Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

549.514.51 : 548.

. 5. 2005 .
Zapiski RMO, N 5, 2005
. . . .


( )
. A. SUSTAVOV. NUCLEATION AND GROWTH OF INDIVIDUALS
IN DRUSES OF SPLITTED QUARTZ (EASTERN YAKUTIA)
- ,
620144, , . , 30, ; e-mail: vachrusheva.nfa'usmga.ru
The study was carried out for druses of the 1" type (as thick as 0.24 mm) with zones of geometric se
lection in the basis, with columnar quartz individuals elongated by axis, overgrowing as quartz-free, so the qu
artz-bearing (arkosic-graywackc sandstones) and the mere quartz (monocrystal and small-grained) matrix. It is
shown that orientation of the axis in quartz individuals of those druses depends as on geometric selection in
their growth, so on abundance of nuclcation of the favorably directed individuals. On the quartz-frcc and monocrystal quartz matrix, equally, the regularly directed individuals arc often forming bunches which appearance is
connected with radial splitting caused by tangential off-growing of basis's of columnar individuals along the
substratum surface. While the regenerating nuclcation of individuals on quartz grains of matrix, the predominant
nuclcation of the favorably directed individuals appears, in one or another degree, as a selective regeneration
of mainly the regularly oriented matrix grains. During the growth there was remarked a gradual curve of c-axis
of individuals to direction favorable for growing. Dimensions of columnar individuals arc changing according to
sizes of adversely oriented grains in the geometric selection zone.
94

. 1. - .
/ ; 2 ; 3
; 4 ; 5 ; 6 . 0.05 .
, .
Fig. 1. Druses on arkosic-graywacke sandstones.

1- (, 1976), - 1- (, 1961),
(, 1984), {comb) (, 1985; Dong . ., 1995), . .

, . . . (1976).

. 2. .
, ,
.
Fig. 2. Druse of quartz from Ergelyakh ore deposit.
95

. 3. :
, ; ,
.
/ ; 2 ; 3 ;
4 ; 5 . : 0.1 ,
0.05 .

Fig. 3. Druses on monocrystai quartz matrix: a druse overgrowing the prism face of quartz crystal (Ergelyakh ore deposit); bunches of individuals in regenerated quartz veinlet (Aid ore deposit).

.
20 0.24 ,
(, 1990), -
(, 19906), (, 1991) -
(, 1990). ,
,
(, 1990, ). (. 1)
(, 1985) (. 1, ), ,
{flamboyant) (Dong . ., 1995). ,
(. 2), ,
,
{feathery) (Dong . ., 1995).
,
(. 13).
,
, (
2030), .

, 35 %
( - , ,
, ,
) 90 % (
0.010.08 , ,
). (, 1976)
,
.
(, 1985),
(/^-),
, , 96

. ,
30 ,
, ,
.
.
, . . (1976) ,

.
,
,
;
,
.

. . 1,

, . 1,
( ,
). .

. , ,
(, 1971):

, ;

. . ()
.
( ) ,
.
.

,
(. 1, ).


,
,
.
. . (1961) , ,
, (
) ,

.
;
, 90;
.
.


.
( , )

,
, 4 . 5. 2005 .

97

. 4. : ,
,
; ,
, .
/ ; 2 ; 3 ; 4
; 5 . 0.03 . .
Fig. 4. Change of the c axis orientation: a in quartz individuals overgrowing the monocrystal quartz matrix
and unifying in a single crystal (exocontact of Nelkansky granite massif); in aggregate of linear chalcedo
ny fibers overgrowing the rhombohedron face of quartz crystal (Aid ore deposit).

.

( ),
.
,

.
.
( ),

( 1530
),
.
(. 3,
; 4, ), , -,
(, 1976) .

, ,
.
(. 3, )
(. 4, ). ,
, ,
,
(. 3, ).

() 98

, (. 3, ).

,
.
,

.
, , ,
, ,
, .

(
) (
) .
/?-, ,
,
, - ;

(Heald, 1950). , -, ,

(Heald, Renton, 1966).
, ,
/^- (. 1).

. . (1976), 1-
, ,
. . . . (1988) 1 -
.


,
,
, -;


(Heald, Renton, 1966).
, ,
,
.
- - .
,
, ,

.
(Pittman, 1972).
/7- ,
(. 1, , 3 ).
/7- ( )
,
(. 1, ).
10
.

,
99

. 5.
,
, .
, ,
.
0.05 .
Fig. 5. Regularly oriented individual with wide basis on the quartz
matrix with grain size close to dimensions of small near-selvage gra
ins; scale bar 0.05 mm (Aid ore deposit).


(
,
).



: ,

(. 5).

, ,
(
-),
. . 5, ,

, ()
.
, - , /?-

, - (. 1, , ).

(, 1971). ,
.
/7-
,
, .
, -,
.
/?-,
,

.
, -
, /^-,
; /7-
,
, . 1, , ,
, -.
,
- (

).
100

.
, . . (1976):
,
,
.

, , . . ,

(. 1).
,
, . . (1986).

: ,
(
),
,
,
,
.
( ) . ,
, - , /7-
( ,
)
,
.
-
, ,
,
, .
, ,

.

,
.
( )
( ;
)
(
. 2).
.
.

( ). , ,

(
) . ()
-
.
( ).
,

. 6. () ()


.
Fig. 6. Length (a) and width () of columnar individuals in
druses with different size of adversely oriented grains in the
basis of geometric selection zone.
, /?- (. 4, );



.
, 10 10 25 30 40 50

, . 3, ,
,

,
.


.

. . 4,

,
,
;
.
.
,
, . . .
(1984), , , .
, , ,

(, 1976).
,
.

.
(, 1976), .

. ,
, (
).

,
:
,
(. 6). ,


.
, ;
102


.
. . (1976) , 1-
.

1. -
,
.
2.
,

.
3.


.
4.
- .
5. :

.

. . . - , -, 1961. 284 .
. . . .: , 1985. 207 .
. ., . . . .:
, 1988. 159 .
. . . .: ,
1971.199 .
. . - . .
, 6395-86. 1986.42 .
. . // . . 1976. . 258. . 103
121.
. . . : , 1984.
191 .
. .
( ) // . 1990. . 4. . 1822.
. . ( , ) // . . . 19906. 10.
. 3236.
. . ( ) // . . 1990. 1. . 66 71.
. . - ( ) // . . 1991. . 318. 3. . 717720.
Dong , Morrison , Jaireth S. Quartz textures in epithermal veins, Queensland classification, ori
gin, and implication // Econ. Geol. 1995. Vol. 90. N 6. P. 18411856.
Heald M. T. Autigenesis in West Virginia sandstones // J. Geol. 1950. Vol. 58. N 6.
HealdM. ., Renton J. J. Experimental study of sandstone cementation // J. Sediment. Petrol. 1966.
Vol. 36. N 4 . P. 977991.
Pitman E. D. Diagenesis of quartz in sandstones as revealed by scanning electron microscopy // J. Sedi
ment. Petrol. 1972. Vol. 42. N 3. P. 507519.

13 2004 .
103