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*rie

, "",
"".
, :
", . i, i " ( )", .-. , ", ,
", .-. , , (.), . " ".
(), , (.). . raidit
" , ", .-. rtas . . "", rtis . ", ", rt "
, ", rinti " ", . rvus ""; . , SW 243; .. 3, 469
.; , L 1, 141. . ,
(ZfslPh 7, 406)."
"", ,
, , - :
1
.-.
.-.
.

[revma] ""
rtas "", rtis . ", "
vatas "" ( "")
rvus ""

", , "
rt " , "
vati, vayati ", "
irrito

,
, / /,
.
, :
", -, -, ", ", . "", .-.
. ", , , ", "", "", .-.
, (.). (.).
.-. rtis . ", ", . , - . ", ",
"", ", ", "" ( 1, 10 .; 169; 637,
666; , KZ 38, 313). . ras "", .-.. rado "" (.. 3, 514). . rt "", rtet "",
(LF 16, 184) . , . .. 3, 498. ,
.-. artham ", , ", arthayati ", "
( 1, 11; , LF 16, 184; . , ), . retu, retet
"" (.); . , Ursl. Gr. 3, 85." . irrito "".
, , , ,
. :
- , , , , . , , , ;
- . i, .-. . i, .-. . i, .-. ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ..
"" "--",
[] [j] .
,
*vie *pie, , *rie.

, *vie *pie, -
, [n], .
, "" rinti "
", "", . , "",
"()" "" "" ("" .-. - ,
).
, "", (
/-, ,
, , / ):
2
.

.-./.-(.-).

.-/.-. .

-/-

" "

.-. rinti " ",


", " : , "..-. rennan " , ", . rinnan "", .-.-. rinnan ", ",
. , . , . ", ", , - . "".
.-. ", " . " "
.-. rinti " " ( ) .-.-. rinnan
", " ( ). : ,
, .
"" .-. , , .-. , , ""
, "" "", "", "", "" (.-. , . swiety, . ),
"". : " ("", . ) .-. rethim """,
"" ",
"". "" "" , , "".
" / " "" , ""
"".
, "", "" "", ..
, , .
: "", , "rzecz" "i", .
"" ("narzeczon", .), "". :
ing "" ""; res ""
"", . causa " " . cosa "". "", ,
"" : , , .
: " " " ".
, "" ""
( " " "" ""),
. "" "" "" ( ).
, . res ", " . rk, reki "".
, , ", ", ", ",
"", "", . "" "".
"" "":
". "", . i, . ii " ", .-. "" (.
., . . 988 .); . 243 .
, . .-. rein " ,
", . rn , . rein, .-.-., .-.-. rein "", .-.-. ren,
.-. rn " " . rieva ", ", raive

"", . riev ", ".


. .-. (.. 3, 550;
243 .; ZfslPh 8, 430 .; 769; 332; , Bildg. 346 .; 234)."
, , ".
. "riparia "shore," later used in reference to the stream flowing
between the banks, from ripa "(steep) bank of a river, shore," probably literally "break" (and indicating
the drop off from ground level to the stream bed), or else "that which is cut out by the river," from PIE
root *rei- "to scratch, tear, cut" (cf. Greek ereipia "ruins," eripne "slope, precipice;" Old Norse rifa
"break, to tear apart;" Danish rift "breach," Middle High German rif "riverbank, seashore;" cf. riven, rift,
rifle)" ( OED). , . "" . "river" , .
,
:
3
.

.-./
.-(.-).

.-/.-.

r
re / re

/
i
rzz ""
rk
reka

/
i
rzeka

""
i
, , .
" o" "" ""
(.-. .-. , . "reka", . ranka). "" "
()" . ,
"" .
"" ", ". ""
"": " . . rui "", rue, ., . raczy , .-. ru
, (455) ".
, "" "" (. ),
" ()", "" ,
"", "", "", "".
"" (): " .-.-. rig "", .-.-.
rih , .-. rkh . ", , ", (Aind. Wb. 253),
(GG 137)". - , .-. rkh ", ,
" "" "" ( OED,
"riparian": "that which is cut out by the river," from PIE root *rei- "to scratch, tear, cut" (cf. Greek
ereipia "ruins," eripne "slope, precipice;" Old Norse rifa "break, to tear apart;" Danish rift "breach,"
Middle High German rif "riverbank, seashore;" cf. riven, rift, rifle "
"), ", ", ", " ( ", ",
", " ). "" "", ,
.
"" .-. , . "reka", . ranka:
? :
". . rrah ", " ( *rradh), . rraj , . rras ", "
(, , "") . varre . "", vras "", vrasije "
(, , "")."
"", ""
(, , )
"" "".

