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Belgorod State University


Scientific Bulletin
History Political science Economics
Information technologies


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E-mail: vasilenko_v@bsu.edu.ru
25.03.2013
6084/8
Georgia, Impact
. . . 22,89
1000 .
186

18078
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: 308015 . , . , 85

, 2013

1 (144) 2013
Issue 25
SCIENTIFIC PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL
Founded in 1995
The Journal is included into the list of the
leading peer-reviewed journals and publications coming out in the Russian Federation
that are recommended for publishing key
results of the theses for Doktor and Kandidat
degree-seekers.
Founder:
Federal state autonomous educational
establishment of higher
professional education
Belgorod National Research University
Publisher:
Belgorod National Research University.
Belgorod National Research University
Press.
The journal is registered in Federal service
of control over law compliance in the sphere
of mass media and protection of cultural
heritage
Certificate of registration of mass media
77-21121 May 19, 2005.

Belgorod State University


Scientific Bulletin

History Political science Economics


Information technologies

CONTENTS
WORLD HISTORY
The problems of Ptolemys report about Perdikkas Taxis actions
in Thebes storm of Alexanders army interpretation.
A.A. Kleymeonov 5
Pagan opposition to Christianisation of east Roman city (on the example of Palestinian Gaza). M.A. Vedeshkin 11
Features of religious education in early Byzantium (IV-VI cent.).
O.A. Manokhina 19
Byzantinian family of Alyates in XXI century. A.S. Mokhov

EDITORIAL BOARD OF JOURNAL


Editor-in-Chief
O.N. Polukhin,
Acting Rector of Belgorod National
Research University, Doctor of Political
Sciences, Professor
Deputy Editor-in-Chief
I.S. Konstantinov,
Acting Vice-Rector on Scientific
and Innovative Work of Belgorod National
Research University, Doctor of Technical
Sciences, Professor
Assistant Editors
V.M. Moskovkin,
Professor of World Economy Department
of Belgorod National Research University,
Doctor of Geographical Sciences
O.V. Shevchenko,
Deputy Head of Department of Scientific
and Innovative Activity of
Belgorod National Research University,
Candidate of Historical Sciences
EDITORIAL BOARD OF JOURNAL
SERIES

27

Liberal-democratic ideals on colonialism service:


the constitutional methods of a colonial policy of British empire.
A.S. Kostiakhin 35
The image of the Spanish republic (1936-1939) in the print media
of Russian political exile. A.A. Pchelinov-Obrazumov 44
The agricultural sector of Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp: the
distruction by labor or the chance to survive? L.A. Vikulova 52
The Polish question on the international arena after the Warsaw
rising of 1944: last attempts at a settlement with participation of the
Polish exiled government. V.V. Vasilenko 57
Concept ottomanism in the political estimations of Bulgarian
social-democracy. M.V. Tortika (Lobanova) 63

RUSSIAN HISTORY
Absorption of the Southern borderlands by Russia in the XVI century. A.I. Papkov 71
Merchant industry in the Central Black Earth region in the late
XVIII the first quarter of the XIX century (on the example
of Kursk province). D.S. Grebennukov 82

Editor-in-Chief of the Series


V.A. Shapovalov,
Acting Vice-Rector on Quality Issues,
Distance and Supplementary Education
Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor
(Belgorod National Research University)

Crop failure granaries according to Russian legislative sources


of the XVIII the first half of the XIX century. P.P. Kotov 90

Deputies of Editor-in-Chief
N.N. Bolgov,
World History and International
Area Studies Department Chair
Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor
(Belgorod National Research University)
I.T. Shatokhin,
Professor of the Russian History
Department, Candidate of Historical
Sciences, Professor
(Belgorod National Research University)

The economic activity of French migrants on the territory of Novorossiyskiy region in the second quarter of XIX century: legal aspect.
E.S. Sidorovich 104

Features of social-demographic shape of the Cossacks at the turn


of XIX to XX centuries. G.O. Matsievsky
97

Class and professional structure of urban population of Kursk


province in late XIX - early XX centuries. .. Titova
109
The newspaper of Souz anarkhistov sindikalistov (Union
of Anarchists-Syndicalists) Golos Truda in the context of the political crisis in Russia, August 1917 - the beginning of the 1918.
M.Y. Smirnov 116

4
V.N. Shilov,
Professor of the Cultural and Political Studies Department, Doctor of Philosophical
Sciences, Professor (Belgorod National Research University)
Editorial Assistant
V.V. Vasilenko,
Associate Professor of the World History
and International Area Studies Department
Candidate of Historical Sciences
(Belgorod National Research University)
Members of Editorial Board:
M.G. Abramzon, Doctor of Historical Sciences,
Professor (Magnitogorsk State University)
V.I. Bortnikov, Doctor of Political Sciences,
Professor (East European National University after
Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk, Ukraine)
N.A. Gavrilyuk, Doctor of Historical Sciences
(Institute of Archaeology of National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine)
A.V.Glukhova, Doctor of Political Sciences,
Professor (Voronezh State University)
M. Kazanski, PhD in History (Center
for History and Civilization of Byzantium,
Paris, France)
A.V. Korobkov, PhD in Political Science
(Middle Tennessee State University, USA)
K.N. Lobanov, Doctor of Political Sciences,
Associate Professor (Belgorod National Research
University)
E.A. Molev, Doctor of Historical Sciences,
Professor (Nizhniy Novgorod State University
after N.I. Lobachevskiy)
M. Pluviano, PhD in History
(University of Genoa, Italy)
S.I. Posokhov, Doctor of Historical Sciences,
Professor (Kharkov National
University after V.N. Karazin, Ukraine)
I.M. Pushkareva, Doctor of Historical Sciences,
Senior Scientific Worker (Institute of Russian
History of Russian Academy
of Sciences)
S.B. Sorochan, Doctor of Historical
Sciences, Professor (Kharkov National
University after V.N. Karazin, Ukraine)
N.P. Telnov, PhD in History (Institute
of Archaeology of National Academy
of Sciences of Moldova)
I.M. Todorov, PhD in History, Associate
Professor (Velikotyrnovo University
St. Cyril and Methodius, Bulgaria)
E.M. Shagin, Doctor of Historical Sciences,
Professor (Moscow State
Pedagogical University)

Political and confessional life of interwar Yugoslavia on memoirs by


E.V. Spektorsky. S.I. Mikhalchenko 120
The problems of the development of the front-line departments
of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs and their materialtechnical maintenance in combat operations of the Red Army in
1942. S.V. Bezriadin, .V. Perepelitsin 127
The significance of the meeting of historians in the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) in 1944 for the development of the concept of
Russian history in the Soviet historiography.
O.V. Grishaev 132

POLITICAL SCIENCE
Approach to the typology models of the social state.
N.M. Khoma 137
Basic approaches of political crisis research.
R.M. Kliuchnyk 144
Factor of the balance of power between the president and the
parliament as a fundamental component of stability of political
systems in Russia and Ukraine. A.A. Ryazantsev 148
Processes of party consolidation in the countries of postcommunist
space. M.A. Varfolomeev 152
Imitating and constructive forms of modernization of party system
of Russia. L.A. Goncharov, E.V. Reutov 158
New civil society institutions in the process of elections
in the modern Russia. N.N. Stebletsova 163
Management of the political competition in modern Russia.
V.N. Shilov 167
Provision with public values by means of electronic government
in Ukraine. V.A. Karachay 175
Formation of foreign policy basis and its realization in the
Ukrainian state (1991-2012). N.N. leinik
180
Images of post-Soviet Russia in Germany: limits of variability.
A.V. Devyatkov, I.Y. Mostovskich 188

Information about Authors


Information for Authors

192
194

The articles are given in authors` editing.

Prepared for release T.G. Lagutina;


dummy layout by I.G. Onoprienko, V.V. Vasilenko,
N.A. Gaponenko
e-mail: vasilenko_v@bsu.edu.ru
Passed for printing 25.03.2012
Format 6084/8
Typeface Georgia, Impact
Printers sheets 22,89
Circulation 1000 copies
Order 186
Subscription reference
in Rospechat agency catalogue 18078
Dummy layout is replicated at Belgorod National
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Address: 85, Pobedy str., Belgorod, Russia, 308015

Belgorod National Research University, 2013

. . . .

2013. 1 (144). 25

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94(38).07

..


. ..
e-mail: alek-klejmenov@yandex.ru

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, 6.
.
, , , , Milns R.D. Arrians Accuracy in Troop Details: A Note // Historia. 27. 1978. P. 374.
Errington R.M. Bias in Ptolemys History of Alexander // CQ. Vol. 19. 1969. 2. P. 236237; Bosworth
A.B. A Historical Commentary on Arrians History of Alexander. Vol. 1. Oxford, 1980. P. 8081; .. 379335 . ..: . , 1991. . 160.
3 .., .. . ., 1980. . 86.
4 Hammond N.G.L. Sources for Alexander the Great: An Analysis of Plutarch's Life and Arrian's Anabasis
Alexandrou. Cambridge, 1993. P. 330331.
5 Heckel W. The marshals of Alexanders empire. London New York, 1992. P. 125.
6 Roisman J. Ptolemys History of Alexander // CQ. n.s. Vol. 34. 1984. 2. P. 373385; Ellis W.S. Ptolemy
of Egypt. London New York, 1994. P. 18.
1

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(Diod., XVII, 11, 112, 5). , , ,
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, 7. .
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7 Tarn W.W. Alexander: The Conquest of Persia // The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. VI / J.B. Bury,
S.A. Cook, F.E. Adcock. Cambridge, 1933. P. 356.
8 Hammond N.G.L. The Genius of Alexander the Great. London, 1998. P. 45.
9 Ashley J.R. The Macedonian Empire: The Era of Warfare under Philip II and Alexander the Great, 359323
BC. Jefferson, 1998. P. 177.
10 Freeman P. Alexander the Great. New York, 2011. P. 6263.
11 .. . , 1984. . 34.
12 Tarn W.W. The heritage of Alexander // The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. VI / J.B. Bury, S.A. Cook,
F.E. Adcock. Cambridge, 1933. P. 462.
13 Heckel W. The marshals of Alexanders empire. P. 124.

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, , ,
, (Alex., 11). .. , , , 14.
, , ,
( ) (XVII, 57, 2). ,
, 15.
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20.
,
21.
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, ,
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,
.. . 159.
Heckel W. The marshals of Alexanders empire. P. 123; Tarn W.W. The heritage of Alexander. P. 462;
.. . , 1976. . 332.
16 .. // .
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17 Greenwalt W.S. Macedonia, Illyria and Epirus // A Companion to Ancient Macedonia / Edited by J. Roisman and I. Worthington. Oxford, 2010. P. 282.
18 .. . . I. , 1960. . 113114.
19 Bosworth A.B. // CQ. Vol. 23. 1973. 2. P. 245253.
20 Anson E.A. The Asthetairoi: Macedonias Hoplites // Philip II and Alexander the Great. Father and Son,
Lives and Afterlives / Edited by E. Carney and D. Ogden. Oxford, 2010. P. 82; Heckel W. The marshals of Alexanders
empire. P. 291292; Bosworth A.B. . P. 247249; Rzepka J. The Units of Alexanders Army and the District Divisions of Late Argead Macedonia // GRBS. Vol. 48. 2008. P. 4142.
21 Heckel W. The Asthetairoi: A Closer Look // Alexander and His Successors / Edited by P. Weatley and R.
Hanna. Claremont, 2009. P. 99117; Anson E.A. The AsthetairoiP. 85; Bosworth A.B. . P. 247-248;
Griffith G.T. The Reign of Philip the Second. P. 711; Rzepka J. The Units of Alexanders Army... P. 41; Sekunda N. The
Macedonian Army // A Companion to Ancient Macedonia / Edited by J. Roisman and I. Worthington. Oxford, 2010.
P. 457.
14
15

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2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
(Anab., I, 21, 13). , , - , ,
, . ,
. , (Diod., XVII, 25, 5).
, . ,
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(Anab., II, 10, 6). ,
, , , , (Anab., II, 10, 34). , .
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) (VIII, 141-142). (IV, 126, 36). ,
, , (),
(LX, 21). , ,
, . , , , ,
(Aeschin., III, 160). , . .
, .
, , , 22 Hammond N.G.L. The Macedonian State: Origins, Institutions and History. Oxford, 1989. P. 19; Cartledge
P. Alexander the Great: The Hunt for a New Past. London, 2004. P. 33; Starr C.G. A History of the Ancient World. New
York Oxford, 1991. P. 260; Anson E.M. Eumenes of Cardia: a Greek among Macedonians. Boston Leiden, 2004. P.
201202; Hornblower S. The Greek world, 479323 BC. London New York, 2011. P. 94; ..
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23 Lee J.W. Warfare in the Classical Age // A Companion to the Classical Greek World / Edited by K.H. Kinzl.
Oxford, 2006. P. 485; .. IV . .. // : . . . . 3 / . . .. . , 2001. . 5.

10

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2013. 1 (144). 25

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THE PROBLEMS OF PTOLEMYS REPORT ABOUT PERDIKKAS TAXIS ACTIONS


IN THEBES STORM OF ALEXANDERS ARMY INTERPRETATION

A.A. KLEYMEONOV
L. Tolstoy Tula State Pedagogical
University
e-mail: alek-klejmenov@yandex.ru

Ptolemys report about Perdikkas initiative in Thebes storm in


335 BC quoted by Arrian is under consideration in this article. This information is defined reliable. As a commander of his own taxis Perdikkas made a decision to begin an attack, unleashed the battle which finished his force the town. The reasons of these actions could be both
situations rational estimate and Alexanders soldiers special psychological features.
Keywords: Alexander the Great, Thebes, Ptolemy, Perdikkas.

