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32.

973
49
681.3
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49

IBM PC . . 7-, . . - .:

-, 1997. - 640 .: .
ISBN 5-86225-292-4
, , , ,
DOS Windows,
- Norton Commander, Norton Utilities, , Aidstest, Dr. Web, ADinf, Norton Backup, Norton Antivirus
.. , , , , DOS Windows ..
.
IBM PC .
32.973
ISBN 5-86225-292-4
c.., 1990
c . . , . ., 1996

IBM PC
16.11.96. 84108 ). <>.
- In-Art Publisher. . . .. 67,2. 50 000 .
070824 21.01.1993 .
<->, 127247, , , 107


...................
........
...
11
12
1. ...................................................... 17
1. ...................................................................................................
19
1.1. ; 1.2. ,
;
1.3. ; 1.4. ; 1.5.

; 1.6. IBM PC; 1.7. ;
1.8. IBM PC; 1.9. ;
1.10. .
2.
...............................................................................................31
2.1. IBM PC; 2.2. ; 2.3.
;
2.4. ; 2.5. ; 2.6. - .
3. ,
...................................................................39
3.1. ; 3.2. ; 3.3.

; 3.4. ; 3.5.
;
3.6. -; 3.7. .
4. .................................................................................
49
4.1. ; 4.2. ; 4.3.
; 4.4. ; 4.5. ; 4.6.

; 4.7. ; 4.8.
.
5.
.................................................................................................55
5.1. ; 5.2. ; 5.3.

; 5.4. ; 5.5. InterNet WWW; 5.6.

IntraNet.
2. ..............................................................67
6. ,
.........................................69

6.1. ; 6.2.
;
6.3. .
7.
...................................................................................75
7.1. ; 7.2. ; 7.3.
;
7.4. ; 7.5. .
8. .......................................................................................................
81
8.1. ; 8.2. ; 8.3. Windows 95

; 8.4. ; 8.5. ; 8.6.


; 8.7.
; 8.8. * ? ; 8.9. ; 8.10.
.
9.
.................................................................91
9.1. ; 9.2. ; 9.3.
;
9.4. ; 9..
.
4

10.
.................................................99
10.1. ; 10.2. ; 10.3.
;
10.4. < >; 10.. ; 10.6.
.
11. ........................................................................
109
11.1. ; 11.2. ; 11.3.
;
11.4. ; 11.5. ; 11.6.

; 11.7. ; 11.8.

; 11.9. . *
3. .......................................125
12.
............................................................................127
12.1. ; 12.2.
.
13. ............................................................
133
13.1. ; 13.2. ; 13.4. ; 13.5. ; 13.6.

; 13.7. ; 13.8. CD; 13.9. ; 13.10.


;
13.11. ; 13.12. ; 13.13.
;
13.14. ; 13.15. ;
13.16.
-; 13.17. - ; 13.18.
; 13.19.
(); 13.20. .
14. IBM
PC................................................................167
14.1. ; 14.2.
;
14.3. ; 14.4. , ; 14.5.
; 14.6. ; 14.7.

; 14.8. ; 14.9.
;
14.10. (); 14.11.
(DOS, Windows,
Windows 95, OS/2 Warp Windows NT).
4. MS DOS ......................................................183
15.
DOS ......................................................................................184
15.1. MS DOS; 15.2. DOS; 15.3.

; 15.4. DOS; 15.5.

DOS; 15.6. .
16.
DOS.....................................................................................194
16.1. DOS; 16.2. ; 16.3. ; 16.4.

DOS; 16.5. ; 16.6. <>

; 16.7. ; 16.8.

; 16.9. DOS; 16.10.
DOS.
17.
DOS.........................................................................................201
17.1. ; 17.2. ; 17.3. ;
17.4. ; 17.5. () ; 17.6.

; 1/.7. ; 17.8. ; 17.9.

; 17.10. ; 17.11.

; 17.12. .

18.
DOS .....................................................................................214
18.1. ; 18.2. ; 18.3.

; 18.4. ; 18.5. ; 18.6.



; 18.7. ; 18.8.

; 18.9. ; 18.10.

.

19.
DOS .....................................................................221
19.1. ; 19.2. ; 19.3.
; 19.4.
.
20.
DOS..........................................................................................224
20.1. ; 20.2.
;
20.3. DOS; 20.4. ; 20.5,

; 20.6. ; 20.6. ;
20.7.
.
21. DOS
.......................................234
21.1. ; 21.2.

; 21.3. DOS; 21.4.

; 21.5. DOS; 21.6.

.
5. Norton Commander............................................................................ 239
22. Norton Commander:
.......................................................................240
22.1. Norton Commander; 22.2. Norton Commander;
22.3.
Norton Commander; 22.4. Norton Commander; 22.5.

( ); 22.6. DOS; 22.7.


;
22.8. ; 22.9. .
23. Norton Commander:
.........................................248
23.1. Norton Commander; 23.2. Norton

Commander;
23.3. ; 23.4. ; 23.5.
;
23.6. <Enter>; 23.7. ; 23.8.

; 23.9. ; 23.10. ; 23.11.

.
24. Norton Commander:
....................................................................258
24.1. ; 24.2. ; 24.3.
;
24.4. ; 24.5. Norton
Commander;
24.6. Norton Commander; 24.7.

; 24.8. ; 24.9.
;
24.10. ; 24.11. ; 24.12.

; 24.13. ; 24.14.
;
24.15. .
25. Norton Commander:
.................................................................278
25.1. ; 25.2. , ,
;
25.3. ; 25.4. ; 25.5.
;
25.6. .
26. Norton Commander:
.....................................................................283
26.1. ; 26.2. ; 26.3.
;
26.4. ; 26.5. .
27. Norton Commander:
..................................................290
27.1. ; 27.2. ; 27.3. ; 27.4.

; 27.5. ; 27.6. ; 27.7.

.
28. Norton Commander:
...................................................296
28.1. ; 28.2. ; 28.3.

; 28.4. Norton Commander .


6
29. Norton Commander:
........................................................299

29.1. ; 29.2.

; 29.3. ,
;
29.4. ; 29.5. ; 29.6.

; 29.7. Norton Commander; 29.8. Norton Commander; 29.9.

.GIF-.
30. Norton
Commander ...................................................................313
30.1. ; 30.2. ; 30.3.

; 30.4. Norton Commander; 30.5.

.
6. ........................................................................................ 315
31.
.....................................................................317
31.1. ; 31.2. ;
31.3. ; 31.4. ; 31.5.
;
31.6. ; 31.7. ; 31.8. ; 31.9.

; 31.10. ; 31.11.
;
31.12. ; 31.13. ; 31.14.
;
31.15. ; 31.16. ; 31.17.

; 31.18. ; 31.19. ; 31.20. ;


31.21. ; 31.22. ; 31.23.
;
31.24. ; 31.25. ;
31.26.
.
7. DOS ....................................................... 345
32.
DOS ...........................................................................................347
32.1. ; 32.2. ; 32.3.

; 32.4. ; 32.5.

; 32.6. ; 32.7.
;
32.8. ; 32.9.
;
32.10. ; 32.11. ; 32.12.

.
33.
DOS.......................................................................354

33.1. -; 33.2.
;
33.3. PKZIP/PKUNZIP ARJ; 33.4. ; 33.5.

; 33.6. ; 33.7.
;
33.8. ; 33.9. ; 33.10.

; 33.11. ; 33.12.
ARJ;
33.13. ; 33.14.

; 33.15. .
34.
................................................................................371
34.1. ; 34.2. ; 34.3.

MS DOS; 34.4. ; .5.

; 34.6. .
35.
DOS ...................................................................................376
35.1. ; 35.2.
;
35.3. ; 35.4. ; 35.5.
;
35.6. ; 35.7.
.
36.
DOS......................................................................392
36.1. - Aidstest Dr. Web; 36.2. ; 36.3.

; 36.4. - ADinf; 36.5.

ADinf; 36.6.

ADinf; 36.7. ADinf; 36.8. ADinf Cure Module -



8

47. Windows..........................................................
509
47.1. ; 47.2. ; 47.3.

; 47.4. ; 47.5. ; 47.6.


;
47.7. ; 47.8. .
48.
Windows ......................................................................521
48.1. ; 48.2. ; 48.3. ;
48.4.

; 48.5. .
10. Windows ..............................................531
49.
Windows.............................................................................532
49.1. ; 49.2.
;
49.3. ; 49.4. ; 49.5.

; 49.6. ; 49.7.

.
50.
Windows ..........................................546
50.1. Norton Backup for Windows; 50.2. ;
50.3. ; 50.4. ; 50.5.
;
50.6. ; 50.7. ; 50.8.

; 50.9. ; 50.10.
;
50. II. ; 50.12.
;
50.13. ; 50.14. Norton Backup
for Windows;
50.15. ; 50.16.
Windows 95.
51.
Windows..................................................................................575
51.1. ; 51.2. Norton Antivirus; 51.3. ;
51.4. ; 51.5. ; 51.6.
(
Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect; 51.7.
;
51.8. ; 51.9. ; 51.10.

; 51.11. .
11. Windows......................................................................... 589
52. Windows..................................................................................................
591
52.1. Windows; 52.2. ; 52.3.
;
52.4. ; 52.5. ; 52.6.

; 2,7. Windows; 52.8.


Windows.
53.
Windows....................................................................................601
53.1. ; 53.2. ; 53.3.

; 53.4. ; 53.5. Windows;

53.6.
.
54.
Windows......................................................................613
54.1. Windows-; 54.2. DOS;
54.3. , Windows; 50.4.

, Windows for Workgroups; 54.5. ,



Norton Utilities Norton Desktop for Windows.
.................................................................................................... 623
I. (624); 2.
(625); 3. (626);
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: - SCSI-, - SCSI-.
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- 10 /. SCSI-2 SCSI-2 , SCSI-1 . SCSI-2 -
, , , -,
, ..

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.

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.

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13.7.


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,
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13.8. - -

CD-R

1 1

-
-, -.
- , , , , ..
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(, , ), , . -
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). - 12 ,
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).
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, SCSI-
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NEC IDE 4 - - 265 .
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( CD-R )
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1000 . CD-R 8-10 .


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13.9.




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,
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IDE, IDE
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800 /, - 400
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. ( )
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lomega ZIP . Syquest 270 .
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- 130 . - 170 .
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13.10.

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, ,
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.
A3 Epson Stylus 1000 450-460
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. ,
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;
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;
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SWIFT.

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13.19. ()

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, , .
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). Adobe Premiere
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, .. ,
.
PC-File, Reflex, Q&A;

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,
. , . ,
Lotus Approach, DataBase,
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-. - , , - , - . ,
, SQL (Structured Query Language ). -
Windows NT UNIX, IBM PC-. ,
- . - DOS, Windows .
Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, Sybase SQL
Server, Informix .
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() .
AutoCad
AutoDesk. ,
,
AutoCad.
- EUCLID, UNIGRAPHICS, CIMATRON .
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( ),
.
<> ( DOS Windows)
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( , ..)
.
14.7.
:
-
(, ),
(, ). . -
, , .
Mathematics Wolfram Research, (Mathcad Mathsoft, Maple Waterloo Maple
Software .);
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) . , , , -

, ,
.. ( ), , , , . , , , , . , . , ,
, ;

( ), , .. Grapher, Surfer,
Harvard Graphics .. ,
Mathematica.
14.8.
, , . :
(
..);
;
;
, ;
, -,
, Web- ..;
;
(, , InterNet .);

;
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IBM PC - , ( , ) .
, ..
.
CocJijB ^

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(
);
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^ IBM PC-
, , npoi DOS, Windows, Windows 95. Windows NT .
C++ - Microsoft (Visual C++) Borland (Borland C++, Turbo C++). Symantec Watcom;
- Borland (Borland Pascal, Turbo Pascal);

-
- Visual Basic Microsoft (
-), .
- (Microsoft Fortran, Watcom Fortran ..). (Visual Object Cobol Micro Focus .) .
Java
(Symantec Cafe, Microsoft J++ .). Java () Web- InterNet.
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.
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.
, ,
.. ,
, - Oracle, Sybase, Microsoft SQL Server . PowerBuilder Sybase, Delphi Borland, Visual Basic Microsoft,
SQLWindows Gupta ( Centura). , - - (Oracle,
Sybase .), .

14.10. ()

, . , . , , Norton
Utilities, PC Tools Deluxe .
.
, , ,
. , . ( ,
, ..) - <>
.
,
, ,
, , .
50 - Norton
Backup Windows.
-

.
II, DOS Windows - 36 51.
- <> , .. , .
33 - DOS - PKZIP ARJ.
- -
(, Norton Commander, Norton Desktop Windows 3.1 Norton Navigator
Windows 95 Symantec)


Windows Windows 95 WinZip Mak Computing,
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) , ,
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). - ,
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- ,
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) Uninstaller MicroHelp,
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( , , ..)
. DOS,
Windows, Windows 95 . CheckIt Touchstone Software ( Windows WinCheck-It), NDiags
Norton Utilities Symantec, QAPIus/Win DiagSoft, PC Certify Pro Landmark Research, The Troubleshooter Midland Equipment .
Disk Technician
Advanced, Calibrate Norton Utilities .
<> ( -
) , .
- -,
. .

SmartDrv Microsoft ( DOS, Windows Windows 95),
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. ( .)
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. ( ),
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SpeeDisk
Norton Utilities, Microsoft Defrag .
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( , <>), .

, - 1,5 ,
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DoubleSpace/DriveSpace.
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, . Windows 95, , .
,
.
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, ..
< >,
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Check-It (WinCheck-it) Touchstone Software.
.

14.1 1.
(DOS, Windows, Windows 95, OS/2 Warp Windows NT)



(), - MS DOS, Windows 3.1, Windows for Workgroups, OS/2 Warp Windows NT Workstation.
, :
MS DOS Intel-8088 512
. DOS-
, , . ,
1991 .
Microsoft Word.
IBM PC AT 1 , Intel-80286
40 (
80- ) DOS
. 4
, Intel-80386/33 120
( 1992-1993 .)
-
DOS-;
Windows 4 ,

Intel-80386/33 120 - . , Microsoft , Windows

1 Intel-80286, , : <, ?>


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Windows 95 80486 8 -
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80386DX 4 , -
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( , 486DX4/100 ).
- 500 :
OS/2 Warp
, Windows 95:
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16 , Windows NT Workstation 4.0
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4.0 Windows 95.

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,
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, ,
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TuneUp Norton Utilities
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Windows NT OS/2. .
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4.0 Merlin) , . , (
) ,
, , , -

.
( ):
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. :, COPY . :.
, - Norton Commander (. 22-30),
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. ,
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.
8 80486/66
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.
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. ,
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4

MS DOS

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, DOS DOS- , , , .
,
DOS, Norton Utilities.

, MS DOS, Windows, Windows 95 .. , ,
, ,
DOS.

15. DOS........................................................ 184 ^&.


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17. DOS .......................................................... 201
18. DOS ......................................................214 "
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15
DOS

MS DOS -
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( ,
),
.
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(PC DOS), Novell (Novell DOS, - DR DOS),
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, - - ,
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:
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DOS.
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15.2. DOS
MS DOS .

10.SYS MSDOS.SYS

DOS
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. MS DOS
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).
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^

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DOS
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, MS DOS .
1. - MS DOS, , ,
IO.SYS MSDOS.SYS. , :
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( . )
: , , :, MS DOS . - , (] [Enter) .
2. IO.SYS
MSDOS.SYS, - MS DOS
IO.SYS . ,
IO.SYS MSDOS.SYS.
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)
DOS - CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT (
DOS).
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5.
CONFIG.SYS , , .
CONFIG.SYS , . CONFIG.SYS 40.
6. MS DOS, - 6.0,
CONFIG.SYS MENU, MENUITEM, MENUDEFAULT .. .
CONFIG.SYS :
MS DOS 6.2 Startup Menu
1 . DOS
2. Windows
3. Turbo Debugger
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,
[Enter) , (
<Enter a choice>). () CONFIG.SYS.
40.
7. ( , Shell CONFIG.SYS, . 40)
( COMMAND.) . COMMAND. , (<Missing command
interpreter>).
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, . AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
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AUTOEXEC.BAT 40.

AUTOEXEC.BAT
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-, , Norton Commander,
Windows.
Starting MS DOS . . .
AIC-7870 ASPI Manager for

PCI bus scan complete


Host Adapter>: 0
Interrupt Level: 11
Host
Host
Host
Host

Adapter>
Adapter>
Adapter>
Adapter>

0
0
0
0

SCSI
SCSI
SCSI
SCSI

DOS, v. 1.11. Copyright (C) 1994 Adaptec, Inc.


Host Adapter SCSI ID>:
PCI Bus Location:
ID
ID
ID
ID

0
1
2
4

LUN
LUN
LUN
LUN

0
0
0
0

:
:
:
:

Fujitsu
Quantum
PLEXTOR
RICOH

M2909S-512
0127
XP34301
1051
CD-ROM PX-4XCS 1.01
R03020E
2210
Int 13H active for drive(s) C: D:
Int 13H routed through ASPI Manager
ASP18DOS Installation Successful
ASPI CD-ROM Driver for DOS,
HA> 0 - Target SCSI ID 2
CD-ROM Driver Installed:
. 3.2, Copyright (C) 1994 Adaptec, Inc.
LUN 0 : PLEXTOR CD-ROM PX-4XCS 1.01
host adapter(s), 1 target(s)
ASPIDISK Driver for DOS, version 3.3, Copyright (C) 1994 Adaptec, Inc.
HA> 0 - SCSI ID 4 - Removable Media 1 logical drive(s) G: reserved
1 SCSI disk(s) handled by ASPIDISK, 1 logical drive(s) installed
ASPIDISK. SYS Installation Successful
TROPEZ Audio Card Initialization Utility, Version 2.00
Copyright (C) 1993-94 Crystal Semiconductors Corp..
MSCDEX Version 2.33
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corp. 1986-93 All rights reserved
Drive H: = Driver ASPICDO unit 0
MODE prepare code page function completed
MODE select code page function completed
20:18 :\>
. 15.1. DOS
15. DOS

DOS

CONFIG.SYS
AUTOEXEC.BAT



. 15.1 ,
DOS.
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT, , , . DOS. ,
( ), 6.
MS DOS, 6.0, , DOS
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT ( 6.2 MS DOS
- AUTOEXEC.BAT).
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CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT <> .
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(), )8^, MS DOS ,
(DBLSPACE.BIN DRVSPACE.BIN).
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, ), .
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,
AUTOEXEC.BAT (Ctrl] (Break).

AUTOEXEC.BAT CTTY NUL, - CTTY CON.


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Using conventional memory

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if you don't have extended
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. 16.1. DOS
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.
17.8.


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. , Windows 95
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19
DOS
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DOS
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DOS

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,
.
.
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, , Norton Commander), DOS.
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360 360 41
10
410 (409.088 )
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(Norton Disk Doctor) Norton Utilities.
NDD : /DT
', ,
. /DT , . NDD
35.
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Insert the diskette to diagnose into drive ...
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: "Problems were detected on drive ... Some of them were not
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, .
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, - ,
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MS DOS 6.2 /), .
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. DupDisk
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DOS. Norton Cornnnanaer 5.0 (. 26).
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(
),

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(. 18). FS Norton Utilities
.
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Disk Characteristics Disks, . 21). Sysinfo . 20.2.

MB

A: : D: E: i- Size -1052M
ii /. III 1 ill
Bytes per Sector: 512 Sectors per cluster: 64 Number of Clusters: 32 877 Number of
FAT'S: 2 FAT type: 16-bit Media Descriptor Byte: F8 Hex FAT Start Sector: 1 Sectors Occupied
258 Root Dir Start Sector: 259 Sectors Occupied 32 Data Start Sector: 291 Sectors Occupied 2
104 128
Sides: 255 Tracks: 131 Sectors per Track: 63 Drive Number: 80 Hex Model:
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, FDISK /STATUS . 38.
21
DOS

21. 1.

Date.

date

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. , , (Enter).
(1-31), (1-12)
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(DD , , YY ), "-".
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"I Enter new date (dd-mm-yy):

1 : 15-01-1996

15 1996 .

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0 24, 0 59.
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.
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)
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prompt {.)
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- DIRCMD
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21.5. DOS

DOS Ver.
ver
DOS, : MS DOS Version 6.22. MS DOS 7.0, Windows 95, : Windows 95 .
. "Windows 95" VER MS DOS 7.0
Microsoft, MS DOS 7.0
. MS DOS 7.0 , ,
DOS 7.0. , , Operating System
System Summary Sysinio Norton Utilities.
5
Norton Commander
Norton Commander
- DOS. , , . , Windows
Windows 95, Norton Commander,
.
Symantec,
Norton Commander, Norton Commander Windows 95!
DisCO Windows 3.1 Windows 95.
Norton Commander 2228. 29
Norton Commander, Norton Commander. 30 .

22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

Norton Commander: ........................................ 240


Norton Commander: ......... 248
Norton Commander: ...................................... 258
Norton Commander: ................................. 278
Norton Commander: ...................................... 283
Norton Commander: ................... 290
Norton Commander: .................... 296
Norton Commander: ......................... 299
Norton Commander.................................... 313

22
Norton Commander:
Norton
Commander


Norton Commander, Peter Norton Computing ( 1992 . Symantec),
- DOS. ,
DOS ( , )
, , , ,
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Norton Commander DOS,
, DOS.
Norton Commander, -,
QDos, PathMinder, XTree . :
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Windows Windows 95 Norton Commander: DISCO
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5.0 Norton Commander , .
Norton Commander
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learn exe 108306 21.04.89
mw hip 105691 23.10.89
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keytwo ctx 102322-21.04.89 18:09
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178373 1.07.93 6:00

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1.02.93 2:04

. 23.6.
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24. Norton Commander:


Windows

(]) (19) , .- : Backups will be created ( ), Backups will not be created


( ).
:
(FT)
. ;
fShift)CF7) . ;
) (FT) .

, Case sensitive (
), , .
:
(F4) .
;
(ShiftirpT) ;
) CFT]
.

.
Norton Commander
. ,
.
, (^.
(^.
:
(Shift)CF3) ;
(F5) ;
(") ;
CFB) ;
) () ( ,
, ).
Norton Commander 5.0 Windows (. .
42.6). Windows
) [FT), DOS (. . 15.6) ) FF2T , .


:
(] () ;
( Shift) (^ .
(] (Isc^, , , ,
. :

5. Norton Con-irnander

Save ()
;
Don't save ( ) ,
;
Continue editing ( ) .
Norton Commander 64800
. , . : View ()
; Cancel () .
Q Q (Enter).
, -
, , Norton Commander.
24./.
F5

Norton Commander (^).


- ( ,

), , ( ) .
, (), ,
() .
Norton
Commander.
, Norton Commander 5.0 . , : ,
, , ,
.
- ,

.
, , .
Norton
Commander,
, .
, .
, : Copy: 3 files ( : 3 ).
() , () (), . ,
, , .
24. Norton Commander:
: "emm386. sys
"
[] ]

[[
J
]
^
^10 1::::: 1 1:;:;:;: 1
^-:
"^
//*//......'. - :.^i:.i'x^,' '\^:w^&"}w
Copy: (:)
:
, ;
(
, * ?).
, ) FIO Tree (FIO ), , .

[Enter]. Copy: (:)

, , -, .
, ,
(). .
Include sub directories ( ) , ,
.
Norton Commander . , ,
"" , ,
. ( ),
;
Use Filters ( ) , .
Filters ()
, (. 23).
,
, , ;
Copy newer files only ( ) ,
;
Check target space ( ) ,
Norton Commander .
(Not enough room to copy/move, / ).
.
Continue () -
( ), Cancel () .
. (
)

Norton Commander. ,
, ( , )

, .
, Include sub directories ( ), ,
.
, Copy (). ,
,
, . .


"
"
""




, : "You tried to copy more than one file to a file name" (" , ... ").
,
, .
- ,
.
, , , , : "The file ...
already exist. Do you wish to write over the target file?" ( ... . ?). :
Overwrite () ,
,
() ( );
Skip () , :
Cancel () .
fJsc).
. Copy newer
files only ( ),
, ,
. ,
, Norton Commander .
, , " "
"", Norton Commander
, : "The file ... is a read only file. Do you wish to write
over the target file?" ( ... . ?).
:
Overwrite () ,
;
()

" " "" ;


Skip () ;
Cancel () ( ^).
, , .
(, )
"There isn't enough room to copy ... to ..." (
... ...).
( { Enter) FEicT)), . , , ,
.
(, ) , , "Insert another disk in drive ..." ( ...). ., .
, .
().
, Cancel
(.) (Esc].
, , , , ,
. : "Unable to create file ..."
( ...).
(Enter) ), .
24.8.
,
,

CRT). Norton Commander / ( , * ?),


Rename/Move ().

Norton Commander ,
.
, (
) . Norton Commander ,
, :
,
(), ^;
(),
).
(Move), (Copy), : : 3 (
Move: 3 files);


(Rename), ,
, Rename/Move
( , ).
. ,
Norton Commander ,
( ) ,

. .

24.9.
F8 -

Norton Commander
(^). Norton Commander :
- ( ), ;
( ) .

title, ai-j
[ ]

(ID.
(. . ).
. - Use Filters ( )
, ,
, . , .
/.1.!/"1' 1!)1'1!
'J^).ti^'^oa
l-'.iifLiolOf
Delete ().
, ,
(Enter). .
,
- (. ).
, .

3 1 .
[[
] ]

[X]

^

^
, -

, (). .
Include sub directories ( ) ,
.
, Delete empty directories
( ).
( ), ;
Use Filters ( ) , . Filters ()
, (. 23). ,
, , ;
Delete empty directories ( ) ,
. , ,
.
,
Delete ().
3<>>' 1-
( ) include sub
directories ( ) , ( ) Delete empty directories ( )
.
2. Include sub directories
( ) .

:
:
D: \VF\USTAV\dogovor. txt
las. 1
:
Delete () ,
;
All () (
) ;
24. Norton Commander:

Skip () , ;
Cancel () .
(^jc) Cancel ().
, Include sub directories
( ) ,
:
:
________ SUBDIR_____________ ___________
^ ^ [



"
"
""


:
Delete () (, )
, ;
All () ( ) ;
Skip () , ;
Cancel () . () Cancel ().
- ,
.
" " / "" Norton
Commander , : "The following file is marked
Read only ... Do you still wish to delete it?" ( ... ?). :
Delete () ;
() " " "" ;
Skip ()
;
Cancel () . (Ejc).
Delete empty directories ( )
(-
,
" " / "" ..),

: "Unable to delete directory ... because it is not empty" ( ... .. ).


24.10.


, . Norton Commander
, ,
, .
,
.
Norton Commander, :
, , ..
.
5. Norton Commander
i'i.)l)i.ilvl<-lpl,l
.<1

1. , .
2. , .
3. (1)(7).
, .
24.1. , Start
() . , , (Enter).
., .'."./ 1.,'.11.'i 1 2 , ,

.
, . 24.1, :
Find Files ( ())
, . * ?,
, ;
Location(s) (()) .
, , .
.
;
Containing () ,
. ( ).
Regular Expression ( ) Containing
() (. ). .

, .
3.1"1;1 1. () FIO Tree (FIO ), .
(
(Enter)) Location(s) (())
.
2. Location(s) (()) DOS, . ,
, DOS ,

, .
Search Locations ( )
, (, ()):
Entire disk ( ) , Entire disk ( ). , ,
Drive (). Norton Commander
;

() []_ __ __ ___ __
() [D:\VF\USTAV\USTAV_X
[
] [ ]

()
( ) ()
( ) ( )

[ ]
[ ]
I .F10,^gp6BO)^ 1

. 24.1.



Location (s) and above (() ) ,
Location(s) ((.)), ;
Location(s) only ( ()) , Location(s) (()).
, -:
Find duplicates ( )
, ( ) . (,
);
Text files only ( ) . , 100 ( ).

/ [01.01.96 [01.01.96

]]
[1024 [
]]

[] [ ] []
1^11

[] ] []

\. 1 ~\#;
:...:::.: ^^..^

,
. 24.1, Advanced (), .


, .

,
( Directory
() ).
File date
( /
)
:
After () , 01.05.96 10:00. ( )
;
Before () , 01.07.96 12:00. ( )
.
File size ( ) : Above () ; Below
() .

Attribute filters ( )
. Hidden (), System
(), Read Only ( ), Archive () . None ( ), , ,
. Directory (), ,
.
, ., (. 24.1). , Cancel (). Clear all ( )
() .
,
. :
;
( Quit FF ())
;
: Stop ()
, View () ,
Goto ( ) .



( ),
(), Q, (PgUp) (PgDn), ( ).
(
) Q, Q, (PgUp] (PgDnJ.
,
View () (^
. , .




Goto ( ). . , , ( ).
(Esc) Stop () .
( )
(. 24.2):
New Search () ;

View () ,

.
;
Goto ( )
, .
( ) :
Send to Panel ()
(
) Norton
Commander (. . 24.11);
. 24.2.
Quit FF () ^
( ). ).
. Norton Commander
Send. to Panel () , . 24.2, ,
. Left () Right
() Find file panel ( ).
D:\CS20\XXX

report, txt 6 768 22.08


95
14:27 1
D: \SONATA\XXX
jJrnal. txt 61 597 3.09 95
15:38 :
D:\VF\DOC\KVAR
konkovol. txt
4 554 18.11
.95
11':48 :"
konkovo. txt
6221 18.11
95
7:32 dogpr5n. txt
7 278 29.11
. 95
4:08 :
d09P"5. txt7 278 29.11
.95
4:08
( ) [*. txt
]
( ) [D: \VF\USTAV\USTAVX
]
[
] [X]
1
U^^r.
n.,i.i.
() D:
[ ] 1
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
[ 1

: ' 24
\ j^j 1 ^, [~
"1.... [I

i
24. / /.
Norton Commander 5.0 Norton Commander. : , ,
..
273





:\
lfnbk
txt
DA1SBW1 IsOwfile
txt
D: \1SBW3 Isbwfile
txt
D: \1SBW3\DB
bmpt r3
D; \1SBW3\DB
bmptrans
0- \1SBW3\OB
bmpt rs
D: \1SBWIN
Isbwfile
D:\1SB11 isbadd
txt
D:\1SBP20 Isbnet
txt
D:\1SBP20 Isbtopr?
txt
D: \1SBP201c
txt
D:\1SBP20 newl 1
txt
D:\1SBP20 newOop
txt
D:\1SBP20 newpr2
txt
D:\1SBP20 readme
txt
D: \1SBP20\WIN
michange
Isbwfile.txt 113 27.03.95

txt
txt
txt
txt

txt
0:00


(. 24.2) Send to
Panel (), (
) Left ()
Right () Find file panel
( ). ,
Norton Commander
.

