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Antetit: . . - . .. , - ., - , Bibliogr. la sfritul art. 200 ex.
ISBN 978-9975-4062-7-7

IIIII . . ., 16-19 2012 . . .. (. ).
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Scythian cemetery of the III-II centuries BC near the village of Glinoe on the left bank of the Lower Dniester river (preliminary
results of the study). In the article for the first time the preliminary results are presented which concerned the research of the scythian cemetery
of the III-II centuries BC near Glinoe village. A description of the burial rite and material culture is provided, as well as the chronology of the
monument is considered. The materials obtained in the study of the cemetery are regarded to be of particular importance for the renovation of the
historical development of the Northern Black sea littoral and South-Eastern Europe in the III-II centuries BC.
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. 179-191.
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) // :
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(V . .. V ..). - III
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(. . .. ). . -
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// (- ) (. . .. ). . .
. 14-19.
, , 2000 .., ..
(
. ) //
(- ) (. . .. ). . .
. 3-28.
Yarovoy and oth., 2000 Yarovoy E.V., Chetverikov I.A.,
Sinika V.S. The barrow cemetery of late scythian time on the
territory along the Dnister River // Funeral practices as forms
of cultural identity (Bronze and Iron Ages). Abstracts. Tulcea.
Editura Institutului de Cercetri Eco-Muzeale. C. 77-79.

15

..

IIIII . . .
Chobruchi settlement on the Lower Dniester in the IIIII centuries BC. The article considers the materials of the multilayered set
tlement near Chobruchi village situated on the left bank of the Lower Dniester. Of particular interest is the fact that monument dated back to the
IIIII centuries BC. The article presents the findings of that period from Chobruchi settlement.
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2004, 196-198, . 15).
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(, 2009, 237,
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, , 2008 .., .. .
. . . I. - . . I. --.
- . 224 .
, 1980 ..
IV-III . . . // . 34.
. 17-30.
, 1983 .. . . . 109 .
, 1999 ..
VI-III . . . . -
. 424 .
, 1954 ..
. . 36. 240 .
, , 1997 .., .. III . . .
// (. . ..). . . . 241-244.
, , 1985
.., .. . .
. 158 .
, 2007 ., -

// RA. S. n. Vol. III. Nr. 1-2. . 370-385.
, , 2004 .., .. // Cercetri arheologice n
Republica Moldova (2000-2003) (red. res. N. Rileanu). Chiinu.
Tipografia Central. . 50-63.
, , 2004 .., .. // Thracians and Circumpontic world. II. Proceedings
of the Ninth International Congress of Thracology. Chiinu
Vadul lui Vod. 6-11 September 2004. (ed. I. Niculi, A. Zanoci,
M. B). Chiinu. Cartdidact. C. 190-216.
, 1983 ..
(VI-III .
. .) // - . (. . .. -).
. . . 101-122.
, 2000 ..
VI-I . .. // ii-i
(i. . .. ). . .
. 87-106.

, 1989 ..
VI-IV . . . . . 127 .
, 2004 ..
// ,
, . - II
. . . (12-16 2004 .) I (.
. .. ). . 2004. . .110-113.
, 2009 ..
.
- // Tirajetia.
Arheologie. Istorie Antic. S. n. Vol. III [XVIII]. Nr. 1 (red. res.
E.Sava). Chiinu. C. 235-246.
, , 2004 ., .
2001-2002 . ( ) // , , .
- II . . . (12-16
2004 .) I (. . .. ). .
. . 118-123.
, , 2005 .., ..,
( ) //
. . (. . .. ). .
. . 281-286.
, 2004 .. // i. -
. i- i ii
( 105-i ..
). XI (. . .. ). . -
. . . 279-285.
, 1994 .. //
(V . .. V . ..) (. . ..). . . . 231-232.
, 1997 .. III II .
.. // (IV .
.. IV . ..) (. . ..). . .
. 19-22.
Fidelschi, 2006 Fidelschi S. Dezvoltarea meteugului
la populaie sedentar dn regiunea Nistrului Inferior (dup
rezultatele spturilor la aezarea pluristratigrafic Ciobruci) //
Tirajetia. Anuar XV (red. res. N. Rileanu). Chiinu. Reclama.
P. 24-33.
Scorpan, 1970 Scorpan S. Prezena i continuitatea getic
n Tomis i Callatis // SCIV. T. 21. Nr. 1. Bucureti. P. 65-95.

20

..


III . .. II . ..
Concerning the characteristic features of beliefs of thracian subethnos from Lower Dnieper hill-forts of the IIIrd
century BC to the IInd century AD. The collection of the things known as horses with heads of rams from the materials of
Lower Dnieper hill-forts from the 3rd century BC to the 2nd century AD is submitted. These images have a lot of analogies in the
monuments of Eurasia. Studying of semantics of the horses with heads of rams allows considering these images as replacement
of animals sacrificial.
III . .. II . ..
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(,
2009; 2009; 2009).

, ,
,

(, 1962,
208-217; , 2009; 2009).
.
,
, , . ,
,
, , (- ) .
, , (.
: , 1962, 208-217; ,
2009; 2009). ,
. ,
(,
1962, 211), (, , 1985, 303).
..
(,
1962, 212-213).
,
,
( ).
,
(,
2009, 138).



. ,
,

21

. 1. :
1 , 2 , 8, ;
3 , 4, , ;
4 , 7, ; 5 ,
6; 6

(, 2009).
, ( 40) .

.
,
, . .

II .
.. II . .., .
,
.
1. .
- ,
,


,

. 40 , 2 .
, ,
; 22 (13 )
. In
situ
. ,
(, 2009).
,
, .
,
,
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.
, ..
(. 1/1)
8
(. 1/2). 7 (.
1/4). ,
.
(Beldiman, 1990, 149).
,
.

. .
4 6
,
(. 1/3,5,6).
, .

8 . ,
.
,
, ,
.
(. 2/1).

68 18, IV-III . ..
(Alexandrescu, 1980, 20, fig. 70/1).

22



(. 2/2), 7 (.
2/4) 1 1987.
(. 2/5).
1 1953 .
. ,
,

(. 2/3).


.
,

.
(Babe, 1993,
taf. 25/3-5). ,
.

-. , ..
, (. 2/1) (, 1962, 212). ..
, ,
(, 2000, 94).
..
(, 2010, 66).

(.
3/1). ;
.

.

(onovici, 1994, 73, fig. 6/9).

(?) (?)
. -
, 1954 . 1 (. 3/4).

( 5), .. (2010; 2011). ,
.. (1973, 13-15),
3 5
(, 2010, 71).

. 2. :
1 , 8, ; 2
, , 323; 3 , 1344;
4 , 7, ;
5 , 1, 196 ( 1987 .)


.
, . , ,
(, .) (. 4/1,2).
I-II . .. (, 2000, 91, . 2,
). , ,
(
), , .
.. ,
,
( 2, I-II . ..). , , ,
(, 2000, 88).

23

. 3. , : 1 , ; 2 , 8
3; 3 , 8 ; 4
1 ( 1954 .); 5 , 8 ; 6
, , ; 7 , 4, ; 8
, 1986 ., 346 ; 9 , ,
7, ; 10 , 1952 ., , 1005.
24

, , , ()
, , .
2. .
.. , ..
(1958). -

() (Bechir, 1973) ,

(Grecs et Indigenes, 2010, 448, fig. 305).
:
, ,
3 (, 2003, 168, 183, . 98/5-8,
113/10,16,18). ,

,
. , ,
,
.
..

( -,
- .. ..
) (,
1962, 211-212). , .. ,
(, 1980,
32-45, . 1/3). .. ,

, , . IVII.
..
(, 1980, 45).
, ,
.

,
.
[ 22:
11-13].
[. 22: 1-19]
[ 37: 99-109].
3. .
, , .
- ,
-

, VII
VI . ..
(, 2006, 65-69).



, , (, , 2012, 377, . 159),
(, 1987, 88-91, . 51) (, , 2012, 419, .
217) .. , , , .
2 (
)
(,
2010, 60).
, , .


. ,
,
()
(, 1969; , 2010; 2011).
, , ,

.
(, 1986).
(, 1976, 123).
,
() , . , ,
, .
(, 1986, 83, 89, 123;
, 2011, 71).

, ,
, pars pro toto, (, 1976, 56).
,

.


.

. , -

25

. 4. : 1 ;
2 ( .. )

,
,
.

,
(, 1999). , ,
(
) ( )
.

1.
40 ,
: ;
; .
2.


:

;
;

, , , - ,
..;
,
, .

3. ,


,
.

, 1980 .. // (. . .. ).
-. . . 32-45.
, , 2012. .., ..
. . .
750 .
, , 1985 .., .. () // .
(.
... ). . . . 297-304.
, 2010 ..

// . . 3. . 59-73.
, 2010a .. Farnah (
) // . 2. . 68-75.
, 1962 .. . . . . 238 .
, 1969 .. //
. 150. . . 119-134.
, 1999 ..
VIIIII . . . . . - .
432 .
, 2009 ..
( -

26

) //
- (. . ..
). --. -. . 169-186.
, 2009
// Stratum plus. 3. 2005-2009. . 114-142.
, 2009 ..
//
. (. . .. ).
. - . . 148-166.
, , 1991 .., .. . . . 91 .
, , 2005 .., .. ( ) // (.
. .. ). . . 66-73.
, 2003 .. (II .
.. III . ..). . . 209 .
, 1973 ..
//
. . . . . (. . ..
). . . 13-15.
, 2006 ..
.
. .
. 272 .
, 1976 ..

// -
(. . .. , .. ). . . . 52-65.
, 1986 .. -. . . 132 .
, 1968 .. ( -
). . . 118 .
, 1987 . . . 143 .
, 1958 .. . . 64. 152 .
, 2000 .. //.
2. . 88-101.
Alexandrescu, 1980 Alexandrescu A.D. La necropole
Gete de Zimnicea // Dacia. Nouvelle Seirie. XXIV. P. 19-126.
Babe, 1993 Babe M. Die Poieneti-Lukaevka-kultur.
Ein Beitrag zur Kulturgeschichte im Raum stlich der Karpaten
in den Letzten Jahrhunderten vor Christi Geburt. Bonn. Dr. Rudolf Habelt. CMBH. 248 p.
Bechir, 1973 Bechir Ch. Manifestations de Caractere Magoque et Culturel Cher Carpes // Dacia. Nouvelle Seirie. XVII.
P. 243-256.
Beldiman, 1990 Beldiman C. Semne de tip tamga din
Dacia preromana // Thraco-Dacica. V. XI. N 1-2. Bucureti. P.
140-150.
Conovici, 1994 Conovici N. Obiete pentru cult i magie
descoperite la Piscul Grsani // Pontica. XXVII. P. 61-75.
Grecs et Indigenes, 2010 Grecs et Indigenes de la Catalogne A La Mer Noire. Paris. Ramses. 596 p.

27

..

IV-II . ..

Nomads of the Lower Don area IV-II centuries BC. Some problems of the study. The article considers some questions of ethnocultural belonging of the various groups of Lower Don nomads of the Hellenistic time. Studies show that in the Lower Don region in the IV
beginning of the III century BC are presented monuments of the nomads both of Western (Scythian) as well as of Eastern (Sirmatian) origin,
which are different in the funeral practice and which are separated geographically. The analysis of historical events of the Lower Don area of this
period lets us suppose that the leading forces here were the Scythians and the Bosporus Kingdom, while the role of the Eastern nomads is slightly
exaggerated.
IV-II . .. .
. ,
IV III . .. (),
() , .
, ,
.

, ,
IV
III
. .. (, 1983, 127-128; , 1999, 74-76; , 2007, 61-63; ,
2009, 17-19).

.

IV III . ..
,

.
,
. ( ,
),
, ,
.
,
:
2, - 1, 1.

( I 5/1, 5/2, V
4/1, 12/1, 12/2, 27/2, I 1/3, 30/1,
1/1, 5/1, 16/1, 26/1, 27/1, 6/2 .,
41/1, 44/1, 68/1, 69/1, 71/1, I 54/1),

( 3/1, 3/2, I 2/13,
25/1, 25/2).
IV III . .., -


(, 2007, 62).

-
, 70
. - ,
, ,
.
.
V
VIV . ..,
III . .. (, 1997,
18-32; , 2009, 15-17). ,

, ,
(, ,
), , .



,
, , :

, (
, 4/1, 1/1,
),
( II 3/2, VII 17/3,
, 43/1, I
1/2, 2/3, II 3/11 5/4,
2/3 .), ( II 16/2,

28


III
2/1,
VIII
12/2(?)), , .
,
,1
, .
IV III .
.., (, 2007, 62).
,
, ,
.
IV . ..

[I, 1] - [68] .
(, 1983, 127; , 1984, 37 .). .. ,

,
(, 1999, 88-89; 2002, 133-134).
..
, . , () ,
. .. IV . ..
, ,
.
, , .. (,
2009, 178). ,
, .. -
IV . ..
.
,

VII 27/2
1 (, 2000, 147-148; 2001, 25),
(, 1983,
127-128; , 1984, 37-41; , 2002, 6-15; ,
2005, 35-37; , 2009, 171 .).

(, 2011, 186). .. ,
, IV .
..
, ,
.
..

IV .
.. (, 2011, 187-188).
,
,
,
.

80- . (, , 1980, 32-33).
,
, .. ,

.
- VIV .
.., .. ,
, ,
. ..
VII
(19/2)
( (?), , ).
( 2/1,
5-10, 26/1 .)

, , , ,
. ,
- , , , . ,
-
,
-
.
,

, ,
, , -
. (, 1991, 94 .).

(., , .,
1977, 59-124; , , 1991, 33-52).

. , -

29

,
( ,
.), 27/2
V.

,

IV-III . .. (, 1991, 109-110).
, , ,
(, 1961, 9-31, 75; , 2001, 67-71, 83-84).
,
, ,
, . IV-III . ..

.2
.. , ,
,
.

,
:
, , .

. ,
,

(
),
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IV . .., ,
.
( , ),
.
( .. 2
.. ,
: , (, 1991, 167-172).
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, , .
..
, , ,
.

VII 17/3)
.
,

.

.
-
. ,
, .
IV III . ..,
.
IV . .. .
, , ,
( ., 2000, 78). ,
,

( ., 1997, 96
.; , 2002, 134-135; , 2011, 185186).
, ,
, , .

IV . ..

I , [ ,
XXXIV, 8] (, 1995, 89; , 2005,
77-79). ,

.

,
- .
IV . ..
IV-III . ..
.
( )
( , )
III
. .. -

30


( )
. , IV-III .
.. ,
. , ,
,
(, 2009, 25), (, 2002, 232).
, IV III .
.. .
(, ) IV .
..,
,
( .,
1997, 96-100), . -

IV-III . .., ,
,
(, 1992, 67-69, 81-98; , , 1997, 87-96).
III
. ..
,
.
.

,
.

, -
, III . .. (,
2007, 64). III . ..
- (, ) ( .,
2005, 59-60). III . ..
,
.
III-II . ..
, , II . .. , ,
. II-I .
..
, ,
IV . .., -

.
II-I . ..


IV III . .. , -
,
, ,
,
.

II-I . ..
, ( ), , .
III . ..
.
, III . .., (, ,
2000, 3-22). ,
,
III . ..
.


,
.
III . .. ,

(, )
, ,
(, 1997, 122-124; ., 1997, 101-103; , 1999,
149-152; , , 2011, 247-259).

. ,
,
III .
.. ,
, .
. ,
-
()
IV
. ..

31

. .. , IV III . ..
, ,
(,
2011, 47-55). ..

IV
. .. .
, , , ,
, . III . ..

(, 2011, 50-51; , 2011, 159-160).
, , IV
III

. .. . , ,
, , (,
). ,

IV . ..,
-
,
-
( ),
. .

, 2004 ..

//
(. . ..
). . . . 30-37.
, 2011 .. .
- VII .
.. V . .. I. . .
2011. 320 .
., 1977 ..,
.., .. . // (. . .. ). . . 59-124.
, 2001 ..
VI-II . .. . . 153 .
. 1997 ..,
.., .. //
. 3. . 93-103.

, 1997 .. IOSPE

I
2

343 // . 3. . 104-124.
, 2007 ..
// . -
.
. II (. . .. ). . - . . 59-82.
., 2005 .., .., .. // . . 8
(. . .. ). . - . . 52-97.
, , 1980 .., ..
//
(. . .. ). -. - -- . . 15-34.
, , 2011 .., ..
// Stratum plus. 3. . 245-261.
, 2000 .. V-IV . ..
//
VII
-
III
. .. , (. . .. , .. ). . - . . 145-152.
, 2001 .. //
.
, 1993-2000. (.
. .. ). . - . . 18-52
, 2005 ..
IV . III . ..
( ) // .
(. . .. ). .
- . . 74-79.
, 2009 .. -
IV III .
.. . . ... . 27 .
, , 1991 .., ..
. //
(. . .. , .. ). . . . 33-52.
, 2002 ..
VII III .
.. // .
. 1 (. . .. ). . - . . 229-235
, 1999 .. IV .
.. // - (. . .. ). . - .
. 62-101.
, 2002 ..
IV-III . .. . - . 216 .
, 1999 .. IV . .. //

VII
-
IV
. .. ( , ) (.
. .. ). . - . . 74-76.

32

1983 .. . --. -
. 224 .
, 1995 .. // . 2. . 78-93.
., 2000 .., ..,
.. . . Pa
leograf. 281 .
, 1999 ..
. I .. . . 160 .
, 2002 .. ( ) //
. 3-4. . 6-16.
, 1991 .. (VIIIII . ..). . . 256 .
, 1992 .. .
. . 201 .
, , 1997 .., .. // . . 5.
. . . . III . .
(. .
.. ). . -
. . 87-98.

, 1997 .. // (. . .. , ..
). . . . 18-32.
, 2009 ..
IV
. .. // . . 10. . 171192.
, 2011 .. IV .
.. //
(. .
.. , .. , .. ). . .
. 184-191.
, 1961 .. . . - . 161 .
, 1984 .. . . .
184 .
, 2011 ..
IV-III . .. // . . 10. . 44-57
, , 2000 ..,
..
( . ) //
(
) (. . .. ). . .
. 3-28.

33

..

18 .

The ritual complex from barrow 18 of Grushevskij cemetery. The problems of chronology.The article is devoted to the problems
of chronology of the ritual complex from barrow 18 of the Grushevskij cemetery (near Novocherkassk). The complex includes the hellenistic
helmet, the parts of scale armour, the arrowheads, the check-pieces, the harness decorations. Also in the barrow were found the fragments of
amphorae and table pottery. The complex is probably to be dated to the middle second half of the IIIrd century BC.
18 . .
, 18 (. ).
, , , ,
. . III . ..

1980. ,
.. , 18 . . ,
.
. , 3,5
.

.
, . 0,17 , . 25 .
. (. 1).
- -

. 0,8 , ,
. 3 ,
0,4 ,
, , , .

,
.
7 --

: ,
, , ,
(. 1, . 1; . 4/8,9).
,
.
. 1
-- , , ,

,
(. 1, . 4, 5).

. , ,

. -
.
18
(,
, 1997, 146; , 2001, 95; ,
2007, 264; , 2007, 383; , 2010, 108109).
,
(,1 1981, 35-36, . 10-14), (, 1987).
.
IV III . ..
(, 1987, 20). ..
. .. II
I . .. (, 2010,
109). , (, 2010, 191). .. ,
III II .
.. (, 2007, 263-264).
, 18
:

IV

III
. .. (.. );
III II . .. (.. );
II I . .. (..
, .. , .. ).

(
., 2012),
1
.. .

34

. 1. 18

1. (),
(. 2/2). ,
, - .


, ..
(, 2009, 15-17).



.. (2009, 55, . 42). , -
( , )

III . ..2 ..
,
(, 2006, 357, 366). -

35

.. , de visu.

. 2. 18: 1 ;
2 ; 3 ; 4 ;
5 ; 6 (?); 7

36

.
2.
.
,
(. 2/1).
. , , .
.. , de
visu,
18. , ,
IV

III
. ..
, .. .
III . .. (, ,
2005, 326). .. ,
,
, .
II . ..,
, ,
III .
.. (Cankarde enol, 2010, 127-128, footnote 13,
fig
. 1, 2). , .
.
3.
(. 2/5).


. .. ,
.
.
4. (?).
.
, .
3 (.
2/7).
5.
(. 2/3).
.
6.
, (. 2/4).
,
.
7. (.
2/6).
3 1981. (, 1981, 36, . 399,
. 11/ 1,1; . . 2/4 ).

, .
,
, , .
,
,
.
III .
.. ,
.. , , III . ..

.

1. , .
, (. 3/1,2).

(, 1973, 48, 50-51, . 2/12,
5/8,9; ., 1991, 153; 1862
1863., . 22 ()). ,
,
, , .4
(.
3/1).
, .5
,
,

. , , .
.
, 1 ..
(, , 2009, 69, . 1).
, ,
.
. ..
4 .. . ,
, (,
1979, 114; , 1991, 387, . 9).
5 / (, 2007, 74).

37

. 3. 18: 1 (); 2 ;
3 ; 4 ; 5 99 2
( , , 2005); 6 ; 7 ;
8 . , 2 8

IV III
. .. , III . .., ..
(2010, 198). .. , ,
,
, ,

III . .. (,
2008, 42-43). 2
IV
III II
. .. ( ., 2000, 44).

( ., 2000, 46).

38

..
(, , 2009, 70),
, III II
. .. ,
( ., 2000, 40),
.
-
18
.
18, ,

, III
II . ..
2.
8- (. 3/4).
. ,
.
, .. II-I . .. (, , 1997, 147).6

, . , ,
.
, II I .
.. (, 1994, 189-190). ,

,
..
.
, ,

8- .

