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Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Chapter 14
Rizal in London

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.


Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Stay in London
• Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889
• 3 reasons why he stayed there:
1) To improve the his knowledge of the
English Language
2) To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos
de Las Islas Filipinas
3) London was a safe place for him to carry
on his fight against Spanish Tyranny
• Filipiniana studies
• Completing annotating Morga’s books
• Wrote many articles in La Solidaridad
• Penned Young Women of Malolos
• Had romance with Gertrude Beckett
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Trip across the Atlantic


• Made friends in his atlantic voyage
• Amazed some American and
European passengers
• Had a chat with newspaper men
but became disappointed
• Arrived on Liverpool May 24, 1888
• “Liverpool is a big and beautiful
city and its celebrated port is
worthy of its great fame. The
entrance is magnificent and the
custom house is quite good.”

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.


Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

you
Life in London
• Went to London May 25, 1888
• Stayed as a guest at Dr. Regidor’s
home
• Became a boarder at the Beckett’s
by the end of May
• Was called “Pearl of Man” by Dr.
Reinhold Rost
• Played Cricket and Boxing with Dr.
Rost’s sons.
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Good and Bad News from


• Bad News home
• Persecution of the Filipino patriots who
signed the “Anti-friar Petition of 1888”
• Persecution of Calamba tenants
• Furious attacks on Rizal by Senator
Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish
Cortes and by Desengaños (Wenseslao E.
Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in
spanish newspapers
• Rizal’s brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo
was exiled in Bohol

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.


Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Good and Bad News from


• Good News home
• Rev. Vicente Garcias’ defended Noli
against the attacks of the friars.
• Content of the letter
We young Filipinos are trying to make
over a nation and must not halt in our
onward march, but from time to time turn
our gaze upon our elders. We shall wish to
read in their contenances approval of our
actions. We are anxious to learn of the
Philippines’ past which we need to
understand in order to plan intelligently for
the future. We want to know all that our
ancestors knew, and then add our own
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Annotating Morga’s
• Spent manybooks
days in the reading
room of the British Museum
reading Morga’s books and old
stories of the Philippines
• Wrote a letter to Blumentritt on
Sept. 17, 1888
• Mariano Ponce urged him to edit
a newspaper but refused

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.


Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Short visit to Paris and


Spain
• September 1888 he visited Paris
for a week
• Entertained in a gay French
Metropolis by Juan Luna and his
wife
• He returned to London
• Dec. 11, 1888 he went to Spain
• Met Marcelo H. del Pilar and
Mariano Ponce
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Christmas in London
• Rizal returned to London on
Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his
Christmas and new year ‘s
day with the Becketts.
• He sent a gift to Blumentritt
and Dr. Carlos Czepelak
• Received a gift from Mrs.
Beckett
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Rizal becomes leader of


Filipinos in Europe
• Chosen to be honorary president
• Wrote a letter of thanks
adressed to the members of
Asociacion La Solidaridad on Jan.
28, 1889
• Letter content
• When defeated never surrender
• Great deal of integrity and much good
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Rizal and the La


Solidaridad paper
• Graciano Lopez founded La
Solidaridad on Feb.15,1889 at
Barcelona
• Marcelo H. del Pilar about their
newspaper
• Rizal congratulated Lopez Jaena
and the associates and wrote
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

First Article in La
• Los Agricultores Filipinos (The
Solidaridad
Filipino Farmers)
• Published Mar. 25, 1889
• Depicted the deplorable conditions in the
Philippines which cause the
backwardness of the country.
The Filipino farmers has to struggle
not only against petty tyrants and
robbers.Against the first, defense indeed was
permitted; against the latter not always…
After the floods, locusts, fires, bad
harvests, and the like the farmer capitalist has
to deal with constable who takes away from
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

First Article in La
for being suspicious persons or for no
Solidaridad
reason whatsoever, and they manacle them to
clean the barracks and thus compel the
capitalist to live on better terms with the chief
and, if not, they take away his carabaos, oxen,
inspite of many protests.
At times it is not the constable or the
civil guard who opposes so indirectly the
minister of colonies. An official of the court or
the provincial government, dissatisfied with
the farmer, urgently summons this or that
laborer, if not two or three. The unfortunate
man underyakes a tripoftwo or three days,
uneasy and distrustful, spends his savings,

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.


Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Writings in London
• La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The vision of
Fray Rodriguez)
• Published at Barcelona
• Letter to the Young Women of Malolos
• M.H. del Pilar
• Praise the young ladies of Malolos for their courage to
establish a school where they could learn spanish
despite the opposition of Fr. Felipe Garcia, Spanish
parish priest of Malolos.
1. A Filipino mother should teach her children love of
God, fatherland, and mankind
2. Filipino mother should be glad, like the Spartan
mother
3. Filipino woman should know how to preserve her
dignity and honor
4. Filipino woman should educate herself, aside from
retaining her good racial virtues;
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.
Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Writings in London
• Specimens of Tagalog Folklore
• Two Eastern Fables
• Requested by: Dr. Rost

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.


Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Romance with Gertrude


• Gertrude Beckett
Beckett
• Buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes,
and rosy cheeks
• Eldest of the three sisters
• Fell in love with Rizal
• helped him in his painting and sculpture
• “Gettie”
• Rizal finished 4 sculptures
• Promotheus Bound
• The Triumph of Death over Life
• The Triumph of Science over Death
• Composite carving of the heads of the
Beckett sisters

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.


Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Adios London
• March 19, 1889

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.