,
,
.
,
: , , , , ,
.. :

, ;

, ;
, .
, ) () ( . ,
(Ctrl )(^[Ctrlj(TT).

^
'

" ".
[1] 24.12.





, .
( ) .
Norton Commander
* ?, , . , DOS
, - .
, ,
:
{] . , []*.* ,
, , :
\_1-2] . ,
[0-9]*.* , , ;
{"] , . , ["YZ]*.* , Y Z, ;
{"1-2] ,
. , ["0-9]*.* , ,
.
5. Norton Commander

. 1.
. , [A-CFX-Z]*.* , , ,
, F, X, Y Z, [A-ZO-9J*.* ,
.
2. .
3. ("-"),

.
, [--]*. * , , , - .
Norton Cornrnander .
:
"- .

, *.SYS "CONFIG.SYS .SYS, CONFIG.SYS . *.* '". "*.


, . ..

, ,
. ,
Regular Expression ( ).

:
? ;
* , .
} :
1-2} ;
"] , ;
"1-.2] ,
;
\ (LF, 13);
\r (CR, 10);
\t ( 09);
(
CR LF);
$ .
. 1. ( Regular Expression ( ))
.

, .
2. (. ), . , [A-CFX-Z]
,
, , F, X, Y Z.

: , . , [- X-Z]
, , , X, Y, L .
3. ("-"),

.
, [--] , , - .
4.
, . , []-]

], , .
~[] Copy copy, ;
[Bt)]lock[Rr]read(*);$ blockread ( b , ,
, .

LLI 24.13.
Norton Commander
, . 24. Norton Commander:




"Files", "File attributes" ("", " "). :
- (
),
;
( ) .

[ ]
[]
[ ]
1

()
. []
("Read only"
, "Archive" ,
"Hidden" , "System"
), D [ ] .

(), (), Q Q
[). , Set (). ,
Cancel () (Esc).
"-4

0
] [ ] [ ] [ ]
[ ] [ ] [ 3

[ ]
^ [,;, 1 ^:



(. .

[ ]

).
. Set
()
,

,
Clear () ,
.
, .
:
include sub directories ( ) ( ),
;
Use Filters ( ) , .
Filters ()
, (. 23).
,
, , .
, Set ().
, Cancel
() ).

24.14.
( )
Norton Commander (11)(^).
.
Norton Commander : "Are you sure
you want to print ..." ( ...). OK ' 17), .
.
1.
: , .
2. Norton Commander
"Error
1)11 device lpti: Write fault" ( LPTI: ). , Abort () (Iscj, Retry () .
3. "Commands",
"Configuration", "Printer/Mouse" ("", "", "/").
, , PostScript . , PostScript- :
.
4. ( PostScript) Norton Commander .

5. (, )
, ( 12),

. , . copy con prn,


a
[Ctrl)(T), [Enter).
( , , Norton
Commander), ( (Ctrl)^9) Norton Commander
DOS: copy /b - prn) .
24.15.
,
. Norton Commander 5.0
: ()
.
^
(Ctrl) ). Norton
Commander . , (Ctrl)CFTo) ,
Norton Commander () .

'msdos. zip"
[1457664
]
[4 ]
]
).::.:::
{.
1 FIO- \,
.' . ;;:;:..;:;::: ::'.: . .:..;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:
Wffffff^f^?
^s&SS^ff"^i^^

,
.
, Norton Commander ,

.
, , () FIO Tree (FIO
), ,
.

(Enter). (Split)
.
: Split Sie (
) Number of Splits ( ). 24. Norton Commander:


, . .
Delete file after split ( ). , .
, Split (). - , , , 001, 002 .. ,
MSDOS.ZIP MSDOS.OOI, MSDOS.002 ..
.
_.,_ .....1. , Norton
Commander .
- ,

.
2. , Norton Commander
. 001

.
:
1. Norton Commander (
).
____ ___
2. 1:(.
Norton Commander .
, , . ,
, , ,
Norton Commander (
).

4 [: \ZIP204\msdos
[ ^

1 FIO-^ ]
1 ]
"!^iiiiW!!!!!!!!!!!-


, , (] F10 Tree (FIO
), ,
.

(Enter). (Merge)
.
Delete Split segments after merge (
). ,
.
, Merge (). . , ( ).
Norton Commander. ,
MSDOS.OOF; MSDOS.002 MSDOS.003 ( ) MSDOS.ZIP,
DOS: copy /b MSDOS.OOI + MSDOS.002 + MSOOS.003
MSDOS.ZIP.
25
Norton Commander:

25.1.
F7

(FT). Norton Commander

: Create the directory ( ).


(Enter). , (Isc).
Norton Commander ,
: Can't create directory ( ).
(Enter) .
, , :
; ;
; .
1^
,
1 , . . 25.3 25.4.
25.2. , ,

, ,
, .
, Norton Commander , , , . , , .
1 . ,

1 , . . 25.3 25.4.
25.3.

Norton Commander
, .

, .
(+) Q ( )


.
. Auto change directory
( ) Commands
Configuration, Panel Options (, , ) , ,
Norton Commander , [Enter]
.
Norton Commander
(Left)
(Right) ( , ) (Tree).
1

AIDSTEST
OLD
DISKDUPE
MISC
^^^^^^ 4
NC-OLD
NCR
PKLTP112
SCAN
SOURCER
1ASMTOOL i
UNPACKER
1VIEWIT
\EXE\MSDOS


Norton Commander
(F9)CQ(T)
()

Norton Commander

(D ca
CED (a (5)



)^ ^^) ,
(Enter]. , (Ctrl](T3^(Ctrl)r^).

, ) , ,
. Norton Commander ,
. ,
, ( Ct rl ] (Enter).
, (EscT).
( )
((ID), ((^), ((6^), (!))
() 5^) ,
. (CFT)).
Norton Commander
( ), TREEINFO.NCD,
. Norton Commander TREEINFO.NCD
. TREEINFO.NCD
(,
DOS). Norton Commander . , ,
"Do you wish to re-scan drive ...?"
( ...?) Yes ()
(Enter).

25.4.
Norton Commander
( ), .

. Norton Commander
.


,
(AlDCHo]. . Norton Commander ( ), .
J.IJ.IJ.1.1J.LJ.I.I.IJ.I.I=
\ 1

1 "MSSTFOF.
-CONFIS CUSTOM

MOSAIC ~^^^l^^^ PLUGINS ^^ BRUSHES \CANVAS ^-IMPRBHS


1 TILES

^-SYMBOLS

: \COREL50\PHOTOPNT
: CTRL-Ente .





. ,
Norton Commander '. Norton
Commander - , , ( Ct 1 ] [Enter), Norton Commander
.
- (Enter) .
, CESC).
:
( (MkDir), ( )^
(] (Delete), ( );
(T^l (Rename), ;
^jj (Rescan), ( (Ctrl) () ).
25.5.
Norton Commander , . Commands,
Compare directories (, ).
Norton Commander
( ):
, , ;
, , .
, "This
two directories appear to be identical" ( ).
25. Norton Commander:
. 1.
.
2. , , .
25.6.

, . , , . Norton Commander
.
, , ( Commander Link, . 28). Norton
Commander , (, ).
:
Norton Commander;
, ,
, ;
[Ctrl]CF8^ ( Commands, Synchronize directories {, ).
Norton Commander .

D: \VF

[] [ ] [ ] [ ]
-
1 ^ 1
FIO- 1:;:;:; 1\- \~
0,^

Synchronize ... with (...


) ( ), , (-).
-. , :
Include sub directories ( )
, Norton Commander
, ;
Synchronize matching files only ( ) ,
, ( -). ,
;
Use Filters ( ) ,
.
Filters () ;
Update target directory only ( -)
, -

5. Norton Cornmander
( ) - (
, ).
, Synchronize (). .
, "This two directories appear to be identical" ( ). , .

D:\VF\IBMPC 7\1
28
05.
95
24
05
95
22
05.
95
ndw sfi-l.old 22
95

F; \VF\IBMPC7\PIC
95
16
16
14
95
8
18
45
95
9
9
59
05.
95
9
58

95
ndwcom2.gif 28
95

1
05.
16

11
95
13

95
8
48
D: \VF\IBMPC7\PICW95F: \VF\IBMPC7\PIC
95
13
P / 1

1
13

<- nc!wcoinm. gif

28

05.

04
1
58

<- nunddwq. old

27

05.

<- ndwsfin. old

22

05.

59

22

05.

*- ndw renm.old

22

05.

14

28

05.

06.

16

-*

*- nbackupl. gif
W95

*- speedisk.gif
17
38
1
; 1 1:: 1 ^

. Source Files ( ) (
) . Target Files ( ) - ( ) .
,
.
. -
, , .
( ). , , . *- - . Update target direc-

05.

tory only ( -)
: -.

.
CLns) Select/Deselect (/).
( ).

Synchronize () .
,
Cancel () (Tsc^.
. 1.
.
2. .
26
Norton Commander:
26.1.



]
]
[]

( * )
( )
( )

-^--1.


, Format
Diskette ( ) Disk ().
Drive () , , Size () . Format
Type ( ) : Safe ()
,
; Quick ()
( )
, ,

,
; DOS () (
) . , ( /Q) (
/U) Format (. . 20.2).
, Options ()
( Volume Label, ), , ( Make System Disk, )
, ( )
, ( Save
Image 1, ).
, Format ().
, (Please
insert a disk, ).
. . . ,
Cancel () ^).
. 1. , : "Drive ... has the following
files
and subdirectories on it... Are you sure you want to format it?" ( ...
... ?). , Yes (), No () (Esc).
2. (

) UnFormat Norton Utilities


(. 37). ( IMAGE.DAT IMAGE. IDX), .

Save
Image Info ( ).
3. - ( ,
..), .

5. Norton Commander
26.2.

Copy Diskette

( ) Disk () Norton Commander.


(. 26.1) Source ()
-, Target () (
-). - ,
, , -.
. 26.1, .
, : "Insert Source diskette in
drive ... " ( ...).
.. -: "Insert Target diskette in drive ... "
( ...).
.. : "1
Target diskette copied from this Source. Copy another?" (1 . ?). , , Cancel ()
^[), .
( ) ,
(. 26.1). ^ Cancel () ()
.
. - .
, - ,
. - ,
, . . , -
, -: -
, -, ..
-,
- (
.IMG). ,
, ,
.
. 26.1 Configure () (. 26.2).
:
Skip Bad Sectors ( )
. () : 3 1/2 ( ) : 5 1/4(720/1 (7/1
44) 44)
( ) -
() : 3 1/2
(720/1
44)
()
: 5 1/4
(720/1
44)
(. ) -
^^
.. { 7^ ~^~ ^ 1QT 8J4 ^

~i
[ 1
[ ]

. 26.1.

. 26.2.
26. Norton Commander:
. , , , "",
Verify during Copy ( ) , . ,
:
Always format Target ( )
.
, - ,
, .
, ..
Verify during Copy ( ) Always format Target (
) ,
. Skip Bad Sectors ( ) ( ) .
1. - ,
: "Drive in drive ... has contain files! Do
you wish to continue?" ( ... ! ?).
, , Yes (),
No () (TiiT).
.
2. ,
: "Error reading Source diskette in drive ... Do you wish to continue, skipping bad
sectors" ( ... ,

?). Skip Bad Sectors (


) , Cancel ()
.
3. -
,
()
-.
4. - (
-, -,
..), .

26.3.

D: [

'
,
Label disk ( ) Disk () Norton
Commander,
. , Cancel () (Tsc^.
Norton Commander.
^
^
.
] 26.4.

( ) :
, .. Norton Commander
.
, ,
- : "Error on drive... Data error"
( ... ).



Q Q Retry Abort (Enter).
:
Retry () -, ;
Abort () Norton Commander,
.
Norton Commander, ,
, ().
, Norton Commander (,
DOS) .
Attempt to write on varite-protected disk ( ) , ^ awai-e ^^^ , .
Drive or device not ready ( ) , , .. KowrpuMW^>^RS^5S^~
..
"" ,
.
Sharing violation or disk not formatted (

) -, , , .
Sharing violation ( ) -, ,
, .
(,
, ..) Retry (), -, Abort
() CEscT).

, ..
Non-DOS disk (He-DOS ) FAT ( ) .
Read fault ( ) .
Write fault ( ) .
Seek error ( )
.
Sector not found ( ) .
( ,
), ( ) NDD (Norton Disk
Doctor).
. 37.

1 26.5.
,
.
. Norton
Commander 5.0 ,
.
. Norton Commander 5.0
, ,

.



Q Q Retry Abort (Enter).
:
Retry () -, ;
Abort () Norton Commander,
.

Norton Commander, ,
, CEscH.
, Norton Commander (,
DOS) .
Attempt to write on write-protected disk ( ) , .
Drive or device not ready ( ) , , .. , ..
"" ,
.
Sharing violation or disk not formatted (
) -, , , .
Sharing violation ( ) -, ,
, .
(,
, ..) Retry (), -, Abort
() &).

, ..
Non-DOS disk (He-DOS ) FAT ( ) .
Read fault ( ) .
Write fault ( ) .
Seek error ( )
.
Sector not found ( ) .
( ,
), ( ) NDD (Norton Disk
Doctor).
. 37.
26.5.
,
.
. Norton
Commander 5.0 ,
.
. Norton Commander 5.0
, ,


.


[ShiftJCFT) ( Disk Cleanup ( ) Disk ()
). (. 26.3).
, . () ,
Drive (). Current Path ( ).
,

^^--^==^^

[_] 1:
[ ] 7: INI
CxJ 2:
[ ] 8: "" Windows
] 3:
[ ] 9:
[ ] 4: README
[ ] 10:
[ ] 5' AUTOEXEC
[ ] 11
[ ] 6: CONFIG
[ ] 12:
: D:\NC50
[ ^ \~ 1:-: } [ 1
. 26.3.
, Start ()
.

,
,
,
Stop ().
. -
.



, : New Search (). Delete
(), Send to Panel () Cancel ().
.
(. 26.4)
Q, CD, (PgUp) (PgDn] ( ).
, .
1

=^

D:\1SB_P20\WIN
pie. (do

t
36 864

25.03.95

15:46

0:\ARC\MISC\MATHTYPE
default, bak
D:\NC50

12 269

1
11.07.96

21:54

ncmsg.<tx
ncmsg_e.{tx
nc.bak

16 753
25.05.95
5:00
15 927
11.07.96
13:43
1 417
11.07.96
20:17

D;\WINDOWS
accessor, (gr

46 056

31.10.95

10:15

[x] 1:
[ ] 7: INI
[] 2:
[ ] 8: "" Windows
[ _] 3:
[ ] 9:
[ ] 4: README
[ ] 10:
1: ] 5: AUTOEXEC
[ ] 11:
[ ] 6: CONFIQ
[ ] 12
: D:\NC50
164 6 026 448
j ^ I ' k [;.,
. 26.4.



, (7ns]
.
,
Delete
()
Send to Panel (). .
:
New Search ()
( );
Delete () ,
Send to Panel ()
Norton Commander.
Send to Panel ()
: , ..
. 24.11.
Norton Commander ,
, :


1.
Temporary files ( )
,
TEMP,
2.
Backup files ( ) .
, {
3.
Misc. Development files ( )

. LOG, .PCF, .PDF, .SBR, .80S, ., . .SWP
4.
README Type files ( README)

README., READ. ME, , READ


5.
Old AUTOEXEC files ( AUTOEXEC)

AUTOEXEC , .
6.
Old CONFIG files ( CONFIG)
: CONFIQ , . SYS
7.
Old Windows INI files ( INI )
\WINDOWS
\NDW, WIN SYSTEM , . INI, . DRV . CNF,
WIN.
8.
Windows Std Mode files ("" Windows)

\WINDOWS\SYSTEM *.26R, ?SWAP.", KRNL286.*, WINOLD*.MOD (
Windows "" )
9.
Product Installers ( )
SETUP*. INSTALL*. , \WINDOWS, \NDW, \DOS \BRIEF

10.
Compressed files ( )

.ZIP, ., .ARC, .ARJ, .LHA, .LZHH .ZOO

" "
( II 12). (. 26.3) Define
(). (. 26.5).
:
Cleanup Sets ( )
Load (),
;
Cleanup Sets ( )
Save (), ( )
.

J
( ) [install*, exe setup*, exe
winaows\*. *
( ) C\

[:
J 1: J
^
[
J

[
]

( ) 1


: INI
()
2:

(
)
Windows
()
3:

(

()
4

README
(

()
5

AUTOEXEC ( )
()
6:

CONFIG
(
\ '
U L
0~~1.

10- \

~ndw\*. * dos\*J
] []

: "

10

11
)

12

. 26.5.
, , :
Name () , . :
()(()) , .
* ?, ^ ,
.
'- , , ;
Location(s) (()) ,
.
.
, (, \ ):
and Below ( ) , , Location(s) (()), ;
Containing () ,
.
( ).
Regular Expression ( ) Containing () ,
. ,
;
File date ( )
( , 01.05.96 10:00):
After () ;
Before () .
File size ( ) :

Above () Below ()
;
- .
. 1. [] FIO Tree (FIO ), .
(
("Enteri) Location(s) (())
.

2. Location(s) (()) DOS, . ,


, DOS ,

, .
27
Norton Commander:

m
Norton Commander .ZIP, .ARJ, .ARC, ., .LZH .ZOO.
(, , ) , . Norton Commander, ( , , ..) -,
(PKZIP/PKUNZIP, ARJ, ARC, LHARC, ZOO,
Norton Commander NCZIP,
PKZIP/PKUNZIP ).
Norton Commander .
.
(-) PKZIP/PKUNZIP ARJ 33.
27.1.



""
Norton Commander ,
(Ente^) ( ).
,
( Norton Commander ).
, , (, Zip:,
Arj: ..) .
, ,
, , . , , "" [PgUp] (PgDn),
() .
[Ct rl ] CRT) -( Ct rl ) ().
,
,
, .

"" , "" ,
. ,
(Enter) (
), - ".." [Enter] ( ".." ).
, Norton Cornrnander,
ARJ, PKZIP NCZIP
( Norton Commander).
9 ^(^ ;-.{-
".." ( ,
" " ) (Enter) ( ".." ), , .
[Ctrl)CV) ( Ct rl] (PgUp).
1.
, , ..
, ,
(Enter), ^). , , ,

, , "
".
2. ^)

Norton Commander , , NC.EXT


. , Norton Commander [Enter)
, NC.EXT (. . 29.2).
3. .ZIP Norton Commander NcZIp:
Zip: , ( )
(. ).
4. Norton Commander

.
5. ( ) .ZIP Norton
Commander .

:)
Norton Commander , . , ,
, , . Norton
Commander , , .
, .
.

(F3).

() Norton Commander

. .
() ,
(F5) ( ). , .
" 1. , , , ,

. .ZIP
NCZIP ( NoZIp:
, . ). ,

.
2. ,
, ,
. , Directory
(),
,

.
3. - ,

Copy newer files only ( ) Check target


space ( ) , .
4. .ZIP- NCZIP ( NcZIp: , . ) ,
, ( -S PKZIP) .
.

113





7
NCZIP
PKZIP/PKUNZIP
.ZIP- -

NCZIP ( NoZIp:
). , ,
(16), (F5), ().
() , Norton
Commander , (, (Jab)) , ^)
( ). , .
^ 1.
"Out ot space on target drive" ( ).

( ).
2. , .ZIP-
NCZIP ( NoZIp: , . ),
.
3. PKZIP, ARJ ,

. .
4. .ARJ .ZIP- PKZIP/PKUNZIP (
Zip: , . ), Norton Commander
"" .
" " . ,
: "You can only copy or move to tne root of a compressed file" (
/ ).
5. ,
, ,
. , Directory (),
,
.
6. - ,

Copy newer files only ( ) Check target


space ( ) , .
7. .
, ,
(F6), (), (AlT).
, :
(^).
,
. Norton
Commander Compare directories ( )
Commands () .

.ZIP- PKZIP/PKUNZIP, NCZIP ( Norton Commander). , , .


Zip:, , PKZIP/PKUNZIP. NcZIp: , NCZIP.
PKZIP/PKUNZIP NCZIP -
, , ( )
[)5^.
^
" ".
27. Norton Commander:
293
27.3.
,
.
1. Norton Commander , .
2. Norton Commander , . , .
3. , , ]) (F5). Norton Commander . ,
, ,
.

[]
[J

PKZIP 1./2.
[ ]

1 ^ 1^ [ ^ ^

4. (
, , ). Norton Commander Default,
.
5. ( , ,
[]):
Include sub directories ( )
( ),

. ARJ, PKZIP NCZIP ( Norton Commander) , (,
,
, , );

Use Filters ( ) ,
.
Filters ()
.
4 ;
Delete files afterwards ( ) ,
.
6. ,
Select method ( ) .
7. Compress (), Norton Commander
.
Norton Commander
-, .
,
,
.
. 1.
, DOS Path.
2. "Out of space on target
drive" ( ).
.
3.

,
,
, NCZIP ( Norton Commander),

. PKZIP, ARJ
,
.
.
4. , ,
, .
,
Directory (), , .
5. .
, ( )
PKZIP.
6. NCZIP PKZIP 23% ( , PKZIP l-z%). .ZIP, NCZIP,
PKZIP/PKUNZIP.

27.4.
, .
) (). , , Include sub directories ( ),
, Decompress
().
, ,

, ,

.
.ZIP- NCZIP,
: "The file ... already exists. Do you wish to write
over the target file?" ( ... . ?).
: Overwrite () .
; () ; Skip
() ;
Cancel () .

. 1.
, DOS Path.
2. "Out of
space on target drive" ( ).
.
27.5.
Norton Commander ,
, ( )
, , .
. , , .
27. Norton CorniTiander:

^
( - ) :
,
. ;
( ,

NC.EXT, . . 29.2),
;
;
(
1)1~)).

, : "You can't do this in a link or zip panel" (
). :
;
( , NCZIP);
;
, .
, ,
, , , :
(ShifF) ():
( CAIT) ());___
( ) ()
( (8)(7:^
.

27.6.

( )
NCEDIT.EXT, (. . 29.3).
(4") ) () ( , ) .
.ZIP- NCEDIT.EXT ZIP: PKUNZIP - !.1,
.ARJ- ARJ: ARJ !. ! .
LU 27.7.
(PKZIP/PKUNZIP, ARJ, ARC, LHARC,
ZOO) , PACKER.SET, Norton
Commander. ,
. , Norton Commander , , :
;

;
(, .-).

28
Norton Commander:

Norton Commander , . Norton Commander :
;
;
;
.
, . ,
1,5-2 5 15
( ).
28.1.
Norton Commander
. ( 1-COM4) - . , 5 .
.
, :
Norton Commander ( );
Link () Left
() Right ().
.

:
( ) ( )
^ -' ^

, ,

- 1
'
, - i .
: - \ ( ) -i
() LPTI
. , - . { ] ^^: { ] [_^
- i ( ) 4:
( ) LPT4
- ^-.
, , Q (^)
Master () Slave () :
_^.^~~~} 1~ "1


Master () .
, , ;
Slave () , ..
' .
, Link.
, .
Master (),
Slave (). ,
, : "Waiting to connect..." ( ...). , : "The ...
port is not available" ( ... ).
28.2.

Link:

, () . Link: (:). , ,
.
:
;
, ;
;
;
(,
".."
(Enter);
( (^) ) (^)).
Norton Commander "Link:" , .

, , Norton
Commander : "You can't do this in a link or zip panel" (
).
.
.
.

28.3.
. Left ()
Right (), , , Link (). Norton Commander : "Close Commander Link?" ( ?).
("Enter).
, ) (Break). ,
.
28.4. Norton Commander
,
, Norton Commander.
Norton Commander ,
(, , ,
). , Norton Commander
,
.

Norton Commander :
) - (
);
) , Norton Commander,
Left () Right () Link (),
) (. )
,
Clone (),
) , (), ,
;
) ,
Norton Commander . ,
DOS:

:
MD \
CD \NC
)
)
DOS , , ;
(CtrlJCEnter~) ,
) Norton Commander (
);
) Norton Commander NC .
29
Norton Commander:

29.1.


NC.MNU


Norton Commander .
(^). () ()
, (Enter), . (.
).
.
, , NC.MNU.
( ), , Norton Commander ( ). NC.MNU
, Norton Commander,
(.. ).
NC.MNU Norton Commander (
Commands, Menu file edit, , ),
.

NC.MNU. , .
( - , ) , . "
, (Z),
, \, ] _ , -

(Ctrl) (^.
, .
.
1: SpeeDisk ( ^))
NDD : /Q
SpeeDisk : /FD /V
": DelBak - ( [)
Wipeinfo : \*. /S /N /BATCH
Windows

( )

NC_EXIT WIN
. NC.MNU 29 ,
.
Norton Commander . ,

(".1 1(}:->('
<^i) NC MNU

. <>"
. , .
NC.MNU :
{

, . "{" "}"
.
NC.MNU , .
, , Norton Commander.
Norton Commander Commands, Menu file edit ( , ). Norton Commander ,
: ( Norton Commander)
( ). : Main () , Local () , Cancel () . Norton Commander
, . , ,
.
:
(F4) . Hot Key
( ) ; Label

( ) ; Commands
( DOS) , .
, ( Ct rl ] (Enter) ()
;

F8

____

7?) NC.MNU;
^7^) ^() .
(F6J [ins] . Norton Commander ,
: (Command, ) (Menu, ). ,
;
) ;
29.2.

NC.EXT
Enter 1, Norton
Commander . ( ., .,
.) ( .ZIP, .ARJ, .ARC., .. .LZH) "" Norton Commander
.
(, DOS)
NC.EXT, , Norton Commander.
(. ),
(Norton Commander ).

NC.EXT

NC.EXT

NC.EXT
. 1. [Enter]
Norton Commander , ,
NC.EXl .
, Norton Commander [Enter]
, NC.EXT.
2. NC.EXT 35 ,
1 .
NC.EXT. : : , * ? (

, DOS).
:
! ;
!.! ;
!: ;
!\ ;
!! "!".
, C:\WORK\PAPER.DOC,
: ! = PAPER, !.! = PAPER.DOC, !: = :, !\= \WORK, !! = !.
NC.EXT:
pcx: pcxshow ! . !
pas: c:\tp\turbo !.!
: c:\fac\fain\bc !.!
[Enter) Norton Commander NC.EXT , .
, [Enter) .
, , * ? ,
1, 1.1, 1:, 1\ II (
), .
, ,
( * ?), Norton
Commander , ( * ?). ,
1, 1.1, 1:, 1\ II, .
, Norton Commander
. !, 1.1, 1:, 1\ II,
.
NC.EXT
.
Norton Commander .
Commands, Extension File Edit ( , )

. :
[D, (D ;
(^) .
File extension ( () ). Command for this extension
( ) , ,
:
Filename with extension ( ) "!.!";
Filename without extension ( )
"!";
Drive letter ( ) "!:";
^ Pathname () "!\";
User defined ( ) .

, [CtriKEnterI
() ;
(Ins) . , ;

~8] ,
'W] NC.EXT;
TW) r^scD NC.EXT.
'. . . NC.EXT Norton Cornmander,
(Norton Commander

NC.EXT ,
).
" /' ',,-,.^.^,-,,.d-d.^). <^ii^fc/.^L:
(
. NCEUi! i:\;
;31
NCEDIT.EXT

NCEDIT.bXJ
Norton Commander 5.0 .
(14] ) (74^ (
, , Commands, Configuration, Editor (, , ).
, NCEDIT.EXT, , (Enter) , NC.EXT.
NCEDIT.EXT , NC.EXT, . ,
,
(, ) (Norton
Commander (74) ^) ).
NCEDIT.EXT Norton Commander (
Commands, Editors, , ) . NCEDIT.EXT
Norton Commander,
.
29.4. "
v.'-:. 1


Norton Cornmander
Commands, Configuration (, ).
Norton Cornmander
(. 29.1).

,
.

[ Ct rl ) (Enter)
. Norton
Commander, (Esc) Cancel ().

1..
.':;
1;:;:.:
^
^::
/ ^

\...
^5S^fe"^ ^h

[
^ '
[]
^*^*^^ilil'li
. 29.1.



. 29.1 Auto save setup ( ),
Norton Commander Norton
Commander Norton Commander.
, Norton Commander ,
CShift)rF9] (Enter)
. Norton Commander ( Auto save setup (

) ) [ Shift )fT3) , , , ( )

,
,
, , ..
-

) / - ) 1
((
))
]
L.

'

[X;

LX.

[]

^g:i...
Q^J

. 29.1
Screen () ,
Norton Commander.
Screen colors
( ) , Norton
Commander :
& W (/) - ;
Laptop () ;
Co/or/ (1) , ;
12 ( 2) , .
Screen options ( )
, Norton Commander:
Use graphical controls ( ) ,
, Windows (, ""
D, [] [ ]; , ()
( ), ..);
Menu bar always visible ( ) ,
Norton Commander .
Norton Commander ;
Path prompt ( ) , ,
, ;
Key bar ( ) , . (Ctrl)(T);
Full screen ( ) Norton Commander ( ) ( );
Clock () .
, ( Ct rl ] [Enter] .
.

. Norton Commander Windows .