24 .. . .
., 2006. . 308309; . / . . ..
. ., 2008. . 8788.

. . . .

11

2013. 1 (144). 25

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94(495).01


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e-mail: Balatar@mail.ru

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.
1,
, , (Exp. 29)
2.
, , , - 3.
-
, , .
,
. , , ,
(Amm. Marc. XIV.8.11).
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3 . Di Segni L. The territory of Gaza: notes of historical geography // Christian Gaza in Late
Antiquity. Jerusalem Studies in Religion and Culture. 3. Leiden, 2004. . 4160.
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, . IV ., , ,
, (Exp. 32-33)4.
- ,
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. 5, , . 27 . .;
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, ,
(Act. VIII.26). , . , IV . ,
, 12. . , , IV . 13 (Euseb. HE. VIII.13.5)14.
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14 . Euseb. Mart. Pal. XIII.
4
5

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. ,
, (Euseb. V. Const. IV. 38). : , ,
, . : - , , ,
, (Soz. II.5)15.

. , . , , , , , , (Soz. V. 15).
. 360 .
, , 16, 17. 335 . 18.

, , . (Theod. HE. I.11; Soz. I.8) ,
, 19 (Soz. I.8).
, 20 (Euseb. V.Const. III.54: Jul. Or.
VII.288B-C; Lib. Or., XXX,6; LXII, 8-9; Anon. De Reb. Bell. II.1: Soz. II.5; Zos. II.31).

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37-38; XIII.45; Amm. XXII.4.3). , (Lib. VII.10).
,
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.
,
, .

15 - -
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.. ,
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18
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20 Jones A.H.M. The Later Roman Empire... . 92; .. ... . 77.

14

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: () - , , ...21.
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. ,
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401 .29 .
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37-40). ,
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25 ,
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. 387 . (Kelly J.N.D. Golden Mouth: The Story of John Chrysostom-Ascetic, Preacher,
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399 . ,
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29 II, 10 401 . (PLRE II. Theodosius 6).

16

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. , , ,
: , , , . , , (ibid. 41).
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(ibid. 49). 402 .
,
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. , , , :
(Jerom. Comm. in
Esaiam. VII.17.2-3).

. ,
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402 . , . 407 . . , , .
(ibid. 95-96).
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.

30 , 384-388 .,
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(Theod. HE. V.21). , , , . , , , ,
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(Soz. VII.15; Trombley F.R. Hellenic religion and Christianization. . 370-529. I. . 127128). , .

. . . .

17

2013. 1 (144). 25

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,
,

, , , , (Marc. V. Porph. 76).
V . ,
(Zach. V. Isaiae.
. 9-10)32. , ,

VI . (Bars. 782). , ,
.

. , , . , , 39
(Marc. V.Porph. 62).
. 300 . (ibid. 74).

, ,
(ibid. 94). ,
, .
: ... , ,
, , , (Jul. Ep. 45(89b)). , ,
.
. , 420 . . 2650 33. , 24
.. ... . 66.
.. // . 2011. , 2011. . 9499.
33 Trombley F.R. Hellenic religion and Christianization, c. 370-529. I. . 227228.
31

32

18

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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10 .
. V .
.

PAGAN OPPOSITION TO CHRISTIANISATION OF EAST ROMAN CITY


(ON THE EXAMPLE OF PALESTINIAN GAZA)

M.A. VEDESHKIN
Moscow State Pedagogical
University
e-mail: Balatar@mail.ru

This paper explores the conflict between the pagan nobility of east
roman city and the Church. The article highlights the socio - economic
factors of confrontation between municipal aristocracy and church
organizations, forms of oppositional activity of pagan aristocracy,
characterizes the relation of central government to the persistent of
urban pagan cults in the Christian empire.
Keywords: Late Antiquity, Roman Empire, Byzantium, paganism,
Christianity, Gaza.

. . . .

19

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(495).01

(IV-VI .)
..

e-mail: kharchenko_o @bsu.edu.ru


, ;

;
.
: , , , , - .


, IV .

.. ; .. 1, .. 2. .. 3, (),
() ., . , , , ( ).
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4.
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,
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,
.
. 5, , , , .
, , : 1) , -

1 .. IV
VII . // . IV VII . ., 1984. . 678.
2 .. // . IV VII . .,
1984. . 502.
3 . 10 . . 7. -
XI XV . ., 1892. . 12.
4 .. IV
VII . . 678.
5 (), . // .
2(15). . , 2007. . 174.

20

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
6; 2) ; 3) .
. , ,
, . ,
, , , .
? ( (1 . 3:15)), . ,
. : , oikoumene, . (isapostolos)
, . , ,
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. .
.
. ,
, ,
8.
9.
, , . .
XIX-XX . , 1896 . .. - - , .
.. VVII . - :
.. . . IV VII . ., 1984. . 502.
., . . . 2000. . 50.
8 (), . // .
2(15). . , 2007. . 174.
9 . . , 1884. . 4. , . 341 ., . ,
(264, 268, 324 325, 327 330, 338, 344, 358, . ), , .
6
7

. . . .

21

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. (, ..), , 10. , , . , , 11,
12.
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, , ,
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,
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.
; , ; ,
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... 13. , , IV V . . .
?
?
,
, (1 . 3:15).
.
. .: . . I, 2; IV. 4.
. . V, 5.
12 .. VVII . - // .
1949. . 13.
13 . ( 1054 .). , 1964. . 513.
10
11

22

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. IV , ( - )
, . , ,
. : 25 ,
() - 30 , 40 ( 35)14.
IV- , . , .
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,
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, 15.
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17. .
, , ,
. ,
.
. .. :
, . . :
, , ;
, , , ;
; ,
; (1. 9:19-23).
.
, , ,
.. . ., 2011. . 81.
. . . , . . 30.
16 . . IV V . 2- . , 1896. . 11.
17 . . 13.
14
15

. . . .

23

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
; , ,
. - ,
, , , ,
, .
, , ,
, ,
, 18.
,
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: , 19.
. .
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,
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, .
. : ,
, 20.
, , , , .
, , ,
, , , : , . , . , ;
: , (1. 1:22)21.

.. III-VI . // . 1913.
4. . 495-496.
19 . . 496.
20 .
21 . . 526.
18

24

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , -.

, , , , , , , (
, ).

, - . ; IV . . ,
, , ; .
, . : , , , - , 22.
, , , . , . .
,
IV , -
23 ( , , ).
, , , [.. ]
, 24.
, , 25. , . , :
, , , : . , ; , , , . ,
, ,
, ? , , . , , , .
, , , ,
, , , ,
. , , , , , . , , , 26.
, ,
: , (). . 2. ., 1882. . 12.
(), . // .
2(15). . , 2007. . 174.
24 . . , 1884. . 5.
25 .. // IV VII . ., 1984. . 503.
26 . 22. , // PG 31.
P. 564589.
22
23

. . . .

25

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______________________________________________________________
. , : . ,
, , , , .
, , , , , 27.
.
.
. ,
IV - . , , , , , . ,
. , , 28.
29, . , , , 30.
, 529 . 31. 32. .
,
33. VI .,
34.
, ,

. , .
, . ,
,
. ,

27 . 22. , // PG 31.
P. 564589.
28 Markopoulos, Athanasios. Education // The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies. New York: Oxford
University Press, 2008. . 785.
29 .., .. // : - . XIII .. . . , 2012. . 55-58.
30 Ibid. P. 786.
31 Cameron, Alan. The End of the Ancient Universities // Cahiers dHistoire Mondiale / Journal of World history / Cuadernos de Historia Mundial. 10. 1967. P. 653-673.
32 Ibid.; .. // . 1972. 7. . 209-214.
33 Cameron Av. Christianity and the Rhetoric of Empire. Berkeley, 1991.
34 Downey G. The Christian School of Palestine: A Chapter of Literary History // Harvard Library Bulettin.
12. 1958. P. 297-319; Ashkenazi Y. Sophists and Priests in Late Antique Gaza According to Choricius the Rhetor //
Christian Gaza in Late Antiquity / Ed. Bruria Bitton-Ashkelony, Ariehl Kofsky. Brill, Leiden, 2004. P. 196ff;
.. : // .
. . . . 19(96). . 17. , 2011. . 48-53.

26

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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35. .

FEATURES OF RELIGIOUS EDUCATION IN EARLY BYZANTIUM (IV-VI CENT.)


O.A. MANOKHINA
Belgorod National
Research University
e-mail: kharchenko_o@bsu.edu.ru

Development of theological education in early Byzantium helped


domestic conditions in the empire - the allocation of Christianity the
state religion, able to unite the people, support the church and its main
representatives of the ideas and the process of spiritual education and
research activities, especially the local national culture.
Key words: early Byzantium, education, church, catechesis, dogmatic scientific activities.

35 .: ., . // . :
, 2007. . 116-121; ..
(IV-VII .) // . . 2. . , 2005. . 22-27.

. . . .

27

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(495).02 + 736.3

XXI .1

..

, .
e-mail: rkb2004@yandex.ru


. X XII . 14 .
: ,
(975/976 .), , I (10571059),
, 10701071 . . XXI .
. XII .

.
: , , , , .

II (9761025) , , X . 2. , , ,
(, ,
.). 1025 . . ,
II . , 3.
II
.
, . X XI .
. , , , , . 4. .
( , ) .
.
5.
1 , 14.18.21.0480 : .

2 996 . II ,
, . .: Svoronos N. Les novelles des empereurs macdoniens concernant la terre et les stratiotes.
Athnes, 1994. P. 202-203.
3 .: Brokkaar W.G. Basil Lacapenus // Studia byzantina et neohellenica Neerlandica. 1972. Vol. III.
P. 230-233; Cheynet J.-Cl. Basil II and Asia Minor // Byzantium in the year 1000 / Ed. by P. Magdalino. Leiden,
Boston, 2003. P. 87-89.
4 .: .. , XIXII . // Byzantinische Zeitschrift. 1973. Bd. 66. . 54-59; .: .. // .. . , 2002.
. 316-318.
5 .: .. II (9761025) //
III. . . . (, 8-9 2010 .). , 2010. . 227-233.

28

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, XXII ., ,
.. . . ,
, . , .
X
XV . ,
. .. , : 5
XI .6. , XII ,
7.
. . , , . III
(617560 . . .),
8. ,
(Alyatta, Alyatti) 9.
, .
, . 10.
.-. . , (), .
7080- . X . , , , , , ,
-
11.
,
, ( ).
II 976 . 12
- 100 .
70- . XI .
IV (10681071) ( )13.
, X XI ., . ,

.. XIXII . ., 1974. . 144.


. . 144, 176, 179. .. 11 ; ,
, 14 .
8 .: Meyer E. Alyattes // Paulys Real-Encyclopdie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft / Hrsg. von
G. Wissowa. Stuttgart, 1894. 1. Bd. Sp. 1707-1708.
9 - ,
, . .: Stephani Byzantii Ethnicorvm quae svpersvnt / Rec. A. Meinekii.
Berolini, 1849. T. I. P. 79.1-2.
10 Nicphore Bryennios histoire / Introd., texte, trad. et notes par P. Gautier. Bruxelles, 1975. P. 115.7-8.
11 Cheynet J.-Cl. Pouvoir et contestations Byzance (9631210). Paris, 1990. P. 27-28, 228; Holmes C. Basil
II and the Governance of Empire (9761025). Oxford University Press, 2005. P. 191.
12 Ioannis Scylitzae Synopsis historiarum / Rec. I. Thurn. Berlin, New York, 1973. P. 315-316, 318 (
Skyl.).
13 Michaelis Attaliotae Historia / Rec. I. Bekkerus. Bonnae, 1853. P. 170.11-14;
/ . . . , 1968. . 153.7-8. .:
.. IV (10681071 .) //
. 2003. . 34. . 283, 294-295.
6
7

. . . .

29

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______________________________________________________________
, ,
XI , .
X XI . . (. 22936, 22175). : ,
: (,
, ). ( ) XXI .14
() ,
VII XII . 100 . X . .
De castrametatione, 1000 ., ,
500 (), 200 ,
(), 300 ()15. ,
, . , X . () .
, .
, (?). ,
. X XI .16 , 1059 . , ,
17.
,
. : (,
). , 18. (971 .),
XI . (1001 .). 19.
. XXI . ( , ). 20. , ( , ) . 14 . // . 2006. . 37. . 218, 13.
15 Three Byzantine military treatises / Text, transl., and notes by G.T. Dennis. Washington, D.C., 1985.
P. 246.11-13.
16 . (9711088). , 1993. . 159, 322.
17 .: .. . ., 1896. 143 . . 15-19, 8; .. (XIIXIV .) // . .; ., 1950. 17. . 17-20; .. . .: .. (XIIXIV .) // . 1953. . VI. . 259-260.
18 . . , 1961. . 31-38, . XVII; .., . . , 1984. . 64-65, 17,
. XIII, 3.
19 .., . . . 64.
20 . .: .. XI .:
// : . . . XIX . . (, 27-29 2011 .). ., 2011. . 159-162.

30

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2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
X XI . .
,
II . . , .
, , 21. ,
. (), 22. VIIX .
, 23. ,
(?)
50 60- . VIII .24
, .

(Skyl., 314-327). ,

976 .25
, ,
I (10 976 .). , II VIII, . ,
. (Skyl., 314.70-72).

26. ,
X .27 ,
50- . X . . , . , ,
28. - , . ,
.
, , .