99
2 (, , 2005, 225, 253, . 13/20)
(. 3/5). I 30 20-. III .
.. ,

II-I . ..
30-. III . ..
3. ,
(. 3/3). , 6 , , , .. .

IV-III . ..

. .

1. (.
4/1). ,
, ,
-, . .

, . , , ,
.
.
,
(. 4/8,9).
,
, . ,
.
, 1981. ,
(, 1981, 7).
, ,
.
(. 4/1). , ,
(, 1981, 7, 2, 35,
394, . 13/12),
.
,

(. 4/1).

(, 1941, 159, . XXII)
(Dintsis, 1986, 279, at. 222, af. 56, 6). ( ., 2011, 122, . 6/1, 7/4).
:
, , , U-
, , .
. .
, , (Dintsis, 1986, 113)
(Waurick, 1988, 169).
-

39


, ,
(Dintsis, 1986, 114-120,
274-287, af. 51-62). .
. (
) IV II .
..
(Dintsis, 1986, 115-116).
..
,
7 II . ..,
(,
, 1997, 147, . 7). , .
,
.
,
( , . .).
. , ,
..
(Waurick, 1983, 274; , 2008, 48)..
IV II . .. (Waurick, 1988, 173).
, ,

. (Waurick, 1988, 170). , ,
,
.
.. , II . ..
(, 2010,
137). .
III . .. (Dintsis,
1986, 279-280, at. 222, 223),

.
,
.
,
. ..
, 7 ..
,
, . (, , 1997, 145).


III II . .., III .
.. (, 2007, 265).

,
. ..
, III . ..
2. .8
. , ,
571 (. 4/2).
,
94 (. 4/3).
, 465 (.
4/4). ,
(. 4/5,6).

.

.
, .. ,
(, 1987, 21-22).
(, , 1997, 146; , 2010, 109, 250). .. ,
,
, (,
2007, 383).

(,
2007, 383). ,
(, 1989, 175; -, , 2005, 146),
.

,

(, 1996, 57,
134-136, 141, . 35, 70).9
.
,

8 ,
(, 2010).
, , . .
9 ..
-
(, 2001, 262)

40

. 4. 18: 1 ( ), 1 ,
1 . , 1980 .; 2
; 3 ; 4 ; 5
; 6 ; 7 Hermann Historica
( Hermann Hisorica, 2007); 8 18; 9 18, .
, 1980 .
41

(, 1966, 33, . 2;
, 2001, 343, . 98/10-28). , .. .



, ,

.10

V-III . ..

(, 1968, 104110, . 56-58),
(, 1968, 118-120, . 62).

,11 (, 2009, 74-75, . V/1).
.. ,
, (, 1973, 79). .. ..
, 10 ,

(, , 1994, 128-129).

(, 1968, 32-33).

.. (1968,
26-27, . 8/1-3).
IV . ..
30
(, 2006, 90).12

,
,
(, 1968, 31).

,
. ,
. ,
, , Hermann Hisorica
2007. (Hermann Hisorica, 2007, 376-377, taf. 4/7).
.. ,
,

.13 ,

.

, .
(
, 1980, 99-100),
IV . .. (, 1980,
60).

.

- (1875.)14
,
(, 1878, 34; , 1879, 113; (
), 1879, . II/11-12; , 1993, 39,
. 1/8,9).
, , .15 -
IV III . .. (,
1993, 38).
2010.
,
, .
, .

.

,
.
.

10 .. XIX -
9 2009.
11 , , .
12 ... - .. .

13 .. , . .
14 .
, .. ( (),
1879, . II/11-12; , 1879, 113; , 1878, 34; ,
1993, 39). , .. , , (, 1968, 109).
15 .. .. .

42

, , . .
,
.
, 30 .
,
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, -
(Hermann Historica, 2007, 376-377).

,
.
, -
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(, 1968, 43-44, . 25/2;
Snodgrass, 1999, 91, pl. 42, 45).
,
(
),
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IV III . ..
. ..
,
Hermann Historica,
(Hermann Historica,
2007, 377).


.

(, , 2009, 74), (, 1996, 179; .,
2011, 143). ,
, . ,

. IV

16 , ,
. III . ..
3. (. 3/6).
. , , .
4. (. 3/7). 17 ( ) 45 .
. 3,5 4,0 ,
0,50,6 . , .
, ,
. ,
.
,
(. 3/8). 4
17 (, 1983, 103, . 17/
8), 8 2
(, , 1994,
75, . 24/22, 24).

.
, .
(
),
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(, ).
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.
,
:
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III I . .. ,
,
.
16 2011. .. .. . ,
, .
17 .

43

.
18
III . ..
, , III . ..

., 1991 .., ..,


. . IV . ..
. . 416 .
, 2008 ..
// . . XLI. . 31-70.
, 2008 ..
IV-II . .. //

.
( XXV
). . . (. . .. ).
. - -
. .. .
. 41-45.
-, , 2005 -
.., .. ( ) // ANTIQVITAS AETERNA.
. . 1. : (. . .. ).
. -
. . 131154.
, , 1994 .., ..
IV . .. // . .
-. . 116-136.
, 1993 .. -
(1875.) // . - . .. (. . .. ). .
- . . 38-51.
, 2009 .. //
. 3. . 63-78.
, 1980 .. .
IV . ..
. . 128 .
, 2010 .. // .
. . . 55. (. . .. ).
--. - . . 48-51.
., 2012 .., ..,
.. . 18
( ).
, 2009 ..
IV II . .. - . .
- . 256 .
, 2006 ..
30 // .., ..
IV . --. - .
. 87-100.
, 2005 .. // . . . . (. . .. ).
. . . 88-94.

, 2007 .. ( III . ..) // .


2007. . 2. , , . - . . . (. . .. ).
. - . . 258-268.
, 2008 .. III I . ..
// .
. VIII (. . .. ). . ...
. 146-152.
, 1973 .. IV .
.. // (. . .. ).
. . . 42-63.
, 2007 .. / - //
i. 100-i i i I i. - i. .
. (16-19 2007 .) (i. . .. ).
. . 74-77.
, 1981
(1970-1980.). (. .. ). . .
120 .
, 1987 ..
// - ( ) (. . .. ). . -
. . 20-22.
., 2000 ..,
.., .. 2 // .
2. . 40-47.
, , 2005 .., ..
// . . 5. . 219-323.
, 2001 .. ( ). .2.
. . . 528 .
, 1983 ..
. --. - .
224 .
, , 2009 .., .. // , .
3. . 69-74.
, , 1997 ..,
..
//i. 1. . 144149.
, 1991 ..
// .., .., . .
IV . .. . . . 378-389.
, 1979 .. . . . 260 .
, , 2005 .., .. IV . .. ,
. 2005. 600 . + 24 .
(), 1879 1876. .
, 1878 1875.
, 1879 1876.

44

, 1989 .. // . 3. . 167-177.
, 1996 .. .
. . . 160 .
, 2001 .. . .
. . 432 .
, 1966 ..
//
. 2. . 27-43.
, 1941 . .
// . . I. . - . . 99-171.
, 2007 .. //
ANTIQVITAS AETERNA.
. . 2. ,
(. . . . ).
. - . . 375-389.
, , 2002 ..,
.. II-I . .. // .
. 2. . 78-96.
, 2001 .. .

.. // . . 4. . 92-106.
, 2010 .. . . -.
328 .
, 1994 .. ( ).
// . 1. . 172-204.
, 2006 .. // -

. (. . .. , ..
). . - . . 351-387.
, 1968 .. .
. . 193 .
, 1973 .. // (. . .. ). . . . 64 81.
., 2011 .., ..,
.. (- ) // . 1. . 115-151.
, 1996 ..
// . 3. . 176-179.
Cankarde enol, 2010 Cankarde enol G. Nikandros
Group: Matrix Studies on the Amphora Stamps of the Group
// OLBA, XVIII (d. S. Durugnl). Mersin. Mersin University.
P. 125139.
Dintsis, 1986 Dintsis P. Hellenistische Helme.
Archaeologica. 43. Roma. G. Bretschneider. Bd. 1. Text. 336 S.
Bd. 2. tafeln.
Hermann Historica, 2007 Hermann Historica. 52 Auktion.
Alte Waffen, Antiken Jagdliches. Varia. Munchen. 604 s.
Snodgrass, 1999 Snodgrass A. Arms and Armour of the
Greeks. Baltimore and London. The Johns Hopkins University
Press. 167 p.
Waurick, 1983 Waurick G. Untersuchungen zur
historisierenden Rstung in der rmischen Kunst // Jahrbuch
Rm.-German. Zentralmuseum Mainz. Bd. 30. Mainz. S. 265301.
Waurick, 1988 Waurick G. Helme der Hellenistischen Zeit
und ihre Vorlufer // Antike Helme. Sammlung Lipperheide
und andere Bestnde des Antikenmuseums Berlin. Monogra
phien Rm. German. Zentralmuseum Mainz. Bd. 14. Mainz.
S. 151-180.

45

..


( III II. ..)
-
Buildings complex of the Late Greek period(the second half of the III first half of the II century BC)in the southeast part of
the Chaika settlement. The article deals with the constructions of the Late Greek period found in the southeast part of the Chaika settlement
in the North-Western Crimea. It was a traditional Greek farm dated from the second half of the 3rd first half of the 2nd cent. BC. It is one of the
few such fully remained and well-dated objects referring to the time of decline of the Chersonesian state.
( III II. ..) -
. , - . ,
III II . ..
, .


- .
IV . .. .
. IV . ..
,

. 1.


- . IVIII .
.. , ,
, 70- . III .
.. ,
, 60- . III . ..

, , II .
..,
(, , 2005, 99-100;
, 2007, 5-32).
(, ,
2005). ,
,
, .
.. , (, 2007, 4-5).

, ,


(, 2007, 39, . 1).
, III II . ..

.
. 2009 .
-
, (.
1). , 1977 .
(. 2).
-
-

46

. 3.

. 2.
-

, ,
,
.


,
. , -,

, ,
, (. 1,
2).
:
,
, - (. 3).

,

.

.
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.
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, .
.
,
, ,
, ( ),
.
0,50 .
0,80 .

, -
, 0,05 , .

.

, . , , (. 2).
(I),
, 8,4 ,
.

2,10

. 4. I. .

I

47

. 5. I,

(. 4). 3,50 (. 5). ,


2,4 , ,
(. 5).
,

(. 6). , , . -

(0,70 1,40 ) (. 6).
, ,
.


,
- .


(. 7). ,
.
,

.
(II)
17
( 0,20-0,30 )
.
(. 7, 8).
. , 1,80 . ,
4,80 , ,
. ,
. -

. 6. I.
- . ,

, , ,
.
, , ,
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.
.
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, 1,40 (. 7).
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0,10

. -
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(. 7, 9). -,

.
III (. 2).

. 11,5 .
. -

48

. 7. I II .

, 4,40 ,
(. 10/). , , ,
.
2,20 (. 10/,).
1977 . .. (, 1978,
17), ,
.

, , ,
. ,
.
,
III

,
,

(. 3, 10/,). , 2,70 .

(. 11).
0,80 , .
V,
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7 .
0,60 , ,
,
, (. 12).
. 1,40
, .
,
2,50 . 3,20 .
, , , ,
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,

( ).
.

0,200,30 . ,
, . .
,
.
, (.
2, 3). 0,70 , , ,
, .
2,20 . -

49

. 8. II.

. 9. II.

(.
13/).

93 (. 2).

. 10. III: ) ;
) , ;
) III IV



. .
, V.
,
(. 2). ,

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.
,

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. ;
,
,
(. 14/1-3); (. 14/4,5); (. 14/6,7);
, ,
(. 14/8-11), (.
14/12); (, (. 15/1-3);
(. 15/4-8). , ,
. :
(. 15/9),
(. 15/10-12) (. 15/13).
,
, .

. ,
.
,
.
, , , . ,
,
(. I).
.
,
. .

50

. 11. .

III . .. (. 16/3,4).
-
. (/2009, 535),
,
.. 1 (). ,
; .

,
; .
. , . ,
, ,
(, 2007, . 2/14, 15, 17, 18, . 37-40).
,
. ,
, . ,
. (, 2007, 340). (/2009,
536) . , . .

. . , .
,
, ,
, ,
,
(, 2007, 338, . 1/1, 7, . 1-4).

,
(. 16/2), .

. 12. V.

.. .
1

51

. 13. V. ) ;
) .

,
, .

(
) . (. 16/1)
. 60- . III
. .. (Garlan, 2004, 326), ..

. , ,

- ,

(, 2007, 28).


. ,
2 2
.. 272-237 .
.. (, 1994, 76, 106). ,

220-210 . .., .. ,
:
/ (. 16/5) (Fedoseev, 1999, 32).

(. 15/6).
.
(Rotroff, 1997, 144; , 2009,
40), ,

,
III . .. (: Rotroff, 1997, 311, fig. 47/658;
, 2009, 138, . 28/460).
(. 15/14) ,

- V.

II . .. (Rotroff, 362, fig. 75/1234), .
.
,

, , -

. 14. : 1 ;
2 - ; 3
; 4, 5
; 6, 7 - ;
8 ; 9, 10
; 11
; 12
52

. 15. : 1-3 ;
4, 5 ;
6 ; 7 ;
8 ; 9-13
; 14

.
250 , 37%
. , ,
.
, .
(0,50 )
(, 2008, 95-96),
- ,
, ,
.


(,
2008, 147, . 60; , , 2004, 28,
. 1; , , 2005, 135, . 1; Sce
glov, 2002, pl. 7).

,

(, 2007, 28),
- . ,
IV III .
.. ,
,
0,30 , (,
, 2010, 50-59). , ,
, ,
1,
2 .. (1994, 76), 70- . III . .., (,
, 2005, 100).
,
,

60- . III . .. ,
, II . ..
, , .
(,
2007, 30).
,
,
. , 50%
. ,
,

. 16. :
1 ;
2 ; 3, 4
, 5

, (, 2007, 28).
, , , ,
,
. -
(, , 1994, 65-66; , 2004, 124-125; , 2007, 32)
,
.

, 2008 .. . . . . 5.Supplementum.421 .
, , 2004 .., .. 40- // - . - ., .
2500- (. ... ). -

53

. - . . 26-41.
, 2009 .. IV-II. .. - .
.-.253 .
, , 2010 .., ..
2009 . .
. .. . 164 . 316 .
, 2007 // - (.
. .. , .. ). . - . . 337-353.
, 1994 ..
. . - .
166 .
, 2004 .. . . . 326 .
, , 1994 ..,
.. - // -
(. . .. ). .
. . 44-70.
, 2007
III II . .. //
- -

. (. . .. , .. ). . - . . 4-130.
, , 2005 ..,
.. - - ( ). . - . 134 .
, 1978 ..

1977 . . . .. . 78 . 218
.
Fedoseev, 1999 Fedoseev N.F. Classification des timbres
astynomiques de Sinope // Production et commerce des
amphores anciennes en Mer Noire (ed. Y. Garlan). Aix-enProvence Cedex. Universite de Provnce. P. 27-40.
Garlan, 2004 Garlan Y. Les timbres ceramiques Sinopens
sur amphores et sur tuiles trouvs a Sinope. Presentation et
catalogue. Varia Anatolica. XVI. Paris. De Boccard. 378 p.
Rotroff, 1997 Rotroff S.I. Hellenistic Pottery. Athenian
and Imported Wheelmade Table Ware and Related Material //
The Athenian Agora. Vol. XXIX. Princeton NJ. Princeton Aca
demic Press. 575 .
Sceglov, 2002 Sceglov A.N. Monumental building U6 //
Panskoye I. The Monumental Building U6 (eds. L. Hannestad,
V.F. Stolba, A.N. Sceglov). Vol. 1 Aarhus. University press.
P. 29-98.

54

..

()
1
Antique ceramics in the ritual (votive) hoards of the Northern Black sea littoral. The article considers the six ceramic
complexes (amphorae, pottery and varnished vessels), found together with ritual (votive) hoards. These hoards consisted of horse
harness, elements of military equipment and armaments, metal vessels and represented a special phenomenon in the Northern Black
sea littoral in the Hellenistic epoch.
The analysis showed that these hoards were accompanied by the vessels made in Sinopa, Rhodes, Kos, Knidos and some other
Mediterranean centers. Of particular importance is the attribution of two stamps on the handles of the Rhodes amphora from the
hoard found near Semionovka, Odessa region, on one of them there is the name of the manufacturer Epigonos and on the other the
name of eponymous Agesippos, which refer to the IIa chronological group (234-220 BC).
The review of the amphora material, mould made and tableware vessels, accompanying the ritual (votive) hoards of the North
ern Black sea littoral, definitely shows their affiliation to the III the first half of the II century BC. This fact once again dem
onstrates the complete failure of the version about the connection of these hoards with the events of the 3rd Mitridatus war of the
70-60-ies of the I century BC.
() .
(, ),
() . ,
, ,
.
, , ,
, .
. ., (Epigonos),
(Agesippos), IIa (234-220. ..).
, , ()
, III II . ..
3-
70-60. I . ..


,
,2 90-. XX .
. , ,

:
, ,
( , IIIII .
..) -,
II
I . ..



(, 1982; ., 1990, 237-245;
Mordvintseva, 2001; , 2005; 2009; ,
1
- ,
.. (. ) 13
2011.
2 , , .

, 2010, 22-34; , 2010, 175-186;


, 2010, 70-233).
, ( , ,
) ,3 (
) , .
, ()
,
(. 1).
3
(-, , 1984, . 3). (,
1998, . 3, 7),
, .. 9 (!) .
(, 1981, 35-36, 61-69) .
( ., 2004, . 4).

(, 1992, 5657; , 1995, 232; , 1997, 210; ,
2009, 339)
(, 2010, 16-17).
( .) , .

55

. 1. () :
1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 ; 6 .
a , , b , ,
c ,

1. (. 1/1) (
-, )4

(, , 1992;
, , 2002, . 7/3).
6 - ,
1,8 1,2 (, , 1988, 18, .
11).
.5 .
(. 2/1) ,
,
,
.
, , -,

.
(. 2/2) .

.
(, 2010).
. . .
4

. 2. (1),
(2)

56

III . .. ( ) II . ..,
..
II . .. . ,
,
6 ,
III . .. (, 1999, . 214/3).

2. (. 1/2) (-
-, )


, ,
,
(. 3/3,4),6
(. 3/5) (.
3/2) (, 1998, 5-6) .

. 4. ,
( , 1998). (1),
(2, 3, 4), (5, 7),
(6)

. 3. ,
( , 1998). (1),
(2), (3, 4)
6 . ,
.

, ,
,
(. 3/4, 4/5).
III II . .. (, 1999, 566).
(. 3/3, 4/7)
( ,
, ,
, )
,
III, III-III, III II .
.. (, 2003, 152-154).
() (. 3/2, 4/6) , ,
.


. ,
-,
- .
.

57



275175. .. (Rotroff,
1997, fig. 59,60).

(, 1975, 40-45; , , 1984, . 3).


,
.
3. (. 1/3) (
-, ., )
: -
,
,
4 4,5 4,5 7 .
557 , .


,


11
.
, ,
,
1.

(, 1976, 41-42)
(. 5, 6).

,
,

(,
,
1981, 111).
( )
IV
III . ..




(-, , 1984, . 3) (.
6),
:

,
3 2 .
.. (-, , 1984, 158).
. 5. , 20. .
( , 1975)
58

.. .
(, , , ,
1) ,


.
IV-III . .., 1
IV . ..
III II .
.. . . ,
-

: IV . .. ( )
III-II . .. (, 1992, 5657).

, ,
,
, 1 (, 1992, . 11/6-10) (. 6).
,
,

(. 6), /
- (Simonenko u. a.,
2008, 56)

. 6. , 20. .
1, 2 , 3 , 4 , 5
(, ), 6
59

. 7. , 20. . 1 (),
2 ( I), (3).

.. ,
II . .. (Simonenko u. a.,
2008, 29; , 2011, 142).
.

(Simonenko u. a., 2008,
56),
(, 2011, 228).
.. :

. ...
1
- . ,
, ,
,
III . ..
, 20

, ,
, III . .. ,
, (!)

60

.
,
(, 2009, 339, . 4) (. 6).
, ..
, .. ,
, . ,
: 1) ( III
II . . .); 2) ( III II .
. .); 3) , 31 = ,
I ( II . . .); 4) (
). ,
2 . . .,
, II (182. . .). (, 2012, 79, . 19).
,
,
.
-,

(. 5)
.7
-, ,8
,
/ .
,
20
. ,
.9

:
1. (. 3/3)
8 , 7
,
.
, ,
, .
(Epigonos) (. 7/2),
(Agesippos)10 (. 7/1) .

7 .. ,
.. .
8 (, 2011, 228)
(, , 1981, 111) .
9 .. .
10 .. ,
...IMOY ( ...IOY)
2 .

. 8. , 20. (1)
(2) .

IIa (234-220. ..),


(Finkielsztejn, 2001, 191, tab.
18; , 2007, 419).

,

I, , II
(, 2007, 422);
16- (Finkielsztejn, 2001, 125).
2. (. 8/1), , .

II III (, 2003,
. 102-104; , 2010, 339).
3. 11 (. 8/2)
.
.
11 , (Simonenko u. a., 2008, 29; 2011, 142),
:
(, 2003,
. 81/3, 83/7-8).

61

. 9. , 20.
( )
(1), (2),
(2, .. ).

