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ACTING GLOBAL

WELDING LOCAL

WA Electrodes


,
Welding Alloys (WA)

.

, , ,
.
.



- WA

1966 Welding Alloys Group


.
.
,
.
.
,
.
,
,
, ,
, .

2 3

4
4
4
6
6

8
8
8
10
10
12
12

14
15
15
15

Electrodes
joining


Anti-abrasionfor

Composition [%]

6.00

2.00

9.00

3.00

3.40

Balance

16.0

5.00

16.5

0.60

0.20

0.50

Balance

6.00

FONTE BI-NIFE-E

1.30

0.30

0.80

55.0

Balance

W: 4.00

Cu: 0.60

0.20

16.5
Balance

22.0
Balance

FONTE NI-E

Others

Nb

Fe

Mo

< 0.04
6.00
0.40

< 0.04
0.60
0.40

EN 14700
0.02 0.60
0.20
< ,

Ni

Cr

GAMMA 276-E

Si

GAMMA 182-E

GAMMA
625-E

Mn

.
-

Product name

Work-hardening Manganese Alloys


Product name

HARDFACE AP-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

Low
and base
Medium Alloyed
Nickel

HARDFACE 250

GAMMA 182-E

HARDFACE 400

GAMMA 625-E

Standard
= +
diameters
E Fe9
and length~ 65V
[mm]

Polarity

Mechanical properties
Rm
[MPa]

Rp 0.2%
[MPa]

A5
[%]

KCV
[J]

1.2 to 2.8
2.5 x 350
3.2 x 450
4.0 x 450

E Fe1

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 450
4.0 x 450

E Fe1

= -

2.5 x 300 ~ 45V


3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

AWS A5.11:
E NiCr Fe-3
EN 14172:
E-Ni 6182

=+

> 620

> 380

> 35

+20 C: > 80
o
-196 C: > 65

AWS A5.11:
E NiCr Mo-3
EN 14172:
E-Ni 6625

=+

> 760

> 450

> 30

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.11:
E NiCr Mo-4
EN 14172:
E-Ni 6276

=+

> 720

> 450

> 30

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.15:
ENi-CI
E Ni BG 13

=~ 40V

> 300

AWS A5.15:
ENiFe-CI
ENiFe

=~ 50V

500 - 600

> 300

> 15

= ~ 45V
2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350 = +

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

T Fe8

HARDFACE 40-E

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

E Fe3

HARDFACE 48-E

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

~ E Fe3

= +
~ 70V

Cast iron

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

E Fe3

= +
~ 70V

FONTE NI-E

HARDFACE DCO-E

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

HARDFACE AR-E

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

HARDFACE L-E

Standards
AWS
EN ISO

~ 70V

Steels for tooling

GAMMA 276-E

HARDFACE 58-E

FONTE BI-NIFE-E

= +

2.5 x 300 ~ 70V


3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
= +
E ZFe3 4.0 x 350

~ 60V

E Fe4

2.5 x 350 = +
3.2 x 350 ~ 50V
4.0 x 350

12
4 13
5

Composition [%] - Fe balance

Product name

Mn

Si

Cr

0.60
0.25
0.30
0.50

16.0
1.00
1.00
0.60

0.30
0.50
0.50
2.00

14.0
1.00
1.50
9.50

HARDFACE 48-E

0.15
0.30

0.70
0.60

0.50
0.50

6.50
5.20

3.50
4.00

HARDFACE 58-E
HARDFACE DCO-E

0.40
0.15

1.20
0.60

0.50
0.60

7.00
14.0

2.50
2.30

HARDFACE AR-E

0.80

0.50

0.50

5.00

10.0

(); 20

HARDFACE AP-E
HARDFACE 250
HARDFACE 400
HARDFACE L-E
HARDFACE 40-E

Mo

Hardness - 3 layers

Co

As welded

Work hardened

260 HB
250 HB
400 HB
58 HRC

48 HRC
39-42 HRC

38-42 HRC
45-50 HRC
13.0

53-58 HRC
47 HRC

55 HRC

60-63 HRC

High recovery (140%), basic electrode


Base material
High rate of work-hardening Non magnetic deposit strongly resistant to impact and high pressures
Rebuilding, buffer layers and assembly of manganese steels. Buffer layer before hardfacing with chromium cast irons
Applications: repair work on railway frogs and crossings. Hammers, bars, cones and jaws for crushers
Complements Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE AP

Description and applications

Basic coated electrode


giving electrode
a NiCrFe for
alloy
depositof equipment parts, constructions and tools, resistant to medium friction and compression
Rutile coated
surfacing
Joining and cladding
of corrosion
and
heat resisting
typeresistant
600 nickel
alloys
Good
resistance
to cavitation,
highly
to shocks.
Dissimilar joints between
steels
and machinable
CrMo steelswith standard tools.
Sound,stainless
crack free
deposit,
Joining of heat resisting
steels
(1.4816) NiCr 15Fe,
600 alloys,
600L, 800H
General
applications: Surfacing of rails and switches, roller guides, slideways,build
up before
hardfacing.
Joining and repair of steels with limited weldability
Service temperatures
from
-196C
to +900C
Rutile
coated
electrode
for surfacing of machine and construction parts, as well as of tools made of lowalloyed and cast steels which
Complements Welding
Alloysstressed
cored wire
are mainly
by GAMMA
pressure 182
and shock. Electrodes are easy to weld even on small welding equipment with low open arc voltage.
Soft flow, almost no spatters, self releasing slag, nice aspect of the weld beads.
Basic coated electrode giving a 625 type alloy deposit
Sound, crack free deposit, machinable with carbide cutting tools.
Joining and cladding of Ni base alloys of corresponding types
General applications: Surfacing of rollers, gear teeth, stamps, hammers, guide rails etc.
Joining of steels exposed to low temperatures : CrNi (Mo,N) austenitic steels
(2.4856) NiCr22Mo9Nb, (2.4858) NiCr21Mo, (1.4876)
and 5-9% Ni steels
Basic electrode with 120% recovery
X10 NiCrAlTi 32-20H, (1.4876) X10 NiCrAlTi 32-21, X8 Ni9;
Dissimilar joints between Ni base alloys or to low alloy or stainless steels
Quenching deposit for hardfacing
ASTM A 533 Gr1, 625 alloys, 800H
Joining of super-austenitic stainless steels
Wide field of application in the mining and civil engineering industries : bucket teeth and blades, slides, conveyor screws, etc
Service temperatures from -196C to +1100C
Complements Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE L
Complements Welding Alloys cored wire GAMMA 625 and Gamma V625

