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I. .

1. ( ).
:
ab cd =(10a+b) (10c+d) = 100ac + 10bc + 10ad + bd = 100ac +10(bc+ad) + bd

100ac +10(bc+ad) + bd

, :
36 47
) 6 7 = 42; 4 ;
) 6 4 + 3 7 = 24 + 21 = 45, 4: 45 + 4 = 49;
;
) 3 4 = 12, 4: 12 + 4 = 16.
, 36 47 = 1692.
10 20.
, 13 12, :
) 3 2 = 6 (),
) 3 1 + 2 1 = 5 (),
) 1 1 =1 ().
: 13 12 = 156 .
.
: 325 23 = 7475
) 5 3 =15; , .
) 3 2 + 5 2 = 16; 16 + 1 = 17; , .
) 3 3 + 2 2 = 13; 13 + 1 =14; , .
) 3 2 = 6 ; 6 + 1 = 7.
2. .
:
( ab ) 2 = (10 a + b) 2 = 100a 2 + 20ab + b 2 =100 a 2 + 10( 2ab) + b 2
:
1) 53 2 =2809.
) 3 2 = 9 ,
) (5 3) 2 = 30 ; , ;
) 5 2 = 25 ; 25 + 3 = 28.
2) 64 2 = 4096 .
) 4 2 = 16 ; , ;
) (6 4) 2 = 48 ; 48 + 1 = 49; , ;
) 6 2 = 36 ; 36 + 4 = 40.
3. , 5.
(10a + 5) 2 = 100a 2 + 100a + 25 = 100a (a+1) + 25,

a , 25 :
95 2 = 9025 (9 10 = 90 25), ..
, 5,
, ,
25.
,
5.
:
405 2 = 164025 (40 41 = 1640 25);
165 2 = 27225 (16 17 - ).
.
4. (a b)(a + b) = 2 2 :
78 62 = (70+8) (70-8) = 4900 64 = 4836;
8,3 7 ,7 = (8+0,3) (8-0,3) = 64 0,09 = 63,91.
5. a 2 = (a b)( a + b) + b 2
1:
986 2 :
, 986 + 14 = 1000. a = 986, b = 14.
a + b = 1000, a b = 972. , :
986 2 = 1000 972 +196 = 972196.
2:
488 2 :
488 + 12 = 500; a = 488, b = 12; a + b = 500, a b =476.
1000
476 +144 = 238000 + 144 = 238144.
488 2 = 500 476 + 144 =
2
6. , , 10.
: (10a + b) (10a + c) = 100a (a +1) + bc, b + c =10
:
1) 12 18 = 216
, , 1 2 = 2;
8 2 = 16.
2) 46 44 = 2024
4 5 = 20 ;
6 4 = 24 .
3) 317 313 = 99221
31 32 = 992 ( );
7 3 = 21 .
7. 11.
, ,
, , .
:
1. 43 11 = 473
3;
4 + 3 = 7, 7;
4.
2. 135 11= 1485.
5;
3 + 5 = 8;
14.
9,
, 1.
:
1. 57 11 = 627
1) 7,
2) 5 + 7 = 12, 2 1,

3) 5 + 1 = 6.
2. 389 11 = 4279
1) 9,
2) 8 + 9 = 17, 7 1,
3) 3 + 8 = 11, 11 + 1 = 12, 2, 1,
4) 3 + 1 = 4.
8. aa : a, 11.
:
235 44 = ( 235 4) 11 = 940 11 = 10340
9. 111
,
, , , .
9, ,
1.
:
36 111 = 3996 ;
58 111 = 6438 .
10. ( ).
:
97 93 = 9021
100, 3 7.
(97 7 = 90) - (93
3 = 90). .
(7 3 = 21) . , 97 93 = 9021
:
97
3

93 7
90 21
:
92 99 = 9108
8
92
99 1
91 08
11. 5, 50.
a
a
a 5 = 10 ;
a 50 = 100 .
2
2
12. 25, 250.
a
a
a 25 = 100 ,
a 250 = 1000 .
4
4
13. 5 50.
a2
a:5 =
;
10

a : 50 =

a 2
.
100

14. 25 250.
a4
a4
a : 25 =
a : 25 =
;
.
100
1000
15. 9,99, 999 ..
10, 100, 1000 ..
.
:
68 9 = 68 10 68 = 680 68 = 612 ;
85 99 = 85 100 85 = 8500 85 = 8415 ;
85 999 = 85 1000 85 = 85000 85 = 84915 .

16. .
.
.
:
276
493
+ 344
+ 97246
46527
827
16
129
15
26
+ 11
+ 15
13
14 .
13
.
1576
144266

II. . .
.

, .
.
,
. .
ax 2 + bx + c = 0 .
b
c
x1 + x 2 = , x1 x 2 = .
a
a
, ( ax) 2 + b(ax) + ac = 0 .
= , y 2 + by + ac = 0 , y1 + y 2 = b , y1 y 2 = ac .
, ax 2 + bx + c = 0
y 2 + by + ac = 0 . .
:
1. 6 x 2 + 15 = 0.
:
y 2 + y - 90 = 0. y1 = 10, y 2 = 9 .
5
3
, x1 = ; x 2 = .
3
2
2. 12 x 2 + 13 + 3 = 0.
:
y 2 +13 y + 36 = 0. y1 = 4, y 2 = 9 .
1
3
, x1 = ; x 2 = .
3
4
,
, :
3 x 2 - 11 + 6 = 0, , 11,
2
18. 2 9. ,
3
3
,
, ,
, ,
.
:
1. : 2 x 2 + 7 4.

:
22 + 7 -4 = 0 2 +7 -8 = 0. 1=-8, 2 = 1.
1
1 = -4, 2 =
2
1
: 22 +7 4 = 2(+4)(- )
2
) 2( 2) ( + 3).
) 2( 1/2) ( + 4).
) -2( 1/2) ( + 1/3).
D) -2( + 3) ( + 4).
E) 2( + 0,5) ( - 4).
(-4 2 2003.)
2. : 5 x 2 + 9 2 < 0.
1 1
A) ( ; ) .
2 5
1

B) 2; .
5

1 1
C) ; .
5 2
D) (-2; 0).
1 1
E) ; .
5 2
(-35 7 2004.)
3. : 2 sin 2 x 7 sin x + 3 > 0.

5
+ , Z .
) + < x <
3
3
) .
7

+ 2 < x < + 2 , Z .
)
6
6
5

+ 2 < x < + 2 , Z .
D)
6
6

5
+ 2 , Z .
) + 2 < x <
6
6
(-22 3 2005.)
4. : 4 x 2 + 11x 3 0.
1

) 3; .
4

1
) ;3.
4
1

) (;3) ;+.
4

D) 3; .
4

1
) ;3.
4
(-30 15 2005.)

x> 0
5. :
2
4 x + 5x 6 > 0
) (2; 5).
) (-3; 1,5).
) (-1; 0,25).
D) (1; -3).
) (0,75; + ).
(-25 20 2007.)

