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AUTOCAD 2012

and AUTOCAD LT 2012


ESSENTIALS
AUTODESK OFFICIAL TRAINING GUIDE

AUTOCAD 2012
and AUTOCAD LT 2012
ESSENTIALS
AUTODESK OFFICIAL TRAINING GUIDE

Scott Onstott

AUTOCAD 2012
AUTOCAD LT 2012

, 2012

721.01:004.9AutoCAD
32.2515
58

58

.
AutoCAD 2012 AutoCAD LT 2012. / .
. . .: , 2012. 400 .: .
ISBN 978-5-94074-754-3
, Autodesk
, AutoCAD 2012
AutoCAD LT 2012.
, ,
,
, , , , , .
, , AutoCAD 2012 AutoCAD LT 2012 .

721.01:004.9AutoCAD
32.2515
.
.
, , . ,
,
. , .

ISBN 978-1-118-01679-4 (.)


ISBN 978-5-94074-754-3 (.)

2011 by Wiley Publishing Inc.


, , , 2012

, , .
Sybex
( Wiley) .
(Willem Knibbe),
(Pete Gaughan), (Connor OBrien)
(Jenni Housh) . Wiley, .
-
(Denise Santoro Lincoln), ; (Ian Le Cheminant), ; (Liz Welch), ;
(Christine OConnor)
(Nick Moran),
.


5 , Sybex :
Photoshop (Enhancing Architectural Drawings and Models with Photoshop); AutoCAD:
(AutoCAD: Professional Tips and Techniques)
( (Lynn Allen));
Photoshop (Enhancing CAD
Drawings with Photoshop); Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2006:
(Mastering Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2006) Autodesk VIZ
2005 ( (George Omura)). 20 , .

, , . www.scottonstott.com.


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AutoCAD 2012 Windows ........................................ 17


AutoCAD .................................. 17
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2012 30 AutoCAD. . , , AutoCAD,
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AMD Athlon 64 SSE2.
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2 www.sybex.com/go/autocad2012essentials.


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1/2cc ( 10 ).
(Snap On) , (Snap Type) (Grid Snap)
(Rectangular snap) (. 3.3). OK.

57

58

. 3.3

4. (Draw) (Home)
(Line).

( ) .
2c ( 600 ), (
). (LINE)
. , , .
5. (Show/Hide Lineweight),
. , ,
(Line)
.
6.
X
(Show/Hide Lineweight) 6,
(Settings).
,
(Default)

0.016cc ( 0.40 ) (. 3.4). OK. ,
4,
.
.

. 3.4

7. + Enter, , .
(Grid Display), , (Dynamic Input),
.
, . ,
1/2cc ( 10 ). . ,
. 2c-0cc ( 600 ),
(. 3.5).

. 3.5

59

60


,
. , , . . ,
,  Enter.
, ,
.
.

  : l
+   . 2
: 
>>
   
,      (nX or nX), 
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/-
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:

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90,

.

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,
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, 45, 30, 22.5, 10 . .,
,
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.
, .
90, , .
1. , www.
sybex.com/go/autocad2012essentials, 3 (Chapter 3) Ch3-A.dwg ( Ch3-A-metric.dwg). .
2. + Enter, .

3. F9, .
4. F8, .
5. , 10-3/4cc ( 240 )
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,
(. 3.6). ,
.
.

. 3.6

6. .
(Polar Tracking)
. 45 .
7. ,

( 45 ).
, 2c ( 600 ) Enter (. 3.7). , Esc.
8. Ch3-B.dwg ( Ch3-B-metric.dwg).

. 3.7

61

62

, , ;
, . ,

, , .


(PolarSnap) , .
( ), .
,
, .
1. , , ,
www.sybex.com/go/autocad2012essentials, 3,
Ch3-B.dwg ( Ch3-B-metric.dwg) .
2.
. (Settings).
3. (Drafting Settings)
(PolarSnap). 1cc ( 10
) (Polar Distance) (. 3.8). OK.


(Polar Distance)
,
,


X (Snap X).
X

. 3.8 (PolarSnap)
(Drafting Settings)

4. + Enter, .
5. 45
, , .
6cc ( 150 ), (. 3.9).
, .

. 3.9

6. ,
1c ( 300 ).
.
7. Space, . Shift ,
.
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.
8. , .
.
9. , , 5. ,
, (. 3.10).
.
10. 0 ( ) Enter. , ,
0 (), , (
A B . 3.11). .

63

64

. 3.10 ,

. 3.11

11. Ch3-C.dwg ( Ch3-C-metric.dwg). , www.


sybex.com/go/autocad2012essentials.


, ,
, . , .
, . 2 ,

, (Running Object Snap). , ,
. ,
.

1. , , www.sybex.com/go/
autocad2012essentials, 3,
Ch3-C.dwg ( Ch3-C-metric.dwg) .
2. , , , A B . 3.12 .
,
.

. 3.12

3. Enter. A. , , ,

(. 3.13). ,
A, (
, ).

. 3.13

65

66

,




(Object
Snap).



(Settings).
X

4. (Zoom Previous).
, , .
5. , , Delete.
6. (Object Snap) .
(Settings).
(Clear All),
(Endpoint), (Midpoint)
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. 3.14



;
,
,
AutoCAD.
X

7. (Polar Tracking) (Dynamic Input). (Draw)


(Line).
A (. . 3.15)
. , ,
.
8. B . ,

67

. 3.15

. Esc.
.
9. A B (. 3.15) , .
(Zoom
Previous), .
10. + Enter. W
Shift (Object Snap). (Nearest)

(Nearest). ,
, - . A,
. 3.16. (Nearest) , ,

- -
.
.
(None)


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Snap)

(
).

. 3.16 (Nearest)

68

11. B (. 3.16)
. Esc.
12. Ch3-D.dwg ( Ch3-D-metric.dwg).

(From)
, (, , . .)
? : (From), .
1. Ch3-D.dwg ( Ch3-D-metric.dwg), ,
, 3.
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3. A (. 3.17). ,
. @6cc<0 ( @150<0 ),
, Enter.

. 3.17

4. B . ,
.
Esc. , 6cc (
150 ) .
5. Delete.
6. Ch3-E.dwg ( Ch3-E-metric.dwg).


,
, .
, , c , .
1. Ch3-E.dwg ( Ch3-E-metric.dwg), ,
, 3.
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3. (Object Snap Tracking)
. ,
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4. A (. 3.18).
, , .
.

. 3.18

5. B (. 3.18) .
, . .
6. , . , ,
. 9 ( 220 )
Enter, 9cc ( 220 ).
7. (Draw)
(Rectangle). , A

69

70

. 3.19 , , , .

. 3.19

8. B . 3.19, .
,
( C).
9. @1c,6 ( @280,-160 ) Enter. ,
(. 3.20).

. 3.20

10.
(Show/Hide Lineweight).
11. Ch3-F.dwg
( Ch3-F-metric.dwg), .



, , , , , , ,
. AutoCAD
. , .


. ,
, .

71

AutoCAD , , .
. AutoCAD ,
(Move), (Copy), (Rotate)
(Scale),
, (Array), (Trim), (Extend), (Lengthen), (Stretch), (Offset), (Mirror), (Break), (Join) (Overkill).
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entity ()



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,
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, !%  -
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.
1. ,
4, Ch4-A.dwg ( Ch4-Ametric.dwg) ( )
(. 4.1).
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. 4.1

73

74

3. (Home) (Modify) (Erase). :


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: .
4. A, B (. 4.2). ,
X

, . ,
,

.
.
, , .
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, .

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.
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75

76



, :
, ,
. (
.)

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- (CPolygon)
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, ,

4, Ch4-A.dwg ( Ch4 .

A-metric.dwg).
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,
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3. A, . 4.5.

.

X
. - (WPolygon).

. 4.5 - (WPolygon)

4. B H (. 4.6).
,
; ,
,
. , .
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77

D
C
F
H

. 4.6

.
Esc.
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. 4.7

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,
. Enter,
.
.

9. () -
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. , - W

78

. Enter,
.
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11. (. 4.8).

.
(Selection).
,
. (),
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. 4.8

12.
Ctrl+W.
13. A.
(Select Similar).
, (. 4.9).

. 4.9

79

,
. Esc.


SELECTSIMILAR, Enter, Enter, (Select Similar Settings). ,
,
.


(MOVE) (COPY) AutoCAD.
, ,

.

1. , -

, , - 4, Ch4-A.
dwg ( Ch4-A-metric.dwg).

2. ( - ), .

3. ,
.
.
4. , - W
. , . 4.10.
5. , (Move) (Modify). -

80

. 4.10

, , Enter. :
J 6 . 2
 [ & ] < & >:

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( A . 4.11).

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7. , B (. 4.11).
.

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.
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B, C D, Enter,
, .

. 4.12

11.  Enter.


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, .
12. , ,
, .

81

82

Ctrl , ,
(. 4.13).
. , ,
, .

. 4.13

13. -. (Modify) (Copy),


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, . (Nearest) A
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 [*  ]
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>:

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! ( ) Enter. B
. 4.14 Enter, .

. 4.14

.
16. Ch4-B.dwg ( Ch4-B-metric.dwg).


(ROTATE) (SCALE) ; , . ,
, ,

. , ,
. , .
1. ,
, , 4,
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3. (Modify) (Rotate),
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83

84

J 6 . 2
:

; , .
4. , ,
. , (. 4.15), .

. 4.15

5. Spacebar, .
Enter. ;
.
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7.
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 4   [4 ./4 %' ] <270.00>:

. 4.16

. 4.17

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.
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.
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.
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85

86

13. .
*05 ( ) Enter.
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.

B
A

. 4.18

14.
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]:

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D.
, D. .
16. Ch4-C.dwg ( Ch4-C-metric.dwg).

(ARRAY) AutoCAD 2012 . , ,


- . ,
,
.
, , .
: .


, .
.
1. , ,
- , 4, Ch4-C.dwg ( Ch4-C-metric.dwg), .
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.
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 4 =  .%' $   . = 
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 2]

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87

88

  4%'  . 6& . T  [Q  ] <Q  >:

D, B C.
, D. Enter.
7. , , ,
. ,
. , (Array) (. 4.20). 10 ,
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. 4.20 (Array)

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. (Total
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.
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,
.
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. .
1. , ,
- , 4, Ch4-D.dwg ( Ch4-D-metric.dwg), .
2. ,
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. 4.21

3. *00Q! Enter. ,
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.
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360 , , Enter.
8. , , . ,
.
. 6cc ( 137 ),
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89

90

. 4.22

10. .
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 . 6 %  [K12 . 2
]
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13. Ch4-E.dwg ( Ch4-E-metric.dwg).


