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caucasus climate

A DW Akademie Workshop Magazine



We must adapt to changes
in the climate...
-

DW Akademie in cooperation with Internews Armenia 10-21 June, 2013


disappearing valley

Freak weather and a lack of resources


make farmers lives a constant struggle.
tigran zareyan

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2012

2030
2070
Average Temperatures Armenia
(Source: World Bank, 2012)

nothing is normal anymore

Agriculture, water
resources to suffer as
Armenias climate changes.
satenik
abrahamyan



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CO2

emissions
(per capita tonnes per year)
Source: World Bank 2013

1.3

Georgia
1.5

Armenia
5.5

Azerbaijan
5.8

China

7.7

UK

9.0

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Qatar


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Will Abkhazia Join the Oil Club?

Abkhazia ponders exploration of hydrocarbons


in the Gudauta sector of the Black Sea causing
concern among environmentalists.

marianna kotova




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DROUGHT worries IN ARARAT VALLEY

Fish farm expansion and changes in


climate threaten water supplies.
Kristine Aghalaryan

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Ecological Migration - a general problem
in the southern caucasus

Land abandoned in Georgia and Armenia


as villagers seek a better life abroad.

Lasha Zarginava


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let the world breathe


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Ani Yeghiazaryan
Yerevan downtown is now littered with
a chain of cafes and an ever-increasing
number of high-rise buildings that
transform places where city parks and
vitally important green spaces used to
be.

Changes in Green Spaces,Yerevan

(Source: Transparency International anti-corruption centre)

n Armenia, urban development


standards say there should be 25
square metres of green space per
inhabitant. But this is not the case
in Yerevan, Armenias capital. Each
inhabitant of Yerevan only has 3.6 sq.
metres of green space. This contrasts
with the situation in Madrid where
its 68 sq. metres per person, while
Amsterdam in the Netherlands has
36 sq. metres of green space for each
inhabitant.

Yerevan was very different 30 years


ago says Hakob Sanasarian, Chairman
of the Greens Union of Armenia. Back
then Yerevan was a real place to live
in. It is not only that the environment

and more dust in the air, while less


green space in the city means there are
fewer trees to filter vehicle exhausts and
industrial emissions.
The centre of Yerevan has become
an environmental disaster zone, says
Karineh Danielian, the chairwoman of
the For Sustainable Development NGO.
Shrinking green spaces means that the
air quality gets affected. The country
loses its green spaces and develops a
dry, semi-desert climate.
Statistics indicate that the green
umbrella of the country is rapidly
getting smaller.
Green spaces are the lungs of the
Earth, and as we destroy them we close
her airways and make her sick says
Kieran Cooke, an Irish journalist and
a climate change expert. It does not
matter if it is Yerevan or any other city
or country, because everyone should be
responsible for the planet Earth.

74.01%

43.18%
29.04%

1990

2003

Armenias environment started changing


rapidly in the early 1990s, when an
energy crisis caused massive tree cutting
for fuelwood purposes - resulting in
a loss of whole forested areas. Then,
soon after the energy crisis, commercial
logging in the countrys forests started
on a grand scale.

2007

gets destroyed, it has become


uninhabitable, says Sanasarian.
Public health and environment experts
say the way the city has developed has
resulted in a double blow - to both the
environment and public health. The
cutting of trees results in soil erosion

The plan is to ensure 19 sq.metres of


green space per person by 2020, says
the municipality of Yerevan. But the
illustration and figures shown below,
compiled by various environmental
NGOs, would seem to indicate
otherwise.

our springs have gone

Lack of data confuses


water issue.

meri sogomonyan

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ENERGY SOLUTION OR PROBLEM?

HPPs are springing up


everywhere, but many farmers
fear theyll take their water.
olga
Tsiskarishvili-Soselia

armine
narinyan

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seeing is believing
Eco tourism - behind the reality

irina yanovskaya
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11

Contributors
to Caucasus Climate
HE
TITLE IN ENGLISH

Ey

Kalaus

li

r
go

Kuban

Kuban

Ye

Krasnodar res.

Kum

Ma
ria
n
na

Black
Sea

Lasha

Irin
a

Sukhum(i)

Sula

Terek

Enguri

Rioni

Poti

Tskhinval(i)
Kur

Kristine, Satenik, Ani,


Tigr
a
Kuran
o
Ch

rok

Tbilisi

Ala

Oi l g a

zan

hi

Aras

Yerevan

Lake
Sevan

Arm

Kura

Stepanakert

in e

Ar

as

Kapan

caucasus climate

A DW Akademie Workshop Magazine


DW Akademie in cooperation with Internews Armenia
With financial support from the Federal Ministry for
Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Editors: Kieran Cooke, Bettina Ruigies

M eri

Reporters: Satenik Abrahamyan, Kristine Aghalaryan,


Marianna Kotova, Armine Narinyan, Meri Sogomonyan,
Olga Tsiskarishvili-Soselia, Irina Yanovskaya, Ani
Yeghiazaryan, Tigran Zareyan, Lasha Zarginava
Design & Layout: Natalie Harutyunyan
Sources of maps, artwork & photography:
GRID-Arendal / UNEP, Vecteezy, Easyvectors,
Stock.XCHNG
As of: 21 June, 2013