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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.

2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR


2
This manual has been developed by the Automatic Transmission Rebuilders Asso-
ciation (ATRA) Technical Department to be used by qualified transmission techni-
cians in conjunction with ATRAs technical seminars. Since the circumstances of
its use are beyond ATRAs control, ATRA assumes no liability for the use of such
information or any damages incurred through its use and application. Nothing
contained in this manual is to be considered contractual or providing some form
of warranty on the part of ATRA. No part of this program should be construed as
recommending any procedure which is contrary to any vehicle manufacturers
recommendations. ATRA recommends only qualified transmission technicians
perform the procedures in this manual.
This manual contains copyrighted material belonging to ATRA. No part of this
manual may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means graphic,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, electronic or infor-
mation storage and retrieval without express written permission from the ATRA
Board of Directors.
Public exhibition or use of this material for group training or as part of a school
curriculum, without express written permission from the ATRA Board of Directors
is strictly prohibited.
ATRA and the ATRA logo are registered trademarks of the Automatic Transmission
Rebuilders Association.
Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted with permission of
General Motors Corporation, Service Technology Group Agreement # 0610228.
Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted with permission of
Ford Motor Company.
Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted with permission of
Daimler Chrysler Corporation.
The
Automatic Transmission Rebuilders Association
2400 Latigo Avenue
Oxnard, CA 93030
Phone: (805) 604-2000 Fax: (805) 604-2005
http://www.atraonline.com
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
3
Dennis Madden
Chief Executive Officer
Dennis Madden,
ATRA, CEO
Welcome to the 2007 ATRA Technical Seminar!
Lance Wiggins and the ATRA Technical staff have really worked hard to get you
the most up-to-date and relevant technical information that you can put to work
right away and again, in full color!
For those of you who have attended past ATRA seminars youll be delighted to
know this seminar material is just what you expected from ATRA, or even more. If
youve never attended an ATRA seminar before youre in for a treat.
This seminar, along with everything else at ATRA is a group effort, with a lot of
people working in the background to make this seminar a success. I am honored
to be part of such a worthy organization and to work with such great people.
ATRA is changing all the time. Not only with the way we distribute technical
material, but in almost every area where we serve our members, and the industry
at large.
On behalf of the ATRA staff, and the ATRA Chapters that work so hard to bring
you this seminar, welcome.
Sincerely,
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
4
Lance Wiggins
Technical Director
The ATRA Technical Department is pleased to present its 2007 Technical Semi-
nar. Packed with countless hours of research and development, writing, editing,
photography and layout, this years seminar will stand out as one of the most
demanding and useful technical training programs ever developed for this indus-
try.
Once again, this years technical manual has been produced in full color. With
over 250 pages of up-to-the-minute technical information, the 2007 Technical
Seminar Manual will remain a valuable resource long after the seminar is just a
memory.
Were confident that youll find this years seminar presentation and technical
manual both informative and profitable. In fact, were so sure youll be satisfied
with what you learn in this program, we guarantee it!
On behalf of the entire ATRA staff, the International Board of Directors, and all of
the ATRA members worldwide, wed like to thank you for helping to make every
day memorable.
Lance Wiggins
ATRA Technical Director
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
5
ATRA Technical Team (continued)
Pete Huscher
Technical Advisor
David Skora
Senior Technician,
Seminar Speaker
Mike VanDyke
Technical Advisor and
Seminar Speaker
Mike Brown
Technical Advisor
Randall Schroeder
Senior Technician
and Seminar Speaker
Steve Garrett
Service Engineer, Technical
Advisor, and Seminar
Speaker
Weldon Barnett
Technical Advisor and
Seminar Speaker
Bill Brayton
Technical Advisor and
Seminar Speaker
Chris Ondersma
Technical Advisor











The most advanced features for the most affordable price!
Upgrade Features include:
Motorized tailstock and lift hoist -add safety and efficiency while lifting and mounting heavy transmissions
Optional Adjustable eddy current load cells -simulate real-world load applications and are always consistent
regardless of wear or ambient air conditions
Air Load Cells - Up to 1,000 lbs of torque, adjustable, and less cost to maintain
TRUE FIND Laser Alignment Tool -now easier than ever to insure a perfect motor-to-torque converter align-
ment; even takes the guess work out of accurate alignment of FWD style transmissions
Data Acquisition Computer System with color printer -the most advanced and affordable transmission diag-
nostic aid available
- The ALL NEW G-TEC Data Acquisition Computer System precisely monitors temperature, cooler pressure, input/
output RPMs, and gear ratios using 4 included pressure ports with the option to add 4 more.
- The AUTO-RUN Test automatically controls RPMs and shift patterns using pre-loaded data for all available trans-
missions. Simply mount the transmission, put it in Drive, and press start!
- The AUTO-RUN and manual test modes allow full solenoid testing including current and amperage testing and ma-
nipulation for up to 8 solenoids.
- The ALL NEW G-TEC Data Acquisition Computer System displays the transmissions information on a cutting
edge interface of virtual gauges, dials, color-coded pass/fail indicators, and real-time moving graphs.

Contact us:800-725-6499
Phone:417-725-6400
Fax: 417-725-3577
www.g-tec.com
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
8
ATRA Staff
A lot of work goes into producing the ATRA Seminar Manuals each year. The
ATRA staff pulls togather with research, writing, photos, and the editing process.
Ch ief Execu t ive Officer : Dennis Madden
GEARS Ma ga zin e : Rodger Bland, Managing Editor
Frank Pasley
Jeanette Troub
Even t s Cor din at or : Vanessa Velasquez, Manager
Kim Paris
Member s h ip Ser vices : Kelly Hilmer, Director
Kim Brattin
Deon Olmos
Lori Fortune
Tom Fortune
Tom Hall
Jim Spitsen
Accou n t in g Ser vices : Jody Wintermute
Rosa Smith
Valerie Mitchell
ATRA Book s t or e: Shaun Velasquez, Manager
Ron Brattin
Without the ATRA team, it would be very hard to accomplish the task at hand.
Please enjoy the seminar.
Lance Wiggins
ATRA Technical Director
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
9
ATRA would like to thank the following
companies for their continued support!
iv
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The companies that formed to bring you TransTec kits have a
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sonnax
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
14
GM Table of Contents
GM TOC ................................. 23
Allis on LCT 1 0 0 0
Torque Converter Leaks ......... 24
M74 Grade Breaking.............. 25
Updates.................................. 26
6 L5 0 / 6 L9 0
New Transmission
Introduction ........................... 29
Ratios, Applications ............... 30
IMS Logic ............................... 32
Speed Sensors ....................... 34
Pressure Switches .................. 36
Clutch Range Ref. Chart ........ 36
Shift Solenoid Operation........ 37
Solenoid Cleaning Process ..... 38
Solenoid Diagnostics.............. 39
Adaptive Learning .................. 41
4 L6 0 E/ 6 5 E/ 7 0 E
Input Speed Sensor ............... 42
Pump cover Updates............... 44
Speedometer Inop,
3rd Gear Starts ...................... 49
4 L8 0 E/ 4 L6 0 E
Mutiple DTCs G-Van ............. 50
4 L8 0 E
Hummer H1 DLC Location..... 52
Shift Solenoid Operation........ 71
Solenoid Cleaning Process ..... 72
Solenoid Assembly and TCM.. 74
Adaptive Learning .................. 75
New Ser vice Man u al Pr oces s
New Proceedures.................... 76
4 T8 0 E
Updates.................................. 61
6 T7 0 / 6 T7 5 For d 6 F5 5
New Trasmission Introduction 63
Features................................. 65
Ratios..................................... 66
IMS ...................................... 67
Speed Sensor ......................... 69
Pressure Switch and Clutch
Range Reference .................... 70
4 T4 0 / 4 T4 5 E
Updates.................................. 53
Low Power, APP DTCs set ...... 57
Mutiple DTCs A Body.......... 58
4 T6 5 E
Slips/Wrong Gear Starts/
Erratic Shifts/Lack of Power
P0753/P0758/P1860............. 59
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
15
Ford Table of Contents
Ford TOC ................................... 85
Tor qs h ift
TCC Operation ........................... 86
No Lock-up before or
After the Rebuild ....................... 88
Lock-up Test Tool ....................... 89
P1744 TCC Performance ............ 92
TCC Stuck ON............................ 94
Cooling and Filtration ................ 95
Spin-On Filters .......................... 96
In-Line Filters ............................ 97
OTA Coolers ............................... 98
Pump Failures............................ 99
PCM Pin Charts ....................... 101
PCM Location........................... 103
TR Sensor Readings ................. 104
Codes ..................................... 106
Rear Planetary Failure ............. 108
Delayed Forward Engagements 109
Delayed Reverse Engagemnets 110
Delayed Reverse with
No Engine Braking in
Manual 1 ................................. 111
Erratic Shifts and/or
Early and Late Shifts ............... 112
All For d Tr an s mis s ion s
Transmission Fluid Chart......... 113
4 X4 Tow Feat u r es (All For d)
Neutral Tow Capabilities .......... 117
5 R4 4 / 5 5 E
Shifter Syuck in the Park
Position.................................... 119
6 R6 0
Transmission Descrition........... 120
FNR5
Transmission Description......... 122
Lever Position and Operations . 124
Valve Body ............................... 125
TCM ..................................... 127
TCM Location ........................... 128
Electronic Syncronous Shift
Control (ESSC) ......................... 129
Inputs ..................................... 131
TR Sensor, TFT Sensor ............. 132
Speed Sensors ......................... 133
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
16
Chrysler Table of Contents
Chrysler TOC ................................ 151
4 5 RFE/ 5 4 5 RFE
New Solenoid Assembly ................ 152
Stalls The Engine In Drive............. 154
RE Ser ies Gover n or Diagn os is
Governor Diagnosis ....................... 156
Pressure Testing the Governor
Circuit........................................... 157
Computer Conectors ..................... 158
Case Connectors ........................... 159
Output Speed Sensors .................. 160
Governor Solenoid ........................ 161
Governor Pressure Sensor............. 162
Vehicle Speed Sensor ................... 163
Throttle Position Sensor ................ 164
Engine RPM Sensor ...................... 165
ECT and TFT Sensors .................... 166
Park Neutral Sensor ...................... 167
Transmission Range Sensor .......... 168
Wiring Diagrams ........................... 169
Quick Reference Signal Voltages
For The Governor Control .............. 171
In-Shop Testing............................. 173
Volt Meter Test Procedures ........... 174
6 2 TE
Introduction .................................. 176
Accumulator ID............................. 177
Solenoid ID and Function ............. 178
Check Ball ID and Location........... 179
4 8 RE
Out of Park Sense Alarm............... 180
4 2 LE
Transfer Gear Whine ..................... 181
4 2 RLE
Adapter Shaft Retaining Clip ........ 182
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
17
Scan Tool Communication
and Network Diagnostics
Table of Contents
Scan Tool Communication and
Network Diagnostics TOC.......... 187
OEM Ser vice In for mat ion
OEM Service Information .......... 188
OEM Scan Tools ........................ 189
After Market Scan Tools ............ 190
Scan Tool and Network
Communication Essentials........ 191
J 1 9 6 2 OBD II Con n ect or
Breakout Box ............................ 192
Ford SCP................................... 193
Ford Network Wiring ................. 195
GM Class 2/Chrysler PCI .......... 196
GM Class 2 Network Wiring ...... 197
Chrysler PCI Network Wiring .... 198
GM Class2/Chrysler PCI
Diagnosis .................................. 199
Chrysler CCD............................ 200
Chrysler CCD Bus .................... 201
Chrysler SCI ............................. 202
Chrysler SCI Data Link ............. 203
CAN ........................................ 204
CAN Wiring Diagram................. 205
CAN Interface............................ 206
Vehicles Requiring Interface ..... 207
ISO 9 1 4 1 (K Lin e)
ISO ........................................ 208
ISO Wiring Diagram .................. 209
J 2 5 3 2 In t er face
J2534 Interface .................... 212
Recalibr at ion PC Set -Up
Recalibration PC Set-Up....... 213
Recalibration TSBs .............. 214
GM Recalibration ................. 218
Ford Recalibration ............... 222
Chryslare Recalibration ....... 228
Toyota Recalibration ............ 232
Resetting the Shift Adapts ... 235
Recalibration
Table of Contents
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
18
Mercedes Table of Contents
Mercedes 722.6 TOC............................ 237
Identification........................................ 238
Output Shaft Planetarey Failure .......... 240
Rear Planetary Gearset Durability ....... 241
Transmission Fuilds ............................. 242
Clutch Pack Clearence Tool .................. 244
No Upshift ............................................ 245
Solenoid Operation .............................. 246
Solenoid Operation Chart .................... 248
Shifter Assembly .................................. 249
Harsh 3-2 Downshift ............................ 250
Early/Late harsh Shifts or
Soft Up/Down Shifts ............................ 251
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
2007 TECHNICAL SEMINAR
19
Hyundai Table of Contents
A4 AF3 , A4 BF2 TOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Clutch and Band Application ..................... 254
Transaxle Identification.............................. 255
Pressure Testing ........................................ 256
Shift Feel ................................................... 258
Check Ball Locations ................................. 259
Valve Body Exploded Views ........................ 260
Solenoid Identification ............................... 262
Testing the Transaxle Operation ................ 263
Forcing the Shift ........................................ 264
No Reverse ................................................. 265
Harsh 2-3 or 2-3 Slide Bump ..................... 266
Shifts 1-3 ................................................... 267
Neutrals on the 3-4 Shift or No 4th Gear ... 268
Failed End Clutch Hub Bearing ................. 269
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D E S I G N E D T O S A V E
SC-096/097/098** NEW
SC-01M/01N/01P** NEW
SC-AX4N* NEW
SC-AODE (95 & earlier)
SC-AODE-1 (96 & up)
SC-AXODE
SC-4R100HD
SC-E4OD
SC-4ITE
SC-42RHE
SC-46/47RHE
*Requires tooling
**Requires VB-FIX
SC-TAAT*
Full compatibility with TAAT Type II valve bodies.
Helps cure:
Delayed or harsh reverse
High or low line pressure
Low line rise
Soft shifts
Clutch failure
SC-4L60E*
Full compatibility in units 1995-up
with PWM/EC
3
control.
Helps cure:
Code 1870
Harsh 1-2
Falling out of lockup
Clutch and band failure
Poor 2-3, 3-2 shifts
Wrong gear starts
Poor line rise
Excessive endplay
Sonnax offers seven different Sure Cure

