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a;yuveRdIy' s'Stm(

. . .
. . .

, 2013
1


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, .............................................................................................................. 11
2. ........................................................................... 11
3. ....................................................................................................... 13
:............................................................................................................. 13
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: .......................................................................................................... 14
: ........................................................................................................... 15
4. .................................................................................................... 16
5. p/;tu m. ................................................................................................. 17
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 17
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................................................................................................................................................ 18
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 18
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 18
4. ............................................................................................................................................... 18
5. ............................................................................................................................................... 18
6. ............................................................................................................................................... 18
7 ................................................................................................................................................ 18
6. aojs( ............................................................................................................... 19
.................................................................................................................................... 19
1 ................................................................................................................................................ 19
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 19
7. a" ....................................................................................................... 19
1 ................................................................................................................................................ 19
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 20
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 20
8. ..................................................................................... 20
1. ...................................................................................................................................... 21
2. .......................................................................................................................... 22
3. ................................................................................ 22
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 22
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 22
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 22
4. ............................................................................................................................................... 22
5 ................................................................................................................................................ 22
6. ............................................................................................................................................... 23
7. ............................................................................................................................................... 23
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 23
2

2. ............................................................................................................................................... 23
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 23
4 ................................................................................................................................................ 23
5. ............................................................................................................................................... 23
6 ................................................................................................................................................ 23
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 23
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 24
3 ................................................................................................................................................ 24
9. SvSqvO;m( ....................................................... 24
1 ................................................................................................................................................ 24
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 25
10. .................................................................................................... 26
........................................................................................................ 28
11. rs ...................................................................................................................... 28
........................................................................................................................................... 28
12. gu," ..................................................................................................................... 29
.......................................................................................................................................... 29
1 ................................................................................................................................................ 30
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 30
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 30
4 ................................................................................................................................................ 30
13. vp;k" ........................................................................................................... 31
...................................................................................................................................... 31
14. vIyR n. ............................................................................................................... 31
....................................................................................................................................... 31
15. p[.;v"......................................................................................................... 32
16. kmRn( n. ..................................................................................................... 32
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 32
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 32
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 32
4. ............................................................................................................................................... 32
17. .................................................................................. 32
18. ............................................................... 37
19. ,
............................................................................................................................. 37
20. rs;ynm( ............................................................. 57
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 57
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 57
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 58
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 58
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 58
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 58
2 ................................................................................................................................................ 58
1 ................................................................................................................................................ 58
10 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
20 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
30 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
40 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
50 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
60 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
70 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
3

80 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
90 .............................................................................................................................................. 58
1. .................................................................................................................. 58
................................................................................................................................................ 59
................................................................................................................................................ 59
2. : .......................................................................................................................... 59
3. : .......................................................................................................................... 59
4. : ................................................................................................................................... 59
5. : ............................................................................................................................. 59
6. : .................................................................................................................................... 59
7. ................................................................................................................................. 59
8. , ............................................................................................................ 59
.......................................................................................................... 59
9. : ............................................................................................................................. 60
10. ............................................................................................ 60
21. v;jIkr,m( ............................................................................................ 60
21. rogvg;R" ........................................................................... 62
22. ............................................................................... 63
1 ................................................................................................................................................ 63
2. jNmblp[vO; . ...................................................................................... 65
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 65
4. ............................................................................................................................................... 65
5. ............................................................................................................................................... 65
6. ............................................................................................................................................... 65
23. .......................................................................................... 66
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 66
2 ................................................................................................................................................ 66
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 66
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 67
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 67
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 67
4. ............................................................................................................................................... 67
5. ............................................................................................................................................... 69
6. ............................................................................................................................................... 69
24. imQy;h;rih;r* ............................................................ 69
3. a;h;r"- ....................................................................................................................... 75
1. gu,"- :............................................................................................................... 75
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 76
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 76
. .............................................................................................................................................. 77
. ............................................................................................................................................... 77
. .............................................................................................................................................. 78
. .............................................................................................................................................. 78
. ........................................................................................................................................ 78
. .............................................................................................................................................. 83
. ............................................................................................................................................... 83
. .............................................................................................................................................. 83
. ............................................................................................................................................... 83
. .............................................................................................................................................. 85
. ............................................................................................................................................... 86
. .............................................................................................................................................. 86
4

1. ............................................................................................................................................... 89
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 89
(Nmd") ................................................................................................................ 91
................................................................................................ 92
:.............................................................................................................. 92
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 92
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 93
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 94
................................................................................................................................................ 94
................................................................................................................................................ 94
................................................................................................................................................ 94
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 94
26. ..................................................................................... 94
............................................................................................................................. 97
............................................................................................................................. 97
27. ( ) pkmRn( ............................................................ 97
1. ............................................................................................................................................... 97
2. ............................................................................................................................................... 97
3. ............................................................................................................................................... 98
............................................................................................................................. 99
(about 5.000 terms) ................................................................................................................... 99
1. FLORA aoW/y" ................................................................................................ 100
5. ........................................................................ 162
6. ................................................................................................................ 168
( GUNAS ) ........................................................................................................................... 196
10. THERAPEUTICS ................................................ 271

a;yuveRdomOt;n;m( c0s0sU024"50
(. . . 24:50)



( bhatrayi , ). ,
.
, .
, .
:
.
,
.

. ( , : m, n, f) ,
.
, .
.
. Chaukhambra . .
: , , , . 5000 ( , ).
, 2013 .,
. -
(1954-2011), , , 1998
, , 2013
, , 2013
6


.
.
, . ,
, , , , . .
, .
, ,
, . , -
. , .
, . . ,
, ,
. ,
.
:
; - , 5000 . ,

.
,
.
, 1998 .,



, ,
. , . .
,
. 6 . ..
, . , 8
:


, ,

(bOhT]yI f.) :
1. - (crks'iht; f.)
2. - (suuts'iht; f.)
3. - (v;G.$s'iht; f.)
) - (a$;'gdy n.)
) - (a$;'gs'g[h m.)
- :

iht;iht' su%' du"%m;yuStSy iht;ihtm( )


m;n' c tCc y]oKtm;yuveRd" s Cyte c0s0sU01"41
, , , , ,
, . (, , 1 : 41)

:
8

svm;Tm; xrIr' c ]ymetiT]d<@vt( )


lokiStit s'yog;;] sv| p[ititm( 46
s pum;'Xcetn' tCc tCc;i/kr,' SmOtm( )
vedSy;Sy tdq| ih vedo<y' s'p[k;ixt" 47c0s0sU0 1a0
, , . , .
() , , . (... 1 :
46-47)

. ,
, .

,
.
, ,
,
.
, (mns( n.,

sv n.) -

(N{y n.) (N{y;qR m.), :

rs"-gN/"-SpxR"-xBd"-pm(
,
(atIiNd[y). , . ,
. ,
:
(puW m.)
(p[kOit f.). -

, (i]gu, m.):

sv n., ,
rjs( n., ,
tms( n., , ,

. , -.
,
.
, ,
. , , .
(iNd[y n.), (ahr m.)
(bui f.).
. (s'D; f.) . . ,
.

(ijv;Tmn( m.). ,
5
(p'cmh;.Ut;in n.):

pOiqvI-jlm( -aiGn"-v;yu"-a;k;x"
,
:

mns(-ahr"-bui

10

(sU+mxrIr n.) ,
.
, . ,
(SqUlxrIr n.) ,
.
mns(
,
.
, ,
, ,
. , ,
(ic;; f.).
.
bui

, ,
. . , .
, ahr
.
.
11 : , 5
(D;neiNd[y;i, n.) 5 (kmeRiNd[y;i, n.). 5 (tNm;];i, n.). , , , ,
. . ,
.
2.
11

, ,
5 , 7 .
, 5 . - :

%;dINy;Tm; mn" k;lo idxXc d[Vys'g[h" )


seiNd[y' cetn' d[Vy' inirNd[ymcetnm( c0s0sU01"48
(= , , , ), , ,
. ,
, , ,
, . (... 1 : 48)
, . (prm;,u m.) .

:

v;yu" ip;' kfXcoKt;" x;rIro doWs'g[h" )


m;ns" puni$o rjXc tm Ev c c0s0sU01"57
,
, .
(... 1 : 57)

, . , 5 ,
, ,
:

v;t"= v;yu + a;k;x


ip;m(= aiGn + jl
kf"= jl + pOiqvI
(/;tu m.) ,
. /; . ml m. :
12

rs;sO'm;'smedo<iSqmJj;xu;i, /;tv" a00sU01"13


, , , , ,
. (-, , 1 : 13)

ml;" mO]xkOTSved;dyo<ip c a00sU01"13


, , , . (. . . 1
: 13)
, , .

3.
,
. ,
, , , ;
,
.
. ,
, . :

=" xIt" l`u" sU+mXclo<q ivxd" %r" )


ivprItgu,wd[RVywm;Rt" s'p[x;Myit c0s0sU01"59
, , , , ,
, , ,
. (. . . 1 : 59)
, 7 . , .
.
.
:
13

p[SpNdn n.
hn n.
ivvek m.
/;r, n. ,

5 :

p[;,v;yu m. , - , ,
, . : .

d;nv;yu m. , , -
, .
.

sm;nv;yu m. , - .
. - , .

ap;nv;yu m. , - ,
, , . : , .
.

Vy;nv;yu m. , - , .

sSnehmu,' tI+,' c d[vmMl' sr' k$u )


ivprItgu,w" ip;' d[Vywr;xu p[x;Myit c0s0sU0 1"60
, , , , , , , ,
. (... 1 : 60)

.
, . 14

, , ,
, , . 5
:

p;ckip; n. ,
.
.
, , , ,
, , , . .

rkip; n. ,
(), ().
, .

s;/kip; n.

dy n. , ( ,
). , .

a;lockip; n. , .
: .

.[;jkip; n. ,
.

guxItmOduiSnG/m/uriSqripiCzl; )
Xlem," p[xm' y;iNt ivprItgu,wguR,;" c0s0sU0 1"61
, , , ,
, , ,
. (. . . 1 : 61)
, ,
. .
.

Xlemn( m.


15

iXlW( 4 , . , . , .
, .
,
. , , ,
.
5 :

Kledkkf m. , -
(a;m;xy m.). : .

avlMbkkf m. , - (i']k m., n.) (dy n.).


: , , .

bo/kkf m. , , -
(ij;mUl m.) (k<# m.). .

tpRkkf m. , - . ,
.

XleWkkf m. , -
. - .

4.
( ) 2 :

Sq;iyn" (Sg. Sq;iyn()


2. , aSq;iyn"

1.

,
. . 7 duy (duyte 4 ),
, .
1.

rs/;tu m.
16


(rsv;hs[ots( n.). . . , .

rKt/;tu

2.
- .
, .
,
(rKtv;hs[ots( n.). - , 8 ().

m;'s/;tu

3.
-. - :

med/;tu

4.
.
.

aiSq/;tu

5.
.

mJj;/;tu

6.
, ,
:

xu/;tu

7.
- ,
, .

5.

p/;tu m.
, 7 . :

Sn;yu

m. , . 1.
, . 4 :
17

. p[t;nvtI
;

vO; ;
. pOqu ;
. suiWr .
.

. .
- . , .

k<@r;

2.
f. , , , , . .

isr;

3.
f. . .
. ,
700 .

StNy

4.
n. .
.

rjs( n. .
6. vs; f. . , 5.

ml

7.
m. ik () ,
, .
, -. :

xkOt( m. mU] m. Sved m.


:

purIW n. lomkupml m.
mU] m. iv$(Sneh m.
v;yu m. %ml m.
ip; n. kex m.
n% m. lomn( n. (Xmu m.)
18

6.

aojs(

, ,
. :

aoj" som;Tmk G/' xuKl' xIt' Sqr' srm( )


vvKt' mOdu mOT' c p[;,;ytnmumm( su0sU014"21
, , , , , , , , ,
, . (. . 14 :
21)
:

pr*js( n. , . 8 (ibNdu m.).


2. apr*js( n. , 10
(/mnI), .
1.

,
(a/R;il m.), ( ),
.
(Vyi/=imTv).

7.

a"

, , , , , aiGn
. , ,
.
13 , 3
:

j#r;iGn"

1.

(a;m;xy) (pKv;xy). ,
; 19

(p[s;d m.) (ik)

/;TviGn

/;tup;k ( ). .

/;TviGn"

2.
,
aNnrs ( ). 7 : , , . . (. ). .
, , ,
, , , . .

.Ut;"

3.
, :pOiqVyiGn" ..

8.
, . ,
:

aVyKtmUlp[kOit f. ()
mht( n. ,

ah;r m.
D;neiNd[y;in n. 5
mns( svn. m.
kmeRiNd[y;in n. 5
tNm;];" m. 5
mh;.Ut;in n. 5
, (puW"), - :

svm;Tm; xrIr' c ]ymetT]d<@vt( )


lokStit s'yog;] sv| p[ititm( 56
20

s pum;'etn' t t;/kr,' SmOtm( )


vedSy;Sy tdq| ih vedo<y' s'p[k;xt"47c0s0sU0
, , . , .
() , , .(. . . 1 :
46 47)

mns(

1.

(atIiNd[yo<i/;yk m.). sv

cets(. , 2 :
anuTv n. ()
EkTv n. ,
:

icNtn n.
ivc;r m.
h m.
?y;n n.
N{yg[h m.
sLp m.
Sving[h m.
iviv/; :y;it f.
.
, ,
- .
r;g;id ( ):

r;g m. eW m.
md m. y;R f. ,
k;m m. o/ m.
moh m. ivW;d m.
21

xok m. , ... . .

p[kOit

2.
f.
, 2 :

(dehp[kOit)

(j;txrIrp[kOit).
, , ,
. .
,
.
(). , 7 (: , , ):

1)v; 2)p; 3)k; 4)v-p; 5)v-k; 6)p-k; 7)v-p-k.

mnSp[kOit

3.
-
:
.
1. b[k;y
, , , , , , .
2. mheNd[k;y , , , .
3. v,k;y , , ( ).
4. kuberk;y , , (
).
5. gN/vRk;y , , ,
22

( ).
6. y;Myk;y , , ,
(r;g;id). , , ,
( ).
7. AiWk;y ,
, ,
.
.
1.asursv , , , , ( , ).
2.spRsv , , , .
3.xkunsv ,
, .
4.r;=ssv , ,
, ,
.
5.ipx;csv , , ( ,
).
6.p[etsv , ,
, (
, ).
.
1.pxusv
. , , .
23

2.mTSysv , , . . . , . .
3.vnSpitsv ; . .
.

SvSqvO;m(

9.

,
:

hey' du"%mn;gtm( ) .
. 3 :

p[;,wW,; f.
/nwW,; f.
prlokwW,; f.
, , ,
:

smdoW" sm; sm/;tumly" )


p[s;TmeN{ymn;" SvSq Ty./Iyte su0sU015"41
, , , , , , , . (.. 15 : 41)
:

sO

1.
, 24

. (p[D;pr;/")
.
.
, .
.

SvSqvO;

2.
,
.
(idncy;R m.):

b[;e muteR eTSvSqo r=;qRm;yuW")


xrIrcNt;' nvRTyR tx*cv/Stt" a00sU02"1"61

(= 48 ) , , . (. . . 2 : 1 :
61)
(x*c m.),
(dNtxo/n n.) (ij;xo/n n.).
, (10 15 ).
(/ump;n n.)
(dugRN/ m.) .
.
(Vy;y;m m.),
( -):

l;`v' kmRsmQy| dIo<meRds" =y" )


v._`ng;]Tv' Vy;y;m;dupj;yte a00sU02"10
, , ,
. (. .. 2 : 10)

25

(Sn;n n.) , :

dIpn' vOym;yuy' ;nmUj;Rblp[dm( )


k<@UmlmSvedtN{;tO@(d;hp;Pmjt( a00sU02"16
, , ,
, , , ,
, , , .
(. .. 2 : 13)
, , ,
, , .
,
.
(Atucy;R f.). 6 :

m;swiswm;R`;w" m;t( W@Otv" SmOt;")


xxro<q vsNt g[ImvW;Rxrm;"a00sU03"1
, , : , , ,
, .(. . . 3 : 1)
(, , ),
,
(a;h;r m.), (ivh;r m.) (cy;R f.).

10.
-
:

EW;' .Ut;n;' pOqvI rs" pOqVy a;po rso<p;moW/yo rs


26

aoW/In;' puWo rs" z00 1"1"2


; ; ; . (. . 1 : 1 : 2)

( ):

%;dINy;Tm; mn" k;lo idx {Vysh")


seN{y' cetn' {Vy' nrN{ymcetnm( c0s0sU01"48
(= , , , ), , ,
. ,
, , , , . (... 1 : 48)
() (.
). , , :

' gu, ' xBden;] /mRv;cn; rsvp;kvIyRp[.;v;, svR<yev {Vy/mR

<y./Iyte {0gu0v0

, , .
(-).

, :

{Vye rso gu,o vIy| vp;k" x_rev c )


pd;q;R" p itNt Sv' Sv' kvRNt kmR c .;0p[0
5 : , , , , . ().

rs m. .
27

d[VyvgRkr, n.

kr,d[Vy : k;yRd[Vy
: :

pmh;.Ut;n 5 cetn' d[Vym(-acetn' d[Vym(


a;Tm;
mn"
k;l" seiNd[ym(
iniriNd[ym(
idx"
bihetnm( aNtetnm( 1 p[;kOtm

, , 2

kOi]m

: :

1 jr;yuj

1 vnSpit

1. 1.

2 a<@j

2 vnSpTy

2. 2. ,

3 Svedj

3 vI/(

3. 3.

4 a*W/

4. 4.

11.

rs

, .

rsn;qoR rsStSy {Vym;p" =itStq; )


nvOR;* c vxeWe c p[Tyy;" %;dyS]y" 64
Sv;durMlo<q lv," k$ukStKt Ev c )
kW;yeit W$ko<y' rs;n;' s'g[h" SmOt" 65
28

Sv;Mllv,; v;yu' kW;ySv;duit_k;" )


jyNt p' Xlem;,' kW;yk$uit_k;"66c0s0sU0 1
.
,
. , , , , .[,]
, , ;
, , ;
, , .
(... 1 64 : 66)
:

m/ur pOiqvI jl
aMl pOiqvI aiGn
k$u v;yu aiGn
lv, jl aiGn
itKt v;yu a;k;x kW;y v;yu pOiqvI
anurs m.:

t] VyKto rs" SmOt")aVyKto<nurs"ik'cdNte VyKTo<p ceyte a


00sU09
;
() . (.
. . 9). ( . . .
).

12.

gu,"

, :

smv;yo pOqG.;vo .UMy;dIn;' gu,wmRt" )


s nTyo y] ih {Vy' n t];nyto gu," c0s0sU01"50
, . , ,
, ().(... 1 : 50)
29

:
1.

vwxeiWk; gu,;" 5

(xBd-SpxR-p-rs-gN/)
2.

guv;Ridgu,;" , :

gu-l`u
i#n

xIt-,

iSnG/-=

mNd-tI+, iSqr-sr

mOdu-k


, , , , ,

ivxd-ipiCzl Xl+,-%r

SqUl-sU+m s;Nd[-d[v


, , ,

pr;idgu,;"

3.
, ,
:

pr n. aprTv;

n.

yuiKt f. s':y;

f.

s'yog m. iv.;g m.

, , , , ,

pOqKTv;

n. pirm;, n.
s'Sk;r m. a>y;s m.
, , ,
4.

a;Tmgu,;" ():

Cz; f. su% n. p[yTn n. ,


eW m. du"% n. bui f.
guv;Ridgu,;" 6 -:
m/ur-xIt iSnG/ gu mOdu ipiCzl
aMl-, l`u tI+, iSnG/
lv,-iSnG/ , tI+, Wu ( )
k$u-, l`u = tI+, ivxd
itKt-xIt l`u = tI+, ivxd
kW;y-gu xIt = ivxd iv$M. ()
30

13.

vp;k"

,
.

i]/; vp;ko {VySy Sv;Mlk$uk;Tmk" a00sU01"17


: , .(. . . 1 : 17).
:

m/urivp;k-m/ur lv,
k$uivp;k-k$u itKt kW;y
aMlivp;k-aMl
14.

vIyR n.

,
. :

Et;n %lu vIy;R, Svblgu,oTkW;R{sm..Uy;TmkmR kvRNt su0sU


040
, ,
.(...40)
2 :

,xItgu,oTkW;R] vIy| i/; SmOtm( a00sU01"17



. (. . . 1 : 17)
, , , , ,
.
.

31

15.

p[.;v"

, .

rsvIyRvp;k;n;' s;m;Ny' y] l+yte )


vxeW" kmR,;' cwv p[.;vStSy s SmOt" c0s0sU026
, . (... 26)

16.

kmRn(

n.

s'yogo c v.;go c k;r,' {Vym;tm( )


ktRVySy y; kmR kmR n;Nydpe=te c0s0sU01"52
, , . , ,
. . (... 1 : 52)
:
1. T=ep,
2. ava=ep,
3. p[s;r,
4. gmn

17.

a'gmdRp[xmn ;
anulomn . ,
(p[itlomn);

anuv;snopg ;
apr;ptn ;
axoR ;
aihttm ;
32

a;=epk ;
aojov/Rk ;
k<@U ;
k<# ;
kfv/Rk ;
kfx;mn ;
k;mo;ejk ;
k;shr ;
ku ;
kOim ;
kexvOn ;
g.R;nulomn ;
g.Rinro/k ;
g.RpoWk ;
g.RSq;pn ;
g.Rs[;vkr ;
g[;hI ;
zedn ;

jNtu ;
jIvnIy , ;
Jvr,Jvrhr ;
tOiPt ;
tO,;ing[h, ;
TvGdoWhr ;
dIpn -, ;
dIpnpcn - ;
d;hp[x;mn ;
33

/;tuxoWk ;
nSy ;
ind[;kr ;
ind[;hr ;
ne]knIinsock ;
ne}y ;
p;cn , ;
ip;v/Rk ;
ip;x;mk ;
pu'ssvnxk ;
pu'ssvv/Rk ;
purIWivrjnIy ;
purIWs'g[hnIy ;
p[j;Sq;pn ;
blv/Rk,bLy ;
bO'h, ;
.GnsN/;nk;rk ;
.edn ;
mdkr ;
mu%xo/n ;
mU]jnn m. ;
mU]ivrecnIy ;
mU]s'g[hnIy ;
yogv;hI ,
;

yoinxUlhr ;
rKtxo/k ;
rKt.;rx;mk ;
rKtSkNdn ;
34

r=;kr ;
rs;yn ;
recnivrecn ;
ropk ;
l'`n ;
le%n ;

vmn

vmnopg ;
vy"Sq;pn ;
v,Rv/Rk ;
v;jIkr, ;
v;tv/Rk ;
v;tx;mk ;
ivk;sI ;

ivd;hI , , ;
ivW ;
vOko;ejk ;
Vyv;yI ;
v[,ropk ;
v[,xo/k ;
ixr"xUlhr ;
ixroivrecn ;
xItp[x;mn ;
xujnn,xul ;

xuivrecn ;
35

xuxo/n ;
xus'g[;hk ;
xuStM.n ;
xo/n ;
;

xoi,tSq;pn ;
mhr ;
Xl+, , ;
Xvyquhr ;
Xv;shr ;
s'D;Sq;pn ;
s'[sn ;
sNtpR, ;
sN/;nIy ;
sU+m ;
StNyjnn ;
StNyxo/n ;
StM.n ;
Snehn ;
SvyR ;
Svedn ;
ihKk;ing[h, ;
ihttm ;
Ts'kock ;
.

,
,
. (. ).

36

18.
:

fl n. puup n. kNd m. Tvk( f.


p] n. mUl n. iny;Rs m. /
:

Svrs m. ;
kLk m. , ;
Kv;q m. ;
f;Nt m. ;
ihm m. ;
cU,R m. ;
`Ot,is`Ot n. , ;
twl, istwl n. ;
avleh m. ;
gu$I f. ;
v;$I f. .
19.
,

. , ( ) ( ,
), ,
, ,
, .

Alangium lamarcki
Calotropis procera
Juglans regia

Nutmeg
U

a=" terminalia belerica, (Indian almond), f


k, bhe@;-bher;
37

agu" aquilaria agallocha agr-k;l; agr


agSTy" sesbania grandiflora agSTy-agiqy;
aiGnm'q" clerodendron phlomidis ar,I
aiGnmu%" semecarpus anacardium i.l;v;
ajgN/; gynandropsis pentaphylla hulhul-hurhur
ajmod; carum roxburghianum ajmod-ajmUd;
ajmoidk; carum coptum, (Indian celery)f
oj-ajv;_n-ajmo
atsI linum usitatissimus (flax), BN
-alsI-itsI
aitbl; abutilon indicum
k'/I-@;bI @vLy;-k'ghI
aitivW; aconitum heterophyllum aits;
a/"xLy" achyranthes aspera icricr;-a;IZ;@;
a/ogu@; raphanus sativus black radish iBY V
anNt; hemidesmus indicus anNtmUl-s;irv;
anNn;s" ananas sativus (pineapple),
pBBC-an;n;s
aNn;my" claviceps purpurea agR$
ap;m;gR" achyranthes aspera icricr;-a;IZ;@;
apr;ijt; clitoria ternatea koyl-apr;ijt;
a.y; terminalia chebula (hebulic myrobalan)
hr@e-hreR-hrItkI
amrbLlI cassytha foliformis-amrbel
amOtflm( pyrus communis- - pear- jRy-n;xp;tI
amOt; tinospora cordifolia igloy
aMb; cissampelos pareira p;#;-p;!-p;!I
aMlp,RIR rheum emodi rhubarb f Ai-revNd cInI
38

aiMlk; tamarindus indica tamarind f


jM-_mlI-a;mlI-itiNt@I
ar,I clerodendron phlomidis ar,I-arnI
arluk" oroxylum indicum arlU-son;p;#;-$e'$U
ar<yjIrk" vernonia antihelmintica k;lIjIrI-krjIr;
arivNdm( nelumbo nucifera- -nut-lotus- kU o-kml
airmedk" acacia farnesiana- -Farnesian acacia- BuBC UB
j -Airmed
air$" azadirachta indica- -neem- -nIm-inm
air$k" sapindus trifoliatus-rI#;
akr" semecarpus anacardium i.l;v;
ajuRn" terminalia arjuna-ajuRn-koh
axok" saraca asoka--ashoka-qC-axok-asok
aXm~n" saxifraga ligulata-p%n .ed-p;W;n .ed-isf@;
aXvgN/; Withania somnifera- -winter cherry-asgN/-n;g*rI
asg'/
aXvTq" ficus religiosa- -holy fig-pf M-pIpl vO=-pIpr
aXvm;rk" nerium odorum- knwr-k,wr-knwl
asn" terminalia tomentosa-asn-s_n
aiSq'%l;-aiSqs'hrI vitis quadrangularis-h@jo@-hrjor;
aihfenkm( papaver somniferum (poppy),
tBbra-afIm-a;fU

a;
a;k;rkr." anacyclus pyrethrum aklkr;-akrkr;
a;k;xvLlI .amrvLlI
a;TmguPt; mucuna pruriens-ko'c-kw'v;c-kw'v;z
a;fUkm( . aihfenk
a;mlkI emblica officinalis- -emblic myrobalan-a;'vl;-a;m
l;
39

a;m[giN/hird[; curcuma amada-a;'b;hLdI-kpURr hLdI


a;m[;tk" spondias mangifera--mango-VB-aMb;@;-a;m@;
a;rGv/" cassia fistula--senna-amlt;s-isy;r l;#I
a;k" prunus communis- -plum-jI-a;lUbo%;r;
a;d[Rjm( zingiber officinale- -ginger-JVk-so'#-sU'#
a;v;RkI cassia auriculata- -trvr-a;'vlI
a;vtRnI-a;vtRkI-a;vtRfl; helicteres isora-mro@flI
a;surI brassica juncea-
a;Sfot; . apr;ijt;

_'gudI balanites aegyptica- ih'go$-_gun-_gu'dI


=u" saccharum officinarum- -sugarcane-jnA Kv-gNn;-%
_=urk" asteracantha longifolia-t;lm%;n;
_+v;ku" lagenaria sicerarice--k@vI l*kI-itt l*kI
_Nd[yv" hollarhena antidysenterica-ku@;-korwy;
_Nd[v;,I citrullus colocynthus-_Nd[;y,-_n;n-_Nd[;n
_irmed" . airmedk