(DIVIDE) (MEASURE)
, (ARRAY). ,
.
.
, . 5 .

91

. 4.23


(TRIM) (EXTEND)
. ,
, Shift. ,
.
1. , ,
- , 4, Ch4-E.dwg ( Ch4-E-metric.dwg), .
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:  
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(EXTEND)
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. Shift C D (. 4.24). . (TRIM) Enter.

92

D
B

. 4.24

5. J+ ( ) Enter. ,
, . Enter.
6. Ch4-F.dwg ( Ch4-F-metric.dwg).


(Lengthen) (Stretch)
, .
(STRETCH) , , . .
1. , ,
- , 4, Ch4-F.dwg ( Ch4-F-metric.dwg), .
2. .
, :
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(FILLET)
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B
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5. C, .
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4 ( 10 ) .
6. Ch4-G.dwg ( Ch4-G-metric.dwg).

93

94


(OFFSET) (MIRROR)
.
.
. .
1. , ,
- , 4, Ch4-G.dwg ( Ch4-G-metric.dwg), .
2. .
, .
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, 4 .1&1   & .,  [!%U/H

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. .
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, .
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. F8, , ,
(. 4.27).

. 4.27

95

96

9. .
:
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,
,
.
10. Ch4-H.dwg ( Ch4-H-metric.dwg).


AutoCAD, - , () ,
.
,
, , , .
.
1. , ,
- , 4, Ch4-H.dwg ( Ch4-H-metric.dwg), .
2. , . . , ( 7,
).
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, , ,
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.
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, , .
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. . 4.28
; . 4.1, .

. 4.28

7. Ch4-Final.dwg (
Ch4-Final-metric.dwg),
.`

97

98



, , .
, (Trim), (Extend), (Lengthen), (Stretch), (Offset), (Mirror) .,
. ,
AutoCAD. !


(BREAK), (JOIN)
(OVERKILL). ,
(Break) (
). (Join) . (Overkill) .
.

AutoCAD
, . ,
, , , ,
, Maya 3ds Max. AutoCAD 2011 (SPLINE),
NURBS
(Nonuniform Rational B-Splines B-), . AutoCAD 2012,
, ,
. 17, .



(
), ,
.
/ .
, .
1. - , 5- Chapter5.zip, CH5-A.
dwg ( CH5-A-metric.dwg) Pond.jpg. ( DWG) AutoCAD
(. 5.1).

100

. 5.1

2. . (Draw) (Polyline). (. 5.1).  (


) Enter.
3. , . , , , , (. 5.2).
:
2 . 2
 
[/" /H 4  /  /K '%'/+  /! ./ /5  ]:

4. ! ( ), (
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,
, .
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101

. 5.2

. , (Endpoint), .
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, (. 5.3).
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. 5.3




;
.
W

102

7. Spacebar, .
D (. 5.4),  ( )
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. 5.4

8. ! ( ), Enter
, D.
9. , , (. 5.4). , Enter.
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Enter. ,
16, .
,
. , , .
11. (Modify)
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, , ,
. Esc .

. 5.5

12. .
,
. .
,
(. 5.6). ,

, .
13. Esc, (Undo)
.

. 5.6

103

104

14. (Draw) (Arc), Shift .


(Nearest). ,
(. 5.7), ,
.

. 5.7

15. Enter
. ( ), Enter
D, E, F (. 5.7).
16. ,
, .
17. 0 ( ) Enter.
,
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13 ,
, . , .
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105

. 5.8 ,

?
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.
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, .

W


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(BREAK).


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(. 5.9).

106

. 5.9

, .
1. , , .
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]:

107

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7. Enter,
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,
, . (. 5.11).
9. , , ,
Shrub.
.

. 5.11

108

,
. AutoCAD, AutoCAD 2011
(SPLINE) . NURBS ( Alias,
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, (),
, ;
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.

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c NURBS-.
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109

,
(. 5.12).
W
c ,

1, 0
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.

. 5.12

3. (Object Snap), (Ortho),


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.
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(. 5.13).
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6. .
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110

. 5.13

J ( ) Enter.
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Enter. , 0.75 ,
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(SPLINEDIT) !qj .
9. , .
10. ( ) Enter. (External References) (
9, ). , , , .

. 5.14

11. Pond () (External References) (Detach). (External


References).
(Properties) (. 5.15). , , .

. 5.15 ,

111

112


, , / .
, (SKETCH) ,
,
, . ,
,
(CVREBUILD). ,
(SKETCH),
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, , , , .
. :
(Tangents), (Tolerance) (Kink). (Kink) .
1. , .
.
2. (Draw)
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(Object Snap) (
(Node)) , , , , .
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(. 5.16).
.

. 5.16

3. (Dynamic Input). , , +0KpH Enter.


(Fit Data).
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,
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.
6.
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113

114

.
, (Add Fit Point).
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.
7. , , (. 5.17).

. 5.17

(SPLINEDIT)
,


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8. . 
Enter.
:
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Q,
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9. ,
, . , (. 5.19).

. 5.18

. 5.19 ,



(BLEND)
, ,
. , . .

115

116

, ,
, . ,
. , ,
.
.
1. ,
. +j Enter.
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, , . - .
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Enter .
(. 5.20).

. 5.20

4. . , . . 5.21
.
5. CH5-B.dwg (
CH5-B-metric.dwg), -
.

. 5.21


, ,
, , , NURBS.
, .

. ,
, AutoCAD.


(HELIX),
. . 16 17 3D-
, .

117

,
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, , ,
. , ,
.







, .
, ( ). , ,
. .
, , , , , ,
, , .

119

, , ,
. , , , , .
1. - ,
6, Ch6-A.dwg
( Ch6-A-metric.dwg) (. 6.1). .

. 6.1

2. ,
.
3. (Quick Properties).
4.
,
Reception ().

(Quick Properties). DeskHigh ( ),
(. 6.2).


(Quick
Properties)

,
.


(Quick Properties)

.
W

120

. 6.2
(Quick Properties)

5. Desk () (. 6.3)
Esc, (Quick Properties). , ,

. 6.3

121

, , Desk
().
6. (Home) (Layers).
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:
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8. Enter. :
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9. ,
Desk () 5. :
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0'2  4  6' -   . Desk-High   Desk.
  ? [ /H] <H>:

10. ,  ( )
Enter. Desk-High ( ) , Desk (). (LAYMRG) .
11. (Properties) (List).
(Pan) W
, Enter.
AutoCAD (AutoCAD Text Window),
:

TEXT
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*
= 71e
0  = Standard
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H 2    = Arial
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, X= 492.4565 Y= 337.3323 Z=
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      6
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1.0000
 
 
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(LAYDEL).
,

.

0.0000

,
. AutoCAD (AutoCAD Text Window).

122

12. (View) (Palettes)


(Properties).
(Properties).
13. , 11. (. 6.4). ,
, ,
, , .



(LIST)


,


(Properties),

.
X

. 6.4
(Properties)

14.
(Contents),
 
  Enter. Esc, .
.
(Properties).

123


; , . 0
Defpoints 0 (), - . ,
0
.
AutoCAD
,
Defpoints, , Defpoints
(
.
11).
W
.
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg)
, , . , .
2. (Draw) (Rectangle). ,
()
W
. @18s,72s (

@45,180 ) Enter. ,

Shift
(. 6.5).

3. - . (Quick Properties) -

Furniture (). Esc,


(None).
.

. 6.5 0

124

4. ,
, . .
(Layers) (Layer) Furniture () ,
. ,
Furniture () ,
(. 6.6). ,
Furniture () .

. 6.6

(Layers)

5. (Pan) .
6. (Draw) (Rectangle). ,
() .
@-18s,72s ( @-45,180 ) Enter. (. 6.7).
7. , 6, (Quick Properties)
, Furniture (). Esc,
.

. 6.7 Furniture ()

8. .
, . , .
9. ,
, , .
(Make Objects Layer Current) (Layers).
.
Millwork ( ) (Layer), ,
.
10.
(Endpoint) (Perpendicular).
11. (Line) ,
. 6.8. Esc, (LINE).

125

126

. 6.8

(Make Objects Layer Current)


(Quick Properties),
,
. .
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg) , ,
.
,
- .
2. (Quick Properties).
3. . ,
(Layer) 0 (). , , ,

0 ( Millwork ( )), , 0.
4. (Layer) Furniture () (. 6.9), ,
. Esc, .

. 6.9
(Layer)

5. .
6. (Layers) (Match),
Enter. :
!%  -
    6 2 .  [Q.]:

7.
Enter.
(LAYMCH) .
Furniture (), .
8. .

127

128

9. (Clipboard),
(Home) ,
(Match Properties). . :
!%  $' -
(%)  [H  '
]:

10. H ( ) Enter. (Property Settings) (. 6.10). ,


. .

. 6.10 (Property Settings)


11.
Enter.
, Furniture ().
Esc, (MATCHPROP).


, ,
. AutoCAD
, , .
-

, ,
, ,
.


, , ,
. ., , . , , ,
/ (On/Off), / (Thaw/Freeze), / (Lock/Unlock). , , ,
.
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg)
.
,
- .
2. (Layers)
(Turn All Layers On). ( $), Header (), . . 6.11
.

. 6.11 ,

129

130

3. (Layers) (Layer)

Appliance ( ), . Desk ().
, .
4. , . . (Off)
(Layers) : , ,
, , , , , . ,
:


,



.

0' Millwork ... 


& ,  .  
12 ?
[ /H] <H>:

5.  ( )
Enter. Esc (LAYOFF).
. 6.12.

. 6.12 ,

6. (Layer) 0
().

131

7.
(Zoom Extents). ,
. Porch () ,
- .
8. (Layer) (Layers) Porch (). Esc,
.
9. (Zoom
Extents) . , Porch
()
.
W
10. (Layers) (Lock). ,

. -
Lighting () . .
, 11. 0+ .
Enter.
- ,
, - (Locked Layer
(. 6.13). Fading)
(Layers).
, .

. 6.13

W

,

(When a command is active)

(Selection Preview)
(Selection) (Options).

,
.
(Isolation).
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg)
.
, - .
2. (Layers) (Isolate)

132

, . Enter
,
(. 6.14).