4. (. 9/1) 7 , 6
, . , , , . -,
,
, . ,
.
, II ( ).
,
IV II . ..,
. III . ..
(, 2003, 109).
,
III .
.., (Alfonsi,
Gandolfo, 1997, 72).
5. (. 9/2)



.

(. 9/2).
, ,
,
.
, , ,
.
6.
(. 9/3)
.
,
,
.

11 ( 3 ., 1 ., 4
., 2 ., 1 1 .)
:
,
,



(. 5/2,3,) ( , ), (. 5/2,3).
, , (. 5/1,3)

( , ).
,
, (. 5/2,3,)
(
,
).
, ,

(. 5,1,3,),
(.
5,1,3,2/1) ( , ).
1,
,

(. 5,1,3)
( ,
).

62

:
, ,
.
,
.
,
.
, ,
, . 557 ( 24 ) ,
.
,
,

.
, 4 (,
, ),
. III .
.. , , .
,
( )
( ) ,
.

. 10. .
.
( , , 1974)

4. (. 1/4) (
-, ., )

, , ,
0,5
,
(. 10) (, , 1974, 3,
. 2). ,
, , ( / ) . ,

, -
.

5. (. 1/5) ( -,
., )


, - 2

. 11. ( , , , 2004).
(1),
: (2, 4) (?) (3)

63

. 12. . (1), (2, 3),


(4), (5, 6), (7, 8),
(9). 1-4, 6 ( , 1980); 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 ( .), 9
64

,
(. 11/1).
,
:
,
, . 16 ,
11,7 ,
, , 12,8 , 4,2 2,9 .

4-2 . . . ( ., 2004, 142)
(. 11/2,3).
..


III . .. (2010,
16-17), , , .


,12 ( )

.
,
.

6. (. 1/6) (. ,
., )

18

, .

(. 12/1-3),
(, 1980; .).
( .)
:
1.

IV III . ..13
(),
.
. 13 (. 12/9).
2.
( . 12 ), IV III .
..

12 .. .
13 .. .

3.
( . 13 ), IV
III . ..
5. , . . 10
(. 12/7).
4.
. . 12
(. 12/8).
6.
, (. 12/4).

IV III . .. ( .).
. , ,
() ,
III
II . .. ,

3-
70-60. I . ..14

, , 1992 . .,
. . // . . . . .
., . . . (. ...
). . . . 5-6.
, 1988 .. . . . 339 .
, 1995 .. ..
// . 1. . 230-237.
, 2009 .. : . // Stratum plus.
3. 2005-2009. . 329-369.
-, , 1984 -.., .. . // 14
, . . 1 .
2 ,
(, 2012, 79).
.. : ... (..
.. ..) , ,
, .. , .. , ..

:
(, , ) . , ,
(, 2010, 379).

65

- (.
. .. ). . . . 148-161.
. .., C.B.,
.. 18 ( ).
, , 2010 ..,
.. III II .
.. // . 3. . 22-34.
, 2005 ..
. . . (. . ..
). . . . 88-94.
, 2009 .. III I . .. ( ) //
. - . (. ..
). . - . . 134-139.
., 2004 .., ..,
.. .
// . . 11. .
. 130-144.
, 1981
(1970-1980.).
. . 75 .
, 2007 ..
( ). . . XVIII. -.
i . 480 .
, 1980 ..
, 1980. . 1980.
, . 1, 8764.
, 1999 ..
. VII II .
.. . - . 566 .
, 2003 ..
: . . .
- . 352 .
, , 1974 .., ..

1973.
. 1973/63. 49 . + 143 .
, 1992 .. .
. . 201 .
, 1997 .. ..
// . 4. . 207-215.
., 1990 .., ..,
.. -
// (- )
(. .. , .. ). . . . 117-135.

, , 2002 .., .. 2 1 . ..
//
. . 2 (. .. ). . .
. 78-96.
, 2010 ..
// Stratum plus. 3. . 175-186.
, 1982 ..
// (. . ..
). . . . 237-245.
, 2007 . .
// : (.
.. , .. ). . - .
. 99113.
, 2010 .. . . -.
328 .
, 2011 ..
. . . 272 .
, 2012 ..
// , .
60- (. .
.. ). . . . 73-88.
, 1975 ..
1975. .
1975/34. 54 . + 34 .
, , 1981 .., .. //
- . . . .102-116.
, 1988 .. 1988.
.
, 2010 ..
// . . 11. . 375-391.
Finkielsztejn, 2001 Finkielsztejn G. Chronologie dtaille
et rvise des ponymes amphoriques rhodiens de 270 a 108 av.
J.-C. environ. Premier bilan. BAR. Intern. Ser. Oxford. Oxford
press. 260 s.
Mordvintseva, 2001 Mordvinceva V. Sarmatische
Phaleren. Archologie in Eurasien. Bd. 11. Rahden. Philipp von
Zabern. 98 s.
Rotroff, 1997 Rotroff S.I. Hellenistic Pottery. Athenian
and Imported Wheelmade Table Ware and Related Material //
The Athenian Agora. Vol. XXIX. Princeton NJ. Princeton Aca
demic Press. 575 .
Simonenko u. a., 2009 Simonenko ., Marcenko I.I.,
Limberis N.Ju. Rmische Importe in sarmatischen und maiotischen Grbern zwischen Unterer Donau und Kuban. Arch
ologie in Eurasien. Bd 25. Mainz. Philipp von Zabern. 626 s.

66

..

IIIII . ..:

( )
North Black sea littoral in the III-II centuries B.C.: ritual hoards and archaeological cultures (raising a problem). Ritual/votive
hoards are the items of horse harness, weapon, military equipment and metal vessels, found in the barrow mounds, natural hills and the slopes of
the beams and not associated with burials.
At the present time on the territory from the Danube to the Volga and the Northern Caucasus about 50 similar complexes were fixed, which
are dated in the diapason of the III-I centuries BC.
The analysis of objects of a horse bridle from the hoards demonstrates their relationship with synchronous barbarian monuments of the Lower
Dniester region, the Crimea, Taman and the Northern Caucasus. Each of these territories is distinguished by its own specifics of decoration of
items of horse harness.
Mapping of the hoards shows that the vast majority of them mark a vast uninhabited territory of the III-II centuries BC, and synchronous
funerary complexes frame this territory in the southern sector, being located in the foothill zone and the major rivers.
All the above-mentioned groups of funerary monuments with hoard things are characterized by developed horse breeding and the presence
in the immediate vicinity of the settlements of considerable size, the specific of which is the expressive concentration of import amphora products.
Basing on the received information and the observations the hypothesis is formulated, according to which the ritual/votive hoards of the
Northern Black sea coast could mark the main caravan routes through the uninhabited territory and became the result of the ritual acts, committed
in the course of these caravans.
III-II . ..: ( ).
/ , , ,
, , .
50 ,
III-I . ..

, , .
.
, IIIII . .., ,
.

,
.
, /

, .

/


.
, ,
, ,
.

(, 1962; , 1961; 1969; , 1992, 4445), -
(, 1994, 97-98),
( 1993, 85-86; 2001, 95; ,
, 2007),
(, , 2010, 168),
(,
2007, 258-259).
,


50 1 (. 1),
.

(, 1962; , 1969; , 1984, 58-60).
, - ,
(, 1982, 243-244; -, , 1984, 160),
(, 1992, 44-45).


, . ,
() 1
.

67

III II . .. (,
1994, 97; , 1999, 77; , , 2000, 16-17; , 2003, 49-64; , , 2005, 166-167; Limberis, Marcenko,
2011, 187).


II I . .. (, 1992, 64-65;
, 1993, 90; , 2001, 96; , , 2003, 85-86; 2004, 135136; 2011, 33; 2012, 81).

(, )
IIII . .. (, , 2003,
97-98; , 2005, 94; 2007, 266-267; 2008, 148-150;
, 2009, 340).
, / ,

,
.
,
, , ,
.
,
IV . ..
.

(, , 1991, 98-108).
, I
. ..,
(, 2004, 158).

. 1. / . I /
III-II . ..; II / II-I . .. 1 , 2 , 3 ,
4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ,
12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18
, 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24
, 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 ,
31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 ,
39 , 40 , 41 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 ,
45 , 46 , 47 , 48 (3 ), 49 , 50 ,
51 II-
68


III II . ..2 (. 1/I);
.
II I . .. (. 1/II) ,

(, 2004, 158).
: /
.
, ,
3 (, 2007, 147-148),
.
.
( ,
)
(, , ),
.
:
, .
-
( ).4

.
/
- (. 1/1-11,13) ,
(. 1/34-42).5
,

(. 1/14, 15,18,24).

(
) (. 1/26-31).

.
, : (
) (
).
4 .
5
1- .. (2004, 156).
2
3

(. 1/45-50) .

(
, ) (. 1/2,6,43,44).


(, , 2000, 16-19;
, 2003, 49-64; , 2007) (. 2/1),

, IV
(, 2002; 2008; 2009; ,
, 2006) (. 2/13) ( ., 2000) (. 2/14) .

(, 2009, 138).
- ,
, - ,
() ,
/, ,
,
-.
-

, , /.

, .
,
(-
).


,
(. 2/I).

. (, , 2004) (. 2/8),

.

- ( ) (. 2/2), -

69

. 2. / , ,
, . III II . .. I
III II . ..; II
III II . ..; III III II . ..; IV /
III-II . .. 1 , , ; 2 , 3 ,
4 , 5 -, 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 -, 10 , 11 ,
12 , , , 13 IV ,
, 14 ,

, ,
(, 1992).
, , (. 2/12), , ,
.6
, III-II . ..

, / .
,
(. 2/I).


( ;
, )

, 6 , (, 1925, 290-295, 550; , 1992, 58-59, 63-65,
, 2008; , 2011).


(, , 2004; ., 2012)
(. 2/1), -/ (.
2/9) , (, 2002, 249-253;
, 2005, 349-355) (. 2/14).
,

( )
,
,
,
.
,

( -
, ,
),
.
,

,

70


.
.
.
,
.
,

- :
-, ,

.
:
, , , ,
.
, .

,
, .
, (,
, , .), (, 1989,
240-250, , 1990, 371-374, Bernus, 1993; Art of
Being Tuareg, 2006).
/
7
, ,
.8

,
.

, 2002 .. //
. . 3. (. . ..). . -
. . 157-168.
, 2008 ..
IV-II . .. //

7 , .
8 , (, 2007, 267-268).

( XXV
) (. . .. ). . . . 41-45.
, 2009 .. 4- // . - . (.
.. ). . - . . 11-14
, , 1991 ..,
.. // .
(. . .. , .. ). . . . 98 -108,
, 2009 .. : // Stratum plus. 3. 2005-2009. . 329-369.
, 1999 .. (
III
II . ..) // Hyperboreus: studia classica. Vol. 5.
Fasc. 1. S. 56-82.
, 1961 . . // . 2. . 241246.
, 1969 . . //
. 169. . . 43-52.
, 2003 ..
- . . . 239
.
, , 2010 ..,
.. :
// Stratum plus. 3.
. 145-174.
-, , 1984 -.., .. . // - (.
. .. ). . . . 148-161.
, 2005 ..
//
. . . . (. . .. ).
. - . . 88-94.
, 2007 .. ( . . .) // :
, , . . 2 (.
.. , .., .. , .. , . .
). . - .
. 258-268.
, 2008 .. III I . ..
// .
. VIII (. . .. ). . ...
. 146-151.
, 2009 .. III I . .. ( ) // -
. . (. . .. ).
. - . . 134-139.
, , 2004 .., ..
. // . . VII.
, , 2003 .., .. //
. 2003. 3. . 61-99.
, 2002 ..
// . .
- . . . 1 (. .. ,

71

.. , .. , .. , .. ).
. - . . 249-253.
, 1992 .. - ( ) // . . 2. (. . .. ).
. - .
160-180.
., 2000 ..,
.., .. 2 // .
2. . 40-47.
, , 2005 .., .. //
. . . . . - .
. 162-167.
, 1989 . . . . 265 .
, , 2004 .., .. // Thracians and Circumpontic world. II. Proceedings
of the Ninth International Congress of Thracology. Chiinu
Vadul lui Vod. 6-11 September 2004. (ed. I. Niculi, A. Zanoci,
M. B). Chiinu. Cartdidact. P. 190-216.
, 1990 .. // (. .. , .. ). . . . 371-374.
, 1992 .. .
. . 201 .
, 2005 ..
I . .. . . 819 .
, , 2006 .., ..
IV . . - . 109 .
, , 2002 ..,
.. 2 1 . .. // .
. 2 . 78-96.
, 1925 .. .
. 1- . 621 .
, 1982 ..
// (. .. ). . . . 237-245.
, 1993 ..
2-1 . ..:
// . .
. . (. . .. ). . -
. . 89-90.
, 2001 .. .

.. // . . 4. . 92-106.
, 2004 ..
// :
(. .. , .. -

, .. ). . - . . 134-173.
, 2009 .. . . -.
328 .
, 2011 ..
. . . 272 .
, 2011 ..
// . , , (. .. , ..
, .. , .. , .. , .. ,
.. , . . ). . -.
. 598-602.
, 2012 ..
// , .
60- (. .
.. ). . ... . 73-88.
, , 2007 .., ..
: // :
, , . 2 (. ..
, .. , .. , .. , ..
). . - .
. 268272.
, 1984 .. . . .
184 .
., 2012 .., ..,
.., ..
// Stratum plus. 2012. 3. . 187-215.
, 1992 . .
// . 2. . 37-50.
, 2008 .. // . . XXII.
. 283-323.
, 1994 .. .
-
III . .. I ...
. . . 323 .
, , 2000 ..,
..
( . ) //
(
) (. . .. ). . . .
3-28.
, 1962 . . // . . 89. .
42-52.
Art of Being Tuareg, 2006 Art of Being Tuareg: Sahara
Nomads in a Modern World (d. Th. Seligman, K. Loughran).
Los Angeles. 291 p.
Bernus, 1993 Bernus E. Les Touareg //Valles du Niger.
Paris. ditions de la Runion des Muses Nationaux. . 162171.
Limberis, Marcenko, 2011 Limberis N.Ju., Marcenko I.I.
Bronzener Blessenschmuck frhskytischer Zeitstellung aus dem
Kubangebiet // Eurasia Antiqua. Band. 17. S. 177-187.

72

-
-
Thracian-Getae settlements of the Middle Dniester area in the context of East-Carpathian lands. In the VIth IIIrd centuries BC
the population of the Eastern Carpathian area was mostly presented by Thracian Getae communities. Their traces are presented by numerous
archaeological sites, in particular, settlements (over 400) and hill forts (about 115). On the topographic point of view, it is noted that they were
located not in isolation, but were concentrated in the so-called agglomerations consisting of several hill forts and many settlements. At present
in this area there were found about 10 agglomerations of this kind. Among them there is an agglomerations located in the Middle Dniester,
which consists of 28 hill forts and about 54 settlements.
A group of the eight sites located compactly between the town of Rezina and the village of Buchushka is of a special interest among the
settlements of the Middle Dniester area. The seven settlements (Rezina/Stohnaia I, Saharna La Revechin, Malaja Saharna Mic, Saharna Mare,
Saharna La Shants, Saharna Hulboaka, Buciushka) are on the right bank, and the one (Vyhvatintsy) on the left. By the location of these
fortifications it can be assumed that they, in addition to defensive purposes, also were destinated to control the water and land trade routes along
the Dniester.
Saharna Mare stands out against the other settlements for the power of its defensive structures and archeological inventory, so it probably
could serve as a capital for the Thracian-Getae communities of the Middle Dniester area.
- - . VI-III . ..
- - .
, ( 400) ( 115).
, ,
. 10 .
, 28 54 .
, . . ,
. (/ I, , , , ,
, ) , () .
, , ,
.
,
- .

VIIII . ..
- .

,
( 400) (Arnut, 2003,
183-279) ( 115) (Zanoci, 1998,
117-161; Arnut, 2003, 183-279; Haheu, 2008, 66-82;
Zanoci, 2011, 117-152, harta 2).
,
,
, . 10 (Zanoci,
1998, 237, harta 1).
, , .
.
, , ,
-.
,
, , , , ,
, - (Teodor, 1999, 134),
(Chirica, Tanasachi, 1984, 45),

(Chirica, Tanasachi, 1984, 72), (Chirica,


Tanasachi, 1984, 164) .
-

. , ,
, , , , ,
, , ,
, . (Teodor, 1999, 133-184).
, , ,
15 .
, , ,
, ,
,
, I,
, II, I (
., 1974, 53-57) .
. (, , , ,
, ) 17 :
V, IV, III,
, ( .,
1974, 57-62) .
, -

73

. 1. .
1 ; 2 (

). : 1 /
I; 2 ; 3 ;
4 ; 5 ; 6
; 7 ; 8

.

( I, II, ) : , ,
. (Arnut, 2003, 317, fig. 1).

, . (
, , X, XI,
XII, VIII, ) 15 VII, VIII, VIII, VI, (Sava i al., 1995,
283-287) .
28 54 .

, - .
,
, ,
- -.
,
18 .

.
. ,
(, , ,
),
,
. ,
, :
, , , / I,
, ,
, ,
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13 (, ,
, , .),

,
,
.


,
(. 1).
(/ I, , , ,
, , ) , () . ,
, :
1) / I
/ ;
2) / ;
3) ,
(3,8-4,5 ) ,
.
,
, ,
.
, .
,

. , , ,
. ,
( , ) ( , ,
) , (. 1/2).
(/ I)

, ,
,
, - .

74

. 2. . 1 ; 2 ; 3 ;
4 ; 5
75

, , .
. , ,
,
(, 1949, 93-96;
Kauba i al., 2000, 76-84; Niculi i al., 2007, 2762; 2008, 69-150; 2009, 41-43; 2010, 360-371), (, 1949a, 195; Kauba i al., 2000,
84-87; Niculi i al., 2007, 83-124; 2008, 13-50; 2010,
371-374), (, 1949a,
194; Levinschi i al., 2000, 87-100; Levinschi, 2001,
87-100; Levinschi i al., 2002, 41-48; , 2002,
258-260; Levinschi, 2004, 64-80). ( ., 2004, 92-99;
Zanoci, Moldovan, 2004, 130-138; Zanoci, B, 2008,
253-266; Niculi i al., 2008, 151-169) (, 1954, 59-68; 1955, 64-67;
., 1974, 44-45; Kauba i al., 2000, 41-48)
,
(/ I, ) . , ,

,
.
(. 2/1)
,
.
.
10
.
- 385 (.
2/2), (. 2/3),
. (. 2/5)
5,6
,
,
. ,
. ,

,
, ,
(. 2/4).

: , ,
, . ,
, .
-

, 2 , , 16,5 18 .
, 15,6 , 6,1
, 3,2 , 2,1 .
,
(Niculi i
al., 2008, 88-89, foto 13-26).
, , -
-
- ,
, , ( 2 ).
,
, ,

(Niculi i al., 2008, 21-28, foto 3),
(Niculi i al., 2008, 151-153,
28-30), (Levinschi i
al., 2002, 41-48, fig. 1) (,
1954, 65).


.

,
. ,
, 100 (Niculi i al., 2008, 102-124, fig. 92118). 20
, VI-III . ..
(Niculi i al., 2008, 28-44, fig. 12-28).

(Levinschi i
al., 2000, 87-100, fig. 1), (, 1954, 65; Kauba i al., 2000, 45-46) .,
.
, , ,
(Niculi i al., 2008, fig. 30, 152-156), ,
(Niculi i al., 2008, fig. 157/2, 3) .. .

. .
( 3% )
(. 3).
c, , ,
, . , -

76

. 3. ( Niculi i al., 2008, fig. 143, 144)

V-III . .. (Niculi i al., 2008, 137140, fig. 143, 144; Mateevici, Zanoci, 2009, 197-203).
(,

2002, 258-260), (Niculi i al., 2008,


46), (Niculi i al., 2008, 161162), (, 1954, 67).

,

77

. 4. ( Niculi i al., 2011, fig. 2-6).


1, 2 ; 3-5 ; 6 ; 7 ; 8 ( ).
1 -; 2-5 ; 6 ; 7
78

(Niculi i al., 2008,


136-137, fig. 142/8-16).

(. 4/7), (Levinschi, 2007, 275-278; Niculi i
al., 2011, 202)
- (, 1988, 123).


(15 .) (. 4/6) (Niculi i al., 2011, 201), -
.
,
,
- -
,
( ).
, ,
, ,
, , , , .

(. 4/1,2), (. 4/3-5) (Niculi i
al., 2011, 201),


(. 4/8),
-
.
- , , .
.
,
.

. , 21% .
-
(, , 2001, 107-115; Niculi i al., 2002).
, , ,
.

., 2001-2002 .., .., .. -


(- XX )
// Stratumplus. 3. C. 118-223.
., 1974 ..,
.., .. .