XvrI aristolochia indica- -_srmUl-k;lIp;#


Wolm( plantago ovata--plantain-AjA iBl- _sbgol

Tpl" nymphaea
J

stellata

(stellar

lily),

dICym( pavonia odorata sug'/b;l;-ne]b;l;


g[gN/; acorus calamus- - swet flag- vc-`o@vc-bz
duMbr" ficus glomerata- gulr-guLlr
Nm;" datura metel- -thorn apple, US( ) jimson wed-iMAe-/tUr;-k;l;/tUr
poidk; basella alba po-poys;g
m; linum usitatissimum- - flax-BNy-alsI-itsI
40

xIrm( vetiveria zizanioides- , -vetiverian-%


s

E
ENd[I citrullus colocynthis-_Nd[;y,-_n;n-_Nd[;n
Er<@" ricinus communis- -castor oil-jbA Ok-ar<@-Er<@-re'
@I
Er<@kkR$I carica papaya- - papaya-ar<@ k;k@I-ppIt;
El; elettaria cardamomum (cardamom)
B-zo$I _l;ycI

k
kolm( piper cubeba- - cubebs- xItlcInI-kv;bcInI
kku." .ajRun"
k$uk; picrorrhiza kurroa-ku$kI-k$ukI
k$uk;lm(-k$utuMbI ._+v;ku"
k$(fl" myrica nagi- - bayberry-nj-k;yfl-k;ykr
k,; .ipPplI
ktkm( strychnos potatorum--inmRlI
k;O,m( cymbopogon martini--W; `;s-roihW
kdMb" anthocephalus cadamba-kdm-kdMb
kipkCzu" .a;TmguPt;
kipTq" feronia elephantum- kwq-keq-kwt
kmlm( nelumbo nucifera- - lotus- o kml
kiMpLlk" mallotus phillipensis kbIl;-kmIl;
kr" derris indica kr'j-k,j;
krI . icribLv"
krmdR" carissa carandus- kro'd;-kr*'d;
krvIr" nerium odorum ku@;-korwy;
krIr" capparis decidua edgew.- kwr-krIl-$e'$U
kkR$'gI pistacia integerrima- ()-pistachio-Nn k;k@;is'gI
41

kcuRr" curcuma zedoaria- - kcUr-k;lI hLdI


kpRUr" cinnamomum camphora- , - camphor-iBy- kpUr
kkRN/U" zizyphus jujuba- ber-bwr-bwrI
kWRfl" . iv.Itk"
kilh;rI gloriosa superba- kilh;rI-kily;rI
k;km;cI solanum nigrum- - KRA K mkoy-kvwy;nI
k;kn;s; asclepias curassavica-()- k;kn;s;-k*v;#o@I
k;'cn;r" bauhinia variegata- kcn;r-rKt kcn;l
k;p;RsI gossypium herbaceum - -cotton root-A
PBJ-kp;s-
k;fI coffea arabica- - Arabian coffee- Ij
k;rSkr" .kupIlu"
k;lme`" andrographis paniculata-k;lme`-mh;tIt
k;lj;jI nigella sativa- -k;l*'jI-m'grel;-klb'jI
k;lIyk" .d;hird[;
k;XmrI .gM.;rI
k;x" saccharum spontaneum- k;s-k;'s
k;snI cichorium intybus- - chicory-oim Lf Biq k;snI
k;smdR" cassia occidentalis- -ks*'dI
ik'xuk" butea frondosa- -!;k-%;%r
ikr;t"-ikr;titKt" swertia chirata-icr;yt;-icret;-icr;_t;
kI$m;rI yv;nI artemisia maritima- - ikrm;l;-ikrm;nI ajv;_n
kuumm( crocus sativus-, - saffron- Ajk kesr-kexr
kukuNdr" blumea lacera-kukro'd;-kukrv'd;
kucNdnm( .rKtcNdnm(
ku$j" hollarhena antidysenterica-ku@;-korwy;
kui$l" delphinium brunonianum (Indian
valerian), f Bj tgr
kuNd" .xLlkI
42

kupIlu" strychnos nuxvomica- -kucl;-kuicl;


kum;rI aloe vera- - aloe- f jJu Gv;rp;#;-`Ikua;'r
kumudm( nymphala lotus- - blue lotus- ikC o kumud-ku-nIlofr
kur<$" .swreyk"
kulTq" dolicos biflorus- kulqI-kurqI
kuiln alpinia galanga- - galangal-kuiln-mh;.rI
kux" desmostachya bipinata- , - kusha- d;.-@;.-kux;
kum( saussurea lappa- kU#-kU$-ku
kuStuMbu" ./;Nykm(
kUm;<@m( benicassa hispida-pe#;-sfed kuMh@;
kOtm;l" .a;rGv/"
kOtbe/n; .kox;tkI
kOim~n" . iv@'g"
kO,jIrk" carum bulbocastanum- - black cumin- Aeu Ajy- k;l; jIr
;-Sy;hjIr;
kw$yR" .inMb"
koikl;=" ._=urk"
kolm( .mircm(
kolkNd" .vnpl;<@u"
kox;tkI luffa acutangula-k@vItro
muk" c. pUgIflm(

%
%TmI althea officinalis (marshmallow) %TmI
%idr" acacia catechu-%er-%yr-sfed %wr
%juRrI phoenix sylvestris- - date- jM %jur-dexI%jUr-%jUrI

g
g; . .'g;
gN/vRhSt" .Er<@"
gM.;rI gmelina arborea-g'.;rI-k;smr
43

gjRrm(-gOnm(-g;jrm( daucus carota- - carrot- ilU g;jr


gv;=I . _Nd[v;,I
igirppR$" podophyllum emodi- vnkk@I
guGgulu" commiphora mukul- () - bedellium, Indian guggul-jA
jVq gUgl-guGgulu
gu; abrus precatorius- icrmI-r;I-`u`cI
gu@UcI . amOt;
gOnk" allium ascalonicum
gOhkNy; . kum;rI
go/um; triticum aestivum- - wheat- Y gehU\f0
goij; onosma bracteatum g;jv;g;jb;\pargolomI . vc;
go=ur" tribulus
terrestris

(caltrops) go%-zo$; go%

`
`Otkum;irk; . kum;rI
`OtpU,R" . kr"
`ns;r" . kpURr"

c
cmdR" cassia tora -pv;'@-pv;'r-ckv@
c, - pea-wY m$r
ctur'gul" . a;rGv/"
cNdnm( . XvetcNdnm(
cNd[xUr" lepidium sativum- (-)- cnsur-h;lo'
cmRr'g; . a;v;kI
civk; piper retrofractum- - pepper from Yawa
cVym( piper chaba- - Yawa pepper-MBY cVy-c;.-cv
c;'gerI oxalis corniculata- - Indian sorrel- f ~BY c;'gerI-itpit
y
icHc; . aiMlk;
44

ic]k" plumbago zeylanica- - ic]k ic;;-ictrk


icribLv" holoptelia integrifolia- icrivl-p;prI
ic.R$-ic.R$I-ici.R$-ici.R$; - cucumber- iBU %Ir;
icLlI chenopodium album ()
cu; rumex vesicarius- ()-cUk;-%$p;lk
ceitk; . j;tI
cork" angelica glauca- , - angelica
cobcInI smilax china cobcInI-copcInI

z
izilih<$" cocculus hirsutus jljmnI-p;t;lg@I

j
jp; hibiscus rosa sinensis- - Chinese rose- u ei gu@hl-ao@hul
jMbIr" citrus limononum- - lemon- jMbIrI in'bu-b@; nIbU
jMbu" eugenia jambolana- ()- rosy apple- ei `BM j;mun
jyNtI sesbania sesban- jw't-jyNtI
jlinMb" herpestis monniera- jlnIm-b'gIy b[;I
jl;p; ipomoea convolvulus- jl;p;
j;it jasminum grandiflore (jasmin)?
mB cmelI
j;tIflm(-j;tIkoxm(-jItIflm( myristica fragrans- - nutmeg- kU j;yf
l-j;yfr
jImut" . devd;lI
jIrk" cuminum cyminum- , , - cumin- Ajy- jir;-sfe
d jIr;
jIvNtI leptadenia reticulata- r;_@o@I-jIvNtI
JyoitmtI celastrus paniculata- m;lk;'gnI-k'gunI

Z
Z<@u" tagetes erecta ge'd;
45

Z;buk" tamarix gallica Z;-Z@b;-fr;s

t
tgrm( valeriana wallichii- ()- valerian- Bj BBj jA sr
Y tgr
t<@ulIy" amaranthus spinosus-c*l;-cvl;
tm;lp]m( . p]km(
t,I rosa centifolia- - rose- ei gul;b-gUl;b
tv=Ir" curcuma angustifolia (turmeric species)
Tvk( . d;rcInI
t;Mbulm( piper bettle-p;n-n;grvel
t;mlkI . .UMy;mlkI
t;lmUlI curculigo orchioides- k;lImUslI-Sy;hmUslI
itiNt@Ikm( rhus parviflora- - sumach- sm;kd;n;-@;'siry;
itNduk" diospyros embryopteris- - persimmon- it'du-tedU
itl" sesamum indicum- - sesami- f nm itl-itLlI
itlpupI . Tp]I
tuMbu" zanthoxylum aramatim- , - prickly ash-tejvl-ne
p;lI /iny;\partulsI ocimum sanctum- - basil- BZi tulsI-tul
xI
tuvrk" hydnocarpus wightiana- -c;lmogr;
tUt"-tUd"-tUl" morus indica- - mulberry- MM fhtUt-tU't
twlp,IR eucaliptus globulus- - eucalyptus- pNJByN. yUkeilP$s
todrI lepidium iberis- todrI
]puWm( cucumis sativus-%Ir;-b;lm%Ir;
];yNtI-];ym;,; gentiana kurroo (gentian) ];,m;,;
i]k<$k" . go=ur"
i]vOt( operculina turpethum- inxoq-insot

d
dd[u~n" . cmdR"
46

dNtI baliospermum montanum- dNtI-zoi$dNtI


dNtIbIjm( . jyp;l"
dmnk" artemisia vulgaris- - wormwood- \rA PBJ d*n;-dvn;
d.R" . kux"
d;i@m" punica granatum- - pomegranate- Bi d;@m
d;rcInI cinnamomum zeylanicum- , - cinnamon-j d;rc
InI-d;lcInI
d;hird[; berberis aristata- ()- barberry- oiBIjI d;hLdI-d;hrdI
duG/fenI taraxacum officinale- - dandelion- fmA m BIf
jI du/lI-du/l
duiG/k; euphorbia microphylla- ()- N duI-zo$I du/I
du"Spx;R . /Nvy;s"
dur;l.; . /Nvy;s"
dup[/iWR,I . bOhtI
dUv;R cynodon dactylon- - dUb-dob
devkusumm( . lv'gm(
devd;" cedrus deodara- - Himalayan cedar- kiN. devd;r
devd;lI luffa echinata- vNd;l-``rbel-devd;lI
d[;=; vitis vinifera- , - grapes, raisin- K , KIk a'gUrd;%-munKk;
d[o,pupI leucas cephalotes gUm;

/
/;ur" datura metel- /tUr;-k;l;/;tUr
/Nvy;s" fagonia cretica /m;s;-/mhr
/v" anogeissus latifolia /v-/;y-/;v@;
/;tkI woodfordia fructicosa /;y-/;y ke fUl
/;Nykm( coriandrum sativum- , - coriander- /iny;'-/n;
/;m;gRv" luffa cylindrica itKt gltro-nenua;
/;]I-/;]Iflm( . a;mlkI
47

n
nKtm;l" . kr"
nmSk;rI . lJj;lu"
nl" arundo donax- nrsl-nrk$
nldm( . xIrm(
n;kulI rauwolfia serpentina-
n;gbl; sida veronicaeolia- ()- Indian country-mallow- g'gern-frIdbU$I
n;grm( . xu<#I
n;gkexrm(-n;gikLkm( mesua ferrea- - n;gkexr-pIl; n;gkexr
n;r'gv,Rk" daucas carota- - carrot- ilU g;jr
n;r'gI-n;r'g" - orange- BMjI n;r'gI
n;irkel" cocos nucifera- - coconut- fA kU n;iryl-%opr;-igrI
n;x;p;tI pyrus communis- - pear- jRy-n;xp;tI
inMb" azadirachta indica- - neem- nIm-inm
inMbukm( citrus medica var. acida- - lime-nI'bU-k;gjI nI'bU
inguR<@I vitex negundo- sM.;lU-sMh;lU
inibRWI delphinium denudatum- -inibRWI-jdv;r
inx; . hird[;
nIilnI indigofera tinctoria (indigo)
nIl-lIl-nIlI

p
pHcrs; . a;mlkI
p$ol" tricosanthes dioica- k@v; prvl-p%r
pt'gm( caesalpinia sappan- pt'g-bk-bkm
p" . m%;Nnm(
p;%" prunus cerasoides- p;%
pns" artocarpus integrifolia- k$hr-k$hl
p,RbIjm( bryophyllum calycinum- pqrcUr
pl;<@u" allium cepa- - onion- vI Py;j-k;'d;
48

pl;x" butea monosperma- !;k-%;%r


p]km( cinnamomum tamal- tejp;t-tejp]
p;$l; stereospermum suaveolens- p;!l-p;@r-p;@l
p;#; cissampelos pareira- p;#;-p;!-p;!I
p;rsIkyv;nI hyoscimus niger- - black henbane- emAA WI emAA Aj
m %ur;s;nI ajb;yn
p;r;vtpdI . JyoitmtI
p;rIW" thespesia populnea- p;rspIpl-gjhu<@
p;irj;t" nyctanthes arbortristis- hris'g;r-prj;t;
p;ir.d[" . inMb"
ip<@I randia dumetorum- - emesis nut- kU
ipPplI piper longum- - Indian long pepper- pIpl-zo$I pIp
l
ipPplImUlm( - root of the long pepper- A uCA ipPp
l;mUl
- l$kMbl
ipx;ck;pRsI
ipSt; euphorbia thomsonia- - Mexican poppysBbra n - %x%x-%s%s
pItduG/; euphorbia thomsonia (Mexican poppy)
sBbra n %x%x-%s%s
pItmUl; rheum emodi- - rhubarb- fAi revNd cInI
pIlu" salvadora persica- pIlu-pIlU
pu]jIvk" panax ginseng- - ginseng
punnRv; boerhavia diffusa- - l;l punnRv;-l;l s;'#I
pUith; mentha spicata- - spearmint- B pudIn;-poidn;
pOiXnp,IR uraria picta pi#vn-ip#vn
p[TyKpup; . ap;m;gR"
p[puNn;$" . cmdR"
p[s;ir,I paederia foetida- p[srnI-psrn-g'/p[s;rnI
49

ip[y'gu" callicarpa macrophylla- ip[y'gu-fUlip[y'gu


ip[y;l" buchanania lauzan spreng.-icr*'jI-icr*lI
PlIh"-PlIhx]u" . xrpu'%;

f
fLgu" ficus carica (fig)? M

aIr

b
bkul" mimusops elengi- m*rsrI-m*lisrI
bdr" zizyphus jujuba- ber-bwr-bwrI
bNd;k" loranthus longiflorus- b;'d;-bNd;
bBbUl" acacia arabica- - Arabic acacia- Ij \ bbUl-bbUrkIkr
bbRrI ocinum basilicum- -swet basil- BZi vn tulsI-bub
bl; sida cordifolia- - Indian country-mallow-%rw'$I-biry;r
bhune]m( ananas comosus- ()- ananas- pBBN. anNn;s
bhuv;r" . Xlem;tk"
bhusut; . xt;vrI
b;kucI psoralea corylifolia- - psoralea- b;bcI-b;ycI-b;kucI
b;idy;nmI pimpella anisum- , - anise- n
ibLv" aegle marmelos- bel-Ifl
ib.Itk" . iv.Itk"
ibhI pyrus cydonia- ibhId;n;
bIjk" pterocarpus marsupium- ivjys;r-ivjws;r
bIjpUrk"-bIjpU,R" . m;tutu'g"
bOhtI solanum indicum- - f KRA K b@I k$erI-bn.'$;
bolm( balsamadendron myrrha- ()- myrrh- j hIr;bol-bol
b[;I . m<@ukp,IR

.
.; cannabis sativa (Indian hemp) f K
f M .;
50

.Ll;tk" semecarpus anacardium i.l;v;


.Vym( dillenia indica c;l$;-ic;t;
.;IR clerodendron serratum- .;r'gI
i.WiKp[y; . hrItkI
.UinMb" . ikr;titKt"
.Uimbl; . n;gbl;
.UMy;mlkI phyllanthus miruri .u a;'vl;-.Uim a;'vl;
.UjRp]" betula bhojapattra- ()- birch- NI .ojp]-.Ujp]
.Or;j" eclipta prostrata- -Xvet .;'gr;-.'grwy;

m
mKk; zea mays (maize) ig mKk;-mk
mi; rubia cordifolia- - Indian madder- mjI#-m'jI#
m%;m( euryale ferox- - m%;n;
m<@Ukp,IR gentella asiatica- -- m<@Ukp,IR-b[m;'@UkI
mdnflm( xeromphis spinosa- mwnfl
mdyiNtk; lawsonia inermis- - henna- BY me'hdI
m/uk" madhuka indica- - madhuka- mhua;-mhuv;
m/uy$I-m/up,IR-m/us[v; glycyrrhiza glabra- , - liquorice-o
nA j mule#I-mulh#I
m/un;ixnI gymnema sylvestre- gu@m;r
mmIr; coptis teeta- mmIr;-mmIrI
myUrix%; actinopteris dichotoma- morix%;
mircm( piper nigrum- - black pepper- emC mirc-k;lIimrc
mbk" origanum marjorana- - marjoram- tej mv;-ma;
mlyj" . XvetcNdnm(
mh;kox;tkI luffa cylindrica- /;m;gRv"
mh;bl; sida rhombifolia- c - pIl; biry;r
mhoTplm( . kmlm(
m;tulu" citrus medica- - citrus- ivjor; nI'bU
51

m;kRi<@k; cassia acutifolia- , - senna- sm;y-son;mu%


I m;y;flm( quercus infectoria- - infected oak- n I m;jUfl
m;Wp,IR teramnus labialis- j'glI @d-mWvn
m;'sroih,I soymida febrifuga- roih,I
m;'sI nardostachys jatamansi- - j$;m;'sI-b;lz@
imis" . xtpup;
imey; foeniculum vulgare- - fennel- s*'f-s
mup,IR vigna trilobata- mu'gvn-vnmu'g-j'glI mU'g
mucukuNd" pterospermum acerifolium- muckuNd-mekcNd
mu<@I sphaeranthus indicus- gor%mu<@I
muxlI asparagus adscendens- - white asparagus- |IC muslI sfed
musMmI citrus grandis- - grapefruit- f Pjjy-ckotr;
muStkm( cyperus rotundus (nutgrass) moq;-n;grmoq;
mUv;R marsdenia tenacissima
mUlkm( raphanus sativus- - radish- iBY b mUlI
mOik; . d[;=;
me`n;d" . t<@ulIy"
meiqk; trigonella foenumgraeceum- , -fenugreek- B
mjI meqI-d;n;meqI-d;,;meqI
med;sk" litsea chinensis- mwd;lk@I
meWI . m/un;ixnI
moc; . x;LmlI

y
yv" harpeum vulgare (barley) jq j*
yvitKt; . k;lme`"
yvne$" . pl;<@u"
yv;nI carum copticum- - Indian celery- f ojy-ajv;_n-a
jmo
52

yv;sk" alhagi maurorum- jv;s;-yv;s;


y$Im/u" . m/uyy$I
yUiqk; jasminum auriculatum- - golden jasmin- Jg mB -jUhI-ju
yUiqkp,IR rhinacanthus commusis- jUhIp;lk"-jub;nI

r
rKtcNdnm( pterocarpus santalinus- - red sandal- jYC fu l;lcNd
n-rKtcNdn
rKtiny;Rs" dracaena cinnabari- %Un%r;b;-hIr;do%I
riKtk; . guHj;
rM.; platan (planetree), Ke iBq iBu
rson" . lxun"
r;j;d;n" . =Iir,I
r;ijk; brassica juncea- - Sarept mustard-OIiBnA eja r;-l;lr
;
r;joduMbr" . fLgu"
r;m#m( . ihu"
r;Sn; pluchea lanceolata- r;Sn;-v;ysur
recnI . cu;
roih,I soymida febrifuga- roih,-rohn-roihnI
roihtk" tecomella undulata- roih@;-rohe@;
roihWm( cymbogon martini () W; `;s-roihW

l
lkuc" artocarpus lakoocha- b@hr-b@hl
l; capsicum annuum- - annual pepper- m
lJj;lu" mimosa pudica- l;jvNtI-zumu_
lt;kSturI hibiscus abelmoschus- kStUrId;n;-lt;kStUrI
lvm( syzygium aromaticum- - cloves- j l*'g-lv'g
lxun" allium sativum- - garlic- Q lxun-lhsun
loi,k; portulacea oleracea- kuLf;
53

lo/[" symplocos racemosa lo/

v
vul" . axok"
v'x" bambusa arundinaceae- - bamboo- Aika b;'s-b;s
vc; acorus calamus- - swet flag- vc-`o@vc-bz
v$" ficus bengalensis- - Bengalese fig- BI M brgd-b@-vr
vTSn;." aconitum ferox- - aconite- N. KhA Ba mI#; ivW-bzn;g-i's'
gI mor;
vnjIrk" . ar<yjIrk"
vn]puWI podophyllum hexandrum-
vnpl;<@u urginea indica vnpl;<@u-j'glI k;'d;
vnhird[; curcuma aromatica (aromatic turmeric)
vritKt" . ppR$"
v," crataeva nurvala- bn;-brn;-bn;R
v;t;d" prunus amygdalus- bd;m-b;d;m
v;r,; musa sapientum- - plantain- AjA iBl
v;s; adhatoda vasica a@Us;
ivjy; . .;
iv$(%idr" . hirmed"
iv@" plumbago zeylanica- b;yiv@-v;yiv@
ivd;rI pueraria tuberosa- , - kudzu-ivd;rIkNd-.u_kuMh@;
ivr;isf" achillea millefolium (yarrow) JlY
ivxLy; . kilh;rI
iv.Itk" terminalia belerica- - beleric myrobalan- f k bhe
@;-bher;
ivXv.eWjm( . xu<#I
ivx;l; . _Nd[v;,I
ivWitNduk" . kupIlu"
54

ivW;i,k; . kkR$'gI
vIr,mUlm( . xIrm(
vO=d;nI-vO=h;-vO=.+y; . bNd;k"
vOd;k" argyreia speciosa- ib/;r;-smud[xoW-`;vp;;
vO=;Mlm( garcinia indica- , - kokm(-ivW;'ibl
vets" salix caprea- ()- willow- Bvu a BI bedmuXk

x
x'%pupI-x'%;;-x'%kusum; convolvulus pluricaulis- - LJ x'%;hulI-x'%
pupI
x$I . kcRUr"
x,pupI-x,sm;kOit" crotalaria veriucosa- ZunZuiny;
xtp]I . t,I
xtpup; peucedanum sowa- - dill- SJq iBq soy;-soa;-sov;
xt;vrI-xtvIy;R-xtmUlI-xtpdI asparagus racemosus- -aspar
agus (species)- f st;vir-st;vr
xr" saccharum munj.- mU-srpt-r;msr-k<@;
xrpu'%; tephrosia purpurea srpu'%;-srpo'%;
xLlkI boswellia serrata- sl-sl gugl-s;lr
x;k" tectona grandis- s;gv;n-s;g*n
x;l" shorea robusta- s;l-s;%u-x;l
x;lp,IR desmodium gangeticum- - sirvn-s;lvn
x;il" (rice) kiN. ki c;vl
x;LmlI salmalia malabarica- - mulberry- MM semr-seMhl
x;irv; hemidesmus indicus- anNtmUl-s;irv;
ix'xp; dalbergia sissoo- xIxm-sIsm-sIso
ixg[u" . xo.;n"
ixrIW" albizia lebbeck- isrW-isirW-sers;
xu<#I zingiber officinale- - ginger- JVk so'#-sU'$
;$km( trapa bispinosa- ()-chestnut- Nny- is'`;@;
55

xef;ilk; . p;irj;t"
xo.;n" moringa pterygosperma- sw'jn;-sihjn;
Xyon;k" oroxylum indicum- arlU-son;p;#;-$e'$U
Ifl" . ibLv"
Xlem;tk" cordia dichotoma- ilso@;-lhsv;
Xvd'$^; . go=ur"
XvetcNdnm( santalum album- - white sandal- |IC fu cNdn-sfed cNd
n

s
sPtc; casearia esculenta- icLl;-sPtrI
sPtp,R" alstonia scholaris- - stvn-iztvn
sPtl; acacia rugata- ()- acacia(species)-ixk;k;-cIk;k;
smud[xoW . bOd;k"
srl" pinus longifolia- - pine- jIu cI@-cI!
spRgN/; rauwolfia serpentina- - spRgN/;
sWRp" brassica campestris- - mustard- eja srso'
shdevI vernonia cineria- shde-shdwy;-sdo
s;irv; . x;irv;
is'h;Sy"-is'ihk; . v;s;
is;qR"-isp[yojn" . sWRp"
isNduv;r" . inguR<@I
isLhk" altingia excelsa- isl;rs-ixl;rs
sugN/b;l; hibiscus abelmoschus- kStUrId;n;-lt;kStUrI
sudxRn; crinum latifolium- susxRn
surn" colchicum luteum-
sUy;Rvt;R . ajgN/;
sUcI atropa belladonna (belladonna) BeI nZA
Om PBJ bel;@;n;-a'gUrxf;
sUr,m( amorphophallus campanulatus- sUrnkNd-sUr,-jmIkNd
56

swreyk" barleria prionitis- kur<$-shcr-ipy;v;s;


som" ephedra vulgaris (ephedra) som-$U$'g!;
SnuhI euphorbia neriifolia- qUhr-qUar-sehu'@
Sv,R=IrI euphorbia thomsonia- - Mexican poppy- sTy;n;xI
Sv,Rp]I . m;kRi<@k;
Sv;duk<$k" . go=ur"

h
h'spdI adiantum lunulatum- ()- h'sr;j
hpuW; juniperus communis- - juniper- jj Aje h;ber-h;vwr
hird[; curcuma longa- - long turmeric- hLdI-hdIR
hrItkI terminalia chebula- -chebulic myrobalan-hr@e-hreR-hr
ItkI
ihu" ferula nartex- - asafoetida- hI'g
ihJjl" barringtonia acutangula- ihJjl-smud[fl
ihm;" cinnamomum camphora- , , - campho
r- iBy-kpUr
Tp]I digitalis purpurea- -foxglove- i@ij$eils
hempup" . axok"
20.

rs;ynm(

8 :
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
:
1.k;My
.
2.nwimi;k .
:
57

1. p[;,k;My ;
2. me/k;My ;
3. Ik;My .
2 :
1.v;tt;ipk . , .
2.kui$p[veixk .
(rs;ynkui$) .
, , (aiGn")
(sTMy). ,
,
:
: : :
1-10 b;Lym

vc; Sv,R kXmrI


10-20 vOi"
kCmrI aXvgN/; bl
20-30 ziv"
l*h; amlkI
30-40 , me/" x'%pupI b[I JyoitmtI
40-50 Tvk(
JyoitmtI ip[yl somr;jI .Or;j
50-60 dOi$"
a;TmguPt;id
60-70 xu"

70
70-80 ivm"

80-90 , bui"
90-100 kmeRiNd[y;i,
,
: :
1.

58

) : bl;

ngbl;
) : aXvgN/; x'%pupI
: amlkI xtv;rI
: .Lltk rson guGgulu ipPplI
2. :

ad;nk;l"

ixtvIyR

l`u,

,
(-)

ivsgRk;l"

amlkI
,vIyR gu , ,

( ) .Lltk
3. :

s/;r,dex"-
jldex"-
anupdex"-

s/;r,
iSnG/o,
=o,
4. :

rs/;turKt/;tum;'s/;tu-

%juRr d[;=; kXmrI


l*h;idrs;yn amlkI .Or;j pl;<@u
bl; ngbl; diNt aXvgN/; xlp,IR kXmrI m;W

med/;tuaiSq/;tumJj;/;tuxu/;tu-

guGgulu ixl;ijt( amOt hirtkI


aiSqs'hr; l;=; v'xlocn xuiKt x'% pOiXnp,IR
l*h;idrs;yn vs; mJj;
a;TmguPt; v;jIkr
ipPplI .Lltk guGgulu rson kStUrI diNt

5. :

6. :

j#r;iGn/;TviGn-

iv@ hrItkI ipPplI ic]k


a;mlkI amOt kum;rI ipPplI
7. ipPplI ijvnIy
8. , x'%pupI b[I m<@Ukp,IR gu@UcI y$Im/u jYoitmtI
vc; aXvgN/;
59

9. :
JyoitmtI

i]fl xt;vrI y$Im/u


ipPplI .Ll;tk
x;lp,IR
.Ll;tk iv@ gN/k somr;jI
rson n;gbl; ixl;ijt( ipPplI
l*h;id
ixl;ijt( a;mlkI hird[;
rson guGgulu bl; n;gbl;
guGgulu hirtkI
rson bl; rSn;
kStUrI kupIlu
hird[;
10. sd(vO; .
21.

v;jIkr,m(

v;jIkr,m( (. ) , , , .

, .
- :

yTk/ur' G/' jIvn' bO'h,' gu )


hWR,' mnswv sv| tOymuCyte
(), , , , ,
, .
:

a;mlkI

kipkCzu xt;vrI

go/um
60

.Ll;tk
m;W;
aXvgN/; `Ot ()
duG/ () n;gbl;
go=ur
c$k" ()
h's () kuKku$I () myUr" ()
nrets( (c ) a<@ () m/u ()
bl;
rson
xkRr (c) lv

61

ind;nm(

ind;nm(

,
, , , .

21.

rogvg;R"

,
. :

rog m. ;
p;Pmn( n. ;
Jvr m. ;
Vy;i/ m. ;
ivk;r m. ;
du"% n. ;
a;my m. ;
y+mn( n. ;
a;t m. ;
gd m. - ;
a;b;/ m. ,
.

xS]s;?y
2. Sneh;idiy;s?y
. 1. s;?y
2. as;?y
3. k$s;?y
4. y;Py
. 1.

62

mOdu
2. d;,
. 1.

x;rIirk
2. m;nisk
. 1. a;mxysmuTq
2. pKv;xysmuTq
. 1. inj
2. a;gNtuj
. 1.

22.
7 :

a;idblp[vO; (), -
(xoint). 1.

,
:
:
:

aitm/urp[yog"

p[meh m.
aitSqULy n.
mUKTv n.
aTyMlp[yog"
rKtip; n.
TvGrog m.
ai=rog m.
ainkv,p[yog
bLlIrog m.
plIt n.
%;lITy n.
aitk$up[yog
d*bRLy n.
aLpxut; f.
anpTy n.
63

aititKtp[yog

xoWrog m.
anupict n.

aitkW;yp[yog

Xy;vTy n.
d;vtR m.
aitvr;hm;'sp[yog
ixroinmeW m.


rKtvTmRn( n.

aitmTSyp[yog

ixroinmeW m.

StB/;= m.

aitmp;nm(

aittO, m.
aLpSmOit f.
anvSqic; n.
aitind[;
aLpbui f.

aLpSmOit -
aLp;iGn -
tNd[; f.
niKtj;g[t( m. Nmd m.

klh

apSm;r m.

aitmwqun

duvRpus( n.

S}ygn n. ( )

a;hirk; f.
aitxok"
.y m.
ap;ict n.
aLp;yus( m.
64

=u/( f. g.Rs[;v m.
xoW m.
2. jNmblp[vO; .
) rskOt ;
) d*kOt
.
3. doWblp[vO; .
) x;rIirk ;
) m;nisk .
- , ,
, .
4. s;tblp[vO; .
- ai.`;t (m.) , ,
.
5. k;lblp[vO; .
, ;
, - .
6. dwvblp[vO; .
. ivuTsiNnkOt , ..;
. pwx;ckOt ,
, ..
. s'sgRj , ;
. akiSmk .
, :
1. p[sj ;
2. g]s'SpxR ;
3. in";s ;
4. sh.ojn (, );
5. Sv.;vblp[vO; .
65

, , , , :
1. k;lkOt ;
2. ak;lkOt , -
.

