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2004

32.973.2337
681.3(075)
37

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1.
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.4.


2.
......
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.

11
11
17
31
34
36
37
..

38
38
42
49
60
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3.
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3.4.

62
62
70
78
87
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4.
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99
99
100
101
102

4.5. ,
107
4.6.
109
4.7.
110
4.8.
113

114

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5. Windows XP.............116
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6. Windows XP

116
119
122
129
129
132
134
139
141

6.1. -
142
6.2. Windows XP
143
6.3. Windows XP
147
6.4. Windows XP
150
6.5.
156
6.6. Windows XP
160
6.7. Windows XP
162

164

168
7. Windows XP
169
7.1.
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7.2.
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183
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189
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224

9.

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227
228
236
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10.

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14.
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253
262
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509
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63

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64

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3.1.

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66

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3.1.

67

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68

3.

(, Windows) .
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3.1.

69

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70

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73

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75

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76

3.

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78

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3.3. ,

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80

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81

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82

3.
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83

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84

3.
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3.3. ,

85

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86

3.
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3.4.

87

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91

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92

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3.4.

93


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96

3.

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1. , , .
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4. , ,
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97

Memory Test:
.
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98

3,
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DELETE
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. {ColorManagement System CMS).
,
. CMS
,
:
. ,
, .
CMS
.
. ,
, . ,
.
{International Color Consortium ICC) . , ICC, CMS.
CMS.
. ICC, , , . CMS, , ,
ICC
( ). - . , , ,
ICC .
,
, . CMS,
. CMS ColorSync
Apple, Macintosh
, . Windows XP Image Color Management.
CMS, , ,
, , .
Agfa Foto Tune. Windows
Apple. ICC , ,
, , . -

423

, . (, )
, CIELab .
Kodak DayStar ColorMatch.
Adobe Photoshop QuarkXPress. , ,
. Kodak
PhotoCD .
IT8 Digital Colorimeter
.


15.1.

15

, -
1200 dpi 100 .
256 ?
1. Ipi = -=== :

\/100 -1 \/99
9,94
2. ,
120 Ipi.
3. , 256 :
,,
1200
1200
1200 = ? 5 1 8
v/256 -1 sf255 15,96
4. , 75 Ipi.

, .
| 100
120 Ipi, - .
256 75 Ipi, .

15.2.
35- , A3 133 Ipi. : A3 420 .
1. :
420:35=12

424

15.

2. :
dpi = 133 1,5 = 199,5, = 200 dpi
3. :
200 12 = 2400 dpi
4.
:
2400 -1,06 = 2540 dpi
,
2540 dpi.

15.3.

15


,
CMYK .
.
1. CMYK ,
.
2. CMYK ,
, 45
:
90 + 45=135
3. CMYK , .
:
105 + 45=150

,
105

75
90
45
135

150

(
CMYK). ,
, .

15.3.

425

15.3.

, , Painter Fractal Design, FreeHand
Macromedia Fauve Matisse. Painter
. , (, , , , .), (, , ),
. , FreeHand
, , .
Macintosh PixelPaint Pro
Pixel Resources.
Silicon Graphics
(SGI) StudioPaint3D Alias Wavefront, () .
30
(undo), ,
.
StudioPaint 3D , ,

.


. , , , .
, .
:
()
(, CCD). ,
( ). .
, . (
) -

426

15.

.
- .
, . ,
. 5000-6000
.
.
. ,
, , .

. , . ,
.
. 300-600 , 1200-3000.
. , ,
/.
: , ,
, - , , CMOS-.
, .
, . , , , (
).
(
300 dpi), . 2,
3,5.
,
.
1,5 . 4 , 5 .
. 110-120 .

427

15.3.

, . :
, , , (
) . , . ,
, , , . .
Adobe Photoshop
Photoshop Adobe. , , (. 15.17).

. 15.17. Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop
, . . .

428

15.

File ()
Open (), Import ().
, Adobe PDF . TWAIN, .
, . Image Image Size ( ) Image Size ( ). Pixel
Dimensions () Document Size ( )
, ( ppi).
.
72 ppi, ,
ppi =1,5- Ipi, Ipi ,
. , -, Ipi dpi.
1:1 ,
, .
Tools () (. 15.18)
. , ,
.
( ).
, .
,

. :
, ,
, , , , , Adobe Image Ready.
,
Marquee (), Move (), Lasso (), Magic Wand (
), Crop () Slice ( ).
, .
( ) ,
.
. .
() , ,
. ,
.

15.3.

429

Pile. 15.18. Adobe Photoshop 7.0

.
Healing Brush ( ) Patch (), Brush ()
Pencil (), Clone Stamp ( ) Pattern Stamp (
), History Brush ( ) Art History Brush ( ), Eraser (), Paint Bucket ( )
Gradient ( ). Blur (), Sharpen (), Smudge ()
Dodge (), Burn (), Sponge ().

.
Pattern. ,
.
- , .
-

430

15.

. , .

. .
/ , // .
. ()
. Text () . .
Path
Selection ( ) Direct Selection ( ) .
. Hand () ,
Zoom () / . Eyedropper ()
.
Measure ( ). Notes ()
.
Audio Annotation ( ).
,
, . .
, ,
. Mask () Standard () Quick ( ). , ( )
(
).
Jump to ImageReady ( Image Ready).
.
.
,
, . dobe Photoshop .
Window () , .
. -

15.3.

431


. ,
,
. , , .
,
.
.
. ,
, .
,
.
( ) , Palettes Well ( ).
, .
Brushes () . ,
.
File Browser ( )
.
Info () . : ,
, .
Navigator () .
.
Color ()
.
.
Swatches () .
, .
. , Pantone.
Layers () , . , , .
Channels () , ,
, , ,
.

