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N ho Lesson 7 on Basic Mandarin!


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Revision

Translation Miss Mister/ Mr. Mrs. Female friend/ girlfriend Male friend/ boyfriend Young friend

Mandarin Xio ji Xin sheng F ren N pngyu Nn pngyu Xio pngyu

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Revision

English I To be surnamed To be called My family name is Wng My name is Wng Png

Mandarin W Xng Jio W xng Wng W jio Wng Png

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Lesson objectives

Learning family names!

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What's in store today?

Today we will learn how to ask someone's name and surname!

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Introductions

Lets begin by learning the vocabulary for family names, names etc!

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Introductions

May I ask = Qng wn Pease = Qng Ask = Wn Together 'Qng wn' implies, 'Please may I ask?'

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Tonal tip
Qng is pronounced in the falling rising tone, also known as the third tone Remember that Qng starts with a ch tone Wn is pronounced in the falling tone, also known as the fourth tone Lets hear you say Qng Wn

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Introductions

May I ask

Qng wn

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Introductions

Your name = Nn xng Your = Nn Name = Xng

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Introductions

Your name

Nn xng

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Introductions

Please may I ask your name ?

Qng wn nn xng ?

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Grammar tip

While the previous sentence is grammatically correct, it is often polite to add the word, 'honorable' before asking someone's name Let's learn how to say 'honorable' in Mandarin!

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Introductions

Honorable = Gu

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Tonal tip

Gu is pronounced in the falling tone, also known as the fourth tone Lets hear you say Gu

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Introductions

honorable

Gu

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Etiquette conversation

May I Qng

ask wn

your nn

honorable gu

family name xng

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Etiquette conversation

May I ask your honorable family name?

Qng wn nn gu xng?

Nn = your Xng = family name To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Grammar tip

Did you notice that 'Nin' is used both for 'your' as well as 'you' ? This is because in Mandarin we use the same words for pronouns and adjectives derived from them. Thus, Nn = your, is the same as Nn = you

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Introductions

Furthermore, to ask someone else's name, one would say 'And you'? , let's see how do we translate this in Mandarin!

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Introductions

And you ? =N ne We already know N means you, and ne is a question particle

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Introductions

And you?

N ne?

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Revision

English Honorable Question particle What about you, and you May I ask

Mandarin Gu Ne N ne Qng wn

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Let's see if you remember

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Pick the right option

How do we say 'May I ask'?

1
Qng wn

2
N ne

3
Gu ne

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Pick the right option

How do we say 'May I ask'?

1
Qng wn

2
N ne

3
Gu ne

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Etiquette conversation

My W

family name xng

is

.. ..

and n

you ne

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Etiquette conversation

My family name is

W xng.........

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Grammar tip
n ne? = and you? You may remember Ne is a question particle used to convert statements to questions Ending with ne makes a question when the context is already known A common circumstance is when you wish to repeat a question that was just asked for another subject, as in the case we are discussing right now
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Etiquette conversation

My family name is , and you?

W xng......, n ne?

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Etiquette conversation

English Wng peng L Yu Wng Peng May I ask your honorable family name? My family name is L, and you? My family name is Wng

Mandarin Qng wn , nn gu xng? W xng L, n ne? W xng Wng

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Let's see if you remember

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Try yourself

How do we say 'My family name is L, and you?'

1
W xng L, n ne?

2
W hn ho, n ma?

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Try yourself

How do we say 'My family name is L, and you?'

1
W xng L, n ne?

2
W hn ho, n ma?

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Introductions

Now lets go ahead and learn how to ask someone's name! The vocabulary required for this will be What and Name Lets start!

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Introductions

What = Shnme

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Tonal tip

Shnme is pronounced in the mid rising tone, also known as the second tone Lets hear you say Shnme

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Introductions

What

Shnme

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Introductions

Name = Mngzi

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Tonal tip

Mngzi is pronounced in the mid rising tone, also known as the second tone Lets hear you say Mngzi

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Introductions

Name

Mngzi

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Revision

English What Name

Mandarin Shnme Mngzi

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More greetings

What's Shnme

your n

name mngzi

(called) jio

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More greetings

What's your name?

N jio shnme mngzi?

Literally, 'you called what name? ' Jio = to be called To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Introductions

Now let us take a case where we have the family name, but want to know the first name of a person For the purpose of this conversation, we'll assume the surname of the person to be Wng and first name to be 'Peng' As we will see, in Chinese culture we always give our Surname before our First name'
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Introductions

Mr. Xin sheng

Wng what is your name Wng shnme n mngzi

(called) jio

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Introductions

Mr. Wng , what is your name?

Wng xin sheng, n jio shnme mngzi?

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Introductions

I W

am

called jio

Wng Wng

Png Png

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Introductions

My name is Wng Png/I am called Wng Png

W jio Wng Png

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Introductions

Miss xio ji

Li L

what shnme

is your n

name mngzi

called jio

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Introductions

Miss Li, what is your name?

L xio ji, n jio shnme mngzi?

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Introductions

My W

name jio

is

L L

Yu Yu

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Introductions

My name is L Yu

W jio L Yu

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Grammar tip

Notice that unlike English, titles (Mr./Miss) come after the name of the person, not before!

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Etiquette conversation

English L Yu Wng Png My name is Yu, what is your name? My name is Wng Png

Mandarin W jio Yu, n jio shnme mngzi? W jio Wng Png

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Etiquette conversation

English L Yu Mr. Wng , what is your name? Miss L, what is your Wng Png name?

Mandarin Wng xin sheng, n jio shnme mngzi L xio ji, n jio shnme mngzi

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Let's see if you remember

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Pick the right option

How do we say 'My name is L Yu'?

1
W jio L yu

2
L xio ji

3
N jio shnme mngzi

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Pick the right option

How do we say 'My name is L Yu'?

1
W jio L yu

2
L xio ji

3
N jio shnme mngzi

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Revision
English Wng Png L Yu Wng Png L Yu Wng Png May I ask your honorable family name? My family name is L, and you? My family name is Wng My name is Yu, what is your name? I am called Wng Png Mandarin Qng wn, nn gu xng? W xng L, n ne? W xng Png W jio Yu, n jio shnme mngzi? W jio Wng Png

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Culture Leaf

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Culture leaf

The color Red in Chinese culture usually means good luck. Red is often worn in weddings to ward off any bad luck to the new bride and groom

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Culture Leaf

A red envelope is a monetary gift which is given in Chinese society during holiday or special occasions. The red color of the packet symbolizes good luck. Red is strictly forbidden at funerals as it traditionally symbolized happiness

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What's next?

In the next lesson, we will discuss sentences describing professions, etc

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Credits

Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_in_Chinese _culture Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Laisee.jpg Oldie

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See you at the Alley!


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