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III

,
2006, ,
High-Speed Hydrodynamics and Numerical Simulation. Proceedings of the III International Summer Scientific Workshop.
Kemerovo, Russia. 2228 June 2006. Pp. 145153. (. . -. . III
. . . , . 2228 2006 . . 145153. )


. .

,
E-mail: headepart@naeps.ntu-kiev.ua

[13].
,

.. [14]
,
.

ABSRTACT
The main results of the solution of a problem about free
planing of the small bent plate with given load and center
of gravity position are reported. The qualitative comparison of the numerical data of precipitations of a trailing
edge, midship and nose with known experimental data on
G.E.Pavlenko chart of modes of an agility of fast-track
courts is given. The asymptotic formulas of definition of
wetted length, precipitations and angle of trim of a flat
plate for large Froude numbers are obtained.

1.

1. 1
. 1.


,

, ,
() .



(, [111]),
,
, , ,
.

,
, ,
, ,
,
,

a = 3 / g

():

Fr = V0 / ga ,

, , g
, V0 .
, ,
[12].
,

.

.

.1:
: )
; ) ; )
.


.... [13].
1

III

,
2006, ,

.



( , ,

).
,
,
.


. ....

, .. a = l .
,


.

.
,

( x), x < 0, x > l ,



y = ( x) =
f ( x), 0 x l.

,
;
x = 0 ,
y = 0
, l ;
f (x ) = f 0 + kx + f c (x ) ,
k = tan , ( ), f c (x )

, ,
f c (0 ) = 0 ,
f c (l max ) = 0 , l max ;

f 0 = f (0 ) ; p(x, y )
(x, y ) , p ( x) = lim p(x, y ) ,
y 0

p0 = p (x )

x < 0, x > l ;

y = (x) , ;
(

(x ) = [P ( x) P0 ] /

(x ) = 0 x < 0, x > l .

(x, y )
:
xx + yy = 0 , y < 0 ,

(1)

y (x,0) = V0(x ) , < x < ,

(2)

V0 x (x,0 ) = (x ) + g(x ) , < x < ,

(3)

(4)

(x ) = 0 (x ) , x + ,

(5)

a = 3 / g ,



.
, ,

, (x )
(3)

x , y = 0 , y ,

(x )dx = a

(6)

.

.
b
, (x )
:

0 (x )
:
, 0 (x ) = 0 ,
. ,

, V0
,
V
0 (x ) = 0 *x (x,0) , *x (x, y )
g

(x )xdx = a b .

(7)

1. 3
,
:

(1)(3) (x ) 0 .

,
..
.
, (2) (3)
x = l ,
(x ) (x ) ,

.

x = x/a , y = y/a , l = l /a , b = b/a ,

(x ) = (x ) / a , (x , y ) = (x, y ) / V0 a ,

(x ) = (x ) / V02 ,

= ga / V02 = 1 / Fr 2 .

(1)(5) ,
:

xx + yy = 0 , y < 0 ,

1. 2
2

(8)

y (x,0 ) = (x ) , < x < ,

(9)

x (x,0) = (x ) + (x ) , < x < ,

(10)

x , y = 0 , y ,

(11)

(x ) = 0 (x ) , x + .

(12)

III

,
2006, ,
2.

(8)(12)
(.. [1,2], .. [3],

,
[12])

-
(x ) (x ) .

.
1. (8)(12)
(x ) (x )

(6) :
l

(x )dx = V 2 a 2

g
=,
g V02 a 2

(13)

(7), ,

K(x ) = (x ) ,

(x )xdx = b .
0

K =

1. 4

( V0 , . 1-

(19)

(13):

(15)

(x )dx = 1 .

(18)

K
.
2. (8)(12)
(x ) (x )

(16)

(8),
(9), (15), (11), (16)
, ,
,
. ,
,
, ..
(13) (14), , 0
V0 .

( x ) = ( s )[Q (, x s ) + sin (x s )]ds +


0

+ A0 sin x + B0 cos x ,

(20)

2) : V0 0 .
(3) , (x ) = g(x ) , ..
.
, 0 x l

1
[ f 0 + kx + f c (x )] .
Fr 2

(x )dx = (x )dx ,

(12)

(x ) =

1. (8)(12)

( )

x + .

x (s )
(s )
(s )
2(x )
ds
=
lim
ds
+
ds

.
(x s )2

2
2
0

x + ( x s )
( x s )


O 2 , ..

