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22
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1)
2)
3)
4)

1
2
3

3
4-20
21-29
30-42



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,
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,

1 (2 )
, ,
, ,
, .

.
y=kx+b, x y
, k b ;
ax2+bx+c=0, x - a, b, c,
- .
,
.

1. 5

:
1) <0, >0, 5a<0,
>5a
2) =0, =0, 5=0,
=5
3) >0, <0, 5a>0,
<5a.
: a<0, >5a
=0, =5
>0, <5a.

2. =2
:
1) =0, 0=2,

2
2) 0, = a
: =0,

2
0, = a

3
(2-9)=+3
:
1) =3, 0=6,

2) =-3, 0=0, R
a3
3) 3, 2-90, x 2

a 9

1
x
a 3

: =3,

=-3, x R
1
3, x

a 3

4 : <7
:
7
1) a>0, x
a
7
x

2) <0,
a
3) =0, 0 x 7 -
xR
7
: >0, <
a
7
x

<0,
a

=0, x R

xa
0
x3

xa
0
x3

x a 0, x a,

x 3 0
x 3.

: =-3,
-3, =.

6
(a 1) x 2 x 1 a 0
2

:
1) =-1, -2+1+1=0; =1

1 a
2) -1, =1 x
a 1

: =-1, =1
1 a
-1, =1 x

a 1

7
x b ( x 4) 0
:
x b 0
x b
x b, b

x b ( x 4) 0 x 4 0, x 4, x 4, b 4.

x b 0
x b

: b<-4, x=-4 x=b

b=-4, x=-4

b>-4, x=b.

8
x 2 1 a( x 1) 0

a ( x 1) 0,
a ( x 1) 0,
x 1 0,

x 1,
x 1 0
a( x 1) 0
x 1.

x 2 1 a( x 1) 0

1) 0, =1

2) =0, x R =1 =-1

: 0, =1
=0, =1

9
(1 b 2 ) x 2 2bx 1 0.
:
1
1) a) b=1, 2 x 1 0; x
2

1
) b=-1, 2 x 1 0; x
2.
2) b1,

D
b 2 (1 b 2 ) 2b 2 1
4
1

D
2
2
0 2b 1 0
,
4
b 1

2
1

b
0 b (1;1)
a)

D
1
1
0 b (;
)(
; )
4
2
2
2

b 2b 2 1

2
b

1
x ;
;

2
2

1 b
1 b

D
2
0
4
b 1

xR

D
1 1
0 b (
;
) xR
4
2 2

) 1 b 0 b (;1) (1; )
, b (; 1 ) ( 1 ; ) D 0,
2

b 2b 2 1 b 2b 2 1
;

x
2
2
1 b
1 b

1
: b=1, x ;
2

b=-1, x ;
2

b 2b 2 1 b 2b 2 1
;
b (;1) (1; ) x

2
2
1 b
1 b

1
1
) ( ;1)
b (1;
2
2
2

b 2b 2 1

2
b

1
x ;
;

2
2

b
1

1 1
b


2 ; 2 x R

.
-
, .

102

ax x 3 0
?

:
1) =0, =3
2) 0,
D=0
D=1-12a
1
D 0 1 12a 0 a
12

1
: =0 =
12

11

(a 2) x 2 (4 2a) x 3 0

:
1) =2,
2) 2,
D=0
D
(2 a) 2 (a 2)3 a 2 7a 10
4
a 5
D
2
0 a 7a 10 0
4
a 2

: =5

1)

a 3 5 3a
ax 3

2
x 1 x 2 x x 2
(x

14 a
2
2 18
18
a (;6) (6; ) ( ; ) ( ; ))
3a 2
3
3 7
7

2) :
xa
a) 2
0
x 4x 3

( =1 =3 ; 1 3 =)

) x 2 0
xa

( =-2 ; -2 =2)
3)

x 3 x a( x 3 x)
( a (1;1))

2 (2 )


.

.

12 ,

2
5(4 a) x 10 x a 0 :

1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) .

:
1)
, D>0.

4 a 0,
a 4,
4 a 0,
a 4,

a (1;4) (4;5)
D

25 5a(4 a) 0 a 4a 5 0 a (1;5)
4 0

2) ) =4, x

2
3

)
a 4,
a 4,
a 4,
2

a (;1] [5; )

D 0
a (;1] [5; )
a 4a 5 0

2
3) ax bx c 0
c
, 0
a
a
0 a (0;4)
5(4 a )

4) ax bx c 0
,
2

D 0,
4 a 0,

c
0,
a
b
0
a

4 a 0,
2
a [1;5],
a 4a 5 0,
a 4,
a

a [1;0)

0
,

5(4 a)
a (;0) (4; ),
10
a 4
0

5(4 a)

.
I
1.
x 2 (2a 1) x 2a 0

:
.. 0, =1 =2
: 1; 2.
2. b ?
b .

3x 2 bx 12 0
:

, D=0

D b 2 144
b 12,
D 0 b 144 0
b 12
2

12

; x 2
1) b=12, x
6

12
2) b=-12, x ; x 2
6

: b=12 x=-2

b=-12 x=2.

