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Phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms)

18,500 spp. most primitive bilateral animals acoelomate triploblastic minimal cephalization no circulatory system nervous system- ladder-like

Class Turbellaria (planarians)
Class Trematoda (flukes) Class Cestoda (tapeworms)

Flatworm Physiology
Respiration and excretion via diffusion through the body wall hermaphroditic w/ internal fertilization asexual reproduction via fragmentation

Class Turbellaria (planarians)

fresh water, terrestrial, mostly marine ciliated epidermis evertable pharynx example: Planaria

Class Trematoda (flukes)

11,000 spp. medically important endoparasites of vertebrates eggs void in feces free swimming larvae example: Clonorchis Chinese liver fluke

Class Cestoda (tapeworms)

3400 spp. endoparasites of vertebrates scolex- holdfast proglottids example: Taenia- beef tapeworm