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... 29.09.04.

: |

3: .
.
-. ( , .)
, , . , , . ,
. , .
. ( , .)

: 3.1. . . . . 3.2. . . .
.
.


s(k) h(n).
s(k), h(n),
(), .
(k = 0,1,2,,K) (n
= 0,1,2,,N n = -N,,1,0,1,,N ). ,
"" s(k) h(n), , . ,
-, , .
.
3.1.

/24/.


.
.
, , H() h(n), .
, 2N+1. :
hn = h(n)N(n),
N(n) = 1 |n| N,
N(n) = 0 |n| > N.
h(n) , ,
H(). h(n) H():

H() =

h(n) exp(-jn).

n =

(3.1.1)

. N(n)

,
H(). , h(n),
(3.1.1), N :

2
N

HN() =

h(n) exp(-jn),

n=-N

(3.1.2)

HN() H() , N.
(, ) :
- "", .. , (
) (3.1.2);
- "" ,
(3.1.1).
.
G(), - -
bn. :
G() = -0.5 - < 0,
(3.1.3)
= 0.5 0 .
(3.1.3) 1 = 0 , , , 2 ..
G() , ,
:

1
bn =
2

G() sin(n) d = 1 sin(n) d.


-
0
bn = 2/(n), n- ,
bn = 0, n- .

. 3.1.1. bn.

. 3.1.1, bn . , G():
G() = (2/)[sin + (1/3)sin 3+ (1/5)sin 5+....].
2
(3.1.4)
G() =
sin[(2n+1)]/(2n+1).
n=0

. 3.1.2. .

3
bn, .. N G(), (3.1.4) ,
N. (3.1.4)
. 3.1.2. .
, , .
. .
. (3.1.4) :

N
2 N
2
GN() =
[ cos((2n+1)) d] = [ cos((2n+1))] d.
n= 0 0
0 n= 0
sin[2(N+1)]/(2sin ). :

1 sin 2(N + 1)

d .
(3.1.5)
GN() =
0
sin

(3.1.5) ( ), :
k = k/(2(N+1)), k = 1,2,...
, ()
k=1 = /(2(N+1)), ( ) -
k=2 = /(N+1). 2k=1 = /(N+1) = , ..
. ( ) . ,
G() k
k . 1
2 ( 1 2 (3.1.5)) N :
GN(1) 0.5+0.09,
GN(2) 0.5-0.05.
.
,
9% 5% .
, ,
/(N+1),
( -0.5 0.5)
(2/3)/(N+1). .
. ,
-. :
hn = h(n)N(n) H() * N() = HN().
(3.1.6)

4
. 3.1.3. () .

(3.1.6) . ( , ) ( ). , sinc(x)/x, x = (2N+1)/2, - 2N+1


. 3.1.3 ( N). N,
, , ,
. (
) . (- )
.
. , .. . .
:
H(f) = 1, -0.2 f 0.2,
= 0, -0.2 > f > 0.2,
-0.5 0.5. ,
:
0 .2

an = 4

cos(2fn) df = 2 sin(0.4n)/(n).

H(f) = 0.4 + 2

sin(0.4n) cos(2fn)/(n).

n =1

(3.1.7)

(3.1.7) N = 7 . 3.1.4.

. 3.1.4. .

,
. .
.
, , , .
.
,
, . -

5
,
, , , ( ), ( ).
, .. , , , , , .
. 3.1.5 . k = {0..60},
.
, . k=0 k=60
,
(N=1/2t). ,
,
.
( ),
. 3.1.5.

. 3.1.5.

,
, , , .
3.2. /16/.


( )
, . , , ,
,
. - -
1- -
.
.
.
(3.1.2) h(n) N(n). (3.1.2) . , ..

6
r() , r = 2/(N+1). h(n) , - r():
H'N() = HN() * r() hnN(n) = h(n)N(n)N(n),
(3.2.1)
p(n) = N(n)N(n) = sin(n/(N+1)), |n| N.
. N(n)N(n) N(n)
p(n) .
N(n) (). .
3.2.1.

. 3.2.1. .

, - 4 ,
. , ,
( ) , , ( ) (
2N+1 ).
. . , , .
3.2.1 3.2.2 .
, ,
( (3.2.1)),
. , , 2,
(.. 0 ). 2 2N+1, t - n (t = nt). ,
(n = N) , .. 2 . ,
2 = (2N+3)t.
3.2.1.

7

()
()
,

(2- )
-


(t) = 1, |t|; (t) = 0, |t|>
b(t) = 1-|t|/
p(t) = 0.5[1+cos(t/)]
p(t) = 0.54+0.46cos(t/)
p(t) = b(t)sinc(t/)
p(t) = exp[-2(t/)2/2]

J o [ 1 (t/) 2 ]

p(t) =

J o [ ]

-
() = 2 sinc[]
B() = sinc2(/2).
0.5()+0.25(+/)+0.25(-/)
0.54()+0.23(+/)+0.23(-/)
B()*(), () = 1 ||</
[(/) 2 exp(-22/(22))] * ()
.
Jo[x] -

Jo[x] =

[(x/2)k/k!]2

k =1

3.2.2.

:

1- (-)
2- (+)
.
:
1-
1-
2-
2-

.
.


- -

-/2

2
0.217
0.128
0.60

1
0.047
0.89

1.18
0.048
0.020
0.87

/2
/2
/2
/2

0.50
0.72
1.00
1.22

1.00
1.44

0.82
1.00
1.29
1.50

%..

1
1.08
0.027 0.0062
0.0084 0.0016
1.00
0.91
1.00
1.19
1.50
1.72

1.00
1.09
1.30
1.41

0.77
1.12
-

0.83
0.82
0.0016 .00045
0.0014 .00028
1.12
1.15
1.74
1.91
2.10
2.34

1.52
1.59
1.74
1.88

. 3.2.2. .

. 3.2.2. .
, , .
.
, -

8
. . 3.2.3.

. 3.2.3. .

- . . ,
3.2.2, =3 =9 .
( ), .

. 3.2.4. .

. -,
: 2 ( N) , -
,
- =0. , .
, .
5 - ( - ).
6
.

16. . :
2- . - .: , 1983.
24. .. . .: , 1987. 221 .