432

15.

Paths () .
Adobe Photoshop
.
Actions () . ,
, , , .
. , ,
.
,
. Kai's Power Tools, Alien
Skin, Andromeda .

. 15.19. KPT Lens Flare Kai's Power Tools 6


15.4.

(: Adobe Illustrator, Macromedia Freehand, CorelDraw)
() (, Adobe StreamLine, CorelTrace).
Adobe Illustrator .

15.4.

433

Adobe,
Photoshop, InDesign. .
Macromedia Freehand . .
.
Adobe Illustrator
CorelDraw.
QuarkXPress.
CorelDraw , , Windows.

.
CorelDraw . .
Adobe StreamLine
. ,
, ,
. StreamLine , . , - .
,
.


.
. . ,
, , , .
, .
, , . ,
, .
. .
.
. , , . :
, , .
. , -

434

15.

. 15.20.

.
(. 15.20).
. :
;
;
(, );
( , ).
,
.
. :
,
;
;
;
- , ;
( PostScript).
Adobe Illustrator
Adobe Illustrator
( , 10.0 ),

15.4.

435

. 15.21. Adobe Illustrator

(. 15.21). Adobe
Illustrator .
A dobe Illustrator
, .
Adobe
Photoshop (. 15.22).
. Selection ()

. Direct Selection ( )
, . SHIFT
. (Lasso) , .
Magic Wand ( ) .
, , . ()
. Text () .
( ), ,
.

436

15.

Adobe Illustrator

. 15.22. Adobe Illustrator

Line Segment ( ), Arc (), Spiral


(), Rectangular Grid ( ), Polar Grid ( ). ( )
,
.
Rectangle (), Rounded Rectangle (
), Ellipse (), Polygon (), Star (), Flare
() . Paintbrush () , (Pattern) (Calligraphic Line).
Pencil () ( ).
Smooth () Erase ().
, .

. : Rotate (),
Reflect (), Twist (), Scale (), Shear (), Reshape
(), Warp (), Twirl (), Pucker (), Bloat
(), Scallop (), Crystallize (), Wrinkle (), Free Transform ( ).
Symbol Sprayer ( )
, (Graph)
.
.
: Mesh (), Gradient ( ), Eyedropper (),

437

Paint Bucket ( ). Measure ( ), Blend ()


Auto Trace ( ).
: Slice
(), Scissors (), Knife (), Hand (), Page () Zoom
(). World Wide Web. .
.

Adobe Photoshop.
Adobe Illustrator . , Adobe Photoshop. Adobe
Illustrator 10 24 . ,
.
Adobe Illustrator .
,
, ,
.


15.4.

15

1. ' Adobe Photoshop, Old lmage.jpg.


, ,
\Adobe Photoshop 7.0\Samples.
2. ~ "
~~ -
~ ----^
,
levels
,
.
Image Adjustments Levels ( ).
,
, .
3. .
Auto (). 20, 238. .

438

15.

4. ,
.
.
Image Adjustments Curves ( ).
- ,
.
( ) . ,
. .
5. -
Levels (). Input Levels -, . ,
-. .
,
. , .

15.5.

30

1. Adobe Photoshop, Old lmage.jpg.


2. . Lasso (),
Anti-aliased () (Feather) 4 . Lasso ()
.
3.
Image Adjustments Levels ( )
Auto ().
. , , .
4. . Stamp () Healing Brush ( ).
.
Layers () Background
() Duplicate Layer ( ).
.
Stamp (). Brush ()
, -

439

Master Diameter ( ).
(Soft Round).
,
ALT, , ,
. .
. ALT. Stamp
.
5. , Healing Brush ( ) .

. 15.23. () ()

6. . Sharpen (). . .
] , , , .

15.6.

30

1. Adobe Photoshop, Old lmage.jpg.


2. . Filter Noise Dust & Scratches
( ). , -

440

15.

. ,
.
3. . Filter Sharpen Sharpen
Edges ( ). , . .
4. Stylize ().
5. Pixelate ().

. , . , ,
, .

15.7.

30

1. Adobe Photoshop, Old lmage.jpg.


2. . Polygonal Lasso ( ). Feather ().
3. Polygonal Lasso ( )
. ,
Polygonal Lasso ( )
SHIFT ( ) ALT ( ).
4. . Magic Wand ( ).
Tolerance () 24. , .
SHIFT ALT.
5.
Lasso ().
6. , . . Channels () .
.
CTRL.
. , Adobe Photoshop.

441


15.1.
Adobe Photoshop

45

1. Adobe Photoshop, Ducky.tif Dune.tif.


2. Dune.tif Image
Adjustments Levels Auto ( ).
3. Polygonal Lasso ( ), Ducky.tif
.
4. Ducky.tif. Channels () .
5. Image
Adjustments Levels Auto ( ).
6. - ,
0,85 Image Adjustments Levels ( ).
7. , Feather
() 4 .
8. Edit ( ).
9. Dune.tif Edit Paste ( ).
10. Layers () 50%.
, . 15.24.

. 15-24. ,

11. Layers ().


12. , .
.

15.

442

, Adobe Photoshop
.


15.8.
Adobe Illustrator

15

1. Adobe Illustrator.
2. File New ( ).
3. : Size () 4, Units () Millimeters (), Orientation () .
4. . ().
,
. Stroke () 8 . CTRL
. . SHIFT
, ,
.
5. . ().
, .
, .
.
6. . Ellipse (). . SHIFT,
.
ALT+SHIFT, , .
7. . Line Segment ()
. Spiral ().
. . Spiral () .

443

8. . Polygon ().
, ,
( )
.
Adobe Illustrator. , SHIFT
ALT .