. 6.14

3. (Layers)
(Copy Objects to New Layer). , , Enter.
:
!%  -
    6 2 .  [Q.] <Q.>:

4. Q ( ) Enter. (Copy To Layer) (. 6.15).


Header () (Destination
layer) OK. Sill
() Header ().
5. (Unisolate)
(Layers). , (Isolate).
6. 0KpK (LAYOFF) Enter. ,
Sill (), Enter.

. 6.15
(Copy To Layer)

7.
(Distance) (Utilities).
A B (. 6.16), .
:
+ .  = 5.0000,   4
 XY = 270,   4
 XY = 0
 X = 0.0000,  Y = -5.0000,  Z = 0.0000

. 6.16

8. Esc,
(MEASUREGEOM).
9. JQ ( ), Enter, 5cc ( 12.7 ) Enter .
,
, .

133

134

10.
,
. Enter, .
.


,
. ;
, .
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg)
.
, - .
2. , (Layer), (Unsaved Layer State).

(New Layer State) (. 6.17).

. 6.17

3.
(New Layer State to Save)  %' 4  4
OK. .
4. (Layers)
(Turn All Layers On).

135

5. (Layers)
(Thaw All Layers).
6. (Freeze) : , ,
.
Lighting (), Electrical ( ), W

Header () Equipment () (LAYERP) (. Enter, - )
,
(LAYFRZ).

7. (Layers) - .
(Layer State)
(New Layer State). - (Undo),
(New Layer State to Save) ,

OK.
.
8. (Layer
State) (. 6.18). ,
, .

.
, ,
.

. 6.18

(Layers)


.
, . ,
, , ,

136

.
AutoCAD .
, , . ,
, .
(Linetype) (Linetype scale).
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg)
. , .
2. (Properties) (Linetype) (Other), (. 6.19).

. 6.19
(Linetype)
(Other)

3. (Linetype
Manager) (Load).
/
(Load or Reload Linetypes)
(Hidden) (. 6.20). OK. (Hidden)
(Linetype Manager), .
OK,
(Linetype Manager).

137

. 6.20 (Hidden)

4.
Millwork ( ), .
5. (Linetype)
(Properties) (Hidden).
.
6. - , . K*05J
( ) Enter.
:
H%'     4   ' <1.0000>:

7. 48 ( 50 ) Enter. , , (. 6.21).
8. ,
(Properties).
9. (General)
(Properties) (Linetype scale), 0.5 (. 6.22).
10. Esc .

(. 6.23). (Properties).


50
1:50 .
W
W


,

(LTSCALE).

(LTSCALE)
,

.

138





(Linetype Scale)

(Properties).

,


.
X

. 6.22
(Linetype Scale)

. 6.21

. 6.23

139


, , , ,
. (ByLayer),
,
. , , ,
(ByLayer) ,
.
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg)
. , .
2. (Properties) (Linetype) (Hidden) (. 6.24). .

. 6.24 , (Properties),

3. (Properties) (Linetype) (ByLayer).


4. , .
5. ,
(Quick Properties) (Properties).
(Quick Properties) - W
,
.

6. , 3,
(Hidden) (. 6.25).

7. , .
.
8. , ,
.

140

. 6.25


AutoCAD
(Layer Properties Manager).
.
1. Ch6-A.dwg ( Ch6-A-metric.dwg)
.
,
- .
2. (Layers)
(Layer Properties).
(Layer Properties Manager) (. 6.26).


. 6.26 (Layer Properties Manager)

141

3.
(Collapse Layer filter tree),
.
4. (New Layer), Millwork-upper ( ) (Name)
Enter.
5.
, .
(Millwork-upper ( )) .
6. ,
.
(Maximize all columns).
. 6.27. , .

. 6.27
(Layer Properties Manager)

7. (Freeze),
( ).
, . .
8. Continuous ()
(Linetype) Millwork-upper ( ).
(Select Linetype)
(Hidden) OK.

W



.

,

142

9. Millwork-upper ( ),
(Select Color). , . 6.28, OK.

. 6.28

10. , .
(Quick Properties) (Layer)
Millwork-upper ( ),
(Linetype) (ByLayer) (. 6.29). .
(Layer Properties Manager).
11. ,
Ch6-B.dwg ( Ch6-B-metric.dwg),
- .

. 6.29
(ByLayer)



.
, ,
, , ,
(ByLayer) .
.


, , AutoCAD,
C:\Program Files\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2012\Sample\Sheet Sets\
Architectural\A-01.dwg
, .

143

AutoCAD , , ,
. / ,
, ,
, , , , .
,
, , ,
,
. ,
. ,
, , .






. , , .
, .



, , , , .
.

1. - ,
7 Ch7-A.dwg (. 7.1).

. 7.1

2. (
).
3. (Rectangle) (Draw),
. :
! '   [& /+ 6 %/4! ]:

@45,45 Enter.
4. (Explode) (Modify),
Enter. , , .
5. (Fillet) (Modify),  (R) ( ) Enter. 7 Enter,
.
6. Spacebar
(FILLET).
. . 7.2.

. 7.2
(FILLET)

145

146

7. (Modify), (Join), , , Enter.


8. (Ortho) .
9. , 7.
(Convert to Arc) (. 7.3).

. 7.3

10. , 7, Enter,
Esc . ,
, .
11. +0L (X) ( ), Enter, , Enter.
12. (Offset)
(Modify), 5 Enter. , 9,
, , ,
5 .
13. +j (BLEND),
Enter, , ,
. , .
14. Enter (BLEND)
.
, (. 7.4).
15. (Stretch) (Modify), (. 7.4)

147

. 7.4

( , ),
Enter.
(Stretch). , 7 Enter. .
16. . W
(Create),
(
(Block) (Home).
(Block Defini-
tion) (Name) 0. - (Block Definition))
,
.
,
17. , -
. (Pick (Name)

point) (Base point).


(Block Definition) - .
. ,
Shift. (Midpoint). . (Block Definition) , (. 7.5).
18. (Delete) (Objects). (Behavior) (Scale uniformly) (Allow
exploding), (Annotative). (Block unit)
(Centimeters) OK.
, :
.

148

. 7.5



. , . , , . ,
( ),
.



, , ()
.
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-A.dwg.
2. .

149

3. .
(Object Snap)
(Endpoint), .
4. (RectW
angle) (Draw).



(. 7.6). @4,75 75 .
Enter .

. 7.6

5. (Arc)
(Draw) , , (Center,
Start, End). A, B C (. 6.7) .
6. J (B) ( ) Enter.
(Block Definition).
7. (Name)   - W
(Select objects). -
, Enter. -
(Convert to
(Pick point) block)
. (Objects) (Convert
to block) OK.

8. . , .
( ),
(. 7.7). Esc .
9. Ch7-B.dwg.

150

. 7.7 ,



( ). 9, , ,
, .
,
.
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-B.dwg.
X
2.  (UN) ( )
Enter. ,
(Insertion scale)
(Centimeters), (. 7.8).
(Block Definition),
OK

(Drawing Units).

3. , . ,

(Dynamic Input) .
(Insertion scale).

4.
(Object Snap) , .
(Midpoint), .
5. (Home) (Block) (Insert).
(Insert) (Name) . (Insertion point)

. 7.8
(Insertion scale)
(Drawing Units)

(Specify On-screen) (. 7.9).


OK.

. 7.9
(Insert)

6. Shift .
(From). ,

151

152

@0,7 Enter. 7 (. 7.10).

. 7.10 , 7

7. (Move) (Modify), , Enter.


,
@40<180 Enter .
8. (Copy) (Modify),  (L) ( ), Enter. , @80<0 Enter,
(. 7.11). Esc
(COPY).
9. ! (I) ( ).
(Insert) (Rotation) -

. 7.11

153

180 (Angle),
OK.
10. Shift . (From). , @0,-7
Enter. 7
.
11. Enter
(INSERT). (Insert)
(Name) .
(Rotation)
(Specify On-screen), OK.
12. (. 7.12). ,
(Ortho),
.
(. 7.12). , .

. 7.12

13. Spacebar (INSERT). (Insert) (Specify On-screen) (Scale) (Rotation) (. 7.13),


OK.
14. B (. . 7.12). ,
:
2
 
 [J 6 . 2
/*  / ]: 
     <1>:

-1 Enter.
15. :
 4  <0>:



.
W

154

. 7.13

180 Enter.
.
X
16. (Copy)
(Modify),

, Enter.
:

A B (. 7.14),

. Esc
.
(COPY).

. 7.14

17. .
. Spacebar, :
 4   [J 6 . 2
/4  / / %'/%j]:

90 Enter,
.
18. Ch7-C.dwg.


, . ,

, ,
.
.


,
, , .
: .
, , ,
.
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-C.dwg.
2. .
3. , .
(Edit Block In-place). (Reference Edit) OK (. 7.15).

. 7.15

155

156

4. (Rotate) (Modify), ( )
Enter. , :
 4   [4 ./4 %' ] <0>:

-45 Enter.
5. (Trim)
(Modify) Enter. , , ,
Esc (TRIM).
6. (Edit Reference)
(Home) (Save Changes). , ,
,
OK. (. 7.16).
.

. 7.16

7. Ch7-D.dwg.


- ,
(, (Red), (Hidden), 0.50 ),
. , , .

.
, . , .

, , ,

157

. ,
.
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-D.dwg.
2. W
. QP ( quick properties ). (Layer)

(. 7.17). ,
(Quick Properties)
, -
. (Quick Properties) Esc . QP.

. 7.17

3. ( , ),

(Edit Block In-place) .
(Reference Edit) OK.
4. , .
5. QP ( quick properties )
Enter. (Color) (ByBlock).
(Quick Properties) Esc .
6. (Edit Reference)
(Home) (Save Changes). OK. , (ByBlock) .
7. .
(Object Color) (Properties)
(Magenta) Esc.
, (ByBlock)
.

158

8. (Layer) (Layers)
0 (), .
9. (Layer)
. , .

(Layer), .
10. ,
(Edit Block In-place) .
(Reference Edit) OK.
11. , .
12. (Layer) (Layers)
0, .
Esc .

0
0
,
, . 0 ,
.
, /
.

13. (Edit Reference)


(Save Changes). OK.
14. (Layer)
X

(Layers) . ,
0
,
(. 7.18).
,
,
,
0.

. 7.18 0,
,

15. .
16. Ch7-E.dwg.


