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A

Absolute error -
Absolute sensitivity -
Absolutely selective protection system -

Accelerated distance protection system -


Acceleration -
Acceleration of distance protection Acceptance tests
Accumulator -
Accumulator discharge
Accuracy -
Accuracy class
Active energy
Active power relay
Addressing -
Adjacent coil
Adjusting -
Adjustment -
Adjustment range
Admissible interrupting current -
Admittance -
Advance angle -
Adding connection -
Air-blast (circuit) breaker -
Air-blast switch -
Air gap -
Airtight -
Air transformer -
Alarm -
Alarm lamp -
Alarm relay -
Alarm signal -
Algorithm -
Alignment -
Alive -
Alkaline storage battery -
All-or-nothing relay - ,
Allowable voltage
All-pass (universal) filter -
Alternating component
Alternating current -
Alternating current amplifier -
Alternating current circuit -
Alternating-current measurement
Alternating current relay
Alternating current system / . system -
Alternating voltage
Ampere density
Ampere-turns -
Ampere-windings - -
Amplifier -
Amplitude (of a symmetrical alternating quantity)
Amplitude modulation -
Amplitude-frequency characteristic - -
Analogue relay -
Analogue -
Analogue-digital converter - -
Analogue transducer -
Angular frequency -
Anti-hunting relay - ()
Antihunting transformer
Anti-pumping / devicenti-pumping

Anti-reasonant circuit - (, )
Anti-torque
Aperiodic component
Aperiodic damping
Aperiodic phenomenon -
Aperture -
Apparent -
Apparent impedance seen by distance relay -
Apparent power -
Applied (impressed) voltage -
Arc -
Arc extinction-
Arcing earth -
Arcing time -
Arc resistance -
Arc-striking -
Arc suppression coil -
Arc voltage -
Arc voltage drop -
Armoured cable -
Artificial mainsnetwork -
Assembler program -
Assymmetry coefficient -
Astatic control -
Astatic regulator -
Asynchronism -
Asynchronous -
Asynchronous generator -
Asynchronous operation - ()
Asynchronous running - ()
Atmospherics - ()
Atmospherics overvoltage - ,
Attachment -
Attended substation -
Attenuation (of a signal) - ()
Attenuation band -
Attenuation characteristic -
Attenuation due to ice-formation -
Attenuation factor -
Attenuation ratio -
Attracted armature relays -
Audio-frequency oscillator -
Audio frequency telegraphy -
Audio oscillator -
Automatic control -
Automatic excitation control - ()
Automatic control equipment -
Automatic fieid damper (killer, suppressor) - ()
Automatic frequency control - ()
Automatic load-frequency control -
()
Automatic load-shedding control equipment -

Automatic load transfer - ()


Automatic loss-of-synchronism control equipment -

Automatic loss-of-voltage tripping equipment -

Automatic program control -


Automatic reclosing - ()
Automatic reclosing control equipment -

Automatic regulation -
Automatic remote tripping -
Automatic reset -
Automatic sequence control -
Automatic switch (low voltage) - ( )
Automatic switching control equipment -
Automatic synchronous coupler -
Automatic to reserve source - ()
Automatic transfer switch - ( )
Automatic voltage control - ()
Automatic voltage regulator -
Automation -
Auto-recloser -
uto-reclosing -
Autotransformer -
Auxiliaries (unit, station) transformer - (,
)
Auxiliary circuit -
Auxiliary generator -
Auxiliary instrument transformer -
Auxiliary relay -
Auxiliary services supply -
Auxiliary supplies -
Auxiliary transformer of a unit {of a power station) -
()
Availability -
Availability factor -
Availability rate -
Available capacity -
Available power -
B
Back ampere-turns
Back electromotive force -
Back up protection - ()
Bad contact -
Balanced bridge -
Balance relay -
Balancing battery -
Balancing network -
Band -
Band of regulation -
Band-pass filter -
Band-rejection -
Band switch -
Band width -
Bank of accumulators -
Bank of capacitors -
Basic current -
Bay -

Bay (of a substation) -


Beat -
Beat frequency -
Biased differential relay -
Biased relay -
Bias electrical restraint -
Bias voltage -
Bidirectional pulses -
Bifilar winding -
Bimetallic plate -
Bipolar -
Bit -
Block -
Block-diagram - -
Blocking circuit breaker closing -
Blocking diode -
Blocking overreach distance protection system -

Blocking protection system -
Blocking relay -
Blocking signal -
Blocking time -
Blocking zone -
Blowing -
Blowout coil -
Bobbin -
Booster, Booster transformer -
Branch box
Branch line (spur) -
Brake magnet -
Break -
rk-before-make contact -