Basic coated electrode giving a fully austenitic NiCrMoW deposit,


highly resistant toThe
corrosion
in reducing
and oxidising
weld deposit
distinguishes
itself by itsmedia
toughness and heat resistance: the electrode is used for overlay and build up of
Exceptional resistant
to hot cracking
machinery
parts and tools subject to impact, compression and wear used at operating temperatures up to 550 C.
Wide range of application
including
joints
between
mildrollers,
or low alloyed
steels
It is widely
used for
building
up dies,
hot shear
blades, etc. ... 2.4819 NiMo 16 Cr 15 W
and nickel alloys, hardfacing on wrought alloys, and hardfacing or repair of hot
working tooling The weld deposit distinguishes itself by its toughness and heat resistance: the electrode is used for overlay and build up of
Service temperatures
from -196C
to 900C
machinery
parts and
tools subject to impact, compression and wear used at operating temperatures up to 550 C.
Complements Welding
Alloys used
coredfor
wire
GAMMA
276 and Gamma
V276 hot shear blades, rollers, etc ...
It is widely
building
up hammers,
dies, swages,

The weld deposit distinguishes itself by its high hardness, toughness and heat resistance: the electrode is used for overlay and
build up of machinery parts and tools subject to impact, compression and wear used at operating temperatures up to 550C.
Graphite-containing
with nickel
core giving
machinable
It is basic
widelyelectrode
used for building
up hammers,
dies,a swages,
hot shear blades, rollers, extrusion press pistons, valves, etc ...
deposit for welding of cast iron
to
Rutile-basic
electrode
Particularly suited
welding from
cold of old and new grey and malleable cast
Superalloy with
offering
irons, even when impregnated
oil similar performance to cobalt based alloys GG 10 to GG 40, GTS35 to GTS 60, GTW35 to GTW 60,
Highbead
cracking
resistance
affected by dillution, highly resistant toGGG
thermal
may GGGL
be polished
its properties
Very soft fusion,good
appearance
freelittle
of undercut
40 shock,
to GGG70,
to 170and
N/ keeps
mm GGG
Ni to 375to
N/550C
mm
Applications:
continuous
casting installations, valves for diesel engines, steam valves, deburring stamps and dies,
Low hardness deposit
and heat traction
affectedrollers
zone, in
easily
machinable
moulds
for
ceramic
tiles,
screws
for
filled
plastic
Particularly suited to repairing holes and cracks
Complements
Welding
cored
HARDFACE
DCO
Peening recommended
immediately
after Alloys
each pass
forwire
efficient
elimination
of
internal contraction stresses
Rutile-basic coated electrode destined to surface all kinds of cutting tools such as lathe and plane tools.
Graphite-containing
electrode
withhas
NiFe
corequality.
for joining
heavy-martensitic deposit, resistant up to 500C.
Thebasic
sharpness
obtained
anbimetal
exceptional
C-Cr-Mo-W
gauge ductile and
spheroidal
ironsofand
for heavily
restrained
joints
Also
used for cast
surfacing
pieces
subject to
metal/metal
wear: withstands moderate shock.
Reduced heat affected
GG 10, GG40, GGG 40, GGG 70, GTS 35, GTS 65
In thezone
as welded condition only machinable by grinding.
Easily machinable
deposit
For
machining by tools, carry out a soft annealing heat treatment at 850C during 2 hours followed by slow cooling (approx. 3C/min)
Excellent weldability
andoven.
goodTo
mechanical
properties
in an
re-obtain the
hardness, temper the deposit: 1200C/ 1h , cooling in oil or with compressed air and annealing 2x500C.
Complements Welding
Alloys
cored wireHardfacing
CAST NIFE
Special
applications:
of machining tools, cutting tools made of steel, punches, drills, shear blades.

Electrodes -for
joining
Hardfacing
Electrodes


Anti-abrasion
Composition [%] - Fe balance

9.50

TETRA 316L-E

< 0.03

0.70

0.80

18.5

12.0

2.70

TETRA 904L-E

< 0.03

1.40

0.80

20.5

25.0

4.50

TETRA 307-E

0.10

4.50

1.20

18.0

8.00

TETRA 309L-E

< 0.03

0.70

0.80

22.5

12.5

TETRA 309LMo-E
TETRA 312-E

< 0.03

0.70

0.80

22.5

12.5

2.30

0.10

0.60

1.00

29.0

9.50

0.50

Polarity


AWS A5.4:
2.5 x 300

EN 14700;
E 308L-16
, ;
AWS3.2 x 350

EN 1600:
E 19 9L R 3 2

=+
~ 70V

> 540

Rm
[MPa]

1.2 to 2.8

4.0 x 350
5.0 x 450

Mechanical properties

TETRA 308L-E

Standards
ASME
EN ISO

.
;

1.50

Austenitic steels

Cu

Standard
diameters
and length
[mm]

Product name

Mo

Rp 0.2%
[MPa]

A5
[%]

> 360

> 35

KCV
[J]

Ni

19.0

Cr

0.80

.
;

Si

0.70

Mn

< 0.03

C
TETRA 308L-E

Product name

+20 C: > 70

HARDFACE HC-E

3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 450

2.0 x 300
2.5 x 300
E Fe153.2 x 350
- 4.0 x 450

AWS A5.4:
E 316L-17
= + EN 1600:
~ 50VE 19 12 3 L R 3 2

HARDFACE CN-E

3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

E Fe152.5 x 300
- 3.2 x 350

= + AWS A5.4:
E 385-16
~ 50V EN 1600:

TETRA 316L-E

TETRA 904L-E

3.2 x repairs
350
Dissimilar assemblies and

HARDFACE CNV-E

4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

4.0 x 350

E Fe16
-

TETRA 307-E
HARDFACE
STEELCARBW-E

4.0 x 350
5.0 x 350

TETRA 309L-E

STELLOY 25-E

TETRA 309LMo-E
STELLOY 21-E

TETRA 312-E

STELLOY 6-E

10
6 11
7

3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 450

E Z Co 1
2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
E Co15.0 x 450

=+
~ 70V

> 560

> 400

> 35

+20 C: > 70
o
-120 C: > 40

=+
~ 70V

> 570

> 370

> 35

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.4:
~ E 307-16
E 18 8 Mn R 3 2

=+
~ 70V

> 600

> 400

> 30

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.4:
E 309L-16
E 23 12 L R 3 2

=+
~ 70V

> 560

> 400

> 35

+20 C: > 60

=+
~ 70V

> 650

> 450

> 25

+20 C: > 55
o
-40 C: > 45

=+
~ 50V

700 - 820

> 500

> 20

E 20 25 5 Cu N L R 1 2

= +
~ 50V
o

= +
~ 45V

= +
~ 70V

AWS A5.4:
E 309 Mo L-17
E 23 12 2 L R 3 2

E CoCr-E

= +
~ 70V

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
E Co24.0 x 350
5.0 x 450
E CoCr-A

= + ~ E 312-16
E 29 9 R 3 2
~ 70V

AWS A5.4:

Suitable

Highly suitable

, %

HARDFACE HC-E

5.00

0.50

1.00

35.0

Balance

61 HRC

950 - 1450

HARDFACE CN-E

5.00

1.50

24.0

Balance

Nb: 7.00

64 HRC

950 - 2000

HARDFACE CNV-E

5.00

1.50

22.0

Balance

Mo: 7.00
Nb: 7.00
V: 1.00

65 HRC

950 - 2900

60 HRC
matrix

950 - 2000

Deposit containing tungsten carbide particles in a steel matrix WC/W2C: 65


0.10

1.00

0.80

20.0

Description
applications 0.30
STELLOYand
21-E

0.50

0.80

28.0

1.00

28.0

1.10

()

STELLOY 6-E


[,HV]

Si

2.00

Fe

Mn

STELLOY 25-E

3-

HARDFACE
STEELCABW-E

Cr

15.0

4.50

Rutile basic coated


electrode


Austenitic deposit in CrNi steel - type 308L
Joining of low carbon steels and/or stabilised steels with similar
compositions, resistant to corrosion
Service temperatures from -196C to +350C
Complements Welding Alloys cored wires TETRA S 308L and TETRA V 308L

Ni: 10.00
Co: Balance

220 HB

Mo: 5.00
Ni: 2.50
2.00
Base material
Co: Balance

35 HRC

Co: Balance

44 HRC

2.00

3.00

(1.4306) X2CrNi19-11, (1.4301) X5CrNi18.10, (1.4311) X2 CrNiN18-10,


(1.4312) GX10CrNi18-8. AISI 304-304L-304LN-302-321-347,
ASTM : A157 Gr C9, A320 Gr B8C or D

Rutile basic coated electrode


Austenitic deposit in CrNiMo steel type 316L resistant to intercrystalline
(1.4401) X5CrNiMo17-12-2, (1.4404) X2CrNiMo17-12-2,
Very high recovery basic electrode (190%)
corrosion under humid conditions up to 400C
(1.4435) X2CrNiMo18-14-3, (1.4436) X3CrNiMo17-13-3,
Highly abrasion resistant chromium carbide deposit
Joining of low-carbon or stabilised steels with similar compositions
(1.4571) X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2, (1.4580) X6CrNiMoNb17-12-2,
Combination of primary and eutectic chromium carbides in a tough matrix.
Cladding of coated plates of the same or similar compositions
(1.4583) X10CrNiMoNb18-12, (1.4409) GX2CrNiMo19-11-2
TM
TM
Final weld pass when joining Integra and Hardlite wear plates
Service temperatures from -110C to +400C
UNS S 31603, 31600, 31653, AISI316L, 316Ti, 316Cb
Applications: components for crushing and mineral conveying equipment, dredger pumps, mixers and riddle plates
Complements Welding Alloys cored wires TETRA S 316L and TETRA V 316L
Complements Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE HC-O

Rutile basic coated


electrode
Very
high recovery basic electrode (190%) with very pleasing arc characteristics and a slag-free deposit
Fully austenitic deposit
in CrNiMoCu steel
typeand
385chromium carbides
High concentration
of niobium
Specially developed
for good
the phosphate
industry to fine abrasive particles of high hardness
Very
wear resistance
(1.4539 )X1NiCrMoCu 25-20-5, (1.4537) X1 CrNiMoCuN 25-25-5,
Welding of matching
steel 1.4539
(UB6),
904L armouring of conveyors for coal, clinker
Applications:
vertical
crushers,
and glass
(1.4505)
X4NiCrMoCuNb 20-18-2 UNS N08904, S31726
Service temperatures
from -110C
to +350C
Complements
Welding
Alloys cored wire HARDFACE CN-O
Complements Welding Alloys cored wires TETRA S 904L and TETRA V 904L
Very high recovery rutile electrode (200%)
Highly-alloyed chromium cast iron with a high concentration of complex carbides
Excellent weldability, very soft spatter-free fusion, no slag
Resists combined abrasion and impacts at high temperatures. The properties are reached in only three layers
Rutile coated electrode
austenitic
Applications:
riddling,
furnace
extractor
fans
Work-hardening
deposit
in blast
CrNiMn
steelhoppers,
modified
type 307
Complements
Alloystypes,
coredarmouring
wire HARDFACE
CNV-O
Dissimilar joints, welding
of steelsWelding
of unknown
steels, buffering
Joining of 14% Mn austenitic steels
Tubular electrode filled with carbide particles
Service temperatures from -120C to +300C
Extreme resistance to abrasives, especially fine-grained
Complements Welding Alloys cored wires TETRA S 307 and TETRA V 307
Applications: dust extractor fans in the mining, cement and steel industries, scraper blades, components for agriculture,etc.
Rutile basic coated
electrode
Complements
Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE STEELCARBW-O
Austeno-ferritic deposit in over-alloyed CrNi steel - type 309L,
with optimised ferrite content for joining dissimilar metals
Joining of steels with similar compositions and joining carbon steels to stainless
Rutile basic coated electrode
steels
Highly resistant to high temperature wear and metal-to-metal abrasion
Buffering before cladding
Particular
easetoof+350C
application due to its low cracking tendency
Service temperatures
from -60C
Maintains
good level
of hardness
at high
temperatures.
Complements Welding
Alloysa cored
wire TETRA
S 309L
and TETRA
V 309LWork-hardenable.
Applications: straightening guides, vertical mill rolls and foot rolls in continuous casting
Rutile basic coated electrode
deposit
Complements
Welding Alloys
cored
wire
STELLOY
25-G
Austeno-ferritic
in over-alloyed
CrNiMo
steel
- type
309LMo,