Kits to cure whatever ails


your GM unit. These complete transmission reconditioning
units combine the best Sonnax products in one box to
cure a host of shift concerns. Save time, save
money and reduce comebacks!
Also available for GM:
SC-4T65E** SC-4T60E* (93-96)
SC- 4L60* SC-4T60E-1* (97 & up)
SC-4L80E* (* Requires tooling)
Also available:
SC-GM-ATRA 07 12/20/06 5:04 PM Page 1
2 3
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
GM Table of Contents
GM TOC ................................. 23
Allis on LCT 1 0 0 0
Torque Converter Leaks ......... 24
M74 Grade Breaking.............. 25
Updates.................................. 26
6 L5 0 / 6 L9 0
New Transmission
Introduction ........................... 29
Ratios, Applications ............... 30
IMS Logic ............................... 32
Speed Sensors ....................... 34
Pressure Switches .................. 36
Clutch Range Ref. Chart ........ 36
Shift Solenoid Operation........ 37
Solenoid Cleaning Process ..... 38
Solenoid Diagnostics.............. 39
Adaptive Learning .................. 41
4 L6 0 E/ 6 5 E/ 7 0 E
Input Speed Sensor ............... 42
Pump cover Updates............... 44
Speedometer Inop,
3rd Gear Starts ...................... 49
4 L8 0 E/ 4 L6 0 E
Mutiple DTCs G-Van ............. 50
4 L8 0 E
Hummer H1 DLC Location..... 52
Shift Solenoid Operation........ 71
Solenoid Cleaning Process ..... 72
Solenoid Assembly and TCM.. 74
Adaptive Learning .................. 75
New Ser vice Man u al Pr oces s
New Proceedures.................... 76
4 T8 0 E
Updates.................................. 61
6 T7 0 / 6 T7 5 For d 6 F5 5
New Trasmission Introduction 63
Features................................. 65
Ratios..................................... 66
IMS ...................................... 67
Speed Sensor ......................... 69
Pressure Switch and Clutch
Range Reference .................... 70
4 T4 0 / 4 T4 5 E
Updates.................................. 53
Low Power, APP DTCs set ...... 57
Mutiple DTCs A Body.......... 58
4 T6 5 E
Slips/Wrong Gear Starts/
Erratic Shifts/Lack of Power
P0753/P0758/P1860............. 59
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 24
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Outside of the typical front seal/pump bolt and pump leakage the LCT 1000
applications have developed another area where leakage commonly occurs. The
leakage can be temperature sensitive and may be difficult to locate. The converter
lugs tend to crack at the welds and may start to leak. If a leak is discovered in
this area the converter will require replacement. GM has a tool that allows you to
pressurize the converter to inspect for leakage once the converter is on the bench,
the part number is (J-21369-F)
LCT 1000
Torque Converter Leaks
2 5
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
On Allison applications, the grade braking software program is designed to reduce
wear on the vehicles braking system when decelerating. The grade braking fea-
ture will automatically downshift the transmission to provide engine braking thus
reducing wear on the brakes while improving the drivers control of the vehicle.
The grade braking system is not designed to reduce the need for the customer to
maintain control of the vehicle during deceleration. To accomplish this task the
TCM monitors several inputs including:
* TP position and TP Delta
* PRNDL Position (NSBU or IMS)
* Brake Switch Status
* Calculated grade and load (MAP/MAF/RPM)
* Vehicle Speed and wheel speed
* Tow/Haul Switch Position
The grade braking feature is transparent to the customer as the TCM deter-
mines if grade braking is required or not based on the input data received. The
grade braking feature cannot be shut off by the customer although it can be
overridden by simply stepping on the accelerator pedal.
For the grade braking feature to operate the TCM monitors the PRNDL position,
engine/vehicle load, brake switch position, vehicle/wheel speed and engine RPM.
For grade braking to function, the brake pedal must be depressed. Grade brak-
ing can operate while in either tow/haul mode or normal mode. If the vehicle
is operating in normal mode, the vehicle will downshift from high gear to the next
lowest gear range. If the vehicle is being operated in tow/haul mode the vehicle
can downshift to a range as low as 2
nd
gear, one range at a time. The system will
not skip shifts/ranges and the shift points will vary based on load and RPM in-
puts. The grade braking system does not require any customer action to activate
the feature.
LCT 1000
M74 Grade Braking
The TCM calculates the information received from its inputs. Those factors are
calculated, weighted and then the sum is calculated. If the calculated sum ex-
ceeds the predetermined threshold the TCM will command a downshift and grade
braking will become active, overriding the PRNDL position.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 26
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
SHIFT MAX Transmission Output Speed
5-4 4017
4-3 2832
3-2 2196
2-1 1214
6.6L DURAMAX 3.73 RATIO
SHIFT MAX Transmission Output Speed
5-4 4624
4-3 3266
3-2 2543
2-1 1474
8.1 L GAS 4.10/3.73 REAR AXLE RATIO
The actual shift speeds cannot exceed predetermined engine RPM values. If the
TCM determines that the engine speed would be too high if a downshift was com-
manded, the downshift will be inhibited. (4650 RPM L18 Gas Application, 4000
RPM LB7 Diesel Applications) Conversely, if the load and engine speed continue
to increase beyond predetermined limits while decelerating, the TCM will com-
mand an upshift to occur. (5000 RPM L18 Gas Application, 4800 RPM LB7 Diesel
Applications)
NOTE: The engine is designed to operate in the Dashed Red zone of the tachom-
eter during grade braking. The engine should not be allowed to operate in the
Solid Red zone at any time or engine damage may occur. The TCM software has
some predetermined maximum downshift points. The shift points are determined
by monitoring road speed via the vehicle speed sensor. The following represents
the maximum VSS values the vehicle can be operated at before grade braking will
be inhibited.
LCT 1000
M74 Grade Braking
The grade braking feature may function even if the vehicle is being operated on
level roads. In addition the system is able to calculate any additional loads such
as when pulling a trailer.
If the vehicle is being operated on snow or ice covered roads the feature may be
disabled if the EBCM determines tire slippage is occurring. The TCM receives
information from the EBCM regarding the calculated slip (Wheel speed sensors
and VSS) If wheel slippage is occurring the TCM will command the transmission
into a higher gear.
(continued)
2 7
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Several updates were implemented into production for the Mid-2006-2007 model
years. They include:
T 5 bear in g- Impr oved du r abilit y
P2 Car r ier - Requ ir ed for t h e T-5 bear in g u pdat e
P2 Su n gear - Requ ir ed for t h e T-5 bear in g u pdat e
Sh aft s eal r in gs -Impr ove du r abilit y/ n ew mat er ial
Mid-2006-2007 LCT 1000
Updates
The Sun/Carrier/T-5 went into production in Sept 2006 starting serial #
6310696028 The Rings went into production in May 2006 starting serial #
6310656923,6320768550, 6320768663.
Dimension
Changes
Thickness No if used by itself
Increased by
.45mm
Yes if used with the
updated carrier and
sun gear assembly
OD decreased by
.55mm
ID decreased by
4.15 mm
Shaft area no
longer under cut.
OD of shaft are
decreased by 2.15
mm
No if used by itself
Pocket depth
increased by
Yes if used with the
updated sun gear
and T-5 bearing
1.2 mm
Pocket decreased
by
No if used by itself
3.6mm Yes if used with the
updated carrier and
T-5 bearing
29538941 29538158
29538942 29531038
All the updated
rings come in the
kit part number
29536406
PART OLD NUMBER NEW NUMBER Interchangeability
T-5
bearing
29531095 29541702
P2 Carrier 29536971 29545240
End gap on rings
have changed
from a Double
lap joint design
to a butt cut
style. In addition
the material has
also changed
Fully
interchangeable
P2 Sun 29543208 29545931
Sealing
Rings
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 28
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Mid-2006-2007 LCT 1000
Updates (continued)
P2 Ca r r i e r
T5 Bear in g
P2 Su n Gear
2 9
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6L50/6L90
Introduction
Two more 6 speed rearwheel drive automatic transmissions have been released by
GM for the 2007 model year. The 6L50 (MYB) was introduced in the Cadillac SRX
and STS. The 6L90 (MYD) was introduced in the Chevrolet Silverado HD and GMC
Sierra HD applications.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 30
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The 6L50/6L90 transmissions share many parts with the 6L80. This reduces the
production cost of the units and improves serviceability. The diagnostic processes
and tools are also shared between the 6L50, 6L80 and 6L90. The 6L50 and 6L90
are the latest rearwheel drive 6 speeds to be introduced by GM but they certainly
will not be the last. The 6L45 will also make its way shortly into the market place.
Like the 6L50/6L80 and 6L90 the 6L45 will also share the same component
architecture.
RPO Code:
6L50-MYB
6L90-MYD
Gear 6L50 6L90
1st 4.06-1 4.03-1
2nd 2.37-1 2.36-1
3rd 1.55-1 1.53-1
4th 1.16-1 1.15-1
5th .85-1 .85-1
6th .67-1 .67-1
Reverse 3.02-1 3.02-1
Ratios
2 0 0 7 Applicat ion s :
6L50 Cadillac SRX, STS, BMW X3, X5,
328 coupe
6L90 C/K HD models with 6.0L LY6
engine
In pu t Tor qu e Capacit y:
6L50332 lb-ft (450 Nm)
6L90531 lb-ft (720 Nm)
Ou t pu t Tor qu e Capacit y:
6L50480 lb ft (651 Nm)
6L90885 lb ft (1200 Nm)
6L50/6L90
Introduction
(continued)
3 1
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Maximum shift speed 6500 RPM
Maximum GVW 6L9015000 lb 6L506613 lb
Maximum GCVW 6L9021000 lb 6L5012505 lb
PRNDL positions P, R, N, D, (S or M)
2 shift solenoids used (On/Off Design), SS1,SS2
6 Variable bleed solenoids, PCS, PCS2, PCS3, PCS4, PCS5, TCC
A Bosch built 32 bit TCM (TEHCM) mounted internal to the transmission on
the valve body (Referred to as the control solenoid valve assembly) TCM
(TEHCM) incorporates Solenoids, pressure switches, TFT and it is bolted to
the valve body using 6 bolts.
Dry weight 6L50 198 lbs (90 kg) 6L90 243 lbs (110 kg)
EC3 Converter 258 twin plate/280mm 6L50 300mm 6L90
Fluid required, Dexron VI
Fluid capacity: 6L50 Pan removal 7.25 qts (6.83 liters) Overhaul 10.68 qts
(10.10 liters) 6L90 Pan removal 6.3 qts (6.0 liters) Overhaul 10.5 qts (9.9
liters)
Clutch to clutch shifts, 5 clutches (3 stationary, 2 driving), 1 sprag
Planetary assemblies, input (Simpson) Output ( Dual pinion design)
Vane style oil pump
Internally mounted TISS and TOSS hall effect type speed sensors
Internal Mode Switch (IMS) equipped
Performance Algorithm Shifting (PAS) programming
Performance Algorithm Lift foot (PAL) programming
Sport mode and TAP shift equipped
Adaptive Strategies with fast learn capabilities
Reverse lock out feature
Grade braking
6L50/6L90
Introduction
(continued)
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 32
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6L50/6L90
The 6L50/6L90 internal mode switch is mounted to the valve body and it is con-
nected mechanically to the manual valve. Electrically the IMS operates similar to
other GM IMS applications. The TCM sends a bias voltage to the IMS on 4 cir-
cuits, A, B, C, P. Pin N is used for Park/Neutral starting operations and is sup-
plied by the ECM. As the range selector is moved the IMS will ground/un-ground
the circuits or circuit required to indicate the specific manual valve position. By
noting the voltage sequence produced, the TCM will be able to identify the range
that was selected.
Internal Mode Switch Logic
Valve Body an d TCM
IMS As s embly
3 3
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Selector Position Range A Range B Range C Range P
Park Low High High Low
Park/Reverse Low Low High Low
Reverse Low Low High High
Reverse/Neutral High Low High High
Neutral High Low High Low
Neutral/D6 High Low Low Low
D6 High Low Low High
D6/D4 Low Low Low High
D4 Low Low Low Low
D4/D3 Low High Low Low
D3 Low High Low High
D3/D2 High High Low High
D/2 High High Low Low
Illegal High High High High
Illegal Low High High High
Low = Grounded (0Volts)
High= Open (Source Voltage)
6L50/6L90
Internal Mode Switch Logic
(continued)
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 34
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6L50/6L90
Speed Sensors
The speed sensors are hall effect style assemblies and are mounted to the con-
trol valve assembly (Valve Body). The TCM provides a signal voltage of 8.3-9.3 volts
for the sensor operation. As the clutch housings rotate the sensors will produce a
square wave signal. The TCM will monitor the frequency of the signal to deter-
mine the input or output speed. Input Speed Sensor signals are generated by the
rotation of the 1-2-3-4 & 3-5-R clutch assemblies and is used to calculate gear
ratio and slip rates. The Output Speed Sensor signal is generated by the rotation
of the Output Ring gear. The OSS is used for indicating Vehicle speed for shift
pattern control as well as Ratio calculations.
Shift @ TP KM/H MPH OSS (RPM)
1-2 @ 12.5 TP 10.1 6 242
2-1 @ 12.5 TP 6.9 4 165
2-3 @ 12.5 TP 18.1 11 434
3-2 @ 12.5 TP 16.1 10 386
3-4 @ 12.5 TP 27.3 17 654
4-3 @ 12.5 TP 23.5 15 563
4-5 @ 12.5 TP 35.3 22 846
5-4 @ 12.5 TP 32.1 20 769
5-6 @ 12.5 TP 46.6 29 1117
6-5 @ 12.5 TP 40.7 25 975
1-2 @ 25 TP 12.9 8 309
2-1 @ 25 TP 6.9 4 165
2-3 @ 25 TP 24.7 15 592
3-2 @ 25 TP 16.1 10 386
3-4 @ 25 TP 36.5 23 875
4-3 @ 25 TP 25.4 16 609
4-5 @ 25 TP 47.7 30 1143
5-4 @ 25 TP 32.1 20 769
5-6 @ 25 TP 71.5 44 1713
6-5 @ 25 TP 40.7 25 975
NOTE: Th e 6 L5 0 s h ift s peed ch ar t is bas ed on s t ock t ir es / wh eels
an d 3 . 2 3 -1 fin al dr ive r at io
6L50 Shift Speed Chart
3 5
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6L50/6L90
Speed Sensors
Shift @ TP KM/H MPH OSS (RPM)
1-2 @ 12.5 TP 15 9 347
2-1 @ 12.5 TP 10 6 232
2-3 @ 12.5 TP 27 17 625
3-2 @ 12.5 TP 10 6 232
3-4 @ 12.5 TP 43 27 996
4-3 @ 12.5 TP 32 20 741
4-5 @ 12.5 TP 57 35 1320
5-4 @ 12.5 TP 46 29 1065
5-6 @ 12.5 TP 80 50 1852
6-5 @ 12.5 TP 60 37 1389
1-2 @ 25 TP 16 10 370
2-1 @ 25 TP 10 6 232
2-3 @ 25 TP 30 19 695
3-2 @ 25 TP 10 6 232
3-4 @ 25 TP 49 30 1134
4-3 @ 25 TP 35.4 22 820
4-5 @ 25 TP 61.5 38 1424
5-4 @ 25 TP 49 30 1134
5-6 @ 25 TP 83.25 52 1927
6-5 @ 25 TP 65 40 1505
NOTE: Th e 6 L9 0 s h ift s peed ch ar t is bas ed on s t ock t ir es / wh eels
an d 3 . 7 3 -1 or 4 . 1 0 -1 fin al dr ive r at io
6L90 Shift Speed Chart
(continued)
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 36
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
PARK
1
ST
NEUTRAL
BRK
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH ON ON ON ON ON
3-5 REV
CLUTCH
4-5-6 CLUTCH ON ON ON
LOW/REV
CLUTCH
2-6 CLUTCH ON ON
LOW SPRAG ON ON
ON ON ON
ON ON ON
3
RD
4
TH
5
TH
6TH COMPONENT REV
1
ST
2
ND
6L50/6L90
The pressure switches are housed as part of the control solenoid valve assembly.
Four switches are used, 1,3,4 and 5. The switches act as an input to the TCM and
are used for 2 basic purposes:
To mon it or clu t ch r egu lat or valve an d clu t ch h ydr au lic oper at ion
To mon it or clu t ch CVI (Adapt ive lear n in g)
Pressure Switches and Clutch Range
Reference Charts
TFP
Switch
Clutch/Circuit
Monitored
1 3-5 clutch
3 2-6 clutch
4 1-2-3-4 clutch
5 4-5-6 and L/R Clutch
Clu t ch Ran ge Refer en ce Ch ar t s
Pr e s s u r e Swi t c h e s
3 7
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6L50/6L90
Shift Solenoid Operation
PCS 2 PCS3 PCS4 PCS5
(N.H.) (N.H.) ( N.L.) (N.L)
PARK ON ON OFF ON OFF OFF
REVERSE ON OFF ON ON OFF OFF
NEUTRAL ON ON OFF ON OFF OFF
1
ST
ENG BRK
ON ON OFF ON OFF ON
1
ST
OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON
2
ND
OFF ON OFF OFF ON ON
3
RD
OFF ON ON OFF OFF ON
4
TH
OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON
5
TH
OFF ON ON ON OFF OFF
6
TH
OFF ON OFF ON ON OFF
GEAR SS1 SS2
Shift solenoid and PCS operation is controlled by the TEHCM (TCM). The TCM
regulates the feed voltage to the solenoids to a value between 8.3-9.3V. The TCM
then regulates the current flow through the solenoids. The shift solenoids are
On/Off design with the TCM controlling the power for the solenoid. The pressure
control solenoids are high side PWM controlled. The TCM is over current and
overtemp protected.
Bosch refers to the solenoids by their state, NL or NH. Normally High (N.H.) is
used to describe a solenoid that allows pressure to travel to the clutch when the
solenoid is turned off. Normally Low (N.L.) is used to describe a solenoid that
prevents pressure from getting to a clutch when the solenoid is turned off.
The solenoids are protected by the filter plate. The filter plate is housed between
the valve body and the control solenoid valve assembly (TEHCM) and must be
replaced anytime the valve body or control solenoid valve assembly (TEHCM) is
replaced or unbolted from each other. The Filter plate is serviced with the control
solenoid valve assembly (TEHCM) but it must be ordered separately if you are
ordering valve body.
NOTE: If t h e Con t r ol valve body as s embly is r emoved fr om t h e
cas e t h e s u ppor t s eals locat ed in t h e cas e mu s t als o be r eplaced.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 38
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6L50/6L90
An automated process is available that aids in cleaning debris from the solenoid
assembly. Your scan tool will instruct the TCM (TEHCM) to cycle the solenoids
while the system is pressurized to clean the solenoids. The transmission does not
need to be disassembled to perform the cleaning process. Simply follow the in-
structions on the scan tool to activate the cleaning program. This process should
be completed prior to attempting to diagnose the transmission with part# DT-
47825-1 tools as described below. If the cleaning process is unsuccessful then
you should diagnose the concern with part# DT-47825-1
Solenoid Cleaning Process
3 9
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6L50/6L90
Like other GM transmissions, diagnosis is designed around the use of a quality
scan tool. With the 6L50/6L90 this could not be more true as the need to access
scan data is critical. Unlike other GM transmissions you have become accus-
tomed to working with over the years, the 6L50/6L90 internal electrical compo-
nents are not hard wired to the rest of the vehicle via the transmission harness.
This means that the diagnostic process has changed considerably. Diagnosis is
divided into 2 categories , scan diagnostics and test plate/air check diagnostics.
Solenoid and valve body diagnosis requires the following tools:
A quality scan tool capable of communicating and commanding the TCM
and its solenoids.
Tool number DT 47825-1 Solenoid test plate and jumper harness
Remove the Control Solenoid Valve Assembly from the transmission. Install tool
DT 47821-1 onto the Control Solenoid Valve Assembly (5Nm 44 Lb In). Apply
regulated shop air (90-100 psi) to the tool. Connect the scan tool to the Control
Solenoid Valve Assembly.
Command the solenoid ON/OFF air pressure should be present on the gauge and
then it should exhaust as the solenoid is cycled. If the solenoid or valve are mal-
functioning the gauge pressure will not change as you cycle the solenoid. If a
malfunction is determined to be present, replace the complete Control Solenoid
Valve Assembly.
If the solenoid checked OK, install the gauge on another solenoid port and com-
mand that solenoid ON/OFF with the scan to repeat the process.
Solenoid Diagnostics
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 40
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6L50/6L90
Solenoid Diagnostics (continued)
Solenoid
Test Plate
Port
Key On, Engine
Off (KOEO)
Normal State
Line PC
Solenoid 1 G No flow to gage
PC Solenoid 2 C No flow
On - Full
flow Off - No flow
PC Solenoid 3 A Full flow
On - Full
flow Off - No flow
PC Solenoid 4 B No flow
On - Full
flow Off - No flow
PC Solenoid 5 F No flow
On - Full
flow Off - No flow
Shift Solenoid 1 H No flow Off - No flow On - Full flow
Shift Solenoid 2 D No flow Off - No flow On - Full flow
TCC PC
Solenoid E No flow
On - Full
flow Off - No flow
Commanded State
On - 68-103 Kpa (10-15 psi)
per Commanded Amp
NOTE: If t h e s olen oid or valve is malfu n ct ion in g t h e gau ge
pr es s u r e will n ot ch an ge as you cycle t h e s olen oid. If a
malfu n ct ion is det er min ed t o be pr es en t , r eplace t h e complet e
Con t r ol Solen oid Valve As s embly.
NOTE: Th e TCM (TEHCM) will n or mally cycle s ever al of t h e
s olen oids ON/ OFF t o h elp k eep t h e s olen oids an d t h e valves fr ee
of debr is . Th er efor e t h is clean in g fu n ct ion (Dit h er ) may cau s e t h e
gau ge t o flick er wh en t h e TCM is clean in g t h e s olen oid you ar e
t e s t i n g.
4 1
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
The 6L50/6L90 are fully equipped with several adaptive learning strategies. As
with some other GM applications you will need to erase the adaptive values and
perform a Fast Learn prior to operating the vehicle. Adapts and fast learn proce-
dures should be perform if any of the following occur:
Internal Transmission repairs have been performed
The valve body was replaced
The Control Solenoid valve assembly was replaced
The TCM was recalibrated
Internal repairs were performed that could effect shift quality
NOTE: Fas t lear n is n ot r equ ir ed if a GM New or Rebu ilt 6 L5 0 /
6 L9 0 is u s ed. Th e t r an s mis s ion is fas t lear n ed pr ior t o it bein g
s h ipped fr om t h e plan t
To perform a fast learn:
Use a scan tool capable of performing the fast learn procedure
TFT 158-230F (70-110C), Move the selector in/out of gear 3 times
Select the fast learn process from the scan tool menu
Place the transmission in Drive with the vehicle stationary. The TCM will
individually apply the clutches and calculate the clutch volume Place the
transmission in Reverse with the vehicle stationary. The TCM will individu-
ally apply the clutches and calculate the clutch volume
Shut off the engine for at least 30 seconds, open and close the door to allow
RAP to expire or false DTCs may set, After a minimum of 30 seconds the
car can be restarted , power off the scanner
The process is now complete
The fast learn procedure will not run if:
DTCs are set
TFT is not between 158-230 F (70-110C)
The brake switch is not working
TP is 0% but engine RPM increases during the test
P/N switch is improperly adjusted or is not functioning correctly
Line pressure control system is malfunctioning
6L50/6L90
Adaptive Learning
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 42
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The 2005 and 2006 ATRA seminars covered the changes involved with the addi-
tion of the input speed sensor in the 4L60E/65E and 4L70E applications (RPOs
M30,M32, M33, M70). The input speed sensor was not used on all 2006-2007
applications so some confusion may occur regarding build combinations for these
products. Some of the parts from the ISS equipped applications and a Non ISS
equipped applications cannot be intermixed.
A failure to identify the build combination you are working with may result in line
pressure, TCC and/or Clutch apply/release/cross leak concerns. Five design
variations have occurred between Non ISS applications and the final fully func-
tional ISS applications. These changes include the following:
Redesigns of the turbine shaftRepositioning of the seal rings on the shaft,
adding a ISS toothed wheel.
Redesign of the pump cover- Updating the passage design and passage
position in the stator support sleeve. Adding a boss to the cover for the ISS.
Shortening the P/R valve train to make room for the input speed sensor
wiring and connector.
Updating the wiring harness for the input speed sensor.
Adding DTCs for ISS diagnostics.
4L60E/65E/70E
Input Speed Sensor
4 3
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
4L60E/65E/70E
Input Speed Sensor
Design Variation Turbine Shaft:
Fou r NON ISS s h aft s izes ar e available t h ey ar e:
245mm/258mm shaft (Part # 17803688)
280mm/300mm shaft (Part # 17803687)
300mm HD/300mm M70 ( Part #17803686)
258mm PHT (Part # 17803685)
Th r ee ISS equ ipped s h aft s ar e available, t h ey ar e:
245mm/258mm (Part #24232438)
280mm/300mm (Part # 24230653)
300mm HD/M70 (Part #24230654)
(continued)
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 44
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The design of the shaft can be identified by the ID marks on the shaft. The ID
mark is simply a 9.5mmX.5mm groove that located on the shaft. Some shafts
have ID marks while others do not.
Pu mp Cover : 5 pu mp cover s ar e available, t h ey ar e:
1997-2005 model: No input sensor boss, used 1
st
design stator support bushing
and 1st design P/R valve train.
4L60E/65E/70E
Pump Cover
4 5
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
2005 I model: No input sensor boss, used 1
st
design stator support bushing and
2
nd
design P/R valve train.
2005 I model: Includes a input speed sensor boss, but the boss is not drilled, 1
st
design stator support sleeve and 2
nd
design P/R valve train.
Pump Cover
4L60E/65E/70E
(continued)
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 46
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
4L60E/65E/70E
Pump Cover (continued)
4 7
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Pump Cover
4L60E/65E/70E
Pump cover kits:
1998-2005: 12491417, 12491421
2006 and later Non PHT: 24236486, 24236489
2006/07 PHT: 24239202
Reverse boost valve kits:
2005 and earlier (Long valve train): 24234396 regular, 24234397 High Perf
Short valve train 24234396 regular, 24234397 High Perf
2006: The input speed sensor boss was drilled on those models that used an ISS.
A 2
nd
design stator support sleeve and a 2
nd
design P/R valve train were used.
This combination requires the ISS shaft design or a shaft design that relocates
the turbine seal ring position.
2006 and later: All models of pumps use the input speed sensor boss and all of
the bosses are drilled. If the ISS is not used a rubber plug will be used in the ISS
hole. A 2
nd
design stator support sleeve and a 2
nd
design P/R valve train were
used. This combination requires the ISS shaft design or a shaft design that relo-
cates the turbine seal ring position.
(continued)
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 48
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Pump Cover
4L60E/65E/70E
(continued)
4 9
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Some customers may complain that their Speedometer is inoperative and the
transmission may be starting in 3
rd
gear. In addition a Body code B0540 may be
set. The ABS and SES lights may be illuminated. Transmission DTCs will not
typically be set and you may be unable to communicate with the TCM. This condi-
tion applies to all V-8 (5.3L/6.0L) S/T truck applications as they use a stand
alone TCM which is wired differently when compared to the 4.2L applications
Inspect fuse #53 (15 A Trans) in the under hood junction block. If the fuse is
blown inspect circuit #139 for a short to ground.
4L60E/4L65E/4L70E
Speedometer Inop, 3rd Gear Starts
S/T Truck 5.3L/6.0L
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 50
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Some 1996-2006 G-van (Express/ Savanna) Applications may set various engine
and/or transmission related DTCs. The DTCs may vary regarding the number of
DTCs set, as well as their type and description. The DTCs may be intermittent in
nature. The type and number of DTCs set will depend on which and how many
circuits were damaged.
A common cause for this concern is the wiring harness for the PCM. The PCM is
mounted on the drivers side inner fender well. The harness faces the vehicle
chassis. The steering gear power steering line is designed to be routed under the
PCM harness. If the line is routed on top of the harness or if the clips holding the
harness are missing or broken the harness can contact the frame or upper
control arm leading to harness damage. Repair the damage and reroute the
harness to repair this condition.
4L80E/4L60E
Multiple DTCs G-Van
WARNING: Wiring harness IN-CORRECTLY installed
5 1
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Another common issue on this application is road splash or windshield run off
penetrating the PCM connector. This may cause the PCM terminals and harness
pins to corrode. If corrosion is present the PCM and the damaged harness
terminals will need to be replaced. If corrosion is present inspect for the presence
of a harness deflector and road splash shield. If the shields are not present they
will need to be installed.
1996-99- Install harness deflector Part# 15091839, Splash shield Part# 15183966
and bracket 15766026
2000-2002- Built prior to December 2001. Install harness deflector Part#
15091839, Splash shield Part# 15183966
2002 and later- Built after December 2001. On these applications the deflectors
were installed at the plant but they were greatly modified to aid the assembly
process. This may compromise the effectiveness of the shield/deflector so you
may need to install new ones. Install harness deflector Part# 15091839, Splash
shield Part# 15183966
4L80E/4L60E
Multiple DTCs G-Van
(continued)
This is the CORRECT routing of the wirning harness
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 52
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Some confusion has occurred regarding where the DLC is located on the Hummer
H1 application. The DLC location is different depending on the year of the ve-
hicle. On 94-95 applications the DLC is located on top of the drivers side Hush
Panel. To access the DLC it may be necessary remove the plastic hush panel to
gain access. Many times the connector is simple laying on top of the panel and
you will need to look for it after you have removed the panel. On some applica-
tions the DLC can be accessed by opening the access door in the hush panel,
sticking your hand up through the access hole to locate the connector.
On 96 -06 applications the DLC is located on the drivers side A pillar. The con-
nector can be accessed easily without removing any panels. In many instances
the DLC has been removed from its factory location so a brake controller can be
installed in the factory DLC location. If the DLC is not in the factory location the
hush panel will need to be removed to locate the connector.
4L80E
Hummer H1 DLC Location
5 3
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
4T45E
Updates
Several updates have been made to some 4T45E applications for the 2007 model
year. These updates include:
A 4-3 downshift solenoid was added
New spacer plates, valve body and channel plate
An auxiliary fluid pump was added
A new design PSM
7/8" Drive chain
4 new DTCs were added
A hybrid design vehicle application was released for the 2007 model year which
utilizes the 4T45E transmission. Known as BAS (Belt Alternator Starter) the
hybrid design was introduced in the Saturn Vue. Other passenger car models
such as the Malibu are scheduled for release utilizing the same BAS system.
The BAS system utilizes a new type of generator which is also capable of acting as
the vehicles starter during specific driving maneuvers. The hybrid applications
are equipped with an AUTO STOP feature to improve fuel economy. To initiate the