Breaker fail (failure) protection -
Breaking capacity - ()
Bridge -
Bridge balance -
Bridge rectifier -
Bridging -
Buchholz relay -
Buchholz surge - ,
Bucking -
Buffer storage
Buffer store -
Bundle conductors -
Bundle conductors line -
Burn-out -
Busbar protection
Busbars
Busbar section -
Busbar section disconnector -
Busbar sectionalising switch -
Bus coupler circuit breaker
Bushing of a transformer -

Bus section breaker -


Bypass -
Bypass a circuit breaker -
Bypass switch -
Byte -

Cable conductor -
Cable duct (in a substation) -
Cable rack -
Cable tunnel -
Calibrated scale -
Calibration curve -
Calibration report -
Calorimetric test -
Capacitance between a conductor and earth -
Capacitance between conductors - ( )
Capacitive current -
Capacitive feedback -
Capacitive load -
Capacitive potential divider -
Capacitive reactance -
Capacitive residual current -
Capacitive susceptance -
Capacitor -
Capacitor discharge -
Capacitor tripping device -

Capacitor voltage supply unit -


Capacitor voltage transformer -
Capacity of a battery -
Carrier channels -
Carrier current -
Carrier current protection -
Carrier frequency -
Carrier frequency transmission -
Carrier frequency transmission over high voltage tines -

Case -
Cathode ray tube - -
Causes -
Central processor unit -
Central store -
Centre zero relay -
Centre-zero scale -
Certificate of calibration -
Change of measuring range -
Change of state -
Change-over switch -
Characteristic equation -
Charge (of capacitors or batteries) - ( )
Charger -
Chart -
Chart recorder -
Check -

Checking instrument -
Choice of setting -
Choke -
Choke coil -
Circle diagram -
Circuit -
Circuit breaker -
Circuit breaker closing -
Circuit-breaker failure protection system -
Circuit breaker openinig -
Circuit breaker position data -
Circuit characteristics -
Circuit closed in standby position -
Circuit closed in working position -
Circuit in service
Circuit on standby
Circuit-opening contact -
Circular impedance characteristic
Circulating current system -
Clear the short-circuit
Clipper -
Clock pulse
Close (to)(manually) - ()
Closed-loop control -
Close-up faults -
Closing (manual) - ()
Closing contact -
Closing electromagnet
Closing instruction (manual) - ()
Closing mechanism -
Closing operation -
Closing time -
Coarse adjustment -
Coarse reading -
Coarse setting -
Coarse synchronizing -
Coaxial cable -
Coding -
Coil -
Collapse of frequency -
Collapse of voltage -
Combined instrument transformer
Combined heat and power
Coming into step -
Commercial test -
Common auxiliaries
Common battery
Communication cable -
Comparison circuit -
Compensating voltage
Compensating winding -
Compensated network -
Compensating feedback
Compiler (program) - ,
Complementary error
Complex impedance
Complex plane -
Complex power -

Components -
Computer program
Condensing set -
Conductance -
Conductive coupling
Conductivity -
Conductor -
Conductor failure -
Connection diagram -
onnection layout -
onnections -
Connector
Constant resistance
Contact -
Contact chatter -
Contact closed in working position - ,
Contact element -
Contact gap -
Contact heating -
Contact in inert gas - ()
Contactless pickup -
Contact open in working position -
Contactor -
Contact resistance
Contact voltage -
Continuous action
Continuous control
Continuous curve characteristic -
Continuous output -
Continuous rating -
Continuous store -
Control -
Control action -
Control area -
Control board (desk) - ()
Control cable - ( )
Control circuit - ()
Control current -
Control deviation -
Control discrepancy switch -
Control engineer -
Control equipment -
Control instruction -
Control knob -
Controllability -
Controlled member -
Controlled output -
Controlled value -
Controller - ()
Controlling power range -
Control of network -
Control order -
Control panel -

Control process -
Control pulse -
Control range -
Control switch -
Control unit -
Control voltage -
Control winding -
Conventional thermal power station -
Converter -
Converter substation -
Conversion of electricity -
Copper loss -
Core of a transformer - ()
Corona effect -
Corona loss -
Correction -
Corrective action -
Correct operation of a relay protection -
Corrupted data -
Counting device (of operations) - ()
Couple (to) - ()
Coupling between different phases of two circuits of a high voltage link -

