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- MMXI

: . .
: . .
: . .
: . .

. .
: . .: - , 2011. 112 ., .
PROPULAIA (., 1993) , , . , .

. . , 2011
- , 2011

15.07.2011. 6084/8. .
. . . . 14. 500 . 299.
-

198097, .-, . , . 2


, , , , , , . .
, ,
. :
- PROPULAIA (), 1 - 610,
, . ,
53 , , , .
:
1) , , . . , , -
(. . . : . ., 2007; . . , . . . . ., 2007), . , , , , ;
2) , (
, , ),
;
3) , , , ;
4) .

, : , , , , . : , , 23 (. Per Nibhw . 2021 ) , 40 (. Per Polukrtouw . 38 ).
.
, , - , ,
.
( ) : (, , , , , , , , , , .).
- : , ;
,
. , ( )
,
, .
, , ,
. ; 1

K. Person u. a. PROPULAIA: Griechisches Unterrichtswerk (Griechisches Lese- und bungsbuch). Stuttgart: Ernst Klett Verlag, 1967; PROPULAIA: / . . . . . 2- . .: - , 2013.

(, , ) - fhm
lgv ddvmi parxv.
, . :
, parynow xn ( , - )
, .
, ( , 1, )
, . ,
, , , . ,
:
- ,
.
.
, , ,
( # ). , , .2
, , ; , .
, ( , , ), .
,
, , , .
, -. ,
,
- .
, , ; faciant meliora potentes.
(vzelchenko@
rambler.ru); .
,
- ,
: . . , . . , . . , . . -
( 2007 .), . . ( 2002 .), . . , . . , . . ,
. . , . . ( 1998 .), . . ( 2002 .), . . ( 2008 .), . . , . . ( 2006 .). 1. 3b
( ), 16. 5 . . , 17. 1 . . ; 46. 6 . . ( 2000 .). (30. 2),
. . . 45. 3
- ( 2002 .), 44. 2 ( 2010 .); 1314. 6
. - 2012 . :
.

., ., http://etymolog.ruslang.ru/ http://www.etymonline.com/.

0. .
1. a) . :
1. , , - ( ).
2. , ,
. , :
, , . - , -
( ). 3. , , ,
(). 4. , :
, . : ,
, ( ). 5. ,
, ,
. , . . , , , : , . ,
( ). 6. , , ;
, ,
(). 7. ,
( ). 8. , :
, , ,
, (). 9. , ( ).

b) (fr. 382 Kannicht) , , , ( , ). :


,
.
, ,
.
,
.
, .
,
.
, ,
, .
, .

2. IIIII .
(Strom. V, 8, 4648), , ,
:
bdu, zc, xym, plktron,
: bdu , zc ;
xym ( xyn; -m p-) , plktron (-, );
. .

3. ? .
4. , 176 , 79 26 ,
IV . . . :
,
(. 11691175; ):
lopadotemaxoselaxogaleokranioleicanodrimupotrimmatosilfioliparomelitokatakexumenokixlepikossufofattoperisteralektruonoptopifallidokigklopeleiolagosiraiobafhtraganopterugn
, .
PS: : (lopado-) (-temaxo-); (-selaxo-); (-galeo-); (-kranio-), (-leicano-); (-drimu-)
(-upotrimmato-); (-silfio-); (-liparo-); (-melito-),
(-katakexumeno-); (-kixl-) , (-epi-), (-kossufo-); (-fatto-) (-perister-); (-alektruon-); (-opto-) (-pifallido-), ; (-kigklo-); (-peleio-);
(-lago-); (-siraio-), (-bafh-) (-tragano-);
, , (-pterug-).

5. (XII .) : .
, , ( , - ):
1. Onde w t dekoale probntzia bensti;
Kmodo, frter, bensti nstam tzibittem;
2. Sdrste, brte, sstritza, dbra dnh.
3. Salamalk lt, salamalk ltogep.
NB: [b], [v]; , . [i].

a) ? b) 1 2
XII ., . .
6. (natol), (dsiw), (rktow),
(meshmbra) (, , ) ,
XII . (Annal. p. 143 Bekker)?
7. , , - . , -

, ( ) . ; ( XVXVI . , , ). :
basilskow, muyologa, aretikw, damvn, xeirourgw, lfbhtow, stoixea, erhka, ayr
, . :
ysiw, moiopyeia, bartonow, gemvna, ssthma, fusikw, okonoma, aina
NB: -ow , , ; -a
-. .

a) :

()

()

h
u
ai
ei
oi
b
y
-s-

b) , - :
Ayhn, Hfaistow, Puyagraw, Hra, Zhnbiow, Babuln, Foinika, Fonij
c) .
:
mhtrpoliw ( ), =uymw (), pyow (, ), Dhmthr, Puyn, Seirn
d) , , , ? , , ?
8. , u-, .
. ?

9. (. ) . . ,
. rv ():
vrakate, pto, detv, fyh, vrvn, cointo, edon, ra
10. , ai ae, oi
oe, ou u; f, y x . -
( ; ):
caum, hamaxa, paegnion, nx, philma, eustylos, hrs, ss, nchymos, schoenbats, hyprbaton, oenanth, psychrlusi, hautntimrumnos; iatralptes [], zelos [], Aeson []
NB: / .

11. , :
know, klindrow, sfara, =mbow, kbow
, , , ,
1. II : PAROXYTONA. PRAESENS INDICATIVI ACTIVI.
IMPERATIVUS ET INFINITIVUS PRAESENTIS ACTIVI
1. (, ) (, -)
(-). 40-
; , () . .
(1786), :
a) nr katoike tosde tow tpouw safw.
b) nr katoike tosde tow tpouw safw.
: . ,
, , .
: , !
: (safw), (tosde tow tpouw)
(katoike) (nr nr < nr). , ? .
2. ()
populus. :
*populi, populi, populm, *populm, *populois, populs
3. - : , odn mhdn, opote
mpote, opoi mpoi. ) -

Mhdn gan, . b)
: .
4. bh . :
. frthr ( ) . frter . (.-. )
. falw () .
. flv . fluo
. fba .
a) : . frv . fer . b)
, , . c) , frv osv,
nnoxa, ,
, .
5. :
1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) ; 7)
a) , , :
a) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; )
; ) ; )
b) - , , , , . (
).
#6. flow, ?
, , , , , , , ,
,
#7. :
. ; . disco, -re; . desk; . Tisch; .
8. () imperativus praesentis activi :
bhrantu, bhrata, bhra
, .

10

2. II : OXYTONA. ACCUSATIVUS DUPLEX.


ACCUSATIVUS CUM INFINITIVO
1. , : ll,
gr, on mn d.
:
1. a) Ae tow nouw ppouw nomzeiw + b) tow ponhrow flouw.
2. a) Tow tn grn yeow ppouw o yomen + b) tow ppoiw Poseidn mnon xarei.
3. a) O kako gevrgo tow uow o paideousin + b) trfousi mnon.
4. a) Tn grn o yerapeete + b) lgouw karpow frei.
2. 1681 . II .
, .
, , ,
, .
. .
3. . . (1742; . 8082). ?
:
,
, ;
.

4. - (Men. Monost. 1, 526) ; , , .


(: ). , :
FILOUS EXVN1 NOMIZ YHSAUR EX
1. xvn xv, nom. sing. masc.; .

5. yhsaurw ( ), . ?
.
6. , ,
(Thophile Gautier, 18111872), (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 17561791),
(Bohumil Hrabal, 19141997)
-
(Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, 17241803). ? ,
, . , , . , ,
, .

11

7. IV . . . (VIII,
597) (Caere,
). , :
, ;
- . , , , ,
; , , , . , , ,
, Caere. .

(
-), . .
?
8. ,
(? ), .
: , . , ,
,
. (. 866871):
Pnow pn pnon frei
p1 p
p gr ok ban2 g;
kodew3 pstata4 me5 summayen6 tpow.
Ido7 do,
dopon8 a9 klv10 tin.11

1. (. p); . 2. (. bhn) 1 sing. . 3. = ka odew ( , , , ); odew . 4. .: (.


). 5. = . me. 6. , ( ). 7. .
8. dopow, -ou . 9. . 10. . 11. - acc. sing. masc.

. .
9.
, (III . . .), , .
? .
3. II : PROPAROXYTONA, PROPERISPOMENA.

1. - . .
2. a) - ,
. b) - , . -

12

(, , )
.
NB:
15 , 10 .

3. , ,
( Hfaistow, -ou):

? -
-.
#4. , , . . : ,
yeologa , . :
, , , ,
a) . b) g?
5. pollkiw . a) : ktkiw; dekkiw; ktkiw ka
dekkiw; ktkiw ka dekkiw ka triakosikiw; ktkiw ka triakontkiw ka ktakosikiw? b) ( )
, pollkiw? c) - ?
6. leukw, mlaw (gen. mlanow), ruyrw, kuneow, xrw, xlvrw
( ) , , , ,
. , . : , , , , , , ( ), , .
7. : nagw, jenagw, strathgw, xorhgw, dhmagvgw, paidagvgw?
? , ?

13

4. II : NEUTRA.
PRAESENS INDICATIVI PASSIVI.
1. , , VIV . . . (Theogn. 17), .
, : ,
. , , :1
OTTIKALONFILONESTIKAIOUKALONOUFILONESTI
1. tti (. ti) , .

2. - - (< *- *-) (. . , , ). ( , ) : t yhra fegei . -ow , , : -oi (acc. -ouw) -a. ,


( . . , . . ):
a) kleuyow ; pl. kleuyoi kleuya:
1. ,
, ; <>
, , (, I, 308 .).
2. :
, ,
: (, X, 64 .).

b) mhrw ; pl. mhro mra:


1. , ,
, (, X, 572 .).
2. ,
1.
,
(, XIII, 24 .)

c) kklow ; pl. kkloi kkla:


1. ,
; , ,
, ,
(, XX, 278 .).
2. 2 3
;
:

14

,
, (, XVIII, 373 .)

d) desmw , ; pl. desmo dsmata:


1.
, 4 , ;
, ,
(, VIII, 276 .)
2. 3 <>
;
: , (, XVIII, 373; 378379).

e) locus, -i m loci loca. ?


1. , , , , . 2. ,
? 3. , ,
. 4. : .
1. . . . 2. . . . 3. ; . 4. , .

#3. :
, , , , , ,
4.
, , ?
5. -
. , .
?
6. 1 pl. med.-pass. -meya
() -mesya ( ,
-(e)sye). a)
-mesya, -meya?
sumferme(s)ya, tetarpme(s)ya, kixhsme(s)ya, katyme(s)ya, genme(s)ya, pistame(s)ya, peuyme(s)ya
b) ,
?
7. a) . .
( ) . , :
1. , / , , / ? 2. ,
/ , , .
3. , / / 4. /

15

, /
5. / . 6. , , / ? 7. , , /
. 8. , , / , , 9. ! / / , . 10.
/ : .

b) - . . (1830- .),
( , ). , ?
. <> , - . , , ; , -, . , .

8. , , , , , (, ; ? ?),
( ; ?) (
; ? ?). , , , ( ). , ,
, . , +; , ,
:

instrumentalis
ablativus
locativus

5. II : FEMININA. PRAESENS INDICATIVI MEDII.



1. ,
: , , , Suomi, Suomalaiset.
a) - gitano, - gitan,
- gftow. -? ? ?
b) gitano flamenco;
gitan bohmien. .
. ?
c) () .

16

2. , . . , - : ,
, . :
1. lov loomai ;
lv lomai ;
krptv krptomai
2. painv painv mautn ;
rvtv rvtv mautn ;
nikv nikv mautn
:
kalptv ; poktenv ; kayarv ; napodzv ; kallvpzv ; nxv ; gignskv , ?
3. ;
. ?
? , .
, . ? . , -: , .
(-) , : , , .
, . ,
?
(. - Newslab.ru 11 2003 .; http://www.newslab.ru/blog/10419*)
PS: , , , , , .

4. ,
-:
1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6)
:
( ); ( ); ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
5. :
; ; ; -. ; -. ?
#6. tttv, ?
, , , ( ), (), , ,

17

#7. a)
dw ( ) . , :

peri-

( . -)

sun-

( . -)

meta-

( . -)

na-

( . -)

kata-

( . -)

pi-+es-

( . -) +
( . -)

8. ,
(VII, 160) ( ):
Karterw n polmoiw Timkritow, o1 tde2 sma3
Arhw d ok gayn fedetai, ll kakn.
1. = cuius; . 2. nom. sing. neutr.
de . 3. t sma (. sma) .

6. I : -h.
III . atw, llow
1. ( ?) ew, ; , . :
nsnde , mxhnde , pedonde , Aynaze ,
Iykhnde , Krinynde , Plataize .
a) z [dz] ; , . ?
b) - : , , , , .
c) Mgarde. -?
.

18

d) okade ( , III *oj); , . ?


#2. ?
, , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
3. , :
a) V polta, m

1) tn polemvn.
2) tow polemoiw.
3) tow polemouw.

b) V poiht,

1) tw dw.
2) t d.
3) tn dn.

4. -:
, , , , , , , ,
, ,
5. :
1. / / <> (, . . , 1825). 2.
(, , 1877).
6. (. 797798) , . :
Tow gayow mla mmfetai, paine1,
tn d kakn mnmh2 gnetai3 odema4.
1. ; painei. 2. , (. ). 3. = ggnetai
(, , IV . . . ). 4. (nom. sing. fem. odew).

7. - n Aidou, ew
Aidou. n Eripdou?
#8. (pro-),
(pro-), (-)?
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

19

7. :
1. . :
grfei grafe ;
paideei padeue ;
nomzei nmize ;
skzei skize ;
lei lege ;
douleei doleue
- : pisteei, frei, blpei, yaumzei.
NB: .

2.
pat- (, ). :
patam, patma, patas, patata, patan, patat
3. mxomai ? ? e? ?
4. , , 403 . . . ( ): , .
8 (PROPULAIA, c. X) :
AULE, HAIMA, AIXS, EPOS, EUNOS, OINOS, E, HEPAR, IDIOTES
a) : detai, kruj, bvmo, w, cux.
b) ( ) , :
PAUO, EBLEPOMEN, LEGETO, PEMPEI, KALE, DOROI, EN
5. :
1. / - , /
, / , , / -
( ). 2. ! / ! (, ). 3.
, : , (
, 1906 .).

6. :

20

, , ,
, , . compositum quiescens (. )?
7. 1705 . I, , (16811736) - . :
,
,

988,

,
, ,
,
1705 3

8. I : ALPHA PURUM
1. - (t sklion) VI
V . . . , : , , . (Carm. conv. 8 Page):
O d karknow1 d fa2
xal3 tn fin4 labn5
eyn6 xr tn taron mmen7 ka m skoli8 fronen9.

()
()

1. . 2. . fa = . fh. 3. . xal (= . xhl) . . 4. acc. sing. fiw


(III .). 5. ( lambnv, III .). 6. acc. sing. masc. eyw
(III .). 7. mmen (., .) = enai. 8. skoliw, -, n . 9. ;
fronein.

2. tw (t), ()
, . .
#3. :
, , , , , , ,
4. a) ?
1.

2.

3.

4.

PS: , (. . ).

21

b) mforew (; . ampulla, .
) * mfiforew (. . 1. 5b). ?
5. , ,
( 1 20 ) ,
. 500 . . . , , (. . 7. 4). . .
? ?
6. () familia. :
*familii, familii, familis (2), *familiis, *familisom
7. a) ,
?
nomastik, genik, dotik, atiatik, klhtik
b) atklhtow? c) - parklhtow
, , ?

9. I : ALPHA PURUM.
2- .
PARTICIPIUM PRAESENTIS MEDII ET PASSIVI. GENETIVUS ABSOLUTUS
1. I a -*ja; , j (i ) . :
sxza sxid- (. sxd-aj);
mlitta melit- (. mli, gen. mlit-ow );
mora mor- (. mrow);
tta k- (. k-ista )
a) -*ja:
(. xmarow );
, , (. . pes, pdis);
(. lkow );
(. . fga);
(. . pix, pcis)

22

b) -*ja , . ( ) :
, , , , , , , , , , ,
PS: (. , ), .

#2. ) na-, n- privativum?


, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
b) ?
3. (. . . ).
, ?
1
:

, ! ,
, ! , !
! ,
,
, .
?
:
.
:
! ,
.
!
:
!

2
:
.
,
, ;

,
, ,
.
,
,
.
?..

#4. , . :

5. :
1) feroikow; 2) mfdojow; 3) dsippow; 4) periautlogow; 5) stenporow; 6) cuxopompw; 7) ptpulow; 8) pauslupow; 9) atboulow
:
a) ; b) ; c) ; d) ; e) , ;
f) ; g) ; h) ; i) ?

23

6. (T 'Anakrenteia)
, ;
, VIV . . . .
1554 ., ; , , , . (21 West); (. . ) ( ):
H g mlaina1 pnei,
pnei d dndre2 a3 gn,
pnei ylass narouw4,
d liow ylassan,
tn d lion selnh
t moi5 mxesy, taroi,
kat6 ylonti7 pnein;

1. .
2. dndrea = dndra (., .). 3. .
4. naurow (.) .

5. = mihi. 6. kat = ka at. 7. ylv , dat. sing.

7. (18021878)
filomtoxoi ( metox ). , . :
1. , . 2. , .
3. , . 4. , . 5. , .
6. , .
8. (fr. 18 West),
.
?
Ghrskv d ae1 poll ddaskmenow.
1. = e (., .).

9. , . ? :
, ,

,

!
PS: , ,
, . , , XVIII XIX .

24

10. :
1. a) gv ( 2 )? b) oomai ,
? c) ylv
ylv ?
#2. pi-?
, , , , , , , , , ,
#3. , ? :
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
;
4. Strouyw - , prdaliw . strouyokmhlow kamhloprdaliw?
5. ( 24)
(AP Append. III, 167 Cougny):
; .
; ; !
; ; .
.

:
, .

6. 1837 . ( )
, . ,
, :
OUALE
, ?
11. .

1. arion Aurora . a) ? b) -
, . ?
2. r, l, m, n ,
: -, - - (., .,

25

. neidzv . nindati , . nedti ). ();


. ? :
rgv , ; nna ; llow ; noma ; rotron ; rkv , ; mlgv
3. g s ?
4. ?
1. / / 2.
? , , ; / . 3. , , / : / ! 4. ? :
/ . 5. , , / ,1 / , / . 6. 2 , /
. 7. ; / ? 8.
.
1. . . , - . 2. nom. sing. (= ).

5. II . . . (AP X, 31; ):
Ynht t tn ynhtn, ka pnta1 parrxetai2 mw
n3 d m, ll mew at parerxmeya.
1. (nom. pl. neutr.). 2. parrxomai (c acc.) . 3. n.., ll... .., ....

12. I ()
#1. , ?
, , , , , ; , , , ,
, ; , , ,
2. nosv omai ( )?
3. a) yeomai, kov, neidzv, diafyerv, mnv,
xarv, ylv. b) flow, bow,
dolow, nkh, now, plotow.
#4. row, ra?
, , , ,
5. , -:
1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5)

26


po-. - po-?
?
pogrfv ; pgv ; polomai ; pommfomai ; popmpv ; ponosv ; porxomai
; podxomai ; pogelv ; polambnv ; polambnv
PS: .

6. , :
:

.
,
,
;


;
,
,

.

?
.
#7. kata-, ?
, , , , , , , , , , , ,
1314. II ()
#1. ? :
a) , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ; b) , , , , ,
2. :
, , , , , , , , ?
3. a) :
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ?
b) , ?
4. - (colloquia) .
, , (;
; ; ; ; ; . .).
, (CGL III, p. 644, 26*):

27

T stin, delfe; di t ok prw tn

, frater ? Quare non venisti

nan; (ew tn ; prw tn ; prw t

ad ? (ad domum? ad forum? ad

kroastrion; prw tn dikastn; prw tn

auditorium? ad ? ad consu-

patikn; ew t xvron; prw tn delfn

larem? ad villam? ad ?).

mn;) g se pomnv1 ka bradvw depnhsa.