. ,
,
. , ,
, ,
, .
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-E.dwg.
2. JK+ (BEDIT) ( ) Enter.
(Edit Block Definition)
(. 7.19), OK.

. 7.19

3.
(Block Editor), .
(Authoring Palettes)
,
(. 7.20).
4. ! (I) ()
Enter. (Insert) -

159

160

. 7.20 (Block Editor)


X

(Block Editor)
.

(Name) . (Scale) (Rotation)


(Specify On-screen). OK.
5. .
6. , QP (
), Enter.
(Layer) , (Quick Properties) Esc (. 7.21).


,

,


.
X

. 7.21

7. (Close Block Editor)


. (Block Changes Not Saved) , (Save the changes to Desk).
8. Ch7-F.dwg.

161


, , : (EXPLODE)
(XPLODE). - , ,
. , .
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-F.dwg.
2. +0L (X) () - W
Enter.
Enter .
3. . ,
0 ( (Layers)), ,
( (Proper-
(PURGE).
ties)) (ByBlock)
(. 7.22). Esc .

. 7.22

4. (Undo) . .
5. !+! (XP)
Enter. Enter. :
[!/"/0'/ 4   '/   '/ -
/+ 2 ] <+ 2 >:

 ( )
Enter.
6. . , , .
.
7. (Modify) (Set to ByLayer). :
Q6  J
  01? [ /H] < >:

162

Enter, . :
!
12  
? [ /H] < >:

H ( ) Enter. (SETBYLAYER) , ,
(ByLayer).
8. Ch7-G.dwg.


, ,
. , ,
, ?
, , ,
.
.
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-G.dwg.
2. , .
3. (Rectangle) (Draw). :
 %'   [3 
/ /04 . /!% /5  ]:

0 () Enter. :
+   4 . . 4 .
 <0.0000>:

3 () Enter. .
4. (. 7.23).
@7,-25 Enter
(RECTANGLE).
5. (Mirror)
(Modify).  (L) () Enter.
:
  . 2
   .:

,
. Enter
(MIRROR) (. 7.24).

. 7.23

. 7.24

6. , . (Layer) 0
.
7. J (B) () Enter. (Block Definition)
(Name) . (Pick point) (Base point),
.
8. (Objects)
(Convert to block) OK. (Block Redefine
Block) (Redefine block).
(. 7.25). .
9. ,
. .
(Mirror) (Modify),
, Enter.

163

164

. 7.25

, , . :
   U% -
%? [ /H] <H>:

() Enter.
(. 7.26).
10. Ch7-H.dwg.

. 7.26


, .

, . , , , . , ,
, .
, . , , ,
, .
1. , - ,
7 Ch7-H.dwg.
2. (Group) (Groups)
(Home) . ,
Enter.
3. (Copy) (Modify), Enter. ,
, . Esc
(COPY).
4. (Rotate) (Modify),
Enter. , -90,
Enter (. 7.27).

. 7.27

5. (Groups) / (Group Selection On/Off)


.
6. Delete.

165

166

7. (Copy) (Modify), Enter. A B (. 7.28)


Enter. ,
.

. 7.28

8. (Mirror) (Modify),
Enter. C (. 7.28),
, . Enter
.
9. !+! (XP)
Enter. Enter.  (I) ( ) Enter.
10. (Stretch) (Modify),
Enter. ,
80, Enter. .
11. , ,
Delete.
12. (Group Edit) (Groups),
Enter. :
  ' 4  [   -
%/Q
12  -
%/   ]:

 (A) ( ) Enter. , Enter .

13. (Groups) - /
(Group Selection On/Off)
. , ,
(. 7.29).

. 7.29 ,

14. (Layer) ( (Layers)) . . 7.30 .

. 7.30 ,

15.
Ch7-Final.dwg, - .

167

168


, . , , , , .
, 0
. ,
,
. , , .


(BCONSTRUCTION) .
, (Block Editor).
(BCONSTRUCTION).
, .


,
/ .
.
, /
.
,
.




, , , .
, .


AutoCAD (), , .
.
1. - ,
8 (Chapter8.zip) Ch8-A.dwg.
(. 8.1) CA 135174 ,
100 .
.

170

. 8.1 ,

2. , .
3. (Draw) (Home)
(Hatch). A (. 8.2).

. 8.2

4. (Hatch Creation). ,
. (Pattern) Solid (), (Associative), ,
, (Options) (. 8.3).
.

171

. 8.3

5. (Options).

(Outer Island Detection). , . -
(Properties)
.
(Hatch Creation)
6. (Hatch Color), - (Properties), (Se-
,
lect Colors). (Se- .
lect Color) 255 (. 8.4) OK.
W

250255

. 8.4

7. (Properties),
(Hatch Layer Override)
Solid () (. 8.5).
8. (Close), (Hatch Creation) ,
(Close Hatch Creation). (HATCH) .

172

. 8.5

9. 5+Qj (HATCH) Enter.


(. . 8.2).
10. (Hatch Color),
X

(Properties), ,

(Select Colors).

(Hatch
(Select Color) 253 Creation), OK.
,

11. (Close) ,
(Close Hatch Creation).

12. Spacebar,
.
. C (. 8.2).
13. (Hatch Color),
(Properties),
(Select Colors).
(Select Color) 250 OK.
14. (Close),
(Hatch Creation) ,
(Close Hatch Creation).
(Hatch Creation) .
15. (Layers) (Home) (Isolate). -

173

. Enter, .
.
16. (Draw) (Home) - W
(Hatch), -
(. 8.6).

(BOUNDARY)


.

(BOUNDARY)
,
(HATCH).

. 8.6

17. (Hatch Color),


(Properties),
(Select Colors).
(Select Color) 255 OK.
18. (Hatch Transparency)
50 (. 8.7).

. 8.7
(HATCH)

19. / (Show/Hide Transparency). , , .

174

20. 5+Qj Enter. (. . 8.6).


:
!% U -

X


, ,
,

.

AutoCAD ;
Esc, .
21. Ch8-B.dwg.


. , , .
.
1. , -
, 8 (Chapter 8)
Ch8-B.dwg.
2. , , ,
. ,
. (Draw) (Circle).
3. Shift (Node).
X
(. 8.8), . ! (
) Enter. (. 8.8),

,
.
(CIRKLE)
.
,

.

4. 5+Qj Enter.
(Boundaries) (Hatch
Creation)
(Select Boundary Objects). , ,
. Solid
() (Pattern)
Enter. (. 8.9).
(Close)
(Hatch Creation)
(Close Hatch Creation).

5. (Modify) (Home)
(Erase). -

. 8.8

. 8.9.

, . 3, Enter. ,
, .
6. Ch8-C.dwg.

175

176


, ,
. . , ,
, , .
, .

, .
, , .
1. , -
, 8 (Chapter 8)
Ch8-.dwg.
2. ,
. (Hatch Editor).
3. (Boundaries)
(Recreate Boundary). :
!   4 -

 [ /   .]<   .>:

Enter, (Polyline), . :
0.6   U
  %
 ? [ /H] <>:

4.
5.

6.
7.
8.

Enter ,
. AutoCAD , .
(Close)
(Close Hatch Editor).
(Object
Snap). (Object Snap)
(Center), (Quadrant) (Endpoint),
.
(Ortho).
(Object
Snap Tracking).
(Scale),
(Modify), -

Enter.
( . 8.10). :
*    [4 ./4 %'  6
]:

 ( ) Enter. ,
(. 8.10).

B
C
D

. 8.10

9. (. 8.10). ,
D. , D. (SCALE)
, , .
10. .
(Hatch Editor).
11. , (Associative) (Options),
(Hatch Editor).
12. (Modify) (Home)
(Erase).
(. 8.11) Enter.
13. (Layers) (Unisolate).
14. Ch8-D.dwg.

177

178

. 8.11


(HATCH EDIT)
, , (Hatch Edit),
(HATCHEDIT). ,
, (HATCH) , ( AutoCAD
Classic).

/ , - .
, ,
.


,
.

179

,
.
1. , -
, 8 (Chapter 8)
Ch8-D.dwg.
2. .
3. (Draw) (Hatch).
4. A F (. 8.12).
.

. 8.12

AutoCAD

,
,
(
0,1)


(Gap
Tolerance),

(Options).
W

5. (Pattern)
ANSI31. (Properties)
(Hatch Color) (Red). (Background Color) 255 (Color 255).

180

(Hatch Pattern Scale) , 2.000. (Properties)


(Hatch Layer Override) Pattern (. 8.13).

. 8.13

6. (Close)
(Close Hatch Creation).
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181

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. 8.15

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182

8. . (Match Properties), (Options), .


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. 8.17

11. Ch8-F.dwg.



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183

184


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185

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187

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3. (Open) . :
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188

4.
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189

190

14. (Save As).


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191

192

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193

194

. 9.13

Sofa () . :
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. 9.15

195

196

3. (Configure Settings)
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197

198

. 9.18

. 9.19 Autodesk Seek

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199

200

. 9.21
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201

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. 9.22

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202

. 9.23 ,

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203

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204

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205

206

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207

208


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210

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213

214

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215

216

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217



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218

4. (Annotation)
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219

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220

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. 10.16

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221

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222


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223

224


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226

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227

(. 11.3). Standard ().


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228

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229

230

(First)
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11. Ch11-B.dwg. .


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231

232

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(Precision)
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. 11.12

233

234


, , , , , , .
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.


Dimension objects are
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the dimensions
automatically
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. 11.13

4. Spacebar
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Enter, , .
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235

. 11.14

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8.
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236

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237

238


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239

240

. 11.22

. 11.23

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241

242

11. (Annotation) (Break) (Dimensions).


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243

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245

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246

. 12.2

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247

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248

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249

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250

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251

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, 12 Ch12C.dwg.
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252

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13. Ch12-D.dwg.

253

254



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255

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256

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258

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259

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260

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10. Ch13-B.dwg.

. 13.5

261

262


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, 13 Ch13-B.dwg.
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. 13.6

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263

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, 13 Ch13-C.dwg.
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(Layer Properties).

264

3. (Layer Properties
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 Enter. Z-- ,
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, (Plot) Z-- (. 13.9). (Layer Properties Manager).

. 13.9


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:
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. 13.10

265

W

,

.
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, .

