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Unit 3 Chemistry Lab Activity: Chemical Writing and Chemical Names The purpose of this activity is to combine different

ions and observe whether they come together to form a precipitate. You can then name the new compound formed and write the formula for this compound. Procedure: 1. Take the laminated chart (as shown below) and combine two drops of cat-ion solution with two drops of anion solution in the appropriate grid square. 2. Observe the reaction (if any) and record your observation on the data table below. 3. Repeat the steps until you have combined all twelve possible reactions. Observations: a) Use as Y or N to indicate if a precipitate (cloudiness) formed. b) Fill in your observations of all precipitates formed (color and level of cloudiness eg. Slightly cloudy, or very cloudy) Ions Ag+ Cl1. Yes: Very White and Cloudy 4. No: Light Pink Co2+ Fe3+ 7. No: Light Yellow 10. No: Light Blue Cu2+ CO322. No: Bright Yellow 5. Yes: Light Purple and Slightly Cloudy 8. No: Clear OH3. Yes: Brown and Very Cloudy 6. Yes: Light Blue/White and Slightly Cloudy 9. Yes: White and Slightly Cloudy 12. Yes: Light Blue/White and Slightly Cloudy

11. Yes: Light Blue and Very Cloudy

Names and formulas of all compounds formed 1. AgCl= Silver Chloride 2. Ag2CO3= Silver Carbonate 3. AgOH= Silver Hydroxide 4.CoCl2= Cobalt(II) Chloride 5. CoCO3= Cobalt(II) Carbonate 6. Co(OH)2= Cobalt(II) Hydroxide 7. FeCl3= Iron(III) Chloride 8. Fe2(CO3) 3= Iron(III) Carbonate 9. Fe(OH)3= Iron(III) Hydroxide 10. CuCl2= Copper(II) Chloride 11. CuCO3= Copper(II) Carbonate 12. Cu(OH)2= Copper(II) Hydroxide

Photo of spot plate:

Questions: 1. What is happening at the molecular level for a precipitate to form? (Google this) -Precipitates form when cat-ions and anions of aqueous solutions form to make an insolute ionic solid. 2. Suggest a logical reason why the ions in one compound would separate from each other (eg. Dissolve in water), while they wouldn't be dissolved in another compound (as they come together in forming a precipitate.) eg. What forces could be at play here? -Ions could have different types of bonds between them, which would cause some compounds to separate while some don't. 3. In making formulas of compounds, why would you use parentheses sometimes? -While making formulas of compounds you would use parentheses to balance the compounds and elements charge so they are the same number but one with a negative charge and one with a positive charge. 4. At what time do you use roman numerals? Is this used in naming, or making formulas of compounds? -You Use Roman Numeral when naming the compound to show the amount of valence electrons in the metal, not when making a formula of compounds. 5. A) What letters do we use after a formula to indicate the state of the compound?

-The letters that indicate the state of the compound are G, S, and L, and you put those letters in brackets after the formula to determine the state of that compound. b) When a compound dissolves in water, how do indicate this with the formula of the compound? -You put Aq, which represents aqueous (of or containing water) at the end of the formula. c) At the molecular level, describe the ionic compound when it is dissolved in water. -Polar water molecules have a greater attraction for ionic molecules rather than the ionic molecules have for each other; therefore the water molecules pull the ions apart. Brief reflection statement of what you learned in this activity. -This lab helped me further understand how to form and name compounds. Before this lab I wasn't really 100 percent sure of how the name and form compounds, but now I feel really confident. This lab also helped me learn about how compounds can become precipitates and how they are so different in each state (G, L, S). This lab was very interesting and fun!