"" "", "" ( ) "",


:
" . .-.-. ren, .-.-. ran, . writ
; .: . reien II . . . . rysowa; .: .
."
"" "" "write" ( OED). , ""
"", , ,
"", , (. " ") "" (" ").
"":
": , , ; . -- --, . .-. ,
", ; ; ; ", .-. .
(.). . . riksis "", riksnis , . .-.-. risk, risch ""; .
, LF 16, 188; .. 3, 525; 561; . II, 230 . ,
, . rh "", .-.-. rauschen "", .-.-. rusch "",
(838)."
OED: risk (n.): "1660s, risque, from French risque, from Italian risco, riscio (modern rischio), from
riscare "run into danger," of uncertain origin. The anglicized spelling first recorded 1728. Spanish riesgo
and German Risiko are Italian loan-words."
, : . . risqu . risico , .
"": " " (. , iscell. sli 389; .- 602).
. risquer, . risicare, . *" ".
"" . "".
[ridzikon], , . [dz]
[s], .-. [dzeo] ", " / .-. [seo] "", .
, :
", "", " , ", . "",
.-. , ", ; , ", .-. ,
(.). . rzescia "" *rstjo.
. ristas ", ", risia "", raistas " ", . riests
, . urreisan "", .-.-. risan ",
", .-.-. risch ", ". *reist- : *rist- *risk-: .
riksis "", *rizg-: . rizg "-" (. ); . , SW 242;
286, 837 .; .. 3, 524 .; , LF 17, 161."
, "" "" "" "" (), ""
"" (" , "). ""
,
"", "" "", "" "" :
, , . (. Kringel, Krengel . kregiel)
.. : , (. range
", ", rank, Online Etymology Dictionary (OED) .-.-. hring ",
"), (. krag, . . kregu, .-. hringr, .-.-., . hring "", .
Kring "circle, ring" - OED ). .
"", , , , ,
"":
. Hringel ( .-..-. hring ""),
[k] > [h], Ringel ( . Ring "").

OED . read "" . . : "Most languages use a


word rooted in the idea of "gather up" as their word for "read" (cf. French lire, from Latin legere)."
, "". : " ".
, "read" (. "") "write" (. "")
. , "" "",
"" (, "count" ).
.
4

.-./
.-(.-).
/ -

- /

.-/.-.

raditi

-/-

kruh

rzadzic
krag,
..
kregu

-/-

"" "" 4 ""


"". "- / -" (
"-") " ", :
"-", "-", "-", "-", "-", "-", "-" ..
"" "", "", "", "". ""
"", : .-. "; ; ; , "
"" "" .
, "", , , "",
"apranga", "". ,
.-. "" ""
"", ,
"" : "" "".
"" "" "". " / "
"" "" "-" "",
"", " " ( "",
), "".
"" "", "" =
", ". , , "",
"", ""
, : " ", " ".
"" "", "", "". "" "
, ", , "-" "-"
, "-", "-" ., "" ", , "
. "" "" ""
("" > "", "" > ""), "". .
"" :
" , ", , ",
, ", . (), . "", -
"", . , .-. "", . ", ",
. , "", . kretati ", ", . vy-kratnouti
"", . nkritnut "", . krzatac sie ", , ".
: *kret- *krot.

*kert-,
.-. krnatti " , ", crtati ", ", .
"", "- ", . crtis ", ", . rt " ", .
haurds "", .-.-. hurt, . hurdi ", .-. " (, KZ 36, 65; 1, 613;
, Kelt. Gr. 1, 160)."
.
, "":
- , , , , , ; , , ",
" ( . .);
- , , , , , , ;
- , , , , /, ;
- "", , , , , ;
- /, /, , .
, , "-".
.
,
.
? :
": . . -, . , , 1709 .; . 266.
. rhombe, - . . rhombus . ."
, "" :
": . . - " " (), . . 1720 .; .
267. . rhumb . rumb, . rombo, . rhombus . ",
; "; . 435; . II, 223; 298."
, ,
"", "" , . rhombus
: , "R"
, , "" - "
". , ,
, :

, ..
, .
1) Eur., Anth.
2) Theocr., Luc.
3) , Arph.
4) ,
5) . Arst.

, Plat.

( b > f)
( , ) Plut., NT

-, ,
"" (. rabac "", rab
"" (, ""), . rumbas " , ,
", rumbu'oti "". "":
"", - "-",
. "" (
). , , "" "".
"", "". "" ,
, , ..
. . . rhombus "/" ,
. . pronto "".
"", , , "".
"" "", - ( ),
- (), - (, "") - : --(-), -, --(-). , "--" "o", "",
"". "" , ,
, "" " ":

1) , , ,
2) , , .
3)
4) ( . ) , , Polyb.
5)
C :
. metere "", ,
: , , "",
"" "" ( ", " - ), .
metior "", . , . maitan "" .-.-. mitzn "", meitzil ", ,
". "" , "".
, "":

1)
2) ,
3) Polyb.
" ", - ,
.
: "" "", "" " -".
"" "", "", "", ""
,
. , -
(, < , <
..).


( ) *ri. ,

, ,
, ("", "", "").
- , -,
: "*ri - *r", "*ri - *ri", "*ri - *r" ..
rie (), ria (), ri (), rin
(), ra (), ran, .
, ,
, .
.