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3 (34)

1963

. .


[6];
;
, , ,
. 5- ,
27 :
g

3i,

2g,

gsj

2g

g,

3ii

4 i k

gi

(* = ] , 2 , . . . , 7 ; & = 1, ..., 10).


g + 2g
g + 2g g + g , g ,7 + i i ,
.

.
1. L .
70 81 [5], .
, , L
g R, L = g + R, R ()
; g ,
L /,R, e , .
g R.
.
, ,
, ,
. , g = g , g n e
. Z ,
g . , . g
g ,
= 2
i
=- '
2 2 ,

R,
R :
v

3 j 6

3J

3:6

3 a

36

==

6 l

(? )'

~* ( - l)' ^ ^ ( )'

5 = 1 + 1
( / , 245) :

= 0. ,
L ^ :

1 =

7*

.,

=
4

=
,
4

,
2

=
5

2 ,

,
5

=
5

.
4

100

. .

2. L
R e ,
,..., ;
, -^ ,
e ,..., . 5,

3 < < 5. = 5, L .
5-
[3], [1].
, ;
5

(5, 2), s = 4, 2 = 2.

;
(5,
3,
2, 1), s = 4, 2 = 1 .
5
1>

0 = 0,,
= ;
(5, 3, 2), s = 3, 2 = 2.
& >
8S.Z2 4
5 = ^ ;
(5, 1), S = 3, 2 = 1 .
SSA
64 = 6j ,
64
=
0j
,

<?
=
ei,
<?

=
;
(5,
2, 1), S = 3; 2 = 1 .
5,5:

2
gs,6- e 0 4
e = ej, 0 = , g = g 5
\ '
(5, 3, 2, 1), S = 3, 2 = 1 .
L : S
, z ,
[1].
3. = 4, : M=^4g ,
Mszg
+ g
M=zg .
L 4- ,
,
e = c e = e A (, k = 1, ... ,4).
4, L ()
,
(, ),

, :

gs,v

1 '

<? = ;

,
2

4tl

3il

lt

lb

'1 0 0 0 \

0 0
0 0
1 < 7 < < < 1
/ 0 0 0 \
1 U0 0 \
~~ 0 1 J '
0 0 1

Q l

* =

101




5iis
5il
5s
.
4. Ms*g
- gi,
= 'e = cf e = e A (I, k=l,
2, 3, 4).
( / , 235), ( / , 245) ( / , 345) , ,
c* = 4 = c = 0 , j ; i = 4 + 4 , 4. = 45 = 2
( ^ 3 = 1 ) , = <? \ + \ \ 4s
;
e = e
e = (| + ^) e
= \ + \ +
,

g , g ,..., g ,

31

l5

^35 2

"

35 ^3 +

35 4 >

^4

45 1

45 4

^25
^5

'35

^25

/^4
25

35

35

(( , , e j ) ,
. = + (3<? + .<, = ~\ +
+ + ve , e = Ag ( 8 $0, X ^ 0), ,
,
:
5

, , ,
.
.
, :
2


/ /
1

1 \

? 0

0 0 /

, ( , )
( = 0 ) ( / 0 ) .
, \ + | \ \ , 3,
.
, <?j = (aS -jf) (

2

~[$1),
5

. .

102

. ,
As
g , , g ,...
, g , ,
. ,
.
5. M^g ,

= , = , e = cf e (i, k = 1, 2, 3, 4).
( / , 235), ( / , 345) ( / , 245), | = ^ =
3 '_ 2 _
3 _ 4 _ )
2 _ 3
I ^4
_ X - / = ^ 3 _1 4 _ 1 I O
5 m

5;2Q

2g

AX

25

15

15

15

f
6

>

25

35 ^

45

<

15

35 ^

^ 45

4s = 5 \ = 4 . , . ^
(
^
^
^
2, , .
0 = 0 j , 0 = , = (X + 2.) , =
= ( + /) , = \ + 1 , = + - , "
, X .
.
_
( =7^= 0, , <? = /.

, 5 >
3, .

45

= ,

5 =

= ,

2^ ,

ej = ^-- +

X ',

2 > ^3

<?3 .

5 =

45

3 + 4

45

X ., =

5 3 0

X = ., ,

e = ^-e ,

5 3 1

(i = 1, 2, 3)

. = 0, , , X ,
3

45

-\

35 45

*? = 4 . , s = s A

g .

S32

6. / = 3;
, , ; <?
- , L .
-
() S ,

e = 5 = sfe , e = e H = * (i, k = 1, 2, 3).


(S, ) ,
: (5, ) (S , ),
, , ,
(5, = TST~\
=
~ ).
Z . ,
/ V ( X ) = 2 , dim Z < 1. ,
d i m Z = 2 Z = ({e , )), e = a0j + ...,
2

ft

e =
5

^i

...,

<?

4 =

s =

0,

= + + ve = ^/ ,
, ,
, . ,
, :
1)
= 0, M^3g ;
2 ) Z = 0, M^g ;
3) Z=((e )),
M^Sg ;
4) Z = ((e,)), I s j j , . , .
2

3iX

. d i m Z = l , 7V(Z ) = 2
.
, , Z
, - -. , N(L ) = 2, , , = 3,
, g .
T W s s g g j , L
= , e = afe , e- = pf e , =
(1=1, 2; k = 1, 2 , 3), , ,
. = \ ,
e = e ^ie + ^2e_ ,
af, , ? ! .
( / , 124) ( / , 125) , 1 = <, ! = Pi. ,
N(L ) = 2, \ ! . ,
, \ 0. , = Pi/a}e ,
pi , == ,
g = alej + i 0 . <? = 2^1 \ , e =~$ie ,
= $2 ,
= .
_ ( / , 145) ( / , 245),
P i = " p 2 = 0 . ,
, .
.
7. Z = 0, M~3g ,

,
, , S ,
.
, -
, , ,
L%,
Z.
[2] (. 89). ,
S 3-
, -.

