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MEASUREMENT

Introduction:

Density is a physical property of matter which is defined as the average mas per unit volume. It is a measure of how much matter is being compressed in a given space. It is a relationship of the mass and the volume of a unit of a material.
It is important to study about density because it is applicable in real life. We can use density when we need to identify the buoyancy of an object especially if we are creating a boat that can float in the sea. It is also applicable when we compare the density of cold air and warm air. Through the formula of density which is mass /volume, we can identify the ability of an object to sink or to float. In this experiment, we are going to do several trials before we get accurate density of the material. Methodology:

A. Mass Measurement

Weigh separately 3-one peso coins in platform balance

Record mass of each coin

Record the total mass of 3-one peso coins

Weigh all 3-one peso coins

B. Volume Measurement (Liquid)

Using graduated cylinder, measure the capacity of 50 ml. beaker

Fill beaker with 50 ml. water

Repeat all procedures using 250 ml. beaker

Record the volume in graduated cylinder

Pour contents in graduated cylinder

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B. Volume Measurement (Regular Shaped Solid)

Measure the height, width and thickness

Calculate volume in cc, liter and quarts.

B. Volume Measurement (Irregular Shaped Solid)

Place initial volume of H2O in graduated cylinder

Immerse the irregular solid

Calculate volume of irregular shaped solid.

Record intial and final volume

Read the rise of the level of H2O

C. Distance Measurement

Measure circumference of different sizes of beaker using a string

Draw the string around beaker

Measure the diameter of each beaker.

get the circumference

Mark the overlapped ends of string

Make a graph of circumference (y-axis) of beakers vs. diameters (x-axis)

Choose any 2 points from the plotted line

Determine the slope

D. Temperature Measurement

Place 50 ml. water in 250 ml. beaker

Heat for 10 mins. until it boils

Read temperature in C, F and K

Place the thermometer in water

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Results and discussion: A. Mass Measurement: Coin 1 2 3 Mass of the coin (x1) 5.5 g 5.8 g 6.3 g Calculate the sum: 17.6 g. Mass of 3-one peso coins: 17.6 g.

B. Volume Measurement: 1. Liquid Beaker 50 ml. 250 ml.

Measured Volume 49 ml. 47 ml.

Difference 1 ml. 3 ml.

2. Regular Shaped Solid Tetra-Pack Juice Container Dimension: Length 13 cm. Width 9

cm. 468

Thickness cm .
3

cm,

Calculate the volume in units of cubic centimeters: V= Calculation: Convert this volume to units of liters: V = Calculation: Convert this volume to quarts: V = Calculation: 3. Irregular Shaped Solid Initial volume of water Final volume of water Volume of irregular solid Calculation: C. Length Measurement: Beaker 50 ml. 100 ml. 250 ml. Circumference 2 13.5 cm 2 17 cm 2 22.2 cm 20 22 20 ml. ml. ml. 0.468 liters 0.468

liters

1. 2. 3.

Diameter 4.3 cm. 5 cm. 7.07 cm.

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GRAPH 25 20 String 15 10 5 0 50 ml. (4.3 cm) 100 ml. (5 cm.) Diameter of Beakers 250 ml. (7.07 cm.) 13.5 17 22.2

Calculate the slope of the graph: Discuss the significance of the numerical value of slope: D. Temperature Measurement

Conclusion: Answer to questions: Does the calculated volume of tetra pack agree with the value printed on the pack? No, because the value printed is 200 ml. while the volume we had calculated is 468 cm which is equivalent to 468 ml. References:
3

http://www.cfa.harvard.edu/smg/Website/UCP/pdfs/Densityoverview.pdf http://www.spacegrant.hawaii.edu/class_acts/Density.html

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