Coupling between phases -
Coupling capacitor -
Coupling circuit breaker
Coupling filter -
Cover of the relay -
Current balance -
Current balance relay
Current carrying capacity -
Current circuit
Current-dependent -
Current limiter -
Current limiting reactor
Current protection -
Current relay -
Current resonance -
Current reversal -
Current rush -
Current transformer -
Cutoff relay -
Cycle -
D
Damage -
Damped oscillations -
Damped transient -
Damper winding -
Damping -
Damping circuit -
Damping magnet -
Damping decrement -

Damping ratio -
Dashpot -
Data processing -
Data transmission -
DC/DC Converter power supply -

Dead band -
Dead earth -
Dead-end feeder -
Dead short-circuit -
Dead time -
Dead zone of a directional relay -
Deceleration - ()
Decoupling -
Decoupling filter -
Dedicated low-voltage wiring -
Dedicated optical fibre link -
Deenergized line -
De-exciting device -
Deflection -
Deionization -
Deionization time -
Delayed auto-reclose -
Delay link -
Delay relay -
Delta connection -
Delta-star connection - -
Dependent time relay -
Dephased -
Deviation from synchronous time -
Differential connection -
Differential controller -
Differential protection -
Differential protection system (longitudinal) -
Differential relay -
Digital-analogue converter - -
Direct access -
Direct-axis subtransient reactance
Direct-axis transient impedance -
Direct current -
Direct-current amplifier -
Direct-current circuit -
Direct current component of a short circuit current -
Direct-current relay -
Direct current system d.c. system -
Direct feedback -
Direct input -
Direct intertripping -
Directional comparision protection system -
Directional control
Directional current protection -
Directional earth relay -
Directional neutral current relay -
Directional operation -
Directional overcurrent relay -

Directional power relay -


Directional protection by signal comparison -

Directional relay -
Direct overcurrent release -
Direct reading
Direct voltage -
Disconnectable busbar - ,
Disconnection (of a generating unit) -
Discrepancy switch
Discriminative protection
Dispatch control
Displacement voltage of the neutral points voltage -
Display - ,
Distance protection -
Distance protection system -
Distance relay
Distance tuning -
Distorted waveform -
Distortion -
Distortion factor -
Distributed capacitance -
Distributing board -
Distributing point -
Distribution of electricity -
Distribution substation -
Disturbance - ,
Divergent oscillation -
Division -
Domain -
Double busbar system -
Double-channel -
Double-circuit line -
Double-delta connection - -
Double earth fault -
Double-humped resonance -
Double-line-to-neutral fault -
Double-phase fault -
Double-phase short circuit -
Double-throw contact -
Double-wired conductor -
Double-wound transformer
Draw-out unit -
Drive -
Dry rectifier -
Duplicate supply -
Duplex channel -
Dynamic braking
Dynamic response
Dynamic stability
Earth -
Earth connection -
Earth current -
Earth detector -
Earthed neutral -
Earth fault -

Earth fault current - ()


Earth fault protection - ()
Earth indication relay -
Earthing reactor -
Earthing resistance -
Earthing resistor -
Earthing switch -
Earthing terminal -
Earth leakage current -
Earth magnetism -
Earth resistance -
Earth-wire ()
Eddy currents -
Effective measuring range -
Effective range -
Effective value - ()
Efficiency -
Electric line -
Electrical angle -
Electrical circuit -
Electrical equipment -
Electrical measurement -
Electrical power system
Electrical power network -
Electrodynamic relay -
Electromagnetic relay -
Electronic relay -
Elliptical impedance characteristic -
Emergency -
Emergency button -
Emergency conditions -
Emergency control schemes -
Emergency crew - -
Emergency power supply -
End , ()
End winding -
Energise (a relay) - () ,
Energise -
Energise accidentally - ()
Energised facility -
Environmental withstand -
Equivalent impedance -
Erase -
Error correction -
Error detection -
Even harmonic -
Evenly divided scale -
Exact-reading scale -
Exchange power control -
Excitation response -
Exciter -
Exciting current -
Expanded scale -
Exponential curve -

Extension cord -
External characteristic -
External disturbance -
External feedback -
External short circuit -
External terminal -
Extra high voltage network -
Extremely sensitive
F
Factory tests -
Failure -
Failure rate -
Failure to operate (of protection equipment)- ( )
Falling out of step -
False operation (tripping) -
False switching -
Fast automatic reclosing -
Fault -
Fault between laminations -
Fault between turns
Fault between windings
Fault clearance -
Fault clearing, short circuit clearing
Fault clearance time -
Fault current -
Fault detector
Faulted circuit impedance
Fault impedance
Fault rate -
Fault resistance -
Fault signaling -
Faults in rotor winding -
Faults recorder -
Fault situation -
Fault statistics -
Fault throwing switch -
Feedback -
Feedback amplifier -
Feedback control -
Feedback ratio -
Feeder
Feeder bay
Feeder circuit-breaker
Feeder disconnector
Feeding transformer
Ferrit core - ()
Ferroresonance -
Ferroresonance voltage regulator
Fiber optics -
Fidelity
Field suppression -
Field circuit