3x 2 4 x + 1 > 0
6. :
3x 2 5x + 2 0
A) .
1 2
B) ; .
3 3
2

C) 1; .
3
1 2
D) ;
3 3

E) 1;

2
3

(-10 22 2007.)
7. 1 - 5 log x 2 + 6 log x 2 < 0 ?
) .
) 4.
) 1.
D) 3.
E) 2.
(-27 14 2002.)
2

8. : 2 x 2 -7 49 > 0.
A) ( ;5 ] [6;+) .
B) ( ;3) (5;+).
C) ( ;4] [3;+).
D) ( ;3.5) ( 7;+).
E) (;1] [2;+).
(-32 13 2002.)

21x 2 + 39 x 6 < 0
9. :
x> 0
1
) 0; .
7
) (4; -2).

) (-2; -1).
D) (6; -3).
1
E) 0; .
2
(-34 20 2006.)
10. : 5 x 2 + 9 2 < 0.
1

) 2; .
5

1
) ;2 .
5
1 1
) ; .
5 2
D) (-2; 5).
1 1
E) ; .
2 5
(-23 8 2006.)

1
2
3
B
B
C

4
D

5
E

6
A

7
D

8
D

9
A

10
A

ax 2 + bx + c = 0
.
1. ax 2 + bx + c = 0 a + b + c = 0 , x1 = 1, x 2 =

c
.
a

:
a + b + c = 0 , b = (a + c) .
ax 2 + bx + c = 0 .
:
ax 2 (a + c) x + c = 0
a +c
c
x2
x+ =0
a
a
c
c
x 2 (1 + ) x + = 0
a
a
c
c
x1 x 2 = , x1 + x 2 = 1 + .
a
a
c
: x1 = 1, x 2 = .
a
c
2. ax 2 + bx + c = 0 a b + c = 0 , x1 = 1, x 2 = .
a
:
491+ x 2 344 7 x 2 = 7 .
49 49

x 2

344 7

x 2

= 7

49 7 2 x 2 344 7 x 2 = 7 .
: 7

x 2

= t.

49t 2 344t + 7 = 0 .
.
, : y 2 344 y + 343 = 0.
1 344 + 343 = 0.
, y1 = 1, y 2 = 343.
1
343
, t2 =
= 7.
: t1 =
49
49
, :
1
49

x 2

x 2

= 7 2

x 2 = 2

.
7

x 2

=7

x 2 =1
x 2 =1
x =3

: = 3.
:
) x 2 + 17 x 18 = 0
a + b + c = 0,
x1 = 1, x 2 = 18.
) 14 x 2 17 x + 3 = 0
a + b + c = 0,
3
x1 = 1, x 2 = .
14
:
1. :

x 3 3x 2 x + 3
>0
x 2 + 3x + 2

:
, 2 +3 +2, -+=0,
1=-1, 2=-2. : 2 +3 + 2 =(+1)(+2).
A) 1.
B) 2.
C) -2.
D) -1.
E) 0.
(-9 10 2004.)
2. : 2 x 2 5 | x | +3 = 0.
1

A) ;1;3.
5

B) {2;3;4} .
3
3

C) 1; ;1; .
2
2

3 3 5
D) ; ; .
5 4 4

2 1
E) ; ;1 .
3 5
(-15 4 2004.)
3. : 2 2 7 + 5 = 0
A) 2; 5.
B) -3; 3.
C) 2; 6.
D) 1,5; 4.
E) 2,5; 1.
(-9 5 2002.)
4. : - x 2 5 x + 6 0.
A) [-3; 2].
B) (- ;6 ] [1; ) .
C) [2; 3].
D) [-6; 1].
E) (- ;2] [3; ) .
(-13 15 2002.)
5. : x 2 + 2 x + 1 > 0.
A) x > 0.
B) x = -1.
C) .
D) x < -1.
E) x 1 .
(-15 15 2002.)
6. : 5 x 2 3 x + 2 = 0.
A) 0,6.
B) 0.
C) -0,6.
D) 1.
E) .
(-16 3 2005.)
7. : -3 x 2 2 x + 1 = 0.
A) {-3; 3}.
B) {-

2
;6} .
3

1
C) { ;1} .
3
1
D) {1; } .
3
1
E) { ;1} .
3
(-3, 6 2005.)

3x 2 4 x + 1 > 0
8. :
3x 2 5x + 2 0
1 2
A) ; .
3 3
1 2
B) ; .
3 3

C) .
2
.
3

2
E) 1; .
3

D) 1;

(-21 16 2004.)
9. : 2 cos 2 x 5 cos x = 3.
1
A) n, arccos + 2n, n Z .
2

+ 2n, n Z .
2
3
C) arccos + 2n, n Z .
2
D) 2n, n Z .
E) 2n,arccos(1.5) + 2n, n Z .
(-30 6 2004.)
2
10. : 17 2 x 8 x 8 = 2 4
A) -1; 9.
B) 1.
C) 9.
D) -1.
E) -9; 1.
(-5 12 2002.)

1
2
3
4
5
E
C
E
D
E
B)

x 2 8 x

6
E

7
D

8
C

9
D

10
A

, , ,
, :
1.

x + x2
1
1
+
= 1
x1 x 2
x1 x 2

2. x12 + x 22 = ( x1 + x 2 ) 2 2 x1 x 2
3. x13 + x 23 = ( x1 + x 2 )( x12 x1 x 2 + x 22 ) = ( x1 + x 2 )(( x1 + x 2 ) 2 3 x1 x 2 )
:
1. x1 x 2 2 x 2 + 5 3 = 0, : x12 + x 22 .
:
22+5-3=0, 2+2,5-1.5=0, 1+2=-2,5, 12=-1.5.
12+22=(1+2)2-212, 12+22=(-2,5)2-2(-1,5)=6.25+3=9,25.
) 10.
) 9,25.
) -5,7.
D) 25.
) 5.
(-6 16 2007.)
2. 8( x1 + x 2 ) 3 + 5 x1 x 2 , x1 x 2 - 9 x 2 +12 +2 = 0.
36
)
.
175

10

12
.
137
482
)
.
27
365
D)
.
38
174
)
.
5
(-5 17 2007.)
3. x12 + x 22 , x1 x 2 x 2 7 x +1 = 5 x + 2.
) 14 + 35 .
) 7 + 5 +10 .
) 14 + 140 .
D) 14 +. 7 + 5
) 10 + 2 35 .
(-27 4 2004.)
)

(593, 2006. , )
4. x 2 + 3 15 = 0.
: x12 + x 22 = ( x1 + x 2 ) 2 2 x1 x 2 .
(617 2006. , )
5. 3 x 2 - 5 2 = 0.
5
: x12 + x 22 = p = .
3
(618, 2006. , )


1
2
C

3
C

4
39

5
5/3


, .
:

x 3 + y 3 = 7
1.
x 3 y 3 = 8
.
. , x 3 y 3
z 2 7 z 8 = 0 . 8 -1.
: x 3 = 8, y 3 = 1
= 2, = -1.
: x 3 = 1, y 3 = 8
= -1, = 2.
: (2; -1), (-1; 2).

