You are on page 1of 6

7733=88:278:= Zluhohvv Frppxqlfdwlrqv Krphzrun &8= Prgxodwlrq iru Zluhohvv V|vwhpv Dvvljqhg/ Dsulo 6/ 5335= Sureohp 4 +53 srlqwv,


433 Uhdglqj Dvvljqphqw= Fkdswhuv 7 dqg Frxuvh Kdqgrxwv1

Vsulqj 5335
Wrwdo Srlqwv

Gxh/ Dsulo 45/ 5335

Sorw wkh EHU yv1 He @Q3 shuirupdqfh iru ESVN/ GSVN/ TSVN dqg qrqfrkhuhqw IVN lq dgglwlyh Jdxvvldq zklwh qrlvh1 Olvw dgydqwdjhv dqg glvdgydqwdjhv ri hdfk prgxodwlrq phwkrg iurp wkh preloh frppxqlfdwlrqv vwdqgsrlqw1 Wkh EHU duh jlyhq lq wkh wdeoh ehorz1 Wkhvh EHU fdq yhu| hdvlo| eh sorwwhg xvlqj PDWODE ru dq| rwkhu vriwzduh ri fkrlfh1 Prghp EHU2VHU ESVN GSVN TSVN IVN

Frkhuhqw Qrqfrkhuhqw  t 5He Se @ T Q!   He h{s Se @ 4  5 Q!  t 5He Se @ T  t Q!  He e Se @ 4 h{s  5H Se @ T Q 5 Q! !

Dgydqwdjhv2glvdgydqwdjhv vhh gljlwdo frppxqlfdwlrqv qrwhv vhh gljlwdo frppxqlfdwlrqv qrwhv vhh gljlwdo frppxqlfdwlrqv qrwhv vhh gljlwdo frppxqlfdwlrqv qrwhv

= iru d v|pero udwh ri 4<15 nesv1 Zulwh h{suhvvlrqv iru/ Ghvljq d Jdxvvldq sxovh0vkdslqj owhu zlwk EW dqg sorw/ wkh lpsxovh uhvsrqvh dqg iuhtxhqf| uhvsrqvh ri wkh owhu1 Li wklv owhu zhuh xvhg wr surgxfh JPVN lq 63 nK} UI fkdqqhov/ zkdw shufhqwdjh ri wkh wrwdo udgldwhg hqhuj| zrxog idoo rxw0ri0edqgB Uhshdw iru wkh = / dqg EW = 1 Frpsxwhu vlpxodwlrq ru qxphulfdo dqdo|vlv pd| eh xvhg wr ghwhuplqh fdvh ri EW uhvxowv1 Iurp htxdwlrq jlyhq lq fodvv/ zh douhdg| nqrz K i dqg k w 1 Zh mxvw qhhg wr xvh wkh htxdwlrqv/ vlpsoli| wkhp dv pxfk dv srvvleoh dqg wkhq sorw wkhp1 = > Wv 4<=54nesv > zh kdyh Iru EWv

Sureohp 5 +53 srlqwv,


@ 35

@38 +,
6

@ 3 :8

+,

@38

E Ohw 

=8 @ 3 @ 3=8  4<=5  43 @ <=9 nK} W v s 4=4::7 4=4::7 @ 9=46  43 @ 5oq5 5E @ 5E @ 5  43  <=9    @ A K +i , @s h{s  i @ h{s 6=:8  43 i   4  @ A k+w, @  h{s    w @ 5;<3:=3; h{s 5=95  43 w 
6 8 5 5 < 5 5 5 5 < 5

+4,

Iru

EWv @ 3=5> Wv @

4 4<=5 nesv

>

zh kdyh
6

=5 @ 3 @ 3=5  4<=5  43 @ 6=;7 nK} Wv 4::7 @ 4=4::7 @ 4=866  43 @ A  @ 4=5 E  5  6=;7  43  @ A K +i , @ h{s  i @ h{s 5=68  43 i   s    @ A k+w, @  h{s   w @ 4488< h{s 7=4<8  43 w
6 7 5 5 ; 5 5 5 5 ; 5

+5,

Iru

EWv @ 3=:8> Wv @ E

=:8 @ 3W @ 3=:8  4<=5  43 @ 47=7 nK} v 4::7 @ 4=4::7 @ 7=3;;  43 @ A  @ 4=5 E 5  47 =7  43   @ A K +i , @ h{s  i @ h{s 4=9:  43 i   s    @ A k+w, @  h{s   w @ 7=667  43 h{s 8=;<<;  43 w
6 6 8 5 5 < 5 5 5 5 7 < 5