Field winding ,
Figure of merite -
Fine reading -
Fine setting -
First harmonic -
Five-legged transformer
Fixed contact -
Fixed setpoint control -
Fixed value control -
Flash-overcurrent -
Fleeting indication -
Flexible cable -
Flip-flop -
Floating point -
Float switch -
Flow diagram -
Flush mounting -
Foam fire extinguisher -
Follow-up control -
Follow-up system -
Forced control -
Forced outage -
Frame fault -
Frame leakage protection system
Frame protection -
Free oscillation -
Frequency band -
Frequency changer
Frequency control -
Frequency converter
Frequency converter substation - ,
Frequency division -
Frequency drift -
Frequency interval between channels -
Frequency meter -
Frequency modulation -
Frequency multiplication -
Frequency reduction -
Frequency relay -
Frequency response -
Functional block -
Fundamental error of measurement -
Fundamental wave -
Fuse link -
G
Gain
Gain-bandwidth product

Galloping of conductor
Galvanometer -
Gang(ed) control
Gapless

Gas insulated metal-enclosed substation


Gas-pressure cable -
Gas turbine -
Gas turbine set
Gate -
General operating test -
Generator operation -
Generator protection
General-purpose instrument
Generating capacity -
Generating set
Generating unit -
Generation -
Generation of electricity
Generation system
Generator -
Generator protection
Generator-transformer -
Generator-transformer protection -
Geothermal power station
Governing equipment
Grading margin
Group drive
H
Half-cycle -
Half-wave -
Half-wave rectifier -
Hall-effect -
Harmonic -
Harmonic component -
Harmonic content -
Harmonic function -
Harmonic oscillation -
Heavy conditions ()
HF power line carrier blocking -
High-frequency cable -
High-frequency generator -
High frequency disturbance test
Higher harmonic
Higher harmonic voltage
High impedance differential protection - ,

High set -
High-speed automatic reclosing -
High-speed automatic reclosing device
High-speed excitation system -
High voltage
High-voltage d.c. link HVDC link ()
High-voltage installation
High-voltage network -
High-voltage side -
High-voltage switchgear ()
High-voltage winding -

Holding winding -
Hunting - ( ), ( )
Hydroelectric set -
Hydroelectric power station -
Hysteresis -
Hysteresis loop
Hysteresis losses
I
Ideal rectifier -
Ideal synchronizing -
Idle
Idling -
Idling conditions -
Immobilization
Impedance earthed (neutral) system -
Impedance protection -
Impedance relay
Impedance voltage (of a transformer) - ()
Impulse counter -
Impulse voltage test -
Inadvertent operation
Incorrect operation of relay protection -
Independent time relay -
Indicating relay -
Indicator lamp -
Indicator of sense of rotation -
Indoor apparatus -
Indoor substation -
Indoor switch-gear
Induced voltage -
Inductance -
Induction relay -
Industrial interference -
Inertia constant -
Inherent feedback -
Initial commissioning test -
Initial symmetrical (sub transient) short circuit -
( )
Injection type relay -
Inoperative direction -
Input winding -
Insensitivity of control ( )
In service
Inspection -
Instability -
Instantaneous element -
Instantaneous relay - ( )
Instantaneous value -
Instruction -
Instructions for mounting and maintenance of relays -
Instrument -
Insulation resistance -
Insulation test voltage -
Integral action

Integral control
Integral controller -
Integrated circuit -
Integrator -
Interconnected systems
Interconnection -
Interference -
Interference effect -
Interference filter
Interference frequency - ()
Interference immunity against electrostatic discharge (ESD) -

Interference immunity against ast transient signal (burst) -

Interference pulse -
Interlock -
Interlocking signal -
Intermittent contact -
Intermittent earth
Intermittent fault
Internal combustion set -
Internal short circuit
Intertripping -
Iterruption arc
Interruption of supply
Interturn fault -
Inverse characteristic relay -
Inverse time, Very inverse time, Extremely inverse time current relay
, ,

Ionization -
Iron losses
Iron-nickel accumulator
Islanding
Isolated network operation
Isolated neutral system
Isolated operation
Isolated system
Isolating transformer - ()
Isolation transformer -
Issuing of permit to work -
In-rush, Inrush
J
Jack -
Jumper -
Jumper board
K
Kiosk substation -
Knob -
Knob with indicator