. , 21 (, ), . .: Pape W. Wrterbuch der griechischen Eigennamen. Braunschweig, 1884. Bd. 3. Heft 1. S. 91.
22 .: . ., 2001. . II. . 713.
23 .: Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit. Erste Abteilung (641867) / Hrsg. von F. Winkelmanns. Berlin, New York, 1999. Bd. 1. S. 149-152, Nr. 468-475; . .
. 32, 16.
24 .: . , , , ' (
) // . 1996. . 10. . 37-43.
25 . .: Seibt W. Die Skleroi: eine prosopographisch-sigillographische
Studie. Wien, 1976. S. 36-48.
26 . .: Khn H.-J. Die byzantinische Armee im 10. und 11. Jahrhundert. Studien zur Organisation der
Tagmata. Wien, 1991. S. 148, 182-183.
27 Scyl., 314.70-71: . .: Oikonomids N. Les listes de prsance
byzantines des IXe et Xe sicles. Paris, 1972. P. 247.11, 263.31, 354.
28 .: Catalogue of Byzantine seals at Dumbarton Oaks and in the Fogg Museum of art / Ed. by E. McGeer,
J. Nesbitt, N. Oikonomides. Washington, D.C., 2001. Vol. 4. P. 134-135; ..
// , , . IV . .-. . , 2012. . 134-136.

. . . .

31

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. ,
, , .
, 976 . , , , . , .
. ,
. ,
, ,
(Scyl., 315.87 316.11)29.
, , , . ,
, XI . 30.
,
31. VII (913959) X . , . 200 . , 32.
, : , , . ,
I (Scyl., 314.67, 315.1-2).
, ,
.
.
, . , ,
. (Scyl., 316.18-22)33. , ,
( ) .
, , , De velitatione bellica. 34.
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(Scyl., 318.64-65)35. , , .: Seibt W. Die Skleroi. S. 60-65.
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31
Skyl., 315.1-2: .
32 . .: .. ?
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(102). . 105.
33 (. . Elz, . ) . ,
-. .: Honigmann E. Die Ostgrenze des byzantinischen Reiches von 363 bis 1071 nach griechischen, arabischen, syrischen und armenischen Quellen. Bruxelles, 1935.
S. 75-77, 103-104.
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35 , . . : Saunders W.B.R. The Aachen Reliquary of Eustathius Maleinus,
969970 // Dumbarton Oaks Papers. 1982. Vol. 36. P. 211-219.
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. , , . , , , ,
,
(Scyl., 318.59-71)36.
, , . , . , ,
. ,
,
(, ). ,
, , .
37.
, 964/965 .
( ). , , ,
(Scyl., 269.14-17).
38. , 970 .
, , . , , 39.
, , , ,
. ,
. , : , , . . ,
40. ,
, . : ?,
? , , .
, . ,
XI . ,
, 41. , . -

, , ( ) . Darica Karahan
Geidi (1800 ...). .: Hild F. Das byzantinische Strassensystem in Kappadokien. Wien, 1977. S. 98.
37 .: Grosse R. Die Rangordnung der rmischen Armee des 4. 6. Jahrhunderts // Klio. Beitrge zur alten
Geschichte. Leipzig, 1918. Bd. 15. S. 124-125, 157-158.
38 , ,
(963969); , II. . .: . //
. , 1976. . XVII. . 253-255, 272-280; Cheynet J.-Cl. Les
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G. Dagron et H. Mihescu. Paris, 2011. P. 338-345, 346-350.
39 Scyl., 291.11-14:
. ,
. , , .
.: Leonis Diaconi Caloensis Historiae libri decem / Rec. C.B. Hasii. Bonnae, 1828. P. 112.2 113.3.
.: Thonemann P. The Maeander Valley: a historical geography from antiquity to Byzantium. Cambridge, New York,
2011. P. 260-261.
40 Holmes C. Basil II and the Governance of Empire. P. 204-206.
41 Ibid., P. 205. . . , ,
.
36

. . . .

33

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______________________________________________________________
, IV
, 1059 .
, . . . II, XIXII . .
, ,
, , ,
. ( ), 42. 1108 .
43. , , ,
. , , I, , .
,
, II44. 14 , (Scyl., 3.11 4.35). 6
, ,
. , 45, , ,
II, 46.
, IXXI . , (, , , , )47.

, 48. , ,
. , , , ,
.
, , . , X XI . ( ,
, ). , . , , . , .: Stephenson P. [Rev.]: Catherine Holmes, Basil II and the Governance of Empire (9761025). Oxford University
Press, 2005 // Byzantinische Zeitschrift. 2007. Bd. 100. Heft. 1. S. 221.
42 ( ) . . , , (, . . Vlor), . Qafa e Gllavs. .: . . , 1995. . 1.
. 168-171. ,
, 0- . .: j j Jj / .
J. . , 1966. . III. . 330 . 428, 391-392 . 48.
43 Annae Comnenae Alexias / Rec. D.R. Reinschet, A. Kambylis. Berlin, New York, 2001. T. I. P. 398.68-82.
44 . .: .. // . 1916.
T. II. . 125-127; Kazhdan A. A history of Byzantine literature (8501000). Athens, 2006. P. 273.
45 Scyl., 3.28 4.30: , , ,
. X XI . .
.: pistoliers byzantins du Xe sicle / Ed. par J. Darrouzs. Paris, 1960. P. 85, Ep. 10; 228, Ep. 23.
46 .: Prokic B. Die Zustze in der Handschrift des Johannes Skylitzes: codex Vindobonensis hist. graec.
LXXIV. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des sogenannten Westbulgarischen Reiches. Mnchen, 1906. S. 23-24.
47 . Kriegstagebuch ( ). .: Hunger H. Die hochsprachliche profane Literatur der Byzantiner. Mnchen, 1978. Bd. 1. S. 330, 391;
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48 Theophanes Continuatus / Rec. I. Bekkerus. Bonnae, 1838. P. 425.11 428.2.

34

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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, . , , , , . 991 . , 49. ,
, , , , ,
. , .
, . XII . . XIII , , XIV . .

THE ALYATES FAMILY TO BYZANTIUM IN XXI CENTURY

A.S. MOKHOV
Ural Federal University,
Ekaterinburg
e-mail: rkb2004@yandex.ru

The article is devoted to the history of Alyates, family in Asia Minor. The 14 members of aristocratic family are noted in historian sources
(XXI c.). Anthes Alyates, insurrectionist of Bardas Skleros (975/976),
Leo Alyates, strategos of Cherson and Sougdaia in the reign of Isaac I
Komnenos (10571059) and Theodore Alyates, strategos of Cappadocia
in 10701071 are famous representatives of the family. Mainly, the remaining members of this family are known for sphragistic data. In the
XXI c. Alyates stated in the high positions in the military and the provincial administration of Byzantium. Since the beginning of the XII century they are mentioned in the sources as officials of the civil administration or priests.
Keywords: Byzantium, Alyates family, byzantine provincial aristocracy, sigillography prosopography.

49 . , . .: Stephenson P. [Rev.]: Catherine Holmes, Basil II and the


Governance of Empire. P. 221.
.

. . . .

35

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
930. 1(09)

- :

..


e-mail: Chara.62@mail.ru

: 1)
-
2)
,
1935 .
: -
, , , ,
, , , .

-
1935 . ( 1935 .1). :
, , 2, , ,
3. , : (, ..
4), , 1935 ., 5.
, 1935 ., , 1867 .6 ( 1867 .), (), 1909 .7 (
1909 .). , , , , ,
. ,

, , .
, . ( ,
, ),
. , ( , 1 1935 . // . . IV.
, , , . .-., 1936. . 248-329.
2 / . . .. . ., 1964. . 63; .. - 1934-1939 . ., 1960. . 18-22.
3 .. : . ., 1989. . 53, 55, 57; : 6 . . 5: : 1914-1945 . / . . .. . ., 2006. . 346.
4 .. - 1934-1939 . ., 1960. . 18-22.
5 .
(1919-1950) / . . .. . , 2000. . 5.
6 1867 . // . . IV. .-., 1936.
. 136-167.
7 1909 . // . . 174-216.

36

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
(, . 2 1867 .), - (, . 11 1909 .) ): , , (, ( ) . 38-43 1909 .); ,
(, - . 12 1867 .).
, , , , .
(, 1 2
1993 .8, 1 1949 .9,
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: ,
(. 145 1867 .) (. 125-129 1909 .), (. 129 1935 .) (. 130-134 1935 .).
, , .. ( ), 1867 ., 1909 .
1935 . , .
, 1935 . , ,
, :
1. (. 91 1867 ., . 59 1909 ., . 30 1935 .),
, -, (. 17 1867 ., . 19
1909 ., . 18 1935 .),
() , .
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, (. 55 1867 ., . 67 1909 ., . 32 1935 .).
2. (. 9
1867 ., . 8 1909 ., . 2, 7 1935 .), - (. 10 1867 ., . 9
1909 ., . 3, 7 1935 .) . (. 12-13 1867 ., .
13, 16 1909 ., . 9 1935 .): - , , ( , . 11, 18
1867 ., . 14 1909 ., . 10 1935 . ).
, , ,
, , -

1909 . // . . 174-216.
1949 . // : / . .. ; . . . .. . ., 1991.
10 1950 . // / . .. . ., 2006.
. 423-555.
8
9

. . . .

37

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
-, .
- :
1. -. - ,
1935 .
1.1. . (. 54 1867 .) (. 62 1909 .) - ,
. .
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(. 42-44 1935 .). - , , , . , , .
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1935 .), , .
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) , , -
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. 45 1935 .,
). , , , , ,
.
2. . .
2.1. (. 37 1867 .),
(. 32 1909 .) (. 18 1935 .) . , -

38

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, . ,
, (, . 41 1867 .
, 21 , ). . 40 ,
, ,
, 11.
,
, 7 . 1,5 . 12. .
( 1909 . . 36 ), ( (. 34 1909 .)).
(1, 6 1935 .) , , . ,
(, , , 70% , 55% 13), , - . , (, 50 25
) ( ,
, 8%) 14, . ,
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15.
. 18 1935 ., 33% (125
375) , , , ,
.
, , , , .
2.2. .
(, 1905-1906 .) , (
, , ), :
. :
( . 24, 32 1867 .), ( , 30-

11 . 1867 . //
. . IV. .; ., 1936. . 133.
12 . 1909 . // . . IV. .; .,
1936. . 169.
13 .., - .., .. . ., 1979. . 440.
14 . 1935 . //
. . IV. , , , . .; ., 1936. . 247.
15 .. : . ., 1992. . 35.

. . . .

39

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
(4 . ) (. 23 1867 .)) (. 29 1867 .);
- (8 , 32 (. 24
1909 .)), (30 , ,
, 500 (. 26 1909 .))
, 10 (. 24 1909 .);
- , : - ,
. 18 1935 . ,
40% (104 260).
, ,
,
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;
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;
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1867 ., 1909 . 1935 . , .

:
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(. 10, 11, 17 1909 .); -,
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(. 58, 63, 64, 69, 71, 88 1909 .);
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40

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. 85 1909 .,
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8 ( . 102, 126) 1867 ., . 89, 117 1909 .,
. 136-144 1935 .).
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.
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. 348-358.

. . . .

41

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. , -: - (. 12 1935 .)
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42

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2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. ,
. . , , .
, ,
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, .
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43

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, ,
.

LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC IDEALS ON COLONIALISM SERVICE:


THE CONSTITUTIONAL METHODS OF A COLONIAL POLICY OF BRITISH EMPIRE
A.S. KOSTIAKHIN
Lipetsk State Pedagogical
University
e-mail: Chara.62@mail.ru

In article two actual problems are: 1) the problem of liberal


democratic ideals and their direct realisation in the form of model of
the western constitutional state and 2) the problem of character and
value of the constitutional colonial policy of Britain problem of the
Government of India Act of 1935.
Key words: Liberal democratic values and institutes, constitutionalism, parlamentarism, federalism, British Empire, India, Canada, the South African union.

44

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(460).088.2

(1936-1939)
1

. . -

e-mail: malay@bsu.edu.ru

, 1936-1939 .
3 -
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46

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2013. 1 (144). 25

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17 .. ( ) // . 1938. 210. . 7.
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47

2013. 1 (144). 25

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48

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2013. 1 (144). 25

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47
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48
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.1; // . 1939. 6493. .1; //
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49
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50

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , . ,
. - , .. , .
, , 3 : 1) ; 2) ; 3) -. , ,
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,
, .. . ,

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57
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. . . .

51

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , , .
, , , , . , .

THE IMAGE OF THE SPANISH REPUBLIC (1936-1939) IN THE PRINT MEDIA


OF RUSSIAN POLITICAL EXILE

A.A. PCHELINOV-OBRAZUMOV
Belgorod National
Research University
e-mail: malay@bsu.edu.ru

The article deals with evaluation data of the Russian press


abroad, Republican-sky camp during the Spanish Civil War 19361939. Among Russian political exiletion allocated 3 major social and
political trends: the right (conservative), left (revolutionary) and
neutral (liberal), each of which had its ne-chutney agency reflecting
their ideas. The degree of objectivity (or subjectivity) periodically of
the first edition was directly dependent on affiliation to a particular
political current Russian political community, as reflected in the
coverage of the problem.
Keywords: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939., The Russian political emigration emigre press, the Spanish Republic.

52

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
343.818:940.53/54


: ?
..


e-mail: mivon@mail.ru


.
,
, .
: , , , , , , .

.
55 , 1 082
, 7 205 , 371 , 2 071
, 506 80 . ,
, 14 033 .
, , (1671)1.
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, . , . , -
16 1939 . 18 60 3,
, . , 1940 . 4.
.
. , . , . , . , . , . 5. , , . ,
.. , .. , .. , .. .. 6.
1
2

S.92.

.. . ., 1991. .109.
Piper F. Ilu lidzi zgino w KL Auschwitz. Liczba ofiar w wietle rde i bada 1945-1990. Owicim, 1992.