for joining dissimilar


Rutilemetals
basic coated electrode
Joining of stainless
steels
to mild
low-alloyed
steels combinations
at high dilution levels
Ideal
choice
fororresisting
multiple
of stresses
Buffering before cladding
Resists corrosion and cavitation
Service temperatures
from -60C
to level
+350C
Maintains
a good
of hardness at high temperatures
Complements Welding
Alloys cored wire
S 309LMo
and TETRA
V 309LMo
Work-hardenable,
can TETRA
be polished,
low coefficient
of friction
Applications
Rutile basic coated
electrode : industrial valve work, forging dies and hot shearing blades
deposit
Complements
cored
wire STELLOY
21-G
Austeno-ferritic
in CrNiWelding
steel - Alloys
type 312,
offering
exceptional
cracking resistance
Rutile basic coated electrode
Joining of unknown
or hard-to-weld
Combines
all thesteels
outstanding properties of the cobalt base alloys, including abrasion and erosion resistance
Dissimilar joints, including
those
to steels with
high carbon
equivalents:
Deposit of
intermediate
hardness
with good
machinability
high speed steels,
tool steels,
steels, highhot
strength
constructional
steels, and industrial valves, valves and valve seats of marine engines,
Wide
field ofMn
applications:
shearing
tools, petrochemical
wear plates
pump sleeves and shafts
Complements Welding
Alloys cored
wiresAlloys
TETRA
S 312
and
TETRA V6-G
312
Complements
Welding
cored
wire
STELLOY

Electrodes -for
joining
Hardfacing
Electrodes

AWS,
EN ISO

Rm,

Rp

Rp, 0.2%
[MPa]

A5, %

510 - 610

> 420

> 22

=+
~ 40V

510 - 580

> 420

> 22

+20 C: > 65

SPEEDARC
7018-1-E

KCV,

SPEEDARC 6013-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
3.2 x 450
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.1:
E6013
E 42 0 RC 11

SPEEDARC 7018-1-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
3.2 x 450
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.1:
E 7018-1
E 42 4 B 32 H 5

=+
~ 70V

510 - 610

> 420

> 22

+20 C: > 120


o
-20 C: > 70
o
-50 C: > 40

SPEEDARC 7016-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
3.2 x 450
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.1:
E 7016
E 38 2 B 12 H 10

=+
~ 70V

> 520

> 400

> 27

+20 C: > 100


o
-20 C: > 60
o
-30 C: > 50

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.5:
E 8018-C3
E 46 5 1 Ni B 42

=+
~ 70V

> 550

> 470

> 24

-40 C: > 70

SPEEDARC HLE 550-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.5:
E 9018-G
E 55 5 1 Ni Mo B 42

=+
~ 70V

> 620

530

> 20

+20 C: > 150


o
-50 C: > 50
o
-60 C: > 28

SPEEDARC HLE 620-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.5:
E 10018-G
E 62 5 1.5 Ni Mo B 42

=+
~ 70V

720 - 820

> 620

> 22

+20 C: > 130


o
-20 C: > 90
o
-50 C: > 50

SPEEDARC HLE 700-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.5:
E 11018-M
E 69 4 Mn 2Ni Cr Mo B 42

=+
~ 70V

> 760

> 690

> 20

+20 C: > 120


o
-40 C: > 60

SPEEDARC Ni1-E

8 9

, %.Fe .

Mn

Si

SPEEDARC 6013-E

< 0.10

0.45

0.40

SPEEDARC 7018-1-E

< 0.10

1.10

0.40

SPEEDARC 7016-E

< 0.10

0.90

0.70

SPEEDARC Ni1-E

< 0.12

1.10

0.50

Ni

Mo

1.00

SPEEDARC HLE 550-E

< 0.10

1.10

0.50

0.10

0.80

0.30

SPEEDARC HLE 620-E

< 0.10

1.40

0.50

0.30

1.50

0.30

SPEEDARC HLE 700-E

< 0.10

1.50

0.40

0.40

2.10

0.50



,

, ,
,

, ,
, ,

300350

, 1% Ni
-60 +400

(< 5 /100 )
-60 ,
, ,
.
2 300350
ROBOFIL M Ni1 ROBOFIL B Ni1, R Ni1



( -50 )
, ,
+450
2 300350
ROBOFIL M Ni Mo, B Ni Mo, R Ni Mo
, 1,5%Ni Mo
-50 +400
650
-50 ,



2- 300350
ROBOFIL M Ni Mo, B Ni Mo, R Ni Mo Welding Alloys
, 2%Mn 2%Ni Cr Mo
-40 +450
700 ,
900
,
55 NCDV 7
-40 ,

2 300350
ROBOFIL B 700 M 700

Cr

S185-S355, P 235-P355, ASTM A 285 grade C,


A442 grade 55,60.