Ego te sustinui1 et propter te tarde


prandidi.

1. . pomnv (. . maneo, .-. sustineo) .

5. - . -, .

NB: Yhse.

6. , VII .
. ., . ?

1) YESPIOFAMOS; 2) MATASOUNYA; 3) ALEJANDROS; 4) FEGGOLAMPHS;


5) IPPOBATAS; 6) MATAIOFRVN; 7) KALLIFANHS

7. limpnv fuggnv?
15. III :
1. , , . a) :
1) aedilis; 2) imperator; 3) pontifex; 4) tribunus plebis; 5) proconsul; 6) senator; 7) censor;
8) virgo Vestalis
) Estiw; ) dmarxow; ) bouleutw; ) atokrtvr; ) gefuropoiw; ) timhtw;
) parxow ( nypatow); ) goranmow
b) - ?

28

2. (I . . .).
, .
B ( ), ?

3. , (
; ):
V on on, on on on on.
#4. :
, , , , ,
5. , s-:
pr , ; lw ; pt ; drv ; llomai
6. .
- -
. (V, 543 b, 614*; . . . ):

29

1. Ekatombain (gen. -now), Metageitnin, Bohdromin, Puanocin, Maimakthrin, Poseiden, Gamhlin, Anyesthrin, Elafhbolin, Mounixin, Yarghlin,
Skiroforin
2. : , , . : , ,
, . : ,
, ( ),
.
?
NB: .

16. III :
1.
(), ,
, , . (a, e, i, o, u) + ; .
, ( ):
a-sa-to-ro-ne stron
sa-ta-ra-to-se stratw
ti-ta-sa-ko-me-no-i didaskmenoi
a-to-ro-po-se nyrvpow
a-ke-lo-se ggelow
e-ra-ke-le-se Hraklw
a) ( ):
xelidn, mikrw, pilanynesyai, frvn, fgomen, Sprth
b) ( )
, :
e-ko, a-ko-ro-ne, te-re-po, ma-ka-ra

30
PS: ;
, , , - .
[w] () () [i]
; wa, we, wi, wo; ya, ye.

2. , - XI . VII . a) , ,
, (Poem. 6, 143149 Westerink). (. . ) ,
: 15- , /
( XI . ). : , , // .
Osa1 gr xousi t p ka t f ka t bta
n =masi2 legmena, lebv 3, trpv ka grfv,
ew c grfei tn mllonta4, lecv, trcv ka grcv
tn nomtvn5 d ew c psa1 lgei6 plin
totvn7 n tn genikn8, dspota, sxhmatzei9
Ploc gr to Plopow, to Knufow Knuc10,
ka to libw lc11 stin elogow12 mesthw13.
1. sa (= psa) , (nom. pl. neutr.). 2. t =ma . ; n .
3. . 4. mllvn, mllontow . 5. t noma, nmatow , . . 6. lgv . 7. (gen. pl. ). 8. genik . 9. , . 10. . 11. - . 12. . ,
. 13. . , . (
).

b) , ?
3. . :
: xeirourga, filotima, monomaxa, lfbhtow, koinbion, strlogow
: nikforow, filponow, atxeir, xeiropohtow, montropow, megalcuxow
4. , , . :
, ;
- , ( ,
);
, , . . ;
, ;
, .
a) . b) , . ? c)

31

, ; ,
. ?
NB: a e a.

#5. :
, , , , , ,
#6. ) para-, ?
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
das Pferd
b) ?
17. III :
1. , :
, , , , , , , , ,
: goraow, pparxow, purpaiw, dsgamow, pterpouw, elraw, pontokrtvr, rgurtojow, lusponow, mousagthw, klecfrvn, nliow, onfutow
: fraspiw, poltrofow, lafbolow, yalassgonow, fsforow, perfrvn, yhrfonow, atgonow ( ), ekarpow, trmorfow
2. :



a) ?
, , , ,
, , , , , , , , , ,
b) ,
; :
; ; ; ;
3. -zv -sv, -sa, -jv, -ja. : ,
, . -

32

, ( ):
termonzv1 termnijan, dikzv dikssai, pizv pijai, rgzomai rgssasyai, gkatoptrzomai2 gkatoptrjasyai, gxzv3 gxssai, gvnzomai gvnjasyai
1. . 2. (., ). 3. .

ekzv, nomzv, nomzv, rgzomai, bizomai.


#4. paw, ?
, , , , , , ,
5. , , . ?

6. II . . .
, (!) . , (I, 2*):
Dionsou strathgw n Pn otow prtow tjin1 eren, flagga nmase, kraw
taje dejin ka lain2. tat3 toi ra kerasfron tn Pna dhmiourgosin4 ll
d ka prtow otow polemoiw fbon nbale5 sof& ka txn. n <gr pote sn>
Dions n kol6 np7 ggellon o skopo muran8 xera9 polemvn pkeina10
stratopedeein deise11 Dinusow, o mn ge Pn, ll kleuse nuktw Dionusiakn stratin laljai12. o mn llajan, ntxhsan13 d a ptrai, ka o polmioi
feugon. Di tn Hx14 t Pan flhn domen ka tow kenow15 ka tow nukterinow16 tn stratin fbouw Panik nomzomen.
1. acc. sing. tjiw = acies. 2. ( ).
3. . 4. ( dhmiourgousin) dhmiourgv , . . 5. . (?). 6. , . . 7. , . 8. murow,
-a, -on , (. ). 9. . , (. . manus).

33
10. . . 11. dedv (. deinw). 12. lalzv (fut. -jv, aor. -ja) ,
( ). 13. nt-hxv . 14. x (acc. =
nom.) ; . 15. , . . . 16. .

7. (. 902911) ,
, . ,
; , , ; ,
, . :
Edamvn mn, w1 k yalssaw2
fuge xema3, limna d kixen4
edamvn d, w1 perye5 mxyvn6
gney tera7 d terow teron
lb8 ka dunmei9 parlyen10.
murai11 d ti muroiw
esn lpdew a mn
teleutsin12 n lb
brotow13, a d pbasan14
t d kat mar15 t16 botow17
edamvn, makarzv.


()
||
(2 )

||
(2 )


()

()



()

1. = qui. 2. gen. sing. (= yaltthw). 3. t xema (. xeimn). 4. aor. II kixnv . 5. , ( gen.). 6. mxyow = pnow. 7. (alius alium in alia re). 8. lbow , . . 9. dat. sing. dnamiw , (. dunatw, . ,
.). 10. parrxomai ; . . , (, .) , (. . , ). .
11. muroi, -ai, -a . 12. ( teleutousin) teleutv , . . 13. . 14. = a. pbhsan, aor. po-banv (. , ); . . 10. 15. t mar (.) = mra; t kat mar ( ) , . 16. (dat. sing. stiw ,
); makarzv. 17. = bow.

8. keraw (< *keraWw) (. kraw).


?
#9. :
, , , ,
10. :
Ep dru Ep spda. ?
18. III : -nt. .
#1. a) pw, ?
, , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , ,

34

b)
? ?
#2. :
, , ( ), ( ), ( ), ,
3. molon (aor. II; blskv ) . :

?
4. (VIV . . .) .
, , . (22 B 53, 12, 40, 123, 107, 48, 52,
119 Diels Kranz). : dat. pl.
II . -oisin (potamosin = potamow; .) -h a purum (polumayh = polumaya; .).
1. Plemow pntvn mn patr sti, pntvn d basilew.
2. Potamosi tosin atosin mbanousin tera ka tera data pirre 1.
3. Polumayh2 non3 xein o didskei.
4. Fsiw krptesyai file 4.
5. Kako mrturew nyrpoisin fyalmo ka ta barbrouw cuxw xntvn.
6. T on tj5 noma bow, rgon d ynatow.
7. An6 paw sti pazvn, pessevn7 paidw basilhh8.
8. Hyow9 nyrp damvn.
1. ( pirrei) pirrv , . 2. . 3. now, -ou (. now) . 4. ( filei). 5. NB: tjon
biw, -o. 6. an, anow , (. e, . aevum). 7. pessev (.
pettev) . 8. = . basilea. 9. , .

5. a)
(VIIVI . . .; fr. 34 Voigt). , 11- ( )
( ).
. :
();

35

, ;
h a.
b) , :
Asterew1 mn mfi klan selnnan2
c3 pukrptoisi4 fennon5 edow,
ppota6 plyoisa7 mlista8 lmp9
gn <pi pasan>
1. str, -row = t stron. 2. . selnna = . selnh . 3. . , (. p);
. 4. pu- (.) = po-. 5. = . faeinw . 6. = . ptan ( ). 7. plyv . 8. = maxime. 9. (. . 6)
3 sing. lmpv .

c) , (?) . , ,
:
XVIII . , , . .
6. (II . . .),
, (II, 68*).
; :
Ptesyai pter1 xonta gayn psin o mn gr doloi p tot2 t ner3
leuyerontai 4, peid5 ka pntew o petmenoi rniyew dspoto t esi ka gemna ok xousi. pnhtew d poll xrmata6 porsousin sper gr t xrmata tow
nyrpouw bastzei7, otv ka t pter tow rniyaw. neu d ptern ptesyai
ka pol tw gw pxein kndunon ka fbon t dnti shmanei. pntvn d riston
t knta ptesyai ka knta paesyai polln gr exreian 8 n tow prattomnoiw proagoreei 9. divkmenon d p yhrou p nyrpou p damonow ptesyai ok gayn fbouw gr meglouw ka kindnouw pgei. pntvn d ponhrtaton 10 t bolesyai ptesyai ka m dnasyai11 ka petmenon prw t g tn kefaln xein ka prw t oran tow pdaw polln gr kakodaimonan t dnti
proagoreei.
1. t ptern . 2. dat. sing. masc. otow . 3. neirow . 4. ; leuyerontai. 5. . . 6. t xrmata, -tvn . 7. bastzv . 8. exreia (?). 9. proagorev (?). 10. . 11. inf. praes. dnamai ( II ).

19. III : NEUTRA .


-terow, -tatow
#1. ?
, , , , , , , , ,

36

2. a)
-ma, ? , ?
, , , , , , , , , , , ,
, ,
b) , , , ,
: , , , ( . t rama) ( . marasmw), , , ( . t trama), ( . t prblhma)
( . t ssthma) . .
#3. grfv, ?
, , , , , , , , , ,
, ,
4. (. 1). (II . . .) . , .
(13*). a) o v. b) :
H mua sti mn o t mikrtaton tn rnvn 1, son 2 mpsi3 ka knvci 4 ka tow
ti lepttroiw5 parabllein 2, ll tosoton 6 kenvn proxei7, son at meltthw8 polepetai9. ptrvtai10 d o kat t at tow lloiw, ll kat tw krdaw11 ka tttigaw12 ka melttaw stn menpterow13, tosoton pltera14 xousa t pter15, son tw Ellhnikw sytow Indik lepttra ka malktra16.
d ptsiw17 ote kat tw nukterdaw18 eres&19 tn ptern ote kat tw krdaw
met phdmatow20 ote w o sfkew21 met =oizmatow22, ll ekampw23. ka keno
prsestin24 at, t m kay suxan, ll met dw ptesyai ok phnow25, oa26
kvnpvn ka mpdvn, od t barbromon 27 tn melittn tn sfhkn t fobern ndeiknumnhw28, ll tosotn sti ligrtra29, son slpiggow30 ka kumblvn 31 alo 32 melixrteroi33. mnetai mntoi o kat torropgion 34, w sfj ka
mlitta, ll t stmati ka t proboskdi35, n 36 kat t at tow lfasi xei.
1. t rneon = rniw; . . 2. son parabllein
() , ( ). 3. mpw,
-dow . 4. knvc, -vpow (. < kvnvpein, . ). 5. leptw . , . (. . ).
6. tosoto(n)... son .., .... 7. = proxei; pro-xv c gen. . 8. mlitta . 9. . . 10. 3 sing. pterv ; . 11. krw (. . . ). 12. tttij . 13. . 14. palw , . 15. . 16. malakw ( ). 17. (< ptomai). 18. nukterw
(< nj). 19. eresa . , . . 20. t pdhma, -atow . 21. sfj
. 22. t =ozhma, -atow . 23. . (< kmptv ), . , ; nom. sing. fem. 24. = proskei. 25. gen. sing. phnw , . 26. . 27. . 28. part. praes. med. ndeknumi (II .) . 29. ligurw . 30. slpigj . 31. t kmbalon (. ) , -

37
, . 32. , (. ). 33. melixrw . , . . 34. = t rropgion . 35. proboskw
. 36. = quam (acc. sing. fem. ).

c) , ,
.
,
, .
, - .
20. III : -i. patr etc.
w, otow
1. 146 . . .,
1570 ., 1721 . ,
1844 . . . . ?
, ( ) .
2. , .
?
Angelopolis (), Arctopolis (), Catharinopolis (), Iacobopolis (),
Leopolis (), Stephanopolis (, ), Thermae Carolinae ()
3. , (AP IX, 44):
Xrusn nr ern lipe brxon1 atr2 xrusn
. :
brxon, ere, ern, cen, lpen3, n, n, ox.
1. brxow ( , ). 2. , (
). 3. = lipen ( ; ).

4. + : -nr- > -ndr- (. . . , ), -mr- > -mbr- (. . homo .


hombre), -ml- > -mbl- (. .-. tremulare . trembler ). :
nr, ndrw;
gmow, gambrw ;
. mortuus, . , . brotw (< *mbrotw < *mrotw);
aor. molon ( ), praes. blskv (< *mblskv).
a) meshmbra ; ?
? ?
b) ?
5. -
(APlan. 387c, 5),
IV . . -

38

( . ).
:

Ncon nommata, m mnan


NB: nptv ; t nmhma, -atow (?); mnan = mnhn ( ; , ).

6. (IVIII . . .) (. 10841098), ('Onsimow) (Smikrnhw). ; ,


, , :
ON. Oei tosathn1 tow yeow gein sxoln2,
ste t kakn ka tgayn kay mran
nmein kst, Smikrnh;
SM.
Lgeiw d t;
3
ON. Safw didjv s. esn a psai pleiw,
moon epen 4, xliai5 trismrioi6
okos 7 ksthn. kay na totvn o yeo
kaston pitrbousin8 szousi;
SM.
Pw;
9
lgeiw gr pponn tin atow zn10 [bon].
ON. Ok ra frontzousin mn o yeo;
fseiw11; kst tn trpon sun[kisan12]
frorarxon13 <>.
otw sy mn yew
t atiow ka to kalw ka to kakw
prttein14 kst
1. acc. sing. fem. tosotow ( ), . 2. sxol . (
, ; , .). 3. . , . 4. moon epen . , . . ( , . ). 5. xlioi, -ai, -a . 6. trismrioi, -ai, -a . 7. ; okousi. 8. pitrbv . . 9. p-ponow, -on . 10. inf. praes. zv ( ). 11. (fut. fhm). 12. sun-oikzv + dat. -.,
-.. 13. frorarxow , . 14. prttv , ; . . How do you do?

7. moiopyeia () . .

39

8. .
- . , , : , , ? , , . , ?
. ?
. , , .
, - (298 be*):
Ka Ktsippow O d mterow, fh, patr terw stin to mo patrw; Pollo g, fh, de 1, Eydhmow. All, d w2, atw; O atw mntoi. All
pteron, Eydhme, mw mnon st patr ka tn llvn nyrpvn; Ka
tn llvn, fh oei tn atn patra nta o patra enai; Vimhn dta3, fh
Ktsippow. T d; d w xrusn nta m xrusn enai; nyrvpon nta m
nyrvpon; Deinn gr, fh Ktsippow, Eydhme, lgeiw prgma, e sw
patr pntvn stn patr. All stin, fh. Pteron nyrpvn; d w Ktsippow, ka ppvn ka tn llvn pntvn zvn; Pntvn, fh. H ka mthr
mthr; Ka mthr ge. Ka tn xnvn 4 ra, fh, s mthr mthr st tn
yalattvn. Ka s g, fh. Ka s ra delfw e tn kvbin 5 ka kunarvn 6
ka xoiridvn 7. Ka gr s, fh. Kprow8 ra soi patr sti ka kvn. Ka gr
so, fh. Atka d ge, d w Dionusdvrow, Ktsippe, mologseiw tata.
ep gr moi, sti soi kvn; Ka mla ponhrw, fh Ktsippow. Estin on at
kundia6; Ka ml, fh, tera toiata9. Okon patr stin atn kvn;
Pw gr o; T on; o sw stin kvn; Pnu g, fh. Okon patr n sw
stin, ste sw patr ggnetai kvn ka s kunarvn delfw;
1. pollo de (. ). 2. d w ( imperf. 3 sing.
m ). 3. . 4. xnow . 5. kvbiw
(). 6. t kunrion kundion . 7. t xoirdion . 8. . 9. toiata acc.
sing. pl. toiotow ; tera .

a) . b) . c)
? .
21. III : . -u
1. :
1. Amaja tn bon lkei.
2. Naw keteei ptraw.
3. Eg skrod1 soi lgv, s d krmmu2 pokrn.
4. Hmew dka Rdioi, dka new.
5. Bow p gltt.
6. Opou3 lafoi t krata pobllousi.
7. Ayiw Puyde4 dw.
8. Ermw lyen.
9. Pollo strathgo Karan5 plesan6.
10. Lkow per frar7 xoreei.

40

a) ; b) ; c) ; d)
; e) ; f) , ; g) ,
; h) ; i) ( ); j)
1. t skrodon, -ou . 2. t krmmuon, -ou . 3. (,) . 4. . (Puy
[ ] + -de). 5. Kara, -aw , . 6. plesa
pllumi ( II .). 7. t frar, -atow .

2. ?
, , , ( ), , ,
, , , , , , , ,
3. ( , )
bow. gw. g ( u), d ( e) b (
), [] ( e, i) g ( ). :
. bolomai (. dlomai) . ;
. fbomai (. fbow, fobomai) . 1;
. bow . ;
. bor . - -
1. . . 1. 4.

, bow?
4. . .
:

NB: xvrw ( c gen.) ; ggonen ggnomai, 3 sing. (= factum est); skota .

5. au- () . :
1) nom. sing. masc.-fem.; 2) nom.-acc. sing. neutr.; 3) gen. sing.; 4) dat.-loc. sing.; 5) acc. sing.
masc.-fem.:
) au; ) aawi; ) aun; ) aawa; ) au
a) . b) nom. pl. masc.-fem. aawe, aue aae?
PS: , ,
. [s].

41

6. : .,
gen. sing. patr patrw, patrow; dat. sing. xer xeir
xer; acc. pl. pliw pleiw pliaw. ( ) polw (masc.) nom. sing.; acc. sing.; nom. pl.; gen. pl.;
dat. pl.?
#7. pliw, polw, , ?
, , , , , ( ), , , , , , , , , , , ,
8. XIX . , ; ( ;
, , ,
), ( , ). , , ,
. ?
9. (. 607614)
, . ( ):
V fltat Agvw pa, mnoiw o ggnetai
yeosi1 graw od katyanen2 pote,
t d lla sugxe3 pny pagkratw4 xrnow
fynei5 mn sxw gw, fynei d smatow.
ynskei d pstiw, blastnei6 d pista7,
ka pnema8 tatn9 opot ot n ndrsin
floiw bbhken10 ote prw plin plei
tow mn gr dh, tow d n str xrn
t terpn11 pikr12 ggnetai kayiw13 fla.
1. = yeow (., .). 2. kat(a)-yanen = poyanen. 3. ( sugxei) sugxv
. 4. (nom. sing. masc.). 5. fynv , . 6. blastnv . 7. . 8. . . 9. = t at (); -n, . 10. perf. ind. act.
3 sing. banv; . 11. terpnw . 12. pikrw . 13. = ka
ayiw ().