11

3 x + 3 y = 4
2.
x + y = 28
:

x + 33 x 2 y + 33 xy 2 + y = 64

x + y = 28

33 xy (3 x + 3 y ) = 36
x + y = 28

3 x 3 y = 3
3
x + 3 y = 4

, , z 2 4 z + 3 = 0 .
3 1.
3

x = 3, 3 y = 1

= 27,
:
3

=1

x = 1, 3 y = 3

= 1,
= 27
: (27; 1), (1; 27).
:

x + y 2 = 7
1.
x y 2 = 12
:
, 2
2 -7 +12 =0. 3 4. : =3, 2=4, =2, =4, 2=3,
= 3.
) (5; 3 ), (5; - 3 ), (3; 2), (3; -2).
) (4; 3 ), (4; - 3 ), (3; 2), (3; -2).
) (3; 3 ), (3; - 3 ), (3; 2), (3; -2).
D) (2; 3 ), (2; - 3 ), (3; 2), (3; -2).
) (5; 3 ), (3; - 3 ), (3; 2), (3; -2).
(-23 24 2003.)

x 3 + y 3 = 7
2.
x 3 y 3 = 8
) (-1; 2), (2; -1).
) (-1; 3), (1; -1).
) (-2; 1), (-1; 2).
D) (2; 1), (-1; -2).
) (2; -1), (-1, 1).
(-8 27 2003.)

12

(-13 26 2007.)
(-25 27 2006.)

3.

log 2 ( x + y ) = 3
log15 x = 1 log15 y

:
) (1; 1).
) (3; 5), (5; 3).
) (15;3), (3;15).
D) (-3; -5), (-5; -3).
) .

x+ y = 8
.

xy = 15

(-13 15 2004.)

4.
) (5; 1), (1; 5).
) (2; 4), (4; 2).
) (0; 6).
D) (3; 3).
) (6; 0).

x+y =6
log 2 x + log 2 y = 3

(-25 15 2004.)
(-14 20 2005.)
5.
) (2; 0).
) (1; 1); ( log 2 3; log 3 2) .
) (-1; 1).
D) (-1; 1); ( log 2 3; log 5 2) .
) (-1; 0).
(-21 25 2005.)
(-15 26 2006.)

1
2
B
A

2x 3y = 6
2x +3y = 5

3
B

4
B

5
B

( , ),
,
y = ax 2 + bx + c , :
, x 2
, - [ x1 ; x 2 ] ,
,

13

x 2 .
:
1. : 5 x 2 + 9 x 2 < 0.
1
: 52+9-2=0, 1=-2, 2= . ,
5
(=5>0) (
1
1
- ; -2) ( ; ), ( -2;
5
5
).
1
: (-2;
).
5
1
) (-2;
).
5
1
) ( ; 2).
5
1 1
) (- ;
).
5 2
D) (-2; 5) .
1 1
) (- ;
).
2 5
(-23 8 2006.)
2. : 7 x 2 4 x + 1 > 0.
4
) (- ; - ).
7
4
) ( ;+).
7
4
1
) (- ; ).
7
7

;
+

D) ().
1 4
) ( ;
).
7 7
(-34 8 2004.)
3. : x 2 3.2 x + 1 0.
) (- ;3,2).
) ( 0;+).
) (- ;0) [3.2;+) .
D) (- ;0] [3.2;+) .
) (0; 3,2).
(-12 8 2007.)
13
4. :
11

x 2 3 x

<

121
169

: ///////
1 2
(-14 18 2007.)
5. : x 2 + x 2 0 .
) [-2; 1].

14

) [-1; 2].
) (;1] [2;+) .
D) ( ;2) [1;+) .
) ( ;2] [1;+) .
(-15 18 2007.)
2
6. : log 1 ( x + 2 x 8) 4.
2

) (- ; -4) (2;+) .
;6] [ 4;+).
) (
) [-6; -4) (2; 4].
D) [-6;4].
) (-4; 2).
(-6 18 2007.)
7. : 4 3 x
) .
) [3; ).
) (-1; 1 2 ) [1 + 2; 3) .
D) [-1; 1 2 ] [1 + 2; 3] .
) [-1; 3].
(-9 18 2005.)

2 x 1

5 4 .

1 2
2
8. : x + 2 3 x x .
8
) 2.
) 1\2.
) (1; 6).
D) ( ;+) .
) 1.
(-12 19 2005.)

1
2
3
A
D
E

4
D

5
E

6
C

7
D

8
D

III. .
,
, . ,
, , .

a1 x + b1 y = c1

a2 x + b2 y = c2
a1 , b1 , c1 , a 2 , b2 , c 2
a12 + b12 0 , a 22 + b22 0
:

15

ab11

= = ab21 a b12
a2b2
c1b1

x = = c1b2 c2b1
c 2 b2
a1c1

y = = a1c2 2ca 1
2ca 2
1) = 0 , x 0 y 0 , .
2) = x = y = 0 , .
x
y
,y =
3) 0 , : x =
.

12 x 7 y = 2

4x 5 y = 6
12

=
4

x =
6

12

y =
4

= 60 + 28 = 32
5
7
= -10 + 42 = 32
5
2
6

= 72 - 8 = 64

16

x=

x
32
=
= 1 ,

32

y
64
=
= 2

32

: (-1; -2).
:

1. :
) (-1; 0).
) (2; 3).
) (-2; -1).
D) (6; 7).
) (4; 5).

y = x+ 1

5x + 2 y = 16

(-19 5 2003.)

2x = 3y 3
2. :
log 2 ( x 3 y + 8) = 2

2x 3y = 3
:
.
x 3y = 6
) (3; 3).
) (7; 8).
) (-3; -1).
D) (-3; -3).
) (-1; 3).

(-26 24 2003.)
3. :
) (-13; -5).
) (-1; -3).
) (-7; -4).
D) (5; -2).
) (11; -1).
(-19, 15, 2004.)

x 6 y = 17

5x + 6 y = 13

x+ y = 8
4. :
2 x 7 y = 29
) (-3; 5).
) (5; 3).
) (-5; -3).

17

D) (3; 5).
) (3; -5).
(-24, 15, 2004.)

5. :
) (-5; -3).
) (-3; 5).
) (5; 3).
D) (3; 5).
) (3; -5).
(-2, 6, 2005.)

x+ y = 8

2 x 7 y = 11

x 2 y = 14
6. :
5x + y = 15
) (2; -7).
) (7; 2).
) (5; 0).
D) (0; 4).
) (4; -5).
(-26, 6, 2005.)

x y x+ y
+
=3

7. : 2
4
3x 2 y = 9
) (1; 7).
) (-6; 0).
) (5; 3).
D) (0; 6).
) (-5; 3).
(-23, 19, 2007.)

8. :
) (2; 4).
) (1\6; 0).
) (-2; -1).
D) (4; 2).
) (-1; -2).
(-15, 14, 2004.)