15.9.

15

1. Adobe Illustrator.
2. File New ( ).
3. : Size () 4, Units () Millimeters (), Orientation () .
4. . Pencil (). ,
, . (). , ,
.
5.

. (). ,
(. 15.25):
+ ;
+ + ;
+ + + .

1-

2-

3-

. 15.25. ,
6. .
(). , , . ,
( ).

444

15.

15.10.
1. Adohe Illustrator.
2. File New ( ).
3. : Size () 4, Units () Millimeters (), Orientation () .
4. . ().
.
5. . Direct Select ( ).
, . .

. 15.26.
6. . Convert Anchor Point
( ).
.
.
, .
7. . Add Anchor Point
( ). . Delete Anchor Point
( ).
.

445

15.11.

15

1. Adobe Illustrator.
2. File New ( ).
3. : Size () 4, Units () Millimeters (), Orientation () .
4. . ().
. Color, Gradient, Swatches
(Window ).
5. . Selection ()
. Color ().
Swatches ().
Color ().
(R, G, ) Color.
6. . Selection () .
Gradient ().
Swatches () Color () ,
. Gradient ()
Linear (). Angle () 45 .
,
Color .
.
7. . Selection () . Swatches ()
Show Pattern Swatches ( ) . .

. 15.27.

446

15.

8. . Scissors (). .

/ \ ^

-
^^,

^r

~*
/ '''

%
V^
^ ^

^ 7

\ ^ \ 0 0
-*S
\ _

. 15.28.

9. . Knife ().
. Direct Selection .
.

Adobe Illustrator.
.


15.2.
Adobe Illustrator

45

1. Adobe Illustrator.
2. File New ( ).
3. : Size () 4, Units () Millimeters (), Orientation () .
4. ().
. Stroke
() 10 .
5. Ellipse (). . Stroke () 4 . SHIFT,
.
Stroke () 7 .
6. Color, Gradient, Swatches (Window ).

7. Selection () .
Gradient ().
Swatches (). Gradient
() () Linear ().

447

Angle () 0 .
, Color () .
.
8. Selection () . Swatches
() Show Pattern Swatches ( ) .
.
9. Selection () .
Color ().
Swatches ().
10. . Selection () SHIFT . Object Group ( ). , :
)

11. . Selection () . Object Ungroup ( ).


12. . Selection () .
, .
SHIFT . Pathfinder () Add to
shape area ( ). , .

13. . Edit Undo


( ). Selection () . SHIFT . Pathfinder ()
Intersect shape areas (). , .

14. . Edit Undo


( ). Selection () -

448

15.
. SHIFT . Pathfinder ()
Exclude overlapping shape areas (). ,
.

15. . Edit
Undo ( ). Selection ()
. SHIFT . Pathfinder
() Subtract from shape area (). ,
.

16. . Edit
Undo ( ). Selection ()
. SHIFT . Pathfinder
() Minus Back ( ). , .

17. .
Edit Undo ( ). Selection () . SHIFT .
Object Compound Path Make. , .

16.1. CorelDraw
CorelDraw Corel Corporation
, , .
CorelDraw
. CorelDraw Corel PhotoPaint Corel Ventura
Publisher' .
CorelDraw , -
Windows.
: , , , ,
, , ,
. CorelDraw , .
-,
, Adobe Illustrator Macromedia
FreeHand. To , ,
CorelDraw .
-, Dockers, .
.
.
, ()

, . .

450

16. CorelDraw

<
/

/
'

. 16.1. CorelDraw

(Property Bar).

. ,
. .
.
Adobe Illustrator, CorelDraw , .
CorelDraw
( ) . , .

16.2.


(Toolbar). ,
( )

451

16.2.

Outline Fill
,

. 16.2. CorelDraw

. ,
, (Flyout).
CorelDraw 11.
Pick () , , .
Shape ()
.
Knife () , .
Eraser () , .

452

16. CorelDraw

Smudge brush ()
.
Roughen Brush () () , .
Free transform ( ) , .
Zoom ()
.
Hand () .
Freehand ( )
, .
Bezier ( )

.
Artistic Media ( )
: Brush (), Sprayer (),
Calligraphic ( ), Pressure ( ).
( )
.
() .
Bezier ,
,
.
Polyline ( )
(), (Freehand).
,
.
3 Curve Point ( ) ,
. . .
Interactive Connector ( ) .
Dimension () , ,
. .
Rectangle () .

-
*

16.2.

3 Point Rectangle ( )
3 Curve Point. . ,
. .
Ellipse () .
3 Point Ellipse ( ) ,
.
Polygon () ().
Graph Paper () , .
Spiral () .
Shapes () Base (), Arrow
(), Flowchart (-), Star (), Callout ().
Text () . , (Paragraph Text). (Artistic Text).
Interactive Blend () . Blend , , .
Interactive Contour () .

, .
Interactive Distortion ()
.
Interactive Envelope ()

.
Interactive Extrusion () ()
.
Interactive Drop Shadow ()
, .

453

454

16. CorelDraw

Interactive Transparency ()
.
Eyedropper ()
.
Paintbucket ( )
.
Outline () .
,
: Outline Pen Dialog ( ) Outline Color Dialog (
). Outline Pen Outline Color ,
CorelDraw.
Fill () .

: Fill Color Dialog ( ), Fountain Fill Dialog
( ), Pattern Fill Dialog ( ), Texture Fill Dialog ( ) PostScript Fill Dialog ( PostScript).
Interactive Fill ()
,
Fill, .
Interactive Mesh Fill ( ) Envelope (). , , .


,
.
.
, :
Paper Type/Size (/ ) ;
Width and Height ( )
;
Portrait () Landscape ()
;

16.2.