auto stop feature simply step on the brake and bring the vehicle to a stop. With
the vehicle stopped, while in OD range the engine will automatically shut off.
This feature will operate unless one of the following conditions occurs:
The engine/transmission or hybrid battery are not fully warmed up
Outside temp is above 95F (35C) and the A/C or defrost modes are
selected
The shift lever is in a range other than OD
The hybrid battery charge is low
High charging system voltages are required
The hood is not fully closed
The engine will automatically restart when the brake pedal is released and the
accelerator pedal is depressed. The engine may also automatically restart if any
of the following occur:
The shifter is moved from OD to Park, Neutral, Intermediate, Low or Reverse
The A/C mode is selected
The hybrid battery charge is low
The auto stop time exceeds 2 minutes
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 54
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
A 4-3 downshift solenoid was added to the BAS applications. The solenoid is
mounted to the channel plate. The solenoid is designed to improve the 4-3 down-
shift by delaying the pressure to the coast clutch during a manual shift. (Pre-
vents tie up with band is coming off and clutch is coming on) During a 4-3 shift
the solenoid is energized (ON). During all other shifts the solenoid is de-ener-
gized (OFF).
An update to the drive chain occurred. The new chain is 7/8" wide and is made
of 8600 grade material. A 32/38 drive and driven sprocket ratio is used with this
chain application.
The BAS designed pressure switch assembly is color coded to prevent interchange
problems. It contains an additional pressure switch (PRND4). The PRNDL pres-
sure switch lets the TCM know when the driver commands neutral. This logic is
used by the TCM to prevent a false pump DTC from setting. The updated PSM is
not interchangeable with Non BAS applications.
The BAS system utilizes a new design spacer plate, channel plate and valve body.
The new plate is a bonded design and is used for BAS equipped transmissions.
The updated channel plate and valve body are designed for the BAS applications.
The updated plate, channel plate and valve body are not interchangeable with
Non BAS applications.
4T45E
Updates
The case was updated to house a new auxiliary pump. The new case casting
includes a new line pressure tap, a feed boss for the pump and 4 mounting holes
on the side of the case for the pump. A line connects the pump to the line pres-
sure feed on the side of the case. The line contains a cartridge check valve to
prevent drain back. The pump is required to prevent the transmission from drop-
ping out of gear when the vehicle is in auto stop. The pump will run anytime
auto stop is active, once the engine starts running the pump will be shut off. The
updated case is not interchangeable with Non BAS applications.
(continued)
Cas e As s embly
BAS (Belt Alt er n at or St ar t er )
P S A
4 -3 Down s h ift Solen oid
Dr ive Ch ain
5 5
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
P0787 will set if:
The 4-3 shift solenoid is commanded OFF and the feed back voltage is low
The condition exists for longer than 4 seconds
If a P0787 is set the TCM will:
The TCM will command maximum line pressure
The TCM will freeze shift adaptive values and store the operating conditions
as failure record information
A P0788 will set if:
The 4-3 shift solenoid is commanded ON and the feed back voltage is high
The condition exists for longer than 150 milliseconds
If a P0788 is set the TCM will:
The TCM will freeze shift adaptive values and store the operating conditions
as failure record information
4T45E
Updates
4 new DTCs were added to aid in diagnosis of the auxiliary pump. The
include:
P0787- 4-3 Downshift solenoid circuit voltage Low
P0788- 4-3 Downshift solenoid circuit voltage High
P2796- Aux pump circuit voltage Low
P2797- Aux pump performance
(continued)
P2796 will set if:
The pump relay is commanded OFF and the feed back voltage is low
If a P2796 is set the TCM will:
Illuminate the SES light on the second consecutive failure (Type B DTC)
The Starter Generator Control Module (SGCM) will inhibit auxiliary
operation
The TCM will store failure record information
P2797 will set if:
The auxiliary pump is commanded ON
The PSM indicates the pump is not running
The condition lasts longer than 30 seconds
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 56
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
If a P2797 sets the TCM will:
Illuminate the SES light on the second consecutive failure (Type B DTC)
The Starter Generator Control Module (SGCM) will inhibit auxiliary
operation
The TCM will store failure record information
The SGCM will inhibit auto stop mode
4T45E
Updates (continued)
5 7
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
A low power complaint along with some APP DTCs may occur on some 4T40/45E
A body (Chevrolet HHR/Cobalt, Saturn Ion, Pontiac Pursuit) applications. Any
or all of the following DTCs may be set:
P2120 APP 1 Circuit
P2122 APP 1 Circuit Low Voltage
P2123 APP 1 Circuit High Voltage
P2125 APP 2 Circuit
P2127 APP 2 Circuit Low Voltage
P2128 APP 2 Circuit High Voltage
P2138 APP 1&2 Correlation
The engine harness may be chaffing on the canister purge solenoid bracket.
Inspect, repair and reroute the harness. You can add a piece of heater hose to the
harness to prevent further damage
4T40/45E
Low Power, APP DTCs Set
ABody
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 58
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Some A body (Cobalt, Pursuit, Ion, HHR, Rendezvous) applications may exhibit
any or all of the following DTCs, P0700, P0712, P0713, P0717, P00842,P0843,
P0961, P0973, P0974, P0976, P0977. It is common for the concern to be inter-
mittent.
The DTCs relate to transmission related concerns.
P0700- General Transmission DTC, Faults Present
P0712-P0713- TFT Voltage Concerns
P0717- Input Speed Sensor Voltage Concern
P0842/P0843- TCC Release Switch Circuit Voltage Concerns
P0961- PCS Voltage Concern
P0973/P0974- 1-2 Shift Solenoid/Circuit Voltage Concerns
P0976/P0977- 2-3 Shift Solenoid/Circuit Voltage Concerns
Inspect the transmission wiring harness as it runs toward the engine block near
the oil filter for damage/rub thru. As the harness exits the transmission, it can
come into contact with engine block as it travels toward the TCM located in the
left strut tower area. Inspect the harness for damage, repair and reroute the
harness to prevent future damage.
4T40/45E
A Body
Multiple DTCs
5 9
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
C/H car ( Bonneville, Park Avenue, LeSabre) 4T65E applications may exhibit any
or all of the following conditions:
The transmission starts in 3
rd
gear, which may be interpreted by the
customer as a slip related concern or a lack of power complaint.
If the condition is intermittent the customer may state that the vehicle is
shifting erratically without input from the driver (Shift hunt)
Possible DTCs such as P0753, P1860, P0758
Inspect Circuit 239, IGNFD fuse 10 Amp (Connector C-2 Pin E4) (Park Avenue) at
the left under hood fuse block for a poor connection. Inspect circuit 739, Trans
fuse 13 10 Amp( Connector C-3 Pin E7) LeSabre/Bonneville applications for a
poor connection. Generally the terminal is damaged or incorrectly crimped. If a
poor connection is found repair or replace the terminal.
4T65E
Slips/Wrong Gear Starts/Erratic
Shifts/Lack of Power P0753/P0758/
P1860
Par k Aven u e
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 60
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
4T65E
Slips/Wrong Gear Starts/Erratic
Shifts/Lack of Power P0753/P0758/
P1860
La Sabr e, Bon n eville
6 1
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Several updates were implemented on the 4T80E applications, they include:
A 6 track IMS
A New manual valve link and retainer
Updated wiring harness and pass through connector
Updated lower wiring harness
6 Tr ack IMS (In t er n al Mode Swit ch )
The 6
th
track adds a stand alone P/N signal circuit (1786) to the IMS function. The
6 track IMS is wider than the 5 track version it replaces. The 6 track will back
service earlier transmissions if the link and retainer are used, although the 6
th
track will not function. The 6 track IMS requires a new tool, DT 47707-1 to prop-
erly align the assembly.
4T80E
Updates
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 62
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Man u al Lin k an d Ret ain er
A new manual link and retainer were required for the wider 6 track IMS. The
second design link can be used with the 5 track IMS. The updated retainer is
required with the new IMS and it to can back service a 5 track IMS.
4T80E
Updates
(continued)
Wir in g Ha r n e s s
The updated wiring harness is required with the new design IMS. The updated
harness will back service the previous IMS design.
Th e 6 t r ack IMS r equ ir es a
n ew t ool, DT 4 7 7 0 7 -1 t o
pr oper ly align t h e as s embly.
6 3
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
The first in a series of new 6 speed front wheel drive transmissions was
introduced for the 2007 model year. The 6T70 and 6T75 entered into the GM
lineups with several vehicles such as the Saturn Aura, Pontiac G6 for the car
lines, and the GMC Acadia and Saturn Outlook in the truck lines. This
generation of transmissions was co-developed with Ford and will enter the Ford
line up with the model name 6F55. Many but not all of the components are
shared between the Ford and GM versions of the transmissions. By co-developing
the transmission R&D costs were significantly reduced.
The 6T70/6T75 improve fuel economy and average of 4 % while performance was
improved 8% on average. The 6T70/6T75 share the same architecture and most of
the parts are the same. The primary difference is the 6T75 is a heavy duty version
of the 6T70. The heavy duty parts in the 6T75 include:
A shot peened output carrier
5 Pinion carrier
Transfer Gear is wider
Differential carrier is heavier duty
Heavier ribbed case
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Introduction
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 64
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Introduction
HYDRA-MATIC 6T70/75
MANUAL SHIFT
DETENT LEVER
ASSEMBLY
(w/SHAFT POSITION SWITCH)
MANUAL VALVE
CONTROL SOLENOID
VALVE ASSEMBLY
(w/BODY AND TCM)
CONTROL VALVE
CHANNEL PLATE
ASSEMBLY
CONTROL VALVE
UPPER BODY
ASSEMBLY
CONTROL VALVE
LOWER BODY
ASSEMBLY
CONTROL VALVE
BODY COVER
INPUT SHAFT
SPEED SENSOR
RELUCTOR WHEEL
TRANSMISSION
FLUID LEVEL
INDICATOR
REACTION
CARRIER
ASSEMBLY
INPUT
CARRIER
ASSEMBLY
OUTPUT
CARRIER
ASSEMBLY
FLUID PUMP
DRIVE LINK
ASSEMBLY
PARK PAWL
PARK PAWL
ACTUATOR
ASSEMBLY
TORQUE
CONVERTER
ASSEMBLY
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
TRANSFER DRIVE
GEAR SUPPORT
ASSEMBLY
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
TRANSFER DRIVE
GEAR
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
TRANSFER
DRIVEN
GEAR
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
DRIVE PINION
GEAR
PARK GEAR
TORQUE CONVERTER
AND SUPPORT AND
FLUID PUMP
HOUSING ASSEMBLY
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
CARRIER ASSEMBLY
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
CARRIER BAFFLE
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
RING GEAR
1-2-3-4
CLUTCH
ASSEMBLY
2-6
CLUTCH
ASSEMBLY
4-5-6
CLUTCH
ASSEMBLY
INPUT
SPEED
SENSOR
CASE
COVER
ASSEMBLY
3-5 REVERSE
CLUTCH
ASSEMBLY
LOW AND
REVERSE
CLUTCH
LOW AND REVERSE
CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
(OWC)
FRONT
DIFFERENTIAL
DRIVE PINION
GEAR LUBE TUBE
OUTPUT
SPEED
SENSOR
FLUID
PUMP
ASSEMBLY
(NOT SHOWN)
6 5
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Fluid TypeDexron VI
Fluid capacity Valve body cover removal5.3-7.4 qts (5-7 liters)
Fluid capacity fluid change4.2-6.3 qts (4-6 liters)
Fluid capacity Overhaul 7.4-9.5 qts (7-9 liters)
The vent for the transmission is incorporated into the dipstick
EC3 246 mm hyper elliptical furnace brazed torque converter. Torque
converter contains a lip seal that will be damaged if the converter is
removed or installed in any position other than vertical. Special tools are
available J46409
5 clutches (3 holding, 2 driving) clutch to clutch shifting
1 diode/ratchet type one way clutch
2 shift solenoids used (On/Off Design), SS1,SS2
6 Variable bleed solenoids, PCS1, PCS2, PCS3, PCS4, PCS5, TCC
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Introduction
(continued)
Features include:
RPO Codes:
* 6T70 car Fwd RPO MH2
* 6T70 car Awd RPO MH4
* 6T75 Truck Fwd RPO MY9
* 6T75 Truck Awd RPO MH6
* Input torque capacity 6T70 280 lb-ft (380 Nm)
* Output torque capacity 6T70 462 lb-ft (515 Nm)
* Maximum GCVW 6T70-4000 lbs 6T75-4850 lbs
* Weight 216 lbs (98kg)
* Transfer design- 3 axis
* Compact design, 357mm length, 197 mm width
* Differential and Side bearing preloads are adjustable
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 66
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Performance Algorithm Lift foot (PAL) programming
Sport mode and TAP shift equipped
Adaptive Strategies with fast learn capabilities
Reverse lock out feature
Grade Braking
Fwd/Awd applications can be dingy towed but Awd applications cannot be
dolly towed. Neither application can be towed with the rear wheels in the
air, as would happen when the vehicle is being towed by a tow truck. All
the applications utilize a Lube trough to provide lubrication during
towing. Towing the vehicle with the rear wheels elevated will result in a
lube failure do to oil draining out of the lube trough.
1st 4.48-1
2nd 2.87-1
3rd 1.84-1
4th 1.41-1
5th 1-1
6th .74-1
REV 2.88-1
Final Drive 2.77-1 or 3.16-1
RATIOS:
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Introduction
(continued)
Remote mounted, off axis, Chain Driven Vane type oil pump
Internal Mode Switch (IMS) equipped
Performance Algorithm Shifting (PAS) programming
A Bosch built 32 bit TCM (TEHCM) mounted internal to the transmission on
the valve body (Referred to as the control solenoid valve assembly). The
TCM (TEHCM) incorporates Solenoids, pressure switches, TFT and it is
bolted to the valve body. A special spring loaded bracket is used to force the
TCM against a heat sink on the valve body. Failure to install the bracket
will result in TCM thermal shutdown
6 7
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Internal Mode Switch
The 6T70/6T75 internal mode switch is connected mechanically to the manual
shaft similar to the 4T65E application. Electrically the IMS operates similar to
other GM IMS applications.
Care must be taken when replacing the IMS on the 6T70/6T75 applications.
When the IMS nail is removed and the IMS and manual shaft are removed be
careful not to pull the parking rod too far. If the parking rod becomes dislodged
from the parking pawl you will need to remove the transmission and disassemble
it to reinstall the park rod.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 68
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Internal Mode Switch
Selector Position Range A Range B Range C Range P
Park Low High High Low
Park/Reverse Low Low High Low
Reverse Low Low High High
Reverse/Neutral High Low High High
Neutral High Low High Low
Neutral/D6 High Low Low Low
D6 High Low Low High
D6/D4 Low Low Low High
D4 Low Low Low Low
D4/D3 Low High Low Low
D3 Low High Low High
D3/D2 High High Low High
D/2 High High Low Low
Illegal High High High High
Illegal Low High High High
Low = Grounded (0Volts)
High = Open (Source Voltage)
(continued)
The TCM sends a bias voltage to the IMS on 4 circuits, A, B, C, P. Pin N is used
for Park/Neutral starting operations and is supplied by the ECM. As the range
selector is moved the IMS will ground/un-ground the circuits or circuit required
to indicate the specific manual valve position. By noting the voltage sequence
produced, the TCM will be able to identify the range that was selected.
6 9
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
Shift @ TP KM/H MPH OSS (RPM)
1-2 @ 12.5 18 11.2 400
2-3 @ 12.5 34 21.1 755
3-4 @ 12.5 46 28.6 1021
4-5 @ 12.5 60 37.3 1332
5-6 @ 12.5 74 46 1643
6-5 @ 12.5 69 42.9 1532
5-4 @ 12.5 69 42.9 1532
4-3 @ 12.5 43 26.7 955
3-2 @ 12.5 16 9.9 355
2-1 @ 12.5 16 9.9 355
1-2 @ 25 36 22.4 799
2-3 @ 25 59 36.7 1310
3-4 @ 25 78 48.5 1732
4-5 @ 25 94 58.4 2087
5-6 @ 25 150 93.2 3331
6-5 @ 25 69 42.9 1532
5-4 @ 25 52 32.3 1155
4-3 @ 25 43 26.7 955
3-2 @ 25 16 9.9 355
2-1 @ 25 16 9.9 355
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Speed Sensor
The TCM will monitor the frequency of the signal to determine the input or out-
put speed. Input Speed Sensor signals are generated by the rotation of the 3-5-
R/4-5-6 clutch assemblies and are used to calculate gear ratio and slip rates. The
Output Speed Sensor signal is generated by the rotation of the transfer gear. The
OSS is used for indicating Vehicle speed for shift pattern control as well as Ratio
calculations.
NOTE: Replacing the ISS in the vehicle will require a tether tool such as DT47734
The speed sensors are hall effect style assemblies. The input speed sensor is
mounted externally in the case side cover next to the line pressure tap. The out-
put speed sensor is mounted under the valve body in the case. The TCM provides
a signal voltage of 8.3-9.3 volts for the sensor operation.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 70
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The Low/REV clutch is applied when the vehicle is in a forward range and the
vehicle is stationary. As vehicle speed is indicated, the L/R clutch will be re-
leased. This increases torque capacity under load with the vehicle stationary
PARK
1
ST
NEUTRAL
BRK
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH ON ON ON ON ON
3-5 REV
CLUTCH
4-5-6 CLUTCH ON ON ON
LOW/REV
CLUTCH
2-6 CLUTCH ON ON
LOW ONE WAY ON ON
ON ON ON
ON ON ON
3
RD
4
TH
5
TH
6TH COMPONENT REV
1
ST
2
ND
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
The pressure switches are housed as part of the control solenoid valve assembly
(TEHCM). 4 switches are used, 1, 2, 3 and 4. The switches act as an input to the
TCM and are used for 2 basic purposes:
To monitor clutch regulator valve and clutch hydraulic operation
To monitor clutch CVI (Adaptive learning)
Pressure Switch and Clutch Range
Reference
TFP Switch Clutch/circuit
Monitored
1 1-2-3-4 Clutch
2 3-5-R Clutch
3 2-6 Clutch
4 4-5-6 and L/R Clutch
Ran ge Refer en ce Ch ar t
Pr e s s u r e Swi t c h
7 1
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Shift solenoid and PCS operation is controlled by the TEHCM (TCM). The TCM
regulates the feed voltage to the solenoids to a value between 8.3-9.3V. The TCM
then regulates the current flow through the solenoids. The shift solenoids are
On/Off design with the TCM controlling the power for the solenoid. The pressure
control solenoids are high side PWM controlled. The TCM is over current and
overtemp protected.
Bosch refers to the solenoids by their state, NL or NH. Normally High (N.H.) is
used to describe a solenoid that allows pressure to travel to the clutch when the
solenoid is turned off. Normally Low (N.L.) is used to describe a solenoid that
prevents pressure from getting to a clutch when the solenoid is turned off.
The solenoids are protected by the filter plate. The filter plate is housed between
the valve body and the control solenoid valve assembly (TEHCM) and must be
replaced anytime the valve body or control solenoid valve assembly (TEHCM) is
replaced or unbolted from each other. The Filter plate is serviced with the control
solenoid valve assembly (TEHCM) but it must be ordered separately if you are
ordering a valve body.
NOTE: If the Control valve body assembly is removed from the case the support
seal located in the case must also be replaced.
Shift Solenoid Operation
PCS 2 PCS3 PCS4 PCS5
(N.H.) (N.H.) ( N.L.) (N.L)
PARK ON ON OFF ON OFF OFF
REVERSE ON OFF ON ON OFF OFF
NEUTRAL ON ON OFF ON OFF OFF
1
ST
ENG BRK
ON ON OFF ON OFF ON
1
ST
OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON
2
ND
OFF ON OFF OFF ON ON
3
RD
OFF ON ON OFF OFF ON
4
TH
OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON
5
TH
OFF ON ON ON OFF OFF
6
TH
OFF ON OFF ON ON OFF
GEAR SS1 SS2
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 72
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
An automated process is available that aids in cleaning debris from the solenoid
assembly. Your scan tool will instruct the TCM (TEHCM) to cycle the solenoids
while the system is pressurized to clean the solenoids. The transmission does not
need to be disassembled to perform the cleaning process. Simply follow the in-
structions on the scan tool to activate the cleaning program. This process should
be completed prior to attempting to diagnose the transmission with the DT-
47825-1 tools as described below. If the cleaning process is unsuccessful then
you should diagnose the concern with DT-47825-1
Solenoid Cleaning Process
Solen oid Diagn os t ics
Like other GM transmissions, diagnosis is designed around the use of a quality
scan tool. With the 6T70/6T75 this could not be more true as the need to access
scan data is critical. Unlike other GM transmissions you have become accus-
tomed to working with over the years, the 6T70/6T75 internal electrical compo-
nents are not hard wired to the rest of the vehicle via the transmission harness.
This means that the diagnostic process has changed considerably. Diagnosis is
divided into 2 categories, scan diagnostics and test plate/air check diagnostics.
Solenoid and valve body diagnosis requires the following tools:
A quality scan tool capable of communicating and commanding the
TCM and its solenoids.
Tool number DT 47825-1 Solenoid test plate and jumper harness
DT47825-20
Remove the Control Solenoid Valve Assembly from the transmission. Install tool
DT 47821-1 onto the Control Solenoid Valve Assembly (5Nm 44 Lb In). Apply
regulated shop air (90-100 psi) to the tool. Connect the scan tool to the Control
Solenoid Valve Assembly.
Command the solenoid ON/OFF air pressure should be present on the gauge and
then it should exhaust as the solenoid is cycled. If the solenoid or valve are mal-
functioning the gauge pressure will not change as you cycle the solenoid. If a
malfunction is determined to be present, replace the complete Control Solenoid
Valve Assembly.
If the solenoid checked OK, install the gauge on another solenoid port and com-
mand that solenoid ON/OFF with the scan to repeat the process.
7 3
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
NOTE: If t h e s olen oid or valve is malfu n ct ion in g t h e gau ge
pr es s u r e will n ot ch an ge as you cycle t h e s olen oid. If a
malfu n ct ion is det er min ed t o be pr es en t , r eplace t h e complet e
Con t r ol Solen oid Valve As s embly (TEHCM)
NOTE: Th e TCM (TEHCM) will n or mally cycle s ever al of t h e
s olen oids ON/ OFF t o h elp k eep t h e s olen oids an d t h e valves fr ee
of debr is . Th er efor e t h is clean in g fu n ct ion (Dit h er ) may cau s e t h e
gau ge t o flick er wh en t h e TCM is clean in g t h e s olen oid you ar e
t e s t i n g.
Solenoid Test Plate Port
Key On, Engine
Off (KOEO)
Normal State
Line PC
Solenoid 1 G No flow to gage
PC Solenoid 2 C No flow On - Full flow Off - No flow
PC Solenoid 3 A Full flow On - Full flow Off - No flow
PC Solenoid 4 B No flow On - Full flow Off - No flow
PC Solenoid 5 F No flow On - Full flow Off - No flow
Shift Solenoid 1 H No flow Off - No flow On - Full flow
Shift Solenoid 2 D No flow Off - No flow On - Full flow
TCC PC
Solenoid E No flow On - Full flow Off - No flow
Commanded State
On - 68-103 Kpa (10-15 psi) per
Commanded Amp
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 74
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
Solenoid Assembly and TCM
TFP Switch 2
(35R)
TFP Switch 3
(26)
TFP Switch 4
(456/R1)
TFP Switch 1
(1234)
Shift
Solenoid 1
Transmission
Fluid Temperature
Sensor
Line
Pressure
Control
Solenoid
Pressure
Control
Solenoid 3
(R1/456)
Pressure
Control
Solenoid 5
(1234)
TCC
Pressure
Control
Solenoid
Shift
Solenoid 2
Pressure
Control
Solenoid 2
(35R)
Pressure
Control
Solenoid 4
(26)
7 5
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
6T70/6T75 Ford 6F55
The 6T70/75 are fully equipped with several adaptive learning strategies. As with
some other GM applications you will need to erase the adaptive values and per-
form a Fast Learn prior to operating the vehicle. Adapts and fast learn proce-
dures should be performed if any of the following occur:
Internal Transmission repairs have been performed
The valve body was replaced
The Control Solenoid valve assembly was replaced
The TCM was recalibrated
Internal repairs were performed that could effect shift quality
NOTE: Fast learn is not required if a GM New or GM Rebuilt 6T70/6T75 is used.
The transmission is fast learned prior to it being shipped from the plant
To perform a fast learn:
Use a scan tool capable of performing the fast learn procedure
TFT 158-230F (70-110C), Move the selector in/out of gear 3 times
Select the fast learn process from the scan tool menu
Place the transmission in Drive with the vehicle stationary. The TCM will
individually apply the clutches and calculate the clutch volume Place the
transmission in Reverse with the vehicle stationary. The TCM will individu
ally apply the clutches and calculate the clutch volume
Shut off the engine for at least 30 seconds, open and close the door to allow
RAP to expire or false DTCs may set, After a minimum of 30 seconds the
car can be restarted , power off the scanner
The process is now complete
The fast learn procedure will not run if:
DTCs are set
TFT is not between 158-230 F (70-110C)
The brake switch is not working
TP is 0% but engine RPM increases during the test
P/N switch is improperly adjusted or is not functioning correctly
Line pressure control system is malfunctioning
Adaptive Learning
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 76
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
New Service Manual
Process
For 25 years General Motors and the aftermarket service manual providers have
used a specific format for their service manuals for all applications.
Starting with the 2006 model year, GM will roll out a new format as well as a new
process that must be followed to diagnose GM vehicles. This process is likely to be
adopted by most if not all of the aftermarket manual providers. The new format is
being introduced on 3 models, Y- car (Corvette, XLR) W- car (Impala/Monte Carlo
and D-car (Cadillac STS). Known as the Global Service Information system the
manual and its format will change how you, the technician, use the manual. The
changes include:
Moving several items into different sections. Examples include moving
cruise control operation from the engine section to the accessories section.
Moving the Power take off section from the Accessories section to the
Transmission section. Moving the transfer cases from the driveline/axle
section to the transmission section. Several other sections as well as
subsections have been relocated above and beyond those mentioned above.
Eliminating diagnostic DTC charts/tables as you currently know them.
Reducing redundancy by eliminating duplication of material from one
section to another section
Fewer words but more information
Rather than explaining exactly how to do a specific test, the manual will
simply tell you to do the test, with the expectation that you know how to do
the test.
This new format will require the technician to be more technically competent.
The technician will need to understand this new format to effectively repair the
vehicle. The process is designed to be broken down into 3 steps:
Circuit/system description
Circuit/system testing
Component testing
Unlike the previous design, the new format does not force the technician down
a specific path, but rather it allows the technician to decide where to go. This
simply means it is more important than ever for the technician to have a
through understanding regarding theory of operation.
The following is an example of the new format:
7 7
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
New Service Manual
Process
DTC P0961, P0962 or P0963
NOTE: DTCs will be combin ed wh en pos s ible. Th is mean s on e
page will cover s ever al DTCs for t h at cir cu it even t t h ou gh t h ey
may n ot in dicat e t h e s ame failu r es
DTC Des cr ipt ion
DTC P0961: Line Pressure Control (PC) Solenoid System
DTC P0962: Line Pressure Control (PC) Solenoid Control Circuit Low Voltage
DTC P0963: Line Pressure Control (PC) Solenoid Control Circuit High Voltage
Diagn os t ic Fau lt In for mat ion
Perform the Diagnostic System Check prior to using this diagnostic procedure
NOTE: Th e t ype of failu r e is lis t ed as s h own above by t h e DTC.
Th e bot t om ch ar t s h ows wh at t h e s can t ool s h ou ld dis play
Lin e PC Solen oid
(continued)
Circuit
Short To
Ground
Open/High
Resistence
Short To
Voltage
Signal
Performace
Line PC Solenoid Control P0962 P0963 P0963 P0961
Line PC Solenoid High Side
Driver 2
P1833 P1833 P1834 P0961
Circuit Short To Ground Open Short Performace
Line PC Sol. CKT Status Short to GND Open/Short to Volts Open/Short to Volts
High Side Driver 2 CKT Status Open/Short to GND Open/Short to GND Short to Volts
Operating Conditions: Engine running, normal operating temperature
Paramter Normal Range: OK
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 78
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
New Service Manual
Process
Cir c u it / Sys t e m De s c r ipt ion
The line pressure control (PC) solenoid is part of the control solenoid (w/body and
TCM) valve assembly and is not serviced separately. The line PC solenoid regulates
the transmission fluid line pressure. The TCM varies the current to the normally high
line PC solenoid valve from 0.1 amp for maximum line pressure, to 1.1 amps for
minimum line pressure. This is accomplished by varying the desired line pressure in
kPa (psi)
Con dit ion s for Ru n n in g t h e DTC
The engine run time is greater than 5 seconds.
The line PC solenoid is commanded ON or OFF.
DTC P0 9 6 1
DTC P0961 is not failed this ignition.
NOTE: The manual gives you a brief description of operation. It then lists the
factors needed to set the DTCs.
DTC P0 9 6 2
DTC P0962 is not failed this ignition.
DTC P0 9 6 3
DTC P0963 is not failed this ignition.
Con dit ion s for Set t in g DTC P0961
The TCM detects an internal electrical performance malfunction of the line PC
solenoid control circuit and the actual line pressure does not equal the com-
manded line pressure for 300 milliseconds.
(continued)
The TCM detects an internal low voltage electrical malfunction of the line PC
solenoid control circuit for 300 milliseconds.
7 9
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
New Service Manual
Process
(continued)
Act ion Tak en Wh en t h e DTC Set s
DTC P0962
DTC P0962 is a Type A DTC.
The TCM defaults the transmission to 3rd gear if the current gear is 1st, 2nd, or
3rd, or 5th gear if the current gear if 4th, 5th, or 6th gear.
The TCM inhibits the torque converter clutch (TCC).
The TCM commands maximum line pressure.
The TCM freezes transmission adaptive functions.
DTC P0961, P0963
DTCs P0961 and P0963 are Type C DTCs.
The TCM freezes transmission adaptive functions.
Con dit ion s for Clear in g t h e DIC/ DTC
NOTE: DTC defau lt in for mat ion , t h e cr it er ia for clear in g t h e DTC
as well as in for mat ion t o aid wit h diagn os is is in clu ded.
DTCs P0961 and P0963 are Type C DTCs.