S235JR to S355GR, P235GH, P265GH,


S275S355N, P295GH, P275NH-P355NH,
P275NL1-P355NL1, X42 to X70 (API-5L)

S235J2G3 to S355K2G3,
P235GH to P355GH,
S420NL, P275NH to P460NH,
P275NL1 to 460NL1, L210 to L290,
L360MB to L415, X42 (API-5L)

L450NB, L245MB-L450MB, P355NL1-P460NL1,


P355NL2- P460NL2, S460N, P355NH-P460NH,
S380NL-S460NL, S380NL1-S460NL1.
ASTM: A516 Gr 65, A572 Gr 55, 60, 65,
A633 Gr E, A618 Gr I, A537 Gr 1-3

P 355 NL1-P 460 NL1- P 355 NL 2- P 460


NL 2- S380N- S500N, S500NL,
S380NL1-S500NL1- 20
MnMoNi5-5-17MnMoV6-4-15NiCrMo10-6,
N-AXTRA55-N-AXTRA60, X65, X70

S355N, S500NL, S500NL1, P460NL1,


P460NL2, S500 QL, 15Mn Ni3,
API 5L X60, X65, X70

S620QL,S690QL1, NAXTRA56-63-70,
ASTM: A225 Gr C, A514 and
517 Gr A, B, C, E, F, H, J, K, M, P,
A656, A678 Gr C (K4)

Hardfacing
Electrodes
Anti-abrasion-
, %. Fe .

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

< 0.03

0.70

0.80

19.0

9.50

Mo

TETRA 316L-E

< 0.03

0.70

0.80

18.5

12.0

2.70

TETRA 904L-E

< 0.03

1.40

0.80

20.5

25.0

4.50

TETRA 307-E

0.10

4.50

1.20

18.0

8.00

TETRA 309L-E

< 0.03

0.70

0.80

22.5

12.5

TETRA 309LMo-E
TETRA 312-E

< 0.03

0.70

0.80

22.5

12.5

2.30

0.10

0.60

1.00

29.0

9.50

0.50

Austenitic steels

Rm,

Rp,

A5, %

KCV,

Buffer-layer
or assembly

Rebuilding
or cladding

> 35

Corrosion

Hot oxidation

> 360

Thermal
fatigue

> 540

Mechanical
fatigue

=+
~ 70V

Impact

EN 1600:
E 19 9L R 3 2

4.0 x 350
5.0 x 450

Cavitation

Standards
Polarity
AWS A5.4:
2.5 x 300
EN 14700
E 308L-16
AWS 3.2 x 350

Erosion

Standard
diameters
and length
[mm]

Hot abrasion

1.2 to 2.8

Mineral
abrasion

TETRA 308L-E

1.50


AWS,
EN ISO

Metal/metal
friction

Product name

Cu

Abrasion
under
pressure

TETRA 308L-E

+20 C: > 70

Anti-abrasion

HARDFACE HC-E

3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 450

AWS A5.4:
2.0 x 300
E 316L-17
2.5 x 300
EN 1600:
E Fe153.2 x 350 = +
- 4.0 x 450 ~ 50VE 19 12 3 L R 3 2

HARDFACE CN-E

3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450
5.0 x 450

E Fe152.5 x 300 = +
- 3.2 x 350 ~ 50V

TETRA 316L-E

TETRA 904L-E

4.0 x 350

Dissimilar assemblies 3.2


andx 350
repairs E Fe16
4.0 x 450

HARDFACE CNV-E

5.0 x 450

TETRA 307-E
HARDFACE
STEELCARBW-E

4.0 x 350
5.0 x 350

TETRA 309L-E

TETRA 309LMo-E
STELLOY 21-E

TETRA 312-E

STELLOY 6-E

10
11
6 7

> 560

> 400

> 35

+20 C: > 70
o
-120 C: > 40

=+
~ 70V

> 570

> 370

> 35

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.4:
~ E 307-16
E 18 8 Mn R 3 2

=+
~ 70V

> 600

> 400

> 30

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.4:
E 309L-16
E 23 12 L R 3 2

=+
~ 70V

> 560

> 400

> 35

+20 C: > 60

AWS A5.4:
E 309 Mo L-17
E 23 12 2 L R 3 2

=+
~ 70V

> 650

> 450

> 25

+20 C: > 55
o
-40 C: > 45

=+
~ 50V

700 - 820

> 500

> 20

AWS A5.4:
E 385-16
EN 1600:
E 20 25 5 Cu N L R 1 2

3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 350

E Z Co 1
2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
E Co1 5.0 x 450

= +
~ 50V
o

= +
~ 45V

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 450

Cobalt base

STELLOY 25-E

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350
5.0 x 350

=+
~ 70V

= +
~ 70V

E CoCr-E

= +
~ 70V

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
E Co2 4.0 x 350
5.0 x 450
E CoCr-A

= + ~ E 312-16
E 29 9 R 3 2
~ 70V

AWS A5.4:

Suitable

Highly suitable

Composition [%]

Product Name

HARDFACE HC-E

5.00

0.50

1.00

35.0

Balance

61 HRC

950 - 1450

HARDFACE CN-E

5.00

1.50

24.0

Balance

Nb: 7.00

64 HRC

950 - 2000

HARDFACE CNV-E

5.00

1.50

22.0

Balance

Mo: 7.00
Nb: 7.00
V: 1.00

65 HRC

950 - 2900

60 HRC
matrix

950 - 2000

STELLOY 6-E

Deposit containing tungsten carbide particles in a steel matrix WC/W2C: 65


0.10

1.00

0.80

20.0

0.30

0.50

0.80

28.0

1.00

28.0

1.10

Machinability

Description
and
applications
Cr-Ni 308L
/
,
-196 +350
TETRA S 308L TETRA V 308L
Workhardening

Cutting
ability


STELLOY 21-E

Others

Hardfaces

Si

2.00

Fe

Work
hardened

Mn

STELLOY 25-E

As welded
- 3 layers

HARDFACE
STEELCABW-E

Cr

Hardness

15.0

2.00

Ni: 10.00
Co: Balance

[micro-hardness HV]