3 Marszlek J. Labor camps in the General Government, 1939-1945 // Pro memoria. Information bulletin
11, January 2001. P. 37.
4 uschwitz 1940-1945. Central issues in the history of the camp. Vol.1: The establishment and organization
of the camp / A. Lasik, F. Piper, P. Setkewicz, I. Strzelecka. Owicim, 2000. P.141.
5 Benz W. A concise history of the Third Reich. Los Angeles - London, 2007; Gilbert M. Auschwitz and the
allies. London, 2001; Dawidowicz L. The Holocaust and the historians. London, 1981; Piper F. Auschwitz prisoner
labor. The organization and exploitation of Auschwitz concentration camp prisoners as labors / translated by
W. Brand. Owicim, 2002; Piper F. Ilu lidzi zgino w KL Auschwitz. Liczba ofiar w wietle rde i bada 1945-1990.
Owicim, 1992; Setkiewicz P. The histories of Auschwitz IG Farben Werk camps 1941-1945. Owicim, 2008; Czech
D. Kalendarz wydarze w KL Ausczwitz. Owicim, 1992.
6 .. . , 2005; ..
. . ., 2010; ..
. ., 1991; ., . 1. . ., 1982.

. . . .

53

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, ,
. , , . , , .
.
.
-
( ) 7.
, , , ,
8.

. .
, , 9. ,
,
. , , , , , 10.

1940 .11 .
. ,
, . . : ,
. . , , .
. ,
. . . . .
. ,
. , , ,
, ,
12.

7 ., .: // : , / ., . . .. . ,
2010. . 83-125.
8 ., .: . , , . , 2008.
233 .; Wspomnienia Rudolfa Hossa, komendanta obozu owicimskiego / Opracowanie, wstp i przypisy Dr. Jan
Sehn; wydanie trzecie. Warszawa, 1965.
9 Piper F. Auschwitz prisoner labor. The organization and exploitation of Auschwitz concentration camp
prisoners as labors / translated by W. Brand. Owicim, 2002. .186.
10 Strzelecka I. The agricultural sub-camps of Auschwitz // Pro memoria. Information bulletin 11, January
2001. P. 21.
11 Czech D. Kalendarz wydarze w KL Ausczwitz. Owicim, 1992. S.40.
12 Wspomnienia Rudolfa Hossa, komendanta obozu owicimskiego / Opracowanie, wstp i przypisy Dr. Jan
Sehn; wydanie trzecie. Warszawa, 1965.

54

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. 1 1941 . . ,

13. .
. , - 1941 . , , , , ,
4 000 14.
6 : ,
, , , , , .
1942 . . 1942 .
. , 1943 . 3 900
, 1 500 2 400 . 23 1944 . 1 751
2 487 15.
, . ,
, .
,
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,
50-60 16. 1941 .
, .
1940 . , , . 1941 . 17, , . 1942 .
, , , -18. , , . , .
II .
, .
,
. 12 1943 .19, , . ,
,

Czech D. Kalendarz wydarze w KL Ausczwitz. Owicim, 1992. S.52.


Strzelecka I. The agricultural sub-camps of Auschwitz // Pro memoria. Information bulletin 11, January
2001. P. 21.
15 Piper F. Auschwitz prisoner labor. The organization and exploitation of Auschwitz concentration camp
prisoners as labors / translated by W. Brand. Owicim, 2002. .186.
16 Ibid. P.190.
17 . // Comit international dAuschwitz,
1974. 7(160).
18 . , 1988. C.20.
19 Czech D. Kalendarz wydarze w KL Ausczwitz. Owicim, 1992. S.442.
13

14

. . . .

55

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , , .
, , . 1941 . 2 000 , , , 3000 100 000 , ,
, 20. . ,
, , , , ,
.
, , .
, 380 .
, , , ,
. ,
, .
, ,
, , . , , 21.
, , . , , , , , ,
. , , 22. , , , ,
, , . .. : . , , .
. . , , . ,
. , , . 23.
, ,
. ,
-. , , , , . . ,
. ,
- . , 1944 . - .
, . , . ,
, . . , 20 uschwitz 1940-1945. Central issues in the history of the camp. Vol.2: The prisoners their life and work /
T. Iwashko, H. Kubica, F. Piper, I. Strzelecka, A. Strzelecki. Owicim, 2000. P.99.
21 Piper F. Auschwitz prisoner labor. The organization and exploitation of Auschwitz concentration camp
prisoners as labors / translated by W. Brand. Owicim, 2002. .191.
22 uschwitz 1940-1945. Central issues in the history of the camp. Vol.2. P.99.
23 //
:
, / ., . . .. . , 2010. . 93.

56

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, ..
.
, , ,
, , ,
.
, , ,
. , , - , . ,
,
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, ,
.

THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF AUSCHWITZ NAZI CONCENTRATION CAMP:


THE DISTRUCTION BY LABOR OR THE CHANCE TO SURVIVE?
L.A. VIKULOVA
Voronezh State Pedagogical
University
e-mail: mivon@mail.ru

This article is concerned about the use of prisoners labor in


agricultural sector of Auschwitz concentration camp. The attention
is paid to the conditions, in which prisoners lived and worked, and
to the specific of labor in agricultural brigade in comparison with
the others.
Keywords: Nazism, the Second World War, concentration
camps, prisoners, forced labor, agricultural brigade, farms.

. . . .

57

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(4)


1944 :

..

e-mail: Vasilenko_V@bsu.edu.ru



1944 .
. ,
1943 . .
: , ,
. , , .. ,
.

, , , .

1944 ., , ,
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- ,
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.
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1943 .
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, , .
( ) ; .
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. ,
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.

58

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, ,
26 1942 .1 18 . ,
2. . 10
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3.
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, , , 6.

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1943 .10, , 1 Post-war collaboration with Russia. JuneOctober 1944 // The Foreign Office and the Kremlin: British
Documents on Anglo-Soviet Relations, 194145 / Ed. by G. Ross. Cambridge; N.Y., 1984. . 157-166.
2 Minute by Roberts. 16 August 1944 // Ibid. . 163.
3 Minute by Wilson. 10 August 1944 // Ibid. . 162.
4 . 22 1944 . .
.. : .. , // . 2008. 3. . 3-21.
5 .. // : 19441949 . ., 1995. . 28-30.
6 Coutouvidis J., Reynolds J. Poland 19391947. Leicester, 1986. P. 102.
7 Post-war collaboration with Russia. JuneOctober 1944 // The Foreign Office and the Kremlin. . 162.
8 .
9 Effects of Soviet policy on British strategic interests. 6 June 1944 // The Foreign Office and the Kremlin.
P. 167-168.
10 . : .. -
, 19391943 . //

. . . .

59

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
,
- .
,
. , , - - ().
, , . 9 ,
-
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, 13.
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,
14. , . ,
.
, ,
. , . . ,

, ,
- .
,
. . : . . . . 14. 2010.
7 (78). . 90-97.
11 . : Rothwell V. Britain and the Cold War, 19411947. L., 1982. . 174.
12 ., .: .. : (19391947 ) // . 1998. 3. . 90.
13 . 19391945 .: ,
// . 2001. 5. . 89.
14 ., .: . . 3: : . / . . .. . ., 2002. . 291-305.

60

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
-,
, 15. , - 16.
1944 . :
,
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15 . 13 1944 . //
.. . . . : , , 19411945. .,
2004. . 447.
16 . . . 3. ., 1991. . 530. ,
, ( )
.
17 . : Rothwell V. Op. cit. . 175.
18 Pismo E. Raczyskiemu. 6 padziernika 1944; Pismo J. Weytko E. Raczyskiemu. 30 padziernika 1944 //
Archiwum Akt Novych. Ambasada RP w Londynie, 19191945. Sygnatura. 1612. S. 43-46
19 .. (- 1943 1945 .) // :
19441949 . ., 1995. . 57-59.
20
1944 .

. . . .

61

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , 21. , .
. , . , 13 () . ,
22. 23 , 24. ,
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, , ,
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.
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. 28, . , . , .
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, , VI. 16 1944 . // .. . . 487.
13 1944 . // .. . . 448-458.
23 , .
24 VI. 16 1944 . // .. . . 487.
25 . .. . 14 1944 . // . . 456, 487.
26 . 1944 . 27 // . . 0122. .
26. . 228. . 12. . 25.
27 . : Dymarski M. Op. cit. P. 395.
28 ( ), .
29 Dymarski M. Stosunki wewntrzne wrd polskiego wychodstwa politycznego i wojskowego we Francji i w
Wielkiej Brytanii, 19391945. Wrocaw, 1999. S. 395.
30 Karski J. Wielkie mocarstwa wobec Polski, 19191945: Od Wersalu do Jaty. Lublin, 1998. S. 421.
21

22

62

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
31. . , 22 , - ,
. , 32.

, ,
, 33.
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24
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, .
, . . , . , , .

THE POLISH QUESTION ON THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA AFTER THE WARSAW RISING
OF 1944: LAST ATTEMPTS AT A SETTLEMENT WITH PARTICIPATION
OF THE POLISH EXILED GOVERNMENT

V.V. VASILENKO
Belgorod National
Research University

The author considers the last attempts of the Polish question


settlement on the international arena after the Warsaw Rising of
1944 with participation of the Polish exiled government. Special
attention is given to the policy of Great Britain who after the USSR`s
break of diplomatic relations with the Polish London authorities
on the former`s initiative fairly often had to represent the Polish
interests.

e-mail: Vasilenko_V@bsu.edu.ru

Keywords: the Polish question, Great Britain, Winston Churchill, the Soviet Union, Josef Stalin, the Polish Committee of National Liberation.

31 The Polish Ambassador (Ciechanowski) to the Acting Secretary of State. 18 October 1944 // FRUS. 1944.
Vol. 3. P. 1329-1330.
32 President Roosevelt to the Prime Minister of the Polish Government in Exile (Mikolajczyk), at London. 17
November 1944 // Ibid. P. 1334-1335.
33 Dymarski M. Op. cit. P. 397.

34

P. 1339.

The Acting Secretary of State to President Roosevelt. 25 November 1944 // FRUS. 1944. Vol. 3.

. . . .

63

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(497.2)

.. ()


e-mail: khazar@inbox.ru

-
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4 .
1889 .,
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5 1903 . -
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1

64

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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8 . . 394.
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10 . . : . , 1909. . 10.
11 . - // . 1911. 19 .
12 . . 17 // . 1911. 24 .

. . . .

65

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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. , 2003. 6. . 101.
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14 .
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17 . .249.
18 . .249.
19 - (1911 .), .
, -
.
20 . . , 1908. . 36.

66

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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.26

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:
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. . , 1979. . 173.
23 . // . , 1960. . 13. . 52.
24 . . 56.
25 .. (1908-1014).
, 1966. .161.
26 . . , 2008. . 14.
21

22

. . . .

67

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. .27 ( ) . . , . , ,
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.. ( .. ). , 1914. . 4.
.. ( XIX XX .). ., 1971. . 237.
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30 . // . 1912. 5. . 215224.
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68

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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(1909-1910) // . ., 1980. . 45-46.
34 . . 46.
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. . . .

69

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , . , , ,
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41 .. // . .,
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42 . . .-, 1909. .34.
43 . // . , 1960. . 13. . 76.
44 - II.
36
37

70

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
.45
, , ,
, . ,
-, ( -). . ,
.

,
. , () -
.

CONCEPT OTTOMANISM IN THE POLITICAL ESTIMATIONS


OF BULGARIAN SOCIAL-DEMOCRACY

M.V. TORTIKA (LOBANOVA)


Kharkov State Academy of Culture
e-mail: khazar@inbox.ru

Article is devoted to studying of ottomanizm concept in interpretation of the Bulgarian social-democratic parties after youngturks revolution of 1908. The discussion developed on this question
in the socialist press between ideologists of a radical direction of a
close socialism and leaders of the left centrism (levitca
BRSDP (o)) causes the greatest interest. Against the sharp criticism,
characteristic for platforms of the right and left socialists, the
special attention is involved with a position of the Bulgarian socialist
centrism. Theorists of the specified movement are ready to accept
the concept of ottomanizm as a part of the all-democratic program
conducting to creation of uniform Balkan-Asian confederation.
Keywords: ottomanism, bulgaria, the social democrats.

45

. // . : - , 1961. .14. . 90.

. . . .

71

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

94(47).04

XVI
..

e-mail: papkov@bsu.edu.ru

, XVI . ,
,

- .
: , , - , , ,
.

XVI . XVIII . . ,
( ) 1.
, , , .
. , ,
, , . XVII .
...2. , , - , XVI . . ,
XVI . , , ,

, 14.B37.21.0457.
1 .: .. // .
., 1989. . 721.
2 . . 10.

72

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
3, . .
, 4. ,
,
, XVIXVII 5.
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. , , , .. .

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. ., 2005; .., .., ..
XVIIXX .: . , 2002; .., .. ,
XVI : . , 2005;
.. : (XVI .) //
. 2009. 2. . 25-30; . : , //
. 2: . 2011. . 96. 4. . 191-203.
5 ., : .., .. XVI XVIII . // - . 2: . 2011. 1. . 9-16; .., .., .. :
// Fractal Simulation. 2012. 2.
. 26-35.
6 .
7 .. . .,
1996. . 252.
8 .: .. XVI . ., 1962. . 17.

. . . .

73

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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, .

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400 (XVI .). ., 1973. . 22-23.
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. , , : , , -. 1507-1508 . , 8 1508 ., III. (1512-1522 .) (1534-1537 .) - XVI . (.: .. , 1000 , . ., 1995. . 2. . 1. . 363-379;
.. . . . 248-249; .. . . . 18).
11 .: .. . ., 1995. . 220-228.
12 .. . . . 408.