10. 10
(1937):
1 , , . ,
2. 3 , .
4 . . ,
c5 , 6 , 7
. ! 8, . 9
10 11.

42
1. janyw (. , ); purrw (. ). 2. kay mologan; kat ysin. 3. . fyggomai. 4. =w, =inw (. =in-kervw, . . rhinoceros ). 5. t nton. 6. =xiw, -evw (.
). 7. t splgxna; t ntera. 8. dianhton; safw. 9. kretton ( gayw, nom. sing. neutr.). 10. peraitrv. 11. = , .
NB: , 79 . 96 PROPULAIA.

22. III : -eu.



1. (SB XIV, 11942), ( IV . . .). (Peuksthw),
. ,
, ,
. ?

NB: t okhma, -atow = okow

2. (AP VI, 216), :


Ssow ka Svs, ster, so tnd 1 nyhkan2
Ssow mn svyew, Svs d, ti Ssow syh.
1. tnde acc. sing. masc. de (
). 2. = nyesan; aor. ind. act. 3 pl. natyhmi (; II .).
PS: , , 2 . 0. 1.

#3. , :
, , , , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , , , , ,

4. XI . (AP Append. VII,


55, 13 Cougny):
Katteron mn emi tn lvn mrow1
nteron d gnomai2 plin lvn,
prtou grmmatow faireyntow3 mnou.
1. t mrow ; . to smatow. 2. = ggnomai (. . 6. 6, . 3). 3.
.

43
NB: , ;
.

5. , ,
(570560 . . .)?

6. (1- VII . . .) , , , .
( ),
. , - h a:
rx = rx, gtvr = gtvr; . ) (Terpandr. fr. 2 Page):
Ze, pntvn rx,
pntvn gtvr1,
Ze, so pmpv tatan mnvn2 rxn.
1. = gemn. 2. mnow, -ou .

b) 1914 . :
, ,
, !
;
, .

, . ,
?
7. :

44

8. trpv, trfv trxv.


yrcv?
23. III : -s
1. , t gnow,
, . , ,
neutra ops, opris gens, genris (< *gens, *gens-is; -s- , -r-).
a) ?
, , , , ,
b) ?
2. .
:
gnea, geno, gneo, grai, peow, peo, ceai, Mousvn
3. , ( ):
ar, syw, tow, now, plv; sperow , w , gdoow , krh , skaiw , =g-numi
4. 1937 .
.
190 (
), .
, 14
. : ,
,
, .
? ?
5. . :
biografa, zvgrafa, xronografa, taxugrafa, ryografa, xeirgrafon
6. ?
, , , , , , , , , ,

45

7. , (AP XIV, 35;


):
Anyrpou mlow1 em, ka tmnei me sdhrow
grmmatow aromnou detai2 liow3.
1. t mlow, -ouw . 2. domai . (. ). 3. = liow ( ).

#8. ?
, , , , , , ,
9. 1802 . , . . . , ,
, , .
1846 . . , , , ,
;
. ?
10. V . . . ( )
; - III . . . .
-, , , . :
1. (IV . . .), (Palaeph. 8*):
Lgousin, w Nibh gun lyow gneto p t tmb1 tn padvn stiw d peyetai
j nyrpou lyon gensyai k lyou nyrvpon, eyhw2 st. t d lhyw xei de.
Nibhw poyanntvn tn padvn poisaw tiw ekna liynhn sthsen3 p t tmb.
legon on o parintew4 Nibh liynh sthken5 p t tmb yeasmeya mew atn, sper ka nn lgetai par tn xalkon Hrakla kaymhn6 ka par
tn Prion7 Ermn n. toioton n ka keno, ll ox Nibh at liynh gneto.
1. tmbow ( ?). 2. . , . 3. aor. sthmi (, II .); sth-. 4. . 5. ( stamai
, II .). 6. impf. kyhmai (II .). 7. , .
.

2. (IVIII . . .), (fr. 102 Kassel Austin; ):


Eg lyon mn tn Nibhn, m1 tow yeow,
odpot pesyhn2, od nn peisysomai2
w tot gnet nyrvpow p d tn kakn
odn lalsai3 dunamnh4 prw odna
proshgoreyh5 di t m fvnen6 lyow.
1. (, ); , , acc. 2. -*yy- > -sy-.
3. lalv , ( ). 4. part. praes. dnamai
(II .). 5. prosagorev = nomzv. 6. ( fvnein).

46

11. ngkh?
12. (VII . . .), ,
;
( ). (fr. 89 PMG) ,
; , . , , . )
, -s-:
Edousi1 d r vn
korufa2 te ka fraggew3
pronw4 te ka xardrai5
la6 t rpet7 t ssa8
trfei mlaina gaa9
yrw t reskoi10
ka gnow melissn11
ka kndal 12 n bnyessi13 porfur aw14 lw
edousi d ovnn15
fla16 tanuptergvn17.

||

||
||

||

1. edv ( : kayedv) . 2. koruf (. . ,


). 3. fragj , . 4. prvn, -onow (. prn) , . 5. xardra ; . 6. = . lh . 7. t rpetn (. , . .
, ). 8. , (acc. pl. neutr. ssow, . sow). 9. = . g. 10. reskow
(-ow), -on (< row + kemai ) , . ( , , ). 11. gen. pl. I .; mlissa
(. -tta) . 12. t kndalon , . 13. t bnyow, -ouw . 14. porfreow, -a, -on (. porfurow) . , . - ( , , ; : . . purple, , ).
15. ovnw . 16. t flon , (. ); ,
. 17. tanpteruj, -gow . (. : < tanv [= tenv] + ptern).

b) 1780 . ; , 1840 . :
ber allen Gipfeln
Ist Ruh,
In allen Wipfeln
Sprest Du
Kaum einen Hauch;
Die Vgelein schweigen im Walde.
Warte nur, balde
Ruhest Du auch.


;

;
,

,
.

, ( : ,
; , ; ; ).
?
PS: ? (1891) - (18481931) : , ,
,
( , , ). -

47

, , ,
, (
. . 18. 5):

Korfaiw1 mn pasaiw1
ktesxe sga:
pi d kremnessi2
sgais 3 htai4:
rnvn5 d yrow6 kat lan edei: s d baon7 mmennon8, dvta9, ka s koims10.

1. acc. pl. (< -*anw, . -aw). 2. dat. pl. kremn, -now . 3. praes. ind. act. 3 pl. 4. thw, -ou
. 5. t rneon = rniw. 6. , . 7. baiw = lgow. 8. . imperat. aor. act. 2 sing.
namnv. 9. dthw, -ou (?). 10. koimzomai , .
(Euripides. Hippolytos / Griechisch und deutsch von U. von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff. Berlin, 1891. S. 1617)

24. III : .
1. ( ), , .
:
1. Apantaw kressonaw1 ngkh poie. 2. Ok stin odew, stiw ox file.
3. File d pleon2 odew odna. 4. Anyrvpon nta nammnsk e.
5. Omoon pw tn okthn poie. 6. Prttvn t , m t tn llvn skpei3.
7. O sofw n perifrei tn osan. 8. odew mologe kakorgow n.
NB: -e -ei: poie = poiei . .
1. kressvn (. krettvn), gen. kressonow (. krtow). 2. . 3.
( skpee) skopv .

2. XIII . , ; , , . , VI, 16
( ) . , :
Natio est omnis Gallorum admodum dedita religionibus, atque ob eam causam, qui sunt adfecti
gravioribus morbis quique in proeliis periculisque versantur, aut pro victimis homines immolant
aut se immolaturos vovent, administrisque ad ea sacrificia druidibus utuntur
O d Glloi ynow st per tn yrhskean1 mlista2 spoudzon: ka di toto o j
atn baruttaiw nsoiw sunexmenoi3 n taw mxaiw sxurw kinduneontew ny
erevn nyrpouw yousin ka sfw atow ysein pisxnontai4, eresi d prw
t toiata5 Droudaiw xrntai6

48
1. , . 2. mla. 3. sun-xv . . 4.
; pisxnontai. 5. () (acc. pl. neutr. toiotow). 6.
( xrontai) xromai .

3. :

10

a) Macropus rufus; b) Athene noctua; c) Megalobatrachus maximus;


d) Boselaphus tragocamelus; e) Apteryx Oweni; f) Dendrocopus maior;
g) Monodon monoceros; h) Heliaster helianthus; i) Arctomys bobak; j) Pteromys volans
4. :
, , , , , , , , , ,
, ,
5. ? ? ? ?

49

6. (VII, 64),
. :
Ep, kon, tnow ndrw festw1 sma fulsseiw;
To Kunw. All tw n otow nr Kvn;
Gnow ep. Sinvpew. Ow pyon kei2;
Ka mla nn d yann3 straw4 okon xei.
1. (c dat.). 2. ; kee. 3. = poyann. 4. str, -row = t stron.

7. , . 510 . . . (
, ; . . 7. 4). , ; ,
, . , :
:

NB: - .

8. , . , :
agkervw, droxow, kriw, tarow, o ddumoi, karknow, t zug, skorpow, tojthw

50

25. -vn, -istow


1. , , (< kainw + zv ). , :
, , , , , , 1
1. vw (. vw) .

(17971875).
,
. , ,
.
. -?
2. , , VI . . .:
1. (fr. 23 West):
Olbiow, padw te floi ka mnuxew1 ppoi
ka knew greuta2 ka jnow3 llodapw4.
2. (. 255256):
Klliston t dikaitaton lston d gianein
prgma d terpntaton5, to6 tiw r7, t tuxen.
3. - (Carm. conv. fr. 7 PMG):
Ugianein mn riston ndr ynht,
()

deteron d kaln fun8 gensyai,

t trton9 d plouten10 dlvw11,

12
13
ka t ttarton bn met tn flvn. (2 )
1. mnuj, mnuxow (. . ) . 2. greutw (.) , . 3. . , . 4. llo-dapw, -n
. 5. terpnw . 6. = o ( ). 7.
( rei) rv (+ gen.). 8. . fu (. fu) . 9. trtow
. 10. ; ploutein. 11. . 12. ttartow . 13. inf. praes. act. bv . , . .

3.
brssvn, mssvn, revn, lzvn?
4. (. 2). - (II . . .)
- ,
. a) ,
, , (II, 23*):
Lgei tonun knvc1 lazn2 pote prw tn lonta Eta3 kmo basileein nomzeiw w ka tn llvn yhrvn; ll ote mou kallvn ote lkimterow4 fuw5 o-

51

te mezvn. t soi prtn stin lk4; msseiw6 tow nuji ka dkneiw7 tow dosi.
tata gr o poie 8 maxomnh gun; poon d mgeyow kllow se kosme 9; strnon10
plat11, moi12 paxew13 ka poll per tn axna14 kmh15. mo d mgeyow mn r
low, kllow d a tn leimnvn kmai a mn gr esin sper sytew, w ylvn
pasai tn ptsin16 ndomai. tn d ndrean mou ka gelon sti katalgein17 rganon18 gr low em polmou. met mn slpiggow19 paratttomai20, slpigj d
moi ka blow t stma ste em ka alhtw21 ka tojthw. mauto d stw22 ka
tjon gnomai tojeei gr me diarion23 t ptern24, mpesn25 d w p blouw
poi26 t trama. parn o preimi, mo27 d ka fegv ka mnv, ka perippev25
tn nyrvpon t pter, gel28 d atn blpvn per29 tow tramasin rxomenon30. ll t de lgvn; rxmeya31 mxhw.
1. knvc, -vpow (. . 19. 4, . 4). 2. lazn, -now . 3. . ,
(. . ?). 4. lkimow (< lk ). 5. = es. 6. .
7. . 8. ; poiei. 9. (= kosmei). 10. . 11. . 12. mow
. 13. paxw . 14. axn , . 15. . 16. . 17. . 18. , (< rgon; . , , .). 19. slpigj (.
). 20. ( ). 21. , . . . 22. . 23. diariow (?); . , me.
24. . 25. . 26. ; poiv. 27. ,
. 28. ; gelv. 29. . - (. . circa).
30. ; rxemenon. 31. coniunctivus adhortativus.
PS: , , , ,
. , , !.

b) ,
(. . 19. 4).
, . ? .
5. ppeein p' nou ( ) , .
? :
, , ; , ,
; , , ;
, ,
6. ,
:
1. Batrx1 dvr. 2. Ayhn tn alouron2. 3. Atlaw tn orann. 4. Arktou paroshw t xnh zhtew3; 5. Enesti ka mrmhki4 xol5. 6. Anyrvpow nyrpou daimnion 6.
a) Ep tn sugkrinntvn7 t ttona tow krettosin.
b) Ep tn prosdoktvw8 f trvn svzomnvn.
c) Ep tn megloiw tis prgmasin piballomnvn.9
d) Ep tn tata parexntvn, ow o lambnontew xarousin.
e) Mhd tn mikrn katafronen.
f) Ep tn deiln kunhgetn.

52
1. btraxow (. ). 2. alourow . 3. ;
zhteiw. 4. mrmhj . 5. (. ; . , , ). 6. .
damvn. 7. sugkrnv . 8. . 9. pibllomai -.
( dat.).

7. PROPULAIA (. 24, 25 B) . . . (
+ , gr), :
T txiston; T =ston; T xeriston; T fobertaton; T yaumasttaton; T diston;
26. CONIUNCTIVUS PRAESENTIS; CONIUNCTIVUS AORISTI II.
,

1. , (Carm. pop. fr. 2 Page). , , (xelidonista) ,
.
; , , , .
-; , a (= .-. h), 1 pl. act. -mew (. . -mus):
somew = somen . .
:
. 111 ( ; . 2, 46, 810)
. . ( : ; . 1, 3, 7); . 11 : ();
. 1318 ; . 14 ( > );
. 12 ( ), ( > );
; :

10

15

Hly lye xelidn,


kalw raw1 gousa,
kalow niautow,
p gastra leuk2,
p nta3 mlaina.
palyan 4 s prokklei5
k ponow6 okou
onou te dpastron7
turo te knustron8
ka prna9 xelidn
ka lekiytan 10
ok pvyetai11 pter12 pvmew13 labmeya;
e mn ti dseiw14 e d m, ok somew
tn yran frvmew t pryuron15
tn gunaka tn sv16 kayhmnan

53

mikr mn sti, =&dvw nin 17 osomew18.


noig noige tn yran xelidni
o gr grontw smen 19, ll paida.
1. . , ; -a- . 2. leukw . 3. t nton . 4. palyh ( ). 5.
( prokklee) prokuklv . 6. pvn, pon , (.
). 7. t dpastron . 8. t knustron (. . ). 9. t
prnon , . 10. lekiyth (lkiyow). 11. ( pvyetai) pvyv (. ). 12. ptera = pteron 13. pinai ; , i-. 14. dsv ddvmi ( II .). 15. (?). 16. (. ). 17. acc. sing. 3- (= atn ,
, atn). 18. osv frv. 19. = sumus.

PS: 1897 . (18551912), , . : . 15


( ); . 610 ( ); . 11
17 :

Adest, adest hirundo!


novos agens tepores
adest, agens novum ver.
Vides ut alba ventrem est?
at est et atra tergum.
Ficos mihi adfer aridas
seu divite ex domo libet
adferre vini poculum
huc fiscinamve casei:
nec graneam nec herneum,
si das, hirundo non capit. Donabimur
an sic abimus? At nihil si mi dabis,
non abstinebo quin fores ipsas feram
aut limen aut hanc quae foris mulier sedet;
parva est, feremus nos quidem facillime.
Iam claustra pande, iam fores hirundini
reclude, namque non senes, pueri sumus.
(G. Pascoli. Storie di Roma / Introd. e note di A. Traina, trad. di P. Ferratini. Milano, 1994. P. 100102)

2. , :
pomplow, nrkh, t ktow, ynnow, spggow
, -, , ,
3. -
(18591944), 1903 .
. :
, -
: , , 1. , - -

54

: ,
? :
, , . :
, , , . :
?
1. .
(. . . . 3- . ., 1911 [ 1997]. . 4243)

27. CONIUNCTIVUS AORISTI I (ACT., MED.).


.

1. , V . . . .
, , (IV . . .).
, ,
, ,
. , , ,
, . ei, ei atei ();
. , ,
.
.
; :
1. Ufkunnand allai, ei meinai siponjos siju ( ).
Gnsontai1 pntew, ti mo mayhta ste2 ( 13:35).
2. Ni hugjai, ei qemjau ( ) gatairan wito.
M nomshte, ti lyon katalsai3 tn nmon ( 5:17).
3. Hausidedu, ei ik qa ( ) izwis
Hkosate, ti g epon mn ( 14:28)
4. Wenja auk, ei fragibaidau ( ) izwis.
Elpzv gr, ti xarisysomai4 mn ( 22).
5. Qia izwis, atei ik im ( ) daur ize lambe.
Lgv mn, ti g emi yra tn probtvn5 ( 10:7).
6. Jus qii, atej wajamerjau ( )?
Umew lgete, ti Blasfhmew6; ( 10:36)
1. gnsomai fut. gignskv. 2. = estis. 3. katalv . , . 4. fut. pass. xarzomai . -, - . 5. :

55
. 6. ( blasfhmieiw)
blasfhmiv .

, . , :
1. Jah jabai qejau, atei ni (kunnjau / kann) ina, sijau galeiks izwis liugnja.
, , , , ( 8:55).
2. Ni frofroun, atei attan im (qa / qei).
, ( 8:27).
3. Jainai hugidedun, atei is bi slep (qa / qei).
, ( 11:13).
4. Qia izwis, atei (habaina / haband) mizdon seina.
, ( 6:5).
5. Iudaieis gasaiandans Marjan, atei sprauto (ussto / usstodi), iddjedunuh afar izai
, , , ( 11:31)
PS: ( . th thorn) ( [hw]) .

2. - (II . . .)
V . . . (Adv. math. II, 9799*). :
Neanaw tiw proslyen Kraki t =tori w mayhtw, tn risyhsmenon1 p ato
misyn podsein2 paggellmenow, n tn prthn niks dkhn3. sumfvnaw4 d genomnhw, ka to neanou kann jin5 mfanontow6 dh, mn Kraj ptei7 tn misyn, d ntlegen. mfteroi d parelyntew ew t dikastrion krnonto, te ka
prtn fasi8 tn Kraka epen w, n te niks n te m, laben felei9 tn misyn, niksaw mn ti nkhsen, leifyew10 d kat tn tw sumfvnaw lgon molghse gr at ntdikow11 podsein tn misyn, n tn prthn niks dkhn. yorubhsntvn d tn dikastn w dkaia lgontow ato, paralabn tow lgouw
neanaw n te niksv fhsn n te m, ok felv tn misyn podonai12 Kraki, niksaw mn ti nkhsa, leifyew d kat tn tw sumfvnaw lgon pesxmhn
gr podsein tn misyn, n tn prthn niksv dkhn, leifyew d ok podsv. ew poran d lyntew o dikasta mfotrouw jbalon to dikasthrou, pifvnsantew13 t k kako krakow14 kakn n15.
1. rzv (aor. pass. rsyhn) . (?). 2. inf. fut. poddvmi (II .).
3. . . 4. sumfvna . ( ). 5. jiw
(< xv; ) . . 6. mfanv , . 7.
( ptee) p-aitv . 8. = tradunt. 9. felv . 10. part.
aor. pass. lepv; . . 11. (?). 12. inf. aor. act. poddvmi.
13. pi-fvnv , . 14. kraj, -akow . 15. t n .