220 HB

Mo: 5.00
35 HRC
Ni: 2.50
2.00

Co: Balance
4.50

3.00

Co: Balance

44 HRC

(1.4306) X2CrNi19-11, (1.4301) X5CrNi18.10, (1.4311) X2 CrNiN18-10,


(1.4312) GX10CrNi18-8. AISI 304-304L-304LN-302-321-347,
ASTM : A157 Gr C9, A320 Gr B8C or D

.
Cr-Ni-Mo 316L,
(1.4401) X5CrNiMo17-12-2, (1.4404) X2CrNiMo17-12-2,
Very high recovery
electrode
(190%)

basic

400
(1.4435) X2CrNiMo18-14-3, (1.4436) X3CrNiMo17-13-3,
Highly abrasion
chromium carbide
deposit

resistant
/
(1.4571) X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2, (1.4580) X6CrNiMoNb17-12-2,

Combination of primary and eutectic chromium carbides in a tough matrix.


(1.4583) X10CrNiMoNb18-12, (1.4409) GX2CrNiMo19-11-2
TM
TM

Final weld pass when joining Integra and Hardlite wear plates UNS S 31603, 31600, 31653, AISI316L, 316Ti, 316Cb

Applications: components for crushing and mineral conveying equipment, dredger pumps, mixers and riddle plates
-110 +400
Complements Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE HC-O
TETRA S 316L TETRA V 316L

.
Very
high recovery
basic electrode (190%) with very pleasing arc characteristics and a slag-free deposit


and
Cr-Ni-Mo-Cu

385
High concentration
of niobium
chromium
carbides

Very good wear resistance to fine abrasive particles of high hardness
(1.4539 )X1NiCrMoCu 25-20-5, (1.4537) X1 CrNiMoCuN 25-25-5,
1.4539 (UB6), 904L
Applications:
vertical
and glass
(1.4505)
X4NiCrMoCuNb 20-18-2 UNS N08904, S31726

-110
crushers,
+350 armouring of conveyors for coal, clinker
Complements
wireVHARDFACE
CN-O

Welding
TETRA Alloys
S 904Lcored
TETRA
904L

Very high recovery rutile electrode (200%)


Highly-alloyed chromium cast iron with a high concentration of complex carbides
Excellent weldability, very soft spatter-free fusion, no slag

Resists
combined abrasion and impacts at high temperatures. The properties are reached in only three layers

Cr-Ni-Mn

Applications: riddling,
blast
furnace hoppers,
extractor
fans

307
Complements Welding
Alloys cored wire HARDFACE CNV-O

,
Tubular
electrode
filled with
carbide
particles
,
,


resistance
14%Mn
Extreme
to abrasives, especially fine-grained
-120 +300
Applications: dust extractor fans in the mining, cement and steel industries, scraper blades, components for agriculture,etc.

TETRA S 307 TETRA V 307


Complements Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE STEELCARBW-O

- Cr-Ni
309L


Rutile
basic coated
electrode

Highly resistant to high temperature wear and metal-to-metal abrasion

Particular ease of application due to its low cracking tendency
-60 +350
Maintains
a good
level of
hardness
at high
temperatures. Work-hardenable.

TETRA
S 309L
TETRA
V 309L

Applications:

straightening
. guides, vertical mill rolls and foot rolls in continuous casting
Complements
Welding
Alloys
cored
wire STELLOY
25-G
-

Cr-Ni-Mo

309LMo
Rutile basic coated electrode

Ideal
choice
for resisting
multiple combinations of stresses

Resists
and cavitation

corrosion

Maintainsa-60
good
of hardness
at high temperatures

level
+350

Work-hardenable,
can be
polished,
low coefficient
of friction

TETRA
S 309LMo
TETRA
V 309LMo

Applications
: industrial
valve work, forging dies and hot shearing blades

Complements
cored
wire STELLOY
21-G
-
Welding
Alloys
Cr-Ni
312,


Rutile
basic coated
electrode

Combines all the outstanding properties of the cobalt base alloys, including abrasion and erosion resistance
,
Deposit of intermediate
hardness with good ,
machinability
:
,
Wide
field of applications:
hot shearing tools,
petrochemical and industrial valves, valves and valve seats of marine engines,
,

,
pump sleeves and shafts


Welding
TETRA Alloys
S 312 cored
TETRA
V 312
Complements
wire
STELLOY 6-G

Electrodes for
joining
Hardfacing
- Electrodes

Hardfacing
Electrodes
Anti-abrasion-

Composition [%]

3.40

Balance

16.0

5.00

Balance

0.80

55.0

6.00

Balance

W: 4.00

Cu: 0.60

Buffer-layer
or assembly

2.00

3.00

Rebuilding
or cladding

6.00

9.00

Corrosion

0.20

Hot oxidation

16.5
Balance
Polarity
22.0
Balance
16.5

Others

Thermal
fatigue

Nb

Mechanical
fatigue

0.30

Fe

Cavitation

1.30

Mo

Erosion

< 0.04
6.00
0.40
< Standard
0.04
0.60 Standards
0.40
diameters
EN 14700
<and
0.02length0.60
0.20
[mm] 0.20
0.60
0.50

Ni

Hot abrasion

FONTE BI-NIFE-E

Cr

Abrasion
under
pressure

GAMMA 276-E
FONTE NI-E

Si

Mineral
abrasion

GAMMA 182-E
Product
name
GAMMA
625-E

Mn

Metal/metal
friction

Impact

Work-hardening Manganese Alloys


Product name

HARDFACE AP-E

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

Low
and Medium
Alloyed

HARDFACE 250

GAMMA 182-E

HARDFACE 400

GAMMA 625-E

Standard
= +
diameters
E Fe9
and length~ 65V
[mm]

Polarity

Mechanical properties
Rm
[MPa]

Rp 0.2%
[MPa]

A5
[%]

KCV
[J]