23.
:

sveRW;' rog;n;' ind;n' kuipt; ml;" ) v;0in0a01



() ( , . 1).
3 :
1.smv;iy

k;r, m. , ,

k;yR (, ,
, ).
2. asmv;iy k;r, m. ( : )
3. inim; k;r, m. , , (,
).
shk;ir k;r, m. ( ).

imQy;h;rih;r* (. ).
p[m;,, m. gu,
kmR s;My, aroGy n.
vwWMy n.
doWvOi m. 5 iy;k;l m.:
66

1. :

( ) pKv;xy m.

( ) a;m;xy m.

( , ) rs( n.

Cz; f. eW m. .
2. p[kop m. . .
3. p[sr m. .
ko;iGn m., , .
aiGnvwWMy n. . ,

ivWm;iGn m., ;

it+,;iGn m.,

mNd;iGn m., .
.

Sq;ns';y m. ,
, %vwgu<y n., s[otdui$ f.
4.

aitp[vOi; m. ;
. s ro/ m. ;
. g[NqI f. , , ;
. ivm;gRgmn n. .
.

. ,
, .
, , -
:

67

tnuTv n. bhlTv n. ,ivxdTv n.


ipiCzlTv n. , p[m;, n. vOi f. .
, s;mrs m.,

, , ,

/ltuprm;,u m.

/;tuvOi f.
/;TviGn m.,
.

it+, mNd.
=y , vOi . ,
vwWMy n. /;tuvwWMy .

, 4 :

doWvOi
s'Sq;ny
( )

aoj"=y

%vwgu<y

a;msy m.

doWdUys'mUCzn n.

pUvRp;i, n., 2 :

s;m;Ny
ivix$

,
,


,
.
, , 68

, . .

Vy;i/VyiKt f. p n. :
EkdoWj
idoWj
i]doWj sip;tj
5.

6.

y;Py

; . -

pd[v m. air$l=, n.

24.

imQy;h;rih;r*


. ,
:
1. x;rIirk , .., , 5
;
2. m;nisk ;
3. v;ick .
- ,
:
1.

as;TMyeiNd[y;qRs'yog m.

( aqR");
2. p[D;pr/ m. ( ). ;
3. pir,;m m. ,
( k;l m.);

69

3 ivkLp"

aityog m. ;
. ayog, hInyog m. ;
. imQyyog m. .
.

1.

as;TMyeN{y;qRs'yog"
1-pm(

aityog"

aitm;]' dxRnm(
aitp[.; f. (, )
aitsU+miv=, n.

( , )
.

ayog"
imQy;yog"
aitiXl$' dxRnm(
aitivp[kO$' dxRnm(
{' dxRnm( (
, , , )

.wrv' dxRnm( ( )
ad(.Ut' dxRnm(
(, , )

i$' dxRnm( (, )
i..Ts' dxRnm(
( )

ivkOt' dxRnm( (
: , ..)
70

iv];sn' dxRnm(


(, , , )

2-xBd"
C
.

aityog"

aitm;]' v,m(


( , , )

aitStint" xBd"


( , , )
.

ayog"

av,
.

imQy;yog"

C , :

pW ( , , )
W;in;x ( )
p`;t ()
p[/WR, (, , )
i.W, (, ,

3-gN/"

aityog"

tI+,`[;, , , ,
(, )

g[`[;, ( )
ai.yiNd`[;, ,
(, )
71

ayog"
a`[;,

imQy;yog"
pUit`[;, ()
i$`[;,
ame?y`[;, ,
iKl`[;,
ivWpvn`[;,
ku,p`[;,

( , , )

4-rs"

aityog"
aTydn

ayog"
andn

imQy;yog"
as;TMy;dn ,

5-SpxR"

aityog"
aitixtopsevn c
aTyu,opsevn
aitSn;n
aTy>y m.
72

aTyuTs;dn

ayog"
aSpxR m.

imQy;yog"
ivm( psevnm(

( , -

,
)

ivWmm( Sq;nm(

Tkutk;sn n.
ai.`;t m. ,
axuic f.
.UtSpxR m. ( -

( , , , )

).

2. p[D;pr;"

1-k;yk"

.

aityog"
aitVy;ym m.
aTy?vgmn n.
ait.;rv;hn n.
aitVyv;y m.
d[uty;n n.
Cz.;W, n.
s;hsiy; f. ,
blvig[h m.
73

/nur;kWR, n.
mh;s[vtr, n.
sh/;vn n. ( , ..)

ayog"
ap[vOi; m. -
aVy;y;m m.

imQy;yog"
veg/;r, n.
vegdIr, n.
ivWmce$ m.
S%ln n. (, )
ptn n. ( ,

p[;,opro/ m. ( -

ap[dUW, n.
p[h;r m.
mdRn n.
s'Klexnk;yR n. , .

2-mn;isk"

.

aityog"
aitp[vOi; m. (

, )

ayog" ap[vOi; m.
. imQy;yog" mnoeg m. .
.

3-v;ick"
74

aitvdn n.
Cz.;W, n.
. ayog" ap[vOi;m*n m.
.

aityog"

imQy;yog"
S%iltsUcn n.
anOt n.
ak;lvcn n.
klh n.
aip[y' vcnm( n.
ab' vcnm( n.
anupc;r' vcnm( n. , .

a;h;r"1. gu,"- :
3.

aitgu

aitl`u

aitiSnG/

ait= ( , )
aTyu, (, , )
aitxIt (, , -

( , ,, , , , , , , , )
( , , ,
, , )
(, , , ,
, )

, , )

aitki#n ( , , )
aitd[v (, , )
ajI,R ,
75

as;TMy (, , , )
p[iKl
pyRuiWt
du$ , ( )
ai.yiNd ,

(, )

iv

(m/ur-itKt m/ur-lv, iSnG/-= ,-xIt),


, ,
2.

rs" :
aitk$u

(, , , , , -

3.

aTyMl (, , , )
aititKt ( )
aitlv,-ait=r /
aitm/ur (, , )
aitkW;y ( )

mm( :
aitmp;n
it+,m
nvm
a;sv,air$ m. ,
kuvlMl m.
bdr;Ml m.
mwrey
medk m. ,
r;g m.
W;@v m.
76

s*ivr m.
suKt ,
sur m.

rog;"
1-Jvr"-

25. -


d=pm;ns'{n";ss'.v")su00t'036
,
.

Sved;vro/" sNtp" sv;Rg[h,' tq; )


yugp] roge c s Jvro VypidXyte su00t'036
() , , .
.

v;tj
ip;j
kfj
v;tip;j
v;tkfj
kfip;j
i]doWj,sip;tj

s;mJvr m. :

a;gNtuj

ai.`;tj ,
ai.c;rj ,
ai.x;pj
77

ai.Wj ,
ivWj
aoWi/gN/j
egj

ivWmj , :
sNttJvr m. , 7 10 12

aNyeduko Jvr m.
stto Jvr m. 2
tOtIyko Jvr m.
ctuqRko Jvr m.
ctuqRko ivpyRyo Jvr m.
p[lepko Jvr m.

2-atIs;r"-
s'x;Myp' /;turiGn' p[vO" xkOiNmo v;yun</" p[,u" )
srTytIvitsr' tm;huVyRi/' `or' Wi@(v/' t' vdiNt su0040
, , , , ,
, . (. . 40)
.

v;t-ip;-kf-sip;tj

xokj
.yj
a;mj
. p[v;ihk m.
v;t-ip;-kf-sip;tj-rKtj

78

3-g[h,I-
( 12 , , )

v;t-ip;-kf-i]doWj

s'g[h`ityN] m.

4- axR"-
v;t-ip;-kf-i]doWj

shj

5-aiGnm;Nm(-

(, )

mNd;iGn m. /
it+,;iGn m. /
ivW;m;iGn m.
. ajI,R m.
a;m;jI,R m. -
ivdG/;jI,R m. -
iv$B/;jI,R m. -
rsxeW;jI,R m. -
.

ivsUick m.
alsk-ivliMbk m.
. ivsuick; f. - , -

. : , n., , , , , , , ,
.

alsk m.
: , , , -
79

, ,
.

ivliMbk m. ,

: , - .

6-iimrog"-
b;;" imy" m. .
a>yNtr;" imy" m. .
kfj" iimrog m. ,
purIWj" iimrog m.
rKtj;" imy" m. .
yUk;-il=;

, :

: aN];d-dr;ve$-dy;d-mh;gud-cu-d.Rkusum-sugN/
: kex;d-romivIp-duMbr-s*rs-m;tr
: kkek-mkek-s*sur;d-sxUl-leilh

7-p;<@urog-
.

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj , , -

k;ml; ;
ko;y" p;<@u m.
x;%;y
kuM.k;ml;
hlImk-p;nkI m., ( )

8-rKtip;-

?vRg
a/og
80

ityRGg

9-r;jy+m;-
i]p
W@(p
Ek;dxp
. xoW m. ,
Vyv;y -
xokxoW m. -
v;i/Ky -
a?v -
v[, -
r=t - /.
.

10-k;s- , ,
v;tj-ip;j-kfj --
=tj -
=yj - , .

11-ihKk;-
.

aj - ;
yml ;
=ud[ m. ;
gM.Ir ;
mhtI .

12-;s"

mh;;s m. , ;
?vR;s m. ;
iz;s m. ;
81

tmk;s m. ;
=ud[;s m. .

13-Svr.ed", , ,

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

medj -
=yj - , .

14-arock",

aic m.
a;i.nNdn ,
.KteW m. ,

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

m;nisk : - , , , ..

15-zidR"-

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

a;gNtuj- , :

.I.Tsj
d*dj
a;mj
as;TMyj , .
iimj .

82

16-tO,;-
v;tj-ip;j-kfj ,
=tj
=yj () -

a;mj
.Ktod(.v .

17-mUCz;R-
v;tj-ip;j-kfj-rKtj , ,

mj
ivWj

.[m m.
. tNd[; ,
. sMNy;s m. , .
.

18-md;Tyy"-

v;tj" p;n;Tyy" , (, , , , ,
)

ip;j"p;n;Tyy" , (, , , ,
, n., )

kfj" p;n;Tyy"

i]doWj" p;n;Tyy" , -

,
(, , , , , ,
)
( )

prmd m.

( , , ,
83

, , , , ,
, )

p;njI,R m. , , , )

p;niv.[m (: ,
, , , , ,
, ).

19-d;h"-

mj
rKtj []
ip;j []
tO,;inro/j []
rKtpU,Rkoj [] -

/;tu=yj []
=tj []

20-apSm;r"-

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

21-drrog"-

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

PlIhodr m. []
ykOtodr m. []
ykOTPlIhodr m. []
bodr m.
=todr m.
jlodr m. .
84

22-xUl"-

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

v;tip;j []
v;tkfj []
ip;kfj []
a;mj []

23-aMlip;m(- /
,

a/ogm( aMlip;m(
?vRgm( aMlip;m( .

24-d[og"-

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

iimj

25-p[meh"-
/

3 :

mU]Cz;

p[meh m.
mU]`;t m.

20 : 10 kfj, 6 ip;j, 4 v;tj :


.

kfj"

1. dkmeh m. , : , , , ,
85

2. =umeh ,
3. s;Nd[meh
4. surmeh m. ,

5. ip$meh m. ,
6. xumeh m.
7. iskt;meh m. ( / )
8. ist;meh m. , ,
9. xnwmeRh ,
10. l;l;meh m., , ,
.

ip;j-

1. =;rmeh m. , ,
2. k;lmeh m.
3. nIlmeh m.
4. hird[meh m. ;
5. mimeh m.
6. rKtmeh m. , ,
.

v;tj-

1. vs;meh m. ,
2. m;meh m.
3. =*d[meh m. , ,
4. hiStmeh m.
, .

26-m/umeh"-
86

1. m/umehSy pd[v;"

2. p[mehipi@k;

c, , -

, :

xr;ivk;

kCz;ipk; ,
j;ilnI ,
ivnt;

aljI

, -

msUirk;
sWRipk;
pui],I ,
ivd;irk; ,
ivid[i/k;

28- mU]Cz^- ,

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

=tj

ivbN/j -

xuj m., n.

29-mU]`;t"-

v;tku<@ilk; , (- , )

aIl;
87

mU];tIt

mU]j#r m.

mU]oTs m. ,
; ; ,

mU]=y m.

mU]g[NqI /
mU]xu m. (

;
(- ,
)

,
)

,v;t m. ,
. , ,
.

mU]s;d m. ,
,

iv/`;t m. ,

biStku<@l m.

,
, . .

30-aXmrI-

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

xuj .

31-ku"-
2 :
88

mh;ku m.

, 7

=ud[ku m.

, 12

1.

mh;ku;"-

1.k;p;l m. ( )
, , , ,
2. a*duMbr m. () , , , , , , ( )
3. m<@l m. () , , , , ,
4.Ayij; f. () , ,
5. pu<@irk; f. () , ,
6. is?m m. () , .
, ,
7. k;k,k m. () ,
2.

=ud[ku"-

1. Ekku m. () , ()
2. cmRku m. () , , (
)
3. iki$.ku () , , ()
4. ivicicRk; ()
()
5. vwp;idkku ()
6. d&m<@lku ()
, ( )
89

7. cmRdlku () ,
,
8. p;mku () ,
, .
9. kCzUku ()
()
10. ivSfo$ku ()

11. xt;ku ) ()
12. alskku ( ) ( )

i]
ikl;s m.
v;, m. .

32-ixrorog"-

v;tj-ip;j-kfj-sip;tj

, ,

sUyRvtR

()

rKtj -
=yj ................................... , , ,

iimj

anNtv;t m.

a/;Rv.ed m.

xk m.

,
()
,
(,) , , ,
,
. , . 3 .
90

33-Nmd"-
, , .. ,
, ,
.
, . , ,
(a;Tmn() , . ,

, .
ixrs( dy. ixrs(
, .
, . dy
,
, ,
. , .

Nmd"

.
(Nmd")

1. v;itk

Nmd"
2. pwi;k Nmd" m.
3. kfj Nmd"
4. i]doWj Nmd" ( )
5. a;gNtuj Nmd" ,
:
. j;rjNy

Nmd" c
. /;m;nIki#Nyj Nmd" ,
. mdTy;yjNy Nmd"
,
. mdkpd;qRjNy Nmd"
91

. sUitkoNmd"

. rjoinvOi;jNy Nmd" m.

:
:

1. :

k;m" ( , , )

o/"
lo."
moh"
y;R
m;n"
md"
xok" ,
icNt;
eg"
.y" c ( )
hWR"

2. , :

Nmd"
apSm;r"
aptN]k"
atv;i.invex" ,
.[m"
tNd[;
Klm"
md"
mUCz;R
s'Ny;s"
92

md;Ty;y"
gdoeg"
s'];s"

3. :

svihnt;
ame/t;
ivkOt' svm(

4. :

.yjo<its;r"-xok;its;r" n., m.
k;mJvr"-xokJvr" - ,

a;mv;t"
tmk" ;s"

3 :
1. dwvVyp;y; icikTs;
, ,
. . ,
:

dwvt ;
puWkr
- , ,
(a;gNtuj

Nmd"),
(b;lg[;h;"). :

t] dwvVyp;y' mN]*Wi/mi,mlbLyuph;rho minymp[;yitopv;sSvSTyyn' p[i,p;tgmn;id c0s0sU0 11-54


( ) , ,
, , , ,
, , , 93

, . (... 11
54)
, , , , , .
, , ( ) . ,
, .
2. yuiKtVyp;y; icikTs; -
,
. 3 :
) aNt"pirmjRn , 1) s'xo/n n.
, ,
; 2) s'xmn n.
, .
) bih"pirmjRn n. , , , , , , ..
) xS]p[i,/;n n. , , , ..
3. sv;vjy"-
(p[D;pr/")
.
,
.

26.
,
: .
(xo/n n.),
(mr, n.), .., 94

. (.Smn( n.) , , :
, .,
1.
1. rKt;Xmn(
2. , hIrk"-vj["-kuilx"-i.dur"
3. vwduyR"
4. perojk"-peroj"
5. Sfi$k"-istopl"-ixvip[y"
6. hirt;Xmn(
7. m*iKtk"-muKt;-xuiKtj"
8. mrkt"-t;+yR"-gTmk"
9. ib@;l;="
10. p[v;l"-iv&m"
11. mU;
12. r;j;v;R"-nOpol"-nIl;Xmn(
13. cNd[k;Nt"-cNd[opl"-xixk;Nt"
14. m;imKy"-pr;g"-s*giN/k"
15. nIl"
16. gomed"
17. sUyRk;Nt"
18. pupr;j"-pupr;g"
19. tO,k;Ntmi,"
2.
1. k*xey;Xmn(
2. godNtI-godNt"
3. loh"-ays(
4. ivml"
5. kiss"
6.

t;l"-hirt;l"-t;lk"-a;l"
95

7.

suv,Rm(-knkm(-ihr<ym(-hemn(-hemk"-k;nm(- cmIkr"-tpnIym(-x;tkuM.m(
8. , n;gp;W;,"-n;g;Xmn(
9. cu,R"-su/;
10. etnm(
11. prs"
12. ihul"-drd"-MleCz"-ihl"
13.

k;Ntp;W;,"-aySk;Nt"-lohkWRk"-cuMbk"-cuMbkp;W;,"
14. %i$k;-ki#nI-le%nmOi;k;
15. tuTq"-myUrk"-sSyk"-ixi%g[Iv;-amOts"
16. t;m["-xuLb"-a*duMbr"-MleCzmu%"-sUyR"
17. mLl"-fen;Xmn(-g*rIp;W;,"
18. v"-r"-p[pu"-ipCc$"
19. g*irk"-igirj"-g*rey"-rKt/;tu"
20. mOrxO"
21. pup;n"-rIitj"-rIitpup"
22. iskt;-b;luk;-xkRr;
23. mn"ixl;
24. p;rd"-rs"-rseNd["-sUt"-cpl"-ixv"
25. n;g"-sIs"-sIsk"-vp["-yoge"
26. isNdur"-rKtre,u"-n;gj"
27. gN/k"-gN/p;W;,"-biln(-lelItk"
28. rjtm(-r*Pym(-t;r"-Pym(
29. s*ivrnm(-nIl;nm(
30. k;xIx"-%ecr"-%g"
31. a.["-a.[k"-ggnm(-vyomn(
32. duG/p;W;,"
33. yxd"-rIivhetu"-%pRrsv"
96

xo/nm(
, . .
m;r,m(

. , , (.Smn().
. ( )
.
, , ,
. .

27.

) pkmRn(

. , .
.
:

pUvRkmRn(

1.


, ,

p;cn n. , Snehn n. Svedn n. . ,

,
. , , .

.

p[/;nkmRn(-

2.

:

vmn
97

ivrecn
anvu;sn
inhbiSt m.
;rbiSt m.
aSq;pnbiSt m.
ixro/;r m.
nSy

p;TkmRn(

3.

pey;ids'sjRnm" , doWs;mNy n.

rs;yn n. .

98



( 5000 )

Sanskrit Russian English


Dictionary of
Ayurvedic Terms
(about 5.000 terms)

s'Sty;(l a;yuvRedIy"
xBdkox"
p[;y" 5000 xBds':y;"

99

1. FLORA aoW/y"

a
a= m.
a=o$; f.
aiGnix% n.
aur m.
aux m.
ajd; f.
ajmoidk; f.
aj;jI f.
aIr m.
atsI f.
aitivW m.
a/ogu@; f.
anO=r
anokh m.
aN/s( n.

walnut
saffron

Indian almond

stem of a plant
thorn

, thyme

Indian celery

cumin seed

fig

flax

aconite
black radish

thornless

tree

; ; plant; grass; juice of a

plant

a n.
an;s m.
a.y; f.
a.IWuk m.
ai.p]I f.
amfl n.
amOtfl n.
aMbuj m.
aMbuh n.
aMlpi]k; f.
aMlp,IR f.

rice

pineapple

chebulic myrobalan

pistachio

asparagus

guava

pear

lotus; lotus flower


daylight lotus flower
Indian sorrel
rhubarb
100

aiMlk; f.
aiMlk;k<@ m.
ar<yv;isn( m.
arivNd n.
airmedk m.
air$ m.
avyv m.
axok m.
aTq m.
agN/; f.
agol m.
aihfen m.

tamarind

rhubarb

forest plant

nut lotus

Farnesian acacia

neem

branch

()

ashoka tree

holy fig

winter cherry

plantain

poppy, opium

a;
a;fUk m.
a;mlkI f.
a;m[,a;m[;tk m.
a;rGv/ m.
a;k m.
a;d[Rk m.
a;d[Rj n.
a;luk m.

poppy, opium

embelic myrobalan

mango

senna

plum

ginger

ginger

potato

=u m.,$ n.
NdIvr n.
mvol m.
WIk; f.
Nd[v;,I f.

sugarcane

flower of blue lotus

plantain

reed

colocynthis

Wol n.

plantain
101


g[gN/; f.
Cz(vist m.

sweet flag

blossoming of

flowers

Tkilk; f.
Tpl m.
duMbr m.
;n n.
Nm m.

bud

stellar lily

holy fig

c;

garden; park

thorn

grove

apple,

jimson

weed(US)

pvn n.
m; f.
m;, m.
lup m.
xIr n.
W, n.
StU%UdUs m.

flax

n.

apricot

bush

vetiveria

black pepper
Arabic lavender

E
Er<@ m.
Er<@kkR$I f.
El; f.

castor oil

papaya

cardamomum

ao
aoWi/ f.

officinal herb

a*
a*duMbr n.
a*duMbrI f.
a*W/ n.

fig tree

branch of a fig tree

grass

k
kol n.

cubebs
102

keill m.
kjInIMbu m.
kj n.
k$uivr; f.
k$(fl m.
k<$k m.
k<$k&m m.

()

Ashoka tree

lemon without seeds

flower of lotus

annual pepper

bayberry

thorn
; -

thorny tree; thorn

bush

kdl m.
knk m.
kNd m.
kNdl n.
kNdlI f.
kipkCzu f.
kml n.
kr m.
krvIr m.
krIr n.
kkR$I f.
kpRUr m.,n.
kWRfl n.
kilk; f.
kil&m m.
kLh;r n.
kvk n.
k;<@ m., n.
k;km;cI f.
k;<@Ir m.

banana tree

dog rose

root; bulb

flower of banana

()

banana (plant)

, thyme
n.

nut lotus
Indian beech

Indian oleander

sprout of cane

pistachio

camphor

belleric myrobalan
;

bud

beleric myrobalan

flower of white water lily

mushroom

reed; cane

black nightshade

poisonous buttercup
103

k;rvI f.

cumin
k;pRs m., k;pRsI f.
cotton
k;lm;lk m.

bazil
k;ilNd n.

water melon
k;lIyk m.

ginger
k;XmIrj m.

saffron
k;fI f.

Arabian coffee
k;XmIr m.

black cumin
k;snI f.

chicory
k;smdR m.

African coffee
ik'xuk m.
()
kimshuka tree
ikLk m., n.

stamen
iksLy n.
,
bud
kIck m.
;
reed, bamboo
kum m.

saffron
kucNdn n.

red sandal
kuI f.

cumin
ku m.
;
bushes; grove
kui$l m.

Indian valerian
ku@(ml m.

bud
kupIlu m.

emesis nut
kum;rI m.

aloe
kumud n.
n.
blue lotus
kurbk m.

red amaranthus
kulTq m.

horse radish
kuijn m.

galangal
kuvl m.

jujube
kuvly n.
blue water lily
kux m.
,
kusha
104

kuxexy n.
kuisN/ n.
kusum m.
kusuimt n.
kuStuMbu m.
kO,jIrk m.
kexr m.
ko$r m.

n.

daytime lotus

trunk of a tree

flower

blossoming

coriander

black cumin
saffron

hollow of a tree

trunk

kork
kox m.
kox;m[ m.
=Ir n.
=ud[;m[ m.
=up m.
=um; f.

m.

bud

bud; calyx

Ceylon oak tree

, n.

milk; latex
Ceylon oak tree

bushes

flax

%
%TmI f.
%rpup; f.
%rbUj m.
%Lv m.
%juRr m.

marshmallow

sweet basil

melon

seed of a pod

date

g
gjRr m.
guGgulu m.
guCz m.
g; f.
gul;b m.
guLm m.

carrot

bedellium
bush

hemp
dog rose
bush
105

gOnk m.
go=ur m.
go/um m.

onion

caltrops

wheat

`
`Otkum;rI f.

aloe

c
c, m.

cNdn m., n.

cNd[xUr m., ciNd[k; f.

cmelI f.

civk; f.

pea
sandal tree
lettuce
jasmine
long pepper from Yawa

cVy n.

c;erI f.

ic; f.

ic.R$ m., ic.R$I,


ic.R$; , ici.R$
cInk m.

cu m.,n., cuik; f.

cuCcu ,m.

cUt m.

coerI f.

coc n.

cork m.
,

pepper
Indian sorrel
tamarind
cucumber
millet
sorrel
vegetable
mango tree
Indian sorrel
cinnamon
angelica

z
zdRn m.
z;y;t m.
zuh;r;" m. Pl.

emesis nut

shadowy tree

dried dates

j
106

jgtIh m.
jp; f.
jMbIr m.
jMbu m.
jr, m.
jlj m.
jp;kusum m.
j;tIkox m.,
j;tIfl
jIrk,jIr, m.
juf; f.

tree

hinese rose

big round lemon


rosy apple tree

cumin seed

n.

lotus

Chinese rose

nutmeg

cumin seed

hyssop

Z
Zbuk m.

tamarisk

$
$ m.

pear

@
@;l m.
i@Mb m.

branch

bud

t
tgr m.
trbUj m.
t m.
tko$r n.
tghn n.
tCz;y; f.
t, n.
t,I f.
tm<@p n.
tmUl n.

Indian valerian

water melon

tree

hollow of a tree

brushwood of trees

shadow of a tree

bud
rose
foliage of a tree
root of a tree
107

tr;ij f.
tW<@ n.
t$ m.
t;MbUl n.
t;m[p,R n.
t;l m.
t;lpT] n.
t;lfl n.
t;lIx m.

alley

group of trees

root of a lotus

betel
tobacco

, pa lmire, fan palm


leaf of a fan palm

nut of a fan palm

Himalayan silver fir

tree

t;sUn m.

hemp
itiNt@,itiNti@k m.
sumach
itNduk m.

persimmon
itl m.

sesami
itltwl n.

sesami oil
itlp,R n.

sandal tree
itlsWRp;in Pl.
sesami&mustard
seeds

tuI f.
tuMbu m.
tuW m.
tuW/;Ny n.
tuW;Mbu n.
tUt m.
tUd m.
tUl n.
tO, n.
tO,tNtu m.
tejp] m.
twl n.

sweet basil

, prickly ash

husk of seeds

leguminous plant

rice or barley decoction

mulberry tree

mulberry

cotton

grass; straw

grass stem

bay leaf

oil
108

twlp,IR f.

toKm m.

toyj n.
n.
tvc( , Tvc n. ;
]puW m.

];yNtI,];ym;,; ,

];ym;, m.
Ts m.

blue eucalyptus
young sprout
lotus
bark; bast
cucumber
gentian

cutting of a leaf

d
dmnk m.

wormwood
dl n.
;
leaf; petal
d;i@m m.

pomegranate
d;nu f.

dew
d; m.
;
tree; wood
d;hird[; f.
n.
barberry
d;lcInI f.

cinnamon
d;il f.
;
pod; cereal
d;ilm m.

pomegranate
d;inx;,d;hird[; f.
n.
Indian
berberis

dI`RCzBd m.
devkusum m.
devd; m.
duG/fenI f.
du"SpxR m.
d[;=; f.
d[;=;rs m.
&,&m m.
&m;g[ m.

sugarcane

pink

Himalayan cedre

dandelion

camel thorn

grapes

grape juice

tree
top of a tree
109

/
/;ur m.
/Nvyv;sk m.
/r,Ih m.
/;n;" Pl.
/;Ny m.,n.
/;Nyk m.
/;Nyr;j m.

thorn apple

thorn from Horasan

tree

seeds of cereals

bread; cereal

coriander

barley

n
n$ m.
n@ m.
nl m.
niln n.
nilndl n.
nilnI f.

Indian valerian

reed, cane

cane

flower of lotus

leaf of lotus

; n.

lotus flower; lotus pond

nW m.

Indian valerian
n;gbl; f.

Indian country mallow
n;gp,IR f.

betel
n;$;m[ m.

water melon
n;r m., n;rI f.
orange
n;irker,n;irkel m.
n.
cocoa nut
n;x;p;tI f.

pear
n;iStd m.

mango
inketn n.

onion
inMb n.

neem
inMbuk n.,m.
m.
lime
inx;hs m.

white night lily
nIrj m.
n.
lotus
110

nIl m.,nIlI,nIilnI
indigo
nIlt m.

coco palm
nIlp,nIlsroh,
n.
blue lotus
nIloRpl
nIlpupI f.

flax
nIv;r m.
n.
wild rice
pj n.
; lotus flower;

water

lily

p; n.