L
Lagging current -
Latch(ing) relay, Latch-in relay -
Lightning discharge
Line -
Linear scale -
Linear system -
Line attenuation -
Line charging current -
Line-drop compensation -
Line fault
Line impedance angle -
Line protection
Line reactor -
Line trap -
Line voltage
Live circuit breaker -
Live line -
Load in a system -
Load curve -
Load duration curve
Loading resistor
Local back-up (circuit and substation) - ( )
Local control -
Logical multiplication
Logic scheme
Longitudinal differential protection
Long power transmission line
Loop current
Loss
Loss of excitation
Loss of load -
Loss of stability
Loss of synchronism
Loss of synchronism relay -
Loss of voltage -
Loss of voltage relay -
Lower frequency (to) -
Low frequency -
Low-frequency amplifier -
Low-frequency band -
Low-operating -
Low set -
Low voltage -
Low-voltage apparatus -
Low-voltage side -
M
Magnetic circuit
Magnetizing current -
Magnetizing inrush -
Magnetizing inrush restrain -

Magnetoelectric relay
Magneto-hydro- dynamic thermal power station (MHD power station) (.)
Magnetomotive force -
Magnitude of disturbance -
Main busbar -
Main generator -
Main protection
Mains voltage -
Maintenance ( )
Maintenance tests
Maintenance work -
Make and break -
Make-break time -
Make time -
Making capacity -
Maloperation -
Manned substation - c
Manual closing -
Manual opening -
Manual regulation -
Master controller -
Master substation -
Matching transformer
Maximum asymmetric short circuit current -
Maximum voltage relay -
Mean deviation -
Mean square error
Mean time between failure -
Mean value (of a periodic quantity) - ( )
Measuring relay -
Measuring winding -
Mechanical durability
Medium-voltage -
Medium-voltage winding -
Megger -
Men on duty -
Mercury contact -
Mesh (of a system)
Meshed system - -
Mesh-current method -
Meshed network -
Metalclad cable -
Metal-clad installation
Metering winding -
MHO-type distance relay
Microwave pilot protection system -
Midposition
Mimic diagram (wall diagram) -
Mismatch -
Mounting -
Movable contact
Moving coil
Moving coil relay
Moving part

Motor protection
Multi-ended line ()
Multilayer mounting
Multiple earth fault -
Multiple shot reclosing ()
Multiposition relay
Multisection coil -
Multishot reclosing
Multi-terminal line
Multiwinding transformer -
N
Negative bias -
Negative sequence component -
Negative sequence impedance -
Network with directly earthed neutral -
Network with isolated neutral -
Neutral current -
Neutral point -
Neutral point connection -
Neutral point displacement voltage -
Neutral point in a polyphase system -
Noisefree
Noise immunity -
Noise level -
Noise limitation -
No-load current -
No-load operation -
No-load power -
No-load test -
No-load voltage -
Nominal current -
Nominal transformation ratio -
Nominal value -
Nominal voltage -
Nominal voltage of a system -
Non-attended substation -
Non-availability -
Non-availability factor
Non-linear distortion -
Non-linearity -
Non-linear resistor -
Non-sinusoidal current -
Non-successful reclosing -
Normally closed break contact -
Normal operating condition -
Nuclear (thermal) power station
Number of auto-reclose -
Numerical relay -
O
Occur , ( )

On-load tap-changer
Open
Open-delta connection -
Opening -
Opening mechanism -
Opening time -
Open-loop control -
Operating characteristic
Operating availability -
Operating current -
Operating impedance - ( )
Operating lag (of a relay) -
Operating range -
Operating rules -
Operating time of protection
Operating times accuracy -
Operating voltage (in a system) -
Operating winding -
Operative current -
Operative direction -
Optical fibre cable - -
Optical link pilot protection system -
Optocupler - ,
Oscillations -
Oscillogram -
Oscillograph -
Outage ,
Outdoor apparatus -
Outdoor substation
Outdoor switch-gear -
Outgoing (incoming) feeder - ()
Out-of-operation -
Out-of-order -
Out of service
Out-of-step protection -
Out-of-tune -
Output circuit
Output current
Output relays module -
Output stage -
Output terminal -
Output value
Output winding
Over protection
Overcurrent protection
Overcurrent relay
Overcurrent time-lag relay
Over-excitation -
Overfluxing in power transformers -
Overhaul -
Overhead line -
Overhead system -
Overheating
Overload -