DTC P0962 is a Type A DTC.
Diagn os t ic Aids
When attempting to set solenoid electrical DTCs, ensure the TCM is warmed up and
the transmission is operated in 2nd gear long enough to ensure a 3C (5F) increase
in TCM substrate temperature. This will place the TCM under the optimal conditions
to test solenoid electrical DTCs.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS 80
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Refer en ce In for mat ion
Schematic Reference
Automatic Transmission Controls Schematics
Automatic Transmission Inline 16-Way Connector End View
Automatic Transmission Internal Connector End Views
Automatic Transmission Related Connector End Views
DTC Type Reference
Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Type Definitions
Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) List/Type
Electrical Information Reference
Circuit Testing
Connector Repairs
Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections
Wiring Repairs
NOTE: Compon en t locat ion , defin it ion , s can bas ics an d gen er al
r epair in for mat ion lin k s ar e in clu ded. Below you will s ee h ow t o
t es t t h e compon en t an d cir cu it s . Th e r es u lt s of t h e t es t ar e
in clu ded. You will n eed t o u n der s t an d s ys t em oper at ion t o fu lly
u t ilize t h is n ew for mat .
Scan Tool Reference
Scan Tool Output Controls
Scan Tool Data List
Scan Tool Data Definitions
New Service Manual
Process
(continued)
8 1
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS GENERAL MOTORS
New Service Manual
Process
(continued)
Ci r c u i t / Sys t e m Te s t i n g
1. Ensure the transmission fluid temperature is between 50-80C (122-176F).
2. Operate the vehicle in 2nd gear long enough to ensure at least a 3C (5F) rise in
TCM substrate temperature, then operate the vehicle in Park for 5 seconds.
3. Observe the scan tool data parameter Line PC Sol. CKT Status, the parameter
should display OK.
=> If the parameter displays Open, Short to Volts, Short to GND or if the DTC
resets, perform the Control Solenoid Valve and Transmission Control Module
Assembly Inspection.
=> If no concerns are found during the inspection, replace the control solenoid
(w/body and TCM) valve assembly.
Repair In s t r u ct ion s
Perform the Diagnostic Repair Verification after completing the diagnostic
procedure.
1 . Control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly replacement. Refer to Control
Module References for replacement, setup, and programming.
2. Perform the Service Fast Learn Adapts .
NOTE: Ot h er in for mat ion is lis t ed s u ch as h ow t o r eplace t h e
compon en t an d h ow t o per for m ot h er s er vices
NOTE: All of t h e in for mat ion in BLUE is h yper lin k ed
t o ot h er in for mat ion if you ar e u s in g elect r on ic media. If you ar e
u s in g a r egu lar paper s h op man u al you will n eed t o look t h e
in for mat ion u p in t h e var iou s s ect ion s it is con t ain ed wit h in
Availability
Canada
800.268.2368
West
888.477.6727
Central
800.274.2631
Southeast
800.633.3340
North
800.999.5590
Caribbean
787.286.0171
Quality
Distribution
sonnax
#9283 Overall ad.indd 1 12/14/06 1:41:55 PM
Automatic Drive P.O. Box 440 Bellows Falls, VT 05101-0440 USA
800-843-2600 802-463-9722 F: 802-463-4059 www.sonnax.com info@sonnax.com
2007 Sonnax Industries, Inc.
D E S I G N E D T O S A V E
TM
2-3 FLARE, POOR SHIFT QUALITY,
DELAYED FORWARD OR NO REVERSE
EPC & ENGAGEMENT CONTROL KIT
37947-11K
REQUIRES TOOL 37947-TL11
SOFT SHIFTS, DELAYED REVERSE
BOOST VALVE & SLEEVE KIT
37947-01K OEM RATIO
37947-03K INCREASED RATIO
LOSS OF PRESSURE CONTROL
EPC SOLENOID
56842B-01
CONVERTER APPLY ISSUES
TCC REGULATOR SLEEVE KIT
37947-09K
REQUIRES TOOL 37947-TL9
4R44E NO 4TH GEAR,
5R55E NO2NDOR5THGEAR
OVERSIZED COAST CLUTCH
VALVE KIT
37947-33K
REQUIRES TOOL
37947-TL33
NO TCC APPLY, CODE 1741,
ERRATIC TCC, CONVERTER OVERHEAT
TCC MODULATOR VALVE SLEEVE KIT
37947-07K
REQUIRES TOOL 37947-TL5
DELAYED ENGAGEMENTS,
POOR CONVERTER FILL
PRESSURE REGULATOR
SLEEVE KIT
37947-05K
REQUIRES TOOL 37947-TL5
LOSS OF 3RD
OR 4TH GEAR, HOT
KICK DOWNSHIFT
CONTROL END PLUG
MANUAL LOW END PLUG
THROTTLE DOWNSHIFT
CONTROL END PLUG
37947-13K
Get into gear
Coming soon!
Stay tuned to
www.sonnax.com
for a completely
revamped site featuring
all of our product lines,
technical information
and much more!
85 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Ford Table of Contents
Ford TOC ................................... 85
Tor qs h ift
TCC Operation ........................... 86
No Lock-up before or
After the Rebuild ....................... 88
Lock-up Test Tool ....................... 89
P1744 TCC Performance ............ 92
TCC Stuck ON............................ 94
Cooling and Filtration ................ 95
Spin-On Filters .......................... 96
In-Line Filters ............................ 97
OTA Coolers ............................... 98
Pump Failures............................ 99
PCM Pin Charts ....................... 101
PCM Location........................... 103
TR Sensor Readings ................. 104
Codes ..................................... 106
Rear Planetary Failure ............. 108
Delayed Forward Engagements 109
Delayed Reverse Engagemnets 110
Delayed Reverse with
No Engine Braking in
Manual 1 ................................. 111
Erratic Shifts and/or
Early and Late Shifts ............... 112
All For d Tr an s mis s ion s
Transmission Fluid Chart......... 113
4 X4 Tow Feat u r es (All For d)
Neutral Tow Capabilities .......... 117
5 R4 4 / 5 5 E
Shifter Syuck in the Park
Position.................................... 119
6 R6 0
Transmission Descrition........... 120
FNR5
Transmission Description......... 123
Lever Position and Operations . 124
Valve Body ............................... 126
TCM ..................................... 127
TCM Location ........................... 128
Electronic Syncronous Shift
Control (ESSC) ......................... 129
Inputs ..................................... 131
TR Sensor, TFT Sensor ............. 132
Speed Sensors ......................... 133
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 86
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The Computer can operate the TCC in all Forward range positions. This diagram
shows the valves in the lock up off position. The TCC solenoid is a normally OPEN
pulse width modulating solenoid that is fed main line oil in all ranges.
TorqShift
TCC Operation
87 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
When the computer commands the solenoid to start modulating, the solenoid
pushes the valve up and exhausts the oil from the front of the Converter Clutch
allowing it to lock-up. This diagram shows the valves in the lock up on position
TCC Operation (continued)
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 88
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
It is very important to be absolutely sure this orifice is clear of debris, if this pas-
sage is clogged, main line pressure cant get to the TCC solenoid. This will prevent
the TCC from locking-up and cause a number of codes that associate to TCC
operation.
No Lock-Up Before or After Rebuild
TorqShift
89 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
You have built the transmission the best you can and it wont lock up, now what?
Simple: build a lock up tool. This tool will tell you absolutely that your Torque
converter and pump are working correctly.
Lock-Up Test Tool
Carefully pull the solenoid apart. Its not necessary to remove the allen screw and
spring from the tip of the solenoid.
Bend the 4 tabs out to remove the solenoid parts.
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 90
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Lock-Up Test Tool (continued)
Secure the solenoid plunger to the Snout of the solenoid with a small hose clamp.
Be sure the screw portion of the hose clamp is aligned with flat on the solenoid
snout. If its not aligned properly it will not fit into the solenoid body
91 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Lock-Up Test Tool (continued)
Remove existing TCC solenoid and install the tool as shown. Put the pan back on
and fill with fluid.
CAUTION!
This will cause the TCC to be engaged in all ranges. If the TCC and the pump are
operating properly the transmission will kill the engine right away. Engaging the
transmission with the TCC on will be very hard on the new TCC lining, so keep
this test to a minimum.
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 92
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
This truck was setting a code 1744 TCC performance. This truck also had very
little if any lock up feel to it at all. The problem was a misplaced retainer clip.
Turns out the rebuilder had pushed the sleeve in one land too far.
P1744 TCC Performance
Th is cau s es a MASSIVE los s of TCC apply oil.
Correct installation
In-correct installation
93 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Use the following illustration to correctly install the clip into the pump housing.
P1744 TCC Performance
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 94
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Before or after the rebuild and the TCC is on all the time killing the engine. We
can modify a solenoid so that no oil is fed to the TCC control valve. If the TCC still
locks up then we KNOW that this is going to be a hard part issue. This test will
completely block oil from getting to the TCC solenoid.
TCC Stuck On
Remove t h e En d cap
Us in g an Allen ,
r emove t h e s cr ew
fr om t h e Solen oid
body
Remove t h e Allen
Scr ew an d Spr in g
In s t all ch eck balls t o block
t h e valve in t o t h e s olen oid
s n out
95 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
The transmission fluid cooling system is one of the most critical areas in the
transmission repair process. Any amount of debris left in this system can and will
find its way back into the transmission and most critically into the super sensitive
solenoids.
Cooling and Filtration
1. Remote filter adapter assembly
2. 7A095 Oil-to-air (OTA) auxiliary cooler
3. Radiator-in-tank cooler
4. 7000 Transmission
5. 7D273 Transmission fluid cooler fitting (fluid flowing out)
6. 7D273 Transmission fluid cooler fitting (fluid flowing in)
7. Transmission fluid cooler fitting (fluid flowing into remote filter)
8. 7B028 Transmission fluid cooler line (fluid flowing into radiator-in-
tank cooler)
9. 7C410 Transmission fluid cooler line (fluid flowing into oil-to-air (OTA)
auxiliary cooler)
10. 7890 Transmission fluid cooler line (fluid flowing from OTA into re
mote filter)
11. Transmission fluid cooler fitting (fluid flowing from remote filter
back into transmission)
Bas ic Par t # Ide n t i fi c a t i on
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 96
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
This is an In-pan filter before rebuild. These filters can gather material in the
back end of the filter that would not be seen if you did not cut it open.
TorqShift
Low mileage spin on filter element High mileage spin on filter
from a transmission with
burnt forward clutches
Spin-On Filters
97 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
To protect your rebuild always install an in line filter kit. This kit is available from
your local Ford dealer Part # FT-151
In-Line Filters
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 98
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
The instructions for the inline filter are not the big deal here. Most would take a
look at the contents of the package and throw the instructions away without ever
reading them. That is why we are looking at the very important caution notices on
the very front page.
OTA Coolers
99 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
This is what can happen to a pump when the cooling system is not serviced cor-
rectly. This happened in less than a week after rebuild.
Pump Failure
This is the result of clogged filters This truck was moving down the road and just
quit moving.
Special Th an k s t o Bill Har lin g at Mr . Tr an s mis s ion s In Su dbu r y ,
Can ada for t h e pu mp.
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 100
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
This is another example of pump wear in the early stages. This pump was not
making any pressure when it came out of the truck
Pump Failure (continued)
Special Th an k s t o Dou g Tis dell at Tis dell Tr an s mis s ion s in
Lon don ber r y, NH
1 0 1 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
PCM Pin Chart
Econoline Series
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 102
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
PCM Pin Chart
1 0 3 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
PCM Location
Th e PCM is locat ed
on t h e Dr iver s s ide
fen der well n ext t o
t h e bat t er y
Th is is t h e PCM con n ect or
for t h e Tr an mis s ion , you
will n eed t o r emove t h e
s h ield an d h ou s in g in
or der t o gain acces s t o t h e
wi r e s .
PCM con n ect or for t h e
Tr a n s mi s s i on
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 104
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
TR Sensor Readings
These are true readings from a 2006 Ford F350. The purpose of these reading are
to show you that the TR_DC percentage changes while the TR_FREQUECY stays
constant. This is a normal operation and characteristic of the Ford processing
system.
1 0 5 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
TR Sensor Readings (continued)
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 106
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
When scanning for codes there will be many generic codes that we will recognize
as codes we have seen in years past.
P0708 TR sensor
P0740 TCC solenoid fault
P0722 OSS sensor fault
P1744 TCC solenoid performance
P0713 TFT sensor
TorqShift
Codes
The 27 series codes are clutch packs either failed off or on.
These codes are often accompanied by solenoid malfunction codes.
P2700 Coast Clutch
P2701 Overdrive Clutch
P2702 Intermediate Clutch
P2703 Direct Clutch
P2704 Low/Reverse Clutch
Note: The Forward Clutch is not controlled by a solenoid
Clu t ch Codes
1 0 7 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Codes (continued)
P0900 are the latest generation of codes for the Torqshift series. These code defi-
nitions denote Electrical type failures. Shorted to ground and/or power and pos-
sibly open circuit failure. The key is to observe what other codes are present. I.E.
The 2700 series clutch pack code.
Here are some examples of the P0900 series codes. Most times these code will
also come with a note:
This code may also be generated by some other non-electrical hardware
P0960 PC- A Line Pressure Control Solenoid - solenoid circuit open
P0974 SSPC-A Coast Clutch Solenoid solenoid or circuit shorted to
power
P0977 SSPC-B Overdrive Clutch Solenoid - solenoid or circuit shorted
to power
P0980 SSPC-C Intermediate Clutch Solenoid - solenoid or circuit
shorted to power
P0982 SSPC-D Direct Clutch Solenoid solenoid or circuit shorted to
ground
P0986 SSPC-E Low/Reverse Solenoid solenoid or circuit shorted to
ground
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 108
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Some of the earlier models had an issue with the pinion pins backing out. The
2005 version will retrofit to 2003 applications.
Rear Planetary Failure.
1 0 9 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Delayed Forward Engagements
The Forward Clutch is NOT controlled by a solenoid. The drum is fed main line oil
directly from the Manual Valve. If a delayed engagement is felt, check the main
line pressure. If the pressure is low, suspect a Manual Valve, Forward clutch and/
or a worn pump.
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 110
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
Delayed Reverse Engagement
In the Reverse position the Direct Clutch and the Low/Reverse Clutch are fed
main line oil directly from the Manual Valve. If there is a delay in the reverse
position check the main line pressure. If the pressure is low suspect a Manual
Valve, Direct clutch, Low/Reverse Clutch and/or a worn pump.
1 1 1 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The L/R snap ring becomes weak and bounces out of ring groove.
If the ring groove is badly damaged or lugs are missing the case must be replaced.
Delayed Reverse with No Engine
Braking in Manual Low
TorqShift
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 112
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
TorqShift
We have many complaints of shift timing issues or simply shifts that feel funny.
Many of these problems have been taken care of by disconnecting the battery or
batteries. This will reset the Keep Alive Memory (KAM) and reset the computer
back to its base settings.
It is a good practice to recalibrate the PCM to the latest level of calibration,
particulary when hard parts have been replaced.
Erratic Shifts and/or Early and Late
Shifts
1 1 3 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
All Transmissions
Transmission Fluid Chart
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997 V
1998 V V
1999 V V
2000 V V
2001 V V
2002 V
2003 V
2004 V V
2005 V V
2006 V V
2007 V V
4R75W/E A4LD 4R44E
V/M
V/M
V/M
SP
V/M
V/M
V/M
TorqShift AOD AODE
4R70W/
4R70E
Type Model
Year
C6 E4OD 4R100
4R75W/E A4LD 4R44E
V/M
V/M
TorqShift AOD AODE
4R70W/
4R70E
Type Model
Year
C6 E4OD 4R100
SP Mercon SP Part # XT-6-QSP
CVT Continuously Variable Chain Type Part # XT-7-QCFT
P Premium Automatic Fluid Part # XT-8-QAW
M5 Madza Specific Fluid Part # XT-9-QMM5
V/M Mercon Part # XT-2-QDX and/or Mercon V Part # XT-5-QM
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 114
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
All Transmissions
Transmission Fluid Chart
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997 V
1998 V
1999 V
2000 V V
2001 V V V
2002 V V V V
2003 V V V
2004 V V V
2005 V V V
2006 V V V
2007 V V V
V/M
SP SP
5R55W/S 6HP/26 6R60/75
Type Model
Year
4R55E 5R55E 5R55N 5R44E
5R44E 5R55W/S 6HP/26 6R60/75
Type Model
Year
4R55E 5R55E 5R55N
SP Mercon SP Part # XT-6-QSP
CVT Continuously Variable Chain Type Part # XT-7-QCFT
P Premium Automatic Fluid Part # XT-8-QAW
M5 Madza Specific Fluid Part # XT-9-QMM5
V/M Mercon Part # XT-2-QDX and/or Mercon V Part # XT-5-QM
1 1 5 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
All Transmissions
Transmission Fluid Chart
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998 V/M (M)
1999 V V
2000 V V V
2001 V V V
2002 V V V
2003 V V V
2004 V V
2005 V V CVT
2006 V V CVT
2007 V V CVT
4F50N CVT
V/M
V/M
V/M
V/M
V/M
V/M
V/M
Mazda
ATX
F4EAT 4F20E CD4E 4F27E AXOD AX4S
V/M
AXOD AX4S 4F50N CVT F4EAT 4F20E CD4E 4F27E
Type Model
Year
ATX
Mazda
ATX
Type Model
Year
ATX
SP Mercon SP Part # XT-6-QSP
CVT Continuously Variable Chain Type Part # XT-7-QCFT
P Premium Automatic Fluid Part # XT-8-QAW
M5 Madza Specific Fluid Part # XT-9-QMM5
V/M Mercon Part # XT-2-QDX and/or Mercon V Part # XT-5-QM
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 116
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
All Transmissions
Transmission Fluid Chart
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005 P
2006 P M5
2007 P M5
V
V/M
Type Model
Year
AWF-21 AW ECVT FNR5 6F50
Type Model
Year
AWF-21 AW ECVT FNR5 6F50
SP Mercon SP Part # XT-6-QSP
CVT Continuously Variable Chain Type Part # XT-7-QCFT
P Premium Automatic Fluid Part # XT-8-QAW
M5 Madza Specific Fluid Part # XT-9-QMM5
V/M Mercon Part # XT-2-QDX and/or Mercon V Part # XT-5-QM
1 1 7 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Various vehicles are neutral tow capable. Refer to the following chart to determine
neutral low capability for specific vehicle applications, and to determine if a Ser-
vice Kit is required to make the vehicle neutral tow capable.
2004-2006 Focus
2004 F-150 Heritage
2004-2005 Explorer Sport Trac
2004-2006 Escape, Explorer, F-150-350 Series, Ranger
2005-2006 Escape Hybrid
2007 Explorer Sport Trac
2006 Mark LT
2005-2006 Mariner
2006 Mariner Hybrid
Review the neutral tow application chart and order the kit, if applicable. Repro-
gramming of various modules may be required for some installations. Installation
instructions are included with the kit.
Part Number Part Name
6L2Z-7H332-A Neutral Tow Kit
3L2Z-7H332-AA Neutral Tow Kit
1L2Z-7H332-AB Neutral Tow Kit
Ford 4X4 Tow Feature
Neutral Tow Capabilities
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 118
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Neutral Tow Application Chart
MODEL YEAR VEHICLE ENGINE TRANS DRIVELINE CAPABILITY KIT REQUIRED
Explorer Sport Trac 4.6L V8 Auto 4x4 Yes 6L2Z-7H332-A
2007 Explorer Sport Trac 4.0L V6 Auto 4x4 Yes 1L2Z-7H332-AB
Explorer Sport Trac ALL Auto 4x2 No
Focus ALL Manual FWD Yes None
Focus ALL Auto FWD No
Escape 14 Manual ALL Yes None
Escape/Mariner ALL Auto ALL No
Escape/Mariner Hybrid Hybrid CVT ALL Yes None
Ranger ALL Auto 4x4 Yes 3L2Z-7H332-AA
Ranger ALL Manual All (1) (2) (3) Yes (1) (2) (3)
Explorer 4.6L V8 Auto 4x4 Yes 6L2Z-7H332-A
Explorer 4.0L V6 Auto 4x4 Yes 1L2Z-7H332-AB
2006 Explorer ALL Auto 4x2 No
F-150 ALL Auto 4x4 MSOF (2) Yes (2)
F-150 ALL Auto 4x4 ESOF No
F-150 Harley ALL Auto ALL No
F-150 ALL Manual 4x2 (3) Yes (3)
Mark LT ALL ALL ALL No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Manual All (1) (2) (3) Yes (1) (2) (3)
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x2 No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x4 ESOF No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x4 MSOF (2) Yes (2)
Focus ALL Manual FWD Yes None
Focus ALL Auto FWD No
Escape 14 Manual ALL Yes None
Escape/Mariner ALL Auto ALL No
Escape Hybrid Hybrid CVT ALL Yes None
Ranger ALL Auto ALL No
Ranger ALL Manual All (1) (2) (3) Yes (1) (2) (3)
Explorer ALL Auto 4x2 No
2005 Explorer ALL Auto 4x4 Yes 1L2Z-7H332-AB
Explorer Sport Trac ALL Auto 4x4 Yes 3L2Z-7H332-AA
F-150 ALL Auto 4x4 MSOF (2) Yes (2)
F-150 ALL Auto 4x4 ESOF No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Manual All (1) (2) (3) Yes (1) (2) (3)
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x2 No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x4 ESOF No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x4 MSOF (2) Yes (2)
Focus ALL Manual FWD Yes None
Focus ALL Auto FWD No
Escape 14 Manual FWD (only) Yes None
Escape V6 Auto ALL No
Ranger ALL Auto ALL No
Ranger ALL Manual All (1) (2) (3) Yes (1) (2) (3)
Explorer ALL Auto 4x2 No
Explorer ALL Auto 4x4 Yes 1L2Z-7H332-AB
2004 Explorer Sport Trac ALL Auto 4x4 Yes 3L2Z-7H332-AA
F-150 ALL Auto 4x4 MSOF (2) Yes (2)
F-150 ALL Auto 4x4 ESOF No
F-150 Heritage ALL Manual 4x2 (3) Yes (3)
F-150 Heritage ALL Manual 4x4 (2) (3) Yes (2) (3)
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Manual All (1) (2) (3) Yes (1) (2) (3)
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x2 No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x4 ESOF No
F-250/F-350 Super Duty ALL Auto 4x4 MSOF (2) Yes (2)
(1) (ESOF) Electronic Shift On-the-Fly rotary control in 2-high position and the transmission in NEUTRAL.
(2) (MSOF) Manual transfer case shifted into Neutral.
(3) Manual Transmission in NEUTRAL.
Ford 4X4 Tow Feature
Neutral Tow Capabilities
1 1 9 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
5R44/55E
Shifter Stuck in the Park Position
Some Ford Rangers built prior to August 8, 2006 may have a concern of the
shifter stuck in the Park position. This may be caused by the Brake Booster Push
Rod misassmbled from the factory.
1. Disconnect the Battery.
2. Remove the redundant speed control deactivation switch.
3. Remove the cover and the self-locking pin.
4. Remove the Brake stop lamp switch and stop lamp switch spacer from the
brake booster push rod and the brake pedal assembly.
5. Remove the brake booster push rod from the brake pedal assembly.
6. Rotate the brake booster push rod 180 degrees (1/2 turn) from its original
position.
7. Reinstall the brake booster push rod onto the brake pedal assembly.
8. Reinstall all other parts in reverse order.
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 120
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
This transmission has an internal thermal bypass valve contained within the case.
The thermal bypass valve will not allow the use of any type of transmission fluid
exchange machine to be used on this transmission.
This transmission uses planetary gears with hydraulic electronic controls. The
transmission control module (TCM) and the main control valve body units form a
composite element that is installed as a single unit inside the automatic trans-
mission.
This transmission has the following features:
Six forward speeds
Torque converter with an integral converter clutch
Electronic shift and pressure controls
Single planetary gear set
Double planetary gear set
Two fixed multi-disc clutches
Three multi-plate clutches
All hydraulic functions are directed by electronic solenoids to control:
Engagement feel
Shift feel
Shift scheduling
Modulated torque converter clutch (TCC) applications
6R60
Transmission Description
This transmission has a mechatronic unit also refereed to as a TCM which con-
tains:
Turbine shaft speed (TSS) sensor
Output shaft speed (OSS) sensor
An internal P, R, N, D selector shaft position sensor
Transmission fluid temperature (TFT) sensor
1 2 1 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Engine power reaches the transmission by a torque converter with an integral
converter clutch. The 6 forward gears and one reverse gear are obtained from
single planetary sets.
This automatic transmission is a 6-speed electronically controlled transmission
comprising the basic elements of a TCM, main control valve body unit, torque
converter, one solenoid valve and 6 pressure regulators. Gear selection is achieved
by the control of automatic transmission fluid flow to operate various internal
clutches. The TCM operates the electrical components and provides for the control
of gear selection shift pressure, which increases refinement and torque converter
slip.
In the event of a system fault, the TCM also provides for failure mode effect man-
agement (FMEM) to maintain maximum functional operation of the transmission
with a minimum reduction in driver, passenger or vehicle safety. In the event of a
total loss of control or electrical power, the basic transmission functions P, R, N
and D are retained. Also 3
rd
or 5
th
gear is retained by the hydraulic system. The
gear retained is dependent upon the gear selected at the time of the failure.
6R60
Transmission Description
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 122
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The FNR5 is a fully automatic, electronically controlled 5-speed transmission
designed for front-wheel drive vehicles. Built for the Ford Fusion.
Its abbreviated designation FNR5 means:
FN front-wheel drive
R Model designation
5 5-speed transmission
.
FNR5
Transmission Description
1 2 3 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The transmission has electronic synchronous shift control (ESSC), which guaran-
tees extremely smooth gear shifting over the entire life of the transmission.
A hydraulic emergency operating program maintains limited operation in the
event of failure of important electrical components.
The transmission can be tested using a diagnostic tool through the data link
connector (DLC) in the passenger compartment.
The tranmission also has its own fluid part # XT-9-QMM5
FNR5
Transmission Description
The individual ratios are achieved through 2 planetary gear sets, connected one
behind the other.
The individual components of the planetary gear sets are driven or held by means
of 3 multi-plate clutches, a multi-plate brake, a brake band and a roller one-way
clutch. The torque is transmitted to the final drive assembly through an interme-
diate gear stage.
FNR5 Automatic Transmission Fluid is the fluid specified for the FNR5 transaxle.
The fluid is changed as directed by the Scheduled Maintenance Guide that is
supplied with the vehicle.
The default gear for this transaxle is 3
rd
gear.
To minimize fuel consumption, the torque converter lock-up clutch is closed by
the transmission control module (TCM) in 3
rd
, 4
th
and 5
th
gears depending on the
throttle position and the vehicle speed.
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 124
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Man u al s elect or lever pos it ion P
In manual selector lever position P, no gear is selected. The parking pawl is
engaged manually by the manual selector lever cable and the shift shaft.
For safety reasons, always apply the parking brake whenever the vehicle is
parked.
Man u al s elect or lever pos it ion R
In manual selector lever position R, reverse gear is selected. REVERSE allows
the vehicle to be operated in a rearward direction, at a reduced gear ratio.
Man u al s elect or lever pos it ion N
In manual selector lever position N, no gear is selected. The driveline is not
locked, so the wheels are free to rotate.
The vehicle may be started in NEUTRAL.
Man u al s elect or lever pos it ion D
In manual selector lever position D, the transmission control allows all the gears
to be selected.
Man u al s elect or lever pos it ion L
In manual selector lever position L, the transaxle provides more engine braking
when the accelerator pedal is released than in D.
If the manual selector lever is moved to position L at an excessive vehicle speed
for 1
st
gear, the transmission control only allows the downshift to take place when
the corresponding vehicle speed has been reached.
FNR5
Lever Positions and Operations
1 2 5 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
The valve body contains 8 solenoid valves:
Three pulse width modulation (PWM) solenoid valves
Three shift solenoid (on/off) valves
Two main regulating valve pressure control solenoids
The individual clutches and bands are supplied pressure from the PWM solenoid
valves and the shift solenoid (on/off) valves and thus the gears are shifted.
The PWM solenoid valves allow direct actuation of the clutches and bands to make
sure of extremely smooth gear shifting through precise pressure regulation.
The shift solenoid (on/off) valves switch the hydraulic path to the clutches and
bands, reducing the number of required modulating valves.
The main regulating valve (variable force solenoid) makes sure that sufficient
hydraulic pressure is available in all operating conditions.
Valve Body
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 126
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
1 . PWM s olen oid valves
PWM solenoid valves control the pressure to the bands and clutches.
2 . Sh ift s olen oid (on / off) valves
The shift solenoid (on/off) valves switch the different oil passages in the valve body
to direct the pressure to the individual clutches and bands.
The shift solenoid valves are needed for direct actuation of the individual clutches
and bands.
3 . Main r egu lat in g valve pr es s u r e con t r ol s olen oid
The main regulating valve (pressure control solenoids) control the required main
line pressure for the individual transmission ranges.
The main line pressure is controlled dependent on the current engine load.
FNR5
Valve Body (continued)
1 . PWM Solen oids
2 . Sh ift Solen oids On / Off
3 . Pr es s u r e Con t r ol Solen oids
1 2 7 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
The TCM is located under the instrument panel on the LH side. On vehicles with
