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General English ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION

For every competitive examination a few questions can be expected from One Word Substitution. Moreover this section will certainly help you to increase your English vocabulary. The words included here will help you to write and speak English precisely and effectively. Learning them will be a great asset in life. In order to keep these words in your mind complement your study with extensive reading. One of the practical methods is to study ten to fifteen words each day. If you make it a practice, with each passing day there will be steady improvement in your knowledge. In the first part of this section we have given you a list of over 600 words which are commonly asked in One Word Substitution. In the second part we have collected some objective type questions for you to practice with. They are followed by their answers. All these questions were asked for various examinations. Learn all these words carefully. After learning each word try to use it in a sentence of your own. This method will help you to stamp the word in your mind.

LIST - I
ABATTOIR ACCOMPLICE AESTHETE AFFLUENT AGORAPHOBIA ALLEVIATE ALTRUIST : A place where animals are slaughtered. : A partner in crime. : A person with a highly developed sense of beauty. : Wealthy; having abundance of money. : Unreasonable fear of open spaces. : To lessen, make less severe. : One who does good work for others without thought of personal gain. : Able to use the left hand as well as the right. : A word or statement which can be interpreted in two ways. : That which appears to be in the wrong period. : An admirer of the English people, language, manners or way of life. : One who dislikes the English and England. : An agreement to stop fighting in a war. : A government run by the rich and the elite people; a class of well-born people. ARTISTE ATHEIST AUTOCRACY : Professional singer, dancer etc. : A person who does not believe in the existence of God. : A government where the power is concentrated in the hands of one person. : Medical examination of a dead body. : A person who cannot pay his debts. : An uncivilised person. : Hastily erected barrier across a street. : One who is engaged in fighting a battle or war. : A list of writings on a subject. : One who loves books. : The story of a persons life. : One who is irreverent towards God. : Briefness; shortness of time. : A place where beer is made. : A government run by civil servants. : The art of beautiful hand writing. : A doctor specialising in matters relating to the heart. : Broad outlook, free from prejudice.

AUTOPSY BANKRUPT BARBARIAN BARRICADE BELLIGERENT BIBLIOGRAPHY BIBLIOPHILE BIOGRAPHY BLASPHEMOUS BREVITY BREWERY BUREAUCRACY CALLIGRAPHY CARDIOLOGIST CATHOLICITY

AMBIDEXTROUS AMBIGUOUS

ANACHRONISM ANGLOPHILE

ANGLOPHOBE ARMISTICE ARISTOCRACY

CELIBACY CHARLATAN

: :

CIRCUMLOCUTION CLAUSTROPHOBIA : COAGULATE COLLOQUIAL COMBUSTIBLE COMEDIAN COMMODITY COMPATRIOT COMPLEXION COMPULSORY CONDUCTOR CONNOISSEUR : : : : : : : : : :

CONSCRIPT

CONSORTIUM

CONTAGIOUS CONTRETEMPS

: :

CONTROVERSIAL : CONVENTION (2) :

CORRIGENDUM COUNTERFEIT COUP DTAT CRUISE CYGNET CYNIC

: : : : : :

The state of being unmarried. One who deceives others by claiming to be an expert. : A roundabout way of expression. A morbid fear of confined spaces. Change from liquid into solid by chemical reaction. Suitable for ordinary informal conversation. That which can catch fire and burn easily. One who plays funny parts in plays or films. An article of trade or commerce. A person belonging to ones own country. The natural colour and appear- ance of skin. That which must be done. That which acts as a path for electricity, heat etc. A person who is competent to pass critical judgement upon anything. A person who is compelled by law to serve in the armed forces. A combination of several businesses for a common purpose. That which spreads easily, especially a disease. An unlucky event, an unexpected set-back. That which causes debate or argument. A formal assembly or conference of people of the same business to discuss practices. Something to be corrected in a printed book. Copy something exactly in order to deceive. Sudden overthrow of a government, especially by force. A sea voyage for pleasure. A young swan. One who has little faith in human sincerity or honesty.