#3. :
) , , , ; b) , , ,

56

4. , (APlan. 174) (Epigr. Bob. 14). , ? :


Pallw tn 1 Kuyreian 2 noplon 3 eipen 4 dosa
Kpri, yleiw, otvw w5 krsin rxmeya;6
d paln 7 gelsasa T 8 moi skow9 nton 10 arein;
e gumn nik, pw, tan pla lbv;
Armatam Pallas Venerem Lacedaemone visens
Vis nunc iudicium sic ineamus? ait.
Cui Venus arridens: Quid8 me, galeata, lacessis?
Vincere si possum nuda, quid arma gerens?
1. = tn (., .). 2. Kuyreia ( ). 3. noplow, -on
; . 4. = epen (., .). 5. = ew (., .). 6. .
rxmeya. 7. palw , ; . 8. . ? (. .
?). 9. t skow . 10. ().

5. III II . . .
. (

); , .

(Inscr. mtr. de lgypte 112).
a)
, ; . ? ? ?
NB: t prstagma, -atow (< pros-tttv)
, ; tuxgay = tx gay ( dat.
sing.); Krw, Krhtw .

b) , .
, eou
, [ju] (), -a ( ). . , ,
- ? ?
6. (. 139 .) ( ). ;
, , :

57

? ? ?. : , ,
, .
, . ?
7. (fr. 99 Kassel
Austin) , ( ):
Tn m lgonta tn dentvn1 mhd n
makrn2 nmize, kn3 d ep sullabw4,
tn d e lgonta m nmiz enai makrn,
mhd n sfdr ep poll ka poln xrnon.
tekmrion5 d tode tn Omhron lab
otow gr mn muridaw6 pn grfei,
ll od ew Omhron erhken7 makrn.
1. part. de. 2. . , . 3. = ka + n (< n). 4. sullab . 5. t tekmrion . 6. muriw, -dow , . 7. perf. ind. act. 3 sing.
lgv; () .

28. I II . II .
:
1. ,
.
2. (II, 118) (IVIII . . .). , - , (,
, ), : V Krthw, dokew1
moi xrean 2 xein matou kaino 3. , , . ?
1. ( dokeiw) dokv ( . videor). 2. , ( gen.). 3. kainw .

3. :
pnoia, parnoia, mfnoia, metnoia, pnoia
, , , ,
4. IV . . . . , :
bntow
stlai

nemow
sterew

bla

selnh
kmh

kbitaw

58

5. 1958 .
() , - - ( , ?).
, , 272232 . . .;
. :
Dka1 tn plhrh[ynt]vn2 basilew
Piodsshw esbeian deijen3 tow nyrpoiw ka p totou esebestrouw tow nyrpouw pohsen ka
pnta eyhne 4 kat psan gn: ka
pxetai basilew tn mcxvn 5 ka o
loipo d nyrvpoi, ka soi6 yhreuta7
liew basilvw ppauntai8 yhreontew, ka e tinew kratew9, ppauntai
tw krasaw10 kat dnamin 11, ka nkooi12 patr ka mhtr ka tn presbutrvn par t prteron ka to
loipo13 lon ka meinon kat pnta
tata poiontew dijousin.
1. (.). 2. plhrv ( plhrv) . , , . (.
. ). 3. deknumi (II .);
, deik-. 4. ( eyhnei) eyhnv
. 5. (?); . 6. ,
. 7. . 8. 3 pl. paomai; .
9. -kratw, -w , . (. . impotens); (). 10. -krasa < -krata; . . 11. dnamiw, -evw . , . 12. (< kov; . p-koow).
13. gen. temporis t loipn ( . PROPULAIA).

6. (fr. 89 Kassel Austin; )


- - :
T pote Promhyew, n lgous mw plsai1
ka tlla pnta za, tow mn yhroiw
dvx 2 kst kat gnow man fsin
(pantew o lontw esin lkimoi3,
deilo plin jw4 pntew esn o lag,
ok st lphj mn ervn5 t fsei
d aykastow6, ll n trismuraw7
lpekw tiw sunagg8, man fsin
pajapasn9 cetai10 trpon y na),
mn d sa11 ka t smat st tn riymn
kay nw12, tosotouw sti13 ka trpouw den;
1. plttv (aor. plasa) (. , , . .). 2. dvke aor. ind. act. 3 sing.
ddvmi (II .). 3. lkimow, (-h), -on . . 4. . . 5. ervn, eron .

59
, (. ). 6. aykastow, -on . , . 7. trismrioi, -ai, -a
. 8. sungv (. ). 9. pajpaw = paw. 10. comai
rv (. ). 11. sa (neutr.).., tosotouw (masc.)... .., .... 12. .
, . . () . 13. sti ( !) . .

#7. ?
29. OPTATIVUS PRAESENTIS ET AORISTI II.

1. a) 1 sing. act. -mi,
II (. em), : , -*mi -m . sum . (I) am.
, -.
b) ; -i- . .
2. oomai ?
3. IV . . .
: , , , (Lyr. XIII, 314 Heitsch).
( ). :
E`[tai]r`ikw1 [y or]tw
yalsion2 komzv.
r3 mn on w4 bhw5
txista mtron lyen
didasklou t kovn
poln x[r]non binai6.
fu7 d [kosm]a8 t`iw
s`of`[n te no frnhma9]
gnoit mo`i` [myhsin10]
[k]u<k>loumnh[n11 pernti12]
m`etrsi[ow13 yloim n]
Diw dmo[iw14 pelssai15].

1. . 2. . 3. = rv ( ); . , . , . 4. = ew. 5. bh
, (. ). 6. inf. aor. biv (, . . , ). 7. , (. fsiw). 8. ksmiow , . 9. . 10. myhsiw, -evw (?). 11. part.
praes. med. kuklv ( ; kukloomnhn); ,
, . . (. g-kkliow paidea > --). 12.
( peronti) perv ( -.).
13. (
). 14. dmow . = okow (. . domus, . ).
15. = . pelsai; pelzv .

4. . . - (.
. . *). . , , ; , , .
, 1 , 2 , 3 ! 4, 5 ,
6, 7 8. 9
- 10 11, 12 13 , ,
, - !

60
1. t xoirdion, -ou. 2. . 3. kuklv. 4. = (medium) . 5. narrixomai p ti. 6. poptomai (aor. II peptmhn). 7. makrn. 8. bov. 9. . , . 10. p +
dat. 11. xrthw, -ou (. , ). 12. mbllv. 13. lgunow, -ou.

5. (1828):
1 ,
2

, ,

:

;

; , ,
;

;
,
,
, ,
.

1. . . () ; . . singularis collectivus. 2. , .

-
1920- . (18801944)
(18911983). :
( ) ( ). ,
: ., .,
(= , )
(= , ). , .
.
6. modus potentialis ( irrealis) , . ;
modus irrealis (. .
n ), modus potentialis (. . n ).
:
1. , . 2.
, . 3. ,
, ,
4. , , , . 5.
, , 1,
, . 6. , ,
. 7. , , ,
, - . 8. ,
, , .
1. ( ).

30. OPTATIVUS AORISTI I (ACT., MED.).


OPTATIVUS OBLIQUUS ET ITERATIVUS
1.
(IV . . .; fr. 1 Neri). - (pomplow; ) , .

61

, ; - h a (mn = mn; .); dat. pl.


I -aisi(n); II :
Pomple, nataisin pmpvn plon eploon xy,
pompesaiw1 prmnayen2 mn dean taran.
1. pompev . 2. prmnayen (. prmnhyen) . - ( prmnh + -yen).

2. . . ( . . 29. 5)
, :
. , ,
; , . ,
, , , .
-. , , ,
. ,
, :
Tw de cpevw tw tn Luggatrvn diabruxw katastouyeshw ka lipeuomnhw
paspew tn Melinavn tow Luggtoraw, n tn koifan dine, prostcai
goleto, ti elsoi atow, na kocainto: o gr Luggtorew, e m nstousan
tn cpin atn md' mlujan ew t low w pifasontew, muxvw n tgonto,
ste atn tn paspa ka tow sumpaspeontaw ato bomfhynai. Prostcaw
on paspew tn Drdhn, w par tow Luggtorsi bruxtata nutte ka, te
dageoi ti, ok ntedgeuon at o Luggtorew, m lipesainto bomfhyntew,
V bruxtate Drdh, nuce, di t o meltteiw; ra m katestoyh t lh; eye
m lipeoio n t koif&, w dranw tiw, ll pifasaiw w moxista p tn
Melinavn elhyhsmenow. En ge s ka o Luggtorw sou taggnhsye, adnete
ti odna kofon f mn p tn tw cpevw nstousin xlsete. Di se prostptv. Ncantow d to paspvw Drdhw nttvce, ti o Luggtorew edranw dageoien ka dagesoien, ti ato golointo ka nttoien: e d ka tgointo
di tn koifan, odna tn Melinavn bomfsaien n.
3.
?
1. : ? : , , . / :
, . 2. : , . 3. : ,
; / , . / , ,
4. : , , : / , , / 5. <
>: ? / : , ,
. / : ? 6. <
>: ; / , , ; / / , , / , ; /
7. : ! ! / ! !
! / ! : / ! 8. : : , / , / , /
.

62

3133.
1. e- h-, ei-.
,
sW-; , :
*ese- (*eWe-, *esWe-) > ee- > ei-. . ?
:
praesens

imperfectum

(*s-, *W-, *sW-)


: pomai

epmhn

*s-

. sequor

stiv (. )
xv
rgzomai
lkv
rpv
yzv
zomai
PS: v (), imperf. evn; -
, .

2. , ( );
:
a a a a a a;
a, a a a a a.
3. . rmv , (. ), rmv .
?
4. , : . . , [. . ] . Ex ungue leonem [. . agnosco]. ; , .
( ) . ?
1. Kornh1 tn skorpon p tn blaberow2 pixeirontvn.
2. Mte nen 3 mte grmmata p tn t pnta mayn 4.

63

3. Mhd mli mhd mlissa5 p tn m boulomnvn payen ti falon met gayn.


4. Od Hraklw prw do.
5. M paid mxairan.
1. . 2. blaberw , (?). 3. nv . 4. mayw, -w
. 5. .

5. ORVN, YEAI, NEVN?


6. mlei (, ) . ? . , , , .
7. 1830 . : 16 ,
, 5 . <>
. , .
,
,
. , , , , , , -- ,
, . ? ?
8. ()
, (. .
, , , . iacre iactare, dicere dictare, pellere
pulsare). :
braxulogv ; monotropv ; yeomaxv
; rgolabv ; okourv ; etuxv
a) - : yhra trfv; myouw grfv; ppouw frbv ; pol manynv; klron2 xv; bar3 timv; mlana frv. .
1

1. . 2. klrow, ou . 3. . , .

b) dxomai , ,
dkomai. ? .
c) ,
, ?
NB: , : , ; .

9. 'Ae yew gevmetre ( ) (


, [Mor. 718 c], -

64

).
XVIIIXIX ., :
'Ae yew mgaw gevmetre
, , : t pn,
t smpan t pan. ? - , .
10. , . - ( + ):
blhxomai, bombv, grzv, mhkomai, mukomai, ciyurzv
, , , , ,
11. (fr. 23, 34 fr. 97 Kassel Austin; ):
1. O loidorn gr, n loidoromenow
m prospoitai1, loidoretai loidorn.
2. 'Anr dkaiw stin ox m dikn,
ll stiw diken dunmenow2 m boletai
od w t mikr lambnein psxeto,
ll w t megla kartere 3 m lambnvn,
xein dunmenow ka kraten zhmvw4
od w ge tata pnta diathre 5 mnon,
ll stiw dolon6 gnhsan7 t xvn fsin
enai dkaiow ko doken enai ylei.
1. pros-poiomai . , . , . 2. part.
praes. dnamai (II .). 3. karterv (. t krtow). 4. .
5. diathrv . . 6. dolow, -on (?). 7. gnsiow .

12.
(1475):
, 1. , 2 .
, 3 , 4 ,
, , . , ,
, 5. ,
, 6, 7 . 8 9
; 10, 11, 12
; 13.
1. lh (pl.). 2. foitv. 3. gkalv prw tina. 4. . 5. =
(diow). 6. = , . 7. kbllv. 8. 'Indo. 9. nairomai. 10. pvlv. 11. gen.
( ). 12. = . 13. bvmolxow.

65

13. (Mor. 94 f) V
IV . . . . , . :
Zejiw ativmnvn atn tinvn, ti zvgrafe bradvw, molog, epen, n poll xrn grfein: ka gr ew .
14. (18671945) , , , ; .
1884 . , . . .
, ( ;
):
, 19 1881 . ; : , , . , , fyonv
? ; ,
, ; , ;
(! ! ); , , , ,
.
(. . . . .: 5- . . 5. ., 1961. . 108)

,
; ,
. ?
15. Disso lgoi ( ), (90, I, 110 Diels Kranz*).
: , , ,
, . ; , , . a) . b) , . c) ,
:
Disso lgoi lgontai n t Elldi p tn filosofontvn per t gay ka
t kak. to mn gr lgonti, w llo mn sti t gayn, llo d t kakn to d,
w t at sti, ka tow mn gayn, tow d kakn, ka t at nyrp tot mn1
gayn, tot d kakn. g d ka atw tosde potityemai2 skcomai d k t
nyrvpnv bv, pimelw3 brsiw4 te ka psiow5 ka frodisvn6 tata gr
syenonti7 mn kakn, gianonti d ka deomn gayn. ka krasa8 tonun totvn tow mn kratsi8 kakn, tow d pvlenti tata gayn. nsow tonun tow mn
syenenti7 kakn, tow d atrow gayn. tonun ynatow tow mn poyanosi kakn, tow d tumbopoiow9 gayn. gevrga te kalw jenekasa10 tw karpw tow
mn gevrgow gayn, tow d mproiw kakn. n tonun tow gsi tow gumnikow11
ka tow mvsikow ka tow polemikow nka t mn niknti gayn, tow d ssam-

66

noiw12 kakn. n te t polm (ka t netata prton r13) tn Lakedaimonvn nka, n nkvn Ayhnavw ka tw summxvw, Lakedaimonoiw mn gayn, Ayhnaoiw d ka tow summxoiw kakn te nka, n to Ellanew tn Prsan nkasan,
tow mn Ellasin gayn, tow d barbroiw kakn. ka mn ka tn yen ka
Gigntvn legomna mxa ka nka tow mn yeow gayn, tow d Ggasi kakn.
1. tot mn tot d , . 2. = . prostyemai . 3. pimelw, -w
. ; pimelw (sti) tini tinow - - , . 4. brsiw . 5. psiw . 6. t frodsia (?).
7. syenv . 8. . . 28. 5, . 9 10. 9. tumbopoiw , . 10. = . jenegkosa, kfrv, nom. sing. fem. 11. gumnikw , . 12. = . tthmnoiw ( ttomai;
); 13. ( lgv).

16. ( )
, I . . .
(58, 14*):
O Axillew tn Xervna reto, T m, fh, tojeein didskeiw; Oti, fh, ka toto tn polemikn1 stin. Deiln, fh, t rgon p deilow. Pw; fh. O ge ok
tn polmion ggw proselyen. O ge ok tn polmion makrn 2 pelyen.
Feugntvn t plon. Ok, ll p tow fegontaw. Atn de tow fegontaw
aren. Brdion ytton; Vw on te txista. Pteron on trxvn tiw aro n
ytton petmenow; M on 3 atw ge are; Tw mn; T blow. En d kontsw, tw are; Ok oda. All pte atw arew ka pokteneiw; tan diaspsw4
labn, sper t yhra; pou5, fh, ndreiotraw g tw gunakaw, ti ggtata
mxontai pipesosai lllaiw; d Axillew tata kovn tn Xervna loidrei ka fh ew Fyan pinai6 par tn patra ka par ken paidesesyai pol
gr krettona enai tn Phla to Xervnow ka ok enai sofistn, sper Xervn. Pw on, fh Xervn, krettvn n ok atw paideei se; Oti, fh, o
sxol7 at. Up to 8; Up tw basileaw. Diafrei on ti basileein paideein; Pol ge. Od t ppeein rskei se; Od s, fh, rskeiw me toiotow
n 9. dokew gr moi toimterow10 enai fegein mnein
1. sc. rgvn (gen. part.). 2. sc. dn; , (). 3. m on
(= mn) . 4. dia-spv (. ). 5. . 6. inf.
p-eimi . 7. sxol (. . 20. 6, . 2). 8. . = tnow. 9.
, , . 10. toimow .

17. a) ? :
: nikv, sigv, ttomai; filv, ploutv, okv; dhlv,
doulv, leuyerv
palaiv ; turannv ; nostv ;
retv ; nev ; moirv ; dikaiv -. ; goromai ; uv ; strathgv ; sitv ; monv -

67

; texnv -.; metrv ; erv ;


biomai ; moiv
b) PROPULAIA
merv.
PS: , , , : , . .

18. (Sekhlow), I II . . .,
1893 . . , ,
( ). ,
. (GVI 1955, 36):
Oson1 zw, fanou2,
mhdn lvw s lupo
prw lgon3 st t zn,
t tlow4 xrnow paite5.
1. . , , . 2. fanomai
. , . 3. prw lgon (sc. xrnon) . 4. . , . 5. p-aitv
.

34. em. CONIUNCTIVUS, OPTATIVUS AORISTI PASSIVI,


OPTATIVUS FUTURI PASSIVI
1. , :
VHMHV;
, .
2. : , , , , , .

68

3. em.
? :
: n ( !), nt, vnti;
: oi, emn, n
4. ,
(., ylv rxomai ylhte
lyete):
em anv, em nosv, peimi peyv, neimi dv, peimi lgv
NB: , . -n .

5. (AP XI, 421), :


An mn pnta lgw me kakw, odn dikew me,
n d parnta kalw, syi1 kakw me lgvn.
1. em, oda .

6. kvlv
?
7. : , ,
, , , ; (. 484493), , ( ). a)
:
Espete1 nn moi, Mosai, Olmpia dmat2 xousai
(mew gr yea ste prest te st3 te pnta,
mew d klow4 oon5 koomen od ti dmen3),
otinew gemnew Danan ka koranoi6 san
plhyn7 d ok n g muysomai8 od nomnv9,
od e moi dka mn glssai, dka d stmat een,
fvn d rrhktow10, xlkeon d moi tor11 neh
e m Olumpidew Mosai, Diw agixoio12
yugatrew, mnhsaay13, soi p Ilion lyon
1. . 2. t dma, -tow = okow (.). 3. ste ( *d-te) , d-men (. smen)
( oda, den). 4. . (). 5. oow = mnow (.). 6. koranow = basilew (.). 7. plhyw, -ow (.). 8. muyomai (. myow); fut. ind., coni. aor. (
). n. 9. coni. aor. act. 1 sing. nomanv = nomzv
(.). 10. (. ). 11. (.). 12. gen. sing. (II .)
agoxow , , . 13. mnhsaato (.) = mnsainto; mimnskv .

69

b) ? ?
c) , . ?
d) , Ilion - , XX . ,
Wilusa. , , . ?
, , ,
.
8.
, . ,
, ngkh (nagkaon)
. .
, :
, . , . , - : , . , .
, ngkh stn. (19 a, 2329):
T mn on enai t n tan , ka t m n m enai tan m , ngkh o mntoi ote
t n pan ngkh enai ote t m n m enai (o gr tatn1 sti t n pan enai
j ngkhw te stin, ka t plw enai j ngkhw movw d ka p2 to m ntow)
ka p tw ntifsevw3 atw lgow enai mn m enai pan ngkh, ka sesya
ge m o mntoi dielnta4 ge epen yteron5 nagkaon. lgv d oon6 ngkh mn
sesyai naumaxan arion m sesyai, o mntoi gensyai arion naumaxan nagkaon od m gensyai gensyai mntoi m gensyai nagkaon.
1. = t at (. . 21. 9, . 9). 2. . . 3. ntfasiw ; , , . 4. diairv . .
5. yteron = t teron, . . 6. . .

