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... 26.07.04.

1:

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: . 1.1. . 1.2. . 1.3. . 1.4.


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(x) , (x) f(x)
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2
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1.1. [25]



0 :
f ' (x 0 )
f ' ' (x 0 )
f (n) (x 0 )
f(x) f(x0) +
(x-x0) +
(x-x0)2 + +
(x-x0)n.
1!
2!
n!
(i)
n
f (x 0 )
i
f(x) f(x0) +
(x-x0) .
i =1
i!
0=0
.
f(x0) 0 . 0
, ,
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, . 1.1.1 ( Mathcad f2(x) f4(x)).

. 1.1.1. .

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.
1.2. [25].


, :
f(x) = 0 + 1.
f(x) = 0 + 1 + 22.

3

:
f(x) = 0 + 1 + 22 + + anxn =

aixi.

i=0

(1.2.1)

(1.2.1) n n ai. , N , N-1. .1.2.1. 8-10,


.

. 1.2.1. .

, .
/26/. () n- Y(x):
Y(x) =

(x - x 0 )(x - x 2 )...(x - x n )
(x - x 1 )(x - x 2 )...(x - x n )
y0 +
y1 +
(x 0 - x 1 )(x 0 - x 2 )...(x 0 - x n )
(x 1 - x 0 )(x 1 - x 2 )...(x 1 - x n )

(x - x 0 )(x - x 1 )...(x - x n -1 )
yn .
(x n - x 0 )(x n - x 1 )...(x n - x n -1 )

. 1.2.2.

(1.2.2)

. 1.2.2. .
1.3. [25].


. , ,
, , . . 1.3.1. .

. 1.3.1. .

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.
, , . 1.3.1, , , , .

. , Mathcad ( X Y) (
S) y(x):
S := capline(X,Y) ,

5
S := papline(X,Y) ,
S := lspline(X,Y) ,
interp(S,X,Y,x) .
. 1.3.2 4 .

. 1.3.2. - .
1.4. [16, 25].

. , , ,
.
. ,
s(t), - S(f). s(t) F ( t = 1/F = )
s(t) () (t) = (t-kt):
k

s(t) = s(t)(t) = s(t) (t-kt) = s(kt)(t-kt).


k=

k=

(1.4.1)

(t) FF(f) - s(t):


SF(f) = S(f) * FF(f).
(1.4.2)

F(f) = (f-nF).
n=

(1.4.3)

, :

SF(f) = FS(f) * (f-nF) = F S(f-nF).


n=

n=

(1.4.4)

F, FS(f) s(t)
-fN fN, fN = 1/2t = F/2 - . ,
( ) t = 1,

6
-0.5f0.5, ,
, - . , , ( ), , fmax . ,
(F = 1/t 2fmax),
.
, fmax , .. .
(1.4.2) F(f), 1 [-F/2,F/2] , , FS(f) :
FS(f) = F[S(f) * F(f)]F(f).
(1.4.5)
, F,
,
s(t).

. 1.4.1. .

. 1.4.1 - .
(fmax < 1/2t) fS(z) .

7
-, -, , .
,
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. 1.4.2, . 1.4.1
, ( 7.84 2), .

. 1.4.2.

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1.4.1 1.4.3. . 1.4.1 1.4.3 20
.

. 1.4.3.


, .
-. (1.4.5).

8
:
Fs(t) = Fs(t) * sinc(Ft).

s(t) = sinc(Ft) * s(kt)(t-kt),


k=

, (t-kt) * sinc(Ft) = sinc[F(t-kt)], :

s(t) = s(kt) sinc[F(t-kt)].


k=

(1.4.6)

- ,
, sinc(F(t-kt))
= sinc((t/t k)). ,
s(kt) . , .
, F 2fmax, fmax -
s(t), s(t) s(kt), k = 0,1,2,...,
, - .
-.

. 1.4.4. -.

. 1.4.4 ,
. 1.4.1. , , . ( ).

16. . : 2- . - .:
, 1983.
21. .. : . - .: ,

9
1993. - 350 .
25. .. . . .: -, 2002. 448 .
26. ., . . .: ,
1984.