[ ]
[] Ins
[ ~\
[ ]
L ]
[]
. 29.1 Panel Options ( )
,
Norton
Commander :
Show hidden files ( )
, Norton
Commander .
Hidden () / System ()
"^" , , ,
, . , Hidden () System () Norton Commander
;



Ins moves down (Ins ) , () ( ) , .. ;
Select Directories ( ) , Norton
Cornrnander , .
, .
, ;
Auto change directory ( ) ,
Norton Commander
.
, ) ;
Auto menus ( ) ,
Norton Commander (. .
29.1): .
Qj0) CEicT);
Mini status ( ) ,
(, , ) ( ).
, [ Ct rl ) (Enter) . .

. 29.1 Screen Savers ( )


, . ,

( ),
"" . , , .
Use screen saver ( ), (.. ) Norton Commander .
, Minutes (), . Screen Saver ( )
. Test () , .
, [Ct 1 ] (Enter) .
. ),
.
2. ,
. ,

.
3. Norton Cornrnander ,
, -
.
4. Norton Cornrnander 4.0
"
".
5. Norton Commander Windows " ".
. 29.1 Printer/Mouse (/)
, . Printer port ( ) ,
, Printer type ( ) PostScript- . , ,
:
Left-handed mouse ( ) , . ,
;
Fast mouse reset ( .)
, ,
.
,
CEnte r] .

11.):-11 F4

. PostScript- Norton Commander


: "" .
. 29.1 Editor (), ,
(): (built-in),
(external). (?)
Norton Commander, ) () , .
, (),
rCtTD [Enter) .
. 29.1 Confirmations (),
:
Copy () ;
Move () ,
Delete () ;
Delete subdirectories ( ) ;
Exit () Norton Commander.
, (.Ct i-l] (Enter) .
3:>,<' ,
.
. 29.1 Compression (),
. Storage Method ( )
, :
Create smallest file ( ) , ;
Use fastest method ( )
;
Automatically select best method ( ) , .
Confirm with password ( ), , .ZIP Norton Commander (NCZIP).
. , Create smallest file
( ). Use fastest method ( ) Automatically select best method ( ), PACKER.SET ( 09, 10 08 ).

29.5.
Norton Commander.

, Norton Commander,
,
(
TEMP, TMP, NC
NORTON ( ,
'
). ,

Norton Commander. ,
DOS Set,

AUTOEXEC.BAT.
. -\ Norton Commander
1 (
)
TEMP
(, DOS SET =:\ ) Norton Commander
. , Norton Commander
5. Norton Commander

NC
, , ,

.
2. TEMP, NC
, Norton Commander

.
NC.CFG,
Norton Commander. ,

[f3). NC.CFG , Norton Commander.

PACKER.SET, Norton Commander. 27.
NC Norton
Commander, .
. Norton
Commander "" (, )
Norton Commander ""
, -

. NC .
29.6.

Norton Commander 5.0 Norton


Commander Tools () ,
.
Norton Commander TOOLS.MNU,
Tools (). :
--',-
TOOLS.MNU :
. -; wipeinl-o *.bal< /s /n /batch
DOS; be reboot
Norton Disk Doctor; ndd.exe
Norton Disk Editor;diskedit.exe
Norton Commander Tools ():
:^:^

DOS
Norton Disk Doctor
Norton Disk Editor
29.7. Norton Commander

Norton Coiniriandei
, Norton
Commander. ,
, Norton Commander
( ) ( Norton Commander
).
"" Norton Commander:
NC.EXE Norton Commander. NCMAIN.EXE
, - Norton Commander
NCMAIN.EXE :
29. Norton Commander:
NCMAIN.EXE Norton Commander,
;
NC.HLP Norton Commander;
NC.MSG Norton Commander.
Norton Commander .
NC.HLP
( 360- : NC.EXE, NCMAIN.EXE, NC.MSG NCEDIT.EXE NCEDIT.MSG ).

Norton Commander:
NC.INI Norton Commander;
NC. FIL ;
NC.MNU , (12);
NC.EXT , , ( (Enter));
NCEDIT.EXT , ,
.
Norton Commander
(, ). ,
Norton Commander ( ).
DOS
Windows. Windows
Windows.
nnn2ANSI.SET DOS
Windows ( 437, 850, 852, 863, 865, 866). , 8662ANSI.SET, 866.
ANS12n/in.SET Windows
DOS ( 437, 850, 852, 863, 866). , ANS12866.SET,
866.
^r.r;;i i'^^'iKil'if) Norton Commander

. : NCEDIT.EXE , NCEDIT.MSQ .

"I '.ft I'll 1 l.i-1


' iCpi '"'. ^-i.yspi )f.^U
Pc}(jui.l i1j.>,\i'ii.}3h'..1
[ll.)nfp,jMM>-.t
"i; 10 n )a


Norton
Commander ( NCMAIN.EXE). ,
.
.ZIP- Norton Commander
: NCZIP.EXE Norton Commander, NCZIP.MSG
NCZIP.EXE.
(PKZIP/PKUNZIP, ARJ, , ARC,
LHARC ZOO) : PACKER. (PKZIP/PKUNZIP, ARJ, , ARC, LHARC ZOO); PACKER. SET ; PACKER. MSG PACKER.EXE.

Norton Commander , (^.


: NC.CFQ (,
);
NCVIEW.MSQ .

.
:
DBVIEW. dBase;
PARAVIEW. Paradox;
Q&AVIEW. Q&A;
NCMAIN.EXE Norton Cornrnander,
;
NC.HLP Norton Commander;
NC.MSG Norton Commander.
Norton Commander .
NC.HLP
( 360- : NC.EXE, NCMAIN.EXE, NC.MSG NCEDIT.EXE NCEDIT.MSG ).
Norton Commander:
NC.INI Norton Cornrnander;
NC. FIL ;
NC.MNU , (12);
NC.EXT , , ( [Enter));
NCEDIT.EXT , ,
.
Norton Commander
(, ). ,
Norton Commander ( ).
DOS
Windows. Windows
Windows.
nnn2ANSI.SET DOS
Windows ( 437, 850, 852, 863, 865, 866). , 8662ANSI.SET, 866.
ANS12n/in.SET Windows
DOS ( 437, 850, 852, 863, 866). , ANS12866.SET,
866.
P.^,lii,,'ll.,lll^/!^.j-l()^) Norton Commander


. : NCEDIT.EXE , NCEDIT.MSQ .

"lifVII. l.hl
ic^t "\. ^1/:1.^^'
'^"^^'J^>^^l c')^^.X..iI\:^^
< paMMi-.t
"!; inc'^o ( ia


Norton
Commander ( NCMAIN.EXE). ,
.
.ZIP- Norton Commander
: NCZIP.EXE Norton Commander, NCZIP.HSG
NCZIP.EXE.
(PKZIP/PKUNZIP, ARJ, , ARC,
LHARC ZOO) : PACKER. (PKZIP/PKUNZIP, ARJ, , ARC, LHARC ZOO); PACKER. SET ; PACKER. MSG PACKER.EXE.
Norton Commander , (^.
: NC.CFQ (,
);
NCVIEW.MSQ .

.
:
DBVIEW. dBase;
PARAVIEW. Paradox;
Q&AVIEW. Q&A;
5. Norton Commander






RBVIEW. R:Base;
REFVIEW, Reflex.
.WMF, .PIC, DRW, .GRF
.WPG :
VECTOR .
( .WMF-, Windows Metafile);
DRAW2WMF. Micrografx Draw (.PIC)
.WMF-;
DRW2WHF.EXE Micrografx Designer
(.DRW) Charisma (.GRF) .WMF-;
WP2WHF.EXE WordPerfect Clipart
(.WPG) .WMF-.
.BMP, .DIB, .PCX, .CLP,
ICO, .MSP, .PCT .TIF :
BITMAP.
( .BMP, .DIB, .PCX);
CLP2DIB. Windows Clipboard (.CLP)
.DIB-;
IC02DIB.EXE Windows 3.0
(.ICO) .DIB-;
MSP2DIB.EXE Microsoft Paint (.MSP)
.DIB-;
PCT2DIB.EXE PICTOR/PC-Paint (.PCT)
.DIB-;
TIF2DIB.EXE TIFF (.TIF) .DIB;
WPB2DIB.EXE WordPerfect Bitmap
(.WPB) .DIB-.
, Norton Commander , , ,
, :
123VIEW. ;
ARCVIEW.EXE ;
PLAYWAVE. .WAV
( ,
);
WPVIEW.EXE ( DOS Windows)
, : Microsoft Word (
DOS Windows), ACT!, Ami Pro, Multimate, Q&A Write ( DOS

Windows), WordPerfect, WordStar, WordStar 2000, XyWrite .


Norton Commander
NCMAIN.EXE, .
( ) (")) :
NCFF.EXE ; NCPF.HLP
; NCFF.MSG .
( (8]( Disk Cleanup (
) Disk () Norton Commander)
: NCCLEAN.EXE ; NCCLEAN.INI
" ".
(NCFF.EXE), .

Disk () Norton Commander : . ; NCDD.MSG ; NCSF.EXE ; NCSF.MSQ
; NCLABEL.EXE ;
NORTON. INI NCDD.EXE NCSF.EXE.




NC_EXIT

i aHouk

Commands, System
Information (, ) :
NCSI.EXE ; NCSI.MSG . NCSI.EXE
Sysinfo Norton Utilities.
NCSI.EXE, .
Novell NetWare ( (ShiftirF^T)
Network utilities ( ) Disk () Norton
Commander) : NCNET.EXE Novell NetWare; NCNET.MSG .
Novell NetWare, .
Norton Commander 5.0 TELEMAX. : TELEMAX.EXE
; TELEHAX.DAT ; TELEHAX.HLP ; TELEMAX. INI ; TELEMAX. NMS .
Norton Commander

TERM95. : TERM95.EXE
; TERM95. HLP ; TERM95. RES
; TERM95 .GTT ; TERM95. DIR
( TERM95); CMPSRV.SCX
CompuServe; QENIE.SCX GeniE; TESTMDM.SCX .
,
.
Norton Commander NC_EXIT,
Norton Commander , - Norton Commander,
.. NC_EXIT. ,
NC_EXIT. DOC.
. SAVER.
, (.NSS); *.NSS , SAVER.EXE
. ,
" ".
Norton Commander 5.0 ,
Norton Commander:
INSTALL. ( INSTALLD.EXE,
- Windows Windows);
INSTALLD. Norton Commander;
INSTALL. CFG .
, Norton Commander :
NC.ICO , Norton Commander
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33.
34.
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32
DOS
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speedisk c: /fd /v

::' COMPACT .
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.
1. ,
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2. , , DOS Path,
, , . . .
, C:\DOC\WORK,
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BILL. DOC /P. : c:\doc\batch\account bill. doc /p ,
..\batch\account bill. doc /p .
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pause :
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.

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for In (".asm) do rnasm Xc
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: :
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:
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,
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:
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):
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type %1
goto exit
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echo
goto exit
: not_exist
echo %~\
: exit
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)

2 , . ,


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: DIGGER, TETRIS CAT.
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echo off
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choice /c:DTC " D, : "
if errorlevel 3 goto cat
if errorlevel 2 goto tetris
digger
goto exit
tetris
tetris
goto exit
: cat
cat
: exit
, ERRORLEVEL
:
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33
DOS
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LETTERS i ARCHIVE
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Length Method Size Ratio
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54
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33. 15.

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GROUP.FLS. , EXCLUDE.LST.
34

, .
.
34. 1.


,
.
, DRVSPACE (DriveSpace)
DBLSPACE (DoubleSpace), MS DOS, 6.0. MS
DOS 6.0 6.20 DoubleSpace, MS DOS 6.22
DriveSpace.

( , Stacker)
, , , . ,
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, ;
,
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34.2.

,


. , , ( 510%, 2030%),
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. , ,
, 100
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.
( ) , ,
7. DOS

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- , , . -, DoubleSpace DriveSpace,
, ,
. , ( , -

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. ,

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5. DriveSpace , DoubleSpace.
6. MS DOS DoubleSpace DriveSpace , , DoubleSpace Microsoft
Stac Electronics. , MS DOS DoubleSpace,
DoubleSpace - .
1. DoubleSpace DriveSpace
512 . DriveSpace 3,
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Windows 95, , .
34.
343. MS DOS
MS DOS
.
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT,
, CONFIG.SYS.

DRVSPACE.BIN ( MS DOS 6.22 ) DBLSPACE.BIN (
MS
DOS 6.0 6.20). MS DOS

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MS
DOS 6.22 MS DOS C:\EXE\MSDOS .
40.
34.4.


.
DRVSPACE ( MS DOS 6.22) DBLSPACE ( MS DOS
6.0 6.20). ,
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.
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, :. ,
512 (
"").
(Custom setup)
(, ),
.
(, , -).
, ( -

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, , ,
, CONFIG.SYS ..,
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")).
.
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( Info Drive),
( Defragment Tools)',
" ( Change size Drive)',
(
Change compression ratio Drive). ,
, ( Unmount Drive)',
( Format Drive)',
* ( Delete Drive). ,
, :
, , , (
Uncompress Tools). , -
. ,
- CONFLICT.LOG,
.
Mount Drive, ,
,
.
, ,
( Existing Drive Compress),
( Create New Drive
Compress). Existing Drive.

Options Tools, . , ,
( Last drive reserved for DriveSpace's use),
( Number of removable media drives),
, , , ..
( Enable Automounting),
( Enable Doubleguard Safety Checking).
Exit
Drive.
. , DRVSPACE DBLSPACE
, ,
.
, DRVSPACE /? DBLSPACE /?, MS
DOS ( HELP).
34.5.
, , , ( ,
), ( DRVSPACE.INI
DBLSPACE.INI). , (
, ), .
34.

375

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. , () -
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Tools DriveSpace (DoubleSpace).
,

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, MS DOS 6.22 :
DRVSPACE /MOUNT : .
Mount Drive DriveSpace (DoubleSpace).

,

, :
DRVSPACE /UNMOUNT -: DBLSPACE /UNMOUNT -:

, MS DOS 6.22 :
DRVSPACE /UNMOUNT : , DIR :\ , .
Unmount Drive DriveSpace (DoubleSpace).
34.6.
ScanDisk ,

DoubleSpace DriveSpace, ScanDisk.


MS DOS 6.20. ,
, , ,
SCANDISK -:
, SCANDISK : :.
ScanDisk
, NDD (Norton Disk Doctor) Norton
Utilities, 35. , NDD (Norton Disk Doctor) Norton
Utilities 8.0 , DoubleSpace DriveSpace, .
.
( - ) ScanDisk. :
SCANDISK ---
, SCANDISK D:\DRVSPACE.OOO
D:\DRVSPACE .000.
1 . ScanDisk
(
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35
DOS
, ,
.. , .
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35.1.

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.
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,
( ),
.
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MSDOS.SYS). , " " ( ) ( ) . ,
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35. DOS



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- , DOS ( CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT).

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).
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(, ,

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, .
35.3.

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:

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, .. , ,
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:

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Q Q (Enter):
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. Rescue Norton Utilities Windows 95
. Rescue Norton Utilities
Windows 95 ,
(. 37).
Norton Utilities Windows 95 RESCUE32,
Windows 95.
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) );

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Diskette Type: [1.4M. .........
]T
[x] Format Rescue Diskette
^
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75

Rescue startup file (RESCUE


\
Norton Library Overlay File

autoexec.bat [autoexec, sav]

config.sys [config.sav]
^
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Disk Editor
128
Total Rescue Data Size: 1290.0 KBytes
. 35.1.

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.

35. DOS
381
RESCUE. INI
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NO,
YES,
NO.
NO.
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NO,
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YES,
NO.
NO,
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NO.
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NO.
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, NO,
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NO,
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YES,
YES,
NO,
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YES,
YES.
YES,
NO,
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YES,
NO.
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autoexec.bat [Rescue]".
YES.
YES,
YES.
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2.88.

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YES,

YES,

YES,

NO.

YES,

YES,

YES,

NO,

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YES,

YES,

YES,

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YES,

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YES,

YES,

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NO. NO. YES, YES,
NO, NO, YES, YES,
NO, NO, YES, YES,
YES,
YES,
YES,
NO,
NO,
NO,
C: \WINDOWS\WIN. INI
C: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM. INI
: \WINDOWS\REG . DAT
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CONFIG.SYS, .
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AUTOEXEC CONFIG
ADAPTECH. SYS,
ASP12DOS. SYS,
ASP14DOS. SYS,
ASPIDISK. SYS.
NO,
NO,
NO.
NO,
YES
YES
YES
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File Name , AUTOEXEC


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MDCDEX.EXE. [INCLUDE] :
ASP18DOS.SYS.
ASPICD.SYS,
MSCDEX.EXE,

NO,
YES
NO,
YES
YES,
NO

ASP18DOS.SYS, ASPICD.SYS
MSCDEX.EXE. [AUTOEXEC] MSCDEX,
:
"MSCDEX.EXE /D:MSCDOOO"
[CONFIG] ASP18DOS.SYS ASPICD.SYS, :
"DEVICE=ASP18DOS.SYS /D"
"DEVICE=ASPICD.SYS /D:MSCDOOO"

-, .

,
"Starting MS DC)S..." (15) {fS], (, -
).
HIMEM.SYS EMM386. ,
40.
35.4.



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Wipeinfo Norton Utilities.
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DELTEMP.BAT :
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wipeinfo
wipeinfo
wipeinfo
wipeinfo
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c:\*.bak
c:\*.tmp
c:\file*.
d:\*.bak
d:\".tmp
d:\file*.

/n /s /batch
/n /s /batch
_dd /n /batch
/n /s /batch
/n /s /batch
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DELTEMP .
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Commander 5.0 " ", z6. Norton
Utilities
Windows 95 SPACEWZD.EXE, -

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SPACEWZD.HLP.
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(Norton Disk Doctor) Windows J.I. Norton Utilities
Windows 95 NDD DOS (Norton Disk Doctor)
Windows 95.
2. NDD Norton Utilities 8.0 Windows 3.1
DesqView, FastOpen.
Windows DesqView
FastOpen
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3. Windows 95 NDD Norton Utilities 8.0 , Windows 95 (
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DriveSpace, DoubleSpace Stacker 2.0, 3.0 3.1, a NDD Norton Utilities
Windows 95 , Stacker 4.0.

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35. DOS
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@echo off
/n /s /batch
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wipeinfo
wipeinfo
wipeinfo
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c:\*.bak
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d:\*.bak
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wipeinfo d:\file
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Utilities
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(Norton Disk Doctor) Windows S.I. Norton Utilities


Windows 95 NDD DOS (Norton Disk Doctor)
Windows 95.
2. NDD Norton Utilities 8.0 Windows 3.1
DesqView, FastOpen.
Windows DesqView
FastOpen
AUTOEXEC.BAT CONFIG.SYS.
3. Windows 95 NDD Norton Utilities 8.0 , Windows 95 (
Windows 95 Windows NT) ,
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Windows 95 , Stacker 4.0.


.
7. DOS
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( ), NDD .
NDD :
Insert the diskette to diagnose into drive ...
( ...)
[Enter).
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, (
Q () (Enter)) :
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NDD, Options , Quit Disk Doctor
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/ /Q NDD
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NDD ,
NDDUNDO.DAT
(. ).
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{ ^ J J V
Analyzing Analyzing Analyzing Analyzing
Analyzing Analyzing Partition Table Boot Record File Allocation Tables directory structure file
structure lost clusters
Searching Lost Chains:
for lost chains..
1
0
37%
. 35.2. NDD
^ /
(.. ,
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35. DOS

1111111.111111111111111111111111111111111111111.11411
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Estimated: Elapsed:
932
Drive E:

00 00

Pass 1 of 1 12%

05 00

41 41

Current: Total:

238 125 1 975

Legend
Block Being Tested
Used Block
Unused Block
Bad Block
lock = 1 888 Sectors
16
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3ai ! 10

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(Elapsed) , (Estimated). Progress .
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:
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Erro " n Dri Invalid Disk Table i ve A n Boot Record
T lie Boot Reco r' d contains a describes the logical char of your disk, including the of sectors,
table that acteristics total number
ion ONLY e A:
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(Y) ( Yes) :
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NDD NDDUNDO.DAT,
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Lost but

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in fi

Lost Clu
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Fund
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lost chain Clust ters being
clusters s.
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that are not in use by a
use, ie
1
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.
. 35.5.

Below is a summary of the errors that
we re detected whi ie analyzing the
Directory and File Structure.
V Files with Allocation Errors
V Lost Chains
Would you like to correct these errors?
.

(.
35.6).

:

( Yes) ,
( No)

. 35.6.

,
( ([), Cancel) .
,
, .
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FILEOOOO._DD,
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(Enter] (. 35.7).
There are 90 lost clusters
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You can either save lost chains as
files in the root directory, in case
they actually contain useful data, or
you can delete lost chains.
Do you wish to save lost chains as files?
Delete


. 35.7.
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NDD
NDDUNDO.DAT, .
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Cluster 2.360 contains a bad sector
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NDDUNDO.DAT
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. 35.9.

The Disk Doctor is about to make changes to your disk.


You may wLsh to create an UNDO ^ile so that changes can be undone.
The disk where UNDO information is saved MUST be free of errors
it self and MUST have enough space to hold copies of all the data
Disk Doctor will change. For maximum safety, we recommend that you
save the UNDO file on an empty floppy diskette. If you don't have
an appropriate diskette available, select "Exit to DOS", format a
new disk, and then rerun Disk Doctor.
^."
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( Create UNDO file) NDDUNDO.DAT;
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. SpeeDisk Norton
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. -\_ Norton Utilities 8.0 SpeeDisk (Norton
Speed Doctor) Windows 3.1, a Norton Utilities 95 Windows 95.
2. SpeeDisk Windows 3.1 DesqView,
FastOpen. Windows

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2. SpeeDisk Windows 3.1 DesqView,
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2. SpeeDisk Windows 3.1 DesqView,


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, Windows 95 Windows NT, .


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X - Unmovable
Drive F: 1 block = 51 clusters

^

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, i. SpeeDisk DOS,
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35.7.

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DOS
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ADinfExt ADinf. ADinfExt
, ADinf, ,
,

95% .
,
, . ,
Aidstest :
"Sampo" -
C:\EXE\MSDOS\DISKCOMP.COM - (V-475)/475 -
C:\EXE\MSDOS\FORMAT.COM - (V-475)/475 -
( ),
(
).
Dr.Web :
Master Boot Record HDD1 Sampo - !
C:\EXE\MSDOS\DISKCOMP.COM Loz.2968 - !
C:\EXE\MSDOS\FORMAT.COM Loz.2968 - !
3^^- Aidstest :
"(
)".

, .
2. , , Dr.Web : ", !.. ...
...".
, (,
..) . ,
Aidstest :
36. DOS
:
- :
:
" " DIR,
,
(. II).
Dr.Web :

123
3



^^
^^

\i/
^

:
,
(Boot Record) (Master Boot Record),
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. Aidstest Dr.Web :
! ?
!
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.., , .
, . 1 1.6.
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.
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-

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:
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.
(. ).
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, /L Aidstest /LN Dr.Web.
, ..
7. DOS
36.4. - ADinf



- ADinf .. 1991 . ,
.
ADinf , . ADinf 32000
. ADinf DOS, -
Windows 3.1, Windows 95 OS/2 (
).
ADinf , DOS,
BIOS , "" (. II) ADinf. , , ADinf -

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. ADinf
, "" , -.
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, .
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:
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, .
ADinf ) ()
.
ADinf . INSTALL.
ADinf ( ADINF). : " ?". ADinf , ,
, , ADinf
( ADinf ),
AUTOEXEC.BAT.
36. DOS




ADinf ADinf
ADinfExt ( ADinf Cure Module), .
^- ADinf ADinf Cure Module (ADinfExt)

,
Aidstest Dr.Web.
2. ADinf ADinf

. ADinf
, INSTALL.,

, ,

. ADinf
, ADinf . , ADinf
, ADinf

\ \ .
ADinf :
ADINF [_:")... {.~}...
ADINF *
{peu.']...
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- .


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(
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36.1).
, .
. 1- ( ) ADinf
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BIOS lntl3,
. , BIOS
,
BIOS
( BIOS, -,
), BIOS .
2. :, D:,
(Boot
record), (Master Boot
Record, MBR).
7. DOS

. 36.1.
3. (, ) ,
()
.
4. -, "" ( . 36.1) ,
, . -

.
5. ADinf (Hard Disk
Parameter Tables).
, .

ADinf ,
, :
17 . 47 . 55 17 . 42 . 23
1996 1996 . .
: : 454, : 1808
.
if R Mlh\/ :

3 3

- -, .
:
.

.
. : . [tsc]
(. ).
!
,
!

V



,
V -
Esc...
36. DOS

20 . 08 . 35 .
20 . 06 . 55 .
5 1995 .
4 1995 .
: : 126, : 982.
:
F2
Master-boot :
F3
:
F4 :
F6
F7

F8
F9






87

: <Up>, <Dn>; : <Enter>; : <Esc>


.
Q Q
[Enter), , ,
:
, , ,
;
,
;
;
(Master Boot) , .
, , , (), , (). , (EnteF),
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, .
, ftscD .

:
?

:
ADinf, .
,
( , , ..);
ADinf,
. ,
ADinf

.
, (. );
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( ADinf).
ADinf :
ADinf Cure Module . ,
ADinf Cure Module;

. ( )
PRN
. ( )
, . 7. DOS


,
-L, .
:3;iM("i.ininr'. -L

ADINF-x.LOG, . , (.INI-) . ,
-HOME, , , ,
, , C:\ADINF.
, (180)
. :
?


, . , .
1 1 36.5.
ADinf



, ADinf.
, ( ) ADinf .
,
(. " " ). , , ,
. ,

- Aidstest Dr.Web.
ADinf , DOS,
ADinf:
!
DOS!
: 640, : 634 ( 6).
?


640 , DOS , .
, , ADinf.
, ,
ADinf
.
ADinf ,
(Boot record) ( ,
Master Boot Record), , ADinf
(. ).
"Master-boot " " " { Enter).
:
36. DOS
!
!

,
. ,
. ,
ADinf, .
, ,
.

:
ADinf ;

ADinf ;

. ADinf ,
.
/
^

-
ADinf , ,
. ,
, (, ) . , , {. ). . ,
( )
ADint .
, ADinf : . ,
"" , ,
. "" (Aidstest, Dr.Web .) , .
( , ..,
), ADinf, (,
"", II), . , ADinf, .
ADinf , DOS, ,
. ADinf ,
, :

!

C:\EXE\HIEW.
, DOS, !
DOS : 25396, : 21380, : 4016.
, -!


, ! ,
:
, ,
. !
, :
, "Reset" ,
7. DOS



\i/
^

ADinf
II, , - Aidstest, Dr.Web .
() ,
Norton Disk Doctor
, (. 35). ADinf
. Norton Disk Doctor ,
, ,
. , - , , ,
( , ,
). ("", II) -.
ADinf "" :
,
,
: 31, 12, , 59, 23
58,
ADinf.
, ADinf
, , , . , ,

( ), ADinf - , ..,
. , ,
( ), -
Diet, PKLITE, ..
, , , .
, ( ). , -
Aidstest Dr.Web.
.
.

, , ,
ADinf .

\ \ \ . ( 1
, ).

ADinf .
ADinf :
ADinf;
Int 13h, -,
BIOS ( BIOS
);
ADinf 76h (, IDE - ).

("", II) -.
36. DOS
LU 36.6. ADinf
-

Fast
Info
-SS ,

, , ,

(. II). ADinf , DOS, , . ADinf , (. . 36.5). ADinf -


, .
ADINF : D: : -SS - :, D: :.
ADinf
.
ADinf -W,
, ,
, .
ADINF : F:-W ADinf : F:.
" P'ast" -F
\ \ fast ,
. ,
: , , , . , . " Fast" (
, ).
-i
\ , \ info ,
. ,
- (,
).

LU 36.7. ADinf



Int 13h
ADinf.
1 ,
.
ADinf , DOS,
BIOS . , ADinf :
Int 13h ( ),
Int 25h Int 26h
DOS.
, ADinf .
ADinf ADinf,
. BIOS,
Int 13h, ' Int 25h/26h.

Int 13h ,
, :
, Disk Manager, ADM .;
IDE- 528 IDE (
EIDE),
7. DOS
Int 25h

,


* 1024 ,
,
, SCSI-.

.
. 1- SCSI-
^-
ljlOS SCSI-. ,
, ASPI- (

SCSI-), -, ..
2. ADiiif QEMM QEMM ( ST:F ST:M QEMM386.SYS)
11 1311. ,
QEMM
BIOS , Int
13h
. - QEMM
,

.
Int 25h Int 26h ,
, , ,
DriveSpace, DoubleSpace, Stacker .., ,
DiskReet . , ADinf

Int 25h/26h.
, \ \ . , [^).
, , ,
"BIOS", , ,
"Int 25h". ,
, , , "Int 13h".
ADinf " " ,
.
, , ,
, (
).
, ,
ADinf . ADinf
.
\
\ \ . ,
r^nteT) (
). CES^T) .
^ ADinf ,
TEMPO, CACHE, SPOOL, DESKTOP, FAVORI-I. PIF, RECENT, HISTORY RECYCLED, .
ADinf , ,
, , .. ADinf
( 1 \ \ \ ).

\ \ \ .
,
( Viewer) (
Editor). , ,
(^ CFT) (. . 36.4 ). , ADinf 36. DOS




, , ,
\ \ .
, ,
.
\ \ \ CRC.
:
CRC
( ):
CRC
. , ,
., . .DLL,.
CRC .
, .
.SYS .,
, .
, ADinf . : PAGLFILE.SYS. FILES.BBS, S-DRV.BIN, EA DATA.SF, WP ROOT.SF,
TREEINFO.NCD, SWAPPER.DAT, NCTMP.TMP, 386SPART.PAR, IMAGE.DAT, IMAGE.IDX, IMAGE., WIN386.SWP, STACVOL.DSK, DRVSPACE.O* STACVOL.O*.
, - .
\ \ \ ,
ADinf .
, ^~), CEiiteF).
.
. -\
( ).
, .
2. ADinf 110.,
IBMDOS.COM, 10.SYS, NC.EXE. NCMAIN.EXE, WIN., KRNL386.EXE, USER.EXE
GDI.. , MSDOS.SYS Windows 95
, MS DOS, .
, - ( "" ).
\ \
\ , \ - \
1 \ , . \ -.
\ \ :
- . -

,
, ( );
. ,

. .
ADinf , BIOS,
,
: ADinf BIOS,
.
, , ADinf, ADinf . () Int 13h (. ).