74

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
- 13. , , , , , 14.
,
. XVI . . : , , . , ,
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, 17.
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, . 1503 . : 13 - ., : .. . // -
: , , . , 1998. . 19-22; ..,
.. - // . . . , 1998. . 12. . 50-71; .. XIIXV . , 1999.
. 54-88.
14 .: .. . . . 41. -
. . , , , ( .: ..
: // . 1999. 2. . 69-77; . :
. ., 2001. . 225-271).
15 .: .. . ., 1987. . 195.
16 .. XVII . . ., 1988. . 114.
17 . : .. . ., 1993. . V. . 361.

. . . .

75

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, : , <...> , , 18.
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.
. . . 35. . 460.
.: .. . ., 1993. . VI. . 412.
20 .: .. . , 1914. . 53.
21 .. . .,
1887. . 72.
22 .: .. XVI . , 1991. . 66-69.
18
19

76

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
-, . III
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23 .: .. XV XVII . // . ., 1980. . 208-209.
24 .. . . . 76-79.
25 .: . . 81-84.
26 .: . . 85-86.

. . . .

77

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, . - , . ,
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30 .. . . . 100.
31 . . XIII. . 344.
32 .. XVI ... . 51.
33 .. . . . 104-105.
27

28

78

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , , , , . - 34.

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39 .. . . . 144-145.
34
35

. . . .

79

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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.. . . . 28-29.

80

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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, XVI . ,
.

. ,
41 .: .. . . . 156-187; .. XVI // . .; ., 1948. . 20. . 3-28. . .
42 . XVXVII . ., 1999. . 197.
43 .: .. . . . 197-202; .. ( XVI XVII ). , 2004. C. 73-74.
44 .. . ., 1986. . 200.
45 .: .. . . . 144-145; .. .
. . 75-87.
46 .: .. . . . 226-227.

. . . .

81

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
.. , , , 47.
XVI . .
,
. - , ,
, , .. ... 48.
, - XVI . ,
. , 1502 . , , . . , , XVI . .
- .
, , ,
. , . ,
. 49,
50. , ,
, .
,
XVI . .
( XVI .,
, XVI XVII .)
, .

ABSORPTION OF THE SOUTHERN BORDERLANDS BY RUSSIA IN THE XVI CENTURY


A.I. PAPKOV
Belgorod National Research
University

The article deals with the process of Russia`s state territory


expansion in the Southern direction in XVI century. The author
analyzes the contradictions between Russia, the PolishLithuanian Com-monwealth and the Crimean Khanate which
resulted from their fierce competition for domination in the
Dniepr-Don forest-steppe.

e-mail: papkov@bsu.edu.ru

Keywords: Russian Tsarstvo, South of Russia, Dnepr-Don


forest-steppe, Krym Khanstvo, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, frontier.

.. . . . 194.
.. . . . 8. . 396.
49 . : .. . . . 20.
50 ..
XVII // . . 3. .
, 1969. . 87. . 86.
47

48

82

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(47).66/.0717/18( 470.32:)339.1-051

-
XVIII XIX . ( )*

..

e-mail: grebennukovd@yandex.ru

-
XVIII XIX . , : .
XIX . 10%.
XIX . 10%.
-
, . XVIII
XIX . .
: , , .
.
: , ,
- , .

1.
.
.. , : ... , 2. , - ,
,
. - . . . : .
: .. , .. , ..3 ,
, . 1980- .
- .
- .
XVIII . 284 : 2 ,
37 , 3 , 1 , 9 , 2 , 1 ,
3 , 89 , 74 , 4 , 41 , 1 , 2 , 2 , 10 , 2 4.
.. .. , XVIII
. , 5.
. , , , , . , . * 2009-2013 . 14.A18.21.1992 14.11.2012 .
1 .. XVII-XVIII . . ., 1990.
2 .. XVIII XIX . . , 1996. . 33.
3 /. .. .. . , 1876; .
. , 1863. . 68.
4 .. .. XIX . . VIII. , 2003. . 26-27.
5 .. .. . . . 25.

. . . .

83

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, XVIII . .
XIX . ,
.. .. , 199. ,
(, , ). , , , , , . 1828 .,
.. .. ,
: 93 , 24 , 33 , 9 , 4 ,
4 , 12 , 2 , 1 , 15 , 1 6.
XIX ., 61 7. , , , , , .

. 1780- . 61 : 36 , 15 (1 , 5 , 6 , 3 ), 7 (1 , 4 , 1 , 1 ), 1 , 1 1 8. 1790- . , 44 , 22 , 5 , 5 , 5
22 9. , XVIII . , , , ,
, . , ,
, . , 14 XIX . 10.
200
1500 , .
. 1780- .
1 , 3 4 11.
.
1773 . : 6 , 13 , 4
1 12. XVIII XIX . 1. , , 1785 1806 . 10%. 1806 .
1822 . - . .
1


. XVIII XIX .13

1785 .

(.)
%
19
10,5
17
10

1797 .

(.)
%
25
9
12

1806 .

(.)
%
27
9
28
10

1822 .

(.)
%
19
16
3
3

.. .. . . . 26-27.
. . . ., 1827. . 173.
8 . . ., 1786. . 47.
9 . . , 1968. . 48.
10 . . 55.
11 . . . . 57.
12 . . 1. ., 1788. . 119.
13 (). . 3. . 1. . . 218; . 20 . 1. . . 44;
. . 113; . . 244.
6
7

84

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

1797 . 1797 . 29 ,
2514, 86% . . .. 15. .. , , 59% 16.
2 XVIII XIX . , , .
.
1780- .17. , , 1785 . 8 . ,
. 1797 . - 5 . 300-1200 . 3 .
20 ., 38 . 20 . , 38200-45840 . . 960-2560 . , , . , -
1806 ., .
, , .
300-1200 , , .
18. , 1797 .
(3 .), (1 .)
(1 .). 1806 . , , 7 .
, . 1822 .
- 5 . , .. . ,
XIX ., , , .
. 1785 . 4 . . XVIII . 4 . 1797 . 70-200
. 5 ., 4 . ,
, .. , 200
. 1000 . , ,
250-350 . .
. 19. 20. , .

. 20. . 1. . . 51. . 2-10.


.. - . ., 1987. . 119.
16 .. .
XVIII . // . ., 1960. . 115.
17 . . . . 67.
18 .. ( //
XIX . ., 1959. . 70.
19 .. - XVIII
XX . // XVIIIXX . - . . ( 2002). , 2002. . 307
20 .. 300 (1613-1912). ., 1913. . 36-40.
14
15

. . . .

85

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, 21. 1806 . 5 . .. , .
, . 1822 .
2 . ..
. . -
. , . , .
2


XVIII XIX .22.

1822 .

1806 .

1797 .

1785 .

10

11

3
19

3
19

2
25

2
25

1
26

1
27

20

19

XVIII XIX .
.
. ,
. , . ,
1806 . . 23, 24. 1785 . 3 ,
25. 1797 . .
200-550 . 3 . 20 ., 3 . 80 .
. , 30 150 , 50 200 26.
960-2090 . 1797 .
.. , 9760 . . , 48 . 80 . 1806 .
21 .. XVII, XVIII XIX . .,
1947. . 174.
22 . . 3. . 1. . . 218; . 20. . 1. . . 44; . . 113; . . 244.
23 . . 20. . 1. . . 113. . 62.
24 . . 20. . 1. . . 113. . 61.
25 .. (). XVIII XIX . . 1. ., 1974. . 20.
26 .. . . . 183.

86

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
11 . (7 .),
(3 .), (1 .). .. , .. .
, 27.
.. 28.

29. . , XIX ., . , 1822 .
8 . : .. , .. 2 . 1822 . ,
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, 1780- . 6 .
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. . 1797 . 5 .
, , 30. 100-500 . 19 . 50 ., 18 . 50 ., , 1850-9750 .
1806 . . . , .. . . ,
, . 1822 .
4 . : , . , .. .
.
, . , , .
, . , . 1780- . 13 57 . 9975 . 1785 . .. , .
1790- . . . 31. 1797 .
. , . , . . 1802 .
. 32, 1805 . 33. 1806 .
.. . 1814 . . 34.
, , . 1785 ., : .. , . ,
.. . ,
35. . 36. 1797 . 27 .. . , 1917 . , 1971. . 239.
28 .. . . 2. ., 1965. . 198.
29 .. . . . 226; .. 300
(1613-1912). ., 1913. . 67.
30 .. (- ). , 2001. . 76.
31 . . 20. . 1. . . 5. . 41.
32 . . 20. . 1. . . 74. . 236.
33 . . 20. . 1. . . 140. . 10.
34 . . 20. . 1. . . 140. . 113.
35 II// . . . ., 1883. . 33.
36 .. // . . 2. , 1990.
. 11-15.

. . . .

87

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
5 . 1780- . 4 37.
. , -
. 50-60 . 38.
39.
1797 . .. ,
31 . .
.. 12 . . 5 . 50 .,
66 - 170,5 . , . , 1797 . .. .
, .
.. 1797 . , 25 . 100 .,
. , , . 1806 .
, .. . . 1822 . ,
, , . , ,
.

, . 1785 . ,
, 17 .40: 5 , 4 , 3 ,
2 , 1 , 1 , 1 . 1797 . 20 .41: 6 , 3 , 2 , 2 ,
1 , 1 , 1 , 1 , 1 , 1
1 . 1806 . 28 42: 6 , 3 , 3 , 2 , 4 , 2 ,
1 , 1 , 1 , , 1 , 1
, 1 . . . , 1806 . .. .
- 1822 . 1822 . 3 43: ,
. .. . .
1785-1806 . 10-12%.
-
. .
. . , 1780- .
: 6 , 4 , 3 1 .

. , 1785 1792 .44 . , , , : ... 45. , -

. . . . 67.
II // . . . . ., 1883. . 20-21.
39 .. . . . 84.
40 . . 3. . 1. . . 218.
41 . . 20. . 1. . . 44.
42 . . 20. . 1. . . 113.
43 . . 20. . 1. . . 244.
44 . . 228. . 1. . . 1; . . 6.
45 . . . . 104, 106.
37

38

88

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
46. 1785 .
. , .. . , 1785 .
. .
(, ). 1792 . ,
4 92 (4%). :
.. , .. , .. . .. .
. , 9,5 %
1785 . 4% 1792 . .
1780- . 47. 48.
, XVIII . . ,
. , XIX . , 1807 . 12 : 2 ,
3 , 1 , 5 1 49.
.
1820 . . , 1820 . , XIX . 4,6% . .. , .. , .. , ..
50. . , ..
1821 . 51. , , 1820 .
.
, , , ,
, , , 1780- . 52. , .
, . ,
2 , 2 2 53. ,
. : , , , , , 54.
: , , 18 , 5 , 1 1 55. 56.
- 57.
(, , , ,
, ) 1780- . .
, , 58. , : 35 , 2 , 3 59.
: 1 , 4 , 2
2 60. 1780- . 2 ,
46 .. - //
- , 275- . ,
2002. . 45.
47 . . . . 134.
48 . . . . 135.
49 . . , 1966. . 30.
50 (). . 299. . 1. . . 2.
51 . . 33. . 3. . . 1036. . 1.
52 . . . . 73, 81, 96, 145, 158.
53 . . . . 75.
54 . . . . 83.
55 . . . . 98.
56 . . . . 146.
57 . . . . 160.
58 . . . . 90.
59 . . . . 91.
60 . . . . 118.

. . . .

89

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
17 , 61.
: 1, 1, 5, 62. ,
4 2 . , . 63. , 5 1 64. 2 65. 1788 . .
: , 66. ,
: , 1 5 67.
1780- . 11 68. 1830- 12. XIX . .. 69.
. ,
XIX .
, 1830- . . , 1830- . 8 , 10 , 6 , 4 70.

XVIII ., :
,
;
, ,
XIX . ;
, , , ;
XVIII XIX .
, .

MERCHANT INDUSTRY IN THE CENTRAL BLACK EARTH REGION IN THE LATE XVIII
THE FIRST QUARTER OF THE XIX CENTURY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF KURSK PROVINCE)

D.S. GREBENNUKOV
Belgorod National Research
University
e-mail: grebennukovd@yandex.ru

The changes in the industrial district of the merchants


provinces of Central Black Earth region in the late XVIII - the first
quarter of the XIX century. The study of this question showed that
the merchant industry was represented by two types of processes:
the factory and handicraft. The share of merchants who had plants
in the early XIX century. was 10%. Among merchants artisans
share in the beginning of XIX century. is also about 10%. By
increasing the proportion of tax merchants artisans declined, and
owners of factories on the contrary increased. The basic amount of
the merchant plants at the end of XVIII - first quarter of the XIX
century. was represented by enterprises processing agricultural
products. These are such enterprises as: salotopni, tanneries, soap
factories. The greatest number of merchants engaged in trade was
represented by blacksmiths.
Keywords: merchants, industry, craft Central Black Earth
region, population dynamics.

. . . . 111, 112.
. . . . 125.
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67 . . . . 153.
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61

62

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. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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94:631.243.32(47+57)17/18


XVIII XIX
..

e-mail: kotovpetr55@ mail.ru

, . , , 1820 1840- .
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2 . ( 1). . I VL. ., 1830;
( 2). . I VL. , 18301884.
3 ., : .. XVIII XIX . // . 2010. 22. . 12-14.

. . . .

91

2013. 1 (144). 25

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2013. 1 (144). 25

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. . . .

93

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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17

18

94

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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25

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. . . .