( five parts of a tree (root


stem leaves flower

fruit)
)

p$Ir m.
pT] n.
p n.
pg.R m.

sandal tree

leaf

n.

lotus

seed of a lotus; calyx

of a lotus

pirs[j( f.
pkR$I f.
p,R n.
pl;<@u m., n.
pl;l n.
pl;x n.
pLlv n.
p;qoj n.
p;dp m.
p;ys m.
p;irj;t m.
p;rsIkyv;nI f.
ipcu m.

wreath

fig tree

leaf

onion

straw

leaf; foliage

;
n.

bud; branch
lotus

tree

m. rice gruel with milk


coral tree

black henbane

cotton
111

ipcumRd m.
ip<@I f.
ipPplI f.
ipPpr;im<$ m.
ipSt; f.
pItd; m.
pItduG/ n.
pItmUl; f.
pu$iknI f.
pu<@rIk n.
pudIn; f.
pu]jIvk m.
pukr m.
pup n.
pupfle ..
pupve,I f.
pupmod m.
pUg m.
pUith; f.
pUl m.
pOiqvIh m.
pek m.
pwPpl

margosa

emesis nut
long pepper

peppermint

pistachio

long pepper

Mexican poppy

n.

rhubarb
lotus

n.

white lotus

spearmint

ginseng

n.

blue lotus

flower

flower&fruit

flower wreath

aroma of flowers

; Areka palm; betel


spearmint

bouquet

plant; tree

guava
made of holy fig

tree

p*p
p[k;<@ m.,n.
p[t;n m.
p[bo/ m.
p[roh,p[v;l m.

made of flowers, flower


tree stem

creeper; tendril

blossoming

bud
112

p[v;lfl n.
p[x;%; f.
p[sUn n.
p[Str m.
ip[yu m.

red sandal

thin branch

flower

straw

creeper

f
fl n.
flp;k m.
flgu m.
flr;j m.
filn( m.
flIkr, n.
flom m.
f;l m.
if$krI f.

fruit

ripeness of fruit

fig

melon

fruit tree

; purification of seeds; husk

of seeds

appearance of fruits

bunch of flowers

alum

b
vdr, bN/ujIv m.
bN/ul m.
bbRrI f.
bhune] n.
b;idy;nmI f.
ib.Itk m.
ibs n.
ibstNtu m.
ibsp[sUnu n.
ibisnI f.
ivWpupk m.

jujube

hybrid

sweet basil

n.

pineapple

n.,

anise

belleric myrobalan

stem of a lotus

, small roots growing out of



the main one

n.

lotus flower
lotus

emesis nut
113

bIj n.

bIjk,bIjinMbu m.

bIj;r m.

bu?n n.

bOhTp;d m.

bOhtI f.

seed
lemon with seeds
bud of a seed
root
Indian fig tree
Indian nightshade

.
.; f.
.j m.
.uj m.
.UmIh( m.
.UjR m.

Indian hemp

dried barley

branch

tree

birch tree; bark of a

birch tree

.*jR

birch

m
mKk; f.
mr n.
mi#; f.
m$r m.
m<@ m.
mdn m.
mdyiNtk; f.
m/uk m.
m/uirk; f.
mirc n.
mbk m.
mlyj m.
msUr m.
mh;fl n.

maize

bouquet
Indian madder

pea

rice decoction

emesis nut

henna

liquorice

fennel

black pepper

sweet marjoram

sandal tree

red lentils
big fruit
114

mhIj,mhIh( m.
tree
m;tulu n.

citrus
m;/vI f.

spring flower
m;tlI f.

jasmine
m;y;fl f.

infected oak tree
m;kRi<@k; f.

senna
m;l;,m;ilk; ,
wreath
m;Ly n.
m;W m.

beans
imix , imey m. , fennel
mu m.
;
cane; sedge
munKk; f.
m.
big sized raisin
muxlI f.

white asparagus
musMmI f.

grapefruit
muStk n.

nutgrass
mU n., mu m.

green peas
mUlk,mUlkpi,R m.

black radish
mUlfle ..
root&fruit
mO,;l m.,n.

lotus stem
mO,;lsU] n.

tissue of lotus
mO,;ilnI f.

group of lotuses
mOik; f.

grapes
meiqk; f.

fenugreek
m*c n.

banana

y
yv m.
yv=;r m.
yvip$ m.
yvs m.,n.

barley

potash

barley flour

grass
115

yi$ f.
yv;nI f.
yv;s m.
y$Im/u n.
y;s m.
yUiqk; f.
yel; f.

stem

ajovan

camel thorn
liquorice

camel thorn
golden jasmine

cardamomum

r
rKt m.
rKtcNdn n.
rKtpup n.
rKtmrIc m.
rKtvONt;k m.
rKtx;il m.
rKt;xok m.
rjn n.
rM.; f.
rs m.
rs;l m.
rson m.
r;ijk; f.
r;jodMbr m.
sI mStkI f.
rop m.

saffron

red sandal

red flower

annual pepper

tomato

n.

red rice

Ashoka tree

saffron flower

platan

plant juice

mango tree

pollen

Sareptian mustard

fig

mastic

planting

l
l; f.
lv n.
lxun m.
luMbI f.

annual pepper
cloves

pollen
fruit
116

lUt;rI f.

dandelion

v
v'x m.
vkl m.
v m.
vc; f.
v$ m.
vTSn;. m.
vnhird[; f.
v;rk m.
v;r,; f.
v;Stuk; f.
ivtuk m.
ivd;rI f.
ivr;isf m.
vets m.

bamboo

tree bark

tree

sweet flag

Bengalese fig

aconite

aromatic turmeric

millet

plantain

barley

coriander

kudzu
yarrow

willow

x
x'i%nI f.
xtp]I f.
xtpup; f.
x;il m.
x;LmlI f.
xu<#I f.
;$k n.
Ip[sun m.
etcNdn n.

barley

dog rose

dill

n.

rice

mulberry

ginger

chestnut

pink

white sandal

s
sd;fl n.
srl m.

n.

coco nut
pine
117

suvO n.
sv,R=IrI f.
Sv;dI f.

black pepper

Mexican poppy

date

h
hpuW; f.
hirtkI f.
hird[; f.
ihu m.
ihuiny;Rs m.
ihm; m.
Tp]I f.

juniper

chebulic myrobalan

long turmeric

asafoetida

neem

camphor

2.

foxglove

p;xv"

a
a'skU$ m.
ag[mu% n.
a?Ny m.
a?Ny; f.
ax m.
an; f.
ap;d m.
aj m.
ajkrIW m.
aj=Ir n.
ajgr m.
ajm?y n.
ajm;'s m.
ajm;'srs m.
ajmed m.

bull's hump

beak

bull

cow

sting

female animal

bat

he goat
goat dung
goat milk

big snake, boa constrictor

trunk of goat

goat meat

goat meat soup


goat fat
118

aji/r n.
ajxIWR n.
ajxkOt( n.
ajxkOd[s m.

goat blood

head of goat

faeces of goat

faecal juice of

goat

aj; f.
aijn n.
a<@ n.
a<@j m.
aTy m.
aTy; f.
aidit f.
a/enu f.
anu@uh( m.
anu@uhI f.
an@(v;n( m.
aNtrI=g m.
ar<yv;isn( m.
abuRd m.
avRn( m.
alkR m.
ail m.
ailkul n.
av$ m.
aiv m.
aivk; f.
a m.
a%ur m.
atr m.
atrxkOd[rs m.

she goat

skin

egg

born from egg, bird


horse

mare

milk; cow

dry cow

bull

cow

bull

bird

( )/ forest dweller

snake

horse

mad dog

bee

bee swarm

hole

he sheep
she sheep

horse

horse hoof

mule

faecal juice of mule


119

adNt m.
avOW m.
axkOiTp<@ n.
am;'s m.
am;'srs m.
asn( ,asOj( n.
aih m.

horse tooth

stallion

faecal mass of horse

horse meat

horse meat soup


blood

snake

a;
a;% m.
a;%u m.
a;nUpm;'s m.

barking

mole; rat

flesh

of

marshy animal

a;nUpmOg m.
a;nUpmOgm; f.

marshy animal

marrow of a marshy animal

a;nUp;iSq m.

bone

of

marshy animal

a;pIn n.
a;ims( m.
a;xIivW m.
a;xu m.

udder

raw meat

poisonous snake

horse

NdIvr m.
Nd[;. m.
. m.

bee

hedge sparrow

elephant

mR m.
h;mOg m.

front paw, forefoot


wolf

120

=n( m.
Tor m.
d[ m.
pc m.
rg m.
r, m.
r; f.
lUl m.
lUkn% m.
$r( m.
$^ m.
s[ m.
s[; f.
is[y m.

bull

mallard

cat fish

Greek pheasant

snake

ram; lamb

sheep

owl

nail of owl

draught animal

camel

bull

cow

bull

/n( n.
/Sy n.
,Rn;. m.
,;Ryu f.
,;R f.
,;Rvt( m.

udder

milk

spider

sheep

wool

spider

A
A= m.
A=I f.
AXy m.
AW. m.
AW.xkOd[s m.

bear

she bear

antelope(buck)

bull

faecal juice of bull

E
Ekxf m.

one hoofed animal


121

Ekxf%ur m.

hoof of a one

hoofed

animal

E, m.

fawn deer

a*
a*dk m.
a*,R

aquatic animal

woollen

k
kkud( f.
kkut( m.
k m.
kCzp m.
kuk m.
k$ m.
kdMb n.
kdlI f.
kpdR m.
kip m.
kipl m.
kipl; f.
kpot m.
kpotiv$( m.
km# m.
kr m.
kr$ m.

hump of a bull

buffalo

heron

turtle

snake skin

elephant's temple

c, ,

herd; swarm

marmot

(
)

cowrie(a small sea shell)

monkey
hazel hen

chestnut cow

pigeon

pigeon's faeces

turtle

elephant's trunk

elephant's

temple; crow

kr. m.

elephant's

trunk;

camel

kr;l m.

musk deer
122

kir,I f.
kirn( m.
kkR m.
kkR$ m.
klj m.
kl. m.

she elephant

elephant

white horse

crayfish; crab

cock

young

of

cam-

el/elephant

kliv m.

sparrow;

Indian

cuckoo

kxIk; f.
k;k m.
k;kI f.
k;ktu<@k m.
k;kp= m.
k;kol m.
k;kuilmOg m.
k;dMb m.
k;mk;lI f.
k;r<@v m.
k;,R m.

weasel

crow

she crow

tern

wing of a crow

raven

python

grey legged goose

tropic bird

white fronted goose

skin of a black antelope

k;lk<# m.

; ;

peacock;

sparrow;

wagtail;
; n.

k;lD m.
k;lpuCzk m.

landrail
cock

black

tailed

deer

k;hl m.

cat; cock
123

ikir m.

, ;

horse, stallion; Indi-

an cuckoo; bee
;

ikir;$ m.
iki$ m.
ikl;sI f.
ikxor m.
kI$ m.
kIn n.
kIr m.
kIx m.
kuKku$ m.
kuKku$I f.
kuKkur m.
kur m.
kurI f.
ku$ m.
kuM.* m. ..

parrot

wild boar

spotted animal
foal

worm; insect

meat

parrot

monkey

cock

hen

n.,

dog

elephant

cow elephant

cock

prominences on the

head of an

kuiM.n( m.
kuM.Ir m.
kur m.
kurr m.
kukRur m.
kul n.
kul;y n.
kulIr m.
kuiLm m.,f.
kUicRk; f.

elephant/crocodile

elephant; crocodile

crocodile

Indian antelope

sea eagle

dog

c,

herd

nest

crab; crayfish

herd

f.

hedgehog
124

kUmR m.

kOk<$k,kOkl;s m. ;
kOkv;ku m.
;
kOim m.
;
kO,spR m.

kO,spRv;s; f.

turtle, tortoise
lizard; chameleon
cock; peacock
worm; insect
black serpent
muscle fat of a black ser-

pent

kO,s;r m.

black spotted antelope

kek; f.
kesr n.
kesirn( m.
kok m.
koikl m.
kol m.
kox m.
k*ley m.
k*ixk m.
N n.
mel m.
ivs(,Vy n.

peacock's voice

mane

curlew; lion

wolf; cuckoo

Indian cuckoo
wild boar

cocoon

dog

owl

neigh

camel

raw meat; car-

rion

Vy.ojn m.
Vy;d( m.
o@ m.
=Ir n.
=ud[jNtu m.

bird of prey
beast of prey

boar
milk

small animal

%
%g m.

bird
125

% m.
%r m.
%ur m.

rhinoceros

; ;

donkey; mule; crow

hoof

g
ggncr m.
gj m.
gjdNt m.
gjpu'gv m.
gjyuq m.
g<@Upd m.
gm m.

bird

elephant
ivory; tusk
leader elephant

herd of elephants

earthworm

coupling, pair-

ing

gt( m.

gdR. m.

gdR.I f.

g.R/I f.

gv,gvl,gvy m.

gvI f.

gVy"pys( n.

igirvtRk m.

gO/[ m.

gO$I f.

gOhgo/;,gOggoi/k;
gOgxuk m.

go m.,f.
,
gokul m.

go=Ir n.

gocmRn( n.

gocmRmsI f.

wing
donkey
she donkey
nest
bull
ow
cow milk
hill quail
vulture
heifer
house lizard
domestic parrot
bull; cow
cow herd
ow milk
cow skin
ash of a cow skin
126

go] m.
godNt m.
go/; f.
gondR m.
gons; f.
gopit m.
gopuCz m.
goipq m.
gomy m.,n.
gom;yu m.
gors m.
govOW m.
govOW, n.
gox;l; f.
go n.
goStn m.
g*r,g*rmOg m.
g*rI f.
g[;My m.
g[;h m.

cow shed

cow tooth

iguana

hill partridge

muzzle of a cow

bull

cow tail

milky drink

cow dung

frog; jackal

cow milk

bull

testicle of a bull

cow shed

cow horn

cow udder

buffalo

she buffalo

domestic animal

(,

beast of prey (

shark, croco
, )

dile, snake)

`
`i<$k m.
`Uk m.
`Oiv m.
`o$ m.
`o,; f.
`[;, n.

crocodile
owl
wild boar

;
;

horse
beak; muzzle
nose; muzzle
127

c
ckor m.

a species of Greek partridge


, believed to feed on moon

rays

cv;k m.
cirn( m.
cu f.
c$k m.
ctupd( m.,n.
cmr m.
cW;l m.
c;tk m.
c;W m.
icir m.
cIrI m.
cUilk; f.
cwl m.

ruddy sheldrake

bee

beak

sparrow

quadruped

yak

snout of a boar

(cuculus melanoleucus ) cuckoo


blue jay

parrot

cricket

cock's comb

moth

z
zgl m.
zd m.
z;g m.
z;gm;'s m.
izKkr m.
izKk;r m.
zuCzu m.
zuCzuNdr m.
zelk m.
zeilk; f.

goat

bird's wing

goat

goat meat

animal

antelope

animal

musk rat

goat

she goat

j
128

jtU f.

bat
jMbuk m.

jackal
jykur m.

war elephant
jrv m.

old bull
jl%g m.

water swimming bird
jlcr m.

aquatic animal
jlc;irn(,jlj m.

fish
jl*k m.

leech
jl*ks( m.
; aquatic animal; leech
jhk; f.
f.
hedgehog
j m.

cub of an animal
j;lmOg m.

jungle animal
j;`nI f.

tail
j;`l m.

hazelhen
j;'i`k m.

camel
jU,IR f.

snake

Z
ZW m.
iZiLlk; f.

dolphin

cricket

$
$;r m.

horse

@
@;'kOit f.
i@i<@m;nk m.
i@Mb m.

howl

toucan

egg

!
!;mr; f.

goose

t
t<@urI, m.

worm; insect
129

tnuh;i, Pl.

tr=,tr=u m.

t,Rk m.
;
t;Kvn( m.
;
t;m[cU@ m.

t;m[;= m.

itGmjM.

itir m.

itim,itimil m.
ityRGyoin f.

tI+,d'$^

tu<@ n.

turg m.

turmI f.

tUpr m.

tO,jl;yuk; f.

tO,.uj( m.

tO,SkNd m.

tO,;d

tO,;x m.

twyRGyon m.
,
toycr m.

Tvc(,Tvc; , Tvc n.

plumage
hyena
calf; cub
bird of prey; hawk
cock
crow
sharp toothed
partridge
whale
organic world
sharp toothed
trunk
horse
mare
hornless goat
caterpillar
herbivorous animal
grasshopper
herbivorous
herbivorous animal
animal, beast
acquatic animal
skin

d
d'x m.
d'$^ m.

bite

; fang; poisonous fang

of a snake

d'i$^n( m.
d=;<@ n.

fanged animal

hen's egg
130

di/ n.
di/d[Ps m.
di/m<@ m.
d?y n.
dNt m.
dduRr m.
dvIR f.
dhr m.
d;Tyuh m.
d;TyuhI f.
idTyvh( m.
idTy*hI f.
idvscr m.
idv;.It m.
dI`Rmu%
du`; f.
ikkud m.
ij m.
ip m.
ird m.
ixf m.
ixf%ur m.

curd

whey of curd

sour cream

m.

cooked rice with sour milk

tooth

frog

snake skin

desman

cock

hen

two year old bull

two year old cow

daylight animal

owl

c m.

long beaked

milch cow

two humped camel

bird

elephant

elephant

two hoofed animal

hoof of a two hoofed ani-

mal

Iipn( m.

panther; leopard

/
/vlp= m.
/en;,/enu f.
/enuk; f.
/eNvn@uh* m. ..

white goose
cow
pedigree cow
cow&bull
131

/wnuk n.
/*rey m.

?vijn( m.
?v; m.

cow herd

pack/draught animal

peacock; horse

crow

n
nkul m.
n m.
n% m.
n%d;r, m.
n%r;yu/ m.
ng m.
ngj,ngr`;t m.
ngrIbk m.
nm m.
nNdImu% m.
n;g m.
n;gdNt m.
n;gb/U f.
n;gr;j m.
n;@Icr, m.
n;Sy n.

mongoose

crocodile

nail

falcon

; ;

tiger; lion; cock

snake
elephant

crow

pasture
flamingo

snake; elephant

ivory; tusk of an elephant

cow elephant

leader of elephants
bird

, cord put through the

nostrils of

inyoO m.
inx;mOg m.
inx;veidn( m.
nI@ n.
nI@j m.
nIlk m.

a bull

cock

jackal

cock

nest
bird
black horse
132

nIlk<# m.
Ny m.

peacock

hog deer

p
p=,pi=n(,p=/r m.
bird
pi=x;vk m.

young bird
p<@ivk m.

wood pigeon
ptg m.

bird
pt m.

butterfly
pt] n.
;
wing; feather
pti]n( m.

bird
pg m.

snake
pgI f.

female snake
pyiSvn( m.

dairy cattle
pyiSvnI f.

milch cow
prpu$ m.

cuckoo
p;r m.

horse
pxu m.

small
domestic
animal

pSTy m.,n.
p;kh's m.
p;r;vt m.
p;rINd[ m.
ipk m.
ipCz m.
ippIilk; f.
ipx m.
puv m.
puCz m.
pu$ m.

stable

mute swan

pigeon; monkey

lion

cuckoo

tail

ant

spotted deer
bull

tail

enclosure
133

pu<@rIk m.
purIW n.
pOd;ku m.
pOiXn f.
pOWt( m.
pO# m.
peck m.
peTv m.
pexSk;irn( m.
poi]n( m.
p[tud m.
p[i.; f.
p[vexn n.

white elephant

faeces

poisonous snake

motley cow

spotted gazelle

saddle horse

owl

ram

owl

wild boar

pecking bird

cow elephant at heat time


bringing home the

herd

p[sh m.
p[;ijk m.
p[oq n.

snatcher

hawk

nostril of a horse;

muzzle of a

p[o# m.
Plv m.

pig

bull; buffalo

pelican

f
f$; f.

snake's open hood

snake's skin

f, n.
f,/r m.
fu$ m.
feTk;r m.
fe% m.

snake

snake's skin
howl

jackal

b
134

bk m.
bN/ul m.
b.[u m.

heron; crane
hybrid

brown

mon-

goose

bM.r m.
bM.r;il m.
bM.;rv m.
bjRh m.
bh;RpI@ m.

bee

fly

bellowing of a cow

udder

crown made of pea-

cock feathers

bihRn( m.
bihRp;d m.
bihRrs m.
bl m.
bld m.
bl;k m.
bilpu$ m.
bilvdR m.
bSt m.
bStmU] m.
bStvOW, n.
bSt;ijn n.
b;hR

peacock

peacock's foot

juice of peacock meat

crow

bull

crane

crow
bull

goat

urine of goat

testicle of goat

goat skin

made of peacock's tail

feathers

b;iStk m.
b;hu m.
ib@;l m.
ib@;ilk; f.
ibMb m.

herd of rams
front paw

he cat

she cat

chameleon
135

ibl n.
iblexy m.
bwxl
bwl m.
.ye@k m.

burrow

, burrow dweller

pertaining to a cat

cave dweller

wild ram

.
.LlUk m.
.Wk m.
.uj m.
.ujg,.uj m.

bear

dog

trunk of an elephant

snake;

draggon

.Uimxy m.
.O m.
.Os;qR m.
.Or;j m.
.ek m.
.e<@ m.
.ogvt( m.
.*j;
.[mr m.

terrestrial animal

a kind of bee

bee swarm

shrike

frog

animal; bird

snake

snake shaped

bee

m
mkr m.

big

Indian

crocodile; dolphin
;

m=(,m=; f.
mi=k; f.
mCz m.
mi,tu<@k m.
m<@iln( m.

fly

fly; mosquito

fish

oyster catcher

spotted snake; cha-

meleon
136

m<@Uk m.

mt m.

mTku, m.

mmyUr m.

mTSy m.

mTSyk m.

md m.

m/u ,m/urs m.
m/ukr,m/up,m/uilh(,m/uv[t m.
m/uiCz$ n.

m/ulk n.

mNdur; f.

my m.
,
myUr m.

mkR$ m.

ml m.

mxk m.

mStu n.

mh;kip m.

mh;n;g m.

mh;.og m.

mh;mTSy m.

mh;m;] m.

mh;ih m.

mihW m.
,
mihWI f.

mhIkul; f.

mhorg m.

m;'s m.

frog
elephant
bed bug, chinch
peacock
fish
small fish
heat (of animals)
honey
bee
wax
dense honey
stable
horse, mule
peacock
monkey
faeces
mosquito
sour cream
big monkey
big snake
snake
big fish
leader of elephants
big snake
buffalo
she buffalo
ow
enormous snake
meat
137

m;'sodk m.

meat water
m;i=k

spider
m;=Ik; f.
;
bee; mosquito
m;t m.

elephant
m;yu m.
;
mooing; bleeting
m;jR;r m.

he cat
m;j;RrI f.

she cat
m;tR<@ m.

bird
m;W;x m.
,
horse
m;heyI f.

cow
mIn m.

fish
muKt; f.

pearl
mUW(,mUW,mUWk m.,mUWI ;
mouse; rat
mUWkx;vk m.

little mouse
mOg m.
;
animal; deer
mOgn;i. m.

musk deer
mOgys( m.

game
mOgx;v m.

deer's young one


mOg;n; f.

cow deer
med m.

fat
meW m.

ram
meWI f.

sheep
meWo,R n.

sheep wool

y
yug m.,n.
yuGy n.
yUk; f.

yoke

draught cattle
louse

r
rKtxIWRk m.

purple heron
138

r`u m.
rq m.
r;jh's m.
r;m m.

race horse

cart

king swan

Kashmire red deer

r;s. m.
r;s.I f.
m.
= m.
roih,I f.
rohI f.

donkey

she donkey

swamp deer

bear

teel; red cow

gazelle

l
l$UWk m.

l$(v; f.

lPsuidn(,lPsuj m.

l;ul n.

l;v

l;v;ivikr
lul;p m.

lUt; f.

lUn n.

leilh m.

lomik$ m.

lop;k m.

lohpO m.

paradise fly catcher


pied fly catcher
bearded goat
tail
quail
gallinaceous bird
buffalo
spider
tail
snake
louse
fox
king fisher

v
vk m.
vK] n.
v<$

crane

beak; muzzle

tailless
139

vTs m.

vnkip m.

vngj m.

vnn( m.

vnSq m.

vm[ m.

vm[k m.

vys( n.

vrpot m.

vr;$k m.

vr;h m.
;
vtRk m.
c
vitRk; f.

vW;R m.

vlImu% m.

vLmIk m.

vLlUr n.

vx; f.

vs; f.

vStiim m.

vSmn( n.

v;Ggud m.

v;ijn( m.
,
v;$I f.
()
v;t;x m.

v;/[I,s m.

v;nr m.

v;nrI f.
()
v;irc;irn( ,v;irxy m.

calf
forest monkey
forest elephant
jackal
forest animal
ant
small ant
bird
small antelope
cowrie
boar; pig
male bustard
female bustard
toad
monkey
ant
pork
cow
fat
cloth insect
nest
bat
horse, stallion
grebe
snake
rhinoceros
monkey
she monkey
aquatic animal
140

v;ys m.
v;l m.
v;l/;n n.
v;h m.
v;hs m.
iv m.
iv@(vr;h m.
ivW/r m.
ivW;, m.
ibW;i,n( m.
ivspR m.
ivut( f.
vOk m.
vOkI f.
vO=*ks( f.
vOsOg;l m.
vOik m.
vOW m.
vOi, m.
vet<@ m.
vesr m.
veht( f.
Vyr m.
Vy;`[ m.
Vy;`[cmRn( n.
Vy;`[n= m.
Vy;@ m.
Vy;l m.
v[j m.

bird
n.

horse hair
tail

draught animal

boa

bird

pig
poisonous snake

; ;

horn; tusk; nipper

elephant

snout of a pig

worm

wolf

she wolf

monkey

old jackal
scorpion

male; bull

ram

elephant

mule

barren cow

rodent

tiger

tiger's skin

tiger's nail

beast of prey

carnivorous animal

herd; swarm
141

x
xk n.
xkun m.
xkunI f.
xkuNt m.
x m.,n.

, ,

faeces

()

bird (male)

()

bird (female)

bird of prey

conch; conch snail

xtdl m.

xtp] m.

xf m.

xr;ir f.
,
xl. m.

xll m.

xLk m.,n.

xLyk,xLlk m.
xx,xxk m.
;
xx;i m.

xsn n.

x;%;mOg m.

x;rpd m.

x;lUr m.

ix'xum;r m.

ix%<@ m.

ix%i<@n( m.

ix%<i@nI f.

ix%; f.

ix%;vl,ixitk<# m.
ixlImu% m.

ixXn m.,n.

woodpecker
black woodpecker
hoof
skimmer bird
locust
quill of a porcupine
fish scales
porcupine
hare; rabbit
golden eagle
slaughter
monkey
stork
frog
guinea pig
peacock's tail
peacock
female peacock
peacock's comb
peacock
bee
tail
142

xIr m.
xuk m.
xuiKt f.
xuKl;p; m.
xu<@; f.
xunk m.
xunI f.
xuxulUk m.
xUk n.
xULym;'s n.
,k m.
;Ntr n.
xwlmOg m.
x*ey m.
x*n
Xmu,
Xm;x;ink m.

boa

parrot

shell

peacock
trunk of an elephant

puppy

bitch
owlet

sting
meat roasted on a spit

horn
space between the horns

mountain goat

falcon; hawk

pertaining to a dog

bearded (goat)

, bird of cremation

ground

Xy;m m.
Xyen m.
oi, f.
n( m.
.I m.
m;'s m.
;g[ m.
;ijn n.
;nI f.
;pd( n.
;iv/( m.

black bull

hawk
horse's croup

, n.

dog

jackal

dog's meat

dog tail
dog skin

bitch

beast

porcupine
143

et; m.
W$(pd( n.
W@'i m.

white horse

insect; bee

bee

s
sd m.
som's n.
si/s( m.
s'i/nI f.
siPt m.
sr`( m.,f.
sr$ m.
srIsOp m.
sgR m.
spR m.
spRd'$^; f.
spRd$ n.
spRivvr m.
sipRs( n.
shc;irn( m.
s;grxuiKt f.
s;r m.
s;r` m.
s;r` n.
s;rmey m.
s;rs m.
s;irk m.
is'h m.
is'hcmRn( n.
is'hn;d m.

good horse

fresh meat

bull; buffalo

cow in heat period

horse, racer

bee

chameleon
reptile

herd; swarm

snake

snake's poisonous fang

snake bite

snake hole

clarified butter

petrel

sea shell

ring neck parrot

bee

honey

dog

Indian crane

(turdus salica)

thrush

lion

lion skin

lion's growl
144

is'hx;v m.
is'hI f.
isKq m.,n.
sudu`; f.
sup,R m.
sUkr m.
sUkrI f.

lion's cub

lioness

wax

good milch cow

big bird

wild boar

female boar

h
h's m.
h'sk;lItny m.
h'skU$ m.
h'stUl n.
h'sbIj n.
h'sm;l; f.
h'st n.
h'isk; f.
h'isr m.
h'sI f.
hKk; f.
hM.; f.
hy m.
hyiWt( m.
hymu% n.
hyixrs( n.
hy; f.
hy;ly m.
hir m.
hirk m.
hir, m.

goose; swan

buffalo

hump of a bull

goose/swan down

goose egg

flock of swans/geese

honking of geese

she goose

mouse

she goose

owl

mooing of cattle

horse

buffalo

muzzle of a horse

head of a horse

mare
stable
horse

golden color horse

gazelle
145

hir,k m.
hir,I f.
hirne] n.
hirlocn m.
hmuR$ m.
hyR= m.
hyR m.
hWRul m.
hSt m.
hiStk+y m.
hiStdNt m.
hiStn( m.
hiStnI f.
hiStr;j m.
hiStx;l; f.
h;l;h;/r m.
ih's; m.
ih's[ m.
hu@u m.
hu<@ m.
rv m.
hom/enu f.
;r m.

small gazelle

she gazelle

owl

crayfish; owl

turtle

lion; monkey

dun horse

gazelle

trunk of an elephant

tiger; lion

tooth of an elephant

elephant

cow elephant

leader of elephants

stable of elephants

snake

tiger

beast of prey

ram

tiger; boar

jackal

sacrificial cow

snake

3.

acetnd[Vy;"

a
aiGnix% n.
a;r n., m.
an n.

gold
coal
antimony
146

ancU,R n.
as( n.
aid[s;r m.
a.[-a.[k m.
ays( n.
aySk;Nt m.
amOt;s m.

antimony powder

ointment

iron

mica

iron

magnet

n.

copper sulphate

a;
a;r m.

