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MNC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS HCL MANUAL-TESTING

1. what is Entrance and Exit criteria ? 2. Explain about Defect Leakage? 3. Write a Testcase for mobile phone ? 4. Write a TestCases for Coffee Vending machine ? 5. write a TestCases for Telephone ? 6. 1. High Severity and High priority Bug ? 2. High Severity and low priority Bug ? 3. High priority and low severity Bug ? 4. Low Severity and low priority Bug ? 7. What would you do if you were asked to test a system which is unfamiliar to you has out-of-date or inadequate documentation? 8. WHAT is Spring in term of Agile model? 9. how will u Do Smoke testing and Sanity testing for these fields:We have 3 fields on page: Name,Address and Pincode ? 10.Write a Test scenario for Outlook Search functionality. 11.special bug you posted in your project 12.what is Gui testing and how is it performed 13.What is Environment Requirement? 14.How can u know IP Address of a computer? 15.From Which part of the Requirement we will prepare Test Cases 16.which testing process you followed in your company ??? 17.What type of security testing you will do on banking website. 18.What test data will be required if Person 1 transfer money in Person2 account? 19.What all types of testing you will do for banking website? 20.how does a client /server environment affects testing?

IBM Manual-Testing

1. Difference between Black box and White box testing? 2. Difference between Functional and System testing? 3. What is meant by UAT testing? And how is the UAT testing carried out? 4. Difference between Test scenario and test cases? 5. How will you link the Defect to the test case? Explain Bug life cycle 6. What are the different options which will be entered while creating the test case? 7. How does the Priority matters. Will it affect only the Business impact or Functional impact as well? 8. Provide an Example with High severity and low priority and Low severity and High priority. 9. What is Traceability Matrix? How will you exactly map it and in which stage will you prepare that? 10.Explain Boundary value analysis, Equivalence partitoning and Error guessing? 11.What are the different criteria which will be filled when logging a Defect? 12.What is the difference between Severity and Priority? 13.What exactly you do as a Configuration controller? 14.What is the difference between Functional test cases and UAT test cases? 15.How will you set the Dependency in the Quality center? Say if you will fail a test 16.case and two or more test cases are dependent on that particular test case. In this case how will you handle in failing the test case. 17.What is the role of the QA lead? 18.Difference between verification and validation? 19.Explain the V model. 20.What is the model which is followed in your project. 21.What are the different phases available in STLC.

22.What are the models/stages available in SDLC. 23.What are the different test levels 24.What are the testing processes, methodologies and techniques 25.What are the testing processes, methodologies and techniques 26.Whenever developer will recieved the defect from the tester,then he will go thru the defect whether it is acceptable or not?for that he will execute that application again,while executing if he did not found any such type of defect(what we are rise the defect above),then he will send that defect to the corresponding tester with status of 'reject',as a tester what we can do?(here writing the reproduce steps and attached screen shots has been done by tester while sending the defect to the developer, no need to send reproduced steps and screen shots again)

TCS MANUAL-TESTING-1

1. what is a build note and what it contains? And build note is released to testing team with every new build or it release only when bugs are fixed by the developer? 2. what is defect density ? we say it is No of defects / line of code.. what is line of code ? pls if possible give some real example 3. What type of documents present in Application Design document? 4. Difference between Static and dynamic Testing & Which type of testing include in Static and dynamic Testing ? explain in detail with example. 5. Who fixes the bug as Severity and priority ? 6. How can We stop Client side Validation and do Server side validation ? Is there any option on IE 7. What is test case of dustbin ? 8. Suppose i want to test an application with in three week, how i will prepare test strategy for this testing.? which testing types should i follow? 9. What were the major challenges u faced while testing 10.Tell me what all u have done for 2 years as a manual tester in your company

11.What were your achievements in last 2 years as a software tester(manual) 12.explain fields of a bug 13.what exactly meaning of Defect Differed ?? 14.Our software designers use UML for modeling applications. Based on their use cases, we would like to plan a test strategy. Do you agree with this approach 15.Give me an example of something you tried at work but did not work out so you had to go at things another way. can somebody give a real time example 16.what are the inputs fo writing testcases and what are the outputs after executing the testcases? 17.What is difference between V-Model and Agile Model? 18.write test case for mobile and refile-pen? 19.what is difference between bug and defect who will find bug and who will find out defect ..(Like developer or tester)? 20.How to test Manual test cases in Excel? Are there any other tools for Maual testing. If it is done in Excel How will the test cases are executed? For EX:- In QTP/Winrunner are automated it is easy to executed the test cases right, But how is it done in Maual testing? Explain me manual testing 21.what is the difference between waterfall model & v-model? 22.What is reference matrix or tracability matrix? 23.how to creat 2 test plan in 2 different environment exp:tour and travel

