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Modelarea dispozitivelor de tip transformator trifazat cu miez din trei tije pentru calculile
ingineresti a modurilor asimetrice pentru diferite scheme de conexiune a bobinelor.
Boneaga V.A., Suslov V.M.
Institutul de Energetic al Academiei de tiine a Moldovei
Rezumat. Este propus modelul pentru efectuarea calculelor si cercetarilor a modurilor permanente
asimetrice i proceselor tranzitorie a dispozitivului tip transformator trifazat cu miez din trei tije si
schema arbitrara de conexiune a bobinelor, innd cont de cuplarea electromagnetica dintre nfurrile
situate pe diferite tije. Folosind ca exemplu transformatorul de distribuie 10/0, 4 kV s-au efectuat calcule
i analiz a celor mai caracteristici moduri permanente asimetrice, care apar la scurt-circuite, rupturi de
faze, sarcina dezechilibrata in diferite scheme de conectare a bobinelor i, n special, asociate cu apariia
fluxului magnetic de secventa homopolara. Pentru regimurile si schemele luate n consideratie sunt
construite diagrame vectoriale pentru cureni i tensiuni, precum i pentru valorile relative ale fluxului
magnetic in tije, care ofer o imagine gritoare despre caracteristicile acestor regime.
Cuvinte cheie: model, moduri asimetrice, miez din trei tije, scheme arbitrare de conexiune a bobinelor,
fluxul magnetic de-secven homopolara.

Modeling of three-phase three leg transformer devices for engineering calculations of


asymmetrical modes for different schemes of winding connections.
V.A.Bosneaga, V.M. Suslov
Power Engineering Institute of Moldova Academy of Sciences

Abstract. The model is proposed for the calculation and research of steady state asymmetric
modes and transients in three-phase three legs transformer devices with arbitrary diagram of
windings connection, taking into account the electromagnetic coupling of the windings, located
on different legs. Using as an example distribution transformer of 10/0.4 kV calculations and
analysis were performed of the most characteristic steady asymmetrical modes, that occur during
short circuit, phase failure, unbalanced load for the most common windings connections and, in
particular, associated with the occurrence of zero sequence magnetic flow. For the considered
regimes and schemes vector diagrams were constructed for currents and voltages as well as for
the relative values of magnetic flow, which give a clear idea about their particular features.

Keywords: model, asymmetric modes, three legs magnetic circuit, arbitrary windings
connections, zero-sequence magnetic flow.
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E-mail: valeriu.bosneaga@gmail.com

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