Overload operation -
Overload protection -
Overload protection system -
Overload relay -
Overall fault clearance time -
Overreaching (for a distance protection system) - (
)
Overshoot -
Overspeed protection device -
Overvoltage
Overvoltage protection
P
Packet switch
Pairing -
Pair twisting -
Parallel access -
Parallel connection -
Paralleling -
Parallel operation -
Passing contact -
Peak load -
Percentage-differential relay -
, -
Percentage differential protection -
Percentage relay -
Periodic component -
Permanent fault -
Permissible error -
Permissive intertripping -

Permissive overreach distance protection system -

Permissive protection system -
Permissive underreach distance protection system -

Petersen coil -
Phase -
Phase coincidence -
Phase comparator relay -
Phase comparison protection system
Phase current -
Phase displacement -
Phase-earth coupling
Phase lag -
Phase opposition -
Phase segregated differential current position -
Phase sequence -
Phase sequence indicator -
Phase sequence reversal -
Phase-sequence test -
Phase-shifting network -
Phase to earht voltage (line to ground voltage)

Phase-to-groundl fault - ,
Phase to phase voltage (line to line voltage)
Phase to neural voltage (line to neural voltage) -
Phase unbalance protection -
Phase voltage of a winding -
Pick-up, Pickup
Pl equivalent -
-pilot ( ,
)
Pilot protection system -
Plant motor -
Plug-and-jack
Plug-and-socket connection -
Plug-in unit
Pneumatically operated switch ( )
Pointer ,
Pointer stop
Point of connection -
Point-to-point-wiring -
Polarity -
Polarity indicator -
Polarity reversal -
Polarity test -
Polarized relay -
Pole (of an equipment) - ()
Pole (of a d.c. system) - ( )
Pole-mounted substation -
Portable instrument -
Portable test equipment -
Position indicator -
Positive feedback -
Positive sequence
Positive sequence component -
Positive sequence impedance -
Positive voltage -
Post-emergency conditions -
Post-fault conditions -
Potential -
Potential difference -
Power -
Power charge controller -
Power factor - (cos)
Power frequency -
Power-frequency characteristic - -
Power-frequency control -
Power input
Power limitation
Power line carrier protection system -
Power output
Power relay
Power station -
Power supply module -
Power system separation -
Power swing blocking -

Power unit -
Prearcing time -
Protection against - -
Press-button switch -
Pressure monitoring device -
Pressure transducer -
Primary -
Primary circuit -
Primary control -
Primary testing -
Primary winding -
Program of routine maintenance -
Protected line -
Protected zone -
Protection
Protection against short circuits
Protection assembly
Protection by phase comparison - ,
Protection device
Protection relay
Protection system
Protection system associated with signaling system - ,

Protection winding
Protection with stage (step) acceleration - ,
Pulsating current -
Pulsating voltage
Pulse edge -
Pulse-relay -
Pulse train
Pumped storage power plant -
Pumped storage station -
Pump-storage generating set
Pump-turbine -
Push-button control group
Q
Quadrature-axis subtransient reactance

Quadruple conductor (4 )
Quenched spark
R
Radial network -
Radiated electromagnetic field test
Radio link protection
Random synchronizing -
Range of adjustment
Range of regulation
Range of scale -
Rate of change of... relay - ...
Rated capacity

Rated current of a contact -


Rated thermal current
Rate of pulse rise -
Reactance
Reactance relay
Reactive energy -
Real time -
Receiver -
Receiving channel -
Receiving level -
Recovery time -
Recovery voltage -
Rectification -
Rectifier -
Reduced measuring error -
Reduced voltage -
Reed relay -
Reference instrument -
Reference value -
Reference voltage -
Reflected wave -
Register -
Regulating point -
Regulation -
Regulation level -
Regulator performance -
Relative error -
Relatively selective protection system non-unit protection system -

Relay -
Relay box -
Relay cabinet -
Relay characteristic angle -
Relay coil -
Relay cubicle -
Relay element
Relay protection
Relay set
Relay winding
Release -
Release lag -
Reliability -
Reliability index -
Remote backup protection
Remote control -
Remote indication -
Remote setting
Remote supervision -
Remotely controlled substation -
Repair -
Reserve busbar -
Reset -
Reset push-button -
Reset time -

Resetting value -
Residual capacitive voltage -
Residual current -
Residual magnetization -
Residual voltage -
Resistance -
Resistivity -
Resonance -
Resonant earthed (neutral) system arc-suppression-coil-earth (neutral system) -

Response level -
Response time
Restore -
Restraining coil -
Restricted earth fault protection of transformer -
,
Retardation time
Returning percentage -
Returning value -
Return to initial position - ()
Reversible hydroelectric set -
Rigid wiring
Ring connection -
Ring feeder (loop)
Ring mains -
Ring network -
Ring operation -
Ring substation -