. . 4 (. . .. , .. ). .
. 102 .
, 2002 .
- //
(V . .. V ..). - III
. . , 5-8 2002. .
. . 258-260.
, 1954 ..
1952. // . . 56. C. 59-68.
, 1955 .. 1952-1953.
// . 5(25).
. . . 51-71.
, , 2001 ., . I . .. // . 13. . C. 107-115.
., 2004 ., ., . - //
. 31. . C. 92-99.
, 1988 .. . . . 180 .
, 1949 ..
// . . 26. C. 9396.
, 1949 .. 1946. //
, . . II. .
. C. 189-202.
Arnut, 2000 Arnut T. Aezarea fortificat Saharna
Mare raion Rezina // Istro-Pontica. Muzeul Tulcean la
50-a aniversare (red. M. Iacob, E. Oberlnder-Trnoveanu, Fl.
Topoleanu. Tulcea. P. 93-104.
Arnut, 2003 Arnut T. Vestigii ale sec. VII-III a. Chr. n
spaiul de la rsrit de Carpai. Chiinu. Centrul Editorial al
USM. 408 p.
Chirica, Tanasachi, 1984 Chirica V., Tanasachi M.
Repertoriul arheologic al judeului Iai. Vol. I. Iai. 290 p.
Haheu, 2008 Haheu V. Sisteme de fortificaii traco-getice
la est de Carpai. Chiinu. 170 p.
Kauba i al., 2000 Kauba M., Haheu V., Leviki O.
Vestigii traco-getice pe Nistrul Mijlociu. Bucureti. Vavila Edinf
SRL. 222 p.
Levinschi, 2001 Levinschi A. Date preliminare privind
datarea complexelor fortificaiei getice Saharna-La Revichin
// Tyragetia. Nr. X. P. 103-116.
Levinschi, 2004 Levinschi A. Fortificaia getic Saharna
La Revichin (cercetrile din anii 2000-2002) // Cercetri
arheologice n Republica Moldova (2000-2003). Vol. I. (red. ef
N. Chetraru). Chiinu. Tyragetia. P. 64-80.
Levinschi, 2007 Levinschi A. Date preliminare privind
nceputul de locuire a geilor pe locul aezrii fortificate Saharna
Mare // Tyragetia. S.n. Nr. 1. Vol. I (XVI). P. 275-278.
Levinschi i al., 2000 Levinschi A., cipachin O., Negur
M. Complexele locative din fortificaia getic Saharna-La
Revechin // Tyragetia. Nr. IX. P. 87-100.
Levinschi i al., 2002 Levinschi A., Covalenco S., Abzov
E. Fortificaia getic Saharna-La Revichin sistemul defensiv
// Tyragetia. Nr. XI. P. 41-48.
Mateevici, Zanoci, 2009 Mateevici N., Zanoci A.
Informaii preliminare privind importurile amforistice greceti
la cetatea getic Saharna Mare // Studia Archeologiae et
Historiae Antiquae. Doctissimo viro Scientiarum Archeologiae
et Historiae Ion Niculi, anno septuagesimo aetatis suae,
dedicatur (red. A. Zanoci, T. Arnut, M. B). Chiinu. Bons
Offices. P. 197-203.

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250 p.
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80

..



Amphora stamps from the settlement Chobruchi on the left bank of the Lower Dniester. One of the mass categories of archaeological
material found during the excavations of the settlement Chobruchi is presented by amphora stamps. Most of them were read and dated. The
analysis of brands allows distinguishing five phases of receiving of the imported product in stamped ceramic tare in the settlement Chobruchi: 1)
320-270 BC; 2) 269-240 BC; 3) 239-190 BC; 4) 189-160 BC; 5) 159-90 BC. Considering the coefficients of amphorae stamping we managed to
calculate indicators of absolute density of distribution of products in the ceramic tare arriving at the settlement Chobruchi throughout each of the
stages.
.
, , .
.
: 1) 320-270. ..; 2) 269-240. ..; 3) 239-190. ..; 4) 189-160. ..; 5) 159-90. ..

, .

1993-1996.

.. (1994; 1997; , , 1997; , , 2004; 2004;
2004; 2006; 2006). 2000.
(2000-2002,
2004-2006, 2010, 2012.) (, ,
2001; 2002; 2004; 2004; , 2004; , , 2004; Niculi, Fidelski, 2004;
, , 2005; Fidelschi, Mateevici,
2005; , 2006; Fidelschi, 2006; Fidelschi,
Mateevici, 2007; , 2010; 2012).

,
.
,
(, 1984, 148169).
,

.
, .
, . , . 1.

-
44
3
1
1
67
12
128

%
34,7
2,3
0,7
0,7
52,3
9,3
100


- (Mateevici,
2007).
.
, . .1 ,
,
. , ,

. ,
286 331,
. , .

, . .


128 .
,
(, ) ( ,
) (. 1).

,
,


Fa=n/h, fa
1
-

. .. ..
.. .

81

, n , h
.2

I.

I.1. (. 2). 44 . 11
( )
.
15: IIc Aristnidas,
Euphranr 1; IIIa Thestr; IIIb Archokrats
2, Xenophans ( ), Kratidas, Timasagoras
( ); IIIc Ainsidamos 2, Aintr
2; IIId Nikasagoras 1, Symmachos; IIIe
Xenophn; VI Hrakleitos. ,
, : Kle(- -) [ Klearchos
IIc ; Kleitomachos IIIa ; Klenumos IIIb
]; (- -)atofan(- -) [Aratophans IIIe ; Pra
tophans IIIb ].
18
: IIa In ( );
II Dios, Epigonos 1, Mikuthos, Onasimos; III
Agnsippos, Antigonos, Aristokrats ( ),
Damokrats 1 ( ), Droteos, Nikasin,
Rodippos, Philanios ( ); V Dros,
, (. 2).

, , 30-. III . ..,
,
In
().
.. , (, , 2004, 290), .
(Mateevici, 2007, 171),
. , ..
, ,
, 40- 30-. III . .. ,
In, I .
,
, II (, 2007, 214).
40-50 , 90-. II . .., .

III b (
);
70-. , 60-. . ,

II . . .,

, .
I.2. .
,
,
: /
/ . , ,
(, 2007, 226).
IV 215-166. (, 2007, 426).

, ,
.
I.3. .
, Parion.

III II . .. (, 2007, 176-177).

II.

II.1. . ,
() Apsogos,
IV III .
.. (Kac, 2003, 261-278).
II.2. (. 3).
.. . 52 ,

.. (, 1975, 26)
(, 2007, 351 .).
2

82

2.

II
IIIa
IIIb
IIc IIIb
IIIc
IIId
IIIb-IIIe
IIIe
VI

II
III
IV
V

209-199. ..
198-190. ..
189-182. ..
200-182. ..
181-176. ..
175-169. ..
188-161. ..
168-161. ..
107- 86. ..

234-199. ..
198-161. ..
160-146. ..
145-108. ..
-

fa

11
9
8
19
6
7
28
8
22
124

2
1
6
1
2
2
1
1
1
3
20

0,2
0,1
0,75
0,05
0,33
0,28
0,03
0,12
0,04
0,16

35
38
15
38
126

5
12
1
6
24

0,14
0,31
0,03
0,19

, 257. ..
189. .. (, , 2006, 5-10).

67 : 60
7 .
44 . ,
.. (2007, 434-436): IIIC
Poseidnios 4; VC Hikesios 2 Hestiaiou;
VI B Iobakchos Molpagorou; VIC Athnippos Mtrodrou, Borys 2 Zeuxios, Dionysios
5 Apmantou, Hestiaios 4 Artemidrou (
), Hrakleids 3 Mikriou, Hronymos 2
Poseidniou, Thrikls Apollniou ( ),
Hikesios 3 Simiou, Hippn Dionysiou ( ),
Kallichoros Protagorou ( ), Pasichars
2 Dmtriou, Phmios 3 Theopeithou; VI D
Hikesios 4 Etheonikou, Hikesios 5 Antipatrou
( ), Mikrias Aristagorou, Mnsis 2
Phorminos; VII Aischrin Artemidrou
( ), Antipatros 2 Apollodrou ( ), Apollnids Poseidniou ( ),
Deios Mnios, Kleinios Hekataiou, Prolochos
Meikou ( ), Teisimachos Theopompou
( ), Hyallos Philiskou; VII Posis
Stratonikou ( ).
:
Apatourios, Asklpiads, Dionysios ( ),
Menn, Phlmn, Chars. ,
,
,
VI . ,

: Thrikls Apollniou Phmios 3
3.

III C
IV A-C
V A-B
V C
VI A
VI B
VI C
VI D
VII
VII
III C-VII B

. 10-. IV
. III . ..
90-80-. III . ..
. 80- . 60-.
III . ..
. 60-
. 50-. III . ..
50- . 40-.
III . ..
40-. III . ..
30-20-. III . ..
. 20- .10-.
III . ..
. 10-. .
III . ..
90-. II . ..
. 10-. IV 90- .
II . ..

fa

0,14

0,11

6
18

1
19

0,16
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0,71

16

12

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120 44

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120 67

0,45

Theopeithou,
.

, 40-.
III 90-. II . .. (VIB-D VII - ).
,
(. 3).
,

IV . ..,
IIIC Poseidnios 4. ,
,

: IV ,
V .
40-30-. III . .. VIB
(Iobakchos Molpagorou).
12 VIC 18 . (Hestiaios 4
Artemidrou, Hippn Dionysiou) . 30-20-. III
. .. . 20-.
III . .. , ,
(
). ( 90-. II . ..)
.
II.3. .

: (.
4) ,
. :
I Kratn ( ); II Apollas
Choreiou; II Apollnios Apollniou; II
Dioskouridas Theodrou, Kallistratos Kallistratou
( ), Skritos Artemidrou; III
Agasikls ( - -)os ( ).
: , ( ), , C. , I - II IV
III . .. (, 1994, 77).
4.

I
I -
II
II
II
II
IIIA

83

325-319. ..
318-287. ..
286-273. ..
272-266. ..
265-240. ..
239-228. ..
227-210. . .

h
7
22
13
7
26
12
18
116

n
1

1
3
1
7

fa
0,14

0,07

0,04
0,25
0,05
0,06

5. ,
IV I . ..

I
320270.
(h 50)

n
fa
%

1
0,02
33,3

n
fa
%

1
0,02
33,3

1
0,03
50,0

n
fa
%

1
0,02
33,3

1
0,03
50,0

II
269240.
(h 30)

n
fa
%
n
fa
%
n
fa
%

3
0,06
100

2
0,06
100

II
239190.
(h 50)

42
0,84
80,8

5
0,10
9,6

5
0,10
9,6
,

52
1,04
100


I A Kratn
( 20- 10-. IV . ..).
40-. II .
( 60-
). 30-. II ., .
,
IIIA , ,
.
,

. ,

,
. , ,
,
, ,
.

IV
189160.
(h 30)

V
15990.
(h 70)

44

12
0,40
87

2
0,03
100

2
0,06
13,0
14
0,46
100

19

2
0,03
100

73
0,32


(. 5).
( 20-. IV . ..
270. ..)
,
,
(1 .), (

, ). .
(269-240. . .)
.
.
(239-190. . .)
.
. (84%), ,

.
(189-160. . .).
.
, -

84

,
(, ),
.
.
(159-90. . .)
.
.
.

IV
I . .. .
(320-240. ..) , , .
4-5
. , III . .. - .

(240160. ..).
, ,

,
1,5 . , II .
.. .
,

,
.

, 1984 . . ( ). . . 247 .
, , 1997 .., .. III . ..
// . .
. . (. . .. ). . . . 241-244.
, 1994 ..
. -. . - . 176 .
, 2007 ..
( ). . . XVIII. -.
i . 480 .
, , 2001 .., .. (
2001.) // : (. . .. ). . . . 206-216.
, , 2002 .., ..

. ( 2001 ) //
(V . .. V ..). - III . . , 5-8 2002. .
. . 248-250.
, , 2004 .., .. // Cercetri arheologice n
Republica Moldova (2000-2003). Vol. I. (red. ef N. Chetraru).
Chiinu. Tyragetia. P. 50-63.
, , 2004 .., .. // Thracians and Circumpontic world. II. Proceedings
of the Ninth International Congress of Thracology. Chiinu
Vadul lui Vod. 6-11 September 2004. (ed. I. Niculi, A. Zanoci,
M. B). Chiinu. Cartdidact. P. 190-216.
., 2012 .., ..,
.., ..
// Stratum plus. 3. . 187-215.
, 2004 ..
// : , , .
- . . . -, 1-4
2004. (. . .. ). . - . . 125129.
, 2006 .. I . ..
//
. . .
. ., . 100- ..
(13-16 2006.) (. . .. ). .
. . 213-216.
, 2010 .. VI-III . .. ( . ) //
(. . .. ). 11.
. . . 130-140.
, 2012 .. ( ) //
. . 2.
, , (. . .. ). . . . 273-281.
, , 2004 ., .
2001-2002. ( ). // , , .
- II . . . (12-16
2004.) I (. . .. ). .
2004. . .118-123.
, , 2005 .., .. (
) // . . . (. .
.. ). . . . 281-286.
, 1975 .. III-I .. . . 168 .
, 1994 ..
// V
. .. V . .. - . . .
. 10-14 1994. (. . .. ).
. . . 231-232.

85

, 1997 .. III II .
.. // (IV .
.. IV . ..). - .
. 28-30 1997. (. . .. ).
. . . 19-22.
, , 2004 .., ..

( ) //
, , . - II . . . (12-16 2004.).
I (. . .. ). . . . 128-129.
, , 2004 .., ..
. III .. II . ..
// iK. XI. i.
. 288-290.
, , 2004 .., ..
( . )
// (. . ..
). 8. . . . 139-142.
, , 2006 .. ..
( . ) //
(. . .. ). 10. . - . . 5-10.
, , 2006 ..,
.. ( .
) // . . . . ., .
100- .. (13-16

2006.) (. . .. ). . .
. 216-219.
Fidelschi, 2006 Fidelschi S. Dezvoltarea meteugului
la populaie sedentar din rejiunea Nistrului Inferior (dup
rezultatele spturilor la aezarea pluristratigrafic Ciobruci)
//Tirajetia. XV (red. resp. N. Rileanu). Chiinu. Reclama.
P. 24-33.
Fidelschi, Mateevici, 2005 Fidelschi S.A., Mateevici N.
Date noi de epigrafie amforistic din regiunea Nistrului Inferior:
descoperiri de la Ciobruciu // Simpozion de numismatic:
organizat cu ocazia mplinirii a 80 de ani de la ridicarea scaunului
archiepiscopal i mitropolitan al Ungrovlahiei la rangul de scaun
patriahal. Programul i rezumatele comunicrilor. Chiinu.
20-22 octombrie 2005. Chiinu. P. 5-6.
Fidelschi, Mateevici, 2007 Fidelschi S.A., Mateevici N.
tampile amforistice descoperite n aezarea de la Ciobruciu
(campanile 2004-2005) // Simpozion de numismatic: organizat
cu ocazia comemorrii Sfntului tefan cel Mare domn al
Moldovei (1504-2004). Chiinu, 29 septembrie 2 octombrie
2004: comunicri, studii i note (red. resp. E. Nicolae). Bucureti.
Monitorul oficial. P. 29-34.
Kac, 2003 Kac V.I. A New Chronology for the eramic
Stamps of Herakleia Pontike // Black Sea Studies. 1. The
Cauldron of Ariantas. Studies presented to A.N. eglov on the
occasion of his 70th birthday (eds. P.G. Bilde, J.M. Hojte, V.F.
Stolba). Aarhus. Aarhus University Press P. 261-278.
Mateevici, 2007 Mateevici N. Amforele greceti n
mediul barbar din nord-vestul Pontului Euxin n sec. VI
nceputul sec. II a. Chr. Biblioteca Tyragetia. XIV. Chiinu.
Bons Oficces. 284 p.
Niculi, Fidelski, 2004 Niculi I., Fidelski S. The
researches of the multilayered settlement of Ciobruci // Tracii
i lumea circumpontica. Congresul al IX-lea Internaional de
Tracologie. Chiinu Vadul lui Vod. 6-11 sept. 2004. Rezumate
(red. I. Niculi, A. Zanoci, Iu. Postic). Chiinu. Reclama. P.
75-77.

86

..

Amphora stamps from Transdniesteria. To the moment they have recorded 405 amphora stamps from 32 ancient monuments in
Transdniesteria. All stamps are localized. About 80% of stamps from the collection were relatively well to date.
The analysis of the stamps distribution in time and space lets us distinguish two phases of the active life of the region during the end of the
V the beginning of I century BC.
During the first phase (the end of the V 270 BC), the import of products in ceramic tare was relatively constant and relatively high (the density
of distribution of the stamps was 1,5-2 times higher than the average density over the period). Up to the 30-ies of the IV century BC the dominant
position in the market was taken by Heraclea products, but later until the end of the phase the Thasos wine. The stamps of this period of life in
Transdniesteria are recorded at 26 monuments of the region. In this case the majority of products was imported on the settlements along the banks of
the Dniester estuary and the mouth of the Dniester. The import of ceramic products in stamped packaging dramatically interrupted by the end of the
70ies of the III century BC, probably in connection with the end of life on the most of the settlements in the region.
Quite a different picture is presented by imported stamped products in ceramic tare that arrived in the Transdniesteria during the second
phase (240-160 BC) of the active life of the region. On the one hand, the number of points where stamps of this phase were fixed was reduced
by half compared with the preceding one and the centre of economic life moved from the area of the Dniester estuary upstream of the Dniester
(settlements Krasnoe and Chobruchi). On the other hand, the absolute density of stamps during this phase was 2-3 times higher than the average
over the period. The componence of imports was also changed. Up to 190 BC undivided domination of Sinopa products on the market, and after
until 160 BC of Rhodes products.
In the second half of the II century BC life on the majority of settlements in the region either completely stops or hardly goes on.
. 32
405 . . 80% .

V I . ..
( V . 270. ..)
( 1,5-2 ). 30-. IV . ..
, .
26 .
. 70-. III . .., ,
.
,
(240-160. ..) . , ,
, ,
( ).
2-3 . . 190.
.. , 160. .. .
II . .. , .

III . ..

, , (
) , .
,

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. ,

- (Mateevici,
2007). ,
.
250 , 14 11 .1
1 ,
(),
. . ( 282-283).

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,
.
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,
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(, 2007, 45).
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, , ,
.
.

87

.
: ,
, . ,
.

60% .
,
. ..
( -).
25
8
II, II, IV, (, 2005,
304-310), I (, , 1994, 235),
VI (, 1994, 172), (, 1963, 31)].
,
33 (. 1)
403 (. I).
.
(, , , , ,
); (,
). 80% .2
, ,
: 1)
; 2)

, .



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fai = ni/hi ,
fai ,
ni , hi (, 2007, 352-353).
2 ,
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(, 1975, 26)
(,
2007, 351 .)

. 1. : 1
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II (), 11 (), 12 (),
13 () ( -), 14 (+)
( -), 15 , 16 (+),
17 (), 18 (), 19 (),
20 (), 21 (), 22 (),
23 () ( -), 24 ()
( -), 25 (), 26
(), 27 (), 28 (), 29
(), 30 II ()

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,
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,
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88

I.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33


II .
II .
.
.
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10
2

3
6

10
8

3
1
2
61
2
1
8

1
25
2

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14
1

12

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2
1
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49
12,1

5
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44
2
69
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3
6
1,5

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2
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1
0,2

1
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67

12

68
16,8

174
42,8

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7,2

5
3
1
1
19
2
1
1
16
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1
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4
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, , , , , , , , , .


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.
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7-9
6
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IV . ..
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11
9
IV . ..
12-15 6
90- 70-. III . ..
33
30-. IV 70-.
III . ..
38
400 70-. III . ..

89

Fa

62 0,08
20 0,30
7
10
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130 0,29

. 2.


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.
(, II, ).

.
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.
, 70-. III . .. III.

II
III
IV
V
VI

7
22

1
30

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III
IV
V
VI

10
17

28

239199. ..
198161. ..
160146. ..
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23986 . ..

239199. ..
198161. ..
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145-108. .
107- 86. ..
239- 86 . ..

Fa

40
38
15
38
22
153

0,18
0,58

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22
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15
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56
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91

. 3.

V.

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II
III
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V
VI
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B
C
D
VII
A
B

n
1
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7
6

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56
10
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90 80-. III . ..
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50- . 10-. III . ..

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II . ..

h
5
25
17
25
16
24

Fa
0,20
0,36
0,41
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80%
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III . ..
,


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.

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: 19 5
.
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VI.

. 4.

n
I 2
I
1
I
6
II
4
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1
II
1
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17
92


325306 . ..
305297 . ..
296287. IV . ..
286273. ..
272266. III . ..
265241 . III . ..
240228. III . ..
227210. . .
325210. .

h
20
9
10
14
7
15
13
18
115

Fa
0,10
0,11
0,60
0,29

0,07
0,07
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20-. III .
. . .

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. VII .

( V
60-. IV . ..)
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. , ( 80%
),
.
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( ) .
, (4, 5 6 ) -

VII.
, V II . ..
I
410 -361
(h 50)

II
360 -336
(h 25)

III
335 -306
(h 30)

IV
305 -271
(h 35)

n
fa
%

2
0,04
8,7

3
0,12
8,5

23
0,76
42,2

19
0,54
39,4

n
fa
%

19
0,38
82,6

17
0,68
48,7

17
0,58
32,2

15
0.43
31,4

n
fa
%

2
0,04
8,7

3
0,12
8,5

10
0,40
28,6

11
0,37
20,6

n
fa
%

2
0,08
5,7

1
0,03
1,7
2
0,06
3,3

3
0,09
6,6

11
0,31
22,6

n
fa
%

23
0,46
100

35
1,40
100

VII
215-190
(h25)

VIII
189-161
(h 30)

IX
160-88
(h 73)

54
1,80
100

48
1,37
100

68

1
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93


47

34
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n
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n
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VI
245-216
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n
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n
fa
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V
270-246
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79
2,63
100

17

10
0,40
21,3

15
0,50
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1
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3
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47
1,88
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0,67
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0,95

. 5.

,
. .
,
.
, , 50%
.
:
. ,
.
(335-306.
..) (
20%) .
.
. , 40%.
.

(305-271. ..) .
.
( ) .
,
20%
.
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( ),
. , .
(245-216. ..) (

). 6
,
.
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.