(Page Setup Manager)


(Modify).
1 (Page Setup Layout1)
(. 13.11). / (Printer/plotter)
(Name)
DWG To PDF.pc3. (Plot style table) monochrome.ctb.
(Display plot styles) ISO A4 (297.00u210.00 )
(ISO full bleed A4 (297.00u210.00 MM)).
10 = 1 . (10 mm = 1 unit). OK,
(Close).
6. (Quick View Layouts)
. (New Layout) , . 2 (Layout2),
(. 13.12).
7. (Page
Setup Manager) (Modify). 2 (Page Setup Layout2)

266

. 13.11

. 13.12

DWG To PDF.pc3 (Name) / (Printer/plotter).


(Plot style table) monochrome.ctb.
(Display plot styles).
ISO A0 (841.00u1189.00 ) (ISO
A0 (841.00u1189.00 MM)). 10 = 1 . (10 mm = 1 unit). OK, (Close).

8.
.
.
Ch13-D.dwg.

,
, .
,
, .
1 (Layout1) 2 (Layout2).

1

1 (Layout1),
.
1. , - , 13 Ch13-D.dwg.
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. 1 (Layout1) Esc,
.
3. (PAPER) . ,
, ( ). (. 13.13).
, .
4. (Viewport Scale)
1:200 (. 13.14).
,
.
1:200.
5.
(MODEL) . , .

267

268

. 13.13

/

. 13.14

6. .
.
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, .

(. 13.15). Esc,
.
7. Ch13-E.dwg.

2
2
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269

. 13.15
1:200

. .
1. , - , 13 Ch13-E.dwg.
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.
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.
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, , .

6.
. . .
, ,

270

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. Esc,
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. ,
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. 13.16
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8. , (Automatically add scales to annotative objects when the annotation


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9. . ,
.
,
. . 13.17 .

271

. 13.17 1:50

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, .
, . . 13.18 .
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, .

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.
13. Ch13-F.dwg.

272

. 13.18 ,



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.
,
,
.
1. , - , 13 Ch13-F.dwg.
2. 2 (Layout2) , ,
.
3. (Layers) (Home) (Layer Properties).
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, (VP) (
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5. , . -

. 13.19

,
- 2 (Layout2)
(. 13.20).
(Layer Properties Manager).

273

W

,
, /

.

. 13.20 ,
,

6. (Maximize Viewport), .
, (. 13.21).
,

274

. 13.21

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10. Spacebar, +07H
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Enter. , , 10
Enter. , , 569 (. 13.23).
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. 13.22

. 13.23 10

12. (Modify)
(Extend) Enter,
. A B (. 13.24), -

275

276

. 13.24

. Esc
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14. Ch13-G.dwg.


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, , , , , ,
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).
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.
1. , - , 13 Ch13-G.dwg.
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, . 1.00 (Lineweight).

277

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.


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278

. 13.25

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10. (Minimize Viewport) . 2 (Layout2).


520 .
11. (Output)
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.

. 13.26 2
(Layout2)

12. Ch13-H.dwg. , .

279

280


. ,
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14

() , ( ), AutoCAD.
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282

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AutoCAD; (
).
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. HP DesignJet
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.
.
1. , Google (www.
google.com) HP DesignJet 800 42 driver. www.hp.com
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2. , .
3. .

AutoCAD
,
, AutoCAD ,
AutoCAD. AutoCAD,
, ,
, .
1. AutoCAD
(PLOTTERMANAGER) Enter.
Windows, (Add-A-Plotter Wizard),
AutoCAD .pc3 (. 14.1).
2. (Add-A-Plotter Wizard) . (Next).

X
AutoCAD
Mac OS

AutoCAD,


,
(System
Preferences).

. 14.1 Windows ,
(Add-A-Plotter Wizard)
AutoCAD

3. (System Printer)
(. 14.2), (Next).

. 14.2

4. HP DesignJet 800 (. 14.3).


, ,
.
(Next).

283

284


, ,
AutoCAD Enhancing
Architectural Drawings and Models with Photoshop (Sybex, 2010) ( Photoshop
(Sybex, 2010)). AutoCAD, Photoshop
.

. 14.3 ,
AutoCAD

5.
PCP PC2, AutoCAD. PC3 , (Next) (Plotter Name).
6. . AutoCAD
, (Plotter Name)  HP DesignJet 800 (. 14.4). (Next).
7. .
(Edit Plotter Configuration).
8. (Plotter Configuration Editor) (Device and Document Settings),
(Filter Paper Sizes). (Uncheck All). (Sizes) , . -

285

. 14.4

: Arch C () (Arch C
(landscape)) Arch D () (Arch D (landscape)). . 14.5
.
9. (Plotter Configuration Editor) OK. , (Finish).




(Device and
Document Settings)


(Plotter Configuration Editor)

(Custom
Properties).

. 14.5

286

10. Windows, 1,
AutoCAD HP DesignJet 800.pc3
(. 14.6). Windows.

. 14.6 Windows
AutoCAD


, , , . .
,
, .
AutoCAD, .
AutoCAD : (CTB) (STB).
(CTB). , AutoCAD
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OS
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,
.

.
(STB). X
AutoCAD 2000.

, ,
, . , . , , .stb.
1. Q00QK (STYLESMANAGER) Enter. Windows,
(. 14.7).

. 14.7

2. (Add-A-Plot Style Table Wizard) . (Next).


3. (Start
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4.
(Named Plot Style Table). ,
Normal (). (Next).
5.
(File name) *'   42  ,
(. 14.9). (Next).
6.
STB.
(Plot Style Table Editor).

287

288

. 14.8

(Screening)
,

. 100
,
0 ()
.




.
X

. 14.9

7. (Plot Style Table Editor) (Form


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L %' Enter.
8. (Color)
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9. (Add Style),
Q  20% Enter. (Screening), 20
Tab.

. 14.10

(Save & Close)


(Plot Style Table Editor).
10. (Finish) . Windows, 1,
: .stb
(. 14.11). Windows.

. 14.11
Windows

289

290


. , ,
(Options). .
( ) ,
,
, .
, .



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(Options). (Plot Style Table
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named plot styles).
(Default plot style table) .
stb.
0 (Default plot style for layer 0) . (Default plot
style for objects) (ByLayer), (. 14.12). OK .
3. (New). (Select template) (Open).
(Open with no Template Imperial) (. 14.13).
4.  (UN) ( )
Enter. (Length) -

. 14.12

. 14.13

(Drawing Units) (Type) (Decimal),


0.0 (Precision).
(Insertion scale) (Units to scale inserted content)
(Centimeters) (. 14.14).
.
5. (Save As) . (Files of type)
(Save Drawing As)
AutoCAD (*.dwt) (AutoCAD Drawing Template (*.dwt)).

291

292

. 14.14

(File name) (. 14.15).


(Save).

. 14.15

6. (Template Options) (Description) : (. 14.16).


.
7. +q (CLOSE) Enter.

. 14.16


( ) .
(Select Template) .




(CONVERTPSTYLES).
,
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,
,
. ,
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1. - ,
, Ch14-A.dwg.
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(Select All).
Normal () (Plot Style).
,
( .stb).

293

294

(Select Plot Style) (. 14.17).


. .

. 14.17
X
(Normal)

.stb


.

3. (Title) (Layer Properties Manager). . (Title).


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,
.

. 14.18

4. (Layer Properties Manager).


5. (View)
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6.
(. 14.19).

. 14.19

7. (Properties)
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(Properties)
20% (. 14.20).
, .
8. Esc. (Properties).
9. Ch14-B.dwg.

295

296

. 14.20



. ,
, ( ) , ,
. , ,
.
1. , - ,
14 Ch14-B.dwg.
2. (Plot). (Plot Model) (Name) (. 14.21). ,
HP DesignJet 800 ,
AutoCAD. (Cancel).
3. AutoCAD . , . H (OP) ()
Enter.
4. (Options)
/ (Plot and Publish).
(General plot options) (Hide system printers) (. 14.22).
.

AutoCAD

. 14.21 (Plot)

. 14.22
(Options)

297

298

X

,


(Fit to paper).

.
,

.

5. L (PLOT) Enter. (Name)


HP DesignJet 800.pc3 (
). (Paper size)
Arch C (),
(What to plot)
(Extents). (Center
the plot) (Plot offset),
(Plot Scale) (Fit
to paper). (Scale)
3/8cc=1c-0cc. (More
Options) (. . 14.21), . (Plot style table)
.stb.
(Plot stamp on) (Plot options) (. 14.23).

. 14.23 (Plot)

6. (Plot Stamp Settings) (.


. 14.23). (Plot
Stamp) (Drawing name),
(Device name) (Plot scale) (. 14.24).
.

. 14.24

7. (Plot) (Preview).
(Plot Plot Scale Confirm)
(Continue).
(. 14.25).

. 14.25 ,

299

300

8. (Plot) (. . 14.25).
HP DesignJet 800 .
, . ,
AutoCAD
(. 14.26). , .

. 14.26

9. Ch14-C.dwg.


, ,
,
. , : , / . , , .
1. , - ,
14 Ch14-.dwg.
2. 1 .
,
, .

3. (Output).
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(Page Setup Mana1:1,
ger) (Plot).

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. ,
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.
, 4. (Page Setup)

1:1.
HP DesignJet 800.pc3
X
(Name), Arch C ()

(Paper size), .stb (Plot style table) (. 14.27).


.

. 14.27
(Page Setup)

5. (Page Setup
Manager) 1
(Setup1). (Display when creating a new layout) (. 14.28).
(Set Current), (Close).
6. .
(Viewport Scale) 3/8cc=1c-0cc. .
7. ,

(. 14.29). ,
, ( ,
).
8. Ctrl+P
(PLOT). (Plot)

301

302

. 14.28

. 14.29 1, 3/8cc

(Plot stamp on). . .


9.
(Quick View Layouts). -

303

(New Layout), 2
(Layout2) .
10. (Page W
Setup Manager) 1 - (Set Current), (Close). 2
(Page Setup
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11.


.
(Page Setup Manager)
-
(Viewport Scale) 3/8cc=1c-0cc. (Plot).
12. 0Kp00 (LAYERSTATE)
Enter.

(Restore) (. 14.30).

. 14.30

13.
.
(Print),
(Plot). (Preview) (. 14.31).
14. (Plot)
. .



HP DesignJet 800

.
W

304

. 14.31 2

15.
Ch14-D.dwg, .


,

, DWF / PDF.
AutoCAD Microsoft Windows.
AutoCAD Mac OS DWF
( PDF
(Plot)).
, FTP -
.
DWFx,
, , DWF ( . , ,
Autodesk), DWF.