1
2
3
B
A
D

12 x 7 y = 2

4x 5 y = 6

4
D

5
A

18

6
E

7
C

8
E

IV. ,
.
, ,
, .
() , .. |x|,
, , , ; |x - |
.
, |x| = 3, x1 = 3, x 2 = 3,
0 , .
-3
0
3

:
1. : |x - 1| = 3.
, 1
.
-2
1
4

-2 4.
: x1 = 2, x 2 = 4 .
(-23 6 2005.)
2. : |2x - 3| = 5. 2:
|x 1,5| = 2,5
1,5 2,5 , 4 1.
-1
1,5
4

: x1 = 4, x 2 = 1 .
3. : | - 3| < 1.
.
, 3 ,
1. 3 , : 2 4.
2
3
4

, 3 , (2;4). 2 4
, .. . , (2;4).
: (2; 4)
4. : |2 + 3| < 5.
3
5
3
5
2: + <
|x ()| <
.
2
2
2
2
3
5

. -4 1.
2
2
-4
-3/2
1

(-4; 1).
: (-4; 1).
5. : |2 - 3| > 7.
2: |x 1,5| > 3,5
1,5 3,5 . -2 5. ,
1,5 , 3,5 , -2 5. ,
( ;2 ) ( 5;+) . .. , -2 5
.
-2
1,5
5

19

: ( ;2 ) ( 5;+) .
:
: |2x - 3| = 6.
;
1.5 ).
) (-
) (-4.5; 4.5).
) (-4.5; 1.5).
;4.5 ).
D) (-
) (-1.5; 4.5).
(-18 20 2005.)
2. - : |2x - 3| < 5.
(-16 20 2005.)
3. : |2x - 3| = 1.
) {2; -1}.
) {-2; -1}.
) {2; 1}.
D) {-2; 1}.
) {-3; 1}.
(-3 12 2005.)
4. : |3 - 1| 2 .
) -1\3 x 1 .
) -3 x 2 .
) .
D) -1 x 3 .
) -1\2 x 2 .
(-34 18 2007.)
5. : |x - 1| 5.
) [4; 6].
) (- ; 4].
) [-6; 4].
D) (- ; -4].
) [-4; 6].
(-23 8 2007.)
6. : |x + 2| 2.
) [0; + ).
) (- ; 0) [ 4;+).
) [-4; 0].
D) (- ; -4].
) [- ; -4] [0;+)
(-22 8 2007.)
7. : |1 + 2x| > 1.
) (0;1).
) (- ; -1) (0;+).
) (- ; 0) (1;+).
D) (-1; + ).
) (-1; 0)
(-16 19 2007.)

20

8. : || 1.
) (1; + ).
) (- ; -1).
) (0; + ).
D) (-1; 1).
) (- ; -1] [1; + ).
(-5 7 2007.)
9. - : |3 + x| 1.
(-14 7 2004.)
10. : |x - 1| =3.
A) {4; -2}.
B) {-1; 4}.
C) {2; -4}.
D) {-4; 3}.
E) {0; -3}.
(-17 4 2004.)
11. - : |2x - 3| < 5.
(-23 8 2004.)

12. :
) (0; 5),(-2;8).
) (-1; 3), (7; -1).
) (-1; -3), (-5; 1).
D) (1; -3), (-5; -1).
) (-1; 0) (5; 0).
(-11 25 2006.)

| x 3 |= 4

x + 2y = 5

13. : 2| - 1| 16 .
) [-8; 9].
) (- ;7] [9;+) .
) [-7; 9].
;7 ) .
D) (-
) [9; + ) .
(-19 4 2003.)
14. : || <3.
) (3; + ).
) (- ; -3) (3;+) .
) (-3; 3).
D) (-3; 3].
) (- ; 3).
(-21 4 2003.)

1
2
3
4
5
E
C
C
A
E

6
E

7
B

8
E

9
E

10
A

11
E

12
B

V. . .

21

13
C

14
C


. ,
, , .
:
3
1. tg = 8\15, < < .
2
sin .

,
, ,
8
, : sin = .
17
7

< < .
2. cos =
,
25
2
: sin , tg .

, , , :
24
24
sin =
; tg =
.
25
7
3. sin (arcos 2\3).
:
sin(arccos ) = 1 2 , cos(arcsin ) = 1 2 .
sin(arccos

2
)=
3

4
5
.
=
9
3

4. : sin (2arccos a)
arcos a , sin 2 = 2 sin cos .
sin , cos , , .
5. : cos (2arcsin a)
arcsin a , cos 2 = cos 2 sin 2 .
sin , cos , , .
:

22

. sin(arcsin x) = x

tg ( arctgx) = x

cos(arcsin x) = 1 x 2

ctg ( arctgx) =

tg (arcsin x ) =

x
1 x

. arcsin x + arccos x =
.

cos(arctgx ) =

1
x
1
1+ x2

arctgx + arcctgx =

arcsin(x) = arcsin x

arctg ( x) = arctgx

arccos(x ) = arccos x

arcctg ( x ) = arcctgx


; ]
2 2
arccos(cos x ) = x x [0; ]


; )
2 2
arcctg (ctgx) = x x (0; )

. arcsin(sin x) = x x [

arctg (tgx ) = x x (

:
1. : cos(2arcsin

2
).
7

) 1.
41
)
.
46
41
)
.
47
41
D)
.
49
41
)
.
48
(-17 26 2005.)
2. tg , cos =

4
, 0<
5

<

3
.
4
4
)
.
3
) 2 .
4
D) .
3
3
) .
4
(-15 7 2005.)
)

3. 3ctg + 2tg 2 2 cos , sin =


) 3.
) 2.
) -2.
D) 4.
) 5.
(-20 10 2007.)
4. : cos2 , sin =

5
.
13

23

2
, 0< < .
2
2

60
.
13
12
)
.
13
17
)
.
19
60
D)
.
169
119
)
.
169
(-12 9 2007.)
)

5. : 2 3 sin 4 cos + 6ctg 2 , sin =


) 1.
) 3.
) 2.
D) 7.
) 4.
(-27 9 2004.)
6. : sin(2arccos3\5).
) 0.96.
) 0.98.
) 1.
D) 0.97.
) 0.99.
(-32 28 2006.)
7. cos a, sin a =

1
,
<a<
5 2

2 3
.
5
2 6
.

5
3
.
5
2 6
.
5
6
.
5

)
)
)
D)
)

(-13 11 2003.)
8. cos 2a, sin a =

3
.
5

7
.
25
8
)
.
5
7
)
.
25
8
D) - .
5
)

24

3
, 0 .
2
2

25
.
7
(-15 5 2003.)
)

9. 4ctg a, cos a =
) -3,6.
) 9,6.
) 0.
D) -9,6.
) 1,6.
(-24 28 2003.)

1
2
3
D
A
D

12
3
< < 2 .

2
13

4
E

5
B

6
A

7
B

8
C

9
D

.
, ,
, , , .
,
. , ,
, , , , .
, .
:

.
( ).
- 30, - 45,
- 60, - 90.
. , , ,
, 0, .. ,
, .. 0. :
0
0;
- 1
30;
- 2
45;
- 3
60;
- 4
90.
:

sin =

n
2

- (n) .