94

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..) 40%
.
, ( 70% ).
.
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, (,
, ),
.
.
(160-88. . .).

( ), .


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,
( V . 270. ..)
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). 30-. IV .
..
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.
IV . . . ,
,
.
26
. ,

.

, .
70-. III .
.., ,
.


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..) . ,

,
,
,

(
).
VI-VII
.
.
190.
.. , 160.
.. .
II . ..

, .
, , ,
.
, ,
, , , .

, 1951 ..
// . 3. . 77-84.
, 2005 .. (,
) // i. XII. . 304-313.
, 1994 ..
. -. . - . 176 .
, 2007 ..
( ). . . XVIII. -.
i . 480 .
, , 1994 ..,
.. I
//
V . .. V . .. (. .
.. ). . . . 234-236.
, 1983 .. VI // . 1. . 167-177.
, 1963 ..
( 1961.) // 1961 (. . .. ). . -. . 26-32.
Mateevici, 2007 Mateevici N. Amforele greceti n mediul
barbar din nord-vestul Pontului Euxin n sec. VI nceputul sec.
II a. Chr. Biblioteca Tyragetia. VIX. Chiinu. Bons Offices. 284 p.

95

.. , ..


( )
The temple complex of the Elizavetovskoe settlement on the Don (preliminary communication). The article deals with a new
Hellenistic temple complex, open on the territory of the Elizavetovskoe settlement in the delta of the Don. The complex consisted of three rooms,
one of which is a closed complex. During the examination of this room was found a considerable number of items, among which there are five
terracotta figurines, a fragmented silver plate with the image of the goddess Demetra, bowls incense-burners, a bronze casket, various tableware,
jewellery, etc. It is very important that in this room for the first time during the study of a Large Greek colony, in situ was discovered the skeleton
of a person who died in the time of the building destruction. The set of materials discovered during the examination of the temple complex, shows
that his death occurred no later than the first half of the 70-ies of the III century BC.
( ).
, .
, .
, ,
, -, , , ..
, , , in situ ,
. , , ,
70- . III . ..

,
-
,
, - V
III . ..

(V-IV . ..) ,
IV .
.. IV . ..,
IV-III
. ..
III . .. 1954.

- . 1982.
20
, .


, 2004.
-
.
-
-

, -


. ( XXXIV)
, , -

96

. 1 . ,
116 36 ( )

III .
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, ( 114).

, 2007.,
.

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. 36, ,
100 2. ,
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36 0,73-0,74 . 0,63-0,68 . ,
(
), , ,
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1,66 . ,
.

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,

.
,

,
, IV . ..
(, , 2011, 211),

70-. III . .. , ,
,

. 2. , 116 36
( )
97

, . , , -
2006-2009., -
, ,
.
,
, ,
,
IV . ..
,
.

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IV . .. - ,
,

, , (
., 2000, . 19; , , 2011, 212).
, IV .
..
( ., 2009, 60).
,
-
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, ,
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,
2007. --
(,
2007, 378-383). .. ,
IV . (
2 )
(, 2007, 54).

, ,
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( 114, 115 1161).
,
. 114,
1 ,
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( c
9 , 36
18 ).
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114 115. 3,80 .
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36. 115 114
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116,
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36

. ,

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(12 2) :
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: IV-III .
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2. ,
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.
2 ... , ... .. .

98

70-. III . .. (Rotroff, 1997, 244,


fig. 4/21, 5/24).
3.
( ).
,
,
(,
1994, 51). , ,
,
(, 1997,
52). -10,
, ,
, ,
,
(, 1979, 56-58;
, 1985, 31-32). ,
, , , , .
4. .
5. .
6. - 116
- .
7.
,
.
, .
8. .
9.
116
.
10. , ,

(. 1/3,5).
11.
,
,
(. 1/4).
12. , -
116, .
.
13. -

-

(. 1/2).
III .
.. (, 1985, 83, . 74).
14.
.
15. , ,

(
),
, ,
(. 2).
. , ,
, ,
.
, , ,
, , , .
, .
.
16. -
, , .
17. -
6 ,
, , 2011.
10 .
18. , ,
.
19.
.
20. ,
.
21. 116

.
22. - -
.
- 116,
,
. ,
.
, 116,
.
.

99

,
, ,
(
116), . ,
70-. III . ..

, 1997 .. V-I .. // . . XXVIII.


. 38-53.
, 2007 .. ( ). . . XVIII. -.
i . 480 .
, 2007 ..
, (
) //
. - XII . . . (26 -31
2007.) (. . .. ). --. . C. 51-55.

., 2009 .., ..,


.. -
IV . .. (
) //
. -
IX ,
(23-24 2009.)
(. . .. ). . - . . 56-64.
, , 2011 .., .. -
- // . . IX (. . .. ). .
... . 207-214.
, 1985 .. . . . . 152 .
., 2000 ..,
.., .. . .
Paleograph. 356 c.
, 1979 ..
. . . 172 .
Rotroff, 1997 Rotroff S.I. Hellenistic Pottery. Athenian
and Imported Wheelmade Table Ware and Related Material //
The Athenian Agora. Vol. XXIX. Princeton NJ. Princeton Aca
demic Press. 575 .

100

. , ..


( )
The famous dynasty of Rhodes manufacturers (based on a collection of stamps from Tyra). The article analyzes the Rhodes
amphora stamps from the excavations of Tyra in 1998-2008, which belong to the famous dynasty of the manufacturers, the founder of which was
1, who inherited the production of his father 1.
If the legend 1 along with his name, and also the name of one of Rhodesian months, located around the emblem rose, was
used for marking of the amphorae, produced in his workshop in the second chronological period, when during the 1 and his heirs
2, and their heir the name of the month disappears from the stamp legend.
The representatives of this famous dynasty of Rhodes manufacturers were among the first, who along with magistrate and manufacturer
stamps widely used the third small additional stamp, belonging to the potter.
( ).
1998-2008., ,
1, 1.
1 , ,
, , , 1
2, .
,
, .

- . ..,
.
, : , ,
, ,
.
,
. , ,
,
,
. ,

,
.
, 300 ,
. ,
.
1.
. ,
,
, , (Grace, 1985,
9-10). , , ,

.
1 (Finkielsztejn, 2001, 113),
1, , ,
2 , , , ,
2.

. ,
1

.
,
;

.

, (Nilsson, 1909,
368, nr. 48/1, 413, nr. 169, 491, nr. 416/5-7). , ,
()

(Finkielsztejn, 2001, 114).
1
1 . ,

.

101

. 1. 1 19982008.

102

1 2 , , .
, , - IV (Grace, 1985, 10).
,
2 2 ,
(Finkielsztejn, 2001, 113). , 2 V
(, ,
, , , ,
), ,
, 40-. II . ..
1,
, ,
( ,
),
(, 1973, 4864). ,
. ,
,
,
,
1, .

. .


2,
1 .
70- .
,
( 1) 1, ,
, V , ,
30- 20-. . .. (,
2007, 421, ).
1 19 : 1
2; 13 1 (
- ,
, ,

); 5 .

, , (. 1).


1 19982008.

, III, IV . - 2 (Pridik, 1896, 134; Breccia,


1921, 26, nr. 44/1-5; , 1975, 88, 288; Brker, Burow,
1998, 45, nr. 417-418; Jhrens, 1999, 67-68, nr. 176-178; n. 50;
Lawall and oth., 2010, 401, L-342). ,
1. 1, ,
. , ,
,
(Finkielsztejn, 2001, 113).
1. [][]
.
(-03, .
70, 511).

. III, V/VI .
.

1, 1.
(Pridik,
1896, 131, n. 16-18; Pridik, 1897, 148, n. 3; , 1917, 24,
558-571; anarache, 1957, nr. 515-517; , 1958, 33, .
XVII/3,5; , 1975, 94, 307-318; Kaka-Toboowa, 1976,
246, nr. 531-532; Buzoianu, 1980, 135-135, nr. 16-19;Grace, 1985,
45, n. 2c; Brker, Burow,1998, 46, nr. 432; Jhrens, 1999, 40, nr.
92-95; Mateevici, 2007, 168, nr. 287-289; Lawalland oth.,2010,
391, L-213, 214).
2.
.
(-06, .
46, 379).
3. []
.
(-06, .,
. 18, 145).
4.
.
. (-06,
., . 70, 584).
5. [][]
.

103

(-98, .
5, 38).
6. []
.
(-98, .
7, 111).

(-03, .
100, 749).
16. []
.
(-99, .
1, 9).

7. []
.
(-00, .
1, 2).

17. [][]
.
(-99, .
112, 373).

8.
.
(-01, .
55, 312).

18. []
.
(-02, .
69, 535).

9. [][]
.
(-01, .
55, 314).

19. []
.
(-06, ,
442).

10.
.
(-05, .
. 68, 973).

20.

( 19) ,
. .

11. []
.
(-99, .
29, 145).
12. /[]
.
(-98, .
50, 282).
13. [][]
.
(- 06, .
46, 356).
14. []
.
(99, . 119, 317).
, ,
.

III-IV V
(Breccia, 1921,
36 nr. 113/1-3; Grace, 1934, 239, nr. 93a ( ); Grace, 1985, 46, n. 3c; Nicolaou, Empereur, 1986, 520, nr.
6a; Tezi, 1995, 71, nr. 12;Brker, Burow, 1998, 91, nr.221-223;
Lawallandoth., 2010, 391, L-225,402, L-346).
1,
2 IV
, , V ,
. 1, .
15.
.

, 1973 ..

// . 4. . 48-64.
, 2007 ..
( ). . . XVIII. -.
i . 480 .
, 1958 . . . . 79 c.
, 1917 ..

. . . 121 .
, 1975 .. III-I .. . . 166 .
Brker, Burow, 1998 Brker Chr., Burow J. Die helle
nistischen Amphorenstempel aus Pergamon. Der PergamonKomplex. Die brigen Stempel aus Pergamon. Pergamenische
Forschungen. 11. Berlin. Walter de Gruyter. 160 s.
Breccia, 1921 Breccia . Rapport sur la marche du
service du muse pendant lexercice 1919-1920 // Muse
Greco-Romain dAlexandrie. Bergamo. Istituto italiano darti
grafiche. P. 1-74.
Buzoianu, 1980 Buzoianu L. tampile rhodiene de le
Edificiul Roman cu mozaic // PONTICA. XIII. P. 119-139.
Canarache, 1957 Canarache V. Importul amforelor
greceti la Istria. Biblioteca istoric. 1. Bucureti. Editura
Academiei Republicii Populare Romne. 446 p.
Finkielsztejn, 2001 Finkielsztejn G. Chronologie
dtaille et rvise des ponymes amphoriques rhodiens de 270
a 108 av. J.-C. environ. Premier bilan. BAR. Intern. Ser. Oxford.
Archaeopress. 260 s.
Jhrens, 1999 Jhrens G. Amphorenstempel in
Nationalmuseum von Athen. Zu den von H.G. Lolling
aufgenommenen unedierten Henkelinschriften. Mit einem

104

Anhang. Die Amphorenstempel in der Sammlung der Abteilung


Athen des Deutschen Archologischen Instituts. Mainz am
Rhein. Philipp von Zabern. 334 s.
Grace, 1934 Grace V. Stamped Amphora Handles Found
in 1931-1932 // Hesperia. Vol. 3. P. 197-310.
Grace, 1985 Grace V. The Middle Stoa Dated by Amphora
Stamps // Hesperia. Vol. 54. P. 1-55.
Kaka-Toboowa, 1976 Kaka-Toboowa G. Stemple
na imadach amfor // Zabytki Archeologiczne. Zakadu
Archeologii rdziemnomorskiej Universytetu Jagielloskiego.
Katalog (red. M.L. Bernhard). Warszava Krakw. Pastwowe
Wydawnictwo Naukowe Oddzial w Krakowie. S. 245-252.
Lawall and oth., 2010 Lawall M.L., Lejpunskaja N.A.,
Diatroptov P.D., Samojlova T.L. Transpots Amphoras // Black
Sea Studies. 13. The Lower City of Olbia (Sector NGS) in the 6th
century BC to the 4th century AD. Aarhus. Aarhus University
Press. P. 355-406.

Mateevici, 2007 Mateevici N. Amforele greceti n mediul


barbar din nord-vestul Pontului Euxin n sec. VI nceputul
sec. II a. Chr. Biblioteca Tyragetia. VIX. Chiinu. Bons Offices.
284 p.
Nicolaou, Empereur, 1986 Nicolaou I., Empereur J.-Y.
Amphores rhodiennes du Muse de Nicosie // BCH. Recherches
sur les amphores grecques. Supplement 13. P. 515-533.
Pridik, 1896 Pridik E. Amphorenstempel aus Athen
// Mittheilungen des Kaiserlich Deutschen Archaeologischen
Instituts. Athenische Abtheilung. Vol. 21. S. 127-187.
Pridik, 1897 Pridik E. Neue Amphorenstempel aus Athen
// Mittheilungen des Kaiserlich Deutschen Archaeologischen
Instituts. Athenische Abtheilung. Vol. 22. S. 148-158.
Tezi, 1995 Tezi Yksek Lisans Istanbul Arkeoloji
Mzesinde Bulunan Rhodos amphora Mhrleri. Izmir. T.C.
Ege niversitesi. 97 p.

105

..


-
Handmade incense-burners decorated with flutes from North-Eastern Azov Sea area. The paper deals with a series of handmade
incense-burners decorated with flutes excavated in the North-Eastern Azov Sea area, namely at the Elizavetovka settlement and Tanais, in
burials of the Beglitrza cemetery and the Nizhnegnilovskaia settlement. The author elaborates a typology of fluted incense-burners from the
Elizavetovka settlement and carries out a comparative analysis of incense-burners from the North-Eastern Azov Sea area and those from the
Kuban, Middle Don and Dniester regions. It appears that in spite of the morphological closeness of all fluted incense-burners they were used by
various ethnocultural groups.
- .
, - : , ,
.
. - ,
, . , , ,
.

, ,
(, 1951, 153; , 1962, 159; , 1965, . II/13; , 1969, 201; , 1971, 91; , 1973, 66; ,
1994, 21; , , 1995, 58; .,
2005, 21, . 40/10; , , 2006).

.

,
- .
, ,
.

,
.
. ( ) (. 1/1-6).
( ) (. 1/811).
, (.
1/7).
I
.. (1972, 126-127). ,
, ,
. . 11-15 .
6,5-10 , 5,5-9 .

13-16 .
1-2 .
;

.
, . , ,
, ,
.


.
.
1-1,5
, .
3 . .
.
, (. 1/6).

(. 1/5).
, , (. 1/11).
,
. , ( )
( ) .

. . .
0,8-0,9 .
II ..
(1972, 129-130), ,
,
. 7 , 9 .
.
-

106

,
(. 1/9).
,
(. 1, 8).

(. 1/7).
.
,
.
. ,
, (.
1/10). . (. 1/4).

, ,


IV 70. III . .. .

, ,

.
IV . .. (, 1988,
15-16).
,

. ,
, ,
, -
, ( ., 2000, 256).


.

, .
-

,
.

7
(, 1994, 20).
5. .


-- --.
. . , , . 8,6 , 13 ,
7,2 , 17 .
. , (, 1994, 21).

, 1928. ..
..
.

,
. ,
,
, (,
, 1928, 51). ,
, IV III . ..
(, 2006, 53).
,
.
, , III-II . .. (, 1969, 201, . I/11).
, .


5 (, , 2004, 36-37).
(. 1/12).
, .
-
.
.

. - ,
,
, . . .
.
. . 8,4 , 7,8 , 11,5 .

107

. 1. - : 1-11
; 12

108

12,6 . . .
II-I . .. (, , 2004, 37).

(, 1971, 91; , ,
2000, 20; , , 2002, 303-304; , 2004, 74; , 2005, 257). IV .
.. (, , 2006, 135, . 2/3).


.
. . .

(,
, 2006, 134). , ,
,
,
. ,
,
. ,

,
(, 1994, 13-14). , ,
.


-
,
.
.
.
,

,
, , .

, .

(, , 1995, 58,

. 7/9) (, 1965, . II/13).


II . ..

(, 1971,
90, . 3).
(, ) . ,


. , . ,
, , ,
, .
. ,
, ,

(, 2000, 29-30; , , 2000, 19; , , 2002, 303-304),
, . ,
.. , ,
(, 2004,
76). ,
,
,
- III . ..
(, , 2000, 20). -
,
, .
, , , ,
, . , .
(, , 2006).

,
.
(, 2006, 53).
-
(, , 1995, 67).

109

, - ,
,
(,
, 2000, 17-18). , , -

. .. .. . , ,



- .

, 1969 ..
// - (.
. .. ). . . . 173-220.
, 2004 .. , , //
iK. . XI. . 74-77.
, 2006 ..
IV III . .. (
) // -
(. . .. ). --. . 51-57.
, , 2004 .., .. 2003.
- . -. 50 .
., 2005 .., .., .., .. VI
III .. . . . . 192 .
, 1965 ..
. . 1-31. 112 .
, , 2006 .., ..
// . . 6. . 134-151.
, 1972 .. V
III . .. // . 1. . 122-133.

, 1973 ..
V III . ..
// . . 133. . 62-66.
, 1988 ..
- 1987.
. . 35. . 1. 148.
., 2000 ..,
.., .. . .
Paleograph. 283 .
, 1962 ..
( .. .. ). . 115. - . . 114166.
, , 1928 .., .. //
. 3-4. --. . 44-53.
, 1994 .. 1993 // -
. . 13 (. .
.. ). . . . 20-22.
, , 1995 .., ..
.
( 1984-1993.) //
. . 4. . .
43-68.
, 2000 .. //
( ) (. .
.. ). . . . 28-30.
, 2005 ..
, //
(.
.) (. . .. ). . . .
255-260.
, 1951 ..
// . XXXVII. . 152-260.
, , 2002 ..,
.. II //
(V .. V . ..). III . . . , 5-8 2002.
(. . .. ). . . . 299-305.
, 1971 .. i i
IV I . .. // i. 2. . 87-93.
, , 2000 ..,
..
(
. ) //
(- ) (. . .. ). . . . 3-27.

110

..

VII . ..:

Amphorae Erythres of Asia Minor of the VII centuries BC: additions to classification. The article analyzes a sample of almost
4tens amphorae which thanks to Turkish excavation in vicinities Erythres are possible to identify as the container of this center. It is possible to
allocate 4 types of Erythres amphorae of the VII centuries BC, to distribute them in a number of options and it is rather reliable to date them on
the basis of complexes in which they were found.
V-II . ..: . 4
,
. 4 VII . ..,
, .

,
, [Theophr. De odoribus.
52]; [Athenaeus
I, 32b; Plin. NH, XXXV. 161] (Tchernia, 1986, 31-32).
,
, .
., 4
. ,
, . ,

V IV .
.. (Johrens, 1999, 169-170, af. 25).
,
IV
III . .. (Carlson, Lawall, 2006, 11; 2005-2006,
32 ff.).
(Carlson,
2003, 581-600). 10 2 , 195 - ,
.
(.1/1),

.
.
440-430. ..
(Carlson, Lawall, 2005-2006, 32).

V . ..

,

, -


, . .
2006.
,

IV III . .. (Ozyigit, 1990, 125138, iz. 1, 5; Carlson, Lawall, 2005-2006, 33).
. .
V II . ..
,
4 (Carlson, Lawall, 2005-2006, 32).

. . (Dupont, Lungu, 2010, 3-36,
fig. 4-10; 2010b, 3953, pl. 24-26).
,

.

.
.
, ,
.
I- ( ).
V . ..,
.
,
(. 1/1), -
- -
, . - .

,
-

111

.1. I: 1 -; 2 ; 3 -
(. ); 4 ; 5 (. ); 6 ; 7 ( .. )

. ,

V . ..
,
, , .

., V IV . .. (Holloway,
1966, 83-85).
,
( ., 1991, 72,

112

. 1/16; , 2003, 35, . 19/6).


, , V . .. (.1/2),
,
(. 1/3), .

I-B (). . . () ,

(, , ). ,

.2. I: 8 . 15-1937 ; 9 ( ); 10 ;
11 . 17-1937 ; 12 ; 13 . 41
113


. ,

,

V . .. (Cook, Dupont, 1998, fig. 23/9c-g). ,
B 13:6 (Carlson, Lawall, fig. 3).
.
I-B, ,

, ,
,
(, 2003, 35,
. 20).
, .

.
(Grace, 1971, 94, pl.15/9) (.1/4), . (Dupont, 1983,
fig. 4/4,5,7; Cook, Dupont, 1998, fig. 23/9d,e,g).1
.

(. 1/5) , ,
(, , 1993,
122, . 1/3).
(.1/6) (, 1984, 103; , 2003,
35, .20/4). , ,
(.1/7)
(, 1999, 44, . 8). ,

(?) V. .. ,
V. .., ,
I-, ,
.

( )
I (I- I-D).
, I-C
,

,
V IV .
.. (, 2003, 35, . 21).
15 (1937.)
1 . V . .., .

(. 2/8) (, , 1993, 123, . 2/5; nachov, 1999, 168


ff., fig. 13).

,
,
. . , , .
,
V . ..
,
.

(, 1992, .3/3);
V . ..
33 -
(.2/9) (, , 1999, 149, .42/9),
, .
.
I-D

.

()
(.2/10) ,
(, , 2006, 73).2 -, ,
. , , 8. .
,
.
415-395. .. (, 1999, 148,
.53).
17 (1937.)
(. 2/11).3
10: , . , ,
.

