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..

4
.



--

2014

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373.167.1:51
22.1721
444
20

20

..
. 4. . / .. . /: ,
2014. 208 . : . ( ).

ISBN 978-5-222-21435-0

, , , .
4.

.
, .
().

, ,
, .

ISBN 978 -5-222-21435-0

373.167.1:51
22.1721

.., 2013
, , 2013

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


4
. .
, ,
, , , .
, . .
, , 4, ,

.
2013 .
.
. 79 .
,
.

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

. 4

1


VIIIX
1.
1.1.
(. 1),
,
.
O ,
B
OA OB .
: AOB ab.
90
(. 2).
A
. 1
, , - O
(. 3).
, , ,
(. 4).

. 2

. 3

. 4

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1.

C
,
B

A
O
(. 5).
D
AOC DOB; BOC
AOD .
. 5
: AOC = DOB
BOC = AOD.
,
, (. 6), AOC BOC .
C

. 6

180.
,

(. 7).


. 7
(. 8).

(. 9).

. 8

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. 4
c
1 2
4 3

b
. 9

5 6
8 7

a b c ()
8 (. 10):
. 10
:
1 5, 2 6, 4 8, 3 7;
:
4 6, 3 5;
:
1 7, 2 8;
:
4 5, 3 6;
:
1 8, 2 7.

1.2.
ABCDE (. 11).
A, B, C, D, E ;
A, B, C, D, E ; AB, BC,
CD . . ; AC, AD,
BE, BD, CE ; P = AB + BC + + EA .
(. 11),
, .
(. 12).

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1.
D

A
. 11

. 12

:
1. n- 180 ( n 2).
2. n-,
,
360.
3. n-
( n 3) , n- (n 2) .
4. n-
1
n(n 3).
2

1.3.
,
, .
:
1. n-
180(n 2)
.
n =
n
2. n-
, .

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2

2.
2.1.
1(). , = 2 , 2 , = 5 . .
.
I
D , 1 = 2 =
= 3.
ADC , . . 2 = 3
AD = DC.
= x, AD = DC = y, = x + 2,
D = x + 2 y.
, ABD ~ ABC ( B
, 1 = 3).
B
D
1
A


x
y

BD
AD
x2y
=
=
=
,
= .
x2
5

AB
AC
x

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2.

35

, x y
y
x
x 2 5 ,
5x xy 2y,

x 2 y y ; 5x 10 5y xy,

5
x
, ,
10
5y 10 = 2 y, 3y = 10, y =
,
3
10
20
5x =
x+
,
3
3
15 x 10x = 20,
5x = 20,
x = 4.
, AB = 4 , = 6 .
: = 4 , = 6 .
II
C = , A = 2 B = 180 3 .
AB = x, BC = x + 2,

x
x2
5
=
=
,
sin
sin 2
sin(180 3)
x2
x
sin sin 2 ,

x x .
sin sin 3

x2
sin 2
2
=
, 1 +
= 2 cos . (1)
x
sin
x

5 sin
x=
.
sin 3
sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin 3 , x =

5
.
3 4 sin2

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36

. 4

x (1),
6 8 sin2
1+
= 2 cos ,
5
5 + 6 8(1 cos 2 ) = 10 cos ,
8 cos 2 10 cos + 3 = 0.
cos ,
3
1
cos = , cos = .
4
2
3
cos = , , (1), x = 4.
4
1
2
cos =
, 1 +
= 1, 2
x
.
, AB = 4 , BC = x + 2 = 6 ().
1
, = 60, C = 60,
2
A = 120, .

. cos =

: AB = 4 , BC = 6 .
III
( . II)
2
2
2

= 2 cos , 1 = 4 cos 2 ,
1 +
x
x

2
2
1 = 4(1 sin ) = 4 4 sin .
x

5
5
, 4 sin 2 = 3 .
, x =
2
3 4 sin
x
2

2
5

, 1 = 4 3 ,
x
x

2
5

.
1 = 1 +
x
x

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2.

37

1
= t, t > 0, (1 + 2 t)2 = 1 + 5 t,
x

1
, . . x = 4 . .
4
: AB = 4 , BC = 6 .