25

0
1
2
3
4

sin0 =

30

sin30 =

45

sin45 =

60

sin60 =

90

sin90 =

0
=0
2
1
1
=
2
2
2
2
3
2
4
=1
2

,
- .
sin
1
1
1
2
x = , cos 2 2 x = , sin 2 3x < , , , ,
4
2
2
1 + cos 2 x
1 cos 2 x
2
; sin 2 x =
;
: cos x =
2
2
:
1
2
: sin x = .
4
I c :
1
2
sin x = ,
4

sin x =

1 = (-1) k

1
;
2

1
sin x = ;
2

+ k ;

2 = (-1) k +1

, , : =

26

+ k , k Z .

+ k , k Z ;

1 cos 2 x
, .
2
, ..
.
2
sin x =

II c :
1
1 cos 2 x 1
2
= ,
sin x = ,
4
2
4

1 cos 2 x =

1
,
2

cos 2 x =

, 2x = + 2n, n Z ,
2
3

+ n, n Z .
6
:
1
2
1. : sin 2 x = .
2
:
1 1 cos 4 x 1

k
sin 2 2 x = ,
= , cos 4 x = 0 , 4 x = + k , k z , x = +
, k z .
2
2
2
2
8
4
x=

)
)

D)

12

k, k Z.

k, k Z.

k
) ( 1)

k, k Z.

k, k Z.

k +1
) ( 1)

k , k Z .
8 2
(-35 25 2005.)
2
2. : cos 2 x =

)
)
)
D)

1
.
2

(8k 1), k Z .
(8k 1), k Z .
(8k 3), k Z .
( 2k + 1), k Z .

( 2k + 1), k Z .
8
(-16 30 2005.)
)

3. : sin 2 3 x = 3cos 2 3 x .
)

(3k 1), k Z .

k +1
) (1)
k
) (1)

D)

(3k +1), k Z .

+ k , k Z .

+ 2n, n Z .
9

27

(3k 1), k Z .
3
(-2 5 2004.)
)

4. : cos 2 x + cos 2 2 x + cos 2 3 x + cos 2 4 x = 2.

+ n, n Z .
5
4

+ k , k Z ;
+ m, m Z ;
+ n, n Z .
)
3
4
6
2
2
+ k , k Z ;
+ m, m Z ; + 2n, n Z .
)
3
5
3

+ m, m Z ;
+ 2n, n Z .
D) + 2k , k Z ;
2
3



+ k , k Z ;
+ m, m Z ;
+ n, n Z .
)
2
4 2
10 5
(-5 5 2004.)
) + 2k , k Z ;

+ m, m Z ;

5. : 3 4 s 2 x > 0.

5
+ 2n), n Z .
) ( + 2n;
6
6

2
+ 2n), n Z .
) ( + 2n;
3
3

+ n; + n), n Z .
6
6

5
+ n), n Z .
D) ( + n;
6
6

) ( + n; + n), n Z .
6
3
(-7 9 2004.)
(-35 8 2004.)

1
2
D
E
) (

3
A

4
E

5
D

, ,
:
.
.
.
:
: sin 2 2 x + sin 2 3 x = sin 2 4 x + sin 2 5 x.
:
1 cos 4 x 1 cos 6 x 1 cos 8 x 1 cos 10 x 2
,
+
=
+
2
2
2
2
cos 4 x cos 6 x = cos 8 x cos 10 x ,
cos 4 x + cos 6 x = cos 8 x + cos10 x ,

2 cos 5 x cos x = 2 cos 9 x cos x , 2 cos x(cos 5 x cos 9 x) = 0 , ) cos x = 0 , x =

2
sin
7
x
sin(

2
x
)
=
0
n z ; ) cos 5 x cos 9 x = 0 ,
.
n
, n z .
sin 7 x = 0 , x =
7

28

+ n,

n z ,

sin 2 x = 0 , 2 x =n,
)

n \ 3, n \ ,6 n Z .

+ n,2 \ 6 + 2 n, n Z .

x=

n
2

n z .

n \ 3, n \ 5,n Z .
D) n \ ,2 n \ ,7 n Z .

n, n \ 5, n Z .

(-29 22 2002.)
1. : sin 2x sin 4x = cos 2x.
)
)
)
D)

+ 2k , k Z .

+ 4k , k Z .
( 4k 1), k Z .
(2k 1), k Z ;

(2n +1), n Z .

(2k 1), k Z .
4
(-29 21 2002.)
2. : sin 5x + sin x = 2 sin 3x.
)

n, n Z .
n, n Z ;

k, k Z .
2
3
) n, n Z .
2
n, n Z ; k , k Z .
D)
3
)

n, n Z .
7
(-28 21 2002.)
)

3. : cos 5x cos x = cos 4x.


)
)
)
D)

12

( 2n +1), n Z .

k , k Z .
(k + 1), k Z .
( 2k + 1), k Z .

( 4n +1), n Z .
2
(-9 15 2006.)
)

4. : sin x sin 2x +cos 3x = 0.

29

)
)
)
D)

(4k +1), k Z .

( 2k +1), k Z ;

( 2n + 1), n Z .

(k +1), k Z .

( 2k + 1), k Z .

( 2k + 1), k Z .
2
(-26 15 2006.)
)

5. : sin 2x cos 3x = sin 5x.


)

12

)
)
D)

( 2n +1), n Z .

+ 2n, n Z ; (1) n + n, n Z .
4
3
( 2n + 1), n Z .
n, n Z ;

(2n + 1), n Z .

( 2n + 1), n Z .
8
(-29 16 2007.)
)

6. : sin 5x sin 4x + cos 6x cos 3x = 0.

k , k Z .
2
) 2k , k Z .
)

( 2n +1), n Z ;

2
D) k , k Z .

( 2k + 1), k Z .

( 2k + 1), k Z .
2
4
(-29 4 2004.)

1
2
3
D
D
E
)

n, n Z ;

4
B

5
B

6
D

7
C

VI .
, ,
, :
: a n n
, S n n ;
, n- a1 d b
1 q ,
an a p
, d =
;
n p
,
:
a1 + a n = a 2 + a n 1 = ... ;

30

b1 bn = b2 bn 1 = ... .

:
1. S10 = 140 , a 2 a9 = 147 . .
10 , a1 + a10 = a 2 + a9 .

a2 + a9 = 28
.

a2 a9 = 147

a 2 + a9
10 = 140
2
;
a 2 a 9 = 147

, , .
: a 2 = 7, a9 = 21, a 2 = 21, a9 = 7 .
:
) 5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23.
) 23,21,19,17,15,13,11,9,7,5.
2. 16,
28. a1 d.
, ,
, , :
a 2 + a 4 = a1 + a 5 = 16 ;

a1 + a5 = 16
.

a1 a5 = 28

:
a5 = 14
a1 = 2
.
a1 = 14
a5 = 2
a1 5 , d:
: 2; 14; 3; -3;

d=

a5 a1
, d = 3 d = -3.
5 1

3. , , 15.
1, 4, 19, , .
.
:
a1 + a 2 + a3 = 15 , a 2 a1 = a 3 a 2 , 2 a 2 = a3 + a1 , a 2 + 2a 2 = 15 , a 2 = 5 .
a1 = 5 d , a3 = 5 + d .
b1 = a1 + 1 = 6 d , b2 = a 2 + 4 = 9 , b3 = a 3 + 19 = 24 + d .
2
, : b2 = b1 b3 :
81 = (6 d) (24 + d), d 2 + 18d 63 = 0, d 1 = 3, d 2 = -21.
a1 = 2 a1 = 26 .
: 2; 5; 8; 26; 5; -16.
, :
:
1. , a 6 + a9 = 20 .
: 14 , 1+14=6+9. S14=
) 140.
) 120.
) 110.
D) 130.