1. Ch14-D.dwg, -
XML. DWFx
.

2. (Output) , Internet Explorer
(Export) DWF/PDF
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(Export to DWF/PDF).
X
DWFx.

305

3. DWFx (Save As DWFx)


(Save).
4. Windows W

Ch14-D.dwfx.
(Open with) Internet Ex- DWF DWFx, plorer. - Autodesk
. Design Review.
(Fit to width) (. 14.32).

. 14.32 DWFx
Internet Explorer

306


AutoCAD.
, . ,
,
.
DWFx, .


(PUBLISH).
. (PUBLISH)
. ,
.

15


AutoCAD 2012 , . ( , AutoCAD LT
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, -
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. .
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1. - ,
15 Ch15-A.dwg. -

308

, 11 (. 15.1). ,
.

. 15.1 (. . 11.1),

2. 0 () Enter.
(Annotative) (Styles), (Text Styles).
romans.shx
(Font Name). 0.30
(Paper Text Height) (. 15.2). (Apply),
(Set Current), (Close).
3. (Home) (Draw) (Rectangle). ,
@90,25 Enter.
4. (Copy) (Modify), ,
, Enter. (Endpoint) ,
F3, ,
, -

. 15.2
(Annotative)

. Enter (COPY).
5. (Line) (Draw)
A, B C (. 15.3).
Enter (LINE).
A
D

E
C

. 15.3

6. 1:40
(Annotation Scale).
7. -
(Object Snap) -

309

310

(Midpoint),
.
8. (Block) (Define Attributes) (Attribute Definition).
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?,
(Default) Q .
(Justification) (Middle center), (Text style)
(Annotative) (. 15.4).

. 15.4


(Tag), (Prompt) (Value),
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,
(. ). (Default) ,
.

9.
(Attribute Definition).
( D . 15.3). . 15.5 .

. 15.5

10. Spacebar, (ATTDEF).


(Tag) H*+, (Prompt)  %'  ?, 1234 (Default)
(. 15.6). (Justification) (Middle Center) OK. ( E
. 15.3).

. 15.6

11. (Erase)
(Modify), , Enter.
12. (Create) (Block), (Name) .
13. (Pick Insertion
Base Point), C (. . 15.3).
14. (Select Objects),
, . -

311

312

Enter. (Block Definition)


(Delete)
(Objects), (Centimeters) (Block Unit) (. 15.7).
OK.
.
15. Ch15-B.dwg.

. 15.7


.

. , ,
.
1. , - ,
15 Ch15-B.dwg.
2. (Layer) (Layers)
.
3. (Insert) (Block).
(Name) -

. , (Insertion point)
(Specify On-screen) (. 15.8).

. 15.8 ,

4. OK (Insert), . :
Q. 
? <Q >:

J  Enter.
:
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108 Enter.
, (. 15.9).

. 15.9

313

314

X
ATTDIA ,



:
.

5. ,
ATTDIA Enter. 1 () Enter.
6. . (I) () Enter. . (Edit Attributes)
 ', Tab
864 (. 15.10). OK.

. 15.10
(Edit Attributes)

7. Spacebar (INSERT) Enter. . (Edit Attributes)


 , Tab
273. OK. (. 15.11).
8. Ch15-C.dwg.



AutoCAD Microsoft Excel
.
. ,

315

. 15.11

. , ,
, .
1. , - ,
15 Ch15-.dwg.
2. (Annotation)
(Table Style).
(Table Style) (Modify).
3. : W
Standard (Modify Table Style: Standard) - (Cell styles)
(Title). (General), : , .
. (Margins)
(Horizontal).
0.20, Tab 0.20
(. 15.12).

316

. 15.12 (Title)

4. : Standard (Modify Table


Style: Standard) (Text). (Text style) . (Text height)
0.80 (. 15.13).

. 15.13
(Title)

5. (Cell styles) (Header). (Text style)


.

6.

7.

8.

9.

(Text height) 0.50,


Tab , .
(Cell styles)
(Data). (Text style)
.
(Text height) 0.50, Tab . OK, (Close) (TABLESTYLE).

(Quick View Layouts), Layout1, Esc
(Quick View Layouts).
,

(Layer) (Layers) .
(Table) (Annotation). (Insert
Table) : (Columns) 4,
(Data rows) 3. (Column width) 2.5 (. 15.14). (Title), (Header) (Data),
Standard, .
OK.

. 15.14
(Insert Table)

317

318


(Insert Table) (From a data link)
(Launch the
Data Link Manager dialog) ,
Microsoft Excel.

10.
(. 15.15) .

. 15.15

11.
. . 04 

  Tab.
+ 
, Tab  %' .
Tab
, .

319

12. &  ( .
13. > (Symbol > Squared) (. 15.16). ), Tab. .
.

. 15.16 (Squared)

14. , D2.
(Columns) (Table Cell)
W
(Delete Column(s)).

15. -

.
, 2.
. 2 (Rows)
, . - (Columns)

,
(Table Cell).
, . 15.17.
16. 2. , -

320

. 15.17

.
C2. Esc (. 15.18).
17. Ch15-D.dwg.

. 15.18

, , . ,
, -

321

, .
, -
. ,
, .
1. , - ,
15 Ch15-D.dwg.
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(Text Editor). -
(Field) (Field) (Insert).


3. (Field) ,
(Field cate gory) (Objects).
.
(Object) (Field names). W
(Select object)
, .

4. (Value) (Property),
.
(. 15.19). OK. 3 .
W
.

. 15.19
(Field)

322

5.
4. (Insert Field).
(Select object) , . (Value)
(Property) OK.
6. ,
.
7. , (. 15.20).

. 15.20 ,

8. 3 . Ctrl+F
(Field). (Select object)
.
(Area) (Property). (Preview) 322388.23 ( ).
9. (Additional
X
Format).

(Conversion factor) ,
1/10000 ( 0.0001) (. 15.21).

(Additional
.
format)
OK .


10.

C4. ,

.

.
11.
C5. 8 9,

. 15.21

(Additional format)

.
. (. 15.22).

. 15.22

12. Ch15-E.dwg.

323

324


, .
, /
.
, , ,
,
, .
1. , - ,
15 Ch15-E.dwg.
2. ( 5 ) (Table Cell).
(Insert Below) (Rows).
3.
A6. B6, Shift. (Merge)
(Merge Cells) (Merge By Row). A6 B6 . !
(. 15.23).

. 15.23

4. C6.
(Formula) (Insert)
(Sum). A B (. 15.24). Enter =Sum(C3:5).
5. 1052147,80, C6 (
). C3,
Shift. (Cell Format)

325

. 15.24

(Data Format)
(Custom Table Cell Format) .
6. (Table Cell
Format) (Additional Format). W
(Conversion factor) 1/10000 ( 0.0001), OK, ,
(Additional Format).
,
7. (Table Cell For- .
mat) (Decimal) (Format). (Precision)
0.0 (. 15.25). OK.

. 15.25

326

8. (Cell Styles) ,
(
(Top Center)) (Top Right). C3 C6 .
9. B3, Shift
B5. (Cell Styles)
(Top Right). A3,
Shift A5.
(Top Left). AB6. (Top Right).
, . (. 15.26).

. 15.26

10. JK0QK (TABLESTYLE)


(Modify)
(Table Style). : Standard (Modify Table Style: Standard) (Cell styles) (Data),
. (General), . (Margins) (Horizontal) 0.15,
Tab. 0.15
OK, (Close).
11.
ABC1. (Cell Styles) (Table Cell Background Color)
(Select Colors).
(Select Color) (True Color).
(Color) 36, 36, 36 Tab
(. 15.27). OK.

. 15.27

12. ABC1
(Text Editor). . (Formatting) (Text Editor
Color Gallery) (Select Colors). (Select Color) (True Color). (Color) 255, 255, 255
Tab, OK.
. ,
.
13. , (Show/Hide Lineweight) .
14. ABC1, , Shift, C6
. (Cell Styles)
(Edit Borders). (Lineweight) 0.70 mm.
(Outside Borders)
, OK (. 15.28).
, .
c .
15. , .

(Uniformly stretch table height) , (. 15.29). Esc .

327

328

. 15.28

. 15.29

16. , , . (Maximize
Viewport) .
(Enhanced Attribute Editor) . H
 ' Enter,

33 Enter (. 15.30).
OK (EATTEDIT).

. 15.30

17. (Minimize Viewport) . ,


.
18. (Output) (Preview) (Plot).
, . , (. 15.31).
Esc .

. 15.31

329

330

19.
Ch15-F.dwg, -
.


, . .
, .
, , . , ,
AutoCAD.


(ATTEXT)
Ch15-F.dwg
,
Microsoft Excel.

, . 15,
- , Template.txt,
. C , N . 016000 004000 ,
/ (16 4 ).
0 (ATTEXT)
. OK CDF. CDF
, ( - AutoCAD). 6 ,
.

16

3D-
2D- : (Pan) (Zoom). 3D- . 3D- AutoCAD 2012 ( AutoCAD LT
).
3D-:
. ,

.



3D



,
. 3D-
2D- (2D Wireframe), .
, 3D- .
, , . .
, ,
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( 18), , -

332

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.
, AutoCAD 2012.
, ,
X
2 ,

17. 2 ( )

,
,
1 2000 . 365 , , ,
52 12 .
2012

(. 16.1).
,

.

. 16.1
3D-

1. - ,
16 (Chapter16.zip) Ch16-A.dwg. 2D- (2D
Wireframe).
2.
3D- (3D Modeling).
3. (View)

,
(Visual Styles)
(Colors)
(. 16.2).
(Display) , 4. (Wireframe).
(OPTIONS).
(UCS)
X
(. 16.3).
5. (Palettes) ,
(Visual Style

. 16.2

3D

. 16.3 (Wireframe)

Manager). . (Available Visual Styles In Drawing)


(Shaded With Edges).
(Face Settings) (Color) (Tint) (. 16.4).
6. (Apply selected visual style to current viewport)
(. 16.4) (Visual
Style Manager). . 16.5 .

333

334

3D-

. 16.4 (Visual Style Manager)

. 16.5
(Shaded With Edges) ,

335

7. (Visual Styles)

(Save as a New Visual Style).
:
0U   
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, 
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- W

 (Tinted with edges), Enter. , , ,



.
,
8.
.
,
. (Visual style controls) ( ),
(. 16.6).