(x ) = 0 ,

< x<

< x < .

1 + ds
,
(x s )2

) ( V0 0 , . 1-).
1) : V0 .
0 .
,

max (x ) = O( ) . (10)

x ( x , 0 ) = ( x ) ,

(18)

(14)

Q(, x ) = cos x Ci x + sin x + Si x ,

Si x Ci x [15], A0
B0 ,
.

(17)

III

,
2006, ,



f (0 ) l .

(20)
.
3. (8)(12)
(x )

l
1 l (s)
ds + ( s )[R ( x s, ) cos ( x s ) ]ds =

0 xs
0
= f (x ) ( B0 sin x A0 cos x) , 0 < x < l ,

f (l ) = 0 , (x ) = k (l x ) / Fr 2 . (13)
(14)

l = 3b , f (0) =
(21)


,
, l max = 3b .

R ( x, ) =

sgn x + Si x cos x Ci x sin x .

3. 2

(21, 13, 14)


( f (x ) = kx )
( A0 = 0 , B0 = 0 ) s = s / l ,

3.

x = x / l :

3. 1
1) ( V0 )
0 (21)

1 l (s)
ds = f ( x ) , 0 < x < l
0 x s

2
2
, = arctan 2 .
3b
9b

1
1 1 (s )
d
s
+

(s )[R( x s , ) cos ( x s ) ]ds = k ,


0 x s
0

0 < x <1,
(22)

(19) ,
(23)

(26)

l 2 kcm (1, ) = b ,

(27)

c y (1, ) = (x )dx , cm (1, ) = (x )x dx .

( f (x ) = k ).
,
, , ..
( 0) = 0 .

lkc y (1, ) = ,

= l , c y (1, ) = c y (1, ) / k , cm (1, ) = cm (1, ) / k ,

( s) ds = 0 .

(25)

(25)
(21) l = 1 ,

.
(2527) (
) . (25) k ,

, ..
c y (1, ) cm (1, ) .

(24)

(22) (13),
(14)

(26) (27) l ,
(26) (27) l
k.
(25) k


.. .. [13].

[13]

.
,
, [13], ,
(25) ,
[13].

x
4
3
(x ) = k
, k=
, = arctan k , l = b .
2b
lx
3
, 0 b 0 l 0 ,
0 . , (23) ,
.. (x ) = 0 k = 0 .
,
1/4
.
2) ( V0 0 )

( f c (x ) 0 ).
4

III

,
2006, ,

(25) (21)
l = 1 . [15]

1 ( x) = 0 ,

1 x3 1 x5
+
m ...
3! 3 5! 5
1 x2 1 x4
m ... ,
Ci x = C + ln x
+
2! 2 4! 4

Si x = x

2 ( x) =

k
x 1 1 s s
t
ds
3 2
,
dt
+

1 x 0
s 0 1 t x s
4

x x 5
, .
1 x 2 8

3 ( x) = k

C = 0.5772157 ,

, 0
(21) ( f (x ) = kx , A0 = 0 , B0 = 0 ):

:
c y (1, ) = c y 0 + ln c y1 + c y 2 + 2 ln c y 3 + ... ,


cm (1, ) = cm 0 + ln cm1 + cm 2 + 2 ln cm 3 + ... ,

1
1 1 (s)
1

ds
+

( s ) sgn( x s ) 1 ds

0 xs
2

x
,
1 x

0 ( x) = k

( )

2 ln 1
(s )(x s )ds + O 2 = k , 0 < x < 1 ,
0

c yi = i (x )dx , cmi = i (x )xdx , i = 0,1,2,... .

(28)

(x ) ( l = 1 ):

C + ln 1
11
(
)
(x ) =

s
ds

(s )ln x s ds +
0
0

c y0 =

k 2 + 4
k
, c y1 = 0 , c y 2 =
, c y 3 = 0 , ,
2
4

cm 0 =

9 2 + 32
3
5
k , cm1 = 0 , cm 2 =
k , cm3 = k ,
8
48
64

+ (s )1 sgn (x s ) (x s )ds +
2

0
+

( )

2 ln 1
2
(s )(x s ) ds + O 2 .
2 0

(29)

(28), (29),
(x )

( )

2 + 4
k
k + O 2 ,
2
4
3
9 2 + 32
5 2
cm (1, ) =
k
k
k ln + O 2 .
8
48
64

c y (1, ) =

(x ) = 0 (x ) + 1 (x ) ln + 2 (x ) + 3 (x ) ln + ... . (30)
2

( )

(30) (28) ,

0 (x ) , 1 (x ) , :
1 1 0 (s)
ds = k ,
0 x s

c x (1, ) = kc y (1, ) .