95

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
1839 . ,
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30
31

96

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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XVIII . . ,
.
. , 1790 1820-
. . , ( ) . , , , .
. , . ,
1860- . ,
. . .

CROP FAILURE GRANARIES ACCORDING TO RUSSIAN LEGISLATIVE SOURCES


OF THE XVIII THE FIRST HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY
P.P. KOTOV
Syktyvkar State University
e-mail: kotovpetr55@ mail.ru

The article, on the basis of legislative acts, shows the appearance in Russia of crop failure granaries. The author reveals
that these granaries were created for a long time and their system
had acquired relatively clear outline only in the late 1820s early
1840s. The article tells that crop failure granaries had their own
specific features of functioning for every taxable estate in the
country.
Keywords: crop failure, crop failure granaries, grain contributions, grain capital, food capital, public ploughing.

. . . .

97

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94(470)"18/19"

-
XIX XX
..

e-mail: 2007nauka@mail.ru

XIX-XX .,
,
.
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3 .. . 2- . -/, 1999. .145.
4 .. : (, , ).
/, 1995. .139.
5 .., .. // , . 3. : . .,
1996. . 244.
6 . // . 1990. 10 .

98

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, . , : , , ;
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1897 . [9]
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. 1439750 (1,55%
) 968742 (10,6%
7 : , , ;
: / .. , .. , .. . ., 2008. . 17.
8 .. V- // . 1997. 1. . 30-39; . . . . 2005;
.. . . ., 1912.

. . . .

99

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
); 256401 (4,5% ); 253862 (3,29% );
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XIX .
(. 1). 76,53%.
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.
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10.
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.. 15,6% .
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:
, ,
; ; ; ; . 9 1897 . / . .. .
, 1905. . I. , 28 1897 . .VIII. .
10 .. // . 3. . 270-284.

100

. . . .

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, .
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. . . .

101

2013. 1 (144). 25

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(. 2): , , , 87,63% . 8,62%, 1,23%, 2,52% , , . 0,003%.
( 50% )
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(5%) (1,4%). (. 2).
2


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( %)

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, , .

102

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. - ,
. , , , , ;
, XIX ., ,
11. , , .
1867 .
.
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. . . .

103

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, 12.
1916-1917 . ( -)
, , - .
, 1917 .
, XIX-XX . , - , , , , , ,
- .
XXI . , , ? - ?

FEATURES OF SOCIAL-DEMOGRAPHIC SHAPE OF THE COSSACKS


AT THE TURN OF XIX TO XX CENTURY
G.O. MATSIEVSKY
Stary Oskol Branch
of the Voronezh State University
e-mail: 2007nauka@mail.ru

12

Article is devoted features of socially-demographic shape of


the Russian Cossacks on a boundary of XIX-XX centuries. By this
period the majority of modern representatives of the Cossacks,
the government and researchers addresses at definition of "sample" for Cossacks revival.
Keywords: Cossacks, the Cossack armies, military-serving
estate, ethnos, the Russian empire.

.. . . ., 2007. .12-13.

104

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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04 (477.7) "18/19". 3036.7


XIX .:

..


, .
e-mail: eg.sidorovitch@yandex.ua

, XIX .
,
.
,
.
: , , , , .

XIX , ,
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. II
XVIII . , , - : ; ;
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, . , ,
, .
,
, , , . ( 2) ( ), . , ( 1)2. , , ,
- .

, , XIX .
1 ..
XVIII XIX . // . 2011. 216. . 147-151.
2 .. ,
XVIII XIX . ( ) //
. .. . .

. . . .

105

2013. 1 (144). 25

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. . 3, . 4, . 5, . 6, . 7 . ,
. , . 8, . 9, . 10, . 11, . 12, . 13 .
,
. : . 14, . 15, . 16 .
, ( ) ,
.

(). ,
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XIX . . I (1825-1855 .) , , , . . :
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. . , 1848.
5 .. XVIII . , 1892.
6 .. .
. ., 1889.
7 . . , 1839. 88 .; . (1793-1823). , 1837; . . , 1851; . . 17301823 . . 2. 1796-1823 . , 1838.
8 .. XVIII XIX ( ) // 1961 . . 496-506.
9 .. (1789-1796 .).
, 1924.
10 .. ( XVIII . 1861 ).
, 1962.
11 .. . 1825-1860 . ., 1981.
12 .. XIX . --, 1963.
13 .. XVIII XIX . /
- XVIII XIX . . . , 1975. . 39-57.
14 . . - XVIII -
XIX . / . . , 2008.
15 .. - 1787 // : XVIII-
/ . . .. . 2001. . 4. 327 .; .. XVIII .
// . 1993. 3. . 58-74.
16 .. XVIII . // . 8. . 2004. 4.
. 85-102.
17 / . .. . , 1941. .400.
3

106

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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: 12
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29. 30. ,

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( ). .4., .2., .2., .12-15.
20 ( 2). , 1830. .1. .57-61.
21 ( 2). , 1830. .1. . 206-208.
22 ( 2). , 1830. .3. . 15.
23 ( 2). , 1834. .8 ( 1). .192.
24 . . 210.
25 ( 2). , 1837. .11 ( 1). . 191-192.
26 ( 2). , 1840. . 14 ( 1). . 190.
27 ( 2). , 1833. .7. . 60-61.
28 ( 2). , 1838. .12 ( 1). . 192-193.
29 ( 2). , 1839. . 14 ( 1). . 194-201.
30 ( 2.). , 1842. . 17 ( 1). . 10-15.
18
19

. . . .

107

2013. 1 (144). 25

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.
, 4 1846 . 1787 31. ,
, 32.
,
. . , XIX .
,
. XIX . , , , .
. , , .. -33. ,
, XIX .
. , - , . 34.
, . . 35.
. . ,
36. , 14 1828 , , 3742. 10 .
38.
XIX . , . 30 1835
, 39. . , , .
: . 40, 41, . 42, . 43 .
.
( 1). , 1830. .22. .771-785.
( 2). , 1848. .22 ( 1). . 425-431.
33 - .. . . , 1894. C. 387-388.
34 ( 2). , 1830. .2. .1127.
35 ( 2). , 1833. .7. .652.; ( 2). , 1847. .21 ( 2).
. 145-146.
36 . (1793-1823). , 1837.
37 ( 2). , 1830. .3. .829-830.
38 ( 2). , 1830. .3. .102-103.
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40 . .1. . 167. . 62. . 11.
41 . . 1. . 166. . 51. . 3.
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31

32

108

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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. , . ,
24 1836 ,
44. .
17 1839 - 45.
, ,
XIX .
. . -46, . 47, . 48
, ,
. . -, , : , , - .
, , . 49. , , , ,
.
,
.
,
:
;
;

;
, ;
( 2) XVIII-XIX .

THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF FRENCH MIGRANTS ON THE TERRITORY


OF NOVOROSSIYSKIY REGION IN THE SECOND QUARTER OF XIX CENTURY: LEGAL ASPECT
E.S. SIDOROVICH
Institute of History of Ukraine National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev
e-mail: eg.sidorovitch@yandex.ua

In the article was analyzed the materials of Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire which has information about
economic activity of French settlers on the territory of Novorossiyskiy region in the second quarter of XIX century. Author allocate main sector of industry and agriculture, where these foreigners was enable. There analyses main papers of the noted Russian
and Ukrainian scientists who pay attention to presence and activity of Frenchman in the region
Keywords: Frenchmen, sheep breeding, juridical document,
commerce, merchant.

( 2). , 1837. .11 ( 1). .235-236.


( 2). , 1840. .14 ( 1). .365-366.
46 - .. . . ,1894.
47 . . , 1794-1914. , 1999.
48 .. (1805 .)
// . 2009. . 30. . 184-188.
49 - .. . 387-388.
44
45

. . . .

109

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(47).083


XIX XX .

..

e-mail: shabanova.alesya@rambler.ru




.
- ,
,
.
: , , - , ,
.

XIX XX - , , XIX .

, , (, ) ().
, , , . , , 1.
..
, , 2.

1897 .
,
, , .
, XIX
, ,
.
XIX (
), , .

. 2 371 012 .
(9,4 %), (7,6 %), (7,5 %) (7,4 %) . , 2 216 910 ,
93,5 % . 81,8 % ( )
95,9 % ( ). (4,2 %). 23 329 1 % .
0,6 %3. , ,
.

. ., 1982. . 1241.
.. . ., 2003. . 449.
3 : 1897 .
/ . .. . ., 1904. . 6061.
1

. . . .

110

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
85,9 %, , 1,5 %, 0,5%, 11,3 %4.
,
, .
, .
, ,
- , .
221 527 (. 1). 90 %, 69 714, 31,5 %, 127 732 , 57,6 %,
3 996 , 1,9 % (, , ) 19 758 , 8,9 %. 1 32,8 38,9 %.
47 %, 40,3 % .
71,4 %. 455 325
. .
1


1897 .5

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1304
258
10
377
483
212
313
364
24
462
697
450
331
47
231
239
359
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105
27
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270
243
58
72
42
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10645
23329

40144
13429
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6257
1985
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.
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30630

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1101
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140
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172
233
270
181
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151
162
3593

24850
10326
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985
4064
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10867

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.
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4 .. (XVIII XX .): 2 . .,
2003. . 1. . 130.
5 : 1897 .
/ . .. . ., 1904. . 60-61.

. . . .

111

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
- . . , , .

, , . , ,
: , ,
, , 6. , - , .

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. 1861 ,
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7. 38,9 % , 50,6 %.
2
1861 . 1897 .8


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40
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2013. 1 (144). 25

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12.

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.
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13 .. XIX
( - ). ., 1983. . 176.
14 : , 1897 .
. 176181.

114

. . . .

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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4

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15 (
) / . .. . , 2005. . 404.
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17 : 1897 .
. 177.

. . . .

115

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
,
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.
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. .
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,
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, XIX XX ,
. , - , , , .
, .
- , , , , 1917 . .

CLASS AND PROFESSIONAL STRUCTURE OF URBAN POPULATION OF KURSK PROVINCE


IN LATE XIX - EARLY XX CENTURIES
.. TITOVA
Belgorod National Research University
e-mail: shabanova.alesya@rambler.ru

In the article we consider particularity of class and


professional structure of the urban population of Kursk province
on the basis of the first general census of the population. Census
data to a certain extent are evidence of the transition position of
society (the status society transforms into class society), an
indicator of the formation of new social groups, which
characteristic of capitalist society.
Keywords: Kursk province, urban population, social class
structure, professionalism, social groups.

18 .. . XIX . // (. . . ). ,
2010. 19 (90). . 16. . 128136.

116

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(47).084.3

-

( 1917- 1918 .)

. .

.
..
e-mail: Maxiaus@yandex.ru


( 1917 1918 .). . ,
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117

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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7 . 1917. 3.
1

118

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

, : , , ,

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119

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , ,
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...16.
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.

THE NEWSPAPER OF SOUZ ANARKHISTOV SINDICALISTOV (UNION OF ANARCHISTSSYNDICALISTS) GOLOS TRUDA IN THE CONTEXT OF THE POLITICAL CRISIS IN RUSSIA,
AUGUST 1917-THE BEGINNING OF THE 1918

M.Y. SMIRNOV
Bryansk State University
named after Academician
I.G.Petrovski
e-mail: Maxiaus@yandex.ru

The science article is dedicated to the developments of the political crisis in Russia (August 1917-the beginning of the 1918 years).
Under the article the author reviews the importance of Souz anarhistov sindicalistov (Union of Anarchists) press organ Golos Truda
in the determined period. The author analyzes the establishing and
development of the press organ marking the peculiarities of the
newspaper work and functioning in the period (the main subject of
the articles, their tons, publishing time). The author pays much attention to evolution of the relationship between anarchists and the Bolsheviks from the beginning of August 1917 till the first trimester after
the October Revolution. The author emphasizes the common aspects
for the both political parties and their oppositional statements.
Keywords: Souz anarchistov sindicalistov, political crisis,
Bolsheviks, press organ, declaration, revolution.

// . 1917. 14. 17 .
.
16 .
14
15

120

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
94(497.1)


..
..

.
..
e-mail: smikh10@mail.ru

( 1929 . - , )
...
: , , , , .. .


. , 1. , , , , , , . ,
, ,
, .
, ( 1929 . ),
- - 40 70
2. 1920- 1930-
- ..
(1875-1951)3. , (31 ),
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()
.
, 1920 . , , .
. ,
1 . : .. : . , 2009; . / . . . . ., 2010; .. . . . ... , 2013.
2 . . , // . ., 1996. .27-45.
3 . : .. .. // . 2011. 6. . 64-68
4 .: .. .. (1875-1951). //
.. XVII . ., 2006. . II. .506-521;
., ., . i i . , 2007; .., .. // (1920- 1940- ). , 2010..37-86.
5 . . . . .. // Journal of Modern Russian History and
Historiography. 3 (2010). P 161199; .. / . , . .. // . , 2010. .12. .303-390. Mikhalchenko S.I.
Polska koca XIX wieku we Wspomnieniach" Evgenja Vasilevicha Spektorskiego // Res historica. Czasopismo
Instytutu historii UMCS. Lublin, 2011. 32. Str.137-158.

. . . .

121

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, .
, , . . , , ..
, . , , . , ,
. , 6.
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1924 1927 . 8. , .
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9.
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1920 .
, , , . , .
, . .
, .

. , , . <...> . . , ,
, .
, ,
.
. . , . 6 .. // Forschungsstelle Osteuropa an der Universitt Bremen. Historisches
Archiv. .01-30.230.II (Bona, Vladimir). . 432.
7 . . 441.
8 .: .., .. ..
(1924-1928 .) // Slavia. Praha, 2011. Roc.80. Sesit 2-3. S. 198-205.
9 .. . . . 728-729

122

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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123

2013. 1 (144). 25

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.. .. . 435-436.
. . 436-438.