DEBACLE DENOUEMENT

: A sudden complete failure. : The last part of a play, book etc. where all the complications of the plot are solved. DETERGENT : A cleaning agent, especially a synthetic substance. DETERRENT : Something to discourage people from doing wrong. DILETTANTE : An admirer of the fine arts. DISARMAMENT : Reduction of weapons by governments. DISINFORMATION : False information spread intentionally to spread propaganda. DOMICILE : A place where one lives permanently. DRAGNET : A system of connected actions and methods for catching criminals. DRUDGERY : Hard, uninteresting work. DUET : Song sung by two people together. EBULLIENT : High-spirited, exuberant. EFFEMINATE : A man who has the qualities of a woman. ENCYCLOPAEDIA : A book giving information on all branches of knowledge. ENTOMOLOGY : The scientific study of insects. EPIC : A long narrative poem. EPILOGUE : Concluding part of a literary work. ERGONOMICS : The study of the efficiency of people in their working environment. ERR : Make a mistake, do wrong. ESTUARY : The wide mouth of a river. EVOLUTION : Gradual development from simple life forms to complex ones. EXCISE : Tax on goods produced and used in a country. EXERTION : Making an effort; trying very hard to do something. EXTEMPORE : A speech made without any previous thought or preparation. EXTERMINATE : To put an end to something by killing. EXTROVERT : A person who is active, lively and enjoys the company of others.

EXUBERANT FALLACY FARCE

: Lively, high-spirited. : A false idea or belief. : A light-hearted humorous play with silly action. FASTIDIOUS : One who cannot be easily pleased. FAVOURITISM : The practice of giving favoured treatment to certain people. FEBRILE : Of or caused by fever. FEMINIST : A supporter of the cause of women. FIANCE : A girl to whom a man is engaged to be married. FISSION : Splitting of the nucleus of an atom. FLOGGING : Severe beating with a whip. FLUVIAL : Of, found in, or produced by rivers. FOOLSCAP : A size of paper, also called legal format. FOREMAN : A skilled worker in charge of other workmen. FOURTH ESTATE : Influential newspapers and journalists. FRANCOPHILE : An admirer of the French people, language, manners or way of life. FRANCOPHOBE : One who dislikes the French and France. FRATRICIDE : The murder of ones brother. FREIGHT : Goods carried by train, ship etc. FUDDY-DUDDY : An elderly person who does not understand or approve of modern ideas. FUMIGATE : To clear of disease, bacteria etc., by means of chemical smoke. GARAGE : A building in which motorcars are parked. GARRULOUS : One who talks too much about uninteresting things. GASTRONOMY : The art and science of cooking and eating good food. GENOCIDE : Elimination or killing of a whole race. GERMANOPHILE : An admirer of the German people, language, manners or way of life. GERMANOPHOBE : One who dislikes the Germans and Germany.

GERMICIDE GLACIER

: A medicine that kills germs. : A mass of ice moving very slowly down a mountain valley. GLUT : A larger supply than necessary. GRAFFITI : Rough drawing or writing on public walls. GRAMINIVORE : An animal that eats grain. GRATIS : Without payment, free of cost. GUBERNATORIAL : Of a governor. HALLUCINATION : Seeing something which is not actually present. HAVEN : A place of calm and safety. HEDONIST : One who lives for pleasure. HERBIVORE : A plant-eating animal. HISTRIONICS : Overreacting in a theatrical manner. HOLOCAUST : Great destruction and the loss of many lives; the mass killing of Jews in World War II. HOLSTER : A leather holder for a pistol. HOMICIDE : The killing of one man by another man. HOMONYM : A word which agrees with another in pronun-ciation and perhaps also in spelling but is different in meaning. HONORARY : An office for which no salary is paid. HOOLIGAN : A noisy rough person who causes trouble. HORTICULTURE : The art of garden cultivation. HUB : The central part of a wheel. HYPERCRITICAL : Excessively critical. HYPOCHONDRIAC : One who has exaggerated anxiety about his health. HYPOCRITICAL : Pretence of virtue or goodness; saying one thing while thinking another. HYPOTHESIS : Supposition made as basis for reasoning. IDEALISM : Practice of forming and following ideals. IDEOLOGY : Set of ideas at the basis of certain economic or political systems. IDOLATRY : Worship of idols. IGNORAMUS : A thoroughly ignorant person. ILLEGAL : That which is contrary to law. ILLEGIBLE : Handwriting which cannot be read.