; ;

ore;

copper;

bronze

a;l m.
a;s m.

orpiment

ash; dust

$k; f.
$k;cU,R n.

brick

brick powder

prs m.

quasi mercury

Wr m.

saline earth

a*
a*duMbr n.
a*i' lv,m( n.
a*xIr n.

copper

earth salt

ointment made of aromatic

root

k
kno g*irk m.
ki#nI f.
knk n.

red ochre
chalk
gold
147

knkrs m.
kkRr m.
kRSvr m.
kl/*t n.
kStUrI f.
k;I f.
k;'Sy n.
k;c m.
k;n n.
k;Ntp;W;, n.
k;l/*t n.
k;l;ys n.
k;l;lv, n.
k;xIx m.
kI$j n.
kI$~n m.
kOxn n.
kO," kdRm" m.
kO,; mOd( f.
k*ixk-k*xey n.
=;r m.

melted gold

stone; limestone

gold

gold; silver

musk

alum

copper; brass

grass; crystal

gold

magnet

gold

iron

black salt

ferrous sulphate

silk

sulphur

pearl; gold

black mud

m.

black earth

silk

alkali

%
%i$k; f.

chalk

g
gey n.

gN/k m.-gN/p;W;,
gN/;" m. Pl.

grl n.

g;Tmk m.

gold
sulphur
perfume
poison
emerald
148

gOh/Um m.
godNtI-godNt m.
gomed-gomedk m.
g*irk-g*rey m.
g[;vn( m.

soot

n.

gypsum

cinnamon stone

ochre

stone

c
cpl m.
cmIkr m.
cmRn( n.
c;mIkr n.
cU,R m.,n.

mercury

gold

skin

gold

powder, flour

j
jld[Vy n.

j;tp-j;Mbund n.

pearl
gold

$
$u m.

gold

t
tpnIy n.
t;Py m..n.
t;m[ n.
t;+yR n.
t;l-t;lk m.
itimr m.,n.
itl=;r m.
tI+, n.
tI+,;ys( m.
tuTq n.
tO,k;Ntmi, m.
twjs

gold
pyrites

copper

emerald

orpiment

rust

sesami alkali

iron

steel
n.

copper sulphate
umbre

metallic
149

]pu n.

tin

d
duG/p;W;, n.
duvR,R n.

talc

silver

/
/vlmOik; f.
/;tu m.
/;tuvwirn( m.

chalk; white clay

metal; ore

sulphur

n
n=] n.
nvrTn n.

pearl

9 9 gems ( coral pearl


( topaz sapphire
diamond
emerald onix lapis

n.

lazul&ruby)
)

n;gj m.

tin
n;gp;W;, n., n;g;Xmn( m. , serpentine
n;yk m.
the central gem in a

ind n.
iny;Rs m.
ink m.

necklace

poison

resin

; golden coin; golden/silver



decoration

nIrj n.
nIl n.

pearl

blue sapphire

p
pKvei$k; f.
p m.
p$ m., pi$k; f.

baked brick
dirt
cloth, tissue
150

pr;g m.
pir=;,;in Pl.
p;'su m.
p;'suj m.
p;$lopl n.
p;<@uloh n.
p;rt,p;rd m.
p;W;, m.
pup m.
pupk;xIs m.

ruby

coal dust

dust, piece of sand

, salt derived from dust

ruby

silver

quicksilver, mercury

stone

topaz

purified ferrous sul-

phate

pupr;j ,pupr;g m.

pup;n m.

peroj ,perojk m.
p[v;l m.

p[v;lgui$k; f.

topaz
zink oxide
turquoise
coral
coral beads

b
iv@;l;= m.
bIj n.
b[?n n.

cat's eye

mercury

lead

.
.Smn( m.
i.dur m.
.O$; mOd( f.

ash

diamond

fried earth

m
mi, m.
mi,ki,Rk; f.

pearl

pearl ear ring


151

mi,my
mi,m;l; f.
mi,rTn n.
mi,vr n.
mi,v,R n.

made of pearls

thread of pearls

mi,sU] n.
mi,h;r m.

m<@-m<@n n.
m<@Ur m.
mn"ixl; f.
mrkt n.

gem
diamond

amulet of gems
thread of pearls

necklace of gems

decoration

iron rust

red arsenic

emerald

y
yoge m.

lead

r
rKtre,u m.

red lead, minium

l
loh;ys m.

( red metal (alloy of any metal


) with copper)

loh;Il; f.

metallic ball

v
vj[ c, vj[s;r m.
vp[ m.
v;luk; f.
iv@-iv@lv, n.
iv&m m.
ivml m.
vI$; f.
vwdUyR m.

diamond

lead
sand

ammonium chloride

coral

pyrite

pebble

; n. beril; lapis lazul


152

x
xkRr m.
x;tkuM. n.
ix%;mi, m.
ixitrTn n.
ixromi, m.
ixl; f.
ixv m.
xuiKtj n.
xwley m.,n.
et;n m.

gravels

gold

diadem

sapphire

diadem

stone

mercury

pearl

bitumen

calcite

s
sd[Tn n.

gem
spRmi, m.
,
serpentine
s;'.rlv, n.

citric sodium
s;nis m.

gold
s;mud[-s;mud[k-smud[lb,
sea salt
iskt; f.

sand
istmi, m.

crystal
isNdUr m.

red lead, minium
isN/uj n.

rock salt
sIs-sIsk n.
c
lead
su/; f.

lime
suri. n.
,
perfume,
aromatic substance

suvick; f.
suv,R n.
suv,Rmi=k m.
sUyRk;Nt m.

soda bicarbonate

gold

copper pyrite
sun stone
153

swN/v m.,n.
s*vcRlv, n.

rock salt

sochral salt, caustic

soda

s*ivrn n.
Sfi$k m.
Sv,R n.
Sv;ijRk; f.

lead sulphide

crystal; rock crystal

gold

soda bicarbonate

h
h'sp;d n.

hirt m.

hirt;l m.

hirt;Xmn( m.

h;$k m.

h;rI m., ihmvl m.


ihr,-ihr<y n.
hemk-hemn(( n.

hemkNdl m.

hemvl m.

her n.

hwmvt n.

4.

cinnabar
gold
orpiment
jade
gold
pearl
gold
gold
coral
pearl
diadem
pearl

agdkLpn;"
a
agd n.
agdkLpn; f.
aGNyi/v, n.
anviR m.
ai m., n.

medicine, drug

preparation of a drug


;

putting on fire
collyrium stick
paint; ointment
154

anuguPt' in/;pnm(suguPt' si/;nm( c


anuxo.edn n.

preservation

fine

disinte-

gration

aNt.RUimSq;pn n.
apkWR, n.
ap;kpu$ m.

keeping underground
elimination

putting within a cave with-

out

ai.Wv m.
ai.Wecn n.
amOt n.

fire

pressing of soma

dipping with a liquid


,

wholesome

drink, medicine

aySkOit f.
ayogsOt"=Ir n.
avt;r, n.
avlep m.
avleh-leh m.
avisn n.
aVy n.

processing of metals

, milk heated with iron balls



putting down

ointment

/ linctus

sprinkling

( )

hair

sieve

(for soma)

a;
a;n n.

(. )

ointment

(esp.

for

eyes)

a;tpxoW, n.
a;idTyp;k m.
a;poqn n.
a;ijRk m.
a;lep m.

sun drying

heating in the sun

crushing

vessel for soma

ointment
155

a;lo@n n.
a;v;p m.

stirring

mixing additional in-

gredients

a;sv m.
a;hr, n.

; intoxicating drink; beer

collection

=uk;<@kLp m.

preparation in the stem of a


=us'kLp m.

sugarcane

preparation in sugar-

cane juice

dU%l m.
dU%l=odn n.

wooden mortar

crushing in a wooden mor-

tar

WR n.
pko@n n.
pSneh m.
lU%l m.
lU%lmusl n.

rubbing powder

cooking (of cakes)

moisture

wooden mortar

mortar & pestle

k
klx m.
klxI f.
klxopve$n n.
kLk m.
kLpn; f.
kW, n.
kW;y m.
kW;ykLpn; f.

; ; pot; mug

oil press

wrapping a jar

paste

preparation

rubbing

extract

extraction
156

ik<v n.
kuxodk m.

residue

water dipped with

Kusha grass

kUcRn n.

kO,spRmu%inihto<n ,

grinder
collyrium kept in the mouth

of

=;r m.
=Ir`Ot n.

black serpent

alkali

ghee extracted from

medicated

=IrpKv
=Irp;kSvrs m.

milk

prepared in milk
,

pressing of juice after

drug in milk

boiling the

%
%jmiqt n.
%<@x"zedn n.

churning with stick


cutting into pieces

g
gVy' =IrmU] n.

cow's

milk

mixed with urine


gui$k;-gui<@k;-guilk; , pill
gu@odk m.
,

jaggery water

`
`Ots;N/n n.
`[eykLp m.

preparation of ghee

inhalable preparation

c
cNdnodk m.

sandal water
157

cU,Rp[deh m.
m. powder anointing
cU,Rvei$t" modk m.
, bolus wrapped

with

powder

z
z;y;xuk m.

drying

in

shade

j
jjRrIkr, n.
jlp[=;ln n.

, disintegration

washing with water

t
t<@ulodk m.
twl n.

rice water

oil

d
dVyRv`n n.
divRp[lep m.

m.
,

stirring with a laddle


paste

sticking

to

laddle

dIpn n.
dOWidcU,Rkr, n.

stimulation

pulverising on stone slabs

/
/UmvitR f.

smoking stick

n
n;vinktwl n.
ind;Rhrs m.

oil for snuffing


juice extracted from

fresh
plant by burning

inv;Rpn n.
inkulIkr, n.

dipping in water
taking seeds out of fruit
158

p
pKv;mlo$j' jl

water dipped with

heated clod

prIpvn n.
p;Ky n.
p;i,pI@n n.
p;i,mdRn n.
ipCz;kLp m.
ip<@ n.
ip$Svedn n.
ip$Svednivi/ m.
pu$p;k m.
p[=;ln n.
p[mQy; f.
p[lepn n.
p[lun n.
p[yoJy; n.

filtration

decoction

pressing with hands

kneading with hands

slimy preparation

mass

steaming vessel

method of steaming

heating in a closed cavity

washing

appetising decoction

paste

plucking

useful part

f
flvitR m.
f;<$ m.
f;<$`Ot n.

suppository

hot infusion

, n.

ghee prepared with hot in-

fusion

b
b;Sp;nusn n.

closed heating

.
.jRn n.
.Ll;tk=Ir n.

frying
bhallataka with milk
159

.Ll;tk=*d[ m.

m.

bhallataka with hon-

ey

.Smn( n.
.;vn; f.

ash

impregnation

with

liquid

.$ leh m.
m.
.O$lop[.vjl n.

linctus with frying


water dipped with

heated clod

m
m;Mbu n.
m/Udk m.
msI f.
mStu n.
m;/utwilk

alcoholic water, whiskey

honey water

black ash

sour milk

m.

prepared with honey

& oil

mU]vitR f.

stick

to

be

applied

in

urethra

mOtp[.vjl n.

water dipped with

earth

mOd;vlepn n.

pasting with earth

m*iKtk" ipi$ m.

ground pearl

y
yvpLle in/;n n.

keeping in a heap of barley

p
pirtPt' toy n.

, water heated in the

sun

r
160

rsiy; f.
rsg[h, n.
r;g m.
r;gyuiKt f.

semisolid extract

extraction of juice

n.

hair dye
preparation in a form of

prickles

l
lv,pu$p;k m.

, salt cooked within a closed

cavity

lv,odk m.

salty water

v
v$k m.

bolus
v,Rk m.
cosmetic
vitR f.

stick
vitRkLpn; f.
stick preparation
viRk; f.

smaller stick
viRiy; f.

caplet
vS]g;ilt-vS]pirpvn
straining through

cloth piece

iv/;n n.
ivrs
v[,cU,R n.

procedure

tasteless
powder for wounds

x
xt/*t' `Ot n.

ghee

washed

100

times

xr;vs'pu$, mLlks'pu$ m. ,

cavity

formed

by

joining two

earthen saucers

161

xkRr;modk m.
xOt n.
xo/n n.

sugar ball

decoction

purification

s
sMygvc;irt
sMygud(/Ot
sMyiGviht
sipRguR@ m.
shs[/*t' `Ot n.
s;/n n.
s;rodk m.

well administered

well collected

well processed

ghee bolus

, 1000 ghee washed 1000 times

preparation

water dipped with heart-

wood

sur;kLp m.
sur;sv m.
sU]bN/n n.
Sneh m.
SnehxkRr; f.

alcoholic preparation

alcoholic extract

binding with thread

Svrs m.
Svrs.;vn n.

fatty preparation

fatty preparation with sugar

extracted juice

impregnation

with its own juice


Svrs;ivt' cU,R n.

, powder impregnated with

the

ihm m.

own juice of the drug


cool decoction

.....
5.

pkr,; am];
162

a
aijn n.
am] m.
aMbuko m.
avCz;dn n.
aXmn( m.
ay"Sq;il f.

hide of deer

utensil

water tank

covering

stone

iron plate

a;g;rki,Rk; f.
a;cm,Iy n.
a;jbiSt m.
a;ys" pu$k m.
a;ys' .;<@ n.
a;ysI p;]I f.
a;yogu@ m.
a;r<ygomy;iGn m.

a;d[Rpl;s;d[o,I f.

tub made of fresh palasa

central girder
water pot

goat's bladder

iron cup

iron vessel

iron dish

iron ball

fire of wild cowdung

wood

a;ivk
a;Str, n.
a;sn n.

woollen

carpet

seat, chair

%; f.
@up m.,n.
;rp[Czd m.
;rbiStk m.

vessel
lid
upper bedsheet

urethral douche
163

dkpU,R; dOit f.

leather bag full of

water

dkuM. m.
dko m.
dn n.
dp;n n.
dU%l m.
p/;n n.
pkr, n.
p;nh( f.
p;y m.

water jar

m.

water reservoir

bucket

tank of drinking water

wooden mortar

pillow

apparatus

shoe

supporting pillow

a*
a*duMbr' p;] n.
a*ido n;l m.
a*r,o biSt m.

copper vessel

plant stalk

sheep's bladder

k
k$ m.
kp;l m.
klx m.
klxb[?n n.
k;'Syp;] n.
k;pR;s m.
k; n.
ku<@ n.
ku<@muxl m.
kuq m.
kuM. m.
kuM.I f.
kuxhStk m.

mat

earthen cup

pitcher

brim of a pitcher

bronze vessel

cotton piece

piece of wood

cooking vessel

hard pestle

woolen blanket

jar

small jar
broom
164

kUcR m.
kO,ijn,k*vRijn n.

brush

hide

of

black

antelope

k*xey n.

silk

%
%j; f.

churning stick

g
gop;n;sI f.
gomy;iGn m.
gorq m.
golk m.

smaller beam
cowdung fire

bullock cart

woollen round cap

`
`$ m.
`Otko m.
`Ot.;jn n.

pitcher

tank with ghee

vessel of ghee

c
cmRn( n.
cel m.

hide

cloth

j
j;rvbiSt m.
jlbiSt m.
jlyN] m.

bull's bladder

pouch of water

artificial fountain

t
tul; f.
twlko m.
twld[o,I f.

weighing scales

n.

m.

tank of oil

tub of oil

d
165

dNtbiStne] n.

enema nozzle

made of ivory

dvR-dvIR f.
dOit f.
dOWd( f.
d[o,I f.
d[o,Iip/;n n.

spoon; laddle

leather bag

grinding stone

tub

tub cover

/
/;r;gOh n.

m.

house

with

smoking pipe

water

stream

/Umn;i@ f.
/Umne] n.

smoking nozzle

n
nvkp;l m.

new earthen piece

p
p m.
pirpcn n.
pyR m.
pyoRg m.
p;t;lyN] m.

bandage

cooking utensil
cot

pan

m.

apparatus with un-

derground
m.

p;] n.
p;]I f.
p;W;, m.
ip#r m.
ip/;n n.
pupne] n.

receptacle

big plate

dish

stone

cooking vessel

lid

nozzle

of

the

urethral

douche
166

p[itg[h m.
p[n;@I f.
p[;v;r f.

spitoon

, big pipe

gown

b
biStne] n.

enema nozzle

.
.O;r m.

water pot

m
mi,k m.
mi,my' .;jn n.

big pitcher

vessel of precious

stones

mh;ns m.,n.
m;n.<@ m.
m;jR;nI f.
m;i;Rk" kuM. m.
m;ihWbiSt m.
meWxO m.
muxl m.

kitchen

, ,

measuring vat

broom

earthen jar

buffalo's bladder
sheep horn

pestle

r
r;jtkuM. m.
r;jt.;jn n.
r;jtp;] n.

silver jar
silver vessel

big silver plate

l
l*hxlk; f.

iron probe

v
v'sivdl;iGn m.
vcR"Sq;n n.
vWRi,k; f.

fire of bambu pieces


lavatory
showers
167

vS]p m.
v;tyN] m.

cloth bandage

fan

x
xyn n.
xr;v m.
xS] n.

bed

saucer

surgical

instrument

xM.r m.

equipment

s
sUcIipPplk m.
sU] n.
s*v,R" kuM. m.
Sq;lI f.
Sn;nx;l; f.

needle

thread

golden jar

cooking vessel

bathroom

h
hsiNtk; f.
ihmpU,oR dOit m.

furnace

m. ice bag

.....
6.

xrIr;;in

a
a's m.

acromial

region

a'skU$ m.

a'sfl n.

a'i m.

a=n(-ai=-a=I-a=us( c

ai=kU$
ai=vTmRn( n.

shoulder
scapula
foot
eye
orbital margin
eyelid

168

aGNyi/;n n.

seat of diges-

tive fire

ag[kr m.
ag[p;d m.
ag[hSt m.
a n.
auil f.
auilpvRn( n.
auLyiSq m.
au m.
a@(i`[ m.
a/"kr m.
a/r m.
a/rgud m.

finger

thumb of foot
finger

part of body
finger

digital node

phalange

thumb

foot; leg

wrist

lower lip

lower part of rec-

tum

a/ro m.
a/r* m. ..
aNtgRl m.
aNtr;Tmn( m.
aNtr;i/ m.
aN] n.
ap`n m.
apTypiq,apTym;gR m.
ap; m.

lower lip

lips
throat

heart
trunk

intestine

part of body

vagina

outer

corner

of the eye

aPss( n.
ap;n;r m.
aynmu% m.

face; breast

anus

pathway

169

arTnI m.

elbow;

fore-

arm

alk m.,n.
av$u m.
avyv m.
a,au c,m.
asn( n.,asOj( f.
aSqn( n., aiSq m.
aiSqsiN/ m.
a;n m., a;nn n.
a;roh m.
a;mxy m.
a;tRv m.

curl

thyroid
part of body

tear

blood

bone

bone joint

face

woman's hip

stomach

menstrual

internal

blood

a;xy;" m. Pl.

or-

gans

a;sn( ,a;Sy n.
a;s[;v m.
a;s[;v;" m. Pl.

mouth; face

saliva

organs of sense

iNd[y n.
iNd[y;i/;n n.

sense; feeling

sense organ

mR m.

hand

%; f.

hollow on the

hip side

;rgud m.

upper part of the rec-

tum
170

;ro m.
dr n.
pijik; f.
pSq m.
rs( n.
r"s[ots( n.
Lb m.,n.

upper lip

abdomen

tonsil

perineum

breast
channel of the chest

membrane of

embryo

m.
nlk m.
ip<@ik; m.

thigh
femur

prominent front of

the thigh

?v;R m.

upper part of the

body

A
Atu m.

men-

struation

E
Ek; n.

head

ao
aojs( n.
aopx m.
ao m.

n.

ojas

hairplait

lip

k
k n.
k=; f.
kc m.

head
armpit
hair
171

ki$-k$I f.
k<# m.
k<@r; f.
ki,ik; f.
knInk m.

, n.

waist

throat

tendon

little finger

pupil of the

eye

kN/r m.
kp;l m.
kpol m.
kbr m.
kr m.
kriksLy n.
kr m.
krtl n.
kroi$ f.
k,R m.
k,Rpu]k m.
k,RmUl m.
k,Rxkuil m.
klevr m.,n.
k;kl m.
k;kud( f.
k;y m.
ikku m.
kIl;l n.
kui= m.
kukuNd[ m.
kuNtl m.
kuisN/ n.

throat; neck

skull

cheek

hairplait

hand

finger

skull

palm
skull

ear
tragus

parotid region

pinnae

trunk

uvula

palate

body

forearm

blood

abdomen; womb

ischial tuberosity

( )

hair (on head)

trunk
172

kU$ n.

coronal

bone

kUcR m.,n.
kUpRr m.
kOk;i$k; f.

moustache; beard

elbow; knee
laryngeal

promi-

nence

kex m.

hair

on

the

hair of brow

bowels; lower

head

kesr n.
ko m.
part of the

ko; n.
k*pIn n.
o@ m.
o@v;l m.
Klomn( n.
i=p( f.
=Irvh; isr; f.
=Irx;y m.
=ud[;N] m.
=e] n.

abdomen

viscera

genital organs

chest

bristle

laryngo trachea

finger

, vessel carrying milk


mammary gland

small intestine

womb

g
g<@-g<@Sql m.
g<@kU$ m.
g<@le%; f.

cheek

zygoma

region of the

cheek

g.iSt m.
g.R m.
g.' /O
g.Rk;l m.

hand

foetus

to be pregnant

pregnancy period
173

g.Rv;s-g.Rkog.R;xy , g.;Rir,Ig.;R/ir,I
gl m.
glb; m.
gl;isN/ m.
gud m.
gud;" m. Pl.
gudvil m.

uterus

neck

front of neck
fauces

anus
rectum

mucous fold of

the rectum

guLf m.
gu n.
g[h,I f.
g[Iv m.

ankle

genitals

duodenum

neck

`
`mRjl n.
`;$; f.

sweat

nape

of

the

of

the

neck

c
c=s(-c=u-c=us(

c+v n.

eye
front

eye

c+v;p; n.
cr, m.
ickur m.
icbuk-cubuk n.
cUcuk n.

corner of the eye

leg

n.

piece of hair

chin

woman's breast; nip-

ple
174

cU@; f.

(hair on) top

of the head

j
j`n m.,n.
j; f.
j;ipi<@k; f.
j#r n.
j]u m.
j]umUl n.
jNy n.
jM. m.
jM>y n.
j;nu m.
ij; f.
ij;mUl m.

ass

leg

calf

abdomen

sternum

xiphisternum

body

tooth; throat

tooth

knee

tongue

root

n.

tuft of hair

of

the

tongue

jui$k; f.

t
tnu f.
tnuh n.
t,;iSq m.
tjRnI f.
tl n.
t;ilk; f.
t;lu m.,n.
t;luk m.
itlk m.
tuNd n.
i]k m.

body

body hair

cartilage

index finger

palm; sole

palm
palate

palate bone
freckles; mole

belly

sacrum
175

Tvk(-Tvc( , Tvcn.
Tv<m;'s;Ntr m.

skin

space between the skin


fascial

and the muscles

d
dNt m.,n.
dNtCzd m.
dNtm;'s m.
dNtmUl n.
dNtve$ m.
dNt;g[ n.
dNt;il f.
dNtolU%l m.
dxn m.
dxnCzd m.
deixnI f.
deh m.,n.
doWn( n.

tooth

lip

gum

root of the tooth

gum

tip of the tooth

row of teeth

tooth socket

tooth

lip

index finger

body

forearm

/
/min f.
/mnIjl n.
/mnImu%;g[ m.
/mn n.

; ;

channel; vein; artery

arterial anastomosis

tip of the artery

woman's breast

n
n% m.,n.

n%;g[ m.

nyn n.

nynjl-nynv;ir n.

nyn;l m.

nynodibNdu m.

nail
tip of the nail
eye
tear
corner of the eye
tear
176

nkR n.

nose
nlk m.

tubular bone
nliknI f.

leg
nlikl n.

knee
nv;r n.

body
ns;-nSy;-n;isk;-
nose
n;s; , nSt
n;i@-n;@I f.
; blood vessel; vein
n;@Ik; f.
;
esophagus; trachea
n;i. ,m.

navel, umbilicus
n;s;g[ n.

tip of the nose
n;s;pu$ m.

nostril
n;s;mUl m.

bridge of the nose


n;c;ivvr n.

nostril
n;s;xO;$k m. plexus of vessels in the nose

n;isk;v'x m.
ingr, m.
in$l n.
intMb m.
nOklevO n.
ne] n.
ne]jl n.
ne]ndI f.
ne]ip<@ m.
ne];Nt m.

bridge of the nose

throat

forehead

woman's buttock

corpse

eye

tear

nasolachrymal duct

eye ball

external corner of the eye

p
piKtSq;n n.

stomach&duodenum

177

pKv;xygud m.

rectal portion of the

colon

p+mn( m.
pd n.
p m.

eyelash

foot

part of the body;

node; joint

joint

pvRn( n.
pxRuk; f.
pxRuk;g[ m.
p;i, m.
p;i,tl n.
p;d m.
p;dtl n.
p;d;g[ m.
p;d;Nt m.
p;du m.
p;R m.
p;Rk m.
p;R;Ntr m.
p;R;iSq n.
p;,IR m.
p;il f.
ipi<@k; f.

rib

anterior end of the rib

hand

palm

foot

foot sole

toe of foot

nail of foot

foot

side of the chest

rib

mediastimum

rib

heel

ear lobe

(, , ) muscle (of shoulders, arms

and

ip; n.
pIyuW m.
pul m.
purItt( m.,n.
purIW n.

legs), sole
phlegm
colostrum
trunk
pericardium
faeces
178

purIW/;n-purIW/;r n.

sigmoid colon
purIWvh' s[ots( n.
large intestine
puyR$ n.
8
8 parts of the body
pU,RcNd[ m.

ervical channel
pOq m.

palm
pOi$ f.

rib
pO m.

back
pOgtm( aiSq n.
vertebra
pOv'x m., pOeiWk;
backbone
pexI f.
,
muscle
po$I f.

rectum
p[jnn m.
,
sperm, semen
p[D;m;]; f.

sense organ
p[,% m.

tip of the nail
p[it; f.
;
leg; foot
p[tIk n.

mouth
p[itk m.

limb
p[deixnI f.

index finger
p[pd m.
front part of the sole
p[b;hu m.

forearm
p[x;%; f.

limb
p[Sved m.

sweat
p[;,;ytn n.
seat of the vital force
p[;,vh' s[ots( n. respiratory tract
p[oq n.
,
buttocks
Pl;ix f.

intestine
iPlhn( m., iPlh; f.
spleen

f
179

f, n.

nostril

b
biSt m.
biStixr m.
biStdex m.
biStsiN/ m.
b;hv-b;hu m.
b;hunlk m.
b;huipi<@k; f.
b;humUl n.
buKk; f.
buIiNd[y n.

urinary bladder

suprapubic region
pubic region

joint of bladder

arm

humerus

bicipital prominence

armpit

heart

sense organ

.
.g m.
.g;iSq m.
.;l n.
.;lp m.
.uj; f.
.ujm?y n.
.ujmUl m.
.[U f.
.[Um?y n.
.[U, n.
.[Ul$; f.

vulva

pubis

forehead

surface of the forehead

hand

breast

shoulder

brow

mid of the eyebrows

embryo

curved eyebrow

m
mi, m.
mi,k m.
mdnc] n.
mdv;hI f.

glans penis

wrist
litoris
semen carrying channel
180

m?y c, m?y.g m. n.,


waist
mNy; f.

nape of the neck


mNy;xOt; b;isr; blood vessel

on the

external

mmRn( n.
mmR]y m.

side of the neck

vital knod
3

3 vital organs (heart,

head&
(, ,

urinary

bladder)
)

ml m.
;
dirt; faeces
ml;yn n.
excretory passage
mStk m.
;
head; skull
miStk-mStulu n.
brain
m;'s n.
,
flesh; muscle
m;'s;vk;x m.

muscular site
mu% m.
;
mouth; face
mu<@ n.
;
head; skull
muks[ots( n.

testicle
mU] n.

urine
mU];$k n.
8
8 urines
mU]biSt m.

urinary bladder
mU]m;gR m.
,
urethra
mU]vh' s[ots( n. urinary tubule
mU]v;ihnI n;@I f.
urethra
mU];xy m.

urinary bladder
mU/Rj m.

hair on the head
mU/Rn( m., mU/;R f. ;
head; skull
med m.

fat
me{-mehn( m.
n.
penis
181

meh m.
m*il m.

urine

head

y
ykn( c,ykOt( m.
yoin f.
yoinmu% n.

liver

vagina
vaginal orifice

r
rKt m.
rKtvhs[ots( n.
rKtv;ihnI /mnI f.
rjovh; isr; f.
rd m.
rdCzd m.
rr;$ n.
rsn; f.
rs;ynI f.
i/r n.
rets( n.

blood

blood vessel

artery

menstrual blood vessel

tooth

lip

forehead

tongue

lymphatic vessel

blood

sperm

l
l<@ n.
lpn n.
ll;$ n.
l;l; f.
il n.
locn n.
lomn( n.

faeces

mouth

forehead

saliva
n.

penis

eye

body hair

v
vK] n.
v=,; f.

mouth
body; abdomen
182

vOKk* m. ..
vOW, m.
ve,I f.
iv[x( f.

kidneys

testicle

hair plait

finger

x
x m.,n.

x;Ntr n.

xrIr n.

xrIr/;Tvvk;x m.
xrIrprm;,u n.

xrIrsiN/bN/ m.
xrIr;i/k;r m.

xrIr;iSq n.

xl;k; f.
;

temple
forehead
body
interstitial space
cell of the body
ligament of the body
context of the body
skeleton
metacarpal

bone;

finger

xv m.,n.

dead corpse
xvixrs( n.

skull
xkulI f.

acoustic duct
x;%; f.

limb
x;%; n.

part of body
ixitm;'s n.

fat
ixp[; f.

cheek
ixrs( n.

head
ixr"kp;l m.
flat cranial bone
ixr"%;in f.
aperture in the skull
ixrisj-ixrish m.
hair
ixrog[Ive ..
head&neck
ixro/r m.

neck
ixromu%e ..
head&face
xIir f.
;
blood vessel; vein
183

xIWR n.
xu n.
xuvhs[ots( n.
xuv;ihnI n;@I f.
xuiPt f.
xoi,t n.
XnP] n.
Xmu n.
v m.
oi,-o,I f.
oi,flk m.
Xlemn( m.
sn; f.

head

semen, sperm

semen duct

vas deferens

shoulder

blood

corner of the mouth

beard; moustache

ear

pelvis

hip bone

mucuous

respiratory tube

W
Ivn n.

saliva

s
s'Kqn( f.

hip
s'iKq f.

lower limb
s'g[;h m.

fist
s$; f.

plait
siN/ m.
;
joint; wrinkle
siN/ipCz; f.
synovial secretion
sv;R n.

the whole body
isr; f.
,
vein, artery
isr;j;l-isr;p[t;n m.
plexus of veins
isr;mu%;g[ m.

