Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

2012.

;
1. . , , ,
.
.
.
.

. .
2. .
.
.
.

.
.
3. . .
.
.
.
.
4. . .
. ,
.

,
.
, ,
.
,
. (J. J. Blackstock, D. S. Battisti, K. Caldeira, D. M. Eardley, J. I. Katz, D. W. Keith, A. A. N.
Patrinos, D. P. Schrag, R. H. Socolow, S. E. Koonin, California Climate Engineering Responses to Climate
Emergencies. Report Lead Authors Study Group Convener July 29, 2009 Santa Barbara. USA).


. ( ..
, \\
, , .3, 2001, .44-49; ..
. , , \\
, .4, , , 2002, .4-8; .. \\
, -, 2005, 4, .148-155; . .., ..
\\ . , ,
. . , , 1, ,
2007, . 73-77).

,
,

.
,
,
. (V.P. Antonova, K.E. Dungenbaeva, A.V. Zalizovskii, A.S. Inchin, S.V. Kryukov, V.M.
Somsikov, Yu. M. Yampolskii. Difference between the spectra of Acoustic Gravity Waves in Daytime and
Nighttime Hours due to Nonequilibrium Effects in the atmosphere// Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 2006,
Vol. 46, No 1, pp. 101-109; V.M. Somsikov, A.B. Andreev, B.T. Zhumabaev, O.I. Sokolova, Analysis of
Diurnal Dynamics of the Geomagnetic Field Variation Spectrum Geomag. i Aeronomiya, 2011, Vol. 51,
No. 1, pp. 6872).
,
.

1. , , , .
.
, .
,
.
, , .. ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
.
: .
(.. , ..
. , . ,
. , . 2001.).
,
.

, ,
.

.
,
, , ,
. , ,
, , .

.
, , , , .
, .
a , , ,
[]

( a ) = J 'a + a
t
(1)
'

, J a ,
.
, , ..

(1) J a :
'

J a' d

. , " ,

.
3
a , a d r
, V. ,
,
.. .. a ( Bl ) - Bl
.
J a' , . .
, ( ,
, . .), (1) :

( a ) = ( au + J a ) + a
t
(2)
J a , .
, (2) :
J a , a .
(2)
.

d

= + uk
= + u
dt t
xk t
(3)
(1)
da

= J a + a
dt
(4)
.
m , =

.
( j)
R
(j = 1, 2,
..., R; = 1,2,...,m).

=1

( j)

A = 0 .

,
m

=1

( j)

M = 0

(5)

M .

, .

= ( u ) + ( j ) M J j
t
j =1

(6)
J j j- , . . ,
, u () .
m

u =

w = u u , I = w ,
m

I
=1

= 0 . (6) ,

t = ( u ) .
,
u u .
R

( j)
M a = M J j , M .
j =1

(6) :
R

= u I + ( j ) M J j
t
j =1
(7)

u . ,
m

, .. Fi

=1

, .
m

( ui ) =
( ui uk + P ik ik ) + F i + g
t
xk
=1

F i , F i

(8)
, ui uk
" P ik ik ,
(), .
V P ik ik
m

V.

=1

F i

. . .

m
du

i =
( P ik ik ) + F i + g
dt xk
=1
(9)
:

ui m
u 2
u 2 uk
(
)=
[
+ ( P ik ik )ui ] + ( P ik ik )
+ F u
t 2
xk
2
xk =1
(10)
, u 2u 2
" ( P ik ik )ui ,
m

=1

F u

( (10)). (10)
m
u
d u2

( )=
[( P ik ik )ui ] + ( P ik ik ) i + F u
dt 2
xk
xk =1
(11)
.
.
= ( - ,

) , (6):
m
m

( ) = =
( u i ) + ( j ) M J j
t
t
xi
=1
=1
j ,
(12)
, ,
( j)
M J j = 0 , ,

, .
(12) :
m
m
m
m
m

( u i ) =
( u i ) + F iu i = ( u + I ) + F u + I F

xi
xi =1
=1
=1
=1
=1
=1
(12)
m
m
m

( ) = ( u + I ) F u I F
t
=1
=1
=1
(13)
(13) :
m
m
m
d

= ( I F ) F u I F
dt
=1
=1
=1
(14)
E = (u 2 2 + ) ,
(10) (13):

m
m
u

( E) =
{[( E + P) ik ik ]ui + I k } + ( P ik ik ) i I F
t
xi
xk =1
=1

(15)

m
m
u
dE

=
[( P ik ik )ui + I k ] + ( P ik ik ) i I F
dt
xi
xk =1
=1
(16)
,
u 2
%

U

Et =
+ + U%= ( E + U%)
2
, Et

( Et ) = ( Et u + J Et )
t
(17)
J Et
m

J Et = ( P ik ik )uk + I i + Li
=1

(18)
" ,
(, (18) ).
Li .
(15) (17) (18),
m

% + L) ( P ) ui + I F
( U%) = ( Uu
ik
ik

t
xk =1
(19)
%
, Uu
L,
I F .

" " . , (19)


:
u

( P ik ik ) i =
[( P ik ik )ui ] + ui
[( P ik ik )
xk
xk
xk
( P ik ik )ui . , ,
,
,
. (19):
m
u
dU%

= L ( P ik ik ) i + I i
dt
xk =1
6

(20)

.
m

dS%=

dU%+ PdV% dN
=1

(21)
N .
,
. (21) , V%= 1
,
m
dN
dS% 1 dU%
d
P
= T [
P 1

]
dt
dt
dt
dt
=1
(22)
(22) (20),
t = u , = N (7).

m
m
R
u
dS% 1
P
= T [L + ik i + I F + I Aj J j ]
dt
xk =1
=1
j =1
(23)
m

A j = ( j ) M

=1

(24)
j- . A j
. (3), (23)
m

%+
( S%
) = ( Su
t

L M J
=1

) + L (T 1 ) T 1 I [T (
=1

u
(25)
) F ] + T 1 ik i T 1 A j J j
T
xk
j =1

%
(25) : Su
I
L T ,
T


m
R A J

F
u
s = L(T 1 ) I [( ) ] + T 1 ik i T 1 j j
T
T
xk
T
=1
j =1
(26)
7

, ,
,
( L(T 1 ) ), , ,
( (26)),
ui
1
, ( T ik
),
xk
.
(26) : (
L, I , ik
J j ) ,
, , ( F ), .
(26) (24)
, , .
Y ( i ) ,
X ( i ) ,
Y ( i ) , :
S = Y (i ) X ( i )
i

(27)
, .