Rise in frequency -
Risk of failure -
Root-mean-square deviation -
Root-mean-square value -
Rotor earth fault protection -
Rotor fault to frame -
Rotor winding -
Rough reading scale -
Round-the-clock service -
Running-down
S
Sample -
Sampling cycle
Satellite substation - oo
Saturable reactor -
Saturable transformer -
Saturation -
Saturation area -
Saturation region -
Scale -
Schematic diagram -
Screening -
Screw connection

Secondary -
Secondary circuit -
Secondary control -
Secondary leads -
Secondary relay -
Secondary testing -
Secondary voltage -
Secondary winding -
Selective protection
Selective time interval -
Selective tripping plan -
Selectivity -
Selector switch disconnector -
Self-adjusting control -
Self-contained supply -
Self-control -
Self excitation -
Self-extinguishing fault - ( .
)
Self-holding contact -
Self inductance -
Self-locking contact -
Selfmonitoring -
Self-oscillation -
Self-regulation -
Selfsupervision -
Self-synchronization -
Self-synchronizing -
Semiautomatic system -
Semiconductor -
Semigraphical method -
Senior shift engineer -
Sensitive
Sensitive protection -
Sensitivity -
Sensitivity of a directional element -
Separated windings -
Separate network -
Sequence control -
Serial access -
Serial communication -
Series capacity -
Series compensation -
Series connection -
Setting -
Setting current
Setting knob
Setting up of actual value
Setting value
Shield -
Shielding case
Shift engineer
Shock current
Shop instructions

Short circuit -
Short circuit and earth
Short-circuit between phases -
Short-circuit characteristic
Short-circuit current
Short-circuit current calculations -
Short-circuit earth current -
Short-circuit protection
Short-circuit power -
Short-circuit through an arc
Short-circuit to earth -
Shunting -
Signal level -
Signal-to-noise ratio - -
Signal transmission time -
Silent arc -
Simplex channel -
Simulation test -
Simulator -
Single-acting autoreclosing -
Single-busbar substation -
Single-channel -
Single-circuit line -
Single conductor -
Single-element relay -
Single feeder (radial feeder) -
Single-line diagram -
Single phase automatic reclosing control equipment -

Single-phase autoreclosing -
Single-phase short circuit -
Single-phase transformer -
Single pole automatic reclosing control equipment -
Single-pole switch -
Single shot reclosing -
Single supply -
Single-three-phase rectosing - (-)
Single-turn current transformer -
Slave-relay - -
Slip -
Slip frequency -
Slow-operating relay
Slow-release relay -
Slugged -
Smooth variation -
Software -
Solar battery -
Soldered connection -
Soldering -
Solid-state relay -
Solid-state switch -
Solidly-earthed neutral -
Spare parts -
Spark capacitor -

Spark-quenching circuit -
Specified value -
Speeder motor -
Speed governor -
Speed regulator
Speed-up -
Speed-voltage generator
Split-phase
Split secondary -
Split the busbars -
Spring contact -
Spur line
Spurious capacitance -
Spurious opening -
Spurious tripping -
Stability -
Stable -
Stable conditions -
Stable oscillation -
Stage change point -
Stage circuit -
Stage length -
Stand by set -
Stand-by supply -
Star-delta switch -
Star-star connection - -
Starting relay -
Starting situation -
Starting tests -
Start of parallel operation -
Start operation (of a relay) - ()
Start-stop control -
Static compensator
Static convertor
Static error -
Static excitation
Station auxiliaries voltage
Station under AGC (LFC) - ,
Stator earth fault protection -
Stator fault to frame -
Stator winding -
Steady-state short-circuit current -
Steady-state stability
Step action -
Step-by-step method -
Step-down substation
Step-down transformer -
Step change point -
Step length -
Stepless control -
Stepped characteristic
Step response -
Step-up substation -
Step-up transformer -

Stray capacitance -
Stray currents ()
Stub line -
Subsequent faults
Substation
Substation relay room -
Subtransient reactance
Successful reclosing -
Sudden change in frequency -
Sudden load variation -
Superconductivity -
Superimposed current -
Superposition method -
Supervising person -
Supervision trip circuit -
Supply (a relay) - ()
Supply interruption -
Supply point
Supply voltage
Supply voltage of auxiliary circuits ( )
Susceptance
Sustained fault -
Sustained short-circuit current -
Sweep -
Swing blocking -
Swinging of conductors -
Switch -
Switchable busbar - ,
Switched busbar circuit-breaker
Switch-gear
Symmetrical component method -
Symmetrical short circuit -
Symmetrical voltage
Synchronization -
Synchronize -
Synchronizing relay -
Synchronism -
Synchronoscope -
Synchronous compensator -
Synchronous generator -
Synchronous motor -
Synchronous operation -
Synchronous reactance -
Systematic error
System configuration
System control
System control centre -
System diagram - ( )
System operational diagram -
T
changing ( )
Tapped line (teed line)

