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Tabarev A. V. Atlantic saga or the last


travel of the Solutreans (some aspects
of the discussion about the routes of the
initial peopling of the New World). The
Solutrean (Atlantic, Iberian) hypothesis
coined by D. Stanford and B. Bradley
generated numerous and intensive debates
among archaeologists. It describes the
possible scenario of the initial peopling of the
New World from West Europe by the bearers
of the Solutrean culture. The authors made
their focus on the technological similarities
between the Clovis and Solutrean industries
(points, bifacies, cores for prismatic blades,
and caches) and comfort conditions for
the movement along the edge of the North
Atlantic Ice sheet during LGM.
Key words: initial peopling of America, Solutrean hypothesis, points, caches.

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( 1 2011)

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( 1 2011)

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( 1 2011)

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(Fenn Cache),
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( 1 2011)

.indd 13

13

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. 1. (ak) (lv) . .
(Bradley, Stanford 2004).
Fig. 1. Toolkit of Clovis (ak) and Solutre (lv) industries according to D. Stanford and B. Bradley (Bradley,
Stanford 2004).

( : 468), ( ) (Delmarva, PageLadson, Cactus Hill) (Las Caldas).


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( 1 2011)

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.indd 16

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(Collins 1999).
Fig. 2. Clovis blade technique. 12 blade cores, 3 tools on blades (Collins 1999).

( 1 2011)

.indd 17

17

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.indd 18

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Fig. 3. Solutrean points from Volgu cache demonstrated by D. Stanford.

( 1 2011)

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18,5 c

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Gustavus Adolphus College, 2008 .
Fig. 4. Point from Atlantic shelf, Shawn Mastodont Site. Stanfords presentation in The Gustavus Adolphus
College, 2008.

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Fig. 5. Clovis points from Richey-Roberts cache (Bradley 1992).
( 1 2011)

.indd 21

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1992; Frison, Bradley 1999)10. ,
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22

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( 1 2011)

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. 6. . 1 (Aubry et al. 2009); 2 10 .


Fig. 6. Volgu cache. 1 Solutrean points and fragments (Aubry et al. 2009), 2 point N 10 in the
museum exposition.

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24

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. . ,

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Fig. 7. Solutrean points from La Guitire (Patte 1944).

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.
( 1 2011)

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26

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. . ,

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; 2 . , 21 .
Fig. 8. Experimental Solutrean points with typical overshot flakes surfaces preparation 1 work of B.
Madsen, length 17,5 cm; 2 work of J. Pelegrin, length 21 cm.

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( 1 2011)

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:
(Westley, Dix 2008).
, , , . . , LGM.
-, , , ,
.
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, ,
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28

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. , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . .
.

. . 2004. . .:
.
. ., ., . ., . ., . ., . .,
. ., . . 2007. (---) - . .: .
. ., . ., . . 2009. .
.: .
. . 1953. . : - .
. . 1973. . . .: .
. . 1924. . .: .
. . 1999. - // 3. 8487.
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// . . (.). . : - . 3337.
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31

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1990- . , ,
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. . . .: . 100143.
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35

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.indd 36

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.: Adovasio 2002). . , , ,
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. ., . ., . . 2009. .
.: .
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