terminal of vessels
sIt; f.

wrinkle
sOKk,I f.

corner of the mouth
184

SkN/ m.

shoulder
SkN/dex m.

shoulder region
Stn m.

woman's breast
Stnm<@l-StnpyRNt m. mammary areola
Stnm?y n., Stn;Ntr m. channel between the
breasts

Stnodr m.
StNy n.
StUp m.
S]Ii=r n.
S]Iil n.
Sq;lk n.
Sq;lk;buRd m.
SqUl;N] n.
Sn;yu n.
Sneh m.
SpxRn n.
iSfk( f.
iSfgI f.
Smr;tp] n.
Syedu m.
s[Kv m.,n.
s[v m., s[v, n.
s[ots( n.
s[ot"xOt m.
Sv;Nt n.
Sved m.
Svedmu% n.

mid portion of the breast

breast milk

top of the head

woman's milk

female genitals

facet
tubercle of the rib

rectum

ligament

fat

tactile organ

buttock

hip

clitoris
mucus
corner of the mouth
urine
channel

nasal labyrinth
heart
sweat

aperture of the sweat duct

185

Svedv;h' s[ots( n.
Svedlex m.

sweat duct

drop of sweat

h
hnu f.
hnumUlbN/n n.

jaw

n.

bindinf

ele-

ment at the root

hNviSq n.
hSt-hStk m.
hStp;d* ..
h;nu m.
h;idR m.
h;lu m.
d(-dy n.

of the jaw

bone of jaw

hand

hand&foot

tooth

heart

tooth

heart

7. PHYSIOLOGY

a
ai=ml m.
ai=Sneh m.
aiGn m.
aCzip n.
auilpvRSfu$n n.

eye dirt
eye smear

digestive fire
clear digestive juice
ticking sound in finger

nodes

ajI,R n.
ait;m m.
adOx(
an m.
an;my
ainmeW m.
anup[kMy

indigestion

fatigue

blind
breathing
healthy

fixed look

incurable
186

aNtriGn m.
apcn n.
apTy n.
apd(
apr; f.
ap;nv;yu m.

internal fire

digestion of food

progeny

legless

pain

: ,

apana vayu: down-

ward vayu

ai.t;p m.
ai.dxRn n.
ai.ny m.
a>yvhr,xiKt f.
amOym;,
aMl.;v m.
aj
as( n.
arog m.
aLp.uj;Ntr
avitR-axn;y; f.
ao]
aVy;i/sh
asTMy
asu% a;yu m.
asu m.
asuSq
as[ n.
aSvSq
aSvSQy n.

pain

look

facial expression

power of ingestion

morbid

acidosis

healthy

wound

health

narrow chested

hunger

earless

non immune
unsuitable

unhappy life

breathing

unhealthy

tear

unhealthy

, indisposition, morbid state



187

ahSt

armless, handless

a;k;r m.

a;k;x m.,n.

a;kun n.

a;t m.
,
a;tur

a;Tmn( m.
,
a;N?y n.

a;psv; f.

a;my m.

a>yNtrm;l;" m. Pl.
a;yuy n.

a;iv f.

a;Syml m.

a;s[v m.

expression of face
akasha
contraction
pain, suffering
ill, sick
atman, soul
blindness
pregnant woman
disease
internal excreta
vital force
labor pains
dirt of mouth
elimination

iNd[y n.
iNd[y;qR m.
W

sensory apparatus

sense object

stout

+, n.

look

TfuLl
;r m.
i=, n.
Nm;
Nmns(
NmnSkt; f.

wide open

saliva; eructation

look

mad, crazy

agitated

agitation
188

Nmu%
NmeW m.
pk=
pcy m.
pt;p m.
pd[v m.
pSneh m.
pSved m.

looking upwards

opening eyes

reaching the shoulders

development

fever; pain

, ; m.

feebleness; symptom

unction

heating

?vR;s m.
mn( m.

expiration

heat

A
A=
Atu m.
Atuk;l m.
Atuc n.

bald

menstruation
conception period

menstrual cycle

E
Ek;=

one eyed

ao
aojs( n.

n.

ojas

k
k$u.;v m.
kNy;Tv n.
kNy;pTy n.
kf m.
k,Rml m.
kmRxiKt f.
kmeRiNd[y n.

pungent state

virginity

female child

, ,

kapha, phlegm
dirt of ear

power of working

motor organ
189

k;y;iGn m.
ik n.
=y m.
=v-=vqu m.
=u/( f.
=ud[o v;t" m.

body fire

excreta

deficiency

sneezing

hunger

minor air

%
%ml m.

dirt of orifices

g
gmn n.
g.R m.
g.Rjnn n.
g.Rrs m.
g.RivkOit f.
g.Rivk;sm m.
g.RvOi f.
g.RvwPy n.
g.Rsmuv m.
g.RxrIrivkOit f.

movement

foetus

conception

nutrient of foetus

teratological defect

order of foetal development

growth of foetus

foetal deformity

formation of foetus

defects in the body of the

foetus

g.;RkOit f.
g.;Rv;iNt m.

shape of the foetus

emergence of the foe-

tus

g.;RxybIj.;g m.

genetic portion of the

g.;RxybIj.;g;vyv m.

a part of the genetic

uterus
portion of

g.oRdk m.
g*rv n.

the uterus

amniotic fluid

heaviness
190

c
cy m.
ce$ n.

accumulation

movement

z
zidR f.
z;y; f.

vomiting

lustre

j
jr,xiKt f.
jr; f.
jOM.; f.

power of digestion

senility, old age

yawning

t
tN] n.
TvKSneh m.

system

smear of skin

d
dxRn n.
d;!(Ry n.
dehp[kOit f.
deh;iGn m.
doWgit f.
doWp[kOit f.
dod m.

vision

firmness

body constitution

body fire

movement of doshas

doshic constitution
longing for certain things

during the pregnancy

/
/;tugit f.
/;tupKt;iGn m.
/;tup;k m.
/;tupoW, n.
/;tup[s;ds'D;k m.
/;tus;My n.

metabolic process

metabolic fire

m.

metabolism

nutrition of tissues

essence of dhatus

homeostasis
191

/;tUmn( m.
/;r, n.

metabolic heat
holding

n
n;i.n;@I f.
n;isk;ml m.
ind[; f.
inmeW m.
in(yUt n.
in";s m.

umbilical cord

dirt of nose

sleep

closing of eyes

sputum

expiration

p
piKt f.
pv;yu m.
pr*js( m.
ip; n.
ipp;s m.
pu];pTy m.
purIW m.
puW m.

digestion

5 types of vata

n.

superior ojas

pitta

thirst

male progeny

faeces

living

body,

man

pui$ f.
pu'svn n.
p[kuipt
p[kOit
p[kop m.
p[kOit f.

corpulence

rite for procreating a son

vitiated

normal

vitiation

, n.

prakriti,

physiological state

p[kOitv,R m.

normal complexion

192

p[kOitivk;rD;n n.

science

of

physiology&

patho

p[jnnml m.
p[p;k m.
p[xm m.
p[;s m.
p[svk;l m.
p[s;d m.
p[;kOt' bIjm( n.

logy

dirt of genitals

primary state of digestion

pacification

expiration

time of parturition
essence

normal seed (sperm

& ovum)
)

p[;, m.
p[er, n.

prana, vital force

, n.

impulsion

b
b;ml m.
bIj n.

external dirt

( ) seed (sperm &

ovum)

bIjsMpd( f.
bui f.
buIiNd[y n.

excellence of seed

intellect

sensory apparatus

m
mJj; f.
mns( n.
mnovh; isr; f.
ml m.
m;'s n.
mU] n.
med-meds( m.

bone marrow

mind
psychic channel

excreta; dirt

flesh; muscle

urine

fat
193

me/; f.

, n. m. reason, power of ac-

quisition

mwqun n.

coitus

y
yN] n.
ym m.

organ

twin

r
rKt m.
rKtSTy;yn n.

blood

blood coagula-

tion

rjs( n.
rs m.

n.

rajas

, rasa, nutrient fluid

i/r n.
romn( n.
romhWR m.

blood

body hair
hair standing on end

l
l;l; f.
lomn( n.
lomkUp m.
lomkUpml m.
lomhWR m.

saliva

body hair

follicle

dirt of hair follicles


hair standing on end

v
vys( n.
v,R m.
vs; f.
v;t m.
iv$(Sneh m.
ivvtRn n.

age

complexion

muscle fat

vata

fat content of faeces

transformation
194

iviSt,Rj`n; S]I f. broad hipped woman


vOi f.
;
growth; aggravation
vOWt; f.

virility
veg m.

natural urge
vwv<yR n.

discoloration
Vy;i/=mTv n.

immunity
Vy;i/sh

immune
Vy;y;m m.
physical exercise
Vy;y;mxiKt f.
physical strength

x
xrIr n.
xrIrKled m.
xrIrp[kOit f.
xrIrbIj.;g m.

body

body fluid

body constitution

n.

body portion of the

factor

genetic

xrIrsMpd( f.
xrIrodk m.
xu n.
xu a;tRv m.

excellence of the body


body fluid

semen

normal

menstrual

blood

xu' rets( n.
xoi,t n.
min";s m.

normal sperm
blood; ovum

hard breathing after

exertion

XlwiXmkm( aojs( m.

n.

kaphic ojas

W
W<!m( apTym( n.

enunch progeny

s
195

s'vtRn n.
s'hnn n.
s'Sq;n n.
sv n.
svbl n.
siN/Sfu$n n.

circulation

compactness

shape

psyche

psychic strength

cracking

sound

in

joints

s;TMy
s;r m.
is;,k m.
sUitk; f.
StNy n.
S]Irjs( n.
iSqrTv n.
Sneh m.
Svr m.
Sved m.

suitable

essence

nasal excretion

woman in labor

breast milk
ovum

stability

unctuosness

n.

voice

sweat

h
h;in f.

diminution
8. ( ) TERMS OF ACTION
( GUNAS )

gu,;"

a
ak<#(y
non beneficial for throat
a+yup`;tkr

damaging for eyes
ai=s'mIln

closing the eyes
aiGnjnn-aiGndIpn stimulating digestive
fire

aiGninvR;pk

extinguishing diges-

tive fire

196

aiGnv/Rn-aiGnivv/Rn c - stimulating digestive fire


aiGnvwWMykr

disturbing the bal-

ance of
the digestive fire

aiGns'/u=,

stimulating digestive

fire

amdRp[xmn

pacifying body ache

av/Rn
developing body parts
aits;rinbhR,- n.
pacifying diarrhea
aits;rxmn- aits;rhr
a/om;gp[vtRn-a/"s['sI impelling downwards
a/ov;t;nulomn
carminative
an;yuy

non beneficial for life

span

an;roGykr

causing ill health

anulomn

turning

into

right

direction

anuv;snopg

helpful in unctuous enema

aNtriGns'/u=,

stimulating digestive

fire

ad[Vyickr
a;;jnn

relishing

producing

aversion to food

apTyjnn

c procreative
197

apTyivv/Rn
apr;ptn
ap(doWhr

enlarging progeny

removing the placenta


c alleviating defects of wa-

ter

abm;'shr

destroying

non

compactness

of muscles

ai.yNdkr-ai.yNdI

causing sliminess and

obst

a>yopyogI
aMlipjnn
arock

ruction in channels

useful in massage

causing acid gastritis

destroying non relish for

food

aiRnut(

alleviating distress
axR"p[xmn-axoR- distroying piles
axRhr
aLpm;t
causing little wind
aLpvcRs(
causing little faeces

avk;xkr
avs;dkr
avs['isn(

c making space
depressant

impelling

down-

wards

aivd;ihn(
avOy
aXmrIp;tn

non burning

non aphrodisiac
felling

calculus

(lithagogue)

aXmrI.edn

breaking

calculus

(lithotriptic)
198

as;?y
aihttm
ahO
a;=ephr
a;cyn
a;n;hp[xmn

incurable

damagable

non cordial

anticonvulsive

accumulating

pacifying hardness of bow-

els

a;nuloimk
a;mp[doWhetu

carminative

ausing disorders of

ama

a;mp[xmn
a;yuy

pacifying ama

beneficial for the life

span

a;yuR;skr
a;roGykr
a;Rrognut(

diminishing life span

causing health

a;lSy;phr
a;;skr
a;Sq;pnopg

destroying lassitude

alleviating disorders of the



diseased

consoling

n.

helpful

in

non

unctuous enema

a;SyxoW,

drying

mouth

(antisailagogue)

a;Sy;s[;v,

causing salivation

iNd[ydO!Ikr,

providing firmness to senses

iNd[yt;pn

causing distress in senses

iNd[yp[s;dn

causing clarity of senses


199

iNd[ySfu$Ikr,

making senses dis-

tinct

iNd[yopro/k

obstructing the

senses

CzoWk
TKleidn(
Tshjnn
dr;?m;pn
ddRp[xmn
d;vtRhr

drying

moistening

m. producing enthusiasm

distending abdomen

pacifying urticaria

checking

upward

movement

;rxoi/n(
epnp[xmn
pcyv/Rn
pn;hopyoign(
pxmnIy
pxoW,
pStM.n
r"pirdhn

of vata

correcting eructation

pacifying tremor
promoting development
useful for poultice

pacifying

absorbing

supporting

burning in the chest

jRk
?vR-?vRhr

energy producing

emetic

ao
aojSkr-aojSy- n.
aojoivv/Rn

promoting ojas

k
200

k<#
k<#pirdhn

damaging throat

causing burning in

throat

k<#(y

beneficial for

throat

k<@U

destroying itching
kfCy;vn-kfzedn

expectorant
kfivlyn liquifying mucus
kfivl;pn
non-antagonistic to kapha and
kfip;ivroi/

pitta

kfv/Rn
kfxmk
kmRshs[kOt(

increasing kapha

pacifying kapha

performing thousands of
actions

kxRnIy
k;i#Nykr
k;yixiqlIkr,

reducing

hardening

causing slackness in body

k;shr
ku
kup[g;ln
kex

alleviating cough

antileprotic

increasing skin diseases&



leprosy

destroying hairs of

head

kexop`;tkr

damaging the hair of head

kexvOn

promoting growth of hair


on head

kexrn
keXy

dying hair

n.

useful for hair


201

kov;thr

alleviating wind in bowels

koxUlkr

causing pain in bowels

iim
Klmnut(-Klm;pgr
Kledn-Kleidn(
=u;xn

antihelmintic

removing exaustion

moistening

removing hunger

%
%ilTy;p;dk

producing baldness

g
g<@nut(
g.R/;r,
g.Rinro/k
g.RpoWk

destroying glands

supporting foetus

contraceptive

nutrient for the foe-

tus

g.Rp[suiPtinv;r,

beneficial for the foetus

g.RvOikr

c promoting the development



of the foetus

g.RSq;pn

sustaining the foetus

g.Rs[;vkr
g.oRp`;tkr

abortive

damagous

for

the

foetus

g.;Rnulomn

putting the foetus in the


right direction

gudxoqhr

guLm.edn

alleviating swelling in
anorectum

breaking lump in abdomen

202

g[h,IdUW,

causing pain in duodenum


g[h,IdoWp[xmn

pacifying pain in duodenum


g[h,Iblv/Rn

promoting

strength to duo

g[;ihn(

denum

astringent (checking

diarrhea)
n.)

Glpn

causing malaise

c
c=ubRld;yk

providing strength to

vision

c=uivRcRn
c=uy
Cy;vn

evacuating eyes

benificial for eyes

expelling

z
zidRing[h,-zidRhr
zRityogp[xmn

anti emetic

checking excessive vomiting


ze;-zeidn(-zedn-zednIy

disjoining

j
jr,-jr,Iy
jr;p[xmn
jjRrIkr,
ij;ivxo/n
jIvnIy
Jvr-Jvrhr

making old
geriatric

shattering

tongue cleaning

vitalising

antipyretic

t
tNd[;kr

causing drowsiness
203

tNd[;phr
tmn
tpR,Iy
tWR,
t;pn-t;pjnn
tI+,
tI+,ivrecn
tIv[md

removing drowsiness
m.
causing the feeling of

darkness

saturating

causing thirst

producing heat

sharp

drastic purgative

causing high intoxi-

cation

tui$p[d

producing

content-

ment

tOiPt
tO,jnn
tO,;ityogp[xmn

antisaturative

causing thirst

pacifying

excessive

thirst

tO,ing[h,-tO,xmn
i]doWxmn

antidypsic
pacifying

three doshas

TviKSqirkr,

providing

firmness to skin

TvGdoW;pnyn

allevi-

ating skin disorders

TviGvxuikr

purifying

the

skin

TvCy

beneficial for

skin

d
dNtCy;vn

felling teeth
204

dNtpvn-dNtivxo/n
dNthWR,

cleaning teeth
sensitizing

teeth

dhn
d;r,
d;!R(yjnn
d;hJvrp[xmn

burning

, tearing

causing firmness

n.

alleviating fe-

ver with burning


d;hn

causing a burning sensation
d;hp[xmn-d;hinvR;pn- n.
pacifying

the

burning sensation

d;h;pnyn
dIpng[ihn(

dugN/hr

appetizer with antidiarrheal


removing foul

smell

duivRp;khr

removing bad diges-

tion

du"%;bo/n
dOi$

anaesthetizing
damaging

vi-

sion

dOi$p[s;dn
dehbO'h,

clarifying vision
promoting

body bulk

doWp[xmn
doWl
doWivyNdn

pacifying doshas

causing morbidity

liquifying

doshas

doWs'xoW,

absorbing doshas
205

doW;nulomn

carminating

doshas

d*bRLykr
d*bRLy;phr

causing debility

removing debility

/
/;tup[duW,

affecting

dhatus

/;tuxMykr
i//OitSmOithr

causing homeostasis

stroying intellect, restraint


de-

and memory

n
nNdn
nmn
ind[;phr
iniNdtVy;i/kr

gratifying

bending

destroying sleep

causing

despicable diseases

p
pKt-p;ikn(-p;cnc digestive
p;cnIy
pKv;x;yxo/n cleaning large intestine
pQy

wholesome
pilt;p;dk
n.
producing greying of
hair

p;RxUlhr

alleviating

vitiating pitta

pain in sides

ip;kopn
ip;p[xmn
ip;hr

pacifying pitta
elimi-

nating pitta
206

ip;ai.v/Rn
ip;ivroi/n(

increasing pitta

non antagonistic to

exciting pitta

pressing

causing coryza

pitta

ip;oTKlexn
avpI@n
pInskOt(
pu'ssvnxk

causing

de-

impotence

pu'STv`;itn(-pu'STvstroying virility

pu'STvop`;tkr
purIWjnn

producing bulks of

faeces

purIW.edn
purIWivrjnIy

breaking faecal mass


decol-

orizing faeces

purIWs'g[hnIy

checking mo-

tion of

purIWs['sn

faeces

expelling fae-

checking mo-

ces

purIW;vg[h,
tion of

pUitgN/hr-

faeces

removing foul

smell

pUitgN/;pkWR,
pUitmt
p[j;Sq;pn


m.

causing flatus with foul


smell

sustaining foe-

tus

207

p[it.;p[d

promoting in-

m.

putting in op-

direction

telligence

p[itlomn
posite

p[.omkr
p[.Ut;NtmRml

improving lustre

causing large

quantities

p[m;iqn(
p[s;dn
p[;gL>yp[d
p[;,/;r,

of faeces

churning

clarifying

providing boldness
sustainig

vital

strength

p[;,v/Rn

promoting

vital

strength

p[;,oproi/n(

p[I,n

obstructing vital
strength
nourishing

b
bvcRs(
bivNmU]
bN/zedn
bN/iv/mn

constipating

binding faeces&urine

cutting bonds
weakening

bonds

blkr-bljnnblp[d-blv/Rn
bl-bl=ykr
bLy

promoting strength
diminishing strength
promoting strength
208

biStj;ph

destroying

pain

of

urinary

biStrog;ph

bladder

destroying

bladder

diseases

of urinary

bdoW

exten-

sively morbid

bpurIW-bml

causing large

quantity of faeces

bmU]

causing

polyuria

bv;t

causing

excess of wind

bSm;

causing

excessive heat

buijnn
buip[bo/n

promoting intellect
arousing

intellect

buiivv/Rn
buIiNd[yblp[d

promoting intellect
promoting

strength in intellect

and senses

bO'hn-bOhnIy-bOhvjnn

bulk

promoting

bo/n

arousing

.
.GnsN/nkr,

useful for the

knitting of

bones

209

i.vcRs(-i.xkOt(

breaking fae-

cal mass

.uKtxoW,

absorbing

carrying down

food

.uKt;pWR,
food

.edn-.ednIy-.eidn(
.[m,

breaking

causing giddiness

m
mdkr

intoxi-

cating

md-mdivn;ixn(

removing

intoxica-

tion

mn"p[bo/n-mnobo/k

psychic stimu-

lant

mnskr

providing

mental strength

mls'p[vitRinn(

expelling

ex-

crements

mh;bl

providing

great

sloughing muscles

promoting muscles

strength

m;'skoW,
m;'sl-m;'sv/Rn
m;'sivdhn

burning mus-

cles

m;'sivle%n
m;gRivvr,
m;gRivxo/n

scarifying muscles

opening the channels

cleaning

softening

the

channels

m;dRvkr-mOdukr
mu%ip[y

palatable
210

mu%bo/n

arousing mouth sen-

sation

mu%vwxkrk


causing non-sliminess in mouth

mu%xoWkrk

causing dryness of

mouth cleansing

alleviating dysuria

producing urine

mouth

mu%xo/n
mU]kOCz[^hr
mU]jnn
mU]ivrjnIy

depigmenting

urine

mU]ivrecnIy
mU]s'g[h,Iy

diuretic

antidiuretic

mU]xo/n
mU];vg[h,

cleaning the urine

antidiuretic

mUCzRn

causing faint-

ing

mUCz;Rp[xmn-mUCz;Rinv;r,
acifying fainting

mild purgative
mOduivrecn
medo

anti obesitive
me/;kr-me/;jnn-
intellect promoting
me/;v/Rn-me?y

causing mental confusion
mohn

y
yogvihn(

imparting the

another

quality of
dravya without
211

losing its own ones

yoinivxo/n

cleaning

fe-

male genital tract


yoinxUlhr

removing pain

in uterus

r
rKtduW,

affecting

blood

rKtip;p[duW,

affect-

ing rakta pitta

rKtip;p[xmn

pacifying

rakta pitta

rKtp[vtRn

causing bleed-

balancing the

ing

rKt.;rxmk
blood

pressure

rKtv/Rk

rKts'g[h,-rKts;'g[ihk
rKtSkNdn

r=;kr

rsn;s'vejk

promoting blood
haemostatic
clotting blood
protecting
irritating

the

tongue

rs;yn
rogv/Rn
rop,-rop,Iy

rejuvenating
aggravating disease
healing

l
l`up;k

light in diges-

removing ma-

tion

le%n-le%nIy
la by drying

and scrubbing
212

lomroh,

promoting growth of
body hair

loms'vejn

irritating body hair

v
vmn-vmnopg

helpful

for

emesis

vy"Sq;pn
vcoRinrsn

sustaining life
expelling fae-

ces

vcoRnulomn
vcRs'g[ihk

laxative
checking mo-

tion of faeces

vLy;p;dk
v,Rv/Rk

producing wrinkles

promoting complex-

promoting complex-

cleaning complexion

beneficial for com-

ion

v,oR;mkr
ion

v,Rivxo/n
v<yR
plexion

v;iGng[h,

holding

arousing

speech

v;iGvbo/n
speech

v;jIkr,
v;tip;p[xmn

aphrodisiac
pacifying

vata&pitta

v;tv/Rk
v;tXleXmp[xmn

increasing vata

pacifying

vata&kapha
213

v;thr
ivk;isn(

alleviating vata

causing depression&

slackness

ivd;r,
ivd;ihn(

tearing

causing burning and

in stomach

acidity

ivbN/-ivbN/pxmn

removing

constipa-

tion

ivrjnIy
iv=,
ivrecnopg
ivxoi/in(
ivxmJvrnixin(

depigmenting

roughening

helpful for purgation

cleansing

destroying in-

termittent fever

ivW
ivWv/Rn

destroying poison

aggravating

poisoning

iv$M.k-iv$iM.n(
iv$>yjr,-iv$>yp;ikn( n.

distending
digesting with

distending

ivyNd
iv;'xn
vIyRp[d
vIyRivv/Rn
vOKkoejk
vOi;kr
vOh,

oozing
purgative
energy giving

promoting semen

stimulating kidneys

maintaining

anabolic
214

vedn;Sq;pn
vwrecink
Vyv;iyn(
Vy;i/kr
Vy;i/p[xmn
v[,ropn

sensostatic

laxative

quickly absorbed

causing disease

pacifying disease

wound

healing

v[,;vs;d;n
v[,xwiqLyp[s;dn

wound depressing

causing looseness in
wounds

v[,s*kum;yRp[s;dn

causing softness in
wounds

x
xrIrKledopyoKt

utilising body fluid

xrIrd*gRN?yhr

destroying foul odor

body

producing

dhatus

of

xrIr/;tuVyUhkr

constitu-

tion of

xkRr;p[Cy;vn

expelling

gravels

ixroivrecn

head

evacuating

ixroivrecnopg

helpful in head evac-

uation

ixv
ix`[pu'STvd;yk

wholesome

quickly providing vi-

rility

xItp[xmn-xIt;pnyn

pacifying cold
215

xun;xn-xu-xuhn(

destroying

semen

xul-xuivv/Rn
xuivrecn

increasing semen

liquifying

se-

men

xuxo/n
xu;xyxo/n

xus'g[;hk
xuStM.n

purifying semen


ing the seat of semen

purify-

condensing semen

fortifying

se-

men

xUl -xUlhrxUlp[xmn
xoi,tp[duW,
xoi,tp[xmn
xoints'`;t.edn

removing pain

affecting blood

pacifying blood

breaking

the

coagulum of

xoi,tSq;pn

blood
increasing the

amount of blood

xoqhr

alleviating oe-

dema

xo/n

purifying
xof-xofhr-
anti inflammatory
xofp[xmn-xofinvR;pn

causing swelling
xofjnn
xofSfo$n

diffusing inflammation

xoWkr

causing

con-

sumption
216

xoW-xoWnut(

destroying

consumption

xoW,
mhr
XleXmhr

drying up

alleviating tiredness

removing

kapha

XleXmipjnn

aggra-

vating kapha&pitta

yquhr

removing

in-

flammation

;shr

anti

dyspnea

s
s'D;Sq;pn-s'D;p[d;nhetu- ,
resuscitative
s'D;p[bo/n

s'p[s;dn- s'xmn
soothing

stimulating discharge
s's[;ivn(
sockr

causing contraction

s;$iv/mn

disintegrating

compact mass

s" xu.;xu.k;iri,n(

immediately

causing good or

soblkr-sobl-

bad results
immediately

producing strength

sobljnn
sNtpRn


strengthening tissues

sN/;nIy-sN/;nkr-

union

promoting
217

sN/;n
sr
svRdoWp[kopn

laxative

aggravating

all doshas

svRrogp[xmn

pacifying

all

diseases

svRdoWhr

eliminating

all

all unwholesome

producing

doshas

sv;RpQy
sv,IRkr,

normal

color

s;vk;imRRk

having general

action

isid

effective

su%prI,;mkr

causing

easy

digestion

sU+m

penetrating

into the smallest

sO$i.xkO;t

parts of the body

eliminating

faeces and flatus

eliminating

and

breaking

sO$mU]purIW

faeces

and urine

s*mnSy-s*mnSyjnn

causing cheer-

fulness

StNyjnn

galactagogue

218

StNyxo/n

galacto

depurant

StM.n-StM.nIy
StM.p[xmn-StM.iv/mn
iSqrkr-Sq*yRkr-SqwyRkOt(
iSnG/rKts'g[h,

holding
removing stiffness
producing firmness
checking flow of unc-

tuous

Snehn

blood

n.

increasing

unctuousness

Snehivk;r

destroying

m.

unction

helpful

complication of

Snehopg

for

unction

Snwihk

providing

unction

SpxRniht

helpful for the

tactile organ

SpxRneiNd[yn;xn

destroying

tactile organ

SmOitkr

improving

memory

SmOitp[bo/n
SmOitivv/Rn

arousing memory
improving

memory

s[ot"p[s;dn
s[ot"xo/n

soothing channels
cleaning

channels
219

s[ot"s'p[bo/n

arousing

channels

s[otomOdukr,

softening

channels

s[otoivbN/n

SvPnjnn-SvPnkr
Sv;Pn
Svromkr
n.

obstructing channels
hypnotic
improving

voice

Svrbo/n
SvyR

n.

arousing voice
beneficial for

voice

Svrivxo/n
SvSqvOikr

n.

clarifying voice

maintaining health

Svedjnn-Svedkr
Svedinro/k

diaphoretic

obstructing sweating

Sved;pnyn-Sved;ph

anti diaphoretic

Svedopg

helpful

for

diaphoresis

h
hWR,

arousing sex

urge

ihKk;ing[h,-ihKk;hr-
ihKk;p[Cy;vn

ihttm
Tsock
c

anti hiccup
beneficial
contracting the heart

muscles

220

Ts'p[bo/n
dytpR,
dypirdhn

cardiac stimulant

saturating heart

causing burning in

region

cardiac

dypI@n

pressing

on

heart

dyop`;tkr

damag-

ing the heart

beneficial for heart

.....