1.2 to 2.8

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 450
4.0 x 450

E Fe1

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 450
4.0 x 450

E Fe1

= -

2.5 x 300 ~ 45V


3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

AWS A5.11:
E NiCr Fe-3
EN 14172:
E-Ni 6182

=+

> 620

> 380

> 35

+20 C: > 80
o
-196 C: > 65

AWS A5.11:
E NiCr Mo-3
EN 14172:
E-Ni 6625

=+

> 760

> 450

> 30

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.11:
E NiCr Mo-4
EN 14172:
E-Ni 6276

=+

> 720

> 450

> 30

+20 C: > 70

AWS A5.15:
ENi-CI
E Ni BG 13

=~ 40V

> 300

AWS A5.15:
ENiFe-CI
ENiFe

=~ 50V

500 - 600

> 300

> 15

= ~ 45V
2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350 = +

2.5 x 350
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

T Fe8

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

E Fe3

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

~ E Fe3

= +
~ 70V

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

E Fe3

= +
~ 70V

FONTE NI-E

HARDFACE DCO-E

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

HARDFACE AR-E

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
4.0 x 450

HARDFACE L-E

Standards
AWS
EN ISO

~ 70V

Steels for tooling

HARDFACE 40-E

GAMMA 276-E

HARDFACE 48-E

HARDFACE 58-E

FONTE BI-NIFE-E

12
4 13
5

= +

2.5 x 300 ~ 70V


3.2 x 350
4.0 x 350

2.5 x 300
3.2 x 350
= +
E ZFe3 4.0 x 350

~ 60V

E Fe4

2.5 x 350 = +
3.2 x 350 ~ 50V
4.0 x 350

Suitable

Highly suitable

Composition [%] - Fe balance

Product name

Machinability

Workhardening

Mn

Si

Cr

Mo

0.60
0.25
0.30
0.50

0.30
0.50
0.50
2.00
0.50
0.50

14.0
1.00
1.50
9.50
6.50
5.20

3.50
4.00

HARDFACE 48-E

0.15
0.30

16.0
1.00
1.00
0.60
0.70
0.60

HARDFACE 58-E
HARDFACE DCO-E

0.40
0.15

1.20
0.60

0.50
0.60

7.00
14.0

2.50
2.30

HARDFACE AR-E

0.80

0.50

0.50

5.00

10.0

HARDFACE AP-E
HARDFACE 250
HARDFACE 400
HARDFACE L-E
HARDFACE 40-E

Cutting
ability

Hardness - 3 layers

Co

13.0

As welded

Work hardened

260 HB
250 HB
400 HB
58 HRC
38-42 HRC
45-50 HRC

48 HRC
39-42 HRC

53-58 HRC
47 HRC

55 HRC

60-63 HRC

Description and applications

High recovery (140%), basic electrode

High rate of work-hardening Non magnetic deposit strongly resistant to impact and high pressures
Rebuilding, buffer layers and assembly of manganese steels. Buffer layer before hardfacing with chromium cast irons
Applications: repair work on railway frogs and crossings. Hammers, bars, cones and jaws for crushers
Complements Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE AP

Rutile,
coated electrode
for surfacing of
equipmentNi-Cr-Fe
parts, constructions
and tools, resistant to medium friction and compression


Good
resistance to cavitation,
highly
resistant to
shocks. 600
: Cr-Mo
Sound, crack free deposit, machinable with standard tools.

(1.4816) NiCr 15Fe,
600 alloys,
600L, 800H
General
applications:
Surfacing of rails and switches, roller guides, slideways,build
up before
hardfacing.

-196 +900
Rutile
coated electrode
surfacing of machine and construction parts, as well as of tools made of lowalloyed and cast steels which

GAMMAfor
182

are mainly stressed by pressure and shock. Electrodes are easy to weld even on small welding equipment with low open arc voltage.
Soft flow, almost no spatters, self releasing slag, nice aspect of the weld beads.
, Ni-Cr-Fe
Sound,
crack free deposit,
machinable
with carbide
cutting
tools.

600
General:
applications:
Surfacing
of rollers,
gear teeth,
stamps,
hammers, guide rails etc.

Cr-Mo


(2.4856) NiCr22Mo9Nb, (2.4858) NiCr21Mo, (1.4876)
Basic
electrode with
120% recovery

X10 NiCrAlTi 32-20H, (1.4876) X10 NiCrAlTi 32-21, X8 Ni9;
Quenching
deposit
hardfacing

-196
for
+900

ASTM A 533 Gr1, 625 alloys, 800H



GAMMA 182
Wide
field of application
in the mining and civil engineering industries : bucket teeth and blades, slides, conveyor screws, etc
Complements Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE L

,

Ni-Cr-Mo-W
,
The weld deposit
distinguishes
itself by its
toughness and heat resistance: the electrode is used for overlay and build up of

machinery parts and tools subject to impact, compression and wear used at operating temperatures up to 550 C.

It is widely used
for building
dies, rollers, hot shear blades, etc. ... 2.4819 NiMo 16 Cr 15 W
,

up

,
The weld
deposit
distinguishes
itself by
its toughness and heat resistance: the electrode is used for overlay and build up of


machinery
subject
to impact, compression and wear used at operating temperatures up to 550 C.

parts
-196and
tools
+900

It is widely
usedGAMMA
for building
hammers,
dies, swages, hot shear blades, rollers, etc ...

276 up
GAMMA
V276

The weld deposit distinguishes itself by its high hardness, toughness and heat resistance: the electrode is used for overlay and
build up of machinery parts and tools subject to impact, compression and wear used at operating temperatures up to 550C.

,
It
is widely used
for building
up hammers, dies,
swages,
hot shear

blades, rollers, extrusion press pistons, valves, etc ...