TCS-2
1. What type of documents present in Application Design document? 2. Difference between Static and dynamic Testing & Which type of testing include in Static and dynamic Testing ? explain in detail with example. 3. Who fixes the bug as Severity and priority ? 4. What is test case of dustbin ? 5. Difference b/w bug and defect ? 6. explain fields of a bug

7. Tell me what all u have done for 2 years as a manual tester in your company 8. what are the inputs fo writing testcases and what are the outputs after executing the testcases? 9. what is the difference between waterfall model & v-model? 10.How to Write Test case for Smoke Testing 11.Write max. no of test case's in following scenario Developer develops single page which consist of simple Text box and a Submit button. Developer has not written a single line of code for the button (i.e. no relation of Text box and Submit button). No validations are implemented on Test box as well as button. 12.What is database testing? 13.Suppose in your Project have 2 test engineers.Module A is tested by You and Module B is tested by another Test Engineer.module A and B has inter related functions.Then how you check the functionality of the module?? 14.can anybody tell me that what is a build note and what it contains? And build note is released to testing team with every new build or it release only when bugs are fixed by the developer? 15.what is defect density ? we say it is No of defects / line of code.. what is line of code ? 16.Suppose i want to test an application with in three week, how i will prepare test strategy for this testing.? which testing types should i follow? 17.what exactly meaning of Defect Differed ?? 18.Our software designers use UML for modeling applications. Based on their use cases, we would like to plan a test strategy. Do you agree with this approach 19.what is difference between bug and defect who will find bug and who will find out defect ..(Like developer or tester)? 20.what is the test strategy you followed in your company 21.anyone can tell me the example of high severioty and low priority ? 22.write the test cases that you have scheduled an interview and you came for the same and you are about to take the interview. 23.Which is the most important phase in SDLC

wipro
1. Exact difference between Verification and Validation? 2. expalin with ex high priority high severity, and low sev low prioority? 3. write TestCases for Yahoo messenger ? 4. what is the difference beween dry run testing and smoke testing? 5. what is role of tester in spiral model? 6. what is white box testing and what is the teckniques 7. Is the regression testing can call it as Retest 8. What is mean by Defect Injection?,Tell me in brief 9. When we enter valid user ID and passwords and unable to login then what do we test more 10.Tell me typical situation while collecting the test data in your job ( In banking project)? 11.what is fault? 12.If the developer rejects that its not a bug means then whats the next step we follow? 13.What is the Difference between Scope and Objective ? can u explain detailed ? 14.write a test case for air conditioner 15.What is 3-Tier Architecture. How It will be implemented. Anybody can explain it in detail with easily understandable example. 16.severity and priority of bugs? 17.why we develop Test plan for a project ? 18.Give me examples for high Severity and Low priority defects? 19.What are the qualites should tester have? 20.What is Static Testing? 21.What is Prototype Testing? 22.5 negative test case for lift... 23.What is Entry Criteria & Exit Criteria 24.what is difference between severity and priority

25.How to test a website??? 26.Write down the template for test case.

ACCENTURE

1. what is v-model.why you are using v-model?& v-model follow parallelly approach is it correct? 2. diff b/w stress testing and load testing? 3. how many days did u study ur business req specifications for a one year project? 4. how many days did u write test cases for a one year project? how often do u get builds in ur company? 5. is traceability matrix prepared by jr tester or sr tester or test lead? 6. why is testing necessary , explain with some examples? 7. who provides the test data in ur company? 8. as a tester, do u know only ur module requirements or other module req's also? 9. what are the stages/statuses in the life cycle of a defect? 10.how can u do monkey testing? 11.diff b/w installation testing & compatibility testing? 12.WAT VSS ?HOW CAN WE USE IT? 13.what is BFSI DOMAIN? COULD U EXPLAIN EACH AND EVERY THING IN DETAIL? 14.how can test the entire web site? 15.wat is exploratory testing? how can u do ? 16.how can u do usability testing on website? 17.who do sanity testing ? who do smoke testing ? 18.what is meant by system test case 19.which testing process you followed in your company ??? 20.what is sdlc

21.Can anyone explain Boundary value Analysis and equavelance partition with real time example 22.What is RTM 23.Very Important Note for all the Testers!!! As the S/w Boom is getting considerably decreased... 24.What is the difference b/w Smoke and Sanity Testing? I heard that Sanity testing will be done by developers. Is that so? 25.What is meant by Risk Analysis? 26.What is the difference between White Box testing and Unit Testing?