9. PATHOLOGICAL
CONDITIONS AND SYNDROMS

a
a'sd;h-a's;i.t;p-

burning sensation in

shoulders

a'ss't;p m.
ai=g*rv m.
ai=Gl;in f.
ai=inro/ m.
ai=p;k m.
ai=.ed m.
ai=r;g m.
ai=rog m.
ai=Vyud;s m.
ai=xUl m.
ai=;v m.
ai=<@n n.

heaviness in eyes
malaise in eyes

blocking of eyes

ophtalmitis

tearing pain in eyes

redness of eyes

eye disease

squint

pain in eyes

lacrimation

loss of func-

tion of the eyes

a+y;my m.

eye disease
221

aiGndoW m.

defect

of

digestive

fire

aiGnd*bRLy n.

weakness of di-

gestive fire

aiGnpir=y m.

loss of diges-

tive fire

aiGnbln;x

- loss of the strength of the



digestive fire

aiGnmOdut; f.

mildness of the digestive

fire

ag[h m.
aptn n.
amdR m.
aiv=epn n.
axoW m.
a;vdr, n.
a;vyvptn n.

firmness in body parts

fallinf of body parts

pain in body

auilsoc m.
acr,; f.
ajI,R m.
aD;n n.
ann;imk; f.
a<@vOi m.
atv;i.inveW m.

throwing of limbs

emaciation of body parts

tearing of body parts

falling of sub parts of body

contraction of fingers

vaginal itching

indigestion

ignorance

( )

sty

hydrorchis

attachment to unre-

ality

atpR, n.
aitkOx m.

non saturation
excessive thinness
222

aitkOx' Stnm( n.

excessively thin feminine

breast

aitcr,

, swelling, pain and numb-

ness
- in vagina due to excessive
coitus

aitij' c=us( n.
aittNd[; f.
aittmodxRn n.
aitd;h m.

excessively slanted eye

excessive drowsiness

excessive vision of darkness

excessive

burning

sensation

aitd*bRLy n.

excessive

de-

bility

aitind[;-aitind[t; ,
aitpIn' Stnm( n.
aitp[iv$' c=us( n.

excessive sleep
excessively large feminine
breast
excessively sunk eye

aitp[vOi f.
aitp[l;p m.
aitp[s[ut' c=us( n.

excessive discharge
excessive delirium

excessively lachrymated eye

aitlMb' Stnm( n.
hanging feminine breast
aitSvPn-ind[;i/Ky
excessive sleep
excessive retention
aits
aits;r m.
n.
diarrhea
aitSq*Ly n.

over obesity
aitivWm' c=us( n. excessively unequal eye

atOiPt f.

non contentment
223

aTyiGn m.

excessively severe di-

gestive fire

aTyuiTpi<@t' c=us(

excessively protruded

eye

aTyuTsgR m.
aTyu/' Stnm( n.
ai/ijk; f.

excessive elimination

pointed out feminine breast

sublingual ab-

scess

ai/dNt m.
ai/m;'s m.
a/oguTv n.

extra tooth

polypus like growth


heaviness in the lower part

of the body

a?yiSq m.

bony growth
anNtv;t m.

head disease
anviSqticTv n.
instability of mind
aind[t; , aSvPn n.

insomnia
anukI,R" Svr" m.
stammering voice
an;i.l;W
loss of desire for food
a.ojn;i.l;W m.,
a;;-.Kt;;
anlvwWMy n.
irregularity of the digestive

aNtdR;h m.
aNtmuR%I f.
aN]kUjn n.
aN]vOi f.
aN]s'mUCzRn n.
aN]Sfu$n n.

fire

internal heat

crookedness of the vaginal

tract

cooing sound in intestine

inguinal hernia

intussuception

intestinal perforation
224

aivW m.
aiv$M. m.

food poisoning

, n. distention caused by

statis of

food

aNyeduk m.
quotidian fever
apiKt f.

indigestion
apcI f.

scrofula
aptN]k-apt;nk m. m.
hysterical syndrome
aptpR, n.
m.
catabolism
apirhWR, n.

non erection
apSm;r m.

epilepsy
apIns m.

ozena
aP=y m.

dehydration
abv;KTv n.

incoherent speech
abuiTv n.
non intelligence
abu.u=; f.

loss of hunger
ai.yNd m.

conjunctitis
aVyKt" Svr" m. n.
indistinct voice
aMlk m.
hyperacidity
aMlip n.

acid gastritis
aMlor m.

sour eructation
arjSk; f.

amenorrhea
arit f.

restlessness
arsD;t m.

loss of taste sensation
air$ m.
, signs& symptoms indicating

death

aic , arock m.

anorexia
aW( , ak m.
vesicles
ajRunlom.;v m. whitening of body hairs
aitR f.

distress
225

aidRt; f.
a/;Rv.edk
abRud m.
amR m.

m.

axR m.
aljI f.
alsk m.

facial paralysis

hemicrania

tumour

pterygeum
piles

diabetic boil

stasis of food during diges-

tion

al;tv,| c=us( n.

red eye resembling a

in color

firebrand

aLpmU] m.
aLppurIW m.
aLpp[;,t; f.

scanty urine

little excrements

little

vital

strength

aLpv;t m.
little flatus
aLpSved m.

scanty sweating
aLpe<ip Vy;y;me ;s m. , dysponoea on slight

exertion

avp;i$k; f.

tear in the prepuce


( )
(of the penis or clitoris)

aivp;k m.
aivsigRJvr m.
axBdv, n.

indigestion

non remittant fever

auditory

hallucina-

tion

aXmrI f.
a(v;gmn n.

calculous
lachrymation
226

ak,R m.
aIl; f.
asd[UpdxRn n.

m. spiral fracture

enlargement of prostate

visual halluci-

nation

as;?yo<bRud m.
asOKxoW m.
asOGdr m.
asOiGvsgR m.
asOj; f.

malignant tumor

drying of food
menorrhagia

haemorrhage

excessive vaginal

haemorrhage

aiSq=y m.

aiSqCziLlk; f.

aiSq.'g m.
aiSq.ed m.
aiSqxUl m.
aiSqsiN/.ed m.

m.

fracture

cracking of bones

diminution of bone
tissues
green stick fracture

pain in bones

tearing pain in bone

joints

aSpNdn n.
aSvPn;i.l;s m.
ahWR, n.
aihpUtn; f.

no pulsation

no desire for sleep

non erection

pruritus ani

a;=ep m.
a;=epk m.
a;%uivW m.
a;gNtukJvr m.

convulsion

m.

convulsive syndrome

a;$op m.

rat bite fever

adventitious fever

wind formation
227

a;tpshTv;shTv n.

tolerance&

intolerance to

a;Tyiyko Vy;i/ m.

the Sun

n.

emergent

disorder

a;?m;todrkui= m.
a;?m;n n.
a;?yv;t m.

blown up abdomen& belly

flatulance; tympanitis

vata disorder of the

affluent

a;n;h m.
a;N?y n.
a;mgN/or m.

hardness in intestines

blindness

eructation

with

fleshy odor

a;mv;t m.
a;miv$( f.
a;mivW m.
a;mxyoTKleW m.
a;m;its;r m.
a;y;m m.
a;y;s m.
a;roh,;y;s m.
a;tRv m.
a;llmeh m.
a;lSy n.
a;Sym;'s;i.vOi f.
a;Syp;k m.
a;Syrog m.
a;Syivp;k m.

m.

rheumatism

immature faeces

toxaemia due to ama

gastric irritation

mucous colitis
extension
exertion

exhaustion in climbing

menstruation

type of urine disorder

lassitude

pathological growth in

mouth

stomatitis
disease of the mouth
stomatitis
228

a;SyvwrSy n.

abnormal

taste in mouth

a;Sys[v, n.
a;Syopdeh m.
a;s[;v m.

salivation

coating in mouth

discharge

=umeh m.
Nd[luPt m.
iNd[yj;@(y n.
iNd[yd*bRLy n.
iNd[yvwkOTy n.
iNd[y;s;mQyR n.
iNd[yop`;t m.

diabetes mellitus

n.

falling off hair

dullness of senses
weakness of senses

disorders of senses
incapability of senses

loss of function of

sense

iNd[yopt;p m.

organs

damage to sensory

organs

=uv;ilk;rsmeh m.

a type of urine

disorder

Ccw"uit f.
Cz(v;sopro/ m.

hard hearing

obstruction in inspi-

ration

;ui<@k; f.

iTpi<@t,;=t; f.

bulging
protruded red eyes

Tse/ m.
dkmeh m.
drguTv n.

protuberance

diabetes insipidus

heaviness in abdomen
229

drtnuTv n.
drr;ijjNmn( n.

thinness of the abdomen

appearance of streaks on
the abdomen

drviln;s m.

disappearance of wrinkles

on the abdomen

drivp;$n n.

tearing of the abdo-

men

drixr; f.

drve$ m.

prominence of veins on the


abdomen
twisting in the ab-

domen

ddR m.

allergic erup-

tions

d;vtR m.
d;itRnI f.
;rb;Ly n.

eructation

dysmenorrhoea

excessive

belching

;riving[h m.
eg m.
e$n n.
Nmd m.
pkuW m.
pijik; f.
pd'x m.
pd[v m.
pp+m m.
pPlut m.
pStM. m.
r"=t m.
r"p[lep m.
roj( f.

retention of eructation

, agitation, stress

twisting

insanity

gingivitis

supralingual abscess

soft chancre

complication

trichiasis

leucorrhoea

stiffness

pulmonary cavitation

coating on chest

pain in chest
230

rorog m.
,v;t m.
Gl;in f.
inkun n.
rog m.
xUl m.
xoW m.
s;d m.
StM. m.
?vR" p[;s m.

thoracic disease

gonorrhea

malaise in thighs

contraction of thighs

disorders of thighs

pain in thighs

emaciation of thighs

malaise in thighs

stiffness in thighs

respiratory failure

?vRj]uTqo gd m.

disease of supraclavicular
region

?vRv;t m.
m;ittIv[.;v m.

upward movement of vata

excessively intensive heat

m;i/Ky n.

excessive heat

A
Ayij; f.

a type of leprosy

E
Ek;`;$-Ek;rog m. paralysis of one limb

Ee
EeiNd[yko Vy;i/ f.

, n.

disorder relating to

senses

ao
aoj"=y m.

loss of ojas
231

aoj"sy m.

excessive loss

of ojas

aoW m.

aoWi/tO,gN/jo Jvr m.
aokkRxt; f.
aop;k m.

ao.ed m., aoSfu$n

heat
hay fever
coarseness of lips
inflammation of lips
cracking of lips

k
k+y;-k=; f.
kCzipk; f.
kCzu m.
k$Ig[h m.

herpes zoster

diabetic carbuncle

scabies

painful stiffness of waist

k$uk;SyTv n.

pungency in mouth
k<$kopict; ij;
thorny tongue
k<#`u`Rurk m.
stertorous breathing
k<#kkRxt; f.
coarsness of throat
k<#inro/ m.

blocking
of
throat

k<#p;k m.
k<#m;'s;i.vOi f.

k<#rog m.
k<#xoW m.
k<#o(v's m.
k<#oplep m.
k<@u m.
kdr m.
kp;lku m.
kpot;N/ m.

inflammation of throat

pathological growth in

throat

disease of throat
dryness in throat

irritation in throat

coating of the throat

itching

corn

a type of leprosy

color blindness
232

kfjmukvOi f.
kfp[sek m.

tubercle testes

excessive mucus secretion

kfIvn n.
kfoTKled m.
kMp m.
krp;dd;h m.

spitting of phlegm

excitation of phlegm

trembling

burning sensa-

tion in hands&feet

krp;dsUPtt; f.
k,RgUqk m.
k,Rn;d m.
k,Rinro/ m.
k,Rp;k m.
k,RpUys[;v m.

numbness of hands&feet

wax in the ear

tinnitus

blocking of ear

suppuration in the ear

pus discharge from

the ear

k,Rm;lxoW m. dryness of earwax


k,RmUlxoq m.

parotitis
k,RxUl m.
,
pain in ears, otitis
k,Rxoq m.

inflammation of the ear
k,Rs[;v m.

discharge from ear
k,RSvn n.

tinnitus
ki,Rk; f.

polypus
k,IRnI f.

vaginal polypus
kdRmivspR m.

cellulitis
klt; , klSvr m.
n.
feeble voice
kW;y;Syt; f.

astringency

in

mouth

k;k,ku m.
k;c m.
k;,

a type of leprosy

cataract

one-eyed
233

k;m.yxoko/Jvr -

pyrexia of emotions

k;ml; f.
k;yiCzd[opdeh m.
k;lmeh m.
k;XyR n.
k;s m.
k;sp[s m.
iki$.
m.
ikl;s m.
kIl m.
kukU,k m.
kui=rog m.
kun n.
kui, m.

jaundice

smearing in pores of body

melanuria

emaciation

cough

continuous cough

psoriasis

of skin

vitiligo

nail like growth

ophtalmia in children

disorders of belly

atrophy

cripple with a crook-

ed hand

kuNqn n.
kuM.k;ml; f.

m.

tenesmus

, jaundice located in

the organ

kuBjTv n.
kuiptoCz;s m.
kuljo ivk;r m.
ku m.
kOXz^vcRSTv n.

()

(liver)

humpedness

disturbed inspiration

familial disease


( )

skin diseases (leprosy


included)

difficulty in defeca-

tion

kO,c=us( n.
kex;itvOi f.

black eyes

n. excessive growth of

hair
234

kexdoW m.
kexptn n.
kexiprTv m.
kexp[ptn n.

n.

kex.UimSfu$n n.

cracking of the ground of

n.

defect of hair
falling of hairs

n.

browning of hairs
excessive falling of hairs

hairs

ko# m.

urticarial patches
ko;y; k;ml; f. , jaundice located in the

or-

gan
()

iimk,Rk m.

(liver)

worms in the

ear

iimko m.
iimg[iNq m.

intestinal parasytes

parasytes on suppu-

rated glands

iimdNtk m.
n.
caries of teeth
iimrog m.

helminthiasis
iy;=y m.

loss of function
o/p[curt; f.

frequent anger
Klm m.

exhaustion
KlIbt; , KlwBy n.

impotence
=t n.
,
wound
=vqu m.

sneezing
=vquing[h, n.

checking
sneezing

=y m.

diminution,

loss

=yrog m.
=;mSvr m.
=;rmeh m.


n.

loss of tissues
faint voice

alkalinuria
235

=I, n.

consumption,

TB

=I,=t n.

consumption

with

chest wound

=I,rets( n.
=IrdoW m.
=ud[" ;s m.
=u;s; f.

diminished semen

defects of breast milk


minor dyspnea

loss of hunger

%
%Tv-%(y n.,
%t;
%r;t; f.
%ilv/Rn n.
%LlI f.
%vwgu<y n.

limping

roughness of body parts


extra tooth

contracture

abnormality

in

channels

%;ilTy n.

baldness
%u@ m., %u@v;tt; f.
vata

disorder of the

affluent

%ed m.

anxiety

g
g<@m;l; f.
g<@SpNdn n.

cervical adenitis

quivering

in

cheeks

gd" Svr" m.

n.

choked

voice

gN/;vedn n.
gr;idRt

anosmia
affected

by artificial poison

236

g.Ri=p[mo= m.

premature la-

bor

g.Rn;x m.

g.Rpirs[uit , g.Rpirs[;v m.

g.Rp;t m.

g.RivkOit f.

destruction of foetus
abortion
miscarriage
abnormality of foetus

g.RxoW m.
g.R;jnn n.

dryness of foetus

non

formation of foetus

g.;Rxy m.
glg<@ m.
glg[h m.

uterus

goitre

painful

stifness

in

pharynx

glp;k m.

glrog m.

glxui<@ m., glxui<@k;
glxof m.

glopleg m.

g;!puirWt; f.

gu@gu@;yn n.

pharyngitis
disorder of pharynx
uvulitis
swelling of pharynx
coating of pharynx
hard stool
gurgling

sound

gudg[h m.

stiffness

in

burning sensa-

rectum

gudt;ps( n.
tion in anorectum

gudp;k m.

gudin"xr, n.,

proctitis

prolapse of rectum
237

gud.['x m.
gud;itR f.
gug;]t; f.
guTv n.
guLfg[h m.

distress in anorectum

heaviness in body

heaviness

stiffness

of

ankles

guLfinkun n.

guLm n.

contracture of ankles

abdominal

lump

gO/[sI f.
g[iqt" puirW" m.
g[iNq m.
g[iNqinkun n.

sciatica

knotted faeces

cyst

conglomera-

tion of cysts

g[iNqm;l; f.
g[iNqivspR m.
g[St" Svr" m.
g[h m.
g[hi,doW m.
g[h,I f.

chain of cysts

erythema

n.

subdued voice

seizure

disorder of grahani

n.,

chronic

diar-

blowing

of

rhea, sprue

g[Iv;?m;n n.
neck

g[Iv;vmdR m.

kneading

pain

in

neck

g[Iv;StM. m.

stiffness

in

neck

g[Iv;<@n n.

paraly-

sis of neck

Gl;in f.

sluggishness; malaise
238

`
`n;t; f.
`[;,n;x m.

solidity of organs

loss of smell sensa-

rhinitis

tion

`[;,p;k m.
`[;,pUitTv n.
`[;,ivPlv m.

foetid nose

olfacto-

ry derangement

`[;,xoq m.
`[;,;buRd m.
`U,Rn n.
`OtVypi f.

swelling in nose

nasal tumor

giddiness
lipid disorders

c
c=uivR.[m m.

instability

of

eyes

c+v;kulTv n.

ctuqRko Jvr m.
ctuqRko ivpyRy m.

agitated eyes
quartan fever

double quartan
fever

cmRkIl m.

nail like growth on


skin

cmRku m.
cmRdl m.
c;l; f.
ic;n;x; f.
icm;ic; f.
ce$;p[,;x m.

zeroderma

psoriasis

excessive movement

loss of mind

prickly sensation

loss of move-

ment

z
zidR f.
zidRt; ib.ITst;

vomiting
loathsome vomiting
239

izd[odr m.
izo ;s m.

intestinal perforation

intermittant

dyspnea

j
j;Gl;in m.

malaise

in

contracture in

shanks

j;inkun n.
shanks

j;rog m.
j;xUl m.
j;xoW m.
josdn n.

disorder in shanks

pain in shanks

waisting of shanks

malaise

in

shanks& thighs

j$;b" p+mn( m.
j#r;tnn n.

matted eyebrows

distention

mesenteric

mentally

of

the abdomen

j#rg<@ m.
gland

j@

re-

tarded

j]u<@n n.

paralysis of the neck

root

jnpdo(v'skro

epidemic dis-

ease

ivkr" m.
jl;." s[;v" m.
jlodr m.
j;@(y n.
j;txkRrdNt m.

watery discharge

ascites

mental retardation

tartar

240

j;nuinkun n.

con-

tracture of knees

j;nu.ed m.
j;nuivXleW m.

cracking in knees

dislocation of

knee

j;nuxoW m.
j;lkgdR. m.

wasting of knee

spreading

in-

flammation

j;ilnI f.
ij;kkRxt; f.
ij;inro/ m.

a type of carbuncle

coarseness of tongue

block-

protru-

ing of tongue

ij;ingRm m.
sion of tongue

ij;xoW m.

dryness

of

tongue

ij;yqu m.
ij;StM. m.

glossitis

paralysis

of

tongue

ijopdeh m.
jI,oR Jvr" m.

coating of tongue

chronic

fever

jIv;d;n n.

discharge

of

vital

blood

jOM.; f.

yawning

t
tNd[; f.
tNd[;ityog m.

drowsiness

excessive

drowsiness

tmk;s m.

bronchial

asthma
241

tm"p[vex m.
tmodxRn n.
t,o Jvr" m.
t;m[c=us( n.
t;lukkRxt; f.
t;lup;k m.

loss of consciousness

vision of darkness

acute fever
coppery eyes

coarseness of palate

inflammation of pal-

ate

t;luivd[i/ m.
t;luxoW m.
itKt;Ml r m.

palate abscess

dryness of palate

bitter sour eructa-

tion

itKt;Syt; f.

bitterness

in

mouth

itimr m.

itlk-itlk;lk m.

defects of vision
sesami

like

dark spot on skin


tu<@IkerI f.
tOtIyko Jvr" m.
tOiPt f.

abscess of palate

tertian fever

feeling

of contentment

tO,; f.
tO,;i/Ky n.
tod m.
i]kg[h m.

thirst

polydypsia

pricking pain

painful stiffness in

sacral region

i]krog m.
i]kxUl m.
i]kxoW m.

sacral disorder

pain in sacral region

wasting of sacral re-

moistening of skin

gion

TvKKled m.

242

TvGdh m.

burning sensa-

tion in skin

TvG.ed-Tvgvdr, n.

tearing

of skin

TvGvwPy n.

deformity of skin

d
dkodr m.
d<@k m.

ascitis

stick like stiffness of

body

d& m.
dNtiim m.
dNt=y m.
dNtcln n.
dNtcU,Rk m.
dNtd'xn n.


n.

ringworm
caries

decay of teeth

movement of tooth

tartar

gnashing

of

weakness

of

teeth

dNtd*bRLy n.
teeth

dNtp m.
dNt.ed m.
dNt.['x m.
dNtivd[/I f.
dNtxUl m.
dNtxiqLy n.

dirty coating of teeth

cracking of teeth

displacement of teeth

gum abscess
toothache
looseness

of

teeth

dNts*iWyR n.
dNthWR m.
dr m.
dvqu m.

tooth cavity

sensitive teeth

tearing pain

intense burning

243

d;h m.

burning sensa-

tion

dIn" Svr" m.

n.

poor

voice

dIPt; f.
dI`Rrog m.

burning in nose

chronic

dis-

ease

dI`RsU]t; f.
du$" p[itXy;y" m.
du$meds( n.
du$i/r m.
dUyn n.
dUWIivW m.

lethargy

chronic coryza

lipid disorders
affected blood

distress

latent

poisoning

dOi$n;x m.
dehpir=y m.
doWjvOW,vOi f.
dwNy n.

loss of vision

loss of body weight

orchitis

anxious

expression

d*gRN?y n.
d*bRLy n.
ijp[ptn n.
hg[;ih m.

foul smell

debility

falling off teeth

reverse tertian fever

/
/nu"StM.-/nuvtR
/mNyuplep m.

m.

tetanus

coating of blood ves-

sels

/mnIp[itcy m.
/mnIsoc m.

atherosclerosis
vasoconstriction
244

/;tu=y m.
/;tup;cn n.
/;tUpxoW, n.
/;tuvwWMy n.
/;tUm;pcy m.

diminution of dhatus

consuming tissues

drying up tissues
imbalance of dhatus

diminution of

metabolic fire

/Iiv.[m m.
perverted intellect
?vj.-?vjop`;t m. loss of penile strength

n
nkul;N/ m.
n%;itvOi f.

color blindness

excessive growth of

nails

n%doW m.
n%pItTv n.
n%p[ptn n.
n%.ed m.
n%vwv<yR n.

defects of nails

yellownish of nails

falling off nails

cracking of nails

abnormal

color

of

nails

n%xuKlTv n.
n$ind[t; f.
n$;tRv m.
n;@I f.
n;s;g[p;k m.

whiteness of nails

loss of sleep

n.

climax

sinus

inflammation of the

tip of the nose

n;s;idvIkr,
n;s;inro/ m.

crookedness of nose,etc.

blocking

of

nose

n;s;rog m.

disease of nose
245

n;s;xoW m.
n;s;s[;v m.
n;s;<@n n.

dryness of nose

nasal discharge

loss of function of

nose

ind[;ityog m.

excessive sleep
ind[;n;x m.

loss of sleep
inmeWoNmeW;itp[vO' c=us(
excessive blinking
inl* m.

cyanosis of lips
iniivk; f.

spitting
in";soCz;ssh m. respiratory obstruction
nIlmeh m.

blue urine
nIilk; f.

blue(black) spots on skin
ne]opdeh m.

smearing of eyes
ne]StB/t; f.

stiffness of eyes

p
pKvxoq m.
pKv; iv$( f.
pKv;xyj; f.
p=v/-p=;`;tp=ht m.
p+mkop m.
p+mx;t m.
p$l m.
pittgudvil m.

pinIk<$k m.
prm;ls m.
pirkitRk; f.
pirPlut; f.

papilloma of skin

excessive lassitude

cutting pain

ripe inflammation

mature faeces
pain in colon

hemiplegia

trichiasis

tinea tarsi

defect of vision

falling of rectal folds

pain during coitus

246

pirv;itRk; f.

paraphimosis

pirxoW m.
pirs[;v m.
pvR.ed m.

drying

excessive discharge

cracking pain in small joints

pvRj( f.
pvRs'koc m.

pain in small joints

pvRStM. m.

contracture in small joints



stiffness

in

small

joints

p;k m.

inflammation,

sup-

puration

p;uLy n.
p;<@ut; f.
p;<@urog m.
p;dkOCz^or, n.

lameness

paleness

anaemia

difficulty

in

lifting

feet
c

p;ddrI f.
p;d.['x m.

cracks in the sole


( )

foot drop (in paralysis)

p;drog m.

disorder of feet
p;dxUl m.

pain in feet
p;dxof m.

swelling in feet
p;dxoW m.

wasting of feet
p;dyqu m.

swelling in feet
p;dsdn n.

malaise in feet
p;dsuPtt;-p;dsuPtI
numbness in feet
p;dSfu$n m.

cracking of feet
p;m; f.
;
pemphigus;
eczema
247

p;Rg[h m.
p;R;vmdR m.
p;ilTy n.
p;W;,gdR. m.
ipCz;s[;v m.
ipi@k; f.
ipi<@koe$n n.
ip;CzdRn n.
ip;jmukvOi f.
ip;p[kop m.
ip;ivdG/dOi$ f.
ip;Ivn n.
ip;oTKlex m.

tightness in sides

pressing pain in sides


n.

greying of hairs

mumps

mucuous discharge

furunculosis

cramps in shanks

bilious vomiting

acute orchitis

vitiation of pitta

day blindness

bilious spitting

excitation

of

pitta

ipipilk;s'cr, n.
ipPlu m.
ipLl m.
ip$meh m.
pItc=us( n.
pIns m.
pu<@rIk m.
puitm;'s m.
puitm;'sip@k; f.
pu]I f.

sensation of ants' crawling

black spot on skin

bleared eyes

chyluria

yellow eye

coryza

a type of leprosy

sloughing of muscle

boils due to sloughing of


muscles

recurrent foetal death

punr;vtRko Jvr" m. relapsing fever


punivRroh m.

regeneration
pur;,o Jvr m.
chronic fever
purIWgN/in";s m. expiration with faecal odor
248

purIWgN?yu;r m.
purIWincy m.

m.

eructation with faecal odor

accumulation

of faeces

pupk m.

pUTyur m.

pUyopm' kfIvn n.

corneal opacity
foetid eructation
spitting of pus like phlegm

pUitvcRSTv n.
pUyrKt m.
pOg[h m.

foetid stool

nasal lupus

painful stiffness in back

pOrog m.
pOxoW m.
pOxUl m.
pO;y;m m.
p*vRiko Jvr" m.

disorder of back

wasting of back

pain in back

stretching of back

p[=epk m.
p[curo;r m.
p[j;gr m.
p[t;mk m.
p[itn;h m.

p[itXy;y m.
p[TyIl; f.
p[du$o v[," m.

forenoon fever

convulsion

excessive eructation

vigilance

vision of darkness

deviation of septum

coryza

(
)

ovaritis

affected

wound

p[.Utmeds( n.
p[mIlk m.

hyperlipidism

sleepiness
249

p[meh m.

conditions

of

polyuria and

p[mehipi@k; m.
p[moh m.

abnormal urine

carbuncle

excessive mental confusion

p[l;p m.

delirium
p[lepJvr m.
hectic fever
p[v;ihk; f.

dysentery
p[vepn n.

excessive trembling
p[s;r,;kun;p[vOi no initiative in extention
and

contraction

p[Sfur, n.
p[s[v, n.
p[;Kcr,; f.

PlIhdoW m.
PlIhodr m.
PloW m.

disorder of spleen

splenomegaly

scorching

quivering

profuse discharge

, vaginal defects caused by



coitus in immature age

f
ifropd'x m.

n.,

syphilis, hard

chancre

b
bgudodr n.

intestinal obstruction

bivNmU] n.

constipated faeces & urine
bodr n.

intestinal obstruction
bl=y-blpir=y- m.
loss of strength
250

blh;in-blp[n;x
blv;n( Jvr" m.
bl;sk m.
biStku<@l m.
biStg[h m.

severe fever
excessive mucus

atony of urinary bladder


blocking in urinary

bladder

biStinleR%n n.

scraping in urinary bladder


biStp;k m.

cystitis

biStxUl m.
bSTy;top m.

pain in urinary bladder

ditention of urinary bladder

bSTy;n;h m.

m. tension in urinary bladder

bStyuplep m.

coating

in

urinary

bladder

bihr;y;m m.

opisthotonus
bihmR;gRgto Jvr" m.
, fever located

in ex-

ternal
passages

bmU]t; f.
bx Tq;n n.
b;i/yR n.
b;lrog m.
b;" s't;p" m.
b;;y;m m.
ib@;ilk; f.

polyuria
frequent motions

deafness

children's disease

external heat
opisthotonus

inflammation of upper

respiratory tract
251

bIjdoW m.
bIjop`;t; f.

genetic defect

damage

to

seeds (sperms &


)

b[?n n.

ovum)

inguinal hernia

.
.gNdr m.
. m.
.uKto ivd;h m.
.uKtStM. m.

fistula in ano

m., n.m.

breaking

burning with acidity of food


stasis

of

ingested

foetus stolen by evil

food

.Utto g.R" m.
spirits

.Ut;i.WJvr m.
.ed m.
.edn n.
.ojnivd;h

tearing

m.

.[m m.
.['x m.
.[UVyud;s m.

fever caused by evil spirits

disintegrating

burning with acidity of food

giddiness

falling, dropping

twisting of eyebrows

m
mLlxUl m.

afterpains

m;`t m.
m;meh m.
m<@lku m.
mmRCzed m.

m.

impacted fracture
albuminuria
a type of leprosy


cutting pain in vital

parts
252

mWk m.
msUirk; f.
m;'sKled m.
m;'sso# m.

mole

chicken pox

moistening of muscles

necrosis

of

muscles

m;'ss'Kled m.

excessive moistening

of

m;imeh m.
mi,ivWr, n.

muscles

reddish urine

sloughing of glans

penis

md m.
md;Tyy m.
m/umeh m.
mn;Stp m.
mn"s'.[m m.
mnoivk;r m.
mnoVy;i/ f.
mNy;g[h m.
mNy;StM. m.