7. DOS

: D:

AUTOEXEC.BAT:
SmartDr-v D
Adinf : D: - - -D -L
SmartDrv C+ D+
9.00, ADinf
EGA/VGA, ,
. ADinf -OS. ADinf , ,
, .
.
36.8. ADinf Cure Module ADinf

ADinf
ADinf
11401
ADinf Cure Module (ADinfExt). ADinf Cure Module
1993 .,
.., .. ...
ADinf Cure Module ,
95% . ADinf Cure Module,
Aidstest Dr.Web, .
, ADinf Cure Module ,
, .'
. , ADinf
Cure Module Aidstest Dr.Web, .

1
ADinf Cure Module , ,
ADinf. ADinf . ,
ADinf :
ADinf Cure Module ( Windows
Windows 95 ).
ADinf Cure Module
INSTALL. ADinf Cure Module .
ADinf, -
ADinf Cure Module (ADINFEXT.).
, . , , . ,
.
, - ,
.
,
ADinf Cure Module: . , 94% , 97% ( ). ,
, .
, " "
., ., .SYS. ., .
, .-.
.
: ,
, .

ADinf Cure Module
. ,
, .
36. DOS


ADinf
Cure Module

2.
1. - , , CONFIG.SYS.
AUTOEXEC.BAT,
CONFIG.SYS Install (. 40).
( , ADinf
Cure Module ).
.
. AIDSTEST Aidstest
( AIDSTEST. EXfc), ADinf Cure Module -
Aidstest (
AIDSTEST *
/S /G /F ). , , .
ADinf
(. . 36.4)
, ADinf :
ADinf Cure Module (
Windows Windows 95 ).
.

ADinf Cure
Module , : .
, , . ADinf Cure Module
, ADinf, ,
. _ () Q ^ .
Q (
Q). {
. ("Enterj
ADinf Cure Module , . ,
.
VR.
, .
ADinf Cure Module ,
, .
, (
), .
VR. DIR X:\",?VR /S ( )
,
.
. ADinf Cure Module ,
, .

32 .
ADinf AD-

inf Cure Module, . -. ,


( , ). - (Aidstest, Dr.Web .),
,
ADinf Cure Module.

IX.
VR. 36.9.

ADinf, Aidstest Dr.Web.
7. DOS

/@

, ADinf, Aidstest Dr.Web. ,


, .
ADinf, Aidstest Dr.Web /@. ADinf /-- , . Aidstest Dr.Web /- , .
/+-- Aidstest Dr.Web
, .
, , ERRORLEVEL IF (. 32).
ADinf : 0 ,
, ; 10 ,
: 20 ; 25
(Esc); 30 ADinf (); 40 ADinf : 50 .
, .
Aidstest : 0 ; 1 ; 2 ; 3
Aidstest.
Dr.Web : 0 ; 1 ; 2
.

,
ADinf
. :
@echo off
ADINF * /@C:\ADDTEST.LST /A20 / /D /L
if error-level 50 goto end
if errorlevel 40 goto vir_in_lt)ein
If errorlevel 30 goto end
If not exist C:\ADDTEST.LST goto end
DRWEB /@+C:\ADDTEST.LST /CL /RV /HI /AR /HA1 /UPN /NS
if errorlevel 2 goto new_vir
if errorlevel 1 goto vir
AIDSTEST /@)C:\ADDTEST.LST /Q /KB
if errorlevel 3 goto end
if errorlevel 2 goto end
if errorlevel 1 goto vir
: no_vir
echo .
goto end
: vir_in_mem
pause ! , ADinf.
goto end
: vir
.
pause !
goto end
: new_vir
pause ! .
goto end
: end
AUTOEXEC.BAT. ,
VIRDAILY.BAT, AUTOEXEC.BAT : CALL VIRDAILY. . , VIRDAILY.BAT
, Path.
36. DOS
"
. lhnH/IOh
)ciUt"iUH^4 1. SAMPLE. D^AV "-". ,
ADinf Dr.Web .
2. .
/ ADinI

,
,

- . 1 511 . /NS Dr.Web /NB Aidstest .


3. ADinf, Dr.Web Aidstest (
ADINF.EXE, DRWEB.EXE AIDSTEST.EXE),
.
4. ADinf, Dr.Web Aidstest ,
Path, .
( )
Aidstest Dr.Web VIRTEST.BAT:
eecho off
If /%1 == / goto NoParm
AIDSTEST K1 %2 %3 "4 *5 *6 %7 %8 %9 /G
if errorlevel 3 goto end
if errorlevel 2 goto end
if errorlevel 1 goto vir
DRWEB %1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 *9 /CL /RV /AR /TDC: /HA1 /UPN /HI /AL
if errorlevel 2 goto new_vir
if errorlevel 1 goto vir
: no_vir
echo .
goto end
:vir
pause ! .
goto end
: new_vir
pause ! .
goto end
: NoParm
echo : VIRTEST - [-]...
echo - - , ,
echo
: " - ,
echo
*" - , :
echo : VIRTEST : D: - : D:
echo
VIRTEST : - :
echo
VIRTEST *
-
echo
VIRTEST :\ - :
echo
VIRTEST :\. - :\.
: end
3,1(),:1^ \ , /HI Dr.Web / .
2. Dr.Web Aidstest (

DRWEB.EXE AIDSTE^T.EXE),
.
3. Dr.Web Aidstest , Path, .

36.10. -
DSAV "-" -. , "-" Sheriff,
. Aidstest, Dr.Web, ADinf ADinf Cure
7. DOS
Module -.
NAVTSR.EXE Norton Antivirus Windows (. 51).
AUTOEXEC.BAT
NAVTSR.EXE. .
Norton Antivirus Path.
NAVTSR.EXE
,
. , ( )
.
NAVTSR.EXE Norton AntiVirus Windows, Options Auto-Protect Settings (.
51). Windows
NAV.EXE , Windows-.
, Norton Antivirus Windows ,
: Symantec
( VIRSCAN.DAT
VIRSCAN.INF), Internet: WWW-
www.Symantec.corn.
37


37. 1.
- , , , .. . :
.
.
" ";
. , , . 50;

.
Norton Disk Doctor (NDD), 35. "" Norton
Disk Doctor .
Rescue UnFormat, ;
. (, ,
), . - , (, DiskEdit)
- .
, ,
, .
, , ,
- ,
.
,
, NDD. ,
Rescue Image. , (, , ) ,

DiskEdit Norton Utilities.
37.2.


. , , , .

7. DOS


Norton Utilities 8.0.
unerase ^ll-aa']
UnErase


* ?. , *.* . ( * ?), UnErase ( -

) . UnErase
, (. 37.1).
unerase paper.doc Paper.doc "":
unerase *.txt . .
UnErase
. "?",
. : "poor" ( ), "average"
( , ), "good" (
), "excellent" (
Erase Protect
). , , .
Q Q
:

(V), ( [PpUp) (0) , []):


(Q, ;
(D, .
(V], Q, () , , Q Q
View. Info UnErase ].
UnErase
. - (
), UnErase
(Unavailable letters) .
.
),
">" "<". (). ,
File Search Options Help
Name
?aa ?aa
excellent
?aa1
7 XX
?yy

txt txt

Size
Date
DIR
10.02.96
64 1 048 576

Time
Prognosis
14:04
SUB-DIR
10.02.96 10.02.96
14:07 14:07

txt
bat
bat

1 048 576 10.02.96 14:07


98
19.10.95 20:05
135
10.02.96 19: 52
^
1
Info
1
1 UnErase
.-;- ,,"- ' ,^,ag.,..,,,,""- -.w^-i"-i-!,-"!

poo r
excellent
excellent
^

1
. 37.1. UnErase
37.
417

good

UnErase (, [uJ)
,
. :
(Enter], . UnErase
;
[) FEnte^],
. UnErase
"", ""
..;
dscJ, .
UnErase , ,
-, , -,
'
,
' ''
. UnErase ,

. ,
Norton Utilities.
.. .

.;, :,:.'.:'., UnErase (TsiT).

I i'.-i/: 1. ,
, " ".

, ,
. "" .
: 2. ,

:
,, (,
SpeeDisk, . 55);
AUTOEXEC.BAT Image Norton Utilities
t (. 35),

: . ,

j : D:, AUTOEXEC.BAT Image : D: .


" 3. ,

, .

1 SmartCan Norton
Utili' ties.

SMARTCAN,
i . , UnErase
i "" .

j SmartCan

1 :
^ SMARTCAN, ,
. .. AUTOEXEC.BAT
: amartCan /on.
: 4. ,
; , ,
'< .
:; ' '' ^ ": r^HORHfii-uie
' ! ;uft ^ 'i^^<^ . UnFormat
'1. .

( , , )
, DOS .
, Dir - General error reading drive ..., Sector not found reading drive ...,
- , .
, , (,
), .. NDD (Norton
Disk Doctor) .
UnFormat Norton Utilities 8.0 9.0.

7. DOS

UnFormat Image (. 35),


. UnFormat
.
3nMi'4:ini-u^
Dir
Invalid drive specification , ,
, , DOS .

.
UnFormat :
UNFORMAT '^_ucoo.') C/IMAGE^ C/MIRROR]
/IMAGE , ,
UnFormat ,
Mirror, /MIRROR , , Image. ,

.
3:iMi"i^iUiiH. 1. MS DOS UnFormat, ,

Image. ,
UnFormat Norton Utilities, MS DOS. , Norton Utilities .
2. NDD (Norton Disk Doctor),
, UnFormat

, NDD.

, Image Mirror.
1. , , UnFormat
( ,
(Enter) Continue),
.
2. UnFormat , Image Mirror
("Did you previously use IMAGE.EXE or MIRROR. to save recovery info for drive ..."). ,
Yes ( Yes (V)).
3. ,
: "Drive ... has the following files and subdirectories on it", , ("These
files and subdirectories will be lost if you unformat this disk"). "" ,
, ,
: "Are you sure you want
to unformat drive ...?". ,
, Yes Q.
Image info found!
The most recent time the IMAGE
info was saved was at 20:02
on 24.06.95.
There is also IMAGE information
that was saved at 20:01
on 25.06.95.
4. . 2 , UnFormat
, Image Mirror. , ,
/Image /Mirror (. ).
(. . )
( ,
).

g^ ^ ^^ ^ ^
to restore.

, , , Recent (
Recent (D),
. , . , , Image
AUTOEXEC.BAT, ,
37.

,
Image
Mirror

. Previous
( Previous ()).
, (Enter].
6. UnFormat ,
, , : "Restoring the IMAGE info to
drive ... may overwrite any changes made to the disk since the IMAGE info was la3t
saved. Are you absolutely sure you want to restore the IMAGE info to drive ...?".
Yes @7. UnFormat : .
(root directory), (file allocation table, FAT)
(boot record). ,
, , . ,
(Full).
(Partial) , ,
, .
8. , , , ( )
,
NDD
.
(Enter).
( 1-7 )
[ESC), -
.
, Image Mirror, , . 4-8 .
4. . 2 (. ) ,
, Image Mirror,
,
: "Unable to find any recovery info on drive ... To unformat the disk,
UnFormat will have to rebuild the disk without using any previous information saved
by IMAGE.EXE or MIRROR.. Perfect recovery of the data is not guaranteed us-

ing this method. Do you still wish to unformat drive ...". Yes ().
5. UnFormat ,
( ,
), . "The drive ...
has been unformatted", .
(Enter).
, DIRO,
DIR1 .. , , , . , ,
, UnErase (manual unerase). ,
, ,
, , , ().

( Aidstest, Dr.Web ..),
( NDD).
. 1.
, ,

UnFormat DiskTool Recover from


DOus Recover. , UnFormat,

, FILExxxx,
. .EXE- .-
. , ,

7. DOS
, ,

, 1
, (),

.
DiskEdit. , , .
2. , UnFormat
, ,

. ,

. ,

. 1,
UnFormat, DiskTool Recover from DOS's Recover.
37.4.

CMOS


,
BIOS , ,
DOS, . ,
CMOS-
,
( ),
, ,
, , (
MS DOS 10.SYS MSDOS.SYS). " " ( ) . , (, ),
, (FDisk .) ..
, , CMOS- , ( ) "" .
, CMOS :
CMOS checksum error Defaults loaded
CMOS battery failed
Hardware information lost run SETUP
Memory size mismatch run SETUP
Hard disk... error
HDD controller failure
(
.) CMOS . (, CMOS
, ).

:
DISK BOOT FAILURE, INSERT SYSTEM DISK AND PRESS ENTER
PLEASE INSERT A BOOT DISK
HARD DISK BOOT SECTOR INVALID
No ROM BASIC System halted
Invalid partition table
,
( ), .
, .. .
, , ,
, ( , ,

37.


1):1 !'!^-'scl!^'

Dir Invalid drive specification ,


, ).

:
Error loading operating system
Missing operating system
, . . Dir Invalid
drive specification () .
CMOS-, , ( SETUP, DiskEdit),
.
,
"" Rescue Norton Utilities (. 35
49). CMOS-,
, ,
RESCUE., . , CONFIG.SAV AUTOEXEC.SAV, CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
.
CMOS, .
1. ,

,
, , ,
.
2. ,

, FDISK:
FDISK /MBR, , , NDD /REBUILD: NDD /R^BUILO .
.
1. (Reset)
(SETUP). (, (")).
2.
. ,

. , , : BIOS , , .
, .
3. .
4. RESCUE , Rescue ( ).
5. Rescue Norton Utilities 8.0 Restore (, QD).
6.
(. 37.2). Restore Rescue Information From
, . , : : .
, .
, Restore Rescue Information From "Select items to
restore, then press the Restore button" ("
Restore"). "This directory
does not contain valid rescue information" (" ").
7. Items Restore ,
:

7. DOS
Restore Rescue Information From:
Select items to restore, then
press the Restore button
Cancel
New Path
Items To Restore
[ ] CMOS Information
[ ] Boot Records
[ ] Partition Tables
. 37.2.
CMOS Information (CMOS). , , (
SCSI), ..;
Boot Records .
, ,

.
, Sys ..;
Partition Tables .
, FDisk ..
8. Restore
).
Cancel ^).

9. .
(, ,
) ,
( Aidstest, Dr.Web ..), ( NDD).
3:111. 1.
- (,
Dir - unneral error reading drive ..., Sector
not found reading drive ..., - ,
),
( , , )
UnFormat (. ).
2. 1-2 ,
CMOS

, , ,
.
CMOS, , .

, .
, , :
.
2 .
3. , , ,

,
, . ,

, .
( )
,
.
4. (

, ..),
Rescue .
, ,
, -
.
38
DOS
Format.
. -, . -, - . -,

DOS ( Windows 3.1 Windows 95)


FAT, NTFS HPFS
Windows NT OS/2.
.
38. 1.
.
1. ( , low-level formatting) .
(
, 512 ).
2.
. ,
DOS FDisk.
3. . , DOS FAT
,
( , , Format).
.
. ,
Format. , IBM PC
DOS FAT.

38.2.
, , , .
, ""
.
- ^ ^ EIDE-

; (Seiup),
( ))

- .
, 2. SCSI- Adaptec
; SCSIFMT, hZ-^CSI.
' 3. SCSI- Adaptec

' ( )
BIOS
7. DOS
^


.'/,i. ',!^vi. -....". ."."1 ,

, .
38.3. FDisk

,
. , DOS (:, D: ..).
DOS FDisk.
.
1~1(''11)1'.''1' 1 FDisk
, , .
, FDisk ,
, ,
. , "" , .. ,

DOS,
, DOS.
FDisk .
,
(partition table), .
.
, , . FDisk , .
DOS :
.
, (, DOS). ,
DOS.
FDisk :

( ). , DOS

;
DOS
DOS 2 . ,
DOS, Windows 3.1 Windows 95 , 2 ;

.
^'1'"<<''< 1. (, Disk
Administrator
Windows NT, Disk Partitioner Adaptec fcZ-SCSI .) , . ,
DOS ,

, .
2. Windows NT OS/2 ,
2 ( NTFS HPFS). .
3. , AFDISK Disk Partitioner
EZ-S^SI Adaptec, ,

.
38. DOS
38,4.

f-h . . , .
,
n^()fMii! KOMclilUh! -- 1 /<^ i ^,
'
FDisk /Status:
FDisk /Status
FDisk

Disk
Drv
:
Mbytes
2949
1028
965
957
4103
2047
2047
Free
Usage
100%
100%

, :



13(;<;

Disk :
Disk ;
Mbytes :
Free (
, );
Usage ()
.
, Disk , :
Drv (), . Drv
, , Format DOS (, NTFS Windows NT HPFS
OS/2):
Mbytes .
,
Disk.
38.5. FDisk

FDisk

FDisk
FDisk . . "Enter choice" . [Enter]. , "Enter choice", (Tnteu.
FDisk (].
,
, FDisk.
FDisk
, - , FDisk
/Status, FDisk . FDisk
.
7. DOS
FDisk Options
Current fixed disk drive: 1

Choose one of the following:


1. Create DOS partition or
2. Set active partition
3. Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive
4. Display partition information
5. Change current fixed disk drive
Enter choice:
[1]
Logical DOS Drive




Press ESC to exit FDISK
FDisk :
Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive DOS, ;
Set active partition ,
;
Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive :
Display partition information :
Change current fixed disk drive ( , ). FDisk
"Current fixed disk drive".
4 ("Display partition information"),
.
Current fixed disk drive: 1
Partition
: 1
2
Status
A
Type
PRI DOS
EXT DOS
Volume Label
FUJITSU-1
Mbytes
1028
1922
System

FAT16
Usage
35%
65%
Total disk space is 2949 Mbytes (1 Mbyte = 1048576 bytes)
The Extended DOS Partition contains Logical DOS Drives.
Do you want to display the logical drive information (Y/N).


Press Esc to return to FDISK Options
.
Partition ( ),
;
Status ,
, ..
;
Type : "PRI" ; "EXT" ;
"DOS" DOS; "non-DOS"
, , Disk Manager;
Volume Label , ( DOS);
Mbytes ;
System (
DOS):
Usage ( ).
(TsiT).
, , (. ) :
The Extended DOS Partition contains Logical DOS Drives.
Do you want to display the logical drive information (Y/N)..... .?[Y]
( .
?)
(Y) (Enter], .
38. DOS



Drv Volume Label Mbytes System Usage
E: Drive_E
966 FAT16
50%
F: Drive_F
966 FAT16
50%

Total Extended DOS Partition size is 1922 Mbytes


(1 MByte = 1048576 bytes)
[ESC).
( DOS)
FDisk I ("Create DOS Partition").
, "5.
Change current fixed disk drive" .
I (Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive)
:
1. Create Primary DOS Partition
2. Create Extended DOS Partition
3. Create Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition
, .
:
Create Primary DOS Partition , DOS ( );
Create Extended DOS Partition , DOS (
);
Create Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition
. , .
,

DOS. . 1

("Create Primary DOS Partition"). :


Do you want to use the maximum size for a DOS partition
and make the DOS partition active (Y/N)? [Y]
( DOS
^)
2 ,
DOS .
. ,
. 2
DOS 2 .
, CY) (Enter). FDisk DOS . 2 , ,
System will now restart.
Insert DOS diskette in drive A: Press any key when ready . . .
( .
: )
DOS , QQ (Enter~). DOS:

Total disk space is 4096 Mbytes (1 Mbyte = 1048576 bytes)


Maximum space available for partition is 2047 Mbytes (50%)
Enter partition size in Mbytes or percent of disk space (%)
to create a Primary DOS Partition...:
[2047]
Total disk space ,
Maximum space available [or partition , DOS. DOS
, (, 45).
, CEnter).
1 (Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive).

7. DOS

!
DOS
. iioi ^.

DOS
Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive ( 1 )
2 ("Create Extended DOS Partition").
2 , .
DOS (. ).
DOS
DOS. DOS , CEscJ
Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive.
. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS
Drive ( 1 ) 3 ("Create Logical DOS Drive(s) in the
Extended DOS Partition"). FDisk DOS ( , , , FDisk No Logical drives defined).
:
Total Extended DOS Partition size is 3072 Mbytes
Maximum space available for logical drive is 2047 Mbytes (67%)
Enter logical drive size in Mbytes or percent of disk space (%): [2047]
Total Extended DOS Partition size DOS , Maximum space available for logical drive
, . -

, (, 45). , (EnteF). . , .
, :
All available space in the Extended DOS
partition is assigned to logical drives.
( )
FDisk ).
, ,
.
2 ("Change active partition") FDisk.
, , .. , . ).
DOS , FDisk :
Partition selected Is not startable, active partition not changed
( , )
, FDisk
:
The only startup partition on Drive 1 is already marked active
( 1 , )
FDisk (TsiT).
.. "non-DOS",
- , Windows NT OS/2.
DOS ,
( ),
( ).
FDisk 3 ("Delete DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive").
.
38. DOS
1. Delete Primary DOS Partition
2. Delete Extended DOS Partition
3. Delete Logical DOS drive(s) in
4. Delete Non-DOS Partition
the Extended DOS Partition

..l'lUfilh! 110
i )^;(:110
,,^ f-7A'>^
,
. :
Delete Primary DOS Partition DOS,
Delete Extended DOS Partition DOS;
Delete Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition
DOS.
, ;
Delete non-DOS Partition DOS.
.,/',.
( ),
( )
.
DOS ( 2 ) ( 3 ).
FDisk
. , . ,
:
Warning! Data in Primary DOS partition will be lost.
Do you wish to continue ? [N]
(. . ?)
(Y). FDisk
, ( Volume Label).
FDisk DOS
. ,
:
Warning! Data in deleted logical DOS drive will be lost.
Do you wish to continue ? [N]
(. .
?)
Q. FDisk
, ( Volume Label).
FDisk .
, .
, .
,
. ,
() .
() () -

, FDisk Format,
( - ), - DOS
.
38.6.
, , . , DOS, Windows 3.1 Windows 95 FAT
7. DOS


..


, . .
(
) , , Format.
FAT,
( ). Format (.
20).
: format : [/SJ .
/S , .
format : /s ( )
.
Format , , - . , -, FDIsk /Status,
. -, Dir :\*.* / (, dir d:\*.* / ), :
,
"General Failure reading drive ..." ("
... "). ,
Format;
"Invalid drive specification" ("
"), , . , FDisk :
Dir , , . , .
, ,
( ,
NDD (Norton Disk Doctor Norton Utilities): NDD

: / .
. Format, , ,
, , : "Enter current volume label for
drive x:" (" :").
. , : "Invalid volume Id. format failure" ( . ), Format . ,
.
, Format :
will be lost!
Warning, all data on non-removable disk on drive
Proceed with format (Y/N)?
(: : .
? Y, N )
, QQ
(EnteT). Q CEnt-erI.
39

DOS
MS DOS Intel-8088,
. 384 BIOS .
DOS, ,
640 , .
MS DOS , (Intel-80286 16 , Intel80286 4 ). MS DOS
DOS DOS- 640 .
,
. (
640 ) EMS-, , ,
.. : " : , , , , . !..".
"" :
, ,
, -.
- , .
",/.",- ':'
(., _; ... . ^ j.,^
DOS
, DOS
Intel8088 Intel8086. . DOS-
, , , .
, DOS- ( -

, Intel-8088), .
640 . , ( conventional memory).
DOS, , .
.,;(,
640 1 (" *, upper memory) , :
BIOS , , , ( BIOS );
;
BIOS, (, ..).
" .;^ "in"<' , , BIOS BIOS, . , - , 1
] ROM (read only memory), , , RAM
7. DOS


640
(random access rnernory, ). ROM- , RAM- .
DOS- ,
, DOS, . , 640 , 16
100 DOS, .
.
, DOS-
640 . 80- , IBM PC, 640 :
64 . , IBM PC
256 , 5000 .
, 640 (
640 100 DOS ). ( , , ,
..) . 640 :
300300 !
, , . , EMS .
39.2. EMS-

EMS-

EMS-
80- -
(memory extension cards),
.
(expanded
memory manager, EMM).
Lotus, Intel Microsoft (expanded memory specification, EMS). , , 4.0 LIM EMS 4.0. 32 .
, EMS-, EMS-. "expanded memory".
EMS- 32 ,
64 . , Intel8088 1 , 32 . EMS-
64 . (- EMS Frame) , 640 1 . EMS 16 , EMS- 4 EMS-. ,
EMS- EMS-,
EMS-OKHO, .
, , ,
. , EMS- ,
.
80- EMS- ,
,
IBM PC XT ( Intel-8088 8086). DOS-
(Microsoft Word, Ventura Publisher, Paradox .) EMS-,
. , - "" .
. EMS- , MS DOS:
FastOpen, VSafe, - MSCDEX
39. DOS
'.' 1 ' 14111."
RAMDRIVE. 4 5 MS DOS EMS-
Buffers CONFIG.SYS SmartDrv.
80- ,
IBM PC XT Intel-80286, 80386 ..,
. EMS-
, ,
. EMS- , .
, EMS-, EMS-,

( ) EMS-
. MS DOS, 5.0, 80386 EMM386..
^^1"'!

^"^<:. '!')11>,31){-'.!("
P^iC!lii'':P'! 14:; l;.jM>i !
DOS

1982 ., Intel Intel-80286.
(80386, 80486, Pentium Pentium Pro) Intel-8088, . , , 1 . 1 :
16 Intel80286 80836SX, 4 .
1
, DOS. Intel-8088, DOS
, (real mode) , IBM PC XT,
. 64
(. ).
, ,
(extended memory).

" " - . , DOS ,
, -
. , , , . 80-
. (XMS)
(, HIMEM.SYS),
DOS.
, EMS-. Windows 3.1 Windows
95. DOS- , . ,
, .
3^:11 inc. ,
MS
DOS: RAMDRIVE, SmartDrv
VSale. , 64
DOS (. ),

.
DOS , DOS-
DOS .
( 64 ) -

, .
XMS-
, ,

7. DOS
XMS- . ,
, .

, .
. ,
DOS, (Phar Lap, Borland .)
DOS (DOS-extenders) DOS .
,
, , .., DOS. DOOM.
, Windows ( Windows/386 2.0)
DOS.
39.4.
! ;'....:Ui

1-.:,1('.' '/W-i
b^
^'ui
64 .
, Intel-80286 Intel
, - ( Intel-8088) 64 (, 65520 )
. ,
, . 5.0, MS DOS
Intel-80286
64 .
, DOS-.
- 64 High Memory
Area, .
DOS HIMEM.SYS
CONFIG.SYS DOS=HIGH ( DOS=HIGH,UHB ). 40.

^ . Intel-80286 .
Intel-8088 :
. : = 16+.
1 (220), ( Intel-8088
1 ), (
64
) . , ,

Intel-80286 ""

Intel-8080 . 64
(, 65520 ) .
39.5. ^^.
"
.1
DOS-
/ EMS-, 640
. ,
,
: -, , , .., .
, ,
.., .
, , DOS,
, ,
. 550-570 . : ,
. , 39. DOS
DOS


( , . 40.14).
, .
, ( ) DOS
64 . 30-40
Intel-80286 .
Intel-80386 !.
. , . , BIOS ,
"" , BIOS . ,
(

), .
(Quarterdesk, Qualitas .) (QEMM 386), ,

. 1990 . DR DOS 5.0 Digital Research,
Microsoft DOS. Microsoft
1991 . MS DOS 5.0, :

EMM386, DeviceHigh
LoadHigh, .
, MS DOS 5.0 DOS 64 .
, EMM386 MS DOS, QEMM, 386 .
,
, . ,
: 100 200 (
).
-
.
,
( ), "" ,
BIOS . ,
(, , ). ,
.
,
. ,
. (
, ..) .
.
(Optimize QEMM
Quarterdesk, Maximize 386 Qualitas ..). MS DOS 6.0
MemMaker, 41.
, ,
DOS CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.
.

7. DOS
[] 39.6'
I fr'' !)'^.'^""-"-<>."{.
^ l\1Mf^f.^^ Il4<,' ,//- ii .1 li-U.'
:t) ":1(^l". i'^^^ll.^"
MEM. :





EMS-
Memory Type
Conventional
Upper
Reserved
Extended (XMS)
Total memory
Total under 1 MB
Total
40K
143K
384K
173K
740K
182K
mo ry

64
64
600K OK
area.

600K
OK
OK
196K
796K
600K
(614

688 (0

bytes) bytes)

640K
143K
384K
64 369K
65 536K
783K
Largest executable program size
Largest free upper memory block
MS-DOS is resident in the high memory
(Conventional , Upper
. Reserved , , , , BIOS, BIOS , Extended (XMS) )
( Total), ( Used) , ( Free). Total
memory , Total
under I MB .
,
,
( Largest executable program size), ( Largest free upper memory block).
DOS 64 () CONFIG.SYS DOS=HIGH), :
MS-DOS is resident in the high memory area (MS DOS ). , 64 ,
: The high memory area is available ( ).
EMM386 EMS-, Extended (XMS)
.
:
EMM386 Is using XMS memory to simulate EMS memory as needed.
Free EMS memory may change as free XMS memory changes.