Telecommunication -
Telecommunication line -
Telemetering -
Teleregulation -
Temperature-dependant-
Terminal - ,
Terminal voltage -
Tertiary winding -
Thermal generating set -
Thermal limit burden -
Thermal power station -
Thermal power unit
Thermal relay -
Thermal replica -
Thermocouple -
Third harmonic -
Three-element relay -
Three phase automalic reclosing control equipment
Three-phase fault -
Three-phase system diagram -
Three-phase transformer
Three windings transformer
Threshold (of) sensitivity -
Threshold value
Through fault current - ()
Thyristor -
Time characteristic -
Time constant -
Time delay -
Time-dependant -
Time differential -
Time grading -
Time interval
Time-lag relay -
Time schedule -
Time to operate -
Timing element -
Toggle switch
Total break time -
Total current -
Total loss of load -
Traction substation -
Transducer -
Transductor -
Transfer busbar -
Transfer function -
Transfers bars -
Transformation of electricity
Transformer bank -
Transformer circuit-breaker -
Transformer protection -
Transformer ratio -
Transformer substation - ()
Transformer tap -

Transformer winding -
Transformer with on-load tap chanching -
Transformer with off-load tap changing -

Transformer with regulation in phase -


Transformer with regulation in quadrature -

Transforming station -
Transient analysis -
Transient fault -
Transient feedback -
Transient performance -
Transient phenomenon -
Transient reactance -
Transient response -
Transient short circuit -
Transient short circuit current -
Transient stability -
Transient state -
Transistor -
Translator (isolating transformer)
Transmmission channel -
Transmission data rate -
Transmission limit
Transmission line capability
Transmission of electricity
Transmitter -
Transposition -
Transverse differential protection
Traveling wave
Treed system - ()
Trip ,
Trip a circuit breaker (
)
Trip circuit
Trip coil
Trip command
Triple busbar substation
Triple conductor
Triple-frequency harmonic
Triple unit (Motor, Pump, Turbine) (, , )
Tripping relay -
Tripping time
Trunk line -
Trunk main -
Tuned circuit -
Tuning capacitor -
Tuning indicator -
Tuning range -
Turbine governor -
Turbogenerator -
Turbo-generator set -
Turn -
Turn-to-turn short circuit -

Turn-fault ()
Turn-fault protection
Twin conductor -
Twisted conductor ()
Twist joint
Two-layer winding -
Two-way contact ()
Two-way feed -
Two-stage relay -
U
Ultra-high voltage
Unattended substation
Unbalance current -
Unbalanced conditions -
Unbalanced short circuit -
Unblocking ()
Underdamping -
Under-excitation -
Underfrequency load shedding -
Underfrequency relay -
Underground cable -
Underground substation -
Underground system
Under...relay
Underreaching (for a distance protection system) - (
)
Unfaulted phase -
Unidirectional -
Unidirectional current -
Unimeter -
Uninterrupted operation -
Uninterruptible power supply -
Unload -
Unloaded line -
Unmanned -
Unmanned substation -
Unstable -
Untapped -
Unwanted operation (of a protection equipment) - ( )
Upper harmonics
Urban network -
V
Varistor -
V-connection -
Vector group (of a transformer) -
Voltage -
Voltage balance -
Voltage balance relay
Voltage bild-up -
Voltage circuit -

Voltage deviation -
Voltage direction -
Voltage divider -
Voltage division -
Voltage drop -
Voltage level -
Voltage limiting -
Voltage range -
Voltage regulator -
Voltage relay -
Voltage restrained overcurrent relay -
Voltage ripple -
Voltage rise -
Voltage transformer -
Voltage transformer error -
Voltage trebling -
Volt-ampere characteristic ()
W
Wall diagramm
Wattage -
Watt consumption -
Weighting factor -
Winding -
Winding path -
Wire-pilot
Wire-wrap connection -
Wire wrapping -
Wiring {secondary wiring) -
Wiring - ()
Wiring blemish
Withdrawal from service -
Working zone
Wye-delta -
Wye-delta connection -
Wye-wye -
Z
Z-connection
Zero crossing -
Zero drift -
Zero error -
Zero mark -
Zero offset -
Zero phase-sequence voltage -
Zero sequence component -
Zero sequence current -
Zero sequence impedance -
Zero sequence voltage relay -
Zone of protection -