455

, ;
Drawing Units ( ) ;
Nudge Offset ( ) ;
Duplicate Distance ( )
, ;
Snap to Grid ( ), Snap to Guidelines ( ) Snap to Object ( ) ,
;
Draw Complex Objects when Moving or Transforming
( );
Treat As Filled ( );
Options () .

. 16.3. :
;

. - , ,
. , ,
Interactive Contour (), Contour Group
( ). Interactive Contour
(), .
.

CorelDraw ,
Options
(). , :
, Bitmaps ( );

456

16. CorelDraw
Adjust (), Transform (), Correction (), Add Perspective ( ), Power Clip (), Rollover
(), Effects ();
View ();
Break Apart ( ) Arrange ();
(Visual Basic) Tools ().

. ,
.

CorelDraw
CorelDraw
, ,
. ,
. , . CorelDraw
, ,
.
, CorelDraw.
Align and Distribute ( )
Arrange (). Align
() ,
. Distribute ()
.
,
,
,
.
. Window Dockers ( ).
, .
, Collapse Docker (
),
. Close Active Docker (
). ,
.

C. 16.4.

. 16.5.

458

16. CorelDraw

,
, : Object Manager ( ) Object Data ( ).
Object Manager ( ) . Tools Object Manager ( ).

. .
Object Data ( ),
, (, , ).

.

16.3.

CorelDraw
.

.
, ,
. Pick () :
(, );
;
( );
() ;
;
.
.


. , Freehand ( ), (), Polyline ( ), 3 Curve Point ( ), :
, , , .
. ( ).
Bezier ( ) () (-

16.3.

459

. 16.6. Pick ()

) (
). CTRL
( 15) . Pick () , .
Auto-Close
Curve ( ), .
. Shape (), .
, . . :
: Add Node ( ) Delete
Node ( );
: Join Two Nodes ( );
: Break Curve ( );
: Convert to Line (
) Convert to Curve ( );
: Cusp ( ), Smooth ( ), Symmetrical ( );
: Reverse Curve Direction ( );

( SHIFT) : Extend
Curve to Close ( );

460

16. CorelDraw

,
: Extract Subpath ( );
: Auto-Close Curve
( );
,
, : Stretch and Scale Nodes (
), Rotate and Skew Nodes ( ), Align Nodes
( );
() : Elastic Mode ( ).
. , Bezier (
), ,
, . :
( CTRL ),
(. 16.7). .
:

-^ ako_Kode Symrre

. 16.7.

. Artistic Media ( ) ,
. , . -

16.3.

461

(Preset)

(Brush)

(Sprayer)

(Calligraphic)

. 16.8. , Artistic Media

( ),
, . : , , , .
, .
Brush () ,
.
Sprayer ()
, :
( ,
) () ;
;
;
;
;
,
;
;
;
;
.

462

16. CorelDraw

. Brush ()
, .
, Sprayer (), : Arrange Separate ( ), Arrange Ungroup
( )
.
. Dimension (), :

(Auto Dimension);
(Vertical Dimension);
(Horizontal Dimension);
(Slanted Dimension);
(Callout Dimension);
(Angular Dimension).

, , . Prefix () Suffix () . Dynamic ( )


()
. Text Positioning Drop/Down
( )
.
81

. 16.9.

. Rectangle () .

16.3.

463

Rectangle Corner Roundness (


). , . , .
Wrap Paragraph Text ( ),

. Convert to Curves (
), .
,
.
. Ellipse () (
). .
, . Pie ()
Starting and Ending Angles
( ) , .
Arc () . Clockwise/Counterclockwise Arcs or Pies ( / ) () .
.
: , , , , (Shapes).
.
:
, CTRL
(Shapes) ,

(glyph). ,
.
-.

. 16.10.

,
,
. Windows:
Edit ( )

464

16. CorelDraw

Edit Paste ( ).
, .
(Edit Duplicate) , .

Duplicate Distance ( ) ( ,
). ()
.
(, , , ), , .
,
.

.
(Edit Clone) . -,
:
. -, : .

16.4.
( )
().
.
.
Color () Fill
(). ,
, Properties ()
Fill (),
. , Uniform Fill (
) Fill ()
Fill Color Dialog ( ) .
.
Interactive Fill (). ,

.
Interactive Fill () .
:
Edit Fill ( ),
, ;
Fill Type ( ),
CorelDraw ;

16.4.

465

Outline Width ( );
Copy Fill Properties ( ).
.
. Uniform Fill Type ( ),
, . , CMYK
.
. Fountain Fill
() :
Linear Fountain Fill ( );
Radial Fountain Fill ( );
Conical Fountain Fill ( );
Square Fountain Fill ( );

First Fill Picker ( ) Last Fill Picker (
);
Fountain Fill Midpoint ( ), Fountain Fill
Angle and Edge Pad ( ).

.
. Pattern Fill ()
:
Two-Color Bitmap Pattern Fill ( ), Full Color Pattern Fill ( ),
Bitmap Pattern Fill ( );
;
Front Color (
) Back Color ( ),
Two-Color Bitmap Pattern Fill ( );
Small Tile for Pattern ( ), Medium Tile for Pattern ( ), Large
Tile for Pattern ( );
Edit Tiling of Pattern ( );
()
Transform Fill With Object ( );
Select Pattern ( ).

466

16. CorelDraw

.
. Texture Fill ( )
Texture Library ( ), First Fill Picker ( ), Regenerate Texture ( ) Texture Options ( ).
,
( ) ( ) .
, .
PostScript. PostScript Fill (PostScript)

PostScript Fill Textures ( PostScript). PostScript . Fill (),
PostScript Fill Dialog ( PostScript)
PostScript Texture ( PostScript) .
. Interactive Mesh Fill ( )
,
. Grid Size ( ), . ,
, ,

. 16.11.