automatic transmissions, the TCM controls the transmission. In this case, a mod-
ule with 16- and 24-pin connectors are used.
The TCM evaluates the incoming signals from the individual sensors and actuates
the solenoid valves in the valve body of the transmission directly according to the
operating state.
Diagnostic checks can be carried out on the transmission through the data link
connector (DLC) above the central junction box (CJB).
Emer gen cy Oper at in g Pr ogr am
If the correct gear shifting can no longer be guaranteed due to failure of certain
signals, the TCM changes to an emergency operating program.
The driver is informed of the operation of the emergency operating program by
the illumination of the powertrain warning indicator in the instrument cluster.
Continued motoring is guaranteed in the following limited conditions:
Maximum main line pressure
3
rd
gear in manual selector lever positions D, 2 and 1 without the
torque converter clutch
Reverse gear in manual selector lever position R
TCM
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 128
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
TCM Location
1 2 9 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
Con t r ol of Sh ift Oper at ion s
During a shift operation certain elements are released while others are actuated.
Ideally, this process takes place simultaneously (synchronously) to avoid jerky
gear shifting.
The time for the shift operation should remain within the time limits provided.
When the shift operation is controlled conventionally, the pressure buildup and
reduction at the shift elements are set and defined for ideal conditions (synchro-
nous shifting).
As there is no way of influencing the control in the event of different levels of wear
in the shift elements, when the transmission has been used for a fairly high
mileage it is possible that the pressure buildup and reduction may no longer be
synchronous.
The result of premature pressure reduction at the element to be switched OFF is
an unwanted rise in the turbine shaft speed as the element to be switched ON
cannot transmit the input torque.
The result of delayed pressure reduction at the element to be switched OFF is an
unwanted decrease in the turbine shaft speed as both shift elements transmit the
input torque. In the process the torque is transmitted to the transmission hous-
ing through internal locking.
In both cases a jerk will be felt during the shift operation.
In addition, wear in the shift elements leads to a lengthening of the shift opera-
tion. Therefore, shifting takes longer when the transmission has accumulated a
higher mileage.
Electronic Synchronous Shift
Control (ESSC)
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 130
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
Con t r ol of Sh ift Oper at ion s wit h ESSC
In the automatic transmission, electronic synchronous shift control (ESSC) is
used.
ESSC monitors the shift operations and is able to adapt to the wear in the shift
elements over the life of the transmission.
This is possible since the shift elements are actuated by modulating valves.
The system monitors the shift time whether the shift operation is synchronous.
If the TCM detects a deviation from the stored values for the shift time and syn-
chronization of the shift operation, the pressure buildup or reduction is adapted
accordingly.
Electronic Synchronous Shift
Control (ESSC)
1 3 1 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Th r ot t le pos it ion (TP) s en s or
The throttle position (TP) sensor is located on the throttle body. It supplies infor-
mation to the PCM about the position of the throttle plate. The TCM receives the
signal from the PCM. It also detects the speed of actuation of the throttle plate.
The TCM uses the following functions, among other things:
To determine the shift timing.
To control the main line pressure
To control the torque converter clutch
For kickdown in case of absence of the TP signal, the engine control uses the
signals of the Mass Air Flow (MAF) and Intake Air Temperature (IAT) sensors as a
substitute signal. The main line pressure is increased and hard shifts may occur.
Mas s air flow (MAF) an d in t ak e air t emper at u r e (IAT) s en s or
The mass air flow (MAF) sensor is located between the air cleaner housing and
the air intake hose leading to the throttle housing. The intake air temperature
(IAT) sensor is incorporated in the housing of the MAF sensor.
The MAF sensor, in conjunction with the IAT sensor, provides the PCM with the
primary load signal. The TCM receives the signals from the PCM and uses them
for the following functions, among other things:
To control the shift operations
To control the main line pressure
If the MAF sensor fails, the signal of the throttle position (TP) sensor is used as a
substitute.
FNR5
Inputs
Cr an k s h aft pos it ion (CKP) s en s or
The crankshaft position (CKP) sensor is located on the engine/transmission
flange. The CKP sensor is an inductive sensor which provides the PCM with infor-
mation about the engine speed and position of the crankshaft.
The TCM receives the signals from the PCM and uses them for the following func-
tions among other things:
To control the torque converter clutch
To check the torque converter slip
To control the main line pressure
No substitute signal is available for the CKP sensor. If the signal is not present,
the engine stops.
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 132
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
The transmission fluid temperature (TFT) sensor is located on the internal wiring
harness to the solenoid valves in the fluid pan. It is a resistor and measures the
transmission fluid temperature.
The transmission fluid temperature is used by the TCM for the following func-
tions:
Applying the torque converter clutch is not permitted until the
transmission fluid reaches a certain temperature.
Engagement of 4
th
gear is prevented in extreme sub-zero temperatures until
the normal operating temperature is reached.
If the transmission fluid temperature is excessive, a pre-set fixed shift curve
is selected and the torque converter clutch is closed in 2, 3, 4 and 5;
of the transmission warning indicator is activated. No substitute signal is
available for the TFT sensor.
The transmission range (TR) sensor is located on the manual shaft on the trans-
mission housing. When the manual shaft engagement pin, located in the inner
ring of the TR sensor, moves through the different positions. The signals are
transmitted to the TCM, the reversing lamps and the starter inhibitor relay.
NOTE: Correct operation of the TR sensor is only guaranteed when the manual
selector lever cable is adjusted correctly.
The signals of the TR sensor are used for the following functions:
To recognize the manual selector lever position
To actuate the starter inhibitor relay
To actuate the reversing lamps
No substitute signal is available for the TR sensor.
If the connection is cut, the vehicle cannot be started.
TR Sen s or
TFT Sen s or
TR Sensor, TFT Sensor
1 3 3 FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
Tu r bin e Sh aft Speed (TSS) Sen s or
The Turbine Shaft Speed (TSS) sensor is located in the transmission housing over
the transmission input shaft. The TSS sensor is an inductive sensor which senses
the speed of rotation of the transmission input shaft.
The signal is used for the following functions:
To control the shift operations
To control the torque converter clutch
To check the torque converter slip
If the TSS sensor fails, the signal of the output shaft speed (OSS) sensor is used
as a substitute signal.
Ou t pu t s h aft s peed (OSS) s en s or
The output shaft speed (OSS) sensor is located in the transmission housing above
the rotor in the differential.
The OSS sensor is an inductive sensor which detects the vehicle speed by means
of a rotor on the differential.
The signal is used for the following functions among other things:
To determine the shift timing
To supply the vehicle speed input signal for the TCM
If the OSS sensor fails, the signal of the TSS sensor is used as a substitute signal.
In t er mediat e Sh aft Speed Sen s or
The Intermediate Shaft Speed (ISS) sensor is located in the transmission housing
over the transmission intermediate shaft. The intermediate shaft speed sensor is
an inductive sensor which senses the speed of rotation of the transmission input
shaft.
The signal is used for the following functions:
To determine the shift timing
To control the shift operations
To control the torque converter clutch
If the intermediate shaft speed sensor fails, the signal of the output shaft speed
and turbine shaft speed sensors is used as a substitute signal.
Speed Sensors
FORD FORD FORD FORD FORD 134
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
FNR5
Speed Sensors
800-451-3115
www.superior-traosissioo.co
1RW-XVW$QRWKHU
6XEVWLWXWH%XWD
5($/
62/87,21
ng Superior's New AOD-E/4R70W
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/4P70W pressure regulator valve wears at the end of the
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rking area to move further into the valve body bore where
curred, providing more stability and preventing future wear.
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NOTaSUB_AD_10_06.indd 1 10/27/2006 4:35:34 PM
For over 30 years, Precision International has manufactured foreign and domestic
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Before we send a kit out to market, we tear apart the transmission it goes into in
order to make sure every single part fits the way it should. This assures that you
get the best, most complete kits available. Whats more, every Precision kit comes
complete with installation tips and easy-to-follow instructions. So you can do the
job right the first time, all the time.
Plus, our inventory control procedures have made us a leader in on-time
delivery to distributors all over the world. This kind of attention to detail has
earned us something very few kit manufacturers can boast of registration by
Underwriters Laboratories to ISO 9001 a system of quality standards for
manufacturing products and services for business and industry. So next time
youre looking for OE certified foreign or domestic transmission repair kits, you
can count on Precision to deliver quality, time and time again.
Weve Added Something
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303-PRE-ISO-037 12/27/06 9:05 AM Page 1
15 1 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Chrysler Table of Contents
Chrysler TOC ................................ 151
4 5 RFE/ 5 4 5 RFE
New Solenoid Assembly ................ 152
Stalls The Engine In Drive............. 154
RE Ser ies Gover n or Diagn os is
Governor Diagnosis ....................... 156
Pressure Testing the Governor
Circuit........................................... 157
Computer Conectors ..................... 158
Case Connectors ........................... 159
Output Speed Sensors .................. 160
Governor Solenoid ........................ 161
Governor Pressure Sensor............. 162
Vehicle Speed Sensor ................... 163
Throttle Position Sensor ................ 164
Engine RPM Sensor ...................... 165
ECT and TFT Sensors .................... 166
Park Neutral Sensor ...................... 167
Transmission Range Sensor .......... 168
Wiring Diagrams ........................... 169
Quick Reference Signal Voltages
For The Governor Control .............. 171
In-Shop Testing............................. 173
Volt Meter Test Procedures ........... 174
6 2 TE
Introduction .................................. 176
Accumulator ID............................. 177
Solenoid ID and Function ............. 178
Check Ball ID and Location........... 179
4 8 RE
Out of Park Sense Alarm............... 180
4 2 LE
Transfer Gear Whine ..................... 181
4 2 RLE
Adapter Shaft Retaining Clip ........ 182
152 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
This kit contains the following 45RFE/545RFE transmission components:
Kit P/N 68002342AB (1999-2003) contains the following 45FRE/454RFE
transmission components:
1 Solenoid assembly 52119435AB
1 TRS cam plate assembly 04799654AC
Kit P/N 05170877AC (2004-2006) contains the following 45RFE/545RFE
transmission components
1 Solenoid assembly 52119435AB
A quiet (NVH) solenoid assembly was released for 2004 MY (and later) RFE
transmissions. This new solenoid requires a revised TRS cam plate assembly,
which includes a deeper trough for TRS pin clearance in the Reverse PRNDL
position. The deep trough cam plate assembly (04799654AC) has also been in
production since 2004 MY.
A new version of the NVH solenoid (52119435AB) may now be used to service
prior model (1999-2003) transmissions, ONLY if the deep trough cam plate
assembly is installed along with the solenoid.
Using the new NVH solenoid (52119435AB) with the original (1999-2003) cam
plate assembly may result in improper (intermittent or no) backup light function.
Using the previous NVH solenoid (52119435AA) in 1999-2003 MY transmissions,
EVEN WITH the new cam plate assembly, may cause invalid DTCs, limp-in, etc.
and is not allowed. The deep trough cam plate assembly may be used with any
style solenoid in any MY.
This kit contains the new NVH solenoid and the deep trough cam plate
assembly. When servicing 1999-2003 MY transmissions, install BOTH
components from this kit as a set. The solenoid in this kit may be used
individually ONLY in 2004 MY and later transmissions. Both parts in this kit are
also available as a separate service parts for use in 2004 MY and later units.
45RFE/545RFE
New Solenoid Assembly
15 3 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
OEM Part No: 68002342AB (Solenoid w/ black connector OEM #4799934AD)
also availible from the aftermarket
DESCRIPTION: Solenoid Assembly Chrysler/Jeep 45RFE/545RFE Includes
Range Sensor & EPC Solenoid (Black Connector) (Replaced by the late Solenoid
w/ white connector) (99-03 must use the adapter plate)
45RFE/545RFE
New Solenoid Assembly (continued)
Replaced by white connector solenoid & adapter plate (1999-03)
OEM Part No: 5170877AA
DESCRIPTION: Solenoid Assembly Chrysler/Jeep 45RFE/545RFE
2004-Up (1999-03 requires an adapter plate included in
D72420)
Includes Range Sensor & EPC Solenoid (White Connector)
1999-03 Adapter Plate
154 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
A missing #4 CK Ball will cause the oil in the O/D Circuit to leak into the switch
valve circuit (following page).
Off the manual valve, oil feed that is normally blocked by the #4 check ball feeds
into the O/D circuit. This oil ends up between the switch valve pucks forcing
them to separate and move the solenoid switch valve into the TCC position. This
causes the L/R sol signal oil to feed the Converter Clutch Regulator Valve causing
the TCC to apply.
45RFE
Stalls the Engine in Drive
A mis s in g # 4 CK Ball
will cau s e t h e oil in
t h e O/ D Cir cu it t o
leak in t o t h e s wit ch
valve cir cu it
(followin g page).
15 5 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
45RFE
Stalls the Engine in Drive
(continued)
156 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Governor Diagnosis
Finally, a complete guide to the RE Series electronic Governor diagnosis.
Although the system seem complex, it truly is not. With a brief understanding of
each of the circuits as inputs we can understand how the computer responds in
controlling the regulation of Governor pressure. The system hydraulically is basi-
cally the same as the RH (mechanical governor) when it controls movement of the
shift valves. Line oil feeds the governor solenoid and is converted into governor
pressure as the module regulates flow through voltage control.
15 7 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Pr es s u r e t es t in g t h e Gover n or : Chrysler uses a series of 6 tests to check the
hydraulic circuits in the transmission. The governor test is 5 in the order. When
testing, remember that governor pressure is used to move shift valves, (electroni-
cally controlled) = road speed (diesel higher than road speed after 20 mph). Must
be less than 5 psi standing still!
Tes t 5
Checks governor operation by measuring governor pressure response to change
in wheel speed (signaled by the OSS). It is usually not necessary to check gover-
nor operation unless shift speeds are incorrect or if the transmission will not
downshift.
Drive vehicle on the road (important, make sure that the hose will not hit against
anything as the vehicle is being driven.)
Idle in drive - Less than 3 psi.
Slowly increase vheicle speed. Pressure should rise in proportion of vehicle speed.
Diesel applications will increase in a higher increment above 20 mph (almost
doubling wheel speed).
RE Series All
Governor Diagnosis (continued)
Gover n or Por t - 0 -1 0 0 ps i gau ge
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Computer Connectors
1 9 9 3 1 / 2 t o 1 9 9 5 J eep TCM
1 9 9 6 - On PCM
2 0 0 5 -On Dies el ECM
15 9 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Case Connector Pins
Tr an s mis s ion Solen oid As s embly
POWER (+) an d GROUND (-)
RE Series All
160 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Generates about
1.25 to 1.4 volts AC
At 55% duty cycle
10 mph..150Hz
20 mph..300Hz
30 mph..450Hz
and so on and so on continual climb
RE Series All
Output Shaft Speed (OSS) Sensor
This sensor is the primary input to the controller for governor control based on
the output speed. The output speed is a generator signal voltage to the module.
16 1 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
0 mph4.6 volts DC
15 mph4.4 volts DC
20 mph4.2 volts DC
25 mph4.0 volts DC
30 mph3.7 volts DC
35 mph3.4 volts DC
40 mph2.9 volts DC
45 mph2.7 volts DC
50 mph2.5 volts DC
55 mph..0 volts DC
Resistance in solenoid 3.8 to 4.0 ohms
Engine running ignition battery voltage is the main supply, the ground side of
solenoid varies to control pressure.
1993 1/2 to 1995 this power was supplied by the module. 1996- on the module
controlled the relay ground and power was supplied by a fused relay.
RE Series All
Governor Solenoid
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Works just like a Throttle Sensor. Has a 5 volt reference, ground, and varying
voltage signal sent back to controller.
0 psi .6 volts
5 psi .8 volts
10psi 1.0 volts
15psi 1.2 volts
20psi 1.4 volts
25psi 1.6 volts
30psi 1.8 volts
and so on and so on up
to 100 psi at 4.85 volts.
If the pressure exceeds
105 psi a code will set.
In cr eas es in 0 . 2 volt in cr emen t s .
RE Series All
Governor Pressure Sensor
(Transducer)
16 3 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Vehicle speed must be greater than 25 mph before the transmission will up shift
to overdrive. Sensor is a Hall effect device. Sensor pulses 8,000 times per mile.
Used for lock up and 4th gear, as well as a back-up signal for the OSS.
Sensor input is 2.5 volts DC
10 mph16Hz
20 mph36Hz
30 mph46Hz
40 mph56Hz
Starting in 1998 the Vehicle Speed Signal was moved from a direct input to a
shared input. The signal from the VSS now goes directly to the ABS Module be-
fore being shared via the Network with the other modules.
RE Series All
Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS)
1 9 9 3 1 / 2 t h r u 1 9 9 7
t h e s en s or is locat ed
in t h e t ail h ou s in g or
in t h e 4 X4 Tr an s fer
c a s e
1 9 9 8 - On t h e
VSS is locat ed
at t h e r ear
di ffe r e n t i a l
164 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The TP Sensor determines what the load (driver demand) on the engine is. Sensor
has a 5 Volt reference, 0 volt ground, and a varying voltage signal sent back to the
controller.
Ga s :
1 volt or les s at idle 4 . 5 0 at fu ll t h r ot t le
Di e s e l:
1 volt or les s at idle 3 . 5 0 volt s at fu ll t h r ot t le
Dies el 1 9 9 8 -on : TPS signal originates from the engine module (mounted on the
side of the engine block) known as APPS volt age . From the engine module this
signal is mirrored and sent out as TPS volt age to the powertrain module.
RE Series All
Throttle Position Sensor
16 5 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RPM sensor is a typical Hall-Effect sensor that sends a pulse signal to the module
in reference to engine RPM is. The sensor can be located in a wide range of areas
from the front of engine such as a Diesel which is mounted in the side of the
engine block reading a pulse wheel mounted onto the crank shaft. Signal voltage
is similar to Vehicle Speed signal.
RE Series All
Engine RPM Sensor
Dies el RPM Sen s or
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Temperature Sensors (ECT & TFT)
These sensors are variable resistance sensors. As fluid temperatures increase and
decreases a signal voltage wire advises the module as to what the temperature is.
Early sensors had a decrease in resistance as temperature increased and starting
in 2000 on the transmission sensor it was opposite. Resistance increases as tem-
perature increases. Ver y impor t an t DO NOT mix t h es e s en s or s u p. Earlier years
these signals helped to determine when the transmission could go into TCC and
OD. With the RE units these signals are still important for TCC and OD but also
for governor control (part of the governor curve strategies). The TOT sensor origi-
nally was riveted to the solenoid block (1993 1/2). Because of ease in manufac-
turing and sharing the ground circuit with the transducer, the sensor was moved
into the governor sensor.
16 7 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Park Neutral Switch
This is a safety switch that allows the vehicle to be started in Park and Neutral.
Other responsibilities of the switch are to supply a signal voltage to the reverse
lights and also to inform the module when the shifter has been moved from park
or neutral into drive range. In Park and Neutral signal voltage in low (grounded)
in Reverse and Drive ranges the signal voltage is high (battery voltage) allowing
the computer to recognize forward movement and governor control. If the module
does not get a correct signal from this switch, governor control is prevented as
well as shifts into OD and TCC.
168 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Transmission Range Sensor
The Transmission Range sensor has 6 pins in which only 5 are used. Pins two
and five are used to signal the computer for each of the shifter positions. This new
switch works off of resistors to drop or raise voltage supply to the module inform-
ing these actual positions.
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Wiring Diagrams
1993 1/2 to 1995 Jeep
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Wiring Diagrams
1996 -On Jeep and Chrysler
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Quick Reference Signal Voltages for
Governor Control
Note: When doing electrical testing, save yourself valuable time. Always discon-
nect and clean battery terminals before doing any electrical testing.
At that time confirm that battery surface voltage is at least 12.45 volts (70% capac-
ity of battery ability). Any ground locations, make sure that there is no voltage in
the ground wires (redundant visible grounds).
For testing, it is important to know that volt meter leads will be moved for testing.
All controller tests with the exception of two (2) of the tests will be done with the
negative lead of the DVOM on the negative battery post and the module will be
back probed with the positive lead.
The governor solenoid test will be done with the positive (+) lead of the DVOM on
the positive battery post and the module will be back probed with the negative
lead to determine the working voltage on the governor solenoid. The output speed
sensor (AC generator) will need both the DVOM leads on the two (2) computer
wires recieving a signal from this sensor. Important, this is AC voltage.
Keep alive battery voltage should not be below 12.45 volts. Running voltages need
to be no more than 14.6 volts (generally around 13.2). Computer grounds must
have no more than 0.02 volts. Sensor grounds can be a little higher than system
grounds about 0.04. The Switches change state when a button is pushed (OD
Cancel). Normally there is voltage at the computer pin for the switch, and when
switch is pushed (grounded) voltage will be pulled low and then will return to
system voltage when released.
TCC and OD Solenoids Both the TCC and OD Solenoids will have battery voltage
present up to the point that the module supplies the ground to energize the
solenoid. At this point, voltage will be pulled low as the solenoid is turned ON.
172 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
RE Series All
Quick Reference Signal Voltages for
Governor Control
17 3 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
1. Raise Vehicle off Ground
2. Install pressure gauge on GOVERNER pressure tap.
3. Lower vehicle; Check for battery voltage. (Must be no lower than 12.4).
Diesel Check Both Batteries
4. Make appropriate tests for circuit concerns (document findings).
5. Repair problem - Retest to confirm that system is ok.
Not e :
Keep a r u n n in g log of veh icles t es t ed for fu t u r e r efer en ce.
RE Series All
In-Shop Testing
Not e :
Clean bat t er y Pos t s an d Clamps befor e t es t in g.
174 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Gen er al Tes t s :
Test with the negative lead of the volt meter connected to negative battery, back-
probing controller with the positive lead. (DC voltage)
Ou t pu t Speed Gen er at or Tes t s :
Test with both leads of the volt meter hooked to the controller. (AC Voltage and
Frequency)
Gover n or Solen oid Tes t :
Test with the positive lead of volt meter hooked to positive battery, back-probe
controller with negative lead. (DC voltage)
RE Series All
Volt Meter Test Procedures
Compu t er Pin Tes t Lead
17 5 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
176 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
A = Applied
H = Holding
* = Limp-in Mode
^ = Applied in coast only
62TE
Introduction
GEAR RATIO UD OD R 2-4 L-R LC DC ORC
1 4.127 A A A ^ H
2 2.842 A A A
3 * 2.284 A A A ^ H
4 1.573 A A A
4 1.452 A A A ^ H
5 1 A A A
6 0.689 A A A
R 3.215 A A A
CLUTCH APPLICATION CHART
ELEMENTS APPLIED
In total, the 62TE provides seven forward ratios and one reverse.
The underdrive compounder assembly has two modes of operation: Direct and
Reduction.
The 2-3, 3-2, and 4-2 shifts require a double swap shift. This occurs when two
elements are turned off while two different elements are engaged.
The clutch-to-clutch synchronization takes place within 40 70 milliseconds,
producing a smooth shift. If the underdrive compounder assembly shifts too early
(in relation to the shifts taking place in the main centerline), a shudder or harsh
shift results. If the underdrive assembly shifts to late, the driver experiences a
double bump sensation.
To avoid a double swap shift in a 6-4 downshift, the transaxle shifts into 4
th
prime,
which requires the deactivation of the OD clutch and the simultaneous
application of the UD clutch.
17 7 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
62TE
1 UD Accumulator 4 LC Accumulator
2 2/4 Accumulator 5 DC Accumulator
3 L/R accumulator 6 OD Accumulator
Accumulator ID
Accumulator ID
178 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
62TE
The 62TE transaxle has eight solenoids. Six solenoids use ON/OFF or PWM op-
eration and are part of the solenoid/pressure switch assembly. The TCC solenoid
has a VFS design and is mounted on the solenoid/pressure switch assembly. The
PCS mounts on the valve body and is a separate component.
In the event of a transmission/transaxle electrical fault, a limp-in mode proce-
dure is programmed in the transmission controller. To achieve limp-in mode,
the normally applied 2/4 and UD solenoids only allow fluid flow to obtain Park,
Reverse, Neutral and Third in Drive.
Solenoid ID and Function
1 . Solen oid/ Pr es s u r e Swit ch As s embly
2 . Pr es s u r e Con t r ol Solen oid
179 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
62TE
Check Ball ID and Location
The 62TE valve body has nine checkballs in total, four are used in the hydraulic
circuit and the other five are used as plugs:
L/R Clutch circuit: Prevents L/R clutch application in Drive-Third gear, Fourth
gear, Fifth gear and Sixth gear.
UD Clutch circuit: Allows an orifice to control fluid flow during UD clutch applica-
tion
OD Clutch: Allows an orifice to control fluid flow during OD clutch application
Reverse clutch: Allows an orifice to control fluid flow during reverse clutch appli-
cation
180 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Vehicles with a diesel engine and an automatic transmission are equipped with
an alarm that warns the customer, upon exiting the vehicle, that the transmission
is not in the Park position. This feature will only be functional under following
conditions:
Engine running
Foot off the brake pedal
Drivers seat belt is unbuckled
Drivers door is open
When this feature is triggered the horn will sound, the high beams and turn
signal lamps will flash. This will continue until one of the following conditions is
met:
Engine is turned off
Transmission is in Park
Drivers seat belt is buckled
Brakes applied
NOTE: Th is feat u r e is s t an dar d equ ipmen t an d can n ot be dis abled.
48RE
Out of Park Sense Alarm
2006 (DH/D1) Ram Truck
18 1 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Vehicle operator may experience a transfer gear whine sound while vehicle is
either accelerating or coasting down between 68 mph (109 kph) and 84 mph (135
kph). This condition may also be described as a whistling sound.
Repair Procedure:
1. Raise Vehicle on a hoist.
2. Inspect the lower steering column boot to see if it is sealed properly against the
bulkhead. The lower steering column boot should be pressed against the bulk-
head (Fig. 1). If the lower steering column boot is installed properly further diag-
nosis is required. If lower steering column boot is not installed properly continue
to Step #3.
1 Lower Steering Column Boot)
42LE
Transfer Gear Whine
2003-2005 (JR) Sebring Convertible/Sebring Sedan/Stratus
Sedan
1 Clips (Clip #6 not shown)
2 Steering Column Boot
3. Lower Vehicle.
4. Pull back carpet from around lower steering column boot.
5. Using a rubber mallet, tap boot on the perimeter until all six (6) clips are
seated.
6. Re-install carpeting.
182 CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER CHRYSLER
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
42RLE
Adapter Shaft Retaining Clip
The retaining clip is often destroyed and or distorted when the output shaft is
removed. The new part number is 528 52916-AA
T: 419.499.2502 F: 419.499.3337 www.TransTec.com Milan, OH 44846
ORIGINAL
ORIGINAL
Inside every TransTec kit youll always find the highest quality components,
most complete technical information and logical sub-packaging. Nobody
makes transmission parts more dependable. Better parts and better
performance means less chance of a comeback, so insist on rebuilding
with the best. TransTec transmission kits from Corteco, the O.E.
supplier with aftermarket vision.
Inside every TransTec kit youll always find the highest quality components,
most complete technical information and logical sub-packaging. Nobody
makes transmission parts more dependable. Better parts and better
performance means less chance of a comeback, so insist on rebuilding
with the best. TransTec transmission kits from Corteco, the O.E.
supplier with aftermarket vision.
transtec-new.indd IFC2 4/25/06 10:38:52 AM
LUBEGARD

