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. 2003. .

44, N- 2

49

624.124:532.595




. . , . .
, 681005 --


, . . ,
,
.
: , , ,
, .

1.
() [1], [2].
, , u q.
: xOy , x ,
z . ,
2 , . , . ,

. [2] [3].
(x, y, z),
= 0,
 4
2w

Gh3 
1 u
w + 1 hu2
+ 2 gw 2 u
= q
z = 0,
2
3
x
x
x
(1.1)

=0
z = H,
z
G = 0,5E/(1 + ) ; E
; ; h(x, y) ;
1 (x, y) ; [2, 3]; w(x, y) ; H = H1 b; H1 ; b = 1 h/2
. , H1 h,

. 2003. . 44, N- 2

50

H H1 . , 1 , h . G 1
, [2].
[1, 4] , ,
ZZ
w
R=
q
dx dy,
(1.2)
x

q(x, y).

[1]
w

= u
.
(1.3)

z z=0
x
2. , (x, y, z), w(x, y), q(x, y) , x y.
[46],
Z
Z
ZZ
1
(x, y, z) = 2 k dk
d
(F1 exp (kz) + E1 exp (kz))
4

exp (ik((x x1 ) cos + (y y1 ) sin )) dx1 dy1 ,


1
q(x, y) = 2
4
1
w(x, y) = 2
4

Z
k dk

0
Z

k dk
0

ZZ

(2.1)
q(x1 , y1 ) exp (ik((x x1 ) cos + (y y1 ) sin )) dx1 dy1 ,

ZZ
w(x1 , y1 ) exp (ik((x x1 ) cos + (y y1 ) sin )) dx1 dy1 ,

F1 , E1 x1 , y1 , k, .
(2.1) (1.1) (1.3) (1.2), k = k cos = ,
R q(x, y)
:
Z
Z 2
1
(C1 + C22 + C32 + C42 )1 d
2

,
(2.2)
R= 2
th (H) d
2 u 2
2 2 (12 + 12 )
0

ZZ
C1 =

q(x, y) cos (x) cos (y

2 2 ) dx dy,

ZZ
C2 =

q(x, y) cos (x) sin (y

2 2 ) dx dy,

q(x, y) sin (x) cos (y

2 2 ) dx dy,

ZZ
C3 =

51

. . , . .

ZZ
C4 =

q(x, y) sin (x) sin (y

2 2 ) dx dy,

1 = 2

1 h th (H)  Gh3 5 th (H) g th (H)


1+

,
2
32 u
u2

1 =

Gh3 5 th (H)
.
32 u

[6, 7] q(x, y),


:
q(x, y) = (q0 /4)[th (1 (x + L/2)) th (1 (x L/2))]
[th (2 (y + L/(2))) th (2 (y L/(2)))],

(2.3)

q0 ; L ; = L/B ; B
; 1 , 2 ,
. 1 , 2 , . 1 , 2
q(x, y) q0 , . , [6, 7],
1 L = 2 L = 10.
(2.3) A
R/D = Aq0 /(2 gL),

(2.4)

2 kL
A=
(1 L)2 (2 L)2

2 th () d

sin2 (/2) sin2 ( 2 2 /(2)) d

,
sh2 (/(21 L)) sh2 ( 2 2 /(22 L)) 2 2 ( 2 + 2 )

D = q0 LB,

kL = gL/u2 ,

= L/B,

= H/L,

= 2 (1 + th ()) 3 kL 5 th () kL th (),
p
p
= 0 kL 3 5 th (), = 1 /2 , = h/L, 0 = g/L, = G/(3L2 g).
(2.2) .
3. (2.4) [7],
[5, 6] [8]. ,
[913].
. 16.
. 1 1 [6, 7]
= 2, = 0,3. 2 , (2.3),
= 2, = 0,3, = 0,9, = 0,01, E/(12(1 2 )L2 g) = 2386, E = 5 109 a; = 1/3;
L = 20 ; 2 = 1000 /3 . , 2,
, [8], . 36 (2.4)

. 2003. . 44, N- 2

52

1,5

1
2

1,0

4
5

0,5

3
4

. 1

kL

kL

. 2

0 = 0,07; 0,7; 3,5; 7,0 = 2, = 0,3, = 0,9,


= 0,01, = 3401,4. 2, ,
, [12]. 3,
0 = 0,07,
2, . 0 A
, [10, 11]. [10, 11] , .
[12] ,
= 5 10 (
L = 20 0 = 3,5 7,0).
[13] , 0,2
0,8 .
. 2 A kL . 14
= 0,005; 0,010; 0,015; 0,025 : = 2,
= 0,3, = 0,9, = 3401,4, 0 = 7. , . = 0,025 ( h = 0,5
L = 20 )
kL .
. 3 A
kL = 0,01, = 0,3, = 0,9,
= 3401,4, 0 = 7. 13 = 1, 2, 3.
, [57], , [9]
.
. 4 A kL , G L. 13 = 3401,4;
6802,8; 13 605,6 = 2, = 0,01, = 0,3, = 0,9, 0 = 7. . 4 , -

53

. . , . .

1,5

0,75
1

0,50

1,0

2
3

0,5

0,25

kL

. 3

kL

. 4

*
kL

0,8
3

0,6
2

0,4

1
2

2
3

0,2

. 5

kL

4
6

. 6

L ,
, , , 0 .
. 5
kL . 13 = 1,0; 0,5; 0,3 = 2, = 0,01, = 0,9, 0 = 7, = 3401,4.
.
. 6 kL ,
, . 1 (2.8) [6]
= 2. 26 (2.4) = 0,9, = 2. kL ()
= 1 3. 2, 3 0 = 3,5 0 = 7 = 0,005, = 3401,4,
4, 5 = 3401,4 = 13 605,6 = 0,01, 0 = 7, 6 0 = 7, = 0,025,
= 3401,4. , 5 = 3401,4, = 0,015, 0 = 7.
,
( 6 0,4) , , 0 , kL -

54

. 2003. . 44, N- 2

. ( > 0,4) , 0 ,
kL , , 0 , . , = h/L
= G/(3L2 g) ( ), [11].
[10, 11] ,
w(x, y) . , , -,
, . , [10, 11] , [3]. ,
, kL u,
u ,
,

( 6 0,4) u = gH. ( > 0,4)


u (umin , u), u = gH; umin = 2(Dg 3 /(272 ))1/8 [2];
D = Eh3 /(12(1 2 )). u umin .
[11, . 7].
= 1 3 kL .

. ( [8]) ,

.

, [12].

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2. . . . .: , 1967.
3. ., . . .:
, 1962.
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6. . ., . .
// . 1999. . 40, 6. . 4853.
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acceleration motion // J. Ship Res. 1972. V. 16, N 4. P. 248260.
8. . . : . . . . . . . . , 1998.
9. Milinazzo F., Shinbrot M., Evans N. W. A mathematical analysis of the steady response of
floating ice to the uniform motion of rectangular load // J. Fluid Mech. 1995. V. 287. P. 173197.
10. Hosking R. J., Sneyd A. D., Waugh D. W. Viscoelastic response of floating ice plate to a
moving load // J. Fluid Mech. 1988. V. 196. P. 409430.

. . , . .

55

11. Squire V. A., Hosking R. J., Kerr A. D., Langhorne P. J. Moving loads on ice plates.
Dordrecht: Kluwer Acad. Publ., 1996.
12. . . , :
. . . . . . . , 1983.
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22/XI 2001 .,
9/VII 2002 .