(EMM386 EMS-
. EMS-
).
EMS- (Total Expanded)
EMS- (Free Expanded)'.
Total Expanded (EMS)
Free Expanded (EMS)*
32 064 (32 833 536 bytes)
31 376 (32 129 024 bytes)
" ) /1"," 11'
1-1(^101If .iUII^H Hi.'
/ 1 1 ! lpOl /.)- 'MM:
,
, MEM / / . /
, / Mem
( - ).
Mem (
):
39. DOS
Modules using memory below 1 MB:
Name
Total
Conventional
Upper Memory
SYSTEM
HIMEM
EMM386
DBLBUFF
ASPIDISK
SETVER
KEYB
Free

33
1
4
2
9
6
614

264
168
320
448
472
832
944
704

(32K)
(1K)
(4K)
(2K)
(9K)
(1K)
(7K)
(600K)

9
1
4
2
9
614

632
168
320
448
472
0
0
704

(9K)
(1K)
(4K)
(2K)
(9K)
(OK)
(OK)
(600K)

23 632
0
0
0
0
832
6 944
0

(23K)
(OK)
(OK)
(OK)
(OK)
(1K)
(7K)
(OK)

C)l4f;1
1
Name (: System
DOS, a Free ). Total (, DOS ..) ,
Conventional Upper Memory , {conventional) (upper).
(. " " ).
3, iMi'i. iiinr . ,
MEM / > MEM.LST MEM
MEM.LST.
, ,
, MEM /F .
.
(Free Conventional Memory):

Free Conventional Memory:


Segment
Total


OOB9F
0142D
01436
029FO
80 (OK)
144 (OK)
88 992 (87K)
482 544 (471K)
Total Free: 571 760 (558K)
(Free Conventional Memory). (
, Segment) ( Total).
Total Free .
3.:1<". ,
, MEM, ,

.
: .
,

:
Segment

Total

OOB9F
0142D
80
571680
(OK.)
(558K)
(Free
Upper Memory):

pree Upper Memory:
Region Largest Free Total Free
Total Size
41 488
65 520
(41 )
(64K)
41 488
65 520

(41 K)
(64K)
76 624
65 520
(75K)
(64K)

<i
( )
( Region),
( Largest Free),
( Total Free)
( Total Size).
, DOS, , MEM /D / . /D , / Mem
( ).
7. DOS



(Conventional Memory Details), (Upper Memory
Details). :
Conventional Memory Detaij:
Segment
Total
Name
00000
00040
00050
00070

00123
0027D

5
34
1
3
13

OOAF4
OOAF9
OOB9F
OOBA4
00 5
OOBBE
OOE87
02441

10
2
3
2

11
88
505

Type

039
271
527
864

(1K)
(OK)
(1K)
(3K)

536
672
152
104
184
896
256
640
288
008
80
656
80
272
144
408
992
824

(5K)
(34K)
(1K)
(3K)
(13K)
(1K)
(OK)
(10K)
(2K)
(3K)
(OK)
(3K)
(OK)
(OK)
(OK)
(11K)
(87K)
(494K)

Interrupt Vector
ROM Communication Area
DOS Communication Area
10
System Data
CON
System Device Driver
AUX
System Device Driver
COM3
System Device Driver
COM4
System Device Driver
MSDOS
System Data
10
System Data
XMSXXXXO
Installed Device=HIMEM
EMMOXXXO
Installed Device^EMM386
SCSIMGR$ Installed Device^ASPIBMV
FILES=20
FCBS=4
BUFFERS=20
LASTDRIVE=Z
STACKS', 256
MSDOS
System Program
COMMAND P rog ram
MSDOS
-- Free -~
COMMAND Environment
MEM
Environment
KEYRUS
P ram
MEM
Program
MSDOS
-- Free

Upper Memory Detail:


Segment. Region
OC94A 1 35
35
OD1DD 1
OD1E6 1 14
OD56E 1 26

120
088
-144
464
912

Total
(34K)
(34K)
(OK)
(14K)
(26K)

10
DBLSYSH$
MOUSE
MOUSE
MSDOS

Name
Type
System Data
installed Device=-DRVSPACE
Environment
Program
-- Free --

( , Segment), ( Total),
,
( Name), ( Type). ( Region).
Name ,
. (-- Free --
Type) Name ( ) MSDOS.
Type : Interrupt Vector , ROM Communication Area , BIOS, DOS Communication Area , DOS,
System Data MS DOS, System Device Driver
DOS , Installed Device , DEVICE
DEVICEHIGH CONFIG.SYS, FILES=..., FCBS=..., BUFFERS=..., LASTDRIVE^..., STACKS=... , ,
CONFIG.SYS, Program , Environment
, -- Free .
, 1 , (Memory accessible using Int 15h),
EMS- (EMS version) (XMS version),
.
. . ,
MEM / > MEM. LST MEM .
LST.
, , MEM / --- .
, MEM / MOUSE MOUSE.
8

DOS
DOS. 40
,
.
, , .
CONFIG.SYS
AUTOEXEC.BAT. ,

1'
(, ).
41 MemMaker,
CONFIG.SYS
AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
.

40. DOS ................................................. 440
41. ........................................ 466
40
DOS
IBM PC?
, .
,
DOS. , DOS . . DOS MemMaker.
40. 1. CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
DOS CONFIG.SYS
AUTOEXEC.BAT. 15, DOS
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
.
CONFIG S/S
CONFIG.SYS ,

DOS: , DOS .. CONFIG.SYS


. , CONFIG.SYS , . , MS DOS,
6.0, CONFIG.SYS
( . 40.14).
^" DOS
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT, . AUTOEXEC.BAT , , 32. , AUTOEXEC.BAT
, DOS, DOS
( Set), ,
( Path), DOS ( Prompt).
40.2. DOS
DOS :
1. DOS, , DOS ( CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT).

2. CONFIG.SYS.
3. AUTOEXEC.BAT.
4. CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
(. 41).
1"-1 11^1

^"'^
DRVSPACE (DriveSpace) DBLSPACE (DoubleSpace), 1

40. DOS

441

.
34.
i'?i1)no)i, .i",< '!. ^^.ll
DOS

n'j,-,,.),., -j i,
.
.
,''1.'(' (".." ,
DOS
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT, ^
" "
40.340.9, 40.10 40.11,
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.
40 3. DOS
.
.
1 ,!<" , ( )
{)>')

(DOS,
DOS Windows, Windows 95 .), - ,
.. , .
DOS ,
" ". , . , .
Koi!H[)<^)Uiii!i''n'.' >!.'<() -
, 101 ^
( , ..).
, ..
, .

:
, ,
..:
, -.
Norton
Backup (., , 50),
- ARJ PKZIP (. 33).
(, lomega Jaz, )
, ,
(, Norton Commander
).
, Windows 386PART.PAR, , Norton Disk Doctor (
FILEnnnn._DD) .., DOS (10. SYS MSDOS.SYS).
, , ( - )
.
^^""^"' -
, , ,
. NDD
(Norton Disk Doctor) Norton Utilities ( ., , 35).
8. MS DOS




- (
,

).
(
, DOS, ,
), "" () .
:, , : .
DOS FORMAT A: /S .
, DOS,
( MS DOS 6.22).
( DOS) DOS
: Format, FDisk Sys ( FORMAT.COM, SYS.COM FDISK.EXE).
. DOS , . , .

DOS,

DOS, . ,
,
(, Norton Lomrnaiider DOS DIR : /)
DOS ( MS DOS 10.SYS MSDOS.SYS)
COMMAND. tOM.
- ,
( -, ,
..), , ,
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
. , -,
ASP18DOS.SYS ASPICD.SYS,
MSCDEX.EXE. :
ASP18DOS.SYS, ASPICD.SYS
MSCDEX.EXE;
CONFIG.SYS ( , )
ASP18DOS.SYS ASPICD.SYS,
DEVICE=ASP18DOS.SYS /D
DEVICE=ASPICD.SYS /D:MSCDOOO
AUTOEXEC.BAT ( , )
MSCDEX.EXE,
A:\MSCDEX.EXE /D:MSCDOOO

, -.
. , , ,
-.
, ,
DOS. , ,
.. :
DOS : Format, FDisk Sys.
DOS,
. "" DOS,
: "Incorrect DOS version";
, ,
NDD, UnFormat, DiskEdit UnErase, Norton Utilities;
- . Norton Commander NCEDIT.EXE. 5.0 Norton Commander NCEDIT.EXE NCEDIT.MSG:
:
PKUNZIP, ARJ, LHA ..
.
40. DOS

DOS
Setup
- - Norton Commander, . Norton Commander 4 5 ,
(. 29).
. 1. ,
, DOS
COMMAND. . :
"Insert diskette with COMMAND. in drive A: and^press Enter"
( COMMAND. : (Tnt ")). , COMMAND. DOS, .
2. Norton Utilities , NDD, UnFornnat, DiskEdit UnErase, (. 3 ).
3. 7 8 Norton Utilities (.)
NDD, UnFormat, DiskEdit UnErase NDD
(NDD.MSG), - Norton Utilities ( NLIB200.RTL ).
,
.
( DOS),
(:, D:, : ..),
- .
.
1. 2 ,
DOS 2 .
2. ,
, Windows NT OS/2. (, ) . ,
DOS, Windows 95, OS/2 Windows NT Workstation
(, , OS/2 ). ( , OS/2
Windows NT Workstation)
- , , .
3. :
. "
",
,
. , , , "" .
4. " " DriveSpace, Stacker .. (. 34).
, - .

.
DOS
FDisk. 38. , DOS - ,
, .
DOS :. , DOS. , : DOS . DOS. ( DOS,
, ..), DOS
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.
MS DOS
. SETUP .

8. MS DOS
:

CONFIG.SYS
AUTOEXEC.BAT

""

: , , , . , MS DOS,
. : FORMAT : /S. ,
: , DIR :
"General failure reading drive :", "Invalid media type reading
drive :" .. , ,
( CF3J) FORMAT : /S.
DOS , .. DOS

DOS SYS : (, SYS.). : , FORMAT : /S ( FORMAT.).


DOS. DOS
. Path
AUTOEXEC.BAT.
^. DOS
( ).
DOS ,

EXPAND ( DOS). : EXPAND - --. , EXPAND SHARE, _ SHARE. EXE.


- ,
( -, ,
..), ,
. , , CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT :
. .
-
DRVSPACE (DriveSpace) DBLSPACE (DoubleSpace),
.
34.

. ,
8. , .
, : PKUNZIP, ARJ, LHA ..
,
,
.

DOS (CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT), .
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT DOS "" ,
, .
RESCUE Norton Utilities (. 35)
Windows Rescue Norton Desktop for
Windows (. 49).
40. DOS

445

:,;:!,:. l^i'i;
,. /^';'f^"\, ,, < :
i!i.'(t^t.,
, DOS
(
), -

. DOS
.
1. CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.
, .
2. CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT ( ), ,
.
, Windows 3.1
AUTOEXEC.BAT
SMARTDRV.EXE. ,
, -
SMARTDRV.EXE MSCDEX.EXE,
- .
3. DOS, . , (, , ).
4. , ,
DOS.
.
, CONFIG.SYS
AUTOEXEC.BAT MemMaker ,
(, Optimize QEMM). , ,
, . 40.13 40.14, , , .
, DOS , DOS "" , , .
RESCUE Norton Utilities (. 35)
Windows Rescue Norton Desktop for Windows (. 49).
DOS
, (,
-, , ..), ""
() .

40.
^:^;' '-P''H,! ^ k^^ha'p
DOS ,
, .
, , , ,
.
MS DOS, 6.22, -

. CONFIG.SYS
446
8. MS DOS

( , MS DOS
C:\EXE\MSDOS):
device=c : \exe\msd s\di splay, sys con=(ega, ,1)
AUTOEXEC.BAT :
mode con codepage prepare=((866) c:\exe\msdos\ega3.cpi)
mode con codepage select^866
MS DOS - ,
.
EGA, VGA SuperVGA.
CONFIG.SYS con=(ega,,1)
con=(lcd,,1) .
. 1. . -
.
2. MDA, CGA Hercules ("")

. ,
ChiWriter

.
3. Hercules Plus .
4. DOS ( 6.22)
-, UNISCR ..,
Beta Plus ..

, .
MS DOS, 6.22,
KEYB. AUTOEXEC.BAT ( , MS DOS C:\EXE\MSDOS):
keyb ru, ,c:\exe\msdos\keybrd2.sys
KEYB
^ Shift^
) Shifr) .
. 1. ( )

KEYB , ,

KEYBRD2.SYS DiskEdit Norton Utilities.


2. MS DOS 7.0 ( Windows 95) KEYBRD2.SYS
KEYBRD3.SYS. , KEYB
( , MS DOS 7.0
C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND): keyb ru,,c:\windows\command\keybrd3.sys .

_^

(11^( Shi^Q (Ci i'l^ Shinj .


MS T)OS . KEYB (,

KEYBRD2.SYS KEYBRD3.SYS
DiskEdit Norton Utilities).
MS DOS
. MS DOS 6.22 7.0,
KEYB:
, , ,
. , UNIKBD ..
UNIKBD /12.4 /KA:LSRS
"" , ""
(Shift), [Shift),
(Shift~).
.
40. DOS

447

COUNTRY CONFIG.SYS
, , .. ,
, , .
, , CONFIG.SYS ( , MS DOS
C:\EXE\MSDOS):
country=007, 866, : \exe\msdos\country. sys
, ,
(31 1995 .31.12.95, 12/31/95, 20 20:00, 8;00),
(, Norton Utilities)
..
1. (007 866)
MS DOS, 6.20. DOS 049 () 437.
2. ( COUNTRY) , MS DOS , . , :
//.
H--ji.1<M/' t !! 1
Intel-80286 ,
1 ,

DOS 64
( ), 30-40
. CONFIG.SYS :
DEVICE=C : \EXE\MSDOS\HIMEM . SYS
DOS=HIQH
( , HIMEH.SYS C:\EXE\HSDOS).
MS DOS 5.0 ( DR DOS 5.0).
1. HIMEM.SYS .
/TESTMEM:OFF,
, .
2. DOS 64 ,
, - lntel-e0286. ,
Intel-8088

: 16+. ,
1 , ""

( 64 ) .

( ) Intel-80286
, (
DOb) 64 (, 65520 )

. ,

, .
Intel-80386
"" ( 640 1 ),
. CONFIG.SYS
:
DEVICE=C: \EXE\MSDOS\HIMEM. SYS
DEVICE=C: \EXE\MSDOS\EMM386. EXE NOEMS
DOS=HIGH. UMB

8. MS DOS


, HIMEM.SYS EMM386.
C:\EXE\MSDOS.
"" . CONFIG.SYS DEVICEHIGH ( ),
AUTOEXEC.BAT (
DOS) LOADHIGH LH ( ).
DOS "" ( 640 1 ), ,
.


DEVICEHIGH=C:\EXE\MOUSE.SYS 2
( CONFIG.SYS)
LOADHIGH C:\EXE\SMADTDRV.EXE 2048 1024 ( AUTOEXEC.BAT)
3.4M("i;iHi'r,i 1. EMM386
. ,
640
1
. =-
EMM386. , EMM386 64 ,

C000h:0, X=COOO-CFFF.
2. EMM386. .
3. 80386

, ,
.
(EMM386., QEMM .) , "" , ,
.
HIMEM.SYS EMM386. -
, QEMM 386.
. , ,
, . ,
QEMM CONFIG.SYS :
DEVICE^C: \EXE\QEMM\QEMM. SYS
DOS=HIGH, UMB
EMS- DOS- EMS,
. Ventura Publisher 2.0, Microsoft
Word 5.0 5.5 .
Intel-80386 , EMS-,
DOS-. EMM386.
NOEMS RAM. ,
EMM386. C:\EXE\MSDOS,
:
DEVICES : \EXE\MSDOS\EMM386 . RAM
(, 32 ) EMS-. , , Sysinfo , , , 7
7 , 8 .

EMS-
, EMS-, EMS- , -

:
DEVICE=C: \EXE\MSDOS\EMM386. 2048 RAM
, EMS-, 2048
(.. 2 ).
, DOS-, EMS-.

EMS-
EMS- :
( 640 1 ) 64 " " EMS. , .
, , ,
.
40. DOS
. , EMS EMM386. .
EMS-,
EMS-, . , EMS-,
, .
EMS- FRAME=NONE , :
DEVICES: \EXE\MSDOS\EMM386. 2048 RAM FRAME=NONE
DEVICE=C:\EXE\MSDOS\EMM386.EXE RAM FRAME=NONE
, EMS-, , ,
. FRAME=NONE.
3":1^ 1. FRAME=ac)pec
"" (,
FRAHE=EOOO).
2. EMS- MS DOS 6.0
. ( MS DOS 5.0) EMM386 EMS-
, ,
.
, .
40.8.

-
BIOS , . : -, , ..,
.
" " , .
,

,
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT . , , .
-
, , BIOS ,
-. - , MS DOS
MSCDEX.EXE. , -,
, -
. ,
- DOS :
( ), -;
MSCDEX.EXE,
- , ( ).
, SCSI-, SCSI- Adaptec,
: ASPInDOS.SYS ( , ) ASPICD.SYS.
ASPI SCSI-,
-. EZSCSI,
SCSI- Adaptec.
CONFIG.SYS ( DEVICE DEVICEHIGH):
DEVICE=C: \EXE\SCSI\ASP18DOS. SYS
DEVICE=C:\EXE\SCSI\ASPICD. SYS /D: CDDRIV01
, : \ \ SCSI,
- CDDRIV01 ( MSCDEX, . ). /D.
8. MS DOS

MSCDEX.EXE
AUTOEXEC.BAT. :
: \EXE\MSDOS\MSCDEX. EXE /D: CDDRIV01
, C:\EXE\MSDOS,
CDDRIV01 , ,
-.
, - (, lornega,
SyQuest, ..), , -
, .
MSCDEX.EXE, , . , .
, , SCSI-
Adaptec, : ASPInDOS.SYS (
, ) ASPIDISK.SYS. ASPI SCSI-,
. CONFIG.SYS

( DEVICE DEVICEHIGH):
DEVICE=C: \EXE\SCSI\ASP18DOS. SYS
DEVICE=C: \EXE\SCSI\ASPIDISK. SYS
/D
, : \ EXE \ SCSI.
40.9.

,
. (),
.
,
- . ,
.
.
,
- ( )
-. - . , , , ,
-. - -
, . , . RAID- .
(
).

, . : ,
. , , , . , (,
), .
, ,
, . , .
40. DOS
1,1
>'.. "/."-;< ';'1 ^l;"i.')f!
.. ! 1(1.),1.1'.1
SMAPTOW. F-'XE



^
: ,
(, ). .
(UPS) .
DOS,
. , MS DOS SmartDrive (SMARTDRV.EXE),
Norton Utilities Norton Cache (NCACHE2.EXE) ..
MS DOS SMARTDRV.EXE, .
SMARTDRV.EXE , .
.
SMARTDRV.EXE
AUTOEXEC.BAT. :
^,nm--npopae'\)S^fi^nJDF^\/CB(E')
(- {---Windows^} (/X]
-- SMARTDRV.EXE.
:
- ( ) DOS;
---Windows ( )
Windows.
/X , , , , ( -+, . ).
, SMARTDRV.EXE
C:\EXE\MSDOS.
C:\EXE\HSDOS\SHARTDRV.EXE 2048 1536 2048 (2 )

DOS, 1536 (1,5 ) Windows.


. C:\EXE\MSDOS\SMARTDRV.EXE /X ,

1 .
. 1. SMARTDRV ,
(, HIMEM.SY^) SMARlDRV. - , MSCDEX
SMARTDRV.
2. ,
, 8 .

.
3. , DriveSpace DoubleSpace,
SMARTDRV , , , .
4. SMARTDRV.EXE
,
(
), . SMARTDRV / ,
SHARTDRV /S SHARTDRV .
5. Windows 95 ,

Windows 95, DOS- -


Windows 95, SMARTDRV.EXE . Windows 90, " MS DOS" Windows 95 , SMARTDRV.EXE ,
Windows 95.
:
, .
SMARTDRV, ,
SMARTDRV DOS.
:

8. MS DOS
-+
--
;
;
,
.

/'^<"^^i^^^
'.^<'l.n13iir^;-^

^),f.'<,.^<l^l(.
11(,+\-~) , ( )
.
, , , .
- .
, , /X
.
SHARTDRV /X D+
, , D: .
SHARTDRV - :.

SMARTDRV + :.

- , -
, . SMARTDRV /L,
,
( 16 ). ,
, - . 2 , .
MS DOS 6.06.22
CONFIG.SYS :
DEVICE=Cnt/mb-K-^auee^\DSMARTDRV.EXE /DOUBLE_BUFFER
MS DOS 7.0 MSDOS.SYS Dout)leBuffer=1
CONFIG.SYS :
DEVICE=Cni/mt,-K-(3pauecpt/\jDBLBUFF.SYS
, SMARTDRV. C:\EXE\MSDOS.
DEVICE=C:\EXE\HSDOS\SMARTDRV.EXE /DOUBLE BUFFER

CONFIG.SYS. MS DOS '6.0 6.22.
.^. ,

, SMARTDRV. Disk Caching


Status. Buffering ( ) No,
, ,
.
40. 10. CONFIG.SYS


CONFIG.SYS

CONFIG.SYS , CONFIG.SYS. ,
"" CONFIG.SYS, DOS.
CONFIG.SYS , DOS.
DOS, , ( , ),
. CONFIG.SYS , DOS. CONFIG.SYS , DOS .
. CONFIG.SYS DOS.
CONFIG.SYS .
, DOS.
:
- =

40. DOS

CONFIG.SYS

CONFIG.SYS .

, CONFIG.SYS :
, DOS. ";", "REM" ( ) ;
, ( )
. ,
. , (. ).
CONFIG.SYS , , , CONFIG.SYS.
.
CONFIG.SYS , [MENU]
, CONFIG.SYS.
, DOS
CONFIG.SYS, , , [COMMON]. ( ).
. , , 40.14.
. 1. CONFIG.SYS "=" , CONFIG.SYS DOS ,
"(Y/Nl ?". 40.15.
2. MS DOS 6.20, CONFIG.SYS .

DOS "Starting MS-DOS" {HQ (Ctrl) (7^). 15.


3. CONFIG.SYS , , [COMMON], CONFIG.SYS .
4. CONFIG.SYS [MENUl,
ICOMMONT
CONFIG.SYS.
CONFIG.SYS
:
DEVICE = -- ^] -

;
DEVICEHIGH = -- ^)
( 640 1 );
INSTALL = -- ^) .
. 1. DEVICEHIGH , . ,

CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT MemMaker.


2. , CONFIG.SYS
( EMM386) OOS=UMB
DOS=HIGH,UHB.
3. CONFIG.SYS Install
,

. , :
Install.
4. , Install
. Install InstallHigh, , MS DOS 7.0.
Install ,
AUTOEXEC.BAT LH (LoadHigh).
(
, MS DOS C:\EXE\MSDOS):
DEVICE=C:\EXE\MSDOS\HIHEH.SYS /TESTMEM:OFF

HIMEM.SYS (. . 40.7), :
40. DOS


DOS

CONFIG.SYS
SWITCHES /F /N "Starting MSDOS" DOS
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
() (183.
. 1. SWITCHES .
2. CONFIG.SYS SWITCHES /F /N
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
, DriveSpace DoubleSpace. , [Ct rl ]
(^)

(1)() ,
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT. ,
DRVSPACE.INI ( DBLSPACE.INI) SWITCHES /N .
CONFIG.SYS DOS:
Break = on Break = off DOS
( Ctrl] [Break) [Ctrl) () -
. , .
DOS: BREAK ON BREAK OFF ;
Country = o-cmpa.,ooa-cmpaua,nooe-l^.-aa-COlJNTRY.SYS
, , .. (. . 40.7).
MS DOS, 6.2, :
007, 866. DOS 049 437. :
count ry=007, 866,c:\exe\msdos\country. sys ;
Numlock = on Numlock = off
(.. "Nurn Lock", "Num
Lock" ).
CONFIG.SYS .
, 80386 , MS
DOS C:\EXE\MSDOS,
C:\EXE\SCSI.
;
DOS
BUFFERS=10
FILES=50
LASTDRIVE=J
FCBS==4,0
STACKS=9,256
;
,
COUNTRY=007,866,C:\EXE\MSDOS\COUNTRY. SYS
;

SHELL=C:\COMMAND.COM /:512 /
;

BREAK=ON
NUMLOCK=OFF
:

DEVICE=C:\EXE\MSDOS\HIMEM. SYS /TESTMEM:OFF
DEVICE=C:\EXE\MSDOS\EMM386. EXE NOEMS
;
DOS HMA,
DOS^HIGH, UMB
;
866
DEVICEHIGH=C:\EXE\MSDOS\DISPLAY. SYS CON=()
;
(. . 40.8)
;
ASP18DOS.SYS ASPI- Adaptec 2940
DEVICEHIGH^C: \EXE\SCSI\ASP18DOS. SYS /D
;
ASP18DOS.SYS -
DEVICEHIQH=C: \EXE\SCSI\ASPICD. SYS /D: MSCDOO
;
ASPIDISK
;
(SyQuest, lomega .)

DEVICEHIGH=C:\EXE\SCSI\ASPIDISK. SYS /D

8. MS DOS
;
DRVSPACE.BIN (. . 40.10)
DEVICEHIGH=C: \EXE\MSDOS\DRVSPACE. SYS /MOVE
3:1("1:~>. i. , (
)
, , . ,
, ,
,
.
2. ( DRVSPACE.SYS) DriveSpace.
40. 1 1. AUTOEXEC.BAT


DOS
DOS CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT, . AUTOEXEC.BAT , .
.
, AUTOEXEC.BAT :
,
DOS;
DOS ( SET):
Path , :
Prompt DOS.
AUTOEXEC.BAT DOS
.
AUTOEXEC.BAT , -

, 32.
18, DOS Path ,
. , DOS,
, ,
Path. Path .
: path - ; -")...
, Path, , .
, Path,
, .
. Path ,
, .
Path C:\EXE;C:\EXE\MSDOS;D:\TP;D:\TC;D:\WORD
. 1. Path , ..
"\", C:\USER\WORK.
DOS

, .
2. Path . . . .\. .
,
.
3.

Path ,
Path, .
DOS (.. , , DOS ) Prompt. :
prompt {.) . , Prompt, $, $n, $d, $t, $h, $e, $g .
21. , PROMPT $$ DOS, 40. DOS

">", C:\WORK\DOC> . .
. DOS ANSI.SYS,
DOS .
21, DOS ,
(environment), , .
-= , - , , . DOS Set. :
set =
, ,
. DOS
( ) .
:
TEMP , ;
,
TEMP, , ;
BLASTER , DOS-
Sound Blaster- . ,
SET BLASTER=a330 19 d1 t2 , - 330, IRQ 9, DMA 1,
2 ( Sound Blaster Pro);
COMSPEC DOS (
COMMAND.). COMSPEC
Shell CONFIG.SYS (. ).
set TEMP- C:\WINDOWS\TEMP
set - C:\WINDOWS\TEMP
SET BLASTER- 19 d1 t2
set COMSPEC=C:\COMMAND.COM
. , ,
, Set "Out of
environment
space". , /

Shell CONF16.SYS (. ).
AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
. AUTOEXEC.BAT , .
, , .
,
.

, AUTOEXEC.BAT.
,

. 40.5, MS
DOS, 6.22, Mode. , CONFIG.SYS DISPLAY.SYS.
(, MS DOS
C:\EXE\MSDOS):
MODE CON CODEPAQE PREPARE=((866.) C:\EXE\MSDOS\EGA3.CPI)
MODE CON CODEPAGE SELECT=866
DOS ( 6.22) -, UNISCR .., Beta Plus ..
DOS ,
,
. 40.6, MS DOS,

8. MS DOS


MSCDEX

SMARTDRV

6.22, KEYB.
( , MS DOS C:\EXE\MSDOS):
KEYB RU, ,C:\EXE\MSDOS\KEYBRD2.SYS
KEYB [) [ Shift)
) ( Shift) .
,
, , , .
, UNIKBD .. UNIKBD /12,4 /KA:LSRS "" , ""
.
(Shift), (Shifti, (Shift). .

.

, DOS,
. - ,

. DOSKEY 16. , Norton Commander, .
-,
- MSCDEX.EXE (. 40.8).
- ,
- -.
MSCDEX.EXE :
: \EXE\MSDOS\MSCDEX. EXE /D: MSCDOO
, C:\EXE\MSDOS,
MSCDOO , , - (. 40.8).
1 , . SMARTDRV (. 40.9). :
SMARTDRVC. EXEj ^- (paep-a-no-Windows')~) [/X]
- DOS;
---Windows ( )
Windows. , . /X, , ,
, ( , ). SMARTDRV 40.9.
, : C:\EXE\MSDOS\SMARTDRV.EXE
2048 1536 /X , SMARTDRV.EXE
C:\EXE\MSDOS, 2048 (2 )
DOS 1536 (1,5 ) Windows, .
. 1. SMARTDRV ,
(, HIMEM.SYb) SMARTDRV. - , MSCDEX
SMARTDRV.
40. DOS

-

AUTOEXEC.BAT

2. (
),
Windows 95, .
AUTOEXEC.BAT . :
- ( ) .
ADinf DSAV "-";
- . Aidstest Dr. Web
DSAV "-", NAV Norton Antivirus. - " " -. , Aidstest Dr. Web , ADinf:
- ,
, , ""
"" , .. , ""
(, COMMAND.
). ,
, .
NAVTSR Norton Antivirus, NA.VBRES Norton
Antivirus Windows 95.
' . 11 36.
AUTOEXEC.BAT
(. 35):
Image :
NDD ;
SpeeDisk .
AUTOEXEC.BAT
( DOS , Windows 50).

( , , Image), DOS, , ,
. ,
AUTOEXEC.BAT
, AUTOEXEC.BAT
. .
- - Norton
Commander, AUTOEXEC.BAT
.
AUTOEXEC.BAT .