ILLITERATE IMMEMORIAL IMMINENT IMMORTAL IMPASSABLE IMPLACABLE IMPREGNABLE INACCESSIBLE INAUSPICIOUS INCORPOREAL INCREDIBLE INDEFATIGABLE INDELIBLE INDIGENOUS INDOPHILE

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

INDOPHOBE INEDIBLE INEVITABLE INEXPLICABLE INFLAMMABLE INFLATE INGENIOUS INIMITABLE INNATE INNOCUOUS INTANGIBLE INTELLIGENTSIA INTOLERABLE INTROSPECTION INTUITION INVINCIBLE INVULNERABLE

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

One who is unable to read or write. Too old to be remembered, ancient beyond memory. About to happen. That which never dies. That which cannot be passed through. Impossible to satisfy, change or make less angry. That which cannot be attacked or taken by force. That cannot be approached or reached. Not of good omen. Without a body. That cannot be believed. One who is incapable of being tired. Incapable of being effaced or cancelled or obliterated. Belonging naturally to a place. An admirer of the Indian people, its culture, manners or way of life. One who dislikes the Indians and India. Something which cannot be eaten. That which is bound to happen. That which cannot be explained. Capable of catching fire. To fill with air or gas. Very clever. That which cannot be imitated. That which one is born with. That which is quite harmless. That cannot be mentally grasped. The class of people who think independently. That which cannot be endured. Examination of ones own mental processes. Immediate apprehension by mind reasoning. That cannot be conquered or defeated. That which cannot be wounded.

IRREPARABLE

: That which cannot be repaired. IRREPROACHABLE : So good that no criticism can be made. JAYWALK : To cross streets on foot in a careless and dangerous way. JOEY : A young kangaroo. JUDICIOUS : Wise, sound in judgement. KIMONO : A loose gown of silk as worn in Japan. KNIGHTHOOD : The right to put Sir in front of ones name. LACKEY : One who behaves like a servant by always obeying. LAMINATE : To cover with thin sheets of metal or plastic. LEGIBLE : Capable of being read clearly. LEONINE : Of or like a lion. LEXICOGRAPHER : One who compiles dictionaries. LIBERTARIAN : One who believes that one should have freedom of expression. LIMERICK : A humorous short poem with five lines. LITERATI : People with knowledge of literature. LOQUACIOUS : One who talks a lot. LOWBROW : One who has no interest in literature, art etc. LULLABY : A pleasant song sung to send children to sleep. MACHETE : A knife with a broad heavy blade. MAGNUM OPUS : A great work of art, particularly literary. MALEDICTION : Evil, vicious speech. MANUAL : A book giving information about how to work something. MANUSCRIPT : Handwritten script of a book. MARTINET : A strict disciplinarian. MASCOT : Something chosen as a symbol to bring good luck. MASOCHIST : One who enj oys pain or humiliation. MEDIOCRE : One who is neither intelligent nor dull. MEGALOMANIA : The belief that one is extremely important. MELODIOUS : Sweet sounding. MERCANTILE : Of trade and business. METEOROLOGY : The scientific study of weather conditions.

