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-

2,5 G (2,5-th Generation) ,


2- ,
3- .
3G (3-rd Generation) 3- . ,
I-2000. 3-
144 /
( 120 /), 384 /
( 3 12 /) 2,048 /
,
3GPP (3-rd Generation Partnership Project) 3- .
, 4 1998
3- WCDMA UTRA TDD I2000 [84].
3GPP2 (3-rd Generation Partnership Project-2) 2 3- .
3GPP2
- ANSI-41 [85].
-law - . ,
, /
. 128 p-
, 2048 (11 ) .
rt/4 DQPSK , {/4; rt/4; /4; /4}, {00,
01, 10, 11}. ./4 DQPSK IS-136, TETRA .

-Band carrier (. -carrier) - (824-849


).
800-900
, .
869-894 .
abbreviated alert . ,
,
.
aborted packet . ,
,
. ,
, .
access attempt . 1.
.
, . 2.
,
. ,
.

access probe . ,
.
,
.
= Pp+ ( 1), :
, n (n=l...n).
(Associated Control Channel) .
, :
SACCH FACCH.
ACELP (Algebraic -Excited Linear Prediction)
. ,
, .
IS-641.
activation fee .
.
active set . ,
.

,
.
adjacent channel interference . ,
, (, 25
12,5 ), .
: next-channel interference ( )
neighboring-channel interference ( ),
.
ADPCM (Adaptive Differential Pulse Modulation)
- , . - ,

. ADPCM
(G.726) ( 2, DECT,
PHS, PACS). ADPCM (G.726): 32 /,
- -, 4,1 (
MOS).
air interface . ,

.
.
A-Iaw -.
ADPCM PCM , .
/ .

(Advanced Multi-Band Excitation)


. , 4,8 /,
, VSELP (8 /).
amount of diversity .
. ,
, ,
.
AMR (Adaptive MultiRate codec) .
,
.
ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
( ASI), 1918 .
ANSI
1.
anycast . ,
.
API (Application Program Interface) .
,
.
ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses)
,
(MPT) 15 1995 . ETSI ARIB
[87].
ARQ (Automatic Request for Retransmission)
, . 1. , ,

, . 2. ,

. (asynchronous transfer mode) . ,
()
,
,
(, , , ).
attempt-and-defer mechanism .
, , ,
, .
AUC (Authentication Center) .
, ,

.

B
B-Band carrier . - 869-894 .
800-900
. (-bandcarrier)
824-849 .
barring of all incoming calls .
, ,
- .
barring of all outgoing . ,
,
.
, - .
, , .
,
BBER (Bulletin Board Error Rate)
. ,
,
.
(Broadcast Control Channel) .
,
, , .
BER (Bit Error Rate) .
,
. ,
.
BERT (Bit Error Rate Test) . ,
,
,
(Busy Hour Call Attempt) .
,

bit synchronization .
.
BLER (Block Error Rate) .
.
.
BOD (Bandwidth On Demand) .
,
,
.
BOQAM (Binary Offset Quadrature Amplitude Modulation)
.

, IS-136 HS. BOQAM


,
QAM
.
borrowing .

. , ,
.
BSC (Base Station Controller) .
,
BTS.
BSS ( Station System) . ,
MSC ,
,
.
BTS (Base Transceiver Station) .
, ,
.. BTS
BSC.

C
CAMEL (Customized Applications Mobile Enhanced Logic)
.
, ,
.
(Control Channel) . ,
,
, .
CDG (CDMA Development Group) CDMA,
90 , .
cdmaOnc 3-
cdma2000 [93].
CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)
. ,

. , ..
.
, .
1 3- ,
IMT-2000 (. ).

cdma2000 ().