, MS DOS C:\EXE\MSDOS.
@>echo off
rem

path :\; C:\EXE\MSDOS; C:\EXE\NU; C:\WINDOWS; D:\BC
rem
DOS
prompt $p$g
rem

set TEMP= C:\WINDOWS\TEMP
set TMP = C:\WINDOWS\TEMP
SET BLASTER=a330 i9 d1 12
rem

MODE CON CODEPAGE PREPARE=((866) C:\EXE\MSDOS\EGA3.CPI)
MODE CON CODEPAGE SELECT=866
rem

8. MS DOS
KEYB RU, ,C:\EXE\MSDOS\KEYBRD2.SYS
rem

call C:\EXE\ANTIVIR\VIRTEST.BAT
rem
MSCDEX ( -)
: \EXE\MSDOS\MSCDEX. EXE /D: MSCDOO
rem
SMARTDRV ( )
C:\EXE\MSDOS\SMARTDRV.EXE /X
rem
Norton Commander
NC
c^

" ".
40. 12. AUTOEXEC.BAT


AUTOEXEC.BAT
(. 35) .
, DOS, . , ,
AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
(. . 40.15). .
AUTOEXEC.BAT (, , ). ,
AUTOEXEC.BAT:

,
,

_____

____

(). () )).
AUTOEXEC.BAT
, .
1. (
, )
. echo. \.1>--1 . echo.
, date, date . date
.
2.
. , echo. ',1:>-.-2 .
3. . 1 . 2 .
fc --1 .--2 ', find "FC: no differences" > nul
find,
"FC: no differences". find
( nul)
. , .
4. . 3 1, , ,
0 .
: NDD :
Image . AUTOEXEC.BAT (

: \, ):
find "FC:
differences'
echo. ;date>C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.2
fc C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.2 C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.
if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto NO_NDD
NDD C: /C
Image C:
40. DOS
Dh'ni) "<^ i Hi-' - i/i
3>)(:01..:1
')! .'!


.'of

echo. !date>C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.1
: NO_NDD
, .
WEEKDAY BE Norton Utilities. BE WEEKDAY
1 , 2 ..., 7 .
ERRORLEVEL IF.
:
NDD
: /,
NDD : /0. AUTOEXEC.BAT ( , BE , Path):
BE WEEKDAY
if ERRORLEVEL 7 goto NOFRIDAY
If ERRORLEVEL 6 goto FRIDAY
: NOPRIDAY
NDD C: /Q
goto NDD_DONE
: FRIDAY
NDD C: /C
: NDD_DONE
AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
. :

, ( )
. ,

: Image:
echo. !date>C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.2
fC C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.2 C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.
if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto NO_NDD
BE WEEKDAY
7 goto NOFRIDAY
6 goto FRIDAY
differences" > nul
find "FC:
if ERRORLEVEL
if ERRORLEVEL
: NOFRIDAY
NDD C: /Q
goto NDD_DONE
: FRIDAY
NDD C: /C
: NDD_DONE
Image C:
echo. ;date>C:\BAT\NDD_DATE.1
: NO_NDD
MS DOS

. ,
"Starting MS DOS..." (JF8], MS DOS CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT. ,
- .
, , AUTOEXEC.BAT
, . SHIFTSTATt BE
Norton Utilities. BE SHIPTSTATE 1 [Shifti, 2 (Shift), 3
[Ctrl), 4 ).
. , (Ctrl) [Shift) . ERRORLEVEL IF.
1 NDD : / , (^^J,
Q^l (AID. ATJTOD^EC.BAT ( , BE , Path):
BE SHIFTSTATE
if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto NO_NDD
NDD C: /C
: NO_NDD

8. MS DOS


AUTOEXEC.BAT,
: NDD, SpeeDisk Image. : NDD SpeeDisk. NDD. , , : Image. , :\ , BE , Path.
BE SHIFTSTATE
: \BAT\NDD_DATE.
NO NDD
find "FC:
differences"
nul
if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto NO_NDD
echo. ;date>C: \BAT\NDD_DATE. 2
fc C: \BAT\NDD_DATE. 2
if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto
BE WEEKDAY
if ERRORLEVEL 7 goto NOFRIDAY
if ERRORLEVEL 6 goto FRIDAY

: NOFRIDAY
NDD C: /Q
goto NDD_DONE
: FRIDAY
NDD C: /C
BE SHIFTSTATE
if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto NO_NDD
SPEEDISK C: /FD
: NDD_DONE
BE SHIFTSTATE
if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto NO_NDD
Image C:
echo. !date>0: \BAT\NDD_DATE. 1
: NO_NDD
AUTOEXEC.BAT, -.
40.13.
,
, DOS , Windows .
AUTOEXEC.BAT CONFIG.SYS

.
, , AUTOEXEC.BAT CONFIG.SYS
C:\EXE\CONFIG AUTOEXEC. CONFIG.xxx, ,
(, DOS DOS, WIN Windows, TD Turbo Debugger ..). REBOOT.BAT :
@>echo off
if /%^ == / goto NoParm
if not exist c:\exe\config\config.%1 goto NoCONF
if not exist c:\exe\config\autoexec.%1 goto NoAUTO
del c:\config.bak > nul
del c:\autoexec.bak > nul
ren c:\config.sys c:\config.bak
ren c: autoexec.bat c:\autoexec.bak
copy c:\exe\config\config.%1 c:\config.sys > nul
copy c:\exe\config\autoexec.%1 c:\autoexec.bat > nul
smartdrv /c
be reboot
: NoParm
echo He
goto exit
: NoCONF
echo He C:\EXE\CONFIQ\CONFIQ.%1
goto exit
: NoAUTO
echo He C:\EXE\CONFIG\AUTOEXEC.%1
: exit

, REBOOT WIN
CONFIG.WIN AUTOEXEC.WIN.
..,..-;' l,,.. 1. SMARTDRV / .

,
SMARTDRV..
. ,

.
2. DOS
Windows 95. AUTOEXEC. BAl CONHG.SY& DOS AUTOEXEC.DOS CONFIG.DOS,
. AUTOEXEC.BAT CONFIG.SYS, Windows 95, DOS AUTOEXEC.W40 CONFIG.W40. 10.SYS
MSDOS.SYS. , Windows 95.
1
4iH^;m"> m'ltWlii <
I'IG ^^
/^ u i (._1.'. -..,. IJ/4 1
.
, CONFIG.SYS . ( ) CONFIG.SYS , CONFIG.SYS DOS , "[Y/N] ?". Q, , (D .
, CONFIG.SYS devlce7=c:\td\td386.sys DOS
devlce?=c:\td\td386,sys [Y/N]?
()
.
CONFIG.SYS
, CHOICE
AUTOEXEC.BAT. :
CHOICE (JC'.cnucoK-cuMeoAoej {f\.cu.o,uco-ce.~} C/N]
, (
). /C'.cnucoK-
, . , Y N . /N ( )
.
/^'., - ( ) (), , -
.
Choice ,
. /, , .

ERRORLEVEL .
^ ,
: ' : , .

echo : F - , Q choice /c:FQN /T:N,10 /N " P,


if error-level 3 goto FULLCHK
if errorlevel 2 goto QUICKCHK
echo
goto exit
: FULLCHK
NDD C: /C
,
Q N
8. MS DOS

CONFIG.SYS
COMMON
MENU


goto exit
: QUICKCHK
NDD : /Q
: exit
10 , N.
, ERRORLEVEL
: ,

..
6.0 MS DOS CONFIG.SYS
. CONFIG.SYS , .

, ( )
. ,
. ( ), ,
. ,
. .
COMMON ( CONFIG.SYS )
. CONFIG.SYS , -

, [COMMON], CONFIG.SYS .
( 6.0 MS DOS) CONFIG.SYS,
CONFIG.SYS .
MENU () ,
. CONFIG.SYS, MENU CONFIG.SYS.
CONFIG.SYS :
MENUITEM -, ;
SUBMENU --, ,
( );
MENUDEFAULT -, - , " ": ()
.
, MENU .
DOS MENUITEM
SUBMENU .
CONFIG.SYS :
[MENUJ
MENUITEM=DOSCONF, DOS
MENUITEM=WINDOWS, Windows
MENUITEM=TD, Turbo Debugger
MENUDEFAULT=WINDOWS, 5
DOS :
MS DOS 6.22 Startup Menu
1. DOS
2. Windows
3. Turbo Debugger
(i), (D (D,
[DOSCONF], [WINDOWS] [TD] ( ,
[COMMON]). (Enter) 5 ,
(13 ([WINDOWS]), MENUDEFAULT.
, DOS , (), (2) (D.
, CONFIG.SYS :
[COMMON]
, ( )
8. MS DOS

CONFIG.SYS
COMMON
MENU



goto exit
: QUICKCHK
NDD : /Q
: exit
10 , N.
, ERRORLEVEL
: ,

..
6.0 MS DOS CONFIG.SYS
. CONFIG.SYS , .

, ( )
. ,
. ( ), ,
. ,
. .
COMMON ( CONFIG.SYS )
. CONFIG.SYS , , [COMMON], CONFIG.SYS .
( 6.0 MS DOS) CONFIG.SYS,
CONFIG.SYS .
MENU () ,
. CONFIG.SYS, MENU CONFIG.SYS.
CONFIG.SYS :
MENUITEM -, ;
SUBMENU --, ,
( );
MENUDEFAULT -, - , " ": (Enter)
.
, MENU .
DOS MENUITEM
SUBMENU .
CONFIG.SYS :
[MENUJ
MENUITEM=DOSCONF, DOS
MENUITEM=WINDOWS, Windows

MENUITEM=TD, Turbo Debugger


MENUDEFAULT=WINDOWS, 5
DOS :
MS DOS 6.22 Startup Menu
1. DOS
2. Windows
3. Turbo Debugger
(i), (D CD,
[DOSCONF], [WINDOWS] [TD] ( ,
[COMMON]). (Enter) 5 ,
(2) ([WINDOWS]), MENUDEFAULT.
, DOS , (), (2) CD.
, CONFIG.SYS :
[COMMON]
, ( )

.


CONFIG.SYS

AUTOEXEC.BAT

[MENU]
MENUITEM=DOSCONF. DOS
MENUITEM=WINDOWS, Windows
MENUITEM=TD, Turbo Debugger
MENUDEFAULT=WINDOWS, 5
[DOSCONF]
, DOS
[WINDOWS]
, Windows
[TD]
, Turbo Debugger
[COMMON]
, ( )
([COMMON]), , . , , -
CONFIG.SYS, [COMMON]
MENUDEFAULT.
, CONFIG.SYS MenuColor.
: \1=-., -. - , .

15:0 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 -, 8 -, 9 , 10
-, II -, 12 -, 13 -, 14
, 15 . , , 8 15
. , MENUCOLOR=14, 1 .
. 1.
CONFIG.SYS, . ,
, ,
CONFIG.SYS .
2. CONFIG.SYS ,
, ,
1-\}.=11- . ,
CONFIG.SYS INCLUDE.
, MemMaker,
41,
, INCLUDE,
, , ,
- .
CONFIG.SYS

AUTOEXEC.BAT. , AUTOEXEC.BAT , . ,
. , CONFIG.SYS,
CONFIG,
AUTOEXEC.BAT .
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT,
, :

GOTO %CONFIG%
: DOSCONP
, - DOS
GOTO CONTINUE
: WINDOWS
, Windows
GOTO CONTINUE
:TD
, Turbo Debugger
: CONTINUE
, ( )
41

, MemMaker
DOS ,


.
39, DOS.
41.1. '
.
p;-i04ii..i
(EMM386, QEMM, 386 .) ,
.
- . ,
( ),
"" , BIOS .

"" ,
,
(, , ),

( ).
,
(, ).
: Optimize QEMM
Quarterdesk, Maximize 386 Qualitas .. MS DOS 6.0
MemMaker, .
, ,
, DOS CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT. .
'...,^".,.'1 ,
.
1. ,
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT. .
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT , , . MemMaker
SIZER.EXE. , , , .
2. .

, .
3. ,
.
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.

, , , .

41.
467
1 4. ( ),
. , ,
1 . ,
i CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT ,
.
41.2. ":' ~^Jaio,:'a MemMaker
l^,i^'.^^ ^,..'^ iVi^!iiiViCll\Cl
MemMaker Intel-80386 , MS
DOS 6.0 . MemMaker ( ) CONFIG.SYS
HIMEM.SYS EMM386., DOS=UMB,
. MemMaker (QEMM, 386
NETROOM) HIMEM.SYS EMM386..
MemMaker ,
. MemMaker ,
( MEMMAKER /UNDO, . ).
41.3.
:
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT , -
. , ;
, . , , , ;
Windows, Shell, QuarterDesk -. Norton
Commander .

41.4. ^
Bbl30LiilPOllJijMM!il
^

:
MEMMAKER
( , (ID).
1. MemMaker ("Welcome to
MemMaker"). CEnterI.


2- MemMaker .

():
^

'^

Express Setup ;
Custom Setup .
, {Custom Setup)
, , -
, EGA VGA
( SuperVGA), . {Express Setup).
468

8. MS DOS
, (Enter).

' "''^ '/.'^""


;-i<'4i)KU^i.1MU(,ih 3.
MemMaker ,
, EMS- ("Do you use any programs that need expanded
memory
(EMS)"). (] (Yes , No
),
(Enter). , -
EMS-,
No.
4-6.
(Custom Setup). .
7,
MemMaker Windows (

Windows,

),
Windows 3.0,
MemMaker
SYSTEM.INI: "Do you want MemMaker to change your SYSTEM.INI file?".

Yes, MemMaker ,
SYSTEM.INI SYSTEM.UMB. No
. Windows 3.1 3.11

Windows for Workgroups, ,

SYSTEM.INI .
C.u4i>Lnoiil-'i(.- ^MemMaker ,
("MemMaker will now
,,,..^,,.., ,. i
to restart your computer") .

'"'' ">'>'"''

(Enter).

i ".()({) ii)t'in)n,-iHi-1i-1 9- MemMaker ,


''"'

( ).
: "MemMaker is determining the optimum memory configuration for your
computer and has considered ... configurations)".
Crioftii'f'ulic ^0 MemMaker ,
,
("MemMaker will now to restart your
computer to
'". "f^^i ny.int,

^^ ^g ^^ memory configuration").
(Enter).

(11 ,1 1'-1
!:)()!"1) ^MemMaker ,

("Does your system appear to be working properly")^

, (Enter).
, () No

(Enter). MemMaker
.
i '.' l'.W:^,^f {1;
t)("r/in,r;t4dy 12 Before

, MemMaker
:

After

Memory type

MemMaker

Free conventional memory:

MemMaker

593 616

Change

595 024

1 408

Upper memory:
Used by programs
48 304
49 712
1 408
Reserved for Windows

Reserved for EMS

65 536
65 536
Free
93 808
26 912
Expanded memory:

Disabled

(
Before MemMaker), ( After MemMaker), ( Change).

, ( Free conventional inemory).


. :
(Used by programs), Windows
(Reserved for Windows), EMS (Reserved
for EMS) (Free).
(Expanded inemory) , EMS- : Enabled , Disabled .
41.
469
(Enter"), MemMaker.
3.iMf"i:inn!; MoiTiMaker

( , CONFlu.^YS AUIOEXEC.BAT ), : "Your computer's rnemorv was optimally configured belore you ran MemMaker" (
MemMaker).

( [rntci^), ,
MemMaker ( C^J).
D^

41.5.
{Custom Setup) (. 4-6 ),
.

^' MemMaker
("Advanced Options"). (1] () (


),
[^ (Yes , No
):

Specify which drivers and TSRs to include in optimization? (,


?).
Yes, -
. MemMaker
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT. No,
Scan the upper memory area aggressively? (
?) Yes MemMaker

(C6000hEFFFFh), FOOOOhF7FFFh.
, MemMaker HIGHSCAN
EMM386., EMM386.
FOOOOhF7FFFh.
"".
No',

Optimize upper memory for use with Windows? (


Windows?) Yes MemMaker Windows WIN EMM386., , DOS-
- Windows
. ,
Windows, . ,
/:
Use monochrome region (B7FF) for running programs? ( ?) Yes MemMaker
B7FFF (32 ), EMM386. /1=8000-B7FF.
SuperVGA. CGA, EGA
VGA (, -, ), 32 . No',
Keep current EMM386 memory exclusions and inclusions? ( EMM386?) No MemMaker
EMM386. 1= =, EMM386..

8. MS DOS
Kij li)fl01 a
WllKiuwS
Bhibop
,
11

386. ,
, ( BIOS
).
386. 1= =,
. , Yes ,
Move Extended BIOS Data Area from conventional to upper memory? (
BIOS ?)
No MernMaker
386. NOHOVEEXDBA,
BIOS (EBDA).
,
. ,
Yes, 1 .
, (Enter].
MemMaker - Windows,
, Windows (MemMaker found
a copy of Windows in the following directory). Windows, , ^). , Windows, ,
CbiTeF).

4 Yes Specify which drivers and TSRs to


include in optimization, MemMaker
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT, . ,
("Include this driver or
program in the optimization process?"). ]
{Yes , No ), (). , No ,
( ). Yes.
MemMaker , MEMMAKER.INF.
, MemMaker ( MS DOS). . MEMMAKER.INF.
6.
41.6.
,
, .
MEMMAKER /UNDO .
. MemMaker
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT CONFIG.UMB
AUTOEXEC.UMB MemMaker. SYSTEM.INI
( Windows 3.0),
( MemMaker) SYSTEM.UMB.
. , ( ),
MernMaker
, .

CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT !
4/.7.

MemMaker ( (Enter)
), ) .
, , 41.

. MemMaker ,
("Continue or Exit"). ()
(Enter]:
Continue ;
Exit and undo changes . MemMaker ( ,
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT), .

(Enter~).
Exit and keep changes , .
MemMaker (Restart Optimization), (Undo
Changes).
(Enter)
, ,
. .
(, ()
Exit and keep changes,
..), MemMaker
(Restart optimization or
undo changes?). ()
(Enter):
Restart Optimization ;
Undo Changes . MemMaker CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT,
.
[Enter).
41.8.

/TESTMEM.-OFF

FPAME=NONE


.
HIMEM.SYS CONFIG.SYS , /TESTMEM:OFF, .
, .
DOS-, EMS-,
EMS-OKHO, 64 ,
FRAHE=NONE EMM386.. , MemMaker
(
EMM386.) EMS-.
No , EMS-, CONFIG.SYS EMM386. EMS RAM
FRAME=NONE.
- , , ,
, . . , KEYRUS 46
, ,
11 . ,

, , , 30 .
.
, MEMMAKER .STS (

MemMaker, , , MS DOS).
, .

472
8. MS DOS

CONFIG.SYS

MaxSlze=wc^o. CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT ( ) MaxSize.
" " ,
, , SMARTDRV MSCDEX, -.
, , .
, (32 BOOOO-B7FFF)
SuperVGA, SuperVGA Windows.
, DOS VGA.
:
) Windows SYSTEM. INI (
Windows) [386Enh] DEVICE, MONOUMB.386, MS DOS. ,
MS DOS C:\EXE\MSDOS, [386Enh]
DEVICE=C:\EXE\MSDOS\MONOUMB.386:
) SYSTEM.INI ;
) MemMaker
(Custom Setup),
) "Use monochrome region (BOOOB7FF) for running programs?"
Yes.
CONFIG.SYS, (. 40),
. , CONFIG.SYS ( , ),
. CONFIG.SYS, , .
) CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT: , a MemMaker
;
) [COMMON] CONFIG.SYS

( HIMEM.SYS EMM386.), ,
. [COMMON]
. :
;
) CONFIG.SYS, INCLUDE, ( HIMEM.SYS EMM386.),
, INCLUDE,
. , . ():
) CONFIG.SYS .
, MemMaker CONFIG.SYS,

(. 9 " "). , CONFIG.SYS,
( MemMaker );
) CONFIG.SYS
CONFIG.SYS,
().
41.9.

- . ( , ), . , - . ,
. .
41.

EMM386

(Custom Setup) "Scan the upper memory area aggressively?", "Use monochrome region
(BOOO-B7FF) for running programs?" "Keep current EMM386 memory exclusions
and. inclusions?*, ,
(Custom Setup) No.
MS DOS 6.0 "Scan the upper memory area aggressively?" (Express Setup), MS DOS 6.0
.
- , ( DEVICEHIGH CONFIG.SYS LH
AUTOEXEC.BAT), ,
(Custom Setup), Yes
"Specify which drivers and TSRs to include in optimization?", .

.
,
, , -
, . ,
- SCSI SCSI-, ASPI-.
,
.
, .
,
"Starting MS DOS..." (183. MS DOS
. , (7^ .
, , , . , , (Custom Setup), Yes "Specify which drivers and TSRs to
include in optimization?", .
, , ,
SIZER, MemMaker.
- ,
.
EMM386. "EMM386 has detected error #12 in an application", , EMM386 - (, ). , ,
. , ,
, - .
,
- . , ,
EMS-, EMS-
.
, , ,
, (
(W] "Starting
MS DOS..." CN)
).
, EMM386.
, MEM /D. , , , , DOS BIOS.

8. MS DOS


EMM386..
, ..

, EMM386. MemMaker
.
EMM386. X=AOOO-C7FF , .
, , -, X=C800-CFFF.
12,
CONFIG.SYS STACKS=18,512.
.
.

, ,

(CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC. BAl


( )!
. SMARTDRV, , SMARTDRV. ,
- , - .
/L SMARTDRV ( )
CONFIG.SYS DmCE=^,nm--paep\')SMR^DM.E.XE /DOUBLE_BUFFER. , SMARTDRV. C:\EXE\MSDOS. CONFIG.SYS OEVICE=C:\EXE\MSDOS\SMARTDRV.EXE /DOUBLE_BUFFER .
40.9.
41.10.
MemMaker .
1. MemMaker : MS DOS 6.0 ; Intel80386 ;
384 .
2. MemMaker EMM386.. MemMaker , . MemMaker QEMM, 386 NETROOM EMM386.. . , MemMaker CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT,
.
3. MemMaker , AUTOEXEC.BAT.
4. MemMaker CONFIG.SYS, AUTOEXEC.BAT
SYSTEM. INI, 512 .
5. MemMaker CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT. ,
, ,
. (. "
" 41.9 ).
6. MemMaker CONFIG.SYS,
. (.
" CONFIG.SYS " 41.9 ).


, , ! ,
, . , , .

. , 1
, . 2
- .
3 . 8 ( )
, ,
, , , . ,
, , . 3 (
), , (FAT, VFAT, NTFS,
HPFS, CDFS), IBM PC.
, 4 , .

1.
2.
3.
4.

...............................624
- ........................625
..................... 626
- .................. 634

1






COMMAND.COM
, , .., , , .
, , .
,
, , ,
. DOS DOS:
FORMAT A: /S (. 20). :
( ).
, -

: -, ,
.., , CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
( 10).
(-, ..),
.
, "" , ,
.
( ) MS DOS HIMEM.SYS RAMDRIVE.SYS,
CONFIG.SYS : DEVICE=HIMEM.SYS
DEVICE=RAMDRIVE.SYS - / . CONFIG.SYS ,
. , / ,
. , CONFIG.SYS 2
(2048 ).
DEVICE=HIHEM.SYS
DEVICE=RAMDRIVE.SYS 2048/
, (,
3 ).
:
Insert diskette with COMMAND.COM in drive A: and press Enter
( COMMAND.COM : f Enter))
, , DOS COMMAND.COM,
. COMMAND,
: , DOS COMMAND.COM . , COMMAND.COM " ", .
"" . , COMMAND.COM
D:,
copy a:\coiiimand.coin d:
set comspec = d:\commancl.coni
,
: COMMAND.COM.
2
-





-

- (,
, ) DOS
.
- :
- error reading ().
- error writing ().
drive : : ; drive : :
; drive : : ( ); PRN , ..
..i^Ml-h 11141

.
(Abort, Retry, Ignore, Fail):
(A) (Abort) , .
(FT] (Retry) -. .
(1) (Ignore) . .
(D (Fail) , . ( , ). .
1"1).\'1)1"1^'1^1'11" -
, (
"Invalid disk change").
- - :
Not ready . ,
"Online", .. "Retry";
Read fault ( ). ,
, , , "Retry";
Write fault ( ). ,
, , , "Retry";
Data : DOS (
). (
"Retry"). , "Abort" NDD ;
General failure ;
Non-DOS disk ;

Sector not found ;


Seek .

( "Retry"). ,
"Abort". ;
Write protect . ;
/ paper , "Otiline". "Retry";
Invalid disk change ().
(), , "Retry".
3


, , : "
-
". , !
? ? , ? - , ?
, !
. .
8 , . . , .
,
, , . -
, .
,
.
" "
, ,
. , .
/73. 1.
(
, )
, , , , , .. :
;
(CMOS)
;
, ,
;

.


( ), .
,
() ,
( ),
(). ,
.

( ). , 3.

1



.
() .
,
. -, .
, .
60 120 (3600-7200
), 6 . - (. ), , .
( )
-, . - ,
-
.
-, , .
, , .. , , 40 80
( , 40 80 ).
, ,
. 0,05 .

( , 512 ), .
- . , ,

, .
, () : ,
. (
), .
, 1
, ( -)

. ,
8
10000 255
500 . , ,

, 1 , ,
( ),

,
. ,


, ""

.
, .
.






5.25"
1,2 15
2
80
5.25'
360 9
2
40
3.5'
1,4 18
2
80
3.5"
720 9
2
80
.
( MFM, IDE EIDE)
(CMOS) (Setup), .

3.
(


49),
,
Setup), CMOS CMOS.

"" Rescue (. . 35
CMOS, , .
3.2.



IBM PC IBM PC XT,


IBM , . (master boot record),
(partition table),
, (. ).

{).
. (), . ,
.
,
"" ,

( ).
, , . , , , . , , :, D: ..
, -,
DOS, , DOS , MS DOS (
4.0) 32 , . , MS DOS 3.3 DOS.
MS DOS
, . DOS

. , (, DOS).

,
. Windows 3.1 Windows 95
. Windows NT, OS/2 , DOS.
.
() ,
. ,
FAT ( DOS, Windows Windows 95), .
,
. (secondary partition table),
, .
. , ,
3.
01 i'l.iMMhl ';":^1-1 'II';? ^'("
()
. ("")
, , (""), ,
. , ,
( ). "",
, , DOS
26 (:Z:), : : .

DOS FDisk (. 38).
.
Windows 3.1 Windows 95
FDisk. Windows NT OS/2
, ,
FDisk.
. 3.
-(.) 10 '

^ J


FA7
, ,
() : ,
. . , , .
- ( )
: . -

, , , , ,
.
.
,
. ,
,
() . :
;
;
, , ;
.
, ()
,
.
,
, . ,
,
.
IBM PC-
,
(, ).
FAT, VFAT ( FAT), HPFS NTFS.
, IBM PC- ,
80- MS DOS 1.0 2.0. , .
FAT, , - file allocation table, FAT. ,
() , , .
FAT 8
, . , ,
. 3.
FAT
V<-A
FAT

NTFS HPFS

,
.
FAT 8 ,

. (
20%) -
. ,
, .
FAT 32 . , 2 20000
320 , 16%. ,
FAT , , ( , ) ..
OS/2 Windows NT HPFS ( OS/2) NTFS ( Windows NT).
Windows 95 Microsoft , FAT,
. , , . , " ", "",
"" " ".
,
, ..
"8+3", ,
. , DOS
Windows 3.1, . VFAT.
Windows 95 ,
FAT .
, - .
, "" , .., . FAT VFAT ( - , , ).
OS/2H Windows NT HPFS NTFS . , ,
.
. 1-2 HPFS NTFS
10-15% , FAT. , . ,
, FAT, -, , , 1000 500 , FAT, 101 1.
HPFS (
HPFS " "). NTFS, , . , , NTFS , . NTFS , HPFS-, ,
. NTFS ( FAT, VFAT
HPFS) 2
410^ .
FAT : DOS, Windows 3.1,
Windows 95, Windows NT, OS/2 . DOS Windows 3.1 FAT -

.
3.
470 IOKOe
"
"

CDFS
VFAT Windows 95
Windows NT ( 3.5). , DOS, Windows 3.1 OS/2 VF''AT,
. .
HPFS OS/2 , ,
Windows NT 3.51 ( HPFS). Windows NT 4.0 HPFS .
NTFS Windows NT , , Linux. , NIFS Windows 95,
.
,
(
, ). ( ),
.
- (CD-ROM).
, - ,
: .
( -).
CDFS.
DOS Windows 3.1 ( )
CDFS, -, . -
DOS Windows 3.1 DOS MSCDEX.EXE (
CDFS), ,
-. ,
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.
Windows 95 CDFS ( "
MS DOS", MSCDEX.EXE). Windows NT
OS/2 CDFS. -
-.
/73.4.


FAT (VFAT), ,
FAT ,
.
DOS Format .
( ),
, , .
1. ( , low-level lormatting) . ( .
512 ). , , .
2. .
() DOS FDisk.
3. . . DOS. Windows Windows
95 FAT
(VFAT). , , DOS Format (. 38).
38.

3.
/73.5. FAT
3ai






, FAT.
(Boot record).
. , ,
,
, , :
Non-System disk or disk error. Replace and strike any key to continue
( . )
.

(File Allocation Table, FAT). , ()
. , ( -

).

(root directory). ,
, .
(data area). ( ).
, , . ( 32' ),
,
, (, ..)
(
).
( "."), (
".."). Dir. , , ,
229 ( DOS "").
, , .
, , "."
"..". , . ,
.
(FAT) 12 (1,5 )
16 (2 ), 12- 10
. 65520 , (
) . , .
FAT ( 0 1) ,
.
, ; ;
. . ,
.
3.6.
,
.. , , . 3.
!^;'^:1('e
. , .
. FAT , . . 0
. , , DOS
.


, , , 229 ( DOS ">>). , ,
- ,
. DOS , , UnErase Norton Utilities (. 37).
. 7.


" "
" "


VFAT
HPFS
NTFS
( ) . FAT
: " " (read-only), "" (hidden), "" (system)
"" (archive). ,
.
:
" " :
. - " ", , ;
"" / ""
(, MS DOS 10.SYS MSDOS.SYS,
). "" ( Speed Disk),
DriveSpace (. 40);
"" (. 50) ,
.
,
"". (" ", ""
""), , .
, FAT .
"" , ,
, . " " , . .
VFAT ( FAT, Windows 95 Windows
NT) , , " ", "", "" " ". DOS Windows 3.1 ,
VFAT .