4 4<=5 nesv

>

zh kdyh

+6,

\rx qhhg wr sorw wkh vshfwuxp ri 4/ 5/ 6 lq rughu wr qg wkh edqgzlgwk1 Wkh PDWODE oh lv jlyhq dw wkh hqg +oh qdph HH78:vs5335kz8sur51
Frequency response of Gaussian pulse shaping filter 1 0.8 0.6 BT = 0.5 BT = 0.2 BT = 0.75

H(f)
0.4 0.2 0 -8

-6

-4

-2 0 2 frequency (Hz), Rs = 19.2 ksps Impulse response of Gaussian pulse shaping filter

6 x 10

8
4

5 4 3

x 10

BT = 0.5 BT = 0.2 BT = 0.75

h(t)
2 1 0 -4

-2

0 time (s), Rs = 19.2 ksps

2 x 10

4
-4

Iurp wkh sorw/ zh fdq fdofxodwh wkh iudfwlrq ri wkh wrwdo srzhu wkdw zrxog eh rxw ri erxqg1 EWv 318 315 31:8 Irxw 5165 5154 <1<4

Sureohp 6 +53 srlqwv,

43 43 43

6 : 6

Sureohp 718

d, Wkh lqqhu surgxfw lv

kv4> v5 l @ D5
D5
5

] W ] W
3 3

frv +5ifw, frv ^5 +if . i , w` gw


D5
] W
3 5

Vlqfh if W

AA 4/ wkh uvw whup lv dssur{lpdwho| }hur1


5

@ 5 frv ^7ifw . 5iw` gw . 5 frv5iwgw W W D vlq+5i , w  D vlq+7if . 5i , w   @ 5 7if . 5i  . 5 5i  if . 5i , W D W vlq+5i , W @ D5W vlq+7 7ifW . 5iW . 5 5iW
3 3 5 5

Khqfh/

 i , W kv4> v5l @ D5W vlq+5 5iW @ 3


n lv d qrq0}hur lqwhjhu +7,

Iru wkh deryh frqglwlrq wr eh wuxh/ lw lpsolhv wkdw

Khqfh wkh vpdoohvw

i lv i @
5 5

> i @ 5n W
4 5W

e, Wkh lqqhu surgxfw lv

kv4 > v 5 l @ D

] W ] W
3 3

frv+5ifw . !,frv ^5 +if . i , w . !` gw


5

D @ D frv^7 if w . 5iw . ! . ! ` gw . 5 5 frv +5iw . !  ! , gw vlq+7ifw . 5iw . ! . ! , W . D vlq+5iw . !  ! , W @ D   5 7if . 5i 5 5i iW . ! . ! ,  vlq+! . ! , @ D5W vlq+7ifW . 57 if W . 5iW ! ,  vlq+!  ! , . D5W vlq+5iW . !5 iW Lq wklv fdvh dovr/ vlqfh if W AA 4/ wkh uvw whup lv dssur{lpdwho| }hur1 Khqfh/ ! ,  vlq+!  ! , kv > v l @ D5W vlq+5iW . !5 iW iW ,vlq+!  ! ,  vlq+!  ! , @3 @ D5W vlq+5iW ,frv+!  ! , . frv+5 5iW
4 5 3 5 4 5 4 5 5 5 4 3 3 5 4 5 4 5 5 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 5 4 5 4 5 5 4 5 4 5 4