124

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

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.. .. . 452-453.
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18
19

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125

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
1930 1945 .
. 1932 .,
(, ) . ,
,
. 1.
, - , , . , , .. :
, ; , . , .
, , , , . , Srbe o vrbe ( ),
,
23.
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24. , ,
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26. ,
, nil sine episcopo,
.. : .
, ; , , , , , .. .. . 843-844.
. . 847.
25 .
26 . . 848.
23

24

126

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
.
. , ,
, . , ,
: , ..27.
, :
, , , , ...
- ,
, . ,
, ,
. 28.
, , .

POLITICAL AND CONFESSIONAL LIFE OF INTERWAR YUGOSLAVIA


ON MEMOIRS BY E.V. SPEKTORSKY
S.I. MIKHALCHENKO
Bryansk State University named
after Academician I.G.Petrovski
e-mail: smikh10@mail.ru

27
28

Article focuses on the characteristics of political and religious


life of Yugoslavia (until 1929 - Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and
Slovenes) in the unpublished memoirs of the famous Russian
scientist and leader of higher education E.V.Spektorsky.
Keywords: Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Yugoslavia,
Russian emigration, E.V.Spektorsky.

.. .. . 849.
. . 849-850.

. . . .

127

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
947.085


-
1942
. . ,
. .


e-mail: gunter051@rambler.ru



1942 .
, , ,
.
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.
.
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()
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1942
10
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.., .., .., .., ..,
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.. 1.

, ( ) - ( ). . , () 1129
11.01.1942 . (, , , -, , , , -, ), ,
2. - ,
, .. , ( ),
, ,
3. , , ,
- 4.
1 ,
19411945 . / . .. . ., 1995. . 12.
2 . . 237. . 1. . 1. . 92.
3 . . 237. . 1. . 1. . 93.
4 . . 3. . 9. . 1833. . 57.

128

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
.. .. :
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, . 20
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50 1,5- 50 6.
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8.

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25.02.1942 . : ,
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1942

2 110 9 ., 2 50 5 ., 2 330 1 ., 2 440 1 . 30 1 .12.
,
1449 15.03.1942 . -
628 .
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56,
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. . 237. . 1. . 1. . 101.
. . 237. . 1. . 1. . 9596.
. . 3. . 9. . 1835. . 78.
8 . . 3. . 9. . 1825. . 64.
9 .. . . 1 (19171945 .). ., 2001. . 131.
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11 . . 3. . 9. . 1827. . 2526.
12 , . 3. . 9. . 1829. . 23.
5

6
7

. . . .

129

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, .
13.
- , 1507 28.03.1942 . 11 14.
- 76 15.
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1942 :

. ( 1942 .)

- 1942 -, ( 150 ), - (
- . )17. ,
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( )18.
1,5- :
5; 5; - 3; 5; 4;
4; - 6; 4; 2 419.

2- -42 , 2,69,2 .
700 .
.
-34 -34 -42 () -42 () (3 ), -15 -8,
. . 237. . 1. . 1. . 102; . . 3. . 9. . 1825. . 103.
. . 237. . 1. . 1. . 113.
15 . . 3. . 9. . 1833. . 103.
16 / . .. . ., 1967. . 27.
17 . . 3. . 9. . 1827. . 66, 74.
18 . . 3. . 9. . 1828. . 91, 92.
19 . . 3. . 9. . 1825. . 20.
13

14

130

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. 1942 .. III 1942 697
30 ., 20 ., III 1942 , , IV 1942 1943 20. ,
2187 18.08.1942 ., : 15.01.1943
. 50 25 ; 31.01.1943
. 10 -21. - .

22. - .. 10.09.1942 .
. , 23. 2443 23.10.1942 .
209 (. ) , (30 ) I 1943 24.
, -,
. 002700 13.12.1942 . . .
( 25 .) 3
500 . ()
(1840 ), , 25. 120 ( 002174 03.10.1942 .)26.

-, 27.
.. , ..
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60-80 2.
- (), ,
.
, . : 330
, 270 , 600 .
,
( 15 ). ,
(2 15 ) , 50 , . , , 2- , 2- ,
35080190 28.
. . 3. . 9. . 1825. . 6.
. . 237. . 1. . 1. . 114.
22 . . 3. . 9. . 1828. . 172.
23 . . 3. . 9. . 1828. . 175.
24 . . 237. . 1. . 1. . 131.
25 . . 237. . 1. . 1. . 69.
26 . . 237. . 1. . 1. . 3334.
27 . . 237. . 1. . 1. . 3568.
28 . . 3. . 9. . 1829. . 290.
20
21

. . . .

131

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
,
, .
,
.
.

THE PROBLEMS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FRONT-LINE DEPARTMENTS


OF THE PEOPLE'S COMMISSARIAT OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS AND THEIR MATERIAL-TECHNICAL
MAINTENANCE IN COMBAT OPERATIONS OF THE RED ARMY OF 1942
S.V. BEZRIADIN,
. V. PEREPELITSIN
Voronezh State Pedagogical
University
e-mail: gunter051@rambler.ru

The crucial moments in the history of the USSR People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs government high-frequency communication in 1942 are examined in the article. The changes of the structure,
staff, organization and logistical support of the front-line departments of government communication on the basis of archival and
published materials are analyzed.
Keywords: government communication, reservation, signal office centre, apparatus, repeater station, subscriber.

132

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
329 (47+57) ():930.1

1944 ()

..

e-mail: grishaev@main.vsu.ru

1944
() .
: 1944
(),

1. , , ()
. . , . . , . . , (), , - . .. 2. 29
1944 . - 1944 .
, 1944 . () - . , .. , - ,
. . ,
,
3 (.. .). .. - ,
,
4. , - , (
. .. , .. , )5.
.. .. ,
- , , ,
.. . ..
, , , I I. .. ,
1 C.: .. . 1941-1945. , 1991. . 150-158; .. ( () - 1944 ) //
XX . ., 1994. . 254-268; ..
, 1994. . 152-153; .. .
., 1995. . 80-85; .., .. () 1944 . ( ) // 1998 . ., 1999.
. 148-160; .. . , 2005. . 424-489; .. . .
1931-1956. ., 2009. . 139-159.
2 () 1944 // . 1996.
2-7, 9.
3 // . 2. C. 49
4 // . 1988. 11. . 55.
5 .. . , 2005. . 432.

. . . .

133

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
,
6.
1930- ., , .
.

: ,
, , ,
, ( ) ; , , : - . . . . , , - . . ,
, XVII ,
X. . , , ,
,
( . . . ), . . . , . . (, ) .
1944 .
, . ,
,
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. , .
, .. .. ,
7 1944 . :
. , , . . ,
.
100 , , . , , , ,
. , , , I, , 7. ,
8.
,
( ,
).
1944 . , ,
.. . , ,
, , : , , , , , 6 .: .. -.
. 1931-1956. ., 2009. . 146-147.
7 // . 1996. 4. . 82-83
8 . . 69.

134

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , , , .. ? , , ,
, , , ,
. , . ,
, , , . , , II XVIII . , , ,
. , , ,
, , , ,

, :
9. . , : , , , , , , , - , , .
, , , , , I - 10.
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, 11.
.. (,
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!12.
.. ,
13.
,
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// . 1996. 2. . 62.
// . 1996. 2. . 61.
11 // . 1996. 2. . 63-64
12 // . 1996. 7. . 83.
13 .. -. . 1931-1956. ., 2009. . 147.
14 // . 1996. 2. . 66
9

10

. . . .

135

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

..

. :
, , , , 15. ,
. , .. , . . . ,
16.
.. , ,
, . , , - . .. , , ,
, , , , ,
, . - . , , - 20 - 30- .
, ,
17. ,
.. ,
, ,
. - ,
. , :
? . ,
.. , , - , ,
- 18.
, .. . ,
. , . ( , . . ) ,

, ,
.
. , ,
, // .. 1996. 4. . 86.
// .. 1996. 4. .83
17 // .. 1996. 3. . . 90.
18 // .. 1996. 2.. 52
15

16

136

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
.
19. , , ,
. , ,
. , , , ,
, , .
. .
, .
, , ..
. , , , . ,
, - . , , , , 1917 . .. , : 1917 .
, , , , , , , ,
20. .. ,
, 21.
- , .
1987 .

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MEETING OF HISTORIANS IN THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE


OF THE CPSU (B) IN 1944 FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT
OF RUSSIAN HISTORY IN THE SOVIET HISTORIOGRAPHY
O.V. GRISHAEV
Voronezh State University
e-mail: bo@bsu.edu.ru

The significance of the meeting of historians in the Central


Committee of the CPSU (b) in 1944 for the development of the concept
of Russian history in the Soviet historiography.
Keywords: the meeting of historians in the Central Committee of
the CPSU (b) in 1944, the Soviet historiography of Russian history.

(). 1944 // . 1991. 1.. 197.


// . 1996. 7. . 76.
21 .. . , 2005. . 473.
19

20

. . . .

137

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

321.01

..

. . . ,
.
e-mail: kchoma@mail.ru

. .
. , .
: , , , ,
.

. ( )
. ,
, . ,
, , , , , ,
.
,
1, , ,
2. ,
, - ,
, (, , .,
), , - 3.
1 .. // : . , 2008. C. 219-221.
2 .., ..
// . . . . 2010. 891. .19.
3 .. : // . 2006. 10. . 27.

138

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , , ,
,
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. 2009. 2 (16). . 146.
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. . . , 2003. . 9-10.
6 Normann F., Timothu T. The Case for the Welfare State. From Social Securitu To Social Equality. Bloomington/London. 1977. P. 3-21.
7 Esping-Andersen G. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Cambridge, 1990. P. 28-29.
8 .. - //
: . . . . 116. : . , 2011. . 51.

. . . .

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- , 9.

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, -

Ginsburg N. Divisions of Welfare. A Critical Introduction to Comparative Welfare Policy. London, 1993. P.21.
.. : , // - . , 2009. . 1. . 12-18;
. ? // . 2000. 1. . 32-35.
11 .., ..
// . . . . 2010. 891. . 18.
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. , 2006. . 4-5.
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20 . // Pro et contra. 2001. . 6. 3. .105-106.
21 . ? // . . 3. ,
2003 [ ] : http:// www.tempus.isu.ru/learn_mat.html; .
// . 2008. 3. .128-141.
22 Gauthier A.H. Family policy in industrialized countries: is there convergence? // Population. 2002. Vol. 57.
No 3. P.453.
23 Ferrera M. The Southern Model of Welfare State in social Europe// Journal of European Social Policy.
1966/ N.6 (1). P. 18-19.
24 Bukodi E., Robert P. Occupational Mobility in Europe. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Luxembourg, 2007.
25 . -
// . 2003. 2 (26). . 117-118.
18

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. . . .

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______________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________
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143

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
APPROACH TO THE TYPOLOGY MODELS OF THE SOCIAL STATE
N. M. KHOMA
V. M. Koretsky Institute of State
and Law of National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev
e-mail: kchoma@mail.ru

In article the basic domestic and foreign approaches to definition of types of the social state are characterized. The basic debatable
aspects of a scientific discourse on a problematic are defined. Distinctions between the basic models for the purpose of search of a
perspective reference point for development of national model of the
social state are studied. The author's typology of modern models of
the social state which are formed in the conditions of globalization
and under the influence of convergence of ideologies is offered.
Keywords: globalization, convergence of ideologies, welfare
state, the model of the welfare state, the social model.

144

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
321:316.4


..


. ,
e-mail: ruslan-dne@yandex.ru

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.. // . 2000. 2. . 95-96.

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2 Dowding K.M., Kimber R. The Meaning and Use of Political Stability // European Journal of Political Research. 1983. Vol.11. P.238.
3 .. // . 2008. 6. C.24-25.

146

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2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________
; 2) , ; 3) .
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.

BASIC APPROACHES OF POLITICAL CRISIS RESEARCH


R. M. KLIUCHNYK
Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk
National University, Ukraina
e-mail: ruslan-dne@yandex.ru

Basic approaches of political crisis research are considered. The


peculiarities and criteria of political crises classification are separated.
The possibilities of the methodological synthesis in political crisis research are described.
Keywords: political crisis, political stability, system approach,
synergetic, political management.

148

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
328.1((470+571);477)

..

e-mail: and-ryazancev1@yandex.ru

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149

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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3 25 1993 , 30 2008 . //
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7 .. : - //
. 1996. (2) 18 [ ]. : http://www.rumiantsev.ru/kv/27/
8 .. ? // :
. ., 2000. . 171.

150

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
.
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: 8 2004 . 2222-IV //
. 2005. 2. . 44.
11 30 2010 . 20-
() 8 2004 2222-IV 252 ( ) [ ]. : http://www.ccu.gov.ua/doccatalog/document?id=123438
9

10

. . . .

151

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
.
. . , ,
.

FACTOR OF THE BALANCE OF POWER BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT AND THE PARLIAMENT AS A
FUNDAMENTAL COMPONENT OF STABILITY OF POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN RUSSIA AND UKRAINE

A.A. RYAZANTSEV
Voronezh State University
e-mail: and-ryazancev1@yandex.ru

In this article to be told about factor of balance of political power


between president and parliament in Russia and Ukraine. Influence of
the specified factor on character of functioning of political systems of
these states is investigated. A conclusion on the effectiveness of maintaining the stability of the institutions of state power in Russia and
Ukraine becomes.
Keywords: semi presidential republic, dominated parliament, autonomous parliament, subordinate parliament, president, balance of
power, distribution of powers, parliamentary majority.