. 16.6

9. (X-Ray).
. 16.7 : , .
10. Ch16-B.dwg.

336

3D-

. 16.7 (X-Ray)


X




,
TILEMODE 1.


.

3D- .
3D-. , , ,
,
, , .
1. Ch-B.dwg. , 16 (Chapter16.zip) -
.
2. !+H (VPORTS) Enter. (Standard viewports) (Viewports)
(Three: Right). (Setup) 3D
(. 16.8). .
3. (Front),
.
(Visual Style Controls) (Shaded). (Top)

. 16.8

(Visual style
controls) (Wireframe). . 16.9 .

. 16.9 ,

4. (+)
, (Front). (Maximize Viewport). .

337

338

3D-

X




3D-.

5. , (+) ().
(Front) .
6. - (SE
Isometric). (+).
- (SE Isometric).
7. Ch16-C.dwg.


3D- ,

. Autodesk
3D-
.
AutoCAD 2012

(UCS) 3D-,
(WCS).
AutoCAD,
Revit, Inventor 3ds
Max.
3D- X
.
1. Ch-D.dwg. , 16
(Chapter16.zip) - .
2. (. 16.10) (Set Current View as Home).

. 16.10.

339

3. , .
(Right).
( ).
4. . - W

, ,
. , - ,
.

- (View Controls).
, . 16.11.
90
90

45
45
-

45

. 16.11.

5. ,
.
(Bottom), (Left), (Back), - (SE Isometric)
- (NW Isometric).
6. , .
7. (UCS) 3D-.
Z. :
**H 4    Z**

  2
   Z:


(UCS). , -

340

3D-

(UCS) (. 16.12).
, XY (
).


. 16.12.

8. (WCS).
9. Ch16-D.dwg.

3D
,
45. ,
3D- . ,
, .
(Orbit)
. 3D.
1. Ch-D.dwg. , 16
(Chapter16.zip) - .
2. ,
, . (Top) (Front). , . 16.13.

3D

341

. 16.13.

3. , ,
. , .
4. (Orbit). , ,
(. 16.4). , Esc 3D (3DORBIT).

. 16.14



.
3D
(3DFORBIT).
W

342

3D-

5. Shift , ( ). ,
,
. .
6. Ch16-E.dwg.


, AutoCAD
. *+
(AMERA) AutoCAD -,
-.
:
1. Ch-E.dwg. , 16
(Chapter16.zip) - .
2. (View Controls) - (SW Isometric).
3. .
4.
(Object Snap).
5. (CAMERA)
Enter. (. 16.15) Enter.
6. -.
(Camera Preview)
(Shaded).
/ (Lens
Length/FOV) , (. 16.16).
7. (Camera & target
location) , .
,
. 16.17
,
(Camera Preview). , .

.
.
8.
(Set Camera View).

.
,
X
(. 16.18).
9. Ch16-F.dwg.

. 16.15

. 16.16

343

344

3D-

. 16.17
(Camera Preview)

. 16.18


Autodesk, AutoCAD, .
(
) 3D-
(SteeringWheel), .

1. Ch-F.dwg. , 16
(Chapter16.zip) - .
2. (SteeringWheel). (. 16.19).

. 16.19
(SteeringWheel)

3. (Walk), (SteeringWheel).
.
, .
(. 16.20).
, . .

. 16.20

345

346

3D-


, : (Zoom), (Pan),
(Orbit), (Rewind), (Center), (Walk),
/ (Up/Down) (Look).
: , .
, , , .
- , .
-. - , .

4. (Look),
(SteeringWheel).
,
, , , . .
5. (Rewind)
(SteeringWheel).
, ,
. ,
(Look) (. 16.21).
6. Ch16-G.dwg.

. 16.21


,
. , ,
, .
1. Ch-G.dwg. , 16
(Chapter16.zip) - .
2. !Q (VIEW) Enter. (View Manager) (New).
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(New View/Shot Properties). (View name)   2 (Camera 2) (. 16.22). ,
.
4. - (NW Isometric),
. -
,
2 (. 16.23).
5.
. , (View Controls)
(Parallel).
6. !Q (VIEW) Enter. 2 (Camera 2) (Model Views)

347

348

3D-



,
,
, , ,

.
X

. 16.22

. 16.23 3D-

. 16.24

(View Manager).
(Set Current), (Apply)
. .
7. Ch16-H.dwg. . 16.25.

. 16.25 2 (X-ray)

349

350

3D-


3D-.
, .
, , 3D- ,
3D- (3DORBIT). ,
,
. , , ,
AutoCAD.


, AutoCAD ? .
. ,
3D- ( , 5).
(ANIPATH), , ,
.
. , AutoCAD.

17

3D-
AutoCAD 3D- : , ,
.
: , , . , . AutoCAD
, , , . ,
, .





O2, . , 16, 3D-.
AutoCAD ,
. , 3D-, . , 3D-, 2D- , .


,
, ,

352

3D-

, . .
1. - , 17 Ch17-A.dwg.
(Shaded
with edges), .
2.
3D- (3D Modeling).
3. (Home) (Layers)
(Make Objects Layer Current). , .
4. (Surface)
X
- ,

(Surface Associativity)

(Create),
()
( ).
,
5. (Create) .
(Planar Surface). :


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>:

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Enter. (PLANESURF)
.
6. - ,
- (SW isometric). ,
, (. 17.1).

. 17.1

353

3D- 2D-
,
3D-, , , . .
1. (Surface)

(Surface Associativity) (Create).
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(Revolve).
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3. :
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 / X / Y / Z] <-
>:

0,0 Enter.
4. :
2 . 2
 :

W


.

0,0,1 Enter. Enter ,


360 .
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. 17.2 ,

5. 0 (E) ( ) Enter.
 (P) () Enter.

354

3D-

Enter , , .


Z
, Z. , ,
, 0,0,1.

6. (LA) () Enter, (Layer Properties Manager).


.
.
(Auto-hide). , (. 17.3).
(Auto-hide)

. 17.3

3D-
(SWEEP) . ,
,
.

1. (Create) (Surface) (Sweep).


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2. :
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(. 17.4)
Enter. . 17.5 3D-.

. 17.5

355

356

3D-

3.
(Layer Properties Manager), .
, .
4. Spacebar, (SWEEP).
Enter.
Enter . . 17.6
.



O2.
X

. 17.6 , (SWEEP)

5.
(Layer Properties Manager), .
, . .

3D-
2D-
, . , ,
. , .

1. (Create) (Surface) (Extrude). (. 17.7) Enter.

. 17.7

2. :
!% %    .  [H 4  / 
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50 Enter. 2D- 3D-.


3. (Layer
Properties Manager), . . ,
. . 17.8 .

. 17.8 ,

357

358

3D-

4. Ch17-B.dwg.



. ,
. ,
2D- 3D-, .

, , .
1. , ,
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2. (Edit) (Surface)
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:
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(. . 17.8) Enter.
3. :
!%  & 
%, 4 U    :

B (. . 17.8) Enter.
4. :
!%   6 1   [ ]:

( 17.8) Enter. (SURFTRIM) .


5.
(Layer Properties Manager), .
, . . 17.9 .

. 17.9


, 2D- 3D-.
,
, 12 .
1. , (Shaded with
edges) .
(Visual Style Controls), , 2D- (Wireframe).
2. (Layer
Properties Manager), .
, .
3. , ,
.
4. (Project Geometry)
(Surface) (Auto Trim).
5. (Project Geometry)
(Surface)
(Surface Projection UCS). :

359

360

3D-

!%  4 $ %


%, 2
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Enter.
6. :
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. (PROJECTGEOMETRY)
,
(. 17.10).

. 17.10

7. 0 (E) () Enter.
(. 17.10) , , . Q (R) ()
Enter.  (L) () Enter,
, .
8. , ,
.
9. (Project Geometry)
(Surface) (Auto Trim).
10. (Project Geometry)
(Surface)

(Surface Projection UCS).


Enter.
Enter.
(. 17.11).

. 17.11

11. (E) () Enter. Enter.


12. (Home) (Layers) (Isolate). Enter.
13. (Layer Properties Manager), .
, ,
. ,
(. 17.12).
14. (Top) .
, (North)
, .
15. (Project Geometry)
(Surface)
(Surface Projection View).
Enter. :
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2 $ 4 $   .:

Enter.
(PROJECTGEOMETRY) ,
.

361

362

3D-

. 17.12

16. , , (Front). 0 (E) (), ,


(. 17.13) .
Enter, .
C

A
B

. 17.13 (Front)

17. , (SW Isometric). 0Kp* (LAYUNISO)


( ) Enter.


(Auto Trim),
. , . ,
, 12 ,
.
1. *00Q! (AR) Enter, , -

363

, Enter.  (PO) () Enter. :



  $ 1 2
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!  2  T  [ /!%  ] <4>:

12 Enter. Enter , 360 , .  (AS) ()


Enter. H (N) ()
Enter
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W


.

,
,


.

. 17.14 ,

3. (Visual Style
Controls), ,
(Shaded with edges).
4. (Edit) (Surface) (Trim). ,
Enter,
Enter. Enter.
.
5. 11 ,
.

364

3D-

6.
(Layer Properties Manager), .
, . .
(. 17.15).

. 17.15

7. Ch17-C.dwg.


X
(EXTRUDE),

(REVOLVE), (LOFT)
(SWEEP)
(Mode)

,

.

,
. (MASSPROP) ,
, , . .
. , ,
, ,
.

(EXTRUDE) (LOFT).

365

, , , :
.
,
. , ,
.
1. , - ,
17 Ch17-.dwg. 3D- (3D Modeling),
.
2. (Solid) (Solid)
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30 Enter. 2D-
3D-.
3. .
(MI) () Enter.
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:
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   .:

0,0 Enter.
4. :
! . 2
   .:

0,1, , W
, Enter. -
Enter ,

( ). . 17.16 - ,
, .


5. .
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(PO) () Enter. :

  $ 1 2
     [J 6 . 2
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366

3D-

. 17.16 ,
(EXTRUDE) (MIRROR)

0,0 Enter. 6
( ) Enter.
Enter ,
(ARRAY). . 17.17 .

. 17.17

367

6. (Visual Style
Controls), ,
2D- (2D Wireframe), .
.
7. (Layer
Properties Manager), .
, .
8. (Solid) (Solid)
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9. :
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,
. . 17.18 .

. 17.18

W


.