. , 2 ,
, ., , .159, .163/3
.
3 (, , 1993, 123,
. 2/6)
. ,
(nachov, 1999, 168 ff., fig.14;
, 2003, 36, .21/3).

114

, . .
, , .

IV. ..


(. 2/12). , ,
,
, .

.3. II: 14 c ( M. Lawall); 15 ; 16


( M. Lawall); 17 ( L. Busoianu); 18 ; 19 ;
20
115


.
, (?),
- .
.
IV. ..
I-D 260 ,
(. 2/13).
.

(, , 2005, 220, 264, .37/8).4

,
IV .
..

(?) (BSS, 2010, 378, pl.295, L-88;
).
II. .
, ,

IV . ..5 . .
() .
,
.
II-A
.
,
(.3/14) (Carlson, Lawall, 2005-2006, 35, fig.4).
. . ,
(. 3/15).6 ,
- IV .
..
4 .

. 41 (1997 .),
(, 2003, 36, .21/4).
5 , (, 2003, .71, 72, 79, 85). , , (Lattara, 1993, 47 f., 53 f., 65 f.;
Sciallano, Sibella, 1991). .-.
.
6 , . . 2284. ..

.. ,
-

(.3/16) (Jhrens, 1999, taf.25).

IV . ..

.7

: (Grace, 1979, fig.42 )
IV . .., (. 3/17) (Busoianu, 1999,
206, pl.5, 6).8
(
)
, , , , ,
IV . ..
, [].
,
IV .
. . IOSPE III .. . , (, 1868,
25, 9). .. 1955. , ,
. .
(Palaczyk, 2003,
223, 198).
, ,

.
, II-A



c
.

.
(. 3/18),

. 7
.
8 ( 9.03.2012).
. ,
, (Canarace, 1957, 310,
830).

116

.4. II: 21 . 8 ; 22 ; 23, 24


; 25


2 (.3/19).
,
, , .

,
. 493
. (.3/20)
(, 1960, .XV/32; , 1977, 32,

. 16/8). ,
.9 18, .

IV . ..
D15:3.
9 ..

.. . .. .

117

II- , ()

. 8 2 (.4/21).
, -, .
.
,
, (, ,
2007, 96, . 33/3).
20,
(.4/22) 1976. -1.
, , ,
IV .
..
II-. ,
II-A.
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10

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121

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130 ff.).

122

13

/
1
2
3

I-
600*
I-
( .)
740*
, 2720.
746
, 1830/318
730
, .74.56
530*
I-
, . 15/1937, .. 8/60-37
- , . 33
769*
I-D
, 341. -79, -119
725
, . 17/1937, .. 11/22-37
815
, 1993, , 131668
793
., . 41
840
II-
, . 16.670
770*
, 364,
750
. ., 1987, . .
780
, , . 493
620
II-
. ., .8
698
. ., 5023/132, , 1976.
614
II-
, -27028, . 48, 1983
518*
, -74, , 1953
480
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492
III-
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732
. ., . . ,
702
5127/23, . .
III-
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566
, ,
464
. , 1852
~455
III-
. , 44145
600*
, 1976.
520
III-D
, , 31132
464
III-E
, . 42/1909, , 3152
456
IV
.
665*
, . .
688
. ., . 162
~717
. ., . 26
~770
., . 6
768
. ., . 60 ( 9)
708
. ., 5455/1424, . . , . 40
724
. ., 5455/1418, . . , . 46
780
,
. . 2,
, , L68
.

-1970, , 84452

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

H0

H1

H3

d1

556*
-

222*
-

85*
127*
125

357*
-

140*
125*
100

710*
690
720
493*

370*
350
400
250*

145
170
128*

350*
335
335
271*

135
90
120
78*

~870
-

~400
344*

~255
217*

~270
395*

144
134

678
765
734
780

280
330
320
305

165
235
237
215

335
340
350
350

120
145
110
117

700*
725
735
540

370*
370
320
297

230*
193
158
167

430*
448
~460
345

150*
135
144
160

652
596

285
275

165
150

384
336

138
144

484*
444
467

225*
210
205

126*
115
115

350*
324
291

140*
140
142

690
664
-

352
310
-

170
155
165

445
458
-

128
140
133

44,1

538
435
~430

265
240
~210

130
135
~115

347
236
281

118
130
100

19,2
11,2
9,1

553*
480

330*
265

187*
145

375*
315

145
118

15,5

431

225

140

276

110

9,0

434

230

123

264

116

10,6

641*
650
~675
~745
732
680
692
734
740
-

281*
295
~310
~725
332
280
300
312
325
-

140*
160
~160
~305
194
160
175
180
170
195
250

400*
372
406
410
410
383
387
396
394
-

115*
104
~120
~110
112
106
107
108
110
112
90

33,1

27

27

13,6
12,2

41,0
31,4
34,2

: H ; H0 ; H1 ; H3 ; D ; d1
.
; ; ; ; ; .

., 1991 .., ..,


.. V-IV . ..
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, , 1999 .., .. -. I. . - . 232 .
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, 1868 .
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, 1984 .. . . . 248 .
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, , 1993 .., .. // . 9. . 118-159.
, 1999 ..
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, 1991 .. // .., .., . .
IV .. .
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124

.. , ..


VI
New glyptic monuments of Mithridates VI Eupators time from Tyra. The article analyses on the large historical and art background
the new findings from Tira of the monuments of glyptic (gems, rings, ceramic signs) of the time of entry of the city in the state of Mithridates VI
Eupator. The authors conclude that most of them have a pronounced promithridates symbology, copied from the pontic coins and mintage of the
city. Most of them were made at the mint of the Tira and were intended for administration and military garrison, obviously, as in Olbia, standing
in this city.
VI .
(, , )
VI . ,
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, .



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1983; , 1989, 250-263; 1998; , 1995;
, 1996).
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(Minns, 1913, 447; , 1940, 64; 1951,
. XVIII/22; 1957, 13; , 1962, 99-100; 1983,
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125

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129

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131

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,1937 ..
// . 1. . 251-261.
, 1957 .. // . 4. . 75-82.
, 1962 ..
// .
103. . 187-195.
, 2002 .. .
. - . 144 .
, 1912 ..
. . - . 340 .
, 1969 .. (
VI) // . 1. . 172-175.
, 1973 .. //
. 37. . 41-45.
, 1973 ..
// . . . . 54-68.
, 1978 .. , // .. . .. . . . 163-210.
, 1983 .. .
. . 140 .
, 1984 ..
// . . . . . 239-240.
, 1974 .. // . 3. . 80-90.
, 1979 .. //
. . . XIV .
. (. . .. ). . -
. . . 389-397.
, 2008 .. ,
, :
, , . . . 86 .
, 2010 .. // ( ) (. . .. ).
. . . 55-76.
, 2010 ..
(VI-I . ..)
// . 3. 85-112.
, , 2009 .., ..
// i. i
i- i ii
( 110-i .. ). XV (. . .. ). .
. . 117-121.
, , 2002 ..,
..
// : ( ) (. . ..
). . . . 254-268.
, , 1993 ..,
..
(). . . 139 .
, 1930 .. //
. . 6. . 10. . 1-22.

, 1955 ..
() // . . -
. . 325-355.
, 1956 ..
. . . . XVIII. 156 .
, 1907 .. // . 23. . 21-27.
, 1992 .. . . . 256 .
, , 1997 .., ..
// . 4. . 29-37.
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.. . . 122 .
, 1996 .. . . .
. 348 .
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. 464 .
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, 1881 .
, // 1878
1879 . . 5-173.
, , 1889 ., .
. . 1. . . . 118 .
, 1979 .. :
// . BALCANO-BALTOSLAVICA. - . (. . ..
). . . . 46-56.
, 1918 ..
1901 . . 36. 68 .
, 1984 .. // . 1.
. 34-36.
, 1989 .. ( IV . . .) // . - 2-
. (. . .. ). .
- . . 89-101.
, 1985 .. .
. - . 511 .
, 1986 .. . . . - .
561 .
, 2009 .. :
. . . 203 .
, 1927 ..
// . 4. . 60-86.
, 1962 ..
// . 2. . 95-102.
, 1983 .. // . 2. . 40-58.
, 1981 ..
// . 168.
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, 1983 .. // . 174.
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133

. 1. - IV . .. IIII . ..
( .. , 2007 )

, .
14,5 . 0,6 ,
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)
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1)
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(. 3/7); 3) 1,7 , 0,7 , 0,9 (. 3/8).
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(), () ():
) -
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135

.. , ..


Gordashevka hoard. The article is devoted to a new discovery of the ritual complex in the Northern Black Sea littoral, which included
elements of horse bridle and weapons. The Gordashevka hoard complements the already representative sample of such complexes in Eastern
Europe. The analysis allows identifying the different components in the componence of the hoard, as a result, it is proposed to date the Gordashevka
hoard to the beginning of II century BC and consider it as a latescythian.
. ,
.
. ,
II . .. .

2011. - .

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,
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. ). 15-17
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3 .
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, 2003; 2010; 2012; , 2005; 2007).
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; 3 ; 4 ;
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*****

47
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. .. (, 2010, 199).

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4
, III . .. (,
2004, 165; , 2009, 302-303). .. IV III
. .. (, 2012, 585).
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(, 2010, 167), ,

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(, 2007, 266).
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III-I . .., .. , II-I . .., .. (,
, 2002; , 2007, 264; ,
2010, 164).
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),
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141

. 6. : 1 ; 2
; 3 ; 4
; 5 ; 6
; 7 ; 8-16
; 17 ; 18 (?)

142

IV-III . .. (, 2005,
178). .
, , , III II .
..2
III II . .. (
, 2007, 264-265).
, , .
.. (, 1982, 245).
V-IV . .. (, 2007, 261262). (, 2010, 187-188, . 159)
(-)


IV . ..
(, , 2012, 584), 4/1, 18/2 21/1 . .
(. 6/7) , (. 3/6-8),

IV . .. (, 1973, . 12).
()

, .. ,

,
, , (, , -)
VI . .. (, 1999, 185). IV
. .. ,
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(,
1999, 185). (, 1866, . 1/4),
IV . .. (, 2010, 286). ()
(, .. ) .
IIIII . ..3
2 .. . .
3 .. , .
30 ()
.

,

(. 4/4),
(, 1960, 297, . 1/7,8). ,
,
,
(, 2011, 589-590).
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.
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(. : , 2001, . 46-47)
III-II . .. .
,
.

, , ,

, (),
, II . ..
.

.
.

III II .
.. ( II . ..)

IIII .
.. , ,
IIIII . .. III . ..,
-
,
.

, , 2012 .., ..
. . .
2012. 751 .
, 2004 ..
//
. (. . .. ). .
- . . 158-174.
, 1866 .
. . . 1.

143

, 2005 .. // . . . (. . ..
). . . . 88-94.
, 2007 .. ( III . ..) // :
, , . -
. . . 2 (. . .. 3). .
- . . 258-268.
, 2011 .. (
III-I . ..) // . , , . - . . (. . ..
.). . -. . 584-592.
, 1973 .. IV .
. . // (. . .. ).
. . . 42-63.
, 2007 ..
//
. (. . ..
, .. ). . - . . 252-265.
, 1960 ..
// . 78.
( ). . 2.
. 293-307.
, 1999 .. // -
( 100- ..
) (. . .. ). . - . . 182-187.
, 2010 .. ( 2004-2009) // .
. 14. . 262-307.

, 2005 ..
I . .. . -
. 819 .
, 2001 ..
( ). .
. 272 .
, , 2002 ..,
.. II I . .. // .
. 2. . 78-96.
, 1909 ..
// . . 29. . 18-53.
, 1982 ..
// . (. . .. ). .
. . 237-245.
, 2010 .. . . -.
328 .
, 2012 ..
// , . 60- (. . .. ).
. . . 187-206.
, 2009 ..
// . . XXII.
. 283-323.
, 1994 .. :
-
III . .. I . ..
. . . 323 .
Mordvinceva, 2001 Mordvinceva V. Sarmatische
haleren. Archologie in Eurasien. Band 11. Leidorf. DSC-Heinz
J. Bevermsn KG. 155 s.

144

..


The Chora of Tyra and the problems of its organization. This article studies the problem of relations between the rural districts chora
with the urban structure of Tyras polis. A possible structure of the land lots of Tyras inhabitants is proposed in different historical periods of
Ofiussa-Tira in the pre-Roman times.
.
.
- .


.
,
.
-
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-.

:
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(, 1988, 9).
(, 1961, 145; , 1981, 86-88; ., 1999, 81, 117).
- . .

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.

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.
.. ,
(V . ..) 700-800
, ,
200-300 , .. (, 1999, 81).
,
300 , .

,
, . .. ,
, ,
(, 1999, 85-86).
2,5 . (,
1997, 65).1
.
, . VI V . ..
,
, .
, 1 , 5 (Higgs
and oth., 1967, 1-29; Higgs, Vita-Finzi, 1972, 27-36).
,
, ,

- (i, 2005, 14-20). ,
5 ,
.
4 000 .2 , - (
25%)
.
,
0,3-1,05 .
(, 2001, 62-63).
,
. ,
1 6 . , 10-16
. (, , 1978, 24; .,
1989, 36).
2
V . ..
100 000
5 ( ., 1999, 117) .

145


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,
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- .
,

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, (i, 2005),

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146-147; Dennel, Webly, 1975, 100; ,
, 1991, 52),
330 .
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(, 1999, 102 .).
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. ,
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(,
1979, 127; , 1990, 116-118; ,
, 1991).
(, , 1998, 40) ,

(, 1999, 267-269).
, a priori ,
, .
IV . .., .
IV . ..
25 , .
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70, , ,
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.. , , ,
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,

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4,5-8 . (,
1997, 64). , .

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110 5 ,
500-550 . (, , 1991, 50).3 ,
25%
, , , (45-52 2). ,
3 , ..
, 5 , 8 (, 1985,
100).

146

187-206 2 (18700 20600 )


(, , 1991, 53).
.
,
;
,
.

, I,
(, 1966; , , 1994). ,
, I
(, 1991, 117-119). XX . 3 ,
. I
3 .

-
( 75 50 ). , , ,
. , ., .
,
.
:
; . ; I . . ,
, .
,

, , ,
, .
.. .. ,
15 585 20 600 .
, ,
18700 20600 (,
, 1991, 54). ,
620820 , . ,
,
, 800 . III
80 (, 1999, 82 .).
,
, , -

,
, 3-4. .
(
14 . ) 9 275 /,
9 275 /.
1 550 .
, 1800 ,
10 771 / 10
/ 15 079 / 14 /.
,
5 000 /
. 8 / .
( .,
1999, 197) , , , ,
, .

,
,
.

,
, ,
.
,
,
, .
, IV III .
.. (, 1997, 8, 9),
,
, .
,
(, 1986, 186-187).
,

(i, 2005, 34).
.
,
, , .


. (,
1999, 88) , , ,
6-7 . .

,

147

.
,
,
,
.

, .
. ,
,
.
III . ..
(, 1966, 179).
.
( III
. ..) (, 1984).

(, 1991, 85-86).
.
.


.

, 1953 .. . . . 208 .
, 1999 ..
- 7-3
. . . . 210 .
, 1986 .. . . . 204 .
, 1981 ..
V . .. // . 2. . 49-79.
, 1984 ..
// . 1. . 51- 80.
, 1999 .. // Stratum plus. 3. . 101-115.
, 1999 .. . . - . 191 .
, 1999 .. . VI-III . .. . - . 424 .
, 2001 ..
// (i.
. .. ). . - IA . . 62-63.
, 1985 ..
// .
- III

(. . . ). .
. . 94-102.
, 1997 ..
//
(. . .. ). -. ... . 53-66.
., 1989 ..,
.., .., .. .
. . 240 .
., 1999 ..,
.., .., .., ..,
..
. . - . 681 .
, , 1978 ..,
.. // . 28. .
3-25.
, , 1991 ..,
..
// . 1. . 46-56.
, 1979 .. VI . .. //
. - I ,
. 1977. (. . .. ). .
. . 125-129.
, 1991 ..
// . . -
. . 117-119.
, , 1994 ..,
.. I
//
(V . .. V . ..) (. .
.. ). . . . 234-236.
i, 2005 ..
-
.
. . - . 94 .
, 1990 ..

// .., .., ..
(
). . . . 114-119.
, , 1998 .., ..
//
. . 1-2. . 38-40.
, 1966 ..
. (1960-1962.) // . 5.
. . . 176-225.
, 1991 .. - VI-I
. .. // .. (. .
.. ). - . . 85-86.
, 1961 .. .
// . VI. 247 c.
, 1988 .. . . . 232 .
Dennel, Webly, 1975 Dennel R.W., Webly D. Prehistoric
settlements and land use in Southern Bulgaria // Paleoeconomy (ed.
E. S. Higgs). Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. P. 97-110.
Higgs and oth., 1967 Higgs E.S., Vita-Finzi C., Harris
D.R., Fagg A.E. The climate environment and industries of
Stone Age Greece // PPS. 1967. Vol. 33. P. 1-29.
Higgs, Vita-Finzi, 1972 Higgs E.S., Vita-Finzi C. Prehis
tory economies: a territorial approach // Papers in economic
prehistory (ed. E.S. Higgs). Cambridge University Press. P. 27-36.

148

..

.
Alexandrovsky the new cemetery of the Olbia Chora in Nikolayev. This paper publishes the results of the excavations of the
Alexandrovsky cemetery, located on the territory of Nikolayev. The funeral practice is analyzed, as well as the characteristics of the discovered
inventory is presented. The time of functioning of the monument is dated to the IV first half of the III century BC.
. .
, . . ,
. IV III . . .

- 2011 .
. ..

. .

:
,
.

-6 . 61 .
1
1983 . .. IV-I . . .
(, 1985, 77-78.). ,


, .
, . 61 ,
2010 .
, , ,

XIX-XX .
2011 . 1600 2. 25
. ,

30 . ,
.

( ., 1990, 45, . 9/101-107, 63-64.
(18)
:
1 2, 4 12, 7 13
( 6, 9, 10), ( 21, 22, 24, 25)
( 15, 16, 17, 18, 19) .
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- -.
.
2,08 , 1,07 1,44
(.
9/2).
( ),

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6,8 , 9,4
, , ,
.
(. 9/3).
24 .
1,28 , 0,57-0,66
1,15
.

1,28 , 0,28-0,42
1,17

. () , .
(.
10/1). couri (. 10/2).
25 . 1,21 ,
0,67 1,08
.

1,21 , 0,56 1,14
.
.
(. 10/3).

*****

,

.
(17),
(7),
. ,
.
(22)
.
( )

, .

(13), ,
( )


.
3,
,
.. VI
.. (1991, 28).
, : 9, 6, 1.

(. 23).
(. 5)
, ,
, (, 2004, 189),
1 (, 2011, 53)
(, 2004, 196).
( 7). .
,
12 (9) . - (, , 1994, 22,
. 23/40).
,
,

.
: (7) (4), 11


. , , ,
() (. 15).


.

(. 6-8, 10-12, 16),

(. 11).
:
(. 2, 8, 16, 23),
(. 9) (. 10). :
(. 1), (. 7, 10), -

159

. 8. : 1, 2 17; 3-6 18; 7 21


160

. 9. : 1 22; 2-4 23

(. 9), (. 23).

, (. 13, 15-18),
couri (. 24).

(. 14) (. 18).


(. 3, 6-8, 10, 15).

,
,
,
.
,2 ,
.
(. 11/5,6)
(. 11/7),

2 ,
.

161

. 10. : 1, 2 24; 3 25
162

. 11.

3,8 ( 5,2 ,
8 , 6,4 ) (. 11/1)
(?) (. 11/2).
,
,
.
IV . . .

7 (, 1903, 33-34, .
16, 17; , 1974, 45-46, . 6/6; , 1998, 163, 5/2-6; , 2000, 169).
, .

,
Ly(---),
(. 11/3).
.
90- .
IV . . . (, 2007, . V-2).3
IV . . .

10 (Sparkes,
Talcott, 1970, 111-112).
IV . . .
-

. ,
, (. 11/4) 60-
.
IV
. . . (, 2007, .
V
-4), .4
IV . . . 23 (Sparkes, Talcott, 1970, 113-124, fig.
7; , 2000, 210, . 12; , 2009, 89,
. 55, . 5).

14 IV . . . (, 1962, 130-131,
. IV/4-6; 1974, 99, 101; , 1963, 121-125
( 143-166), . 53 (161, 164); 54; , , 1998, 173; , 2009, 146-147, . 518,
519, . 32).
9
18 (V-IV . . .), (IV . . .)
10, , (, 1974, . 23/3). IV . . .
,

(Rotroff, 1997, 65, 1075, 1076).

3 ... .. .

4 ... .. .

163


, , ,
IV .
. ., , . , III . . .
, -,
, (-, 1974,
96-98, 107-108, . 87, 92/5). -,


,
IV III . . .


: ( IV . . .), ( 331 . . .)
,
IV . . . , ,
III . . .

. -6
. . I . . .
,
(,
1985, 3). , -6
,
.


.

, , 2012 ., . . 2011 // : - . .-. . (. .. ,


.. ). . - . .. . . 38-41.
, 2009 .. IV-II. . . - .
.-.253 .