(31)
(32)

(31), (32)

.. .. [13].
(26) (27) ,

0 < x <1,

1 1 1 ( s)
ds = 0 , 0 < x < 1 ,
0 x s

l =b

1
1 1 2 (s)
1

ds = 0 (s ) sgn (x s ) 1 ds , 0 < x < 1 ,

0 xs
2

1 1 3 (s)
11
ds = 0 (s )(x s )ds , 0 < x < 1 ,

0 xs
0

c y (1, )

cm (1, )

0 l = 4b / 3 = l0 , ,
l
l = l0 + l1 ln + l2 + l3 2 ln + ... .

(0) = 0
,
x = 0 x = 1 .
:

(33)

0 (26) k = 0 .
k
k = k1 ln + k 2 + k 3 2 ln + ... .

(34)

III

,
2006, ,
. 24
(21), (13), (14).
,
(

).

,
(35)(37).
,
.



..
[14, 17,
18]. ..
. 5. ,
. [14],
,

, ,


.

,

,
.

(33), (34) (26), (27)


, :
l0 =

bc y 0
cm 0

c
4b
2 cy2
, l1 = 0 , l2 = l0
m2

3
c y 0 cm 0

k1 = 0 , k 2 =

= 32b , ,

81

1
, k3 = 0 ,
l0 c y 0

c
c y 2 9 2 + 40
=
k 4 = l0 k 2 m 2 2
,.
cm 0

c
9 2
y
0


4
32 2
l = b
b + O 2 ln ,
3
81
3
9 2 + 40 2
k=
+
+ O 3 ln .
2b
9 2

(35)

(36)

c x (l , ) = k =

3 2 9 2 + 40 3
+
+ O 4 ln .
2b
9 2

:
(x ) =

(C + ln ) 1 l
(s )ln x s ds +

l
1

+ (s )1 sgn (x s ) (x s )ds + ... .


2

(0) =

(C + ln ) 1 l
3 l
(s )ln sds (s )sds + ... =

0
2 0

(C + ln ) ln l l 1
3 2b

(s )ln s ds
+ ...

0
2

(s ) ,
(35), (36),

b
(0) = C + 1 + ln 1.56 2 b + O 3 ln .

(37)

.2:

(
).

3. 2


(21) ,

[16].
,
, ,
[12, 13]
.
6

III

,
2006, ,

.3: ( )

(
).

.6: ,

b = 6 .

f (0 ) = (0 ) , f (l 0 )
f (l 0 / 2)
b = 6 . 6. .

5

.

,
,
,

.
,
,

,

.

,



.

.

.4:

(
).

.5: ..
.
7

III

,
2006, ,
1. ..
// .
/ .: , 1937.
2. ..
. .: , 1981. 448 .
3. ..

// . - .; .: ,
. II, 1947, c. 215 - 239.
4. ..

// . 1940, . 508.
5. .. // .
, . 1940, 7, . 326.
6. Maruo H. Two-dimensional theory of the hydroplane.
Proceedings of the 1st Japan National Congress for Applied Mechanics. Tokyo, 1952, pp. 409415.
7. Squire H.B. The motion of a simple wedge along the
water surface. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. S. A. Math. and Phys. Sc., 1958, Vol. 243, pp. 4864.
8. Kumberbatch E. Two-dimensional planing at high
Froude number. J. of Fluid Mech, 1958, Vol. 4, part 5,
September, pp. 466478.
9. ..

// . 1974, .
1548.
10. ..

// , 1977, . 41, . 985 992.
11. ..
. .: , 1978, - 550
12. Dovgiy S.A., Efremov I.I., Makasyeyev M.V. Some
problems of a planing theory // High speed hydrodynamics
/ Proc. of Int. Summer Scintifiic School. June 1623,
2002. Cheboksary, Russia . Comput. Public.: Cheboksary, Russia / Washington, USA. 2002. Pp. 241248.
13. ..

//
. 2003, 5(77), 2. . 7375.
14. .. . :
, 1978. 496 .
15. ., ., . .
.: , 1977. 342 .
16. .., ..
.
.: , 1985. 256 .
17. .
.
. 3.
: , 1985. 544 .
18. ..,
..
. : ,
1971. 360 .

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