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Falkner-Skan Flows

For the family of flows, we assume that the edge velocity, following form:

u

e

( x )

u

e (

)

x = Kx

m

K = arbitrary constant

is of the

The pressure can be calculated from the Bernoulli in the outer, inviscid flow:

1

2 p + ρ u = e e 2 dp du e e =− u
2
p
+
ρ u
=
e
e
2
dp
du
e
e
=− u
ρ
dx
e dx
dp
e
2
2
m −
1
=− K x
ρ
m

dx

const .

if m > 0 then if m < 0 then
if
m > 0 then
if
m < 0 then

dp e

dx

dp e

dx

< 0

favorable pressure gradient

> 0

adverse pressure gradient

These edge velocities result from the following inviscid flows:

2 m β ≡ 1 + m y u ( x ) x e u
2 m
β
≡ 1 + m
y
u
( x )
x
e
u
( x )
e
y
β π
x = 0
β π
2
2

Flow around a corner (diffusion)

2 β0

Wedge flow

0 β2

Some important cases:

β = 0, m = 0 : flat plat (Blasius)

β = 1, m = 1:

plane stagnant point

Falkner-Skan Flows

The boundary layer independent variable η from the Blasius solution generalizes to:

η

y

m +1 u e ( x ) 2 vx
m +1 u e ( x
)
2 vx

and

(

u x y

,

)

=

u x f

e

(

)

1

(

m

)

An interesting case in β = 1, m = 1, i.e. stagnation point flow:

x

u ( x ) e y
u
( x )
e
y

η=

y

η = y

1+1 K x 2 v x K v
1+1 K
x
2
v
x
K
v

η is independent of x

= K u e x
= K
u e
x

inviscid flow velocity

increases away from stag. pt. at x = 0

Boundary layer at a stagnation point does not grow with x !

The skin friction can be found from: 2 ∂ u d f ∂ η τ
The skin friction can be found from:
2
∂ u
d f
η
τ
= µ
= u
µ
x
)
e (
w
∂ y
d
η
∂ y
y = 0
η = 0
11 (
f
o
)

y = 0

Falkner-Skan Flows

m + u ( x 1 ) ∂ η m + u 1 x )
m + u ( x
1
)
η
m
+ u
1
x
)
e (
e
Since
η = y
=
2 vx
∂ y
2 vx
m + 1
u x
(
)
e
11 (
= µ
u x
(
)
f
o
)
tabulated
τ w
e
2 vx
1
The skin friction coefficient is normalized by
ρ u
x
)
:
e 2 (
2
τ w
m
+ 1
v
11 (
C
( x ) ≡
= 2
f
o
)
f
1 2
2
u
x x
)
e (
ρ
u
(
x
)
e
2
m + 1
11
2
f
( o )
2
C =
f
Re
x
u
(
x ) x
e
Re
x
v
11 (
Note: separation occurs when
C
f = 0
which means
f
o =
)
0

. From the table,

this occurs for β = −0.19884 18 o
this occurs for
β = −0.19884
18 o

This is only an angle of 18 o !