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Project : AGRICULTURE BANK AL EHSAA

HYDRAULIC CALCULATION
FOR

CHILLED WATER PUMPS


TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD

SUPPLIER

LAMAH EST.
P.O. BOX : 4814 RIYADH 11412 KSA
TEL: 01- 4915826 FAX : 01- 4915927

Project : AGRICULTURE BANK AL EHSAA


HASSA

RE Reynolds number

F Liner loss factor

Loss m per 100 m

dh(1) Liner loss

dh(2) Local loss

DH Total loss

Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

For CHILLED WATER PUMPS

V Mean Velocity

COLBROOK Formula

GH Static heal

(1)

Total local factors

Head loss calculation using

1/1

m/s

1/1

1/1

GI

102

0.1

340

21.4

4"

GI

102

0.1

340

21.4

C-G

6"

GI

154

18

0.1

680

42.8

G-I

3"

GI

77.9

21

0.1

155

9.77

I-J

1 1/4"

GI

35.1

0.1

25

1.58

J-K

1 1/4"

GI

35.1

20.5

0.1

25

1.58

K-L

1 1/4"

GI

35.1

10.2

0.1

25

1.58

L - FCU

1/2"

GI

15.8

17

0.1

0.25

98

1.0 discharge outlet

2.0 Strainer

4"

B-C

TOTAL

A-B

0.5 reducer

0.9 tee

l/s

0.3 elbow ( 90 leg.)

GPM

0.2 elbow ( 45 leg.)

mm

2.0 check valve

K Pipe roughness

8.0 Globe valve

L Pipe length

mm

0.2 Flexible

ID Pipe Inner diameter

DN

0.2 gate valve

DN Nominal diameter

no.

Q Flow rate

no. part of pipe

Local factors of fittings

5.4

2.60806 266700.48 0.02061 6.99 0.07

1.87

1.94 1.94

1.1

2.60806 266700.48 0.02061 6.99 0.28

0.38

0.66 0.66

2.7

2.29756 354008.19 0.01882 3.29 0.59

0.73

1.32 1.32

2.04779 159563.45 0.02233 6.13 1.29

0.43

1.71 1.71

1.1

1.62956 57165.116 0.02802 10.8 0.65

0.15

0.8

0.3

1.62956 57165.116 0.02802 10.8 2.22

0.04

2.26 2.26

0.9

1.62956 57165.116 0.02802 10.8

1.1

0.12

1.22 1.22

11.4

1.29181 20358.906 0.03621 19.5 3.32

0.97

4.29 4.29

10

1
3
1

1
1
1

Pressure drop in chiller

10.00 m

Pressure drop in FCU

1.32 m

two way valve loss

1.00 m

total friction loss

14.21 m

Total dynamic head supply

26.53 m

Total dynamic head return

26.53 m

20% =

10.61 m

63.66 m

Safty factor
total dynamic head

14

0.8

14.21

Accumulative Pressure
m
1.942
2.603
3.921
5.635
6.432
8.689
9.914
14.21
14.21

CHILLED WATER PUMPS

Project : AGRICULTURE BANK AL EHSAA

Page ( 1 )

Head Loss Calculations:


The total friction loss Hs Consist of:
Hs

Hs1 + Hs2

Where:

Hs1
Hs2

. (1)
: Friction loss Inside pipes
: Friction loss inside fittings

Linear friction loss equation:


Hs =

J . L ... .... (2)

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) .... (3)
Where:

J
L
l
V
g
D

: linear loss factor


: length Of the pipe (m.)
: friction loss factor (COLBROOK-WHITE formula)
: velocity of water (m/s)
: gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

COLBROOK WHITE formula:.. ( 4 )


1
sqr(l)

= - 2 x log [

Where:

K
D
RE

k
3.7 x D

2.51
Re x sqr( l )

: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)


: pipe inside diameter (m.)
: REYNOLDS no. is given as follows: (1/1)

RE = V x D / n . ( 5 )
Where:

V = Q/A

n
V
D

: water viscosity= ( n =
1E-06
: velocity of water (m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

m2/s)

.... ( 6 )

Where:

Q
A

Data for the first pipe :

: flow rate (m/s)


: cross section are of the pipe (m)
4" GI
114.3 mm
6.02 mm

D =
K =

0.1023 m
0.0001 m

Pipe type & size


4"
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)
: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Project : AGRICULTURE BANK AL EHSAA

Flow :

Page ( 2 )

Q = 340.0 GPM = 21.42 l/s = 0.02142


2
A = px D /4 =

V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =
1
sqr(l)

m/sec

3.14 x 0.102 / 4 = 0.00821 m

2.608 m/s
2.608 x 0.1023 / 0.000001 = 266700.48
0.0001
3.7 x 0.102

= - 2 log [

2.51
x sqr( l )
266700.5

By solving above equation :


l=

0.02061
0.02061 x 2.6081 x 2.608
2 x 9.81 x 0.1023

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.06988 x 100 m = 6.988

= 0.06988 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 1.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.06988 x 1.0 = 0.07 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)


: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

Where:

G
V
SUM ZE

SUM ZE =

gate valve
Flexible
Globe valve
check valve
elbow ( 45 leg.)
elbow ( 90 leg.)
tee
reducer
Strainer
discharge outlet
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0

5.4 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

0.2
0.2
8
2
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.5
2
1
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.6081 X 2.6081
2 x 9.81

0.2
0
0
2
0
0.3
0.9
0
2
0
5.40

= 1.8721 m

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.07 + 1.872 = 1.942 m


Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )


= 0.0 + 1.942 = 1.942 m

Project : AGRICULTURE BANK AL EHSAA

Data for the second pipe :

D =
K =
Flow :

Page ( 3 )

4" GI
114.3 mm
6.02 mm

Pipe type & size


4"
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

0.1023 m
0.0001 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 340.0 GPM = 21.42 l/s = 0.02142


2

3.14 x 0.102 / 4 = 0.00821 m

A = px D /4 =
V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =
1
sqr(l)

m/sec

2.608 m/s
2.608 x 0.1023 / 0.000001 = 266700.48
0.0001
3.7 x 0.102

= - 2 log [

By solving above equation :

l=

2.51
x sqr( l )
266700.5

0.02061

0.02061 x 2.6081 x 2.608


2 x 9.81 x 0.1023

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.06988 x 100 m = 6.988

= 0.06988 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 4.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.06988 x 4.0 = 0.28 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G )

SUM ZE =

gate valve
Flexible
Globe valve
check valve
elbow ( 45 leg.)
elbow ( 90 leg.)
tee
reducer
Strainer
discharge outlet
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
2
0
1
0
0

1.1 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

0.2
0.2
8
2
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.5
2
1
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.6081 X 2.6081
2 x 9.81

0
0
0
0
0
0.6
0
0.5
0
0
1.10

= 0.3814 m

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.28 + 0.381 = 0.661 m


Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

= Static head + Friction losses


= 0.0 + 0.661 = 0.661 m

Total Head for pipe 1 & 2 = 1.942 + 0.661 = 2.603 m


Other pipes are calculated same as above, All data and results are arranged in the following table :