3- ,
IMT-2000 (. ).
WCDMA (ARIB) UTRA (ETSI), ,
.
cdma2000 3- ,
IMT-2000 TIA TR 45.5 ()
Qualcomm.
: (MC-CDMA) (DSCDMA).
cdmaOne 2- , IS95. cdmaOnc TIA (IS-95,
IS-96 .).
CDPD (Cellular Digital Packet Data) .
.
CDPD
(, TDMA/AMPS). 19,2
/, Internet .
CDR (Call Detail Records) .
.
.
cell breathing .
CDMA,
( CAMA).
cell broadcast .
- ,
. ,
.
CELP (Code Excited Linear Prediction)
. ,

, .
CELP: 1200,2400,4800 9600
/ ( IS-95), 8000 / (ITU-CELP); MOS
3,7 (9600 /) 3,0 (4800 /); 30 .
CEPT (Conference of European Post Telecommunications)
, 19
1959 . 1999 . 43 .
- . :
(CERP) (ERC ECTRA).
channel coding .
, . ,

, 10 ',
, 10
, -
-.
CN (Comfort Noise) . ,
, ,

. ,
(DTX).
code planning .
.
() .
code rate .
.
, , ..
, .
code transparancy .
.
codebook .
,
.

.
coding gain .
/
(
). .
core band . , IMT-2000
WARC-92. 155 60
(230) .
core network . ,
, .
1-2000 : GSM MAP
(), ANSI-4l () IP-.
CPE (Customer Premises Equipment) , .

. : (
), ,
.
CS ACELP (Conjugate Structure Algebraic Code- Excited Linear Prediction)
.
,

, , .
.
CTIA (Cellular Telecommunication Industry Association)
, 1984 . 90%
.
CWTS (China Wireless Telecommunication Standard Group)
[90].

D
DCA (Dynamic Channel Allocation) .
, -
,
DCH (Dedicated Channel) . -,
.
, ,
.
DECT (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications)
.
, ETSI 1995. DECT
( 100
. /.).
.
,
.
DECT EP (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications $ Project)
, ETSI.
3 : 1,152, 2,304 3,456 /.
delayed handover .
, .
(
). ( )
>,
.
direct sequence (DS) .
,
.

.
diversity gain . ,
, ,
.
diversity handover .
,

, , .
.
DS- (Direct Sequence CDMA)
.
CDMA , -
.
, BPSK QPSK,
.
DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Sequence)
. ,

. ,
.
dual-mode terminal . ,
.
, ,
/AMPS, , GSM900/GSM-1800 .

E
EDGE (Enhanced Data for Global Evolution)
. , ETSI SMG
1997 . GSM (
EDGE Global GSM}. EDGE
GSM,
384 /.
EIA (Electronic Industies Alliance)
, 7 ().
EIR (Equipment Identification Register)
. ,
: ,
; , ,
; , ,
.
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
. ETSI
EPT 14 1988 .
[83].
EVRC (Enhanced Variable Rate Codec)
( 8,5 /),
IS-127.

F
FAC (Frequency Advisory Committee) .
().
.
FACCH (Fast Associated Control Channel)
. ,
.
FACH (Forward Access Channel) .
.
, .
FCA (Fixed Channel Assignemant) (
). , ,
.
.
FCC (Federal Communication Commission)
, . , 1934 .
. - FCC
.
FDD (Frequency Division Duplex) ;
. ,
.
FEC (Forward Error Correction) ;
. ,
,
, .. .
FER (Fratne Error Rate) . ,
, .
,
. , ,
, .. . ,
, .
FFH (Fast Frequency Hopping) .
,
, ,
.
.
.

FH (Frequency Hopping) ;
, . ,

,
. ,
.
FHMA (Frequency-Hopping Multiple Access)
. ,

.
, , ,
.
FHSS (Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum)
. ,
.
FMC (Fixed/Mobile Convergence) /.

.
, ..
.
FMD ( Function) . ,
.
me roaming . ,

.
foreign roamer . ,
, ,
.
FPLMTS (Future Public 1.4 Mobile Telecommunications System)


3- ( IMT-2000),
frame masking . ,
.. , , .
40 .
frequency reuse distance .
,
. ,
=7 =4,6 R, R .
fundamental channel . cdmaOne cdma2000,

: RS1 (1500, 2700, 4800 9600 /) RS2 (1800, 3600, 7200 14400

/).
.

G
GAA (GPRS Applications Alliance) GPRS.
, 1999 . GPRS
GSM.
gateway . - ,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
.
, .
go-ahead transmission .
.
Gold sequence . ,
2 .
GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) .
, GSM, GPRS
115 /.
gross bit rate . ,
R ,
.

H
handover gain .
.
- ,
.
harmonized standards . ,
, ,
,
.
(Hard Handover)- .
,
, .
,
,
, .

HLR (Home Location Register) .


