -
, --
, . -
: The Platters, The Drifters, The Miracles, The Ronettes, The Temptations.
--: 1950-60-
1964 ,
, , ,
.
, --
.
. Blues Incorporated,
, . -,
, , , , ,
. The Bluesbreakers,
. The Bluesbreakers , ,
, , .
:
1960-
-- . ,
--,

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, ,
. , ,
, .
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.
, ,
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, , ,
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, ,
--, ,
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.
:
--
. (I Feel
Good),
. ,
, 1970- .
1970- ,
. The Righteous Brothers
, , : , ,
. -- -
. -- (
, ) .
-- ,
, , , Motown

1970- ,
,
--.
:
-- 1980-

,
,
. ,
, , ,
.
, ,
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urban contemporary, urban.
-- 1980-,
( ) , .

.
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,
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.
, ,
.
: Quiet storm
1980- 1990-,
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,
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Motown. A Quiet Storm
, ,
, - Lets Get It On
.
(Cant Slow Down, 1984) (Whitney
Houston, 1986), quiet storm 1990- ,
, , ,
.
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-. , , -- -.
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60- 70- XX .
,

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-,
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Disc Jockey (DJ). DJ Kool Herc
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. , ,
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-- (neo soul).

1960- 1970-, D'Angelo, .
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-- 1990- (
Killing Me Softly With His Song 1996 ). ,
- ( ),
( ).
,
--. ,
, , ,
-- 1990-.

( soul ) -,
(--),
1950-
.

Ive Got a Woman ,


18 1954 .

Please Please Please (1957) Georgia on My Mind (1960).


1960- .
: , A Change Is Gonna
Come -, - .
, ,
, .
,
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, ,
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Records.
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-
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, .
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1980- ( ) ,
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.
, 1980- -
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hip (AAVE) 1898


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- 1978, , .
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.[9] ,
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. ,
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, ,
, - .

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-) .
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, Mantronix ,
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. - -, , The
Clash ( The Magnificent Seven 1980
-), Blondie ( The Rapture -
1982 .).
1980- -
, ,
- Public Enemy

. -:
1987 Paid in Full Eric B. & Rakim.
1980- . - , , ,
,
, American Music Awards 1988 .
MC Hammer, Kris Kross .,
, , ,
-.
1980-, -
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1990-
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, -,
. -
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Fugees The Score
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,
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, 1997
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Yamaha YM2612 SEGA Genesis (SEGA Mega Drive)
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- Velvet Acid Christ Wumpscut.