35. . DUALIS
1. , - -
( ; . . 4. 2) . : , ,
. . ,
: , , . ?
, .
2. , , t ye?
t texei? t basile? t rkte?
3. skv h?

70

4. a)
(III . . .; . 12):
Ariymo trew nikw, dukw, plhyuntikw nikw mn Omhrow, dukw d t Omrv,
plhyuntikw d o Omhroi. Es d tinew niko xaraktrew1 ka kat polln legmenoi, oon dmow xorw2 xlow3 ka plhyuntiko kat nikn te ka dukn, nikn
mn w Aynai Ybai, dukn d w mfteroi.
1. . , . 2. (. . ). 3. (. . )

b)
?
5. :
1. , , . 2. ; / 1 2 3 ().
3. Quot homines, tot sententiae.
1. . PROPULAIA, . 26, 28, . A I, . 8. 2. manynv. 3. lmpv.

6. ( , ); .
. ( ).
7. (AP Append. II, 755
Cougny; ):
Tnow s, tmbe1; M myoiw, pe frseiw
2 poow oon, psow krptei pson.
1. tmbow . 2. , (, ); .

8. poithw, -thtow,
. , . . , (), .
?
9. / kw. :
i e t (. tw quis), o p (. po
quo [< *quoi]);
, u o k (. quis cuius
[< quoius]), (. po ubi; pufe);
k (. . , , [< ]);
hw > . w, . wh (. quis . wo, . who).
, pterow.
10. . , , (: ? , ;

71

? , ; ?
(), . .):
Poo esin;
Psoi esn;
Phlkoi esn;
Po okosin;
Pyen jlyon;
Po porouontai;
Pte jupnsyhsan1;
Pw dousin;
1. jupnzv , .

11. (. 5272; ). , , , , . , , . ?
DI. Ka dt1 p tw new nagignskont moi
tn Andromdan prw mautn jafnhw pyow2
tn kardan3 ptaje4 pw oei5 sfdra.
HR. Pyow; psow tiw;
DI.
Smikrw6, lkow Mlvn7. <>
HR. Pow tiw, delfdion8;
DI.
Ok xv frsai.
Omvw ge mntoi soi di anigmn9 r10.
Hdh pot peymhsaw jafnhw tnouw11;
HR. Etnouw; Babaij12, murikiw13 g n t b. <>
DI. Toioutos14 tonun me dardptei15 pyow
Eripdou.
HR.
Ka tata to teynhktow16;
DI. Kodew g m n peseien nyrpvn t m ok17
lyen p kenon.
HR.
Pteron ew Aidou ktv;
DI. Ka n D, e t g stin, ti katvtrv.
HR. T boulmenow;
DI.
Domai pohto dejio18.
O mn gr okt esn, o d ntew kako19.
1. dta , . 2. . 3. - karda? 4. patssv ( ). 5. . :
, , ? . . 6. = mikrw ( ).
7. , ; , Mlvnew. 8. (= delfdion); -

72
. 9. anigmw, -o . 10. lgv. 11. t tnow, -ouw . 12. , ( !). 13. .
14. - ( -). 15. dardptv . 16. teynhkw, -ktow , . 17. (
m o , verba impediendi c , . quominus
quin). 18. dejiw . , . 19.
.

3637. .
1. ,
1572, 1633, 1815, 1991. ?
2. : avid avma? : - (+ )
- (dat. temp. ) , -.
#3. ?
, , , , , , , , ,
, the Pentecost, , , ,
4. o ndeka, o trikonta, o bdomkonta, o pentaksioi? t pt mgista rga?
#5. ; ;
?
6. (V, 95) (Derkulw). (
nom. pl., nom. sing.) :
Tssarew a Xritew, Pafai1 do ka dka
Derkulw n psaiw , Xriw, Pafh.
1. Pafh (.; . Pafa) ( ).

#7. - , ?
, , , , , , , , ,
,
8. , , . a) ,
Kosmw (, . ),
(Anecd. Graec. p. 459 Boissonade):
Kosmw kov1 ka lra chfzomai2.
1. . = nomzomai ( [ ] = ). 2. chfzv .

b) , (III, 28),
(gal) (dkh)?

73

9. (Megarew) . . : ? , , ,
( ) , , , . -.
10. , , ; 12 (rai) (- ; ). a) (X, 44):
Ej rai mxyoiw1 kantatai a d met atw
grmmasi deiknmenai2 zyi3 lgousi brotow4.
1. mxyow = pnow. 2. . 3. zv. 4. brotw .

b) ( ) , .
11. :
C9H20 (); C10H22 (); C18H38 (); C48H98 (); C94H190
()
.
( .: . . . ., 1995. . 77.)

12. , , genetivus temporis; ? : , , , . . .


13.
I . . . (De mens. 24). ,
(x), (y), (z) , :
Yatron metrsvmen1 otvw stv yatron, o mezvn perifreia2 podn 3 r ka
mikrotra podn m eren, psouw nyrpouw xvre 4. poei otvw tn mezv perifreian ka tn lssv smmijon 5 gnontai pdew (x) n t misu gnontai pdew (y).
riymsamen t byra6 to yetrou ka eromen nta at r poluplasason 7 tow r
p tow (y) gnontai pdew (z) tosotouw ndraw xvre t yatron, toutsti (z).
1. . 2. (. . ; ?). 3. , (. 31 ).
4. . (. ; , xvrv
). 5. summgnumi (II .) . , . ;
, mig-. 6. , . . 7. poluplasizv
.

14. , 11
. a)

74

. b)
249:

NB: , : .

15. (AP XIV, 117; ): ?


: , ?
Po soi mla bbhken 1, mn tkow2 Ekta3 mn In
doi4, ka gdothn 5 moran xei Semlh
Atonh d ttarton frpasen 6 atr7 Agau
pmpton mn klpvn 8 xet painumnh9.
so d at dka mla fulssetai atr gvge,
na m10 flhn Kprin, n tde monon 11 xv.
1. . , (perf. banv). 2. = tknon (.). 3.
t mrow (. . ,
. .). 4. doio, -a, - = do (.). 5. = gdhn (.). 6. .
7. , (., .). 8. klpow , , ; pl. poet. 9. part. praes. panumai ti tinow -. -. (II .). 10. na m = n.
11. = mnon (., .).

16. ,
() .
. (910 b, 23 911 a, 4*). :
Di t pntew nyrvpoi, ka brbaroi ka Ellhnew, ew t dka katariymosi1, ka
ok ew llon riymn, oon b, g, d, e, eta plin panadiplosin2, n pnte, do
pnte, sper ndeka, ddeka; o gr d p txhw ge at poiontew fanontai ka e t d e ka p pntvn ok p txhw, ll fusikn3. pteron ti
t dka tleiow4 riymw; xvn gr pnta t to riymo edh, rtion5 perittn6,
tetrgvnon7 kbon8, mkow9 ppedon10, prton11 snyeton12. ti rx dekw13;

75

n gr ka do ka tra ka tttara gnetai dekw. ti t fermena smata14 nna; ti pntew prjan15 nyrvpoi xontew dka daktlouw; mnoi d riymosi
tn Yr&kn16 gnow ti ew tttara, di t sper t paida m dnasyai17 mnhmoneein18 p pol, mhd xrsin19 mhdenw enai pollo atow.
1. katariymv . 2. panadiplv . . 3. fusikw . , . 4. (< tlow).
- , . 5. .
6. . 7. ( 4 9). 8. ( 8). 9. t mkow, -ouw
(. mak-rw); 2 . 10. (. -); 3 . 11. . ( ). 12. . 13. dekw, -dow (. ). 14. . . . ; . 15. prxv . = em. 16. Yrj, Yr&kw . 17. inf.
praes. dnamai (II .). 18. . 19. xrsiw, -evw ( gen.) ( -.).

38. , FUTURUM III



1.
, ?
1. ( ). 2. / (). 3. ! .
, (). 4. . Dixi et animam levavi (). 5. , / / ().
6. , (). 7. , , (). 8. ,
(). 9. . -
(). 10. .
, <> (). 11. ,
,
, <> ().
12. ! , ,
, : , , (). 13.
, / ().

2. ? :

.
.

.
.

3. (
, ):
pat- > papat-; dh- > dadh-; as- > s-; spar- > paspar : ad-, bhar-, darsh-, sth-.
NB: bh, ph, dh, th .

76

4. a) kelev e? b)
mimomai m? c) peiromai pipeiromai ?
NB: .

5. fut. III
, (VII, 25, 9):
diapolemv acc. sing. masc. ( tn stratn). ?
6. yv .
, -, - . ., ( !) . +
(., yv, praesens indicativi yeiw, yetai .). (., yvn yousa,
yontew, yumenow). .
7. , ryw. a) , .
1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) ; 7)
a) ;
) - ;
) ;
) , ;
) , ;
) ;
) ,
b) (ryodoja) , ; . ?
8. (VIV . . .),
II, .
, (. ;
). (II . . .; Nat. anim. IV, 21*)
:
Yhron Indikn, mgeyow kat tn lonta tn mgiston, tn d xran1 ruyrn2, w
kinnabrinon3 enai doken, das4 d w knew, fvn t Indn martixraw nmastai. t prsvpon d kkthtai toioton, w doken o yhrou tot ge, ll nyrpou xein. dntew d trstoixoi5 o nv at, trstoixoi d o ktv, tn kmn
jtatoi t d ta oiken6 nyrp, mezv d ka dasa tow d fyalmow glakw7 sti, ka okasin nyrvpnoiw ka otoi. t d or8 kr& prosrthtai9 skorpou kntron10, ka eh n pr pxun toto. n d tiw at dik, d popmpei
t kntra w blh, ka sti t zon khblon11. t brfh12 d tnde tn zvn In-

77

do yhrsin kntrouw tw orw xonta lgei d ka vraknai tde t zon n


Prsaiw Kthsaw j Indn komisyn dron t Persn basile.
1. xra . 2. ruyrw (. ). 3. (t kinnbari).
4. dasw, -ea, - 5. stoxow . 6. oika (perf. ekv) . 7. - ( ). 8. . 9. rtv ; .
10. , ( . ?). 11. ;
, ( ?). 12. t brfow
.

a) , : - ? b)
? :

39. VERBA MUTA: , , FUTURUM III


1. gv?
t, p, k; y, f, x; s, j, c; l, m, n; e, h, o, u, i.
2. II . . . (III, 69*) , - . ,
. a) ? 2 sing.
; 3 sing. :
rn, filen, strgein, ttsya tinow, spoudaknai per tina, nyvw xein, katxvw, mprvw, diaprvw potetfyai1, kekasya2 tinow, yermanesyai p tini, napnen, douleein, pesyai, parakolouyen, jhrtsya3 tinow, xesyai, desyai, kayiketeein, parakalen, rvtomanen, filerasten, frontzein p at, lgen, grupnen, tetrsyai4, kateilfyai
1. tptv , . 2. kav. 3. . . 38. 8, . 9. 4. titrskv.

b) nyousiasmw?

78

3. - (VII . . .) ,
(fr. 114 West). ( || ; , ,
). ,
, :
O filv
mgan strathgn od (diaplssv1),
od bostrxoisi2 garon3 od (pojurv4),
ll moi smikrw5 tiw eh ka per knmaw6 den
=oikw7, sfal vw bebhkw8 poss 9, kardhw10 plvw11.
1. . ( ), . 2. = . bostrxoiw; bstruxow .
3. . 4. . 5. = mikrw. 6. knmh (. knhmw). 7. . 8. banv. 9. = . pos. 10. = . kardaw; karda . (?). 11. (II . .).

4. (BG I, 1; 7*):
1. Gallia1 est omnis divisa2 in partes tres, quarum unam incolunt3 Belgae4, aliam Aquitani5, tertiam qui ipsorum lingua6 Celtae7, nostra Galli8 appellantur. Hi omnes lingua, institutis9, legibus
inter se differunt10. Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae. 2. Caesari cum id nuntiatum esset11,
Helvetios12 per provinciam13 nostram iter facere conari14, maturat15 ab urbe proficisci et quam
maximis potest itineribus16 ad Genavam17 pervenit. Ubi de eius adventu18 Helvetii certiores facti
sunt19, legatos ad eum mittunt.
1. Galata. 2. diairv. 3. katoikv. 4. Blghw, -ou. 5. Akutanw. 6. dilektow. 7. Keltw. 8. Gllow.
9. daita ( ); sing. 10. xvrzomai (perf.) c gen. 11. paggllv;
ggel-. 12. Elouttiow. 13. parxa. 14. peiromai. 15. spedv; .
16. = . 17. Geneh. 18. ( ?) fiknomai. 19. asynomai c acc. cum part.

5. - ( 161180)
. , ,
, ,
,
. ,
.
(V, 1*; VI, 7; VII, 59; VII, 15).
; :
1. Oryrou1, tan dusknvw2 jeger3, prxeiron4 stv ti p nyrpou rgon
geromai ti on duskolanv5, e poreomai p t poien, n neken6 ggona ka n
xrin7 progmai ew tn ksmon; p toto kateskeasmai, na katakemenow8 n
strvmatoiw9 mautn ylpv10; ll toto dion. prw t desyai on ggonaw;
o blpeiw t futria11, t strouyria12, tow mrmhkaw13, tow rxnaw14, tw melssaw15 t dion poiosaw, t kay atw sugkosmosaw ksmon; peita s o yleiw
t nyrvpik poien o trxeiw p t kat tn sn fsin;
2. Aristow trpow to mnesyai t m jomoiosyai16.
3. Endon skpte, ndon phg to gayo ka e nablein17 dunamnh18, n e
skptw.

79

4. O ti n tiw poi lg, m de gayn enai, w n e xrusw smragdow19


porfra20 toto e legen ti n tiw poi lg, m de smragdon enai ka
t mauto xrma21 xein.
1. ryrow , . 2. . 3. (j)egeromai . 4. prxeirow (?); ,
. 5. , . 6. = neka.
7. xrin , neka (. . grati).
8. kat-keimai (II .). 9. t strvmtion , ( ). 10. , . 11. . futn. 12. . strouyw , .
13. mrmhj . 14. . 15. . 16. j-omoiv ,
. 17. , . 18. dnamai (II .). 19. (
; . . . ).
20. (. , ). 21. (. , , .).

6. , , ,
. . , . , , . ,
, , , , . . , , ,
.
, svmatotrofeon (, ) ( ), ( ),
( ), ( praes. ind. 1 sing.) . (2025 ).
NB: . ,
. - ,
: , . , , ,
. . . ,
, , . , .
, , -, , -,
.

40. VERBA MUTA: I


1. , :
oesophagus, encephalon, iris, blepharon, thorax
, , , ,
#2. , ,
. ? ?
, , , ,
3. (. 1). (IV, 25*),
. ;
:

80

Yrsullow Ajvnew pardojon ka kainn 1 nshse manan. polipn gr t stu ka katelyn w tn Peirai ka ntaya okn t ploa t kataronta2 n at
pnta auto nmizen enai, ka pegrfeto3 at ka plin jpempe ka tow
perisvzomnoiw ka eselyosin ew tn limna perxaire. k Sikelaw d naxyew
delfw ato pardvken 4 atn atr sasyai, ka pausen atn tw nsou
otow. mmnhto d pollkiw tw n man& diatribw5, ka lege mhdpote synai tosoton, son tte deto p taw mhdn at proshkosaiw nausn posvzomnaiw.
1. , . . 2. . . 3. . , . 4. aor. ind. act. 3 sing. paraddvmi , (II .). 5. .

4. . . :
1 . .
. 2
, , . 3 4, : 5.
6. -, , , .
: , , 7. :
; .
8 , , .
9, , :
, 10 , 11. 12 13 , 14
, .
1. . 2. suggrfv. 3. nagignskv nagnow,
-gnosa, -gnn. 4. ntigrfv. 5. etuxv.
6. rskei. 7. = (pitugxnv + dat.). 8. grev.
9. . (p) . 10. , (prosfrv, praes.). 11. =
. 12. xrin xein tini. 13. parakalv p ti ( kalv -e- ). 14. mgeirow.

5. I . . . (Babr. 8). (. ), . . ,
( ):
Arac kmhlon xysaw1 phrta2,
pter nabanein mllon ktv banein
aroto. x3 kmhlow ok ter4 moshw
ef: gr ry tn dn peklesyh;5
1. xyzv . 2. . 3. = ka (). 4. (
gen.). 5. poklev .

41. II
1. .
(p. 466 Hercher), -

81

- - ( ):
Isyi1 moi gegonta un. Polln on
tow yeow xrin xv, ox otvw p t gensei2 to paidw, w p t kat tn sn
likan3 atn gegonnai lpzv gr atn p so trafnta ka paideuynta
jion sesyai ka mn ka tw tn pragmtvn diadoxw4.
1. . 2. gnesiw, -evw (. ). 3. . ( . aetas). 4. .

2. , . ,
:
1) (. dvadva , . -); : , []
2) (. tatpurua , tat purua ); :
,
3) (. bahuvrhi , bahu vrhi );
: ,
? , b):
a) , , , , , -, 1, , , , , , , , ; b) llhlofaga, makrbiow (.), okodespthw, ndeka, nyrvpoyusa, polpaiw (.), yepaiw, nuxymeron, xalkoxtvn 2 (.)
1. saurw . 2. .

3. (I, prop. 47). . , ?


En tow ryogvnoiw trignoiw t p tw tn ryn gvnan poteinoshw1 pleurw2 tetrgvnon3 son st tow p tn tn ryn gvnan periexousn pleurn
tetragnoiw.
Estv trgvnon ryognion t ABG ryn xon tn p BAG gvnan lgv, ti
t p tw BG tetrgvnon son st tow p tn BA, AG tetragnoiw.
Anagegrfyv4 gr p mn tw BG tetrgvnon t BDEG, p d tn BA, AG
t HB5, YG6, ka di to A potr& tn BD, GE parllhlow xyv AL ka pezexyvsan7 a AD, ZG. ka pe ry stin katra8 tn p BAG, BAH gvnin, prw
d tini eye&9 t BA ka t prw at shme10 t A do eyeai a AG, AH m p t
at mrh kemenai11 tw fejw12 gvnaw dusn13 ryaw saw poiosin p eyeaw ra
stn GA t AH. di t at d ka BA t AY stin p eyeaw. ka pe sh stn
p DBG gvna t p ZBA ry gr katra koin proskesyv p ABG lh
ra p DBA l t p ZBG stin sh. ka pe sh stn mn DB t BG, d ZB t
BA, do d a DB, BA do14 taw ZB, BG sai esn katra katr& ka gvna p
DBA gvn& t p ZBG sh bsiw15 ra AD bsei t ZG stin sh, ka t ABD

82

trgvnon t ZBG trign stn son ka st to mn ABD trignou diplsion16 t


BL17 parallhlgrammon18 bsin te gr tn atn xousi tn BD ka n taw ataw
esi parallloiw taw BD, AL to d ZBG trignou diplsion t HB19 tetrgvnon
bsin te gr plin tn atn xousi tn ZB ka n taw ataw esi parallloiw taw
ZB, HG. t d tn svn diplsia sa llloiw stn son ra st ka t BL parallhlgrammon t HB tetragn.
Omovw d pizeugnumnvn tn AE, BK deixysetai20 ka t GL21 parallhlgrammon son t YG22 tetragn lon ra t BDEG tetrgvnon dus13 tow HB,
YG tetragnoiw son stn. ka sti t mn BDEG tetrgvnon p tw BG nagrafn, t d HB, YG p tn BA, AG. t ra p tw BG pleurw tetrgvnon son st tow p tn BA, AG pleurn tetragnoiw.
En ra tow ryogvnoiw trignoiw t p tw tn ryn gvnan
poteinoshw pleurw tetrgvnon son st tow p tn tn ryn gvnan
periexousn pleurn tetragnoiw per dei dejai20.
1. po-tenv . . 2. pleur , (. , ). 3. .
4. nagrfv . , . . 5. . H , A G; , , Z. 6. Y ,
A B; , , K. 7. imperat.
perf. pass. pizegnumi (II .), zeug-. 8. kterow , , . 9. eyea (sc. gramm) . 10. t shmeon (?) . 11. part. praes. kemai
(II .). 12. fejw . , ; a fejw gvnai .
13. = duon (pl. dual.). 14. = duon (do ). 15. (< banv; . , ). 16. . 17. . . MBDL, M BG AL. 18. 41- : , . 19. . . HZBA. 20. deknumi ,
(II .); , deik-. 21. . . MLEG.
22. . . AYKG.