HPFS NTFS , , . , ,
, ,
, .. . , NTFS , , .
4
-

-
, . , ,
: "386/33/64/4/120/ /SVGA"? ,
,
. ,
.
, ,
.
:
- -/-
-
(8088, 80286,
80386, 80486, 80386SX, 80486SX, Pentium ..). "80"
, a "Pentium"
. 8088,
80286, 80386 , (8087, 80287, 80387,
80387SX .., "80" ).
( 12, 16, 20, 25, 33, 40, 50 66) -
,
( 32, 64 128). , 386/387/33/64
80386, 80387, 33
- 64 .
100/256 Pentium 100 - 256
,
- (RAM)

(: , , , Mb). 1, 2, 4 8, 16 32 .

, ,
(: , , ,
Kb). 512, 640, 1024 . -
. 330, 540, 850 : 1, 1,3, 1,6, 2.6 . ,
1/40 I
40 ( ), 8/1,3
8
1,3 .
.
-

, , .
AM (active matrix) . AUI ,

- Ethernet
IOBase-5 ( Ethernet).
.
, , -
.
^ (, baby-AT case
() DS). HCKOlophix - ^

, -
, r,^r
,,^
,
,

AMD - ^ -
(ROM). Intel. ,
BIOS AMI, AWARD,
.
PHOENIX ..,

AT , IBM PC AT ( (IBM, Compaq ..)

XT PS/2). AT - BIOS .
Intel-80286, - 6^0 ,

- Ethernet
IOBase-2 ( Ethernet).
nte^80386 Intel-80486
, ( /386^ AT/486). -
.
At , / ^
(1) )?
cache ()
-,^_
^L--TDF
"^' "" oriepaAIA . 410 lUti.
.
() -
10-15%. . ,
,
32 256
4. -
.
.
(color active matrix)
. ,
(, DS).
CD-changer -
.

CD-R -.
CD-Recorder CD-R.
CD-ROM -, , -.
CGA ,
640200 4 . ,
. CGA- (), (.
combo . , ,
, IOBase-2
lOBase-T, ..
coprocessor () ,

. IBM PC-
,
, , , ..
cps (character per second)
( , ..).
(color passive matrix)
. ,
,
().
desktop ()
.
DIMM (dual in-line memory module).
SDRAM Pentium Pro DIMM 168 .
dot . . ()
. , 15" 0,31
800600, 1024768
0,28 .
dpi ( ).
DRAM , . 4 DRAM ,
VRAM WRAM. - DRAM , ,
, (SRAM).
DS (dual scan) ,

.
, ,
.
DX Intel-80386 80486
32- (
SX,
16- ).
DX2 80486 .
DX4 80486 .
.
EDO (extended data output) ,
,
(FPM DRAM).
EGA ,
640350 16 . . EGA- (),
.
EIDE . IBM PC ( -, ..)
ElDfc. EIDE
IDE, IDE.
EISA . -
, . ,
ISA, EISA.
EMS (expanded)
( 640 ) IBM PC. LIM EMS 4.0
, Lotus,
Intel Microsoft, .
EPSON Seiko Epson Corporation,
.
ESDI .
ext. (external) , ..
( , , ..).
fax-modem (-) , .
FD (Floppy Disk) ().
FDD (Floppy Disk Drive)
(). : 1,2 360
, 1.44
720
.
,

, FDD 1,2/ 1,44.


Flash -, ,
. , ROM,
(, BIOS, ..).
FM Fax-Modem (), FM- ().
game (
).
HDD (Hard Disk Drive) ().
: HDD 40 Mb
40 .
, HDD
120/17 120 17 .
Hercules () ,
720348 .
-.
HP Hewlett-Packard.
IDE (
.). -

4. -
IBM PC-
( -, ..) EIDE
IDE, EIDE
IDE.
inkjet printer , .. , .
.
int. (internal) , .. ( , , ..).
interlaced .
(non-interlaced) .
ISA ,

.
jukebox ( , ..).
kit . -

( ,
..). . OEM.
laptop () ""
. ,
. 4 10 .
laser printer , .. ,
.
- , .
LaserJet HewlettPackard.
latin/cyrillic keyboard - ,
.. , , .
LPT .
,
.
LQ (Letter Quality) "
" ( ).
LR (Low Radiation) .
, ,
.
: MPR-11, -92, -9&.
matrix printer .
.
, IBM.
.
MHz () (
).
midi-tower -, "" ()

( ) , mini-tower.
mini-tower -, "" ()

.
Multimedia.
MNP-5
, Microcom.
V.42.
.
MOD .
MODD .
modem () . -

( , .. ),
.
monoVGA , 640480 ,
VGA, ( ).
motherboard ( , )
, , ( ), ..
MPEG . . MPEG- , ,
MPEG.
MPEG-1, 320240 30
(,
VHS).
MPR-11 , . , MPR-11 (
-92 / -95 ).
Multisync () , . SVGA.
NI non-interlaced (
).
NLQ (Near Letter Quality) "
" ( ).
No-name , , - . .
non-interlaced .

(interlaced) , ( 75
).
notebook ()
"" , 30213-4 ,
2-4 .
OEM .
- ( , ..). .
Kit.
parallel port ( ).

& (Plug and Play) , ( ) .


PC (personal computer).
PC-Card . 5485,6 ,
3,3 ( 1), 5,5 (
II) 10,5 ( III).
1 , .
.
PCL LaserJet
Hewlett-Packard (
).
PCMCIA . PC-Card ( PCMCIA) .
4. -
5485,6 , 3,3 (
I, PCMCIA-1), 5,5 ( II, PCMCIA-11)
10,5 ( III, ^-).
Pentium Intel. Pentium 8086, .
Pentium Pro Intel,
, Pentium.
Pipeline burst -,
, .
ppm (pages per minute)
( ).
(Plug and Play) , ( ) .
PostScript
, . Adobe.

PostScript.
Pro "" -.
"Pro"
"Pentium Pro".
PS PostScript.
PS/1 ,
IBM PS/2.
PS/2 ,
IBM.

RAID .
RAID,

,
, , .
RAM () (Random Access Memory).
(, , Mb)
(, , Kb). 512
64 .
RJ-11 .
RJ-45
Ethernet (lOBase-T).
ROM (Read Only Memory, ) ,
; , (BIOS)
..
RUS
-.
SB Sound Blaster,
.
scanner ()
.
SCSI SCSI, .
,
,
..
SCSI-2
SCSI, .
serial port (
, ..).
SIMM
(single in-line memory module)
.
72-
SIMM. 30-
SIMM.
SL , .
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) , , .
SRAM (Static RAM) ,
-.
streamer ()

, .
(60 , 8 ..).
SVGA (SuperVGA) ,
VGA, 800600 ,
. SVGA (),
SVGA 800600 . SVGA
(
14 , 14"). ,
SVGA/4M 17" SVGA 4
17
.
SX Intel-80386 80486.
80j86SX , , DX.
80486SX .
-92, -95 ,
. -92
MPR-11, -95 , -95
,
MPR-11 -92.
TFT
( ).
, .
tower "" ()
.
trackball ,
, .
TrueType . Windows 3.1 .
UPS .
VESA .
(VESA VL-bus), , SuperVGA;
VGA ,
640480 16 . VuA-
(), VGA.
VLB , VL-bus.
VL-bus , . , VESA VL-bus
VRAM , , -

.
(DRAM)
VRAM . VRAM
DRAM, 4 .

4. -
5485,6 , 3,3 (
I, PCMCIA-1), 5,5 ( II, PCMCIA-it)
10,5 ( III, PCMCIA-Ill).
Pentium Intel. Pentium 8086, .
Pentium Pro Intel,
, Pentium.
Pipeline burst -,
, .
ppm (pages per minute)
( ).
(Plug and Play) , ( ) .
PostScript
, . Adobe.

PostScript.
Pro "" -.
"Pro"
"Pentium Pro".
PS PostScript.
PS/1 ,
IBM PS/2.
PS/2 ,
IBM.
RAID .
RAID,

,
, , .
RAM () (Random Access Memory).
(, , Mb)
(, , Kb). 512
64 .
RJ-11 .
RJ-45

Ethernet (lOBase-T).
ROM (Read Only Memory, ) ,
: , (BIOS)
..
Rus
-.
SB Sound Blaster,
.
scanner ()
.
SCSI SCSI, .
,
,
..
SCSI-2
SCSI, .
serial port (
, ..).
SIMM
(single in-line memory module)
.
72-
SIMM, 30-
SIMM.
SL , .
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) , , .
SRAM (Static RAM) ,
-.
streamer ()
, .
(60 , 8 ..).
SVGA (SuperVGA) ,
VGA, 800600 ,
. SVGA (),
SVGA 800600 . SVGA
(
14 , 14"). ,
SVGA/4M 17" SVGA 4
17
.

SX Intel-80386 80486.
80J86SX , , DX.
80486SX .
-92, -95 ,
. -92
MPR-11, -95 , -95
,
MPR-11 -92.
TFT
( ).
, .
tower "" ()
.
trackball ,
, .
TrueType . Windows 3.1 .
UPS .
VESA .
(VESA VL-bus), , SuperVGA;
VGA ,
640480 16 . VdA-
(), VGA.
VLB , VL-bus.
VL-bus , . , VESA VL-bus
VRAM , , .
(DRAM)
VRAM . VRAM
DRAM, 4 .

4. -
V22, V22bis (1200 2400
/ )
() .
V32. V32bis (9600 14400
/ )
() .

V34, V34bis (28800


33600 / ) () .
V42, V42bis (V42) (V42bis)
,
.
WRAM ,
. VRAM,
- . VRAM, 4 .
XGA ,
1024768 .
XT IBM PC-
Intel-8688 ( 8086).
"" ,
. , , , .
. BIOS.
. HDD.
"" , (, , ..).
,
,
("" ), .
. clot.
,
5- ( , 1,2 ), 3- (
, 1,44 ).
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.
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( , )
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()
.
( , )
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A3.
, ..
0,28 0,28
(. dot). .
0,24-0,26 .
1.2 5,25" 1,2

.
1.44 3,5"
1,44 .
IS/IP , .
lOBase-T Ethernet
10 /. ,
.
IOBase-2 Ethernet (10 /)
. ,

.
IOBase-5 Ethernet (10 /)
. ,

.
lOOBase-T Ethernet
100 /. ,
.
: lOOBaseTX 5
( ), IOOBaseT4
3 4 ( ).
101-key keyboard 101- . IBM PC-
.
2S/1P , .
24-pin 24- . ,
9-
.
286 , 80286.
287 , 80287.
386 , 80386.
387 , 80387.
486 , 80486.
586 Intel80486, . , AMD 586/133 1
, Pentium//5 .
686 Intel- , . Pentium.

80286 16- Intel


( 1981 .), IBM
IBM PC AT. .
80287 Intel,
Intel-80286 .
80386 32- Intel, 1905 .
.
80387 Intel,
Intel-80386 .
80486 32- Intel, 1989 . Pentium.
8086 Intel-8088.
8088 16- Intel
( 1979 .), IBM IBM PC
IBM PC XT.
.
83-key keyboard 83- . XT.
9-pin 9- ( ).


Windows
Windows 3.1
Windows Windows-.
Windows
Windows- , , .. Windows-
. Windows
.

42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.

Windows..................................... 476
Windows ..................................... 488
Windows ............................................ 488
, Windows ... 493
Windows....................... 502
......................................... 509
Windows .......................................521


Windows
( , ) Windows 3.1 Microsoft DOS, . Windows IBM PC-
:
Windows, 90-
Windows.
Windows NT, OS/2 Warp Windows 95
, Windows 3.1.
Norton Commander, Windows , ..,
Windows
. ,
Windows.
Windows,
Windows- Windows-. , Windows , DOS, Windows ,
DOS.
42. 1. Windows
, ,
-
DOS. DOS ,
.
, , , DOS
. DOS
,
. ,
, , . , DOS , , , .., , DOS
, . : ,
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,
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477
. " DOS", , !
, DOS , , "" :
(, , ..),
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,
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). -

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, Macintosh Apple (
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,
. Microsoft ( MS DOS)
Apple
IBM PC- , Apple
. Microsoft Windows,
1985 . 1987-1989 . , Windows, , Microsoft
Word Windows, Excel, Aldus PageMaker .., Windows . 3.0, 1990 .
( , ..),
Windows ,
IBM PC- .

42.2. (.^ w'n'^^".


ieo ^
<..

41-iocTh

, Windows .
DOS Windows , DOS (, , ..) , DOS (,
, ), Windows Windows. Windows , ( Windows
), Windows-
. DOS
.
()
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Windows , ,
. Windows- ,
.
, , , .., , , , , . Windows 3.1
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( )
() ,
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Adobe lype Manager Adobe systems (
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Type 1, .
Windows 3.1 . Windows , - MIDI-, -,
. , ,
.
Windows

.
Windows ( 54):
42. Windows
479
(clipboard)',
, (,
);
(Dynamic Data Exchange, DDE)
, (, , ),
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,
(Object Linking and Embedding, OLE), Windows 3.1, DDE.
, "" ,
, ,
. , , Microsoft Word, "" , Corel Draw,
Microsoft Word Corel Draw
.
Windows-
,
.
Windows DOS. , DOS-, , Windows. , DOS-
Windows .
Windows
. , Windows . (, ..)
Windows . Windows :
DOS,
Windows
( 640 ), ;
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, .
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. Windows .
,
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1 , , Write, ,
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', ' , , ,
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.

480

9. Windows

[1] 42.3. Windows


, , Windows
, ,
.
1. , Windows 3.0
3.1 (1990-92 .), , Windows . , ,
.. , .
DOS Windows
. , Microsoft Word DOS 512
. Microsoft Word Windows (,
) 4 ( 8 ) , 20 , .
, . - , , . , Windows 3.1, .
2. Windows (, , ), , . , Windows , DOS 1,52 .
DOS. .
3. Windows .
, Windows
( USER GDI
) ,
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. Windows-
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Windows. , Windows Windows - , .


4. Windows
( ,
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, .
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(
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. , . 3-5, , ,
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. , (
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). , .
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.
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2 , Windows . -, Windows , -,
, -,
4 . -
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20 ( 50) . 10
, 20-30
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Windows EGA (EGA, VGA,
Super-VGA ..).
, Super-VGA, 1024768 ,
, 800600 .

9. Windows

Windows

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);
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.
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:
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(. 15), . ,
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" ^ {, DOS : Windows . , IBM PC . Microsoft Windows , . 42.2. ANSI-, Windows.
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( ). Windows, Microsoft, Windows, , "" ANSI-.
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.

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. 42.1.
Windows
. 42.2.
Windows
42.7. Windows

Windows
Microsoft .
.
Microsoft Windows
ParaWin ParaGraph, CyrWin ( INZER),
R-Win .
, Windows,
:
9. Windows
W. low."-,

f3L.!^(n) 1'
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Windows:
( TrueType).

, Windows:
, ANSI OEM , .
1993 . Microsoft - Windows
3.1. , , . , .
.
Windows for Workgroups ( Windows
).
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:
"PRI" "SEC" .
"PRI" ,
"SEC" .
(Ctrl), (Shift], (11)( Shift) (11)( Shift).
Windows.
.
866 866,
DOS.
DOS- Windows.
, 866
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Windows 3.1,
Windows 3.1, ,
. ,
, , ,
Windows 3.1. , , ,
( ). , Windows 3.1 , , Windows 3.11,
( Windows 3.1
Windows 3.10).

Windows, .
42.8. Windows
Windows :
Windows
Windows , Windows
( , , ,
42. Windows
485

..) Windows.
X:\WINDOWS, , Windows (, C:\WINDOWS);
Windows ( ,
..) SYSTEM Windows
(, C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM).
Windows Path,
AUTOEXEC.BAT.

,

, Windows-

1)(;<"1-1,1
TEMP.

. ,
C:\WINDOWS\TEMP, AUTOEXEC.BAT SET
TEMP=C:\WINDOWS\TEMP. , , ,
( 1020 ).
42.9.
Windows . , Windows ( , ), Windows , ,
Windows .
, .
(- mouse pointer) , . :
^, ( ).
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) .
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( ).
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), , , ,
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43
Windows

m
43.1. Windows
, Windows DOS
WIN
(, , Windows ). ( , (Enter)), Windows (. . ),
( wallpaper),
(Program Manager) Windows, Windows.
-.. Windows, Windows Windows, Windows (shell).
, ,
Norton Desktop for Windows. -
Windows.
Windows WIN.INI SYSTEM.INI, Windows.
SYSTEM.INI Windows ( DOS), WIN.INI Windows ( , , ).
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load= WIN.INI "" ,
.. ;
run=
WIN.INI ;

STARTUP Windows.
Windows DOS , . , Windows
, . ,

Windows :
/S Windows ;
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Windows :
/ Windows BOOTLOG.TXT,
;
/D:F 32- ( 32BitDiskAccess=FALSE SYSlEM.INI);
/D:S Windows (
Windows ) F000:0000 ( SystemROMBreakPoint=^ALSE SYSlEM.INI);


Windows
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Search For () (
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, . , 9. Windows
, . ,
, , .
, ,
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, / ,

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47.7.



: , , ,
.
Disk () :
Copy Disk ( ) (
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);
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. , , , Browse ().

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47. Windows
47.8.

(, , ), , .
View () ,
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, ,
Sort by Size ( )
( ), ;
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( ), , .
View (): Name (), All File Details
( ) Partial Details ( )
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Name () ;

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, ( , ) .

Directories
Programs
Documents
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. By File Type (
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,
, (Directories), (Programs), .. ,
., ., .PIF .,
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) , ""
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^ Directory Delete
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Confirmation () Options ()
.
,
: File Delete
( ), Directory Delete
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( , .. ), Mouse
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), Disk Commands ( , .. ).
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. (
, ) , , ,
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, 45
. , .
.
Associate
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, ,
-

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.. REoEDIT . : REGEDIT ( )

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,
. , ,
MS Sans Serif 8-10 ,
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Status Bar ( ) Options ()
,
. , .
Minimize on Use ( ) Options
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. .
, Options ()
Save Settings on Exit ( ), [ShTft) .
.
48
Windows
, , ,
Windows DOS. DOS
,
, DOS .
Windows
. Windows
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Windows 3.1 ( ) ,
. , Windows
, , , ..
. Norton Desktop for Windows Windows,
Windows Norton Desktop for Windows (, ).
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File Manager ( ) ;

, ,
, ;
;
,
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:
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;
, File Manager
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, File Manager (
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()

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, Yes to All (
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. Norton Viewer (
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^1
SuperFind Norton Desktop for Windows (
Norton Desktop for Windows Find File
Find ). SuperFind . (. 48.1):

Find Files ( * ?). , ,


(, Programs ),
Where , . , "+", ,
(Current drive only. All drives ..,
);
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, , .
, , More " , : /
, . ,
. , Find.
,


Where, Date,
Time Size

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Current drive only
All drives
All drives except lloppies ,
Current dir and subdii's
Current directory only and subdirs
Floppy drives only
Local hard drives only ,
Network drives only ( )
Path , Path (
)
Date
Time
Size
ignore
ignore
ignore
on
at less than
not on
not at
greater than
before
belore
between
betore or on
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after
after
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9. Windows
SuperFind
(. 48.2),
, .
, .
.
, , ,
.
, ,

.

. File () Search
(),
, . 48.3.

. 48.3.

Start From ( ) , . Search All Subdirectories
( ) ,
.
Start From ( ) , ( :\ :), Search All Subdirectories (
) . , . SuperFind, ,
,
.

FCornpare Norton Utilities 8.0 ( ).
,
, (. 48.4).
,
. , ( ),
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.
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,
:
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48. Windows


, , .
, .
( ), .
. Norton Desktop for Windows,
( ), Show Zips As Directories
Tree .
,
, .
, (!)
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.
, Select.

(FT) Move. -

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, Select.
, , File
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. , , Delete files afterwards ( ). .
. 1. , ,
, .
, , (
" ").
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Compress File.

Include subdirectories ( )
Preserve directory structure ( ).

, .

, .

.
3. , Preserve
directory structure, Norton Commander
" " . ,

file fiisk Tree View flptions Window Help


Dc02 OS cdr
Dc0l 06. cdr
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Dc01 03.cdr
Dc02 02 cdr
Dc02 01 cdr
Qc02 OS.cdr
[Dc02 04 cdr
Dc02 06 cdr
10002 07.cdr
Dc02 08 cdr
Dc01 11.cdr
Qc01 12.cdr
Dc01 IO.cdr
Dc01 09.cdr
Dc01 08 cdr
Dc05 02 cdr
Dp03 01 cdr

. 48.5.
. 48.6.

9. Windows





! PKZIP/PKUNZIP
- .
4. ,
, . 48.6
Options.
,
, ( ,
).
,
File Decompress.
, , .

. , ,
, Decompress. ,


.
, . 48.6 Options
Preseme Directory Structure on Extract ( ). (

" ")
,
)
Delete. , .
Norton Desktop for Windows .
DOS- PKUNZIP ( : PKUNZIP -
- ).
Norton Desktop for Windows :
"Disk Full", . ,
, DOS- ARJ.
48.4.

Format Disk
( )
Disk () .
,
( Disk in, ), ( Capacity, ) ( Label,
). , ,
( Make system disk, ),
( Quick Format, ). Quick Format ( ) /Q Format DOS (. 20). , .
. 1.

DBLSPACE.BIN DRVSPACE.BIN,

(. 40). , .
2. Norton Desktop for Windows
DBLSPACE.BIN,
a DRVSPACE.BIN, MS DOS 6.22 . ,

48. Windows


( MS DOS 6.22) DiskEdit
6.22)
( MS UUS 6.22; Diskhdit
SYMFMT2.DLL, Norton Desktop for Windows, "DBLSPACE.B]N"
"DRVSPACE.BIN".
()
Make System Disk ( ) Disk
() .
, DOS.
.^ . 1 2
() .
Copy Disk
( ) Disk () .
- - ( ,
).
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48.5.

(Control Panel) Windows (. 52)


Date/Time (/), .
( Date) (
Time). .
, Cancel.

(Clock), Windows ( Accessories, ). :
( ) . . ,
Always on Top (
). , -

, ,
..
, WinClock ( Patrick Breen).
( , , )
, .
System
Information (SIW.EXE), Norton Desktop for Windows. . System Information (. 48.7) ,
:
System ;
Disks : , .. , :
Memory Windows:
Video : , , ..:
Printer :
TSR ( , , ..):
Devices DOS (, );
Interrupts DOS (,
);
CMOS CMOS ( );

9. Windows
Benchmarks ,
,
Network ( Novell NetWare).
Overview ( ), Servers (
), Volumes (
), Users (
), Groups ( ):
Sysfiles AUTOEXEC.BAT, CONFIG.SYS,
WIN.INI, SYSTEM.INI NDW.INI. Edit!
.
File ,
.

. 48.7. ,
System Information
10
Windows

"Windows ",

,
Windows. ,
. , .
49 Image, Rescue, Norton
Disk Doctor, Norton Speed Disk, Norton UnErase .,
,
, ..
50 Norton Backup,
,
. , 51 Norton Antivirus.
10 II 2 .
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50. Windows ...... 546
51. Windows ............................................. 575
49
Windows
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.

(, DOS-) 35.1, , .
, UnErase .
49.2.
( ,
..,
, ..)
Image Norton Utilities 8.0 Norton
Desktop for Windows. Image DOS-,
, (, Image
: D: : D:). IMAGE. DAT, 49. Windows
. , IMAGE.IDX, () .
Image . .
( Windows),
Image ( ,
. 46.4). - Scheduler Image .
Image (, ) .
49.3.


( BIOS ) ,
DOS ( ), . , CMOS-
,
( )
( ), (
) ,
( ). ,

" " ( ) ( )
, .
,
. Rescue (RESCUEW.EXE) Norton Desktop for
Windows ( )
CMOS-

, .
.
Rescue CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT .
. 1. CMOS DOS- RESCUE., 37. ,
.
2. CMOS-,

,

:
, , ..
, , DOS

. ,

:
NDD (Norton Disk Doctor), UnFormat ..
Rescue (. 49.1),
, ,
( ). ,
. Rescue , (
).

10. Windows

RESCUE. IN!
. ( / -)
" ", .
Rescue Setup , . 49.1.
(. 49.2). Rescue Items , Rescue. , , . ,
, , .
( ), Deselect All, Select All. () New Item
.
Rescue Items . 10.2 :
Format Rescue disk, then copy files ,
( );
Copy Items to Rescue Disk Without Formatting -

;
Update Changed Items Only . . ;
Reselect Items When Media Type Changes ,
, ,
RESCUE.INI (. ),
.
.
, , ,
Rescue ,
.
, RESCUE.INI. ,
,
: -, ,
..
, CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
,

. 49.1.

. 49.2.

10. Windows

RESCUE. IN 1
. ( / -)
" ", .
Rescue Setup , . 49.1.
(. 49.2). Rescue Items , Rescue. , , . ,
, , .
( ), Deselect All, Select All. () New Item
.
Rescue Items . 10.2 :
Format Rescue disk, then copy files ,
( );
Copy Items to Rescue Disk Without Formatting :
Update Changed Items Only -

. . ;
Reselect Items When Media Type Changes ,
, ,
RESCUE.INI (. ),
.
.
, , ,
Rescue ,
.
, RESCUE.INI. ,
,
: -, ,
..
, CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT
,

. 49.1.

. 49.2.

49. Windows
1

(-,
..),
. 35.
3..<,1. 1. ,

(AUTOEXEC.BAT, CONFIG.SYS ..), CMOS , ,


.
2. ,

Format Sys ( MS DOS), UnErase, UnFormat, NDD, NDiags


DiskEdit ( Norton Utilities), . ,
.
3. ( )

J60 . Rescue

CMOS ( CMOSINFO.DAT), ( PERTINFI.DAT) ( BOOTINFO.DAT).


RESCUE., RESCUE.INI NLIBIOI.RTL
( ).
(
) (, ) RESCUE. . RESCUE.

DOS-, 37.
49.4.
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Norton Disk Doctor (NDDW.EXE, ) Norton Utilities 8.0


( )
"" . NDD
,
, , , ..
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(. ).
Start Background
.
Norton Disk Doctor
(. 49.4). Norton Disk Doctor (Partition table, ), (Boot record), (File
system), (Directories), (Compressed disk, ,
DoubleSpace DriveSpace), (Disk Surface). ,

NDDUNDO.DAT(CM. ). Norton Disk Doctor ,
NDD DOS. Norton Disk Doctor
, .
Norton Disk Doctor
Backgrounds . 49.3 49.4,
Run in background Options .
Norton Disk Doctor
, . (
) Norton Disk Doctor ,

. 49.4.

Tests to skip
Surface Test
. , Norton Disk Doctor .
Preferences Options ( Background Settings
Background Repair).
(. Startup Options ).
Norton Disk Doctor Preferences
Options. (. 49.5)
, Options .
, .
.
Tests to skip ,
( IBM PC ,
):
Skip partition test ;
Skip CMOS test CMOS-:
Skip Host drive test , ;
Skip Compression test :
Only one hard disk ( , );
Scan for auto-mount disks ;
Exclude drives (
, ).
Surface Test (
):
Enable surface testing while maximized
( ) :
What to test : Entire disk area ( ), Area Used By Files
( , ),
Type of test : Normal Test ( ). Thorough Test
( ) Thorough Test only on Fridays ( no ). 3-4
:
49. Windows
Auto-Repair
Background Repair
Background Settings
Startup options
Passes : Repetitions
, Continuous ( ). :

Show disk during surface test .



.
Auto-Repair
( ) .
: Prompt
, Auto
, Never
, . ,
:
Auto-repair lost clusters if fewer than ... chains ,
,
.
, , ""
.
When auto-repairing directory structures',
When auto-repairing directory structures : Save lost clusters as files ( )
Delete Lost Clusters ( ). Save lost
clusters as files
FILEnnren._DD, ,
Delete Lost Clusters ;
When making automatic repairs :
Prompt for undo file (
NDDUNDO.DAT), Make repairs without undo file (
).
3i^^''^,'l^1(; ,

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.
Norton Disk Doctor
FILEnnnn._DD,

( Save lost clusters as files),


( Delete Lost Clusters).
, ""
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.
Auto-Repair.
Background Settings
.
Background . 49.4 49.5 Run in
background Options . :
Enable backgrounding ;
Hide when iconized ( ) :
Show status in icon caption
:
Begin after ... idle minutes and ... seconds ,

;
When disk errors are found
: Sound a short alarm ( ). Flash icon (
). Sound alarm and flash icon ( ) Popup Clipboard ( Windows )',
Surface test while minimized
: Never test surface while minimized (He
). Always test surface while minimized (
). Only test surface between 12AM and 6AM
( 24:00 6:00) Test surface
once a day ( ).
Startup options ,
Norton Disk Doctor .

10. Windows
Animation and music
Custom message
01
. ,
:
Load with Windows Norton Disk Doctor
Windows ( , ,
),
Watch for activity on , Norton Disk Doctor
1:, COM2:, LPTI: LPT2:.
( ,
) Norton Disk Doctor
,
.
Animation and music ,
(Animation) (Play background music)
Norton Disk Doctor ( ) .
.MID .WAV- .
, , .
,
. , ,
,
.
, Norton Disk Doctor
, . ,
Norton Disk Doctor.
NDDUNDO.DAT
Options Undo changes. ,
Yes, .
, , -

NDDUNDO.DAT . NDD NDDUNDO.DAT.


, NDDUNDO.DAT .
, Yes , No. Norton Disk Doctor
.
. Windows 95 ( Windows
95 Windows NT) Norton Disk Doctor Norton Utilities 8.0 , ,
Windows 95 Windows NT. Windows 95
Norton Disk Doctor Norton Utilities Windows 95.
49.5.

DOS Windows

() , .. , , . ,
( )
, , ..
.
- ,
.

Speed Disk (SDW.EXE) Norton Utilities 8.0.
(. ,
, 3.
49. Windows

Speed Disk (
)
,

Optimize, Background, Configure Exit
(. ). ,
Optimize , Background .

