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UNIVERSIDAD DE CARABOBO FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE EDUCACIÓN ESCUELA DE EDUCACIÓN DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS

UNIVERSIDAD DE CARABOBO FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE EDUCACIÓN ESCUELA DE EDUCACIÓN DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS CÁTEDRA: GRAMATICA Y LINGÜÍSTICA INGLESA ASIGNATURA: LINGÜÍSTICA APLICADA

Y LINGÜÍSTICA INGLESA ASIGNATURA: LINGÜÍSTICA APLICADA The term phonetics refers to the description of speech
The term phonetics refers to the description of speech sound (how they are made, transmitted
The term phonetics refers to the description of speech
sound (how they are made, transmitted and
received). While the term phonology refers to the way
those sounds are organized into the individual
languages.

Phonetics

Articulatory (It studies how sounds are produced) Acoustic (It studies how sounds are perceived) (It studies how sounds are produced) Acoustic (It studies how sounds are perceived)

Sounds

Segmentals (Consonants & vowels) Suprasegmentals (Stress, rhythm, intonation…) (Consonants & vowels) Suprasegmentals (Stress, rhythm, intonation…)

Phoneme: it is the smallest unit of speech which has meaning. (Consonants and vowels)

unit of speech which has meaning. (Consonants and vowels) Allophone: It is the variation of a

Allophone: It is the variation of a sound (phoneme).

Consonant phonemes: BILABIAL LABIO- DENTAL ALVEOLAR RETROFLEX ALVEO- PALATAL VELAR GLOTTAL DENTAL PALATAL /p/-
Consonant phonemes:
BILABIAL
LABIO-
DENTAL
ALVEOLAR
RETROFLEX
ALVEO-
PALATAL
VELAR
GLOTTAL
DENTAL
PALATAL
/p/-
/t/-
/k/-
STOP
/b/+
/d/+
/g/+
/f/- /θ/-
/S/-
/∫/-
/h/-
FRICATIVE
/v/+
/
/+
/Z/+
/3/+
/t∫/-
AFFRICATE
/d3/+
LATERAL
/l/+
NASAL
/m/+
/n/+
/η/+
APPROXI-
MANTS
/w/*+
/r/+
/j/+

*NOTE: labio-velar

Phonetic criteria:

*Voicing: voiced (+) and voiceless (-)

1. Point of articulation: bilabial, dental, labiodental, alveolar, alveo-palatal, palatal, velar, glottal, and uvular. 2. Manner of articulation: plosive, fricative, affricate, nasal, approximant, laterals and retroflex.

3. Voicing: voiced and voiceless.

Vowel phonemes:

3. Voicing : voiced and voiceless. Vowel phonemes: Phonetic criteria: 1. Height of tongue: high, mid,

Phonetic criteria:

: voiced and voiceless. Vowel phonemes: Phonetic criteria: 1. Height of tongue: high, mid, and low.

1. Height of tongue: high, mid, and low.

2. Part of the tongue involved: front, central, and back.

3. Position of the lips: rounded and unrounded.

EXERCISES:

1) Identify the sound that does not fit into the string. Explain.

Speech sounds

 

m

p

b

θ

t

n

s

f

t

d

d3

u:

ә

i:

e

says

book

2) Mark the two words that contain a silent consonant. brother listen writer cinema music house know

3) Read the following groups of words, and transcribe them. Then, select which word has a different sound.

look good blood foot

dead mean bread head

fruit suit juice built

sons girls dreams books

pen red ten bee

4) Transcribe the following sentences, and circle all bilabial and fricative sounds.

 

A couple of brushes

I wish I could see a real witch

She is at the store

 

Peter likes drinking Pepsi

5)

Put

a

check

next to the word that have front vowels, and circle the vowel

phoneme.

talk

dollar

wonder

keep

dream

October

already

before

6) Describe the following phonemes. /e/

/d/

/η/

/t/

/∫/

/p/

/ә/

/w/

/i:/ /u:/

/g/

7) Choose the corresponding phoneme for the following criteria.

Bilabial, stop, voiceless High, back, rounded Lateral, alveolar Nasal, velar, voiced

low, central, unrounded Fricative, alveolar, voiceless Approximants, palatal back, mid, rounded

8) Circle and correct the errors in the following transcribed sentences.

It is a lost cause

It is all right

I’ve been in The USA for two years

I cooked onions for lunch

The prince of Persia

9) Decode the following message.

Phonemic symbols represent the sounds of the English language.

Using them can be a valuable tool

to improving your students' pronunciation.

10) Describe the following phonemes (consonants & vowels).

p

m

b

v

k

g

r

u

f

s

z

t

e

i:

w

l

n

m

θ