4243. VERBA LIQUIDA


#1. fanv, ?
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
2. , fanv:
1. , ( ). 2. , (). 3. , / , <> /
/ ( ). 4. ,
! (). 5. : , , , (). 6. , / , <> /
/ ! (). 7. , , / (). 8. , / , /
(). 9. (). 10. / ? ().

83

3. ( )
, , 296 . . . ( , - ) - ,
, ,
. : , . , , ,
.

. , III . . . h ei [i] ( ), ai [e], oi []; . a) (PMich 214; 217*),
:
1. Pansko[w] t soimb1 mou Ploutogen&, mhtr tw yugatrw mou, plsta xarein.
pr mn <pntvn> exom soi tn loklhra<n>2 kay ksthn mran par tow yeow psi. ginskein se on ylv, delf3, ti n Kpt amnamen ggw tw delfw
sou ka tn tknvn atw, pvw m luphyw rxomnh n t Kpt4 es gr nyde
o delfo sou. d[e]jam[]nh on mou t grm<ma>ta tata pohsn sou t <kat>
xera5, pvw, n pmcv p sn, txevw lyw. ka negkon6 rxomnh pokria7 ridvn8 i, len kermia9 , stgmatow10 kermia d, ka t plon mou, t kenn11 mnon,
t kasdin12 mou. fre ka t logxa mou. fre ka t to papulinow13 skeh. n
erhte ekeran14, met nyrpvn kaln dete15. rxsyv mey mn Nnnow. negkon
mn pnta t mtia rxomnh. negkon rxomnh sou t xrusa, ll m at
forsw16 n t plo. spzome tn kuran mou yugatran Hliodran. spzete mw Ermaw.
2. Panskow Pl[o]utogen& t sumb xarein. parggeil soi jerxmenow, ti m
plyw ew tn okan sou ka plyew pntvw. e ti yleiw, poiew, lgon mou m
xousa17. ll oda, ti mthr mou tata poie. edo trew pistolw pemc soi,
ka od man moi gracaw. e mn [o] yleiw nabnai18 prw m, odew [se n]agkze[i]. tataw tw pistolw [grac]` soi, pe d[e]lf s[o]u nagk[][zei me] nyde
grcai. p`[e d]` s[o]i ok` [sti]n grcai per totou, lla [grc]on on per so.
lla kousa t [m] nkont19 soi. pmcon moi t [kas]din20 mou ka t plrin ka
t [p]nte logxa ka t lvrkin21 mou [k]a t bltin22 mou. spzomai tn [mh]tran sou Hliodran. epn [moi] pistolofrow23, [t]i te mellon24 jelyen, epon
t [gun]aik ka t mhtr atw, ti dte25 [moi] pistoln penegken t Pans[k],
ka o dedkasi26.
1. (?). 2. loklhra , . 3.
, . 4. - , ? ?, (. .
). 5. t kat xera . 6. negka (aor. I) = negkon. 7. t pokrion . pkow ( , ). (. . ? ! ? , . .). 8. t rdion . ron
. 9. t kermion . kramow (. ). 10. t stgma . . 11. kainw . 12. . . cassis, -idis . -

84
, ; . . 13,
21 22. 13. papuln, -now (< . papilio, . ) (. ). 14. e-kaira =
kairw. 15. ( ); dero.
16. forv (. ). 17. lgon xein ,
(c gen.). 18. inf. aor. nabanv; . ( ). 19. = proskonta. 20. = t kasdion (. .
12); -ion -in. 21. (< . lorica). 22. (< . balteus). 23. ,
: ,
, , . . 24. mllv . . 25. imperat. aor. act. 2 pl.
ddvmi (II .). 26. ddvka ddvmi.

b) , ; ,
- ( ). ?
c) .
4.
III . . ., , . (3:18)
(, IIIII . . .):
Tow psin xrnow, ka kairw t pant prgmati p tn orann.
kairw to teken ka kairw to poyanen,
kairw to futesai ka kairw to ktlai1 pefuteumnon,
kairw to poktenai ka kairw to sasyai,
kairw to kayelen ka kairw to okodomsai,
kairw to klasai2 ka kairw to gelsai,
kairw to kcasyai3 ka kairw to rxsasyai,
kairw to balen lyouw ka kairw to sunagagen lyouw,
kairw to perilaben4 ka kairw to makrunynai5 p perilmcevw,
kairw to zhtsai ka kairw to polsai6,
kairw to fuljai ka kairw to kbalen,
kairw to =jai7 ka kairw to =cai8,
kairw to sign ka kairw to lalen9,
kairw to filsai ka kairw to missai,
kairw polmou ka kairw ernhw.
1. k-tllv . 2. klausa aor. klav. 3. . ( ), . 4. . . 5. makrnv (?),
-., . 6. plesa pllumi ; (II .). 7. rrhja
=gnumi (II .). 8. =ptv ( ?). 9. lalv .
, ( ), . (, ).

5. , ,
(18881957)
. , 1918 . .
(, ) (thlefvna): , . a) ( ):

85

Snj,Thlefvna.
SN. V otow1, otow, ot
TH. Ariymw2, e doke 3;
SN. Okt diplow4, 5, pnte, Paddggou pliw6:
TH. Okt, diplow , pnte, Paddggou pliw;
SN. Ok w krakaw7; m tn D, ll' kt diplow.
TH. Brekekekj koj koj8, brekekekj koj:
otow otow: brekekekj koj
SN. V fltaton prsfyegma9 t xrn10 fann,
jnou patrou11 Biggw, smnvw s xv.
TH. Poio s Biggw; n braxe gr eksai12,
opv tin oda tot' pvnomasmnon.
SN. S d e tw;
TH. Ostiw em; Fvyerggiow.
SN. Okt diplow, , pnte katalexyew13 s ge;
TH. Ok, ll pnte, tssarew, trew, nna.
SN. Hmarton14, w oiken: kkvdnison15.
TH. Brekekekj koj koj: p, p, p, p: brekekekj koj:
otow otow
SN. Prw yen16, stiw per e,
nv moln17 tn Bgga kataklei dmvn18.
TH. (Mugmw19.)
SN. All dvw kloim20 n, e lkoiw21 mga.
TH. Vw o parntow tat' rvtsaw mye.
SN. Pteron yanntow podhmontow22 lgeiw;
TH. Yrrei, kteisin23: kt24 paggelai t xr;
SN. O Snj lgvn
TH. Blj;
SN. Snj mn on.
TH. O Snvgmnvn;
SN. Snj, Snka, Snvkw, Snvk: sgma n kleiw20;
TH. Ka mn d atw j grn katrxetai.

(Mugmw.)

otow otow: Bgj lgei: koj koj,


brekekekj koj koj, brekeke [Silence.]
(R. A. Knox. In Three Tongues / Ed. by L. E. Eyres. London, 1959. P. 3435)
1. otow : , ;
. 2. . . , : , , , . . 3. (. ). 4. diplow,
-, -on , . (. -plow; . , ). 5. ? 6. = (Paddington), . 7. . ( ) ? (w = ew; kraj, -akow ); . 8. ( ?), . NB: ,
, , (extra

86
metrum). 9. t prsfyegma, -atow (.) , . (. 234235). 10. , . 11.
(?). 12. : ( ) ;
. 13. katalgv . , . 14. aor. II martnv. 15. kvdvnzv (< kdvn ); k-kvdvnzv . ring off
, . 16. . 17. molon (aor. II) . 18. dmow =
okow (.). 19. (). 20. klv (.). 21. lakon aor. II lskv .
22. = podhmontow (); podhmv (?). 23. 3 sing. katinai ; praesens futurum. 24. = ka eta ( ).

b) -: , , ,
?
6. (. . Res
gestae divi Augusti); , , . 1555 .
(. ; Monumentum Ancyranum),
, . , XIXXX .,
. (); , , .
(3132*), , . ; , ( , , ). :
Prw m j Indaw basilvn presbeai1 pollkiw pestlhsan, odpote2 pr totou xrnou fyesai par Rvmavn gemni. [...]w m basilew Paryn Fra[....,
.....]u u[., .]ow [.....] uvnow3 te pntaw pemcen ew Italan, o polm leifyew,
ll tn m[.]tran filan jin p tknvn nexroiw4. Plest te lla ynh
peran5 l[.]ben dmou Rvmavn pstevw p mo gemnow, ow t prn odema n
prw dmon Rvmavn p[..]sbein ka filaw koinvna6.
Ad me ex In[... ..... .......... ..... ...... ...., ... ..... .... .. ......] apud qu[..]q[...]
R[........ ..]cem. Ad [..] rex Parthorum Phraats, rd[.]s filius, filios suos nepot[..... .....
.....] in Italiam, non bello superatu[.], sed amicitiam nostram per [.........] suorum pignora
petens. Plurimaeque aliae gentes exper[... .... ...... ......] fidem me principe, quibus
antea cum populo Roman[. ...... ........]t7 legationum et amicitiae [.]ommercium.
1. presbea (. presbeutw). 2. ,
. 3. uvnw . 4. nxuron . 5. , (. peiromai, m-peirow). 6. , (< koinw). 7. existo, extiti, , -re.

7. (VII, 310):
Ejhkontothw1 Dionsiow nyde kemai,
Tarsew2, m gmaw3. aye4 d mhd patr.
1. jhkonto-thw; . 2.
. 3. gamv ; ? 4. = eye.

8. , , , , ?

87

44.
1. , :
, , , , , ,
, , ( 2 ), ,
2. -tw:
erskv erhtw, krnv kritw, fedomai feistw, sperv spartw, timv timhtw, trbv triptw, fanv fantow (c - privativum)
: krptv, ktzv, gv, manynv, grfv,
fyerv, zhlv, asynomai, ggnomai (c - privativum), sfttv, domai, tenv, peirv, arv
3. (II, 6, 814*), , . :
Ow d n mn jiow filaw dok enai, pw xr flon toton poiesyai; Prton
mn, fh, t par tn yen piskepton1, e sumbouleousin atn flon poiesyai.
T on fh, n n mn te dok ka o yeo m nantintai, xeiw epen, pvw otow
yhratow; M D, fh, o kat pdaw, sper lagw, od pt2, sper a rniyew, od b&, sper o xyro konta gr flon len rgdew3 xalepn d ka dsanta katxein4, sper dolon xyro gr mllon floi ggnontai o tata
psxontew. Floi d pw; fh. Enai mn tinw fasin5 pdw6, w o pistmenoi7
pdontew8 ow n bolvntai flouw atow poiontai. Pyen on, fh, tata myoimen n; A mn a Seirnew pdon t Odusse kousaw Omrou, n stin rx
toide tiw
Der ge d, polain 9 Oduse, mga kdow10 Axain

Tathn on, fh, tn pdn, Skratew, ka tow lloiw nyrpoiw a Seirnew


pdousai katexon4; Ok, ll tow p ret filotimoumnoiw11 otvw pdon.
Sxedn ti lgeiw toiata xrnai12 kst pdein, oa m nomie kovn tn painonta katagelnta lgein; Otv mn gr xyvn t n eh ka pelanoi tow
nyrpouw f auto, e tn edta13, ti mikrw te ka asxrw ka syenw stin,
painoh lgvn, ti kalw te ka mgaw ka sxurw stin. Allaw d tinaw osya14
pdw; Ok, ll kousa mn, ti Periklw pollw pstaito7, w pdvn t
plei poei atn filen atn. Yemistoklw d pw pohse tn plin filen
atn; M D ok pdvn, ll pericaw15 ti gayn at. Dokew moi lgein,
Skratew, w, e mlloimen16 gayn tina ktsasyai flon, atow mw gayow de
gensyai lgein te ka prttein
1. pi-skptomai , . 2. pth . 3. rgdhw , .
4. . , . 5. praes. ind. 3 pl. fhm. 6. p-d . 7. pstamai
(II .). 8. pdv . ( ). 9. polainow (.) (. p-ainv).
10. to kdow , ( Youkuddhw?). 11. filotimomai p
tini -., -.. 12. inf. xr. 13. edw, -tow -

88
oda (perf. praes.). 14. 2 sing. . 15. peri-ptv
. , . 16. . .

45. ddvmi
1. , ,
2000 .
. . . (Lsiw;
LHSISIS , . . )
(?) ,
. , . ,
, . , , , ,
, .
: , ,
, IV . . ., (403 . . .; . . 7. 4): ou o, ei e, h v
e o.
a) ; :

(D. R. Jordan. A Personal Letter Found in the Athenian Agora // Hesperia. 2000. Vol. 69. P. 91103).
NB: mhdamw ; periorv , (?); pllumai, aor. II pvlmhn ; t xalkeon ; mastigv ( mstij); prophlakzv , ( phlw , ).

b) Ona Phla poien (Athen. IX, 383 )


. (Phlew) , (Onew), . ?
2. (. 353356) , :
Tn filonta filen1, ka t prosinti2 prosenai.
ka dmen3, w ken4 d, ka m dmen, w ken m d
dt5 mn tiw dvken6, dt d o tiw dvken
dw7 gay, rpaj8 d kak, yantoio9 dteira10

89
1. infinitivus pro imperativo. 2. part. praes. prosinai , ;
i-. 3. -men , ; ? 4. ken, ke (., .) = . n. 5. dthw, -ou ; . 6. (. . 17. 7, . 10); . 7. dw (
; nom.) , . 8. rpaj ( ; ) . 9. -oio gen. sing. II . , .
10. ( ).

3. . :
1) astufila; 2) taxufageo; 3) pantopvleo; 4) pagkosmiopoish; 5) atomikw;
6) podlato; 7) podsfairo; 8) antisfairsh; 9) ekdrom; 10) shmatodthw; 11) xrhmatodthw
) ; b) ; c) ; d) ; e) ; f) ; g) ; h) ; i) ; j) ; k)
PS: -on -n . .

46. tyhmi
1. .
, ,
, . , :
t pokemenon; t pyeton, pryesiw, ntvnuma, t prrhma; payhtik diyesiw, pofantik gklisiw
2. (AP VI, 194) ( slpigj, -ggow), ; Trit Tritogneia. a) :
Sze, ye Trito, t teynta te tn t naynta.
b) -:
Ew slpigga: erhtai d <> salpistikn. ?
3. . ()
: , . ,
, :
, -
(., , ,
, ).
(IG 2 IV, 1, 121, XV; IV . . .):
E`rmdikow Lamcakhnw kratw1 to smatow. toton gkayedonta1 sato2 ka
kelsato3 jelynta lyon negken ew t arn4 psson5 dnaito6 mgiston.
1. . 2. . . . 3. = kelesato. 4. = . ern. 5. = . pson. 6. opt.
praes. dnamai (II .).

90

( 250 !) . a) (IG 2 IV, 1, 125;


):
Ermdik[ow Lamcak]hnw.
Sw retw1 [pardeigm 2], Asklhpi,
tnd n[yhka p]tron eirmenow3, psi[n rn] f`anern 4,
cin5 sw t`xnh`w prn gr
sw ew xraw6 lyen
sn te tknvn 7, kemai8
nosou9 po stugerw10
npuow11 n styow12 xeirn t kratw s d,
Pai`n 13, pesw14 m rasyai
tnd, noson 15 digein.

1. . . 2. t pardeigma (. ). 3. erv = arv (. ). 4. fanerw . 5. . , .


6. = xeraw. 7. , , , . 8. praes. impf.
9. = nsou (.). 10. stugerw . 11. = mpuow ( ). 12. t
styow, -ouw (acc. relat.). 13. () . 14. = peisaw
( ). 15. nosow, -on (? ?).

b) : nosou, noson; xraw,


xeirn; n[yhka] ( ), pesaw. ?
4. (Mor. 207 be*) , . :
H Rvmavn sgklhtow1 prrhtn2 tina bouln bouleeto kay atn p pollw
mraw sfeian3 d polln xontow to prgmatow, gun tlla sfrvn, gun
d proskeito4 t autw ndr, liparw5 deomnh6 puysyai t prrhton rkoi
d per sivpw7 ggnonto ka dkrua8 potnivmnhw9 atw w pstin ok xoshw.
d Rvmaow jelgjai10 boulmenow atw tn belteran11 nikw, gnai epen,
ll koue fobern prgma ka terstion12. prosggeltai gr mn p tn ervn krudon13 fyai petmenon krnow14 xonta xruson ka dru skeptmeya d t
traw15, ete xrhstn ete faln sti, ka sundiaporomen16 tow mntesin. ll sipa. tat epn xet ew tn gorn d tn yerapaindvn17 eyw felkusamnh18 tn prthn eselyosan paie t styow19 atw ka tw trxaw spratten20
omoi21 lgousa to ndrw ka tw patrdow t peismeya; boulomnh ka didskousa22 tn yerpainan17 epen t gr ggonen; w d on puyomnhw dihgsato
ka prosyhke tn koinn pshw dolesxaw23 pdn24, t tata mhden frsw,
ll sipa. t d yerapaindion17 t rast25 paragenomn prw atn frasen tn lgon. otv d ew gorn to dihgmatow26 kkulisyntow27, ste prodramen28 tn plasmenon29 tn fmhn30, pantsaw tiw at tn gnvrmvn okon
odn epen kkoaw; krudow ptai petmenow krnow xvn xruson ka dru, ka
mllousi31 per totou sgklhton xein o rxontew. kkenow gelsaw e to txouw32 epen gnai, t ka fysai33 me tn lgon ew gorn proelynta.
1. (< kalv; . . . ). 2. (?). 3. . 4. .
, . 5. . , . 6. domai . . 7. sivp = sig.
8. t dkruon . 9. potniomai , ( ptnia !). 10. jelgxv . 11. (?). 12. (. .
15). 13. . 14. t krnow = kruw. 15. t traw , . 16. sun-di-aporv; -

91
. 17. yerapainw = yerpaina = . t yerapaindion
(?). 18. f-elkv . , . , . 19. . 20.
(, . ). 21. -, (.
omzv). 22. . , ( ) . 23. dolesxa . 24. .
25. . 26. t dighma (?). 27. k-kulndv (. ).
28. , ( ?). 29. plttv (aor. plasa) . (.
). 30. (. fama ). 31. . 32. t txow
(. taxw). 33. inf. aor. I fynv.

5. (kboi, tesserae)
(strgaloi, tali). (
1 6),
, 1, 3, 4 6 . :
(ptsiw),
(. PROPULAIA, . 38, 39, . 17), Afrodth kvn .
(IVIII . . .; fr. 74
Kassel Austin), : (parsitow , ).
; :
Arist palltteiw1 p totou to kbou2.
Asteow3 e. draxmn pyew.
Ketai plai.
Pw n bloim Eripdhn4;
Ok n pote
Eripdhw gunaka ssei. ox rw,
n taw tragdaisin5 atw w stuge 6;
tow d parastouw gpa. lgei g toi:
nr gr stiw e bon7 kekthmnow
m tolxiston trew sumblouw8 trfei,
loito9, nstou mpot ew ptran10 tuxn.11
Pyen st tata, prw yen;
T d soi mlei;
o gr t drma, tn d non skopomeya.
1. . ( ?). 2. . (
, ). 3. (?). 4.
, , , 40 . ( ),
(., 6+6+6+6 4+4+4+4); . 5. = tragdaiw (.,
.). 6. , (. Stj ). ( , , ) . 7. . , . 8. : - privativum + sumbol (?). 9. lmhn aor. llumai . 10. . 11.
, , , .