] W

Iru wkh deryh frqglwlrq wr eh wuxh/ lw lpsolhv wkdw

Vr/ wkh vpdoohvw

i lv i @ W

n > i @ W

n lv d qrq0}hur lqwhjhu

+8,

Sureohp 7 +53 srlqwv, Sureohp 719


j [n @ [+n,Q

d, Zlwk jxdug lqwhuydo/ wkh wudqvplwwhg vhtxhqfh lv jlyhq e| +vhh 71<7,

@D

Q 4 [ q@3

{3>q h{s m

5qn  > n @ 3> 4> ===> Q . J  4 Q

Wkh uhfhlyhg vhtxhqfh ryhu d fkdqqho zlwk glvfuhwh lpsxovh uhvsrqvh


j @ Uq O [ p@3 j jp[q p

ijp jO p@3 lv jlyhq e| +vhh 71<9,

Diwhu uhprydo ri wkh jxdug lqwhuydo/ zh rewdlq +vhh 71<:,

Uq @ Uj J.+qJ,Q

O [ p@3

jp[+qp,Q >
#

3qQ 4
$

Wkh rxwsxw vhtxhqfh zloo wkhq eh jlyhq e| +vhh 71<;,


   [ [ 4Q 5ql  @ 4 Q ]l @ Uq h{s m Q Q Q
4 4

O [

q@3

q@3

p@3

jp[+qp,Q

h{s m 5ql Q

\rx rqo| qhhg wr gr vrph dqdo|vlv rq wkh deryh htxdwlrq wr rewdlq wkh uhtxluhg irupdw1 Vwduw e| fkdqjlqj wkh yduldeoh ri vxppdwlrq1 Ohwwlqj o q  p , q o p> wkhq

]l

4 @ Q @ @ @ @


4p O Q [ [

@ .

O [

p@3 o@p

 5 l+o . p, jp[ o Q h{s m Q


+ , 4 + ,

p@3

   p [ 5 lp 4 Q  5 lo jp h{s m [ o Q h{s m Q Q Q 


l Q 4p [ o@p Q 4 [

~}

o@p

l l

4 4

 5 lo [ o Q h{s m Q
+ ,

Q o@3 l D{l
j [n

 5 lo [o h{s m Q

+9,


e, Qrz wkh wudqvplwwhg vhtxhqfh zlwk jxdug lqwhuydo lv

[n > n @ 3> ===> Q  4 3> n @ Q> ===> Q . J  4


; q S A A ? =
p@3 O S A A p@3
4

Wkh uhfhlyhg vhtxhqfh lv

Uq @
Qrz iurp

jp[qp> q ? O jp[qp> q  O

Li

O @ 3/ wkhuh lv qr sureohp vlqfh Uq ]l

  Q  [ 4 5 ql Uq h{s m ]l @ Q Q
q@3

@ j [q> q @ 3> ===> Q  4   Q  [ 4 5 ql @ Q Uq h{s m Q


3 4

4 @ Q q @ j D{l
3

q@3 Q 4 [
@3

j3[q h{s

m 5ql Q

Li krzhyhu/

O A 3/ wkhq

 [ 4Q ]l @ Q

O [

Fkdqjlqj wkh yduldeoh ri vxppdwlrq/ ohw

]l

@ @ @
9@

n @ q  p @, q @ n . p> vxfk wkdw   4p O Q [ 4[ 5 l+n . p, j [ h{s m Q p@3 n@p p n Q     O 4p [ [ 5 lp 4 Q  5 ln jp h{s m [ h{s m Q Q n@p n Q p@3 ~} 

q@3

p@3

jp[qp

h{s m 5ql Q

Q n@p l D{l

l

l Q 4 p  [

[n h{s

m 5ln Q

+:,

Qrwlfh wkdw wkh orzhu olplw ri wkh vxppdwlrq lv

n @ 3/ vlqfh [n @ 3/ n ? 31

Sureohp 7 +53 srlqwv, ^Sureohp 7146`

D Jdxvvldq sxovh0vkdslqj owhu kdv wkh wudqvihu ixqfwlrq

K +i , @ h{s

i E

5

oq5 5

Wkh uhvxow ri wkh lpsxovh uhvsrqvh lv jlyhq lq fodvv dqg lv ghulyhg dv iroorzv=

k+w,

] " @ 54 K +i ,h{s+m5iw, gi " + ,   ] " 4 i oq5 @ 5 h{s  E 5 . m5iw gi " +    ,  ] " 4 oq5 E E @ 5 h{s  5E i  m5w oq5 = h{s 5 w oq5 gi "   ] " oq5 i  gi E h{s  5 @ 54 h{s 5 w oq5 E "u     ] " 4 4 E 4 4 @ 5 h{s 5 w oq5  E oq5 s5 h{s  5 v gv "   4 E @ s5 oq5 E h{s 5 w oq5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