.5 , , (S, )
:
5

3x

1 0 0 \ / \
0 0 0 , 0 1 0

' f . 0 \

0 0 /

\ 0 0 /

1 0

1 /

/ 1 0 \"

, I 0
\ 0 1 J

+ ?
'I h 0 \
0

00

/
,

1 /

0 \ "

1
0 /

\ 0 1

/ +

: g , g ;
g .
8. Z = 0, M = g

.
= , e e = sfe ,
e . e = hfe
k=l,
2, 3). : si = s + , h\ = h +
s<33

5M

5i35

3iX

104

. .

+ hi, s\ = s\ = h\ = hl_~= 0. 2 ( \ = 1), .


h\e
h\, h\, si
<? = <?5 + / 0
, , -f- s 3 ,
2
2 3 '
si .

l + sl
5

hi

h\

<
_
( TP) i_,_ _=' + $ ,
= -\ + .^.
S = aS+bH,
H = cS_+ dH, SH=HS~
(ad cb)=f=0,
- S ,
:
aS

- 1

g .
9 . , , Z = ({e )), Ms3g

, e = sfe ,
e e = hfe ,
= -(
( = 1 , 2; k = l, 2, 3). , =0.
, , = 0;
, si, si, h\, h%
. , ,
s\=Q,
. , s\ = s = 0. ,.
e = s\e , = , e = s\e ,.
e e = h ie ( = 1 , 2 ; k = \, 2, 3). ,
, s\^Q.
3 ( s =^0),
s\ s .
e =sle ,.
= ejs\, = , = , e =
= hfe ( = i , 2 ; = 1,2, 3). ( / , 145) ( / , 245)
536

5i37

= = = 0. , ,
<? -.
.
7=7^0 .-,
, =7=0
si, si, hi ! . ,
(,
, si),
= + ils\e ,

, = 0. , S
S' ',
S ({ , )).
(S', ') :
1

0 0
1 0
1
1 0

0 0
0 1
0 1
j
g" . g " .
5- .
. 10. .
5 38

539


4g

105

1 < < < <

5,7
1)

^5,8

g
5,9

^5,10

g
*5,11

^5,12

^5,13

> +

<?i +

Vi

\ +

se

pe

12

+ /?

^ +

1 < < 1

5 * 0

se +

se

qe

5*0

^4

* *

!1<1,

#0

+ -\
4

\ +

| < 1

qe se

se

se

+ <?

^5,17
g
5,18

10

&

7<?4

\ +

56

#1

0 < |

ie

, +

^5,15

ei

>0


, M s s g g j + g i
5

^5,19

bi

e\

(1 -+- a)

e i

[ie,

jg
5,20

ex

(1 - f a) e

e=

e e

5 =

ex

ex

-%22

e,

g
5,23

ex

^5,24

ex

2e

^5,25

2pe

pe

^5,26

ex

2pex

pe

^5,27

ex

g
*5,28

ex

5,29

e +

e +

fiia)

(1 +

ex

eo

ei

&
te

e+

e +

pe

ae

e +

e= +

2e

+
e\ +

p*

$e

e +
3

)e

ex

e + e

2e

^5,21

2pe

) ,

. .

106

/_
, M = g
5

4x

5,- 4

= >

4 = > e = (2 + h)e
4 = (1 + ) > =

lt

g ,3i- 4

= > <? =

2 )

5,32- 2 4 = > ^3

^4 = ^2 >

= , ' = +
3

e = 3!, <? <? = 2 ,

5 = <?! .

2 <?5 = 2

= ! + .
L -
>5
g ,33- 4 = . 3 *4 = *3 . 2 ^ 5 = 2 , 3 = ^ >
3

f + f =h .
V

1 '

4 =

2.

4 =

3 ,

1 ^5 =

*1 >

^3
^5,35

4 =

< ?

,,

<?4 =

(? ,
2

s,36

*1 -

>

<?4 =

2 4 =

= ,

^2.

3 =

. ,

2 % =

4 =

2-

^3

5 =

= > = > = gs,39- = . 2 = , = ,

*2-

= > ti + ?

0.

- 2 .

s,37

^5 =

^5 =

^3

^3

<?5 =

= >

4 4^ = - 5-
g : = 2 ,
= , = 2 , = ,
5

= ,

=>'

= -

7 VI 1961

1. . . . .
, . , 4 (5), . 161171, 1958.
2. . . . . , . 2, . 4 (20),.
. 59127, 1947.
3. . U m 1 a u f. Ober die Zusammensetzung der endlichen continuierlichen Transformationsgruppen, insbesondere der Gruppen von Range Null. Leipzig, S . 80, 1918.
4. K . I l l e . , . 3. , 1958.
5. . . . . . . . 1940.
6. . . . . . , . ,
1, 1963.
.

. .


.
,
,

. ( " 10.1V.1962.)