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, 6(8), 2008

48

621.391
. ., ..., .; ., ; ..,

GSM
. ., ., ..
GSM .
GSM .
- .
. ., ., ..
GSM .
GSM .
- .
Sunduchkov K.S., Malchuk M.A., Kobzar L.S. Procedure for definition of optimal GSM network topology
for the urban location. This paper proposes the calculation procedure of optimal number of base stations of the GSM
mobile network in the urban location. This procedure is based on Wolfish-Ikegami model for urban areas.


. ,

.
, .

, ,
[1].

GSM.

.
.
.

() .
- [2],

.
:
800 2000 ;
4 50 ;
1 3 ;
80 ;
20 50 ;
10 25 ;
0 0 90 0.
, , ,
GSM
.

49

, 6(8), 2008

, Lb
, ,
(1):
Lrts + Lmsd 0
L0 + Lrts + Lmsd ,
Lb =
,
(1)
Lrts + Lmsd < 0
L0 ,
:
L0 = 32.45 + 20 log d km + 20 log f MHz
;
Lrts = 16.9 10 log w +10 log f MHz + 20 log(hr h2 ) + Lori
;
10 + 0.354 ,
0 < 35

Lori = 2.5 + 0.075 ( 35 ) ,


35 < 55 ,

55 90
4.0 0.114 ( 55 ) ,
,
;
Lmsd = Lbsh + ka + kd log d km + kf log f MHz 9 log b ;
for h1 > h r
18log(1 + h1 hr ),
Lbsh =
,
for h1 h r
0,
54,

ka = 54 0.8 ( h1 hr ) ,

54 1.6d km ( h1 hr ) ,
18,
kd =
18 15 ( h1 hr ) hr ,
4 + 0.7 ( f MHz 925 1) ,

kf =
4 + 1.5 f
( MHz 925 1) ,

h1 > hr
for d km 0.5, h1 hr ,
for d km < 0.5, h1 hr
h1 > hr
h1 hr


;
().

h1 , ;
h2 , ;
hr , ;
b , ;
dkm () (), ;
fMHz , ;
w , .
-, ,
. ,
,
, [3].
GSM

50

, . downlink
,
- (). uplink

. ,
uplink downlink.
.
downlink (2),
, downlink,
, , . 1:
PinMS = PoutBTS V LCBTS + LFBTS + GABTS Lp I + GAMS LCMS LFMS , ,
(2)
PinMS , ;
PoutBTS , .
V , ;
LCBTS , , , ;
LFBTS , ;
GABTS , ;
Lp downlink, ;
GAMS , ;
LCMS , , ;
LFMS , ;
I ( ), .
, (2)
uplink.

. 1.
uplink ,
, (3):

51

, 6(8), 2008
PinBTS = PoutMS LCMS LFMS + G AMS L p + G ABTS I + GDBTS LCBTS LFBTS , ,
PinBTS , ;
PoutMS , ;

(3)

GDBTS , ;
Lp uplink, .
.
.
,
. , . -,
Lb
Lb = L0 + Lrts + Lmsd = 16.2 10 lg(d ) + 20 lg( f ) + 20 lg( H roof H m ) +
(4)
+ Lcn + Lbch + k a + kd lg(d ) + k f lg( f ) 9 lg(b),.
(4), (5):

d = 10

Lb 32.4 +16.9 ka (30 + k f ) lg( f ) +10 lg( w ) 20 lg( H roof H m ) Lcri +18lg(1+ H b + H roof +9 lg( b )) /(20+ k f )

, .

(5)

.
Lrts+ Lmsd 0 Hb > Hroof, Lbch=18lg(1+Hb+Hroof), ka= 54.
kf = 4+1.5(f/9251), kd = 18.
, ,
=55, ,
, Lcri = 4.00.114( 55), 55 90, .
, :

d = 10

( Lb 65.5 (26 +1.5( f / 9251))lg( f ) +10 lg( w ) 20 lg( H roof H m ) +18lg(1+ H b + H roof ) +9 lg( b )) /(16 +1.5( f / 925 1))


, . , ,
.
,
, [4].
,
. (6).
.2.
S=2(0,5dd3sin()+ 0,5d3d10sin())
(6)

d , ;
d3 3 ;
d10 10 .
,
S = 3S.

52

. 2.
,
.
,

,
,
,
.

1. TR 101 362 v6.0.1 (1998-07) Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2+); Radio network
planning aspects (GSM 03.30 version 6.0.1 Release 1997).
2. Jukka Lempiainen, Matti Manninen Radio interface system planning for GSM/GPRS/UMTS,
Kluwer Academic publishers, New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow/ 2004.
3. COST 231 Urban transmission loss models for mobile radio in the 9000 and 1800 MHz bands
(Revision 2) COST 231 TD (90)117.
4. . . , . . . . 3.
. .: , 2004. 373 .