4t2 1 = 0, t =

2. ABC
AC = , BC = b, AM BN . AB.
.
I
A
a/2
N
a/2

O
B

b/2

b/2

AMC, BCN
ACB,
1
AM2 = a2 + b2 ab cos C, (1)
4
1
BN2 = b2 + a2 ab cos C, (2)
4
2
2
2
AB = a + b 2ab cos C. (3)
AM BN, BOA

AB2 = AO2 + BO2. (4)



2
2
BO = BN, AO = AM, (4)
3
3
4
AB2 = (AM2 + BN2). (5)
9

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38

. 4

(5) (1) (2):


4
1
1
AB2 = (a2 + b2 ab cos C + b2 + a2 ab cos C),
9
4
4
1
AB2 = (5a2 + 5b2 8ab cos C). (6)
9
(3) (6), 4( a2 + b2) = 10 ab cos C,
2(a2 b2 )
cos C =
, (3)
5ab
1
1 2 2
(a b ) .
AB2 = (a2 + b2), AB =
5
5
1 2 2
(a b ) .
5

II
BO = 2n, ON = n, AO = 2m, OM = m ( ).
A

D
N
O

ABC ABCD,

2(AB2 + BC2) = BD2 + AC2,
, AB = x,

2(x2 + b2) = 36n2 + a2. (1)


AOB AON
1
x2 = 4m2 + 4n2 4m2 + n2 = a2,
4
1
1
1

x2 a2 = 3n2, , n2 = x2 a2 .
4
3
4

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(2)

2.

39

(2), (1)
1

2(x2 + b2) = 12 x2 a2 + a2, x2 + b2 = 6x2 a2,


4

1 2 2
5x2 = a2 + b2, x = AB =
(a b ) .
5
1 2 2
(a b ) .
5
.
.
: x =

3.
a b. .
.

.. .
. ,
.
B
D
a
45
45
C
m

E b

I
D DE
AC = b. CDE = 45, . . CE = DE = m. CED
CD = m 2 .
, AED ~ACB (
A).
DE
BC
m
a
ab

=
,
= , m =
.
AE
AC
bm
b
ab

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40

. 4

, CD = m 2 =
:

2ab
.
ab

2ab
.
ab

II
BD = x > 0, AD = y > 0.

x
a
= .
B
y
b
x
D
a
C

45
45
b

, ACB (x + y)2 = a2 + b2.



x a
y b ,

(x y)2 a2 b2.

b
I y =
x,
a
2

x x = a2 + b2,
a

(a2 b 2 )a2
x2 =
. (1)
(a b) 2
BCD
x2 = a2 + CD2 2a CD cos 45
, (1),
(a2 b 2 )a2
= a2 + CD2 2 a CD,
(a b) 2

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2.

41

2a3b
= 0 (a b) 2
CD.
,
2a(a b) 2a(a b)
D =
.
2(a b)
CD2

2 a CD +

a > b, CD =

2a(a b a b)
2a2
=
.
2(a b)
ab

a < b ( ), CD =

2ab
.
ab

2a2
2ab
, a > b;
, a < b.
ab
ab
III
(. II)
A = , BCD

CD
x
CD
=
,
= 2 x. (1)
sin(90 )
sin 45
cos
x
a
,
= . ACB (x + y)2 = a2 + b2, y
b
b
b
x, x +
x = a2 b2 ,
x + y = a2 b2 , y =
a
a
:

a a2 b2
.
ab

a 2(a2 b2 )
cos .
ab
AC
b
2ab

, , CD
.
cos
2
2
AB
ab
a b
2a2
:
.
ab

(1), CD

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42

. 4

4. ,
S = (2R + r)r, R r .
.
I
B
K
N
C

O
M

ABC (C = 90) OM = ON = OK = r .
ABC , AB
, AB = 2R.
, S = p r, p .
,
, AC + BC = 2r + AB,
1
1
S = (AC + BC + AB) r = (2r + AB + AB) r =
2
2
= (r + AB)r = (r + 2R)r.
, S = (2R + r)r, .
II
ABC , AB = 2R,
1
S = AC BC.
2
AC = x > 0, BC = y > 0,
1
S = xy. (1)
2
2
2
2
ABC x + y = 4R . (2)

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2.