, 1963 . // .
1947-1949 (. .. ).
. ..65-274.
, 2007 ..
( ). . . XVIII. -.
. 480 .
, 1962 .. V-IV . .. // . . XIV. . 130-141.
, 1974 .. 5-4 .
.. . . 184 .
., 1990 ..,
.., ..
( ). . . 136 .
, 1985 .. . . . . 152 .
, 1991 .. (VIIIII . . .). . . 256 .
, , 1994 .. .. VII-III . . . .
. 188 .
, 2000 .. - //
. . VIII. . 194-216.
, 2004 .. // i. - . i i ii (
105-i .. ). XI (. . ..
). . -
. . 189-198.
-, 1974 - . . .
. 220 .
, 2011 .. 1 . . Supplementum. .
216 .
, , 1998 .., ..
// . 1997-1998. 5. . 166-178.
, 1985 .. // .
. . . (. . .. ).
. . . 77-78.
, 1903 ..
1901 // . . 8. .
33-34.
Rotroff, 1997 Rotroff S.I. Hellenistic Pottery. Athenian
and Imported Wheelmade Table Ware and Related Material //
The Athenian Agora. Vol. XXIX. Princeton NJ. Princeton Aca
demic Press. 575 .
Sparkes, Talcott, 1970 Sparkes B.A., Talcott L. Black
and Plain Pottery of the 6th, 5th and 4th Centuries B.C. // The
Athenian Agora. Vol. XII. Princeton NJ. Princeton Academic
Press. Part I. 382 . Part II. 472 p. + 100 pl.

164

..

IV-III . ..:
,
The ancient necropolis of the Lower Bug region in IV-III centuries B.C.: the features of historical topography, character and
structure. The article examines the issues connected with the peculiarities of the historical topography, character and structure of the cemeteries of
Olbia chora in the IV-III centuries BC. The mixed character and presence of selected part of the monuments are underlined. Their located mainly
in the form of wide zone, i.e. the original memorial alleys, placed along the ancient roads that is inherent in the ancient Greek burial practice. The
topography of the cemeteries is analyzed in the context of their location on simultaneous settlements. The author comes to the conclusion that
the organization of the antique necropolis of the Lower Bug region had a planned character in the process of the gradual development by Olbia
inhabitants their agricultural territory, in which all the land around new settlements initially allocated to residential, industrial and economic
and sacral-memorial.
IV-III . ..: ,
. , ,
IV-III . .. .
, . . , ,
.
. ,
,
, - -.

,

12 IV-III . ..1: (, , 1985),
-6 (, 2009), (.
),2 (, 1969;
., 1997; , 2009), (, , 1989; , , 2009),
(, 2008) (
., 2010) . , . ,
(, 2009; 2011), (, 2009),
- (Ebert, 1913), ,
(, , 1988; ,
2009).
IV-III . .., ,

,
1 IV-III . ..
, (, 2009)
( ., 1997)
V . .. III II .
.. (Ebert, 1913).
, V
. .. IV

. .. (, 2011, 457). III II . ..


,
(, 1995, 148; Jefremow

, Snytko

, 2004) , ,
,
( ., 1989, 100-101; ,
1997, 244-248, 1997, 110-112).
2 .. 20-. XX .
,
,
IV

-
III
. .. (
), 2002.


. (
, -6, , )
.
, 10-15
, , . 20-80
( . ,
, , ).
,
, ,
( ., 1989, 102-103;
, 2009, 234; , 2009, 26, 32).
, ,
, , ,

. , , ,

(, 2009,
229).
100-200 1-5
, (, , -6, ,
. ,
. , ,
, ),
. ,
,

, , -

165

,
.

(Kurtz, Boardman,
1971, 108-109, 177, fig. 20, 32). , ,

,
,
[Paus., I,
XXXVI, 3; XXXVII, 1, 2, 3, 4].
-
.
,
, ,
.
(, , 1981, 7;
, 2009, 22). (, 1977,
63). ,
, , ,
(,
1981, 76). , ,
,
,
, .. (1821.), . (1822.), ..
- (1823.), ..
(1848 1853.), . ( 1861.), .
(1863.), (, 1956, 9-34;
-, 1962, 33-38; 1974, 6-7; ,
1974, 7-8; 1984, 168; , 1994, 8-10; , 1997, 154-156, . 182, 183;
, 2006, 60-61, . 25). IV-III . ..
, . ,
,
(, 1984, 168), ,
,
.
,
, (, 1984, 170).
,
.
2 .


(
).
, ,
.


(, 2009, 27; 2011, 18; , 2010,
120) , , (, 1993, 75).
,
. ,
, ,
(Kurtz, Boardman, 1971, 68-73), ,
, , (, 1989, 169-170; Lungu, 2010,
52-53; , 2011, 17-18) (, 1990, 26),
[Hom., Il., XXIII,
125-126; Thuc., Hist., II, 34, 1-7],
,
,
. ,
,
,
, , ,
. ,

, 10
,

,
[Hrod., IV, 11, 71],
,
.

, , . ,


, - .
..


,

166


(, 1994, 19).
: (5
), . ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
, , ,
- , ,
, , . ,
, ,
,
, ,

.
,

, ,
(, , 1990, 141; , 2011, 19).
,

, ,
, .
,

: , ,
, , . ,
,
.
. ,

, , -


(, 2011, 189).
, , ,

,

(, ,
).

, 2009 .. : // i.
. XV. . 225-247.
, , 1988 .., ..
IV III . ..
// . 63. . 85-90.
, 2009 .. :
.
. ... . . . . 30 .
, , 1989 .., ..
// . . . . (. . ..
). . . . 20-21.
, 2010 .. VI V . .. : ? //
. . 9. . . 116-135.
, , 1981 ..,
.. V-IV . .. // . .
168. . 3-9.
, 1956 .. XIX
//
. . 50. . 9-34.
, 2008 ..
. // VII
. . . (i.
. .. ). . . .
93-95.
, 1974 .. V-IV .
.. . . 181 .
, 1984 ..
// (. . .. ). .
. . 156-173.
., 1989 ..,
.., .., .. .
. . 240 .
, 1993 ..
. .
. 245 .
, 1994 .. ( ) //
. .
. VII . . . (. . .. ).
--. - . . 18-19.
, , 1997 ..,
.. . , , . . . 192 .
, 1969 .. . . 1969/16. 9 . +
20 .
, 1990 .. // ..,
.. . . . . 18-28.
, 1981 .. 1974-1975. // . . 168. . 73-77.

167

, 1994 ..
( ). .
. ... . . . . 16 .
, 2006 ..
. . .
278 .
, 1962 ..
// . . 11. .
33-38.
-, 1974 - . . .
. 220 .
, 1990 ..
IV-III . .. //
.., ..
. . . . 7-17.
, 1995 ..
-I (
) //
. - . . .
. . . (. . ..
). . . . 146-150.
, 1997 ..

III . .. // (. . .. ). . . .
244-248.
, 1997 .. (
) // . . . . . . .
(. . .. ). . . 110-112.
, 2009 .. IV-III . .. // . 3. .
25-34.
, 2011 ..
VI-V . .. // . 1.
. 11-22.
, 2011 .. V-IV . .. //
. , , (. .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , ..
, .. , .. ). . . . 454-471.

, 2011 ..
// . . V. .
. . 180-191.
., 1997 .., ..,
.. 1996. // - II-
. . 1. (. . .. ). .
. . 30-31.
, , 1990 ..,
.. VI-V . .. // (. . ..
). . . . 134-141.
, , 1985 .., ..
//
1983 . . 356-357.
, , 2009 .., ..
. // . .. (1949-1999) (. . .. ). . . . 268-270.
, 1989 ..
//
- . . . . ., . 90-
.. . I (. . .. ). . . . 169-171.
., 2010 .., .., ..

// VIII . . . .
(i. . .. ). .
. . 97-100.
Ebert, 1913 Ebert M. Ausgrabungen auf dem Gute
Maritzyn Gouv. Cherson (Sd. Russland). PZ. Bd. 5. Leipzig.
81 s.
Jefremow, Snytko, 2004 Jefremow N., Snytko I.
Altgriechische Keramikstempel von den Ausgrabungen in der
Wasserscheide Siversov Majak bei Olbia // MBAH. Bd. XXIII.
H. 2. Mnster. Scripta Mercaturae Verlag. 46 s.
Kurtz, Boardman, 1971 Kurtz D.C., Boardman J.
Greek burial customs (gen. ed. H.H. Scullard). London and
Southampton. Thames and Hudson. 384 p.
Lungu, 2010 Lungu V. Greek Ionien Necropoleis in the
Black Sea area: Cremation and Colonisation // Archaic Greek
Culture: History, Archeology, Art and Museology (ed. by Sergey
Solovyov). BAR Intern. Ser. P. 51-58.

168



The new finds of early La Tne imports between the Dniester and Prut. This paper publishes new finds of early La Tne imports
represented by bracelets and fibules. The number of random finds of the LT B2/C1 from Northwestern Black Sea littoral is does not correspond the
mention of galatae activity in Protogens decree dated by the middle of the IIIrd c. BC. But the direction of the Celtic migrations from North-West
to South-East has received additional confirmation in the form of a compact group of Celtic jewelry from forest-steppe Bessarabia.
.
, . B2/C1 -
, III .
.. - -
.



XX . (, 1904), (Rosen-Przeworska, 1946-1947;
, 1959; , 1973; Woniak, 1974;
, 1992; , , 1993) (, 1994; , 1998). -


, -
. , - ,
, B2a B2b:
(. 2/2) (,
1958; ., 2002, 199, . LIII/1)
(. 2/1) ( ., 1974).
,
.1 ,

B1 , , (, , )
(-, ) (. 1).
B2a B2b, - ( ,
), (, 1994,
49; , , 1998, 68). , :
. , ,
,
1 , , ,
. (Arnaut T.,
Ursu-Naniu R., Moldovanu V. Rezultatele preliminare ale cercetrilor arheologice de la Stolniceni, r. Hnceti. Sesiunea de comunicri
tiinifice privind rezultatele preliminare ale cercetrilor arheologice din anul 2011 n Republica Moldova, Chiinu, 18 aprilie 2012).

(. 2/3) ( ., 1987).
,
, ,
B2/C1.

(. 2/7). ,
,
.

. 1.
( , 1959; , 1998,
): 1 ; 2
; 3 ; 4 ; 5 ;
6 ; 7 ; 8 -;
9 ; 10 ; 11 ; 12 (
)

169

. 2. - : 1 ( ., 1974);
2 ( , 1958); 3 ( ., 1987); 4 ;
5 ; 6 ; 7 ; 8 ; 9
170

1,8 2,5 . 7 , 8
. ,
.
. ,
, ( 1,2 1,9
), , . (2,6 ) ( 2/4).


(,
2009, 333-336),

( ).

. ,
,
, .
.

(0,5 ), , .
, ()
, , - .
, , 4,5
(. 2/5).
B2/C1
,

- (,
1992, 31). .
, 8
,
1,3 , 1 (.
2/6).
, (
)
. 8 ,

(, ) 1,2-1,3 (. 2/9). ,
(, ,
), . .
.
6,5 ,
() 0,4-0,5 , 0,35

.
0,4 , , , (.
2/8). .
B2/C1
-

(, 1994, 100), III . . . ( 70 30-20.
..). , - -


.

, , 1993 .., ..
// .
. . . 67-84.
, 2009 . . :
// Stratum plus. 3. 2005-2009. . 329-370.
, , 1998 .., ..
// . . 33. . 61-89.
, 1998 ..
.
III-I . . .
. . - . 232 .
., 2002 .., .., .. - (-
XX ) //
Stratum plus. 3. 2001-2002. . 118-216.
, 1959 ..
// . 1. . 31-51.
, 1992 ..
//
.
. . 1988. (. .. , .. ).
. . . 21-34.
., 1974 ..,
.., .. .
. . 4. 104 .
, 1973 ..
// . . 15. . 52-64.
, 1958 .. //
. 64. - . . 5-102.
, 1904 ..
// . . 12. . 78-86.
, 1992 .. ii
ii // i. 2. . 37-50.
., 1983 .., .., .. // . 4. . 242-248.
, 1994 . . 1994. .
-
III. .. I. ..
. . . 324 .
Rosen-Przeworska, 1946-1947 Rosen-Przeworska J.
Zabytke celtyckie na ziemach Polski // wiatowit. Warszawa.
T. XIX. S. 179-323.
Woniak, 1974 Woniak Z. Wschodnie pogranicze
kultury Lateskiej. Wrocaw. Ossolineum Polska Akad. Nauk.
227 s.

171

..

III-II . ..
Chersonese in the the III-II centuries BC. The article outlines the main stages in the history of the Chersonese in III-II centuries BC. In
the first quarter of the III BC this north Black Sea littoral polis is at the top of its economic prosperity. Then Chersonese underwent expansion by
the barbarians, and lost its economic base (chora). The stabilization of the situation occurred at the beginning of the last third of the III BC, and it
was accompanied by a revival of villages and estates of the Chersonese on the Gerakleia peninsula and in the North-Western Crimea. At the end of
the first quarter of the II century BC begins the next stage of active confrontation of Chersonese and the barbarians. The city is finally deprived of
his possessions in the North-Western Crimea, and most of the estates on the Peninsula Gerakleia. Judging by the numismatic data, in the second
and third quarters of the II century BC the democratic system in the Chersonese was removed. The restoration of democracy happened at the be
ginning of the last quarter of the II century BC.
III-II . .. III-II . ..
III . .. .
().
III . .
- . II . ..
. - .
, - II . .. .
II . ..


, . ,
,
,

. ,
.

.
, , ,
.
III-II
. ..
, , , ,
.
III . .. .
,

(IOSPE I2, 401), (, 1948, 70; , 1953,
223-227; , , 1990, 334-347). .
( )
(,
1995, 109). , 20 .

(, , 1990, 332).

(, 1977, 26,27; , 1997,
19-21). III .
.. : (
) () ( ).

.
, .
. ,
, ,

, . :
, ,
- .
,
.

. III .
.. .

III . ..
, , .
,

.

172

, (, 1984, 85; 1985, 13).




.
. , , , ,
(, 1995, 110).


:
, ,
.
, (, 1997, 21).
.
, III .
.., -

. 1. III-II . ..: 1 60- . III . .. (); 2


III . .. (); 3 III . .. (); 4 III . .. ();
5 III . .. (); 6 III . .. ();
7, 8 (?) III . .. (); 9 (?) II . .. (); 10 . II . ..
(); 11 - II . .. (); 12-21 - II . .. ();
22 - II . .. (); 23-28 II . .. ()
173

, , .

. , , ,
(, 1995, 110).
60-. III . ..
:

, , .
:
(. 1/1) (, 1977, 133-136),
(, 1977, 138-142).
,

. , ( ), .
, 60-. III . .., .
.
, (

),
(, 1978, 128; , 1984,
85; , , 1990, 362; ,
, 1990, 83; , 1991, 14; 1994, 91-92;
, 1994, 79-84; 1997, 82-84; ,
1995, 54; , , , 1997, 94;
, , 1999, 167; , 1999,
133; , 2002, 13; , 2003, 75).
,
.
, , -,
(, , 1990, 83).
,
,

.

. .

(, 1995, 110). ,
. -


,
(IOSPE I2, 343),


(, 1997, 123 .).
, ,
, , (. 1/2).

, , -
. , .

.
, .
, , , (, , 1990, 332),
,
.
. ,
,
,
. .

,
. ,

.

. ,
, ,
,
, -,
(IOSPE I2, 32).
, , III .
.. (IOSPE
I2, 340). ,
III . .. (, 1986, 135-137).


III . .. (, 1985, 127).1
1
, (, 1975).

174


III . .. .
. , -,
(IOSPE I2, 403). .. ,
70-60-. III . .. (, 1997, 123), , ,
. ,

60-. III . ..,
-
.

30-. III . .., ,
,
, .


, , -, .
. ,
(, 1995, 110),
,
- (, , 1990,
84; , 1991, 14). ,
50-60 .


, 179.
..
I (IOSPE I2, 402). , 179. ..
() , .
. , ,
, , , .

, ,
. , , .

: () (. 1/3)
() (. 1/4), . ,
,
: ( ) (.
1/5)
(. 1/6),
III . ..
,
,
.
, (
) .

IIIII . ..
(. 1/7,8).
.
: ,

. , , . ,
-,
II . .. ,
, ,
, (, 2005, 20).
II . ..
:
(,
) (. 1/9)
() (. 1/10).

, , ,
.
,
.
(. 1/11-21).

(. 1/11).

, .

III . ..,
.

.

175

,
,
(
). ;
, (. 1/22).
. 2,1 , 18 .
,
.
, 2

,
(?)(. 1/23).
:
(. 1/24), (. 1/25) (.
1/26).

:
, , (. 1/26), , ,
.
,

(. 1/27).




II . .. ,
, .

,
.

II . .. , ?
, ,

.

, (IOSPE I2,
34, 6-10), .. I .
.., .. .
II . .., .. II .
.. (, 1989, 196). ,
.

2 (
, 2005, 436, . 2/11).

,
, ,
,

() (,
1995, 35; , 2004, 92). ,

,
.
..
. ,
(, 1978), II
. .., .. 179. .. (, 1989,
186). ,
II . .. ,
,
, 179. .. , . ,
,
175. ..

(

, II . ..), -
( ,
) (, 1990, 149, 159; , 1991, 19; ,
1991, 14,15; , 1995, 110; , ,
1997, 54). terminus
post quem
. Terminus ante quem
II .
..

.

, 1977 ..
(IV . .. XII ...). . . 175 .
, 1948 .. :
- . . -
. 147 .
., 1997 ..,
.., .. //
. 3. . 93-103.
, 1989 ..
VII-I . .. . . . 281 .
, 1995 ..
,
//

176

. - . . (. . ..
). . . . 5-56.
, , 1990 ..,
.. // : , , (.
. .. ). . . . 310-371.
, 1994 .. // . 4. . 79-84.
, 1997 ..
// . . . . 82-84.
, , 1999 .., .. - // : 100 .. ( , , ) (. . .. , ..
, .. ). . - . . 161-177.
, 1953 .. . . . 388 .
, , 1990 .., .. // . . .
. 71-89.
, 2004 .. . . . 312 .
, 1995 .. // . - .
. (. . .. ). . .
. 107-111.
, 1999 .. (
) // - ( 100- .. )
(. . .. ). . -
. . 132-133.
, 1984 .. // .
. 4. . . 82-86.
, 1985 .. . // . . . . . 25 .

, 1990 .. . . . 175 .
, 2003 .. IV-II . .. // . 2. . 60-90.
, , 1997 .., ..
( 1988-1995.) // . 1. . 43-57.
, 1991 .. . . ... . . .
. 16 .
, 1994 ..
// - (.
. .. ). . . . 71-104.
, 1986 .. . VI-I . .. . . 248 .
, 1985 .. III .
.. // . 1. . 126-129.
, 1995 .. IVIII . .. //
. - . . (. . ..
). . . . 150-156.
, 1997 .. . . .
87 .
, 2005 .. II . .. //
(. . .. ). . -. . 19-20.
, 2002 .. IV .
. . II . .. . . i. . . 20 .
, 2005 .. II .
.. // . . XI. . . 430-436.
, 1975 ..
//. . 143. . 109-116.
, 1978 .. -
. . . 159 .

177

..


A new group of Mediterranean amphora stamps. Out of 488 amphora stamps found on the territory of the scythian Kapulovskoe
settlement were identified five identical stamps with the names of Antilohos, Euboios, Hermi(-) and Polua (-). The author brings these finds
together in a new group of amphora stamps of the first third of the III century B.C. from the Mediterranean an Antiloh group. The research
provides 24 similar stamps from other ancient monuments of the Northern Black Sea littoral. It is established, that out of 29 stamps of the
Antiloh group, 27 were made by one carver. The attempt is made to localize the production centre of amphorae with stamps of the Antiloh
group.
. 488 ,
, : Antilohos, Euboios, Hermi(-) Polua(-).
III . .. .
24 , . ,
29 27 .
.

,
(488 .),

(26.). 5,4%
, . ..,
5 10% ,
(, 2007, 177).
,
,
.
, 1991 .
.
Polua(-)
(. 1/1). , 2000 .

Polua(-),
(. 1/2). , 2003.
. . ,
Hermi(-) (.1/3).
Antilohos (. 1/7). 2007. .
Euboios (.2/5). ,
17
,

.
,

, :
- ,
;

4,8-5,0 2,4 ,
Euboios (
4,0 2,9 );

2,40,9 ( Euboios 3,2 0,9
);

;
( Antilohos);
( Euboios).
,
.1
, Hermi(-)

(.1/4),
Agelo(-) (. 1/10).
,
, (4,92,4)
(- ) .. ,
(, 1985, 78-79, . 4/165166). ,
IOSPEIII:
Hermi(-) 10 ., Agelo(-) 1 . (,
1985, 79).
IOSPEIII
Hermi(-). , ,
(. 2/6). , ,

1 ,
, , , , ,
.

178

.2 ,
.. ,
,
, , , . 5 , .
..
[],
(Palaczyk, Schnenberger, 2003, taf.13/163-171).

Hermi(-), ,
, . ( ),
,
.
Hermi(-)
(, 1951, .4/21, 5/169),
(.1/5) (Lawall and oth.,
2010, pl.270/48, 293/48). .. Agelo(-) (. 1/9) Hermi(-)
(.1/6) I,
(, 2011, 178/674, 180/685).
Agelo(-)
I (. 1/9) (. 1/10) (. 1/11).
IOSPEIII Polua(-),3
(1937.)
(1901.), , , ,
(.1/1,2). .. (?)
.. ,
(,
1904, 148, 659).
Antilohos
6 I (. 1/8) (, 1999, . 214/8). ,

. (Kac and oth., 2002,
pl.61/134). Antilohos
.
, Hermi(-) (, 1999,
508-509).4
2 IOSPE

III
,

97. : . /5809/, ., .
.. ,
( 19.04. 2012.).
3 IOSPE III, 2, 2177, 2129-2130. :
1. , 1937. / 900/, , . 2.
., 1901. ; ., , XI, . 148, 659.
4 .. .