,
m.

narcosis, intoxication

alcoholism

advanced stage of diabetes



mellitus

mental affliction

mental perversion
mental disorder

mental disease

painful stiffness in sterno



mastoid region

n.

stiffness

in

sternomastoid

region

mmRp[/mn n.

injury to vital parts


ml=y m.
mlvOi f.

diminution of excreta

increase of excreta

ml;i/Ky n.

excess of excreta
253

mlo.ed m.
mloTsgR m.
mlp[dUW, n.

disintegration of excreta

elimination of excreta

vitiation of excreta

mlro/ m.

constipation
mlxoW m.

dryness of excreta
mls m.

retention of excreta
mh;ku m.

leprosy
mh;Tyiyk m.
severe emergency
mh;pivspR m.
cellulitis
mh;;s m.

major dyspnea
m;'st;n n.

diphtheria
m;'s;bRud m.

myoma
m;t;iptObIjdoW m. defect of male& female
seeds

m;tOdoW m.
m;dRv m.
muKtn;l m.
mu%dUiWk; f.
mu%p;k m.
mu%p;<@ut; f.
mu%fen;gm m.
mu%m;/uyR n.
mu%xof m.
mu%xoW m.
mu%s[;v m.
mukivWr, n.
mukvOi f.
mUkTv n.

maternal defect

softness of body parts

open anal passage

acne

stomatitis

paleness of face

foaming of mouth

sweetness in mouth

swelling of face

dryness of mouth

salivation

sloughing of scrotum

scrotal enlargement

dumbness
254

mU!g.R m.
mU!v;t m.
mUCz;R f.
mU]kOCz^ m.
mU]=y m.
mU]g[iNq m.
mU]g[h m.
mU]j#r m.
mU]jvOW,vOi f.
mU]vwv;<yR n.
mU]s'=y m.
mU];`;t m.

difficult labor

confounded wind

fainting

dysuria

diminished urine

tumor of urinary bladder


obstruction in urine

distention of bladder
hydrocele
abnormal color of urine
suppression of urine

obstructed

micturi-

tion

mU];itt; f.
mU]p[vOi; f.
mU]oTs m.
mU]*ks;d m.
me!^pk m.

incontinence

non passing of urine

stricture of urethra

nephritis

inflammation of penis

me!^ivWr, n.

sloughing of penis

me!^t;p m.

burning sensation in

penis

me!^xUl m.
med"=y m.
medojmukvOi f.
medovOi f.

pain in penis

diminution of fat

elephantiasis of scrotum

obesity
255

meh m.
moh m.
mwqun;sih,uTv m.

spermatorrhea

mental confusion

( n.

dyspareunia

(wom-

en's sexual
)

mwiNy n.

n.

disorders)
nasal voice

y
yimk; f.

hiccup with double bouts

yoinkNd m.
yoinkkRxt; f.
yoinc;t;lTv n.
yointod m.

yoindoW m.

gynecological disorder

vaginal polypus

vaginal hardness

dilatation of vagina

pricking pain in vagina

yoind*gRN?y n.

foul smell in vagina

yoin.ed m.
yoinmu%xoW m.
yoinvedn n.
yoinVy;pd( f.
yoinxUl m.
yoinsuiPt f.
yoinStM. m.
yoins[;v m.
yoNy;y;s m.

tearing of vagina

dryness of vaginal orifice

pain in vagina

disease of vagina

pain in vagina

numbness in vagina
stiffness of vagina

vaginal discharge

exerted vagina

r
rKtko# m.

red urticarial patches

256

rKtko#;i.invOi f.

appearance

of

red

urticarial

patches

rKtKled m.

moistening of blood
rKt=y m.

loss of blood
rKtguLm m.
/ ovarian/uterine tumor
rKtciNd[kopgmn n.

discharge of lustrous
blood

rKtjvOW,vOi f.
rKtdoW m.
rKtinIv m.
rKtip n.
rKtp[d;r m.
rKtm<@l n.

hematocele

defect of blood

haemoptysis

internal haemorrhage

menorrhasia

haemorrhagic patch-

es

rKtmeh m., rKtmU]t;


haematuria
rKtiv$(t; f.

stool with blood
rKtivSfo$ m.

red eruptions
rKtsy m.

loss of blood
rKt;its;r m.
n.
bloody diarrhea
rKt;buRd m.

cancer
rKt;xR m.

bloody piles
rKtoTKleW m.

excitation of
blood

rjivsgR m.

excessive

flow

of

menstrual

rjon;x m.
rs=y m.
rsp[doW m.

blood

destruction of ovum

diminution of rasa

defect of rasa
257

r;g m.
r;jy+mn( n.
r;}y;N?y n.
j( f.
retomgRj( f.
rogsmUh m.
romhWR m.
rom;iNtk; f.
roihnI f.

redness

phtisis, consumption

night blindness

pain

pain in seminal passage


group of disorders

horripilation

measles

diphteria

l
ll;$.ed m.
lv,;Syt; f.

cracking pain in forehead

saline taste in

mout

l;l;p[sek m.
iln;x m.
ilxwiqLy n.
ilPt;Syt; f.
lomdoW m.
lomp[ptn n.
lohgN?yur m.

salivation
cataract

looseness of penis


n.

coating of mouth
defect of body hairs
falling of body hairs

m.

eructation

with metallic odor

loihtvOi f.

increase of blood

v
v'=,;n;h; f.
v=Stod m.
v=oWR m.
v=opro/ m.
vN?y;Tv n.
vmqu m.

tension in groins

pricking pain in chest

shivering in chest

obstruction in chest

barrenness, sterility

vomitting
258

vcR"=y m.

diminution of faeces

vcR"xoW m.
vcoRgd m.

drying of faeces

disorder of faeces

v,Rpir=y m.

diminution

of

complection

v,Rp[,;x m.
vTmRsoc m.
vTmRStM. m.
vlyIkr, n.

vilp;k m.

loss of complexion

atrophy in eyelids
stiffness in eyelids

gleet

inflammation of rec-

tal folds

vs;meh m.
v;Ks m.
v;tk<$k m.-

chyluria

obstructed speech

vata disorder of the afflu-

ent

v;t%u@(@t; v;tku<@ilk; f.


(
)

v;tjmukvOi f.
v;tpU,RdOitSpxRxoq m. ,

spasmodic stricture
chronic orchitis
swelling in touch like

bladder
, full of air

v;trKt m.

gout
v;tbl;sk-v;trKt

vata disorder of the

affluent

v;tbiSt m.

retention of urine
259

v;tshTv;shTv n.

tolerance

and

intolerance

v;thtvTmRn( m.
v;t;Il; f.

to wind

ptosis

enlargement of pros-

tate gland

v;mnTv n.
v;imnI f.

dwarfism

ejection

of

semen

from

uterus

ivkOitv,R m.

abnormal

complex-

ion

ivcicRk; f.
ivicicRk; f.
ivjOM.k m.
ivjOiM.k; f.
iv@(.ed m.
ivi@(v`;t m.

eczema

skin disorders

excessive yawning

umbilical hernia

breaking of faeces

vesico

intestinal fistula

iv<mU]gN/zidR m.

vomitting

with

faecal&

urinic
m.

odor

ivd;irk; f.

inflammation of inguinal or

axillary glands

ivd;h m.
ivd[i/ m.
iv m.
ivnt; f.
ivn;imk; f.
ivp;idk; f.

hyperacidity

abscess

stab

a type of carbuncle

depressed umbilicus

rhagades
260

ivbo;r m.
ivbN/ m.
iv.['x m.
iv.[;NtdOi$k m.
ivmgRgmn n.

obstructed eructation

constipation

displacement

perverted vision


flowing in a wrong

direction

ivyoingN/ m.

smell

without

apparent

ivrekvwWMy n.

source

irregularity of

contrary

purgation

ivlomv;t m.
movement of vata

ivv,Rt;
ivvOt;SyTv n.

loss of complexion

m. lockjaw with open

mouth

iv;cI f.
ivWpIt m.
ivWmJvr m.

radioulnar paralysis

intake of poison

ivW;d m.
ivyNdn n.
ivs'D;t; f.

ivspR m.
ivsUick; f.
ivSfo$k m.

erysipelas

choleric abdomen, cholera

vOikd'x m.
vOW,xUl m.
vOW,;=ep m.

intermittent fever

severe malaise
oozing

unconsciousness

, eruptive boils


scorpion bite
pain in testicles

twitching in testicles
261

vepqu m., vepn n.


ve$n n.
vwicTy n.

trembling

twisting

vwSvyR n.
n.
Vyq; f.

pain
Vy n.

VyStdOi$k' c=us( n.

mental distraction
abnormal voice
freckle
deranged

vi-

sion

Vy;ivSpNdn n.

Vy;s m.
v[, m.
v[,dui$ f.
v[,s[;v m.
v[,;s'roh, n.

irregular twitchings

division

wound

defect of wound

wound discharge

non

healing

of

wound

x
x;ivW m.
xk m.
xinStod m.

suspicion of poisoning

disease of temples

pricking pain in tem-

ples

x.ed m.
xt; m.
xnwmeRh m.
xBd;shTv n.
xr;ivk; f.
xrIrd*gRN?y n.
xrIrm;/uyR n.
xrIrsdn n.

tearing pain in temples

rupia

passing urine slowly



intolerance to sound

a type of carbuncle

foul smell in body

hyperglycaemia

malaise
262

xkRr; f.

gravels
x;%;v;t-x;%;inl m.
vata in extremities
x;lUk m.

tonsillitis
x;rIrv[, m.

idiopathic ulcer

ixr"kMp m.

trembling of head
ixr"pirpU,RTv n. fullness of head
ixr"xUNyt; f.

vacantness of head
ixr"xUl m.

headache
ixrog*rv m.

heaviness in head
ixrog[h m.

stiffness in head
ixroTp;t m.

pannus
ixroi.`;t m.

injury to head
ixro.[m m.

dizziness
ixrorog m.

cranial disorder
ixrolo#n n.
frequent turning of head
ixroxUl m., ixroj(
headache
ixro<@n n.

loss of movement in head

xItk-xItJvr m.
rigor
xItip@k; f.

allergic eruption
xItip; n.

urticaria
xItmeh m.

passing sweet&cold
urine

xItv;irtWR m.
xItv;ttWR m.

thirst for cold water

thirst for cold

breeze

xItSpxR;vedn n.

loss of sensation of

cold touch

263

xIt;iGnt; f.
xIt;d m.
xIt;i.nNdt; f.
xIt;shTv n.
xuKtTv n.
xuKtp;k m.

extinguished fire

sponged gums

liking for cold

intolerance to cold

acidity

acidity during digestion

xuKt;MlgN/rsor m.

eructation with the

smell&taste

of sour vinegar

xu=y m.

loss of semen
xui=p[mo= m. quick discharge of semen
xudoW m.

defect of semen
xun;x m.

destruction of semen
xupir=y m.

loss of semen
xubN/ m.
non ejection of semen
xum;gRxoi,tp[vtRn hemorrhage in seminal passage

xumeh m.

passing urine semen

m.

mixed with semen

discharge of semen

like or

xumo= m.
xuivkOit f.
xuivsgR m.
xuStM. m.
xuKlmeh m.
xuKlv,R m.
xukk;s m.
xuk;i=p;k m.
xuk;xR m.

defect of semen
seminal discharge
retention of semen

passing white urine



white complexion
dry cough

xerophtalmia

dry piles
264

xukzidR f.
xUl m.
xefStM. m.
xwTy n.
xwiqLy n.
xoi,tguLm m.

dry vomitting

pain

stiffness of penis
cold

loosness of joints
n.

lump of accu-

mulated menstrual

xoi,tsy m.
xoq m.
xof m.
xoW m.
Xy;vt; f.
Xy;vdNt m.
Xy;vv,R m.
m m.
oi,.ed m.
Xl+,g<@Tv n.
iXlpd m.
Xlemivk;r m.
XlemzdRn n.

blood

accumulation of blood

inflammation

ascitis

dryness

blackishness

necrosed tooth

blackish complexion

exhaustion
tearing pain in pelvis

smooth cheeks
elephantiasis

disorder of kapha

vomitting

of

phlegm

Xlemp[sek m.

excessive mucus se-

cretion

XlemivdG/dOi$ f.
Xlemoir, n.
yqu m.
;s m.
i] m.
etp[dr m.

nyctalopia

expectoration
swelling

dyspnea

leucoderma

leucorea
265

W
W<!I f.
Ivn n.

sterile woman

spitting

s
s'D;p[n;x m.
s'tpRn n.
s'Ny;s m.
spur, n.
s'vOtvK]t; f.

loss of consciousness

saturation

coma

excessive saturation

m. lockjaw with closed

mouth

siKqs;d m.

malaise in legs
soc m.

contracture
socn n.
,
contraction
soc;y;ml=," p;RxUl m. chest pain with constriction and

s m.
sh m.
sciNd[k;zidR f.

expansion
retention

accumulation

n.

vomit with moon

like lustre

sttJvr m.
svpirPlv m.
sov[, m.
sNt;ndoW m.
sNt;p m.
siN/Kledn n.
siN/Cyvn n.

continuous fever

psychic agitation

traumatic wound

genetic disorders

pyrexia
moistening of joints
drooping

of

joints

siN/.['s m.

dropping of joints
266

siN/ivXleW m.
siN/xwiqLy n.
siN/s'koc m.
siN/Sfu$n n.
siN/s['s m.
sip;tJvr m.
sigud m.

dislocation of joints

looseness of joints

ankylosis in joints

bursting of joints
displacement of joints

typhoid fever

stricture of the rec-

tum

srKtmU]Tv n.

passing urine

with blood

spRd'x m.
svRrsgOi f.
svR;rog m.
s;Nd[meh m.
s;Nd[p[s;dmeh m.
s;Nd[mU]t; f.
iskt;meh m.

snake bite

longing for all tastes

generalized vata disorder

phosphaturia


m.

mild phosphaturia
urine with sediments

m.

passing grav-

els in urine

isr;kun n.

isr;g[iNq m.

nodular growth in blood



vessels

isr;tnuTv n.

thinness of blood vessels

isr;y;m m.

dilatation of blood vessels

isr;soc m.

constriction in blood vessels

constriction in blood

vessels

isr;StM. m.

stiffness in blood vessels

267

isr;Sfur, n.

twitching in blood

vessels

suPtijt; f.
suPt;t; f.
suiPt f.
sUicmu%I f.

numbness in tongue

numbness in body parts

numbness

narrow vaginal open-

ing

sUitk;Jvr m.
s*ihTy;shTv n.

n.

puerperal fever

intolerance to food satura-

tion

SkN/g[h m.

painful stiffness in shoul-

ders

SkN/. m.
Stnj( f.
StNy=y m.
StNydoW m.
StNYoTqJvr m.

breaking pain in shoulders

breast pain

loss of breast milk


defect of breast milk

fever of lacta-

tion

StB/g;]Tv n.
stiffness of body
StB/t; ,StM.n n.

stiffness
Sq*Ly n.

obesity
Sn;yuk m.

guinea worm
Sn;yus'Kled m.

moistening

of liga-

ments

Sn;yusoc m.

contracture of liga-

ments

SnehVy;pi f.

disorder of li-

pid metabolism

268

SpxR;DTv n.
SpxR;sh m.

loss of sensation of touch


tenderness

Sfu$n n.
Sfur, n.
Sfo$ m.
SmOitp[moh m.
s['s m.
s[;v m.
s[ot"Kledn n.

bursting

quickening

boil

confused memory

displacement

discharge

moistening of

channels

s[ot"p;k m.

inflammation

of

channels

s[otodUW, n.
s[oto/ m.

morbidity of channels

obstruction in chan-

nels

SvgN/;shTv n.

intolerance to own smell


Svr%ukuRr;yn n.
Svrd*bRLy n.
Svrp[n;x m.
Sved;nubN/ m.

hoarseness of voice

n.

weak voice

loss of voice

constant sweating

h
hnug[h m.
hNvp[isi f.

tetanus

loss of function in

jaws

hirlom m.
hWR m.
hStmwqun n.
hiStmeh m.

greying of body hairs

exhilaration

, m.

masturbation, onanism

incontinence of urine
269

h;ird[mU]Tv n.

deep yellow

passing deep yellow

urine

h;irdmeh m.
urine

h;ird[vcRSTv n.
ih; f.
Tk<#d;h m.

deep yellow faeces


hiccup

burning sensa-

tion in cardiac

region and throat

;ms( n.

darkness in heart
dyg[h m.

stiffness in heart
dyd[v m.

tachycardia
dyp[lep-dyoplep m.
coating in heart
dyVyq; f.

cardiac pain
dyxUNyt; f.

vacantness of heart
dySpNdn n.

palpitation of
heart

dy;pktR m.
dy;xui m.
dyopxoW, n.
dyopsr, n.

cardiac distress

impurity of heart

dryness of heart

dilatation

of

heart

dupdeh m.

smearing in heart

d(`n n.

valvular defects of

heart

d(d;h m.

n.

burning sensation in

cardiac

d(d[v m.

region

tachycardia
270

id(ng[h m.
d[og m.

heart block

heart disease

Nmoh m.

Ll;s m.
Svp[;s m.

cardiac dysfunction
nausea


..............

short inspiration

icikTs;

10. THERAPEUTICS

a
a+yn n.

application

of

collyrium
to eyes

an n.
agd m.
agd/;r, n.

collyrium

antidote

wearing

of

antipoison

aiGnkmRn( c, aiGnd;h m.
ajicikTs; f.

drugs
cauterization
treatment

using

goat

aj;t;nuTpi f.
aityog m.
anutWRp;n n.

prevention

excessive use

intake of fluid

in thirst

anup;n n.

vehicle following a

afterpaste

drug

anulepn n.
anuv;sn n.

unctuous

en-

parasurgical

ema

anuxS] n.
measures

271

aNt"pirmjRn n.

internal

cleansing

a;vg[h-a;vpIi@t m.
amid meal
apkWR, n.
, , extraction

aptpR, n.
apun.Rv m.
a.eWj m.
ai.p[o=, n.

desaturation

non relapse

non remedy

sponging

a>y m., a>yn n. f.


ayog m.

massage
negation

of

application

air$bN/n n.

binding tour-

niquet

ak;Ri.t;pn n.

expo-

sure to sun

alv,;h;r m.
avg;h m.
avcU,Rn n.

salt free diet

dipping in water

application as pow-

der

avpI@n n.
avbo/n n.

hard pressing

arousing

rubbing the site in

conscious-

ness

avm;jRn n.
reverse

avro/n n.

direction
confinement

272

avsecn n.

draining

out

blood

avSq;Ntr m.

conditional

variations

aivicikTs; f.
aicikTs; f.

treatment of sheep
treatment

of

horse

asMyKp[yog m.

improper

sun

administration

a;t;p m.
a;TmguPt;v`WR m.

rubbing

the

hairy

fruits of

a;Tyiyk' kmRn( n.
a;>yNtro .eWj" m.

kapikacchu
emergent measure
internal remedy

a;>yNtr' rop,m( n.
a;>yNtr' xo/nm( n.

internal healing
internal

cleansing

a;roGy n.

freedom from

disease

a;lepn n.
a;XCyotn n.

application of paste

applica-

tion of drops

a;;sn n.
a;Sq;pn n.

consoling

non unctuous ene-

extractable

ma

a;h;yR

E
EW, n.

probing
273


TktRn n.
;rbiSt m.

cutting

urethral/vaginal

douche

Tq;pn n.
Ts;dn n.
dr;ve$n n.
d;vtRhr' kmRn( n.

recovery

anointing

bandaging the abdomen

measure

alleviating

udavarta

d(`WR, n.
r, n.
tRn n.
e$n n.
;yR
NmdRn n.
p/;n n.

rubbing

excision

anointing

twisting

excisable

kneading

medication

on

in-

cised scalp

pn;h m.
plepn n.
pv;s m.
pxmnIy n.
pSpxRn n.
p;y m.
.yto.;rg m.

pasting

fasting

pacifactory measure

ablution

measure

nating by emesis and pur


Lle%n n.

poultice

elimi-

gation
emesis
274

$^icikTs; f.

treatment

of

camels

?vRj]uk' kmRn( n. ,

therapeutic

measure appli

cable in supra-

clavicular disorders

E
Er<@p]bN/n n.
EW, n.

binding with castor


leaves

probing

ao
aoWi//;r, n.

wearing herbs

a*
a*W/ m.
a*W/p;n n.
a*W/iv.['x m.

medicament

potion


expulsion of the drug

k
k<#ro/n n.
pressing on throat
kf;m;xyxo/n n. cleansing the seat of
kapha

k,RtpR, n.
k,Rtwl n.
ktRn n.
kmRbiSt m.
ki,Rk;p;tn n.
kWR, n.
kvlg[h m.

and ama

saturating the ears

oiling the ears

cutting

a course of enema

felling a sting

reducing

gargle
275

kvilk;bN/ m.
k;kpdkr, n.
k;lbiSt m.
kuixk;bN/ m.

, f.

bandage

incising the scalp

a course of enema

bandaging

with

splint

kexlomlun n.

plucking the hairs of head


and body

iy;pq m.
=p, n.
=;rkmRn( n.
=;rd;h m.
=;rinp;tn n.

ways of treatment

diminishing measure

treatment with alkali

cauterization with alkali

application of

alkali

=;rsU] n.

, thread impregnated with

alkali

=;r;gd m.
=IrbiSt m.
=Ir.ojn n.
=*d[d;h m.

alkaline antipoison

milk enema

milk diet

m.

cauterization

with

honey

g
gjicikTs; f.
g<@UW m.
g.Rkoxu f.
g.Rm;gRSnehn n.

treatment of elephants

gargle

cleansing of uterus

oleation of the pas-

sage for

g.RSq;nSnehn n.

foetus

n.

oleation of the seat of

foetus

gudp[=;ln n.

washing the anus


276

gudp[its;r, n.
gudlep m.
guLm.edn n.

application on anus
pasting on anus

breaking

the

abdominal

lump

goicikTs; f.
gomy`WR, n.

treatment of cow

rubbing

with

cowdung

`
`Otd;h m.

cauterization with ghee

c
c=uStpR, n.
cNdnlepn n.
icikTs; f.
icikTs;p[;.Ot

saturating the eyes

pasting of sandal

treatment

well

equipped

icikiTst n.
celg[;h, n.
cUW, n.

therapeutics

(
putting (inside vagina) cloth
)
piece (soaked with drug )
( m.)

sucking

z
zedn n.

excision

j
jr;yup[p;tn n.

expelling

the

placenta

j;gr,
n.
j;tivinvOi f.

keeping vigils

alleviation of a born

disorder
277

jeNt;kSved m.

chamber heating

t
tjRn n.
tpR, n.
t;@n n.
todn n.
it+,*W/vjRnIy

terrorizing

saturation

beating

pricking
for whom drastic measures
are contraindicated

twld;h m.

cauterization with oil


twl;>y n.

m.

massage with oil

];sn n.

frightening

d
d'xzedn n.
duiikTSy
dehs'vejn

excision of the bite

curable with difficulty

agitating the body

doW/;tuKledivxoW, absorbing

the

fluid

of

doshas

doWp[ivlyn n.
doWhr, n.
doW;nukWR,I f.
dwvVyp;y m.
/mnIbN/ m.

and dhatus
liquifying the doshas
eliminating the doshas

extracting the doshas

spiritual therapy

ligating

the

blood

vessels

/;vn n.
/Upn n.

running

fumigation
278

/Ump;n n.

smoking

n
n%;NtrpI@; f.
nSy n.
n;@ISved m.
ind;nvjRn n.

producing pain in nail bed



snuffing

tube fomentation

avoiding

the

etiological factors

inimivprIt

contrary to etiology

inyu n.
inr;b
invR;p,
inv;t
inpI@n

wrestling

without any obstacle

n.

removing heat

windless

compression

p
pkmRn( n.
pbN/ m.
p]z;dn n.
pirCz;d m.
pirmdRn n.
pirsr, n.
pirWek m.
pirh;r m.
pirh;rk;l m.

panchakarma

scarf bandage

covering with leaves

accessories

compression

cyclic movements

sprinkling

restriction
period of re-

striction

p;cn n.
p;$n n.

, ripening, digestive measures


incision
279

p;d;>y m.

massage of feet
p;n n.

potion
ipcu m.

swab, tampon
ipcug[;hn-ipcup[,yn
tamponing
ipCz;biSt m.

slimy enema
ipi<@kopn;h m. bolus fomentation
ipp;s; f.

thirst
ipipilk;d'xn n.
biting by ants
punnRvkirn(

refreshing
p*vR.iKtk

before meal
p[kOit.ojn n.

normal diet
p[kOitl;. m.

normalization
p[kOitiv`;t m.
destruction of causative source

p[Czn n.

p[Cz;dn n.
p[t;pn n.
p[itkmRn( n.
p[itkmRk;l m.
p[itk;r m.
p[itmWR m.
p[itivW m.
p[its;r, n.
p[deh m.
p[pI@n n.
p[m;jRn n.
p[yogs*v m.

covering

exposing to heat

treatment

period of treatment

counteraction

nasal smearing

antidote
local application

scarifying

unctuous paste
compression

cleansing
proper

administra-

tion
280

p[lep m.
p[lepn n.
p[StrSvedn n.

paste

application of paste

bed fomentation

b
bN/ m.
bN/n n.
bll;. m.
biSt m.
biStkmRn( n.
bih"pirm;jRn n.
bihSpxRn n.

bandage

bandaging

regaining strength

enema

administration of enema

external cleansing

exposure to external contact

b;; iy;

external measures
b;" icikiTst" m.

b;' rop,m( n.

external treatment
external heal-

ing

b;' xo/nm( n.
ib@;lk n.

buis'vejn n.
bO'h, n.

external cleansing
paste applied on eye lid

agitating intellect
()

increasing

(body)weight

.
.y m.

.;ivt=*mp/;r,

fear
application

of

im-

pregnated

i.Wj( m.
.eWj m.

flaxen cloth

physician

remedy

m
m;d;h m.

m.

cauterization by marrow
281

m/UiCz$d;h m.

m. cauterization by bee wax

m;n"p[s;d m.
m;n"s'=o. m.
m;n"s'vejn n.

clarity of mind

mental excitement

agitating

the

mind

m;n"sm;i/ m.

mental

concentration

mN] m.

incantation of man-

pressing

tra

mdRn n.
m;];p[m;, n.
m;t m.
mu%/;vn n.
mu%lep m.
mU/Rtwl n.
mU/Rp[lepn n.
mOts'jIvn n.
m*n n.

measuring of dose

wind

washing the mouth


paste on face
oil on head

application of paste on head

revivation

observing silence

y
yog m.
yogbiSt m.
yoin/;vn n.
yoinlepn n.

application
a course of enema

vaginal wash

application of paste in vagi-

na

r
rKtmo=, n.

blood letting
282

rog;pun.Rv m.

non

relapse

of disorder

l
lGvxn n.
ln n.
lep m.
ll;$lep m.
leh m.
lohd;h m.
l*hp[yog m.

light diet

lightening

paste

paste on head

tinctus

cauterization with iron

use of metal

v
v/ m.
vmn n.
v,Rl;. m.
vitR f.
viRp[i,/;n n.

strike
emesis

regaining complexion

stick

application of sup-

m.

cauterization with fat

pacifying disorder

pository

vs;d;h m.
ivk;rp[xmn n.
iv`n n.
iv];sn n.
ivn;mn n.
ivp;$n n.
ivrecn n.
ivlyn n.
ivlepn n.
ivm m.
ivSm;pn n.
ivSm;r, n.

rubbing with brush

terrorizing

bending

incision

purgation

compression

pasting

rest

creating surprises

wiping out of memory


283

ivs[;v, n.
Vy;y;mvjRn n.

draining

avoiding physical ex-

ertion

Vy;pt( f.
Vy;y;m m.

complication

physical exertion

x
xmn n.
xrd;h m.

pacification

m.

cauterization

by

(iron) arrow

xS]kmRn( n.

surgical operation

xS]d;h m.
xS]p[i,/;n n.

m.

cauterization by weapon

surgical opera-

tion

ixrobiSt m.
ixrolep m.

m.

head pouch

pasting the head

xIWRivrecn n.
xo/n n.
xItIkr, n.

head evacuation

cleansing

refrigeration

s
s'tpR, n.
s'v;hn n.
s'xui f.
srSved m.
s'D;p[bo/n n.

saturation

gentle pressing

elimination therapy

bolus fomentation
arousing

consciousness

s'D;s'Sq;pn n.

resuscitative

284

s'sjRnm m.

m.

dietetic

psychotherapy

regimen

sv;vjy n.
sO; n.
sMyKp[yog m.

noble behavior
proper

administration

sipR"p;n n.
s;TMy
s;/n n.
s;NTvn n.
isi f.
sek m.
isr;kmRn( n.
sUicto@n n.

intake of ghee

suitable

management

consoling

( )

success (in treatment)

sprinkling
venesection

pricking with a nee-

dle

sUcIrKts[;v, n.
StM.n n.
Sq;nsmn n.
Sn;n n.
Snehp;n n.

blood letting with a needle


,

checking

replacement

bath

intake of unctuous

substance

Snehn n.

unction

Snehipcu m.
SnehbiSt m.
Snehiv.[m m.

unctuous tampon

unctuous enema

faulty application of

iSnG/otRn n.
iSnG/flvitR f.
Sm;r, n.

unctuous substance

unctuous anointing

unctuous supposition

producing memory
285

s['sn n.
s[;v, n.
s[otoivbN/mo= m.
SvymvSq;n n.
SvSqvO n.
SvSqvO;nuvOi f.

purgation

draining

removing obstruction in
channels

automatic stoppage

code of conduct for health

observance of code of con-

duct

Sv;SQyr=, n.

for health

preservation

of health

Svedp[;du.Rv m.
Svedn n.

appearance of sweat
fomentation

h
hWR, n.
hemd;h m.
dy;vr, n.

exhilaration

cauterization

protection of heart

286

C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.
11.
12.
13. .
14.
15. ( )
16.
17.
18. ,
19.
20.


21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.

-- , (
5000 )
1.
2.
3.
4.
287

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

()

10.

288

:
1. Dr. David Frawley, Dr. Vasant Lad.The The Yoga of Herbs, Lotus Press,
Wisconsin, USA, 1992.
2. . . . - . . ,
, 1996.
3. Fundamentals On Ayurveda. A collection of views and reports. Delhi,
1989.
4. mh;iWRvedivD;niv;pI#m( )p[veixk; k=; )mhiWRD;nyugIy' s'01994.
5. crks'iht;sU]Sq;nm( ) Chaukhamba Orientalia Press, Varanasi, 1983.
6. m/uind;nm( ) Chaukhamba Orientalia Press, Varanasi, 1982.
7. {Vygu,vD;nm( ) Chaukhamba Orientalia Press, Varanasi, 1990.
:

289

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