43

x y 2R
,
2
x + y = 2(R + r). (3)
x2 y 2 4 R 2 ,
(2) (3)
x y 2(R r ).
I : ( x + y)2 2 xy = 4 R2,
, (3), 4( R + r)2 2xy = 4R2,
1
1
2xy = 4(R + r) 2 4R2 xy = (R + r) 2 R2; xy = S,
2
2
S = R2 + 2Rr + r2 R2, S = r(2R + r), .
, r =

5. , 1
r = (a + b c), a b , c 2
, r .
.
I

.
1
1
S = ab; , S = pr = (a + b + c)r,
2
2
, ,
1
1
ab = (a + b + c)r,
2
2
ab
r =
. (1)
abc

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1. 9 ;
18 .
2. arccos

9 3 ;
2
5

3. 12 5 .
7
145 .
5
5. 8,25 .
7
6.
( 7 4).
9
7. 16 .
8. 10.
9. 8.
10. 4.
11. 1,5.
n2
12.
.
2 n2 m2
13. 0,6.

14. ctg ;
2
4.

2 cos ctg
15.

17.

40
2 .
27
29. 60.
63 15
30.
.
20
31. 3.
a
32.
.
2 sin
33. 9 4.
34. 30, 30, 120
60, 60, 60.
35. 3 1.
28.

.
2

3; 2.
1

cos
18.

24. 4 20 .
25. 56.
26. 2.
3
.
27.
2

2
.
3

16. 1;

20. .
21. 60.
22. .
23.

a2 tg
cos2
2
2 .
2 sin sin

1
(a b c).
3
37. 2 : 1.
36.

sin .

38. a a2 b2 ;

4 cos
1 8 cos
2

72
19. arcsin
.
97

a a 2 b2 .
39. 5 2.
40.

1
ab (a b).
2

41. 16.
42. 12 48.
43. AB = a + b,
DC = a b.
45. 18 : 9 : 1.
46. 30.
2ab
.
47.
(a b)
48. 2.
49. arccos
50.

3
2

3 1
.
2

51. 2 1
.
sin

53.

bc
.
bc

54.

1
ab.
2

55.

10
.
4

56.

3(a2 3ab b2 ).

57.

a2 ab b2 .

58.

5
.
2

59.

a2
.
4b

a 3
.
2
61. 16.
62. 3.
63. 6.

60.

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206

. 4

64. 14.
65. 16.
32
.
66.
3

3
.
2
78. 60.
79. 8.
67. 3 1.
80. 5.
68. 2( 3 2)( 2 1). 81. 36 8.
82. 30; 12 2 3 .
69. 8.
70. 1,6.
83. 2.
71. 2.
84. 1 1,5.
72. 130.
85. 10.
73. 172,8.
86. 15.
74. 7.
87. 12.
75. 4 20.
96
.
88.
76. 52.
25
77.

9 3
.
2
8
90. 2 .
3
91. 270.
92. 45.
3 6
.
93.
2
94. 60.
95. 45.
96. 4,8.
97. 25.
98. 4.
99. 9; 12; 15.
100. 12; 5.
89.

.. . , . 711
. /: , 2013.
.. : . 79 . 5- . /: ,
2013.
.. . 711 . /: ,
2012.
.. . 11- . /: ,
2013.

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...........................................................3
1.
VIIIX ....................................4
1. ....................................................4
1.1. ................................................................ 4
1.2. ................................................. 6
1.3. .............................. 7
1.4. ..................................................... 8
1.5. ................... 10
1.6. ................................ 12
1.7.
............................................... 12
1.8.
( ) ........................................ 12
1.9.
.................................................13
1.10. ...... 14
1.11. ............................ 16
1.12. ................................................ 17
1.13. ........................................... 17
1.14. ............................................ 18
1.15. ......................................... 18
1.16. ................................... 18
1.17. () ...... 19
1.18. ................................. 19
1.19. .................... 20
1.20. .......................................... 21
1.21. ............................................ 22
1.22. ...................................................... 24
1.23. ............................................. 26
1.24. ............................................................ 26
1.25. ........................................................ 27
1.26. .................................................. 27
1.27. ................ 28

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208

. 4

1.28. ............................. 29
1.29. ...................... 29
1.30. ........................................ 30
1.31. .......... 32
1.32. . .. 33

2. ...............................34
2. ........................................ 34
2.1. ................................................. 34
2.2. .........................................151
3. ..............194

............................................................... 205
......................................................... 206

4
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.
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15.04.2013. 11.07.2013.
84 108 1/32. 2.
SchoolBook. .
. . . 11,76. 2500 .


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