Rutile-basic
electrode



Superalloy
offering
similar performance to cobalt based alloys GG 10 to GG 40, GTS35 to GTS 60, GTW35 to GTW 60,
,

High cracking
resistance
little
affected
by ,
dillution,
highly resistant toGGG
thermal
may GGGL
be polished
keepsGGG
its properties
,

40 shock,
to GGG70,
to 170and
N/ mm
Ni to 375 to
N/550C
mm

Applications: traction rollers in continuous casting installations, valves for diesel engines, steam valves, deburring stamps and dies,

tiles,
screws

moulds for
ceramic
for filled,
plastic

Complements
Welding Alloys cored wire HARDFACE DCO


Rutile-basic coated electrode destined to surface all kinds of cutting tools such as lathe and plane tools.





Ni-Fe

The sharpness obtained has an exceptional quality. C-Cr-Mo-W martensitic deposit, resistant up to 500C.


Also
used
for surfacing
of pieces
subject
to metal/metal wear: withstands moderate shock.

GG 10, GG40, GGG 40, GGG 70, GTS 35, GTS 65
In the as welded condition only machinable by grinding.


For machining
by tools, carry
out a soft annealing heat treatment at 850C during 2 hours followed by slow cooling (approx. 3C/min)

in an oven.
To re-obtain
the hardness,
temper the deposit: 1200C/ 1h , cooling in oil or with compressed air and annealing 2x500C.

Special
applications:
of machining tools, cutting tools made of steel, punches, drills, shear blades.

CASTHardfacing
NIFE

Electrodes -for
joining
Hardfacing
Electrodes


This catalogues presents a selection of standard
covered electrodes for hardfacing and joining
applications. We will gladly examine any special
request. Please do not hesitate to consult with us.


.
.

, ,
, .
,
, , ,
.

Cored welding wires


and covered electrodes
- The Global Solution

, , ,
.

. - .

.

,
.
.

, .
- .

,
.

,
. .

.
, .

Since its foundation in 1966, the Welding Alloys Group, an independent group, has specialised

in the manufacture
of cored welding
wires for surfacing applications 100% produced in our
modern factories 100% our own
technology.

.
- .
catalogue presents the Manual
Welding
completing
Welding Alloys
Electrode
,program

the

Cored Wire range, offering a global


product
range of
welding consumables
to suit
customers

.

This
Flux
changing needs. Our wide range of non-alloyed, low-alloyed and high-alloyed coated electrodes
, ,

meets
or exceeds
the most stringent
standards for
hardfacing,
cladding
and
joining
applications.

Our policy
of continuous
with industrial
enables
to offer
the quality
development,
.
us

()R&D along
guarantees required by international
codes of
practice,
which
exist
in
the
nuclear,
petrochemical,
,

offshore,
LNG and transport industries.
, .
As a global
company,
our engineers and technicians are available locally. Technical support

:
and service are provided where needed, from international
WA welding specialists.

14
2 15
3

,

.
,
,
,

.

HARDFACE AP

, %

Mn

Si

Cr

0.60

16.0

0.30

14.0

version 1.0

2.5 x 300

2.5 x 350

3.2 x 350

3.2 x 450

4.0 x 350

4.0 x 450

5 245 .

5 147 .

5 98 .

CAST NI-E

12

5 250 .

5 147 .

5 104 .

CAST BI-NIFE-E

12

4 214 .

5 139 .

5 94 .

GA A 182-E

12

4 216 .

5 143 .

5 91 .

GA A 625-E

12

4 233 .

5 152 .

5 102 .

GA A 276-E

12

4 214 .

5 139 .

6.5 92 .

HARDFACE 40-E

4 214 .

5 139 .

6.5 92 .

HARDFACE 48-E

4 214 .

5 139 .

6.5 92 .

HARDFACE 58-E

5 251 .

6.5 167 .

6.5 102 .

HARDFACE 250-E

5 267 .

6.5 163 .

6.5 104 .

HARDFACE 400-E

4.5 176 .

5 122 .

6.5 77 .

HARDFACE AP-E

4.5 176 .

5 122 .

6.5 77 .

HARDFACE AR-E

4.5 71 .

6 48 .

HARDFACE CN-E

4.5 64 .

6 41 .

HARDFACE CNV-E

6.5 80 .

HARDFACE DCO-E

5 98 .

5 68 .

HARDFACE HC-E

5 152 .

6.5 96 .

HARDFACE L-E

HARDFACE STEELCARBW-E

6.5 112 .

SPEEDARC 6013-E

5 250 .
4 374 .

5 125 .

4 195 .

5 114 .

5 281 .

5 172 .

6.5 176 .

5 231 .

5 147 .

6.5 147 .

6.5 91 .

SPEEDARC 7018-1-E

5 250 .

5 152 .

6 140 .

6 92 .

SPEEDARC 7016-E

5 244 .

5 143 .

6.5 96 .

SPEEDARC HLE 550-E

5 238 .

5 143 .

6.5 100 .

SPEEDARC HLE 620-E

5 244 .

5 143 .

6.5 96 .

SPEEDARC HLE 700-E

5 244 .

5 143 .

6.5 96 .

SPEEDARC Ni1-E

STELLOY 6-E

STELLOY 21-E

STELLOY 25-E

4 215 .

5 143 .

5 94 .

TETRA 308L-E

10

5 246 .

5 143 .

4 94 .

TETRA 316L-E

10

4 242 .

5 156 .

5 106 .

TETRA 904L-E

10

4 233 .

5 147 .

5 93 .

TETRA 307-E

10

4 217 .

5 143 .

5 96 .

TETRA 309L-E

10

4 217 .

5 139 .

5 93 .

TETRA 309LMo-E

10

4 216 .

5 147 .

5 96 .

TETRA 312-E

10

: ,
3 ( 1 )

3.2 x 350
5 147 .


(
)

Contents

Introduction


Hardfacing


( )


Work-Hardening Manganese alloys 4

Low and Medium Alloyed
4

Tool
steels
4
.
Anti-abrasion
6

Cobalt
base
6
.

Joining

Constructional steels
8

Low temperature steels
8

High strength steels


8
Austenitic stainless steels
10
Dissimilar assemblies and repair
10
Nickel base
12
Cast iron
12

Hardfacing: wear phenomena


and material attributes
Packaging
Technical information

Alphabetical
index
. ,

,
.

Electrodes

14
15
15
15

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