31

a1 + a14
14 , S14=140.
2

) 100.
(-21 23 2002.)
2. , 1,5,
24. .
1
99
) q = ; S =
.
2
32
1
67
) q = ; S =
.
3
27
) q = 2; S = 46.5 .
1
93
D) q = ; S =
.
2
32
1
47
) q = ; S =
.
4
16
(-4 22 2002.)
3. 15.
1, 1,
. 10
.
) 120.
) 240.
) 360.
D) 100.
) 210.
(-34 29 2003.)
4. 14.
.
) 14.
) 63.
) 126.
D) 56.
) 64.
(-28 29 2003.)
5. a5 = 8.7, a8 = 12.3. d a1 .
) d = 3.6; a1 = -5.7.
) d = 1.4; a1 = 3.1.
) d = 1.6; a1 = 2.3.
D) d = 1.2; a1 = 3.1.
) d = 1.2; a1 = 3.9.
(-19 12 2004.)
6. a, b, c d = 4. a, b, c,
a, b, c + 8 .
) a = 5, b = 9, c = 13.
) a = 3, b = 7, c = 11.
) a = 2, b = 6, c = 10.
D) a = 1, b = 5, c = 9.
) a = 6, b = 10, c = 14.
(-27 12 2004.)
7. , b 4 = 25, b 6 = 16.
3
) q = .
5

32

4
.
5
2
) q = .
5
1
D) q = .
5
1
) q = 1 .
5
(-30 12 2004.)
) q =

8. , 4,
.
) 5.
) 4.
) -7.
D) 3.
) 7.
(-11 12 2004.)

x 3 , 6

9. , b 2 = 27, b 4 = 3.
1
) q = .
5
1
) q = .
2
1
) q = .
6
1
D) q = .
3
1
) q = .
9
(-10 12 2004.)
10. . ,
. .
) 2.
) 2 -

3
.
2

) 2 + 3 .
D) 2 + 2 .
) 2 - 2 .
(-33 30 2005.)
11. 14.
.
) 126.
) 14.
) 56.
D) 63.
) 64.
(-22 6 2005.)
12. S 4 = 42, S 8 = 132 . a1 d.
) d = 2; a1 = -6.

33

) d = 3; a1 = 6.
) d = 2; a1 = 6.
D) d = -6; a1 = 3.
) d = 6; a1 = 3.
(-3 18 2006.)

1
2
3
4
A
C
A
B

5
E

6
C

7
B

8
E

9
D

10
C

11
D

12
B

VII. .
.
, .
.
, .

(, ).
.
.. .
.
.
: 10 , 6
. , , 7 .
, 7 ?
:
, , ,
, .
, :
6
7
10
7 6; 7 10; ,
.
:
6 3
7
10 1
, , . ..
1
3
7
,
4
4
.
.
%- b%- , %- .
- %- , b%- .
x a
1 .
100
y b
2 .
100
c( x + y )
.
100
ax
by
c( x + y )
+
=

, ax + by = c(x +y), ,
100 100
100
(b c)y = (c a)x. :
x : y = (b c) : (c a).
:

b-c

34


b
c-a
x : y = (b c) : (c a).
.
:
68% 78% . ,
100 70%- ?
:
68
8
70
78 2
, . , 68%-
8 , 78%- 2 .
100 : 10 = 10 1 ,
10 8 = 80 68% ,
10 2 = 20 78% .
:
1. . 40% , -32% .
, 8
, 35% ?
: 3 ; 5 ;
:
3
35
32
5
, 3 , 5 .
3+5=8, 8:8=1- , 3, 5.
(800 2006. , )
2. 5 % 40%.
, 140 30%?
) 40; 85.
) 40; 100.
) 35; 150.
D) 45; 105.
) 50; 120.
(-13 14 2003.)
3. 30% ( ) , 55% .
, 100 50%-
?
) 25; 75.
) 20; 80.
) 40; 60.
D) 30; 70.
) 22; 78.
(-34 14 2003.)
(-14 17 2006.)

1
2
3
3; 5
B
B
:
240 70%- . 6% - .
(0%- ) ?
:
:

35

64

6
70

240 : 6 = 40 , .. , 6
, 64 .
40 64 = 2560 .
: 2560 .
,
.
1. 5% .
, 4%?
) 15.
) 20.
) 17.
D) 22.
) 18.
(-31 30 2003.)
2. 15 10% 5% 8% .
5% ?
) 10.
) 12.
) 15.
D) 8.
) 7.
(-31 14 2003.)
3. 5% ( ) . 40
2%. :
) 60.
) 16.
) 40.
D) 28.
) 80.
(-35 2 2004.)
4. 5% . 5
, 1,5%?
) 40.
) 25.
) 42.
D) 30.
) 35.
(-17 2 2004.)
5. 5% .
80 , 2%?
) 122.
) 121.
) 120.
D) 123.
) 130.
(-34 26 2005.)
(-4 25 2006.)

36

6. 15 10% 5% 8% .
5% ?
) 15.
) 10.
) 7.
D) 8.
) 12.
(-25 27 2005.)
7. 50% , 30 15% 75%
. 75% , .
) 42.
) 6.
) 150.
D) 3.
) 9.
(-15 25 2007.)
8. 5% . 80
, 4%?
) 22.
) 15.
) 17.
D) 18.
) 20.
(-14 25 2007.)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
B
A
A
E
C
B
A
E
VIII. .
, ,
,
.
log a ( x + y ) log a x + log a y log a x log a y .
log a x
log a ( x y ) log a x log a y
.
log a y

log na x n log a x .
:
1) log a xy = log a x + log a y ,
2) log a

x > 0, y > 0,

x
= log a x log a y ,
y

a 1, a > 0

p
3) log a x = p log a x ,
p .
, . (1) (2)
, x > 0, y > 0.
, . ,
log a xy log a x + log a y , ,
.
(3) > 0, p.
, (3) .
p
log a x p log a x
. :

37

1) log a xy = log a | x | + log a | y | ;