152

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
329.8(4-014/-015)

..

e-mail:varfolomeev@bsu.edu.ru

,

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1 . //. 1999. 3.
. 31; .. : , , . //. 2004. 4. . 14.

. . . .

153

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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2 ..
// Dwadziecia lat transformacji w regionie Europy Srodkowo-Wschodniej i Poudniowej. Lodz,
2010. P. 113-124.
3 .: Meleshevich A. Party Systems in Post-Soviet Countries: A Comparative Study of Political Institutionalization in the Baltic States, Russia, and Ukraine. New York, 2007.

154

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________
.
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157

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
,
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.
, , .

, / ,
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, . : -, .
,
, .
, .

PROCESSES OF PARTY CONSOLIDATION IN THE COUNTRIES OF POSTCOMMUNIST SPACE


M.A. VARFOLOMEEV
Belgorod National Research
University
e-mail:varfolomeev@bsu.edu.ru

In article is focused the attention to features of creation of institutional


system of society where necessary bases and factors of achievement of consolidation of democracy is the discourse of transitive type of political systems. The
considerable attention is given to the consolidation potential of party elite as to
one of system components of process of consolidation of democracy.
Keywords: public consent, transitive way of development, discourse of
political elite, society consolidation.

158

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
329(470+571)



.. 1
.. 2
1)


2)

e-mail: goncharov.post@mail.ru
e-mail: reutovevg@mail.ru

. 2012 .,
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2009-2013 . 14.A18.21.2124.

1 .., .. : // . 2001. 1. . 6-15.

. . . .

159

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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40, 210
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(26,67% ), (20,0% 16,67% ), (23,33%)
(13,33%).

(, 46,67%, 20,0% , ).
2 .., .. : // . 2001. 1. . 6-15.
3 .. . , 2000.
4 .., .. 2007-2008 // . 2007. 2. . 17-37.
5 .. :
// . 2003. 12. . 30-32.
6 2 2012 . 28-

"

"
[
].
:
http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=136060
7 . 40+ // . 2012. 16 ;
21.11.2012 [ ]. :
http://www.minjust.ru/node/2459?theme=minjust

160

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
33,33%;
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) [ ]. : http://belduma.ru/stat/p/ps5.htm

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161

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , ..
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162

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , 9.
, 2007 . 43% , ,
( 23%)10.
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-
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, , 11.
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( , ),
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, , , .

IMITATING AND CONSTRUCTIVE FORMS OF MODERNIZATION OF PARTY SYSTEM OF RUSSIA

University

In the article the process of reform of the party system in Russia is analyzed. Provides expert assessment of the legislative innovations of 2012, which are discussed in terms of their impact on the
real modernization of the party system in Russia. On the one hand,
party reform can be evaluated as an approximation of the party system to democratic standards, on the other - as a set of imitation
practices, aimed to continue manipulating party institutions by the
president and the executive.

e-mail: goncharov.post@mail.ru
e-mail: reutovevg@mail.ru

Keywords: party system, political parties, modernization, imitation practice.

L.A. GONCHAROV 1
E.V. REUTOV 2
1) Voronezh

Institute of Economics
and Social Administration
2) Belgorod

National Research

[ ]. : http://fom.ru/politika/10414

10

[ ]. :
http://bd.fom.ru/report/map/projects/dominant/dom0714/domt0714_2/d071424
11 .. //
. 2012. 5. .27.

. . . .

163

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
323.2: 324 (470+571)

..


e-mail:Steblecova.nadezhda@mail.ru


. , . ,
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1
... 2011 .. ., 2012
[ ]. : http://www.oprf.ru/files/dokument2011/dokladOP2011_20022012.pdf
2 . 12 2012,
[ ]. : http://./news/16791

164

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
2011 .,
2012 .
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[ ]. : http://www.pro-volgograd.ru/news/id/5409
4 [ ].
: http://narodfront.ru/news/20110523/379723804.html
5 [ ]. : http://narodfront.ru/news

. . . .

165

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
. ,
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http://narodfront.ru/news/20120118/380431546.html
7 . : . [ ].
: http://mdp2012.ru/program/
8
, [ ]. :
http://www.panorama.ru/works/vybory/party/p-zhir.html

166

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2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, , , .
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. ,
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,

.

NEW CIVIL SOCIETY INSTITUTIONS IN THE PROCESS OF ELECTIONS IN THE MODERN RUSSIA

N.N. STEBLETSOVA
Oryol State Institute
of Arts and Culture
e-mail: Steblecova.nadezhda@mail.ru

This article is devoted to the participations analysis of new civil society institutions in the process of elections. The author marks
out the different factors, forms and methods of civil society institutions activities during the elections. The institutional settings and
particularly the All-Russian Public Front are considered to be potential resources of electoral activities in the modern Russian society.
Keywords: democracy, civil society, process of elections, election, the All-Russian Public Front.

9 ( 4 2012 ). [ ]. : http://putin2012.ru/program

. . . .

167

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
324(470+571)


..

e-mail: Shilov@bsu.edu.ru

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-, , . , 1 .. , // . .
, . ., 2007. . 667-668; .: .. : // .
. . . . 2012. 1(120). 21.
2 . . ., 2000. .454.

168

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

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3 .: .. . . 6 [ ].
: http://www.politlab.org/_aldankov/dankov12.pdf
4 . : . . . . ., 2005, . 251.
5 Roemer J. Political Competition: Theory and Applications. Harvard, 2001.
6 .: .. . . . 74-79.
7 . . ., 2004. . 280.
8 .: .. . .
., 2010.. 86.
9 . . 84.

. . . .

169

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
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. 111-113; ..
(2005-2011 .) // . . . . . 2012.
19(138). 24. . 143-148; .. . . . 215-218.
14
. 22.01.2010 [ ]. : http://news.kremlin.ru/transcripts/6693

170

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______________________________________________________________
, .

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171

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
, ( , 7%
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22 . . 12 2012 [ ]. : http://kremlin.ru/news/17118
18

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2016 . , ,
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MANAGEMENT OF THE POLITICAL COMPETITION IN MODERN RUSSIA


V.N. SHILOV
Belgorod National
Research University
e-mail: Shilov@bsu.edu.ru

31

.. . . . 342.

Basic directions of management by a political competition


in modern Russia are analyzed: formation of assortment of the
political market, legislative regulation of electoral processes,
influence on intensity and orientations of activity of electorate.
As the basic subject of management is examined the President of
the Russian Federation V.V. Putin.
Keywords: political competition, elections, Russia, electorate, democracy, political elite, political culture.

. . . .

175

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
323.213(477)



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e-mail: vitalinakarachay@gmail.com



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2 .., .. ., 2006. . 8; .. E-government [ ]. : http://ims.infosoc.ru/2005/thes/65.pdf
3 Finger M., Pecoud G. From e-Government to e-Governance? Towards a model of e-Governance // The Electronic Journal of e-Government. 2003. Vol. 1. Issue 1. pp. 1 10. P. 6.
4 Finger M., Pecoud G. From e-Government to e-Governance? Towards a model of e-Governance // The Electronic Journal of e-Government. 2003. Vol. 1. Issue 1. . 6.

176

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http://www.irf.ua/files/ukr/conception_final.pdf
6 Moore M. Creating Public Value Strategic Management in Government [ ].
:
http://www.google.com.ua/books?hl=tr&lr=&id=PwcENHMiPcAC&oi=fnd&pg=
PT12&dq=Moore+M.+Creating+Public+Value+Strategic+Management+in+Government.+Harvard+University+Press.
+1995.&ots=delUEZX4kg&sig=SFPESLUVOytZRwLFFOlbM3YvGNQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false;
Public
value //Wikipedia [ ]. : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_value
7

[
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http://www.management.com.ua/interview/int097.html

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9 - [ ]. : http://govuadocs.com.ua/docs/102/index-1962929.html
10 .. - [
]. : http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/portal/soc_gum/kgm_econ/2010_96/staty_96/279-283.pdf
11 .. . . 237.
[ ]. : http://conf.infosoc.ru/2010/thesis/PDF/235-238_Smorgunov.pdf

178

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______________________________________________________________
. ,
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12.

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179

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

, , , , , .. , . , ,
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.

SOME PROVISION WITH PUBLIC VALUES BY MEANS


OF ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT IN UKRAINE
V.A. KARACHAY
National University
of Kiev-Mohila Academy, Ukraina
e-mail: vitalinakarachay@gmail.com

In contrast to traditional approach to the electronic government in Ukraine as an instrument of transformation of the public
administrations system as provision of public services via information and communication technologies, author considers electronic
government in Ukraine in the frame of Mark Moors conception of
public values as an instrument of public values provision.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, electronic government, public values.

180

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
327(477)1991/2012


(1991-2012 .)

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e-mail: oleinik@bsu.edu.ru


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181

2013. 1 (144). 25

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______________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________
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FORMATION OF FOREIGN POLICY FOUNDATIONS AND ITS REALIZATION


IN THE UKRAINIAN STATE (1991-2012)
N.N. LEINIK
Belgorod National Research
University
e-mail: oleinik@bsu.edu.ru

27
28
29

This paper analyzes the process of developing the foundations


of foreign policy in the Ukrainian state and its international activities
since 1991 to the present. Reveals both successes and failures in the
conduct of foreign policy of Ukraine. Special attention is paid to the
analysis of relations between Ukraine and the Russian Federation.
Keywords: foreign policy, international activities, Ukraine,
guidelines, declarations, treaties, independence, cooperation, strategic benefits, the intervention.

. 2010. 29 .
. 2011. 27 .
. , 2011. .302-306.

188

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
32.019.5(430):(470+571)

..
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e-mail: meisterandreij@yandex.ru

- ,

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, 2012 . . ,
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1.

-
, - 2009-2013 ( 1.2.2 IV ).
14.740.11.1387.
1 Die Europaeisierung Russlands. Moskau zwischen Modernisierungspartnerschaft und Grossmachtrolle.
Frankfurt, 2012.

. . . .

189

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______________________________________________________________
, . .
:
,
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Nord Stream AG, , .
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(Standort Deutschland).
-, .
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-, ,
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. . , 70- . . , , .
.
, 90- .,
. , ,
, 3. .
, ,
.
.
.
Rahr A. Kein Europa ohne Russland // Internationale Politik. 2009. 1. S. 45-50.
Krumm R. The rise of realism: Germanys perception of Russia from Gorbachev to Medvedev // Constructing Identities in Europe: German and Russian Perspectives. Baden-Baden, 2012. P. 120.
2
3

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______________________________________________________________
,
.
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2008 .
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, . , ,
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5. , (hard) (soft) .

. , .
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, . . :
.
.
. . , , ,
- . ,
. , Adler S. Russisches Roulette. Ein Land ruiniert seine Zukunft. Berlin, 2011. S. 8.
Roth T. Russland: Das wahre Gesicht einer Weltmacht. Mnchen, 2010. S. 264.
6 Ahrens A., Weiss H.J. The image of Russia in the Editorials of German Newspapers (2001-2008) // Constructing Identities in Europe: German and Russian Perspectives. P. 153-162.
4
5

. . . .

191

2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________
(DGAP), , 7. (SWP) C.
, , 8.
.
. , ,
, . , ,
, . Spiegel, ,
. , , , ,
..9
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, .. ( ). , ,
.

IMAGES OF POST-SOVIET RUSSIA IN GERMANY: LIMITS OF VARIABILITY

A.V. DEVYATKOV
I.Y. MOSTOVSKICH
Tyumen State University
e-mail: meisterandreij@yandex.ru

Officially the Russian-German relations are developing in the


paradigm of strategic partnership and the image of the post-soviet
Russia always differed positively from that widespread in other EU
countries. Russian foreign policy was able to play with variety of discourses on Russia inside Germany. But last years criticism toward
Russia is growing in the German society and it can have substantial
influence on relations not only with Berlin but also with the European Union.
Keywords: political discourse, Russia, Germany, strategic partnership, national interests.

7 Meister S. An alienated partnership. German-Russian relations after Putins return. FIIA Briefing Paper.
2012. 105.
8 Stuart S. Prmissen hinterfragen. Plaedoyer fr eine Neugestaltung der deutschen Russlandpolitik. SWPAktuell. 2012. 50.
9 Spiegel. 2012. 35.
10 Ruge G. Russland. Mnchen. 2008. P. 184.

192

. . . .
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______________________________________________________________

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194

. . . .
2013. 1 (144). 25

______________________________________________________________

!
:
: 308015, . , . , 85, ;
:
shatohin@bsu.edu.ru ( ); bolgov@bsu.edu.ru ( ); Shilov@bsu.edu.ru ( );
Lomovceva@bsu.edu.ru ( ); vasilenko_v@bsu.edu.ru ( ); : http://unid.bsu.edu.ru/unid/res/pub/index.php.
, , . , , .


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______________________________________________________________
1.
65.01


*
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2)

- ,
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e-mail: bor@bsu.edu.ru


( 10-15 ) 1.

KEY CHALLENGES TO REGION DEVELOPMENT


IN CONDITIONS OF GLOBALIZATION OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY
A. V. IVANOV1)
L. N. PETROV2)

2)

Choosing a way of innovative development it is necessary to take


into account the risks and restrictions of socio-economic development,
produced by prospects of the gradual introduction of Russia into the
whole world economic space. There considered key challenges to development of Russia and its regions for the long-term prospect.

e-mail: bo@bsu.edu.ru

Keywords: globalization, challenges to development, risks and restrictions of socio-economic development, regional policy.

Department of Economic
Development, Belgorod Region
1)

Belgorod National Research


University


..

,
308015, . , . , 85, ;
e-mail: dizelsnab@mail.ru, . 33-22-44

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