368

3D-

10. . (Solid Editing) (Solid)


(Extract Edges).
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.
11. . 0 (J) () Enter. A B (. 17.19),
, , Enter.

. 17.19

X
,
,
,

.



,
.



.
X

12. (Solid) (Solid) (Extrude).  (L)


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( ) Enter, Enter , ,
( ).
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3D-
2D- .
, .

369

1. (Layer
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,
. .
2. (Visual Style
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(Shaded with edges).
3. . (Solid) (Solid)
(Loft) , (Sweep),
. W
A, B, C, D (. 17.20) -

Enter. -

-
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Enter,
(LOFT).

G
D

B
A

. 17.20 ,

370

3D-

4. Spacebar, (LOFT). E, F, G H (. .
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. 17.21 ,

5. Ch17-D.dwg.

, . ( ,
, ) , ( ),
. .


, ,
(UNION), 12 .
1. , - ,
17 Ch17-D.dwg. 3D- (3D Modeling),
.
2. (Visual Style
Controls), ,
2D- (2D Wireframe).
3. (Boolean) (Solid)
(Union),
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(. . 17.22).

. 17.22 ()
()

4. , .
(Layer
Properties Manager), . , .
5. (Boolean) (Solid)
(Union).
Enter. , . .
6. (Home)
(Modify) 3D- (3D Rotate).

371

372

3D-

Enter. , ,
. 3D- (. 17.23).

. 17.23 3D- ,
X, Y Z

7. , X.
:
2
 4  2   :

-14 Enter.
8. Spacebar, 3D (3DROTATE), Enter.
(. . 17.23)
, Y. 4 Enter.
9. (Modify) (Home) (Erase). , ,
(. 17.24) Enter.
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12 Enter ,
.
11.
(Layer Properties Manager), . . (Visual Style Controls),
, (Shaded with edges).
, (. 17.25).


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, (Presspull)
.
1. (Layers) (Isolate),
Enter.
.

373

374

3D-

. 17.25 ,

2. . (Solid Editing) (Solid) (Offset Edge).


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L 6 2
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1 Enter .
3. :

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,
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() Enter. 1
Enter. Enter, (OFFSETEDGE). . 17.26 .
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. (Solid Editing).
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,
) Enter (SOLIDEDIT). .

. 17.26

6.

7.

8.
9.

,
1 ( ).
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Enter .
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(. 17.28).
10. Ch17-E. dwg.

375

376

3D-

. 17.27
(Presspull)

. 17.28

377


, , . . ,
, , .
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17 Ch17-E.dwg. 3D- (3D Modeling),
.
2. 0Kp (LAYISO),
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3. (Mesh)
(Smooth Object) (Mesh). Enter.
W
(Create mesh)
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,
.
,
,
. ., .

. 17.29

4. (Mesh) (Smooth More) (Mesh). Enter. , (. 17.30).

378

3D-

. 17.30

5. 0Kp* (LAYUN)
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6. (Layer Properties Manager), .
, , .
. 17.31 .

. 17.31

7. Ch17-F.dwg. ,
- .



3D-, , .
, .
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
. 3D-
AutoCAD.


NURBS-. , NURBS-.
, U V.

, .

379

18

, ,
. . , ,
. , AutoCAD. , AutoCAD LT
, AutoCAD Macintosh , AutoCAD
Windows. , , , .



3D- . AutoCAD
, , ,
, , , , , . . ,
Autodesk -, .
1. - ,
18 (Chapter18.zip), Ch18-A.dwg .
, (. 18.1).

381

. 18.1

2. 3D- (3D Modeling)


.
3. (Render) - W
(Materials) --

(Materials Browser).
(Mate- (Materials
rials Browser) (Fabric) - Browser)
.
Autodesk,


(Velvet Black), (. 18.2).
(Material Editor),
4.
, . 18.1 .
.
5. . 18.3 , W
. (Ma-
terial Browser).

6. (Materials) - Global ()
(Attach by Layer). -
.
(Material
attachment options) (Lay-
er), , . ,
, -
.
(Material
, . 18.2. , Browser) OK, - .
W
(Material Attachment Options).

382

. 18.2 Autodesk

18.1 Autodesk

(Flooring)
(Flooring)
(Flooring)

(Stone)
(Stone)
(Wood)

(Flagstone)
- (Flagstone Light Pink)
(Natural
Maple Antique)
(Glass)
(Glazing) (Clear)
(Masonry)
(Brick)
12 (Uniform Running Burgundy)
(Metal)
()
1 (Chrome Satin 1)
(Metal)
(Steel)
(Stainless
Brushed)
(Paint)
()
(Black)
(Plastic)
()
-
(Laminate Light Brown)
(Wall paint) (Matte)
(Cool White)
(Wall paint) (Matte)
(Flat Antique White)
(Wood)
()
(Beech)
(Wood)
()
(Birch Solid Stained Dark No Gloss)

. 18.3 ,

18.2

0
Brick ()

Global ()
12 (Uniform
Running Burgundy)
Cabinets ()
(Birch Solid Stained Dark No Gloss)
Ceiling ()
(Cool White)
Ceiling2 (2)
(Cool White)
Counter ()
- (Laminate
Light Brown)
Defpoints ( ) (Global)
Door ()
(Birch
Solid Stained Dark No Gloss)
Downlight ()
(Cool White)
Equip ()
(Stainless Brushed)
Floor1 (1)
(Natural Maple Antique)
Floor2 (2)
(Flagstone)
Floor3 (3)
- (Flagstone Light Pink)
Seat-Cushion ( ) (Velvet Black)
Seat-Frame ( )
1 (Chrome Satin 1)
Sink ()
(Stainless Brushed)
Stairs ()
(Birch
Solid Stained Dark No Gloss)
Stool ()
(Beech)

383

384

18.2 ()

Stove ( )
Table-Glass ( )
Table-Legs ( )
Wall ()
Wall2 (2)
Window-Frame ( )
Window-Glazing (
)
Woodstove ( )

(Black)
(Clear)
1 (Chrome Satin 1)
(Flat Antique White)
(Flat Antique White)
(Cool White)
(Clear)
(Black)

. 18.4

(Material Attachment Options)
X

( ) ,

.

7. (Shaded With
Edges). (Realistic),
(Visual Style Controls). . 18.5 .
8. Ch18-B.dwg.

. 18.5
(Realistic)



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AutoCAD Macintosh

UNITS.

2. (Render)
(Lights).
(Generic
lighting units) ( ) (American lighting units) ( (International lightning units)
). . 18.6.

3. (Top) , .
(Zoom Extents), (Wireframe), .
4. (Home) (Layers)
. (Turn All Layers On).
. , 90,
(Zoom Extents). ,
(. 18.7).
5. ,
. Windows:

. 18.6
AutoCAD Windows

. 18.7

387

388

(Render) (Lights)
(Create Light).
(Spot). Macintosh: 0!, Enter,
+s+ Enter. :
(Lightning Viewport Lighting Mode)
(Turn off the default lighting)
(. 18.8).

. 18.8

6. :
  ' 4  2
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389

8. F8, (Ortho) .
Q+! Enter.  ( ) Enter.
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6, ,
Enter. ! (
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(. 18.9) , . Enter,
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. 18.9

390

10. !Q Enter. (View Manager) Camera 1 ( 1) (. 18.10).


(Apply), OK.

. 18.10

11. (Lights) (Lights in Model) (


), (Lights in Model) (. 18.11).
, Shift , .
12.
X

(Properties).

(Lamp color)

,
/
(Lamp Color).
( (Kelvin colors),
5000 Tab.
).
. 18.12. OK.

13. (Properties) ,
(Lamp intensity) 15000,
.
(Hotspot angle) 30,
(Falloff angle) 60. . 18.13 , .
, -

391

. 18.11

(Lights in Model)

. 18.12

.
(Properties)
(Lights in Model). Esc,
.
14. Ch18-C.dwg.

W

.
.

392

. 18.13


AutoCAD / , , , . ,
,
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1. ,
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(Chapter18.zip) Ch18-C.
dwg. 3D- (3D
Modeling),
.
2. (Render),
X
Mac
.
(Sun & Location) (Sun Status).

.
, .
3. (Sun & Location) (Set Location). .
(Geographic Location Define Geographic Location) -

393

(Enter the location


values) (. 18.14).

. 18.14
(Geographic Location)

W

Google Earth

4. (Geographic Location) (Use Map). (Location Picker)


(). ,

(. 18.15). OK.
5.
(Geographic
Location Time Zone Updated). OK (Geographic Location).
6. (Sun & Location) W
(Sky Off) (Sky Background and Il- (Date)
(Time) lumination). AutoCAD (Sun &
Location) .

7. Ch18-D.dwg.


.

394

. 18.15
(Location Picker)


,
. , ,
. AutoCAD
Mac ( ).
( ) , AutoCAD Windows, .
,
Windows, .
1. ,
- ,
(Chapter18.zip) Ch18-D.
dwg. 3D- (3D
Modeling),
.

395

2. (Render)
(Render). (Adjust Exposure). AutoCAD
, .
,
(Brightness) 65 100.
(. 18.16). OK,
(Adjust Rendered Exposure).

. 18.16

3. (Render)
(Render Presets)
(Low). , . . 18.17
,

(Render).
4. Windows, (Advanced Render

W


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org/wiki/Utah_
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396

. 18.17
(Low)
X

(Global
Illumination)
,

,
.
X
,
Medium Images
Library (700 MB),

.
,
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Settings).
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Mac . (Global Illumination),
(. 18.18).
5. , (Render) (Render). . 18.19 .
(Global Illumination) , . - ,
.
6. (Advanced Render Settings) /
(Photons/light) 10 000.
. (Render) (Render),
.

. 18.18

. 18.19. (Global Illumination)


397

398

(Final
Gather)
,


(Global
Illumination).

(, , ),
.
X

,
.
7. (Shadows)
(Lights) (Full Shadows).
8. ,
(Advanced Render Settings), (High).
(Global Illumination),
,
4. ,
.
(Render) (Advanced Render
Settings), .
Mac
Enter. . 18.20 .

. 18.20 (High)

9.
(Render)
(Save).
(Render Output File) -

(Files of type) TIF (*.tif).


Camera 1 ( 1) (File name)
(Save). 24-
TIF (TIF
Image Options) .
10. Ch18-E.dwg.
,
.


,
,
. , (Global Illumination)
(Final Gather), .


Camera 2 ( 2). , ,
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399

-
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(),
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