Euboios
. ,

Agelo(-), Hermi(-), Polua(-), ,

.
, ,
,
, ,
-, , , , Euboios.

. 29 ,
5 : Agelo(-), Antilohos,
Euboios, Hermi(-) Polua(-) (. 1). ,
2,40,9
. :
, , , ,

, (27 .) . ,
.

,
,
Hermi(-), IOSPE III 97, Euboios
.
(.2/7), Hermi(-). ,
, .

Antilohos, Hermi(-),
.
.. Hermi(-) Agelo(-)

, ,
, .
, ,
.
Hermi(-) Agelo(-) I (, 2011, 178/674, 180/685).
, Hermi(-) Antilohos Agelo(-),
. -

179

.1. . 1-3,7 , 4,10


( , 1985), 5 , ( , 1999), 6,9 I ( , 2011),
8 I, 6 ( Kac and oth., 2002), 11 Agelo(-)

, ,
,
Hermi(-) (18.) (11.).
: Hermi(-)
. Euboios , , ,
.

,

III . ..,


, 6 I
.
, Antilohos 6 I
300... (Kac and oth., 2002, 117).
,
,
. ,
. , .. ,

180

.2. . 1-3,5 , 4
( , 2007), 6 ( , IOSPE III), 7 , ( Kac and oth., 2002)

Hermi(-), , (, 1951,
.4/21, 5/169). ..
: , ,
Hermi(-) Agelo(-) (, 1985,
79). ..
Antilohos Hermi(-) , ,
,

-
(, 1999, 509).
Hermi(-) (Lawal and oth.,
2010, 369). .. Agelo(-)
, Hermi(-)
(, 2011, 178/674, 180/685). , ,
, -

1.

IOSPEIII

Antilohos
1
1
1

Agelo(-)

1
1

1
3


Euboios
Hermi(-)
1
1

11
1
18
181

Polua(-)
2

2
4

5
3
1
2
2
2
14
29

.
,
, ,
,
.
1989.
( .)
3,1 2,1 , 2,6 0,7
(. 2/1). 2010 .
( . )
4,1 2,4 , 2,6 0,8
(.2/2). 2010.
( . )
3,5 2,5 , 3,2 0,9
(. 2/3). ,
Ikion.
(.2/4): , (,
2007, 176).
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
,
. ,
,
, , I
(, , 1992, 20).
,
. , ,
( . 18 ,
.9,5-11) (-

.17 4,8-5,02,4).
, , ,
, -
, . II (, , 1992, 20, .12; , 2003, 99-100, .70/3-4). ,

:
?

, , 1992 .-., .
//
(. .. , .. ). . - . .8-31.
, 2011 .. (
). . 24.
. 347.
, 2007 ..
( ). . . XVIII. -.
i . 480 .
, 1985 ..
//
. 2. .67-93.
, 1999 ..
: VIIII . . . - .
678.
, 2003 ..
: . . .
- . 352 .
, 1904 .. , 1901
1902 // . . 11. . 19-166.
, 1951 .. // . .XXXVI. .31-49.
Kac and oth., 2002 Kac V.I., Monachov S.Ju., Stolba V.F.,
ceglov A.N. Tiles and Ceramic Containers // Panskoye I-1.
The Monumental BuildingU6 (eds. L. Hannestad, V.F. Stolba,
A.N. Sceglov). Aarhus. Aarhus University Press. P.101-126.
Lawall and oth., 2010 Lawall M.L., Lejpunskaja N.A.,
Diatroptov P.D., Samojlova T.L. Transpots Amphoras // Black
Sea Studies. 13. The Lower City of Olbia (Sector NGS) in the 6th
century BC to the 4th century AD. Aarhus. Aarhus University
Press. P. 355-406.
Palaczyk, Schnenberger E., 2003 Palaczyk M.,
SchnenbergerE. Amphorenstempel. Grabungen 19652001//
Eritria. Ausgrabungen und Forschungen. BandXII. Gollion. S.
179-232.

182

.. , ..


Hoard of Olbio boristhen coins from Kapulovka. The article publishes 140 ancient coins from the hoard found on the outskirts of
the village Kapulovka in 2011. It was possible to classify 126 coins. There are so called Olbio boristhen coins in the hoard. A special scientific
value of the published material consists in fact that it is the first big hoard found far from to the north-east of Olbio (about 300 km) which is large
extracts of coins belonging to one type, represented by nine consecutive groups (from ten) of boristhen coins. The data of hoard is determined
no later than 270 BC.
. 140 , .
2011 . 126 . , .. .
, , -
(300) ,
. 270...

2011.
.1 ,
. ,
, 3040. 140 ,
280.2 3 .
: .
: (). , ,
.
, ,

,
(, 1951, 131).
, .
126
(.1, .1-5).
(, 1988, 81, .4).

, , .
(.1) (, 1988, 82).
1 .
.
2 .. ,
.,. . 2011. 2012.
3 , ,
, .

,
, ( 300 ) -
.
.4
. ,
19
1914. (, 1956,
5556, .I). (, 1954,
145-147, .VIII/4-9).

(, , 1982, 22, .19/12).
1. II-X

II III IV V VI VII VIII
/ 7 6 13 28 10 3 8
7 6 9 24 5 2 4
/ 2 4 6 20 5 3 5

2 4 6 17 4 2 4

10 10 22 33 13 5 17

IX
2
2
2
2

X
2
2
1
1

14

79
61
48
42
126

.. .
1951. : ..
,
, : , (,
1951). : ,

, ,
20,4, 5,5 (, 1977).
, , .. , ,
4
101 .

183

.1. . (19), (1019),


(2027) ( , 1988)
184

.2. . (113), (1427) ( , 1988)


185

.3. . (117), (1827) ( , 1988)


186

.4. . (12), (36), (720), (2127)


( , 1988)
187

,
,
.
,
,

,
. 34

: 28 , 6
( ).
,

.

.5. . (16), (7) ( , 1988),


(821)
188

,
,
270..., .. , -

280. ..
(, 1989, 40)


.

1

, , .
: .
: (). , , , .
: .
, .. (1988, 80-83, . 4). . , , , : 20.02.F22,8,73
(.1/2), 20 , 02 , F () T () ,
, 22 , 8,73 ,
(.1/2) .
, , , , , , .
II (10.)
20.01.F23,9,28 (.1/1), 20.02.F22,8,73 (.1/2),
20.03.F23,10,15 (.1/3), 20.04.F23,10,79 (.1/4),
20.05.T24,9,60 (.1/5), 20.06.T23,9,80 (.1/6).
21.01.T23,8,00 (.1/7), 21.02.T24,10,30 (.1/8),
21.03.F24,10,73 (.1/9), 21.04.T().
III (10.)

20

6.

21

4.

23

2.

23.01.F24,10,29 (.1/10), 23.02.T22,7,80 (.1/11).

24

4.

25

2.

24.01.F22,9,56 (.1/12), 24.02.F21,10,82 (.1/13),


24.03.F22,10,12 (.1/14), 24.04.T22,10,00 (.1/15).

26

2.

31

4.

34

4.

35

1.

36

8.

38

1.

40

2.

40a

25.01.T21,9,50 (.1/16), 25.02.T21,9,50 (.1/17).


26.01.T22,10,10 (.1/18), 26.02.F21,9,63 (.1/19).
IV (22.)
31.01.F22,9,84 (.1/20), 31.02.F22,10,53 (.1/21),
31.03.F23,10,04 (.1/22), 31.04.T22,10,30 (.1/23).
34.01.F23,8,72 (.1/24), 34.02.F21,11,11 (.1/25),
34.03.F21,9,73 (.1/26), 34.04.T ().
35.01.F22,9,58 (.1/27).
36.01.F22,9,15 (.2/1), 36.02.F22,11,76 (.2/2),
36.03.F22,10,31 (.2/3), 36.04.F22,10,44 (.2/4),
36.05.F22,10,23 (.2/5), 36.06.T23,13,20 (.2/6),
36.07.F22,9,61 (.2/7), 36.08.T20,8,60 (.2/8).
38.01.T21,8,50 (.2/9).
40.01.T22,11,90 (.2/10), 40.02.F23,13,53 (.2/11).

2.

40.01.T21,12,10 (.2/12), 40.02.F21,9,62 (.2/13).


V (33.)

42

1.

42.01.F22,10,04 (.2/14).

43

1.

44

2.

45

2.

47

1.

50

1.

43.01.F20,8,91 (.2/15).
44.01.F22,8,32 (.2/16), 44.02.T ().
45.01.F20,7,24 (.2/17), 45.02.T22,8,90 (.2/18).
47.01.F22,9,62 (.2/19).
50.01.F22,9,85 (.2/20).
189

52

1.

53

1.

53.01.T21,10,20 (.2/22).

55

2.

55.01.F21,7,86 (.2/23), 55.02.F22,7,39 (.2/24).

56

1.

56.01.T23,11,20 (.2/25).

57

5.

57.01.F22,11,40 (.2/26), 57.02.F21,8,54 (.2/27),


57.03.F22,10,61 (.3/1), 57.04.F21,8,56 (.3/2),
57.05.T ().

58

1.

58.01.T22,9,10 (.3/3).

59

3.

60

2.

59.01.T22,10,20 (.3/4), 59.02.F21,9,37 (.3/5),


59.03.T22,10,90 (.3/6).

61

1.

62

2.

62.01.F20,9,18 (.3/10), 62.02.T20,11,60 (.3/11).

63

2.

63.01.F21,10,50 (.3/12), 63.02.T21,8,70 (.3/13).

64

1.

64.01.F21,7,60 (.3/14).

66

1.

68

2.

69

1.

72

1.

73

1.

74

7.

76

3.

79

3.

80

1.

81

1.

82

4.

84

1.

86

1.

88

8.

89

3.

90

7.

52.01.F22,12,84 (.2/21).

60.01.F21,8,89 (.3/7), 60.02.F21,7,84 (.3/8).


61.01.F20,7,08 (.3/9).

66.01.T21,8,30 (.3/15).
68.01.F21,8,90 (.3/16), 68.02.T22,10,70 (.3/17).
VI (13.)
69.01.T21,6,10 (.3/18).
72.01.F21,9,20 (.3/19).
73.01.F21,9,23 (.3/20).
74.01.F22,11,14 (.3/21), 74.02.F21,9,16 (.3/22),
74.03.F22,10,60 (.3/23), 74.04.F21,9,76 (.3/24),
74.05.F21,7,65 (.3/25), 74.06.F21,7,65 (.3/26),
74.07.T21,10,20 (.3/27).
76.01.F21,9,44 (.4/1), 76.02.F22,9,97 (.4/2),
76.03.T ().
VII (5.)
79.01.F20,7,97 (.4/3), 79.02.F21,6,05 (.4/4),
79.03.F19,6,67 (.4/5).
80.01.T ().
81.01.F20,6,22 (.4/6).
VIII (17.)
82.01.F20,8,28 (.4/7), 82.02.F19,8,31 (.4/8),
82.03.F20,7,53 (.4/9), 82.04.T ().
84.01.T ().
86.01.F20,5,99 (.4/10).
88.01.F20,6,45 (.4/11), 88.02.F20,6,45 (.4/12),
88.03.F22,6,86 (.4/13), 88.04.F19,7,81 (.4/14),
88.05.F19,5,99 (.4/15), 88.06.F19,7,35 (.4/16),
88.07.F20,7,37 (.4/17), 88.08.T ().
89.01.F20,6,65 (.4/18), 89.02.F19,6,69 (.4/19),
89.03.T20,6,90 (.4/20).
IX (14.)
90.01.F18,7,00 (.4/21), 90.02.F18,6,21 (.4/22),
90.03.F19,7,59 (.4/23), 90.04.F18,6,30 (.4/24),
90.05.F19,6,98 (.4/25), 90.06.F19,6,52 (.4/26),
90.07.T ().
190

91

7.

93

2.

14 .

91.01.F19,6,87 (.4/27), 91.02.F19,5,41 (.5/1),


91.03.F20,7,66 (.5/2), 91.04.F20,7,30 (.5/3),
91.05.F19,5,78 (.5/4), 91.06.F20,8,42 (.5/5),
91.07.F19,6,55 (.5/6).
X (2.)
93.01.F19,7,56 (.5/7), 93.02.T ().
(14.)
99.01.F19,9,49 (.5/8), 99.02.F21,10,27 (.5/9),
99.03.F20,9,63 (.5/10), 99.04.F21,8,30 (.5/11),
99.05.F22,8,85 (.5/12), 99.06.F21,8,41 (.5/13),
99.07.F21,8,05 (.5/14), 99.08.F20,8,33 (.5/15),
99.09.F21,6,44 (.5/16), 99.10.F22,7,60 (.5/17),
99.11.F22,7,55 (.5/18), 99.12.F20,6,45 (.5/19),
99.13.F20,7,58 (.5/20), 99.14.F19,6,11 (.5/21).

, 1989 .. - . . . 128 .
, 1951 ..
//
1951 .
.
. 1951/12.
, 1977 ..
,
.
. . 1977/89.

, 1956 ..
// . .6. .55-56.
, , 1991 .., .. ( ). . . 48c.
, 1954 ..
. . 36. . 238.
, 1951 .. . .
16. 263.
, 1988 ..
. . . 168.

191

..


III-II . .. -
Northern Black Sea littoral imports in the burials of the III-II centuries BC in the Volga-Don interfluve. The article considers
imports of the Northern Black Sea littoral in the burials of the III-II centuries BC in the Volga-Don interfluve. These imports in the sarmatian
graves show cross-cultural ties with the North Black Sea antique centers, being a result of trade relations and military invasions.
III-II . .. - .
III-II . ..
- .
, , .


- 1 IIIII . ..
.
,

III-II . ..
,
, (. 1/1.). .
, ,
,

.

, , . .
(. 1/2).
6 1
, 1978 . (,
1978, . 23, 26/4).
- .
, , , .
3
1 - I 17 1
(, 2005, . 3/4,5). , .. ,
, , , .
.. , ..
,
1 ,
.


II . ..,
II . .. (, 2005, 40).
(. 1/6, 7).
4 27
(,
1975, . 53/1). 6 23
-I (, , 2004, 144,
. 14/13). .

D E II . ..,
140-125. .. (,
1979, 8, 108-109, . III).


II . .. (, 2003, 15, . 91/4).
, .. IV
II
I . .. (, 1996, 42, . 6).
:
20 3 ,
. , 8
6 -IV.
.. ,
II I . ..
(, 2005, 40, . 3/6).

II-I .
..; , ..

II . ..
(. 1/8).
4 27
, , , ,

192

. 1. 1 - : 1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 ;
6 ; 2 . 1, . 6; 3 -I . 33, . 5; 4 -II . 6, . 2; 5 -II . 1, . 9;
6 -I . 23, . 6; 7, 8 . 27, . 4
193

(, 1975, 138, . 52/2).



2 I (,
2008. 41, 62). , . ,
.. VI . ..
(, 1975, 139).
IV .
.. (, 1980, 35-36).

V . ..; I
IV ..
- , ..
(, 2008, 46).

,
, (, ,
4)
(, 1994, 99).

,
(, ,
1999, 139, 140, . 2, 6).
II I .. .

(, , 2010, 141).
(. 1/3-.5). ,

. 2. 14
1 VI.

, .
-
5 33 -I.
, . I . .. ( ., 2008, 61).
. ;
, .

.
II I . .. (,
, 2003, 150) II .
.. (, 1996,
32). , -I II I . ..

,
:
6 2 ; 3 27 ;
5 14 ;
12 3 .
10 40
.
II I . .. (, 1996, 32;
, , 1998, 26; , 2004, 128;
, , 2004, 98).

9 1
-II 2 6
-II. : 12
1 -; 2 7 . I . ..
(, 2003, 128) II . .. (, , 2003, 151).
3 1 --I (, 2005, 38).
,
II .
..
. .
,
, . ,

194

- IV .
.., II-I .
.. (, , 2002, 57, 66). ,
..
; ,
( )
, .
.. ,

-

(, 2010, 148-149).
III . ..
14 1
VI. .. , ,
, (?) (,
2007, 41). ,
. ,


.
.. ..
IV III . ..
,
,
(, , 2004, 96).
.
(. 2/1).
DIONY
(
., 1977, 66-67, . 47, 70). .. III . .., .. .. (, 1977, 78).

,
III . .. ..
II--3
( II- .. ).
(, 2003, 138, 144).

III . ..

70- III . ..
7 I,
,
(, 2003, 139).
(. 2/2).
, .

, .

. ,
IV III . .. (, 2007, 272, . 8/4-7).

.. ,
IV III .
.. (, 2010, 11, . 8/13, 28).
472 . .
III . .. (, 1977, 32, .
15/1).
3 2
. . . .. ,
IV . .. (, 1983, 83, 84,
. 27/4).
VI


70-. III . .. ,



.

,
.
(.. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. , .. , .. , .. ).
,
:
;

195


, ;
:

;
.
,
,
III-II . ..
,
. ,
, .

, , 1998 ..,
.. : // .
. 7. . - - -. . 25-33.
, 1977 ..
( .. )
1-33. 68 .
, 1980 .. .
IV ..
. . 128 .
, 2005 ..

// . . 7. . 34-50.
., 1977 .., .., -..
1973 // . (. ... -) . 4. . . .
3-77.
, 2008 ..

(V . .. III . ..). . . 328 .
, 2003 .. (II .
.. III . ..). . . 212 .
, , 2003 .., ..
//. 2. . 135-154.
, 2007 .. // . -
. .
II (. . .. ). . - . . 37-59.
, , 2002 .., .. // . . 5. . 47-82.
., 2008 .., ..,
.. : //
- . - . . .

(. . .. ).
. - . . 50-63.
, , 2004 ..,
..
. // - -
. . 2 (. . .. ). . -
. . 134-169.
, 1983 ..
. - . 224 .
, 1979 .. . . . 152 .
, 1978 .. ,
1978. . . 37. 82 . + 99 .
, 1996 ..
( ).
. -
. 340 .
, 2003 .. .
- : . . -
. 352 .
, 1994 ..
// . . 8. . 96-100.
, , 1999 ..,
.. // . .
2. . 138-149.
, 2010 ..
// . .
11. . 147-170.
, , 2004 .., .. // :
. 5 . .
(. .
.. ). . . . 95-107.
, , 2010 .., .. 27
- // . 1. . 130-142.
, 2007 ..
IV III . .. // Hyperboreus:
studia classica. Vol. 13. Fasc. 12. (. . .. ).
Mnchen. Beck-Verlages. . 257-272.
, 2010 .. ( BSP 1935 .) //
. . II (.-. .. ). . - . . 7-26.
, 1975 .. . . . 208 .
, 1977 .. VI //
.
(. ... -). . 4. .
. . 78.

196

..


( )
Mouldmade bowls from Neapolis Scythian: preliminary analysis. The article is dedicated to preliminary analysis of mouldmade
bowls from Neapolis Skythian late Hellenistic layers. 21 bowls were selected for the investigation, which were analyzed in accordance with context
of the find, basic motifs of the pictures, the features of clay and varnish. It was found that Ionian cities, particularly, Ephesos, were the main
suppliers of relief bowls in the capital of Late Skythian Kingdom.
: .
. 21 ,
, , .
,
, , .

() ,
, .
,
,
, XX . (, 1902, 141; , 1902, 93117),

.

..
.. (, 1986, 1987,
2007; , , 1998), .
,
,
, (Fenn,
2008, 2; Bilde, 2010, 275). ,
,
. , , ,
(Bouzek, 2005, 56).
,

14 , . 1977.
. (Bilde, 2010, 275). ,
(,

Belles Meduses)

(, NI PAR).
, .. , . (Bilde, 2010, 276),


.


, , . . , PAR
: Beles Mduses,
Petites Roses Spirales, Comique a la canne 14
srie (Rogl, 2001, 101).
,
,

, . .
,
. ,

.
, 1998. (, , 1998), 2008.
(, 2008).


(, 2004, 79, .
265-267),
(, 2006, 214).
(, 1987; 2007). , 2006.
. , (, , 2006).
.

197

, , .. (1979, . 61).
40 ,
,1 .

2003.
3
: 3-2
3 (26 .), -D (13 .) E-D
VII (3 .).

,

(, 2003, 90, 135, 137).
, ,

2004-2005. (13 .) (, 2010, . 8). ,

, .
,

94
. ,
204 172 ,2
, .


,
.
,

,
,
.3

.
( 40 .) 3 1988-1989.
1
(, , 1998, 62). . ,

.
2 ,
.
3 ..
, , .


,4
.

19471948. - . ..
,

(, 2003, 34).
, , ,
.

. 13

,
;
.
, ,
,

.
,
(. 1):
1.

(?)

-
90
3
1
41
1
36
172

%
52.4
1.7
0.6
23.8
0.6
20.9
100 %


.

: ,
II . .. .
,
4 , 3
, .
, ,

. - (I . .. I .
..),
, (, 2003, 35).

198

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. . (.).
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. . (.).


. .
AJA

American Journal of Archaeology. Princeton NJ.
BAR

British Archaeological Reports. London.
BCH

Bulletin de correspondence Hellenique. Paris.
JIAN

Journal International dArcheologie Numismatique. Paris.
MBAH
Mnstersche Beitrage zur antiken Handelsgeschichte. St. Katharinen
PPS

Proceeding Prehistoric Society. Cambridge.
PZ

Prhistorische Zeitschrift. Berlin.
RA

Revista arheologic. Chiinu.
SCIV

Studii i cercetri de istorie veche. Bucureti.

206


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