92

6. 1869 . ,
:

(http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/education/harvardexam.pdf)

7. PROPULAIA (. 44, 46 B, sub fin.)


. , (Tusc. I, 101):
Dic, hospes, Spartae nos te hic vidisse iacentes,
Dum sanctis patriae legibus obsequimur.
. a)
? b) ? ?

93

PS: (18691950) -
.
-, ,
:
Unknown Soldiers
Stranger! Tell the people of Spoon River two things:
First that we lie here, obeying their words;
And next that had we known what was back of their words
We should not be lying here!

47. hmi, dedoika


1. IV . . . ,
, . (. 31, 31) :
D :: :: N ::: S :: :: S

K L :: S

hmi, :
1) : T

2) :: T ::

3) :: T ::

4) :: :::

5) :::

2. , ( ),
II . . . (Arstvn, -vnow).
:
ARISTVNOS
YESEAAFES
, .
, 1968 ., , , ; ,
, ?
#3. hmi, ?
, , , , , ,
4. (. 2).
, III . . .
- (VI, 261 de):
Tirunyouw d fhsi Yefrastow filgelvw1 ntaw, xreouw2 d prw t spoudaitera3 tn pragmtvn, katafugen p t n Delfow manteon pallagnai boulomnouw to pyouw, ka tn yen nelen atow, n yontew t Poseidni taron gelast4 toton mblvsin 5 ew tn ylattan, pasesyai. o d deditew, m diamrtvsi to logou6, tow padaw klusan parenai t yus&. mayn on ew ka sugkatamixyew7, peper bvn pelanontew atn, t dt 8; fh dedokate, m t sf-

94

gion9 mn natrcv; gelasntvn d mayon rg tn yen dejanta10 w ra t


poluxrnion yow mxann 11 sti yerapeuynai.
1. filgelvw, -vtow (. acc. pl. II ) . 2. , (?). 3. . . 4. (.). 5. . 6. t
lgion . 7. sugkatam(e)gnumi , pass. ;
, mig-. 8. dta .
9. ; , , . 10. deknumi ; deik-. 11. (?).

48. oda
1. rv, ddvmi oda ,
.
2. IIIII . , , , . ,
. (II, 17*)
, , ,
-. :
Osy me pisjanta1 tn non ska2 ka palyaw3 <stude> katagagnta; w on
tata pedmhn tn tini gnvrmvn, gei m tiw labn ew t yatron, o 4 kaysaw
n kal diafroiw5 cuxagvgomhn6 yevraiw. tw mn on llaw o sunxv t mnm7, em gr t toiata ka ednai ka paggllein kakw n d dn xanw8 g
soi9. ew gr tiw ew msouw parelyn ka stsaw10 trpoda trew mikrw petyei parocdaw11 eta p tataiw skepe12 tra mikr ka leuk13 liydia14 tat pote mn
<n> kat man skepe parocda, pot d ok od pvw p t mi deknu15, pot d
pantelw16 p tn parocdvn fnize17 ka p to stmatow fainen. eta katabroxysaw18 tow plhson sttaw19 gvn ew mson tn mn20 k =inw21 tinow, tn d
j tw, tn d k kefalw nreto, ka plin nelmenow j fyalmn22 poei. kleptstatow nyrvpow pr n koomen Erubthn23. m gnoito kat grn toioton yhron o gr lsetai24 p odenw, ka pnta fairomenow tndon25 frod26 moi pergsetai27.
1. pisttv . 2. t skon , . 3. palyh (
). 4. . 5. diforow, -on . 6. cuxagvgv ,
(?). 7. . . memoria tenere. 8. , . 9. dativus ethicus. 10. part. aor.
sthmi . 11. parocw . . 12. skpv . 13. . 14.
lyow. 15. imperf. act. 3 sing. deknumi . 16. . (?). 17. fanzv , (?). 18. katabroxyzv . 19. (
); part. perf. stamai . 20. ( cfow).
21. =w . 22. . 23. ; , .
24. fut. lskomai . 25. = t ndon . 26. frodow , (pro- + dw, ). 27. pergzomai .

3. (IV, 4, 15) : , ,

95

, - . . :
Otow gr dkei ka prteron poll dh lhyesai1 toiata, t nta te w nta
ka t nta w nta.
1. lhyev ( acc.) -..

: ok, m.
.
4. (VIV . . .) , (fr. 72 PMG); 1828 . ( , / ). : ( || ), ( || ). :
Ple1 Yrkh2, t d me lojn3 mmasi blpousa
nhlvw4 fegeiw, dokew d m odn ednai sofn;
syi toi, kalw mn n toi5 tn xalinn6 mbloimi,
naw7 d xvn strfoim 8 < s> mf trmata9 drmou
nn d leimnw te bskeai10 kof11 te skirtsa12 pazeiw,
dejin13 gr ppoperhn14 ok xeiw pembthn15.
1. plow . 2. Yrkiow (.) ( ). a purum. 3. lojw . ; . 4. . 5. = soi ( toi ,
dativus ethicus). 6. . 7. a nai . 8. strfv (. . ;
?). 9. t trma . , .
(drmow), , . 10. praes.
ind. med. 2 sing. ( ) bskomai . 11. kofow ; . 12. skirtv , ( ). 13. dejiw . , . 14. ppoperhw ( ) (. peiromai, mpeirow). 15. (?).

4950. sthmi.
#1. sta-,
sta-?
, , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , ,
2. , ,
30, 29 ( ).
:
nth stamnou 9- ;
dekth stamnou 10- ;

96

nth p dka 19- ;


nth fynontow1 21- 22-
1. fynv , .

a) deutra fynontow? b) ? c) , stamnou fynontow?


3. , , ?
a) stw; b) prtonow; c) xhnskow; d) prra; e) t mbolon

4.
(. . )
(POxy 51). :
I[si]d[r] K[lau]d[ia]n strathg p(ar) Dionusou Apollodrou Dionus[]ou
p Ojurgxvn plevw dhmosou atro. t nests mr& petrphn p so
di Hrakledou phrtou1 piden sma nekrn phrthmnon2 Irakow ka prosfvnsa3 soi n n katalbvmai4 per at diyesin5. pidn on toto p parnti
t at phrt1 n ok& Epagyou Sarapvnow []p mfdou6 Plateaw7 eron
at phrthmnon brx8 di prosfvn3. (touw) id Atokrtorow Kasarow
Mrkou [A]rhl[o]u Antvnnou Sebasto 9 Ar[meniako] [Mhdiko] Paryiko Germaniko [Megs]tou, Yy10 g.
1. phrthw , . 2. p-artv . 3. pros-fvnv , . 4. katalambnv . , . 5. diyesiw . , ;
: prosfvnsa soi diyesin, n katalcomai per
at, n katalbvma (tina). 6. t mfodon . 7. platea ( platw ; . . place, . Platz, . ). 8. brxow . 9. Sebastw (. , . ) . , ; Augustus. 10. , (.).

5. , II . . . (PGM 4, 18721919*):
Labn khro1 ogkaw2 d plson3 kna daktlvn4 h, xskonta5. nyseiw d ew t
stma to kunw p nyrpou kefalw biaou6 ston ka pgracon ew tw pleu-

97

rw7 to kunw tow xaraktraw8 totouw XZOPCXC ka yseiw p trpoda tn


kna. xtv d kvn tn pda phrmnon tn dejin. grfe d ew t pittkion9
tata t nmata IAV ASTV IVFH ka yseiw p tn trpoda t pittkion
ka pnv to pittakou stseiw tn kna ka lge tata pollkiw t nmata.
ka epntow so tn lgon kvn surzei10. ka n surs, ok rxetai11. plege
on plin tn lgon, kn lakts12, gei11. lgow jorkzv13 se, Krbere, ge moi
tn dena14 tw dena, mo, t dena, dh dh, tax tax. eta nojaw tn yran
erseiw par taw yraiw, n yleiw.
1. khrw (. . cera, . ). 2. ogka ( ). 3. plttv
(aor. plasa) . 4. ; . . 5. xskv (. xow . , ). 6. biaow . . 7. pleur . 8. xaraktr (
xarttv ) . , . 9. , . 10. . 11. . 12. laktv . 13. (. ). 14. () dena (.) , (-).

6. (I, 94*) , . .
; .
( ):
Fas1 d ato Ludo ka tw paignaw2 tw nn sfsi te ka Ellhsi katestesaw vutn jerhma3 gensyai, de per atn lgontew. Ep Atuow4 to basilow sitodehn 5 sxurn n tn Ludhn psan gensyai ka tow Ludow tvw6 mn digein liparontaw7, met d kea8 dzhsyai9, llon d llo pimhxansyai10 atn. Ejeureynai
d n11 tte ka tn kbvn ka tn straglvn12 ka tw sfarw13 ka tn llvn
pasvn paignivn t edea, pln pessn14 totvn gr n11 tn jeresin15 ok okhiontai16 Ludo. Poiein d de prw tn limn jeurntaw tn mn trhn tn mern pazein psan, na d m zhten sita17, tn d trhn sitsyai18 pauomnouw
tn paignivn. Toiot trp digein p tea dun donta19 ekosi.
1. praes. ind. 3 pl. fhm. 2. . 3. (?). 4. (Atuw),
. 5. (< stow + dv); I . 6. . (.). 7. liparv . .
8. t kow , . 9. dzhmai (II .; . zhtv). 10. ,
(< mhxan , ; . . , , , ). 11. = on
(.). 12. o strgaloi , ; . . 46. 5. 13. (. .
); I . 14. o pesso (. petto) ( ,
). 15. jeresiw t jerhma? 16. okhiomai (.) . , (< okow). 17. siton ( pl.) = stow. 18. sitomai . 19. dun (. duon) donta . , . . ; . . duodeviginti.

51. . :
1. ( )
. (1213 a, 1423*):
'Epei on sti kai xalepvtaton, sper kai tvn sofvn tinew erhkasin, to gnvnai
aton, kai diston (to gar aton edenai du), atoi men on atouw j atvn o dunameya yeasasyai (ti d atoi atouw o dunameya, dhlon j n1 lloiw pitimvmen2,

98

atoi de lanyanomen tata poiountew) sper on tan yelvmen atoi atvn to


prosvpon dein, ew to ktoptron3 mblecantew edomen4, moivw kai tan atoi atouw boulhyvmen5 gnvnai, ew ton filon dontew gnvrisaimen6 n sti gar filow
terow gv.
1. = k totvn, (attractio pronominis). 2. pi-timv tini ti -. -. (. . ). 3. (?). 4. (. . 17. 7, . 10). 5. boulyhn aor.
bolomai. 6. gnvrzv .

2. a) (fr. 16, 112 Voigt).


( ) . . 18. 5:
O] mn ppvn1 strton2, o d psdvn3,
o d nvn4 fas5 p[] gn mlai[n]an
]mmenai6 klliston, gv d kn7 ttv8 tiw ratai9
p]gxu10 d emarew11 sneton phsai12
p]nti t[o]`t, gr plu persk`y`o`i`s`a13
k`l`lo`w` [ny]r`pvn Elna [t]n ndra
t`n` [panr]i`ston
k`all[poi]s`14 ba w15 Troan ploi`[sa
kvd[16 pa]dow od flvn to[k]vn17
p`[mpan]18 mnsyh, ll parg`a`g` a`tan
[Kpriw rai]san
1. = . ppvn. 2. = . stratn. 3. = pezn ( sd, z gi, ); pezw . 4. = .
nen. 5. = . fas (praes. ind. 3 pl. fhm). 6. = . enai. 7. kno = . keno. 8. = . tou = otinow.
9. ramai = . rv ( gen.); II .
10. = . pnu. 11. emarw, -w . 12. = poisai. 13. = . persxosa ( pr , per). 14. kal- = kata( -l-). 15. ew (). 16. = ka od. 17. tokew (?); . 18. (?).

b) ?,
. (, : , , , , ,
), , die Primel ( praeambula). , , .
Priamel .
3. (IVIII . . .) . , , (, ,
. .). , (Char. 21*):
O d mikrofiltimow toiotw tiw, oow spoudsai p depnon klhyew par atn tn
kalsanta katakemenow deipnsai. ka tn un pokerai1 pagagn ew Delfow,

99

ka pimelhynai d, pvw at klouyow2 Ayoc stai. ka podidow mnn rgurou kainn3 podonai. ka koloi4 d ndon 5 trefomn deinw klimkion6 prasyai7 ka spdion 8 xalkon poisai, xvn p to klimakou koloiw phdsetai.
ka pompesaw9 d met tn ppvn t mn lla pnta donai t paid10 penegken okade, nabalmenow11 d yomtion n tow mvci12 kat tn gorn peripaten 13. ka kunarou14 d Melitaou15 teleutsantow16 at, mnma17 ka sthldion 18
poisaw pigrcai Kldow19 Melitaow. ka nayew dktulon 20 xalkon n t
Asklhpie toto ktrbein 21, stefanon, lefein 22 shmrai23.
\

1. pokerv . ,
; , ,
, . 2. , . . , . 3. (. rgrion); . 4. koloiw
( ). 5. . , . . . 6. . klmaj (< klnv)
. 7. . 8. . spw. 9. pompev . .
, (., ,
), , ;
. 10. . , (. . puer, . boy,
. garon ). 11. nabllomai (. ). 12. mvc . 13. peripatv ( , , ). 14. . kvn.
15. Melth , ( , ). 16. .
. 17. . . 18. . stlh. 19. (. , ),
. 20. dktulow (. , , );
()
. 21. , . 22. (. ).
23. . (?)

4. (. 3). (I . . .) , ;
. ; (I, 7 ac*).
; :
Egneto d kat tow Tiberou xrnouw nr tiw Apkiow, plousitatow trufhtw1.
otow kanw muridaw katanalsaw2 ew tn gastra n Mintornaiw (pliw d
Kampanaw) ditribe3 t plesta kardaw4 syvn polutelew, a gnontai atyi
mgistai. kosaw on ka kat Libhn gnesyai permegyeiw, jpleusen od namenaw man mran. ka poll kakopaysaw kat tn plon, w plhson ke tn
tpvn, prn jormsai5 tw new (poll d gegnei par Lbusi fmh6 tw fjevw
ato), prosplesantew liew prosnegkon at tw kallstaw kardaw. d dn
pyeto, e mezouw xousin epntvn d m gnesyai n7 negkon, pomnhsyew tn n
Mintornaiw kleuse t kubernt8 tn atn dn p Italan naplen mhd
prospelsanti9 t g.
1. . . 2. kat-analskv (fut. nalsv etc.) ; , , .
3. diatrbv . 4. karw, -dow . 5. . . 6. = fama. 7. . . m
gnesyai mezonaw totvn, negkon (attractio pronominis). 8. kubernthw, -ou (. , . gubernator). 9. pros-pelzv .

100

52. sthmi. emi, fhm


1. fhm bh ( . . 1. 4). , fhm for, ftus sum, fri ; fama, fabula, in-fans, fatum . ( )
?
#2. . ?
, ( ), , blasphemy, prophet
3. (10831153), I, , . a) (X, 5, 56*), (10951096 .); ,
, :
Keltw tiw Ptrow t noma, tn pvnuman1 Koukopetrow2, ew prosknhsin3 to
gou tfou pelyn ka poll dein peponyw par tn tn Asan psan lzomnvn4 Torkvn te ka Sarakhnn mgiw5 panlyen ew t dia. Ka diamartn
to skopo6 ok feren, ll ayiw boleto7 tw atw casyai do. Sunidn8 d
w o xr mnon ayiw tw prw tn gion tfon doiporaw9 casyai, na m xern ti gnhtai, bouln bouleetai sunetn10. H d n diakhrukesai ew psaw tw
tn Latnvn xraw w Omf11 yea parakeleeta me psi tow n Fragg& kmhsi12 khrjai, pantaw tn dvn prai13 ka ew prosknhsin to gou tfou
pelyen. Ka mntoi ka katryvken14. Vsper gr tina yean mfn nymenow ew
tw pntvn cuxw tow Keltow sn ploiw ka ppoiw ka t loip to polmou
paraskeu sunayrozesyai pareskeaze. sunepei d tow stratitaiw kenoiw Keltow ka ciln15 pr tn mmon16 ka t stra plyow17 fonikaw18 fron staurow19
p mvn20, gnai21 te ka tkna tn sfn jelhluyta xvrn. Ka n rn atow kayper tinw potamow pantaxyen22 surrontaw ka prw mw perxomnouw panstrati.
1. (?). 2. . (. cucullus > .-. koukolion);
, . 3. . . (nomen actionis)
proskunv. 4. . 5. , -. 6. skopw . . 7. = boleto. 8. . 9. ( ). 10. , (?).
11. . 12. kmhw .-. (< . comes, -itis). 13. . .
14. katoryv . (?). 15. cilw . , -. (.
() ciln); . . 16. mmow . 17. t plyow, -ouw . 18. fonij, -kow . . . 19. (. , XVIII .). 20. mow . 21. t gnaion = gun. 22. .

b) , .
?
?
4. , , . , di D, kat K, polw P, mezvn M, mra H, otow O (

101

). - ,
. I . . . , IX ., (15, 1) :
Ath t mn pan ew plin o katei od nemsgeto1 taw loipaw parynoiw paraskeuasamnh d puknw2 yreuen3 ka n t Lakvnik ka stin te pifoitsa4 ew t
loip tw Peloponnsou rh. di n atan mla kataymiow5 n Artmidi
1. namsgomai . , . . 2. puknw , , . 3. yhrev = yhrv. 4. pifoitv . 5. kataymiow, -on , (< kat yumn;
. . ).

.
PS: 1900 . .

5. ( ) , . VI . . . , , , .
, , , III . . .,
. , :
, -, , ,
. , : a . h (., tn Matra = tn Mhtra), v . ou
(., ran = orano). ( ),
( ; . 22, 26). . 21 : . , . 19 (, - ): ( ). (Fr. adesp. 17 PMG):

10

[Semna1 Xrite]w yea,


der lyet p ran
ka moi sunaesate2
tn Matra tn yen,
w lye planvmna3
kat rea4 ka npaw5
srous6 [brtan]7 kman8
ka teiromna9 frnaw10.
Zew d sidn11 naj12
tn Matra tn yen
keraunn13 balle, ka
t tmpan14 lmbane
ptraw dirhsse15, ka

15

20

25

t tmpan lmbane.
Mthr16, piy ew yeow,
ka m kat rh plan[],
m s xaropo17 lontew polio18 lkoi19
Kok peim ew yeow,
n m t mrh lbv,
t mn misu ran,
t d misu gaaw20,
pntv t trton mrow
xotvw21 []pelesomai.
xar megla []nassa22 Mter Olmpv.

1. semnw , . 2. edv (., .) = . dv; . 3. planomai (. ). 4. = . rh. 5. nph . 6. .


, ( ). 7. brotow (.

102
. 20. 4). 8. kmh . 9. terv , (. ). 10. frn, frenw
, , (. fronv, s-frvn .); . . 11. s- = . es-. 12. naj,
naktow . 13. keraunw , . . . 14. t tmpanon (. ),
. , , lmbane
, , (. 1347)
, - ( . . ).
15. dia(r)rssv (. -ttv) , . 16. nom. pro voc. 17. . , . 18. . 19. (., katafgvsi). ;
, . 20. gaa (.) = g. 21. = ka otvw. 22.
(. . 12).

53. -numi
#1. , , : , . serviens >
, . tlbent > .
:
, , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
a) ; . b) ?
#2. :
) , , , , ; ) , , , , , , , , to join
3. - ptasow?