3. :

( x 2 4)( x b) 0.
:

( x 2 4)( x b) 0 ( x 2)( x 2)( x b) 0


,

f(x)= ( x 2)(x 2)(x b) ,


R, 2, -2, b
:
1) b 2

x [b;2] [2; )

2) -2<b<2

x [2; b] [2; )

3) b 2

x [2;2] [b; )
: b 2 x [b;2] [2; )
-2<b<2, x [2; b] [2; )
b 2 x [2;2] [b; )

II
I.
1. x 2 (3a 1) x 3a 0
: -1; 3.
2. 5x 2 bx 20 0
: b=20 x=-2

b=-20 x=2.
2
(
x
1)( x a) 0
3.
: a 1, x (; a] [1;1]

-1<a<1, x (;1] [a;1]

a 1, x (; ;1] [1; a]

3 (2 )

1. p,
2
7 4 cos x p(1 tg x)
.
:
2

cos
x 0,

2
7 4 cos x p(1 tg x)
7 cos2 x 4 cos3 x p.

cos2 x 0,
a 0,

cos
x

a
,

1 a 1,
7a 2 4a 3 p;7a 2 4a 3 p.

2
3
7
a

4
a
,
f(a)=

[-1;0)U(0;1] .
f(-1)=11; f(1)=3; a 0 f (a) 0
2
f (a)= 14 a 12 a ;

a 0,
2
f (a)=0 14a 12a 0 2a(7 6a) 0
a 7
6

.. 0 D( f ); 7 D( f ) ,
6
E(f)=(0;11].

7a 4a p,
,
, p (0;11].
2

: (0;11]

2. ,

y (( a )2 x 10 ( x 2 x )2 a3 x5 x logx a (a 2 )log2 16 )0,5


:
.
( a ) 2 x 10 ( x 2 x ) 2 a 3 x5 x log x a (a 2 )log 2 16 0,

D(y): x 0,
x 1.

:
( a ) 2 x 10 ( x 2 x ) 2 a 3 x 5 x log x a (a 2 ) log 2 16 0

a a x a x a a 0;
x

a 5 (a x a 3 ) x 5 (a x a 3 ) 0;
(a x a 3 )( a 5 x 5 ) 0;

a x a 3 0,
5
5

x
0;

x
3

a
0,

a 5 x 5 0;

a
x
a

a3 ,
x5 ;
a3 ,
x5 ;

a x a 3 ,

a x;
x
3

a
,

a x.

1) 0<a<1,

x 3,

a x;
x 3,

a x;

x a,
x 3;

x (0; a) (3; ).

2) >1,
x 3,

a x;
x 3,

a x;

3 x a,
a x 3;

x (3; a).

, a (10;11].
: (10;11]

3. ,

2
4a
a 8a
x( x 2a 4)
x
2

- 2,
3
:
4a 2
a 8a
x( x 2a 4)
x
2

4a 2
ax 2 8ax 4a 2 x 3 2a 2 x 2 4 x 2
2
2
a 8a
x 2a x 4 x 0
0
x
x
a 2 ( x 4) 2ax( x 4) x 2 ( x 4)
( x 4)( x a ) 2

0
0.
x
x
2

2
f ( x) ( x 4)( x a) R\{0},
4, : x
1) a 0

x (0;4) - 3,

.
2) 0<a<4

x (0; a) (a;4)
,
, :

a 1,

a 2;
a 2,

a 3;
.. a [1;2) (2;3]
3) a 4

x (0;4) - 1)

: [1;2) (2;3]

4. p,

(2 p 3) x ( p 3) x 1 0
2

,

2x 1
1

21 p
x3 3

:
1)

2x 1

21 p

1
x3 3

2
x 3 =t, t 0 2 x 1 2t 7

2t 2 7
1

;
21 p t 3
2t 3 6t 2 7t 21 21 p;
2t 3 6t 2 7t p.
3
2
f (t ) 2t 6t 7t :
D(f)=[0;),
2
f(t)=0 t (2t 6t 7) 0 t=0.

E(f)=(-;0]
2
f(t)= 6t 12t 7 f(t)<0 f

f (t ) 2t 3 6t 2 7t y=p
, ..

2t 6t 7t p
3

2x 1

21 p

p 0.

1
x3 3

2
(
2
p

3
)
x
( p 3) x 1 0
2) p

:
3
2
) 2p+3=0 ( p ), x p 3 -
2
3
2
.
2
) 2 p 3 0, (2 p 3) x ( p 3) x 1 0
D=0.

D ( p 3) 2 4(2 p 3) p 2 2 p 3.
p 1,
D=0 p 2 p 3 0 p 3.

, (2 p 3) x 2 ( p 3) x 1 0
3

1
;
3

.
2

2x 1

21 p

1
x3 3

p 0,

2x 1
1
3

.. p p=-1 21 p

3
2
2
(2 p 3) x ( p 3) x 1 0 ,

, .
: 3 ; -1
2