Representative Alan Smith


demonstrates just how easy seal-fitting
is with Seal-E-Zee.
S
im
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it
w
ith
S
e
a
l-E
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d
th
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Seal-E-Zee Kit (contains both Seal-E-Zee products) #19522
Z Pak

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capacity without coning. ZPak is just one way Raybestos is aggressively leading the industry in
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Ask your supplier about the NEW Z Pak

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18 7
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION
AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
Scan Tool Communication and
Network Diagnostics Table of
Contents
Scan Tool Communication and
Network Diagnostics TOC.......... 187
OEM Ser vice In for mat ion
OEM Service Information .......... 188
OEM Scan Tools ........................ 189
After Market Scan Tools ............ 190
Scan Tool and Network
Communication Essentials........ 191
J 1 9 6 2 OBD II Con n ect or
Breakout Box ............................ 192
Ford SCP................................... 193
Ford Network Wiring ................. 195
GM Class 2/Chrysler PCI .......... 196
GM Class 2 Network Wiring ...... 197
Chrysler PCI Network Wiring .... 198
GM Class2/Chrysler PCI
Diagnosis .................................. 199
Chrysler CCD............................ 200
Chrysler CCD Bus .................... 201
Chrysler SCI ............................. 202
Chrysler SCI Data Link ............. 203
CAN ........................................ 204
CAN Wiring Diagram................. 205
CAN Interface............................ 206
Vehicles Requiring Interface ..... 207
ISO 9 1 4 1 (K Lin e)
ISO ........................................ 208
ISO Wiring Diagram.................. 209
1 88
SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION
AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
OEM Service Information
Websites
r e r u t c a f u n a M s s e r d d A b e W r e r u t c a f u n a M s s e r d d A b e W
n i t r a M n o t s A m o c . o f n i h c e t n i t r a m n o t s a . w w w a i K m o c . o f n i h c e t a i k . w w w
i d u A m o c . n h a b e . w w w r e v o R d n a L m o c . o f n i h c e t r e v o r d n a l . w w w
y e l t n e B m o c . o f n i h c e t y e l t n e b . w w w i t a r e s a M m o c . o f n i h c e t i t a r e s a m . w w w
W M B m o c . o f n i h c e t w m b . w w w a d z a M m o c . o f n i h c e t a d z a m . w w w
r e l s y r h C r e l m i a D m o c . y t i r o h t u a h c e t . w w w s e d e c r e M m o c . o f n i k e t r a t s . w w w
i r a r r e F m o c . o f n i h c e t i r a r r e f . w w w i n i M m o c . o f n i h c e t i n i m . w w w
d r o F m o c . e c i v r e s t f a r c r o t o m . w w w i h s i b u s t i M m o c . o f n i h c e t i h s i b u s t i m . w w w
s r o t o M l a r e n e G m o c . o f n i h c e t m g . w w w n a s s i N n a s s i n / m o c . o f n i h c e t - n a s s i n . w w w
n o i t a r b i l a C M G m o c . m g . d i l a c / / : p t t h e h c s r o P m o c . e h c s r o p . o f n i h c e t / / : s p t t h
a r u c A / a d n o H m o c . a d n o h . o f n i h c e t . w w w b a a S m o c . o f n i h c e t b a a s / / : p t t h
i a d n u y H m o c . e c i v r e s a m h . w w w u r a b u S m o c . u r a b u s . o f n i h c e t / / : p t t h
u z u s I m o c . e c r u o s u z u s i . w w w i k u z u S m o c . p o t s t i p i k u z u s . w w w
k c u r T u z u s I m o c . e c i v r e s k c u r t u z u s i . w w w a t o y o T m o c . a t o y o t . o f n i h c e t / / : p t t h
i t i n i f n I i t i n i f n i / m o c . o f n i h c e t - n a s s i n . w w w n e g a w s k l o V m o c . n h a b e . w w w
r a u g a J m o c . o f n i h c e t r a u g a j . w w w o v l o V m o c . o f n i h c e t o v l o v . w w w
Latest up to date TSBs.
OEM DTC definitions and diagnostic information.
Reprogramming information, software, and calibration files.
Scan tool rental info.
This OEM website information is provided to help assist you in your daily needs,
some of the advantages are:
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SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION
AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
OEM Scan Tools
Information on OEM scan tools can often be found at the auto man-
ufacturers service information website.
Some manufacturers offer scan tool rental.
OEM scan tools can be very helpful when it comes down to those difficult prob-
lems that the aftermarket tools can not find, some of the advantages are:
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SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION
AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Advantages
One tool covers many manufacturers
Disadvantages
May not have all OEM level access and functions
You should have at least two different types of scan tools
Aftermarket Scan Tools
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
Mak e s u r e you r s can t ool s oft war e an d h ar dwar e ar e u p t o dat e.
Valuable time can be wasted trying to diagnose a scan tool communication prob-
lem only to find out you dont have the necessary scan tool software updates or
adapters required to communicate with the vehicle.
Get a back u p s can t ool.
Its a good idea to have a back up scan tool. You never know, your scan tool can
break down, or get broken, and leave you without the key piece of diagnostic
equipment necessary to diagnose todays vehicles. It also helps to have a scan tool
from a different manufacturer to give yourself some diversity in your diagnostic
arsenal.
A modu le n eeds t h r ee bas ic t h in gs t o commu n icat e pr oper ly.
1. Power (both keep alive power and switched ignition power) and ground.
2. Connection to functioning network circuits.
3. Other modules on the network to talk with.
Gr ou n ds ar e ver y cr it ical, es pecially in a s in gle wir e n et wor k .
Network communication is done by each module translating binary information
(1s and 0s) into voltage levels. With a single wire network or data link, each
module compares the network voltage to ground in order to tell the 1s and 0s
apart and read the data on the network. If modules have significantly different
ground voltages, they wont be able to communicate.
Ch eck for veh icle s oft war e u pdat es .
Again, much time can be wasted diagnosing a network communication problem
when the manufacturer has a software update to address the problem.
Scan Tool and Network
Communication Essentials
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
NOTE: If you r Scan t ool DOES NOT h ave commu n icat ion wit h t h e
veh icle, ch eck for blown fu s es , es pecially on GM an d For d
applicat ion s . It is common for t h e dat a lin k con n ect or , cigar
ligh t er , an d power por t s t o all be fed fr om t h e s ame fu s e.
J1962 OBDII Connector
J1962 OBDII Connector
1. Manufacturers Discretion
2. J1850 (Bus+)
3. Manufacturers Discretion
4. Chassis Ground
5. Signal Ground
6. CAN HI
7. K line (ISO 9141)
8. Manufacturers Discretion
9. Manufacturers Discretion
10. J1850 (Bus -)
11. Manufacturers Discretion
12. Manufacturers Discretion
13. Manufacturers Discretion
14. CAN LO
15. L Line
16. Battery +
Ter min al 1 6 : Bat t er y + at all t imes
Ter min al 4 : Ch as s is Gr ou n d
Ter min al 5 : Sign al Gr ou n d
Ot h er t er min als ar e for diagn os t ic an d dat a cir cu it s , an d will
var y accor din g t o veh icle mak e, model, year an d opt ion s .
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
J1962 OBDII Connector
Breakout Box
For communication problems and manual code retrieval, use a J1962 Breakout
Box. This Box is used for testing data link connector circuits and also checking for
codes.
www. s jdi s c ou n t t ools . c om
Pa r t n u mbe r NUD4 2 0 -1 6 7
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Ford SCP (Standard Corporate
Protocol) (PWM)
J1962 OBDII Connector
Two wire (twisted pair) differential bus.
Parallel Network; all modules share the same SCP+ and SCP- circuits.
Used for scan tool and inter-module communication.
Fault tolerant; can continue to operate in one wire mode.
When data is trasmitted, SCP+ is toggled 0- 5 volts, SCP- toggled 5- 0 volts
(SCP+ and SCP- waveforms are mirror images of each other)
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
J1962 OBDII Connector
Ford SCP (PWM) Network Wiring
Refer to wiring diagram to determine where in the data circuit to check for fault.
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
A short anywhere in the network will disable all communication. An open will
disable communication between modules on either side of the fault location.
Consider the scan tool as just another module on the network. If the whole net-
work is down, you will have no scan tool communication. If there is an open
between scan tool and another module, you will not be able to communicate
with that module.
GM Class 2/Chrysler PCI
(Progammable Communication
Interface)
J1962 OBDII Connector
Single wire network.
Used for both scan tool and inter-module communication.
When data is transmitted voltage toggles from 0-7 volts.
A Daimler-Chrysler vehicle can have either PCI or CCD bus network, but not
both.
PCI is typically not used for scan tool communication with the PCM, SCI is used
instead.
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
J1962 OBDII Connector
GM Class 2 Network Wiring
Diagram
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
PCI is essentially the same configuration as GM Class 2 with the exception of the
SCI scan tool data link for the PCM, which is used for scan tool communication
with the PCM.
The whole PCI network can be down, but scan tool will still be able to communi-
cate with PCM.
J1962 OBDII Connector
Chrysler PCI Network Wiring
Diagram
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
J1962 OBDII Connector
GM Class2/Chrysler PCI Diagnosis
GM Vehicles: SP205 Splice Pack
Chrysler Vehicles: Diagnostic Junction Port
This is the common connection point, or Star connection in the network wiring.
Unplug the Star connector to isolate and check each leg of the network. With
circuits isolated, continuity can then be checked on each individual circuit leg.
Circuits can be jumped to data link connector one by one to establish scan tool
and inter-module communication with individual modules.
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SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION SCAN TOOL COMMUNICATION
AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
J1962 OBDII Connector
Chrysler CCD (Chysler Collision
Detection) Bus
Two wire (twisted pair) differential bus.
Parallel network; all modules connected to the same CCD+ and CCD- circuits.
Used for inter-module and scan tool communication.
CCD bus started being Replaced by the single wire PCI bus in the late 1990s.
Not fault tolerant.
When data is transmitted, CCD+ is toggled between 2.49 - 2.55 volts, CCD- is
toggled between 2.51 - 2.45 volts (CCD+ and CCD- waveforms are mirror im
ages of each other).
CCD an d PCI Net wor k Diagn os t ic Tips :
The instrument cluster is the best visual indication of which modules are commu-
nicating.
Tachometer and engine gauge data comes from the engine control module.
Speedometer and gear position indicator data comes from the transmission
control module.
Simply looking at what is and is not functioning on the instrument cluster will
give clues as to where to look for trouble.
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
J1962 OBDII Connector
CCD bus will typically have many splices in different locations in the harness,
making it a pain to track down wiring problems.
Measuring DC voltages
With a meter:
CCD+ will have about 2.49 volts,
CCD- will have about 2.51 volts.
Chrysler CCD Bus
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Chrysler SCI
Two wire scan tool communication link to PCM or ECM.
TCM will use CCD bus or PCI bus for scan tool communication.
Not used for inter-mudule communication, scan tool only.
Slow and fast messages are often mixed together during communication.
SCI Transmit carries data from PCM to scan tool, SCI Recieve carries data
from scan tool to PCM.
SCI Transmit circuit was designed to also work with ISO 9141 in generic
mode, to make CCD bus equipped vehicles OBDII compliant.
SCI Transmit is 0 volts until scan tool is plugged in. Scan tool will usually
default to 12 volt bias on SCI Transmit circuit until vehicle information is
entered into scan tool and PCM is selected. SCI transmit will then switch to
5 volt bias.
SCI Recieve will have 5 volt bias without scan tool plugged in.
SCI Transmit and SCI recieve independently toggle 0-5 volts during data
transmission.
(Serial Communication
Interface)Diagnostic Data Link
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
The PCI or CCD bus can be down, but you will still have scan tool communication
with the PCM. Dont let this fool you into thinking the PCI or CCD bus has any
functionality.
Chrysler SCI
Diagnostic Data Link
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
CAN
Two wire (twisted pair) differential bus
May be wired as a parallel or series bus configuration.
Used for both inter-module and scan tool communication.
Not fault tolerant. A short or open in CAN HI or CAN LO circuit will stop all
communication.
When data is transmitted CAN HI toggles between 2.5 and 3.7 volts,
CAN LO toggles between 2.5 and 1.2 volts (CAN HI and CAN LO waveforms
are mirror images of each other).
CAN (Controller Area Network) is the new standard scan tool communication link
required on all 2007 and newer vehicles.
Auto manufacturers started phasing in CAN diagnostic link in 2003.
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
CAN
Two wire parallel configuration is most common, but some vehicles will use series
configuration with one module having a dedicated diagnostic link to the data link
connector.
Wiring Diagram
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
CAN
Interface
1. Snap-On: CAN 1B
2. Tech II: CAN di module
3. Mastertech: CAN VIM
If you are using a stand alone type scan tool (NOT PC scan tool software), you
will need a CAN adapter to communicate with many 2003 and newer vehicles.
Here are some examples of adapters required for specific scan tools:
Sn ap-On : CAN 1 B
If you are using a J2534 interface with PC scan tool software, the inface has CAN
built in and DOES NOT require an additional adapter. The J2534 interface will be
discussed in the RECALIBRATION section.
EASE Dia gn os t ic s
J 2 5 3 4 In t e r fa c e
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
CAN
Vehicles Requiring CAN Interface
r a e Y e k a M l e d o M r a e Y e k a M l e d o M
3 0 0 2 d r o F
s u c o F L 3 . 2
d r i b r e d n u h T L 9 . 3
5 0 0 2 c a l l i d a C R L X , S T S , X R S , S T C
3 0 0 2 n l o c n i L
. s n a r T c i t a m o t u A L 0 . 3 S L
. s n a r T c i t a m o t u A L 9 . 3 S L
5 0 0 2 t e l o r v e h C
, x o n i u q E , e t t e v r o C , t l a b o C
, R S S , u b i l a M
T X E r e z a l b l i a r T
3 0 0 2 a d z a M
6 a d z a M L 3 . 2
6 a d z a M L 0 . 3
5 0 0 2 r e l s y r h C C 0 0 3
3 0 0 2 e h c s r o P
S e n n e y a C
o b r u T e n n e y a C
5 0 0 2 e g d o D m u n g a M , o g n a r u D , a t o k a D
3 0 0 2 b a a S
) P H 5 7 1 ( n a d e S 3 - 9
) P H 0 1 2 ( n a d e S 3 - 9
5 0 0 2 d r o F
, 0 5 1 E , a i r o t c i V n w o r C
, e p a c s E , 0 5 3 E , 0 5 2 E
, n o i t i d e p x E , n o i s r u c x E
, 0 5 2 F , 0 5 1 F , r e r o l p x E
, s u c o F , d e r d n u H e v i F , 0 5 3 F
, s u r u a T , g n a t s u M , e l y t s e e r F
d r i b r e d n u h T
3 0 0 2 n r u t a S N O I 5 0 0 2 C M G
V S E y o v n E
L X y o v n E
4 0 0 2 k c i u B s u o v z e d n e R 5 0 0 2 u z u s I r e d n e c s A
4 0 0 2 c a l l i d a C R L X , X R S , S T C 5 0 0 2 p e e J e e k o r e h C d n a r G
4 0 0 2 e g d o D o g n a r u D 5 0 0 2
d n a L
r e v o R
3 R L
4 0 0 2 d r o F
, s u c o F L 3 . 2 , 0 5 1 F , r e r o l p x E
d r i b r e d n u h T , s u r u a T
5 0 0 2 s u x e L 0 7 4 X G , 0 3 4 S L , 0 0 4 S L
4 0 0 2 s u x e L 0 3 4 S L 5 0 0 2 n l o c n i L r a C n w o T , r o t a g i v a N , S L
4 0 0 2 n l o c n i L S L 5 0 0 2 a d z a M
, 8 X R , 6 a d z a M , 3 a d z a M
e t u b i r T , V P M
4 0 0 2 a d z a M 8 X R , 6 a d z a M , 3 a d z a M 5 0 0 2 s e d e c r e M 0 5 3 K L S
4 0 0 2 y r u c r e M e l b a S , r e e n i a t n u o M 5 0 0 2 y r u c r e M
, r e n i r a M , s i u q r a M d n a r G
, r e e n i a t n u o M , o g e t n o M
e l b a S
4 0 0 2 e h c s r o P
S e n n e y a C
o b r u T e n n e y a C
5 0 0 2 c a i t n o P O T G , x i r P d n a r G , 6 G
4 0 0 2 b a a S 3 - 9 5 0 0 2 e h c s r o P
S e n n e y a C
o b r u T e n n e y a C
4 0 0 2 n r u t a S N O I 5 0 0 2 b a a S
3 - 9
X 7 - 9
4 0 0 2 a t o y o T s u i r P 5 0 0 2 n r u t a S N O I
4 0 0 2 o v l o V
L 4 . 2 0 4 S
L 5 . 2 0 4 S
5 0 0 2 a t o y o T
, a m o c a T , s u i r P , n o l a v A
a i o u q e S , a r d n u T , r e n n u R 4
5 0 0 2 i d u A 6 A , 4 A 5 0 0 2 o v l o V
, 0 8 S , 0 7 V , 0 6 S , 0 5 V , 0 4 S
0 9 C X
5 0 0 2 k c i u B
, r e i n a R , e s s o r C a L
s u o v z e d n e R
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
ISO 9141 (K Line)
Used on Asian and European vehicles, also on Ford GEM and airbag
module scan tool data link.
Single wire data link. Usually shared by several modules.
Use for scan tool communication only (not used for inter-module communi
cation).
When data is transmitted, voltage is toggled between 0 and 12 volts.
ISO (International Standards
Orginization)
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AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS AND NETWORK DIAGNOSTICS
ISO 9141 (K Line)
Wiring Diagram
210
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
NOTES:
2 1 1 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Recalibration
Table of Contents
J 2 5 3 2 In t er face
J2534 Interface .................... 212
Recalibr at ion PC Set -Up
Recalibration PC Set-Up....... 213
Recalibration TSBs .............. 214
GM Recalibration ................. 218
Ford Recalibration ............... 222
Chryslare Recalibration ....... 228
Toyota Recalibration ............ 232
Resetting the Shift Adapts ... 235
212 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
J2534 Interface
Manufacturer Product Web Address
Actia PassThru+XS www.actiaus.com
Blue Streak Electronics BSE-2534 Global Programmer www.bsecorp.com
Eepod McS1 www.eepod.com
Drew Technologies CarDAQ-Plus www.drewtech.com
Ease Diagnostics Universal Reprogrammer www.easediagnostics.com
Snap-On Pass Thru Pro www.snapon.com
Vetronix E6510 Flasher www.vetronix.co
J 2534 Pass Thru Manufacturers
J2534 is a scan tool and reprogramming interface standard for all auto manufac-
turers. All 2003 and newer vehicles are required to be J2534 compatible. The
J2534 interface translates data between PC and vehicle network/data link. It is
used for Pass Thru reprogramming and scan tool communication.
Most OBDII vehicles, especially domestics, can be reprogrammed via J2534 Pass
Thru. Each auto manufacturer has their own J2534 PC software for reprogram-
ming. Calibrations and J2534 software are available either from auto manufactur-
ers service information website or by purchasing a CD-ROM.
P C
J 2 5 3 4
In t e r fa c e
Ve h i c le
Di a gn os t i c
Con n ect or
2 1 3 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Recalibration PC Setup
Make sure PC power management settings will not allow PC to go into standby or
hibernate. If PC goes into standby or hibernate during reprogramming the ECM
can be ruined.
The J2534 interface will require either RS232 or USB connection to PC, make
sure PC is apropriately equipped to connect to the J2524 interface. A wireless
card may come in handy.
214 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
A lot of diagnostic time can be wasted on problems that are fixed with program-
ming updates. OEM service websites have the most up to date TSB and
recalibration information. Common for updated calibration to address shifting
problems, engine performance problems, parts interchange, and false DTCs.
Recalibration TSBs
s e l p m a x E B S T h s a l f e R M G
r e b m u N B S T s e l c i h e V t n i a l p m o C
7 5 0 - 4 0 - 6 0 - 3 0
r e z a l b l i a r T 3 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
y o v n E 3 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
a d a v a r B 3 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
e n i g n e L 2 . 4 h t i w
g n i p p i l S , t f i h s 2 - 1 h s r a H
t n e m e g a g n e h s r a H , t f i h s 2 - 1
6 1 0 - 0 3 - 7 0 - 3 0
d w 2 e u V n r u t a S 3 0 0 2
e l x a s n a r t E 5 2 T V L 2 . 2 h t i w
n o i t a r b i V / r e d d u h S C C T
) M C T m a r g o r p e R (
7 0 0 - 0 3 - 7 0 - 9 9
, t h g i E y t h g i E , e r b a S e L 8 9 9 1
e l l i v e n n o B d n a , e u n e v A k r a P
e n i g n e L 8 . 3 h t i w
g n i t a r e l e c c a n e h w r e d d u h S
. p o t s a o t g n i m o c r e t f a
A 1 2 0 - 0 3 - 7 0 - 3 0
r e i l a v a C 3 0 0 2 - 5 9 9 1
u b i l a M 3 0 0 2 - 7 9 9 1
o r e l A 3 0 0 2 - 9 9 9 1
e r i f n u S 3 0 0 2 - 5 9 9 1
m A d n a r G 3 0 0 2 - 8 9 9 1
o n , g n i z i l a r t u e n r o t f i h s e r a l F
, 0 1 8 1 P s ' C T D , t f i h s 2 - 1
. t e s 5 1 8 1 P
8 0 0 - 0 3 - 7 0 - 5 0
e u V n r u t a S 3 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
e l x a s n a r T 5 - 3 3 F A h t i w
e r a l F 3 - 2
) M C T m a r g o r p e R (
5 0 0 - 0 3 - 7 0 - 4 0
e u V n r u t a S 4 0 0 2 - 3 0 0 2
N O I n r u t a S 4 0 0 2 - 3 0 0 2
e l x a s n a r T E 5 2 T V h t i w
r o k r a P n i e s i o n p r i h c / s s i H
) M C T m a r g o r p e R ( l a r t u e N
1 0 0 - 1 2 - 4 0 - 4 0
r e i n a R 4 0 0 2
T X E , r e z a l b l i a r T 4 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
L X , y o v n E 4 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
V U X y o v n E 4 0 0 2
a d a v a r B 4 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
6 2 2 G V N r o 6 2 1 G V N h t i w
e s a c r e f s n a r t
t n o r f f o t n e m e g a g n e d e y a l e D
p i l s a g n i r u d s l e e h w
. n o i t i d n o c
) M C C T m a r g o r p e R (
A 1 5 0 - 0 3 - 7 0 - 3 0
E U V n r u t a S 5 0 0 2 - 3 0 0 2
e l x a s n a r t E 5 2 T V h t i w
r o / d n a d n i r g d e e p s w o L
. g n i v i r d e l i h w n o i t a t i s e h
) M C T m a r g o r p e R (
E 6 0 0 - 1 2 - 4 0 - 2 0
r e i n a R 4 0 0 2
T X E , r e z a l b l i a r T 4 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
, e h c n a l a v A 4 0 0 2 - 3 0 0 2
e o h a T , n a b r u b u S
L X , y o v n E 4 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
L X , n o k u Y , a r r e i S 4 0 0 2 - 3 0 0 2
V U X y o v n E 4 0 0 2
e v i t c A r o t f i h S c i n o r t c e l E h t i w
e s a C r e f s n a r T
D W A / D W 4 e v i t a r e p o n I
/ D W 4 e v i t a r e p o n i , s t h g i l
0 5 5 0 C C T D , m e t s y s D W A
h t i w n o i t a c i n u m m o c o n t e s
M C C T
) M C C T m a r g o r p e R (
2 1 5 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
s e l p m a x E B S T h s a l f e R d r o F
r e b m u N B S T s e l c i h e V t n i a l p m o C
6 - 1 2 - 0 0 L 0 . 3 r e g n a R 0 0 0 2
2 - 1 g n i p p i l S r o d e y a l e D
. t f i h s
6 - 4 2 - 0 0
s e i r e S F y t u D r e p u S 9 9 9 1
s e t a d d l i u b , e n i g n e L 8 . 6 h t i w
9 9 / 3 / 7 u r h t 8 9 / 2 1 / 1
r o / d n a y l r a e , g n i t f i h s c i t a r r E
. s t f i h s e t a l
5 - 4 1 - 1 0
S L n l o c n i L 1 0 0 2 - 0 0 0 2
0 0 0 2 / 7 1 / 0 1 e r o f e b t l i u b
h s r a h , s t n e m e g a g n e d e y a l e D
d e y a l e d , s t f i h s c i t a r r e , s t f i h s
. h p m 0 2 r a e n s t f i h s n w o d
4 - 5 2 - 1 0 s u c o F 1 0 0 2 - 0 0 0 2
o i t a r t e s r a e g e v i r d l a n i F
r e t f a s t f i h s d e y a l e d : e g n a h c
o i t a r t e s r a e g e v i r d l a n i f
e l x a s n a r t r o e g n a h c
. t n e m e c a l p e r
4 - 3 2 - 2 0
g n a t s u M 2 0 0 2 - 9 9 9 1
s u c o F 2 0 0 2 - 0 0 0 2
0 5 1 F , n o i t i d e p x E 2 0 0 2 - 9 9 9 1
s e i r e s E 2 0 0 2 - 0 0 0 2
t r o p S r e r o l p x E 2 0 0 2 - 1 0 0 2
r e g n a R d n a , t r o p S , c a r T
, r a C n w o T 2 0 0 2 - 9 9 9 1
r o t a g i v a N
d o o w k c a l B 2 0 0 2
r e e n i a t n u o M 2 0 0 2
e n i g n e e n i l o s a g h t i w e v o b a l l a
t n e m u r t s n i r o M C P r e t f A
4 x 4 , t n e m e c a l p e r r e t s u l c
d e t a n i m u l l i p m a l r o t a c i d n i
. e t a r u c c a n i r e t e m o d e e p s d n a
n i k c o l b D I V m a r g o r p (
) M C P
2 - 4 2 - 2 0
e c i l o P a i r o t c i V n w o r C 3 0 0 2
2 0 0 2 / 0 3 / 6 - 2 0 0 2 / 6 2 / 3 t l i u B
r o d e n r u b , r a e g h t 4 f o s s o L
. d n a b D O d e g a m a d
0 4 - 1 2 - 3 0
0 5 3 F , 0 5 2 F 7 9 9 1
y t u D r e p u S F 0 0 0 2 - 9 9 9 1
n o i s r u c x E 0 0 0 2
e n i g n e L 3 . 7 h t i w e v o b a l l a
d e e p s h t i w e g r u s / k c u B
d e g a g n e l o r t n o c
6 1 - 5 2 - 4 0
F , n o i s r u c x E 4 0 0 2 - 3 0 0 2
y t u D r e p u S
s e i r e s E 4 0 0 2
C T D h t i w d e t a n i m u l l i L I M
r e t f a 1 7 7 0 P , 1 6 7 0 P , 6 5 7 0 P
h t i w t f i h s q r o T a g n i l l a t s n i
. s t n e n o p m o c l e v e l 5 0 0 2
5 - 4 2 - 5 0
, d e r d n u H e v i F 6 0 0 2 - 5 0 0 2
o g e t n o M
c i t a m o t u a d e e p s 6 h t i w
e r o f e b t l i u b , e l x a s n a r t
5 0 0 2 / 7 1 / 0 1
w o l s / c i t a r r e / h s r a H
n i p i t r o s t f i h s n w o d
. n o i t a t i s e h
2 - 4 2 - 8 9
1 1 - 3 1 - 8 9
, r u o t n o C 9 9 9 1 - 8 9 9 1
8 9 / 1 3 / 5 h g u o r h t t l i u b e u q i t s y M
h g u o r h t t l i u b r a g u o C 9 9 9 1