16.5.

467

. 16.12.
(, )

. ,
, .
. Interactive Transparency ()
.
Edit Transparency ( )
Transparency Type ( ). Starting Transparency
( ) Ending Transparency ( )
. Transparency Operation (
) , Freeze
() , Clear ( ) .

16.5.
CorelDraw Text ().
,
(,
).
: Arrange Convert to Curve ( ). .

468

16. CorelDraw

. CorelDraw : . Artistic Text ( ) . Paragraph


Text ( ) .

, ,
( ) Text ().
Artistic Text ( ) ,
(, )
,
.
Text Convert... ( ...)
. , Artistic Text ( ) ( ),
Paragraph Text ( ).
. ,
Text ()
. . , .
Fit Text to Path ( )
. Artistic Text
( ) .
,
,
. -
:
Text Orientation ( ), Vertical Placement
( ), Text Placement ( );
Distance from Path ( ) Horizontal Offset ( );
Place on Other Side ( ).
Text ().
Fit Text
to Frame ( ),
.
.
Text (), ,
.
.

16.6.

469

16.6.
,
, Shape Edit ( ).
(). Interactive Blend () (
). ( )
:
Number of Steps or
Offset Between Blend Shapes ( );
Direct Blend ( ), Clockwise
Blend ( ), Counterclockwise Blend ( );
Object and Color Acceleration (
), Accelerate Sizing for Blend ( ), Link
Blend Acceleration ( ).
. .
:
Blend Direction ( );
Loop Blend ( );

Miscellaneous Blend Options ( ), Start and End Object Properties ( ), Path Properties ( ),
.
. Interactive Distortion ()
.
: Push and Pull Distortion (
), Zipper Distortion ( ) Twister Distortion (
).
.
, Push and Pull Distortion ( )
Push and Pull Distortion Amplitude (
). Center Distortion
( ).
. Interactive Envelope () .
,

470

'

16. CorelDraw

, .
:
Envelope Straight Line Mode ( ), Envelope Single Arc Mode ( ),
Envelope Double Arc Mode ( ), Envelope Unconstrained
Mode ( );
Add New Envelope ( ) ;
Add Preset ( )
;
Mapping Mode ( )
;
Keep Lines ( ).

.
. Interactive Extrusion ()
( ). Bitmap Extrusion Mode ( ) Vector
Extrusion Mode ( ).
:
Extrude Depth ();
Front Bevel ( )
Back Bevel ( );
Texture ();

Extrude Rotation ( );
Ambient Light ( );
Bevel ();
Point Light (
);
Fit to View ().
Vector Extrusion Mode ( )

.
:
Extrusion Mode ( );

16.6.

471

Extrusion Depth ();


(, ) Vanishing Point Coordinate ( );
Vanishing Point
Properties ( );
. Position
Vanishing Point Relative to Page Origin (
) Position Vanishing Point Relative to Object Center (
);

Extrude Rotation ( );
Reset Rotation ( );
Color (
);
Bevels ( );

Lighting ( ).
. Interactive Drop Shadow () ,
.
, .
.
. Knife () .
, ,
, . , . Leave as one Object (
),
, Auto-Close on
Cut ( ), .
. Eraser () ,
. , ,
, .
.
. , , .

Eraser Thickness ( ), AutoReduce on Erase ( ),
Circle/Square (/).

472

16. CorelDraw

. 16.13.

. Lens () Lens (). , .


, , .
. : Effects Add
Perspective ( ). , . Shape () ,
. CTRL . CTRL+SHIFT ,
.

16.7.
Arrange Group ( ), Arrange Combine ( ), ( ),
( ), ( ).
: Arrange Shaping ( )
Shaping ().
. Pick
() Group
(). . . Ungroup ( )
, -

16.7.

473

Ungroup All ( ). () Arrange ().


. Arrange Combine ( ) ,
, , .
,
. , . Arrange Break Apart ( )
.
, .
,
Arrange ().
. Shaping ().
: Arrange Shaping ( ).
. Weld () . ,
, . , , ,
.
, Arrange Break Apart (
), .
Shaping () Weld (). . Source
Object ( ) Target Object ( ) Leave Original
( ) .
. Trim ()
. ,
, .
, . - ( ) . ,
:
Edit Undo ( ).
Shaping () Trim (). . Source
Object ( ) Target Object ( ) Leave Original
( ) .
Front Minus Back (
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474

16. C o r e l D r a w

. 16.14.

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.
-

475

. 16.15-

Object Manager ( )
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Object Manager ( )
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476

16. CorelDraw

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240.
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477

. 16.16. Uniform Fill


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478

16. CorelDraw

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479

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. 16.17.

. 16.18.

482

16. CorelDraw

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. , ,
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16.1. CorelDraw
30

1. CorelDraw ( Corel Graphics Suite 11


CorelDraw 11).
2. Welcome to CorelDraw ( CorelDraw) New Graphics ().
3. Options ().
4. Options () Workspace ( ) Edit (). Duplicate Placement ( ) Horizontal ( ) Vertical
( ) 5 . Nudge () Nudge ( ) 1 .
5. Document (), General (),
Display () Enhanced View
(). Grid (),
Spacing (), Spacing ()
Horizontal place a grid line every ( )
Vertical place a grid line every ( ) 5 . Show Grid ( ).
6. Styles (). Styles ()
Default Graphics ( ), Outline ()
Edit (). Outline
Pen ( ) Width () 1 ,
.
7. Styles () Default Artistic Text ( ). Text ()
Edit (). Format Text ( )
Font () Font Properties ( ) Font () , Arial. Size () 12 .
Align (), Alignment ()
Center ( ).
.