2) log a

x
= log a | x | log a | y | ;
y

p
3) log a x = p log a | x | , ( ).
, ,
. . .
:
lg( x + 1) 2 + lg( x + 9) 2 = 2 lg 9 .
:
2lg (x + 1) + 2lg (x + 9) = 2lg9,
lg (x + 1) + lg (x + 9) = lg9,
lg (x + 1) (x +9) = lg9,
(x + 1) (x + 9) = 9,
x 2 + 10x = 0,
x 1 = 0, x 2 = 10 .
:
lg( x + 1) 2 + lg( x + 9) 2 = 2 lg 9 ,
: 1, x 9 ,
2lg |x + 1| + 2lg |x + 9| = 2lg9,
lg |(x + 1) (x + 9)| = lg9,
|x 2 + 10x + 9| = 0,
x 1 = 0, x 2 = 10 ,
a) x 2 + 10x + 9 = 9 x 1 = 0, x 2 = 10 .
) x 2 + 10x + 9 = -9, x 2 + 10x + 18 = 0,
x 1 = 5 + 7 , x 2 = 5 7 .
:
lg( x + 1) 2 + lg( x + 9) 2 = 2 lg 9 ,
: 1, x 9 ,
lg( x + 1) 2 lg( x + 9) 2 = lg 81 ,
(( + 1) ( + 9)) 2 = 81,
(x 2 + 10x + 9) 2 = 81,
x 2 + 10x + 9 = 9,
x 2 + 10x + 9 = -9,
x 1 = 0, x 2 = 10 ;
x 3 = 5 + 7 , x 4 = 5 7 .
:
lg x 2 = 6
I :
2lgx = 6,
lgx = 3,
x = 1000;
II :
, :
x 2 = 10 6 , = 1000.
, , .
:
lg x 2 = 6, 2lg|x| = 6, lg|x| = 3, |x| = 1000, x = 1000.
:
1
1. : log ( x + 1) + log x = log 1
2

) 1.
) 2.
) -2; 1.
D) 1; 2.
) -1; 32.

38

(-21 16 2007.)
2. : log 5 2 x 1 + log 5
) 13.
) -3,5; 13.
) -26; 13.
D) -13; 3,5.
) 26.
(-12 17 2007.)

x 9 = log 5 10 .

3. : log 2 (2 x) log 2 (2 x ) = log 2


) 0; 2; 16\9.
) 16\9; 2.
) 0; 16\9.
D) 0; 2.
) 16\9.
(-30 14 2002.)

2 x 0.5

2
2
4. : log 3 (9 x ) = log 3 81

1; 1 \ 9 .

(992 2006. , )
5. :

log

x 2 = 4.

: 5 .
(885 2006. , )

1
2
3
B
A
C

4
1; 1/9

5
5

, ,
, ,
. , , -
, .
:
1. : ( + 4) ( - 7) = 7.
7, = = 7.
:
( + 4) ( - 7) ( 7) = 0, ( 7) ( + 4 1) = 0, = 7 = -3.
: = 7, = -3.
2. : sin 2 = sin x.
sin 2 - sin x = 0, sin x (sin x 1) = 0,
sin x = 0
sin x = 1,

+ 2n, n z .
2
E sin x, , sin x = = 0.
:
1. : 2 x 3 + 6 x = 7 x 2
: 23 -72+6=0, (22-7+6)=0, =0 22-7+6=0,
1=2, 2=1,5
:0;2;1,5.
) -2; 0; 1.5.
) -1.5; 0; 2.
x = k , k Z

x=

39

) 1.5; 2.
D) 0; 1.5; 2.
) -1.5; -1; 0.
(-8 16 2006.)
2. : 2cos x cos 2x cos x = 0
) n, n Z ,

+ k , k Z .
3

+ n, n Z .
6

+ k , k Z .
) + n, n Z ,
6
2

D) + n, n Z .
2

) + n, n Z , + k , k Z
2
6
(-32 15 2006.)
)

3. : x 3 + x 2 = 9 x + 9 .
) {1; 3; -3}.
) {-1; 3; -3}.
) {-1; 3; 1\3}.
D) {1; -3; -1\3}.
) {1; -3; 1\3}.
(-21 9 2005.)
sin 2 x
= 2 cos x .
4. :
1 + sin x
)

+ 2n, n Z .
2

+ 2n, n Z ; ( 1) k +1 + k , k Z .
2
6
n +1
+ n, n Z .
) ( 1)
6

+ 2k , k Z .
D) + 2n, n Z ;
2
6
) n, n Z .
(-14 16 2007.)
5. : 4 x 2 + 5 x = 9 x 2 15 x .
) 1\2; 1\3.
) -3; 1.
) -9; 0.
D) 0;4.
) 2; 6.
(-25 7 2005.)
)

6. : sin 2x = sin x.
) n, n Z ;

+ 2k , k Z .

+ 2n, n Z .
3

) + 2n, n Z ; k , k Z .
3

D) + n, n Z .
6
)

40


+ 2n, n Z .
6
(-32 13 2005.)
)

7. : 1 - cos 2x = 2sin x.
) 3k , k Z .
)

( 2k + 1), k Z .

) k , k Z ;

( 4n +1), n Z .
2
D) (1) k + k , k Z .
) k , k Z .
(-18 23 2005.)
8. : sin x +sin 2x = cos x +2 cos 2 x .

+ 2k , k Z .
) + n, n Z ;
4
3

) + 2k , k Z ; + n, n Z .
3
4
) .

2
+ 2k , k Z .
D) + n, n Z ;
4
3
k
) (1)

+ k , k Z ;

3
(-14 28 2005.)

+ 2n, n Z .
4

9. : 2sin 2 x + 2sin 2x = 3 + 3 sin x .

3
+ k , k Z .
) + n, n Z ;
3
2
) .

2
+ k , k Z .
) + 2n, n Z ;
3
3

2
3
+ m, m Z ;
+ k , k Z .
D) + 2n, n Z ;
3
3
2
k
) (1)

+ k , k Z ;

3
(-8 30 2005.)

1
2
3
D
E
B

+ 2n, n Z .
2
4
B

5
D

6
A

7
C

.
:
: ( 7 + 48 ) x + ( 7 48 ) x = 14.
( 7 + 48 ) x = u, ( 7 48 ) x = v.

u + v = 14
:
.
uv = 1
, : u1 = 7 + 48 , u 2 = 7 48 .
v1 = 7 48 , v 2 = 7 + 48 .

41

8
D

9
E

, :
= 2.
( 7 + 48 ) x = 7 + 48 ,
x
( 7 + 48 ) = 7 48 ,
7 48 =

(7 48 )(7 + 48 )
7 + 48

( 7 + 48 ) x = ( 7 + 48 ) 1 ,

1
7 + 48

= (7 + 48 ) 1 ,

= -2.

: 1 = 2; 2 = -2.

