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Beginner S2 #2 Russian Tour Guides May Lead You to Early Retirement!

LESSON NOTES

CONTENTS
2 2 2 2 3 4 6 Russian Romanization English Vocabulary Sample Sentences Grammar Cultural Insight

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RUSSIAN
1.

! ! .

2.

! ?

ROMANIZATION
1.

REGISTRATOR:

Smotrite! Na vashey sumke lopnula molniya! Nel'zya sdavat' v bagazh otkrytuyu sumku.

2.

NEVEZUCHIY KEVIN:

Chyort! Chto zhe mne teper' delat'?

ENGLISH
1.

CHECK-IN ASSISTANT:

Look! The zipper on your bag is broken! You can't check in an open bag. Oh no! What shall I do now?

2.

UNLUCKY KEVIN:

VOCABULARY
R ussian R omanization smotret' sumka lopnut' English to look, to watch a bag, a handbag to burst, to break C lass verb noun verb

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BEGINNER S2 #2 - RUSSIAN TOUR GUIDES MAY LEAD YOU TO EARLY RETIREMENT!

molniya

to zip, a zipper you can't, you

noun

nel'zya

mustn't, it's forbidden, it's impossible

adverb

( )

sdavat' (sdat') v bagazh otkrytiy chyort

to check (baggage) in open, opened oh no, gosh, shoot (literally, devil) now, currently, presently

phrase adjective phrase

teper'

adverb

SAMPLE SENTENCES
.
Vyechyerom ya chasto smotryu tyelyevizor. "I often watch TV in the evening."

.
Nye smotri na myenya. "Don't look at me."

.
U myenya v sumkye yest' ruchka. "I have a pen in my bag."

.
Sharik lopnul. "The balloon has burst."

.
Molniya slomalas'. "The zipper is broken."

.
Zastyegni molniyu na kurtkye. "Zip your jacket."

.
Vam nyel'zya pit' alkogol'. "You mustn't drink alcohol." (formal)

.
Nyel'zya tak dyelat'. "It's forbidden to do so."

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BEGINNER S2 #2 - RUSSIAN TOUR GUIDES MAY LEAD YOU TO EARLY RETIREMENT!

.
Nye sdavay etu sumku v bagazh. "Don't check-in this bag."

.
My sdali lyzhi v bagazh. "We checked in the ski as luggage."

- .
Igor' - otkrytyy chyelovyek. "Igor is an open person."

.
On uvidyel otkrytuyu dvyer'. "He saw an open door."

! !
Chyort! Ya razbila chashku! "Oh no! I broke a cup!"

?
I shto teper? "What now?"

, .
Teper my znaem, shto sluchilos. "Now we know what happened."

GRAMMAR
The Focus of This Lesson is Getting Their Attention! ! ! "Look! The zipper on your bag is broken!"

The check-in assistant says, , ("look!"). We use the verb a lot in Russian. For example, you can use it alone to attract someone's attention. For Example:
1.

! ! "Look! A bird!"

You can also use it to mean, "to look at something or somebody." In this case, you need the preposition + the accusative case.

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BEGINNER S2 #2 - RUSSIAN TOUR GUIDES MAY LEAD YOU TO EARLY RETIREMENT!

For Example:
1.

? "Why are you looking at me?"

A third definition of is, "to watch." For example:


1.

. "I'm watching TV."

Even though ends in -, you conjugate it like the verbs ending with -. An example would be . Here's the verb conjugated in the present tense: Russian () Sample Sentences "English" "I look" "you look" (informal) "he/she" looks "we look" "you look" (formal or plural) "they look"

Russian , ! ! .

"English" "Look what a beautiful car!" "Don't look at Ira like this!" "We watch football on TV."

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BEGINNER S2 #2 - RUSSIAN TOUR GUIDES MAY LEAD YOU TO EARLY RETIREMENT!

? ?

"What are you looking at?" "Did you watch the film yesterday?"

CULTURAL INSIGHT
Russian Swear Words

The Russian language probably has more swear words than any other language! However, you should be very careful using them. For example, some people find it very offensive if you use so-called "mat" (swear words belonging to a particular group) in their presence. Here are some safe (though informal) expressions you can use to express annoyance:
1. 2. 3.

(literally, "pancake") -, or -, or - (literally, "fir trees, sticks") , or (literally, "let the devil take it")

still reminds Russians of a famous Soviet comedy, Diamond Arm, where smugglers used it as a password.

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BEGINNER S2 #2 - RUSSIAN TOUR GUIDES MAY LEAD YOU TO EARLY RETIREMENT!