PATNI

1. Who Prepare the Master Test Plan? Who Prepare the Test Plan? 2. What is the Test Case?What is the Testing? 3. What is CMM? 4. What is the role of Documentation for QA? 5. Explain with example : Test Scenario, Test Suit And Test Case. 6. Who is QA ? and Who is QC in a company? What are the roles of QA And QC in company? 7. What actually testers do in Smoke Testing? 8. How should testers write the test cases without Specifications 9. If Interviewer asks "Do you want to ask any question to us?" Which questions should we ask to them? 10.Tell me the test cases for Notepad? 11.what type of diffects we can find while preparing the test plan 12.What is the difference between sanity testing and smoke testing 13.what is exactly a tracebility matrix? 14.what are the testing methodologies? 15.What is the difference between low and high level test cases? Example

16.what is 4 p's? Exact difference between testing and QA 17.Difference between Equalance class partion and boundary value analysis? 18.What is the diff betwn Functional nad regression testing and do u excute same test case or write new one for regression

CTS

1. what comments have u given in peer review? tell me at least 3 comments what u have given? 2. expalin with ex high priority high severity, and low sev low prioority? 3. how often do u recieve bulid in ur company? 4. if tester invloves in req or initial phase , what test eng will do in initial phase? 5. what do u do in peer review?how do u do ? 6. tell me some req'r which were added to frs , in the middle of the project? 7. what is ur testing process in ur compnay?expalin from starting req phase to last phase brifely? 8. Explain Localization Testing ? 9. Define Fuzz testing? 10.Explain All-pairs testing? 11.How to test cookies in Manual testing and how to disable cookies? 12.What is cookies?How do you test cookies? 13.where did u gather requirements? what is user acceptance testing? in real time plz send me as early as possible? 14.How can a white box testing performed ? MAnual or automated ? 15.What Tester should do after getting Requirement Doc? 16.What is the difference between Test Management tools and Defect Management tools? What are the most widely used Test Management tools?

17.what is requirement traceability matrix? Mention its format 18.what is the FURRRPSC model? 19.1.What is mean by data base testing?explain with example? 2. you can check the data base testing through sql then why we are using QTP Data base check ? 3.difference between modified waterfall model and waterfall model? 4.defect life cycle? 20.what is data migration testing? 21.what is the diffrence between bug, error,defect?? 22.what is waterfall model?explain? what is v model? explain all phase?and the difference between two model? 23.What is the difference between Test Director and Quality Center? 24.What's the difference between Load and Stress testing ? 25.write bug name and discrition for following scenario: 1*1=1,2*2=5,3*3=9,4*4=17 using mscalculator ? 26.Whats the resumption and assumption criteria in Test plan? explain briefly. 27.what is test condition? what is test scenario?

ORACLE
1. Can any one explain about state based and graph based testing? and the difference between them?

2. How can you test an application after production and deployed in to the clients system by connecting to the (Client's)server which is located somewhere in the US. I mean how can you connect and test when it is at maintenance 3. Could anybody tell me types of testing involved when the project is at maintenance. 4. wirte the test cases for triangle 5. Differences Between Whitebox testing and Blackbox testing 6. Tell me the test cases for a search and replace functionality in a microsoft document (.doc)? 7. How can we do security testing while testing a project 8. IN V-Model, from where a tester involves and from where a developer will involve???

9. What are the methods you followed, while doing black box testing??? 10.What templates used to design the test cases? 11.How to test URl of a website manualy? 12.This Question asked in Oracle Walk-in Write the content of high level design documents? 13.What is meant by the bug state "Reproduce" 14.What is the test case, test scenario, test suit and explain differences bewteen the above ones 15.You reported a Bug.The developers are saying that it's not a Bug even though it is..How you are going to prove that it's a Bug? 16.what is internalization? 17.what is verification and Validation?

SATYAM

1. 1.Test cases for Password cannot be used for next 13 times? 2.Test cases for Password should not be less than 8 to 13 chars and there should be at least one special character and one Capital letter. 2. why it is know as alpha and beta testing(alpha & beta)? 3. Differentiate between severity and priority? who assign these parameters to a bug? 4. when there are any CRs in the projects, as a tester what do you do? 5. What is meant by formal and informal testing? Under which category it comes? 6. How do we find pass and fail percentage of Test cases. 7. What is Bug Validation? What can be a different resultant after the same? 8. 1)what is the basic diff. between unit testing and component testing 2)how do you implement framework in ur project through automation 9. 1)What are diffrent matrics assosiated with testing? 10.What is the difference between test case result and a bug? 11.What is regression testing

12.What is Usecase 13.Explain the Stress Testing 14.What are the advantages of manual testing other than "Low cost", "Where automation fails".......? 15.What is a show stopper? 16.What is difference between windows 2000 server and windows 2003 server 17.When do you prepare Requirement Traceability Matrix(RTM) before testing aor after completion of testing? 18.What characteristics would you seek in a candidate for test-group manager? 19.What are your greatest weaknesses? 20.what is backend testing using SQL? 21.what are the different types of SDLC? 22.last testcase for project will be written in which phase? 23.iffrence between application testing and product testing? 24.How integration testing performed in organization 25.Formate of weekly & daily status report means contents in that report 26.Usecases and nounlists are associated with the following Requirement analysis methodologies 1.Information engineering 2.Object oriented analysis 3.Structural analysis 4.Functional analysis. 27.what is Regresstion testing? when it will be needed?

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