+;,

Wkh iuhtxhqf| vkdslqj sxovh lv +jlyhq lq fodvv,

ki +w, @
zkhuh

w . 4 T  W 5W 

4 5

T
5

w

 4 5

+<,

5 @

Wkh iuhtxhqf| uhvsrqvh dqg wkh lpsxovh uhvsrqvh ri wkh owhu/ dqg wkh iuhtxhqf| vkdslqj sxovh ki sorwwhg xvlqj PDWODE ru dq| rwkhu vriwzduh ri fkrlfh1 Lw lv wkh vdph dv sureohp 5 sorwv1 ----------------------------------------------------------8

oq5 7 +EW ,
5

+w, fdq eh

Iloh HH78:vs5335kz8sure5 ----------------------------------------------------------EWv @ ^318 315 31:8`> ( 60gE edqgzlgwk0v|pero wlph surgxfw Uv @ 4<533> ( v|pero udwh +K}, Wv @ 42Uv> ( v|pero shulrg E @ EWv-Uv> ( 60gE edqgzlgwk doskd @ vtuw+5-orj+5,,12+5-E,> ghowdi @ 313338-Uv> ( iuhtxhqf| lqwhuydo i @ 07-Uv=ghowdi=7-Uv> ( iuhtxhqf| ri lqwhuhvw w @ 09-Wv=314-Wv=9-Wv> ( wlph ri lqwhuhvw edqg @ ^048333 48333`> ( erxqgdu| ri UI edqg ohqi @ ohqjwk+i,> ( ohqjwk ri i SVGbuhf @ vlqf+i-Wv,1a5> ( Srzhu vshfwudo ghqvlw| ri uhfwdqjxodu zdyhirup olqhVw|oh @ ^*0 *> **> *01*`> ^whps/lqgh{4` @ plq+dev+i 0 edqg+4,,,> ( qg lqgh{ fruuhvsrqglqj wr ^whps/lqgh{5` @ plq+dev+i 0 edqg+5,,,> ( erxqgdu| ri UI edqg iufRxw @ ^`> ( iudfwlrq ri wrwdo udgldwhg hqhuj| wkdw idoo rxw ri edqg iru l@4=ohqjwk+EWv, K @ h{s+0doskd+l,a5-i1a5,> ( iuhtxhqf| uhvsrqvh ri wkh Jdxvvldq sxovh ( vkdslqj owhu k @ vtuw+sl,2doskd+l,-h{s+0sla5-w1a512doskd+l,a5,> ( lpsxovh uhvsrqvh ( fdofxodwh wrwdo udgldwhg hqhuj| hqhuj|bwrwdo @ vxp+K1a51-SVGbuhf1-ghowdi,> ( wrwdo udgldwhg hqhuj| ( fdofxodwh hqhuj| wkdw idoo rxw0ri edqg hqhuj|brxwEdqg @ vxp++K+4=lqgh{4,1a51-SVGbuhf+4=lqgh{4, 111 . K+lqgh{5=ohqi,1a51-SVGbuhf+lqgh{5=ohqi,,-ghowdi,> iufRxw @ ^iufRxw hqhuj|brxwEdqg2hqhuj|bwrwdo`> (hqhut|0lqEdqg @ vxp +KbbJ +lqgh{o= lqgh{5, 1 D51 L SVHO0uhf +lqgh{o= lqgh{5, 1 0gho w;i, (iufRxw @ ^iu10Rxw 40hqhuj|blqEdqg2hqhuj|bwrwdoo> jxuh+4,> vxesorw+5/4/4,> sorw+i/K/olqhVw|oh +l/=,,> wlwoh+*Iuhtxhqf| uhvsrqvh ri Jdxvvldq sxovh vkdslqj owhu*,> {odeho++*iuhtxhqf| +K},/ Uv @ 4<15 nvsv*,,> |odeho+*K+i,*,> julg rq> krog rq> vxesorw+5/4/5,> sorw+w/k/olqhVw|oh +l/=,,> wlwoh+*Lpsxovh uhvsrqvh ri Jdxvvldq sxovh vkdslqj owhu*,> {odeho+*wlph +v,/ Uv @ 4<15 nvsv*,> |odeho+*k+w,*,> julg rq> krog rq> hqg> Vxesorw+5/4/4,> ohjhqg+*0*/*EW @ 318*/**/*EW @ 315*/*01*/*EW @ 31:8*,> krog r> vxesorw+5/4/5,> ohjhqg+*0*/*EW @ 318*/**/*EW @ 315*/*01*/*EW @ 31:8*,> krog r> sulqw 0gphwd G=qFrxuvhvqHh78:qVsulqj5335qKrphzrunvqkzn8sure5> sulqw 0ghsv5 G=qFrxuvhvqHh78:qVsulqj5335qKrphzrunvqkzn8sure5> sulqw 0gsvf5 G=qFrxuvhvqHh78:qVsulqj5335qKrphzrunvqkzn8sure5>