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Frederic Francois Chopin a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era.

Chopin was born at elazwa Wola, a village in the Duchy of Warsaw. A child prodigy, he grew up in Warsaw and completed his musical education there; he composed many of his mature works in Warsaw before leaving Poland in 1830 at the age of 20, shortly before the November 1830 Uprising. Settling in Paris, during the remaining 19 years of his life Chopin gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon; he supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano. After a failed engagement with a young Polish girl, Maria Wodziska, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained a relationship with the French writer George Sand. For most of his life Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris in 1849 at age 39. Most of Chopin's works are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His piano works are often technically demanding, and emphasize nuance and expressive depth. Chopin, who was fascinated by the expressiveness of the singing human voice, invented the instrumental ballade; he also made major innovations to the piano sonata, mazurka, waltz, nocturne, polonaise, tude, impromptu, scherzo, and prelude. Romanticism Chopin is considered one of the great masters of Romantic music.Chopin regarded most of his contemporaries with indifference, though he had many acquaintances who were associated with romanticism in music, literature, and the fine artsmany of them via his liaison with George Sand. Chopin's music is, however, considered by many to epitomise the Romantic style.[101] The relative classical purity and discretion in his music, with little extravagant exhibitionism, partly reflects his reverence for Bach and Mozart.Chopin never indulged in explicit "scene-painting" in his music, or used programmatic titles. He castigated publishers who renamed his compositions in this way. Nocturne Op. 9 No. 2 in E Flat Major Op. 66 Fantaisie (Impromptu) waltz op 69 no 2 in b minor tude Op. 10 No. 5 ballade no.1 in g minor

Frederic Francois Chopin