4. - ( . . 36
37. 16) , , . (916 a, 1839*):
Pw t prteron ka t steron de laben 1; pteron sper mn o p Troaw ka
kenvn o pr atn ka e o pnv2 prtero esin; , eper rx tw sti ka
mson ka tlow to pantw, ka tan ghrskvn tiw p t praw3 ly ka plin panastrc4 p tn rxn, t d ggutrv tw rxw prtera, t kvlei mw n t
prw tn rxn enai mllon; e d toto, kn prteroi ehmen. sper p to orano ka kstou tn strvn for5 kklow tw sti, t kvlei ka tn gnesin 6 ka tn
pleian7 tn fyartn8 toiathn enai, ste plin tata gnesyai ka fyeresyai; tow gr nyrpouw fhsn Alkmavn9 di toto pllusyai, ti o dnantai
tn rxn t tlei proscai. e d kklow st, to d kklou mte rx mte p-

103

raw3, od n prteroi een t10 ggutrv tw rxw enai, oy mew kenvn ot


kenoi mn.
1. . (. . ). 2. p-nv . . 3. praw, -atow , . 4. pana-strfv , . 5. (?). 6. gnesiw, -evw
. 7. . 8. fyartw , ( ? ?). 9. (VIV . . .) . 10. dat. causae.

5. ) (AP Append. VII, 59 Cougny;


. . 22. 4) :
Esti ti pthnn 1 monosllabon 2 plon 3
klnoiw4 kyhtai monosullbou dndrou
ka katesyei monosllabon yra.
1. . , . . . 2. sullab . 3. plv . , . . (= em).
4. klnow ( . kln, klvnw) , (. . ).

b) , , . (X, 457 bc),


(perifermenon), ,
.
. , ?
Pnt ndrew dka naus katdramon ew na xron 1,
n 2 d lyoiw mxonto, lyon d ok n nelsyai3
dc d jllunto4, dvr d perexe geneou5.
1. xrow ( ?). 2. . (). 3. . ( ?). 4. = pllunto. 5. t gneion .
NB: :
, , . ,
- - - - , . , .

6. -,
(18431915). :
Elpidow e1 ceusyw, mt xnuo2 mt ganktei:
tlyi3 payn: ka gr ghyosnh4 petai.
boskmey 5 ssomnoiw6, t d nt 7 nihr8 pfuken:
pant kara10: t11 d paj oxetai, d plei9.
(Th. Korsch. Stfanow: Carmina partim sua Graeca et Latina, partim aliena in alterutram linguam ab se conversa. Hauniae, 1886. P. 11)
1. Modus futuralis n , , .
2. imperat. praes. 2 sing. xnumai ( ). 3. tlhn ( ) . 4. . 5. bskomai . 6. ssomai (.) = somai. 7. n, osa, n =
n, osa, n (.). 8. nihrw (. niarw) . 9. = stn. 10. (?)
karw, -w , . 11. = (.); .

104

1

I
, 221 . . . , (PEnt 83). ,
IV , ; ( ) , . :
Basile Ptolema xarein Yamoniw, Hrakleopolt[iw. dikomai] p[ Yo]yortitow,
tw katoikoshw n Ojorgxoiw to Arsinotou nomo 1. to gr a (touw)2, Ayr3,
pijenv[yeshw4 m]ou ew Ojrugxa ka poreuyeshw ew t balaneon5 gkaloumnh6,
piparagenomnh ka katalabos me lou[omn]hn n pul7 n t gunaike yl8,
jballn me pulou mo d ok kxvroshw, katagnos9 mou ti jnh em[, plh]gw10 moi nbalen ka pleouw ew txoi mrow to smatw mou, t te peritraxhldion11 k kayormvn12 liynvn felet m[ou m]et d tata katabohsshw13 mou Petosrei t kvmrx14 per totvn, naklhyesa15 Yoyortiw ka prosf[vns]asa16 at pt boleto17, sumpoisaw at kvmrxhw prosapgagn me ew
tn fulakn ka sunsxen f mraw` d`, [vw] to gdsa 18 me periebeblmhn 19 mtion, jion (draxmn) l, ka []xei gkaloumnh, ka otvw die[y]hn 20. domai21
on sou, basile[, pr]ostjai22 Diofnei t strathg grcai t pistt23
postelai Yo<yo>rtin p atn ka, n t[ata] lhy, panagksai atn
t te mtin moi podonai tn timn 24 tw l (draxmw), na di s, basile, txv to dikaou. etxei.
[ :] Mosx[]vni. m(lista) 25 diluson 26 atow e d [m], p(steilon),
pvw p tn la(okritn) 27 di(akriysin).
1. -; II , . . 2. IV . 3. , (.).
4. pijenomai (dep. pass.) . 5. . 6. g-kalv . 7. pelow ,
. 8. ylow ( ). 9. . ( gen.). 10. plhg (. plttv) . 11. . 12. . , . 13. kata-bov .
. 14. , . 15. na-kalv (. ). 16. ( -.). 17. = boleto. 18. k-dv ( ) . 19. peri-bllv
( , . ). 20. . ( ?). 21.
( gen.). 22. ( ?). 23. (?) . 221 . . . ; . 24. . . 25. , -. 26. dialv .
. 27. lao-krthw ,
.

II
(I . . . I . . .) , , - (XIV, C 661663*):
To poihto1 d erhktow otvs2 Msylhw a Karn gsato barbarofnvn3, ok xei lgon4, pw tosata edw ynh brbara mnouw erhke barbaro-

105

fnouw tow Kraw, barbrouw d odnaw ot on Youkuddhw ryw5 od gr


lgesya fhsi barbrouw di t mhd Ellhnw pv ntpalon6 ew n noma pokekrsyai7 t te gr mhd Ellhnw pv cedow atw poihtw pelgxei8 ndrw, to9 klow er kay Ellda ka mson Argow. m legomnvn te barbrvn
pw mellen10 e lexysesyai t barbarofnvn; ote d otow e5 ot Apolldvrow grammatikw11, ti t koin nmati dvw ka loidrvw12 xrnto o Ellhnew kat tn Karn, ka mlista o Ivnew misontew atow di tn xyran13 ka
tw sunexew14 strateaw xrn gr otvw barbrouw nomzein. mew d zhtomen
di t barbarofnouw kale, barbrouw d od paj. ti, fhs 15, t plhyuntikn16 ew t mtron17 ok mpptei, di tot ok erhke barbrouw. ll ath mn
ptsiw18 ok mpptei, d ry19 o diafrei tw Drdanoi Trew ka Lkioi ka
Drdanoi20. omai d t brbaron kat rxw kpefvnsyai21 otvw kat nomatopoian22 p tn dusekfrvw23 ka traxvw lalontvn24. tn gr llvn ot
piplekomnvn25 pv sfdra tow Ellhsin, ot pixeirontvn Ellhnikw zn
manynein tn metran dilekton, o d Krew kay lhn planyhsan26 tn Ellda
misyo strateontew. p d tw atw ataw ka t barbarzein27 lgetai ka gr
toto p tn kakw llhnizntvn28 eyamen29 lgein, ok p tn Karist30 lalontvn.
1. . 2. = otvw (-
). 3. II, 867: , , (Krew). , (, ) Msylhw, Nsthw. 4. . ,
; - . 5. ( ).
6. ntpalow ( noma). 7. pokrnomai . ( ),
; (I, 3, 3). 8. ; I, 344 ( ). 9. = o ( ). 10. ( n
; . . , = ). 11. II . . ., . 12. .
, . 13. . 14. sunexw, -w , (?). 15. . . . 16. . 17. . . 18. .
19. , . . . 20. ,
(VIII, 173; XI, 266; .). 21. kfvnv . . 22. (
). 23. (?). 24. lalv . . 25. piplkomai (c dat.) , , .-. 26. planomai
(pass.) . 27. -. 28. -. 29. evya (perf.) ,
(< yow). 30. -.

III
! (III . . .)
, (damonew).
, (Mor.
419 e):
Akkoa lgon ndrw ok fronow od laznow1. Amiliano gr to =torow, o
ka mn nioi diakhkasin, Epiyrshw n patr, mw polthw ka didskalow grammatikn. otow fh pot plvn ew Italan pibnai2 new mporik xrmata ka suxnow3 pibtaw2 goshw spraw4 d dh per tw Exindaw nsouw5 posbnai6
t pnema, ka tn nan diaferomnhn7 plhson gensyai Pajn8 grhgornai d tow

106

plestouw, pollow d ka pnein ti dedeipnhktaw jafnhw d fvnn p tw nsou


tn Pajn kousynai, Yamon tinow bo kalontow, ste yaumzein. d Yamow
Agptiow n kubernthw9 od tn mplentvn6 gnrimow pollow p nmatow.
dw mn on klhynta sivpsai, t d trton pakosai10 t kalonti kkenon pitenonta11 tn fvnn epen: ptan gn kat t Paldew12, pggeilon ti Pn
mgaw tynhke. tot kosantaw Epiyrshw fh pntaw kplagnai ka didntvn autow lgon, ete poisai bltion eh t prostetagmnon13 ete m polupragmonen14 ll n, otvw gnnai15 tn Yamon, e mn eh pnema, paraplen 16 suxan xonta, nhnemaw17 d ka galnhw18 per tn tpon genomnhw neipen 19, kousen. w on gneto kat t Paldew, ote pnematow ntow ote kldvnow20, k
prmnhw blponta tn Yamon prw tn gn epen, sper kousen, ti mgaw Pn
tynhken. o fynai d pausmenon atn ka gensyai mgan ox nw, ll polln
stenagmn21 ma yaumasm22 memigmnon. oa23 d polln nyrpvn parntvn
tax tn lgon n Rm skedasynai, ka tn Yamon gensyai metpempton p
Tiberou Kasarow. otv d pistesai t lg tn Tibrion, ste diapunynesyai
ka zhten per to Panw ekzein d tow per atn filolgouw suxnow3 ntaw tn
j Ermo ka Phnelphw gegenhmnon.
1. lazn, -now . 2. pi-banv (c gen.) , . ; pibthw . 3. . 4. spra . 5. ,
- , . 6. . 7. .
(). 8. ( ) ,
. 9. . 10. . . 11. (?). 12.
, . 13. ( ?). 14. , () . 15. . . 16. . 17. , (< nemow). 18. (. ). 19. , . 20. kldvn ( ).
21. . 22. . . 23. . ( gen. abs.).
PS: a) , , ,
.
? b) (1878), .

IV
, IV . . .,
, (Or. 3, 1113*).
Skopete d kalen kelev tow nouw p krasin 1. dramn paw2 toto poie. o
d o mimontai tn kenou drmon, n3 dei t3 par atn ka nikn, ll o mn n
taw daw mnousin, w sasin pantew, o d n fluaraiw4, o d n glvsi5, tw d n
totoiw braduttow6 par tn rntvn kathgoroumnhw, e pote ka gnoen7 eselyen, kat8 tw nmfaw badzousin , t ge lhysteron, kat tow p tn klvn 9
ntaw, prn te esv10 yurn enai ka eselyntew, st enai tow kayhmnoiw ganakten otv blakeontaw11 namnousi12 nouw. ka toiata mn t pr to lgou, legomnou d dh ka deiknumnou poll mn nemata13 prw lllouw pr14 nixvn 15
ka mmvn 16 ka ppvn ka rxhstn 17, poll d pr mxhw18 genomnhw melloshw19. ti tonun o mn stsi, liynoiw oiktew, karp20 karpn pibllontew21, o d
katr& xeir tw =naw22 noxlosin 23, o d b& kayzousi tn kekinhmnon, o d riy-

107

mosi24 tow peiserxomnouw, tow d rke 25 prw t flla blpein, tow d lalen 26
ti txoien, dion parxein atow t =tori.
1. krasiw, -evw (?). 2. . ; . . 51. 3, . 10. 3. . drmow.
4. . 5. glvw, -vtow (. gelv). 6. bradutw, -tow
(< bradw). 7. . , . 8. . , . 9. klvw (II . .)
. 10. ( c gen.). 11. , . 12. praes. ind. act. 3 pl.!
13. nema , . 14. . = per. 15. ( ,
). 16. . 17. rxhstw . 18.
, ; , ,
. 19. mllv . . 20. . .
21. -. ( dat.). 22. =w . 23. . , . 24. riymv . 25. = satis est. 26. .

V
- (Lyr. adesp. 37 Powell = VII, col. 2 Heitsch, 635). (, 24) . ,
, ( );
. alei moi ( , ) :
Idew1 ar, xeimna, yrow tat st dilou2
liow atw [du], ka nj t tetagmn pxei3
m kopa4 zhten, pyen liow p`y`e`[n] dvr,
ll p[]yen t[] mron 5 ka tow stefnou[w] gorsw6.
alei mo[i].
Krnaw7 ator[to]uw8 ml[it]ow trew yelon 9 xein,
pnte galaktortouw, onou dka, d[de]ka mrou,
ka do phgavn 10 dtvn, ka trew x`i`o`n``vn 11
pada kat krnhn ka parynon yelon xein.
alei mo[i].
Ldiow alw12 mo t te Ldia pagmata13 lraw
ka`[] Fr`g`[io]w klamow14, t d t`a`r`e`a15 tmpana16 pone 17
tata z``n` sa`` t ramai18, ka tan19 poynv,
aln pr kefalw yte moi, par pos<s> d lra[n.
alei moi.
Mtra t[w] `n 20 plotou, tw nerato mtra penaw,
tw n nyrpoiw xruso plin erato mtron;
nn gr xrmat xvn ti ple[]ona xrmata ylei,
plosiow n d tlaw21 basanzetai22 sper pnhw.
al[ei moi].
Nekrn n pot dw ka mnmata23 kvf24 pargw25,
koinn soptron 26 r<w> yann otvw prosedka27.
xr[n]ow st dnow28, t zn pikrw29 sy dansaw30,
kn tt paitsa 31 se yl, klavn []podidow32.
alei moi.

108

Jrjhw n basile[]w lgvn Di pnta mersai33,


w dus<>34 phda`l`[]o[i]w35 mnow sxise Lmnion dvr36
lbi<o>w n Mdaw, trw d lbiow `n` ` [K]i`n`r`[a]w37
ll` t``w` e``w` A``d`a38 bolo plon luyen 39 xvn;
alei moi.
1. = edew (). 2. (< di lou). 3. . , . . .
4. kopiv (. kptv) , . 5. , . 6. gorzv
(?). 7. krnh . 8. . (?). 9. (. II, . 10). 10. . 11. . 12. .
13. . . 14. (. ). 15. , . . (. ). 16. (. ). 17. , . 18. = . rv . 19. tn (, n). 20. : tw nerato (= n-ereto, I ) mtra plotou, tw nerato mtra penaw; 21. . 22. basanzv . , , . (,
. ). 23. . . 24. . 25. . 26. . , . (. . ); ? 27. , . . . 28. , . 29. (. ). 30. danzv (danezv) .
31. paitv ( -. acc.). 32. praes. ind.; I . 33. merzv
. , . ( .-. dat.). 34. = duon (pl. dual.). 35. t phdlion
; dus phdaloiw = mi nh. , .
36. . . . 37. , (XI, 20 .) . 38. = Aidou (., .). 39. = lyen
( ; . l-luya).

_________________

109

2

- (
) , , . , ,
. , :
1. . . . :
. , , ,
, , .
2. . . . :
, . , ,
: ! : , ,
... ; , ! : - .
3. . . . . ?
1) :
, , , , .
2) 1840 . (,
):
, , , , .
4. . . . :
; .
, . .
5. . . . :
, - -
. ,
. , , ,
, , , .
6. . . . :
, ,
,
, ,
.

110

, ,
,

.
;
, ,

-
7. . . . (
, , , , ):
, ,
.
, , ,
.
, ,
.
8. . . ( . . - , ; ):
!
,

,
,
, <>
, , ,

9. . . . (
; ; , ):

( ?
):
, , ,

.
, ,
: .
10. . . . ( ;
, ; , , ):
,


.
;

,
,
, .

111

<a>

[a]

, -

(a)

a`

ev

()

, ,
()

*mfiforew

Ael. Nat. anim. IV, 21*

<

, (= )

>

, ,
(= );

, (, , )

NB

PS

, , .

_________________

: fr. 89 PMG 23. 12

: Res gest. 3132 4243. 6

: fr. 72 PMG 48. 4

: II, 17 48. 2

: 21 West 9. 6

: X, 5, 56 52. 3

: Carm. conv. 7 PMG 25. 3;


8 8. 1; Carm. pop. 2 PMG 26. 1; Lyr. XIII Heitsch,
314 29. 3; Fr. adesp. 17 PMG 52. 5; Lyr. adesp.
37 CA = VII, col. 2 Heitsch, 635 . 1. V

Corpus Aristotelicum: De interpr. 19 a,


2329 34. 8; Magn. mor. 1213 a, 1423 51. 1;
Probl. 910 b, 23 sqq. 3637. 16; 916 a, 18 sqq. 53. 4

: Ran. 5272 35. 11

: I, 7 ac 51. 4; VI, 261 de 47. 4

: fr. 114 West 39. 3

: II, 23 25. 4

: 8 40. 5

: 22 B 12; 40; 48; 5253; 107; 119 DK 18. 4

: OD 353356 45. 2

: I, 94 4950. 7

: Il. II, 484493 34. 7

[]: De mens. 24 3637. 13

: fr. 74 PCG 46. 5

(Dissoi logoi): 90, I, 110 DK

: Bacch. 902911 17. 7


: Epitr. 10841098 20. 6

3133. 15
: 58, 14 3133. 16

: Poem. 6, 143149 Westerink 16. 2

: 12 35. 4

: fr. 16, 112 Voigt 51. 2; 34 18. 5

: II, 68 18. 6

: fr. 18 West 9. 8; 23 25. 2

[] (Hermeneumata Pseudodositheana):
CGL III, p. 644, 26 1314. 4

: Aiax 866871 2. 8; OC 607614 21. 9

: I, prop. 47 41. 3

: fr. 2 PMG 22. 6

: 3:18 4243. 4

: 17 4. 1; 255256 25. 2; 797798 6. 6

: Mem. II, 6, 814 44. 3

: fr. 23, 34 PCG 3133. 11; 89 28. 6; 97


3133. 11; 99 27. 7; 102 23. 10

: Or. 3, 1113 . 1. IV

: AP V, 95 3637. 6; VI, 194 46. 2; VI,


216 22. 2; VII, 64 24. 6; VII, 160 ([])
5. 8; VII, 310 4243. 7; IX, 44 20. 3; X, 31 () 11. 5; X, 44 3637. 10; XI, 421 ()
34. 5; XIV, 35 23. 7; XIV, 117 () 36
37. 15; APlan. 174 27. 4; 387c, 5 20. 5; AP Append.
II, 755 Cougny 35. 7; VII, 31 53. 5; VII, 55, 13
( ) 22. 4; VII, 59 ( ) 53. 5; Anecd. Graec. p. 459 Boissonade
3637. 8
:
Inscr. mtr. de lgypte 112 27. 5; GVI 1955, 36
3133. 18; IG 2 IV, 1, 125 46. 3
: fr. 1 Neri 30. 1

: Musc. 13 19. 4
: V, 1; VI, 7; VII, 15; 59 39. 5
: 8 23. 10
: 21. 1; 25. 6; 3133. 4; 45. 1
: Euthyd. 298 be 20. 8
: De garr. 207 be 46. 4; De def. or.
419 ae . 1. III
: I, 2 17. 6
: III, 69 39. 2
: Adv. math. II, 9799 27. 2
: XIV, C 661663 . 1. II
Char. 21: 51. 3
: Nat. anim. IV, 21 38. 8; Var. hist. IV, 25 40. 3
: p. 466 Hercher 41. 1

- . :
23. 12
. .: 53. 6

: 22. 1; 28. 4; 4243. 3;


4950. 5; 4950. 6; . 1. I

. .: Telephoniazusae
4243. 5

: 8.5; 10. 6; 14. 6; 15. 2; 28. 5; 45. 1; 46. 3;


47. 2 (. )