METICULOUS

: A person who is very careful about details. MILITIA : Those trained as soldiers but not belonging to a regular army. MISANTHROPE : One who hates mankind. MISOGAMIST : One who hates marriage. MISOGYNIST : One who hates women. MONOMANIAC : One who keeps thinking of one particular thing only. MONOTHEISM : The practice of worshipping only one god. MULTINATIONAL : A company having branches in many countries. MYCOLOGY : The scientific study of fungi. NAUSEA : Strong feeling of wanting to vomit. NAUTICAL : Of sailors, ships or sailing. NEMESIS : Downfall that satisfies natural justice. NEOLOGISM : A new word. NEPOTISM : Undue favour shown by a person in power to his relatives. NOTARY : A public official who makes written statements official. NUMISMATIC : One who collects coins. OBITUARY : Notice of a persons death in a newspaper. OBLIGATORY : That which is required to be done by law. OBSOLETE : That which is out of use, or replaced by a newer model. OMNIPOTENT : One who is all powerful. OMNISCIENT : One who knows everything. OMNIVOROUS : One who eats anything. ONTOLOGY : Philosophy concerned with the nature of existence. OPTHALMOLOGIST : An eye-doctor. OPTOMETRIST : A technician who measures your eyesight. PACHYDERM : A thick-skinned animal, especially an elephant or rhinoceros. PACIFIST : One who believes in the abolition of war. PALAEOGRAPHY : The study of ancient writing. PALAEONTOLOGY : The study of fossils. PANACEA : A remedy which can cure all diseases. PARADOX : Contradictory statement. PARASITE : One that lives on another. PARIAH : One who is not accepted by society. PATENT : Sole right to make and sell ones own invention.

PAUNCH PEDANT PENULTIMATE PERQUISITE PETROLOGY PHILISTINE PHILOLOGIST PIGMENT PLAINTIFF PLATONIC

PLEBEIAN POLYANDRY

POLYGAMY

POLYGLOT POLYGRAPH POSTHUMOUS POSTSCRIPT PRAGMATIST PRESCIENT PROFILE (1) PROPELLANT PSEUDONYM PULMONARY QUIXOTIC

RACONTEUR RAPPORT RECEPTIVE RED TAPISM

: A mans fat stomach. : One who exhibits his book learning. : Last but one. : Gain over and above ones salary. : The scientific study of rocks. : Person of material outlook who is indifferent to culture. : One who is well versed in the science of languages. : The natural colouring matter of plants and animals. : One who bring a charge against someone in court. : A very close, non-sexual friendship between two people. : Of the lower social classes. : The practice of having more than one husband at the same time. : The practise of having more than one husband or wife at the same time. : One who speaks many languages. : A lie-detector. : A child born after the death of its father. : A note added at the end of a letter, after the signature. : One who uses common sense. : Able to foretell what will happen in the future. : A side view of someones head. : An explosive for firing a bullet or a rocket. : A pen-name assumed by a writer. : Of or having an effect on the lungs. : Trying to do the impossible, usually to help others, while putting oneself into danger. : One who is good at telling stories in an interesting way. : A good relationship between two people. : Capable of receiving new ideas. : Excessive use of official formalities which causes unnecessary delay.

REFLATION

REINFORCE RENAISSANCE REQUISITION RETRIBUTION RINGLEADER RODENT RUSSOPHILE

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RUSSOPHOBE SABOTAGE

: :

SACRILEGE SANATORIUM SANCTIMONIOUS SCAFFOLD SCEPTIC SCUBA

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SEDENTARY SEER SENSATIONALISM

: : :

SEPTUAGENARIAN : SILHOUETTE : SIMULTANEOUSLY : SINECURE SINOPHILE : :

SINOPHOBE SMALL FRY SNIPPET SOJOURN

: : : :

A government policy of increasing the amount of money in circulation. Strengthen by additional men or material. A renewal of interest in art, literature etc. An official demand or request. A severe deserved punishment. One who leads others to do wrong or make trouble. A small herbivore usually considered a pest.. An admirer of the Russian people, language, manners or way of life. One who dislikes the Russians and Russia. Wanton destruction especially of a factory, etc. b y dissatis- fied workers. The violation or profaning of sacred things. A place for invalids and convalescents. Making a show of piety. A structure on which criminals used to be hanged. Person who doubts the truth of what he is told. An instrument used for breathing when swimming under water. Done while sitting down. One who can see into the future. The intentional producing of excitement or shock. One in his seventies. Black shadow-like picture on white background. Taking place or happening at the same time. Any office with good salary but no work. An admirer of the Chinese people, language, manners or way of life. One who dislikes the Chinese and China. Unimportant people. A small piece from something spoken or written. A short stay at a place.