,
: , .
HLR ,

. ,
, VLR.
HPSK (Hybrid Phase-Shift Keying) (
OCQPSK)
HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data)
.
GSM, , , ,
19,2 / (2 9,6 /) 38,4 (49,6)
/.

I
idle handoff .
.
IMBE (Improved Multi-Band Excitation)
( ). , IMBE,
20 88 ,
4,4 /. 3,6 ( MOS).
implicit diversity . ,
, .
,
.
.
IMT-2000 (International Mobile Telecommu- nications 2000)
, ITU ( FPLMTS).
,
, [81].
IMT-DS (IMT-2000 Direct Spread)
(DS-CDMA) (FDD)
( WCDMA UTRA
FDD).
IMT-FT (IMT-2000 Frequency Time) DECT
- ,
, ( EP).
IMT- (IMT-2000 Multi Carrier) CDMA

( cdma2000).

IMT-SC (IMT-2000 Single Carrier) TDMA


( UWC-136).
IMT-TC (IMT-2000 Time-Code) TDMA/
(TDD)
( UTRA TDD SCDMA).
IN (Intelligent Network) .
,
ISDN .
.,
, ,
(, ).
intelligent platform . ,
.
intelligent terminal . ,
,
. SIM
.
interfrequency handoff .

.
interleaving .
,
.
, .
,
( ) , ,
, . ,
, .
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
(). ISDN
64 /,
: , .
: (2B+D) 144 /
(30B+D) 2048 /.
ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
, [82].
ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radio Sector)
(-P). -
1993 .
(MKKP).
ITU- (International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization
Sector)


(-). - 1993 .

().
IVR (Interactive Voice Response) .
,
.
IWG (Interworking Gateway) .
,
.

J
joint detection (. multiuser detection) .
,
.
.

.

, , ..
.
JTC (Joint Technical Committee) .
, :
(ISO)
(IEC).

L
LAC (Link Access Control) . ,

. ,
, LAC.
LCD (Long Constrained Data) . ,
.
LDD (Low Delay Data) . ,
, .
logical channel . ,
.
: .
.
LPC (Linear Predictive Coding) .
-

(, ), . LPC
, .

M
macrocell . ,
1 35 ,
.
, .
macrodiversity (macroscopic diversity) , . ,
,
, , .
,
.
,
,
.
macros (macro messages) .
, .
(Mobile Assisted Handover) .
, ,
,
.
MC-CDMA (Multi Carrier CDMA) CDMA.
- ,
,
.
MER (Message Error Rate) .
.
messaging , .
. ,
messaging, : , ,
,
microcell .
100 1000 , .
microdiversity (microscopic diversity) - , .
, ,
( ).
.
, ,
/ RAKE .

midample sequence . ,
.
.
. (Multi-Stage Interleaving) .
, ()
,
.
MIN (Mobile Identification Number) .
,
. MIN
(ESN), -.
MIN ESN
.
(Mobile Management) . ,
,
. .
mobile IP IP. IP,
. ,
() .
MOS (Mean opinion score) .
,
,
. MOS
.
MSC (Mobile Switching Center) . ,

, .
MSC ISDN ,
.
MSC ,
,
.
multicasting .
. multicasting broadcasting
(),
.
multicode transmission .
, N N
, .
multiuser detection (. joint detection) .
.
multi-vendor equipment ,
.

N
NBH (Network Busy Hour) .
(), .
N-ISDN (Narrowband ISDN)
, . ,
64 / 144 / (2B+D).
NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
( NBS). ,
( ,
).
NNI (Network-to-Network Interface) . ,
.
NNI ,

.
NMC (Network management center) .
,
.
NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)
().

ODMA (Opportunity Driven Multiple Access)


. , CDMA/l'DMA (
), ETSI 1997 . ODMA
- .
omnicell .
.
open standard . ,
,
.
open system . ,
, .

P
pedestrian user -. 3-
3 (ITU-R .1225):
(vehicular), (pedestrian) (fixed).
- ,
3 /, 384 /.
Perch channel Perch . ,
,
. -,

. WCDMA (ARIB,
).
physical layer (PhL) .
, .
, /
, /, ,
, .
picocell . ( 100 ).
pilot channel . ,
,
.
POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service) .
,
.
prescribed data .
,
. .
pseudo (PN) offset .
,
, .