8 9 / 1 1 / 6
r o f e t a d p u n o i t a r b i l a C
t n e m e c a l p e r e c i v r e s
. e l x a s n a r t
g n i r p s , o v r e s t n e m e c a l p e R
r o f e t a d p u n o i t a r b i l a c d n a
t h g i l t a t f i h s 2 - 1 h s r a h
t f i h s n w o d 2 - 3 h s r a h , e l t t o r h t
. t f i h s p u 3 - 1 r e t f a
Recalibration TSBs
216 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
s e l p m a x E B S T h s a l f e R r e l s y r h C
r e b m u N B S T s e l c i h e V t n i a l p m o C
A 3 0 - 1 0 0 - 8 1
L 9 . 3 h t i w a t o k a D 3 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
, n o i s s i m s n a r t E R 2 4 , e n i g n e
2 0 0 2 / 2 2 / 1 1 e r o f e b t l i u b
t f i h s t o n l l i w n o i s s i m s n a r T
e l i h w r a e g d n o c e s f o t u o
. l l i h a g n i b m i l c
4 0 - 3 1 0 - 8 1
m a R , o g n a r u D , a t o k a D 3 0 0 2
, e e k o r e h C J K , y t r e b i L , p u k c i P
e e k o r e h C d n a r G J W d n a G W
d n a d e e p s t f i h s n o i s s i m s n a r T
L I M , s t n e m e v o r p m i l e e f
. n o i t a n i m u l l i
1 0 - 0 3 0 - 8 1
m a R , a t o k a D , n a V m a R 9 9 9 1
o g n a r u D , k c u r T
n o i s s i m s n a r t E R 6 4 h t i w
y t i l i b a r u d d n a y t i l a u q t f i h S
r o f y l l a i c e p s e , s t n e m e v o r p m i
R - N d n a D - N d e t a e p e r
. s t n e m e g a g n e
0 0 - 1 1 - 8 1
, g n i r b e S , r e g n e v A 9 9 9 1
, s u r r i C , e l b i t r e v n o C g n i r b e S
, e d r o c n o C , e z e e r B , s u t a r t S
n w o T , M 0 0 3 , S H L , d i p e r t n I
, n a v a r a C , y r t n u o C d n a
r e l w o r P , r e g a y o V
h c t u l c e g a t l o v w o L
C T D d e d d A . n o i t c e t o r p
. e g a t l o v y r e t t a b w o l : 4 1 7 1 P
6 9 - 9 2 - 8 1
n w o T , r e g a y o V , n a v a r a C 7 9 9 1
y r t n u o C d n a
g n i t f i h s e l t t u h s e l x a s n a r T
, r a e g d n 2 d n a d r 3 n e e w t e b
. e d a r g a g n i m i l c n e h w y l l a u s u
5 0 - 4 0 0 - 1 2
a c i f i c a P 4 0 0 2
s u t a r t S , g n i r b e S 4 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
n a d e S
, e e k o r e h C , y t r e b i L 3 0 0 2
r e l g n a r W
r e s i u r C T P , n o e N 3 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
, e d r o c n o C , M 0 0 3 4 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
d i p e r t n I
. t n e m e g a g n e d e y a l e D
d n a M C T m a r g o r p e R
. p m u p e c a l p e r
6 0 - 4 0 0 - 1 2
d n a n w o T 5 0 0 2 - 3 0 0 2
n a v a r a C , r e g a y o V , y r t n u o C
d i o n e l o s , 6 7 7 1 P C T D e s l a F
R / L n i d e h c t a l e v l a v h c t i w s
. n o i t i s o p
0 0 - 1 0 - 1 2
, o g n a r u D , n a V m a R 0 0 0 2
, k c u r T m a R , a t o k a D
e e k o r e h C
e r o f e b t l i u b E R 6 4 h t i w
9 9 / 1 0 / 2 1
e s r e v e r h s r a h t n e t t i m r e t n I
m a r g o r p e R . t n e m e g a g n e
d e t a d p u l l a t s n i d n a M C P
. y d o b e v l a v
A 8 9 - 2 0 - 1 2
d n a E A / E T 1 4 h t i w s e l c i h e v l l A
l a n r e t n i h t i w s e l x a s n a r t E L 2 4
) T F T ( . r o s n e s e g n a r
2 - 1 e t t o r h t t h g i l n o r e d d u h S
t f i h s p u 3 - 2 n o r e d d u h s , t f i h s
. n w o d k c i k 2 - 4 r o 2 - 3 r e t f a
0 0 - 4 0 - 1 2
s e i r e s E R h t i w s e l c i h e v l l A
e t a d d l i u b d n a n o i s s i m s n a r t
8 9 / 8 1 / 2 1 e r o f e b
r o n r e v o g , 3 6 7 1 P s u o e n o r r E
o o t e g a t l o v r o s n e s e r u s s e r p
. h g i h
Recalibration TSBs
2 1 7 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
s e l p m a x E B S T h s a l f e R a t o y o T
r e b m u N B S T s e l c i h e V t n i a l p m o C
1 0 - 3 0 0 G E 0 0 3 S I s u x e L 1 0 0 2
e l t t o r h t o t s t n e m e v o r p m I
t f i h s n w o d 2 - 5 d n a e s n o p s e r
. e m i t
2 0 - 4 0 0 G E
, 0 0 3 S I , 0 0 3 S G s u x e L 2 0 0 2
s s o r C t r o p S 0 0 3 S I d n a
r o , 6 0 3 0 P - 0 0 3 0 P C T D
g n i r u d t f i h s 3 - 2 h s r a h
. n o i t a r e l e c c a
2 0 - 5 0 0 G E 0 0 3 S I , 0 0 3 S G 1 0 0 2
t h g i l g n i r u d t f i h s 3 - 2 h s r a H
. n o i t a r e l e c c a e l t t o r h t
1 0 - 3 1 0 G E
h t i w y r m a C a t o y o T 2 0 0 2
E 0 4 1 U d n a e n i g n e E F - Z M 1
e l x a s n a r t
o t n o i t a r b i l a c d e t a d p U
. y t i l a u q t f i h s e v o r p m i
2 0 - 5 2 0 G E
d n a r e n n u R 4 a t o y o T 2 0 0 2
6 V a m o c a T
, 0 7 7 0 P C T D s u o e n o r r E
e c n a m r o f r e p ) C C T ( E S S
t o h n i g n i v i r d n e h w t l u a f
r o e d a r g a g n i b m i l c , r e h t a e w
. d a o l y v a e h a g n i l u a h
5 0 - 3 0 0 C T
y r m a C a t o y o T 5 0 0 2 - 4 0 0 2
5 d n a e n i g n e E F - Z M 3 h t i w
e l x a s n a r t c i t a m o t u a d e e p s
n e h w g a l t f i h s n w o D
0 2 - 0 1 m o r f g n i t a r e l e c c a
n e h w g n i t n u h r a e g , h p m
0 3 - 0 2 t a r o t a r e l e c c a f f o / n o
, ) c i f f a r t n i g n i v i r d ( h p m
y v a e h n o e s n o p s e r d e v o r p m i
. p o t s a m o r f n o i t a r e l e c c a
3 0 - 4 0 0 C T
0 0 3 S E s u x e L 3 0 0 2 - 2 0 0 2
0 3 3 S E s u x e L 5 0 0 2 - 4 0 0 2
. e v o b a s a s m o t p m y s e m a S
3 0 - 5 0 0 C T 0 3 3 X R s u x e L 5 0 0 2 - 4 0 0 2 . e v o b a s a s m o t p m y s e m a S
5 0 - 5 0 0 C T
y r m a C a t o y o T 5 0 0 2 - 4 0 0 2
5 d n a e n i g n e E F - Z M 1 h t i w
e l x a s n a r t c i t a m o t u a d e e p s
. e v o b a s a s m o t p m y s e m a S
4 0 - 6 0 0 C T 0 3 4 S L s u x e L 5 0 0 2 - 4 0 0 2
o t n o i t a r b i l a c d e t a d p U
. g n i t f i h s d e e p s w o l e c n a h n e
Recalibration TSBs
218 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GM Recalibration
Equ ipmen t n eeded:
J2534 interface.
AC Delco TIS CDs and USB key.
Install the TIS software form the Application CD.
Install the Data CD to update TIS and access calibration data.
Ot h er con s ider at ion s :
GM calibration information website: http://calid.gm.com
A GM calibration update takes about 30 minutes.
2 1 9 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Diagn os t ic Tool:
Select Pass-Thru or Ease J2534 device
Pr ogr a mmi n g Pr oc e s s :
Select Reprogram ECU to recalibrate existing module select Replace and Program
ECU to configure and program a new/used ECU
ECU Locat ion :
Options are for in vehicle programming (through data link connector),or Off Board
Programming (requires off board programming cables)
GM Recalibration
220 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GM Recalibration
Select Con t r oller :
Lists modules on vehicle supported for programming
Pr ogr ammin g Type:
Normal to update to new calibration/software reconfigure if you are installing a
new or used module, or changing configuration
2 2 1 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
GM Recalibration
Calibr at ion Select ion :
This is much like the calid.gm.com website, where you will select the specific
calibration files you wish to program into the module.
222 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Needed:
J2534 Pass Thru interface.
PC with internet connection. PC must be connected to the internet
(online) and the J2534 Pass Thru interface at the same time.
Subscription to Motorcraft Module Reprogramming and Initialization.
Download and install Ford Module Programming software from
www.motorcraftservice.com (login required).
Ford Recalibration
2 2 3 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
You will probably be instructed to remove the fuel pump, cooling fan,
and FICM (diesel application) relays or fuses. Familiarize yourself
with their locations.
Calibration information can be found in the Latest Calibration spread
sheet at www.motorcraftservice.com on the Reprogramming and
Initialization page.
Calibration number is the Module ID or Module Part Number retrieved
with a scan tool.
Calibration can be found with the catchword, or with vehicle information
and current calibration number. Use Latest Calibration spreadsheet.
Module programming software will automatically install the latest
calibration file.
It takes about one hour to reprogram a Ford.
Ford Recalibration
224 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The catchword is a four character code on the PCM build/tear tag. It is usually
located on the PCM connector and is visible without having to remove the PCM.
Ford Recalibration
Th e cat ch wor d in t h is example is BCL2 .
Not e t h at t h e cat ch wor d is pr in t ed in lar ger ch ar act er s .
2 2 5 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Ford Recalibration
Use the latest calibration spreadsheet to look up calibration information using
either the vehicle information (I.E. Year, model, engine size) or the catch code on
the PCM or a combination of both to help you narrow your search down.
226 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
The Ford Module Programming software also enables you to change configuration
and settings on other vehicle systems, such as warning chimes, power door locks,
key programming, speedometer calibration for tire size and axle ratio, etc.
Ford Recalibration
2 2 7 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Ford Module Reprogramming will also show any TSBs related to calibration up-
dates.
Not e: Not all u pdat ed calibr at ion s will h ave a TSB. It is common
for For d t o u pdat e calibr at ion wit h n o TSB or r efer en ce as t o wh y
t h e calibr at ion was ch an ged.
Ford Recalibration
228 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Chrysler Recalibration
Equ ipmen t n eeded:
J2534 interface
Subscription to Tech Authority website
Download and install the DCX2534 setup
2 2 9 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Chrysler Recalibration
Ot h er con s ider at ion s :
If the DCX2534 Update Manager program cannot be found, check:
C:\Program Files\DaimlerChrysler and set file path accordingly.
TechAuthority website has a calibration software search where you can enter
either the VIN, vehicle information, or current software number to get the most
current software part numbers.
There is also a Flash Matrix table which lists the software calibration number
update history for each vehicle model.
230 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Chrysler Recalibration
Last two letters indicate revision level.
Select calibration and click Download. File will be downloaded into DCX2534
folder where DCX2534 application will access it.
2 3 1 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Chrysler Recalibration
DCX2534 application will read current calibration number from module
and compare it to what you have downloaded.
Calibration part number will be displayed when reprogramming
operation is complete so you can verify the new calibration has
in fact been installed.
232 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Toyota Recalibration
Equ ipmen t n eeded:
J2534 interface
Toyota Flash Reprogramming CD Part# 00456-REPRG-001
Order CD from Toyota Materials Distribution. Phone number 800-622-2033
$55.00 U.S. plus shipping. Disc has calibration files and all calibration related
TSBs.
Install the Calibration Update Wizard and VIN Update Wizard programs from the
disc.
Ot h er con s ider at ion s :
If the Calibration Update Wizard program cannot be found, check:
C:\Program Files\Toyota Diagnostics\Calibration Update Wizard\CUW.exe
VIN may have to be programmed into module after reprogramming, use VIN
Update Wizard.
2 3 3 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Toyota Recalibration
P0630 may set after reprogramming because the VIN can be erased by the repro-
gramming process.
234 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Toyota Recalibration
Use the VIN Update Wizard application to program the VIN back into the PCM.
2 3 5 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Resetting the Shift Adapts
Ford: Disconnect battery for five (5) minutes (KAM reset), turn key on, and
touch battery cables together
Ford AF21-B: Disconnect battery for 20 minutes.
GM with Allison LCT 1000: Initiate FastLearn with scan tool, follow driving
instructions given by scan tool.
Other GM with EPC: Disconnect battery for at least 20 minutes.
Chrysler with TE, LE, RLE, RFE transmission: Execute Quicklearn function
with scan tool.
Toyota and Lexus vehicles with U series transaxles: Perform PCM Memory
Reset with scantool.
Many vehicles, specifically GM and Toyota, learn pressure up quickly, but learn
pressure down very slowly. The result can be a harsh shifting transmission that
will take a lot of driving to relearn, and may cause transmission damage in the
meantime. It is always best to perform the proper reset and relearn functions to
ensure a good working unit and a happy customer.
236 RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION RECALIBRATION
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
NOTES:
237 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Mercedes Table of Contents
Mercedes 722.6 TOC............................ 237
Identification........................................ 238
Output Shaft Planetarey Failure .......... 240
Rear Planetary Gearset Durability ....... 241
Transmission Fuilds ............................. 242
Clutch Pack Clearence Tool .................. 244
No Upshift ............................................ 245
Solenoid Operation .............................. 246
Solenoid Operation Chart .................... 248
Shifter Assembly .................................. 249
Harsh 3-2 Downshift ............................ 250
Early/Late harsh Shifts or
Soft Up/Down Shifts ............................ 251
238 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
722.6/NAG 1
Transmission ID
Transmission ID Locations
#1 #2 #3
Chrysler ID
Printed Bar Code
Mercedes ID# Metal
Metal Stamp Number
Chrysler ID Dot Punched
(same Info as Bar Code)
#1 #2
#3
722.600
2102707100
0141994
2 3 9 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
1. Traceability
2. Supplier Code
3. Component Code
4. Build Day (Julian Date)
5. Build Year
6. Line/Shift Code
7. Build Sequence
8. Last Three Part Number Digits
9. Revision Level
10. Transmission Part Number
11. Part Number Prefix
722.6/NAG 1
Transmission ID
Transmission ID Locations
722.600
2102707100
0141994
Ch r ys ler / Dodge / J eep
Printed Bar Code and Dot Punched Code Interpretation
Dot Punched information is duplicate Bar Code Information
Mer cedes / J agu ar / Spr in t er
Metal Stamped Interpretation
The order of the information from top to bottom can change. The row of numbers
with six digits is the transmission model. The row of numbers with ten digits is
the transmission part number. The remaining row of numbers will be the serial
number. OEM remans may only have two rows, if so the model number is not
used. The serial number is commonly used to identify updates.
(conintued)
Do n ot in t er ch an ge t r an s mis s ion s wit h differ en t model n u mber s .
It may s et r at io codes , des t r oy plan et s , or bu r n fr ict ion s !
Typical Model #: 6 digit s
Typical Par t #: 10 digit s
Typical Ser ial #: 7 digit s
240 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
722.6
Output Shaft Planetary Failure
Planetary failure may be caused by installing the wrong planetary assembly.
There are two types of planetary assemblies: Three pinion and Four pinion.
The design of the planetary gears have been changed to have less thrust loads on
the needle bearings. There are two designs currently available, however there are
many different ratios. Never install a three pinion planet in place of a four pinion
planet. Make sure you order the correct part using the vehicle VIN number.
Rear Planet Assembly
Nos e Diamet er :
1 s t Des ign : 0 . 9 0 6 in
2 n d Des ign : 0 . 8 6 5 in
In s pect t h e
bear in g r ace
ar ea for damage.
(pit t in g)
NOTE: If plan et ar y damage is vis ible you MUST r eplace t h e Ou t pu t
plan et ar y, Su n gear an d Rin g gear as an as s s embly.
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
In c or r e c t !
Tabs do n ot
Face down
Cor r e c t !
Tabs face
Ou t wa r d
(up)
(Except 722.601/612/614) ## as of 2102731 as of 21/3/00
722.621/623/624/626/628/63#/661 ## as of 2094082 as of 16/3/00
722.662 ## as of 2102731 as of 21/3/00
722.663 ## as of 2094082 as of 16/3/00
722.664/665 ## as of 2102731 as of 21/3/00
722.666/669 ## as of 2094082 as of 16/3/00
722.69 ## as of 212731 as of 21/3/00
NOTE: The helical gearing angle in the front and rear sets was changed from 18
degrees to 23 degrees to improve the life of the gear set.
Rear Planetary Gearset Durability
722.6
The following is a list of when the 2nd design went into production
Special Th an k s t o J oh n Gas t on
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Transmission Fluid
For all Jeep, Dodge or other Chrysler applications, (EXCEPT Sprinter and
Crossifre) use Fluid type ATF +4 (MS-9602)
Ch r ys ler Par t # 0 5 0 1 3 4 5 7 AA
Valvolin e Par t # VV3 4 6
Car Qu es t Par t # CQ4 4 0
722.6
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Ch r ys ler Par t #
0 5 1 2 7 3 8 2 AB
Mer cedes Par t #
A 0 0 1 9 8 9 0 7 0 3
Meet s Spec 2 3 6 . 1 0
Mer cedes Par t #
A 0 0 1 9 8 9 4 5 0 3
ATF 3 3 5 3
Meet s Spec 2 3 6 . 1 2
722.6
Transmission Fluid
For ALL Mercedes, Chrysler Sprinter and Crossfire, and Jaguar applications with
the 722.6 transmission use 236.10 and 236.12 specification fluid.
(conintued)
Other Transmission fluids that are used in Europe and rarely in North America
that are not shown here are Shell Part # ATF 3403 M115 meets spec 236.10
Shell Part # ATF 3353 meets spec 236.12
Fuches Part # ATF 3353 meets spec 236.12
244 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
722.6
In order to properly check clutch pack clearence, use this tool and a press. Press
down on tool until line just disappears and then check clutch pack clearence.
Clutch Pack Clearence Tool
Spr in g Loaded
Gau gin g Tool
Pa r t # 8 9 0 1
In order to properly check the clutch pack clearence, you must use a clearence
tool.
Pr es s down on t h e t ool u n t il t h e lin e
ju s t dis appear s an d t h en ch eck t h e
clu t ch pack clear an ce.
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No Upshift
Output Speed Sensor at the Rear Axle
Se c i fi c a t i on s
8 0 0 t o 1 8 0 0 oh ms
722.6
Some Mercedes use a single output speed sensor mounted on the rear axle.
When it fails the transmision will not shift.
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Six solenoids are used to control transmission operation, ALL solenoids are pulse-
width modulated regardless or their name:
The 1-2 / 4-5 shift, 2-3 shift, and 3-4 Shift solenoids function as they
are named.
The PWM solenoid controls Lockup.
The Modulating Pressure Regulator Solenoid is the pressure control
solenoid.
The Shift Pressure Control Solenoid is unique in its function, and will be
described below.
For control of each shift transition, each of the shift solenoids uses a bank of four
valves to control clutch element apply pressure, release rate, and overlap (or tim-
ing). These valves are called:
Command Valve
Holding Pressure Shift Valve
Shift Pressure Shift Valve
Pressure Overlap Control Valve
Each shift solenoid uses four valves, so there are a total of twelve valves used to
control all shift transitions. The term for these functions and valves are called
Shift Groups.
Solenoid Operation
Solen oid Over view
Solen oid Oper at ion
722.6
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To make a 2-1 downshift, the computer again turns on the 1-2 / 4-5 Shift Sole-
noid to initiate the transition. Since the transmission is in second gear, it will
transition back to first gear.
Each shift transition is made in the manner described above, by energizing the
appropriate shift solenoid, making the shift transition, then the shift solenoid is
turned off when the shift is complete. When the transmission is in 1st, 2nd, 3rd,
4th, or 5th gear, NO SHIFT s olen oids ar e on .
The Shifting Pressure Control Solenoid controls the apply pressure for each tran-
sition.
The Modulating Pressure Regulator, in part, controls the release rate.
These two solenoids work together to control the overlap for each shift transition.
Solenoid Operation
722.6
(conintued)
To initiate and complete a 1-2 shift the following sequence is executed:
1. The 1-2/4-5 solenoid is turned on. This strokes the command valve and ini-
tiates the shift transition.
2. The Holding Pressure Shift Valve, Shift Pressure Shift Valve, and Pressure
Overlap Control Valve control the release rate of the B1 Brake and the apply rate
of the K1 clutch.
3. Once the transition is complete the 1-2 / 4-5 Shift Solenoid is t u r n ed off.
248 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
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1-2 /4-5 2-3 3-4 Modulating Shift TCC
Shift Shift Shift Pressure Pressure Pressure
Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid Control Control Control
Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid
Park
Modulate Regulate Regulate
P-to-R
Modulate Modulate Modulate
Reverse
Regulate On
R-to-N
Modulate Regulate Modulate
Neutral
Modulate Regulate Regulate
N-to-D (1
st
)
Modulate Regulate Modulate
1
st
Modulate On
1
st
to 2
nd
Modulate Modulate Modulate
2
nd
Modulate On
2
nd
to 3
rd
Modulate Modulate Modulate
3
rd
Modulate On Modulate
3
rd
to 4
th
Modulate Modulate Modulate Modulate
4
th
Modulate On Modulate
4
th
to 5
th
Modulate Modulate Modulate Modulate
5
th
Modulate On Modulate
5
th
to 4th
Modulate Modulate Modulate
4
th
Modulate On
4
th
to 3rd
Modulate Modulate Modulate
3
rd
Modulate On
3
rd
to 2nd
Modulate Modulate Modulate
2
nd
Modulate On
2
nd
to 1
st
Modulate Modulate Modulate
1
st
Modulate On
1
st
to N
Modulate Regulate Regulate
Neutral
Modulate Regulate Regulate
N to R
Modulate Regulate Modulate
Reverse
Modulate On
R to P
Modulate Regulate Regulate
Park
Modulate Regulate Regulate
ON =Regulated line pressure
Regulate = Constant Pressure
Modulate = Pulse Width Modulated (PWM)
Solenoid Application Chart
Gear
The shift solenoids are off electrically when the transmission is in any gear.
The shift solenoid is on for 1.5 seconds when shifting.
Solenoid Operation
722.6
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722.6
Shifter Assembly
In some cases a vehicle may come into your shop with a dead battery. In this case
the shifter will not operate properly. It will be necessary to remove the shifter
housing. Using a pencil push the Override release and move the shifter into the
desired position.
250 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
722.6/NAG 1
Filter and Pressure Feed Locations
As of 0 4 8 5 8 9 5 t h e
s cr een is in s t alled t o
pr even t con t amin at ion
in t h e TCC cir cu it
As of 0 0 2 7 0 8 3 pr es s u r e feed valve
h as been in s t alled t o pr even t a
h ar s h 3 -2 down s h ift an d r oll ou t
s h ift s . Th e ch eck valve mu s t
t ou ch t h e s epar at or plat e. If it
does n t t ou ch t h e plat e, place a
s h im below t h e ch eck valve.
Harsh 3-2 Down Shift
Special Th an k s t o
Rich ar d Men t e
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
722.6
Early/Late Harsh Shifts or Soft Up/
Down Shifts
Mas s Air flow wir in g
It is common for the wiring to have an open or short. It is NOT recommended to
repair the harness. To properly repair the harness it must be replaced.
Th e Mas s Air Flow
s en s or is u s u ally
damaged wh en t h e
wir in g h ar n es s is
s h or t e d.
Special Th an k s t o
Rich ar d Men t e
252 MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES MERCEDES
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
NOTES:
2 5 3 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Hyundai Table of Contents
A4 AF3 , A4 BF2 TOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Clutch and Band Application ..................... 254
Transaxle Identification.............................. 255
Pressure Testing ........................................ 256
Shift Feel ................................................... 258
Check Ball Locations ................................. 259
Valve Body Exploded Views ........................ 260
Solenoid Identification ............................... 262
Testing the Transaxle Operation ................ 263
Forcing the Shift ........................................ 264
No Reverse ................................................. 265
Harsh 2-3 or 2-3 Slide Bump ..................... 266
Shifts 1-3 ................................................... 267
Neutrals on the 3-4 Shift or No 4th Gear ... 268
Failed End Clutch Hub Bearing ................. 269
254 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
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The clutch and band application is exactly the same as every KM series transaxle
ever made.
Clutch and Band Application
A4AF3, A4BF2
*
*
Applied or Holding
Ineffective due to the Low Reverse Clutch
The transition phase that occurs as the unit prepares to shift
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
With the exception of the Sonata, Hyundai has always used a unique transaxle ID
system, compared to other KM-type units. It is extremely important that you use
the right transaxle for the application you have. A mismatch will cause ratio er-
rors, which can only be resolved with using the correct planets and final drive, so
be careful.
Transaxle Identification
A4AF3, A4BF2
T Y N ID *
Tr an s axle Model
T A4AF3
U A4BF2
Pr odu ct ion Year
Y 2000
1 2001
2 2002
3 2003
4 2004
5 2005
6 2006
Fin al Dr ive Rat ios
A4AF3 A4BF2
K 3.44:1
L 3.66:1
N 4.04:1 3.98:1
Q 4.35:1
Clas s ificat ion
A4AF3 A4BF2
A 1.5L SOHC
C 2.0L Coupe
E 2.0L Sedan/Wagon
AD 1.5L DOHC
ID 1.6L DOHC
D Damper (Lock u p Con ver t er )
Not Always Used