SPINSTER STALE STAMPEDE

: An unmarried woman. : Something which is not fresh. : A sudden rush of a large number of frightened people or animals. STELLAR : Of the stars. STOCKBROKER : One who buys and sell shares for others. STOIC : One who is indifferent to pain and pleasure. STRATAGEM : A trick to deceive an enemy. STRINGENT : Very strict. SUBCUTANEOUS : Beneath the skin. SUB JUDICE : A subject which cannot be publicly discussed because it is being considered by a court of law. SUBSIDY : Money paid by a government to make prices lower. SUBVERSIVE : Attempting to weaken or overthrow authority. SUPERANNUATED : Too old for work. SURREAL : Having a strange, dreamlike unreal quality. TABLEAU : A lifelike representation of a famous scene by a group of people who do not move or speak. TAXIDERMY : The art of stuffing animals and setting them in life-like poses. TECHNOCRAT : A specialist in technology. TEETOTALLER : One who abstains from all kinds of alcoholic drinks. TERMINATE : Come or bring to an end. THEIST : One who believes in the existence of God. THEOCRACY : Government by priests. TIMBER : Wood cut down for building etc. TOPIARY : The art of trimming trees and bushes to decorative shapes. TRAITOR : One who is disloyal to his country. TYRANT : A ruler with complete power who rules cruelly. UNISEX : Of one type, used by both males and females. UNANIMOUS : A decision taken by the votes of all. UPSTART : A person who has suddenly risen from low rank to wealth and importance. UXORICIDE : The killing of ones wife. UXORIOUS : Greatly or excessively fond of ones wife.

LIST - II
CREDULOUS ARISTOCRACY PLUTOCRACY DEMAGOGUE DESPERADO EDIBLE EPICURIAN : Ready to believe without sufficient evidence : Government by the nobility : Government by the wealthy people : A person who can sway his followers by his oratory : One ready to do any reckless or criminal act : Fit for food : One who devoted to the pleasures of eating and drinking : Killing by means of an electric current : A disease confined to a particular district or place : One whose interest are directed outward : Existing only for a day. : To preserve a dead body from decaying : A brief summary of a book : A person, thing circumstance that puzzling or is HEDONIST HORTICULTURE HYPERBOLE HOSTAGE INVALID INCENDIARY INSOLVENT IGNORAMUS IMMIGRANT INVINCIBLE INCOMBUSTIBLE INVISIBLE IMMORTAL INIMITABLE INDEFATIGABLE INTERNECINE INTERPOLATE HOMICIDE HAWKER : The act of killing a human being : One who travels from place to place selling miscellaneous articles : One who believes that pleasure is the highest tool. : The art of cultivating and managing gardens : Exaggerated statement made for the sake of effect : Person given to an enemy as a pledge : A person who is sick : One who maliciously sets fire to building : One who cannot pay ones debts : An ignorant person : One who comes into a foreign country to settle there : That which conqured cannot be

ELECTROCUTE ENDEMIC EXTROVERT EPHEMERAL EMBALM EPITOME ENIGMA

: Incapable of being burnt : That which cannot be seen : Living for ever : That which imitated cannot be

EMBARGO ENTOMOLOGY FIANCEE FARRIES FUGITIVE FANATIC

: An order prohibiting ships to leave the port : The study of insects : One engaged to be married : One who shoes horses : One who runs away from justice or the law : a person filled with excessive entusiasm, especially in religion : One who studies about rocks and soils : Military force stationed in a fortress

: Persons that cannot be wearied : Causing destruction to both sid es : make (spurious & misleading) additions to a book : To place side by side : causing death : Expressing in a few words : A place where clothes are washed and ironed

JUXTAPOSE LETHAL LACONIC LAUNDRY

GEOLOGIST GARRISON

LIMNOLOGY MANIFESTO

: :

The study of lakes and other fresh water bodies A declaration of plans and promises put forward by a political party To move from one country to another One who studies elements of weather. the

ORNITHOLOGY OBITUARY

: The study of birds : An account, in the newspaper, of the funeral of one deceased : One who attends to horses at an inn : One who makes or sells eye-glasses : The study of eggs : Belonging to the west : Expel from society : Occurring after death : Literary theft, or passing off an authors original work as ones own. : The art of making fireworks : A plant or animal growing on another : A cure for all diseases : One who collects postage stamps