483

8. Ha Styles () Default Paragraph Text (


) , 7.
9. Options () Page (),
Size (). Normal Paper ( )
Portrait (). Paper () 4.
10. Document (). Save options as
defaults for new documents ( , ) .
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(), Shortcut Keys ( ).
Shortcut Keys ( ) Editing
Commands ( ), Edit & Transform
( ), Duplicate (). Press new shortcut keys (
) CTRL+D.
12. Options () Toolbars ( ). Toolbars ( ) Align &
Distribute ( ),
Arrange (). Property Bar ( )
Multiple Objects ( ).
13. Options ().

, , .

16.2.

. 16.19.

45

484

16. CorelDraw
1. CorelDraw ( Corel Graphics Suite 11
CorelDraw 11).

2. Welcome to CorelDraw ( CorelDraw) New Graphics ().


3. Graph Paper (), Graph Paper Columns and Rows ( ) 20.
4. 100x100 .
5. 20% Black (
20%) .
6. Bezier ( ).
, ,
CTRL , (
).
Start Arrowhead Selector ( ) End Arrowhead Selector
( ) .
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Dockers Object Manager ( ).

Coordinate. Graph.
8. Pick () Coordinate
Graph. Align ( )
Align and Distribute ( ).
( ) Left ( ).
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N, .
. v, /"1
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Graph 1000 4000.
.
100 400 .
11. Bezier ( ) , (800, 40; 1200, 80; 1600, 200; 2000, 300; 2600, 400; 3000, 360; 3600,
320) . . ,
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485

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, ,
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14. ( ),
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. . 16.19.
CorelDraw - .

16.3.

1. CorelDraw ( Corel
Graphics Suite 11 CorelDraw 11).
2. Welcome to CorelDraw ( CorelDraw) New Graphics
().
3. .

. Options () Options (). Document ()
Grid (). Grid ()
Frequency ( ), 10 . Show Grid ( ) Snap to Grid
( ). Guidelines (), Snap to Guidelines ( ).
.
4. . .
20 . = 70 = 100 .
= 250 , = 160 , = 70 .
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Outline Pen ( ),
Graphics (), , -

486

16. CorelDraw
Outline Pen ( ) Width () millimeters (), Width () 0,6.
.

6. Rectangle (),
50x90 , (45; 115).
Object Manager ( ) Window Dockers Object
Manager ( ),
01.
Red ().
\
7. Rounds Corners Together (
) . Left Rectangle Corner Roundness (
) Right Rectangle Corner Roundness (
) 10 .
8. (. . 6) 50x70
, (45; 115). Q2.
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03. 20.
Effects Add Perspective ( ), ( CTRL+SHIFT) Vanishing Point (Hoz) ( ) 461 .
10. 03 (CTRL+D),
, , (60; 115),
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11. 30x10 :, (85; 145),
60,
05. Effects Add Perspective ( ),

Vanishing Point (Hoz) (
) 255 .
12. Shaping () Window Dockers
Shaping Weld ( ).
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02. Green (),
02.
13. 04, Shaping ()
Trim (), Leave Original
( ), Trim ( ), 02.
14. (, . 13) 03.

487

15. , , ,
, (60; 205).
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01. 02 02.
17. 80x20 , (60; 160),
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18. 80x3 , (60;
171,4), 07, Cyan ().
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20. 02 02, ,
White (), Arrange Order To Back
( ), , (60; 160),
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. 02 02,
Group 02. Arrange Order ( )
( ): 08, Group 02,
Group 01, 01.
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( PostScript) PostScript Texture ( PostScript).
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Line width ( ) = 5, Angle () = 45, Random seed ( ) = 0.
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100 , (60, 160). : Width () = 0,353 ; Outline Style Selector ( )
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23. Bezier ( )
60 , (45, 245). :
Width () = 0,353 ; Outline Style Selector ( ) . , (45; 75).
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490

17.

. 17.1. TWAIN -

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17.1.

491

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492

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17.1.

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494

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495

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.
Scan&Read .
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Word) .


17.1.

15

1. .
2. Paint ( Paint).

3. , ,
.
4. .

5. TWAIN .
6. TWAIN ,
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496

17,

7. TWAIN -
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300 dpi.
8. TWAIN .
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10. , . , .
11. TIFF .

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17.2.

15

1. .
2. FineReader ( ABBYY FineReader 6.0
Professional).
3. , ,
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4. Scan&Read.
5. .
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6. . . .
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11. ^4/ -
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17.3.

497

15

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5. Scan&Read. ,
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1. .
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3. , ,
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498

17.
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499


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500

17.

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7.2.

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506

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2. .
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507

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1. PR0MTXT( PROMTXT Family PROMT).


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508

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511

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512

18. -

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18.2. Mathcad

513

:
1
1
1
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() Math ().
:
Calculator () , ;
Evaluation () ;
Boolean ()
;

514

18. -

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Graph () ;
Matrix ()
;
Calculus () ,
;
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, CTRL+G, [a][CTRL+G] a,
[W][CTRL+G]-Q);
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() Evaluation (). . -

18.2. Mathcad

515

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18. -

516


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18.2. Mathcad

517

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518

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18.2. MathCctd

519

,
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Surface Plot ( ),
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520

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521

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522

18. -

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18.2.

30

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524

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525

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18.3.
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526

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527

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528

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18.5.

529

30

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530

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531

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18. -

532

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18.7.

30

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533

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534

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535

2. , ( ): yQ := 0.
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. 18.8.