.
:
1. x 2 + 9 - x 2 7 = 2
.
x 2 + 9 = u,
x 2 7 = v.
2
2
2
x + 9 = u , x 7 = v2 .
:

u v = 2
2 2 .
u v = 16

: (u v) (u + v) = 16,

u v = 2
,

u+ v = 8

u = 5
.
v= 3

, :
x2 +9 = 5
x 2 + 9 = 25
x = 4

: = 4.
(-27 7 2002.)
(651 2006. , )
2. x 2 x + 9 + x 2 x + 9 = 12
2
2
2
x 2 x + 9 = t , x x + 9 = t , t + t 12 = 0 , t1 = 4, t 2 = 3 - .
2
x 2 x + 9 = 3 , x x = 0 , x1 = 0, x 2 = 1 .
: 0; 1.
,
.
, , ,
, , .
.
:
:
4 3 x + 6 = 5, : 3 0 , 3 .
:
4 3 x = 5 6, 16(3 ) = 25 2 - 60 + 36, 25 2 - 44 12 = 0.
6
: x1 = 2, x 2 = .
25
6
, x1 = 2, x 2 =
25
.
:

42

1. : x 2 = 8 .
) 1.
) 2.
) 4.
D) 6.
) 3.
(-14 7 2002.)
2. : x + 3 + 3 x 3 = 10
: 13.
(669 2006. , )
3. : x 1 + 2 x + 6 = 6
: 5.
(648 2006. , )
4. : 3 x 1 17 x = 2
: 8.
(646 2006. , )
5. : x 2 2 = x
: 2.
(643 2006. , )
IX. .
.
.
:

1
,
x2
1
= 7 ,
x
5
= 10 ,
x
=

2
.
x3
7
y = 8 .
x
50
y = 11 .
x
y =

, :
,
, .
:
x 4
, :
1. =
4 x
) ;
) ;
) .
4
1
: y = + 2
4 x
) ) -4, 4; ) ( ,+); ) .
) ) -4, 4; ) ( ,0) (0,+); ) .
) ) -4, 0; ) ( ,4) (0,+); ) .
D) ) -4, 4; ) ( ,4] [ 4,+); ) [-4, 4].
) ) -4, 0, 4; ) [4,0] [ 4,+); ) ( ,4] [0,4 ].
(-1 24 2002.)
1
6
2. f(x) = x + . f (1) .
x
) 0.

43

) -3.
) 5.
D) 1.
) 6.
(-31 11 2007.)
3. =

3 x
, :
x 3

) ;
) ;
) .
) ) -3, 3; ); ) ( ,+ ).
) ) -3, 3; ) ( ,0] ; ) [0, ).
) ) -3, 3; ); ) ( ,0) (0,+).
D) ) -3, 0, 3; )[-3, 0], [3, ); ) ( ,3], [0,3] ).
) ) 3, -3; ) [3, 1], [-3, 0]; ) (0, -3], [0, 3].
(-11 29 2003.)
x 2
+ , :
2 x
) ;
) ;

4. =

) ) x1 = 2, x 2 = 0, x3 = 0 ; ) x max = x1 , x min = x 2 , x max = x3 .


) ) x1 = 2, x 2 = 2 ; ) x max = x1 , x min = x 2 .
) ) x1 = 2, x 2 = 2 ; ) x min = x1 , x max = x 2
D) ) x1 = 0, x 2 = 2 ; ) x max = x1 , x min = x 2 .
) ) x1 = 4, x 2 = 4 ; ) x min = x1 , x max = x 2
(-13 18 2003.)

1
2
3
B
C
C

4
B

.
y = lg(3x + 5), 3. ?
.
:
1. (, , , ..)
2. , .
3. , (),
.
4. , .
5. , .
:
= (2 4) 5 .
, , :
. ,
y = 10(2 4).
:
1. f(x) = (4 x + 7) 6 . f (x ) .
: y = 6(4 x + 7) 7 4 = 24( x + 7) 7
) -42(4 + 7) 4 .

44

) -6(4 + 7) 5 .
) -4(4 + 7) 6 .
D) -24(4 + 7) 7 .
) -4(4 + 7) 7 .
(-11 10 2006.)
2. = (1/3 6) 24 .
) 8(1/3 6) 23 .
) 6(1/3 6) 23 .
) 24(1/3 6) 23 .
D) 1/3(1/3 6) 24 .
) 72(1/3 6) 24 .
(-12 9 2006.)
3. f(x) = (5 + 6 x )10 . f (1) .
) -10.
) 10.
) -60.
D) 6.
) 60.
(-13 10 2006.)
4. : f(x) = x 2 3 .
3
)
.
x
1
)
.
2 x2 3
2x
)
.
x2 3
x
D)
.
2
x 3
x
)
.
2x 2 3
(-16 9 2006.)
5. : f(x) = (2x 6) 8 .
) -7(2x 6) 7 .
) 16(2x 6) 7 .
) -7(2x + 6) 7 .
D) 4(2x 6) 7 .
) 8(2x 6) 7 .
(-16 10 2006.)
6. f ( x ) =

1
, f (x )
(6 x 1) 5

6
.
5(6 x 1) 5
30
)
.
(6 x 1) 6

45

24
.
(6 x 1) 4
30
D)
.
(6 x 1) 6
1
)
.
5(6 x 1) 4
(-3 23 2002.)

7. : f(x) = ( x 2 1)102 .
) 102x( ( x 2 1)101 .
) 204 ( x 2 1)102 .
) 102 ( x 2 1)101 .
D) 2x ( x 2 1)102 .
) 204 ( x 2 1)101 .
(-7 24 2002.)
2x
1) .
8. : f(x) = cos(
3
2
2
) sin( x 1) .
3
3
2
) sin( x 1) .
3
3
) sin(3 x 1) .
2
2
2
D) sin( x 1) .
3
3
2
) sin( x 1) .
3
(-6 21 2003.)
1
2 35
9. : y = ( 3 x ) .
7
1
2 34
) 210 x( 3 x ) .
7
1
2 34
) 105( 3 x ) .
7
1
2 34
) 35( 3 x ) .
7
1
2 34
D) 210( 3 x ) .
7
1
2 34
) 210( + 3 x ) .
7
(-8 19 2003.)

1
2
3
4
5
6
D
A
C
D
B
B

7
E

8
A

9
A

X. .
, y = =f(x) y = g(x)
, f(x) g(x) , [a; b] , a b

46

, :
b

S = ( f ( x ) g ( x ))dx .
a

:
1. , :
= x 2 - 5 + 3, = 3
:
.
x 2 5 x + 3 = 3 x , x 2 4 x = 0 , x1 = 0 , x 2 = 4 .
:
4
4
x3 4
1
2
2
2
2
S = (3 x x + 5 x 3)dx = (4 x x )dx = (2 x ) | = 32 21 = 10 .
0
3
3
3
0
0
) 10

2
.
3

)12.
1
.
3
D) 10.
1
) 8 .
5
(-24 23 2006.)
(-24 23 2007.)
) 10

2. , =

x , = 6 , = 0.

2
.
3
1
) 7 .
3
2
) 3 .
3
2
D) 14 .
3
2
) 7 .
3
(-14 27 2007.)
) 8

3. , =

9
, = - 2, = -2, :
x2

) 1,5.
) 2.
) 1.
D) 0,5.
) 2,5.
(- 200.)
4. , = x 2 + 3 , = 2.
1
.
3
1
) 2 .
3
) 0.
D) 1.
) 1

47

1
.
2
(-22 23 200.)
) 1

.
1. (2002-2007.)
2. , - , 2006.
3. . . , . . , 1988.
4. . . , . . , ..
, 2003.
5. . . ,
1990.
6. . . , 1990.
7. . . , . . 8-9
, 2003.
8. - , 3, 6, 12, 2004, 3, 2005.
9. 1, 1992, 6, 1991, 1, 1997, 6, 1981.
10. . , . . . 10-11 , 2001.
11. .. , 1983.

48

.
1. .3
2. . .
...10
3. 29
4. , ,
...33
5. . 38
6. ...52
7. ...58
8. .64
9. ..74
10. ....80

49