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yr 7 . “Sf APPENDIX D Problems ‘The following answers are meant only as a quick 19 check while you study. Full answers for all problems are provided in the accompanying Study Guide and Solutions Manual 10 CHAPTER 1 11 (a) 1s? 2s? 2p (b) 1s? 25? 2p6 35? 3p? (©) 132 23? 2p 392 3p 12 (2 2 ©6 oH afr cf 1“ aan 15 (b) AIH, (©) CHC (a) Si, (©) CNH a 412 5 a) my 4 S-H o 17 CoH; has too many hydrogens for a compound _ ‘with two carbons. 1S onun HOH be tw © Ae HWW All bond angles are near 109°. A320 f Answers to In-Text goin eerie The CH carbon is sp; the double bond carbons are sp?; the C=C~C and C=C-H bond angles are approximately 120°; other bord angles are near 109°, HOW All carbons are sp?, and all bond angles are near 120°. The CH; carbon is sp5; the triple-bond carbons are sp; the C=C-C and H~C=C bond angles are approximately 180°. 144 (a) O has 2 lone pairs and is sp?-hybridized. (b) N has 1 lone pair and is sp3-hybridized. (©) P has 1 lone pair and is sp*-hybridized (d) Shas 2 lone pairs and is sp3-hybridized. 15 tg OH wo ke 1H NHCHa on— a nH 1H Adrenaline—CgHy3NO3 (by Estrone—CigHy202 1.46 There are numerous possibilities, such as: (a) Cog CHyCHyCHyCH2CH CHy chs CH CH,CHCH, Chaos CH {b) CHyN CH3CH)NHy CHsNHCH3 (©) CoH HC—=CHCH,OH Hy6-—CHOCH, cHsCH {d) CHigCl CHgCHCH,CHZCI aI Gis CHCHyCHCHy —CHyCHCH2CI un CHAPTER 2 a @H Br Wd @MC 22 fa) tb ate lc) Be ger Hge—NHp NH {d) HyC—SH fe) ae (Nae 2 Hge— Mose ig Carbon and sulfur have identical electronegativities. 23 HyC—OH < HyC—MgBr < HyC—Li = H3C—F < HyC—K 24 The chlorine is electron-rich, and the carbon is electron-poor. 25 The two C~0 dipoles cancel because of the symmetry of the molecule: 26 No dipole cf moment Cel I Pia Hc if 27 For nitrogen: FC = 5 ~ 8/2-0= +1 For singly bonded oxygen: FC 28 (a) For carbon: FC = 4-8/2-0=0 For the middle nitrogen: FC = 5 ~ 8/20 = +1 For the end nitrogen: F 412- (b) For nitrogen: FC = 5 ~ 8/2-0= +1 For oxygen: FC = 6 ~ 2/2- 6 = -1 (©) For nitrogen: FC = 5 - 8/2—0= +1 For the end carbon: FC = 4 ~ 6/2-2=-1 At 210 (o (a) 2M Nog + NHj ——~ NH,t = NOs” Acid Base Conjugate Conjugate acid base 212 Phenylalanine is stronger. 243 Water is a stronger acid. 214 Neither reaction will take place. 215. Reaction will take place. 246 K,= 4.9 10-19 AR al cHyCH;QH + clr — “fh is HNICHs)2 + HEC) == HNNcHyIp + Cr pots \CHgl3 + HOC] === H—PICHgly + Cr + BlCHaly = HO-BeHgs me iO 4+ Mabry == HO—fiaBre 218 fa) More basic (red) Most acidic (blue) NAL sae . i, — Wen es ‘