OSTLER OPTICIAN OOLOGY OCCIDENTAL OSTRACIZE POSTHUMOUS PLAGIARISM

MIGRATE

METEOROLOGIST : MISANTHROPE METALLURGY MONOLOGUE MOBILIZE MAUSOLEUM MACHIAVELLIAN MEMENTO MIVIPAROUS MEGALOMANIAC : : : : : : : : :

One who hates mankind The science dealing with the production of metals A long speech by one person To collect together for service in war A magnificent tomb Unscrupulous in gaining what is wanted Something kept or given as a reminder Producing young that are fully developed . A person with a false impression that he is great and powerful. The study of coins A hollow place in wall A new word coined by an author Special favour shown by a person in high position to his relatives. A place where fruit trees are grown One who looks on the bright side of things. One who knows everything One who everywhere is present

PYROTECHNICS PARASITE PANACEA PHILATELIST

PHILANTHROPIST : One who devotes his service or wealth for the love of mankind. PEDANT PEDLAR : One who makes a display of his learning : One who goes from house to house selling small articles. : Doctors who treat childrens diseases : The study of ancient modes of writing : The science of speech, sounds and their production : The art of making fireworks : Chief person in a drama, story etc. : A fictitious name used by an author : One who dishonestly claims to have knowledge and skill, esp. in medicine.

NUMISMATICS NICHE NEOLOGISM NEPOTISM

: : : :

PAEDIATRICIAN PALAEOGRAPHY PHONETICS PYROTECHNICS PROTAGONIST PSEUDONYM QUACK

ORCHARD OPTIMIST OMNISCIENT OMNIPRESENT OCULIST

: : : : :

One who attends to the diseases of the eye

QUARANTINE RUMINANT REFUGEE REINSTATE RACONTEUR SOMNAMBULIST SPENDTHRIFT SCULPTOR SURGEON SANATORIUM

: Confinement to one place to prevent spread of infection. : A cud-chewing animal : One who takes refuge in a foreign country. : Put back in a former station or condition. : One who tells anecdotes or stories : One who walk in his sleep : One who spends too much : One who carves in stone, metal, wood, etc. : One who treats diseases by operations : A hospital esp, for tuberculosis patients and convalescents. : Collection of views of several persons on a topic : A word with the same meaning as another : W anton destruction of a plant by workmen : happening or done at the same time : More than is needed : One who doesnt consume alchoholic drinks : One who betrays his friends, ruler, country, etc. : The art of preparing, stuffing and mounting the skins of animals, birds and fish. : The art of representing the physical features of a place on a map. : Lexicon, esp, a collection of words : An act which religion or custon regards as forbidden.

TRANSMIGRATION : UTOPIAN UNDERTAKER UPHOLSTERER

Belief that the soul passes at death into another body. but

: Ideally perfect impracticable

: A tradesman who manages funerals : One who makes or deals in carpets, curtains, beds, cushioned seats, etc. : One who lends money at an excessive rate of interest : One who has suddenly risen to wealth and importance : final proposal of terms given by one party to another : Of the same opinion : One skilled in the treatment of diseases of animals : One who wanders without settled home

USURER UPSTART

ULTIMATUM UNANIMOUS VETERINARIAN VAGABOND

SYMPOSIUM SYNONYM SABOTAGE SIMULTANEOUS SUPERFLUOUS TEETOTALLER TRAITOR TAXIDERMY

VALETUDINARIAN : One who is overanxious about ones health VOLUNTEER : One who takes part in an enterprise of his own free will : Word for word : Of many sided ability : Done for another : A place for breeding or preserving rabbits : To separate the husks from the grain : Recklessly inconsiderate : A man whose wife is dead : A person having an excessive attachment to foreign living : A place where many kinds of animals are kept for show : The science of animal life

VERBATIM VERSATILE VICARIOUS WARREN WINNOW WANTON WIDOWER XENOMANIAC

TOPOGRAPHY

THESAURUS TABOO

ZOO ZOOLOGY

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