256 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Pressure testing for this series of transaxle is almost identical to that of every
other KM series unit. The main difference and its a significant one is that
this unit lowers pressure in 4
th
gear when the TCM/ECM turns shift solenoid C
on.
KMs dont have a mainline pressure tap. But if the unit is working properly, you
should have mainline pressure at the kickdown servo once the transmission has
shifted completely into 2
nd
, 3
rd
, and 4
th
gears.
Pressure Testing
A4AF3, A4BF2
Damper Clutch Release
Reducing
Damper Clutch Apply
Rear Clutch
Front Clutch
2 5 7 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Pressure Testing (continued)
If you suspect an electrical problem is affecting mainline pressure, unplug the
solenoid connector: This puts the transaxle into 3
rd
gear, and turns the pressure
control solenoid off. Unless theres a leak in the system or a valve body problem,
you should have mainline pressure at the kickdown servo tap.
A4AF3, A4BF2
If pressure is out of specifica-
tion, adjust the PR screw
clockwise to lower pressure,
and counterclockwise to raise
it. Each full turn changes the
pressure about 6 PSI.

Lowers Pressure

Raises Pressure
258 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Changing shift feel is a breeze: Turn the reducing pressure screw one way or the
other based on your need:
Softer Shift = Clockwise
Firmer Shift = Counterclockwise
This is a great tool for correcting shift complaints.
Shift Feel
A4AF3, A4BF2

Softer Shift

Firmer Shift
2 5 9 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
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These graphics show the checkball locations for these units. Pay attention to the
#1 checkball with the spring.
Checkball Locations
A4AF3, A4BF2
Ch e c k
Ball #1
Pressure
Re li e f
Va lve
Ch e c k
Ball #4
Ch e c k
Ball #2
Ch e c k
Ball #3
260 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
1 Pressure Control Valve B
2 Pressure Regulator Valve
3 Torque Converter Control Valve
4 Shift Control Valve Plug
5 Rear Clutch Exhaust Valve
6 23/43 Shift Valve
7 12 Shift Valve
8 Shift Control Valve and Plug
9 High-Low Pressure Valve
10 Manual Valve
11 Pressure Control Valve A
Valve Body Exploded Views
A4AF3, A4BF2
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
8
9
10
11
2 6 1 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Valve Body Exploded Views
(continued)
12 Control Switch Valve
13 End Clutch Valve
14 Reducing Pressure Valve
15 N-R Control Valve
16 Damper Clutch Control Valve
17 Failsafe Valve
A4AF3, A4BF2
14
15
16
13
12
17
262 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Solenoid Identification
Swapping Pressure Control Solenoid A and Pressure Control Solenoid B will
prevent the unit from engaging in drive; it will engage in manual low.
Swapping Shift Solenoid A and Shift Solenoid B will cause the unit to shift into
neutral on the 12 shift.
Sh ift Solen oid C
(Wh i t e Wi r e )
Pr es s u r e Con t r ol A
(Bla c k Wir e )
Pr es s u r e Con t r ol B
(Blu e Wir e)
Damper Clu t ch
Con t r ol Solen oid
(Re d Wi r e )
Sh ift Solen oid A
(Br own Wir e )
Sh ift Solen oid B
(Yellow Wir e)
A4AF3, A4BF2
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Testing the Transaxle Operation
Elect r on ic Pr es s u r e Con t r ol
Ch eck in g t h e Sh ift Pat t er n
Backprobe the termi-
nals with the harness
connector still con-
nected to the transmis-
sion.
(+)
()
(+)
()
PCSA PCSB
Black Boot
Yellow Boot; Black Band
Green Boot; Black Band
Green Boot
Yellow Boot
Red Boot
First Gear
Second Gear
Third Gear
Fourth Gear
Transmission Shift Pattern
Ph1
Ph2
Low
High
Heres how to connect your signal monitor to the transaxle diagnostic connector,
to check the signals from the computer to the transaxle.
To check the electronic pressure control signals, connect your high-impedance
voltmeter or scope to the wires shown.
This is the shift pattern you should see with your signal monitor:
A4AF3, A4BF2
264 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Heres the manual shift pattern you can expect with the transaxle in failsafe:
Heres how to force the transaxle to shift electronically:
Forcing the Shift
Fir s t Gear
Secon d Gear
Th ir d Gear
Fou r t h Gear
To shift into fourth gear, the
computer reapplies power to
solenoid A solenoid B
remains de-energized and
solenoid C remains energized.
To shift into third gear,
disconnect solenoid B. To enter
3
rd
Gear, Phase 2, the computer
energizes solenoid C.
To shift into second gear,
the computer de-energizes
solenoid A; only solenoid B
remains energized.
In first gear, solenoids A
and B will receive power;
solenoid C is de-energized.
+
1
0
A
M
P
10 AMP
+
1
0
A
M
P
10 AMP
+
1
0
A
M
P
10 AM
P
+
1
0
A
M
P
10 AMP
Shift Solenoid C isnt needed for 4
th
gear once the unit has shifted into 3
rd
gear,
phase 2.
A4AF3, A4BF2
2 6 5 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Most no-reverse problems are caused by outside electrical issues. Try unplugging
the solenoid harness and see if you get reverse. If so, you know the problem is
electrical. There are two things the computer must know to allow reverse:
1. The car isnt moving.
2. The shifters in reverse.
Pulse generator B monitors vehicle speed. Pulse generator A monitors input shaft
speed (which rotates in park and neutral). Unlike earlier KM series transaxles,
these two pulse generators are configured differently so its obvious which one
bolts where. But that doesnt mean you cant mix them up.
There are two quick tests to see if the pulse generators are mixed up:
1. Disconnect the pulse generators and see if you get reverse.
2. You can shift to drive first, and then quickly into reverse.
If either test gets reverse check the pulse generators.
The second electrical problem that can occur, but isnt nearly as common, is the
inhibitor switch doesnt report reverse to the computer. But this problem can be
intermittent, even if the inhibitor switch has failed completely. That is, if you drive
the car around, and then try reverse, the computer will sometimes allow it, even
though the inhibitor switch still didnt report reverse. The best way to test this is
to check it right at the switch.
No reverse
A4AF3, A4BF2
Pu ls e
Gen er at or B
Pu ls e
Gen er at or A
266 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Most harsh 23 shift complaints on KM series transaxles are caused by the fric-
tion material or low shifting pressure. The harsh shift or bump that you feel is
caused when the end clutch applies. Normally the end clutch applies after the
front clutch completes the 23 shift. If the 23 shift isnt completed when the end
clutch applies, youll get a bump. As the front clutch engagement gets worse, the
harsh shift or bump gets worse.
To fix this, try increasing reducing pressure. Start with about 1 turns counter-
clockwise. In most cases thisll fix the problem. If not, try increasing it a bit more.
Keep in mind, increasing reducing pressure will make the 12, 34, and converter
clutch applies more aggressive.
If these other shifts arent too aggressive you can increase reducing pressure until
the 23 complaint is gone. Otherwise, youll need to replace the friction material
in the front clutch.
Harsh 23 or 23 Slide-Bump

Softer Shift

Firmer Shift
A4AF3, A4BF2
Adju s t me n t
2 6 7 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
If shift solenoid C is stuck open, itll cause the unit to shift into 3
rd
gear on the 1
2 command. A tip that shift solenoid C is stuck open rather than a commanded 1
3 shift is that the shift will be very aggressive. Thats because the clutch applying
is the end clutch, and the end clutch isnt regulated during the apply.
The fastest way to test for this is:
Energize shift solenoid B (2
nd
gear)
Start the engine
Move the shifter to Drive
Check for pressure at the end clutch
If the end clutch is receiving pressure, either shift solenoid C is stuck open or the
control switch valve is stuck. If you want to test it further:
Move your pressure gauge to servo apply
Energize shift solenoid A (4
th
gear)
With the transaxle in 4
th
gear, shift solenoid C serves as a cutback solenoid. If
shift solenoid C is stuck open, youll have about 95 PSI at the servo, rather than
about 130 PSI. If you do have 130 PSI, check the control switch valve.
Shifts 13
A4AF3, A4BF2
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2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Neutrals on 34 Shift or No 4
th
Gear
The computer energizes shift solenoid C in 3
rd
gear to apply the end clutch. If the
end clutch doesnt apply, the transaxle will neutral on the 34 shift. After the
computer sees this a couple times, itll disable 4
th
gear.
The best check here is to disconnect the solenoid harness and run the car in 3
rd
gear. With a pressure gauge on the end clutch tap, see if you get pressure when
you energize shift solenoid C. If you dont get pressure, either shift solenoid C is
stuck closed or the control switch valve is stuck.
A4AF3, A4BF2
En d Clu t ch Tap
2 6 9 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Failed End Clutch Hub Bearing
Th is bear in g damage
in dicat es a wor n h u b
s h aft bu s h in g.
A4AF3, A4BF2
This may be the most common mechanical failure on this transaxle. There are
three main causes for this:
1. The end clutch hub bushing wears our, allowing side movement of the hub and
an uneven load on the bearing.
2. Too much clearance between the end clutch hub and bearing, allowing the
bearing to move out of place.
3. High line pressure, placing a greater load on the bearing.
270 HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI HYUNDAI
2007 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
Always r eplace t h e
h u b s h aft bu s h in g
wit h a babbit -s t yle
bu s h in g.
Failed End Clutch Hub Bearing
(continued)
A4AF3, A4BF2
Try to keep the clearance between the end clutch hub and bearing below 0.020.
Aftermarket shims are available for this. To check the clearance simply use an H-
gauge.
Since theres only one sealing ring on the end clutch drum, line pressure pushes
the end clutch drum toward the bearing anytime its pressurized. Unfortunately,
Hyundai increased the sealing ring size for this unit, and consequently, increased
to load caused by this affect by 40%. Maximum line pressure should not exceed
130 psi. However, it is not uncommon to see pressure at the end clutch as high as
150 psi. 150 psi results in a load of 639 lbs of force on the bearing, compared to
554 lbs of force at 130 psi (a difference of 85 lbs of force). If your line pressure is
higher than 130 psi adjust it down at the pressure regulator adjustment on the
valve body. A good target is between 125 and 130 psi.
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