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( )

6 4

2013

:
D= 36 m
d= 4 m
f = 1/6 = 6 m
t= 6cm
2

R=

D
F
+ = 30m 2
8F
2

Sin
0 =

36 o 52
Sin
1 =

r0 18
=
= 0.6
R 30

0 =

0 = 37 o

r1
2
=
= 0.06666
R 30

0 = 3o 56

0 = 4 o

A = 2Rf = 2 3.14 30 6 = 1130,4m 2


A1 = r02 = 1017,36 m 2

/ A1 = 1.11
P0 = D = 113 m 2
P1 = D1 = 12.56 m 2
16 , P0 /16 = 7.06
: 30 ( Rb = 17

Rbt = 1.2 )

BP I
d S =5 R S = 360
A - IV ( R S = 510 )
A - III ( R S = 365 )

, / 2

. g 1 2
1. . 15
2. . t=2cm p=2200/ 3 t p = 0.02 *2200=440
3.
t=10cm p=400/ 3 t p = 0.1 *400=40
4. 6
5. t=6cm p=2200/ 3 t p = 0.06 *2500=150
6. 30

.
/ 2 g

.
f

.
/ 2 g

150
440

1.3
1.3

195
572

400
60

1.2
1.3

480
78

1500
300

1.1
1.2

1650
360
3335
3350

() S 1 2 , . IV
S n = 150 / 2 S = S n ** f
g / S n > I f = 1.4
. = D/8F= 36/48 = 0.75 S n * = 112.5

n =1

1.4

1575

1125

. g = 3.35 / 2
. S = 1.57 / 2

= 1.11*3.35+1.57=5.29 / 2

. ,
: , ,
;
.
, -, -,
.


, .
,
.

. G . S ( = 0, cos O o = 1 )
1
N1 = N1

g
+

N1

s
= -

gR
sR
- 3.35 * 30 1.575 * 30

=
I + cos
2
1 +1
2
-50.25-23.62= - 73.875

/ ( )

. G . S ( = 0, cos O o = 1 )
1
N2= N2

g
+

N2

gR cos +

s
= (-

gR
I
3.35 * 30 1.575 * 30
) + SR cos 2 = - 3.35 * 30

=
I + cos
2
2
2

- 73.87 / ( )

. G . S
(

o
0 = 37o , cos 0 = 0.8 ) 1

N1,0= N1,0

g
+

N1,0

s
= -

gR
sR
- 3.35 * 30 1.575 * 30

=
I + cos
2
1 + 0.8
2
-55.8-23.62= - 79.453

/ ( )

. G . S (

0 = 37 o , cos 0 = 0.8 )

cos 2 0 = 0.277 ) 1
o

N2,0= N2,0

g
+

N2,0=

- 3.35 * 30 * 0.8

3.35 * 30 1.575 * 30 * 0.277

=
1 + 0.8
2
- 31.13 / ( )

. .
N0 = N1 cos 0 r 0 = 79.45*0.8*18= 1144.08
C. .
N = N1 cos 1 r 1 = 73.87*0.977*2= 147.38
.
.
73870
= 48.2 2
1
*
0
.
9
*
17
*
100
=
= 100
48.2= 100 t ( I-2/t) t=2.7 t<5cm t=5cm

0.477 > 0.2*0.25*32500(100)*(5/3000) 2
Ebdf = 0.25Eb
Eq 0.2 * Ebdf * (t / R ) 2
0.477 > 0.4503
6
0.477 > 0.2*0.25*32500(100)*(6/3000) 2 0.477 < 0.496
t = 6
. . 73.87 < 1*0.9*17(100)*6*100
73.87kH < 918 kH
. . 79.45 < 1*0.9*17(100)*6*100
79.87kH < 918 kH
.
s= 0.2 t=0.2*6*1.2 1 .. . .
7 d5 B p I
d5

A s

1.37 2

150*150


. 0 1

= -0.289 qRt= -0.289*5.29*30*0.1 = - 4.586 kHm/m

L = 0.597 Rt = 0.597 30 * 0.1 =1.03 m


. . A 0 t = t-a= 10-1.5=8.5
A0 =


458000
=
= 0.04
2
2
bt0 b 2 Rb 100 * 8.5 * 0.9 * 17(100)

= 0.98

. ( -III)

458000
=
= 1.5 2 /
AS =
0.98 * 8.5 * 365(100)
t0 RS
7 d5 A-III (A S = 1.98 2 ) c 140 1030
d6 A-I 200
N 0 = 1144

1144000
= 22.43 2
AS =
510(100)
9 d18 A-IV (A S = 22.9 2 )
A =

1144000
= 2492.43 2
459

t = 0.3 * 17 * 100 * 0.9 = 459 / 2


b = 40cm h=80cm
A =b*h= 3200 2
N= 147..38
=

N 1 73870
=
= 123 / 2 < R b b 2 =
bt 100 * 6

0.9*1700=1530 / 2
. b = 30cm h=30cm
A =b*h= 900 2

AS =

147000 900 * 0.9 * 17(100)


<0
365(100)

0.5% A =0.005* 900 = 4.5 2


4 d12 A-III

A s

4.52 2

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