536

18. -

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538

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539

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19. Web-

540

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542

19. Web-

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19.2. HTML

543

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545

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546

19. Web-

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19.2. HTML

547

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548

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19.2, HTML

549

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550

19. Web-

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19.2. HTML

551

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552

19. Web-

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553

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554

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556

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557

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558

19. Web-

,
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15

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559

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15

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560

19. Web-

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19.4.
Web-

30

1. Paint ( Paint).
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561

13. Internet Explorer


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15

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562

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563

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19.7.

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564

19. Web-

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565

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30

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2. Wefr- .
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566

19. Web-


19.1.
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567

9. Internet Explorers . . , .
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576

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577

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578

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++

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integer

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DOUBLE

real

float


.
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20.3. ()

585

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586

20,


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:
xl >= 1 && xl <= 10
(R > 3.14) and (R < 3.149)
(Value < Oldvalue) OR (Value <> 0)

20.3. ()

.
INTEGER

587

++

boolean

bool


. ++ , .
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588

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589

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.
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:
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:
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of i n t e g e r

++:
int

IntArray[1000];

.
() (, ++)
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20.

590

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.

DIM AS
var : ;

.
:
DIM X AS DOUBLE

:
var x: real;
var Str: record
PI: integer;
S: string;
end;

++
;

20.3. ()

591

++:
float ;
int a [20];
++
.
:
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z2:

integer;

++:
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z2;


, .
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,
.

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type = ;

++
typedef struct -
{
-;
} ;

- .

.
:
type TMyArray = array[0..99] of integer;
type TMyRecord = record
Iteml: integer;
Item2: string;
end;
var MyArray: TMyArray;
var R: TMyRecord;

20.

592
++:
typedef struct name1
{
int i;
float x;

} TNewStruct;

TNewStruct NewStruct;


,
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. ++ ; (
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.
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.


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= ++ := ( ).
:
R e s u l t = 5.

20.3. ()

593

Result 5. = ,
, .
:
X - X + 1
+1, X, :
X = X = X

(X = X),
true, X, , true.
:
X := X = X;
.
:
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+ 1: = - 1

:
:= *2 + ; d :=

([8] - f ) * 2 . 2 ;

++:
[5]

= /3.33;

= z[0]

- 0.001;


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594

20.



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ELSE
().
++


IF THEN
if then
-1
-1
ELSE
else
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if( )
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20.3. ()

595

:
IF 0 THEN
= 0
ELSE
= -1
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:
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e l s e a := - 1 ;
++:
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else a = - 1 ;
, , ,
.
:
IF < 0 THEN
= / 2
= 1
END IF
:
if < 0 then
begin
:= / 2;
:= 1;
end
++:
if( x < 0 )
{

= x / 2;
= 1;
};

( )

. (, -

596

20.

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++

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20.3. ()

597

0 999,
++ .


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while do
DO WHILE

LOOP

++
while( )

;

:
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= - 0.01
LOOP
:
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:= - 0.01;
++:
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= - 0.01;


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:
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20.

598

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LOOP


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20.4.

599



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RAD-,
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20.4.

, . ,

600

20.

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20.4.

601

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Ocenki, N (N> 2) (
).
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?
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I = _____;
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I = _____;
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, ( ).
4. ____;

20.

602

, Ocenki.
SUM

= 0

FOR I = 1 N

SUM = SUM + Ocenki( I )


NEXT
SUM = SUM / (N - 2)

. ,
2, , ,
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603

20.4.


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FUNCTION
(_)

END FUNCTION

function
(_):
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++

(_)

begin

end;

};


,
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, .

604

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20.

, .
:
FUNCTION SQR% (X AS INTEGER)
SQR% = X*X
END FUNCTION
:

function SQR(X:

integer):

integer;

begin
SQR := X*X

end;
++:
i n t SQR(int x)
{
return

x*x;

};


,
. ,
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.
, , . . ( ), , .
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.
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= 5;
= SQR(a);

SQR() .
.
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20.5. -

605

Windows . ,
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20.5. -


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:
class TMyClass
Iteml: integer;
Item2: string;
function GetSum(n: integer): integer;
procedure Initialize;

end;

++:

'

'

class TMyClass
{
int Iteml;
int Item2;
int GetSum(int n ) ;
void Initialize ();
, , ,
,

20.5. -

607

. ( ++).
:
procedure TMyClass.Initialize;
begin
Iteml := 1;
Item2 : = ;
end;
++:
void TMyClass::Initialize()
{
Iteml = 1;
Item2 = 0;
}
, , .
( ).
:
var Cl, C2: TMyClass;
++:
TMyClass Cl, 2;
,
, :
Cl.Iteml := 5;
2.Initialize;
:= Cl.GetSum(21);
- , .
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608

20.

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20.6.

. , , ,
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609

20.6.

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20.6.

611

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20.6.

613

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20.6.

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20.

616

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20.7. .
,
: QBasic Microsoft ( MS-DOS), Borland Delphi 7
( ) Microsoft Visual Studio .NET
( ++).
.


, ,
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( ),
( ).
, :
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, N .
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QBasic MS-DOS
\DOS. - qbasic.exe.
,
ENTER, QBasic . ESC.
(. 20.1) . ,
Immediate ( )
.

,
. PRINT,
, .

20.7. .

617

Immediate ( )
F6. QBasic,
PRINT 2+2

ENTER, .
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Press any key to continue (
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,
. ,
:
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ENTER, (
)

=5


,
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INPUT. ,
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INPUT " : ",

:
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618

20.

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( ):
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. 20.1. QBasic


( ):
' N
DIM N AS INTEGER
'
DO
' N
?
INPUT " : " , N

0,
IF N = 0 THEN
'

,
.

'LOOP

END
PRINT

END

IF "
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,

END,

:
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Years%(N)

20.7. .