,
Speed
Disk

. , -

, .
(
)
Start. , ,
Configure
.
,
, .
Speed Disk :

Full optimization :
Full with dirs first ;
Full with file reorder ;
Unfragment files only ;
Unfragment free space .
(Full optimization) Speed Disk
, .
Full with dirs first, , .
, Directories
Place First (. ), . Full with file
reorder, , :
( ) , Files
Place First (. ), ,
. ,
.
Full with
file reorder, .
Full with dirs first,
.
, Unfragment files only,
. Unfragment free space
,
(,
Windows).

Speed Disk
(. 49.6),
, Speed Disk:
Used block ;
Partial block ;
Unused block ( );
Unmovable ;
Bad block ;
Optimized Speed Disk ;
10. Windows

. 49.6. Speed Disk


Writing , ;
Reading , ;
Verifying , ;
Clearing , ( ).
, . Cancel
, Background
.
( , , )

(. . ).
( Another drive),


(
Configure),
( Exit).
Another drive .
Speed Disk Preferences
Options. (. 49.7) ,
Options .
, ,
, Drive . ,
, "Global options". Save
,
Speed Disk.
.
Optimization method ( ). : Full optimization ; Full with dirs first ; Full with file reorder ; Unfragment files only
; Unfragment free space -

49. Windows
. Default ,
( Save ).
Sort Order (, )
: (Unsorted), (Name),
(Type),
(Date) (Size). , : (Ascending) (Decsending). -

Dir, ..
Directories to place first ,
Full with dirs first Full with file reorder.
Add , Delete , Up Down ,
. ,
- .
Files to place first ,
Full with file reorder. ,
. .
Unmovable files ( ),
Speed Disk. Speed Disk "", , 386SPART.PAR IMAGE.IDX. , Unmovable files
Information .
Security options , .
Verify writes
( ).
( 1,5 ) . Wipe free space
,
- .
Background . Enable backgrounding Speed Disk. Hide when
iconied ( )
. Show status in icon caption
.
, Begin after ... idle minutes and ... seconds , ( )
.
Animation and music (
, ), , (Play background music)
( ) .
.MID .WAV-, . , , .
Startup options ,
Speed Disk .
( ) . Load with Windows

. 49.7. Speed Disk


10. Window's

Speed Disk
Windows ( ,
). Walch {or activity on
,
1:, COM2:, LPTI: LPT2:. (
, )
Speed Disk ,
.
, ..
Save,
( ).
( Speed Disk ),
:

, , (optimized , fragmented , unmovable ). ( ),
"Not Used",
Disk Statistics Information
;
Show Unmovable Files Information
;
Fragmentation Report Information
, .
.
Speed Disk.
Speed Disk Background.
Speed Disk ,
.
( )
, .
,
. Speed Disk
(. Startup Options).
Norton Disk Doctor.
49.6.


. , ,
, .
Smart Erase (SMTERASE.EXE),
Norton Desktop for Windows. .
SmartCan Norton Utilities (

Norton Utilities TrashCan Erase Protect), , , TrashCan, . (


)
TrashCan, .
TrashCan,
Smart Erase,
.
49. Windows

Smart Erase , SmartCan (TrashCan, Erase Protect) ()


Windows. ,
, , . ,
UnErase. , . , Done Smart Erase
More (, Windows).
More . 49.8,
Smart Erase, SmartCan (TrashCan, Erase Protect) Windows ,
Smart Erase, . 49.9.
( , Norton Desktop for Windows)
, (, , ). , ,
SmartCan, ("?"),
.
,
Windows Norton Desktop for Windows.
,
.
,
View Pane. ( )
.
"".
, Smart Erase (. 49.9)
. , Show
Old. , Hide Old.


Smart Erase UnErase. , SmartCan, Smart Erase
. Smart Erase
(, ) 4^) , , . DOS- UnErase,
Norton Utilities
( " " ).

. 49.8. ,
Smart Erase
. 49.9. ,
Smart Erase
10. Windows
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Windows Norton Desktop for Windows. ,


,

, , , .

4. ,

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Smart Erase (. 49.9)
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/ON /SKIPHIGH (, , ).
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).
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. 49.10.
49. Windows
, .
Files to protect , : files ( ),
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TrashCan
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49.7.

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(SFIND.EXE), Norton Desktop for Windows. . (. 49.11), Find Files *.bak *.tmp , Where [Local hard drives only]
( ). Read Only, Hidden System. Find.
. .

(. 49.12).
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..
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c-

View options
Window Help
\.................... ...... .....

c:
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50

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Norton Backup for Windows Windows 3.1
3.11, Windows for Workgroups 3.11.
4 3 .
, Norton Desktop for
Windows. .
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Windows 95, ,

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Windows 95 Windows NT. Norton Backup
for
Windows Windows 95

LFNBK, -
Windows 95 (. . 50.16).
.
Windows 95
. , Windows 95 Microsoft
, ,

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, , .
2.
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, ,

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,

( ).

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(
Windows Nl / Novell NetWare), Norton Enterprise Backup Symantec ( Novell NetWare). 800 1 100 .
50.2.

Norton Backup for Windows :


Full (). Full Copy ( ), Incremental (), Incremental
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, ( ) ( ,
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Yes, .
, . 50.14.
( ) (. . 50.1, 50.2). , : Backup
. Compare , Restore , Share
, Configure -

10. Windows

. 50.1. Norton Backup for Windows


( , )
. 50.2. Norton Backup lor Windows
( , )
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. , ,
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, ,
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(. . ).
. :
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.
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Backup from


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. ,
Total files ,
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(. 50.1, 50.2). , 1,234 files (456 MB)
selected for backup , 1234 ,
456 , . 1,234 of 2345
selected files (456 MB) qualify for backup , 2345
, 1234 456 .

10. Windows




-
Backup from .
Q
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Windows Norton Backup for Windows: . ,
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3. ,
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, ,

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. 50.7.
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, .
4 Start (
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, (. 50.3).

.
, , , .
., ,
( View report, . . 50.4). , , , .RPT.
, ..,
(.SET-), .
.SET- ( ), Save Setup File. Save Setup as .SET-.
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. . Select
Files, ( Backup from).
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,

.
, , , .
,
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. , Display , ,
.
10. Windows

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, , , . ,
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. , (Total files),
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. 50.7.

10. Windows

Include ([Sub]) \11.-

Exclude ([Sub]] \-
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, . , Exclude [Sub] c:\*.bak ,
. :.
,
. , , Include [Sub]

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, Add
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).
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, .
,
. , (
, - ).
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, . Exclude Read-Only files. Exclude System
files Exclude Hidden files, , " ", "" ""
. Exclude Copy Protected files ,
50. Windows
. (
Cancel).
, Special Selections, - . , , , Special
Selections, , , - .

1 ^0- '.
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-

,
, :
3 How, Cllstomie Settings" ,
Options Settings" .
(. 50.8). Backup Options ( ),
Disk Backup Options ().
Category ,
. ( Cancel,
).
, , .
: General ( ),
Safeguards (, ), Security
( ), Automation (, ) Reports ( ).
General :
Compression type : Off ( ), Norton
Low (, ), Norton High (,
), Microsoft Low (, , Microsoft), Hardware compression ( ,
, );
Compression priority
() : save space ,
, save time
,
;
Overwrite warning ,
: Off ( ),
DOS Diskettes -

DOS, - ; Backup
diskettes ,
, Norton Backup ( DOS
Windows), Any used diskettes

10. Windows
Safeguards


Security

Automation

, : DOS, Norton Backup ( DOS Windows);


Component size ,
( DOS Path Backup ): Best fit
, 360, 720, 1.2 MB, 1.44 MB (
);
Always format diskettes , .
;
Proprietary diskette format , ,
, .
Norton Backup for Windows. ,
Norton Disk Doctor,
UnFormat, UnErase ..;
Audible prompts , , - ;
Keep old backup catalog , ( , , backup catalog, . . 50.9) .
.
Safeguards .
Data verification : Off , Sample only
, , Read and compare -


( ), Compare
after backup ( ). , Read and
compare ( ) Compare after backup ( );
Error correction , ,
.
, . : Off , Standard , Enchanced
. Standard
1,44 6%
, Enchanced 12,5%. Enchanced
( 4
).
Password Protect Each Backup Set . , ,
. Set Password
, .
(, "Mypass" "mypass" ).
. Password Protect Each Backup Set ,
("Please enter the password for this
backup").
, Password New Password, . .
Automation :
Unattended Backups
.
" ". : Off
, /, 5, 15 60 Seconds Delay
" " (
50. Windows
Reports


General

). ( );
Quit After Backup ,
;
Busy File Retry Operation , . : Do not retry , Retry for ...
hh'.mm ( -

), Retry until ... hh'.mm


( ), Until not busy
" ", .
Reports , .
, , .RPT. .
Include Backup Options , ;
Include Processed Files , (, ,
, , , , );
Include Error Messages ,
, ;
Include Backup Statistics , ;
Append Each Report to the Previous Report ,
, , ,
.
, ,
. , .
General :
Tape Override/Append , : Always append
, Always overwrite
, , Overwrite on Full ,
( )
. Always overwrite
( ) .
Overwrite on Full',
Format Tape Before Backups ,
. , , ,
. QIC-40/80 IDE, , ;
Store Copy of Catalog on Tape
, , (. . 50.9).
(backup catalog)
. ,
;
Display Tape Directory Before Backups , .
, (

), ( ) .

10. Windows
Security


SCSI QIC-02 , .
Tape Series Name .
, :
Tape Series Description ( );
Allow Backups to This Tape Series Only , Norton
Backup ;
Password Protect Entire Tape Series , Norton Backup
. ,
(, ..). Set Password
, . ;
Password Protect Each Backup Set , Norton Backup
, :
Data Encryption
. : Off , Norton Fast
Norton Backup.
, Enter Key.

.
lTl 50.8.

Norton
Backup
, (,
, ),
. .
.
1. Norton Backup for Windows,
( , , ..) .
2. ( Norton Desktop for Windows)
, Norton Backup for Windows. ,
Norton Backup for Windows,
, [Ctrl).

.
) CErTteF).
Description ()
, " "
" ". Command Line
( ) (NBWIN.EXE) , (.
). .


( ) (
" " " ").

Norton Backup for Windows. , Command Line ( )
:
NBWIN.EXE -- - /) /]
- : /tf , /tl
, /td . /,
, (

50. Windows

Start Backup). /m, ,


( ).
MYSETUP.SET, , Command
Line
{ ) :
NBWIN.EXE MYSETUP.SET /TF / / ;
NBWIN.EXE MYSETUP.SET /1 / /M .
, - (. 50.9, 50.10).
, : , .. ,
Norton Backup for Windows Scheduler.
(, ).

, , , .
Norton Backup for Windows

. .
1.
,
.
2. , , .
3. Overwrite warning Off, , (
).
4. Unattended Backups Quit After Backup.
,
.
5. Override/Append. Overwrite on Full,
,
( ) .
6. , , ,
. ,
Include Error Messages,
, .
Append Each Report to the Previous Report, ,

, .

. 50.9. ,
Scheduler
. 50.10.
Scheduler
10. Windows
'"!'--

, . Restore (. . ).
(. 50.11, 50.12).
, ,
.
, .

"", ..

(.SET-),
.
Norton Backup for Windows.
, , . File Open Setup. ,
(.SET-). ,
,
.SET-. ( ) Yes, , No, , Cancel, .

, (,
..). ,
- . Norton Backup for Windows , . .
Norton Backup for Windows
{backup catalog).
,
( , , ) .

. 50.11. ,

. 50.12. ,

50. Windows



Restore Files
, (.SET-) (master catalog), ( ) .
, -

. .
,
. ,
.
,
.
Catalog.
( ), / What.
Catalog ,
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, , ( ) ,
;
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. , , (. . ).
,
,
, .
. , ,

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Restore Files,
, Select Files. Restore Files , , , .
,
( ).
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: () , Some
, none . , , :
;
, (
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- , Special,
, ,

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10. Windows

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(456 MB) selected for restore , 1234 , 456 , . 1,234 of 2345 selected files (456 MB) qualify for restore ,
2345 , 1234
456 .
, , , ,
. Restore Files .
, - ,
Restore Files .
Q () ().
.
Norton Backup for Windows . , , (
). Select Files, Restore Files.
.
,
( ). , Restore From. DOS Path, ,
(

).
, . , , . " "
Restore .
2 Where.
:
Original location ;
Alternate drives ( ). , , ,
, ;
Alternate directories . ,
, ,
, ;
Single directory .
, Restore . ,
.
3 How (
) Options ( ). :
Speed
Safety
Default
;

( );
.
Speed, Safety Default
.
, . ,

"", ,
.. :
50. Windows
l-Jt .4 ^
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Alternate
directories
Customize... Settings" ',
Settings" .

. 50.11 .
,
Settings,
, .
4 Start (
) Start restore ( ).
, (. 50.13). Settings",
.
.
, - , : "Unable to delete the original file ... This file
cannot be restored until the original is deleted". , Skip,
Retry.

, ,
, . ,
. -
. ( View report).
, , , .RPT.
Alternate drives Alternate directories Restore
.
,
.
Alternate drives , , , . (. 50.14) Alternate drive (or path)
(, D: ;), -
(, :\). .
, .
(. ). , .
Alternate directories ,
, , .
Original Directory (. 50.15),
Alternate Directory. Include

. 50.13.
. 50.14.

. 50.15.

10. Windows

Subdirectories, ,
. ,
. (. ). , .
, Alternate drives Alternate directories (. 50.14,
50.15), :
Prompt Before Creating Directories . ;
Prompt Before Creating Files
( ) .
Options :
Prompt Before Overwriting Files () ;
Restore Empty Directories ;
Audible Prompts () .
( ).
J'). .
''"^ >>!0':! 1^'^^l(r'
,
- , , Select Files, ( Restore Files).
(. 50.16).
, :
, ,
;
( ) , , ;
Include Exclude
,
;
Versions ,

. 50.16.
50. Windows

( ,
).
: , ""
"" .., ,
. .
( ):
, ,
;
.
:
:

, - , Special.
, , , , Backup from .
, . ,
,
. :
;
( )
.
( ),
;
( ) .

.
, Special Special Selections, . -

, ,
" ", "",
"", .
,
( ),
, . Norton Backup
for Windows , .
, ,
, Versions. ,
, .

1^1 50.11.

, , :
3 How, Customize Settings" ,
Options Settings" .
10. Windows
()
General

Safeguards

(. 50.17). Restore Options ( ),


Disk Restore Options (). Category , .
(
Cancel).
: General ( ), Safeguards (, ), Automation (, ) Reports ( ).
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Archive Flag "": Leave alone , ; Mark as Backed Up
"" (
), Mark as Not Backed Up "";
Audible Prompts () ,
, - -

;
Restore Empty Directories .
Safeguards .
Data verification : Off , Sample only ,
Read and compare
. (SMARTDRV .)
( ,
), Off. ;
Overwrite Files Warning () : Never Overwrite
( ) , Older Files Only ,
, Always Overwrite
( ) ;
Prompt Before Creating Directories -

. 50.17.
50. Windows
Automation

Reports

.
. , ;
Prompt Before Creating Files
( );
Prompt Before Overwriting Files () .
Automation :
Unattended Restore
.
" ". : Off
, /, 5, 15 60 Seconds Delay
" " (
).
;
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;
Busy File Retry Operation , , ,

.
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Reports , .
, , .RPT. .
Include Restore Options , ;
Include Processed Files , ;
Include Error Messages ,
, ;
Include Restore Statistics , ;
Append Each Report to the Previous Report ,
, , ,
.
50. 12.

(. '('I piii
(.^
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Norton Backup for Windows
. .
Norton Backup for Windows
{backup catalog).
,
( , , ) .
, (.SET-) (master catalog), ( ) .
, . .

10. Windows


l>('("cpa
p^':ip^)li^)

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, Configure . , , Store Copy of
Catalog on Tape.
, ( DOS Path
Backup to), ,
. ( )
, ,
Store Copy of Catalog on Tape.

(, ), . :

() .
() ,
.
:
Retrieve Catalog,
Rebuild Catalog.
, , (
Restore ).
,
, . , , ,
,
( ). ( DOS Path)
,
.
(Retrieve is
complete Rebuild is complete), ,
Catalog .
,
. : ,
, , : , .
, ,
.
, , .CAT. :

My documents
DD50614A.
DD50615A.
DD50616A.
DD50617A.

on drive d:
FUL
14-06-95
INC
15-06-95
INC
16-06-95
INC
17-06-95

15:
15:
15:
16:

48
54
:57
05


..
:
, ;
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, ;
, ( 01 12);
;
50. Windows

( Z, ),
,
, ;
: FUL , INC
, DIF , CPY .
, CE50621A.INC ,
, 21 1995 ,
: :.
, , , .CAT.
, , Catalog Path
Configure . , Catalog . , , Open
Catalog.
50. 13.


.
Compare (. . -

). . ,
( ),
. .
.^,.f.-)"<iiiit" , ,
,
.
, :
The file ... is a different size than the file in the backup set. They will not be compared
( ... , . );
The file ... has a different time or date than the file in the backup set. They will not be
compared ( ... , .
);
Compare detected a data mismatch in the file ... The file has changed since backup
( ... ).

, Cancel , Help .
, , , :
The file ... does not exist. This file cannot be compared ( ... . );
Directory ... does not exist. The files for this directory will not be compared (
... . ).
, Cancel
, Help .
, , - , : "Unable to open the file ... This file cannot be
compared" (He ... ).
Retry (

50. Windows

( Z, ),
,
, ;

man : FUL , INC


, DIF , CPY .
, CE50621A.INC ,
, 21 1995 ,
: :.
, , , .CAT.
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Configure . , Catalog . , , Open
Catalog.
50. 13.


.
Compare (. . ). . ,
( ),
. .
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,
.
, :
The file ... is a different size than the file in the backup set. They will not be compared
( ... , . );
The file ... has a different time or date than the file in the backup set. They will not be
compared ( ... , .
);
Compare detected a data mismatch in the file ... The file has changed since backup
( ... ).

, Cancel , Help .
, -

, , :
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... . ).
. Cancel
, Help .
, , - , : "Unable to open the file ... This file cannot be
compared" (He ... ).
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10. Windows
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50. 14. Norton Backup for Windows
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not been configured. Do you want to automatically configure it now?".
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,
. (, ). ,
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,

.
. . (DMA) ,
.
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;
Disk Logging : Fastest , FAT ( ), Most Compatible ( DOS). , ( Windows 95 Windows NT), Most Compatible,
Catalog Path , (
, ).
(Preset Level)
,

. ,
- 50. Windows

(.SET).
,
. (
Add), ,
, (Test),
(Settings) (Remove).
- , - (Backup, Restore ..) : "Your configuration has changed. Do you want to save it

now?". Yes,
No (
).
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4.
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( Norton Desktop for Windows).
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.
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).
: ( ), .
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. ;.;, ,i,:,', DOS (10. SYS MSDOS.SYS),
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1 1 50. 16 Windows 95

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, Windows 95
Windows NT. Windows 95. , Windows

95. .
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, Disk Logging (
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10. Windows



Norton Backup for Windows , .
, LFNBK,
- Windows 95 ( \ADMIN\APPTOOLS\LFNBACK). (
LFNBK.EXE) ,
Windows 95.

Windows 95 Norton Backup for Windows .
1. ( LFNBK
).
2. , System (),
Performance () File System
( ). Troubleshooting
( ) Disable long file name preservation for
old programs ( )
..
3. MS DOS (MS DOS Prompt)
LFNBK / ', . LFNBK.DAT, .
4. LFNBK.DAT ,
LFNBK.DAT 5.
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.
7. MS DOS ( EXIT).
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( ), . 2 ( ).
.

, , . 3-6,
. , .
-

, : D: :
LFNBK / :
COPY C:\LFNBK.DAT ".DOD
LFNBK /R :
LFNBK / D:
COPY D:\LFNBK.OAT *.DDD
LFNBK /R D;

LFNBK.DAT, .
, Norton Backup for Windows. .
, , .
1.
LFNBK.DAT.
. ,
.
2. . 1 2 .
3. MS DOS (MS DOS Prompt).
4. LFNBK /R : . LFNBK.DAT. .
5. . 7 8 .
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), ,
.
2. , (,

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, LFNBK.
51
Windows
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, Windows Norton Antivirus.


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Norton Antivirus Windows 3.1 3.11,
Windows for Workgroups Windows 95.
4 2 .
, Norton Desktop for
Windows. .
Norton Antivirus :
( ) Norton Antivirus;

, ()
;
( .ZIP);
;
, , ;
(
, ..);


10. Windows


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(VIRSCAN.DAT VIRSCAN.INF) BBS InterNet.
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(NAVW.EXE), , .., :
NAV.EXE DOS- Norton Antivirus,
:

NAVTSR.EXE DOS-, ( ,
..), .

(Rescue) - Scheduler.
Norton Desktop for Windows.
51.3.
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Norton Antivirus , ,
(. . )
Norton Desktop for Windows,
(NAVW.EXE) , ..
1. ,
Path AUTOEXEC.BAT. ,

Norton Antivirus ( Norton Desktop lor Windows) AUTOEXEC.BAT.


2.
"" , - .

Norton Antivirus
, , .
Norton Antivirus (. 51.1) , : Options , Virus List ,

. 51.2.
51. Windows

Schedule - Scheduler, Activity Log . , , ( Tools Reports).
Exit
) ().
51.4.


Norton Antivirus
, .
, ( ) ,
.
(, )
Drives (. . 51.1) Scan Now.
Drives . , All Hard Drives , All Floppy Drives
(, -,
..), Network Drives , .
Directory
Scan ,
Scan Now.
Include subdirectories, ( ).
File Scan
,
Scan Now.

,
( ) , .
( , Drives, . . 51.1).
(. 51.2).
,
, , -

. 51.3. ,

. 51.4.
10. Windows
1.

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(Scanned), (Infected) (Cleaned). (memory), (master boot record),

(boot records) (files).


- : ,
,
, , (. 51.3).
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:
Repair ;
Delete ( );
Inoculate .
, ( inoculate " ");
Exclude ( , , , a Norton Antivirus "");
Info (, , ).
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.
. , ,
, .

.

(. 51.4).
, .., ,
.
:
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Print
;
Details , .
51.5.

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;
, ,
;
( , , . . 51.8); '
,
( );
, Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect ( )

: 51. Windows
/;"/(;
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,
..
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"" ( - ) : "Computer has been halted. Reboot
from your write-protected rescue disk" ( . ).
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, .
, ,
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Repair ( ,
) () .
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, Norton Antivirus
, (. . 51.8). Norton Antivirus, ,
, .VIR (
.VII, .V12 ..);
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DOS 10. SYS MSDOS.SYS), Norton
Antivirus , (. .
51.8). ,
, . , ,
,
(-) . ,
, (activity log);
Exclude
. , , . , Exclude
, Norton AntiVirus , ;
Info ,
;
Stop ;

Continue
, .
. 1.
,

.
2. DOS,
.
3. ( )
. Norton AntiVirus .

(-) . (10.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, COMMAND.) , "" SYS.


, Rescue.

10. Windows








4. , Norton Antivirus, UnErase Norton Utilities.
5. (.ZIP-)
, & ( PKZIP, Norton Commander,
Norton Desktop for Windows ..)

.
Norton Antivirus ,
, . Inoculate Boot Records and System Files inoculate Program Files inoculation (. ). ,

, Norton Antivirus,
, .
( ) inoculation, .
Norton Antivirus

, inoculated Pile
Changed. , Norton Antivirus , ,
(. ).

, :
: , ( ), DOS ..

Repair, Delete, Exclude, Continue Stop, , (. ). ,
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. Exclude (
) ,

,
.
, Exclude , Norton Antivirus no
, .
(10.SYS, MSDOS.SYS,
COMMAND.) ( ) Norton Antivirus
System integrity. ,
.
Delete Exclude, ,
.
,
, Norton Antivirus
, File Inoculation. , Norton
Antivirus , ,

(. ).

,
. Repair, , .
10. Windows








4. , Norton Antivirus, UnErase Norton Utilities.

5. (.ZIP-)
, ( PKZIP, Norton Commander, Norton Desktop for Windows ..)

.
Norton Antivirus ,
, . Inoculate Boot Records and System Files Inoculate Program Files Inoculation (. ). ,

, Norton Antivirus,
, .
( ) Inoculation, .
Norton Antivirus
, Inoculated File
Changed. , Norton Antivirus , ,
(. ).

, :
: , ( ), DOS ..

Repair, Delete, Exclude, Continue Stop, , (. ). ,
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. Exclude (
) ,

,
.
, Exclude , Norton Antivirus
, .
(10.SYS, MSDOS.SYS,
COMMAND.) ( ) Norton Antivirus
System integrity. ,
.
Delete Exclude, ,
.
,
, Norton Antivirus
, File Inoculation. , Norton
Antivirus , ,

(. ).

,

. Repair, , .
Norton Antivirus Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect. Windows
, , , (
) .. ,

.
Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect.

, . , , Norton Antivirus Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect. :
Stop ;
Continue ;
Exclude .

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, .
. , , , , , .
(. 51.5) Activity Log. (PgUp) (PgDn). :
Close ;
Print ;
Filter , (. );
Clear .

. 51.5.
. 51.6.
10. Windows


.f:ivr'",:iH4i' ,

( , ,

).
,
, Filter ,
:
Known Virus Detection ;
Unknown Virus Detection (
, ""
), ;
Inoculation Activities ,
,
;
Virus-Like Activities , (
);
Completion Of Scans ;
Virus List Changes ;
Dated (On
. Not On , Before , Before or On , After
, After or On , Between , Not Between
).
, ( Cancel, ).
,
(infection log). (. 51.6)
( )
. Infection Log Reports .
, .
^
.

51.8.



Options, Norton
Antivirus. (. 51.7) Category ,
. ( Cancel,
).

Scanner .
What to scan , Norton
Antivirus: Memory ( ), Master Boot Record (
), Boot Records ( ), Within Compressed Files
( ). Files
, , . Program Files Only
. Program Files, ,
, . ,
.. .., .SYS, .PGM, .DRV, .386 .
How to Respond ,
. When a Virus is Found
: Prompt ( ), Notify Only ( , ), Repair Automatically ( ), Delete Automatically ( ), Halt
51. Windows



Auto-Protect




. 51.7. Norton Antivirus
Computer ( ). Buttons to Display When
Prompted , .
. , When a Virus is Found Prompt (
).

(Delete Automatically Repair Automatically) , ,


. Halt Computer

,
- , .
Advanced (. . 51.7)
: Allow Network Scanning
; Allow Scanning to be Stopped
Stop', Immediate Notification
, ,
. , Preselect at Start , ( ) Norton Antivirus: All Hard Drives

, All Floppy Drives (, -, ..), Network Drives , .


Auto-Protect
, Norton
Antivirus Auto-Protect.
Scan A File When , Norton Antivirus Autoprotect : Run , Opened
(, ), Created
. What to scan ,
: All Files ( ), Program
Files Only . Program Files,
, ,
.
How to Respond ,
. When a Virus is Found
: Prompt ( ), Deny Access
( ), Repair Automatically ( ), Delete
Automatically ( ), Halt Computer ( ).
Buttons to Display When Prompted ,
, .

10. Windows


Advanced Norton
Antivirus Auto-Protect . Virus-Like Activities ,
() : Low-Level Format of
Hard Disk , Write to Hard Disk Boot Records
, Write to Floppy Disk Boot Records
. Write to program files , Read-only attribute change "
". : Prompt , Allow , Don't Allow . Don't Allow
Prompt, . Allow, .
Prompt.
Check Floppies ( .)
. Check Floppies For Boot Viruses Upon Access, , .
Check Floppies When Rebooting Computer, , ,
(Ctrl) ) ) : -

. When Rebooting, Check both drives (A: and :) , CCtrl) ) ]


,
:, :.
Startup Norton
Antivirus Auto-Protect , Windows.
What Scan Upon Startup ,
Windows: Memory ( ), Master Boot
Record ( ), Boot Records ( ). Types of Memory To Use
: High Memory Area (HMA) 64
, Upper Memory Blocks (UMBs) 640 1 , Expanded Memory (EMS) EMS-, Extended Memory (XMS) .
Bypass Keys ,
, Norton
Antivirus Auto-Protect: None , Both Shift
Keys (Shift], Both Alt Keys ),
Both Ctrl Keys ). Both Shift
Keys , MS DOS 6.0
(Shift)
CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.
Auto-Protect Can Be Unloaded, , Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect. , Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect,
Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect (. . 51.11).
Hide Icon In Windows, , "" ( )
Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect. Norton Antivirus Auto-Protect (. Auto-Protect Can Be Unloaded).
Sensor Norton Antivirus
Auto-Protect ,
. Use Virus Sensor Technology
.
When a Virus is Found : Prompt (
), Repair Automatically ( ), Delete Automatically
( ), Halt Computer ( ).
51. Windows

Alerts



Activity Log

Exclusions


Buttons to Display When Prompted ,

, .
Alerts ,
. Display Alert Message, ,

, ..
Display Alert Message. ,
, , . Audible Alert . Remove Alert Dialog After ... Seconds, , ,
, , .
Novell NetWare,
, Alert Others, . , Alert
Network Users , . Alert Network Console ,
, . Alert Norton Antivirus NLM If Present ,

Norton Antivirus for NetWare, . ,
Others, ,
( ,
).
Activity Log Norton Antivirus.
Log Following Events ,
: Known Virus Detection
: Unknown Virus Detection (, ); Inoculation Activities , , ; VirusLike Activities , (
); Completion Of Scans
; Virus List Changes .
Limit Size Of Log File to ... Kilobytes
( ). Activity Log Filename
.
Norton Antivirus
. ,
, . , .SYS ,
CONFIG.SYS ,
. : .
,
Norton Antivirus , ..
, Exclusions.
, Items, .
() , . items *
?, , . , .
, ,
(,

CONFIG.SYS CONFIG.SYS ).
Add.
Item . Include Subdirectories,
, , ()
10. Windows




Inoculation




Password

General
, .
, Item , .
Exclude From ,
(): Known Virus Detection ; Unknown Virus Detection
(, ); Inoculation Detection ; Low-Level Format of Hard Disk
; Write to Hard Disk Boot Recor