619

, .
Years%(),
, .

Years% %.
. .

INTEGER
STRING
DOUBLE


%
$
#


QBasic ,
.
Edit New Function ( ).
Years% ENTER.
, :
,

FUNCTION Years%
END FUNCTION

, , F2.
,
.
Years% . :
FUNCTION Years% (X AS INTEGER)


,
F1, F2 F3, .
1,1 2 F1, F2 F3 ,
.
, ,
.
-
YearsNum, 3.
FUNCTION Years%(X AS INTEGER)
'

20.

620

DIM Fl AS INTEGER, F2 AS INTEGER, F3 AS INTEGER


DIM YearsNum AS INTEGER

Fl = 1: F2 = 1: F3 = 2: YearsNum = 3
,
DO WHILE F3 < X

Fl = F2: F2 = F3
F3 = Fl + F2
' 1:
YearsNum = YearsNum + 1
'
LOOP
'
' YearsNum
Years%.= YearsNum
END FUNCTION

, ,
, , .
File > Save ( ),
. kroliki,
ENTER. kroliki .BAS.
QBasic File Open ( ).


( F2)

:
DECLARE FUNCTION Years% (X AS INTEGER)
F5 (). .
:
: 10
: 7
: 100

20.8. .
:

12

:
:

621

1000

17

10000

: 21
: 0
,
.

20.8. .

: ,
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, , .
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,
. .

Delphi
Delphi , .
(, Borland Delphi 7 Delphi 7)
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Delphi 7. , ,
. ,
: Standard ()
, Win32 Windows 9, Internet ()
. .
. . , . .
.
.
.
Windows.

622

20.

. Delphi

Puc. 20.2. Delphi 7

. ( )
.


, , . ( Formi), . ( )
Caption (). ,
, Caption,
, , , . .
.
(
), .
, -

20.8. .

623

. .
, , Font ()
.
.


.
Standard ()
Edit ( ).
, Editi.
.
Text () ,
.
.
, Label (),
, .
Label 1. ,
Caption.
, Name
.
Button ()
Standard (). () Caption.
Additional () Shape ().
. Shape 1
, . ,
Shape stCircle.
, . , Delphi 7 BitBtn ( ) Additional (),
, .
( BitBtn 1)
Kind ( ) bkClose (
). , .
( Caption) Close , .


, . File Save All ( ), -

20.

624

,
( ) .
.PAS . Delphi 7 ,
,
( ,
) .
.



. , ,
. Delphi 7 , ,
.
procedure TForml.ButtonlClick(Sender:

TObject);

begin
end;
Button 1 ,
TForml ( Formi). Sender . .
. ,
Editi 6 . ,
(
Exit, ).
, : ,
1. $00,
.
2. , .
3. .
Editi Text.
Editi .Text.
lengthQ
.
Pos(), , , , , . Pos() .
, .

20.8. .
625
UpperCaseQ .
, .
StrTolntQ.
Shapei Brush ( ), , ,
Color ( ). .
, .
procedure TForml.ButtonlClick(Sender: TObject);
var i: integer;
s: string;
begin
// 6,
II
if length(Editl.Text) <> 6 then exit;
// s ,
//

Delphi

abcdef,

end;
s
Shapel
for
//

7if
:=
987654
.

ipos

"0123456789ABCDEF";
"$00"+Editl.Text;

,
:=
.Brush.Color

(Uppercase

1. to
.),

do

(Editl
:=

StrToInt

.Text

[i]

(s).;

F9.
s
).,

(FFOFFF,

s)

=.

then

s,20.3.

exit;
,

626

20.

20.9. ++.
Microsoft Visual Studio .NET Delphi,
#. ++
.
, .

.
, .
Visual Studio
Windows . , ,
. , . ,
Visual Studio, , ,
.
, .
On Draw,
.

Microsoft Visual Studio .NET
++, Delphi.
#. Windows
.
Windows ,
,
.
Microsoft Visual Studio .NET OnDraw.
: MoveTo(x,y),
(, ) , LineTo(x,y),
.

Microsoft Visual Studio .NET
, , . File New Project
( ), Project Types ( )

627

20.9. ++.
Visual C++ Projects ( Visual C++),
Templates () MFC Application (
).
(, Grafiki) Name () Location (). .
, Finish
(). , .
(Solution
Explorer), View Solution Explorer
( ).
GrafikiView.cpp, . ,
.
.
.

. 20.4.
Visual Studio
.NET,

Y
, Height-y, Windows , (0,0) , Y .
.
OnDraw. ,
OnDraw.
:
// CGrafikiView drawing
void CGrafikiView::OnDraw(CDC* /*pDC*/)
CGrafikiDoc* pDoc = GetDocument();
ASSERT_VALID(pDoc);
I/ TODO: add draw code for native data here
pDC .
. ,
- . .

628

20.
void CGrafikiView::OnDraw(CDC* pDC)
{
CGrafikiDoc* pDoc = GetDocument();
ASSERT_VALID(pDoc);
// TODO: add draw code for native data here
//
int x,y;
x = 0;
= 0;

// -
CRect rect;
//
// Windows
GetClientRect(Srect);
//
pDC->MoveTo(0,rect.Height());
// ,
//
while( < rect.Width() && < rect.Height() )
{
= + 1;
// Y
= f();
// (,rect.Height()-)
//
pDC->LineTo(x,rect.Height()-);

20.9. ++.

629

OnDraw f(),
. . , :
int f(int x)
{
int ;
= 50*log(x);
return ;
}
log() . 50 ,
. 1() , , ,
.
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CISC- 81
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CorelDraw 449
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DNS 211
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Microsoft Excel 316
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